Newspaper of The New York Herald, 6 Ekim 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 6 Ekim 1847 Page 2
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'" ' i -r^??. - ; NKW YOKK HERALD. New York, Wtdneilajr, October 8, 1MT. The Herald for Karope. We shall publish this morning an edition of the Herald for Europt, for the mails of the Sarah Sands, whieh vessel will leave this port this aiteriioonIt will be ready at eleven o'clock, and will contain the latest news from the seat of war; account* ol the entry of our army into the city . of Mexico ; the American markets, and such other information as will be of interest to European readers. It will contain, likewise, an engraving of the capture of the town of Panuco in Mexico. It will be a single sheet; price two cents per copy. Out Relations with Mexico. We understand that no official despatches from either General Scott or Mr. Trial nave yei ocen received at Washington, but it ia generally conceded that the Mexican accounts which we have received of the failure of negotiations and the attendant circumstances, are in the main correct; they are, of courae, exaggerated. Our commissioner, Mr. Trial, having failed, the next consideration ia, will our government renew the attempt to negotiate, or will it, in case of an overture by Mexico for peace, send another commissioner authorized to conclude a treaty, notwithstanding the ill success of Mr. Trial's mission ! On this subject we are f oaseased of information which is worth communicating to our readers. # Although thTe is no expectation of a speedy peace entertained by the public or the administration, yrt we believe that if th-re should he a single glimmer of hope perceptible, no matter how indistinct it might be, Mr. Buchanan himself will go an commissioner to Mexico, and endeavor to at*inr mc wnr. in in? mean win<% nowQver, 11 is the intention of the government to infuse more vigor and energy into the prosecution of nostilities than it has yet done, and in doing so it will receive the countenance and support of every citizen througHout this Union. The plan will be to conduct the war with rigor, and at the first symptoms of returning sanity, and a disposition to treat of peace, Mr. Buchanan himself will probably go to Mexico and receive the propositions that republic may make, for no more propositions wiil.be made to her. On looking over the terms of the treaty which Mr. Trist took with him to Mexico, our readers c?nnot but feel surprised a' tlieir liberality. They furnish convincing proof to the world, that beaten and thrashed as the enemy is, with his nea-ports, his towns, fortresses, and his very capital, in our possession, that we wished not to take advantage of his humiliation, nor had any inclination to wrest from him more than what was just to ourselves. Indeed, many of the political friends of the administration in the South, and a few here, find fault with him ior presenting such liberal terms, and insist strongly tHat he should have demanded much more than he did It must be borne in mind by all who think thus, that the United States is now enacting a scene which history will record with impartiality; centuries hence the war with Mexico will be talked of in private circles, and be read oi in librari s and public institutions all over the world, llow much more agreeable is it to j our feelings, to be assured that the most unrelenting of our enemies, when talking of the terms of that treaty, will not deny that they were conceived and tendered in a.spirit of justice and liberality, and that in offering them, we desired not to take advantage of a prostrate foe, but to secure an honorable peacc. There is an apparent inclination on the part of a portion of the public to censure Mr. Trist for departing from the letter of his instructions, in consenting to entertain for one minute, an offer to make the territory between the Nueces and the Rio Grande neutral; and to give up New Mexico; concerning which, it is represented, he asked for forty-five days, to consult his government. We can scarcely believe that Mr. Trist has really acted in the manner represented; yet the Mexican reports represent such to be the case. His instructions were clear and express, not to entertain any proposition short of New Mexico and California, ai^d a boundary of the K.io Grande and the thirty-second parallel, under any circumstances; and in no case, unless peace depended upon it, to abate the claim to Lower California and a right of way across the isthmus of Tehuantepec. if l. j: -j.j .u l. i? i l: it Uv uiDicgiiucu iuciii lie una mjuicu mill. elf and his government, but we shall await fur' ther accounts before we can believe he did i do 80. MB. BENNETT'S LETTERS FROM EUROPE, j Liverpool, Sept. 18, 1847. The Commercial Crisis. The panic which now prevails in London and the commercial world, is probably as great as ever took place in England during the last thirty years. Since the last steamer sailed, a fortnight ago, failures to the amount of five millions sterling, (twenty-five millions of dollars,) have been i announced, principally in London?last week | about two millions sterling, and this week j nearly three millions, among whom was another Director of the Bank of England, and ! two or three large bill houses, or foreign mer- I chants. As yet, Liverpool has comparatively escaped, but how long no one can tell. The aggregate amount of failures, since they began, five weeks ago, cannot be far from sixty , or seventy millions of dollars, and many of them , are very bad ones. None but the large failures ?re recorded, but crowds of small dealers break ( f ha f ftflpiinp nnfipfi When is all this to end ? No one can tell. There is positively something wrong in the state of England. The extraordinary fall in the price ; H of grain, which took place two months since, set these failnres in motion; but though wheat is ; now advancing a little, the panic increases and spreads beyond belief. The currency, the I crops, the railroads, the government, have all j I become topics of investigation and reproach, I but no one can agree with his neighbor as to the I rati causa of the present commercial embar/assI ments. I believe myself, that the crisis is, in some degree, the accumulation of the disorders I and bad conduct of a century in the manage- i H meat of public affairs, appertaining specially to H the government, to the currency, and to the condition of society. Famine, and railroad speculation, including, also, corn, and other H speculations, are only the proximate causes of j I the present disturbance. R There is, however, one point on which these rvents should be examined in relation to the United States. hat is to be the effect of present events her* cu the commercial affairs of H \tw York and tli f United States ? I have much to nay ou these points, for I have collected much general and special information on such matters. H On one point, there is little doubt about. The British Government, the Bank of England, and the great European bill und bullion brokers, have taken their measures for the last six months to bring back from the United States all the v wpecie that had been previously sent in payment of grain, during the short crops of 184? and 1847. ^he first effect of that policy has been to break H down the most rotten, and the most extended of their own merchants ; hut if they can check, H ?r Puf a Bt?P the money power of the United States, they will expect, as its natural ronae ouenoes, va<*t profits in the new turn of the ex ???nfcl changes?and such financial embarrassments in the United Statea as will compel that government to evacuata Mexico, and give up their viewa i-n that quarter. In the present state of alarm, many imagine that there will be an early meeting of the new I'arliaraent. If so, a new and singular combination of parlies will be effected, suph as hare not been seen in England since the time of the French republic. I have every reason to believe that there will be an attempt to form a union of the whig* and tories proper, in the liousc of Commons, against the repealers, the radicals, the ultra libe ruin, and even some ot the triends of feel, such an Burke succeeded in effecting in Parliament against the first French revolution. It is said that the Kussell ministry is busy preparing a new tariff system, in which only ten or twelve leading articles will be taxed, on the principle of protection; and that in this system will be comprehended a corn law, to suit the landed interest; a sugar law, to please the colonies; and a cotton law,to satisfy Manchester and India. This is to be the basis of a new combination of parlies, composed of the eld whigs and torien, and having for its ultimate object the union and preservation of the landed and moneyed aristocracy of Englaud against the new movement of the radicals and repealers, who look ultimately to a repq^u: like that of the United States. At present, however, until Parliament meets, the revulsion among all those classes connected with the American money market, will be allowed to go forward, until the twenty millions of specie, heretofore sent there, can be recover d. By accomplishing this result, it is expected th-it the finances of the United States will become embarrased, and hence Mexico will be abandoned, a thing that will be very agreeable to Lord Palmerston. We will see. Whig State Convention.?The whig delegates to the State convention for the nomination of candidates for State officers will assemble in Syracuse to-day. We have not heard of all the aspirants for the offices to be tilled at the next election. The following compose all that have come to our knowledge Names or Wmioi roa the State Nomikatiow. Secretary of State. Om. A. Simmon*, of Embz eo. Comptroller. Kranou Oraogw, onoe M. C . and once r. M. O. Samuel B Ruggles, of New York. ' Millard Fillmore. State Engineer and Surveyor. Charles B. Stewart, of Rochester. Charles A. Olmsted, of Onondaga oounty. ' We shall publish the proceedings from day to day, aud the nominations as soon as they shall have been made. We hope thiB convention will be characterized by more harmony and less quarrelling, than the democratic convention, which was held at the same place a few days since. AIr. Crawford Livingston.?We regret to learn that Mr. Crawford Livingston, of the firm oi Messrs. Livingston & Wells, has for some time been confined to his bed by serious indisposition. He was, some days past, thought to be convalescent, but his friends to-day learn by telegraph that his case has again become serious, and fears were entertained about his recovery. He lies ill at his father's residence, Livingston Manor, Columbia county. Mr. L., it is unnecessary to state, is one of our most enterprising business men, and has, during his intercourse with business men in this community, secured the respect and eBteem of a large circle of friends. The Steamship Southerner, whose regularity we have been in the habit of noticing, arrived yesterday afternoon from Charleston, in a passage of seventy hours. She had but ten hours pleasant weather, the remainder being very unfavorable, blowing a gale from the northeast. By her we have one day's later^ntelligedce from "New Orleans, than brought by the mail. The Sardinian Corvette.?The L'Aurora, which had been lying in our harbor for some few weeks, took her departure yesterday. A parting salute was fired as she passed the Battery and Governor's Island. Bpartliig Intelligence. The Rich To-Dat.?Brilliant u ?u yenterday'? port over th? Union oours?, the four mile contest to-day between Fashion and Passenger, bids fair to exceed in xplrlt and animation any event that has ocourred on the | turf for a lone time. Expectation is on tiptoe, ail is ex1 oltement ?and the dooot and uncertainty as to the result seem to increase ..tho interest manifested I as the hour approaches. Fashion has passed the hey day of youth, bat her beauty, her strength, her spirit, her (peed, here not deserted her?and In the eyes of her ardent admirers, she Is still oapable of making extraordinary time. Passenger Is a gay young fellow, fall of life, beauty, substanoe, bone, musole, and of ererything oapable of forming a formidable rival to his opponent. The eontest at Baltimore last spring, between him and Fashion, was one of four heats, three miles each. The first was won by Passenger, the second by Fashion; the third was a dead heat, and the fourth was won by Fashion by merely a throat-latoh. This raoe stamps Passenger as one of the best horse* In this oountry; and the raee to-day will still further test his abilities. The raoe, acoording to old Jooky Club oustom, will oome off at 1 P. M. The Races at thc Union Cookie, L. I.?Fall Meet no?Fikit Day.?Yesterday was one of the loveliest days for sport of this kind that ever dawned on a raoe oourse; and at an early hour in the morning every neceesary preparation to have all that oould conduoe to the comforts of the visiters was perfeot, and as the hour approaohed for the start, crowds or anxious admirers of racing oould be seen rushing from the railroad oars to the track, besides some hundreds who came by other conveyances; and at the time of starting, the oourse was graced with a tolerably large oonoourse of respectable gentlemen. At one o'clock preolsely the bugle sounded for the preparatory oeremonies, such as weighing riders, saddling, ko. The following were the entries and conditions of the first raoe:?Sweepstakes, for three year olds, $300 entranoe, $60 forfeit, which was closed with four subscribers, as follows:? O. P. Hare's oh. f. Palmetto, by Leviathan, out of Anna Maria 1 1 Samuel Laird's (William Gibbon's) b. f. Whisper, by Mariner, dam by Henry dr. W. W. Barber's br f. Fancy, by Hornblower, out of Stanley Eclipse's dam 3 2 II. A. Conover's b c. Traveller, by Mercer, dam by Monmouth Eclipse 2 3 The bay Ally Whisper did not contend la this race, sKa kavin* Kaan sir Awn fi\r fha nnmAU r?f hotel purse. which ?m to take plaqp Immediately after the termination of the sweepstakes. There *u not mneb bettlec on the remit; and the little that came within our line of vision wa? on Mr. Hare'* Ally, at even against the field, previous to the start; and after the first heat It was at two to one, Palmetto having beAomr a decided favorite with the great majority of the pectatori. Firtt H*t ? Fanoy drew the Insidepoeltlon, Traveller the middle, thui placing Palmetto on the outeide. They tarted finely at the tap of the drum, end in a hound or two Fancy toon the lead, and hela It to the quarter pole, where the ohestnut took aides with her, and they ran locked together for nearly half a mile, Traveller laying abont a length behind, whloh position be kept until near the three-quarter pole, where he made a daah at the others, but he had not the speed ; be took sides on the home stretob, however, with Fancy, Palmetto having gained the lead, which she maintained to the stand by a length or more. Traveller was decided to have been eeond in the race. Time. 1 Sic on d Heal ?The usoal time allowed letween heats having expired, the bogle again sounded for the nags to appear, and promptly was the summons obeyed. There wss a little trouble in getting Traveller to the score on a line with the eth?*r two ; but after a few attempts, they all dashed away, Pulmetto ou the Inside, Traveller next to her, and Kancy on the outside. Uolng round ths upper turn Talmetto was a length in front, but at the quarter pole Traveller was up with her, and they ran side and side to the half mils pole, ilere Palmetto parted with him . and Fanoy made an attempt to overtake the chesnut filly, having passed Traveller on the lower turn tancy unavalllngly tried for the heat; but Palmetto led out to the stand, a winner about a length, under a hard pull. Time?1:51. (Ibcond Rscb.?Horr.L Pi sir, $800, three mile beats. The following were the entries ,? O. P. Hare's g. f. Bostons, 4 jeer*old, bj Boston, out of Andrewetta, 1 j ~8asauel Laird's, (William Gibbons') b. f. Whisper, years old, by Mariner, dam by Henry 3 dr. ~H. A. Conover'e (Col J H. Coster's) br o William T., 6 years old, by Langford, out of Miss Mattle, <2 a This race seemed to create more Interest than the preceedlng one, and It may bo accounted for by there being more miles to perform by the nags engaged ; the ma)o / ! rttj of ths IhtjDMtM of the race oourae in this oountry always firing prtftrMM to tha greater diataaoe. Mow betting took plaoe in thla than In tha otter moo ; and Bostona iu the f*rorite against the Held, two to om be in* freely offered on bar fir it Ileal ? Wh taper iu on tha inaida. Boetona second, and William T. ontaide They had a vary fine tart; but in a second or two Bostona waa eome length* io front of the others ; and ?he oontinuad making apace , between th?m all the way round, until they reached the home treteh, where both Whlaper and the Langford oolt oloaed np a portion of the gap, Boatona waa under a hard pull aa ahe paaaed the it and. and ahe appeared determined to rush on and get out of hearing of the footatepa of the others. William T. came pant the stand olose up with Whisper, and aa he made the torn, he took the inside of the traok from the hlly, and \ after aj short run went in front of her. She then be- ; Kan to fell off rapidly. Not so however,with the oolt, he | daahad vigorously after Boetona. but the qulokness of j aha would not allow bin to close with her. and they , came round past the stand the second time three or four . . lengths apart. The next mile of this heat was won with | the most apparent ease by Bostona William T. being Are or six lengths in her rear, while Whisper was far outside the diftanoe stand. The time of this beat was? First mil*, 3:00X ; second mile, 1:67; third mile, l:fi7 ; total, 5:65. Scctnd Heat?Bostona was now looked upon as invincible, and betting ranged at ten to two offered, ten to one asked. They got away flnely, the oolt with a slight lead, wbioh he held round the turn; but as soon as they reaohed the stialght run on the back of the track she passed him, after whioh the colt never caught ber, until whan within a hundred yards or so of the stand, at the nd of the heat, she wad held up, and the colt, being on a full run, came up. and was beaten only by a length Time, first mile, 1:56?second, 1 :S8?third mile, 1 making the heat S:63){. And thus oonoluded the sport at the Union. CicnraeriLLBCouatc?Tmottinu ?After the raoeson the Union Course are over, the lovers of trotting will have an opportunity to gratify their propensity for this sport, by a visit to th Centreville. Two matches are adrertised?one is between Lady Sutton and Ajax, for $800 aside, two mile heats, to wagons weighing 360 lbs ; and the other is a matoh between Postboy and Cambridge Olrl. mile heats, to sulkies, stakes $400 The attendance will no doubt be very good, as most of these who visit the Union to-day will be present, and oapital sport is anticipated. Centkevillk Couiuk, L. I.?Pacing.?One of the most interesting and closely contested paolng engagements ever witnessed, took plaoe yesterday afternoon, at the above track It was between the roan gelding Roanoke, and the famous oh g Jas K Polk The Oregon Maid also started for the purse?which was >100. two mile heats. Polk to go 10 a wagon weighing 130 pounds, and the others in harness?but soon after the start she wu left so far in the rear, that she did not Interfere in the slightest with the struggle between the others The splendid and beautiful appearanoe of Polk when he came on the traok, struck all beholders, with admiration, wbioh, certainly, must be a great souroe of pride to bis experienced and careflil trainer, J. P. 8c udder. He was driven by Albert Conklin in a most skillful manner. Roanoke, in the hands of Isaao Woodruff, looked better, and decidedly made the best performance of his career yesterday afternoon We have not room to give the oontest in detail, but we will carry the reader round the track about as rapidly as did these fleet nags on this ocoaalon. First Hrat.?At the start Polk was about four lengths behind?Roanoke and the Oregon Maid close together? at the quarter Roanoke was about a length in front of Polk, in 38 seconds, and at the half in the same position iu i :ix At mib lunu id a:*o, roia cioae up. au me way round the next mile they held their relative positions until they came on the stretch, when Polk took the lead and won tbe heat by about two lengths, Roanoke having broken up In the last struggle. Time of this mile 2:38, and of the heat fi:08. Tbe Oregon Maid wai distanced. Second Heat.?Good start, aad Polk and Roanoke went side and side during the whole of the first mile. They made tbe quarter in 37, the half in 1:13, and the mile in 2:30. Going round tbe turn and to the quarter, n the next mile, Roanoke fell off a few lengths ; he recovered again, and at tbe half was cloae up with Polk; and they continued thus till they reached the home stretch, where Polk carried the roan off his feet, and won tbe purse. Time of the last mile, 2:44, and of the heat, 6:14. Theatrical and Musical. Pa?k Thxtre.?The opera of the "Favorite" was again presented at tbe Park last evening, and was listen ed to with great attention by the audienoe. The muslo is retlly delightful, and Is pronounced one of the best, and by many the very bast, of Oonisetti's compositions . It oon tains no less than thirty-five airs, duets, recitative and oonoerted pieces. The ohoruses are good, and are will sustained. Tbe story of tbe opera is an interesting one, and falls not to engage tbe feelings of tbe audience. The bill for last evening was made up of the opera and the force of "Love in Livery," In which Mr. Chapman sings his oapltal eomlo song of'-Hark the Weddlag." This farce is very popular. To-nlght.we are to have a repetition of the "Favorite" and the faree of "A Kiss in the Darkt" the farce to be performed before the opera, and the whole te oonolude with the oomedy of "Ways and Means," in which last pieoe Messrs. Bass, ChapmanHleld, Stark and Povey, with Mesdames Vernon and Abbott, and Miss Kate Horn, will appear. This is a bill which oertalnly ought to draw a good bouse. | |Bowery Theatre.?This evening's reoelptH at this bouse will be appropriated to tbe benefit ot tbe author of the grand national spectaole," The Siege of Monterey," which has been drawing suoh immense audiences to this theatre for for the last week or so. We have no doubt Mr. J. Foster, the gentleman in question, will have as great a house as any whioh have vet witnessed his piece We have already so frequently alluded to the particulars of this grana spectacle, that we now need only reoommend all play-goers to see it, an it must soon be withdrawn for other noveltiee. It will be preceded this evening by t be favorite drama of the " Oolden r miuwi. Chatham Theatre.?This evening there li an excellent bill set forth, tIi: "Used up," the piece in whioh Mr. Walcot and MIm Clarke appear to such advantage, it Is one of the most amusing comedies now on the stage; " Boots at the Swan," with Mr. Waloott and Miss Clarke in the principal characters, will follow, and the whole will conclude with the highly successful drama of the " Lonely Man ol the Ocean.We have already noticed this last pieoe, and can only repeat, that it is worth seeing by every one. The strength of the oompany perform in it. CmcPi? Bowery Amphitheatre.?Santa Anna's retreat, by John Oossin, is all the go at;thls house, and the audience are so overpowered with laughter as to require some tonio application to keep them up, and this they obtain in the other numerous performanees which are nightly given by the Holland family, Senor Carlo, Mr. and Miss Madigan, and the ten negro dancers?in fact, take it all In all, the circus is one of our most amusing and best oonduoted places of entertainment. Madame Bishop's Opera Company.?Madame Bishop has formed a new operatic company, oompoeed of the following English and Italian artiitti i?Madame Anna Bishop, prima donna Assoluta dl Cartelloof the San Carlo, Naples, soprano; M'lle Mathilda Korslnski, mszz? soprano; M'me O. Alexander Macfarren, contralto, from the London concerts, her first appearance in America; Mr. W. H. Reeve, primo tenore. his first appearance in America; 8tgnor Valtelllna. primo basso cantante; Mr. Brough, basso; and Hlgnor De Begnls, the favorite buffo. With this foroe, aided by efficient singers in seoond parts and oboruses, (the latter under the direction of Signor H. Bennettl.) Madame U. has every reason to believe tha she will be able to furnish cuch miulaal entertainments as cannot fail to meet the approbation of the musiolov?n(t public We cannot but tbink that the enterprise will be suooessful. The new oompany will be competent to produoe both Italian and English operas?a ooasideration of primary importance in a city like ours, where tbe patron* of the opera are about equally divided between continental Europeans and those whose vernacular n the English tongue. Madame Bishop's ooncert at the Tabernaale on Monday evening was well attended, and the audlenoe were highly delighted with tbe performance, whloh we were prevented from nntloing before, by the press of matter which claimed a place In our oolumns of Tuesday morning Second Concert or Messrs. Her' and Sivori.? This musloal event takes place this evening at the Tabernacle. We think It useless to advise the dilettanti of New York not to omit the opportunity of hearing these two talented performers, who oame forward to receive their doe share of applause. Tbe programme of this ooncert will be undoubteBly one of the finest of the season. M. Heri performs several of his best compositions, among them the " Swiss Rondo;" M. Sivori will play " Tbe Caaspanella," and tbe '* Carnival of Venice," whloh are, each of them, his greatest triumph on the violin. Madame Fleury Jolly, from tbe French opera of New Orleans, has folly reoovered from her hoarseness. She has Just returned from Philadelphia, where she re ceiveu warm tppitun, aura win iid( iwo 01 me most prominent icmai of her rdl'i, '' Cutt Diva." and ' Una too* poca fa " To these great attraction! will be added, the first appearanoe In pnblie of the society oalled " Liederkiam," In which one hundred linger* will execute several of thoee choruses so renowned in Europe, where they were first Introduced by the grand mantro Berlioi We do not hesitate to prediot a crowded audience at the Tabernacle. Mus Iiidora Hamicn'* Concest.?Tnii young lady who made her ikbut before a New York audience last evening, prodnoed upon ui two dlsttpet Impressions. The first was relative to her figure, ber face, and expression; the second relative te her Voice and her style of singing. Miss II., whose father li an American, and professor of music at I'rlaalpe (Island of Cnba), has been educated by him, and taught to imitate with her voice the variations of a violin, and even the queer notes which are produced by that instrument. The upper scale of Miss Hansen s voice is thin, but very sweet, and she pleased us (ber method exoepted) when she sung the ballad of Karl Muller, " The Dream," whilst on the contrary, we find her style very bad in the two pieoei, " lo t'amo," and "Mariana" Jpropot?who wrote suoh music; what induoed Miss II to render such an agglomeration of chromatic gamuts and notes, one so queorly placed by the side of the other ? Miss H. has a good voice, we mean her upper notes, but she wants study under an able teacher. Cmbiitv'j Mibitmls.?This celebrated Iroupt of negro minstrels, who have become such great favorites during their former exhibitions at Meohanlos' Hall, are now delighting the up-town gentry with their sweet and pleasing melodies, mock caohucas. end oowbelloglan performances, in imitation of the Mwlss bell-ringers. New York Is now favored with two companies? Dumblcton's and Christy's?who alone oan be termed the n? . I, iiiiBHiiiiii I II ; " rmmmSKSmrnm^ if r-| 1 - . flu, ultra of negro mlastreUy We wish thra Voth sueoess Ethiopian Buiicmii at Palmo'*.?The sueeess that these gentry have mat with thus for, this vnk, has equalled all the expectations that might hare been formed. The house haa been filled to overflowing. 810.10* Hlit* ?The great aueoeaa attendant on tha Slgnor's exhibition must be very gratifying to his feelings as well as his pocket. He varies his bill nightly. Du. Colvek'* Living Statuary.?Thisolassio exhibition, is the resort of all tha tasteful people of New York; as every body aspires to taste, of course every body will go. Mr. Forrest commenoed an engagement at tha Boston Theatre on Monday evening. The L)latin Family gave a oonoert reoently at Boulogne, whioh was attended by 800 persons. Mdila. Cerito has quitted England for Paris. The "Swedish Nightingale" haa. it is reported, taken unto herself a mate. The envied man is said to be a banker of Stookholm, an Englishman, and related by marriage to a gentleman in whom are united the characters of a London banker and a Oreoian historian. The ceremony took place at Manchester. The Theatre Royal at Montreal, olosed for the season on the 30th ult. The Viennoise children have concluded their engagement at Buffalo ; during their stay there the managers were compelled to stop the sale of tickets for tha boxes. Mr. Collins has commenced a re-engagement at the lir. I ? _* 4 'I'l DI.ll.il.lnM. ww ?iuuw Btrccby uoauc, i uuauv>|iiu*. The NMtional Theatre at Clnoinnati re-opened on lut Tuesday evening City Intelligence. Tut Kair at Caitle Oa?dkn.?The twentieth annual fair of the American Inatltute opened yesterday, and attracted, as it has always done, a vast number of visiters. We tooka look in, but found a great number of the artiolei were not placed in the position* assigned them, and that it would take some hours te arrange them properly. We shall visit it again to-day, and report progress. We recommend ail who take an interest in the meohanio arts, and wish to observe the developement of native talent, to visit this fair. A great many persons expressed their disappointment yesterday, at not being able to see the Chinese junk, having ooma from distant parts of the country, as much to see her as to see the fair. We are at a loss to aee what good reason the managers ean have for otyeotlng to her being exhibited. We should say that It would benefit the fair eonaiderably?fully as muoh as it would injure It?to have that vessel exhibited in the immediate vlolnlty of Castle Garden, tha plaoe where the fair is held. It ia well known that ihe is not In any manner conneoted with the fair?not being an Amarioan production. The Weather.?The weather yesterday waa extremely fine, and waa fully favorable to the opening of the fair at Castle Garden. Fires.?A fire occurred yesterday mernlng about 3 o'clock, in the rear of oorner Spring street and Bowery. It was promptly put out by the polioe. It was occupied as a blind faetory. The premises reeeived much injury. Another fire broke out at No 248 Canal street. It was promptly put out, damage trifling. Fire Companies.?The ''Purser Guards," a fine looking body of men. from the Fourth Ward, passed our offloe yesterday, on a target excursion. Tbey returned in the

evening with their target pretty well riddled, proving them to be capital marksmen. They were beaded by au excellent band The "Washington Guards," another equally fine looking body of men, passed our office on a similar exourslon. Our fire companies are an honor to the service. The organisation of the entire department improves every day. We recognise in some of our Ore companies, some of our most respectable oitlzens The orderly demeanor and improved oondition of this entire body, is the best proof of its rising and dally improving character. New York should feel proud that the rows and fracm that disgrace other cities are not to be seen here. We wish the fire oompanles every suooess, Including both engine, hose, and all attached to the department. Splendid Grapes.?We had an opportunity, yesterday, of testing the representations made us of Dr. Unhill's'a grapes. We found them equal in every respeot to what thry were represented, luscious and excellent. They are sold at 816 Broadway, opposite Pearl street. Brown's Paintings or Gen. Taylor and Statf.? These oelebrated paintings, whloh all those who have an opportunity of judging, pronounce to be perfect likenesses, are expected In town to-day. The plsoe of their exhibition is not yet settled, but they will very shortly be thrown open to the pnblio. Arrival, or Emiorant Passengers.?The number of emigrant passengers arrived at this port during Monday last, amounted to 319. Marine Hospital, 8taten Island.?The weekly report from the above Institution, from the 37th of September to the 4th instant, shows a decrease of 30 patients from the previous week. The number of deaths by typhus, or ship fever, however, was the same. Died by ship fever 13; remaining sick, do 85; died by small pox 1; by other diseases 10; by remittent lever 6. Total number In hospital, 390. Killed hy Falling Down Stairs.?Coroner Walters was called yesterday to hold an inquest in 19th street, near 8th avenue, upon the body of Abraham Suffren, aged 64 years, a native of Germany. From the testimony before the Coroner, it appears that the deoeased, on Sunday night, went home intoxioated. and after sitting down for a while, went iDto the garret. In attempting to get down stairs again, he fell, and was taken up insensible. He died about 1 o'olook on Monday night Upon examination of his body. It was dlsoovered that the brain was compressed, and the shoulder Injured. The jury found a verdict in aocordanoa with the testimony in the case. Death by Drowning. ? Coroner Walters was also called to hold an Inquest at the foot of Hubert strset. upon the body of Edwin T. Burroughs, aged 37 years, a native of New Jersey. On Thursday last the deceased went in a small boat to Jorsey oity, for the purpose of bringing his tools to this oity. On his return he tried to fasten his boat to a yaoht, in whloh attempt he fell overboard and was drowned. The body was recovered yesterday, and the Coroner's jury found a verdict accordingly. Sudden Death.?Corener Walters held an inquest yesterday at the corner of Wall and South streets, upon the body of a oolored man, named Daniel Rhoades, aged 38 years, who died suddenly on Monday afternoon The deceased had been subject to cramp in the chest for some time, and on Monday afternoon had an attack from which he died in a few minutes after. The jury found a verdiot that the deceased came to his death by disease of the heart. Meeting ok the Pruon Discipline Association.? The convention on prison discipline met yesterday morning at 9 o'clock, John W. Edmonds presiding, and organised for business by appointing John Duer. Esq . of New York, President; Col. Wm. Robinson, of Pittsburg; Hon. John W. Edmonds, of New York, and S B Oaddls. Esq . of New Jersey, Vioe Presidents; and Dr John D Rees, of New York, and O W. Smith, Esq., of Philadelphia, Secretaries. The oommlttee on credentials reported to the convention the names of about fifty gentlemen who had presented themselves as members oi the convention, among wbom was a delegate from Prussia, one from Deamark, and one from Canada. The same rules were adopted fortbe government of the convention as those adopted by the State legislature. Tho oommlttee on the nature and order of business, made the following report:? The committee appointed to designate the subjects, and elect the order in whloh they shall be presented for the consideration of the convention, beg leave respectfully to report: That thsy have considered the lubjeot matter referred to them, and unanimously recommend till ?/ iho ?nnni;>n lh> fnllnwinir subjects, In the order hereto annexed:? 1. A oomparison of the advantages and disadvantages of the separate and congregate systems of prison government 2. The best means of securing a uniform method of reporting prison statistics. 3 The proper length of sentences, and the extent of the discretion that should be conferred upon Judges in regard thereto. 4 The best method of supplying the prisoners with food and clothing 6. Prison labor to be considered in its relation to the separate and cmgregate systems respectively?its effects on the habits and morals of the prisoners?Its productiveness. &.o ?its Interference with free labor, and intruding the merits of the contraot system?and the propriety of allowing overstent. 6 The imposition of Ones, and the conditions to which they shall be subjected. 7. The best method of appointing prison officers, and the proper tenure of their offices 8. A comparison of the criminal lawsof different States, and the best means ef securing uniformity therein. 9 The classification of crimes. 10. The use and limits of the pardoning power. 11. The discipline of prisons and the treatment of prisoners 13. The organisation of ooanty prisons. 13. The proper construction of State and oountv prisons, both on the separate and oosgregate systems In relation to discipline, 14 The Hygiene reform of prisoners nnder the sepa rate end congregate systems. 16. The ptoper treatment of discharged prisoner* Your committee suggest all letter*, papain and mi?j? ba referred to your committee, to be reported to tha convention Signed. RICHARD VAUX, Chairman. After which the convention adjourned to vi*it our City Penitentiary, antl to meet at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, in the Supremo Court Room. Evening HKMION Various letter* wore presented and road, among which was an able letter from Judge Porter, of Klori<)e. on the penal oode, pardon*, Ice ; a very interesting paper from Mm F. W Farnbam. matron of the Sing Sing prison on the length of aentenoo*. accompanied by valuable ktatistlcal table*, and a very instructive letter from John Stanton Oould, member of Assembly elect, embracing a digest and comparison of the ,*tatl*tloa of our oounty prison* A letter wa* also read from Hon. Levi Woodbury, on Instruction, a* dlreoted to the peouliar vices and propenaitt'* of the oonvlot The convention than adjourned to meet at half-past seven o'clock. _ Movement* In folltlea. The whig* have lost two oounty commissioners In Rooklngham oo , N H., on account of informality in the returns, and ablunder In leaving nff"Jr." from the name of one of the candidates, by which he lost over six hundred vote* in the towns of Exeter, Darry, and Newton. The last Tuscaloosa, Ala,, Monitor say* : The Governor baa appointed Wm. H. Martin. Attorney General, to fill the vaoanoy caused by the death of T. i). Clarke. The legislature of Tennessee were to meet yesterday The Liberty party of Hampden co., Mas* , have nominated Dr. Wm B. Alden of Ludlow, and Chaunoey Chapin of Springfield, for senators. The annual *e**lon of the National counoil will convene on the flr*t Monday in October. The organisation of member*, the election of Jndge*, and the trannactlon of burin*** generally, prom lie to make the session one of much Interest and importance.? Chtroktt Jidrotat?, Sept. MA. Interesting War Intelligence. \ FOBBKARANCK HAS CEASED TO B> A VIKTUB. I ' [Frfp the Washlngtoa Union, Oot 4 ] The Mexican government having declined to io?d? i . to the liberal propositions ot our government for peso*, | or even, it would seem, to give them a t^rlom and ra- 1 apeotful bearing, it is now manifest that tbe forbearing . spirit and object wbich baa Induced the adminiatration | ( to tender peace baa been wholly misunderstood. Tbe propositions of Mexico?tbat we abeuld pay to Mexioan citizens all the damages sustained by them during tbe war, surrender all that portion of Texaa west of . tbe Naecea, abandon all of New Mexico, all of Lower and ; , one half of Upper California, leave tbe imports of our own and all other merchants into the Mexioan porta 1 ' open to new duties, or even to confiscation, and give up I our claim to any right of way acroes the iathmua?are a* < prepoateroua as to put all hopes of paaoa, at least for tha ! present, out of the question. We understand it has been determined by the government to make no further overtures of peace on our part, I When Mexico wants peace hereafter, let her sue for it. i We are now in the possession of her capital, principal I cities, ports, and possessions Largs reinforcements are , daily moving forward from Vera Crui, sufflcient to support the gallant oolumn in tbe present occupation of tbe j capital, Puebla, tie, and to open, and keep opan, the line of communication between the seaboard and tha main ' nay. In addition to, and besides the regiments now ! organizing and moving forward from Kentucky. Ten- i nessee, and Indian*, other reinforcements, to the full i extent authorised by the law of congress, will bs called j out at onoe, to make certain of the security of tbe army | in its present occupation and oparations. _ tha^continuanoe of tha war is forced upon us, it iuiui w vwwi vim Tijor. j. ne couuiry couijueri-umuoi. i be occupied ud governed by martial Uw, and ltn resour- , oe? and revenues rendered tributary in every practicable I manner to the irapportofoar occupation and government i We are happy to learn that there are ample mean* in the treasury (thanks to the operation of the tariff of 1846) for the most vigorous prosecution of the war, Including the organization, equipment, transportation, Sic., of all the new troops required, until some time after the meeting of Congress. Mexico would never have offered terms so preposterous, if she had not been enoouraged by the "no territory party," by the Nueces party and Mexioan party at home, by the party whieh has.denounced this war as aggressive, unholy, and unjust on our part. Let us hope, however, that her reoent treacherous and vindiotive course will rouse and unite the nation in the prosecution of the war, and In exacting from her, by military oontri- ' buttons, as far as practicable, its future expenses The Mexican government has a curious idea, indeed, of the rules of civilised warfare. The last communication of the commissioners to their government is full ot flimsy sophistry, and an impudent affectation ot refined principles The facts, however, lie in a nut-shell. According to the Mexican code of ethios, she may plunder our people, imprison their persons, and violate her treaties intended to compensate them for their losses. She may thus give us good oause for war in the eyes of the Congress of the United States, and of civilised nations, and yet we forbear even then to wage war upon h?r. She may go on to Invade our territory, obtained according to all the established rules of civilised 1 nations; she may refuse to receive the ambassador < t j peace ; sne may reject mo ouve-oranon lime alter ume. She may then abed the blood of oar own people upon j our own soil. 8he thus compels ua to draw the aword 1 to repel her aggression a?to pursue her into her own ; territory, to exaot justice from her hands; and yet ! she will now Insist upon our making a treaty of peaoe, j without her giving ua one cent to pay the olaima of our : suffering people, or one cent to pay ua the expenaea of the war whioh the haa provoked She will not onlv j refuse to give ua land, of whleh she haa too much for the benefit of her own people, and In place of money, of whioh ahe haa none to pay ua ; but she deinanda that I we must ortep out of thla war by giving up the very , land which we have annexed to our confederacy by the voluntary consent of the people of two free republics. She inaista upon our abandonment of ao much of the i territory of Texaa aa Ilea weat of the N ueces river, and : would deprive oue of the sovereign Slates of thla Union i of a portion of her territory. She makes thla degrading condition aa a <ine qua nan of peace; and she makes li j while her troops have been overthrown, her porta cap- j tured, her strongholds In our power, and our glorious ; flag is now flying over her capital. Well, indeed, has it , been said that Providenoe maddens those whom it in- I tends to destroy We laid before our readers, on Saturday night, all the | letters whioh had been then reoeived in Washington.? ! Others have slnoe come to hand, which we hasten to | lay before them So far aa they go, we have no doubt 1 they may be relied on. So far a a they are silent about | interesting matters, it lndioatea a diabellef in their oc- | currence. We regard most of these rumors with great ' distrust. LETTERS FROM TRUSTWORTHY SOURCES, RECEIVED | AT WAblUNQTON. Veba Cruz, Sept. 19,1847. I On the 9th instant Llaat Col. Hughes's Maryland | Toluntaera took nouHHiiion nf tha Nntinna.1 Bridae and ita works, without the slightest difficulty or resistance ; from the enemy. Hia description of lta advantageous position haa determined ua to make it a depot at onoe, I and to. throw in all the auppliea we oan, at aueh times aa > the trains are not otherwise employed. About half war (at San Juan) we have eatabliahed a resting place, which i la held by Col. Collln'a battalion of 3d Ulinola volunteera. ! " Brigadier Oeneral Lane, with two regiments of Ohio- j ans, arrived from the Braxos within the few last days. : He aeema much oooupled in getting ready to mareh. He ; will take with him all the several detaohmenta of re- . cruita, and othera that have arrived here lately. " Major Lally, we learn unoffloially, was to have left Jalapa on Saturday, the 18th inat, to join the army, lieu. Rea. it ia reported by Mexicans, la on the road uear Puebla with 3.000 troopa, for the purpoae of intercepting and cutting off trains and reinforcementa dea- ; tined for our army ; and also of Gen. Paredea being expected there with 0,000 more There are no means of ! ascertaining the truth of these atoriea. There are thou- I aanda of talea oiroulating daily, without the slightest 1 foundation. No credence whatever oan be given to one in a hundred of these teports. " The sickness in this city haa, aa far aa regarda yellow fever, entirely oeaaed. The oases amongst the troopa are now mostly intermittent fever and aourvy. The following haa been reoeived from Cordova by expreas, dated 19th September:? " This night we received the newa that the Amerloan army, after taking Chapultepec and the oitadel, entered the oity of Mexico. " General Bravo has been killed, and Santa Anna retired, with the remaining part of his troops, to Guadalupe, after suffering a heavy loss. Santa Anna was wounded in the arm. The news is up to and Includes the 14th of September at Mexioo, and I am assured can be relied on.' ' " The different propellers and other vessels have re- ' turned to the Brasos from here, for the balanoe of the 1 troops under Ueneral Cuahlng " General Lane left to-day, (10th,) without furnishing a report to this office of Ms command from the Brasos " September UOth.?Having heard nothing more from or of Colonel Childs, 1 am perfectly well satisfied that the whole report Is Mexican, and entirely unfounded. " As yet, we have no official news direct trom General Scott. It is exceedingly difficult to get an express through, for the guerillas." [From a gentleman intimately connected with the ! capital J Vkra Cruz, SO'h September. TVi* infnllUnnnn runaUa.l /.Am M..Un I via Orizaba, that (Jen. Scott entered the capital by main ; force, baring previously taken Cbapultepec and the citadel, id for me equivalent to official new*. 1 knew no further detail* than that (Jen Bravo was killed, and that (General santa Anna retired to Guadalupe, nix milea north of Mexico, with his remaining troops A great number of Mextoan officer* are reported to have been killed. W 1th regard to events anterior to the taking of the : oapital on the 14th, nothing explicit has reached hert\ I that 1 am aware of. All the information, however, that ! hae been gathered eoineldea to show that on the 8th a i movement had been made by the Americans on Chapultepec, and that light engagements bad taken plaoe up to the lith. on which date the fire commenced to be pretty brisk, and oontinued till the work was consummated ? But, as I already stated, there were no details that can be relied on That Mexico has fallen Into the hands of 1 the Amerioan army, 1 repeat it, is an aoeomplUhed faot. I am satisfied of it. MR. TRIST. [From the Washington Union, Oct. 4 ] In justice to this gentleman, it is proper to observe that the statement of the Mevic.kn nnmmliulnnern nan not possibly be true- that if the other terms of the treat; were satisfactorily adjusted, he would refer to hi* government. in the hope of a favorable result, the que* tiou of surrendering the territory between the Nueces and the Rio Grande, and also a portion of Upper California. In the absence of any information from that gentleman on tbe subject, we undertake to give this ?Ute went a flat denial It would not only have been a violation of bis instructions; but the idea of consulting hi? government upon the propriety of surrendering a portion of the territory of the sovereign State of Texas Is too absurd to be entertained for a moment bv any person ex oept a rabid Mexioan whig. Mr Trlst Is an able, firm, and truly patriotio man; and we confidently venture th?araertion, that be never made any such suggestion to the Mexioan commissioner*. MEXICAN DOCUMENTS. L*tt*r tf tk? Govnnor of (A? Si air of Mtxlco to th G' lttral Govrrnmmt. accompanying thr fwtut of th' r'prtitntaUvi I of tko Statu of Mrmico, Jalitco and Zacaltcat, to Ml Emctlltncy the Minuter of Fortign Jlffairt. iFrom the Vera Crui Iris, of Sept 18 1 / n i l i fn i Mir- If his F.xcellenny the I'reslden' has made itlmoet Huperhum?n effort* to carry on tb. war and defend the capital, those efforts have heen si together unsucn-sslul, and they could not have beeo made without the assistance of ibe nation, and of a lit oided public opinion If tbe States had not furnished supplies of men and money, nothing could have been effected. I speak at least for the State of Mexico, at the head of wbleh I am placed. This State has loaded its citUens with taxes It has sent to the capital ail lb? armed men and all th* money that it could collect. It ha* exhausted all it* resouroes. It ha? sacrificed itself and It regret* to see that it has done this to no purpose, and that its sacrifloes are neither appreciated nor hcknowledged Krom thl* capital alone a thousand infantry soldier* have been furnished, comprising the greater part ot the battalion whioh 1 nave th* honor to command, nearly all of them well equipped, and the whole supplied with the best arm* to be foand in the army a* rembled in the city From all parts of the State, including th* sultry district* of the south, large bodies o' men, armed and unarmed, full of enthusiasm, have vied with each other In flying to th* defence of the capital; the 8tate has done tbis through it* love of independence and de*ir* of preserving nationality; and had not its citizens been Impelled by the** noble motives, nobuman foroe, nor the influence of any individual, would have Induced them to abandon their home*, end *acrlflo* every thing, even to.existenoe, in the defence of their country. . It is time now, Mr. Minister, that these sffort*-the*e | noble and generous efforts?should be acknowledged; and the best mode of showing a sen** of their value is not to cause the arm* of these brave men to fall from their hand* at the first *ummon* ot the foreign enemy If these effort* have not been well directed, because, perhaps, tbe art of war baa been studied among usonly for th* purpose of ruining the oountry, thi* 1* not the fhult of th* nation?it U net the fault of it* d~*rvi??K altls*n*?but rather their deplorable misfortune, that they | have not found a chief worthy of commanding them Tlii. government know* the extent of It* power*, and j ' *SN ?1^ know* what in tba powri of the President of tb? Mastmb oonftderaay: It r??peeU them, and will tlwsys r?ipeet them vhtQ they are derlrtd from the !>* of the -ouutry ud the constitution of the United Mexican States. This government bellevee ttaat unless tba constitution ind tba otbar tawa which govern ua are rigidly adhered to, order cannot exist, nor society deserve to be no called. nor Khali we aver be able to say that we hare in fact k constitution. Military commander*, whatever may be their rank, who have committed faults on the field of battle, should be held responsible for tbeir acta, and should be promptly tried and severely punished; for the nation has not made sacrifices, and doe* not make them, for the purpose of ioourring contempt. It is extraordinary, Mr. Minister, that an armistice should have been arranged at 6 o'clock on the morning of the 28d. and that to-day. the 20th, the terms of it are not known in this oapltal?your excellency's circular, ilated the 13d. to which I have the honor to reply, having been ruueived here by a speoial messenger yesterday, the 25th. The assurances which your excellency is pleased to oner wltn respect to tne continuance 01 tne war, In tne ht?nt of an attempt to humiliate the nation, and that the President disclaims any other purpose than tbe glory of his country, and has therefore tendered the command to any one who may aspire to it, and will oheerfully fight under his orders, are worthy of attention; but no Mexlc an will ever regard tbe humiliation and debarment of bis country as a secondary consideration, under any oircumstances; and every Mexican* who believes that his country possesses a representative system knows how and from whom power is derived, and in what manner he who is olothed with it Is placed at the head of the military force. Tbe representatives of the State have already declared their opinion, in a manner the most wertby of them, in tbe protest which I have the honor to enclose to yourexoeileiicy : and the order to carry it into effect, wbicb, without any claim on my part to the honor, has be?u placed In my bands, my sentiments being in unison with tbose of the honorable body from which it emanates, reiterates the protest in the most positive and emphatic manner ; and it grieves to add that it does not expect, under suoh circumstanoes, an honorable peace ; and exp?ots it still less, considering bow little ability ban been fihown in turning toacooont the lacrifloes made by tbo nation, and conducting this war in the manner which It hoped for?a war which It has been and will b? in favor of, until peace oan he made with dignity aud honor, and such a peace as will be approved of by all liberal and just men throughout the world. I renew to your exoellenoy the assurances of my due consideration. (Jod, liberty,and federation. OLAGUIBEL. , Toluca, August 26, 1047. The constitutional Governor oj the Jrce and sovereign State of Mexico to lit inhabitants. Fellow-Citizens Misfortune still pursues u*; and the rout of our troops twice in one day, in the vicinity of the oapital, has exposed us to the severest blow ot fate. To this series of afflicting reverses others still greater may be added ; and to bear up against them will require the highest effort of patriotism, and a constancy proof agMnst any trial. The misfortune of defeat is nothing oompared with that of humiliation and ignominy. Our fathers died in order to give us independence, to free us from a loreign yoke, and that our country might hold a rank among nations. Let us die rather than traffic away in a vile bargain, what they purohased with their blood. Death is preferable to ignominy; and if our forefathers struggled for ten years, in bloody oombats, under oiroumstancea a thousand times more adverse to us than those of the present day, let us struggle for another ten, or for a hundred years, until we nave vindicated their fame and our own. Citizens ot the State of Mexico?We have called ourselves free and independent for more than twenty years. Let us die free and independent, rather than sell our lands and our brethren for foreign gold Fellow citizens?Valor and constancy .' and let us bear up against this load of misfortune, with the assurance that the nation which desires to be free is so E-UANlMKr.n M T)K OLAUITIRKI. Toluoo, August 26, 1847. Circular of Hit Excellency, the Secretary of State, to the Oovernori of the Statet of Mexico and Puebla. Your Excellency,?His excellency the Fresident of the Republic, orders that oar exoellency will command the local authorities of all the towns and Tillages in this State, whioh lie within the distance of thirty leagues from any ol the points in which the enemy may happen to be situated, to raise en mane the respective inhabltan is of the suid towns and Tillages, in order that they may attack and harrass the enemy with whateTer weapons eaoh may conveniently procure, whether good or bad, by fire and by sword, and by every practicable raeaus which it'ia possible to employ, in the annihilating of an invading army. And his excellenoy also orders that your exoellenoy will take an exaot acoount of all those who, having attained the age of 16, and not advanced beyond 60, without any physical blemish, remain at home, and care not to enlist in the National Ouards, nor support any number of soldlfrs, nor serve the cause of the nation in any one of the ways now mentioned; as, for instanoe, making prisoners of the scattered soldiers of the foe.catohing his mulrs and horses, and seising his wagons, and destroying his munitions of war. A nation and its inhabitants are defended by means of a military or a popular force, and certainly their defence by the latter is really the most efficacious, und less expensive, beoause a people who do not choose it o*n never be conquered by another; and had not a series of unfortunate events occurred to euervate the spirit of the people, the march of 13.000 men upon our oapltal would never have been witnessed Your exoellency knows that the Argentine Republic is Inferior, in point of population, to any one of our States: yet will your exoellency remember that 11.000 Englishmen perished in the streets ot Buenos Ayres, harrassed even by the womeu, who burled upon them from their house tops, furniture, stones, and boiling water. 1 copy and publish this supreme decree for your exoellency, in order that you may enforce the accomplishment of all that has been expressed in it, upon the part ef the Mexloan inhabitants of this capital; and when the ablest of its population, comprised among its proprietors, merchants, and officials, shall go forth, gun in nana, to encounter ine enemy, woee tuat remain in tne city will defend it to it* very last entrenchment; and for tiiat purpose, your excellency will command that stones and every other kind of missiles and projeotilei, be collected and plaoed upon the house tops, for the emergen' cy, bo toon a* it arrived, charging the alcaldes, members of the municipality, and justices of the peace, with the execution of this order. God and liberty! . t1ik repulse at chapoltepec.. Tho Mexican account of the so sailed repulse of Gens. Twiggs and Pierce, at Chapoltepec, is published in the Picayune, and it turns out to he as we expected, that the Mexicans were routed. Here it is At half-past five this morning, (the 8th.) the fire commeaced on the two flanks of Chapoltepec. The left was resting on the mill of El Hey, close to tbe forest of Chapoltepec. This point was commanded by Gen Leon, and under bis order were the battalion of Mina, whose Colonel was the patriotic and valiant Balderas, and the battalions Union and La Patria, Oaiaca. in one of which were inoluded the oompanies of Puebla, also a body from QuerM*ro and some others, all comprising the National Guards. The right flank rested on the house of Mata, at the distance of a quarter of a league from Chapoltepec, and occupied by 1500 of the regular army, oommanded by Gen. Peres The enemy in two eolums. with his usual daring, attaoked these points, first with artillery, and at a quarter to six, with a rapid fire of musketry. Gen. Peres sustained tbe fire very well for about half an hour, when, for causes at present unknown, be retired with bis fnmpa alfhotioh Via had nnt Ir.at Un man Mtnaat mint hare bem fatal for Mexioo, if, fortunately, Oen. Leon and bis brigade had not shown prodigies of valor. Twice he repulsed the columns that attaekml him, and in the seoond he aallied from hi* position to recover the artillery Oen Perex had lost; but then he received a mortal wound.and a few moments afterwards the valiant Balderas was also wounded, and died on the field. The enemy, with additional foroea, again charged and took possession of the mill Twice he was dislodged, but on his re-taking it the third time it was found impossible to bring our troops to the oharge. In spite of these two advantages which they bad gained in their endeavors to attack Chapoltepec,they oould not effeot a further advanoe, which may be owing to their being intimidated by the resistance of our forces,and the considerable loss they had suffered. The result wm that at nine o'clock in the morning the Are of small arms bad nearly ceased, and they were seen employed in collecting their killed and wounded. At 11 o'olcok the enemy had commenced a retrograde movement, and hy 3 o'clock in the afternoon be withdrew all his forces to Tacuba a, abandoning the two points he had oocupled,and blowing up the house ef Mata, although some say it wai> set on fire bv a bomb flred from Chapoitepec It is believed that (tens. Twigits and Pierce directed the attack, and that they put in motion about 8000 men." After this cemes the Mexicaus's peculations what they might have done, if so and so had taken plaoe. it says :? If the cavalry had taken the position assigned to them at four o'clock in the morning, by order or Oen. Hanta Anna, and if above all. they had made the oharge which was ordered at the moment that the enemy attacked the mill of El Rey. Instead of flying precipitately, the action would have terminated early, and th? triumph would have been complete. But they did not take the position to whtoh they were ordered, much lees take the charge as commanded Oen A Wares being obliged to state offl ci a uj or mrougQ ma aajuiani mmi on uiu uuv iu? charge, hccHUKe bin nubordinate oflloxr* refused on m oount of the grouud being too uneven and broken for c*. ralry, m if It were not the Mtme for the c?v?Jry of the enemy. orricuL doct'stsnts rklativk to the battle or chukubusco. rruan 4 Um. Vf ?i ma if kl<? Hunlinol Sunt. OA 1 We nr- enabled to present to our reader* the afflolal r<porm of Cel. Molntosb and Lieut Col Scott touching tbf part born* by the gallant 6th Infantry lu the glorious action of Churubusco H?*d Qcakt**? Ath liiriiiTir,) Tacub?ta. Aug. i'ld, 1817 J SirIn obedience to your orders, I bar* the honor to submit tb? following report of tb? operation* of the 8th regiment of Infantry, under my command, during the 40tb Instant About 10 o'clock, A M.,pu the morning of the 20th, the Ath Infantry on the right of your brigade, conducted by Capt. Mason, Engineer*, proceeded, by the right flank, through the oraggy ana broken ground to the left of San Antonio, to turn that flank of the enemy's work*, to get in their rear and out ol their retreat lowania Mexico. When the advance of the regiment came in view of San Antonio, the road was Keen to be filled with masno* of the retreating enemy, who were abandoning tbelr work* and retreating toward* their next fort In rear.? The regiment was rapidly pushed forward, and engaged the enemy?a heavy Are was kept up for about ten minute*, when the anemy broke and dlsp"rsed in every direction, closely pur*ue>J. Many dead bodle* of tbe enemy were left on the field, (including one Lt Col.) and many morn were wounded. A number nf prisoner* were taken, ameng whom were Brevet Brig Oen Turdlgon Oavay, oommanding theit rear guard, and one Lieut, captured by Lieut. C. 8 Hamilton?one Lieut Col and otie Lieut, captured by Lieut. N. B Roieell?three other officer* o ptured by tbe oommand. The main portion of the regiment then paaeed along the cauieway toward* San Antonio, in olo*e pursuit of the enemy, drlv. ng them from the sand-bag breastwork thrown aoross

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