Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 17, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 17, 1847 Page 1
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TH Vol. XIII. Mo, *K"S_Wbola He. Tho (Jemrat C invention of the P otciUnl Kplwopul Clturi'.h?HaiU4 of Delegates. Tf.hth Dat. Morning pray?rn ware read by U?t. Mr. Vinton, Mfiited by lt^y. Mr. Burgess. Dr. Nkuftillc wh about to offer a resolution, when the President announoed that the House of Bishop* had coucurred in the resolution passed by the house in relation to the canons. Or NiL-rvii.LK haI I'he had a resolution to offer, on a subject which had already occupied the attention of the hous?, but he felt hi mm If under obligation* to again refer to it. He bad been inf rood that a number of sen tloinen who havu b.nn supporters of the churoh for y?ar? pai>t, aud are warmly attached to it, Lav* been refused admittance to hear the debates of this house He himself has been asked by several gentlemen who )>av? oorne from distant parts. whether thuy could not be nfaiit.ted. ai d it appears to him, that if such were not admitted, the subject has not been considered in its proper light The question which has divided the ohuroh ho long has excited a great deal of interest; and the debate? would be willingly listened to by persons, if thsy could get admittance. We were told yesterday, as an arzu-nent tor holding the next general convention in the West, that it would exercise a great moral influence on the people there; and he would ask, would it not have the shme effect here? If this assembly is to produce a moral effect in the West, he would ask whether It would not have the same influence here .' It hss been said that the public reports of the proceedings would have tli" same effict as if the debates were listened to bv those who read them; but it U not so?oral admonition is the best of all kinds of instruction. Only think, he slid, what weuld be the effect it the gentleman from Maryland's lucid explanation of the canons of the church yesterday had been heard by a large number of porsons, instead of the limited number who were here. It seetnod to him that we should coninlt the feelings of the eltixens generally, and allow all who oonld find room to be admitted Losking up to the galleries, he said, see how vacant they are. how lonely ! and should we refuse th? use of the galleries to those who may wish to at tend here? He offered a resolution|that the members of the convention have leave to introduce their friends, provided there is room for their accommodation. The subject was debated at length in the same manner it was yesterday ar.d the day before, and on motion, the whole subject was laid on the table. Rev. Dr. Brnr.Kt.i presented the report of the trust?** of the General Theological Heminary, showing the num bur of trustees to whioh the several dioceses were entitled, and embracing the names of those who had been nominated. The committee also submitted the following resolution, which was adopted: ? Kwiolved, the House of Bishops concurring, that the nominations of the dioceses for trustees of the Genera Theological Seminary, made in oonformity with the existing canons, be couflrmed. Ilev. Ciiahlks V. Kki.i.y then moved that the snanlal order of the day. being the question of confirming the eloctlon of an assistant bishop ofth* diocese of liiiaoia, be tHk?n up, whiuh being agreed to, he renewed the motion win011 be made on a former oooialon, that the house proceed to sign the testimonials in favor of the consideration of the bishop elect of the diooese of Illinois. (r:The Rev. <j. P. OiDDinot, of Illinois. then rose and said that, before the house proceeded to vote upon thu suljoet, he winhe'l to submit a few remarks upon these two points. 1st That the convention had never expressed its opinion with regard to the iaflrmitlus ef the btahop elect, 3d. That there had never been an election of au assistant bishop of the diooese of Illinois. lie read the letter of Bishop Chase, stating that he was a cripple, and had, therefore, become unable to attend to the duties of bishop, and that he desired an assistant bishop; but if an Assistant bishop should be appointed, he earnestly hoped that he would be properly supported. II? would be carried in a litter at his own expPDHt to perform Episcopal service, sooner than see a coadjutor suffering the privations which for many years had b?en bit lot On this portion of the biahop's address a motion was made that so mnoh of the bishop's address as refers to the support of an assistant bishop be referred to a committee ol' three; afterwards modified so as to make the commlltee consist of three clergymen and lire lavmen. Now, he asked, where was the evidence that this committee had been appointed T Where the evideaoe that this committee had reported ? Where, that this report had been accepted ! He would leato it for the convention to discover In the bishop's address to the convention of 1847, no alluu.?.. _ i.. ~.,i. <1.1. ?.. D,u" TT Iia?u?wr?r? uiauv vu mis UUUllUltieO, Ul this report; but upon the nerton l day of this convention they had the vary Urief statement that the couvi ation mat pursuant to adjournment; whereupon they preoeedei to the election of an assistant bishop of tha dionese. A motiin wan made that they proofed with closed doors to the election of an assistant bishop, a rating tha infirmity and consequent disability of Bishop Chase hi before, and nominating expressly an individual, stating th.it lbs bishop had conferred with the committee in referenee to this muu. oommending him highly, and urging immudlateand instauUneous aetion with closed doom. That the mutter might be presented oleariy before the houa#, he [.?ir. O.J would read a document from u newspaper? tha Quipil Mrtttvger. 8 nil'; mciiti't objected to the reading of & document Item a paper in c><nrrntioa. nr. (jiipumnii s?id he adopted the language of the pap-r as hi* own statement when tha ouj?otlon was m-td", aud he j-roceutied te road. The article was quite leugthy, and iuto ro ?m for an abstract anly : iua biiaop. in convention, directed the doors to be closed, as he hud important information to Impart to them When ihi doors were closed, he alluded to the iuRr'n ftar.e of bis healtb. and apok* of the expediency cf bavii'g aa awistant bishop elected ; and from the fact that Rev Mr Brittoo syaapathlstd with h m. he thurcforo nouiina'.ed him u his assistant, and suggested tint his election be prooeeded with immadiately, remark* ing, that in case ihe gentleman named by him was not elected, that be should not bring the matter up again during his lifetime. The ooouvention ? at least a por that the two orders nhail rot* n-parately. bat the vote t may be taken simultaneously, as it wax in til in can* c K?*. !w. Viwt * rose to a question of order, and en- <; quired whether i he discuision was in order. It will be r recollected, said he, that in this convention questions * arose as to the right of the delegates from New York to p their seats The matter wm referred to the committee, t and their report was that we have no right to go behind c the document" presented to us Now, in thin cue we t have presented.to u? authentic documents of the election of an assistant bishop of Illinois. Are they forged ' t It It not pretended that tney are Te prove that they c are not, we have the testimony of every gentleman ex- t cept one, and by the signature of that one, are we to net ? all this aside, and engage In settling family quarrels 0 The principle whloh governed the committee in report- t log on the seats of the New York delegation Is the one <j whioh I wish to urge in this matter. I: Rev. Mr. (Jidoings? It is stated here that thenomina- 1 Mo? was made regrtarly, and that the proceedings of the 1 morning were informal. If I rroollect, the proceedings c af that morning were with closed doors, and we have uo 1 evidence that the doors have been opened to this dsy. 0 Mr. Williams? We have witnessed prooeedlngn of an e unusual kind here this morning The testimonials ot c the assistant bishop, executed in dne form, have been 1 presented to us,signed by every member.olerical and lay. * of the convention of Illinois, testifying to his election c and to his character, and in thr presence of Almighty a (iod, that they know of no Impediment why he ' should not be bishop ; and yet these gentlemen, 1 who, In the presenoe of Almighty (iod testified " in this manner, rise and say now that there I are impediments. Now what is the result ? We 1 mast not trust to the reoollection of gentlemen ? 1 But the gentleman says that because the bishop ( stated they must eleot such a man, that there was no ^ election. Had they not nerve to lav so at first? But they ' now do so behind the bishop's baok. Is It eotne to this, I that we are to try questions of this kind? Can we dive 1 mto the motives of gentlemen for voting for the assls- 1 tant bishop? Can we know and undertake to say, what motives Influenced these gentlemen ' I regret, when the * Bishop did dictate to them, there was not nanllneiM * enough to say, we shall act for ourselves. I am as muoh * opposed to the dictation of bishops as any one, but I can * very well imagine that, although the bishop may have desired the election of the gentleman, although he may J have acted Improperly, the convention may nave found j1 that the gentleman elected was the best man they could 'I fleet under the clroumstancM, and on that in count ' voted for him. Is Illinois to tM deprived of the election P of an assistant bishop beoauie the bishop recommended ' him ' It must be recollected that the diocese of Illinois a has an Interest In this question, and if Mr. Brttton wm ' elected according to the oonatitutlon and canons of the ' E NE' NE1 gentleman ?u not acceptable to the convention, o they had batter let the whole matter drop; that If they . b did not elect him. they had hotter not elect any one else. b ThU much he oandldly admitted the bkbop had (aid; but the remark was somewhat qualified afterwards. When the election waa proposed, three gentlemen objected to going Into an election that morning; but this t was all dona without that excitement whioh the gentle- | roan stated prevailed lie saw nothing of that rushing forward to the chancel, and smiting of the forehead, which had been asserted. That t je bithop was anxious, there oould not be the slightest deubt No one in that house could doubt that there was great anxUtj existing In the case of the venerable BiMiop Chase. Nor was this ooune without precedent. He believed that Bishop Oriswold expressed the design of naming an assistant. Ha did not say that It was very extraordinary that the Bishop of Illinois should follow the example of those who had made tha same request before It was decided that they should go ioto an election, but that it would n?t lane jiiaou till tue anernoo-i session. I he house ad- >> jturned thus for the present and it wan understood that n the convention would go Into an lection for an auiitaot b bishop in the afternoon. There was a recess for two n hour*, during which time he made inquiries with regard ?' to the character of the gentlemen named. He appealed '< to reverend clergymen of the diocese, and he spoke in tl the highest terms of the gentleman whose name had been <1 filaoed before him. He made no objection to the manner ? n which he had brought it forward, then or afterwards, ti certainly not to him ?(Mr. K ) They were two er t three hours before th?y went luto convention; their convention being small, they thought it would not require * much time for suc'j a conference. In the afternoon t they met together, and ha (Mr. K ) had the pleasure of making the nomination of the individual above named. ' It was seconded by Rev. Mr. Dresser, and no objeotion being made, they went Into ballot. He (Mr. K ) was c one of the teller* ; and there ware three dissentient voices, two nays, and one with the Rav. Charles Dresser 1 written upon the ballot. The election was decided, and v he then rose and said that as the eleotlon was carried c by so large a majority, he hoped all the members would sign the testimonials, h? that it would appear their de- 1 clsion was unanimous ; and having prepared the papers, 1 the Rev. Mr. Oiddlngs came forward and said that he F agreed with him, and would be the first to sign the b papers, and his name stood first on the papers addressed * to the house; yet were they addressed by that man as to E the Irregularity of those proceedings. The gmtlemau ^ lays stress on the committee not reporting. How could 8 it report, when it was not appointed? And he says, b therefore, the bishop is oapable still of trrvelling through t: that great extent of oountry. And let gentlemen look at the venerable bishop, as he was standing in that t chancel; let any gentleman ask If it was not time to re- 1 lieve him from his labors, and ease him from his ? very great cares If he mistook not, under the u Jewish law, the prlasts were chosen tatween the 1 ages of thirty ana fifty, so that their labors might be t lightened. For years the Dlshop of Illinois has labored, by nignt and day, in the discharge of his duties, undergoing much suffering; and were they b now to assemble there and refuso the assistance which t t.hu htuhnn had aahra^ of fhuir tiumlu an/I raianf a nun d tleman who he would venture to aBsert stood as high e throughout the various portions of the Union > any P gentleman of that house. What objection was there to o signing the usual certificate of election ? An election had taken place in a neighboring State, and the Key. ' Mr. Brltton had carried sixteen of nineteen votes then east. Should they now refuse to sign the certificate of f' his election because two or three ipdlvidu&ls objected to c the whole proceedings and declare there was no elec- 0 tion In the diocese, with regard to the assistant t Bishop of that diocsse? The whole question, as it ap- 8 peared to him, as fiir as it had been brought before them 1 on that occasion, was a question as to whether an elec- * tion did or did not take place. They plaeed before the r house the testimonials that the election did take place, n and when this matter wai betorethe committee for their 8 report, the only objection which was urged was that a t single word hid been omitted; and thus, for the want I of the word "permanent," they objected to the election of tho assistant bishop of Illinois. lie begged the con- r cation not to carry their prerogative so far as on such 1 grounds to retuse the dlooese the relief It sought, and 1 compel them to send away f r three years longer, as they had already been compelled te do, person* desiring a confirmation. He had thus endeavored, so far as his me- * mory enabled him,to lay before the house a statemual of the faots of the case. He might have forgotten facts of <j minor importance, but he bad stated the principal ones, e and he believed them to be substantially true. Rev Mr. Qiodinqs again rose and said, that it was not o his wish to be construed as saying anything to the pre- n judioe of the Bishop of Illinois, whom he venerates and t respects; at the same time he must be allowed to hear I his testimony; that when but one single individual is nominated by the Bishop, ooupled with the assertion that t no other would be nominated during his lifetime if such < nomination was not confirmed; that we have had no t election in the diocese of Illinois, though we may have I confirmed the nomination. To mv certain knowledge, ' he would not have been, if he had been aware that an 1 assistant bishop was to be ?ho?en; there would have been 1 on* man nominated, and that one not the Kev. Mr Brit ton I was Informed there would have been another 1 nominated. If ther* had been an election free from the authority of the bishop, I prelum* the reverend gentle- t man from Obio would not have been thought of?would i not have been nominated; and be therefore feels free to 1 state th it It is hi* deliberate conviction there ha* beeu s no election of an assistant bishop In the diocese of 1111- i nois. With regard to the evidence of disability, I say i the testimony is not auflluieut; what the oom .iltee ap c painted by the convention to take Into consideration t> this matter dlJ, we know not to ihis day?we know no- ? thing af it, and, 1 ask, are we to take in lieu of proof th* r allegations of the members from Illinois?to take their li allegations as evidenoe? We are t? have ssme evidence; a and what shall it be? It must come in the form n of documents, aad 1 ask what documents have ? we befor* us ? I say we have no such documentary t evidence coming from th* Convention of Illinois, which I should b* required, and which, for the sake of a preoe- \ deuce, should be demanded. Again, 1 say, w* should * have documentary evidence *f th* permanent disability u of the bishop In a ease like this we are not to have n our feelings appealed to?we should have the documen- r tary evidence of the facts on which wt>2 are to legialate t laid before us; aad the assertion that the bishop, in b ims cm*. influenced tn? election, in the beat proor that c we thould stop where we we. t Her. Mr. Kkllt row to say that he did not assert ? that the biahop influenced the nomination in thla case? t be only atated that he admitted that the bishop had I nominated hia aaaiatant. I Kef. Mr. OiDDiNes.?Then the atep goes on to greater t and greater limits, and it la the duty of the convention t to aet a limit to it?t* aay in what way a biahop ahall be ? elected. and to lay down the rule. I There was a oall for the reading of the testimonials from lUlnoia. m4 Nkwtoi* Inquired whether the diocese of Ullnoia has, by it* constitutions and canona, provided a mode 1 for the eleotion of a biahop of that diooese ; and if ao, I what provision haa been made?whether by nomination r of the clergy, aa in aome diooeses, followed by the con- t flrmation of the laity, or in what other way ?whether i there la any oanonioal provision on the subject? t , .Mr. Chid: aaid there la auch a provision made i by the eonatitution and canons, and they provide < that the nomiuation ahall first k? made by the I chureh membera, then submitted to the lav members for i confirmation. The provision was strictly followed in i this oaae. t Mr. Nkwton?Then, if I understand the gentleman, I it is constitutionally and canonlcally provided for, that l the nominationa of peraona to fill the offlcea of biahop or I aaaiatant biahop, shall first be by the elergy, and after- | wards to be oonflrmed by the laity. I Mr. Chask.?Not having the canons and constitution with me, 1 oannot refer to them or quote the very words it will be reoollected that what the bishop at first stated t was informal, and the nomination was made in the afternoon several hoars subsequent to that, and in strict j accordance with the constitution snd canons. (Gentlemen can certainly recogniie a difference between what ' is extra canonical, and what is uneanonical. As to the , mode in which the vetes were collected, the gentleman , labors under a mistake I was secretary of the conven- ( tion, and knew the mode in which the election should ^ take place The clerical votes were first collected, aud t the 11v votes suhsenuentlv The ronetitutIon nrnvliiHH MMrx- ' * \jrf *,;?/> - W YC W YORK. SUNDAY MOI huroh, why should he refuse to sign the testimonials, eoause gentlemen say they were overawed by the rnhop? Again, in the face cf these le?tlmonials estfying to his election, to his good character, and to belr knowledge of no impediment*, the gentlemen come ere and on verbal statement* say we do know of Impeiui?-nt* ! Did they not know all they now know at the line they signed tnese testimonial* I What new light ?? lir iken in on them ? The time of presenting them as the time, and not now, to make the** statements; Dd I think it la asking too much of this house to relieve beta from the posi'ton which th?y have voluntari'y a?amed. 1 appeal to the members of this house that if Hose members had good reason for not signing those Mtlwonials, whether we must assume that all the ether iguers were in tha same position. O'te word more 'he committee state the assistant bishop was elected on ooouat of the infirmities of the bishop They do not ijr old age," but they say on account of age. and we 11 kuow that in this case it is not on account of juvetiily. It is on account of old age. and that must be perlanent. Does age mean youth? If from old sge the Ishop is unable to perform his duties, is it not a permaeut disability? Now, we are not to construe the contitlltiozi and flanonn nt.rlntlw?tn nnnflni* th? itter?we mud take them in their plain meaning, and f ere is no one who can say the bUhop is not permanently isabled. 1 om't think there can be a division of option on this subject. 1 hope the house will not be put a the trouble of lUtenlng te all this?that It will tettle h? mater at once. Dr. Mason enquired If the testimonial* were signed by Ix presbyter*, the constitutional "umber, and whether hat wan the number required to eleot a bishop Mr. Maao informed htm that they were signed by 6 of the clergy, and 13 laymen Dr. Mason ?if the number was more than ilx the ibjectlon 1 waa about to make will not apply. The report of the committee on the consecration of tishops was then read,from whloh it appeared that there ras a defeot in the testimonial*, as there was no evilunceof permanent disability. Dr CnoswKLL said there is not a word in all the docunents that the bishop is unable to perform his functions. The canon requires that it should be stated he is localacitated from old age, infirmity or some other cause; le knew very well that old age may be one cause.and we mows there may be others, xuoh as lor* of sight, Sic ? lut that is not the point. There is not a word said of lis inability to perform his duties. He calls tor an asistant by reason of his age and bodily infirmities. We lire no evidenoo that he is unable to perform his dules Mr. oiddinot.?We have not only no evidence on hat point, but we have a statement from the bishop hat if his nomination was not aated upon, no other nolination would be made by him. If there was no other inclination made, of oourse he would hate to officiate 1'here have been some remarks made tending to quesion my motives in signing the testimonials. Mr. Williams did not question bis motives at all. Mr OiDDiMua acknowledged that he signed them, but le confessed he did so imprudently, and more from moives of friendship and sympathy than according to the ictates of propriety. After reflecting on it he addressd a note requesting Ills name to be stricken olT.and a* the apers were referred to a committee of the house, if the iome wished he would read the note. The note was then read, ile desired to lav It before he committee, and he now lays it before the house. Rev. Mr. Forres would submit whether it is possible it the house, uuder the present clrcumstanoes of the sse, to proceed with it The constitution and canons f the diocese of Illinois wereoalled for, and he nubmltod that the testimonials were not the oanons, neither ,re they on their face sufficient to (ettle the matter.? ['hey do not state there exists permanent disability, and re are tlierelore required to ?o beyond them. If we do tot go behind them, many will be compelled,|,from techileal rea?ons,to vote against the testimonials ; but II we ;o behind them for one purpose, we must do so for anoher. Until, therefore, we get the canons, I move that he whole matter be laid on the table. Dr. Hawks enquired if he was In order to speak on the nerits of the question on this motion If he was not he ruuiu lane um oeao, inn iiupt-uine sudjuci w0u1u not d? uid on the table. The Fkksident here announced that be had received . message from tbe bouse of bishops that they bad tinendt d slightly tbe oanons referred to yesterday Judge ChvmbkRs said tbe amendments concerned uestlons of detail only, and did not alleot the principle mbraced in them. Mr. Collins olle?ed, as a means of getting tbe houee ut of the difficulty, a resolution that as the documents re not drawn up In aerordance with the 01. con, that the testimonial* be referred back to the convention of llliioIs. Rev. Dr. Htwss rose and said that It was possible that bat might be the best disposition of the subject, but be ras not convinced that it was se. lie was very desirous o preserve the p?aoe and harmony of the church and to >ring it to one mind on the suhtjeot. The faot was, there ras a delicate prinoiple involved, and one that he might lave cause to remember so long ss he lived. That wax, low far this house had the power of going back to menorials other than those whleh had been regularly >rought before then. This question be did not wish to igitate, but taere were those around him who had begun roagitato it He controverted the position whleh had been aised that the testimonials of the bishop's election were sufficient. The application was founded on the words ge and disability, omitting the words "old'1 and "peraanunt" He couoluded that tbe omission of those fords was not material to the merits of the oase. It was ihjeoted that this election had not been rightfully made, wcause tbe bishop expressed his wish that bis nominee noma be eleoUtd. and bad deolared that if he was not lominated an asaiitant would not b? elected duriuK his if? tiuin. Bishop Chase had a perfect right in law to ay and act no. He oouid withdraw big application, i nd in nomination could b? in?d? without hi* application lut it in called dictation Did the olergy object to it hen T Did not one of the clergy nominate Mr. Urltton ' >id they not rote constitutionally upon it ? They did Vera they compelled to vote tbus ! They say they rere forcod into thia measure, and this convention wan law called upon to declare that the presbyters of IlliioIs were driven, foroed, ez-neaeultate, to vota lor this nan. Ha despised the clergy of Illinois an be despised he clergy of any dlooese, if they could bo thus driven iv thn mere will of their bishop If there was any valid injection to this eleotlon, it ought to have been made la be convention ol Illinois, and not in this. The clergy lected this man of their own aaacrd, and it was for this louse to say whether they would sign the testimonials, le submitted that the hands of the clergy were tied, .nd their lips were sealed, for want of action at the line. The hour for adjournment having arrived, the louse was about to adjourn, but allowed a momentary ixplanation from Mr. Dresser, one of the Illinois dele;ation. The house then ndjournad. visit to the ar.*r and dumb INSTITUTION. Immediately on the adjournment of the con'entlon. a large number of the members, accompailed with ladies, proceeded by way of the raiload, to the New York Intitution fur thn instructs of tha Deaf and Dumb, agreeably to the polite nvitation of its President On arriving at the Instituiun, which as m?st of our readera are aware, Is very ileasantly situated on Fiftieth street, the guests, rere introduced to the President of the Institution larvy P. I'eet, Esq , and alter tarrying for a few monents In the commodious and elegant reception rooms, vere conducted to thn obapel The pupils of the instiut ion were orderly arranged there, and presented a very nterestlng and impressive appearance, aa they rose to receive their visiters. Though unable toezpr^ss audiE>ly the gratification, with which they received their fuests, their smiling countenances and significant gestures betokened a hearty welcome. In their behalf, Mr. Pkkt then rose and said: Lapik A?in Or*Ti.tMr.!? t?The board of trustees of this institution are happy to avail themselves of the opportunity presented by the session of the Usneral Conrention of the Protestant Kplscopal Church of the United State*, to Invite them to vlsitthls establishment. I'hay could have wished, indeed, that the official notice >f the invitation had given them thn opportunity to nake such a preparation to receive their distinguished ;ue*t*a* would ooinport with the character and lnt?lll[nnce of the dignified ecclesiastical body to which they >elong If, In this respect, there should seem to be any hlng wanting, they b-g that you will haw the goodness o attribute It to a shortness of time. and not to any want if respect to those who have honored us on this iccaaion. We are dependent for the means of usefulless upon the favor of the community, and in order to ecure this favor information must be diffused by our J stem of Intellectual and moral training, and In order at It mty be diffused the benefits of our Institution mint be known, and In order that they mny be known, hey must be seen. Hence we have Invited yau here tolay, and In behalf of the institution with which I have he honor to be connected, I tender to you a sincere and lordial welcome Mr P. proceeded to remark that tha ,,f l. mf .w.,1 I,.~K I. * I rthan most persons would imagine. In Kurope there was inn deaf mat* to every I .'>10 souls, And In our own counry, one to every 1HIK1 or J<>no. In I rt-10 there were 7,tM9 leaf mutes In the wbole Union. He had reason to beleve that the number wan now consiberably greater It raa not hit purpose to detain the company with any renarks upon the aad condition of the deal mutes, wit'Jlut Instruction. nor to enlarge upon the benefits confer?d upon them by education. It would be inappropriate m the present occasion to trace the hiatory of the art if Instruction, nor could he give an outline evon of the lifferent aystems of inatruction pursued. Let it suffice to .0 aay that with thein a written language waa the great nd of instruction. and the language of signs the prinlipal medium The number of puplla in the inatitutlon it the present tiuie was 'i Ih?collected from all purta of his State and and Britiah Province*, and a few from outhern States He then explained the procana of induction after which several classes were called upon the >latform whoexhlbited the proficiency of the puplla in ha various atagea of education The exerelie* were deep, y interesting and alike creditable to the instructors and >upila. A br.gbt looking Indian boy from tha Ononlaga tribe attracted much notloe. Tha audience were nuch amused with the performances of one or two uptla in pantomime. Heme of the compositions of the ore advanced puplla evinced considerable mental culure ; but wo have not spaae to enter Into particulars The venerable Bishop t^haM, of the dlocnss of Illinois, raa present, and seemed to take a lively interest in the ixerclaes, at the close of which he briefly addressed the .udieuce He alluded to the eaae of an Individual In ranee, whose hearing was suddenly restored to him? I i faculty which ha bad never beforA nujcry?'l When hat Individual was examlaed on the subject of religion, is said he knew nothing at all about it Me was totally znorant of the jk?t subject of creation by a divine ring?of a futuSuUate or existence, and of everything >ertalnin( to diviM revelation. This instance snowed he necessity of a revelation to man. Other Instances f a similar nature had come to hi* knowledge, since rhlch he had baen mora grateful than ever, for the eaabliahment Of such Institutions aa this. He could not lion 01 us i&eiuDnrs ? protested against mis exercise oi arbitrary authority, but detuned ft expedient, under the oireuoisiances. toelsct Mr. Britton. A motion ?u made for postponement. Thero was much exotoiment; the bishop walked up aud down the chanoel, smiting his iorubead with tbe open palm of his hand. The Rev. Mr. Drittan was declared elected. A protest wa? made against the bishop's nominating his successor. There was also some irregularity in the action of the oomrnittee. During the reading of the paper, Rev. Mr. Youwo, of South i.arolinia, begged leave to interrupt the gentleman, and c.tlled him to order. It seemed to him that he was indulging in personalities which the house ought not to suffer. Mr. (ifcuDiitoi said he did not intend any personalities .Mr. CoLi.ins thoaght the gentleman perfectly In order The chair so deolded. Rev Mr. (iiDDinus would add but m few words. Ai there was no oboioe of the individual before tbe convention of the dlooeae of Illinois, he did not oonsider that there had been ny election whatever, of an assistant bishop He admitted that there had been a confirmation of a nomination in the manner stated, but that there had been a free examination and a free eleotion of an assistant bishop in the diocese of Illinois, he most positively denied. He called for the svidenoe of such an election. Rev Mr. Kklly trusted he should be allowed the attention of tho house for a very short time, whil* he repled to the statement which had been read by a brother of ihe sitae delegation with himself. It was apparent to all ih?t he must do so under very great disadvantages ; for. while the gentleman to whose remarks he should reply, hud presented au extended narration, he having no wrltton statement with him. w?s obliged to address them entirely irom memory. With regard to the convention held in 1846. he could say nothing except this? that he understood that It was intended Oy that convention to appoint a committee to make a report, stating the itmount which eould be appropriated to the support of an aisistant bishop, grounded upon the fact that the present bishop of tbe diocese of Illinois was disabled by feraatag tb? duties ef bin elllce without very great inconvenience. This committee never was appointed by the convention. They had no evidence of such appoiutmmt?consequently leaving the entire matter In the handi of the bishop to make such a statement ashehimbwlf was nablrd to make at the ensuing convention in 1347 He would statfc the fads which transpired at that convention juat as thoy ocourred, Irom the beginning to the close of the same, as far m hi* inemery served him ? nothing extenuating or letting aught down In malice ? 0u the ronrning of the assembling of the convention he w?s railed to the house of the bishop by a member. The hishop then and there stated to him hn disability, asked for an assistant, and suggested the name of a person,an d asked if they could appro?* of him lie (Mr K ) confessed that he knew nothing of the Rev Mr. Brltton until that Doraing : but till then he had felt no hesitation in giving the promise to support his nomination. Oi the seoond morning of the convention the bishop csme into the church and immediately after prayers stated Ihus before tba Convention: ? ! have a communication to make to tha brethren In an lntormai manner, and I had rallier that the door* bo closed, that we may confer trgether on the opening of the convention. The doors were closed, and though soma strangers were present, as thny promised not to Interfere with the business to be brought before the oouvention, the? were suffered to remain. The bishop thvn stated that from Iiih extreme ago and great bodily infirmities, he was uuaiiin to perform the duties of his office in the diocese of Illinois; that it consequently became his duty to apply for an assistant bishop; that a'ter deliberating on the whole matter, he had some to the conclusion that It wm hat for him to state to the convention that thera was a gentleman in hi* mind whom he wm very aaxlou* to have for hi* assistant, both from his well known piety and purity?well known frem the fact that he bad been before the oburoh la a favorable position for a considerable period,as also from bin published writings. The bishop salrl ha was not personally acquainted with the gentleman, but from his character In the oburoh at large. he had contdeiic* In him. and rentured to suggest his name, lis then mentioned the name of Mr. James B Urlttonj of ( hilllcothe. After this the doors were opened The ijues'ion aros" ajter tLe reading of the minutes, whether they should go Into an election or not To the best of his re -ououtiou, three liidividu'Ua objected to going Into an election. |A njitksage from the Ileus* of liishnpa was here received,

stating that they had resolved, the House of LMw^a'-ss concurring, to refer the latter of the historiographer nf the churoh to a Joint eommittee,and that tb?y hal appointed on their part Dishops Dslancey, Klllott, and l.ee j "n recollected that the bishop said that If this ? " * ' W " >RK I tNING, OCTOBER 17. IS express the gratitude which h? Wt for the establishment of su'-U institution* lie felt particularly honored that the oBlo-rn of this institution had'invlted him to this scene. lie hoped the blessings of God would rest upon them The company then proceeded to a spaoloun hall, and partook of refreshments, which were handsomely served by aeTnril young ladles. and other pupils In the iostltution. after whicn they dispersed to their homes, learlag the Institution at a little past Ore o'clock. ltellgloua Intelligence. CALtrfD** ion October ?17th, twentieth Sunday after Trinity; 18th, St Luke, the Evangelist; 34th, twenty-first Sunday after Trinity ; 18ih, 8t Simon and St. Judo the Apostles; :!tst, twenty-second Sunday after Ti'inlty ~ Protestant Episcopal Appointments for to-day:?Bishop De l.ancy will preach at Emanuel. A.M. and at Annunciation, P. M. Bishop Kemper will preach at All Saints. A M , on Western Missions, and at St. Luke's Brooklyn, P M. Bishop Johus will preach at Ascension, evening. Bishop Eastburn will preach at Epiphany, evening. Bishop Gadsden will presch at St. Luke's, morning Bishop Elliott will preach at St. Peters', P M. Bishop Hopkins will preach at Trinity, Brooklyn, T. M. Bishop Otey will preach at St Thomas, A M. Bishop MoCoskry will preach at Trinity. A.M..and at St. Mark's, Wllliamsburgh, P M. Bishop Lee will preaoh at St Peters', A. M. Bishop roller will preach at St. Mark's, A. M. Bishop Hawks will preach at St. Stephen's. 3 P. M., and at St Paul's. A. NT. Bishop Chase, of N. 11., will preach at Christ Church, Broadway, A. M. Triennial sermon before the Associate Alumni of the General Theological Seminary, at St. Paul's Church, this AVHninir. o'clock. ' Rsv Dr. Pi?o continues hi* laotures each Sunday afternoon, in St. Peter's church, Barclay street, commene- I ing at three o'clock. The Rut. John Timon, bishop eleot of Buffalo, will be consecrated to-day, In St. Patriok's cathedral, In this city. From statements made at a meeting of the Baptist Union in Boston recently, it appear* that this society is pursuing its great work with augmented seal and much success. It* missions among our western Indians, in Europe. in Asia, and Africa, sixteen in number, and giving employment to aboat two hundred and fifty missionary laborers, are enjoying, with few exceptions, a large measure of prosperity. In July last, a new acd spacious house was opened for the worship of God, by that indefatigable missionary, the Rev. Mr. Oaeken, and his associates, in the city of Hamburg, and there are now about fifty regularly organised churches conneoted with that mission. The mission in the north of Franee, under the caro of the same enterprising body of men, has reached an interesting crisis, which calls for a speedy reinforcement of laborer*. This society has six laborers now on their wuy to its missions in Asia; and it is expected that another company of eight or ten will be sent out from this port In the course of a few weeks The Baptist denomination numbers in the United States some fire or six thousand churctus, increasing in the number of their literary as well as religious institutions, and appropriating now towards ? 100,000 annually for foreign missionary purposes. The receipts of the Tract Soelety for the last half year have been in donations $40 070; and for publications $50,97d; total $01,941} for the six months There is due on notes, chiefly for printing paper, $29,340. The amount of publications sent from the general depository was $101,725, exceeding the Issues ot any previous half year, and leaving a stock in the depository less by $14,380 than at the beginning of the year. The estimated avuragu monthly expenditure for the next half year is as follows: Kor the printing office and, bindery, including the materials and the service* of the lt>8 operatives employed, $A,000, or $30,000 for six months; for printing paper, $6,000 a month, or $:itt,000; for oolportage, grants of publications, and other expenses, $7,000, or $42,000. If no more than $11,000 should be appropriated for foreigu operation!, it will seen that an average of at least $2,000 per month will be needed for the rest of the year, without taking into aooount the $20,340 of indebt edness Perhaps one half of this amount m?v be realizfd from sales, leavins $00,000. or an average of $10,000 it month to be supplied by donations. Tbe Mississippi and Alabama papers are filled with accounts of religious revivals. The Tuskergte (Ala) Hrpubtuun of the Utb, says : ?" The number of converts, we learn, made during th? revival which has been progressing in our Tillage some three er four weeks, is be ween sixty and seventy. The impression made in tho community, and particularly upon the residents of our town, Is great, and we believe will be lasting." The Third Presbytery of New York, will, at half-past 7, I'. M., this evening, in the Spring street Church, (llov. Dr. i'at.ton's,) proceed to tne ordination of Mr. Samuel U. Dwight, missionary to the Sandwich Islands, Mr. Ilalsey Dunning, chaplain of the Mount I'leasant Prison, Sing Sing, and Mr. Ueorge Uhler, stated supply of the Bloomingdale Presbyterian Church. Advices from Home state that an interesting ceremony took place in that oity a short time ago. namely, tbe Installation of a Jewish Chief Rabbi. It should be observed that the Jews of the Uhetto. slnoe the death of tbeir high priest Kabbi Beher, a dozen years ago, had not been allowed to appoint a pontiff in succession. The Board of Managers of the American Bible Society held their monthly meeting on Thursday, tbe 7 th instant. President Krelinghuysen in the 'jhnlr The income of September was $16 167 01?the expenditures of th? month were $IH.'J28 61. Tbe number of bibles andtestaments Issued in the same, tim? was 74,320. Twentytwo new societies applied for admission and were ruoug nized an auxiliaries. The Late Haln Btorm*. The York (Pa ) Gazette, 01 Tuesday last, lay* :?14 We are sorry to Warn that many of our farmers, residing on the SKTerul branches of the Codoru , suffered Severn losses?some of them having hundreds of bushels of corn, which had just been cut off and schocked in the fields, swept off by the flood?some, in addition, losing the entire line* of their fences on the oreek. The Codorus Navigation is said to be very muck Injured, most of its locks having been entirely ruined Mr. John Brllllbger la said to have sustained serious damage In the loss of lumber, timber, ko. This has been the heaviest flood en the Codorus for twenty-five years." Saturday week Ave rafts of lumber, on their passage down the river Delaware, struck upon the dam placed in the river at Slack's Island, or Soudder's Kalis, by the Trenton Water power Company. Two of the rafts were broken to atoms, and the rest were materially injured. The difficulty of navigating the river Delaware, owing to the increasing of the impediment* arising from dams, has been great. The Charlestown (Va) Free Prtu, says that the destruetlon ol pro vert y in the valley of Virginia by the reoent freshets will involve a loss of severs! hundred thousand dollars. The Injury in and about. Fredericksburg is estimated at no less than $10,000. Three-fourths of Falmouth bridge were swept away, and from 130 to 160 feet of Chatham bridge are gone. The principal sufferers are Mexsrs. Knox and kicklln, owners of the Hollingsworth and Bellemont mills, and Mr Bryant, the owner of Chatham bridge. The firemen of the steamboat Cianter, in going aboard in a boat from shore, was drowned. The Injury to the Rappahannock canal was oompa-atively small; the damage, it is thought, will not exceed $2000 The looks and walls are entirely uninjured, The Warrenton (Fauquier county) Timet, says iu that vicinity the storm was unusually severe. The river wis three feet past fording at the springs Many of the farmers had their corn stacked upon the low grounds, and It is apprehsitded that they have sustained a heavy loss. The heavy blow of Tuesday night was very severe on the Kastern coast. The Portland .Idvrtiier states that the hull of a new vessel, launched the day before at Dunstan's Landing, Scarborough, was driven ashore during the nlgbt. on the beach some three miles this side of Wood Island, where she remained when last heard from The steamers Kennebec and John Marshall put into harbors on Tuesday night. The Marshall was obliged to throw overboard some of her deck freight. The Charter Oak and the Penobscot were believed to have been seen during the night the other side of Cape Ann. The Charter < >ak was at < iloucester on Thursday. Lakf. Accidents.?The schooner Westchester is Eaid to he ashore on Middle Island. . The cargo is wheat, consigned to Kleharty Ik Warren, and insured for $7,000 The schooner is also Insured. The schooner Dolphin went ashore on Friday night, at the peninsula at Krle. There la a report that tbe Adair waa the name night capsized near Dunkirk, and that all hand* were lost. a lumber iicow, from Canada, (truck the pier near the light-house, and the crew jumped ashore. She then started up the lake without them, Dut went ashore about a mile ahore tbe light-house. Another lumber vessel ia aahore about II miles /rom thla place. The propeller Hercules, with a cargo of merchandise, aprang aleak, and put into K.air port. These accident* occurred on Friday night. The sohooner J. VV. Brown, in coming into port on Saturday evening, run In'o the schooner N. C. Baldwin and carried away her jib-boom, bowsprit, and taffrail, and doing rorne other damage. She also carried away the fore-yard of the brig St I.ouis, and the head rigging of the schooner Convoy The Brown had her main sail torn In pieces, with some other slight damage.?Diilfnlo CommtrcHal A<Ivtrlittr. An lncorrif:inLK LmcHiD.?8ome time ago a vniinT man IM or If) ve.ira (if Hire n?mrrl Vtr.mu irom New York, in pent up from Brazoa St. (ago to Gorpua Chrlatl firr trial, on the charge of murder At tb? livnt ?iii>triot eourt tba jury found him guilty only of maualaughter. on whtob, of courae, the court allowed him bail Nuba?(|uently be became acquainted with a gentleman from New Orleana, and on an oecaaion of aome difficulty between them, .Morris offered a challenge to flight with platola, which the New Orleana gentleman declined accepting; whereupon Vlorrli took an opportunity and ahot him through the heart; daolarlng at tlie ram? time that if he w?s not confined ha abould kill aomeone elite. Ha wai Accordingly placed In iron*. Id the meantime two other men who had been aent up from Brazoa St. I ago for trial, alao for murder, ware In confinement with Morri*. Soon after all three nucceeded In making their Moap? ; but th y bad nat bean gone long before viorria wai apprehended In the chaparral, nearly famlabed with hunger, and again aecured But such waa hla hardened character,that tome of the oltlzena apprehenaive ol another eaoape and other murdera, deppitcbed him by a nummary prooeaa from Judge Lynch a few daya ago. Meantime the two other priaonera bare voluntarily come in and lurrendered, and are now in confinement.? (inlwiton {Ttxai) \nrt. Stpl. 30. OOHeftry A. Wise, ??q , late minister to Frazil, arrived y eater day In thia city We are happy to state that h? Is in t\n? health and spirits. Ila waited upon the Prealdent to day, with whom he had a long and a moat agreeable Interview. 8ub?f.|uently he had an Interview of nearly two houra with the Secretary of State. Mr. Wlae't family hM goat on to rnlladalpbln.?H'VifAingtan Union, Oct. 14 IERA 47. Interesting War Intelligence. MEXICAN INCENTIVES TO DESERTION. [Krom the New Orleans I'icayune. Oct 71 In a lata Mexican paper now b?f>>re u*. tbe offlolal organ of that government.?? find several article* prepared with a view to encourage deaertlon from the ruu of our army in Mexico. Tbe appeal* are particularly directed to foreigner* in our rank*, but wore npoclally to Irishmen Since the execution of O'Riley -?a Uen. Shield*, blinsalf a gallant irishman, writes hi* name ?and the other deaerters taken with arm* In their hand*, we have little f?ar* for the efleot whioh may b? produced by Mexican aollcitation* Still it I* manifest that a " dead net" baa be n made upon our rank*, for *tnce the ibootlnf of the deserters. the article* below hay- all been produced , in the offli-ial journal of Mexico, printed in NpanlHh and 1 Knglisli, Hide by aide. And in addition to the article* I which we oopy. we find In the Ram* paper the addresa by Uen Urrea, written from Tula de Tamaullpas. the I'ltb ' of August last. and directed to the aaldler* and fblun- | teer* of the Amerioan army, which appeared in the Mat- j am or a* paper* some time tinoe Like Santa Anna'* own addrawe*, It encourages desertion by denouncing the President of the United States, and the war as being hit* ' individual W are ftllf ffA**wnmun? nr nMouva Uei.a Ilka addreaaea to encourage desertions among the Mexioana, *# should never hear the Infamy of suoh conduct adequately denounced. [from the Dlario del Ooblerno of Sept. 10 ] HiiDiji'iiTicti, Onuvt, April ?, 1B47. , Know all men, That Antonto Lopei de Santa Anna, President of the United State* of Mexico, and Commander-in-chief of the Mvxlcan armies, haa been duly authorized to make the following concessions to all and every one of the persons bow In the American army who will present themselves before me or any of the commanding officers of the Mexican forces, vi*: ? 1. Kvery soldier in the American army who appears Wore me, or any of the commanding officers of the Mexican armies, is to receive immediately $10 In cash, if commlng without arms, and a larger amount If ho is armed, in order to cover the coat of the arms he may bring. 3. Kvery person who deserts the American army, followed by one hundred men, la entitled to receive, as soon as he presents himself with his men. $600 cash, besides the $10 to which evory one of the soldiers Is entitled, us well as the extra allowance in oase they be armed 3. He who di'.Horts with two hundred men has right to elaim and shall he paid immediately $1000 cash. and so on at the rate of $ft(>0 for every hundred men; or the proportional amount if the number be under one hundred, without inoludlng the $10 allowed to every soldier, nor the cost of arm* and ammunition,.all of which will Invariably be paid beaidea. T 4. All and every one of the soldiers in the American army who will desert and appear bwfore me or any of the commanding officers of the Mexican forces, as aforesaid, besides the abovo mentioned gratifications in cash, are hereby entitled to claim and will immediately receive from me or any of the commanding officers a document or bond by whioh the propriety of a grant of land conslating of two hundred snuare acres will be iusured to 1 them, an wail as to their families or heirs. The dlvlaiou | of such grants will be made as soon as the preoent war Is over. ft. The offloera in the American army are not only entitled to the aforsaid document or bond, but the number of aorea in addition to the two hundred allowed to the soldiers, will be computed in proportion to tha respective grades they hold. 6. Those who desert the American army and enter the Mexican service are to continue in it during the present campaign, and those of the same nation are to re main together If they choose, tod under tha Immediate eommand of their own officers. why will continue in the same grades the; held lu the American army. 7. All those purson* who come over to the Mexican armleashallbeconsidered rewarded and promoted in the nam# way as the .Mexicans,and aocordingto their services in the present campain. The preceding artloles shall ha dnly published. In order that the Mexican authorities ma/ act in conformity thereto. ANTONIA LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA. Mr.iicitni to catholic irisiimc*. Irishmen!?Listen to the words ef your brothers, hear the accents of a Catholic people. Could Mexicans imagine that the sons of Ireland, that noble land of the religious and the brave, would be seen amongst their enemies' Well known It Is that Irishmen are a noble race, well known It Is that in their own country many of them hav e not even bread to give to their children These are the chief motives that induct) Irishmen to abandon their beloved country and visit the shorus of the new world. But was it not natural to expect that the distressed Irishmen who fly from hunger would take refuge in this Catholic country, where they might have met with a hearty welcomo and been looked upon as brothers, had they not come as cruel and unjust Invaders? Hons of Ireland! have you forgotten that in any Spanish country It is sufficient to claim Ireland as your home to meet with a friendly reoeption lVorn author!tie* as well as citizens? Is religion no longer the strongest of all human bonds? What' can you light by the side of those who put fire to your temples in Boston and Philadelphia? l)id you witness such dreadful crimes and sacrileges without tanking a solemn vow to our Lord? If you are Catholics, the same us we, if you follow the dootriues of our Saviour? Why are you seen sword In hand murdering your brethren! why are you the antagonists of those who defend their country and yeur own (Jod? Are Catholic irishmen to be the destroyers of Catholic temples, the murderers of Catholic priests, and the founders of heretical rites in this pious nation' Irishmen?You were expected to b? just, because you are the cvuntrymen of that truly great and eloquent man, U'Connell, who has devoted his whole life to defend your rights, and finally, because you are said to be Wliy, then, do you rank among our wicked enemies? Is It because you wish to bar* a grant of land that you may call your own? Bat what oan the most powerful armlei do against a whole nation? By conquest you oan take cities,and towns, but never possess two feet of ground unmoleeted aa long an there isaMexioan. The last of Mexioans Is determined to fight without releaee ior his cauntry and his Ood. But our hospitality and good will towarda you tenders you what by foroe you can never possess or enjoy?aa much property in land aa you may require, and this under the pledge of our honor and our holy religion. (' me oyer to us; you will be rsoelved under the lawa of that truly C hristian hospitality and good faith which Irish guests are entitled to expect and obtain from a Catholic nation. Our sincere offers bare already been realised with many of your countrymen, who are living aa our own brothers among us. Mar Mexicans and Irishmen, united by the sacred tie of religion and benevolence, form only one people. General. Quartcm in the Prion. ) August 1ft, 1847 $ The Prniiltnt of the Mexican Republic to the tmopii engaged t'n the army of the United Slatet of ?Imerica. Tb? circumstances of war have brought you to the beautiful valley of Mexico ; in the midst of a wealthy and fertile country. The American government euSaged you to fight against a country from which you ave received no harm: your companions have after the battle received and shall only receive the contempt of the United States and the scorn of the nations of civilised Kurope.that, quite surprised, see that that government seek engagements for their battles in the same manner as th*y look for beasts to draw their carrlagi-s In thenamH of the nation I represent, and whose authority I exercise, I offer you a rewfcrd, if, deserting the Amerloan standard, you present younelves like friends to a nation that offers you rich fields and large tracts of land, which being cultivated by your industry, shall crown you with happiness and convenience _The Mexlcar nation only look upon you as some deceived foreigners, and hereby stretch out to you a friend ij uaun, mm jvu u? iu".i rltory. litre there In no dtetlnctlon of race* ; here. Indeed, there In liberty and not Mavery ; nature here plentifully nhed? its f irorn, and It 1* in your'power to enjoy them. Rely upon what 1 offer you In the name of a nation ; present youri>elTee like friend* and you ehall have oountry, home, lauda ; the happlneiwi which ii enjoyed In a oountry of mild and hamait nuntomn , eiTilliation, humanity, and not fear. addreM you through me ANTONIO LOPKZ 1)K SANTA ANNA. ANBCDOTK OF SANTA A VNA. The following M copied from the Dtaiio, the official paper of the Mexican <*OT*rnment: " DurlD* the action of the With loxtant, while oar troop* were retiring from the bridge of Churubutco to i andelaria. ntiil combating with the forces that chariied niter them, four dragoon* and * captain of the enemy throw them?elre* forward Into our eolumn with such raplllty. that they w<r? not ob*err*d till they arrived at the work* of (aadelarla They ware there first recognlied a* anemic*, an I flred on by the garrlaon, by which the four dragoom and the captain'* bor*o w?-re killed. The captain, on regaining his feet, wai surrouuded by some of the Pre*ldent s aid*, and other officer*, who came with hi* column They were about to kill hiui, T.hen the President Inter poeed. and ordered them only to dinarui him Hli excellency after tuking a turn along the embattled ranks, returned to the plane where the* had the priaoner, wbeu one of the officer* *ald to him, 14 General, thin man ought to be *hot; he ha* hinntlf confessed that he p*iue here for the purpose of killing your eicellency." ' How so; what s*y? he Inquired the President " lie nay*," was the r?-ply, " that learning in Churubusco from one of our prisoner* that your excellency wan with thin column, he, with the four ftoldler* who followed him, took the resolution of reaching and alayluK your eieellency; fer if they accompilahed thl*. It would lm a mnit glorinu* act. and *tlll more *o, If they *hould perl*h in doing It." Admiring their daring nravrry. the Preeideat replied ' Now, less than erer, will I allow any harm to be done him He la a prisoner of war, anl let him wbo lay* a hand on him beware. Ala*' 11 I had many officer* like him, Kcott would not now be *o near u* ' He then placed tbeoffloer In charge of young IJon Auguetln Tornei, with whom be wa* reen euterlug the palace la*t evening " The above extraol (*aja the Wa*hlnjton fitinii) from the Piaria Oflirial, of Mexico, 1* tra?*lat?d from the /.a Pallia, of New Or Wan* We mint the atory la true, not only becauae It I* pleaalng to meet with &? rare inetnnoe of generonlty from ao unexpected a source a* the bread i of Hauta Anna , but,also, becau*? the daring act of the Am< rlcan captain and hi* foar dragoons reflects honor oa the country. If the Incident really occurred, the name* of the heroic Ore, It l< to be hoped, will ere long be known. But we are compelled to *ay that we attach Uttle credibility to any report whloh appear* la the La Ptlrin. ?PKilantlfKia Iti'lrlin LI). PrtM Two Cant#. AFFAIRS IN THKCITY Of Ml XICO. ..... Vm Caut Sept it, 1847. \ esterday I M? % Utter from a M ?x|(.ao i? Meilco, dated the Hth instant. which ..id that General Hanta Anna bad left the city with 1 .MXi cavalry for Oajaca; that he had delegated hit power. a* President to 8?n?r Ten* y Pena and two of the jud K? of the Hupreme court. Last evening however to our s urprise w* heard by letter* from Jalapa, that Santa A uui had reached Puebla with 000 cavalry, and that < oionsl i hU4?, who bu command of the forts above the city, had rnuimeocxi bombarding, and had thrown 300 shells reto the city This, sir. U the strange ne w* we received taut evening from Jalapa My owu opinion 1??and I am not alone that General Santa Anna is endeavoring to m?ke hi* way to the seaooast to em hark, or was on bin way to Oajaca. fjr with no small a force be coul 1 not think to cut off the reinforcements for (Jen Scott. Htrauge to ?ay, we are without any letter* tbat can ba depended upon?nothing from tha army, or even front foreign hoases Mexican letters say that the loporcs had sacked tha city, and that General Moott oould not control them; but we oannot believe any thing from tha Maxicau writer* I think tbat Pena y Pena and his associates will oall v, u nitres* togeiuer. Mid ?til end**Tor to open negotiations. Major l.ally. I understand, hu been ordered to mtrcn up. The city in comparatively healthy. I think there I* truth la the Orel report?the other may be doubtful. FROM HRAZOS PANTIAOO. [From the N O Picayune, Oct. H ] The schooner Klorinda, Cept (Jamrnnn. from Bratos Santiago, the 24th ult , arrived yesterday We learn from a passenger that a portion of Wen. Cushing'a brigade arrived at thu Urazoa on the -J3d, and the remainder wan expected to arrive on the JtSth. when the whole would embark for Vera Cruz ' apt. (J amnion reports the United Htates steamer Telegraph going into Brazos on the day he left Li" ut Kogg and l)r. Waahburn. both of the regiment of MaH?achusett* volunteer*, and Mr. Itiers, sutler, came in the Klorinda, pauenger*. TUE SOttTll AMERICA* OPINIONS OK THE WAR. The Valparaiso Mrrem to pnbiirhea in on* of ita nunber-< lajtt August, the following articln which we traniiate from the New Orleans t'atria. In consequence of the anxiety with which the opinion nt neutral nation* I respecting the war are lookei for. It Hays an follows, | vi? : ? The only fear of the American ?ieneral in his approach < to the Mexican Capital, wan his not boiug able to find in it even the shadow of a government with whioh to con< I elude the treaty which is the object and desire of the | Washington government which will ensure it the vast territory at the North of .Mexioo from the mcuth of the Kio Grande to (Jaliforuix In our fleas the perils of the Xiuerictn army are now about to commence. Mexico with the peaulUr tenacity f the Spauish character has refused all offers of negotiation When ltd congress in session extraordinary received the news of the defeat of C'erro Gordo, it prohibited the Kxecutive from making rw??? with I nlted Stated, or concluding any stipulations with foreign powers, by which nil ur part of auy territory should be dihpoK.nl of, and declaring all individuals, whether private persons. < r public functionaries. t? be traitor*, who should make auy treaty with the Lotted Status, and also declaring any such treaties nail and void. Let these d"t:Ut?uou< b.! w >rth what they may, they emanate from the national representatives who pronounced theiu, and dissolved th?lr sittings to prevent their being revoked, and iu vain does a dictatorship endeavor to proscribe th?m I JSThere are no other mens* left to the United States * than a military oooupatiou a oonriuest. But the whig party of the Union protests loudly against this conquest as a violation of the Federal Constitution,and the State* | doublets, will do the same against the expense of fifteen million* of dollars, whioh will lie yearly necessary to sustain the 40,000 men who, acoordtng to the calsulation of the ^nmcis Kuglt, (a paper favorable to this military occupation) will be the very least that will be required. The Mexican population will not change under this rule; If under the dire necessity of repose and thrown back by party Influence It allows itself now to be overcome,.^ will not likewise hucoumb forever Independence Is a ory to whiuh the population always reply, and tbe Spaulsh Americans nt-vrr have to this day understood or worshipped any other creed; Independence is a species of fanaticism with the sons of Spain. Their deeds In other parts attest this. A If \l V IM'I'DI T ?..?.l? The Weston (Mo.) Herald. ol Mm *2(1 lout , contain* the following interesting items of intelligence from our army at the West:?A difficulty hhs arisen b tween Colonels Wharton an J Oilplu, which resulted in plaoing the latter under arrent Tfie circumstances, as near as we can learn them, are substantially these: Col (J, on his arrival at the fort, waited upon Col W. for the purpose of ascertaining.his or<leri?, and of making irrup1 menfn preliminary to ashuralng the command of his battalion. A difference of opinion occurred regarding the object* of the expedition. B^th becama cxclted; Col. VV. Ktated that the htttklloa wns to he stationed on tho Santa; Ke ronte, for the purpose of protecting the trains, and wan not to depart therefrom Col. O replied, ' By O ?<2, sii, I will pursue the Indians, even to the mouu> tains, but that I will overtake them 1 Col W., after Informing him that he wan the commanding officer of that post, ana could not allow such language to be used, told him that he must retract, or he would pat him under arreet Tbia Gilpin refusml to da, ud accordingly he Is uow under arrest. We understand that Col W. haa forwarded his charges to Washington We understand that five or six men belonging to the Arkansas Battalion, have been arrested and put In irons ; at the Wort, charged with robbing and attempting to ' kill Home of trie returned volunteers Two of these Tatter were found badly bruised and nearly senseless. Their money was gone, and themselves intoxicated. The men who wre arrested belong, we believe, to Capt. Koscialewski's company. It 1* rumored that one of the trains that left laat week haa been robbed near the Kanzau We have aot learned the particular* Major Beall, of the 1st Dragoons, I* now at Fort Leavenworth. He will leave with <<en. Prloe for tiauta Ke. All the companies of Trice's regiment, and Wlllock's battalion have received their pay and left for their homes. A steamboat has left New Orleans for Mobile, In order to take on board the mounted companies now tu/?. They will go without their burses. Inasmuch as Mr? are no suitable boats to carry them ? Mobile Herald and Tiibunr, 7lh nit. The steamer Alabama, which la now being repaired, may possibly start for Vera < rua to-morrow evening with a detachment of troops and horses. We learn that ( apt Belger, the very able and industrioaa Aasutant Quartermaster at this city, has already prepared transportation for the 3d Kentucky Volunteer Infantry Kegluieiit, under Col. Thompsuu. and the 4th Volunteer Regiment, under Col. Williams, from the same Mtate. These gallant troops, which are expected dally, will not have to stay here a single day atUrr their arrival, but will be immediately furnished with transports-AL O. Delta, Oct. 8. The Montgomery Journal learns that John Ooldthwalte, Ksq . of that city, Is about to raise a oompany of men for the war Mr (toldthwaite is an experienced : soldier, and fought with Heott at I.uady's Lane Major . K Middle of Auburn, is alao audeovorintf to rata* a company We tru?t both of Llies.i gentlemen will ba successful, for the ln<lilf?rftic" of the State to tha war la really disgraceful. Major Tbomaa II. Seymour ha* been prometed in th? If. s Army, to th? pom of Lieutenant ( clonal, and baa bean transferred from thetith to the 12tb Regiment of Infantry. Capt W. H. shever. *d artillery, who distinguished himself at tha battle of Buena V ill a. la now on hi* way to Washington, direct from Oeu.Taylor'a headquarter*, for tha purpooa of procuring Irom tha department a battery of light artillery for lervice In Mmlto.-I'hilad. New, lftth itlit. (ten Kearny arrived at 8t Louis on tba 7th initant. But one company of the battalion called for from MiasisMppi by the War Department, hare, a* yet, arrived at Jackson They will be ilvtalned at Ja<-k*ou fur lha present. It Is possible. (adds the Courier.) that tha four other companies will m?m report themselves ready for marching orders "?Notch** C'ouritr, illtl ult. Twelve recruits of the Id regiment I'nited state* dragoons, arrived in this city, y?*t?rday, from Charleston. The efflrers with theui are I apt Harvey and Llaat. I'etigril.? M 'kilr Herald and Tn^une, fc'> inil. naval ixtklltokncb. Tha I'nited States ahip llarltan, was towed up to tha navy yard from tha anchorage oft < rancy Island, yesterday . by th? I nltad States steamer Kugiueer, and tha Vandal la will ha carried up to-day.?Norfolk Beaton, Hi i. c.koriiia election.?The Augusta Senttnil j (whig) nt yesterday, anva t Town'i majority will probably reach I *>00 A dsmorratic Senator ! said to ba elected from Irwin and Telfair, anu both counties are said to have elected democratic representative* '1 be question as to which party will have the majority In tne l.agIslature I* still In doul>t? which may probably be solved by the n - this morning At preient, partie* stand In the House 6-2 e?ch snd sli counties to hear from, Via : Appling. Lowndes, Wara, Tatnall, Thomas and Sumter- the three l**t of whteh ara decided whig coiiutles. and the three first very nearly bain need The House Is oompoaad of 130 members. 'I he Senate is composed of 47 member*; the whig* hava elected M certain the democrats 11, one district (Bulloch and Tainall) doubtful, and ona (Wara and L'.wndes) to hear Inm We Have heretofore mated that Hon f'harle* Dougherty waa elected to succeed Mr Berrien In the senato of the I 'nltad State*. Thi* was an error. Mr. Dougherty waa not elected. Ha reoelved . the nomination in the whig cauou*. whereupon Mr. Berrien resigned. Mr Barrlan waa, however, rvi elocted by the Legislature, Mi l the Senate having refused, by tha casting vota of tha presiding officer, to go into tha eleetion ot hi* *uco?*arr, It devolve* upon tha Legislature which has Just b?.en elected ?Lharleitan Mircsry, Oclilir IS, ______ Fatal Afpray in Calvert ?Ths Ifntmini?Ur lKm?rrat l??riia, by a ktter troni Calvert oounty. >1 d, that an %flray took place o . tidsy evening, th* !i7ih ult , at *t. Leonard*, In ? aitert , county, during which Mr. flnbt. < irayerton drew platol and *hot Mr WtllUm Beverly In the neck. The bt'l severed the jugular vein suit Hie wtadpine, nod striking tha neck bone glanced down and lodged near the right nipple of his tart breast Poor Beverly died wi'hout a snuggle (irayeron gave blmeelf up. and we* admitted to ball In the imall *um of fl,?00 1 here had beeq % horte race and llqacr drinking