rr ________ T II - ' liZSI .i -ffS? * !? XULL Ro. ?7H-WhoU It, ?TS. THK WEW YORK HERALD 6 ST A9LI8HM ENT, ffMrtto-wMt nrnft of Palton and a?M? an. JAMES SORDONJfHHETTTpROPRIETOR ? IIH; l L ATIOH ?.KUHTY THOmUTO. DAILY HEHALD-ewMer, Trie# I emu par ?o?T?t It ?> - lnimm?my*b!? in UMM _ . WrKKLY 'IF.RALD?tr*> Saturdnr?Prica CM M- ropv?1'1!?'-? Cftiti Bff uno-pnyabla ia adranea HKRALP rnn :-'.tJliorlE~-Krery 8t?ara Paekat 4ayPrir? r,n: i>(t ftjpr-45 P?r annum. raclndm* po?taf? or $3 ?, cicluaire dr i <ntH?, payabla in *d?anea. ?nb?enp tion? und udvrriiinneuti will V>e racai?ao by \Ia??ri. Wan* n*?i. Urn# Vi?inin?, Pari* ; P. L WimomU, II CornhiU. aac John Miller,thr)ioo>iielUr,Lord()ii *NNt'AL PICTORIAL HERALD?Pnbltshed^oa th? ADVERTISEMENTS, at the usual price*?always cuh u advauce. Vl< ertisemen's should be written in aPlata, legiblt inner. The Proprietor will not be responsible (or error* thi cuv oe.etir iii rhein. I'H!VTINfJ of all kutdi exsc.ated beautifully ud wit* esa patch. 411 letter* or comuuuiMtioas by mail, addraaeed Mth< proprietor ofilie nuM>nut, n?a*t be po?t paid, or the rosi ?? V"-IJ l?<ln -?? < TCgt?EW 0RL?!TN8r?n;"CfrXBLEE? 1 Op end H \ V ANA,-?'Tlie steamship y^til^jUyiNABRAOANSKTr, h WiUon. master, ~*?b9iinsfluB will lesve for the above port* on Monday. October 11th. at 4 P. M., 1 li ? ve? ei well known on Lone Island Sound a* a superior ?ea boit, tins r?ce tly had her guards removed, and been strengthened throughout; fitted with mat's mid full suiffsails. She has two boilers bulow deck, with horizontal marine engine; .ii d brine of large power; expected to make a shorter passage than liu been recorded between this city and NewOrbus. For freight or passage having saperior accommodations,arply to the c ipuiu on bourd.at Novelty works yard, lltli ataeet, li. K , o' to 08 3t*ic It. J. VANDKWATER. 3' Coentiea slip. ? STEAM TO HAVANA?To sail oa the 19th uiitant, at noon from ni?r No. (. N /-/*,K"H/ttffck H. , the new and powerful Iron Steamer OUAD VLQUIVEB, 600 tous measureinrut, built IU Liverpool. Her e bi us are now beinK fitted up,with every regard to comfot, ventilation, and vlegmce, and the table will be liberally supplied under the superinteiiuence of professed coolu. ( 'ares S70 in State Ro.ms on Saloon Deck?$60 in forward and aft -Mid apper deck cabins, including wiue. No berths sreured until paid for at the office of K W" Simon a. Cousigute, 48 New street, ?od passports deposited. sU 30f m S V.'. SIMONUS. 4J \ew it. KOItNKW ORLEANS, viaCIMHLESX TON AND KEV WEST-To sail ThuraS day 14th iust., at 10 A.M. the splendid jjftamBait? ,tfamship PALMETTO, built expressly w " ?* F?? f,,r au ocean steamer, having been thoroughly re fastened, and undergone various improvements, which render her commodious, safe and apeeily, will leave for New Orle mi, vii Chailcaton and Key West, cs above, under the skilful command of Captain Jeremiah Fin th This ship his amole state room acenmmodatious and every CO' venie; ce io emu c a iileisant trip for her p?ssengers. For freight to New Orleans, or passage to either of the above porta, ipplv to the captain oji b?a_dj tootof 10th street, Eaat River,or to T. F. 8K.COR k Co.. F ot of 9th street, E.R. N B ?Thia reamer carries coal sufficient for the whole trip, mid is eipected to make the trip out ia seren days. <5 lot*re fa SUND vY BOAT to KINGSTON, touchat Hammond street, each way, returning Wf iJTr eveuing. The fist aiiling steamer 8ANTACLAU8, Capt in Overbaugh, will leave the foot of B irclsy street, north side, every Sunday morning, at 7 o'clock, landing at < al'twell's, Van Courtland, Weit Point, Cold Spring, Cornwall, Newburgh, New Hamburgh, Milton, Poughkeepsi*. Hyde Park, Elmore's, uud Riunebecs. For further information, apply on board, or at 118 West it, npstiiis 08 3'*r? ^^7 FOR NtW BHUNSWli,K, PERTH U^rfIE_^>AMBOY,m)S8VILLE. WASHINGTON tkimUmBiSmm WO-iDBKIDOE, and TOTTENS, at half t'aat Two 1'. ii ?i'u hn<i after Monday, Oct llth, the steam io<t * NTELOI E, Capt. 8. Van Wickle, will leave the foot ofHnbiusou street, next above Barclay, at half-p?st 2 P.M.. daily, lor New Hruniwick, landing at the above places. Returning the Antelope will leave New Brunswick at 7 A.M. from a >o after Mouday, lltli, receiving iwsaeugera at the several lamlinvaFare \''-H cents?Rreakfait on board. P. 8?Passengers for Spots wood, Cross Roads, Cranbury, at d Hotnerville. take stage direct o56t*rc NOTICE.?8TATKN ISL AN D FERRY, a"(' afcr FRIDAY, October 1st. IS 17. the &YLPH and 8T vTEN IdLANDER will ruu as follows, uutil further notice:? I.VAVK ITATKN ISLAND. At 6,?, #, 10,11 o'clock, A M.?I, 2.4, S o'clock, T. M. I.KAVK NEW YORK. At 7.9 10. 11 o'clock. A.. M.?1. 2, 3X. 5.6\ o'clock, P M. New Y, rV. Sei t 33 18-17. s30tf NOTICE.?Kor the better accommodation of the public (as the days are becoming M^EBHBbashorter), the Steamboat NEW PHILADELPHIA will, on and after Monday next, leave New Drnnswick at 20 minutes before 7 o'clock, and New York at 15 minutes past 3 o'clock, stopping at the regular landings. The RARIT AN wPl continue at her old noura.at 7 o'clock Irora New Brn awick mid before 3 o'clock from New York, muning through wi-thout stopping. Both boats leave from the foot of Barclay ataeet. F ire in the New Philadelphia, cents; Raritan, I25< cents New BnwawicW.Hept. 3. 18(7 si 30t*r? TO WING?The new and powerful steam ; gri&^"a.lACOB BELL. Capt. R. Yates, and HE cMTitiwiiBa*, RALD, Captain J. P. PARK8, will be in constant readiness f r Towing Vessels to aud from sea, and about the Harbor, on the most reasonable terms All orders thankluUy received and punctually attended to A lint ?r tft ?h? Sil<l mat TiiW.Rnut Nil. Ih I S lift street, corner of Maiden liuie, up stairs. Th> Boats luy e?c*v night at the loot of Grand street, E.R., and n 'e al vaya in readiness at a mnm?n t's notice. N.B ? All persons are forhjd trus'ing the above boat* oo accouot of the owners. W. N fcT.M. DOUGHF.Rl'Y, s9 VK'rc No. 75 South ?* cor Maiden lane. MORNING LINK AT 7 O'CLOCK g.FOR ALBANY AND TROV, and inter (BHnMHBbmrdiaU' Landings. The Ste iner TROY ii a third larger than any other Day Boat: and id poiat of speed, safety, and commorliousness ? actunUy unsurpassed. No steaciejever acquired r.iore universal and enduring popularity, or retained lu greater perfecti >n those substantial excellencies which really deserve public favor. Break! 'St and Dinner on board the Boat, The low pressure steamboat TROY, Captain A. Oorham, will leave the steimboat pier foot of Barclay street, Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, at seren o'clock A.M. Returnii* on the opposite days. i Forpusisge or freight,apply on board, or to F.B.Hall,al the office on the whart. sl6 rc jviynNi^Q LINE AI 7 O'CLOCK, ALBANY AND TROY, landing at tffMMHMnCaldwells, Westpoint, Newlinrg, Hampton, Milton, Puughkeeisie, Hyde Park, Kingston, Upper Redhook, Barrytown, Bristol, Catskill. Hudson. Coxsackie, Kiuderhooi and Bal imore. Lauding at Hammond street. Le ves New York, Tuesday, 'Tharsdav and Saturday, at 7 o'clock. A. M. B rakfist and Dinnrr on board the boat. The low pressure Steamboat NIAGARA, Capt. H L. Kellogu, will leave t .e Steamboat Pier foot of Barclay street. Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, at seven o'clock, A M. re'nrnine on the opposite days. For passage or freight, apply on board, or to F. B. Hall, at the omc? ou the wharf. s!6 re PEOPLE'S I INE STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY. Daily, Sunday* Eicep'ed ? KHMMWa Through Direct? \t 6 o'clock, P. M., from the Pier between Courtlandt and Liberty atreeta. Steamboat ISAAC NEWTON, Capt Wm H. Peck, will leave ou Monday, WedneaaVy, and Kriday eveninga, at C o'clock. Steamboat HENDRIK HUDSON, Capt. R. O. Cruttenden, will leave on Tneiday, Thursday and Saturday evfniuga at 6 o'clock At Five O'clock, P. M.?Landing at intermediate place*? from the foot of Barclay atreet. Steamboat ROCHESTEK, Captain R. H. Furrv. will learr on Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Sondav afternoona. at & o'clock. Steamboat SOUTH AMERICA. Capt T.N. Hnlie, will leave on Tueaday, Thuraday and S&tarday afternoon*, at ? WMk . , The above boat* will at all time* arrive in Albany in amnlc time for the Morning Can for the Eaat r.r Wei:. Freight taken at moderate ratea, and none taken alter IS o'clock, P. M. Zy All peraoni are forbid truatmg any of the boat* of thii line, without a written order from the captain* or agent*. For pi*a*g? or freight, ap J" ou board the boat*, or to P. C. BCHuLTz aithejiffici - tne wh--T. a6 rh MT FOR LIVERPOOL?To Mil with de.patch.ihe MwK^felirat c a*a, fa*t aiding regular Packet Ship WATER.mBS?LOO, Capt. Allen, burtheu 1100 ton*, will *ail n* aoove, Imviqu very aup'rior accommodation* for cabin, aecoud <-abiu ana ateearse naaaengera. Prraima about embaiking, ihould make early application on hoard, f>ot of Maiden Laiie, or u> J. McVUHRAV. corner Pine and 4outh street*. Peraona deairou* of *ending for their friends >n the Old Country, can have them brought out by the abOTe aplenr'id veaael. or any otlier of the renular line by applying. a8 rrc QNLYRK.OULAP LINE OF PACKETS FOR riflffWNEW ORLEANS fhe following well known, dMflfeii^at aailin.' and favoriu pa,.!tet ship* have aceominodatiiMia unaiirjiaa'.ed for cabin, aecond cabin and ateerage paaaengera, aud will i oaitively aail a* advertiaod, or paunge free. "The OSWEGO. Capt. lugeraoll, OctoheMth. The OAUiNA.Cavt.n^oiiK October 11th. I Pereoii* wuliing to proceed to New Orleans, will do we iO secure oy e uher ihe abo?e ptcksti, li \n6T are all | v rst claw rmnjriainied by men eiperienced iu the trade, A0?l Will sail piinrtullly on their appointed days. To secnrt , b*Jh,< "PP,T ?n ^"ViV T. TAPBCOTT. M Honth it. I'aI .K TH KOH H W " E?Second Line.?The , wHy Ship BALTIMORE, J J?hn?tone, Jr., muter, will JBSStfbxiii on the firtt ol November. nil BHV I) Ik II1N. K K.N. Acent*. No. SR Wall-?t. 1 \ l'H< (i li h KM I OK A 1 i ON OK HI r? wi South *neet?Per*in* wiajing to *end for their ' BHlBnfnend* in the old country can >eenrc p*a**ite . on r???onable term*, by any of the magniueett *hipa coBinrmnj ?h* new Line of Liverpool p?e??tJ, Vl?:? CONSTITUTION, 1740 tona, Captain John Brittoq. OUKKN OK THE West, 1400 tona, Ca?t. P. Woodhou** i LIVERPOOL. 1230 tona, Captain John Eldridge. HO 1'TINOUhll, 1150 tona, CaM. Ira Bnraley, ailing from Liverpool on the 6th of every month. "????* can alio be aeeared by the St. Oeorge'* Line, or the Udiob Lin* ol Liveri>ool |>aeknta, making rn all a ahap erery Cv? day* from that port. Kor farther particalan apply to W. 8c J T. TArnCOTT. Nta ?" *nn?h afreet. New York ~ *?<T|l?Lh. a. HIPPaRiJ'B (UVIIOKATiON ifljn OKKICE 'a connection with UEO. HIPJBNlh PAKD U SON, 134 Waterloo Hoad, Liverpool. Per..,.i? wiahing to tend for their friend* iu the old ronntr> . ?au secure paaaaae io auy of the following new line of parketa, aailiug from Liverpool on the 8th of every month, * CONSTITUTION, I,.M)0 torn, Capt, John Bnttoa. t^UKKN OK TUB WEST, 1.200 tona, Capt. P. WoodhHu. LI VERPpOL, 1,154 torn, Capt Johu K Id ridge. 1IOI TINOUEIl, 1,000 tona, ' apt. Ira Bnraley. (ieo. Rippard Ik Son are the only agenta in Liverpool for tha ! above line of pocket*, in addition to which they deapatch a finite, lax *hip every week. Prraona aeuiling money to their friend* in large and imall amount*, can i>e accommodated with draft* on the Belfait Banking ' ompany, and their oameroa* branchea iu Ireland; i aboouihe principal bank* iu England Scotland, and Walea. Apply to CAKLIBLl k RIPPAR5, I gall Mt*m M South *treet, ear. of Wkll, | E NE N A HEAVES AND BROKEN WIND UN ,Xjar>HOR8ES, .peedil f and permanently cured, by the ( l ^ ? nx. 0f Tatter?all'? Hettt Powder*. They hive been in oonttaot use in the Tattersall 8 fables .London, and by I noblemen throughout the Kingdom of Greet Britain, for more Sian fifty year*. As a medicine for Ha a res, Broken Wind. ottL Worms, ke , the proprietor offer* them to the people of ; the United rilates, with full confidence of their approbation i None genuine without the signature of J. KIKKBfilDE, ! Fleet meet. London. Price 4 shillings sterling per package, or $1. American ourreney. A. H. GO UGH ? Co., 149 Ful' ton itreet. New York. Aleuts General for the United State*. : All orders, accompwied bythe casli.aud postpaid, tmnctually 1 itrended to. Persons desiring the sgeacr, by addreising as above, post paid, with good reference, will receive immediate I attention. s7 90t*m m. i Regiment of Artillery, 400 able bodied men, between the ages of II and SO years, to which good pay, rations, and thing will be given. Apart Uum the above, a farm of ICO acre*, or tlfiO Treasury Scrip. au<) (13 bounty. Apply at the rendezvous room* at No. Itftf Greenwich. No. 9>H Washingteu.and No 31 Chatham suatu; also at the Arsenal Yard, comer of White and ( jmtre at* . New York. s> ?0t?re JgL iHtt >UB8<'R1BKU wnlMstosetl his Storehouse PjW tnd f atfurm at the OxUri Depot. There is on taid lot XiULi fft 'rehpme 20 by 40 leet. and Platform JO by 70 feet. TrTe L,ot is 141 feet front and 8.fleet rear; is now occupied as a tore and freighting baiineis. It is situated on the New York and Erie Railroad. 38 miles Iim Mermont, and 80 miles from this city, and 'or locatioo not sarpasse'* by any on the line of t ? Mid railroad. JOHN it TIITI4II.I. ?29 Ut'rrc JUL* FOR 8ALK-A Urge number of valaabl* Lou uraP?? ate in the village of WTlliamsburgh. fronting on North XJJLSd. Conselyea, Skillman, Ja<-kson, Withers, Frost, Union avsnue, and Lorimer street*. Theae lota will be sold upon favorable terms. Auply to JOHN SKILLMAN. Jan.. at hia houae North 3d streK.naar Union Avenue, on Monday anil Friday. alO Hi'tc aja DUTCH BULBS.-The subscribersoffer l*r aale their usual aaaortment of Dutch Bulbous Hoots, con sisting of choice double and single hytciutlii, tulips, narcissus, jonquil', aeris, gladiolus, crocus, lie. he. Alt o a large collection of grren houae plants and garden seeds. Bouquets of choice Oowete at all season*. all 30t?re DUNLAP It THOMSON. 634 Broadway. ~ WM.M. kOUNO KURMERLY 4 ANN HTH??t bat now the Puna Boot Enporiam, ia uumaftetvring the m beat quality of Krench Calf Boot* for $4 50, equal to the beat aold in other atorea for t6 and (7, made to order for the same ; do fine Calf Sewed Boou, hia own make for $S 50, equal to auy aold in thia city for $5, and warranted to give aatiaI'nction.jUen. Taylor'a half Boots S3 75; pntentCocgres* Boot* made to order for |3 75. Boota, 8hoea, Gaiters, lie. constantly on hand. Also, Military and cork aole Boota made to order, with a tee <u>ortinent of all ((node in hia line Comer of Fultou and Naesau atrreta, oppoaite the Herald office. _sl 30t> re WM M. YOUNG. FOR SALE ?The .loop MAKY KEMBLE, jfijafy eigiit yean old, built of the beat material,and ia in JHatOfa. good order, forty tons register. Apply to JOHN F. TALI.MAN, o8 3t*rc_ West and Hammond streets. Mjr KOK LI VEKPOOL?Kegulnr p.t< ktt of tlie IIth mwyort ?The lira', claaa fa?t sailingpackct ship STE JBfd&PHEN WHITNEY, Captain Popham. bnrtheu l.liio loua, will aail ai above her regular dav. Having very auperior accommodations for cabin, second cabin, nnd steerage passengers, persous intending to embark khoald m\ke immediate application on bo?td foot of Maiden laue, or to JOSEPH McMUBRAY. eon er of Pine and South streets P S ?Persons desirous of sending for tt-eir friends in the old couutry, can have them brought nut in the above very favorite packet, or any other of the line, by applying aa above. o7 FOR LI VERPOOL? New Line?Regular pack aMWtt of 2?th of October.?The new and splendid fastJPHBb sailing packet ship OARRICK, Cap ain B. J. H. frysk, will positively sail as above, her regular day. for freight or passage, having handsome famished accomnooatious, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall itreet. or to K. K COLLINS M South St. The racket ship RO8CIU8, Captain A?? Eldridge, will uccaad the Uarrick, aid ml on the Mth ot Nor., her regular i" "? FOR NEW ORLEANS?Louisiana and New KRltjrvYork Line of Packet*?To tail Monday, October JgjjtHMtaiuth?The new and splendid fait sailing packet ship i.l r i wN, Ja? U. Ingersoll, master, ii now loading, and will positively tail at above, her regular day. For freight or passage, having handsome famished accommodations, apply on board, at Orleans wharf foot of Wall St., or to E. K. COLLINS. 66 Honih st. Agents in New Orleans, Mr. Wm. Creery, who will promptly firward all goods to his address. Positively uo freight will be received on board after Saturday evening, Oct. 16th The packet ship LOUISVILLE, M. Hunt, master, will succeed the t 'lift on, and sail her regular day. oJ NEWLINE Of PACIEll^O AMD MOM aHwWLIVERPOOL?Packet of the list Octob'r?1 he J&ifiBfaspltndid new and fast sailing ship CONSTI1 UTlniS isno tons burthen. Captain John Britain, will positively sail from New York on the 21st insL, and from Liverpool on tfie 6ih December. Prrioas about to proceed lo Europe, or ihose wishing to tend for their friends in the oWl country can not selrct a finer conveyance. Those wishing to secure heith?, should made early application on board at the loot of Barling Slip, or to W.kJ.i. TAP8COTT ot 86 Mouth St. KuR LIVERPOOL.?-The Naw Line?Kenaiar fdRBSFV Pocket of 21st of October ?Th? superior neyr last fflTWr li II packet ship CONSTITUTION. 1300 tona. i'ii'tAiu John Brittoo, will tail aa above, her regular dar. For f. eight or passage, having splendid large and eomfortable itaif rcw.m and cabin, apply to the captain on board, pier Ne 1 2, Wcstaide of Burling ?lip, or to WOODHULL It MINTURN, ?7 South at. I Price of passage *100. The packet shipIIOTTINGUER, 1100 tona, Capt. Buraley, will au< ceed the Constitution, and sail ou her regular day, flat M Nn?fmh?r. iB i ALL AND WINTER CLOTH1NO, at the City Clotk F ing Warehouse, No |102 Fulton ssreet, directly oppoeite the Old North Dutch Church, where every atyle of Ad I and winter Clothing can be had to auit the pocket and taste of all. CLOAKS?Ofblaek and blue broadcloths, beaver and in Iota, from , S3 00 to 23 00 OVER COATS and OVfcA SACKS, every shade of 'weed, broadcloths, beaver and pilots, Irani.. ........ 3 00 to 10 00 Also, a large assortment of Busineaa Sacks, Crock CosU, single and double breasted. The new slvle of SHAD COATS, from 3 00 to 10 00 PANTALOONS, plain and fancy Caisimerea, French Doeskins, and English black Caasimeres. Satinets, kc , of every style, from 1 30 to ( 00 VESTS, an endless variety of black satin, velvet, merinos, and bombazine, from . 1 30 to 3 00 Also, a large assortment of French, Kuglish, German and American Broadclot s, Cassimeres and Vestiugs, which will be made up to order to suit the most fastidious. DANIEL r. SMITH, sl310t*m 102 Fulton ?t., opposite the Old Dutch Church. 'l^O TAILORS.?The Kail and VViutaw Fathion for 18?7 and J. 11)8 is ready for sale at the office of " La Parition," No. 4 Couitlandt itreet, three doors west of Broadway. Also, a very ' hoire assortment of Heiuiseh's Shears, Points, and Tailors' Crayons, square Tape Measures, lie. KC. Orders addressed to A. WHEELER, Publisher of Fashions and Teacher of Cutting Nn. 4 Cnurtlnndr st. stl Mt*ve COMMEaClAL AOENCY AT OALVE8. VESTON ?The undemgned will attend to the Collection of Notea and Accounts In the State of Texas, effecting Sales of Real Estate, the Purchase of Produce, Receiving aud Korw tr ling of Merchandize, and of a General Commission Business. (JKflRUK HITTIn II RKrcRENi'Ki in Nr.w York. Mow* Taylor, Esq., J, O Dudley k Co., Edward K. (Collins, Esq., Tarrant Puinain, Esq., Allen & 1'aiion,' James Leffertalk Co., lli>bert C. Wetmore h Co., Wi?nei? Ic Oale, Haydock, Corliei h Co., Edward O. Faile Ic Co., Win. C Langley k Co., J 81J.F. Tripp*, F. 8 ic D. Lathrop, White Ic Brintall, Hon. John W. Kdmondt Waller B. Towuaend Ic Co. Addre?s No. II Pine street. New York. aMS0t*m THE NATIONAL FIRE IN8URANCE COMPANY. No. 62 Wall mUHMBU against Fire and Inland Navigation Risks.?Thia Company ia prepared lo make insurance ?k in?t Ion or damage by fire on dwelling house*, warehouses, baildiugs in geueral, goods, warea and merchandise ol every deacriotinu, and personal property, and on riaka of transportatiou and inland narigation. director! Thomaa W.Thome, William Vaa Wyck, John Van Boskerck W. C. Redfield, Eugene Bogart, Martin Hoffman, Henry II. Ward, Robert L. Caae, John J. Derrick, John D. Ward, Henry D. Beach, Stephen Holt, W. H. Jacoba. ? ? , THOMAS W. THORNE, Prea.dent. W. C. KkLlooo, Secretary. N. B ?The capital of thia institution ia now fall, and with aiarplna. Mwify to loan on bond and mortgage. s2l rrc BlI,Ll At.Drt?The manufacturei'? roums.llir plavmg, and the aale of tables. are IX Ann street, entrance from I4( Fulton. Horn's 4 Ten Pin Alleys on the lat floor, 7 Tablea on the 2nd. Cloth, balli, cue, wax, and French cue p?int*. for lie. Ma J. Horn, jun., and Otia Field are connected with the aboveei tabli.hmetitv and invite their frienda and the public. N. B. The two genta above named are very popular in their businesa?their taloona are worthy of patronage ? Ed. 21 :iOi*rc^ _____ _ TO THE LADIES RE-1 DENT AND VISITERS IN NEW YORK.-Win. Scott k Co, No. 377 Broadway, retpectlnlly invite attention to their stock of Lace Capea, Veils, real and imitation trimming Laces, Muslin Trimmings, Bands, Infanta' Waists, Robea and Frocka, Needlewoik Collira, < hemisetta, Handkerchiefs, Cuffs, lie. Tail itan, Hwni mid Uigaudie Mualina, (Mtibrnidercd Mualin Dr#aaea, I .nee Dtraiea. Berthea, he., Ice., which uc offered at very low price*, mill will be found equal iu eiteut and variety to any in the C:ty. A large atock ol Dreaa Capa at one dollar each. N. B.?N" deviation in Ificea. rtl Wt*W WEUDlNO AMU MAX.L HCUTp'tl Co.. No- 377 Broadway, offer a new and elegant atock of embmideied Mualin and Laee Hobea; Malinea Lace Capea, Berthea, Heara, hr ; embroidered Lawn Haudkfi; (himiaettea; Cfl lara: I,are under hnmlkfa he., he. ol I2t*rr FANCY GOODS?F. A AHTAULT." Proprietor of the Lafayette Bazaar. 149 and 131 Broadway, up auira, haa juat imported a auitable atoek for fall trade, wnieh he offer* to country merehanta on encouraging term*, conaiating of fancy inl.nd work boiea, flne faua, cutglaaa, Pari* porcelain ware, imraea, ladiea basa, perfumery, jewelry, ateel Kooda, he.; in fine the moat apleudid and varied atock of fancy and uaeful Kooda to be found in t>ia city. Country merehanta are invited 1(1' wIT Wr*ru CHAHI.KH AHRF.NFELDT, New York, M Maiden lane, up auira,and 2) Liberty atreet; Philadelphia, II North Kourth atreat, np ataira; Boa ton, 14 Kilby atreet, corner of Duane aneei, Importer of all kindaof to fa and fancy aiticlea, perfumery, aoapa, muairal inatrumenta, French china, German pliin aerf (ut glaa* ware, ornament* for mantelpiece*, li rjuorrraea. h? ______ 3(h* tr PAHIH \RflFICIAL FLOWERS,.hc.-N. KAHN,'lmporter, 53 Naaaau atreat, up auira, ho received by late arrivafa a very eitenaive and well aelected atock of French Artificial Flower* and Flower Materiil*. together with a moat aplendid aaaortment ol Feather*, Coiffure*, he. he he., whieh h* offer* to 'he trrte at low price* antt 10r?m F- ()WMt L(>OMH?Kor aale, M Narrow Looina, of~*u perior make of iron, to weave twilted work, either cotton or woolen aatineta, Kentucky jeana, tweeda, or drill*, with chance cama. They will he aold at a bargain Inquire at *3 ftruail itreet. 'a?1?i?r? RiOHT MrfltfCl.'l.ES.have alwa" aenaured unrivalled anc ceaa at HANFOIID BROTHERS, Merchant Tailora, 177 Fulton atreet? lat. Alwaja givea good fitting Coau, Panta, and Vrat?keepa the heat of Clotha, Caaaimera and Veatinga. Jail. Terma caah; eonaequently, can aell 15 per cent cheaper than thoae that aell on time. 3d. Garment* are made a* they ought to be, and done at tha time nromiaed. OCT" A full auite made in tweaty-four houra -?3 Every variety of Gentlemen'* outfitting conauntly oa hand, as sotrrc ant to the Herald Oftee. - t . w y c EW YORK, SUNDAY MO Affair* of La Plata. I Bi SNOe Arski, July Ul. 1847. 1 The Executive power to the Honorable the Legitlalur* < of Mr Province :? 1 Gentlemen Repreaentatives 'The gotarnmant of tha province, ntru-'od with the foreign relations of tha Argentine Confederation, had the honor of informing 7011 ob tha 3d of Goto bar. of the past year, of the arrival in thi* city of Mr T. 8 Hood, on aapeclal million from the goTvrnmHDt of Her Britannio Majenty near this Confederation, and charged with tha confidential transmission of propositions on the part of Oraat Britain i and Franca, founded in a great measure on those comma- i nicated by thia government on the 30th October, 1846. . to Viscount Mareull. to approximate the arrangement of | the eclating difficulties We alao related to you what thoae prepositions ware, I of tha acceptance made by thli government, and the i terms on whioh that was done?of that of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, whioh is under the presidentship 1 of Hia Lxeellenoy tha Brigadier Don Manual Orlbe?of the inconvenient baseleaa opposition which thia pacification met with, owinc to the Inflexible and notoriously Inimical spirit of Messrs. Ouaely and Deflaudls, who war* then tha ministers plenipotentiary of both thoae governments, residing in Montevideo, and that In consequence of this Mr. Mood had returned to England o glva an aeoonnt of tha reaolt of hi* mission. The government at the same time informed you of tha tranquil oonfldenoe with whioh it awaited tha response of the governments of England and Franoe, whan these ware Informad by their honorable and faithful confidential agent, both of the aceeptanoe of hia propositions by the governments of the La Plata Republics, and the resistance which had bean oppoaad to them by tha French and English ministers, as also of tbe violent repulse by wbioh these had hurried off Mr. ilood, their confidential measenger. Tbe response to all this, thia government was oertain would be in aooordancw with the elevated rectitude of thoae high powers, and in proportion with the vast interests oomDromlsed bv a course of con duct which could not be justified under any view by the prioolple? of humanity and civilisation At present the government, respectfully fulfilling it?". duty, robmlts to your enlightened examination what haj occurred rabeequently in the negotion commenced by the confidential agent, Mr T. 8. Hood. It has not healtated on its side to reciprocate in the moat anenuirocal manner thejneble JesireHof the governments of Her Britannic Majesty and Ills Majesty the King of the Krenoh, as set forth in ihose bases, and to have employed its most decided efforts to obtain the pacification of these republics Id a manner which should be reciprocally honorable and dignified. You will be enable to form an oplnlan of the s.'irlt of conciliation and loyalty which it has never ceased to accredit to the new envoys extraordinary, in order to facilitate the favorable conclusion of their Important mission, both by examining the annexed document*, as well as by * narration of the line of conduot which this government has constantly observed durinir the negotiation. H B. M. minister plenipotentiary, Mir U. O. Ouseley, has been recalled from his mission to this republio, and this government duly received the proper notice from 11. B M ol this fiirt Baron Deflauais, minister plenipotentiary of H M the King of the Krenoh, has returned to France, accompanied by the vioe admiral, Lalnr The same government* informed that of this republic, that having tifcen into consideration the difficulty which hed impeded the conclusion of an arrangement for the pacification of L>a Plata, all of whloh was set before them by their confidential agent, Mr. Hood ; and being resolved to accede to the desire expressed in this affair by the government of the Argentine confederation, they bad oonfided to Lord Howden and count Walewski, the mission of negotiating some definite arrangement for the entire cessation of hostilities among the belligerents. On the 8th of May there arrived In this port the French steamer-of-war Cassinl, having Count Walewskl on board. On the Oth he disembarked. On the 10th of May there arrived here the English war-steamer Rattler, with Lord Howden on board. He landed the same day. On the 11th, the envoys jointly opened their mission by addressing certain notes to the government, which were answered In due form. On the 13th, the first conference took place. At it the plenipotentiaries showed that the projects of convention whloh they were about to submit to the government, did not differ from the bases presented by Mr Hood; the necemlty of giving these bases a more solemn form than that which they bad, so that they may be signed by ail those interested, and thus produce respective obligations ; that this form should be that of a convention. To this the minister of foreign affairs of this republic replied there would be no objection, provided of course that in reducing them to a convention, the bases laid down by Mr. Hood should not be altered. To this the plenipotentiaries replied there need be no fear of any alteration; that the form only would be varied, as this government would perceive on receiving them. On the 14th the propositions of the envoys thus referred to were sent In by them, but this government found they were not all in accordance with the bases laid down by Mr. Hood, and admitted by all parties, nor with the declaration of the Krenoh and English governments. and their respective plenipotentiaries ; consequently a note was addressed to the ministers on the Jttth May, enclosing them further projects for a convention conformable to the bases presented to this government by Mr Hood, and agreed to by them. The plenipotentiaries did not agree with this proposition of this government, and on the 3d J une addressed notes to it. re |nesting verbal conferences, by which the affairs might b* brought to soma more definite conclusion. After answering these notes on the 13th, this gor eminent mgnmau iu assent to this mode of treaty. [From this time the conference* were In propria pertuna betweeii the Minister of Foreign Au*lrs on the part of the Argentine Confederation, and the Minister! Plenipotentiary on the part of the British and Freach Governments; we proceed to give the substance of their conferences a* related in this message, though from not having the various documents referred to In it. in our possession, we can only give a sketch.?Her.] The first difficulty encountered by the envoys was the manner in which Oen. Oribe should be designated in the treaty. They were aware that the Argentine Oovernment oould not omit giving him the title of His Excellency the Pr sident of the Oriental Htate, as be was then recognised in the coulederstion, but that on their side It was Impossible for them'.thus to recognize him, as such wouU be contrary to the policy of tneir government ; that they would wish to adopt a conciliatory course and they miKnt do one of two things: 1st, whenever It was necessary to name Oen Oribe in the treaty, he might be Mmply styled on the part of the Argentine Government as "our ally, at whose orders or disposition are the Argentine troops," and 'idly, that in the copy of the treaty which should be signed, he should receive the titles which the Argentine Hepubllo usually gives him in the copy in the Spanish language, and the title ofOenetal in the French and Knftllsh copies, the declaration to this purpose made by the plenipotentiaries being annexed te all the ooples they should sign. To oversome all difficulty, it was proposed to send the British and French naval commanders to General Oribe, to ascertain his sentiments on the matter. This, however, was not agreed to. Anally, as the Argentine Republic could, under no circumstances whatever, cease to look on Gen Oribe as the legal President of the Oriental Hepubllo of I'rugusy. The envoys would no acoept of this, or. at all events, wished to bind the Argentine Hepubllo to the following, vlx : that, In oase of a new election taking place In Uruguay, and any other President than Oribe being chosen, that the Argentine Rnpubllo should still keep to its pledge of not interfering in the domestio affairs of the Banda Oriental. After much conference, however, the affair was finally arranged, thus, vix: That whatever convention or agreement might be made by the negotiating poweis, should be signed after some ttrangement had been made oonoernlng Ills Kxcelleney the le^al President ef the Oriental Republlo, Brigadier i/?u ttibuuh uiiup, ?uu ?imir u? huoqiu qati tmciiuy Informed the Argentine Government of hi* conformity to the part which concerned him, which might have b?nn meanwhile agreed on between this Government and thn Plenipotentiaries The qaeation of the navigation of the river* wm then brought forward, and the Argentine Miniater of Koreign Affair*, informed the envoy* that no alteration oould be made from the plan laid down with Mr. Hood, and after various endeavor* on the part of the envoy* to alter the determination of the Argentine Government on thi* head.it w?* found useieaa to prooeed in the matter at all, und on the 3d of July, all further negotiation* were declared to l?e at an end: aud en the ?ame day the British envoy, l,ord lluwdeu. left Buenos Ayre*, and on the following one, the t-'rnnch Lnvoy,Count Walawakl, followed hi* example. What wan the reault of their further attempt* at negotiation in Montevideo i* already known ta the public here. Tbu*, prooeed* Gen Ro*ia in the oonolndlng portion of hi* message to the Legislature:?Yon will perceive, gentlemen, that the preamble of tbu convention only was lettled, the flrit, second and third artiola* having been disousaed without being agreed to entirely; the , fourth, sixth and aeventh urtlole*, all of them founded on the bases preannted by the oenfldentlal agent, Mr. llood. were not oonaidered at all, and the article* respecting the ratification and the title* of hi* Excellency the legal President of the Oriental republlo, Brigadier , Don Mannel Oribe, though diaouaaed, were not definite- , lv arranged, the negotiations having been broken off at the consideration of the fifth artiole. The Government ha* thua related to you what haa oc- , curred In the negotiation which took place between it
and the plenipotentiary minister* from Her Britannic ( Majesty and the king of the French, In order to arrive at some conclusion In the affair* of the La data Ilepnb- j Ilea. Animated aa it always haa b?ep with the moat ve- , hement wi*n for paaae during the whole course of this negotiation, it has never uaaaad to accredit the plenlpo- \ tentiarles with Its conciliatory spirit and sincere deairea j u> bring about an honorable termination to *uch an 1m- j portent affair. | Vour enlightened wi*dom will estimate at its true , worth the justice with which the govermnert. without ] refusing to acCMptol the base* presented by Mr Hood, | and the terms in which it then accepted them, has sua- ( tained the perfeot sovereignty of the confederation, it* unque*tionable right*, and its honor. The true vlewa which are pr> sen ted in this delicate affair agiiustthe entire independence of these oountriea, and the reat of I the American Htates, are no longer mlttakeable The I positive character of the Anglo-Galilo intervention i* not i that which it was represented to be at the period of 1 it* eatabllihment, because neither the preservation of the t independence af the Oriental Kepubilc of Uruguav, nor I the cry of humanity, nor the preaervation of the Inter- I est* of all nations can look to It a* a preserver. i But the government maintains the grateful hope that < tha elavated rectitude of the governments of HerBritan- I nie Majesty, and of ill* Majaaty the King of the Krench, f noreoonsldeiingthl* affair,will make those modification* < whloh oaanot be denied without contravening tha lmma- < IRK I iRNING, OCTOBER 10, K .able principle* of justice, th? solemn recognition they lave made of tbo perfect sovereignty and Independence >f tbe confederation, and th? treaties thsy have made with It. God guard yon many yearn, JOAN M. DE ROSAS. Astronomical. National OasaavAToav, ) Washington, (D. C ,) Oot. 4, 1847 ) Sir?1 have tbe honor of submitting the subjoined observations, which haw been made at thU Observatory, ?n another new planet. This objeot was discovered by ). R Hind, of Mr. Bishop's Observatory. London, on August ISth. 1847. He made a report of his discovery on August 16th to professor Hobumacher. of Altona, who Immediately Issued a eireular containing an announcement ; several coplee of which he was kind enough to send to this Observatory, and which have been distributed and olrculatsd for tbe Information of the publlo This makes the seventh known star In ths group of Asteriods. It Is of the ninth magnitude, and Is remarkable for tbe soosntriolty of Its orbit and ths langth of Its period of revolution. Ths planet was first observed here on the night of the 37th ult. bv professor Hubbard, United States Navy, with the West TransK Instrument, and afterwards as mentioned In ths table below. Sir John Hsrsohel propoees to call this planet Iris, a anas whloh has been adopted by this Observatory. Obsbbvcd Places op lais Mean lime Right as- 8. decli- Stare/t comfVaehington. rtnsion. wirtt. nation. pari??n. 1847. V m ssc. k m lie. d m tec. Sept. 27?-7 23 10 1 19 47 W 38 2 14 2i 3'.7 a fjr decli'e. ft?nt 30t?7 lfi ?4.Q l'J4H47?l 1 IJ ? TO 9 ? ...I k r... .!? I Sept. 39}?7 16 34 9 19 4 8 56.81 S 14 25 30 2 Oct. U?7 9 47.2 19 50 1165 1 14 35 15 4 for R. A. Oct. 3|)?7 3 15.3 19 51 3181 I ... Oct. 31-7 4 8 10 3 19 51 33 CJ 30 14 3 ( 27.5 a and ?. * luatrumeut, W. Iran kit; obterver, Prof. Hubbard, t (nitrumem, W. Iranait; ob?er?er. Prof. Keith, t Instrument, mural circle; observer, Prof. Mrjor. - Instrument, mural circle: observer, Lieut. Pace. I lmt/ium?nt, W. transit; observer, Pr-if Beecner. 1 Iostrumene, equatorial; observer, Lieut. Maury. The Mkan Places or Star* or Comparison Koa 1817. Ht. atcemion. h. m. ? Star a 19 49 50.98, 3 observatons made with W. transit, c... k <a ii m 5 2 observations made with W. transit. 3139, ? | Obaerration made with mural circle. S. itclinatian. V m. t. Stir a 14 25 01 3, 3 observations with mural circle. Star b 14 21 31.0, 3 observations with moral circle. The Ephemerls afforded by Hind's Elements, u published in the London THmrt of August 30th, require* October lit a correction ot 3m 36s. subtraotion in R. A. Respectfully, Sin , M.K.MAURY. Lieutenant IT. 8. Nary. Hon. Jowv V. Mason, Secretary of the Navy, Washington. National Osskrvatory, Washington uity, D. C , Sept 39. 1847. Please publish in your journal the following announcement of the disoovery by Hind, of Bishop's observatory, of another planet, received from Professor Schumacher, of Altona, through the politeness of John Cuthbert, Ksq. the Amerioan consul at Hamburgh : Altona, August 31, 1847. Sir ; I have the honor to send you some oopiea of the cireular about the new planet, and beg you will distribute them to the observatories in the United States I have the honor to remain, sir, your obedient and faithful servant, H. C. SCHUMACHER. To Lieut. Mai.'Kt, Washington oity. Copy of a letter from J. R. Hind to Profesior Schumacher. London, August 10. My Dear SirI have the gratification to announoe to vou another iilanetarv dlsooverv. made about the lime the lMt Alton* pott was cloning On August 13th, 1 aotioed what seemed to be a star of H-9th magnitude, not marked upon Wolfcr'i map, 19th hour, nor previously seen by me, though I hare repeatedly examined this part of the heavens during the present summer, Inserting all doubtful 9-10th magnitude tars not found in the maps I looked over the neighborhood on June 23d and July 31st; but I saw no star in the position of the stranger. Mierometrio observations made by Mr. Bishop and myself directly after the dlsoovery, showed it to be a new planet, evidently belonging to the group between Mars and Jupiter. 1 announced this dlsoovery to astronomers in this oountry on August 14th, and the planet was observed at Cambridge on the evening of that day. I send you all the observations we have yet made : ? ?. M T. rl.4!YCT'l K. A. rLNT's DEC. h. tn. I. ' A. m. i. dg. m sec August 13 9 39 46 19 47 10 38 13 27 21 1 " 10 37 21 19 47 28 41 13 27 27 0 " 14 9 23 68 10 50 3* 30 13 29 14 0 " 14 9 CO 39 19 5$ 47 64 13 31 4.3 The comparison stars are Peozil XIX, 390, and II. C. p. lis, at 19 hours, 63 minutes, Sti 5 seoonds. In the planetary searoh which I have carried on for eight months, eellptlcal charts for hours 19 et 30, and the greater part of the Interval between Oh. and 6h. have been nearly completed. Mr Main tells me that he had written to vnu nn Hkttir. day ; but I suppose our letters will roach you together. Had I thought there was any poet, I should hare written, you the morning after the dlsoovery. The poottions I have given are rigorously reduced, and I believe very exact. I will send the original difference of A K, and declination between the planet and stars in my next. H. C. Schumacher, Altona. Mr Dear Sia?I received, after I had closed your letter, the followiag^from Professor Challes: ? a. m. t. a. a. s. dec. A. m. t. A. m #. dg. tn itc. Aagittt 14, 9 a 13.1 19 56 39 12 1) 29 10 3 refractor. 10 2} 214 19 56 36.21 13 29 18 7 meridian. " 11 29 1.3 19 56 3J 91 13 29 26.1 refractor. August 15, 10 20 34 5 19 55 45.0tf 13 31 9 1 meiidian. The Orst position of August 14, was determined by 12 comparisons in 11. A., and 3 in N. P. O. The star of reference is 65 Hagittarii, the place of whloh is t? ken from theB. A. C. The position after meridian passage, on the same day, was, determined by six comparisons in R.A., and as many in N. P. D , with Peosxi XIX 308. The mean place, Jan. 1st, 1647, of this star is as follows: A. hi. ?. dg. m. see. Prom.., 19 58 14 35 13 21 336 Prof. Challes his adoptBessel ... 19 58 14.45 13 21 40 6 ed his own position in Challes.. .19 58 14.53 )3 21 38 7 hit reductions. Sir John Herschel wishes me to call the new star the planet Iris, a name which Mr. Bishop proposes to adopt. J. ft. HIND. II. C. ScHUMACHra, Altona. This makes the seventh known nsteroid. It is remarkable for the occentrieity of its orbit and length of its period of revolution The planet has not been seen at this observatory on account of the weather. But the following ephemerls, whloh I have had oomputed from Hind's elements, as published In the London 7\mei of Aug. 30th, will show its claoe sufficiently near to enable astronomers to turn their Instruments upon it. The following ephemerls for Iris has been oomputed bf Professor Coffin, from Hind's Elements, as published in the London Timei of August 30: ? ICrHEMERIS or the new Planet Iris.* Meantime Washington. Highlatc. Deelinm'n September 27?8 hours lv ?'l 42 14 26 7 October 1?8 " 52 37 14 26 0 " 5? " 56 6 14 23 4 " 9-8 " 20 0 J 14 19 4 " It A 4 ic ti ii i " 17?8 " 9 3? Mil Si-8 " U 3 13 4J 5 " 25?8 " 2(1 ii 13 42 8 29-n " 27 11 13 29 2 Norember 2-8 " 3J 40 13 12 7 ' e-l " 40 SO 12 33 n " 10?8 J' 48 9 12 32 6 " 14?8 ' JJ 49 12 ? Respectfully, lie. M. F. MAURY, Lt. U. 8. N. * Note?In the computation of the element*. parallax and aberration werr neglected, Mr. Hind remarha, that by hn observation in Anicatt 29, his e;>hem?u gave the right aacension one second too great, and the declination uiue seconds too small. [From the Boston Traveller, Oot. 8 ] To-morrrow morning, at 39 minutes after 'J, (Bouton time,) an annular eclipse of the kuq will commence on the earth, and will oontinue I hours and 13 minutes. This anaular eclipse will be risible In the south part of Ireland and England, the greater part of France, Switzorland, Bavaria, the soutn part ot Austria, the north east part of Italy, the greater part of Turkey, part of Arabia, Persia, Hlndostan, ko.?and at the elties ot Cork, Plymouth, London, Havre, Paris. Strasburgh, Oeneva, Berne, .Munich, Trieste, Venice, Belgrade, Adrlanople, Constantinople, Bombay, 4to. At rarlfl the duration nf tha Hnff will h? A m OA un r at Constantinople, (where the eclipse will be very nearly central.) 7 m 42 sec , and where greatest on the earth, n"?rly ?X minute*, the great distance of the moon, at the time of the eollpte, rendering the duration of the ring longer than usual. By Vaucel'* catalogue of all the eclipses risible In Paris from 1707 to 1000, it appears that in the oourae of this long nerlod of 133 year*, tha eclipse r>f to-morrow 1* the only one which will happen there, sithar annular or total, or even of tha magnitude of eleven digit*. In Boston, the eclipse of April 3d, 1701, waa annular ; that of Jane 10th, 1804, total ; and tho*e of May 3flth, 18M, and Sept J!?th, 1876, rill be annuler ?and a* the eclipse of Oct. 10th, 180ft will be annular In the Carolina*, and those of August 7th. IWIO, and May 18th, 1000, tatal In part of North Carolina and Vlrglola, live eclipse* will be central during tha nest A3 years In tome part of our Atlantlo States. It Is believed that during tha whole of tha 10th century, no annular or total eclipse I* risible In tha olty of New York Philadelphia haa seen one, (annular.) in lest., IH.1H ; and Washington two, (annular) In Hept, 1811 and IP38. That sublime spectacle, the total eclipse jf Jane 16th, IHOti, waa seen at Albany and Boston, and irlthln a space of about 70 mile* north and south of a Ine connecting thoae two elite* That of Not 30th, 1414, was visible in Savannah and MlUedgeville, in Oeor[la, and in Bsanfortand Charleston, in South Carolina. The I'raslin Miikdkr.?A formergoverne*? of tier grace the Ducheaa ot Praslin, named Saruli Farseval, from 00 to 6ft year* of age, r? siding in the Tasi?<e de Tivoli, and living on an income offl.>00 granted tier by her former pupil, waa so (hooked on being sudleniy Informed of the murder,that she became mad, and ha* been sent to ? maiton dr tanlt ?Cunihtutinnnrl. In the saloon of the hotel of the bath* of Schevenlngen, k diitinguiahed foreigner waa leading the paper* , sndlenly he turned pais, his oountanance giving evidence of ntense suffering, and ha eiclalmed. "Good <>od ! Oh &la caanot b* : It is impossible " Ha waa the brother it tha Duke da Praalin, and had b<-?n reading the ao> >ount of the murder of?i?iUt?r-ln law.?N?ti?n*l. IERA 547. Tba Growing Indian War* [From the Independence (Mo ) Expositor. 8apt. 18.] Everything Indicates the approach of a long and blttar struggle with the predatory Indian tribal Inhabiting tha imn'wnse country between Of and tha Pacific Two causes conspire to render this Inevitable. First, tha great numerical for6e of tha Indiana and tha rapid diminution of tba buffalo upon wbioh exclusively they *ub iat. Hecond the unwise Incredulity of our government, it* (low and reluctant recognition of tha approaching danger, and tha levity exhibited by the President and Cabinet In their treatment of existing difficulties. Three past Indian wari enable us exactly to foretell tha coming disaater?tha Creek, the Blaok Hawk and Florida wars. Theae wars were all brought about by the levity with which the government met the first hostilities, and en deavored to tinker up discontents with inadequate and Inflaming remedies This levity, besides tha chagrin flowing from it. haa been Immensely oostly. The struggle with the Cherokaea and Creeks, who have never exceeded 3&.060. haa employed armies paaslng 30 000 men In the aggregate, and exhausted $05 000 0i?0. Tha Blaok Hawk war amployad 7.004 troops, and cost $9,000 000 ; the Indian foa never surpasaed 600 warriors. Tha Florida war employed 40,000 troopa. lasted ten years and oost $33,000 00# Florida, from first to laat, naver oontalned over 1700 Indian warriors. Heretofore we have contended with Indians, a single tribe at a time, confined to a speolflc territory and acting on foot; and such has been the cost in money, reputation and gradual slaughter on both sides. We have now to oontend with tribes who are mountad, who roam over plains mora extensive than the whole territory of our confederated States, who Intermingle and have no permanent homes. They subsist on the baffalo. which la their food, their clothing, their lodges, their saddles, robes and fuel. They have neither agriculture nor domeatlo oattle to supply food. War, plunder and tha obase keep them in perpetual movement. They are more wild than Arabs and better warriors. Their country is Infinitely larte. various, and their an pearanoe in u; particular pari of It m uncertain aa the wind or a thunder itm. The azgregitu number of this floating race la unknown to our official authorities, not out* of whom haa ever been among them. We state then frotn positive knowledge the following statistical fact, which will be denied, but which lit true. The aggregate numbers of the Indian tribes who deiicend every season, upon the buffalo reglen. possessing horses, and relying upon the buffalo to supply all their physical wants, is 260,000 ! These room over and inhabit the whole space from the Gulf ts the Canada line; a part of them are the tribes which lira upon the head waters of the great rivers that flow into the Pacific, and who annually pass out through the Rooky Mountains to the buffalo region. Causes, oertaln In their effect, are now pressing upon this whole mass and kindling a war about to oeaae only with extermination. The buffalo are diminishing with frightful speed- with the buffalo ceases to the Indians every means of existence The constant passage to and fro of the white men by the Missoarl, the Oregon. California and Santa Ke trails, and through Texas, solves to the Indian the oauses of his approaching doom. On all these routes hostilities are now become perpetual. The Indians have been suooeesful in tastiag the blood and plunder of the whites. These they exhibit to distant tribes, share with them, and are replenished with new allies ! A permanent Indian army has occupied the middle Arkansas throughout the whole summer Just passed ! Many such little armies will appear next season-massacre impends over evory white man who ventures forth upon the plains. We make these statements indeed with a very faint hope of conciliating to these accumulating horrors of the Indian oountry the serious attention they peremptorily demand Wisdom, the warnings of the past, the existing dangers, the Mood that has flowed and is daily flowing, cry against the levity whioh delays the remedy that shall punian and oheck the evils existing and to come. Eoonomy and duty both demand an effloient and permanent military force. The smallest foroe to be effective is 2000 men, well armed, commanded and equipped. This fore* to act at various points in oonoert, to be increased gradually ana kept in operation for Bve years. Americano-Mexican Revenue . [Correspondence of the Baltimore Hun ] Tammco, Mkiico, Sept 9 1847. The amount of revenue oolleoted at this port since fha nraaant tariff haa haaan In nnavatUn la Aita Kun/lwa/l and six thousaud (our hundred and forty-eight dolUrw and ninety-one omits. as 1 am informed by the Receiver of Public Revenue. Oi which amount, wan collected During the month of May $26,030 01 Do. do June 3*2,107 41 Do. do July 27,99!) 16 Do. do August 21.262 34 The vahie of merchandise imported during the same period slightly exceeds $390,000, much of whioh was ijulcksilver, whioh came in duty free, as it was for mining purposes. Smuggling is oarried on to a great extent, and will be as long as the present regulations respecting the oolleotion of revenue are in fuioe. Mexicans, by habit, are aooustomed to this species of fraud, and it is folly to suppose that seven army offloers, who have other duties to perform, corresponding to their grade, and four or Ave clerks (being the total number of persons employed In the custom-house) oan prevent it. Mexicans will smuggle, and oftentimes do, when it would be much cheaper tor them te pay the rates of duty as fixed by the tariff. New IJooks. Quarterly Hetroitect of American and Forrion Practical Medicine and Huroery? $1 per annum, octavo?R. k Oh 8. Wood, 201 I'earl street.? This is the ; first number of a new medical journal, or rather cempl| latlon from the various medical journals published in foreign medical papers Messrs. Wood intend t?. Issue thin retrospect quarterly, as its name import*. kvery medical man In the Union, more especially couutrv praotitioners, will And this publication an admlrabU assistant in keeping them up with the tines. Tmc Annalist, a Keoord of Practical Medicine in tt>? oity of New York, issued semi-monthly by K. unci O. 8. Wood, Jtil I'earl street, New York?Kdited kj William C. Hoberts, M. D We perceive this journal has just commenced its second year. Dr. Hoberts, iU ed'tor, is a gentleman, who from his untiring seal in the cause of his profession, has won the respeot of all men in it. We trust that now there is a prospect of Bellevue Hospital being placed in the hands of the profession, the Doctor will use his editorial endeavors to bring before the medical public ail the interesting cases. 8to., wbioh must conttantly be occurring in such a large establishment. Meantime, those who have not subscribed for this new volume of the Annalist, had better do so at once, and thus preserv* their | tile complete for binding. The Pinmiii ot Our Lord: 0. Apple ton k Co., ' New York.?This Is decidedly the handsomest and most elegant book we have seen In a long time. It does honor to the publishers, and we hope they will receive the encouragement they deserve. The parables are printed In Oerinan text, enclosed with a wide and extremely beau| ttiul illuminated border, illustrating each parable The covers are unique and beautiful. There could be no I handsomer book to present to a dear friend. The Ancient World or Picturkkiur Sketches or Creation; By I). 11. An*te?l, F.K.S , ho I.e* 8c Blanchard, Philadelphia.?The object of this work Is to communicate, in a simple form, tho chief results of geological Investigation. It Is illustrated with a variety of engravings, representing various kind* of animal*, he , not existing at the present da;*. It is a very Interesting work and should find a place In every family. Doouett's United States Railroad and Oi ean Steam Navigation Guide. With a Map. John Doggett, 15?i Broad way?No one oan question the utility of such a work a* this; and the wonder la that we have been 10 long without anything of the kind. This work will be published monthly throughout the year, and wll| be eagerly purchased, for it contain* * vast amount al interesting matter. BuRoem, Stringer & Co. hare published the drama of " The Jacobite" and the opera of " The Favorite.'' Tiik 4th No. or Chamhkki'i Miiceli.any can b< had of Berfordk Co. and H l.ong Si llros We hare received an address delivered by the Rev John Krebi before two literary societies of Lafayetti College, and recommend a careful perusal of it by ou readers. The Uevil'i Pool, by George Hand?W. II. Graham Nassau street, publisher, it Just out. The American Architect.?The fifth number o this exoellent periodical has Just been Issued Th? plates are superbly executed. Lark Superior.?We have received from A. B. French Esq.. cierk of H. R. II., a well exeauted map of the rain eral lands adjacent t* Lake Superior. Hbrrew Tales, by Herman Hurwlts?Spalding k Shepard, 1H9X Broadway. Mnalcal. The Tedes< o Walti ?Thl* Is an excellent composltlon. lately published in thl* olty. by Jaquee and Broth er, No. 380 Broadway. The Banner e? the Frer?This Is another excellent composition, from the same house, being a duet as sung by the Alleganians, and written by an offlcer of the United StaUs army Atwill'i Mush *i Monthi.t.? 1 he fourth number of this exoellent mu*lral publication has been Issued It abounds In "gems" that will be appreciated by all conversant with the " ooncord of sweet nounds." Gr*nd Triumphant Masi h ?This Is another new composition, dedicated to Oenersl Scott, and composed by iVl) lie Vache, and published by Firth h Mall, Franklin Square. Mineral Scott's Meiican Qpicr Srrr.?This is another excellent inusloal composition, published by C. Holt, Jr., IZ># Fulton ftreet This Cholkra-?According to letter* from Odessa, to the 'Jid ult. the ohnlera appears to have almost entirely subsided at Tlfiis, and to have much diminished at Taganrog, but on tha other band, it hae invaded Iioetof, Marlauopolis, and several other towns of Southern Russia At Ilostof, out of a population of 0,1)00, In tnree weeks the disease Is said to have carried off 2,000 The terror of the disease was so great, that all the post houses along the road from Hostof to Odessa were abandoned. General Flores. the distinguished South American, exPresident of the republic of Kcuador, and Col. Wright, charge d'affaires from Kcuador to Condon, arrived in Philadelphia on Friday and took lodgings at the U. 8. hotel. The French minister, M. Pagaot, nas also taken apartments at the same house ^ v ^ L f>. Pr lc? 1?o C?ila> Auur, Oet 8, 1047. The Bill for the Abolition of the Penalty tf Dfik-TU frocteding, oj the j?.,embly-The Meeting at fJU Capitol thii Evening. The Assembly received the following oomnUDloAtleD from tht Managers of the American Institute,this moraiog " The Manutr* respectfully Invite your honorable body to ?Ult the Fair now open at Castle Garden. for tbs display of the genius, skill, and industry of their feUow oiiiteus engaged in the useful arts ; the agricultural and horticultural exhibitions, and the oattle show lie eonnected therewith? the latter t<> take place on Wedneeday and Thursday, the 13th and 14th Instant The presence of the Asuembiy on this occasion cannot fill to he highly acceptable to the exhibitor* and the publle. while It will be a source of much gra'lfloatlon to the manager*, who will be obliged \>7 an anewer to this invitation. Intimation the day on which the Assembly may pin* to attend " Ma Bascom, of Seneca, immediately offered the following resolution : ? I Reaoleed, That the thank* of this bona* bo presented ! to the American IsitltnU for the kind lnrlUtlo# to *ttend Its exhibition. which Ch state of the pubtlo badness will not permit the houae to aoeept; Mid tbat an invitation be respectfully tendered to tba mas ban of the Inatituta to attend tba deliberation* of tftfl House at any time that may ault tbeir ooavenlenoe ? The presence of the mem bora of the Institute oanaot fall to be highly acceptable to the AaaeaUy, aad may serve to lnc-eaae the chaooes of having a aawau la atteDdanoe, and that attention to the ytaiaMM*1 that the intnreat* of the oonatltueooy domaada. Tbla resolution having bean read by (ft* dak, Mr. Smith, of Schoharie.roee and aald th^p teipttatlon upon the majority of the Homo m| (fttslum Itself ; it was well known why a ijooraai rfMMM bad not been preaent during the laat two or tftMadfly** Conventions had been held at Hyracnee, aad MMf of tbe members of the Legislature. of both pavtla^Wf aiteaded tboae conventions with tba nonotrrr wM la obadlence to the instructions of their oonatMaaate. Tho honorable member from Scoharle than alladad labia oolleague (who introduced the reaolution) In?* at a laiae. j as a man who had been guilty of ungentlamanly ooadaot expreaaly In order to acquire a reputation for legislative ability and Industry, and for a pnoullar devotion to tba public interests He (Mr S ) would be highly gratlfled to attend this fair ; and he felt grateful to the manager# for their kind invitation; but Inaamuoh aa tba LegTalature bad adjourned to attend the State fair at Saratoga, be was not prepared to sty that it would be proper to accept the invitation toatteod the fair of the Institute The gentleman then moved to strike ont all after tho word '-aooept" in tho resolution offered by Mr Beaoem. Mr Bascom accepted the amendment proposed by Mr. Smith Mr llAOLKT.of Rensselaer, boped that the motion to amend would not be entertained, because tba resolution was an insult to the Houae, and beneath Its dignity; It was not (It to be entered upon the journal of tba Homo; he appealed to the Speaker to decide whether anoh a reaolution was In order. The Speaker aald it waa in order. Mr. Davalla gave the House an espoaltion of parliamentary law appllooMo to oases like this Mr Smith withdrew h's motion to amend; ba boped that the reaolution would bi voted down; be ooaourrod Id the view taken by Mr Hadlty thst such a resolution waa untlt to be ameudtfi or Ij b<s acted upon la any manner. Mr. Baicom propoeed to withdraw tba reaolution, but his proposition waa not in order Mr Hadlct offered the following reaolution lleeolved. That the resolution or the gentleman from Seneca, as dlaruapentful to the Houae, be returnod to tba mover aud not entered upon the journal This resolutlsn was not acted upon, and Mr. laNtn, at the suggestion ol Mr Sioklee, having apologised to me iiouhc, ?m allowed to withdraw bis offensive molutlon. Mr. Upham then offered the followingresolution,which was adopted: ? Heaolved, That the Clerk be directed to oommuniaate to \ the American Institute the thanks of thli Houee, tor their polite invitation to visit their twentieth animal Kalr. and to state to them that the neoeesary attention to putillo buslnuM will preclude them from wltneeelng tbe useful and laudable enterprlae of the Institute Then the House went into Committee of the Whole upon the following bill, which was reported by Mr. Oold, from the Select Committee to which was referred the numerous petitions for the abolition of the punishment of death, that have been received. Skc. 1 The punishment of death by virtue of the laws of this State Is hereby abolished. Skc. 2. In every case where death is now indicted or preecribed by the laws of tbln State, the penalty shall benctforth be Imprisonment for life in one of the Mat* prisons,either at bard labor or in solitary ooadnooMat, M the seutenoe sball direct. Skc. 3. On conviction of any person of any crime now punishable by deatb, he shall be thereupon deemed, with respect to all ooutraois, to the bonds of matrimony, to all rights of property, and to all elvil rights and rotations of what nature soev*r, dead, in all reepeeteaa If Ma actual natural deoease had taken place at Um time of such conviction. See. 4 ?No person sentenced to Imprison meat fer life In any of the state prisons of this State, shall apply toe pardon until be shall have published a aotloe of hie in iviiwuu m uo no ior nz successive vmiu, la uwip*f? published to the county where the orlme for which he wan convicted wan committed; or If thoro U no MN> paper published In m1(1 oouuty, than 1b tha newspaper published nearest to said county; which notlaa ah all Mate tba ground on wbich thli application for pardM to baaed; be ihatl alio furnish to the dlatrlet attorney of the country where ha was convicted, a full and perfect statement In writing of all the laota and clroumstasoM on which hi* application for pardon la predicated, tt least alz weeks before hia application for pardon to pro1 seated to the Governor Mir. 6. This act shall take effect immediately. Much Is the bill which is now being seriously oonaidsr 1 ed in the Legislature; Its passage la being urgod with elotjuenoe aud teal and Inflexible energy; It to bates urged by the most heart-stirring appeals, aad by every I powerful argument wulch can De devised 1 earnestly i oelleve that If a v?te had been taken upon tba bill today, it would have passed the House. Tba moat otyeetiouable feature In it Is, In my judgment, tba fourth section, the third seotioo declares that tna oonvlet shall ha deemed to be dead, in all respects.aa if his actual uataral decease had taken place, and yet tna 4th seotioo, to whieh objection is made, authorises him to apply for pardsa and to do other acts utterly lnoonstotent with tba state of being lu which he la placed by tha third sootlon. 1 understand that tha gentleman who lntrodneod tba Mil will otfer some amendments providing that appllaatlaa for pardon shall not be made by the oonvlet, Put by bto Irlendd or relatives. This will obviate tha objection* to the fourth section. The iu?penaa of a man who to interdicted from all communication with that world te which he has been accustomed to live or with that lata which we will all soon enter, Is more borrlhla than death ; men xhould not be willing to lnfllot a mora dreadful punishment than this upon a fellow srwataro who Is not the oreator of himself or of bto propensities. The bill which is published above waa sustained by Mr. liadley in the House to-day with overwhelming olouHence and with an Mrniurniui "KlnW la ?-M? Aim played in that body. Mr. II. In a good man, not be oauite ho 1* au advocate of thl* bill, but because he U always found upon the aide of humanity. 11* la owe of the very beat and moat highly esteemed mem ben of tkll legislature. X'be oommlttee of the whole rote and reported progress upon the bill , It will, however, be pertlaaoloiuly urn?d until noma dlapoaltlon la made of It. The Senate were not In session to-day, then being bo quorum of senators present In the olty. The Hon. Baal * oung ha* not been In hta n?at thla session ; he la a na* dldatn lor re-election Messrs. Hedgwick and JohaMB are too 111 to be present ; the remaining aenatora are M deeply Interreted in thti reanlt of the approaching alec ttou an to have quite forgotten their senatorial dutlaa ; till* iutur.m ban been and continues to ha shaded by th* numbers of the house, a <|uorum of whom cannot be i procured with groat readioees. A veiy extraordinary meeting will be held at the oapi ltol thin evening ; It baa been nailed by the radleal democrat* to bear the report of their delegate to the Mate convention from the lourih district In thla oounty ; that n delegate wan Mr John Van Buren , be will be prasest r at tlie meeting, and he will give a ourioua a?oottnt rf bit reoeption lu the convention and of the r^jrttiOB if bis claim* to a seat In tbat body. i I | niaraiUncoM. ' luaac Vanley, of North Berwlok, Mr, IH robbad of bin pocket book ?t the Main# Railroad Depot. y eater day i oiitrum $300 or >400 Id bill* and valuable pap*rm. Wltblu tb? tut fortnight pickpocket* bar* obtained la thia rlty eorne in ouh, not oh eaat af wUlch k*i been, or probably will be reoorer?d?ffo?ten TtmvlUr, nf 8<A inttanl. On Tburaday u tha clergyman oonnaotad with tha Kplaoopal < buroh in Plymouth, entered hla ehnreh with tbr?a ladiaa. ne diaoovered two boy* of toae 17 or It years of ?g?, each busily engaged in urlnkiag tha imtv mental wiua " Noma of the ?il?er plate beluning to tha church, wu found broken in piece* and motliatad, preparatory to carrying It away. Tha trial of I ha perton* aoru**d of partleipation la the Orange) athollc rioU, at Woodstock, Non RtoMt, on the 13th of July iaat, haa gone off, for tn praeoat, on an objection made by the oounael of tha defendant* to the army of ju(or?. The grand jury found true bllla against one hundred and thlrty-alna perton* A Daw court I* to be commissioned to try tha aceuaed aftar tW l*t of January next. Tha flsh did not make tbeir appearance la Lab* Mlohi K*n no early as uaual dnrlng ihe preaeat Macon, bat uurtng September large |u*ntltiaa wore takea. aad It la said mat a larger number of barrel* will be pat up thaa erer before In oae season, We understand that tha * too kh older* la tha Qiaiwi Valley Telegraph Co., rrinaa to pay la aay mora of tha alock, beuauae of a mi*uudar*t?oding Tea par oeat baa I e?n paid In, and It *aa supposed that the Una would ba permitted to operate dlreot to New York, but on oorre* ponding with the I rrsideuta of tha mala iiae, they find that all business will bare to be doaa through ta? Boi cheater office and full fate* paid to tha eoaipaay ? H< ' cA?f(<t Jlitv. Mih tail. A oh am duel cam* off a abort time lino* at Montreal, U. C., between two youag genii en ea named H eand H n Both partie* fired, aad H Ml ; bat It waa toon aaoartalaed that the eeoondu bad loaded tha plftMa with powder and waddlag oaly. The principal* were perfectly Mthftad. however, aad went away mead*.