Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 18, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 18, 1847 Page 1
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Tit JljL l? Ut ? , ?ftU_WKu?U ? . M8J? TPIE NEW YORK HEBALD K8TABLI8HMENT, RiirUi-WMt Mrnu of Valton iumI ImMM Ml. JA^ES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR, ClHCULATlOIf^VnTT THOUSAND. DAILY HKHALD?Kr?rr day. Prie? 1 own HT ?o>T 1 Itrer uipum?Ml'&ble inttdranca. WK1CKLV HKRALD?I*ery Sitnrday-Pric# ?M Hr ci>i>y?<3 UK couu per annum?payable in idtuM. ALU KUROFK?JCretr 8u*m Packet iiTPtice bt rout |>er P?r annum, nclndiax po?taje or t! 2j, eiduaive <fl i<osiage, peyable in advance. SobMU tioo? Mill advertueuieuu will & received by Meaart. (Mill nw.i, 11 rue Vivi'tsne, P*ri? ; P. L Simonda, II CornhiU, ud J .\N^N^'A Lt,1HhC,i'0<^'|,A'L'0H<'ivHALD?Published on *. l?! of J inui-.ryofctieh yror?iinxle copiee ixpenee. At) VKUTietMKNTH, at the uanal price*?*lwa>? caahw adiriuive. _Auvntitf nieuu?liou!?l b? written in aj-lem, legible maimer. l : * rropnabir will aot ba responsible for irrortthai *r tiacurin!hsui. PRINTING of all kiadj execctsd baaac;ftilly and wtffc Muoteh. All letters or un'.' AUi'-Wur.i by, sddreeaad M th? proprietor of ew? ?wbh?'unt?l, road be poti Mid, or the an* ^;ll ha 4?du-i?4 -ha Waar.atina asnaev r?au4 ^'OIt HALL, a new and elegant grand i,Piano l?orie, of powerful and brilliant {*ji W lf,one. with all the modern improvements. inada " 1 I abv uue of tlie beat city maker*, and told at the lewest uianuficinrer's price. A not* awriaMd to " Piano," ;>nd Iuf> i t till> nffn'e. will In* iitleiided lo. ol3 6t*? !lVNO Soktes.?jam?s nmuo.v.TI Walker street, hs? now oni hand and i> "taily I "ta T iTtHu?luug, Piano Kortas of every descriiX u, tlx I I from hi? very itiperior horixontal grands down li> plain 6y octa** siianre, combining *11 the improvements of the day, with uu uhers suggested by hit own experience in tlie business. * il In* imtrnmenta are mannfactnred for the rity tmda, Hnd no pains or expeuse is spared to render them at least rijuVl to tlioaa ol any other manuaetnrer i? h? coon try 115 Mt??w h'.m ~KOit HaLK?WK8TCHH.8TJCH LAND-At $io) (no per acre. To gentlemen wishing sites for coantiy sr it?, to market gardeners, and all othera in want of aloiraiwu in the neighborhood of New York. p.O acres of laud, at VV"e?tc)ie?ter. within 9 milea of the Citr JI all. win right of pausing over Harlem Bridge, free 'f tol, re offered at private sale, in lota containing from 5 to 50 acraa ' each. The lauds nre within 15 minutes'wal)t of the Harlem RaiU road, front on good ruads, are in the neighborhood of sclioola and churcheso ('different denominations, the water is good, and location healthy. Terms moderate. Title Indiaputable.? Warranty dr?d?, without any restriction or reservation. will be given Apply to OOUVEHNEUR MOKHI8, o16 1lt*rc _ CoumelloT, 79 Nsas? at..New York. OUt\ BIj LBrt. -The^ sabaanbera offer Ur sale ure.. i.B.iiii arvuvuirill 111 VBWI DB1IHIUI flOQU, COD -p? listing of chnice double and tingle hyacinth*, tulips, uarcmaus, jouquili, aerie. gladiolus, croc a*, the. he. AI*o a large collection of green ioim plant* and gardea see ls. Bouquets of choice flower* at all aeaaon*. *21 Mfrc UUNLAP U THOMSON.63^ Broadway. MBl'ATtN MLjJsb GOi'TAOh.8? Kor Hale ar M Let. lit. Capodi Monte, the well known reiidttnee of Madame Grvmei, completely fuiniahed, with out buildings .nid 30 acre* of laud in the highe*t eondition. 2d, A cottage ccmtninmg 14 bed-rooma, 2 parlor*, diaingreom, billiml-ronm. bath-room, lie. Attached U a coaehhonse and arable for 5 hone*. 3d, A cottage containing t bed room, P#lor and diningroom : attached i* a coach-house and (table for 4 hone*. 4th, A eo.tage containing S bed-room*, parlor and diningroom. 1 lie three lajt cottage* enjoy in common the ue of a beautiful tract of wood a d of IB acre* in which they are r tuated ni.d mII aaMBnnd an nnriralled view of the Bay. Oceaa, la.'andv awlkrrnunding country ; they are within five miiiium distance of the li.wer landing, by an ea*y road lately constructed. v.Pii' *e?*iou amy be had immediately. or in the ipring. aa de ire<1. Apply to MADAME GKTMES, oltSt'rc uTh&Ha Capo di Monte. KUR.N18HED RUOMi TO KENT?A parlorand 3 li> ilaeom* on tlie 2d fioor. Inquire at No. 27 Warraa tract. n!4 <f rc M l'O LKT?Two dwelling hauseeat tireenpoint, aukable for small genteel familie*, one mile from the Williamsbuigb ferries J ou the ItHTCMWood and Aitoria tump'ke ioart. Kent m'de ate. Apply to Charle* Pafet, 75 and 77 Nuiiiu street, or, Wait It Proroat'* grocerv store, near the premises. PI3 Ut*m KOU HALE?A lajge number of valuable Lota^aitu ( *> "Ll ,M ???*#^ 1 > ** iiuuiiauuiKn, irvHimn uu norm ."iff 0,1 Couselraa, Hkillman, Jackson, Withers, Fro*t, Utiijt avenue, auii Larimer street*. These lots will b? sola upon lavorablp terms. Apply to JOHN 8KILLMAN, Juu.. ail hi* house North Id street, new Union Avenue, on Monday and Friday. *10 30t*rc MKUK SALE CHEAP OR EXCHANGE?The two story mill at ic brick House and Lot, sitnated on the northerly tide of Twenty-first street, between the 3d aud :id U?uf?, aud kuowntui No. I i* the row. Apply 10 E. 11. WINTER, 31 Wall it., over the Mechanics' Bank. ol2 lit'ih mTO C/iPl l AUbTM?KOK HALE?The ftoaae nud Lot, No. r,j Eighth Avenne. between Greenwich Avenne and Fotirteeeoth street,with a store underneath, otcnpied by; an upholsterer Also, Seven Honses aud Stores ou Greenwich Avenue, near the Eighth Avenue, now rented lor cioclcery, hardware, inilliuery, dryifoods, fincy, tailors, aud apothecary storus, to food tennuti. The situation is very desirable iu consequence of thrre being an open space iu front simiUr to Chatham Square Also two Lota iu Fourteeenth st . n?ar the Riylith Avenue, up >n which money will be loaned towmvf bnildiug Apply to G H. WINTEK, II Wall street. nver the Mechanics' llnnk. oil llfrh KoK SALE? A t>hiiiia Saloon lately Ittad Bp in a ft!* superior stvle, aud as good a stand for the business as '"iM ? be found in the city. The only reason for selling out is, because the proprietor is unexpectedly called away from the city. This is a gold opportunity for any one wishing to enter into the business. Further information can l>e obtained by ca'liuK t*t 102 Barclay street. ol6 3t*rrc ..... NO riCK ? Sl'ATKN ISLAN1JVKKRV. tarpon and after FRIDAY, October lit. 1M7. the ^SOBfimaUr steamboats SYLPH and 8TVTEN ISLANDER will rim as follows, until further notice:? I.HAVE STATEl* lll.jnn. At 8, t, 9,10, 11 o'clock, A. M.?1, 2, 4, 6 o'clock, P. M. l.FAVK KIW TORI. t7,9. 10. 11 o'clock. A. M.?1.2,3X, 5, t\ o'clock, P. M. _N?w Ycrk. Be|it 39,1607. ?30* eras*. MORNING LINK Ac 7 O'CLOCK, (U**??NF0R ALBANY AND TKOY, landing at l?<KMMaflMkCalilwell(, Westpoint, Newhurg, IHamptoa, Mill on, I oughkeeiisie, Hyde Park, Kingston, Upper Kedhook, Bamrtown, Bristol, Catskill, Hudson, Coctackle, Kinderhoos and Bal'imore. Landing at Hninmond street. Leives New York. Tue?dav, Thursday and Saturday, at 7 o'clock, A. M. Bicakfust and Dinner on board the boat. The low pressure Steamboat NIAGARA, Capt. H. L. Kel!<-;?*, vvtil Kiit t e Bleainbotit Pier foot of Barclay street, Tuesdays. Thursdays, ind Saturdays, at seven o'clock, A. Mj. 'earning ou ihe opposite days. For imssage or freiglx, apply on board, or to F. B. Hall, at the office on the wlmrf. slfi rc I MORNING LINK AT 7 O'CLOCK C.VSiW^FOK ALBANY AND TKOY, and interrnrdiHt* Landing*. The Ste.inter TROY is a third larger than any other Da/ Boat; and iu point of speed, safety, and cornmodionsness is acta illy unsurpassed. No steamer ever acquired more universal and eudnring popularity, or retained in greater perfection those substantial excellencies which really desent public favor. Break fist and Dinner on board the Boat. The loir pressure steamboat TKOY, Captain A. Gorham, Will leave the steamboat pier foot of Barclay stree', Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, at seven o'clock A M. Keturni?g on the opposite days. Formsmge or frei*fit,apply on board, or to F.B.Hall,at the office on the whiuf. sift rc COMOERCUL LINK OF PHILADELPHIA ifSfVAND NEW ORLEANS PACKETS : ilmmc, Ship ROBERT G. SHAW, Capt. Matthews; B?ik YA RMOUTH, Capt. Marks; Burli J H. W ALN, Capt. Cole; Bark JAMES ANDREWS. Capt French: B irk ADELINE AND ELIZA, Capt. Baiter. atiove vessels, or etnera in their places, will compose this Line for the ensniug ituun, and sail punctually ns adteithfd. Li^eril advances will be made on consignments to the lurentji in Phil >ilelphia, and orders for the purcnao of prodnce in New Oilcans, promptly eiecutad. Strict attention i<aid to forwa'dini g>ioiU Acents: .... E. LINCOLN k < (>., S3 South whanrei, Philadelphia. ANDREWS k DEWEY, 91 Common at.. Of- Orloani, utut+rr -IAS" '..-.I.Kits LINE OK NEW YOKK AND ifPVNCW OHLEANS PACKETS. ...Sifllfc, Dirk CK.RES, Capt. Hodge. H!>ip MAY FLOWER, Cant.Crabtree. Bark H \ NN *H THORNTON. Capt. Chouw. Bark TECUMmEH, Capt. Ripley. R^rk SOUTHERNER. Capt. Mayo. B-ig ESSEX, Cant. Rayn'a Shin OAR 1)1 NER. < iapt. llamy. The above vessels or other* in theirplace, will comroae this Li>'e f >r the ensuing seaaon, aud sail punctually as advertised. Prompt a d strict attention paid to Korv-irding Ooods. Order* lor tho purchase of produce punctually executed, and liberal advances made on consignments of staple articles. All the above vessels have good accommod it ions for Cabin and steerage passeiiueii. Agents, J B. OAtlER, ISO Wall street, N>gv York. ANDREWS k DEWEY. oS (i'uMoiTc 91 Common street. New Orleans. ?M?- TAPHCnrrs emigration OKKICE, H *>"? ? street -Persoaa wisjing to send for their .aaMNKUfriend* in the old country cau secure passage c.i rruonabl* term* by any of the ma^nifieeat (hip* comprisi 'g r11? new l.ine of Liverpool packets, vix^? rONHTlTl'TiON. I7V?? t?us, Captain John Brittoa. QITKKN OK THE WEST, HOOtons, Cant. P. WoodhouM I. IVKHVODL IJ'iC tons. Contain John Eldridga. HOT IINOUr.ft, 11.10 tons, Cant. Ira Bursley, aiilnv from Liveipool on tbe Sin of every month. Pimm* c*n Im* ?-cniril by the Sr. Oeorge*s Line, or the Union Line of Liverpool packets, making ip ill a shiip every days from rbit port. Fur further particulars apply to W. k J. T. TAPS'-OTT, . Mi South street. New York. ~ TTTR LIVERPOOL?The New Line? R?anmr '"' livl of list df October ?1The superior new fast Mif availing packet ship CONSTITUTION. IMiO tons, C.iptsiiii lolin Britton, will s*il as above, her regular day. For I eight or pa?*-?ja. Having splendid large and comfortable itatrroi/in and cabin, apply tn tbe captain onboard, pier No. 2, West side ofliurling slip, or to WOODHULL k MINTURN, ?T South it. ruceol rassage $100. The packet ship IIOTTINOUER, 1100 tons, Capt. Boflley, will iurr?d the Constitution, nod sail ou her regular day, 31si of November. ?JJ , N/cw link or packets to and kkom LIVERPOOL?Packet of tbe 21st October?1 he Htfliwlt splendid new and fast sailing ship CONSTITUI .ON UOtl tons burthen, Captain John Britton. will positively f;?,m Ne.w Vo.r,k ?'n th* al" '"?? . and from Liverpool on theofh December. nhout to proceed fo Kurope, or those wiihing to >end for their friends in the old eonutry. canrot select a finer conn yanc*. Those wishing to (retire beith?, slionld made early application on board at the loot of Barling Blip, ?r to W. k J. i . TAP8COTT *> South it, AST . fob I.! VKB I'OOL?To Mil Ktt desimti-li tU e'*"> fastanlin* regular Packet Ship WATERI.OO, ("ai t. Allen, burthen IHW tons, will aril aa ho *e, l iving veri superior accommodations for cabin, seCcuid e,ibin and ateearge psrtieogcr*. Persons jhoit einbarjiiiig, liuii! ' nnke *>uly ppli.-tt.ou en bnrd. foot of MnidenLane, or to J McMI/BRAY; eorncr Pine and flonf^i streets. Per??ns U??lr?n< of sending for their friends in the ul I ( oiiti 'y, ??n have iliem brought oat by the abort splendi I vtsst!. or any oibtr of u>* refills/ tin* by arp' yinf ?l rr? E NE' NEV\ Alsany , Sept '26, 1B47. m The Slat* Library at Albany. lj 1 hire n? doubt bat a history of this institution, flrom pt It* origin down to the present moment, would be read tli with considerable Interest. 1 bate therefore prepared a J." ketch of ita commencement and Its progress. ol The State Library was founded by an act of the legislature In 1818. The sum of three thousand dollars was appropriated at onee for the purchase ot works for the b< library. In addition to this, five hundred dollars were of by the act, directed to be annually paid for the same purpose. This arrangement oontlnued until 18*27, when th the amount for tho enlargement of the library was In- til creased to thirteen hundred dollars per annum ; and af- tl] ter 1840 the amount was further increased to twenty- ai eight hundred dollars. The constitution of 1840 left the of library totally destitute of funds, but the legislature of * 1847 promptly appropriated the sum formerly devoted ul to its lnerease. In 1844 an act was passed for the pur- oi chase of a collection of works made by Mr. David B. * Warden, American Consul in Paris, and which he made m during his residence in that city. This oolleotion embra- n< ci'c many and rare valuable works on American history, w aud has added muoh to the value of the library. The col- al irwuuu ouutainea Rome two mouinaa volumes, for whlrh in the nam ot four thousand dollars mi paid. Id the \> number of volumes In the library wan 2,196; In 1830, m *,a*4ij in 183S, 6,066: in 1848, 6,?W; and in 1848, 14,233, ai exolufllve of map*, charts, fco. Within the last three or ol four years the government of France, (in consequence of t? the endeavor* of M. Vattemare to establish international exchanges.) haa transmitted a large number of very va- H luable works, published by it, to the library. The Kings ft of Prussia and Holland, toe, in return fbr copies ot the I geological surrey of the State, presented to them, have ti forwarded to th? library several valuabl works; those of o< the King of Prussia are particularly so, being lithograph- a ed views of the ruins of Pompeii, Heroulancum, and Sta- o: bisc, together with architectural designs of the principal I] public buildings of Germany. Very reoently there haa h been received from the French government the grand ai work of the tavant who acoompanied the F.gyptlua ex- w pedition. pi Tha first catalogue of the works in the library was <u published in 1820; the next in 1828; and slnoe that time e< a catalogue has been published annually up to 1840, with tha exception of the year 1843. The catalogue for 184S, fr is far more full and perfeot than any of Its predecessors. g< Tha following persons have been succeslvely librarians p< of the Institution: John Cook, Calvin Pepper, James Ma- d! her, Robert Brown, William Cassidy, and John L. Til- rJ Uaghast, who is the present worthy librarian. The *1 tiae of keeping tha library open, has varied from time w to time. For the last two or thraa yaars it has bean kept ti open, when tl^p Legislature or any oourt of tha State ?i was In session in the oapttot, from 9 A. M. to I P. M , u and at other times it haa been closed at 4 P. M. Mem- J bers of the legislature and trustees of the library can t< take out werks for perusal, and tha publlo in general ean fc visit the library and read at their leisure; within a year st or two the apartments in the oapltol devoted to Its use, ti hava bean greatly improved and beautified, thus render- tl lng It a vary pleasant place for reoraatlon or improve- It ment. Tha 8 Act fbr tha establishing of a publlo library cl at thesaat of government,"which was passe<fApril 21,1818, >1 constituted tha Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Chan- ti cellor, and Chief Justlee of the Supreme Courta Board of pi Trustees te take charge of that institution,bat in the year *1 lii4 a seotion crept Into the supply bill, apparently 1* without any previous notice, report, or discussion, de- n elaring that ' In addition t? the dovernor and Lieut. e| Governor, the Secretary of State, Attorney General and P Comptroller for the time being, ahall be, and they are tl hereby constituted and appointed, trustees tx-offieio of si the State library " Although this did not, in terms, ex- tl elude the Chancellor and Chief Justice, yet sueh was its P practical effect. In 1843, however, the jointlibr-ry com- g mlttee ef the Legislature, by their chairman, the Hon. * Gabriel Furman, in a very elaborate and able report In s< relation to that institution, forcibly pointed out the in- it expediency ef continuing the State officers as the trus- * tees of the State library, and reoommending tbat tbe I* harge of It should be committed cither to the offloers u who wera Its original trustees, under the act of April 1* 11, 1818, or to the regents of the university, and saying that the last, in the judgment of the committee, would form the most suitable board for that purpose. Nothing v was done immediately In pursuance of the reoommendatlons of that report; but in the year 1S43, the Legislature C> passed an aot carrying out the principles of that 01 report, and the regents of the university were accord- * ingly constituted tbe trustees of the State library. From < tbat period, the progress of the institution has been im- w proving with an aecelerated pace, and under the oon- * Htant and provident oare of Its present trustees, bids fair ti to beoome, in a short time, equal to the most valuable '? literary institution in this oountry. The selections for " the increase of the library are made with great care, and P all its affairs are managed with skill and judgment. tl When the present trustees took possession of the library tl they direoted that an exact Inventory should be taken C of all the books, maps, documents and other property ^ belonging to the same. This duty, under the surperrf- * siou, and with the assistance of the Secretary of the b Board, (Dr. Beck.) was performed by the present libra- 1' hi. ...I.t.nt M. \ir-~-l _l effort* went peouliarly serviceable in briaging the miscellaneoua department of the library out ot the chaos in bi which it was involved. and subsequently in preparing '? the very valuable catalogue of tho books, maps, ico., In " that department. Dl The unwearied exertions of the present trustees to ad- ?t vance the interests ot the library nave been met, as they b< well deserved to be, by confidence and liberality on the ti part of the legislature; and the friends of literature * have every reason to hope for the continued and in- 01 creasing usefulness of that Institution while so managed and so sustained. a, Albany, Oct. 11, 1S47. k The Albany Argut and the Albany Correipondent of Iht Heaald. In the Albany Argut of this morning there is a singular interpretation of that part of my hastily written report of the proceedings of the Democratic State 01 Convention, relating to some admissions made ec by Mr. John Van Buren in that remarkable iD body. So far as the eommunloation In the 0( Argus refers to my political sentiments, and to my asso- tt ciations, I feel that I ought to reply, but no farther, be- w eiuse I have no personal Interest in any admissions rt which Mr. Van Buren may have nwtde. The communi" cation in the Argm states that my report of the pro- gt ceedings " stamps me politically as an admirer, if not as- u sociata, of the Attorney General." w I will say to the Argus, in reply, that J think Mr. Van th Buren's person is elegant, and that h? Is an able orator gt I do not admire his connection with the disturbances in be the democratic party in this oounty; 1 deeply regret th those dissensions, and I should feel Imppy if apormnnent reconciliation could be effected; but I will not be identi- tii flfc with either of the seotlons. 1 do admire the politi- *1 cal sentiments ef Mr. Van Buren, so far as they relate to the Wilmet Proviso; but In the agitation and the ad- yf Justment of the question, whither slavery shall exist upon any territory now free wbioh the United States pi may hereafter acquire, 1 Would recommend the most ex- K treme moderation upon the part of the North, as a virtue more powerful and more excellent than compulsion |>i In any form. Upon the continual exercise of this noble virtue, I believe, depends many things whloh aro, and oa which ought to be, most dear and moat ???<! ?? a ? - IU rloana. I'eraonally, 1 fMl a lively admiration for many of Mr. te Van Buren'a opponent*; there in no man living for wbora I entertain a greater regard than the editor of &( the Artua. I have never been an aaaociato of the Attorney General, except a# far on a caaual acquaintance oan con?titute an Associate. tj, The communication in the Ar<u? allude* also to my of ' alang about Conaervativea" in my report of the proceeding*. I have employed the word ' conservative" a* w a dlitlnctiTe appellation, which I believed would be *t mora appropriate than the word " hunker." You* CoHRKirormr.TIT. til Dr.moir, Augniit 8?th, li47. *'<1 Morning Mr-erciitt on Lake Erit?Life en the Lake oe Boali?A Cra'k, Alarm, the Accident?Cleveland, U ill and hoteh?Urooklyn?The Rival Council nj ? The Rtiim of 1830 ? The Soniuiky Railroad ? De- m troil. My last latter oloaed with my embarkation on board ^ the Hteamer Sultana, on the night of Friday, the 27th, *? and I resume from that point. I aroaa at an early hour m on tha following morning, and a* I Hepped upon the for j" ward deok,l bahald tpraad out before me a vaet expanse tu of deep blue water, unbounded on one aide by any limit *' save the horizon, and defined on the other by the dim re aud distant curvature of the Ohio ihore. Thi* wu Krie th the loweat at the great inland lean, and the most notable of all aa the acene of the vletory of the immortal ^1 Terry. It wa* grand and beautlftil, and therefore lad- In mired it; but while doing ao, with all the Imagination a< could bring to bear upon the aubject, a atreaa of odor w, from the kitehen reminded me that there were other pi aenaea that deaerved a ahare of any attention. I turned at the tinkling of the ataward'a bell, and with the crowd hi ef paaaengera who had bean pretending to enjoy tha th acene on the lake, while they were really peeping anx- gi ioualy at tha progreaa ef the breakfaat table, made a my way into the cabin. Our aeaU were taken with in a dexterity which, to one unaccuatomed to auch pi exerciaea, would have aeemed the reauit of a long and rigorona mode of dUolpline, and the aubae- ot rjuent oparatlona were performed with a rigorous de- ya apateh that would have been highly creditable, If it ci had been undertaken for a wagfr devoted to aomn phi- en lanlbropic purpoae I will take thia opportunity to aay th that the meala furnlahed upon tha flrat rlaaa lake boata, ca of the d.-acriptlon of the Aultana, are got up in the moat ai auperior atyle, not the leaat featurea of whioh are the excllenue and profualon of th* vianda. There are na hotela la the country whioh oan give better Malefaction to the epicure in thia way; noue certainly whleh can turnlah him tha appetite which ha gaina by anufflng tha lake brecte; and none ao aheap by flfty par cent For u tha mm ef tan dollara yon are earried and fed like an Kmperor, to the dlatance of eleven hundred mll?e, and * to prevent the lntarmlaaion from banging heavy on your 1,1 hand* tha chaaoM of travel furnlah you with tnteU^eat cu W YO T YORK, MONDAY MOR en to dlscoune with on the politic* and pro* pacta of ie oountry; and lovely women to beguile you with /, teir chat, or lend you their arms for a flirt through the >lka or a cotillon. Verily, tboee who have never taken >e great northern lake route for their summer loaferK" hare many startling novdtlee to see, much in- u, rmatlon to gain, and a deal of aubetantlai comfort to . ,ioy. '' Having finished our breakfast and wiped our beard*, ol b dispersed ourselves for the employment* which na- e, irally offer themselves to the idle traveller. Just, . )wever. as we were comfortably getting into the"hang" the trip, our equanimity was suddenly dliturbed by r< ie sound of a tremendous report in the engine room. w hard crash followed, and all started to their feet, while ie delicate and beautiful Sultana quivered in every >tT. as If vitally stricken. Following the second orash a iere came a rapid succession of reports, when, unable to t, tdure their alarm any longer, the women shrieked, and 1 the passengers,terrified alike, fled to the extremities of T the boat. ''Our raoe was run, our peed was done," tl id rocking lightly from side to side, we laid a helpless p ilk upon the waters. A brief investigation satisfied l that w? were out of danger, and that the extent of 11 ir injuries was the breaking of a shaft?a misfortune t< hich, though it crippled us of our speed, had been at- ^ mJed with no other harm, and still left us the oomand of one wheel with whlcn to orawl into Cleveland, 8 aw happily, but thirty miles distant After the alarm t blch we had raoeivud, this state of things seemed like | )solute happiness; and well content, and even cheerful, ^ i despite of the mtkfortuue, we oontiuued on our way. . r'e arrived in Cleveland In throe or four hours, where, [ fifth t.n tt?w roirrtif I tnnlr nf tK? lnval* RiiltAna ad her prince of* captain. 1 occupied the rwillikr r the afternoon in visiting the principal (tor** u4 ho- | ill of Cleveland; and after ilu?, patient, and shrewd in- ( litigation, self oted, of tho latter, the New Kngland j ouse, kept by Capt. A. L Keiiey, at best oaioulated to , irnlah mo with the largest degree of personal comfort. , was not disappointed in my choice, and had an oppor- t unity of measuring the width of contrasts, by silently , am paring its exoeiient appointments, and the complete , ttentlon of its attachei, with the sloven arrangements r an estsblishment of the same size which 1 bad reaent- , r left in the city of Buffalo. Indeed, all the principal e otels of Cleveland are of a most exoeiient character, j ad are remarkable, as 1 understand, for ths attention 0 hich is bestowed upon the wants of the stranger; a re- c resentation which 1 am disposed to take by the whole- t ile, on the strength of the practical proof tliat 1 reeeiv- ? 1 at the New England House. , The appearance of Cleveland ss you approach the city, r om the water, is somewhat discouraging to the stran- [ ?r; and one who has been informed of its beautiful ap- 0 earance, will be impressed at flrst with a 6entlnient of ? Inappoiutaent. Ten minutes' walk, however, w'll oar- f r you through the rough sandy roads and swarming ( unties of the lower town, to an elevated plateau, on hich, what may be called the olty proper stands. Here a io oontrast will strike you so strongly, that you will be ? lrprUed of an involuntary expression of delight; and " nl*M you have travelled farther, and seen more than i, 0 ou will feel disposed to exclaim "this is the prettiest >wn I ever saw !" The streets *re very wide, and run ir the most part at right angles with each other. The ;or?s present an appearance of business bustle and acvity, and the private dwellings are for the most part le neatest and cosiest of little nalaces, embowered with ixuxiant vines, and shaded with waving trees; while the lurches, ths huge hotels, and the more ostentatious redences, present sufficient diversity to perfect the picire. The olty commands a full view of the blue level r the Into, whieh hounds It on the north, while the Cuyboga river gives It a silvery limit on the west. Thlft ,tter boundary, However, la only for the time. Already t uinereua and extenaive buildings stand upon the well- c rn aide, which though desolate and abandoned at the recent day, are destined ere long to ocoupation; and ie silent sward that carpetB the avenues laid out lor -reets, are likewise destined te become subject to rating carta and business din. This part of the town waa rojeoted and laid out during the speculating extravatnce of 1836, and the extent ef the ideas of thoae ho were ooncerned in its establishment, may be in >me degrees estimated by the fuet that they gave i the name of " Brooklyn." The universal crash hich followed Immediately after, dispelled these vain naginlnga however; the Incipient Brooklyn withered nder the sirocco, and the jealous action of the speouti?g aldermen in the town council, on the other aide of le river, (refusing it even tbe privilege of bridge commnioation) gave it a final blow, and to use a atgulflcant Western phrase, " laid Mr. Brooklyn out oold." Cleveland itself, however, with all ita promise and prorenaion, is rather at a stand still at present. This Is ring to the indolence of ita capitalists, who satisfied ith their prosperity, have remained oontent with their inal to the interior, while Sandusky at the northestefuend of the State, haa buaied herself in extending railroad, which furnlahes a direct and speedy transit to le Ohio river. The result is, tbnt the travel from Bufklo and the Kast, which formerly took the Cleveland jute to the interior; now goes direct to Sandusky, and asaea Cleveland altogether. A daily line of ^earners 'om Bufalo to Sandusky is now in prosperous operation, tie fare on which, may be paid from the former city to inoinnatl, tor the sum of ten dollars, as to Chicago via be lates. 1 understand that the people of Cleveland re In agitation on the above subjeot, aud the probaility, therefore, ia, that a line of railroad will soou be rojeoted by them, which will redeem their enterprise, ad revive tbe prosperity of their oity. On Sunday afternoon . the steamer Nile arrived in the trbor, and aa she waa bound in my direetion 1 transrred myaelf on board of her,with the intention of eonnuing my trip. She proved to be so lull, however, that Dtwlthatanding all the attentions of the gentlemanly award, I could not restore the comfort I had lost on jard of the Sultana, and in preference to roosting on a ible, or to being hung up on a peg, my Chicago friend id myself concluded to stop at Detroit, and continue ir journey direct, by railroad, across the land. In purlauoe to this determination, we jumped on the wharf .that city, at daybreak on thia, (Monday) morning, id I now have the pleasure of indicting myself at the atlonal hotel, of the aforesaid oity. _ WI8CASSET. Alabama, Sept. 'JO, 1847. The Cation Crop. It is a little remarkable, that by lar the mestaoj irate and satisfactory accounts which I reoeive of the f itton crop of the United States, (residing even as I do, 1 the oentre of the ootton region.) are from the columns * ' your able and useful journal. Thisonly demonstrates y ifl &(lmir&hlH vilt.Mtn h? which vnnr la nnnlUH t lth information on almost all subjeots of human lute- ? :st, from all quarters of the world. f I desire to afford you some compensation for the in- f ruotlon I have reoeivsd from your paper, even on ?n " tide of my own production, by giving you, combined * lth my own observation and experience, the last aui?ntic account* which I have received from the ootton owing Stat?s. * I am no (peculator in this staple; my industry and la- " ir are engaged In raising It. I think you may rely on c o information I give you. ? In Texas there has been dry weather, highly prop!- ' jus to the cultivation of the cotton plaut, on the rich K luvial lands of their rivers. They m%da IS,000 bales st year. The crop of the country will be 30,000 this 1 lar. ' In Louisiana, those portions of it bordering on Texas B irticipate In the favorable yield of that country. In ' astern Louisiana the crop is not so good; it has be?n P jured. conjointly by rain and the ball worm, but more '' r the latter. h In Mississippi and Arkansas the same remark is appll- " ible, whilst the crops in Tennessee and North Alabama 0 e promising r The receipt* in New Orleans will be.up to the 1st Sep- h imber next, about 8f>0 to 900,000 bales t At Mobile they cannot exceed 3J5, for the ball worm 0 id rains have been prominently destructive In Ala- 0 ima. 0 In Florida all these cause* of destruction have been in itlve operation, so that an export of 1 li 000 bale* forms ie outside of auy sound oaloulation that can be made ' the receipts of oetton at Apalachioola. The crops in south-west and middle Georgia have likeIs* been injured moat seriously by the worm and rain, id cannot produce this year within thirty-three per nt of a full average; whilst those of Mouth Carolina ive been desolated by rains, which It is understood I to the 10th of this month. ----- - ^ The crops, therefore of the Atlantlo State* cannot ex- [ ?J .Vi.'iAlOO bales; which will give an aggregato of about t H50,000 bales ?* the crop of the I'nlted Mate* fur 1H47 r nt to obtain thin yield,tro?t muni keep off until the loth t I November, and line feathering weather mutt eontlnue " lttl Christmas?two contingeucie* by no mean* pro- t iblo, although both are possible. It must,moreover, be P km into account that our croon in Alabama and the K tlantid State* are three weeks behind time, and a long ' tTiD it now indi*pensibie to make up for th? loit pre- * u* moment*, in proof of the truth of thi* remark, I ive but Mi bales gathered In, againnt 110 at thl* time P it ye?r, in spite oi the catterplllar* which were then In '? II toad in my fields. An early fro*t and wet autumn r< ill bring the crop within panic figures. M l)o not let people be led astray by the early and large t' ceipts at New Orlean*. The cotton thud received ere oome* from countiei bordering on the river, hav- rl g great facilities af navigation. where they have had " >uipar.itively fine weather for harvesting, whilst the c' gh prices fur cotton have tempted to early shipments *' i the end you will see that the cotton crop will foot up t? icording to my estimate u The manufacturers in K.ngland, therefore, will have to i<rk short time, not from any combination to diminish ft ices, but from a short supply. P* Mr. Wiley, the able and intelligent member of the tl iuse of Laiardi k Co , in Liverpool, whose labors in oi is repeal of the com laws have been at once so dlhtin- <> ilshed and useful, predicted, a year before it occurred, fl short allowance of lood He has predicted a scarcity. < 1848, of cotton, lie will prove equally a sound pio- ti let in both eases. ,! A grower of the staple, I say to th? spinner on the tl ber side?Be careful how you spin your thread and 1? irn. Do it with consummate economy. The ootton o op of i he world for 1847 will not give, by one-third, nployment. at full time, for the spindle* now geered to st e impelling shaft* which belong to the great mechanl- '? I power of Kurope and Amerioa. I.ook well ahead, w id be thrifty P Make what use of this letter you plesse , I remain, respectfully your ob't serv't. ti AN ALABAMA I'LANTKH. ti ? l? V. R. Stevenson, in a letter dated Murfreesboro, Sept It , states that between (even and eight hundred thou- h nd dollars of stock in the Nashville and f'hettaoooga w llroad has b??n taken, ' with a good prospect of get ? ig the balasce of our portion of it.'' Charlatan /t?r. a ry, II(kind | ? 'RK I NING, OCTOBER 18. 184 LtromTK, Lakk Si rtiuoa, Aug. 37,1H47. titrating Intelh^tnce?of Uiiiitni?Coiamerer, $ <:., fc. This place is on the south-wantern extremity of Mailtae Island, onu of the Apostle group at the head of the ike. and within the limits of WUoonaln. A sojourn f a few days In this remote and Isolated corner, afford* 1 opportunity for a few observations on the region and inhabitants, that may prove as interesting 'to your iad?rsa?, In lack of other uxoitement, they did to the rlter.*, The American Kur Campany, at an early day, loeated trading station, or " fort," as such establishments are jrmed, on the south tide , But within fifteen or sixteen eare past, removed to a more eligible location, someling over a mile north-west, on a bay formed by two ointe terminating the island, where they have ereoted irge warehouses at a convenient distance from the *? sr; a very aubitantlal enclosed and covered wharf, exunding full one hundred and fifty feet Into ihe bay, toether with other buildings. for the aocommodation of hair agent, olcrka, Sic The general government hai an ndian ?ub-agenoy here; the office of which, and the ilackiinith'a shop, constitute the publio building" of the dace. The latter edifice la the more conspicuous of the wo, by reason of having a flag pole, on which the atripes Ad lUmn raiaed officially during " office hours." The bou#*?of the Tillage generally, are one itory lifb, Mtl built of dressed logs, weatherboards, and oofed with TJlrch bark: a few, however, are Hided with >oardi, and covered with shingle* The inhabitant are tlmost solely half breeds; but few full blooded Indians tad a less number of whites. seem to oonstitute any por,ion of ita permanent population. The whole number >f housed of all sorts, trom point to point, la abont linety. and the population three hundred and fifty 1'wo tuiaaiMary establishments are located here, one ot vhieh is conducted under the auspices of the "American Board;'' the other i* Roman Catholic. They each lave a comfortable church, with apirea and bells; that >f the " Hoard Mission," appears to be frame, and atands n the main road near the shore, and may accommodate wo hundnd add fifty persona. The " Mission llouae'' alao frame, and is a large building, capable of affordng quartan for from fifty to one hundred persons, or loasibly more, by a little orowding. The whole is under he charge of Meaarit MalL'and Kly, whoae New F.ngland rigln is strongly marked by manners and dialect. This lart of Um e tabliahment is located about a half mile rom the ahurch, and nearly midway between the old .nd new Jbrts, at what is denominated the Middle Vilnge or MMdlu Kort, it being the aite of one of the stook.dea ereotad in former time by the original Krench Voyaeura, or the Hudson's Day company. The Catholio hurch ?t*aiH conapicuoualy on elevated ground In rear f the FllfPCotnpany'fl establishment, and with its two pires oraMnta au im( osing appearanoe from the bay. t was bqUt by the Rev. Mr. Baraga, out of bia private lurae, at?>i expenae of about $10,800, although contracted afcinly of dreaaed loga. The interior ia deoo ted In Ml usual manner of churchea of that denomilatlon, Mri preaenta a marked anomaly with objects for tundreda of mllea aroun'l. The altar piece, no far aa xecutloa to concerned, ia a very fair apeclmen of the irt; but the aubjeot doea not strike one aa being the aoat fitting. representing, aa it doea, the." Holy Family'' ,t home; Joseph at hla work benoh, Mary engaged with ler needle,and the blessed Saviour, yet a child, amualng ilmself on the floor with earpenter'a chips. One picture iminously seta forth the murder of a I'ope while kneeing in front of the altar. Another repreaenta the Triniy, by a sort of geometrical figure. At every place where the missionary ia found, the folowlng points of inquiry naturally auggest themselves. Vhea waa your mission established' How do you ob?ln the ?ar of the savage? What la your mode of induction^ What ia your suooeaa? Usually the Catholio miaslonariea are found to be more uooeaafulthan any other. In the number and devotion >f their ?ou verts; but toe Protestants generally have ucoeeded in imparting to theirs a higher degree of menial Improvement. The success of the Catholics ia not diffloult to account 6r bv the most ordinary of observers. A larger number if wnite Catholics have intermarried with the Indiana, ,han have the Protestanta. The oonfidence of the Inllau Is more readily seoured through that sort of lnflumce than any other. The iaaue by such marriages ia a lertain gain; and the1 means to reach the ear of relativea ire rendered eaay. Another ia the appearance, on the >artof the Catholic missionary, of a more full aud compete devotedneas to the cauae he propagates; by his Inlessant labor for othera; his fearless exposure of hia lealth in attending on the aick an<l dying; and his greater readiness to auffer privation at all tlmea. An Initanoe )a related, on Kewaiweua I'oint.of bather Baraga, i man nearly sixty years or age, wno devotes the entire income of a large property in F rance, as well as bis per<onal services to the cause in whieh he ia angagad, and receives nothing, having, during the past winter, travelled on huow ahoea from L'Ause to Copper Harbor, a distance of fifty-seven miles, through an uninhabited region, forth* mm purpoaa of baptising an infant thai. he earned wax likely tu die. such evidences of devotion in) not without influence on tue observing Indian mind. I?h* Catholic miaaionary, wherever be ia, ia at home:? either wife nor children are inconvenienced by his being >enighted at an Indian Lodge. He eata their homely iare with thankfulneaa, nor asks for anything better, ie shares their mat far bia bed, and gives thanks to his Udeemer, that ha Is so well provided for. Ha doss not ibsoib a full moiety of h'.s available time by indulging In he gratifications of life; nor by attending to domestic luties; nor in the care of an increasing family; but by lis simple, aelf-aacriflning mode, having reached the leart ot the savage, a aubmlasion to the requirements of he Kotnish Church, Is not diffloult to obtain. Doctrinea aught by vlaibla symbols are more readily comprehendid, by simple minded people, than ethical illustrations,in vhatever form words may ba used. Tho style of worihip also ia more imposing and effective on the unintructed mind, and Infinitely more oongenlal to their own nodes of worshipping Krjee Manila, than the more simile forms Protestants have adopted. The Catholics commenced regular operations at this ilaoeafter the'' American Board" had built their establahment; but have succeeded In obtaining a much irger number of adherents, through the means advertid to. Last Sabbath their church was filled to overlowing, as in our large ol'ies; several new members oining on the oeoaflion, by lighting their candles from he perpetual fire of the altar; while the Protestant burch whh but moderately attended. The difference ietween the persons oompoaing the two congregations ras striking?those at the Protestant church appeared urther advanced In civilization, by dreas and demeanor, ind Infinitely more intellectual. But not a full blooded ndian was observed among them; while 'inite a number ran at the Catholic ohurcli. The Protestant Mission wan established In 1A.l:i At Irst. religious instruction wus primary; but the aupetition of the induced them to withhold their hiidren from the school, nor would th*y themselves reeive any instruction The plan was then modified so B to civilise first, by teaching the ordlnaryarts.comorts and wants of life, and to mad in their own lin;uage a? well as in Kaglisb, where it can be done; and luring this process to operate on their religious feelings iy example, without making It a portion of school duty, iecently, their success has been flattering; by this uean* they have been enabled to abtaln the charge of everal sons of chiefs of various hands. During the recent week they have suffered a severe loss in the leath of a young chief, about nineteen years of *ge,wbo lad been six years under their charge, and had become good Knglish and Latin soholar, and is represented as f great promise and a devoted student. The young i ihief's father is here, attending " the payment, ' and B had his von removed to the Indian camp, where, on he following day, he yielded up bis spirit in the midst f his kindred Consumption, the scourge of the red lianas the white, was his fatal malady. As at most ther establishments, so In this?the orphan Indian alrays has a preference for admission; the reason i? oblOH and sound, as well as philanthropic. The numler of scholars at present ranges from fifty to seventy. From the quantity of nets hanging on the fences, It nay be inferred that the position of the inhabitants not n the employ of the fur oompany, are principally named in Ashing: this. as well as all other parts of the eke, abounding with trout of largo siie, white fish and iskoatt. There appears vary little evidence of agrlculural Inclination hereabout, althougn quit* sufficient to >ro?e that noil and climate arn not entirely unfavorable 0 the husbandman. The culinary gardens of Dr. Boup, the ootnpany'H agent; of Mr. Win. Warren, a half >reed at the " old fort," and of the missionaries at the ilddle Tillage, sufficiently attest that fact. Their potaohk. cabbage and turnips are fully equal to similar roductions in New Kngland, and the oats on the rouudi of the two former of these gentlemen, are supelor In all this region of country, the lands are heavily 'ooded with dass, maple, birch, cedar, plno, fir, and tinaraak. Indigenous shrubs, fruits, and medicinal lants are abundant, and as various as the several soils 1 which they grow. Among them maybe noted a fine sd plum, from an inoh to an inch and a half in dlaine r, found in its greatest perfection at Bad Hlver, about reive miles distant froui this place; a small kind i growing here. Among the medicinal plants sarsapa11 a amy be instanced as shooting ltd stems from under very windfall Nearly all the indigenous berries of the nuntry are more or less abundant?the cranberries are tid to be superior in quality The peach and apple at inpted to be cultivated,have failed on account of dilate or want of skill The peculiar formation of the ground, a gentle slope oro the shore , the beautltul and well protected bay, pifeetly land-locked by the main land of Wiskonsln on is west and south, and by tha other thirty-five islands r tha group on the east mid north; together with its cep water and ease of uccess, denote this plaoe as the iture depot of commerce at the head of laka navigation :s distance from the cltv of New Vork, by the ordinary tute of travel, I* about fifteen hundred miles ; and from ooean, by the course of its own water, about two Aousand miles. And it may be here remarked, that ss than oue mile of canal (at Sault Nante Matle)would pen this remote region to a direct ooean navigation. We have now at anehor the prepellor Independence, oamboat Julia Palmer, and suhr Kree Trader, they barig brought freight and passengers to the "Indian paylent, 'about to take plaoe at this sub-agency. Their reeeiice, and the annual event that led them here, have lianged the whole appearsnce of the little village Kull iro-thlrds of the houses at the New Kort have been anst >rnied into stores for the occasion, and well seated stocks of such goods as the Indians are most kely to need or fauey, are eapoeed to view Sales, owever, will be very limited until after the pevment Is IS'le What With the numerous and s-'tlve tra'lers nd the body of wonder loving tourists ; and the govern lent disbursing agent, with hie military esoort, and the hlskey (taufglsri and that Industrious tribe who rufsi IERA 17. bo chance to escape, from a cainp meeting to a race oourvo, the gamblers, population if Inareaeed far beyond the accommodation* of the plaoe But one convenient steamer has been opened as a floating hotel, where < in all probability we shall fare better than en shore A number of oar fellow boarders are exceedingly agreeable, and without formal arrangement seem to have acquiesced In an endeavor to pass the time pleasantly during our stay. E-UA-BE. Co!?jta*ti!>iopli:, Aug. '/7, 1847. Murals and Scandal in the Ottoman Kmpirt?Tht Revolution in TurkiiK Society, ifrc. 4 cA domestic event, in which the actor and the sufferer* are persons in high employment at the I'orte, and which therefore has excited much publio sensation, has ?ry recently taken plaoe in this oapital. But, as this event is of a very scandalous description, I should not make it the subject of a letter, save f6t two reasons ? 1st, it is ene of a kind which has ever, heretofore, had the most tragic consequences In this oountry, thus exhibiting the most peculiar feature of the late Turkish character and morals; and, id, because in the present instance, these eonsequenoes will certainly not follow? which show, together with other circumstances accompanying it, how thorough a change Ottoman modes of thluking and aotlng, even on matters which touch most sensibly the intimacies of private life, are rapidly undergoing. The lact 1 allude to is briefly as fellows A doctor Taleologus. a Greek, physician to the Grand Vizier, supposed to be high In the confidence of this second diguatary of the empire, and enjoying, also, the confidence of many of the first Turkish families in Stamboul, has taken advantage of the opportunities his profession affords him, ot entering into the harems, to seduce the wives of two functionaries tf the Porte, one of whom oooupies a very elevated post. It Is-not necessary to mention their names. The doctor is u very handsome yeuncr man. and the two ladies are Mid to be remarkable for extraordinary beauty. In order to avoid all suepiclou of the Intrigue he wag carrying on, Paleologus took two eountry houses, which he furnished splendidly for these mistresses, and was accustomed to resolve there their visits when they took their morning drives in their araby's (carriages.) These visits, it ii said. were continued lor a long time, till at last one of the ladieH began to suspect that she had arlval, which provoked some enquiry; but that, however. led to no discovery. The discovery was made by the gift of a ring, set with diamonds, of immense value, that one of these frail beauties had made to her lover. Her husband, from whom she bad received it as a first love token, missing it from off her finger, and finding It was not forthcoming on demand, stormed for it, having had bis suspicions previously awakened, as Othello did for his handkerchief, lie became apparently paolfled, however, with the assurauoe that it was lost, till a few days aftewards. the doctor, emboldened by the success and impunity he had ever met with in these kinds of adventures, sported the ring on his own finger, and ostentatiously displayed it to all who wished to examine its great beauty andoostliuess. (Joboealment was now no longer possible, and the whole scandalous affair came immediately to light. This is here considered the great affair of the day The Greek question, the AlbauUn insurrection, and all other state matters, interest the Turks fur less thau this domestic event. And when one considers that domestio life is the sanctuary in which Turks live as a nation separate from all otaer nations, one is not surprised ut the national importance they attach to the facts I have narrated. Nevertheless, their feelings and opinions on the subject are greatly different from what they were formerly; and in their manner of dealing with such a crime, I fear it will be seen that they have gone from one extreme to the other. At all times it is reasonable to conclude the jealousy, suspicion, and want ot confidence with which women Are treated in Turkey, their entire ignoranoe, and the low, sensual estimation in which they are held, have stimulated them to break out of bounds, and at every risk to give a free indulgence to their affections. And it the truth were known, I doubt not ft would appear that the breach of conjugal fidelity among the wives conMned in harems, has ever been a frequent crime in this country. But formerly, such a faot, when found out, was never suffered to transpire. The seducer was putinfltftntlv ami r.ln.ndHMtiniilv to di&th. if haiilv n? (lid not in dome cuius, if a (Urictiaa. declare himself a Musselman, to save his life ; and for the guilty woman there was 41wayrt the sack anil the sea. Bh<> suddenly disappeared ; silence closed over her as did the waters in which she was whelmed. But now these domestic crimes can hardly escape publicity ; that is a great change ; and at* for punishing them in the old way, 1 belie to suoh an act would be deemed by all but inveturate old Turks of tho old sohool, a crime greater than the one so punished.? This is a greater change still, and shows that a fundamental alteration in Turkish views of morals and justice has taken place ; that the nation, that Mahominedanista itself, stunds on new ground. commanding new prospects ; that it can never reoccupy its old position, for that from the fountaiu head of individual and domestic life among Turks, new principles, in aacordanoe with those of the Kuropean and Christian world, have sprung forth, which must be eventually followed out, to the entire renovation of the Ottoman character. With respeot to tli? punishment with whloh the guilty parties in this criminal intrigue will at present be visited, It is probable, it will be very alight. One of the injured husbands will repudiate his wile, it Is said, bat make sufficient provision for her subsistence. The other, teport affirms, is disposed to forgivo the frsilty of his beautiful ulave spouse, and take her back to his harem. The dootor, however, has been arrested and sent to prison, but will be allowed, it Is supposed, to escape; nil which lenity certainly will be most excessive. Yet so it is not unlikely the whole affair which has violently moved tho whole Turkish population here will terminate. The truth is, since the Turks have renounced their ancient practice of beheading, bow-stringing, and sauking, which used to be resorted to so frequently aud arbitrarily (without subjecting the victims either to law or trial) by all the I'achas all over the empire, who held in their hands, to be exercised at their most wanton caprice, the power of life and death, they seem to have become the most Indulgent people in the world towards well nigh every species of offence. No criminals but ^murderers of the lowest grade of society ever at preent meet here with their deserts. Between death aud impunity, the Turkish authorities seem to know of uo definite medium punishment. Temporary disgraoe, which great Turkish delinquents sometimes incur, appears to be only a title at the i'orto for a renewal of lavor and honor towards the disgraced person, and, to judge by events, one would say It was olteu courted to obtain a new lease in the good graces of those In pqwer for the season, when the old lease might be about expired. The reasou of all this is, that Turkey is absolutely without any code or system of law. The Turks call the Koran tbeir law, and the imaums, or theologeans tbeir lawyer, which is as much as to confess, that they possess neither law nor lawyers. By arbitrary violence they have heretofore dealt out what they called justice, aud this mode of proofing being now laid aside, they have no positive rule to guide them. Repudiating arbitrary judgments, they are thus, as it were, in default of any graduated scale of penalties proportioned to offences, constrained to be over lenient ; and as offenders, owing to this default, have not to propitiate law, but to propitiate favor, It generally happens, especially If they have friends among the powerful, that they are able to reestablish themselves In favor after they have succumbed to a very short disgrace or to a very Inadequate punishment. It would not b? at all surprising, if Or Paloologus should be flourishing again in high feather among the Turkish granuces 01 numuuui oeinre ? year gnen over bin head I have now to mention a fact highly creditable, in my mind, to the Turkish government, though some there are who put an unfavorable construction on it That government haa caused the whole trial of Messrs Teste. I'armentier and Cubieres, to be published in a Turkish journal in the pay of the Tort*, and has suggested comments on the sentence these great delinquents have suf fered, which are calculated to produce a very good effect here. The editor of the paper in question, which is but the organ of the Grand Vizier, points it out particularly to the attention ol Turkish functionaries, that in addition to the other penalties inflicted on the criminals just named, by the French Court of i'eers, they have been declared not only iacapable of holding any employment under the government of France in future, but, more than this, to he In every civil sense, dead. Thu writer goes on to say, that such should be the fate of every Turkish official who abuses the trust placed in him. I either by practices of corruption. ef extortiou or of i peculation?praoticoa which, in this country, have become, to use no exaggerated phrase, a second uature to all who are in any position at all favorable to their exercise. But the writer does not, I itm told (for I read not Turkish myself) stop here, hu govs on and reads a leasou to Turks which the l-reuch themselves would do well to prolU by lie remark* that | in that nation, whirn an individual who had been one of its highest magistrates, in justification ol an attempted suicide, ubon being convicted of heavy crimes, could say, " J'ui taii/Hnri prejrrf I /laneiir n lu vtr, the Idea of honor must be perfectly distinct from every idea of moral obligation and vlrtUre, and that the other sentiment expressed by the same |?rson, on his son being *e. ( cuaed of having furnished him with pistols to destroy , himself, fix that if his son had been thus instrument*! ; In the attempt at self destruction of his lather, he I , should have regarded the deed as an " heroic act of lilltl devotion," Is one that must make human nature itself shudder. Other observations, too, are added, reflecting on the abject meanness ol aoui shown by M 1 vet#, in endeavoring to plunge his accomplices, so utueb less guilty than himself, into the deep ignomy of tha crime of swindling and into the most ignominious pmuahremits such as the galleys for life that he, the preferer of honor to life, might get free off, to boast of his Immaculate honor, whilst his victims were suffering all the cruel penalties he himself, in justice, has so richly merited. These reflections have a very novel and strange aspect in Turkey, where both crimes and virtues are prae ) ticaljy and religiously ascribed solely to destiny, and If such reflections and such topics frequently occurred iu the journal 1 have named, their moralising influence could not fall, in a little time, to be felt and to spread widely and rapidly; whereby this journal, whioh is now (1 have recorded the single exception) filled up with the : most Inane trivialities, might be made the medium of communicating the most valuable Instruction to the 1 Turkish p?"p!e Tho Cambridge Chtonicl* states that that eity con - | tains about MuO aciet of land, aliout I lOii acres of whiuh i* marsh land, or is sometimes overflow*'/ with water.? TMt land oan be raised to a proper height io he need for bnlldlng purposes, at a comparatively trifling expense . In ten years a large tract of flats will be filled In, anj wharves made on Charles river, between the Cambridge brldflee, and between the llanooek Free bridge and the l MHI Um. I LD. ~ - 1 Prtaa Two C?ata. the Cotton i uIUt?Uimi In Turkey. We ImvM bctio favored with lb* perusal of a letter from oQotkiilmopU. written by a xeutlemaa who had fre |U??t opportunity of conversation with Dr. Davis. It rill be reooll?cted that l>r. L) left thta Htate at tb? ia t alien of the Turkish Ooverniuent. with 11 new of testng the practicability of auceesafully raialng ootton In hat country Premiming that it would be of interest o our reader*, we have haitiiy thrown together the fol owing particulars of the progreva he hu made in hia mportaut undertaking lie found that but little ootton raa planted, acd that was aowo tiroadc&tt, aa we do rh?at, and oot cultivated, except by pulling out the ra?a and weeds. The only plough ttaed In Turkey la a og, elevated at one end with two wooduu wheel*, and a ?rge iron at the lower extrumity. and the shovel aomeimrs, Indeed mostly, wooden The plough la of two Izea?one without wheels, drawn by two os?n. and the be other by twelve oxen With thla the aoil ia prepared or the cotton and wheat, which ia then sown, and nehioK more is done till harvesting or gathering. The rheat ia cut with grasas scythes, and raked up. ,nd there trodden out with horses on the grouad. and I.. I k. ?U.A.ln,e U it n In rha wltlJ A till ifTOUU-l innunu uj buiwwiu| ik ? ?? * 1 ? ? o a common corn mill, without any separation of he different p?rtiom of the grain The ootton 1* lulled. bolls and all. and cleaned by an instrument lomethiug like h bow with two strings. out it La not ao'd >r used for any purpose but oandle wickJ. Aff?i liaking the proper inquiry as to the seasons, u training the tables of the weather kept by the Rev. Mr Hwight. rainsionary. the character and capacity of the people, Dr. Davis selected a body of land uear Su Hte pbano for a model farm ; not that It was the beet suite-1 lor cotton, but because it was unar the Sultan'* cotton Taotory. and convenient for his inspection, lie proposed here to grow cotton, and all productions suited to the climate ; acclimate such as were not; Introduce machines. mills, fee ; establish a dairy ot Improved cattle , raise improved horses, sheep, Uo., the whole to be worked by laborers selected from the various portions o! the Turkish dominions, who were to be sent baek to their honiuH after one year's service, and others brought in their stead. Dr Davis was nlso to take a higher grade of educated young men. whom h? would teach the theory and sciences connected with agriculture, prepare some for translating agricultural works into the Turkiah language. making contributions, und editing newspaper!, ho. The hultan was highly pleased with the plan, gave it his prompt approval, aud ?ave Dr. Davis a carte blanohe for every thing necessary to carry out his plaits . that the necessary seeds and animals should be immediately imported ; the farm residence, buildings, lie , to be constructed under his direction ; and these are now completed oil a very extentive scale. The doctor Immediately set about making ploughs, shovels, gears ; instructing the workmen; breaking the horses, lie. In these efforts he met many obstacles, aud with dltfloultv got the ground, which was rather stiff and covered witn joint grass, it order for cotton He. however, commenoed planting on|the'?2d of April, and finished the doth of May. This has been a colder vear than usual in the spring, and much more rain Usually they have no rain from the 16th of May until the 1st of September. This year there were several little showers. The .cotton came up bailly ; indeed, the first importation of seed was damaged, and with the exception of about live acres, none of it came up , wheu the second lot arrived. ie planted. Tills all came up well, crew well, bloomed well, and ib now full of bolls, au<i he thinks the hundred acre* planted promise to make <>i,? bundled bul. * of three hundred weight eaoli. Then-vi.h t:o fi"?t till January lut year, and tlilii I* usually the oa?w. 'I be ootton ?u planted 11th l'eet iu the row*, and eighteen inche* apart, on a level with the ground, anticipating tbe electa of dry weather. The cotton planter* from America, who have been here, pronounce the crop eijual to that grown on any of our Ainerlcau Boil*, and the doctor think* batter than Carolina crop* The Carolina titgroM think It beam heavier tbau at home, and the doctor in sura of It. He rent, turnt days ago, a grown boll of ootton to the Sultan, with Home bloom* and rt|uari?, with whtoh he wuh greatly delighted; aud he U to receive this ?ugu*t personage on the farm an toon ai he think* the plants near enough perfection. The weed 1* now about three feet aud a half high, but having 4 wore month* to grow, he i* at a Ion* to conjecture to what nice it may attain. Home Indian corn waa aleo planted, five by three, whtoh look* very tine. The Turk* hare lor a laug time grown Indian corn, but have *own it broadcaat, and give it no cultivation. The reiult U a plant about three feet hi?i, and a grain that would hardly be recognlaed. The people are delighted with the one home common plough, and with the atraiKhtuesa and beauty of the cotton culture, as well a* the Indian oorn. Tbe doetor ha* ten young men, live Turk*, four Armenian*, and one Oreek, whom ho instruct* in l.nglluB, geology, chemistry, natural philosophy, lie . who are to be aHsistanta In hi* aohool h*r*afti<r. lie ih compiling lecture* on these, and all subject* connected wltb agriculture particular!;, an well aw generally, which he is arranging alphabetically, to bo published ini'i'urkish as a dictionary or book ol re ference. It will be gratifying to tbelr numerous friendn to state that Dr. Davis and bin family are In fine health. The doctor speaks in warm terms of the kindnee* ol the Saltan, and is sanguine of the success of th* project* be has in charge?Charteiton Mercury, Oct. 12. JlllM?llaii?auii Drewry Diddle,'charged with having murdered JamM Turner in Southampton connty, Va., in Ueoember laat, ban i>w?n arrest?d about eight mile* west of Cahawba, Alabama A man by the name of Ansel MoDonald, confined in t lie jail of Onandaga oountv. dug both his eye* out on Thursday last, while suffering Ircm deierium tremens The loss occasioned by the disease In potato** thr*at?n* to be more sever* this season than last, A friend in Maine, who sent his whole crop, valued at a thousand dollars, to this city, will have it all returned upon hi* hand*.? Button Tramcrift. Louis Latlnski, a I'ole, ooumltted suicide at Cairo, Illinois, on the night of the 1st lust, by cutting hi* throat with a razor?probable cause, liquor The telegraph between Baltimore and Philadelphia, ia agaia iu working order. The Superior Court for kairfield county, Connecticut, has granted a divorce to Miss Pbebe Ball, the lady *o shamefully Imposed upon by one Calvin S. Ball, on tha ground that he had attempted to poison h*r. Hogs fur slaughter are beginning t* arrive at Clnoln nati in drores. Advices from Nora Seotia ami Newfoundland represent that the potato crop In thoaa regions la alraoat an ntlra failure. There was a heavy front in Boston and vicinity, on Friday night. The rffecta upon flowars, plant* and vines, wara decidedly destructive. Tba dabllaa aia drooping and dying?and tba traaa will noon b? stripped of tbalr leaves. Tba Key 1'other McKlmy. tha Roman < atholie priest who was sent to Mexloo by Mr Toik, to Maura tba people of that country that wa hud no designs upon their religious rights, preached yesterday in the ohureh of the Holy Cross, Boston. On Tuesday evening soine villain entered the bouse of J llina, near Syracuse, durin:' the absence of the family, and stole a trunk containing bonds and mortgages, notes and uoney, amounting to over $10,000. Two boats, being tha first of tha season, passed oyer tha Northampton, Mass. ( anal, but a few days ago. Krancis Bruggman, a druggist of Handnaky city, (O.) has baen arrested an a oharga of murdar, by administering poison to Conrad Alder, bis partner in busineaa A man named Charles .Johnson, late In the employ of O. VV. Simmons, of Oak Hall, Boston, has been arreated charged witli having robbed bis employer of between $1000 aud $2000 worth of valuable goods He was detected In this city while selling a lot of splendid cravats of a peculiar styla, and which had bean purchased here only a short time previous by bis employer. It is said that the body of the lady who disappeared from the Tremont Mouse. Boston. Monday last was found in Jamaica 1'ond, where she bad thrown hirst If in a fit of insanity. kn??? S?ri?#nf. Hi?A tiMDii rhni?n tr% rifum k? fore'tha I'hi Bain Kappa Society of Harvard University, hi itn next anniversary. Hnow Ml at Buffalo last Wednesday The White Mountains are covered with snow The potato crop In Newfoundland and Nora Scotia, h%? been ai<ad failure, and but few flih bars b*?n taken at the lormer place during the preseut season. Krom the 9th of May to tha Dth of Ootobar. there arrived at ({tiafiac 01 moj passengers from Great Britain and Germany. Simnkkr ?A libel au11 whs tried at the present tarm of tha ( Iroult < ourt at Ponda, In tbla Stata, la which i alha-lne Wi|Mr appeared a* plaintiff, and Ste phan Kox aa defendant Tha jury returned a verdict of *2000 in faror of plalnlitT J'he case ia aald to have bean una of ?g<ravate'l and malicious libelling It appears that Miss Waifner la tha cousin of wlf? of tha defendant, and that in tha year at. tha age of about sixUwn aha w aa aoli>;ltad to take up har rneldence with I ham aa a companion to her cousin, which nha did In 1043, In nowei|uanra of paraonal inault arid violence offered to the plaintiff by tha defendant, -h* left his house aod re foiled to return. Tha violence offered to her being ol uch a nature aa to threaten the defendant with nn pleasant oonse<|Uarif rs, h?> conceived the deslgu of bleating liar repu'a'ion and destroying her credit, und a muma Df reckless alander wan commenced, iu which the blackeat imputation" were heaped upon her charaotar. and tha defendant himaeif inhumanly gloried in acta, la reference to her, which aa a hun'aand and fatherahould navar disgrace even the moat abandoned of our race blander* of tbla nature were perpetrated with Impnnlty until June J, 1h4*. when hia wife and < atbarlne'i friends oomplamed of hia treatment of the latter . when to reeoaclla bia wife, be call? upon Jamra Wilaon, a justice, to take him to the utore of .lames Beat, St. Jobnsville. invites severai witiieaaea. calls for six bottle* of liquor, tha justice reduoe* his statements to writing, and tha defendant affixes his name to the Instrument. Tit* Nbw City m Hadlky Falls.?It ia naid that the company who have in hand this extensive ati tarprisa are making arrangements for a water power suf fisiant for M large cotton mllla, 8* by 'JtiO fuat, H storlaa high l ha primary canal, extending in a southwesterly direction ?omethlng over a tnlle in length, Is tohejitfaei deep, and I to teat wide at Ita bead, and HO feat at its tar minus This canal will furnish water power for about J* ofthe mills mentioned Having accomplished the ob (est of turning the wheels of these mills, the water ! to be conduoted back to a suitable point, by a parallel canal. and then discharged '"to another canal, which If to extend about a mile and a hail, following the elronlmtia ouree of tha rivtr. Tha company ha* a capital of t ?<> end a half million*, all of which It ?uheer1l>ed. and tha took Is at i premium They will probably lay t he fonn dation for a number of large rotlou mills tills fall?they have men already employed Id the construction cfa auf far dam. preparatory to tha building ol a r~'SMMat <Ua, Msccn at possible arte* obUlai?f ebarwt.

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