Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 17, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 17, 1847 Page 2
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SEW YORK HERALD. New York, Nunda jr, October IT, 1I4T< Tho Foreign Hewi. The steamer Mi?-?"uri, Cajjt. Morin, is in her eventeentn, and tue Cumbria, Captain Judkins, in her twrlHh day. The Pnigi.?? of Ml|fr?tloii l.> lUttrlM^The 4kallll:iiil?U 'las frequently been remarked by many obseiveri? ol paaxing events, that if the individual* who call themselves abolitionists, hid never meddled with the subject on which they have displayed so much zeal, there could be but little doubt that slavery would, be fore now, have been completely eradicated from one or more of the slave States. We are not inclined to deny the possible correctness of this opinion; indeed, we think it very probable that had the individuals referred to b en engaged in some other pursuits, oi a more laudable character, the condition of the slaves in our Southern States would have been much nearer to emancipation than it now is. But we think it is doing more honor to t&e party of abolitionists than they deserve, to make any use of this kind of argument to them. They tak* it at once as a concession that they are right in tbeir views and objects, and regard the argument in their favor. It appears to them to be. as it were, a compliment of fear paid to them; as if thsir movements were greatly feared, and this argument were used to quiet them, and induce them to hold their tongues. We have always thought this was doing them more honor than they deserved. This party ought,we think, to be regarded in the light of any other small party, whether religious or political, where the great end and object of the originators and promotors of the movement is to draw followers after them, by means of whose mass and influence they may make both reputations and fortunes for themselves and their friends Tobelievethat these individuals have really any concern for the good and welfare of any other human beings than their own selves,would be an outrage upon common sense, and would betray a simplicity and ignorance of men and things. We respect and love the man who seeketh to " do evil to no one," and who " loves his neighbor as himself." But these riotous disturbers of the public peace and promoters of murder, bloodshed and rebellion, are fur from belonging, in fact, f whatever they miy do in name, to the peaceful 1 followers of the teacher of peace and love to- , ward all men. We speak not of all, but chiefly ' of the leaders nnd wire pullers who raise them- j selves to social or political distinction, and at the same time to an easy living, by means of the mass [ they are able to act upon. That they have no other object in view is clear to all who are at all acquainted with human nature. But while we thus eneak of the folly and pride of these selt-conceited and rubid individuals, who imagine they can regulate and settle the government of the races of men, and fix the bounds of their habitations, the gradual course of things nnd events is leading to the emancipation of slavery The surprising progress of events off?rs a phenomenon of human lifr highly intTfsting to contemplate. We see, as it were, streams of human beings moving gradually forward in one great channel, in one consecutive tnpr?nt InivnpiJn nnw nr*nt Wft SCC the I people of the North moving into the settlements ot the South, and we behold those of the South moving still onwards towards a more distant South and Southwest, closely followed at their heels hy a stream behind them; and as the Northern man,with his agricultural and pasturage life, comes forward on the scene, the Southern man, with his cotton and tobacco, and his slaves, vanishes in the distance to more remote and die* tant climes. Thus it is that the lands of Virginia, worn out by the hoe of the negro in the incessent production of the exhausting crop of tobacco, are deserted by their ancient possessors, and bought for a m-re trifle by the Northern or German cultivater; and thus white labor presses hard upon ihe steps of the receding slave. This process of retreat, in which the slave-planter is continually retreating to new climes, and the white laborer entering upon the deserted plantations, has been, unseen and unnoticed, going on for a number of years past, slow it may be, l??n in its eflTerf and nneratinns. We have heard but lately of not leas than ten thousand from Alabama and Louisiana, all emigrating to Texas. . What a wonderful process ishere to be observed ! The people of Texaa take hold of Mexico, the people of Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi take hold of Texas ; then, again, ihe people from the middle States, Virginia and Maryland, rush to occupy the lands which the Alabamian, Louisianian and Mississippian have abandoned for Texas. Then, the Northern men from New York, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts, and the German and Swiss emigrants, enter in their turn upon the cheap lands open to them in Virginia and Maryland. Thus this rush forward goes steadily on, and in such a manner, that gradually a race from the the North will be located in the South, while all the Southern race, with their indispensable domestics, will he removed to the plains further South, and the Rio Grande lands, still more genial for theirpursuits. inui imw groai coumry smart* unwaru. inus our destiny is becoming fulfilled. Ijutrtjctton op Music Boys for thk Army.? The public is probably not aware that the government haa a very fine school at Governor's laland for the education of boys for the army. It is nevertheless true, that a school, not allowed to oonttin more than fifty boys at any one time, is I there established for that.very purpose. The boys on entering must be between fourteen and sixteen years of age, not less than four feet, nine inches high, of good character, and must have the consent of thejr parents or guardians to serve the United States for five years. These boys are at first taken on trial, and if found capable of learning music, they are enlisted in the army and sent to school from six months to two years, according to their proficiency and other circumstances. The school IB nr|H uj a uuiupcirui uiaoiri, anu IB uiiliCr IIIC supervision of the commanding officer of the Island, and the excellent Chaplain of the pout, Profeaaor McVicar, of Columbia College. The musical and military mstructioc, are given by the band master. This care of the government in providing the army with well educated and moral young men f?r musicians, is worthy of all praise, and it would be well for parents and guardians to look to these advantages for their son* or wards Information on this subject can be obtained at the recruiting rendezvous, No. UA Cedar street, Ntw York. T*? N*w Ship Z. D?This in the badly cho?en cognomen of a beautiful ship launched from the yard of Messrs. Barclay It Townsend, Hoboken, yesterday afternoon. She is a noble vessel, not very largf, but of graceful and even proportions, and allhougb built expressly for carrying, with great capacities for her tonnage, the essential qualities of sailing were not lost sight of.? The excellent symmetry of her model, the care and skill displayed in her construction, and ike great strength of h?r timbers and fastenings, render her a p?rf?ct vessel?to which we msy also ndd n fast one. The 2 V < ths hid vestd etfl built b? ihtt , firm, the members of which are men of akill anc practical experience, both graduates from thi yard of W H. Webb,'of this city; no bettsi proof of their taste end ability can be given that this, their first production They have the frames of two more vessels now in theiryard, otieforthe Mediterranean trade, anc the oihT for thr freighting business, for Messrs Z?rig-'.n & Co., of this city, to whom belongi the E. Z Thmnhip will be commanded by Capt Ha-ishors formerly of the Victoria. She wai Uuucii d fully ri^g* d, and rrady to receive hei cargo. The affair was quite a novel feature to the varied attractions, both of art and nature, for which Hoboken is so celebrated. Theatrical and Musical. P*aa Tmkitiic ?The performance at this house last evening ware for the benefit of the Viennolse Children and there was present an andlenoe which cheered the little fairies la their task of grace. They performed foui of their most beautiful danees to the great delight of th< mass of speotators. The dramatlo part of the performances went off with no less eclat than did the ballet. Mr. Hacket was at home, and truth to tell, he made all who were in the front part of the house feel so too. He was in exoellent spirits, and, especially In the laat pleee, he kept his audience la a continued roar of laughter by his inimitable oomioalitlee : his O'Callaghan is traly a performance of merit. On Monday evening Mdlle. Aug nit a make* bar appearanoa in tha grand ballet ol ' Uteelle." Tha reputation af thl* artiite I* so well eatabllshed that it would be u*?le** to *ay anything here of her qualification* a* a damtuii. The Park company will do their part toward* making the evening'* entertainment* oomplete, by playing tha ooaady of " The Helr-at-Law," In whlok ileun. Barry, Baa*. HeUd, W B. Chapman, Stark, O. Andrew* ; MriJame* Vernon Frary and Knight, and othara, appear. Bowbbv Theatbe.?In order to furnish additional attraction to the Bowery Theatre, wa understand th? manager haa engaged that very exerllent oomedian, Mr, Thornaa H. Blakaly, and that ha will perform the pari of Zelk Dumb Founder, a New York nigger, in the new pleae of " Monterey,'' on Monday next. Thl* will be an additional feature to thl* favorite pleoe, which will be appreciated by the public. Monday will oommenoe the fourth week of thl* pleae, and we are aura that it will be aa *uooe**ful aa It haa been for three week* part. The nautical drama of the " Pilot of the German Ocean" will be performed after' Monterey" on Monday. Chatham Thbat??.? Mr. E. S. Connor, who has been amuning the pablle for *ome time paat at tha Chatham Theatre, will take a benefit there on Monday evening, and, from wkat wa have understood, there is every proapeat ef it* being a good one. Mr* MoLean, from the Southern theatre*, will app?ar a* the Widow Chevrly, in th*? throw act earned j the ''Soldier's Daughter " Jim Crow Rice will act" Jim Crow in London," and the admired drama " Hafer, the Tall of the Tyrol," will oonoluda the evening's amus'uisnt* Between the piecsa Mr. Soott will lance a Highland Fling. and Miss De Lorain* will d*ac? t i'aa Saul It thia be not a good benefit we are much mistaken. Bomnv Ciacus?.Amphithcaiis?Thar* will be a grand equestrian festival here to-morrow evening In honor of the laying of the corner stone of the Washington monument, and on Tuesday. (the day of the proceesion) the building will be splendidly decorated We have no doubt that these two evenings will be gala nights at the Circus. We shall notice the performance* to morrow. Ethiopian Sebenadkb*.?We need only say what we have already *o often *aid about thi* band?that their performances are lnlmltaDle, ana run or run ana wii. Their career here than fkr has ba?n on* of unexampled uooem. We have no doubt the ooming week will prove equally successful They perform every evening. Christy's Minitbels.?Th(>?e gentlemen are completely established a* old favorites with the oonoert going folks of New York. Their third week will commnooe with to-morrow evening's performance, and they give an exoellent programme on the ocoasion. The faet is. an many people go to judge for themselves of their powers of amusement, that we think we address but s very small number whan we say. all those who have not heard Christy's minstrels ought to go at once. Ma DaMrsTca.?This sterling and favorite vooalisi has arrived in New York, after a most successful tour ii the New England States. We learn that he will give i oonsert at the Tabernacle on Friday nest, and that ht will perform at it several of the plaintive, heart-reacbln| songs whiota have made him so celebrated over the world. Miss Julia L. Nobthali., so well and favorably known in this city, we see intends giving a oonoert to-morrow evening at Masonic Temple, In New Haven. She will be assisted by Mr. Sheppard and Mr. Ayling. We recommend her to the favorable notioe of our New Haven readers, as one of the sweetest young singers we have among us. She 1s young in years, but old in music, and deserves the applause she so often receives. Melodeon ?The oompany of Minstrels playing at this plaoe of entertainment are doing well. They art very clever. R B Mostoh will give an original musleal and Intel lectual entertainment at Oothio Hall, lrooklyn, on Wed aeaday evening next. The Alleghanlans wtre announced to sing at Taimyr last evening. 810*0* Blits is so very suecessful, that he remain with us another week. Da. Collteb'i Modbl Abtist*.?The doctor intend bringing forward some new greups during the oomini week. The ones hs has presented have been excellent We understand the new ones will be better still. Baown's Paiktiwo? or Tavlob and hii Stakv?Wi are glad to know that this exhibition of portraits L meeting with the attention lUpierits. The authentlolt] of the portraits, and the plea^fe manner in whloh the] are exeouted make them highly interesting, and wi would advise all to go and see them. Foweb's tfbeek Slave.?The New York publlo oan not 08 MOHHa oi wkul ui him 11 ui* uimuuri iu wmci thsy have visited this beautiful place of art 1j to be Uk?i m a criterion. We peroelve by the advertisement tba tbe privileges of thoee holding uuon tloketa and on th lit of November, and that thoao who purohaae fuel tickets after tbe psesent time, will anjoy thalr ad ran tag* until tha lat December next. Lat tiekat purchaser remember this Madam Ablamowios la (till at Pittsburg. Mauri. W Ulnneford and J. P. Addama' dramati company, continue to attraot fall houaea at Nswburj port. Mr. Andersen waa announced to play Claude Melnott at tha Howard Athaneum, Boaton, night before last It ia aald that Mr. Hackat will rlait St. Louia and othe Weatern and Southern oitiea,during the preeent theatrl oal season Sporting lntaill|?na?. We would oall tha attention of tha great a porting fa mily to tha various advertisements In our oolnmna to day. They will .'certainly And aomathlng there to inte Mat them. City Inlalllganea. Th* Faib ?Tha fair at Castle Garden eloaad Its aa oond week, laat evening, having been visited by a great ar number of peraona than ever before known in a alngl weak. Many distinguished gentlemen were In at ten dance We noticed among them, Oorernor Young, e New York; Out Stratum and the former Qoverno Dickenson, of New Jersey; ihe -layer of New York, Get Tallmadge, ?f Pouahknepele: Hon Mr Burchard, of A bany; Fletcher Webster, F.e i , of Boaton, fudge Bale win, of Connaotieut; and others The third and !ai week will be madaiBtereatl?g by the visits of the pupil of the Deaf and Dumb and Blind institutions Tmc Eiraasaaa ?We are dally under obligations t the gentlemau'y oonduetors of Hanrv It Co 'a Aituin and Troy Expreeeea, (?>dftrey It Ca 'a Eastern and Nei Bedford Expreaa.and also to Meaara Munroe/er a suppl of papers always la advanoe of the mails. AaaivaL or Emasawv P*ita*etai ?Tbe nnmbe of emigrant BMeeugera arrived at this port during Wed neiday and Ijinrsday amounted to I KK r,rr?CT or r.iciT?mii?T ?^nrnarr waiter* w? nailed yeeterday to bold an iaqneet on Wk4> Inland 01 tha body of Edwin Bimmoada, a native of Iteland, ag?< 1 yearn, who dl?d on Friday, under the following eircutn tanoei. via Tbe dacea*?d arrived In thi* elty fror ICurope about eight week* ago, with tbe Intention a proceeding to W Iconiin. where a daugh'?r of hi* re eldee Being ?iek and very feeble on landing here, h u admitted Into the hospital on Ward'i Island, wher ha hu gradually improved In health and strength, untl Friday, when a son of tbe dereaaed vielted the island t enquire after him, and on being Infoimcl that the d? aeaaed would in a few day* be enabled to proeecute hi journey, told hi* father what Dr. Haabrouek had aai( when tne deceased Immediately beeataa greatly excite with joy, and itated that b? would loon be ready to g( Shortly afterward* be laid down and appeared to ge t leep, and reaialned in a doling poeition until 11 o'olocl when he expired without having spoken; a single wor but once, to deoline a drink of water, offered him bj an other daughter, alao In tha hospital Verdlot, death b old age and tha exoltament produced by being told tha ha wai going to hia daughter Death er Arenaiv.? The coroner held an Inquei alao at Na. 104 Sheriff atreet. oa th body of Barber Brown, a native of New t ork, aged 01 yearn, who had fit on Sunday morning laat. and remained ipeaehlee from that time until she died, on Friday evening. Ver diet, death by apoplexy. SuDDt* Dcath ?A laboring man, whose name wa understood to be John IVlvel, while engaged at work oi the pier at the foot of Fulton (treet North River, wa taken suddenly ill, and almost instantly expired. The Yellow Fever In New Orleans. INTKKMCNrS IK THI DlfPRXXNT CKMX'I'KKIKI, tor (A* Iwnty-four houn tniing at 0 P. M , Oif. <J. Vmmt Nativity ffamr Nativity John Ffrtiev, Ireland. NicholM Plainer, France l.awrenre (Jronu, iu Henry Linden. Oerm?ny I Jtl ? IfBtlMd lleurv Home H. J | ctlld ef Ml. Tiair*. NO OrWiiae C?Mi. Maa"* | Law InUlttgwn". I Cibcuit Cot'BT, Oet ifl ? lefore Judge Moonhww < 1 Lynd'v Lynlf ?Fifth Day ?'This oaae ?u reaamed I r before a densely tbroug--d Court The parties occupied i th?ir u*ual places The examination of Mr. Hhaffer, i 1 ton party accused Id connection with Mr?. L .which we i , girt* Imlow. seemed to ha?eattracted an unusual throng i . of persons Into f . ' Urt B.fore be was called to the ?tand. I the Court intim?teJ that in order to accommodate the < I jury, they would adjourn from two o'clock uutil ten A M on Monday ' Mr Jordan hereupon presented a telegraphio dispatch > I received from Baltimore, staling their inability to pro- I duce a witodHK who had not aa yet arrived in that city Akthohi SmrruK wai hereupon oalled to the stand ' on the part of the defenoe ' f Mr Jo*da* objected to his testimony, on the ground of I his being a party interesied, and liable to be held to ao- J count for the alleged intercourse, involving the orimina- I . lltv of the party accused I Mr. O'Cofioa?I! the Court gives it as an opinion that < this objection is sustainable, and that Mr Shaffer is not a competent witness, and taking our exception thereto, we shall atop here and sum up the case Couar?I don't want it to appaar as my opinion; counsel must deal with the caae amongst themselves. It is I net for the Court to stop the case t After some brief argument Iron oounsel on either ide, the Court ruled the witness to be a competent one. Mr. SHArrca was then swern and examined by Mr. O'Conoa ?1 reside on Htaten Island ; 1 know Mr. Lynde, : , and all the Lyndes ; I never had at any time, or any ; place, Illicit Intercourse with Mr*. Lynde ; I never put my arm round her neok at any time, or any place ; I never placed my hands around her hips or around her i ' never in any way touohed her person in any lotltflieat* or unbecoming mfennor. Mr. Josdan objeoted to this mode of putting the questions. on the ground that it was leading the witness Mr O'Conoa could not conoeivu how testimony could be extraoted from a witness without in some instances leading. Mr Jokoak had been rigidly held to the rule by ooun> sel of the opposite side, and wished to administer to tbam littl? of their own modioli!*). The Coubt remarked, that where an affirmation was put, as for instanoe, that the hands of the witness were round Mrs Lynde's neok in the arbor, it was open lor the defense to negative it by testimony. Mr O'Conoa.?What has your oonduet been towards Mrs Lynda! Witness ? I behaved towards her as I would behave towardj any lady. ^ai?rlntlv? thi TT1D<11. | Id which you behaved toward* h?r. A.?I waa alway* polite toward* her. Q.?What was Mr* Lynda'* oonduot toward* you a* 1 regard* external deoenoy ' A.?Alwaya polite and vary kind. Q ?Have you ever antartalned at any time any unchaste thought* In raspaot to Mr* Lynda T Mr Jobdap objected to the question,which he contended was a leading one. Mr. O'Conoa replied, contending that ha had a right to put tha question in a* far a* it regarded negative and allrmatlve testimony. Having arSed at soma length In support of hi* position, greundC hi* argument principally upon the testimony of one of the witnesses put upon the stand. Mr Hope, on part of tha plaintiff, who proved that ha saw Mrs. Lynde smile at the witness, and daducad therefrom that Mr. Shaffer and Mr*. Lynde were in love with eaoh other. Mr. Jobdan replied, and contended hi* ( bjection was well grounded. Tha Covbt rulad that tha question was a leading one. Mr. O'Conoa?Have you at any time entertained a desire for, or the sentiment of love for Mr*. Lynde ? Mr Jobdan?That question i* just as leading as the former one. Th?se are questions whioh can be put to thi* man in a different way. Mr. J. again contended that the question was a leading one If a man swore as t" his thoughts,he inay oomtnit a perjury every moment of his life. Mr. O'Cokob?I have put my question And press It. Cocbt? Yi>u may put tho question as to the sentiment or pasaion oflova. Mr Johdun excepted. Mr. O'Conoa?Have you, Mr. Shaffer, ever entertained fir Mr* Lynda tha aeutlment or passion of lova ? Wit**?s?1 never have Q ? What were tha feeling* that you entertained toward* her ? A.?Most friendly. Q ? What was your demeanor toward* her, and hers toward* yoii.u respects propriety and decorain? A.?I only received the same attentions from her a* I aiairom nor lamuy; i wu pome u> iaam una tney were polite to me Q ?Did any aot on the part of Mr*. Lynd* e?er occur to induce you to bellere that Mrs. Ly?d? crer entertained the passion or seutlmsut of lore toward* you? Mr. Jo?r'*f? objected. The Court ruled out the question. Mr. O'Cosoa excepted. Q ?What was tbe state of her sentiments towards you aa regards the paaalom of lore, ai far as you are able to judge? Ruled out. Q ?Did you ever expreaa to her in words the sentiment of lave ? Mr. Joidan objected. A.?I nerer did. Admitted by tbe Court. t Q.? Did you ever, by any act or design, conrey or attempt to oonrey to h?r tbe sentiment or ldaa of lore ? Mr Jordan objected Mr O'Cono* offered to madify the question A ?I nerer did. Mr O'Conoa ?Did you erer by any look, smile or gesture, attempt to conrey to her the sentiment of lore ? Court.?It would be hard if people could not smile at each other Ruled out Mr O'Conoa.?Now I shall go Into another form of examination. Are you an American ? Witkeis.?1 am not. I am a Oerasan. 1 hare resided here for the last sloven years. In 181ft, and prerious, I was In the Importing business, at No. lift Tearl street First became acquainted with Seth Lynde in the spring of 1843 ; was introduced to htm by Kranois Steinheyl ; knew Steinheyl from my infanoy 'After my acquaintance with Mr. Lynde, I went to board at his bouse ; in th? beginning of May, 1843; went to rislt there before the , time with Mr Steinheyl, and explained my intention of liring in the oountry that summer, and asked If he would admit me to his house; I went there after, and left in the September of that year; Mr Lynde went tbat year to Europe, and returned In July; I remained a few months after his return; the next year, in 1843, 1 again went to board there; it waa agreed that Mr. Stelnn J1 i and myself ahould go to lire there again; we used to risit there In tba winter after we left; went there on Saturdays and returned on Mondays. Mr. Lynde went to B Europe in the spring of 1843; when I went there in 1843 Mr Lynde was in Europe; Mr. Steinheyl came to board ? there that year; Mr. Lynde returned before Mr Steinheyl oame to board; 1 was the only gentleman in the 1 house in the absenoe of Mr Lynde; Mrs Lynde was tbe only lady In tbe house exoept visiters occasionally; after 1 left in 1843, I aa usual went thera on Saturday , nights when Mr. Lynda Inrlted me out, and stopped until Monday*, as usual; in 1844, I did not go to board i 9 there; 1 went to board at Mr Winters, on Staten Island. ! r about a mile and a half from Mr. Lynde's; Mr Steln. beyl went to board the same timet* Mr. Lynde's; I went ' , to Europe in October, 1844, and returned about Christ- | mas of that year; I was in the summer of 1844 a rlslter at Mr. Lynde's; dined there sereral times; Mr. Lynde j gare some attention, as I understood, to my prirate af- | l fairs; I only know It through others; I did not i i write or agree to write to Mrs Lynde during my ab- I sinoe In Europe in 1844; in 1845 I visited as usual on Sa- ! 1 turdara at Mr. Lrnda's. on his Invitation: I went there ! ' with Mr. Steinheyl; and In the spring of 1845 1 went 1 te board there again; it was agreed that 1 should go to board there between myself and Mr Lynde; he went 8 away to Europe that lummer In the spring ; I law him off for the steamer, and then went to board there aiter he had left; I went there en agreement with him ; our e relation* were friendly; we used to walk out together, and ride together; 1 waa boarding at hi* bouse when ho returned in July, 1846; Mr. Steinheyl was also boarding thsre ; Mrs. Lynde was absent for a week ; Walter * and Helen were In the heuse ; one of the servants acted as head manager ; when Mr. Lynde returned I r net him with Mr. Steinheyl eoming along in a oarriage; ig I was going to the city; we shook hands, I went to the city; I returned home early in the afternoon, and dined that day with Mr. Lynde; Mrs. Lynde was absent this time; Mr Lynde went to New Bedford; before he left for New Bedford hli manner was rather oold towards me; he told me that he heard some stories about me and Mrs. Lynde; that 1 had been riding with her; - and that people had been talking ef It; I told him that if be thought aay thing about it I wonld quit hi* house; he made me no reply, but looked at me through his fingers ; this conversation occurred in the garden; he did not give me to understand at that time that he entertained any suspicions of me; on one e evening he questioned me about some presents I gave her ; this was after our interview In the yard; be then 'i am uoi leciD n mr nam IU uirimu HUT ninjiiciuuBj r h? asked me " If I had given her a fan ?'' I Mid yes; be > said nothing m to bis pleasure or displeasure; on the I- morning that he want to New Bedford, w- want to1 getber to town; ha asked ma " what I would advise him t to do?'' I told hiio " t<> go aftar bar and speak to her ' | about It;'' ha than want to tha boat; I gam him. at the i Drat interview I had with him about Jlr* Lynd- In tha e Kardan, a lattar wblah wai addressed to ma by Mri. y Lynda fram Naw Bedford; darlog these three days ha v to, k a drive wlib m? around in a wagon; I think it wason j a Sunday; I breakfasted with him on tha snme morning; I made presents to Mrs Lynda, tba first waa an armchair; Mr Steiohevl and my?elf bad two made, and wa presented* hwn to both, I think tha lamp waa my naxt, ?r It Bay ba my first, tha nazt w*a a bracelet, a tan and J'iih gloves; tha braoetet waa piir?ha?frl by ma In Paris, * altar my return from Europe In 1 "44; I gave It in the J prtiaiiO? of Mr Lynde on Chrletmas e?e : I often i gave gloTaa beta to Mr*. Lynd* and Mm Mary Lynda; 1 oau't gay If Mr Lynda *t< present: the fan waa n gi?en on hsr birth-day in M48; I gave her fluwer plant* lf and seed*; I was phllmlued ; I gave a anclkercliief; a pbtHplna in 1844; I gave it to Miss Mary Lynda on board * a (taambost tor her mother; I mada pr*'?Mjl.a to them * all; Mr. Steinliejl and my*?lf next predated Mr Lynda '1 jointly with a "luck I gave him a cbe*s board and men; c I presented Mary with a email locket; I gave Helen a ' email jewelled gold croe*,; I gave them all praeenla; '* I bought a gold pencil for Walter in Tarit; I did not give < it ta him because hn fathar told ma h? had bought one 4 for him; I gave Walter a Ashing rod; these presents > ware given as philiplnes and on other occasions. [ Wlt0 itii waa examined in relation to hi* habit* and mode of enjoying himself while on Htaten Island ] Ha " corroborated the testimony already Introduced in rala'* tlon to hi* keeping a horse, and riding frequently with J Mr* Lynde; he contradicted the testimony of the witness, i harle* Later. In relation to witness being seen out so late as 0 o'olock riding with Mrs Lynde; he generally it amused himself flehing; was sittng one day in oompauy y with Mrs. Lynde In tha wood on a tree; had his bsek % turned to Mra Lymla; Mary Lynde name to them, and said " why, mother, you are crying;" 1 turned round and asked her why she waa crying ? I waa not aware she was crying at tha time ; heard Houseman's testimony; did not plaoe his hands round MrsLynda's nack In the arbor, as sworn to by Houseman ; did not wear long beard In 1844 on hi* uppar lip; his beard may hare been longer on his chin than now; heard Millar teetlfy in tha rase; never waa In tBe position sworn to by Millar In connexion with Mrs. Lynde; witness further sorroborated the testimony In relation to tha aooldant that occurred to him and Mr Lynde; on that oooaalon Mr Lynda went into his room ; Mrs. Lynda applied soma llnlsaant to my lag; Miss Mary Lynde was present; I think Mr l ynde was In his room at tha Una this ?m 4ona the door between both : , | v-rm* waa epen at tbe time when Mra Lf?4e returned | from Ktm B*4ft>rd Imtalki atoop, Mra Lynda th ??? th* I aaw; ik? Mid to m*, " If Mr. Lynd* or Mr. r* Jtelnhayl should uk any questions about m?, don't you >1 lay anything about mo " Mis* Mary Lynda *u tbar*, aa iad also Mrs Hart, bar sister; I don't remember tbat yc ihe said anything else I aa* Mr. Lynda a few minutes m kfter, ha waa than coming in, on the atoop bafora the ta aouw; he ga?e me bla band: 1 cava him mine; ba turn- all td toward* Mra Lynda and (aid. " What did you lay to to Vlr Shaffer?" Ha than (tabbed ma and (tabbed .vlra. b? Uynde dr By a Jvaoa ? I did not baar Mary apeak to him; I aaw m l?r mo?? toward! bim. but did not bear what (ha (aid; ba I beard she apoke to bim lei Direct rxiitfiiHiifion cunlinu d ? Thi( occurred afterbe m ibook banda with me At the time of the first accident ai :>y the fall. I went on the Mondar to the city; I return- in sd and went to aiTmom; on Tuesday morning I felt III Taint, and Mr Steinheyl. my room-mate, told me not to w! get up; I felt faint, continued to drost. and tben waa m obliged to lit down on a chair Mra Lynde came In, re uiked me how I was; shortly after Mary Lvnde knocked th at bar motber'( door, and said," Mother. I nave aeen you sa come out of Mr. Shrffer' room." I then came to my at room door, and said,'1 Why,Mary. you ought to beaaham- sb ed of yourself, to speak to your mother in that way " I yc had not quit* completed my dressing, when she came in; fr: I was looking out the window at the time She asked nj me when she oan? in " how I felt; bow 1 did " I don't m remember the answer I made; probably obliged to her for at coming to ask me; I don't remember I touched her in b? any way; 1 may have given her my band; I did not touch o( ber person In any manner or form; she told me when (he I oame into the room, tbat Mr. Steinheyl told bar 1 was i( unwell: my pantaloons were on. ot To a Juaoa? She did not knook at the door whs? oom- rl lag in. U WiT.titss ?n continuafion t? Mr. O'Cowoa?Thera was rl a fir* board In my room; I was not surprised to sea her y< io my room, beoausw sb* bad kindly oom* to enquire at- j< ter me the dav before. Mr O'Cowob?Did you fael any amotion on bar ?nt?rlng the room? Mr. Joaoan objected to the question. h The Col'ht remarked tbat an amotion may bar* ariaen; for insUnoe th* emotion of Iot* In tb* breast of witn*aa. and y?t th*re might be no Immorality. After iinmii hri. t remark* from COUmel. one 1 of thti jurors rot* and stated that the time fixed on for J* adjournment, nainrly. 3 o'clock, had pawed by, for over ' three quarters of an hour. " The Court was subsequently adjourned, after some re- * marks from hi* Honor, Judge Moorehouse, relative to hie ' being subposned to appear In r ease at Albany, on Tues *' day next, until 10 o'olook, A M , on Monday, when the dlreot examination of Mr. Uhaffer will be resumed. r The following letters, whteb were produoed M erl- P denoe yesterday, by the counsel for Mr* Lynde, refer to J and should be read in connection with the letters of ?> Mr*. Lynde, which we hare before published:? * Makchcstck, May 11th, 1843 * My dear, but oruel, cruel Wife?What have 1 not suf- < fered from your aversion, I may say your hatred ? And '! wheaoe arises this bitter feeling aoon your part? Trll me, ' I beseeoh you; oonvlncc me that I have ever said or done n anything that an affectionate husband ought not. that 1 ? may lay down and <Me. for no more suffering oan 1 en- " dure, oonceiving myself Innocent of all wro<sg to you If n 1 am convinced ot much wrong I shall surely dl?* * Since the day when 1 last saw you aud you refused to " give me a farewell kiss, ay mind has dwelt upon that " parting In agony Insupportable. The business for which j< I am here is bally negleoted, for I oannot bring myself P to think of but one subject, and that Is yourself?I can- f' not endure the pretence of any one. and the devil is oon- ^ stantly by my side, suggesting expedients to relieve myself of my troobles, too horrible to relate Again 1 nay. ( what have I done? I have always been beloved by those *' that I have had under me. and been respeoted by my d equals and superiors As a merehnnt, I never have had 1 aught said against my character. As a man, no one hae * a* yet accused me or doing wrong As a son and brother, '< the deep devoted affeotion at my paternal home speaks ' more olearly than any words I can indite. Asa husband * and father, I have ever been Indulgent to the extent of d my abilities and far beyond Sinoe 1 have been married 4 my whole life has been devoted to my family, with the " fond hope of placing them in affluent clrcumstanoes; and 1' when the business of the day was over, always have 1 c sought for happiness at home rather than elsewhere; P and you know full well If I have found It; aud you know ? how far you have aided me in making you and yours In- t dependent. I have always, and under provoking oiroum- * stanoee, preserved my fidelity to you. My own personal ^ expenses have always been regulated with the strictest 1 regard to ecouomy, that 1 might afford you the more in dulgenoes. 1 have ever, when dining in New York, got 1 the cheapest dinner possible, with a view to eoonomy; < perhaps in this way I might save 0 or 12 oents, and when I returned home in the evening. I might find that you " had been out and spent %f> or $10 for articles of no value, c Ruth, I s?y not these things in anger, but to draw your t attention to them; and 1 want you to put this question < to your own soul, whether you have always treated me j In a manner that you can justify to your Maker, before t wuum lunm is IUU uiuuu mnouu m ?>??? juu ui?j ?w DWVU be called upon to appear? For what cause did you Id ' 18S5, urge m? to depart for Kurope, to be absent uearly < a year? For what oanse did you. upon my return from 1 Europe in 1830 urge me to leave you and the children at * Dedf >rd, while i resided in New York? For what oaus? e did you with your children abandon me In NewYork and v goto pass the winter in New Bedford in 1H37? For what cause did you abandon my bed for months before I last <1 left home? And why, when you wrote the letter just received, let Mary commence it, ao that you need not I have to put u My Dear Husband" to it. and even leave t it unsigned rather than say " Yours?" I can answer all these question*? Youdlsllke me Why dislike me! It is t beoause I am too much matter of fact, have no poetry, i no wit, no eleganoe of manners, am not learned, have not the sprightly conversational powers that some men have I, fueling the responsibility of a husband and father, look to the raalitieN of Ufa, and hy Industry and economy to-day, endeavor to provide the means or sup- ( port for to-morrow; whilst you, disregarding the sacred obligations of a wife, look only to the gratification of v your own wishes to-day, and have no tnought for the o morrow. Huth, better had it been for you if you had t been created with less beauty of person, with less capti- * vation of manner, and wltn more judgment instead. * Oh, Ruth, could you hava been as perfect a wife as t you have been a mother, happy indeed would have been e the man who calls you wife I did have some fond hope that after I left home you would review your past con- * duot, and would be convinced you had treated me un- * justly, and that you would write me an affeotionate let- * ter Alas! alas! bow wofully am I disappointed You ? say, " so you.waut assurano* from the dootor whether I c am ill or not." I certainly did call upon him to get his ' opinion of your health, for I oertainly could not think of leaving home if be thought your life wa- in danger before 1 my return. My ohjeot was not wbat you so cruelly inti- < mate, for I well know nour health is bad. and I am quite ' willing to suppose your oonduot Is attributable to that I cause You say, " 1 hope not long to be an inoumbranoe to any one; my plaoe oan be better and more worthily ' filled." Ruth, Is it not unfeeling to taunt me with such < expressions as these? Again 1 repeat, 1 would not have 1 you think that anything 1 now say is in aager; 1 want that you should reflect and deliberate upon your past 1 married life, and sea if you have done nothing to re- 1 proach yourself with; think of the trials 1 have had to endure, the vlolssitades that 1 have passed through In my mercantile aareer; think of the indulgence I should be entitled to, if wh?n misfortunes have overtaken m? I have not been so liberal as you have thought I ought to be. 1 say think or these things, I implore of you, aud say that you have some feeling of affection for me; that , en my return you will receive me with open arms and i greet me with an affectionate kiss. Do, do, I pray you; without these assurances L cannot come home, for my ( nature will not, canuot any longer bear your Indiffvr , enoe, sot to say dislike or hatred My dear wife, too { soon, I fear, you will be called upon to render your flnal account, and it behooves you to be at peace with all the { world. Ruth, you onee accused me with wishing your death; it so (hocked me I did not and oould not reply, a* you may well remember. 1 am not that mat Whatever you may say, whatever you may do, I shall never forget that you are my wife. You have always been dear to me, and are so (till, however much your dislike has grieved me. You say you don't want any new medicine; so long . an there lit any ohanoe of medicine doing you any good it Ir your duty to take It. Remember yonr duty to your children; what will beoome of then without a mother * care, poor, dear, dear little things; The two older will Roon bo able to take car* of themsslves; but poor dear little " Klppee," tweet little dear, what la to become of yon? Then Mary is just entering the world, and needR a mother's fostering care more now than at any other time. Oh ! my poor dear ohildren.what will be yourfat*' Ruth, do not forget that I am the father of yoar chil- . dren; that upon you depends their future happiness It ; is my duty to strive to obtain the means for their edu- J cation; and to you should they look (or advloe for dlren- , tlon In all matters pertaining to this life, for an eaample j in kindly testing* You say you have no wish to live? , I can you |s the hour of death approaches, think upon , your psstoonduct without reproaching yourself for your | unklndneeH to me, and clour y..ur eyes li> death with the ( same hostile feelings that you parted with ma whan I j left home, and which you appear now to have? You can- j not?the time will come when yon will repent your past conduct, and should I be absent in your ( last moments, you will want ma present to forgive you ( for your past unkludneM Ruth 1 forgive you without | asking; b*? to me what you oan be, and let the past be , forcotti-n Yon have said to me many times that I onoe , told you your let t or* war* not worth the poitage I think you were m u I da not think I aver Mid *o. , audi pray yon never repeat It again. Your laat, it if true, I would have given a thonnand time* tha poitage | not to h?ru received; yon might have made it worth ten thouaaud time* the pr>et*ge had it been written with dllfereut tWlmg? Write to me, 1 implore you, by the return of the Great VVegutrn, and nay aomathing to relieve my Mind of K* preeent burthen 1 ahaii leave Liverpool. for homo, in the Great Went am on the 0th of July, and I would fain let ray foe toward* my home with the hope of Wing greeted with different let-ling* from tboae with which 1 l?ft Never, never, can I forget tha agony of that. Iionr when you refuted me a parting kiaa; but no more ol' thin I wleh you to taak Mary with writing oompoaltlon*; Hha if now of an age wben ahe should b? eapabla of writing a good letter, and do not let her acquire bad ?I mean idle hablla Walter, I nuppoee, will go to Mr. Le Rowa another quarter; tall nlm it'* my wlah that he pay olo*e attention to hie atudlei, teach ' Keppy." little dear her letter*; how muah 1 think of you and them ?what a responsibility we have in tbeaa children - how much of our care they require In framing their bablta and character*; lat u* atrlva to do all In oar power to bring them up in tha way they ahould go Von having a good education, and being mora with them, aan, of oourne, have greater lnflaence than nivielf; and I hope you will give that Influence a right direction. Again, I say. writ* to ma by tha return of tha Great Weetern Give my rean< eta to Mr. 8 and Mr*. H ; kUn all the children; aleo my remembrance to Henry and Charlotte, Bridget and Kllaebeth; and believe me, when I *ay, I urn atlllyour*. 8 8 LVNDK I have put a klea hara for you and all the children; lat them klaa me hero. MAKCNKiTft*. June 18, 184S. Oh, my dear, dear wife, I did not know t he deep affection I had for yon till I received your letter dated May 29th, eaying you will ba a wtfc to me no longer You muat regret writing that letter; you muet have written It without reflection, and will. I hope tell me that von ara *erry yon wrote It I reaelved this letter yeaterdav In London, and I lay awake all night trying to think what I hara ever dona or laid that I ought not; that I have dona nothing I am ture What have I ever **ld that I tbould regret? We have Wo married nearly d?v?nI lean year*. and I do not think In all thai time I have I *p*kaa U pm u? eager ? tea mmmtk m4 I 4oot | ... i Ink even time* Sometimes I bare endeavored to [ mob oaimly with you upon our diffsreBoaa. and have vaji b'rn guarded in my word*, *o that I ibould not y anything that 1 might afterward* regret; the word* I >u Impute to me 1 presume I have used to you and any otberi of similar import, not with a view to irri- j te or annoy you. but to bring to yrur mind the neces- I ty of treating ma mora kindly My nature I' to be led 1 do anything by kind and sflwctlonate treatment, even ; iyvnd the bound* that prudenoe would diotate My ! ar Ruth, what is your nature? A strange compound; uch that i* good and some II tie that 1* bad. but lb>tt j id I truly believe i? beyond your contr< 1 What baa J to our present difficulties ! the deprivation* of my j arital right* (that which no man will be deprived ot) id my poverty, which would not admit of my Indulgg you in every thing you wished, and that I should le to grant My dear wife, let ua forget the past, and lien I return let ua oommenoe a new career, and by utual mot* of kindness and affection see if we oannot gain what we have lost in the paat by doubly enjoying e future; lot ua be prndant for two years, so that lean ve money enough to bring Mary and you over here id to Pari*. Mary will then be of an age that she lould be brought out in the world. Kuth. think of >ur children and of me a* their father; think of your lend*. tMnk of the people at large, think of the oalumr you will have to endure if you persist in your deterlnatlon. My dear Ruth, remain quiet until I return, id then we will talk upon thl* matter calmly and deliirately; had I been in Manobeiter on the arrival ' your letter, I should have returned by thi* steamer was In Paris, and received it yesterday morning; a* it I oannat leave without saoriOoing the interest of hers to my own private feelings, which I have no ght to do I shall return by tha Great Western, and d grant that I may not return to tlud my hou*e dided against itself Ruth, whatever you do, wherever >u go, T shall have a watchful eye over you, for 1 love ou too wall ever to lose sight of you 1 am yours, for ever, 8. 8 LYNDE I put a kiss here (or you; I beseech you to taka it; ere also f >r the children Oommom Plkas. Oct. 15-Before JuJga Ulshoeffer? }'n A'iiAn/f ei Wm. C Dmetiiury,?This *11 an otion of coveuant upon a sealed landlord's agreement etwee u plaintiff and defendant, by the terms ot which, tie defendant agreed to build a store and dwelling house n lot No SBBX Grand street, by the 1st of May. 1843 ocordlng to oertain plan* and speaifleatlons The de ?ndant did not oomplste the building until the 37thot lay, when plslntlff took possession and removed into it quantity of fancy good* He paid the first quarter'* ent in advance, $113. and continued to oocupy the remise* until the middle of Auguit, 1843, and then reaoved, alleging that the houie leaked badly, and that lis stock of good* was damaged to the amount of up rards of S 1.000. which he sought to recoTer in thin ntlon The cauxe was tried before and a verdict renered for plaintiff for $1,000. Exceptions were taken at lie trial, and the Terdlct was afterward! flat aside on he ground that damage* for an injury to good* eould ot be reoovered on an aotion of covenant, and the court rdered a new trial. On thl* trial, the Judge charged bat the defendant haviug pleaded non est factum, lerely put the making of the deed in Ishu*. and that be lmltted the allegation ot the payment of the quarter'* lint; that plaintiff had removed in oonHequenue of the ntenantabie condition of the premise!, and that the iry might allow as general damages, the rent he had aid. The jury, however, render-d a verdict for detndant Kor plaintiff, Mr. Joseph Blunt and Charlee i Rapelye. Kor defendant, Mr. Robert K. Wlnslow Oct 16?Ij? Banco ?Dicisions.? Frances Connor, fro. W. Mattel and others ?This was an aotion for asnult and battery. A verdict was re dered against the sfendants. Exceptions were taken ou the ground of he admission of illegal testimony. The question was rgued this term on the exceptions. The Court in glvag judgment stated that one of the defendants, namely h*<:hi?i ot Pulloe, was not present when the assault ras alleged to have been committed, and the only evience connecting him with it was the aending him a later, in which referenoe was made to person* in such a aanner as to create suspicion* agaicst the author of the stter Mr. Mat?el appears to have anted in thedi*harga of his Judicial duties, and when tlie plaintiff apieared before him voluntarily for the purpose of xamlnation, he had a right to require hor 0 remain if only for examination as a witness; whether te exeroised any impropur oonduot or not, must be decile d on another trial, ft appears to us there is nothing n the testimony to call foi such an amount of damage* h the jury have given on the last trial We think herafore a new trial should be granted. New trial orlered, cost* to abide the event. Samuel Thompson, et al, adi.J. Stokes Dickrrtnn.? rhls was amotion for a new trial made by defendant'! lonnsel upon a bill of exceptions. The defendant* gave heir bond for $2000 to plaintiff, in order to procure the liseharge of plainti "a attachment against William W est, r and Wm. P. Cox, non resldeut debtors. On the rial plaintiff obtained a vurdiot ot $ft0 damages end ix cents oosts. The first point was that the plain iff's demand sgalnst Cox did not amouut to $100 ? 1 he next point was, that the non-resident debtor, tor rhom a defendant gives his bond, is not either with or '*1 * > ...? Tfc. rHQOUl * rvietro, oouipmuub wnuru i u? ? ounsel also excepted to the Judge's charge.and that the erdiot was contrary to evidenoe. The Court decided .?alnst the validity of all the points raited by defunlant'n oounsel. and confirmed the verdict with costs. Surr.sioR Court?In Banco ? Deciiioni ? John R jlyiiigston. jr., vs Luther Solidall?Judgment vacated >ut without costs Jacob Cram vs VVm H. Moore?Order made at Cham>er? set atide without costs, without prejudioe to retew the motion at Chambers Bowers vs Field?Judgment affirmed. Bully vs Delaplaln?Judgment reverted Doughty et al vs. Banting?Judgment reversed. Si'pcBion Codit, October IS ?Before Chief Justlcc )akiey ?John Mar fir Id VI. Qoodhur 4' Co ?This waf .a action of assumpsit, similar to the oause of Marfleld s. Douglass, tried last week, depending on a like stat? f facts, except that it was alleged the letter instructing he defendants to take the plaintiff's goods out of markt, was peremptory, and that defendants had In part ssented to it. There was a verdict for plaintiff for over 16000, subject to the opinion of the Court on a bill oi x captions. Before Judge Sandford - Oakley vs. Howland 4* Jlipin tall ?This was an aotlon on an attachment bond enterd into by defendants, as the agents of a Mr. Baker, whc abides at Trinidad de Cuba, in the West Indies. Tht iase was tried before, ani reported it Is now by oonsent in trial before Judge Saadford without a jury The oasr ras not finished when the Court adjourned I.i Chamber! Oct 16.?Before Jud<e Vanderpoel.? Habrtt Curpus.?A mau named O'Neill, who wai iharged with entiaing a countryman to gamble wltt litn, and winning from the countryman at eom? ?? ? ? ?- - - --"ito'l anil titmno. K'CUI UOUI K*uia, ni?r micniuu j va?v. r . arily cntlned at I hi* 3d ward station hous?- He n Drought before the Judge noon afurwards, and till din jharge asked for on the ground that he should be vlthui hilly committed or discharged On t' ? other side, 1 w*s aaid the magistrate who held him In custody har lent for a material witness and that he had authoriij to detain bim for a rexsonablu time to await the arrlva of (uch witn?M The Judge took the name vlaw, nut remanded O Neill Police InUlllfent*. Charge of Falit Prttenttt ? Offlosr Relyea. one 0 the efficient officers attaohed to the lower polioa, arriv (d in town yesterday morning by the Albany boat, hav log in custody a man by the name of Thomas J Otis whom th* officer arretted at Almyra. Chemung county on a wan-ant Issued by Juctloe Drinker, wherein b stand* charged with having obtained a lot of boot* am bora valued at 9*00. from the Arm of Stout and Ward wholesale (hoe dealers. No. 'ibt Pearl st . by false am fraudulent representations It appears that the accus ed call* d upon Mtoutand Ward In April l**t, and wish ed to purchase a bill of goods on a oredit of six moothi Mid in order to procure the credit, represented that b had Just dissolved partnership with a Mr MoCuraber who would leave (2000 In the concern, and was word himself $JOOO over and above his debts and liabilities consequently upon this statement Stont and Ward eol< bim the above amount of goods at a oredit of 6 months Shortly after this sale, the complainants received a let ter from Otls.settiog forth that he was unable to pny hli debts Upon this Information Stout and Ward began ti open their eyes, and on making further enquiry, ascer talned from Mr McCumber tnat no money bad been oi was to be found in the oonoern, and that Otis was Insol vent at the time of making the representation*. Justioi Drinker detained him la ouatody for a further hearing Chmrge ?f Perjury ? Officer Stephens, of the lowe! potion, arrseted yesterday a colored man by the name o Jam"* Latson, on a charge of perjury In swearing fa'seli do the 18th of September. before Justice Timpson, b; which affidavit another oolored man. by the name <> Francis Champion waa arrested on a charge of steuliai t lot of furniture belonging to the A?b'iry Afrlcai ihurnh, which Is alleged to have been done malicious); iy Latson. he well knowing bt the time that Champioi Look possession of the property merely for safe keeping being one of the trustees of the ehurch. Justice O* borne looked him np for trial. Correction.?The aian who was arrested the other da] sn a oharge of assaulting two small girl* la Vesey strtet rava his name at the station house as John Satterlee ina'ead of w ioh it ?u aubrvquently aarertalru'd at tb< polioe office to be Auguatua Batarley, employ ud in ua uufaotory loo* ted in V*?ey atrret. Stialing ? Coat.?Oflloer Knowlea, of th? 4tb ward ar rented, yeaterday, a raau called Samuel Willis, on I oharge of stealing an oyero<?at, valued at $1S, balongln. to Thomaa Dayla. raaiding at No II Jinnee street. Jus tloa Oaborne looked him up for trial Movement* In Politic*. Thar* waa to be a mi?t oir of th? frienda of Oan Taylor at Naahyllin, Trnn . on the 9lh inat The p?*>pl< of Cononrdia. Maes , and the adjoining pariahee, gave i apiend'd barbaoue ic honor of the Hero of Buena Viata on tha 30th ult. Mall Kallnr** Two Northern mails Jrom beyond Washington wen reeeiyed the aame day at Charleston on Tuesday. Bkahrrs or I>E.irATcnKS?Mttjor L G.Cnperi paaat d through Charleston on the lOtb. and < D. Wari on tha 13th inat., both from Mexioo, and on their way t< Waahington, aa bearers of despatches Aontliwark Knglne Company, No. 39?Thi aetiTa a d honorary members o( aaid company,are lequeaied i anaer at the Kugiaa H?>nae, on J oea'lay, tha Itth 'Mat., at o'clock, A. M., preriaaly. Dre.a? F re cap, dark paatalooai r?'t ahirt, black bell and eirat. It ia eipeeted that ever member will be prcaent oa tlia oceaaien By order of th Comply. WM THOMPSON, Chairman of Committee of Arranfementa. Boota which art Boot*.?Fran eh "oot a cm be found at Ynmig'a Tarn Bo't fcmporini*. f'?r SlMeqaai t ?ny aold in this ci y for g7 and (I Mao, Fine Cal' ?" ' t) i , uauallf aold for $ ?. We i?comraend all oar f-ienda I ga' thrir boota. ahoea.jiaitera fee. at the Paria Kmponam, o| poai'e the Hcald oflTce. All hia W0'k ia warr**tedt*gir stistaction W atrr i>r of eoota reW'led at from 11 SO to ( *nni|i!ta of hia Boota can be teen at the Fair. Comi>etitioii di fled. Boots made to order on ahort art ca. Tha Chtapait anil Beat plaea In the City t get your boota,?hoer or ?aiter?, ia ?t Jrnea a 4 4 an street, *ei the Meaenm. Y-oo can aft there aa good boot, f >r t? JO aa aa be , a.cbased ela-wherel.r ?7. <tn>e a aawing He al.o ael a Aral -ate boot at tl M. which is esnaily sfild In, |J. |>?? | aoled watf reproof l?eots at$4_50. $5 00 and $6 00 Jo.ies lt| th? tnii irMcm of doing btni?et??-liirnr fvi*ntta im, I'rnfllt. All aoodi uaranaaed at 4 Ann IT '? wvranej | rtte eanra ntWaetlra *?v%Mlon of Uw Ohio Rlw.r. Placet. T\mt Rtat* of ***** Louisville Oct 8. . .4 feet 1 jn. Cincinnati Oct 1>. * fact 6 In. Wheeling " .Sept. SO 9 twt Pittahnrv . . Oot 11... II '? ' 6 in MOSEY NAHKRT. H Saturday, Oct. 18?B P. ". The Hook market opened b avler than u>u?l to il?r> and the nlct were to a mora limited extent tb*n have noticed during the past week. At the first board treasury notes advanced '? per cent; Illinois, fundable, X ; Illinois, funded, Norwich aud Worcester and H?rlem, cloned at prices current yesterday, white Farm*"' ! Loan fell off peroent; Canton X; Heading Railroadi^^S ig-, Long Island*^; North Amerioan Trust Tbt'O^^H were sales of Stonington Hailroad at an advance of per oent on the previous price, on long time, and a d?oline in Indiana of 4 par oent, since last sale. The sales at the second board were hardly worth re* porting. We must hava some news soon from some quarter that will give more activity to the stock market, it i* very extraordinary that wa get nalhing from the South. i Wa expect our pony express along every moment with | advices from Mexico, and also the arrival of the French I steamer, with eleven days later news from Kurope. We | aannot be kept in suspense much longer. lly the annual report of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail* road Company, it appears that the business of the road has been very large in the last year, and that the aotual profit* have boea over seven percent on the capital ? The grou reoelpts on the main item were $1,101 93(1 AS. and the expense of working and management $596 8:8 | 98. leaving $?71,107 00. Of this sum a large portion was i applied, u explained in the report, to reconstructing the i traok.ete . and ut the remainder, a dlvl lend of tlirt-a | par cant, has been declared on each aharo of tba 1 stock The net proflta of the Waihington branch have been j 941,047 47, making, with the aurploa ou band at the | opening ct the year, $49,131 06, on whioh a dividend c 1 3H per ahare haa been declared, leaving a surplus of ! $0 891 86. It appear* that there haa been a fal lag off j in the reoeipta for thia road, and that the diminution has been in the passengor traflo. Dariag the patit year the number of passengers haa | been live thouaand four hundred and three lean than In | the year 1846, and the amount of revenue received from thia source haa been eleven thouaand eight hundred and nineteen dollara lexs than In the preceding year, it may also be atated that during the past year there wm an increase In tonnage transportation of 3,100 tons, and of 1!)0 87 in the revenue from that source, over the year |^H 1846. It may be inferred, therefore, that the experiment of a reduced charge authorised by the board in tha j^H years 1845-46, haa not realized the expectations by which it was rfcomiuon Je.l ; and tne conolusio-. would seem to be warranted that the lowest charges do not unifermly Increase the amount of travel. The following extracts from the report relative to the main atem, will be interesting : The influence of the administration of the pr^n^ board cannot be traoed to an earlier period than the middle or close of the year 1837. In that yar. the length of road being US miles, only 167,103 passengers and 66,703 tons of freight were carried in the oars, and the machinery imperfectly adapted to that amount of business; in the present year, upon a road of 178 mile*, there have been transported 388 674 passengers and 363,334 tone, and unless from sudden accumulation at .in..nuA?o,l anrl tamhAi>ara nurioda thnrH hftfl hAeQ no deflcienoy of power or means. Anter or to the year 1837 and up to the year 1835, there bad been only fire email dividend*, varying from 37>i to $1 13>? per share, and from 183ft to 1840, no dividend bad been declared Daring the period subsequent to 1837, a dividend to tbe utockholdiirH vai intermitted far a (ingle year only, tbe earning! of tbe year 1843 having been applied to the extension of tbe road from Harper's Ferry to Cumberland. In 1841 and 1843, the dividend was $i per share, in 1(44, $3K per share, and in 1845 and '46, $3 per share. Tbe comparative progressive improvement in other respects during the same period subsequent to 18S7. Is not less striking. In that year the oompany owned only fourteen locomotive engines, and these of thu fourth or smallest class, of which some were actually unlit for use and the whole, more or less, in an Imperfect condition From that time to tbe present, tbe motive power of tbe oompany has been increased by construction or otherwise, to thirteen of the largest class, two of tbe second, twelve of the third, and eleven of the fourth elasf, in all thirty-eight, and in actual capacity equal to seventy-two of tbe class of those employed in 1837. The augmentati3n and improvement in th? number and condition of the cars and other machinery may be taken to be in tbe same proportion In 1837 tbe oost of repairs of road and bridges, the latter being comparatively few In number, was not less . than at tbe rate of $1 203 per mile of road, and at the end of 1840 tbe oost of similar repatrs did not ezoexd $IH8 per mile of road, beiag about twenty-five per cent less than at the former period. The cost of repulrs of machinery, engines and cars, in 1837. was at the rate of l ? - " I?1 i . .H-? _llk >?!? IB JV a-IU cinvi jut mim inn uj bus iuwuivkit-. ?? ? , and in 1946 the oo*t did nut exceed IS 1-10 per loiia J run ; being little more than one-half of the former ooit, although tbu trains hauled in the last year were iu all I instances considerably larger In 1637 the aggregate expense* of working the road, exolusive of the expense ot horse power in the streets of Baltimore and over the old inclined planes atf arr's ridge, was at the rate of not lees than 173 cents per mile run by the looomotiTes , and ia 1848 the same expenses did not exceed the rate of 69 8-10 per mile, nearly two-thirds less than in the lornar 1 ' period 1 It has been already stated that the proportion of the j expenses of working the road to the gross receipt* in 1 1837, was as much as ninety-live per cent.; and it may ' now be added tbar in 1846 the same expense* did not ' exoeed fifty two per cent of the gross recipes it injst 1 be observed, moreover, that tble great reduction bM 1 been effeoted under the influence of a vastiy ?u<di ui?i trade, of a continued dilapidation of the old arid imperfect track, of a considerable multiplication ot timber bridges, and of a reduction in the charges for transportation of more than thirty-five per oent below the rale* I r in 16:17 j It may not be out of place in this conneotioa, and for ' ' better illustration of this part of the sutyeat. to state that [ from the opening of the road to tha year 1837, inclusive, ! (a period of 6 year*.) the grois receipts amounted to 1 *1,439.131, the expenses to $1,036,818. the dividends to $144,138. and the expenditure on aocount o> capital only to $347 196 From the alose of the year 1837 to the end of 1847, the gror* receipts have been >6.9i9 097, f the expenses $3 334 783. the dividends #73.'> 000. au<l the expenditure on account of capital. $ I 911,314 Ao that from the opening of the roa?l to the preeent time, the stookholders have raoeived of iA eitrnlngs }8;9,138, and the expenditure for general objects of capital u<* r been $4 168,609. The ratio of wpaases to receipts, pri- I J or to 1637, was 74 7-10 per cent , and from 1837 to 1847, the ratio ha* been 66 7-10. while the exoens of current i receipts over current expenditure, prior to 1887. whs $391 333, and sub<equent to 1837, it has b-en $M6-t 6ir9 The aversge co*t per mile of twelve of the prinoipil i. railroad* of New ?ugland, inclu'ling Ui-ir n-cessiry t equipment, may be stated at $46 0n0 and that of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, inaludtug the thirty ? mile* reconstructed during the past and preceding year*, may be taken to he about the *ame If the coat of i reooustruoting the remaining portion of the old track, I and of the alteration* now la progreea, on aauea. me average ooat of the road%ould b? mora than ft" too i per mil*. The average of all the expense* upon eleven > of the principal New England road* per mile, run by the looemotlve* with train*, during the year 1846. was r not 1*M than 7t? 1-10 oent?; mid that upon the Baliiraoru and Ohio Railroad daring the mint period, exaluiiv* i of the oo*t of horie-power In the itreet* of the city, was, a* before itated. net more than 69 I 10 o?nl?; ebowlug r a difference of nearly twenty-tve oenu in rarer of ihl* t road. r Rtotk Ruhangt. r $inoo Trea* Note*. 6? Aul H SO ? -non Co 30^ , I50..0 Peun 5. 76Jf IS Nor fc Wor KK 43 ? SHOD U H 6? 'B7 ?5di I "J 1ST 4.1 4 IK 1 10011 III lor Imp 37 51 do *11 Hit 1 iOfl llhuoid lut '47 *0 Ml d > an f i 1000 Iil'niiu fandabla 4i}< tfii Reading RR i lOOfl lud Bcndt 41 1 1) L Island KM. J i* M ?h? North Am Trait 7W ion Ha/ltia ttK 41 . I (0 Fir Tra? IiiO 27)^ M <1? blO 41 I I'O do 17W 51 do al* 48 I ?1? J7V I AO <1 n l)?4 4!>4 ' u'i Ho 27;K 50 8toa MR bllm ?< ~ 1011 d i b45 U'V 131 Jersey tin 1?'U i, lU>nilSH1 117 15 do ?15 161,' < r MO Aab fc Rech RR 1?1 - | IotoihI Bmrd, 500 Tress N. ??, 101 M I' 0 iki Far Leu >uw r>K , 15,000 Reading Bili a30 70M 25 do KW 27>i I 15 ills Reading MM ill) 57)2 ( New Mock ICffhuife. 50 the Harlem RR h3 48 50 ?ha L Island RR at <?V Mil d > l>3 47 V 30 Farmers trust hi* 3 H ino do bS 47V 50 do ea>li 27V 50 do oath <71* M do caali 27)t 50 do ma 47W JO Not k Wor ca?h 4:t no do 1.3 47JZ 50 do t>3 VK , I 50 L Island RR So 50 do al> ufc. CITY TRAD! REPORT. Niw Vom. SiTuiDir AfTCRnoe*, Oct IS The fl or market continued Arm; the demand for the 1 eastward continued rood, and sal"* would probably bata been larger bad tt aot been for the scarcity of tmhssI*, . which were al*o In demand for the British proTincea I of New Brunawiok and Nova Scotia Wheat wa? In 9 light supply and In good demand, at full prlae* Corn waa firm at yesterday'* quotationo, and oloeed with an t | upward tendency. Rye waa firmer, with a fair amount r> | of aalea. Oat* were Inactive. Kale* of max* pork were ' making at a figure a bo re yesterday's quotations, rrlma y ' remained the same 8alaa of groeeriea were moderate. ' ; without material change in quotation* Transition " j in ootton were light, withaut change in price*. Asiiks ?Sale* of pnta were made in a (mail way. at ><J 1 affl 3.5 We ODly noticed aalei of 6<i barrels Pearls,which " were made at $8 '* Bar.atiiTl'rri? Flotir? Sales of new Oswego and Oen? eaee looted up about 4 a .5000 barrels, at ffl M) a $0 e for the former, and $6 a $6 fl-2^ for t he latter; HOI) 1 bbl* new Michigan sold at %n and 000 do at the !* asine prloe: sales of '300 bbla Ohio were ma<l? at $8 ft<W, I with lot"' t "Xfrado at $7 UK; for U a-'all a >7 15 was ; asked; I '>* bbla old Mi< hlgsti (old at 91 35. Kouthein o ' flour waa tlrm, and 300 obi* llow.<eri street sol I i?r J.1 ir r.'JH- and 300 do fancy do sold at frt 7A IV/itai Sal' s n ; of 1000 bush/ts of (ienesee were made, together with a '' handsome lot of Ohio, at $ I 4i, and *00 bushel* We-t' ?rn were (old at $1 >0, and 1000 do Obtu white sold at i, thaiama prlc* Cer?i-The market waa firm and the o ialaa footed up about 10 % 11,000 buahala. Including ??.uc l Weatara nbcfrt, at T)*. and gocd r?Uow aire#, j h? ??

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