Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 13, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 13, 1847 Page 2
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N'VW YORTC HERALD. ? ;-y y- .r Tt ?B /lew York, WadatMUf, October 14, 184 T. Thi Newi (ram IW?iWo. We give in this day's Herald some additional intelligence relative to the capture of the city of Mexico It appears that the Mexicans evacuated the city and retired to Guadaloupe, to prevent a bombardment or an assault. It was taken possession of on the 15th ult. The battles were fought on the outside of the city, between the 8th and 13th. Ttie ProtwUnt EpUcopal Convention. The case of the suspended bishop of the diocese of New York has at length come before the General Convention, in a shape which ensures it being acted upon decisively, and very soon. That functionary sent in a memorial to the House of Deputies yesterday, referring to the particulars of his case, the trial, sentence, canons, &c., and praying that justice might be done in the premises. This memorial was referred to the appropriate committee, and we < . / tvi.?n ;? may iook ior a iri,u" '?*; made, the most important business of the session will have commenced. We refer our readers to the report of yesterday's proceedings, in this day's paper. American Hall Steamers?The Postal Arrangements with Great Britain. It has been repeatedly stated that the agent of the post office department ia Europe?Major Hobbi.?had succeeded in perfecting all the n?cessary arrangements for the transportation ot letters from the United States to Great Britain, in American steamers, and that hereafter there would be no difficulty relative to charges, &c. Such ia not the ease. We do not know what success Major Ilobbie may have met with on the Continent, but we know that he has uothing to do with the negotiations going on between the United Stales and Great Britain relative to thia subject; consequently there is not the least foundation for the reports which have been so generally circulated, and which even the reputed official organ of the government publishedj -? a L ? Tlia A m<iri/>on Minitifor in liUOMl (1119 maun. ftiiiviivu.. ? London?Mr Bancroft?is the representative of our government upon this question, as well as of'all others of like importance, and notwithstanding his moat strenuous efforts to make arrangements mutually advantageous to both countries, he had not, up to the departure of the last steamer, been successful. Immediately after the arrival of the steamer of the 19th of September, we made a statement to this effect, and we were surprised to see, a few days after, in the Union, a statement that everything had been amicably arranged. Our statement wab based on better authority than those made to the contrary, as the result will show. No amicable arrangement has been made, neither is there any probability of one being made. The British government have exhibited, thus far, in the negotiations upon this question, the most determined opposition to the establishment of an American line of mail steamers between the two countries ; and it is our impression that every obstacle will be thrown :n the way of their success. There is nothing bo annoying to the government of England aB the progress making by the United States in the construction of war steamers, and the employment of them in the commerce of the country. It sees in this movement the establishment of a steam navy, which must ultimately prove the grand bulwark of the nation. England envies our growth as a commercial nation, but she is more jealous of us as a naval power, particularly in the branch in which she is at present so immeasurably superior to all other nations. She will not, therefore, encourage the extension of any line of mail steamers, by m-tking any favorable postal arrangement. Affairs In South America. Our readers will no doubt have noticed, without perhaps attaching any importance to the subject, an account of the arrival of Lord Howden, the British ambassador, at Rio de Janeiro, from Montevideo. Some of the deep schemes and plans of the British government in view of the advancement of British interests, may, we think, be detected in this and in the late movements of British diplomacy at the River Plate. Ia all national affairs it is always best to look ahead as far as possible. It is well known that England never ceases in her efforts to promote the interests of her com merce by means of commercial treaties, granting exclusive favors to her, which are extorted from every power over whom she is able to exercise any influence. Such an object, no doubt, is connected with the late movements of the British ambassador between Montevideo, Buenos Ayres and Kio Janeiro. It is not to be supposed that the Emperor of Brazil would willingly be drawn in to make concessions to England to the prejudice of other nations, and to the crippling of the commerce of hisown empire. W^hat, then, are the probable inducements and constraining influences by which British diplomacy will endeavor to succeed in driving Brazil into her own terms and overreach her in making a bargain 7 The solution of this question will be iound in the late movements of the British in the quarter of the Rio Plate. When, by the withdrawal of England from the alliance with France against Buenos Ayres, President Rosas was left to become, ultimately, master of Montevideo, what could Brazil expect to follow but open war with the Argentine Republic, and perhaps the loss of her province of Rio Grande by civil and foreign hostilities 1 It ia not at all unlikely, in this view of the matter, that England withdrew from the River Plate, to wait an opportunity to place Brazil in such a position of fear and dangei aa would make it her interest to conciliate England by treaty sacrifices as degrading to the one as advantageous to the other, in order to seek the aid of England, or have it proffered to her, to guaranty the integrity rof her empire on the Rio Grande. This political management becomes more transparent, when it is considered that the loss of the rich province of the Kio Graiide may liecome, in the course of events, inevitable to Brazil, without the guaranty and protection of some other strong power. The questios to Brazil will then be, " what is this fine conntry worth to you V The answer goes to settle the amount of claims and exactions on which England may insist in adjusting anew commercial treaty with Brazil. It is to be obssrved that soon after the time when the old treaty with Brazil expires, under which that country made such heavy sacrifices, all these movements are made by EngUnd, and the train set in motion which places Brazil, as it were, in her powe It is to be hoped that Mr. Tod, our newly appointed ambassador at Rio Janeiro, will prove himself equa to this crisis, should it ever arise, and i match for the British in having an eye to Ame rican commercial interests, in whatever treatj Brazil may enter into with foreign powers should she ever enter into ono. The whole of South America is rapidly be coming the scene of stirring events. 0*orgl* BiwUon. ? 1MJDtn. trkig. Dm. Whig <ou*Uti Trwni Clinch McJlUit- Craw Itr. f?ri Silty-sis M.M1 r.Ml 21,Ml M,I4( rtMl II.MI Utin. majority I. J* I Wtn* majority... 1,541 s , J* k Democratic raia M* I TK* rttf^htttftjt-thoqm PO? MfTtro On the 11th iaBfa.nl, four companies of artillery ailed from this port for Vci Cruz, onboard the hip Empire. They numbered, exclusive of officers, 368 men. The names of the officer# we gave yesterday. These companies have been raised in conformity to the recent act of Congress, authorizing two more companies to be uddrd to each regiment of artillny. The men appear to be excellent, especially those of the two companies of the 1st regiment, raised in this city and Poughkeepsie, by Captains Knowlton .ind Van Ness. On the 10th instant, a detachment ot the 12th and 13th regiments of Infantry sailed from this port for Vera Cru7. on board the ship Orphan.? On passing Charleston, the ship is to take on board another detachment for the same regiments, making in all 350 men. The officer? are as follows Maj. Marrigault, i 13th Infantry Commanding ; Capt. O. P. llamil' ton, 12th Infantry ; Capt. II. E. Clark, 13th do ; I I Lt. R. M. Thorn, do do. The surgeon of the detachment sailfd in the Empire, is Dr. Washington M. Ry, of New j York. Theatrical and musical. ! Pabk Theatre.?Mr. IUckwtt and the Viennoise ehllj ilrvn appeared last evening at the Park, before a large i ana iabdiodkdii huui?uu?, vj wuuw w?u ? were received with th? greatest applaui e. The evening * entertainment opened with the ferae of "Lore In Livery,'? which created a great deal of merriment. Then came the " Pal de* Fleurs," by 43 of the children. This beautiful dance has loet none of its oharnxs, and the little fairies are as skillful as ever In their movements and changes. "Monsi ur Mallett" was performed by Mr. Haekett, in his own inimitable style, and drew down great applause. Next in order was a grand dlvertlsement by 34 of les danseuses Viennoises, which was. as well as the flrst dance, encored. The eomedy of u His Last Legs" fol. lowed, with Mr. llackett as O'Callaghan. This was also an excellent performance, and took wonderfully well. The children then danced "Le Pas des Moissoneurs," In : which 48 of them joined. This evening Mr. Haokett takes his benefit, on which ocoasien he will piay Fallstaff in the " Merry Wives of Windsor"; the danoers appearing In three pieces, to which will be added the petit co' medy of "A Kiss In the Dark." Bowcar Theatre ?If the Bowery theatrg was ever, filled, it will be filled to-night; for to-night Mr. Waldron the Treasurer's benefit will take place. There is hardly [ a publio person in the community who deserves better | of the publio than Mr Waldron does. Fer years past he has been known to play-goers in the most favorable light ?as a gentleman accommodating to a fault, and as one who was ever willing to exert himself without referenoe to his own convenience, to oblige all when called upon. ! Known in this favorable light, as he has been, and for suoh a long time, too, we oannot but think that he will have i n excellent benefit, particularly as the splendid pleoe, the " Siege of Monterey," and the drama of " Jaok Sheppard," will be performed on the occasion. | Chatham Theatre.?The new play, the "Bridge or Kehl, or the Soldier and his Son," which we referred to in yesterday's paper, is, we perceive, laid aside for the present on account of the manager baring engaged the j celebrated American tragedian, Mr. E. 8. Connor. That i distinguished actor will appear this evening as Cardi: nal Richelieu,and to all Who have seen him in that char1 acter we need hardly say that he does it ample justice. In fact, that is his character peculiarly, as all who know ! Mr. Connor will admit. After Richelieu,Miss De Loraine ! will dance a j>ai itul. Mr. Winans will sing a oomio song in his own particular way, and then the serio-oomic I pantomime of "Don Juan" will be performed?Mr. I Barnes taking the principal charaoter. Enough, surely, ) t* fill the house. ETHiorEAxSKaENADEiis.?Messrs. Oermon, Stanwood, j | Harrington, Pell, White and Howard, who compose this j I band, are certainly not only exoellent harmonists and ' | vocalists, but also truly scientific musicians, and the I musio of many of their songs is taken from the first j operas. The "Phantom Chorus" from the "Somnambula,'' ; is an example of their scientific knowledge of must o, and j it is one of the greatest favorites with the audlenoes ? I the beautiful pleoe of "Love Not," ia given by tho ao| cordion and other instruments, in a most pleasing manI ner. In fact, an evening with these serenaders is one of certain pleasure. Christv's Minstrels.?Notwithstanding the many 1 places of amusement now open in this city, whioh are I more numerous than has ever been known at any one I time in New York, these inimitable and original per' formances are nightly overflowing Mechanics' Hall with | the beauty and fashion of our city. The capacity of the ; house is sufficient to hold an audienoe of . nine hundred [ persons, and we have no doubt if it were twice the size. It would be filled, if we are to judge from the numbers , who cannot obtain ft Emission. They are really deservj lng thelz great success. I Music in Brooklyn.?He.ib# Herz and Camillo , Sivori'i Concebt.?'The residents of Brooklyn will enI joy to-night one of the richest treats of musio that has ever been presented to them. The famed compotiiort and talented matitro. H. Hen, whose elegant style and admirable execution,have been so much appreciated sinoe his arrival in this country, is to give a concert at the Female Academy, in oompany with the great violinist, Camiilo Sivori. To say anything more than we have already said in our columns in praise of this extraordi1 nary performer, would be superfluous. We refer our readers to the fame he has acquired, not only in New York, but throughout the United Btates. Madame Fleury Joly, the talented cantratrice of the French Operatlo Company of New Orleans, will assist these two wonderful artists and will sing two pieces. "Costa Diva," from Norma, and "una vocepoco fa" from the "Barbiere de Sevlglia " M. Weltzoll will also appear. M. Herz has seleoted among his numerous compositions, his variations on "Luoia di Lammermoor," " Le pre aux I Cleros," and "the last rose of summer;" and Sivori, r.amDanella." (the small bell.) and the " Carnival of Venioe." The entertainment will oonolude with a duo concertanl between the two performer*, on the motives of ''William Tell." Undoubtedly the attraction will be great for the inhabitant* of Brooklyn, who unlets living on the Heights, have rarely such an ocoasion of seeing the stars of the musical world. The concert commences at 8 o'clock. | The Havana Italian Otexa Troupe have arrived in town, and not being able to procure a house appropriate to the produotion of the opera, they have determined to give a eouple of concerts at the Tabernacle, of whloh due notioe will be given hereafter. Oen. Tom Thumb is bringing his heaviest artillery to bear on the residents and visiters of this metropolis; but Instead of repulsing them by his Invincible power, Is attraeting them by his irresistible charms to witness his various characters and exhibitions, which he is giving daily and nightly at the American Museum, at five different hours?11 A.M.,,1*' to 3, 4 In theafternoon, and 7 and half-past 8 in the evening. Vide advertisement Sionob Blitz ?The incomprehensible tricks of the Signor are nightly repeated, or rather, someof them are, ss he changes his programme every evening. He is decidedly a superb magician. Da. Collyer ' Living Models.?There Is no doubt that this exhibition Is destined to be successful throughout the Union The grouping Is beautiful, and Is evidently arranged by those who have a true artlstio taste. ;yiodehi* i AinTinni.?a vaiuauie collection 01 mouern painting! will be sold at auetlen this nine at the Lyceum Hall, Washington street, Brooklyn. They oan be aeen gratia during the day. A new German musloal society has been established In New York, Tinder the name of " Concordia;" It has been retired from the ancient society bearing that title. The director is the eminent Professor Krausskopft, who was Ihe creator of the " Liederkram " We understand that the music performed by the members of the company is excellent. We hope soon to htar It In publle. Mr. Waloot and Miss ''larks after a puccessful engagement at the Chatham, leave this week on a Southern tour. Their flrat engagement is at Philadelphia. MctoDKoifThis saloon is doing a rery good business In negro minstrelsy. Rockwell's Circuses awo Theatres ? Henry Roekwell, Esq , Is now In town, recruiting for the coming season for the Athenwum theatre, Cincinnati, of which he is manager. He has also teased the St Louis theatre for the winter season. One of his equeetrian oompanle* is in Altowny, Illinois ; another in St. Johns, N. F. The latter is shortly ezpeoted here to embark fer a West India tour. Among ether engagements for Cincinnati, Mr. R. has secured Professor Risley and his talented family. Mr. H. leaves for the West in all nest week. Mr. Mooney was announced for an Irish musical entertainment at Hyracase, on Monday evening. The Lehman family were to appear at the Kront street theatre, Baltimore, on Monday. Miss Juila Dean was at Chioago on the &th Inst. Clocca and Morra, with a rorti dt ballet, are at Port| land Me Brooklyn Intelligence. Trialfor Korukrv ? Heldon Bralnard.broker, of Wall | N"w York, who was recently lndloted, with Hannlbal Bonney, for forgery. In having In their possession a large amount of counterfeit and spurious bank notes, purporting to be lasaed by the Canal Bank of Albany, halmouth and Haverhill Banks of Massachusetts, Cen. B7. Rhoda Island, ho , will be plaoed upon his i trial In ths Court of Sessions this morning Trial roa ? Nuhahob. ?William and Harmon Toulson were called to trial yesterday. In the Conrt ?f Seeslons, for the maintenance of a sewer in the 7th ward, near the Wllllamsburgh line; consisting of an extensive establishment, In whloh Is oarrled on the manufacture of Ivory-black, glue soap, candles, lie , and represented to be very offensive and detrimental to the health and comfort of those living In the vicinity. Krom evidence I adduoed, it appears that putrid flesh and bones, used In 1 the manufactory, created a disagreeable effluvia It was , also shown that a distillery existed In the same lielghl borhood; and that dead eats. dogs, sheep, fcc , were tre qnently washed ashore at that place Conclusion to> morraw. WW** (ii waw imi i THOMAS S. BCD We take pjeasure in noticing the arrital yeeterduy morning of the new steamship Northerner, from Charleston. Her reputation as a SUIT UIIU llcri licruil mrinin u; ...... her first, voyage fully established. The passages bolh ways were remarkably quick, and although bad weather was experienced on the Sporting Intelligence. CKNTBEVILLE CoUBSI, L. I.?TaOTTINQ T?. PaCINO.? This afternoan James K. Folk and Lady Suffolk make another trial for superiority, the former being handicapped?he having to go to a wagon, while the mare will go under the saddle. It is supposed by many that this will be giving Suffolk too muoh advantage, while as many others hold a different opinion. Both nags have a host of friends, and there will be a great number of gentlemen out to witness the affair, as this, probably, will be the last time they will ever have an opportunity of seeing these famous oreatures eontend together. The bettini last evening was very brisk on the result, and it was even. It will be remembered that Suffolk and Polk have gone a similar race to the one to take place today, but tho horse, having met with an accident, was beaten. Both horses are In good condition tor fast time, and wagers are pending that the two miles will be made in Ave minutes or less. We would advise all who can spare time, to witness th's great contest. See advertisement, in enother column, for full particulars Lexington (Kr ) Races.?The fall races, as they are called, oommenced at Lexington on the 20th ult. The attendance is said to have been large, and the number of horses op the ground induoed the belief that there would be some flue sport. The first and second days' raoes are thus reported : ? First Dav?Monday, Sept. 20, 1847 ?Breeders' Stake ?for three year olds?entranse, $100, half torfeit?two mile heats - ten entries, five started. rv-K f Kw 7nnlth nnf nf T,arA V/USI1UD UUiViVI a M. . V? line 8oott 3 1 1 Col. Wm Buford'a oh. f. by Eclipse, out ef Cub by Medoc 1 3 2 James L Bradley's oh. o. Walking Wilson, by Imp. Trustee, out of Lady Jackson 3 3 3 Joseph O. Boswell's ch. r. by Frank, out of Ploayune 3 dis. Daniel Mclntyre's oh. o. by Eollps?, out of Varico 4 dis. litne, 4:-J3>4?4:21>i ?4:2fl>f. Track heary. Samk Dat?Second Hace?Jaybird Stake?entrance $100, half forfeit?for colta and fillies that were distanced at the meeting last spring oyer this oourse?mile heats?fl?e entries, fourstarted. II B. Kirtley's ch. f. Clipper, by Eollpse, out of Ellia Jenkins 12 1 C. Burfora's b. f. by Zenith, out of Minstrel by Medoc 3 1 2 Col. Wm. BufsrA's b. c. Streas, by Cripple, out of Elborak 2 3dls. R. Tenbrowk's ch. f by Eeltpse, out of Leda by Tiger 4 dis. Time, 2:04?2:02?2:00. Track heavy. Sk'omi Dat?Tuesday, Sept. 21?Purse $'250? two mil* heats. George Thomas's br. m. Brown Kitty, by Birmingham, dam by Tiger?A y. o 1 1 [ John K. Smith's b. o. by Wagner, dam by Woodpecker?4 y. o 2 2 D. C. Brown's b. g. Heipedon, out of Lady Adams, 3 y. o dr. 'l ime, 4:08?4:05. Track heary. Samk Dat.?Second Ilaoe.?Purse $100?mile heats. Wm 8. Buford's ch. f. br imp. l.idlesworth,out of Melody by Medoo 1 1 D. C. Brown'sch. g. by Cripple, out of Colnina... 4 3 R. O'Hanlon's eh. o. by Imp. Jordan, dam by Sir Arohy?4 y. & 3 F, Warfield's b. f. by Berthune, out of Marygold, 3y.o 3 4 Geo. Thomas's o. f. by Bruce, out of the dam of Brown Kitty 2 ft F. O. Murphy k Co.'i b. o. by Whale; out of Missouri 0 0 Time, l:54>i?1:54. Third Dat.?Wednesday, Sept. 22.?Purse $400? three mile heats. R. B Kirtley's ch. f. Sally Johnson, by Eclipse, out of Eliza Jenkins?3 y. o 3 1 1 J, Vanleer's (\lr. Cook's) g c., by Orey Medoc, dam by Brunswick?4 y. o 1 3 :2 J. Metcalfe's ch. f. by Wagner, dam by Leviathan?4 y. o 2 3 3 I). C. Brown's b. g by Sarpedou, out of Lady Adams-3 y. o. dis. Time, 6:59-6:56-6:00. City Intelligence. Fmci.?At 11 o'clock yesterday morning, the roof of the house No. 37 Wiltet street, took (Ire, but it was put out by the police of the 14th ward before much damage was done. About 12 o'clock on Monday night, the bous i No. 165 Madison street was discovered to be on Are in the pantry, between the front and back basements. The house was owned and occupied by Benjamin Andrews The family were a?leep at the time, so that the officers were compelled to force open the tront door. The fire was prevented from extending beyond the basement. About one o'clock on Monday afternoon, the house No. 474 Cherry street. was discovered to De on Ore In the attic. The roof was notnewhat damaged, but the flame* did not extend any farther. At 2 o'clock yesterday morning, a fire occurred In a house In 18th street, between 0th and 7th avenues, but it waa discovered in time to prevent its extending. Soon after another Are waa discovered in a bouse in 19th street, near the 8th avenue, which was also aoon extinguished. Thk Commandment BitoKr.rr.?" Thou shalt not commit adultery," aeeina to have been carefully disregarded by the would-be-iiond citizens of New York. At the preheat time (this day) Juatioe Kdmonds will hear several arguments for divorcea in the equity court; Justice Mooiehouse Is hearing a painful case, in high life, iu which adultery is oharged ; Juatioe Kdwards ia hearing an adultery case in the medium walka of life, and Judge Ingraham will take up this morning, a case in which the humbler class think the divine Injunction should be kept holy. AU thia beneath the roof of the City Hall in one day. Police Intelligence. Chmrgt of Jlrtan.?Officer Crosatt, of the lower police, arrested a woman by the name of Mary Wllger. on a charge of setting fire to the rear buildings of Nos 41 and s? wmi atretic, occupied as a priming omce. i n? urn waa discovered about 10 o'clock on Monday night, and extinguished by the tiremen with but trifling damage.? Justice Oaborne looked her up for a further hearing Furiout Driving ?Offloers Owenn and Wooldridge, of the 0th ward, arretted on Monday evening a Dutchman bv the name of Adam Miller, keeper of a diatillery at No 3-20 3d street, on a charge of driving his horae and wagon down Chatham Itlwi at a furious rate, runniDg over a poor woman by the name of Kilt* Lake, raiding at 333 3d Avenue, inflicting very aevere injuries on her her body and face,which were cut in a shocking manner. The unfortuaate woman was taken home luaenalble, and if now confined In bud in a dangerous state. Miller was taken to the Tombs and looked up by Justice Osborne, to await the result of the injuries. Attempt to pan Bad Monty ? Officer Dennett, of the 8th ward, arrested yesterday, a young man calling himself James QuIdo, ou a charge of attempting to pa?a a counterfeit (30 bill, purporting to be on the Commercial Bank, Florida, in payment of some clothing which he had purchased or John Creyton, corner of King and Hudson streets. On searching his person the officer found two pawn tickets, one for a lady'a merino eloak, and the other for a coat. These tiokets the rtical andeavor.d to destroy by tearing them up, and endeavoring to swallow the pieces, but waa deteoted In the act by the qulok movements of the officer. Justice Merrltt looked him up for a further hearlug. An owner la wanted for the oloak and ooat. Apply at the 3d dlatriot police, Jeffi-rson market. Jit fulling a Frmale.?Officer Forward, ol the 6th ward, arrested on Monday night, a fellow called Bill O'Brien, on a charge of violently assaulting quite a pretty young woman, by the name of Agnea Spencer, while Saselng along Klin street, striking her several severe lows with his lists and tearing her drees besides He was taken to the station house and locked up, and in the mornlag Justice Oaborne commlttad him for trial In default of hall We hope the Court of Sessions will take these caaea into consideration and put a stop to this street rowdyism " Skinnrd" on an Jlpplr Stand ?Quite ag'nteal looking young man waa fouud lying on tba side walk near Park Tlace, In a stupifled state of Intoxication where he was seen by three persons, who very kindly picked him I up, and placed him on an apple stand for safe keeping ? 1 However, he waa not long in this situation before one of the night ' lushers" came along, and the flrst thing ha I did was to ease him of hi* watch and $17 In bank bills, and soon after officer Bulger,of tba 0th ward,aama along, engaged a carriage and oonveyed him to the station house, where he gava tha name of James Harris, and after ha beoame sober, ha shook his feather* and trotted home to hla raaidenoa la Greenwich atraat. 1 - " M?< 1 ... ihip xromTnmmim, ID, COMMANDER. outward run, tlie excellent Bulling qualities c tliM cK i n ulinnipil ll.u rtfau ttaml ? U um ami nnmtni'l f the passengers. Tin? citizens of Charleston at certainly greatly favored, and have reason tofe< proud of two such steamers as the Southern* and Northerner. Law Intelligence. SurnoiK Court.?Before Judge Edwards?Ltnt t Lent?This cause was nummeil up yesterday evenim and the jury are to render a sealed verdict thi morning SurcaioR Court.?Before Judge Oakley?John Rokit son vi William Pratt?'Thin was an aotion for assau and battery. The plaintiff and defendant are physlolam both were oalled upon to attend a woman named Co] who resided in Greenwich street. The defendant arrive first ; the plaintiff arrived soon after and knocked at tb door; upon being let in. he ordered defendant out. Di fendant in reply ordered him out. They then commence abusing each other, and finally the defendant coliare plaintiff, tburst him up against the mantel-pieoe. hel film there two or throe minutes, and afterwards left tb room. The woman, it appeared, was in a very dangeroi Mate at the time, and her danger was considerably ii creased by the conduct of the plaintiff and defeudan The defenoe was tbat Pratt was called in first, by M <ipx. the husband of the woman, and that he was just fled according to the usage of the profession, in orderin Jtobinson out. The jury found a verdict for the plali tiff of $10 Counsel for plaintiff Mr. Hudson; for d> fondant Messrs. Mott and Carey. Circuit Court, Oct. 12?Before Judge Moorehous and a Jury?Charge of Adultery ? Jithn D ie vl. Richir Roc.?This was a feigned issue sent dewn from the 8u preme Court, to examine and inquire into a charge < ulleged adultery, with a view to prooure a divoroe vinculo ft thnro. The parties are respectable, and, as utual on such occasions, the oourt was crowded. Tt Slaintlff In the suit is a Mr. S L. Lynde, a native < oston, and a respectable merchant of this city, wh it appeared, goi married some seventeen or eigj teen years ago, Mrs. Lyndea being a resident < New Bedford, Massachusetts, at the time. After tl marriage, they subsequently went to reside in Bosto and it appearod that in 1840 they came to this oit where the plaintiff set up business as a merchant, ar look a private residenoe on Staten Island, where the a leged criminal intercourse is said to have originate' Both parties appeared In court, and were acoompanW liy their respective Irlends and witnesses. Mr. Lync appeared to be a gentleman of middle age, and Mr I.ynde somewhat younger in years. Mrs. L. was atten< ed by her female friends and witnesses. Her appea ance is prepossessing; the demeanor, both of herself ar of her husband, the plaintiff in the suit, was both dign fled and respectable under the trying ordeal to whio both have been subjected, under the painful oircumstai ces of the case. Mr. Joudah, on the part of the plaintiff, opened tt case, giving a detailed narrative of the alleged crimlnt familiarity and intercourse had between the defendan Mrs. L , and the parties charged, a Mr. Sheffer and Mr. Btelnhyle, who became boarders In the family son timn iu 1842, sanctioned, as was alleged, under the gal of friendship by the plaintiff. It appeared that the plal

tiff went'to Euro-e upon some business occasions sn sequent to his arrival atand oocapatlon of his residenoe Staten Island, and the family difficulties hereupon aroi on the grounds of the alleged familiarity and lnterooun The denoument of the transaction, it appeared, ocourri on the occasion of the arrival of the plaintiff from b list visit to Ktirone.ln 1815 when he la nhanred with ha Ing matin a murderous assault with a dirk or knife, up< the persons both of his wife and the principal party a cased as her paramour, having stabbed both, namel Mr. Sheffer and Mrs. Lynde, in a fit of enraged jealoui or passion, and for which no proceedings at law ha been an yet taken. We give a mere outline of tl principal?the main features of the case?and do n feel ourselves authorized to giro the rx parte, stat ment of counsel on either side, in the present stage the proceedings. The testimony of Miss Mary I,ynd the daughter of the parties, which had boen taken < Acne ???', unfolds the main facts of the case. A larj nrray of witnesses will be produced on both sides, an the defence involves some extremely knotty points ( law. The following are the faots testi&ed to by Mil l.ynde, as taken on her examination, in writing. This deposition was the first put in and read. It w a voluminous paper, showing the extent of the alleg* intimacy existing between Mrs Lynde, her mother, si Mr. Sheffer. It went on, after detailing several partic lars, to show that Miss Lynde saw her mother slttii down with Mr. Sheffer, and sitting side by side, on a s* tee, with her hands r sting on Mr. Sheffer's hand this was in 1815; she observed her mother's cloth and hair, at one time, much disarranged on o occasion, and during her father's absenoe in E rope; her mother went to New York also, aft Uer father left home in 18(5; her mother got a ba ticket on one ocoasioa in the city of New York ; \ Sheffer gave the mother two fans and a smelling bott hj a present. The testimony went on to show, aft the father had gone to Europe, she saw Mr SheQVr a: her mother in New York together, and one day another occasion, while the father was absent in E Tope; Hheffer usually o?me home from NewYork abou o'clock every day, and Mr. Steinhyle about 7 o'clocl raw the mother and Sheffer playing chess together another ocoasion; saw the mother write on a bit of f .. .. .1 if Y1? VkuiLs /%? nnA.slr and h? put the papor in his pocket (the writing wbi wan produced to witness when her testimony was bei taken); she stated she believed it to be like hur mothe handwriting; on another occasion when her father li returned from Kurope. witness returned from New Yoi and heard her mother say to 8heiT<tr,"Donot answer ai questions Mr Lysde may auk you about me. I ask y this an a favor." This was In 1845, on the ocoaston of tn last quarrel. In her cross-examination, It appeared tfc witness testified she was eighteen years of age, and h been at school at New York, and also in Bob ton; v taken to Bedford by her maternal aunt, Mrs. Hai is a day scnolar at Mrs. Lowell's, in Boston; had musical Instrument in their house at 8taten Islac went unwillingly to Bedford; did not suppose that s was wanted to prove the charge of adultery against b mother?that Is, that the charge was to De proven her alone; her mother told Sheffer not to me tion any thing about her to her father; si hor mother in Sheffer's bedroom through the keyho To a question asked witness in relation to an alleged > tempt on part of Mr. Lynde to assassinate Mrs. Lync witness's mother, it appear-d by the written tastimoi that argument was heard on part of oounsel as to t lelevancyof the question, which it was conteaded 1 oounsel, wan not pertinent to the issue. The testimoi in continuation, went on to show that the assault c curred as soon as witness's father had left the carrlaf in his arrival at home on his last return from Euro] The court ruled out all test'mony in relation to t assault. as not pertinent to the issue Testimony read continuation. Witness told her father, on the occasl cf the assault, what her mother had said to Mr 8heff? saw tn? piece of paper marked in pencilling, referred by her father; removed the knife from the wound i dieted by her father on the oooission ef the assau got a letter from hei mother, and was told by h t'.ither to hold no oommunlcatlon with her moth and never to pronounce the name of mother; Mr 8tel livle made Dresents to witness's mother, and broth and herself; believes her mother rod* out with .V Steiahvle on the island; ahe did not rids out with 8tel hyle when father tu home; the family went to live Kort Rlohmond In 1843; Bteinhyle It a Germau; oai to board with the family in the absenoe of fathor, wh he was in Kurope; father returned from F.uro and In three months after Stetnhyle left; Sheffer a hoarded and left; they again came to board In 16' Sheffer made presents to myself, my brother a siatera; Mr. sheffer made a present of an arm chi to my mother, and Htelnbyle made a prese of another arm ohair to my father; Mr. Sheffer ma alfo a present at Chrlatmaa, of a mechanical lamp; Christmas, 1845, he made her a present of a (old bra< let; he alao gave my mother a present of a mouoho with a splendid cambric handkerchief In it; oft saw father, mother, and Sheff?r In the wood near t houie; when Sheffer lived with us In 1843 he had chaise; mother used to drive out with Sheffer in 181 when he oame to board In 1816 he had the stme oliati she used to drive out with him in 1848, 1844 and 181 can't remember any thing about father's having ae< them ride out in 184#, witness correoted her tea mony as to one of the dates, stating that 1841 was t first time when 8heffnr came to board with them; nei heard father tell mo .her to ride out with Sh.-ff?r; si mother oomeout of Shelter's room; saw her through t keyhole of her own bed room .loor; mother went to Bt ford In July, 184V; \lr Sheffer met with an accident May. 184S; he lell from his horse; the horse return without the rider; be was laid up for Ave or sis days this time: mother myself, ami the aervant maid we into his room, and attended Shelter In his sloknesa The court nere took a recess. KVRNING SESSION. The reading of the evidence on Miss l.ynda'a crosa ej initiation waa resumed Q?After looking through the key hole, did you I fay to your mother that she waa in Mr Sheffer's ro< all tha morning, and that you womld tell your father a Mr. Stelnhyle ' A.?No, I did not; bat I Mid to mo(ta?r, that I a ! kiM vlMfi aba WM, Mkd Out It wo a shams for hat to I ' b# !u Mr Shaffer's room til the morning The reminder of the testimony related to, and was a j recapitulation of the Hd room scene?of the wltnaaa putting tbe ltd} of the bedroom iuto-m riding oap, of Mr. Sheffer . ^iio of the time whan (ha Informed h?r father, 4 (wh|*b?wes in 1848,) of what had taken plaoe between ? Her mother and Sheffer. 1 Direct teitimony rttumrJ ? Tbia part of the toatlmo- j nr related to tbe rvnoral of tbe witness from the real- j denoe of her uncle and aunt, Mr. and Mrs Hart, at Bed- | ford, and the oiroumstunaes under wbieh she gave the j correspondence tbat panned between ber and her father and others, and that Bhe did so in the belief (being eo advised by Robert llart, that doing so would be useful t to her mother Q ?From all you knew, and saw pass between your ' mother and Sheffer in the spring and summer of 1818, | did you form any opinion whether Sheffer and your mother were in lore with each other ? (Ajected to on the ground of beiqg leading and aak- | lng the opinion of the witness upon fa ts, from which it ( ^ ; is only competent for the jury to draw their conclusions. j Orerruled. j ?Did you hare an infant brother tbat died In New \ Bedford a great many years ago ' A ? Yes I don't know what disease he died of. < H ?Was your mother in the habit of reading muoh ? ( 5 A.?Yea. , = Q?What kind of books were they; religious or other wise? 7' * j r -A.?They were norels, historical and other works. ? Croii-fT'iruinuiion rttumrd.?O. ? Did you see the s letter marked E. | A.-No. \ Q- ?Did you knew that your mother wrote to MUs llannau Lynde, and the general purport of her letter? A No ; 1 fvund it out afterward*. Q Did your father, after he oame from Kurope in 1818, know the state of things at Siaten Island ; and did not your mother desire you to say no more about it, as it would not mend thines f A.?Yes, sir. The testimony of Miss Lynda, taken dt bent ette, was here closed. The plaintiff's oounsel then asked defendant's oounsel to produce several letters written by Mr Lyndefrom England to his wife, In the year 1845. which they refused ? He then read two letters from Mrs. Lynde to her hus' band, dated in 1816, In which she Htated her resolute deo termination to separate herself from him, and if he re,e fused, the would raise such a barrier between them as he oould not surmouot. She states that she is willing to >1 withdraw to Michigan; that he can then get a divorce. ,r that all bis plans would then suooead, and good luck and fortune would (low in upon him. After the reading of thesu letters, the Court was adjourned to this morning. Court or General Semioxs, Oct. 13.?Before Recorder Hoott, and Aldermen Keeks and Tappan. John : MoKeon, Ebo . District Attorney. Trial for Burglary .?At the opi'nlng of the court this morning. Joseph Warren was placed at the bar for trial it on an indictment for burglary in the 2d degree, in b?C, ving, on20th dty of Aug. lost, burglariously entered the is dwelling house of Henry Abrahams, in Chrystle st , and stolen therefrom one gold watch, six silver watches, twelve watch keys, eight breastpins, two hundred rings, It of the value of $400. ,. The counsel for the defence, F. A. Talmadge, Esq. ad t' mitted the finding of the box containing the above art(j cles in the trunk of the prisoner, and admitted the pro19 perty to belong to Mr. Abrahams, which the Dlstriot Attorney said was all they could prove against him. d The defence was then taken up, and Eunice Warren d sworn, who said Joseph Warren Is my son; the box d alluded to was brought to my house by a man who said u my son had sent it home; I did not know the man who lg brought it; my son was then In Boston; he had started for Boston several day* before that; I was arrested bet. fore my son came home. r'. The case was then submitted, under charge of the f.' court, to the jury, who, after an absence of au hour, reng dered a verdict ?f not guilty. j. Trial for Jlatault and battery.?George W. Brlcknor B. was next placed at the bar for trial, on an indiotment for having, on the 2nd day of June, committed an assault and battery on Thomas Hogan, an assistant police a. captain of the 11th ward William Cuittf.nden sworn.?I am a policeman of the 11th ward ; on the 2nd day of June, Captain Hogan >< ...I,.,.I ?? .1,1, n u mrl \1 on a obargn of petit larceny, who lived in 3d street ; when we got to the hou?e of My?rs, we were told that he lf was not at home, but would be dent for, in a short time ; ' Myers oame home in company with Mr Bicknor ; Capt. ?' llogan took bold of Mr. Bicknor, in mistake for Myers ; 1 took hold or Myers : Bicknor then pushed Capt. , Ilosian away ; he then followed us to the station house. and by Capt Hogan's direction I arrested him The J' prosecution here rested, when tho following testimony y.' was called for the defence : ? Samuel Mmi sworn ?On theseeondday of Jane I i* was arrested on a charge of stealing a window snutter ; ! Mr. Crittenden treated me Yery harshly ; Mr. Hogan told Crittenden to coax Bicknor along, and when he got ' to the station house he would shake nlm up ; after we I got to the station house Hogan asked where Bicknor was ; Crittenden said he had gone down stairs ; Hogan j then told Crittenden to call him baok : he did so, and > we were both locked up ; at no tlmo did I see Mr. BiokJ nor assault Mr Hogan, or attempt to rescue me from n him' Samuel A. Myek* sworn?On the day in question. | while standing in the street, not far from borne, I was | told that my father was arrested; I saw Yr. Crittenden t | use him very harshly ; Mr. Bickner did not attempt to ^ interfere with the offloerB. The cue was submitted to ]a the jury, who found a verdict of not guilty. rt) Trial for Mamlaughttr.?William Drisooli was then n_ plaoed at the bar, on an indictment for manslaughter in v the 1st degree, in having been accessory to the death of Philip Riley. ,e Before proceeding further in this case, the court adjourned until to-morrow morning. gd Cov*t Calkndak?This Day. - Circuit Court?Before .is Judge Kdwards-Nos. 78, 57, 103. 134, 138, 140, 141. 142, V- 146, 147, 148, 149, 141,154 88, 117, 118, 130,87, 3, 136,1, )n 127.109,137, 81, 143, 160, 102. Before Justice Moorebouse O- ?Nos. 38,49,68,69, 36, 103,103. 104,33,64,75,83. y, Common Pleat, Pari Int.?100, 113, 110, 118, 130, 133, ly 134, 136, 128, 33. Part 3d?159, 161, 163, 105,167, 109, id 171,85,89,133. le Superior Com/, (two branches )?Nos. 55, 70, 80, 113, Ot 116,40,56,107,113,119,45,50, 136,137,58.1,68,13,76, e- 77,114, 133, 133, 134,134)?, 135, 137, 138,140. of ?' The Late Storm. * At Iiarrisburg, on Saturday last, at noon, the water '. in the Husquehanna rlrer stood within two feet of the { mark made by the high flood of Maroh, 1816. and the _ water still rising. The river was covered with large quantities of timber, fences, &.o. Passengers that arrived in this city on Saturday evening, report several . extensive breaks in the canal between Harrlsbur^h and I Northumberland, and in the West Dranoh canal. The North Branch canal has received no injury, g A friend at York writes us that there La* been a da . Hirucwvn irnuo iu iui vwwub, ?"J" 6 """J w?, [s. mill races &o. es [Correspondence of Philadelphia papers, 11th Inst] ne Some of the workmen at the old bridge, caught the u- frame ol a house already for putting together. A small er barn floated past town yesterday. A bedstead and buth reau were caught this afternoon. 1 do not hear of any Ir. damage done to the main line, exoept a small breach up le, the Juniata, which is unfortunate at this busy season ,er We hope it is not of a serials character A small colornd ?*d lad, from Philadelphia, I believe, residing w'th Chas. on llobison, of this town, also colored, fell off a raft about u- noon to-day, and was drowned; bis body was not ret 3 covered. He was engaged in catching drift wood when 1c ; he was drowned. on At Bangor, Ma , on the Oth inst., the rain was said to ,a* be oomlDg down in torrents. "h On the line of the Baltftnoro and Washington railread QK two bridges and Ave culverts have been washed away, -r and some ten days will probably be required to plaoe the road in travelling ord?r. During this Interval the lliohr(t mond, Fredericksburg and Potomao railroad oompany, n y undertak? to keep up a communication, transporting | the malls and passengers by means of steamboats and ?lr I other carriage. 'aJ An Interesting Correspondence has passed rag j between Gen. Hamilton, of Georgia, who it will r,. be recollected, wan an unsuccessful applicant for the ofng floe of Brigadier General last season, and A P Duller, 1(j. of South Carolina, brother to the lamented Col. Butler. jjB' who lately fell at the head of his regiment near the city ... of Mexico. The following is an extract from Gen. Ham ilton's letter: ? ID. This time last year your brother and myself met In lw Waxhington He was stretched on a sick bed In the l? confidence of a friendship, the fervor of which had never lt.' been interrupted for one instant, ha Informed ma that je as soon as be was sufficiently recovered he was to meet in mortal oombat, Colonel Mason of the United States h. Army, In consequenoe of a quarrel of some standing. , which had been greatly aggravated perhaps by mutual ' I misconceptions He asked my friendly counsels In the ,c progress of the unhappy affair I need not speak af his oomposure to you, but I will speak of his sensibility; of !' the tenderness of bis noble nature, when he spoke of L. meeting (on terms whioh scarcely permitted the hope of >n the escape of either party.) a man with a family an numerous and dependent as his own. From polioy, 1 rather seemed to enter into his feelings as an antagonist, and so prepare him for the deadly strife Without saying _ one word to him, b wever, I left Washington the next |t* morning, and proceeded to Virginia to see Col. Mcl'sr ' tby, the friend of Col Mason. On reaching Alexandria |er I heard that Col. McCarthy was not at his residence iu n Loudoun. On my return to Carolina I wrote him. and (,r proposed an armistice and retereuoe It was met by the jr' orave man with a benevolence and ohivalry worthy of ln; bis exalted courage Col. Mason's departure, bmfore your brother's recovery, for (;?lifornia, under orders which precluded a moment's deUy. suspended our work eD of conciliation. Your brother knew nothing of my pape clflo Interposition until Col Mtson's departure His life was preserved for a noble destiny He perished where lS. he would have liked to have died best. ilr Mlace1 Isneowk nt At Vlcksburg, the setton's report for the weak ending de the isth ult. >hows only two deaths in the city during at that time la. The New Hampshire mllltla musters appear to be dl?lr tlnguished for scenes of unmitigated rowdyism. (u The Springfield (111) and Meredoeia Railroad Is to be he completed from the former place to the Illinois river, in a the course of one year. Kastern oapitallsts are con|3; cerned in the enterprise ?IlHnoii Sial- Journal. ie- There was a severe frost at Gslena week before Isst. li! A live whale, 70 feet long, was stranded on the main ,n !and ten miles east of Bolivar, Texas, ashort time sine* ti. He was quickly disposed of ... he A meeting was held on the 234 of August last at r?r the house of Dr Daulel Htebblns of this town. consi?ting of two brothers (the doctor being one) and two sle ),,, t> rs, from separate and distant locations, whose unitrO ,J Ates amou-.ted to 373y*ars. 10 months and 11 days- all in in comfortable health Their immigrant apoester w s id one of the early settlers of th* town and died her,, aan advanced age How solemn muet hive been their r,nt flections when they walked over I he grounds tr.,d.Hn byth.ir ancestor 100 years before The scenery has undergone great changes in that time, b .t the land and home lot remain.? Sorihamoton Courier. The steamers Iowa and Declaration came In collision ia- on Friday night, 1st Inst., about 7 o clook, sinking th?> Iowa to her hurricane deck. We understand that three lot or four deck passengers on the Iowa were drowned, and >m a volunteer on the Declaration wns killed by splinters nd oooasioned by the concussion of the two boats. The Iowa will be a total loss. Her mails nnd the cabin furow nitur# were saved ?AT. O. National, 44k itul. ,. , , . 1 v?iuw r*v? t.vrtumitr-t r* ihk nurr"^r cmrrr.lu*1, For the twenty Jour hourt tfiiiinx al 6 o clocks P. m , ? Octottr'l. Jf a met. Nativity Namet. Nativity 3apt. fc.. B. Kimliill, UakaV Nicholis Comers, Irelaud .? VJb^k, "To" j Martliall. N l- Kgerlaad, Uuited 9t?te?. W-n. Thompson, Ireland yh"? "f.n nnku'u, IJakn'n. H.iiry Smith, Peon.rlvauia Viculi Miuuichi. Aaatrm. I.ndwick Kmme'ick, (lernuiV b*.n,e,-?.j"T,r.' N'w V?rk. Mtdaliue Kurtl.uur, & Klin Caldwell, Tcnneuee. 1*11 Kali urea. The greater part of yesterday's newspaper mail ??" lent .to Boston by mistake. ? Pruvidenct TrunteripK llth init. S aturollzatlon. Am the time is approaching for naturalization, and as reany labor under, the supposition that naturaliii"?i the parent naturalises all minor children; while on the 3th?r hand equally as profound jurists believe that the parents becoming naturalized does not naturalize the minor children; and seeing soma time since in your l>aper an opinion sanctioned by Judge Vanderpoel. which [ bflieve to b? Incorrect, allow ma to offer you my views an the subject. Kvery one has an inherent right to elaim allegiance to the sovereign in whose dominions he was born. This allegiance entitles him to the right ot protect ion from the sovereign The right of allegiance und the consequences attendant upon it are personal rights. over which no one has any control but the individual himself. During my minority my father way have the right to make certain oontracts for me whlob nail be binding upon me until 1 arrive at lawful agebut no longer itut he has no right, even during mj minority, to take from me my birthright. That is mine 1 inlue solely, and it rests with me only to say whether 01 not 1 will renounse and abjure the allfgianoe 1 owe to ?ud protection I claim from, my sovereign How can m> father swear for mo ! And how can 1 obtain allegiance to any country or sovereign and absolve myself from mj legal sovereign, exoept by an oath of allegianoe, or aomt niuiiiBi ikniui neb |iciiviuiru wj iujdcii muud, I UU> < uot time to enter fully Into tbia matter; I may heran! ?' enlarge upo? It. What I have aaltl may poMibly ?* some to reflection, and lead them to follow out my Idea: further than I havu. While on tht* fubjeot, I wuul< mention, women urn,apt to think tbny need uot be na turaliied If their husband* are, but that they can Inher it hit property though they are alien*. if be ii a cltiseD This ia an error; tbey cannot hold real estate unler they have declared their Intentions and filed tho uecca nary aflldavlt with the Secretary of State. T.J. S. j American Telegraph Ryatein To the Public [From tlie Cincinnati Gateile, Oc ober i ] The undrr?igued, after years of research andtoil.hu nut ' the aatisiaction of announcing that he ia prepared, at the 111 ui ufactorv iu New York, to supply Telegraphic Liura witlihi 4 *'Lightning Letter friuter," for which Patenta have been n cured in th* United States. Ureal Britain aud several olh? countries. The advautnge ot Printing telegraphic despatclu s when accomplished with great rapidity and accuracy. hi < a be doue with the " Lightning Letter-Printer." will becotn 1 more apparent the more fully the subject cf Telegiaphing 1 uudiistood by the community (Mlrallf. | The instruments which have been tested on the Lines h( j twee 1 Pittsburgh aud Cincinnati, aud afterward* on the liur between Cincinnati and Louisville, were made for Mr. O Heilly ; aud alter satisfying all his expectation! of utility, rt 1 warding speed a* well as accuracy, will be t<iken hack to Ne< York, to serve as models for the construction of o'he^snoi ordered by Mr. O'Riellv, and by the " New Jersey Telegrap ; Company,'* (or their Hues now constructing between N* York aud Philadelphia. Ike. Kor the opacity of the iustri meuti, le'erence may be made to Mr. O'U., and ta the chii Telegraphers in this ci'y. ! The subscriber isoulv delayed in his return to the ciiyi New York, by the deaire to nffo d his rsiailants the fullest 01 portunity to insttute any leg il proceedings uecrssaty to te tne >|uestioii, whether this " Ligh'uiug Letter-Printer" is an infringement of Professur Morse s Patent, or of any thing whi< that gentleman can properly claim. Aud. as 110 answer hi yet been leceived from Messrs F O J Smith aud Ke> dal controllers of vjorse's Telegraph, who weie respectfully ii. vited to commence their thrt atened prosecutiou ngainstme fi the alleged " Infringement" 111 d?vistng and wo king adill'? ent Telegraph wilhonttheir " consent," I now deem it a dui to the Public,'O whom those gentlemen have so n/tenappenle i.nd al?o a duty II) mvself, whom they have so of cn waiting i.ss.?ueu,,10 uecmre >im i am resolved now to lurinstt We 111 est pisiiole opportunity fur the mottthorough investigation i the comparative origi<ialitv of i'?e two mode* of Telegritphiii (Pro'. 'ior?r'i a d mine.) for which patents have been grantt iu the United Stites. a"d ulso for determining ? hich of the tw parents (his or mine) are most or lea?t v tlid?an investiiraiio which will h ivethe additional advantig? of ennb'ing the \ ? ican people to judte howfir any one Tete*rn|{phic Invent h is a unlit to claim m inopoly of " the general p inc n e," ajid to denounce all other Am^ricin citizens, wli have ?| ent years of toil, at treat pecuuiary eipeus*, in eamei *nd honest tff >-ts to improve the telegraphic ays'em. I lm forborne to notice the assault* upon me. till forbearance Ik ceased to be a virtue; and if Messrs. Kendall nH F. O. ' S itn belirve any n?rt of thr columns they hive published ?vor of Morse'* plan, and denunciatory of mv invention, onee more invite tliem to xppeal to tho laws of thu laud to t! cde between us For this pnrpose, and with the h >pe < miiekenini their proceedings here, that I may icturn to the ci of New York. [ uow publish the letter I addressed sever! days 'go to Messrs F. O. J. Smith aud Kendall, who are y j lemaiuing in Cincinnati. ROYAL E. HOL'Siv [Letter above referred to ] UlNCIItNATIt Sept. 28,1817. Meitrt. F. O J. Smith and Amos Kendall. Ubhtlbmsi?I address you .n being on* a part owner, ai the otber agent for tke rest of the owner# of the parents obtai id by Professor Samuel F. B. Morse, for an "klect'O-Magneti Telegraph " The nurpose of this communication in to in for you. that on the 15th day of April, 1846. I als > obtained fol, t''.e Unised Slate* a patmt for a t'legraph, which I hire nam . the " .Lightning Le'ter Printer;"and that I am now using nrg chiurs for which I obtained such patent, on a tin* from til city to Louisville. ,1 I In communication* purporting to emanate fom both of vc| and to be published by your authority, you have n-serted tin j, hire no right to use Mich nnchines for telegraphic purposij without your "consent," and that to use thrm, would br " infringement" of the patents granted to P-nfeas n Mori Such publications, if untrue, are calculated to do me an d j ury, aud ahould be disavowed: if true, or holier d by youl be true, it a duty-which you owe to the public and yoi aelves, to subject th? matte to the proper i. iptiry before t' j judicial tribunals! 1' the country. Indeed it i> a duty you o ! to me, as I conscientious! r believe tint I hive the light to i the aaid machines without your " consent;" and toe cou you have puraued haa injured aud still continues to injure ? I conceive to he my Just rights. And I therefore most respi* fully request that you will iuatitnle the pro|>er proceeding test the accuracy of the asseitious you h?ve so publicly in i Keap'ctfully yi'Uri. ROYAL E HOUSE, | of New York The Fair.?.Fine Cheeie.?In the centre the Agricultural Department ia a trio of very large and r j beautilul Cheeses, surrouded by a number of smaller in which attract, as they deserve .much attention. The weight' the largest nr* *49. 56* Mid 574 lbs., and the smaller being ordinary fixe mide iu their respective dairies, wtuli fiom to 190 lbs They are from the dairies of 4 ol. (i. W. 8t. Jo J Jnie? 8ton<\ and A. K. * ustin, all of Ashtabula Co., Ol ' aud arc exhibited by Wallace und Wicke, 31 Front atr*et ]' V. Tneie cheeses do the cuuty they con e from, and I; mnkers, uiuch credit. That from Oil. ft. John's d?iry i hn seut as a present to the King of Fiance, to show him w Ohio caa do; and it may not be amiss to Mate that ou "n- I 'lie farms, c< iitainini, as we haveb"n informed, only sb ; ! 175 acres of improved 1 ud, aud only 38 cows, have been tm ' fictured, since the 20tli of April last, over 21,000 Its fcln There ha> been great competition for supreroacv among dairymen of thu State for several years )?st. and if that rp centii.ua to ptevail, tliry may reasonably t xpect their prod soon to take the lead inthia market aud in ICttiope. Just Published, Part 8 of the " Rural Ce eteries of America," being the second number of the Mn Auburn series This magnificently illustrated book will completed in twelve numbers, and. Ma wo k of art (like j beautiful places represented) is without a r.val. Subscribers can hive the (Jreenwood series buund ii| elegantly ?ui><* lors-yleol embellishment. inelu'inira b< tiful design of the Entrance. executed expressly for this wi at rricei ranging Ira'n one to fire dollars. R. MARTIN, 1*0 Broadway, up itair The Cheapest and Best place In the city iret yo?r >-oo'a. shoes or gaiters, ? at J^tin', N >. < Ann iti MMIM Mil.turn. You ?.an get there as grod boots for a. can be purchased elsewhere for $7. Quite a saving. He eils a first rate li.iot at $3 51. which is usually a Id at I Double soled w iter pro'I hoots at $4 50, Si, and $6 J< has the true system?light expenses an small profits. *ooda purchased at 4 Auu street, are warranted to give ti satisfaction. 1 Klchellen Diamond Pointed Gold Peni Reader.if yon wanr a ? >od Pen, try one of th* brilliant rnetiens. B. E. Waisou it Co., <5 William street, me i below Well, and J. Y. Savage.91 Fultou s'reet, have the elusive use of lli?ae Pens. The determination to give public a first rate Pen at a moderate p'ice, was the ongii the Richeli'u, and we aali those that Hive not tried tlie.r do eo Hii'l decide for themselves, if ihey be not equal to Pens usually aold at $1. The Richelieos a'e tl only. other Pen? wholesale or retail at a great redaction. Oild Peus at 75 cents, $ I, $1 50, with silver pencil. I rep lired McCloskey's Pllli For the prevention o cure of the following ds-ases, viz : Headache, ind ge?i Perverted Appetites, Flatu'ence, or wi?d in the stomach bowels. Costiveness. Dvsentarv, Diserrhoea, Cough*. C and Asthmas, Intermittent. Hemittent Bilious and lnflau I to-y Fevers, Sick Heidarhe. Jaundice, Bihoui Ch Worms, Pleurisy. Rheumatism, Bilious Vomnog, 1 Sfmeeh lie.. lie . prepared and sold only hy D W. C. rL'>8KEV, Chemist and A|>othecary, 51} Broome street. Thompson, New York, price 25 cents per box. sMOt M.SetkW Dally Herald In Boston?Persona wish the Herald left at their Houses or Stores. immediately on a'rival of the New York train ii the morning, or by the P Haven line in the evening, can be regularly supplied, a cents a week, by leaving tneir names at the agent's oil No. I State street. REDDlNO k C< s34 rod lit French Boots In the Valr._We call the k'. ' reniion of Inr friends nnd the public to 'he case of Boi l' I hibitrtiHy W*n. ivi. young of ih- l*ini? Boot t,'mp>ri<im I the corner of F"ult nand\aa<au itnu. Th Boon nh'b m in the Fair are fine ?>mple of the Rooti that cm he (tua4 M the Pnria Boot K?tahl ihment for $4 id, eiiui.1 to the htttJ f in other (tore* for $S anil I?; do fine ' 'alf Uo.t' IH 40, en v 1 ?o|d f r fi Call an*'get yonr Boou at the Paria Store. hi, 1 profits i? i he motto 1 Portable Bhavlng Caaee ?-Of ?n entlrdH ' new ?nd compact coneiruct ou, funnelled with a'tirle , \W i \ te of wliich do not detract r> m their tuefn nesa, lo'mi 1 I in elegant and complete append.g- to ihe toilet and a|,<, I V culiarily adapted to the wanti .if the tMTe'liog ;>ubl c f 1 tale at <? 8 \UMDER? fc *ON. I 177 Broadway, opposite Howard'* Hole Pocket and Pen Knlvea, Haxor*, ete besntiful auortment of the shove can be aeen at the nubs/ bet's, together with a large variety of setssors, nail Ales i' I P dialled stee goods. Uatora ground and ner < ut'ery l paired. O. 8AUNDKRS k SON. 177 Broadwn' k L A few doors above CtllUiMt I f Clark, Brother di Co.'a Uold Pctn..Ti| I high repmetien the |n-us hare acquired in a eery ahn.t jM I11 la a anthcim: guar..nt?e of .heir mprrioiity. The ?ub* r.nB II are now reidy to ??t ply ordera fur any quantity; tog<*'lipr f 1 superior Uold ?nd Brver Pen ai.d Pencil Cavea. of wbirh n 1 hsve ilways <>n hand an eitenmre aaaortment. I'u chu>n I i whole a e or retail ah->uld by all tneani give them a cull |l I f ire purchasing elsewhere f CLAXK. ItOTHtR k CO.. I | No 33 Johu atreet corner suml Strong'* Patent Lamp*.?These r.?mp: cut I hade; Hi' free from m imc nr?>mrll; * ill hum t'ech'jf eat oil ii,d g rung eater lieht at Is < etpense thin miv 14 now in uae : re m re ti,ill aut thin c*in; he le^ir ipint II without hi-a. ine risk to life or p-op rty;are not lia?l?ti'f o?i of oidvr. are eH?ilv c ea.i*d and wv Milled loi neyeiI lie Hand Liii-i e will n it apill on with the on-t car'*' mag* Manulaeiu'ed solely by H II V iNDKI'H VU r .No 'ill fe.nl street, New V.i.k; w .re onm, 1H B ,d? I handelieia. bracket, h ngnig. parlor and mantel l?nii>* f??'y v.iriety *>eil rs supplied on liberal Urmi N B a laf and \?tral lamns altered. oil M 1,1 - Navigation of to* Hlt'o ItlTer, Plur.n. Timr. Stair of Ri> I.ouUville.. Oct. A. ? .4 r?at din Cincinnati. Oot 7. . ,4 teet,falllt? Wheeling. Kept 30., ? f?*,t m. , ritUbnrg. Oot. 8. ..U feet riilt^ | I I M