Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 20, 1847, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 20, 1847 Page 3
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r ?.i 1 b? r?ft.rm begun it the Koman States, la ?prwiJ ] , lng with contagious rapidity. I (hall endeavor to give I you a brief, but aouurate, sketch of the aotu&l state of (political prograaa mad* In Italy at the moment I write, but you must remember that the progress Is to rapid, that before this letter reaches you, tho entire face of things may be altered. Well, then, in the pontifioal States, which, happily for the progress of reform, oocupy all the cuntral portion of this peninsular, the reform begun with the spontaneous movements of the Pope himself. The National Uuard has been established, both in the capital and the provinces, on the most liberal principles. All citizens i capable ot bearing urras arn qualified to serve, but the Whoring ellipses are only liable to be called out on emer- | geucies. The officers are elected by the men; the arms ?ud accoutrement* supplied by the State, the uniform (where It is used) provided by the men Mnniolpol constitutions are in progress of organization in all the towns The provinces will send delegetea or representatives to Rome, where a general counsel of State will be formed out of them. The liberty of the firess Is recognised, subject only to suoh a control as Is ; ndifpensable in a oountry from which newspapers have been hitherto excluded, and^as will prevent those abuses ; into which inexperienced Journalism la liable to fall; | jitiu iurr? u no uoubt, that ho soon an the joaroiliflti learn that reserve and discretion, without which daily prem becomes a nuisance instead of a beneflt, their censorship will be removed. J he question of Kerrara still remains without satisfactory solution. Hitherto that olty liaa been oocupied by the Ausiri n troops. The right of Auatria to keep a farrisoo in the citadel, was conceded by the treaty of 'ienua. of 1816. But she insists that this right extended to tUn town itself, and has acted accordingly, seizing the guard houses and bi rraoks, and placing her sentinels on tbe gatrs This lias, of oourse, produoed great irritation on the part as well of hU Hollnese as of the people. ProJests and diplomatic notes have been interchanged, but *rrangen?eat effected. At tha moment tbat 1 write, we ^ear tbat God has done for us what man refused. The A.",,trian troops at Ferrara have been struck with dysentery , which has made suoh havoc among them, that the ccnDB,alldvr> finding' that he cannot man the posts, has been' compelled to evaouate the guard houses and the barraeks, *nd confine his troops to the oitadel. If this report be trC*> a 8'eat dLiHoulty will be removed. Next to the Roman State, Tuscan* has been ioremost in thi? work of reform, ^he national guard has been instituted there, on the same'footing as here. Journalism Is established. under the mlk^e't oontrolof a censorship; and several uewepapers are published in Florenoe. Leghorn, Pisa, and the other towns Tuscany. The Grand Duk?, Leopold, has associated himself with these reforms, and is as popular almost with his subjects as the Pope is with us. The Duke of Lucclia has been reluctantly brought to acquiesce in a system of reform similar to that of Tuscany This feeble and pusillanimous prinoe, aftt-r vacillating for a considerable time between a liberal and reactive course, was at length compelled to yield to necessity, and consent to authorise his ministers to follow the oourse adopted at Florence; but such wus his inveterate hatred of all liberal principles, tbat he fled from his Duchy, leaving a council of regency authorised to carry into effect the proposed projects of reform After he had got out Ot his own territory, he published a proclamation disavowing all that he had sanctioned, and we are now expecting hourly to learn t hat he has marched back to his principality with an Aui'rian army. In the Sardinian States nothing positive has yet been done by the Sovereign towards the establishment of constitutional principles The Oazrtte PirdmonttieH which is the organ of the government, is the only newspaper allowed, but it 1s onndnoted in a very liberal manner. Tbo article* from the Roman and Tutcau journals urn cotiind into it. aB well as thoee from the French anil Koglisb The Kiog has signified to the Pope His intention to aid him both with his army and nary, if he should see his independence violated by Austria or any otuer power E 't. notwithstanding the known wishes of hit people, no indication has been as yet given of the intention to adopt any of the f reat political and administrative reforms which hare been effected in the neighboring states. Nevertheless strong hopes are entertained that the time is not far distant when these measures will b'3 aiiopted in Piedmont. In the small principality of Parma, and the larger one of Modena, no hope has yet been held out of progress Still less in that fine portion #f northern Italy, the Milanese and Venice, which pine under Austrian despotism. The population groans under the iron yoke wlii h oppresses it, but the vast military resources commanded l>y its rulers, destroy all hope, for the present, of mancipation. In the swuth,the Neapolitan territory is in high insurrection. including Sicily. The Insurgents overrun the Calabrias.and have broken out and been suppressed alternately at various points of Sicily. A large portion of the terri tory is now under a system of terror, and military executions are exhibited daily. Nothing can exceed the atrocities committed by the Neapolitan government. Rewards and honors are offsred byi public proclamation to all who shall bo enough to betray the confidence which muy be reposed in them by the lnsurgeut*. Persons of all rauk? and conditlous, even suspeoted of favoring the insurrection, are brought out at the oaprloe of the local military oommanders in the provinces, and shot. The insurgents are, nevertheless, increasing in foroe and numbers. An engagement has jnet taken place in the southern part of Calabria, near Greece, in which the royal troops were worsted?one hundred and forty men, including a colonel aud fourteen officers being killed or pris >n?rs. After this affair the commander of the luBuriteot*. a person named Homo sent a message to the couimitnder of the royal troops, proposing an exchange of prisoners. The answer to this was, that the proposal was too late, as all the prisoners had been already shot, in bcuordanco with th? general orders given by the KiDg Uf oourse, Komeo, on receiving this reply, ordered out all the royal soldiers who had been taken, an4 had them instantly shot. Such is a sample of the ?c?ties bow enacted in the dominions of the King of the tv'o Sicilies. Meanwhile, the most insane attempts are milll < to oonoeal these things from the rest ?f the world. Efforts *re made by the government to surround the country . V ? oordou, which shall intercept the transmWoLL ot .'^telligence; no newspapers are allowed to be printed; letu>w*t the post oflice, addressed to foreign places 'are op^ed' read, and intercepted, at the pleasure of the government; and their Writers, perhaps, thrown into the castle of St. Kluoo The most incredib> system of corruption and venality, prevails in thB publio administration. PlaciM ?,f every order ??" oi puunu >uu notorioussale The King'/ eontei-sor is the great factor ot court patronage, tie, in ooujuuotion with two or tbre? other pernonf.actually ha.* an office where places of every description are bought ei'?ry day A pUoe, the other (Jay. was sold for forty thousand ducat* ! Ten thounaud in a common prioe, hut for .'nferior offices they do not decline to accept the smallest su'uis. At the moment of closing this letter, w'e learn that the utmost excitement prevails iu Naples itself, and that a general outbreak ot the people is hourly exjjeet.d. The guns on the castle on St Hluco, and the other forts, are kepi constantly loaded with grape, and pointed en the town ; and the officers in commaud are ordered to &*ep the im u always ready, and to Are on the people tb? moment auy inurement In manifested. Id suid that the .troops c.inuot be depended od to act ngtiusl the population, and, consequently, all is unoertaiuty and terror. Spala. Madrid, September 24, 1817, Editor of the N. V. Hchald? Here we are still in a net-work of palace intrigue.? You have already heard of General Narvae*,the Ambassador at Paris, being recalled to Madrid, and of his tailure to form a cabinet aocording to the wishes of Louis Philippe and Queen Christina. A sore of mongrel cabinet, half liberal and hsM conservative, was then formed under the auspices of M. .Salamanca, the banker and financier and it has hitherto held its position in a state of quiescent equilibrium produced by the antagonist elements of which it is composed. Its debut, however, g?ve 11 H'jiiie ume rctui. it upeueu wan a mom noer&i ainn> ttly. extending to perions of all opinions, even to the Cariists Having issued that, it stopped short, aa though It were Irightened at the magnitude of its own exertion, and hart since theu been doing nothing ? Now it Hfi'um threatened with dissolution, andit U not importriblu thai before I oIohh this letter I lhall hare to Imuiouuch to you a new ministry. The domttiio relations of the Queen an<l the King c01l %ort, rtuialn unaltered '1 he latter resolutely refuses "v* UQder ttje sam* roof with his royal spouse.? Ail the of the ministers have been urged in vain to in>,uca hlm to do "> reside*at the pardo.a huiall palace hunting lodge not far from Madrid He drives into tow.> twle? or thrice a week, to visit hU youuger brothers, v^o reside at the palace of his father, but ou tluse occask'"8 h?? ne??r goe* near the Royal pa1. oe where his youthl^ Queen stays. A thousand stories are current, as to 1^" cause ox this curious state of thiuas souij of which i *ol<l jou i" "?y former letters Q> nrral Serrano, a ^dfcome dashing soldier of two and thirty, is in high favor t'le palace, although he holds no puoliu office in the government. No ministry c*u hope to goon without his f?vor. in all chauges which are cout< mplatad, he is more co^uliad even than tho Queen herself, for it is well Known th ^t whatever be the council be gives,the roysl will is sure fc' incline to it Tne rock ou wuiuh Narvnes split wheu he arrived in Madrid. w?s hi* vain attempt to remove Herra*ao from ?v>? .,-.i?, a Hm 1m s^id more recently to have i.Ntrue<l taller, Kiid If report speaks true, at the very mou?Bt that 1 wiite an intrigue Id in progree*, having fur it* object* Hie reconciliation of Marvaez and Serrano, and the toi inaiiun of a new conservative cabtoct under their au-pine* Th" two great centre* of Intrigue her* are the French and British embassies Mr Buiwer, (brother of tha wall kuowu novelut,) la the hngli*h minister, and has the credit ot bring a capital hand at drawing room intrigoe, eipucin ly wli. re ladies are concerned, lie I* the intimate friend ot General Serrano.and in laid to have been niniuly lui-trumeiital in the frustration of the design* of Loui* i'hiupt? and the (Jueen mother,who sent Narvaex hire. 'I lie nonserVHiWe party here believe or affect to bt lievi-.t hat the real object of Knglaud is to e*tabli*h her prednminauce over the I'euniiuU, by bringing about ? divorce cf liuet u Isabella hum her present huebund aad geUi'JK r married to the < ouut Monteaiollno. eldem eon i f Dou t artos. and now the pretender to the throne Then the tialio law would be abolished, and the Dutchem of Vjout peM'itr cut out of the succi'ision Thus, without lui*ifmiiig with the rights ot Isabwia, the pretender and Ins dnceuiianta would be aAtisfli d The crown would leiuru to the line In wh\#h it would h ire il-oC' nd- d had not the succession been altered by Kerdni..<iU ViI , father of the present queen Much a compromise is sii much the more likely aud plaunable beOaU*e It ?ou d r,ooricile the aUoIulh courts which now refuie lo ukuowledge Isabella'* sovereignty. It is also p oOtfhle, it, on nccount of a circumstance regarding our yuui.g queen, wliluh is whispered about and generally ore nteu, which Is. that tbere are abundant reason* for kn.ei g that she c innot have isauu The divorce therefore would not exclude the Dutohena of \1ontpensier, uul--rs the Ualio law ware at the aaina time ra eitabliiuad. Kwlturlamli Bra>c, September 'ifl, 1447. t.niTon of Tiir N. Y. liiHiLo? Switzerland I* now in a state of nuapendnd animation. The Diet, atler coming to very bold resolution* to bring i^he oautoue of 'ha league or th* Sundtrbond to their good b?h??lor. liM adjourned to the lath Oetolxr far the double purpose of giving the recusant" cantons tiwo to think coolly of their situation, and allowing the majority of the 8 la toe of the confederation time to deliberate aa to the means of compulsion whloh shall be applied to enforce obedience to the deoreea of the federal legislature. The cantonal governments are now discussing this paint, and tbe probability seems to be that, un leas the cantons of the Hunderbond yield, there will be an inter-cantonal war. Lord Mlnto, a member of the British cabinet, has just visited this oity, and has had a long interview with the {'resident of the Diet, lie pre sent* himself In a diplomatic capaolty, though without formal credentials, and Is, In fact, authorised to expres* to the Southern States of Kurope the sentiments wltb which the British cabinet regurds their mutual rela tions, and what polloy It would follow In certain eventualities With regard to tbe Swiss question, we have reason to think that his lordship's advice wax that the demands made by tbe Diet on the cantons of the league should be moderated, so as to allow of a compromise ? Thus the federal legislature have demanded that tbe Jesuits be expelled from the whole federal territory ? This is, by many of the most liberal, thought to be an attack on the liberty of conscience and freedom of wor ship. Conceding this point, the recusant cantons might be foought to oonform to the will of tbe majority in others Nleanwnue, However, warlike preparations * are In progress on all hands The streets ot this city are J crowded with military and resound with trumpet* and . drums An army of 00.000 men 1* now ready for the . field. What the result will be we ihall soon know. Turkey. > Constantinople) September 14, l?47. . Editor or the N. Y. Herai-h ? . We are still here In a state of suspension in regard to 1 our intercourse with Greece, and commeroe suffers seriously from this. However, now that M. Colettl is out ' of tli ) way, we expect a speedy termination to this ex" ] ceptionul state of our relations. The insurrection in Albnuitt. which gave so much trouble to the Sultan, has been successfully repressed, and Bederan Bey has sub- ' mltted. We have derived in this oountry enormous profits from the consequences of the failure of the harvest last year in Europe. Our exportation of oorn was on an immense soale. Greece. Athens, Sept. 14, 1847. Editoh or thi N. Y. He?ai.i> :? Coletti, the prime minister of King Otho. the friend and pupil of M. Guizot, died to day of mortification proceeding from a terrible internal disease. Thi* is a severe blow for French diplomacy here, and no douty will be followed by a favorable effect on the English influence. The quarrel between the governments of Greece and Turkey, in which M. Coletti was more or less personally mixed up, will be more vasily adjusted. However, at the present moment, we are in a state, as relates Turkey, of quasi war. All diplomatic relations have been suspended. Knvoy ministers have been mu tually withdrawn, the exequators of consuls have been taken away and commerce Is interrupted, and all this because King Otho so far forgot himself as to Insult the Turkish Ambassador at a court ball, and then refused to apologise for his conduct. We are now told that a conference of diplomatists from the great powers of Europe is to be held here to settle this difference bv arbitration Ireland. From almost all parts of the oountry the acoounta aro most gloomy, as to the prospects of the approaching winter In the aggregate, there is an abundance of food, but millions of the population, who had existed in former years upon potatoes, are, or very soon will be, entirely destitute, unless sustenance oan be provided tor them by the poor-rate or employment. In fact, (f prompt and energetlo efforts be not made, the coming winter will be one of as terrible suffering as the last. There are, I am happy to say, some indications of a spirit of energy and foresight amongst the resident gentry in various localities, to provide bv remunerative employment ag* net such a calamity. The meeting of two agricultural sooletiea?those of Balllnasloe and North Wexford?wore held latfly. At the former, Lord Clancarty took a most sensible view of the condition of the landlords, farmers, and laboring classes, and urged the best and most practicable remedial measures. At both societies, useful and remunerative employment for the winter and the spring, iucluding the cultivation of flax, was most earnestly urged, as the only legitimate mode of saving the proprietors from runlous taxation, and the peasantry from famine. From the county of Kerry there are deplorable aocounts of distress. Tbe system of resistance to the payment of poor-rates is extending, and the military and police are employed to enforce the rat us. Portugal. Tbe dates are, Lisbon, 19th; Oporto, 1 st; and Vigo, 3id utt '' There is little news from the I'eninsula Kspar tera was expected at Cadi* on the26th, and preparations were being mad* to receive him; the order forbidding his ?nt?ri*g Spain not having reached that port at the time the Madrid left. In TortugaLmatters were in muoh the same state, both parties striving whieh is te have the ascendency at the elections. General Fovoas, who was at Lisbon, had been taken seriously 111. Rumors of Insurrection, natural enough in the present state of affairs, were constantly afloat. Morocco. nuuu rvmiwr uh B*|>?ri?uot>u a signal ueitiat by ID? forties under the command of the son of the Emperor of Morocco, and baa been compelled, It is said, to take refuge In the desert. Two tribes who were enlisted under his banners, have been completely annihilated. India. We give some India news bv the Bombay journals Oar letters in anticipation of tne Calcutta mail are from Calcutta to tbe 8th, and Madras to the 13th of August Our advices from Bombay only reach to the bth of August, by post-offloe dauk to Madras, there not having been anj monthly direct mail from that Presidency in consequence of tbe south-west monsoon. We have received more prcoise information as to the amount of retrenchment which the Governor General has determined on effeotlng in tbe army. The Bengal reductions, including oue Queen's regiment, will amouiU to 90,000 men; In the Madras army, to 10.000 men, entirely from tbe native force; and in Bombay to 70,000 men, includ ing a Queen's regiment. The total reduotion in expense will amount to a sum of about ?\, 160,000, which, with other additions to the credit budget, will this year relieve the finance* to the extent of at least ?1,780,000 These retrenchments, whioh tbe Governor General considers it safe at present to adopt will, with the live per ; cent loan, about equalise the revenue with the expendi* : ture. The Punjab was in repose, and our influence 1 there in ho satisfactory a state as to give promise of its benefits being soon appreciated by the people Nor are there any complaints from Scinde. The Lower Indus will shortly be handed over by General Sir Charles to a purely oivil governor. The only movement of aoy de- 1 ecription in the Peninsula was a oomblned attempt by 1 small bodies or Irregular oavalry to catch tbe wandering I Decoit chief Doongur Singh It was expected that after the rains important alterations would take place in the : distribution of tbe forces on the frontiers. It was also i thought probable that at the same period active steps would be undertaken for a settlement of affairs in tbe ! anhqliiiaro nrmlnou nf II oilwrfi hail I disordered state. ! The Delhi Gazette of 38th July contains the followng paragraph, descriptive of the state of the north of 1 India " W? believe we have rarely pu> forth any issue I of this paper so singularly barren of news of all kinds as : the one that now leaves our hands Th?re is absolutely > nothing to record?no plots at Lahore, no risings in i Mooltan, no threatenlngs from Cabul, Tenia, and Ilus- 1 tia. All as unlet and peaceable as it is possible to detire,both witnin and without our possessions '> Our commerolal advioe* from Bombay are more gloomy even than before. The indigo crop is said to have luri ther extensively suffered in Bengal. Nor have the bouses in Bombay, with one remarkable exception, been sufficiently on the alert to avail themselves of the favorable prices for cotton, occurring trom the partial failure of the American crop. One Bombay commission house, however, that adheres steadily to its ootton ex ports, must this year have realized, from its shipment* of about 63,000 bales, something like ? 12.000 for per centage only. Tbe same liau?e, it is said, cleared from 6.000 early bales on speculation about ? 10,000. liusiuess in Bombay W114 further unfavorably affected by the iuterruptlon to the opium trade, and the unusually depressed prices of the drug. China. Our correspondent from Ilong Kong writes us under late July 26: " Since my last of 35th ultimo, there has been a butter feeling in Canton, and all has remained quiet, the llonan ijuesi ion comparatively at rest, and confidence returning Hog lane Is now completely stopped up, and several houses pulled down for tbe site of tbe ohurch Her majesty's ship Vulture returned to this harbor arter b?ing a few day'* at Wbampoa. The 9oout leit Whampoa early this month for this harbor, and proceeded I two days since to Amvy. The Pluto steamer remains i In the neighborhood of Canton, and there is some talk of withdrawing tbe small military force from the factories. The Chinese, however, seem not to have more confidence, and feel greater protection in their presence Her majesty's sh p Dsndslus, Capt. M'Quhae, arrived from Labuan on the 29th ult. The Vernon. Admiral Inglelield, ban also arrived. On the 35th ult, we have had tbe arrival of the four troop-ships, Minerva, Castle Kden, Romeo, and Isabella, with the 96th regiment and Ceylon Kifies?tbe ouly matter ot local interest The whole force now may be about 3,0i0men The 43d N ative Infantry and her Majesty's Itth Royal Irish are to remain for further orders, we hear. Trade is assuming a more healthy state with the return of confidence.'' Business at Canton has been improving during the mouth, (ending July 34tb,) but the consequences of tbe , shortsightedness and vicioui system of making advances ! on goods shipped on Chinese account are now severely felt The losses thus sustained have crippled native i credit, and destroyed tbe confidence with which foreigners were wont to enter into large transactions with 1 '-hinese merchants, who are now hard pressed for the | means of meeting their engagements. Amongst the bro- ; sent, WJU, wru wuuij1 lurtngu goousare wuretiouHcd. iodic I lurtber in tranced of embezileuent unknown In former times have recently oocurred, and one commission house of some standing baa discovered that no less than 400 bale* of cotton have b??n pawned It waa to obviate the i.?ceseity of intrust ing goods to Chlnauien, thai arrangement* wereundertaken by government to have paokhouses rented to the British merchants, In whloh they oould atora I heir own good*; but, though suitable premise* h?ve beau provided, and th'rir description and price officially no I Lifted, there ha* been no graat alacrity ah.urn on the part of our countrymen to avail themaelves of the prlvl- j lege?the Canton British Chamber of Commerce being in the sulk* beeause it could not prevail on the govern- | ment to stiok to the Honan'paddy fields and flsh-ponds," ' which Individually the members of the chamber had prevlously pronounced to ba especially unsuitable, and j which could only have been secured at the expense of much Ill-feeling and outrage, anu perhaps of military j loroe In the meantime, however, the Americana are I displaying their u*ual acutenesa, and one 01 the largest and mont commodious of the hongs advertised by her I Majesty's contiul has been secured by them The Can- 1 lou Uritisb Chamber of Commerce apparently oonceivas it to be one of Its most Important functions to And fault , | with the government, and acoede to nothing they pro pose- and, accordingly, while the ahamber is disputing ! as to the mode in which the joint shall be dressed and carved, the knowing Vankeee step In and help themselves to the bast slice. bome commercial notification! have been laaued dur- j H th? aonlh. giving increased lacil!ties to ?wvvuaat l ??mU for trading, tad also several Chin*** placard* 1 nd notleM. whleh are worth <|uotlng, a* (bowing the ? iliUaet of i bitter feeling among tha Chlnnae aatnori la*. Tha ''placard*" ported up by tha people wlU wall apay perusal, a* charaoterUtloally curious. 8hlh-w*lang, tha placa below alluded to, 1* a a pot very favorable or commfrw, and vhioh ha* been ceded to tha English y it* proprl?tor?, on the order of tha Canton authorl- i if*. Thin Htep ha* greatly incensed tha populaoa t galust the owners, who have in oon*e<iuence published \ , deprecatory apology, in which they stata that they , lave given up thu property without remuneration. The ( 'hole aff*ir 1* singularly Illustrative of Chinese manner*. , X- subjoin the principal part of thane documents. j The opium trade ha* received an Important modlfica- | lou. It is no louger to be (armed Instead of the molopoly, three classes of lioenses are to be lsausd?the tr*t of ten dollar* per month, to keeper* of smoking- ] hop*; tha second or twenty dollars, to retailor* of prelared opium; and the third of thirty dollars, for thasala if raw opium in IrM '(uantitles than one oheat. 1 Summing up the praaent state ef affair* at Canton, w? , naj *ay that the dcmon*tration made at the beginning , if tne year, by the taking of the Bogue fort*, ha* bad ao lalutary an effect on the Chinese authorities that tha , ew troops left to guard tha factorie* were withdrawn In lune. Their presenoa tended, It was thought, to keep illve a tneling of insecurity and alarm among tha Chi- | lese. The foreign merchant* were apprehensive of the , jt-ople. while the people were fearful of a seoond lnvailon. The native cspitallsts refused the usual banking "anilities, and all oommerce was at a rtand; every thing ike mutual confidence ceased. The presanoe even of >ne company wa* thought to have retarded a apeedy iud wholesome settlement of tha differences between tha JhtneHe and ourselves. The policy of withdrawing ;hem appears to have answered th? expectations of Sir lobn Davis. The Chinese officials had since been remarkably courteous In their communloationa to our jonsul at Canton, and to the Governor or Hong Keng. I'hus far it would aeem thing* are at length taking a farorable turn, and oonfldenoe and commercial activity would, it Is hoped, be In some degree restored by thla time. The populaoe of Canton still, however, oppose with might and main the oonoosslons granted by their rulers, and tha power of the authorities over them is far from omnipotent. The Failures In Eur op*. [From the London Tlmne, Sept 37 ] We have to announoe another serious failure, the apprehension of whloh has for the past few weeks been hanging over the monev market. The old established Katt India-house af Cookerell tk Co. has suspended payment, and although their liaoilltles are understood to be below what the publlo would generally have anticipated, they are still extremely large, the total being ?600,000, of which jC600,000 consists of acceptances. The stoppage is to be attributed to the simultaneous pressure for money in this country and in India, aggravated by the discredit which in times of difficulty is always thrown upon houses which, like that of Cockerel), Si Co., Instead of drawing upon a separate and independent firm, carry on their correspondence with a duplicate establishment. Of the ?'a00,000 acceptance of the London houre, It is. however, satisfactory to learn that only A'300.000 consists of the draughts of the Caloutta house, the remainder being drawn by other parties, whose engagements may possibly be protected We have, at the same time, to add, (notwithstanding the right which the public, from past experience, have to distrust all statements of a probabl*aurplus on the pait of a suspended firm.) that is Is said by those who have Investigated the acoounts, and whose nnininn in in avapv r?ana*r antttlcwl fn ?w?.? ia. In the present instance, not only leason to hope for a surplus, but alio for a very considerable one. If such ehall be the case, it will afford the most sincere gratlQ cation to all parties, since there are few Arm* whose partners are individually more esteemed. Sir George Larpent, the recent candidate for the city, whb one of its most aolive members. Mr. John CooKerell, it will be remembered, was formely in the liank direction, but he resigned the oflioo about 10 years back, when it appeared to him that the extent of his own business mi [{lit interfere with the fulfilment of its duties The failure of Burt*. Watson & Co., of Manchester, is announ?ed. Messrs. Watson, of Liverpool, whose stoppage has taken place, state that they only want time to unable them to jtay every body ; but we fear this anticipation will not b<i realised, sinoe it is known that for a considerable period they have been exposed to the exigencies of an insufficient capital. [Krom the London News, Sept. 123. | We are unoe more relieved from the irksome necessity of recording the oocarrenoe of new failure The Manchester letters and papers received In town confirm what was said relative to the suspension of a Urge u. meroial house at Liverpool, and are somawha Suta a* to the extent of its ramifications, and the ?fW kety to be produced by its misfortunes in different . <arier? Beyond the soopo of its immediate irfluen<-? kow?w no fresh difllonlty is natlced. To say that the ulad* of the mercantile community are again settled It the metropolis would not be consistent with truth tvitaasome days have now passed over without giving bi lb to My new calamity of magnitude, It would be as iluie so to | d?ny that a more wholesome state of feeling is apparent . The public securities do not exhibit an]t*>-ry derided proof of the restoration of coufldanee la ike iad I world, and yet, upon the whole, the have throughout the day inclined to a fair, r j# ( U? aai knt; the time operations, again baaed Ufa ate?iatk>** respecting the progrtus of political affair* nil nent, having, as far as may be judged atoae reeked the upward movement which had comaeoead ia the early part of the day. It is rumored that the house of Haadereoa k ( is about to be reconstructed, and that It will be recruited hv thn MAi>taion ftn tho Arm nf naar mmmwU* a# a banker of high station, both m regard* wealth and influence. This, should th? report ba confirmed, will be allowed to augur well for the result of the liquidation now ; In the ooufM of being effected. [From the London Chronicle, Sept. il7.J It was stated yesterday that the draft* of the Bank of Charleston, for whioh Messrs Held, Irving Si Co., hare hitnerto acted as agents, would be accepted by Glyn fc Co. for the honor of the drawers; but. on belag presented to-day, acceptance was declined, and the holders are referred to the Bank of Liverpool. The failure of Messrs. Watson Brothers, of Liverpool, is not expected to be so serious as had at first been supposed. There are still unfavorable rumors in circulation respecting firms in the manufacturing districts; and today we have advices of further failures in the north of Ireland. They are, however, comparatively unimportant. The practlcs of the Bank of Kngland in requiring any bills whioh it holds on the houses that have failed, and th*t may have been previously discounted for customers, to be immediately taken up by the indorsers, is said to htve occasioned considerable inconveulence to more than one respeotable firm who have been suddenly called upon for large payments on this account. Kxtract of a letter from Hamburg, September 24 : ? Tiie heavy failures whioh have taken plaoe in London have created a good deal of anxiety and alarm at Hamburg, although the merchants of this city have hitherto Kscuped wonderfully well from them ; but the fear of turther disasters from the same quarter, and the rebound frt-ra other parts of Kurope, exoites a good deal of apprehension. Mistrust there is none. The system upon whluh business is conducted at Hamburg renders it less liable to be affected by sudden events than appears to be the case elsewhere : aud there is a degree of solidity in the general operations of tnis mercantile community whioh preserve* them from the lamentable reverses which are but too frequent in Kngland. If the directors of the Bank of Kngland would take the trouble to make tliemselvea thoroughly acquainted with the principle acted upon in Hamburg, they might obtain aome useful hints for their conduct at home. Business Is of course at a stand, and the London mail is looked to with great nuKifty. Discount four and a half per cunt, and money scarce | The following view of the money market, with an account of another great failure in the country, is supplied by our city correspondent :? On'change, in the earl7 part of yesterday morning, there was entry indication of an Improved tone of public feeling, nor would there have been mnch to abate the reviving confidence, had it not beon lor the operation of parties presumed to be in possession of impoitant new* relative to Austria and tbe Cope The parties came into the market and effected heavy sales of Consols, the inliuenoe of which more than neutralized the advance established in the first instance. An active movement on the part of the Austriau troops against the authority of the i'ope was again talked of. very reoeot advices being, aa it waa believed, in town, upon whloh the bear trunsaotinna noticed were based. The failure of a house in the wine trade waa among the gloomy en dita of the day; and there istoo much reason to apprehend, from what transpired on 'change, that there is really another name to be added to the sombre catalogue of those who had previously been oompelled to yield to the severity of the Impending pressure, and thla a molt reapeotable one; while at Liverpool the large mercantile house of Mesars Watson, Brothers Sc Co , which haa branches at Leeds, Manchester, and other parts of the United Kingdom, aa well aa several in Mexico, haa alao been driven to the same unfortunate extremity. The liabilities of Meaars Watson, Brothers it Co. are plaoed at two hundred thousand pounds, and we regret to hear that Manchester, Glasgow, Leeds, and oiher of our leading manufacturing towna, are likely to be compromiaed to a very inconvenient extent by their unfortunate autpeualon. They were among the moet aotive of our merohanta engaged In tbe export trade. With these exceptions to tbe more cheerful demonstrations of the moment, the day paaaed over innocuoualy, and In a manner to afford strong hopea of an early and general reatoratlon of confidence A meeting waa held of partiea intereated In the afUira of .vlessrs. Giles, Son St Co. (in the corn trade) which stopped payment a short time since. The report Hiiosequenily current was, that there waa every reason to hope, from an examination of the accounts, that the ustate would be able to pay a dividend of from eleven to twelve shillings in tbe pound. Thla waa regarded aa a redeeming feature In the eharacter of the more recent occurrencea in the trading world The Liverpool letters, too, advise an easier condition of the money market in that town. Much of the paper founded upon continental corn operations bad matured, and been duly paid The Issue of all that passed was the settling down of pnrrn ?(. uonijr WHO piunur hutsiiuo UI IUV usj * [From tbe London Observer ] The week wbieb has just passed has been one of the most trying to tbe great monetary establishment* in the I ci'y, which bu occurred since tbe crisis ot I8'J6. It baa been stated, respecting the large dlscounting-house of liuerney, Overend tc Co , tbat, to enable them to meet any emergency wbloh might arise. the house of Wuerney Si Co , the celebrated banking establishment of Norwich, had intimated ta the former Arm that the enormoua ium of XftOO (KM) wa? at their service until the crisis should be fairly oTer. It In aluo "aid tbat a great number of Individual*, members of tbe Society of Friends, came voluntarily forward to place at toe disposal ol Vlensrs Querney, Overend. 8c In , tbe partner* in which bouse are quakers, various sums of $2,000, ?a,000. ?40,- { IKK), iM.YOOii, and ?i0 000, to aid them, should tuch aid i be necessary, at the present crisis It may not be generally known that tbis Arm la one of the wealthiest In j the world, aud that they do business to the amount of | JK 60,000,000 a year. Tbe profits last year alone are stated to have been not lets than X'H(),000. In connection with tbastoppage of Messrs Sanderson , k Co .some absurd statements having been made rrspeot- i ing the heuae of Overend, Ouerney k Co , we have been j requested to publish the following letter: ? | r Hir?A paragraph having appeared In the Ohttrvrr | newspaper, in wbicn our firm is mentioned an having ' received assistance during this monetary crisis, we feel i it Incumbent on us to state that It la a gross falsehood , throughout and to add, in justice to ourselves, and for < the satisfaction of our friend*, tbat up to this moment, notwithstanding the demand* whloh tne extraordinary j . . IJ II. 'I UU ?i tit* tloiM Um (MMfftUd, Um; h?? kw a?t < >y ua with ptrfbct mm, out of our own natural moor- 1 m. without to maoh m ma a Imiln Um dlaoount of 1 > bill at the Bank of Kntland We are. Sic , I -OVKRKND, OUERNEY It Co. | " Lombard street Sept 19." , I From the London Herald, Sept M1 J ! The auspenxlon of W. k J Wookley, It will be recol- ' ected, took place on th? 27tk alt. Th? imti fall short ] >f the liabilities to the extent only ot O.000. and It may >1 add?d. that the wheat held .baa bnen estimated at 1 16a.. while It w juld now fetch 4t*i. to iSOa , and the (lour ' it 'Ma., which la now at 'J7s. to 12a?. Under tbeae elrcum- 1 itanoea there ia every proapect that the expectations of ;he creditors to escape witnout ioaa. will be very nearly ' jorne out. 1 [From the London Sup.] 1 There la a large failure reported in the Liverpool Share 1 Market mlace Usui eoua> 1 The new arrangementa of the Weat India packet 1 routes, ordered by the Lords of the Admirality, will take ?dect on the id November next. From that date pas- l engera for Bermuda. Naasau, Havana, New Orleans, 1 Vera Crua. Tampico, bn , will, it appeara, be conveyed ilrect to their reapective destinations ; and although paaaengera by the id of the month ateamer will thenoeforwaru be conveyed via Bermuda, it la eatlmated that the voyages to the Weat India colonies will, upon thoae occasions, be performed in nearly the same time aa by the route via Barbadoes. Baron A. da Humboldt has left Berlin for Parla, to be ' present at the ooiiifreii ot natnrmlUtj M ii? iiumhni<i? I has just attained his seventy-ninth year. He U la the enjoyment of robust health. The Great Britain, tbe great leviathan ship, i* to be put up tor sale by publie auction. Mr. Brunei and Mr. Held, of the firm of Maudalay it Co., prooeeded to Liverpool to survey her. Part of the small town of W albs tad t, In the Grand Duoby of Baden, has been destroyed by Ore. Tbe number of house* burnt was 100. We find the following in the I*arls Comtilutionnrl : ? " Mile. Deluzy has for some days past been relieved from her seoret confinement. 8he now takes exercise in the yard of the Conclergerie, at the same hour as the other prisoner*. It i* even said that she is shortly to be set at liberty. She had a short time before forwarded to the Chanoellor a justificatory memorial, which has been transm tted to the Juge d'Instruction, entrusted with the affair In whlob she is concerned ; and it is to this, It is said, that her change of poiltlon is to be attributed It waa rumored at the Palais within the last few days that certain speculator* had proposed to Mile. Uelusy a considerable sum to allow the whole of her correspondence with the late Duke de Praslin to be publlsned. Mile Delusy, it is said, at first absolutely rejected such an offer, which, if aocepted, would have the effect of rendering public letters ef an eutirely confidential character ; but, on the other hand, as the desire to explain her oonduct ought to be exceedingly strong in her mind, perhspj she has not as yet definitively rejected the idea of publishing these letters It may, In tact, be remembered that. Home time after tbe process of Khndes, which for several weeks occupied the attention of France, and Indeed of all Kurope, Mme. Manson, the heroine of that oase, came to Paris, to carry out a speculation of a similar character. A shop was opened at the Hotel de Nantes, near the Carrousel, and in it Mme Manson herself sold a little pamphlet, containing what she called the unpublished letters of the Fauldes oase. It Is also rumored at the Palais that two persons have sent in offers of marriage to MUe Deluzy, and that tbe bead of a lady's boarding-school at London had made several propositions to ber to some and join her establishment." Literary and 1 Ilea.trie al. We have but few new publications to netlc* line* our last. Tbu list is confined to the following : ? (Jems of European Art, by 9. C. Hall, 4 to ; History of the Bank of England, by J Kranola, !2 Tola, u to ; Practice lu Insolvency and Bankruptcy, by Nichols ; Rambles in Sweden und (iotbland. by Sylvan, 8 vo ; Iloyal (Jemi from Oalieriea of Europe, by S. C. Hall; The Biave Captain, by ,f Dignam Poat, 8 vo ; Treatise on Deafneaa, by J. Yeareiey, 8 vo. Connaiesance dew temps on des mouvemens c<-lest?s, a 1'usage des astronomes et deB navigateurs, pour I860 ; Public par le Bureau des longitudes. B vo , 6t ; La Democratic au Dlxnemiem* aieele, on la Monarchie Dcmocratlque, I'ences sur des reform* sociales, by Calixto Bernal. s to , fif; Lea Deux Dianea, par Alexandre Dumas, W vola. 8 vo., lit; Marguerite, on la Solanoe funtste, par Anna Marie. 0 vo., 7f 60. We have little to notice on theatrioal mattera. The Italian opera ia shortly to open, and a brilliant campaign is expected There have been but few novelties brought forward lately at the minor theatres. The moat sucneaaful piece has been a melo drama, In four aets, called " (Simon le Voleur," at the Galtr, from the pen of M l.aurencij. which baa met with well merited approbat iuu The < i>mnase has produoeda light aSair, called M La femiue a deux Maria," but which bida fair to afford some amusement to the frequenters of thia house. At the Yarietea, u La fiUenle de Nicol " has been produced, and although not a very bright affair, yet waa pretty well received, and will In all probability run ita day. The Latent Financial News. [From the London Chronicle, Sept. 27.] Commercial affaira during the last week show more race and tranquillity than might under all clroumatanoea have been expected. If the trade to the oountry la rramped, and the means of ita prosecution more than uauallv difficult to obtain, there has been an under current of liquidation at work throughout the kingdom, by which the transactions of business have been balanoed, and which by the verr neoeasity of the case will tend to produce a more sound and wholesome oonditlon la every department of trade. [Krom the London Chronicle, September 15.J On the breaking up of the oourt at the baak.oa Thursday, It was made known that the directors had agreed to extend the period for the repayment of the loans to October, and the favorable effect of Ule announoement waa immediately felt on the Stock Exchange Probably this result was in some measure to be attributed to a .hi.k .11..I ii.. ---I ? ....? ~r >.- .a? ik.. ""~u m ? J l'~> v.1 vu? > /, IU?1 | still further restrictions in monetary accommodation might be expected ; and th* announcement of the decision ol the director* wis. therefore, satisfactory, because it implied an opinion that the state of affairs may be expected to improve. We understand that the reduction in the price of cotton at Liverpool has been regarded with much satisfaction in banking circles, and this may have had some lnfluenoe on the proceedings of the court. The accounts from Manchester must be considered on the whole as more satisfactory. But In a state of things such as thone which have existed during the past six months, the change, which may with perfect truth be reported as cheering, by no means involves the transition from bad times to those which would, under ordinary oircumstances, be deemed even moderately good. Large remittances of speole are understood to have been received at the Bank of England within the past few days. It will not, however, we believe, come into the present week's aocounts, as it will have to be assayed before credit Is given for the amount. [From the London Express J Everything wears a tranquil appearance In the city to-day (Thursday ) The Bank Board held their weekly court, as usual, on Thursday, but the meeting was an extremely snort one, ana tne rate or discount Du been left undisturbed. In the absence of further advices from the United Stat**, now, It U to be preiuraed, near at hand, uo alteration was, however, expected In the meanwhile. It may f>e remarked, that although the bank au tborltles can hardly be expected, with their gold and silver, and reaerved note rcturoi w low J an they are, to venture to reduce their charge for discount* ana advances, the brevity of their deliberation* to-day wt* certainly a favor.ble symptom, Inasmuch as it would argue that the directors have no very urgent matter upon their band*, a* was the case a week ago. In the stock mark* 1* the most perfect calm ha* prevailed allthe morning. | From the London Globe J A? certain parties have Imagined that the remark* of the Chrnnicle refer to a large discount firm, we have much pleasure in intimating, upon the best authority, tbat such is not the case, that house having even more reason than ever to be satisfied with the liberal, but at the same time strictly business-like facilities afforded to it at the Bank of Kngland. [From the London Herald, 8ept. 24.] A meeting of the proprietors of the Bank of Kngland was held yesterday, for the purpose ot taking a vote by ballot, on the question ot increasing the dividend from 3% to 4){ per cent for the half year A* no opposition was offered, the decision in favor of the alteration was previously anticipated *s a matter of course. London Stock Kioiimii, Sept. 27, 2 o'clock.?Before the close of business on Saturday. Console had been done lor account is low as 86%. This morning they opened for acoount at and in a short period there was a very considerable business transacted, as the result of which they are now 86, rather, if anything, buyer* ; the market baa manifested much more strength tban was anticipated on Saturday. The extreme prices for money have been8A,Si J?, but the transaction* under that head have been on a very limited ecale. Exchequer bill* have been quoted lower this morning, those for large amount* being 4 to 7, and for the small 9 to IS pm. India bonds 2 pm. The price* of Foreign Securities are without material alteration. SpanUh Kite* 19){, and the Three* 28>?, Deferred, 12, and Passive, V* , Mexican 18.J,' Dutob Two-and-a-Half Ji, and the Four* Certificate* 7. The operation* in railway share* have preientad no new feature . the tranaaotiou* (Quarter before Three.?Conaol* for Ace. SA'i 84. BeniJea th? failure of Meaara. Cockerel!, we iihould mention that of a very old and reapectable Hebrew firm In the Gibraltar and African trade ; and we alio regret to hear that the banklng-houae of Meaars. Coekburn It Co , at Whitehall, ha* been obliged to auapend it* payment*. The rumor add* that their eatate will pay a very considerable dividend. Piais Stock Eietunar., Sept. 28 ? llalf-paat Four.? Wlth< ut belug very animated, the market wai firm all day, and a Alight Improvement ha* taken place In nearly all kind* of aeourltle* The Three* opened at 7Sfr. 00c and after going up to 76fr. 70c , closed at 7Afr. 66n.; at four o'clock they were done a* high a* 7/>fr 7 JXc Oouln bauk abare* have rlaen 3Ufr.; Bank of Kranee *har?* ftfr. For Account, Klve* have riien l.'?e., Three* 10?.; Roman remains a* It wa* Kor < asli, Kites have rl*en Id cent*; 'I hreen '10c?Railway Share* were firm, and have In general advanced. Kor Aocount, Mar*elllea have rlaen lOfr. Orleans tjfr ; Nantea ftfr ; Straaburg. Northern, Rouen and Vierxon 2fr. AOc. each; Havre Itr. !28o.; Lyons have fallen Jfr 60c ; Bordeaux and Avignon are unctiaDgnd. Kor Caah, Boulogne have risen 7fr M)e ; Nantea Afr.: Orlean* 2fr. M)o ; Straaburg 1 fr A'lc Havre and l.yona nave fallen 2fr. AOc.; Rouen and Bordeaux lfr. Mo, each. Tli? Corn Trade of Kurope. [ Krom the Mark I.ane Kxpresa, Sept. 17 J The advanee which haa taken place in the value of wheat since the commencement ot the month haa bad the elTeet of Inducing farmers to supply the markets more freely, and though the deliveries have not been partleu. larly large this week, they have proved quite sufficient for the demand. The millera and merchanta, who have j for aom* time bought rather freely, have auddenly contracted their operatlona, owing partly to the general dla- i Inclination to hold stock*, and partly to the unwllllngne?t to oontiaue their purchase* at tbe enhanoed terms asked by sell- rs The trad* haa. therelore, loat thsi buoyanoy by which It ha* recently been characterised ; ad though we art inclined to think that price* will not fall to the point from which they have recently risen. It Is more than probable that a portion of the late advanee will again be lost. Any material reduction Irosn present rate* would mo*t likely give a renewed Impetus to tfc* Inquiry, while it would o* *lmo*t *ur* to o?u?* a d? I MM* InthaWta from tk? |ro?#ri, uar? pirtieu- * trij w tha time bui dow arrived when thay wilf have to >oty th?n*at ? with tho priptnUoa of th? Uod for inttaiQ 00 wing. | [In the early part of the week holders of wha*t w-ra [enerally Arm ; and at moat of the provincial market* laid previous to Thursday vary full tarma vara insisted to. At Liverpool, on Tueaday, tbara *aa. it la traa, not much doing, but the sale* made ware at ratea 3d p?r 70 b. above tboaa ourrant on that Jay weak American lour waa,however, procurable on rather easier terms, >wing to an immeoiw arrival, upward of barraU liavlug been received at that port from tha United Htatas and Canada during tha weak ending the Wth uat. Tha flat acoounta from Mark-lane of Wedneelay, and a falling off in tha oountry inquiry, imparted i vi-ry languid tone to the trade of Liverpool on Friday rod to succeed in placing either wheat or floor leaa money bad to be taken. The deollna on whaat amounted to 3d. to 4d. par 701b , and the beat brands of Weatern Canal Boar were freely offered at 37a Od. per barrel. At the leading towna in Yorkshire buainaaa had already becoma dull. On Tuesday, at Hull, an endaavor waa made to establish a farther advanoe, which, however, waa firmly realstad by buyers, and a very few bargains ware closed. At Leeds, on the same day, tha tranaaotions were also unimportant, tha millers being determined to await better sUDDlies. The advice* from the prlnolpal (hipping porta on the east coast are attll Arm. and tt in pretty evident that farmara are not diapoand to make aay important concaaion. in caaes where they have not b*-nu abla to get the prices demanded, they have preferred t* take their wheat home rather than aubmlt to lower terina ; and at Spalding and Lynn on Tuasday, a* well at at Uoatoo on Wednesday, needy buyers had to pay 2a. 3d per quarter above previous prices. Whether this advanoe will be maintained after the dull acoounts from the chief conauming towna ahaU hare been received, may, however, be questioned. In the Western and Northweatorn markets, where prices rose more rapidly iu the early part of thu month than olaewhere, a marked reaction naa thla week occurred ; and at Brlatol, Birmingham, Glouceater and other large towna lu that part of the kingdom, prlcea haTe already reoeded 3a a 4a per quarter from the extreme point attained last week. From Sootland we learn that very little increase had taken place in the dellveriea from the growera ; aud though purohasera had become aomewliat cautious in their operat|ona, wheat *a well aa moat kinds of spring corn, realised higher prices at Edinburgh and Wlasgow on Wednesday than ou that day week. The Irish letters still Bpeak very doubtlngly about the late crop I of potatoea; but.the re porta'on thla ?ufject have all through the seaaon been ao oontlioting that very llttla reliance oan be placed on the aame. Supplies of new grain have come forward pretty freely; uotwith atanding whloh. and though the accounts or the yield and quality of the cropa were mestly of a favorable na ture, the apward movement in pricea had not then reoeivcfl a check _The arrivala Of foreign wheat have exceeded^expeotation, upwards of 40,000 quartera have ooine to hand The reoeivers of these cargoes, us well as the owners of others previously received, but not yet landed, have naturally been very desirous to make salen from on ooaiusmp; Due tne oouutry inquiry having been iem extensive this week, and the demaud of shipment to Krance and Holland having subsided,the operations have been on a restricted scale. In the earl/ part of the week, Importers were not generally willing to make any concession, but on Kriday in. per quarter less was taken,, notwithstanding which purohaaers aoted with extreme caution. The sale for Knglish flour has been very slow throughout the week, the bakern having paid the recently established advance with evident reluctanoe. American flour has also moved off more tardily, particularly secondary quali ties, of whioh the bulk of what Is in warehouse consists. The best brands have been offered at Jtfs , while buyers have refused to pay over !27s per bbl The prevalence of westerly winds has enabled most of the vessels from the other side ot the Atlantic, which had been some time expected, to complete their voyage; and besides the very large arrival of flour at Liverpool, 43,0.10 bills have arrived at this port during the week. The market has again been very indifferently supplied with oats of home growth, from our own coast ouly 14 j quartern, and from Ireland. 00 quarters having been received. The arrivals from abroad have meanwhile fallen off, and good oorn has become scarce. The bulk of the Russian oats are believed to be to hand, and as there are no supplies of importanoe expected from other quarters, there is likely to be a soarolty of oats until the new Irish begin to oome forward. Indian oorn has excited less attention this week, and tha turn has been In favor of the buyer. Wheat being much too high in the Baltic to allow of " business being done with this country, the advices thence have, for the present, ceased to be of much interest. and some of our correspondents have become less regular in their communication*. The letters from the prinoipal ports state that In the absence of supplies of oonsequenoe from the growers, holders had refused to nuke any concession, though the demand has been the reverse of lively. At Dintzlc, on the 17th Inst, good weight, weighing A1 omm/iu ?A M ? - - ?!? U..U ? to 16s to 49s per quarter, free on board. Of really tine high mixed there was scarcely a parcel on the market. The potato orop In that neighborhood was badly spoken of. and It was the prevailing opinion that the produce ot this useful root would fall grealy short, both in quantity and quality, of ^n usual crop At Kostook, on the 20th Inst, there waa some Inquiry for wheat for shipment to Antwerp, but sellers had 'ie cltned to aocept the rates offered. For good heavy ?am riles equal to 4.2 s per quarter bad been bid without lead' og to business. Farmers being busy In the fields, very small supplies had been brought forward; and this would, It was thought, be the oase for some time. Advieeelrom Konigsberg of the 16th Sept. also give a rerr dlsooaraglug aooouut of the prebable result of the late crop of potatoea; and as i n increased consumption of peas would. It was thought, be caused by the deficiency, the latter article has been in lively request, at equal to 35s per quarter, free on board. In wheat hardly a transaction had taken place ; still much firmness had been manifested by holders, and good high mixed had been held at rates corresponding to 47s per quarter. The quality of the new wheat was raid to disappoint the growers From Stettin we have no quotations of wheat, little business having, it appears.been done there In the article. It was, however, the prevailing opinion that, when the supplies from the growers should (later In the year) increase, prices would acoommodate themselves to the value of the article In the British market* and allow business to be done. From Hamburg we learn that there had been a lively demand for wheat, and that prices had advanced 7s tu Ms per quarter during the week ending Tuesday last, good red upland, weighing 63 lb. per bushel, being then worth 66a to 67s par quarter, free on board. The aooounts from Amsterdam of Monday's date alsc inform us of a considerable riae, the advance in th? value of wheat having, within the space of a week, amounted to 37 ft. pel last, or 6s to 7s per qr. In the southern markets prices of wheat appear alsc to have been well supported; indeed, we learn from Marseilles that, In consequence of a continued demand from the interior, quotation*) had tended upward until about tlie middle of the month ; then, however, a alight reaction took place. Tollah Odessa, which had at one time aold at equal to 47a per quarter, having afterwards been offered at 46s (id per quarter. [ From the London Sun, September J3 ] . The time la coming apparently wlien we shall again have a pressure of foreign corn supplies, and a c?ose | quent decline in prlcM, which may prove unfavorable to partial engaged in the trade, however satisfactory, in one respect, to the publio at large. During the present week about 30.000 bales of foreign flour have been received in London, and there are numerous vessels off (lie coast. We understand, however, that since the rally in prices a very fair quantity has gone into the hands of the millers, much to the relief of the holders, whose losses even then were sufficiently heavy. A matter or some importance now as regards the money market Is the further " pall" upon our bullion which these renewed Imports inuy possibly occasion. There is no cause for pcsitlve anxiety, but we oould almost h*ve wished that arrivals should cease for a few weeks, that an improvement in the money market might not be uhecked Uf tli re being occasion during the winter tor all thn supplies now coming to hand, many entertain very little doubt, more especially looking to the wanUof Ireland [From the London Ulobe. Sept. 23 1 A vessel named the Nornen, belonging to Norway, has arrived from Lisbon, with a cargo comprising 600 quarters of wheat, the produce of Portugal and Imported In a .Norwegian ship under oover of the suspended navigation-laws ; the Nymph, from Oporto, has brought 767 bags ot beans as a portion of her oargo ; and the 8enhor dos fatsos, of Portugal, from St Michael's, 7ft quarters of beans and 100 quarters of wheat These arrivals cf grain from Portugal are of much interest, aa the supplier of grain from that particular Southern State of Kurope have been xeeedlngly trifling and rare during the recent Influx of such produce. NlaccllaMons Markets. LircareoL Cottar MmiRT, September 'J4th. -? There has been more regularity In the marke within the last day or two, and lesa anxiety on thi whole to force sales than at the commencement of thi aakr - hut. at ill tha <* art Aral iitlAtfttlnna mwm mermlr* M/tnoai ,','d per lb, and the difficulties of raining money, except a very high rates, and upon the vary flrat olaM paper, op* rate very prejudicially Want of confidence still oon tinned to exist, and alter the great failure* that have oc ourred, it is obvious it will require tome time to re-ef tabliah thia Important element fh tha cotton market ? Still, locking to all the circumstances of the case. It In difficult not to auppoae that prices can hardly fall below the present quotations, unless the intelligence bv the nelt packet, which is very unlikely, should hold out mora favorable expectations as to the crop. Looking to the lata advices, the contrary of this would seem much the more probable. Brailla, Kgyptlans and flnrats have all partaken of the general flatness, and are S,d per lb lower. The tales this week amounted to J4.700 bags, including !1,000 American on apeculatlon, and 3.000 American and J00 Hurat for export The Import waa ? Me balea. The American abort staple were quoted, vix:ordlnary ">H a '; mid fair, #.'? a 6\ ; good fair, a 7/s' i good to fine, Vt a *d. Livksposl. (probably Sept 24.?Cotton Demand moderate, anil prlos* irregular, from an increased deslra to cell A decline of lad P?"r 'h hM b"4'n submitted to on American descriptions. The following are the ruling rates Bowed Georgia, to 7H; Mobile, ?'* to 7; Alabama aod Tennessee, <1 to t>Hi New Orleans, to l orn and Hour Demand for fbreign flour and Indian corn extensive and animated. Rice -Market steady, Carolina iOs 'id to JJs 3d per cwt. Lard American icarcn and looking up; good quality in barrels fetches from fl 'S per cwt. Tallow -In good demand, and North American from 47s (id to A4s Wd. Turpentine * American oil of turpentine offering at l%a Tar Ameri can In barrels, Kit to 1H* ?d for good rtany. Hosln American In fair demand; barrels '2a lOd for common quality on the quay, and 3s In store. 11 ark quercitron, common qnality, I Is 3d per cwt Lompo* Msbkkts, Friday Sept. '.M. ? Klce -Market dull Bengal-low yellow cargo liato Us fld, good I Js fill to 13s. Bombay-good small white very dusty Ifts Madras fine amall white train 14s to lis Colombo? gaod mid bold barley grain lis to 14s Italian?good l>old greyish whites I As mid 14s to 14s tid Arracaa ? lew mid bold yellow barley grain I3i to 13s tid. Italian Paddy Hs Cleaned I'atna J is te ilia, Carolina quiet first quality 3'ie, and second iHi to 90s Ashes?? anada pot flrat aort 31s to 3As, second J3s 3d to 33a, and third 'J9s to 'JO*. I'earl - first tort 37t to 37s 3d, and aecond 34s (id par cwt. Cotton?tuaiket dull, and prloat are foil >*d per lb lower The sales are 1720 bales Horat told at 4d to for good ord to foil/ fair; 700 Mftdna at ii'-J . to IHi for good ??d 40 Settfil ?t iHi tot fair quality Oar Liverpool correspondent says: "A 4saliM of H? p?r lb has been an all klad* of Amerloan, and tbe market cIo??d vitk a Ttrj doll ippearaiicn. fr'rom the manufacturing distrlot* letters tate that little biulneee ha* bean do a*, although lower price* bare been acoepted the failure* there aod at GiasKOw causing buyer* to held off In anticipation of lower price* The following are the rulinc rates?Sea laiaa<l 18d tolQd: bowed' teorfrla ?)?<> to TXd; Mobile ?XJto7J ?N*w Qrlean* 6\d to dl4d-BaLla 0>4d to -Surat 4d to 6V^d " Tallow ?A fair extent of butluess done in f V. C on the *pot at 46< 3d to 46* fld for new, and 44s 61 to 4d* tfd for old. but for delivery there are teller* at 4 '>* Oi for Ibe lut tbre* month*, but no buyer* A l?W loU of Ode**a nold at 4o* Oil to 46* ttd for V C.onth* pot Home In reijueel?prime freeh melted 47s to 47s 3d. and other qualiti** 4?* 6d to 40* Ud net <-e*h fixed* ? V fair demaud for Baltic iinieed Black Sea sold at 47s, ami for arrival 40s #d. Kngii*h linseed cakes In re quest, X'li lis* to X13 per 1000 eake* are now the quotati >ns hort>Un cake-* *taroe, end improved pric**a oaid. Marseilles <9 10* to X10, and American ? J to Ji 10 10*. Rape cake* in requent??0 p?r too t* now tbe value ? Tar ? Market Aim Htoofcholm quoted at JO* to JO* Sd, and Arohaugel l?< to 19* Sd- Turpentine ?A good bullae** done In iplrlt*, at 40* 0d for Kngluh drawn, and 4<i? for American nmi lr?<tln u ....-i. - ?>u(U am quality 12*, anil ootntnoa 11* Metals?The money market oon tin ties to operate unfavorably oa all article* tiat a t?tr business I* doing Railway bar iron and Welsh bars In food demand In Heotoh pig* buslnes* dona to a good rztent for consumption and export at 67a fid (or cwli for No. I, and S4* to Mi rt J for mixed number* Hwe dlnh tro.i ?11 6s to ?11 10*. In Britlab tin a modarata bu*iue*a doing Foreign told at ti* for (traits, and 9ls for bancs Spelter dull at ? 1# 12* < Vppsr in good demand at ?97 to ?98 for Brltlato tile add cake Valparaiso bald for ?!?3 In lead or st??l little doing. Loitdon, (probably Sept. 37.?Markets, generally have been heavy, but In tome article* an Inoraaaa in prloea baa been obtained. American flour oannot be bought below from 20* to 30*; Canadian 26* to 20*. Provision*?For American beef and pork demand not so active. In bond for ship'* uae. price* are a* follow* India beef, 120a to 123,< per tierce (334 lb*); mets, 108* to 110*; prima mesa, !?6s to 100a; India pork. 146* to 163* par tlaroa (304 lbs); prime mesa. 70a to HO* per barrel American chaaM In good demand-good and fine, 60* to 60*; Inferior Md middling, 30* to 40*. American bacon meeta slow sala at 60 a to 66a; bale middle*. 60s to 65s; smoksd hams. AOs to In pickle. 3Uh to 40* Lard meeta with good lala? keg* at 50* to .'>??, barrel). 44s to 64s Rica?Carolina j (|Uiet ; flrat quality 32*. seoand 24* to 30* Oils?In 8outb*?rn whale few sale* effected; double compass, ?27 6* to ?27 10s; pperm quiet, very low ?70, low ?80 good ?81. head matter ?84, American linseed oakee, ?9 10s to ?10 I0h. Turpentine?A good business done in eplr it* at 40* for American, casks included; rough-flne quality. 12s; oommon, lis. Aahes ?Canada pot. l*t sort, 34a to 35*; 2d, 32a 3d to 33s; 3d, 38* to 29; pearl, 1st sort. 37s to 37s 3d; 2d, 34* e>d Whalebone?South Sea, Itf3* to 170*. Tar ?American. 14*. Cotton?Market heavy and a further reduction has beau submitted to, to afffot *"les. The prateut pries are. New Orleans, #>* to 9V; bowed Georgia, ti'* to 7 V IIavkk, Wednesday, 29tb September. 1847.?CottonsThere ban been again a considerable degree of flatness In the aspnet of business; during the pad se'nlght, (he accounts from all parts have been, g?n*rally speakiug, of an unsatisfactory tenor. Those from Knglaud, now ever, are f a rather less gloomy character, within the last three or four days; and as it is now hoped that the crisis has reached it* highest point, oar market I* beginning to wear it lots unwholesome appeerauce. and price* have become more settled than previously The transactions, neverthelers. continue of a very limited description, and tb? buying i? merely from hand to mouth; but several miles have been made In cotton* to arrive, which were before impracticable, and noma purchaNt-N of New Orleans, deliverable at the fall of tha year, ware effected on the bantu of f. 1)5 for our ordinaire, and at f Uti for delivery In the course of nest month. But although the feeling here Is upon the whole leM depressed, the situation of tha manufacturing department* la still far from encouraging, and the unreinuneratlngstata of traue is loudly complained of, so that tha demand for consumption is of an exceedingly restricted nature. We Mibjoin a comparative table, showing the movement In cottons for our port, since the commencement of the year contrasted with preoeding statement*.. The Imports during this mouth amount to Ud:JH bale*, and the deliveries for consumption to only lTi 'J 14 bales, and our quotation! exhibit a depreciation of tf a 7 on those of the preceding month. Ashes?The transactions in Am.Potaah nave been moderate, since our last report, but prices are nevertheless Arm at our quotations. Several lota found buyer* at f. 47 6(1 per M> kll . duty paid. Nothing ha* been done in Pearlaah, which remain* nominal atf. 64a60 for oonMimptien. TheUticaand gylvte-de Uraaae. from New York, had on board IIS bbl* Pot*. Rloa ?No sales deserving of notice have taken plaoe In Carolina IIIce, which is however firm, and we quote prloe* at f. 34a38 per 60 kil . for consumption. VVa have to reoord sale* of inn A roz-an o f 01 *>> I Ml tnn? /? *rriwm frnm (Calcutta, at f. '2'2, for bom* use No supplies have arrived. Whalebone?The sales (luring thepaat week have been too trifling to record, but prices maintain their rtoui d at our (quotations. Southern fishery Is worth f a -25a'2 30. and north-western f. '2 16a3 17K per . X kil. duty paid. The Utlca brought In 73 bundles.? | stock on hand lift tons against. 1B0 tons last year. Coffee?The same want of activity oontiuues to pradomlnate in the demand, that has prevailed for sometime ' past, but prioes remain about the same as previously reported. The sales effected were as follows, vis: 470 oafs Havana, at 3tJc; 142 bags Rio at 47c, in bond;'2000 bags Java at 91c; 2500 bags Manilla at 93c; and '24 bbls Uuslioloupe at f. 1 MM l"'r ' kll, duty paid. (iOO bags St. Domingo and Bra/.il, in a damaged state, were disposed of by auction. The only imports were 319 bags Porto Cabello, and 4 bbls from our Went India colonic*.? stock 14,000 bags St. Domingo. SOU casks and 8,000 bags, 600 casks and 3,600 bags Porio Hico, Havana, etc , y.ftOO bags Kast India, 600 bales Bourbon, 550 bales Mocha, and 7ft ouskn Martinique and Ouadaloupa. Drugs and Dyes - We have to record sales of 4 tons N. Vork beeswax, at If 70, and 137 cases sbellao, at ft'2K o per half kil. duty paid. The imports were 92 casks and mm bsgs beeswax, from New Vork. Tallow, tee ?Vary little enquiry has been manifested, but prices have unuergone no alteration. The sales consist of 25 casks Russia, yellow candle, at 70f, and '26 casks deliverable at the fall of the year, at (tot per 50 kil, 4utv paid. We buve received o4 casks Irom New York, per Manohe, and 213 from St. Petersburg. Wheat and Klour? No animation has been displayed In the demand, which has been confined to the wants for consumption, but our stock ou hand being small, prioes are well supported. The salmi effected were 0,000 bags New Orleans wheat, at ft"2 a 67f per sack of 200 kil. duty paid; 700 bags New York and > Genesee flour,at 34f a 34 56, and S00 New Orleans at 31f pur bbl, In bond. At the last MontlviUiors market the average prloe of home wheat was 5Hf per sack of '200 kil, 1 making a decline of 4f on the isolation of the previous ' week. The Internal markets are. generally speaking, lu a dull state. The Imports were II>00 bbls flour and 40V2 hugs wheat, per Diana, from New Orleans, and two car' goes wheat from the Mediterranean. Woods ?Nothing j whatever has been done in Dye Woods this last week, | and we therefore quote prices of Ht Domingo logwood as 1 before at (if 10 a 6 26, and Campeaoby, Spanish cut, at lOf pi r 60 kil, duty paid. No supplies have arrived. Canton, July 31. ?Imports?In consequanoe of the arrival of the new season s oongous, the import market has been more active during the past month. Cotton-Th.?re has l>seu an improved demand during the month, lit slightly advanoed prlc?s for the Bombay staple. Mad run ana Bengal remain dull. I tie following are tun ijuotation* for ca*h In two months : ? Bombay 5 4 to 7 8, bengal 6 B to H; Madras li 6 to 7 8. Monthly Stitkmknt in HTUI HH *ni> Delivkkie>. Impt. Urlv. Stoiki, Samr pcriodi, III). IU4ti. l?4V Dombxr, bla 24 .ddt 10,3,6 3i WIS 31,2)6 11,5 3 Utugal 3,1*7 l,?t>7 1 167 3,641 1,631 Madr?i none 1.2*3 3 490 ?.Mv 14,47:. Araentai 320 none 1,113 j3M 9Ji t?h?Lgiiat noue 376 ?t>8 Hour none Total 28,431 13 912 4b,'*86 63.006 10,661 ( ottou } am?The dealer* decline purchasing, and there La* bren nothing doing The Import* curing the month aru reported at 1,0! 8 bales, deliver)** 681. stock 4,071, against 1.360 at the tame period lust year (Quotation* for ca*>h in two month*, nominally?Number* 16 to '24, $26 to $27 ; Number* 26 to 3j, >28 to $29; Numbers 34 to 42, >32 to $33.? Cloth*-There bare been woe rather heavy tale* iu barter for tea*, a* well a* a Kin nil <|uaatity tor tb? junli* at Hong Kong, at last month * price*. Price* may tie quoted to day a *hade lower, *ay for gray* $2 36 to J>2 8j, for 60* to 72, and white* $2 60 to >3 16 American Woods- Drilling* are ijuotai >2 65, to $'i 66. and Hhaeting*, $'2 80 to $2 DO. I'rioe* of both inscriptions are rather higher Of the latter there are very tew here. Long ?11*?A few lot* have been sold at about $10 60 to 1 $ 11 20 for scarlet, and $8 30 to $8 60 tor assorted color* IPepjier?The preaent quotation 1* $6 '20, Hie*?The crop* are moat abundaut. (iood Manilla and Java are not worth more than $1 60. Export*-Tea*?The postscript to our laat monthly report noticed the liveliness or the market in new congou, which continued up to the t arrival of the mail, wheu the demand slackened. Of i UO ohopa that haru coma down, about VA hare bm-n a nettled mil to 31 taeia, a few of ajitra Una quality bei Ing taken at 32 to 34 tacU There are bow only 'J or 3 t cliopN of tha highest grade lalt unite tiled held at 33 taela. About 10 chops of old cougou are reported at 11 to 13 - taeli, tearing about 3a chops In market Been ted oranga l'?koaaud caper continue In briak demand, partloulariy the latter, 01 which about 10 0 ten catty boiea have bueu nettled at 17 to 22 taels. This i>ort of tea, made from i iha produce of tha Canton distrlts. being mora r?BMtratire to the tea man than if made into Import*! or Uun powdar, at their present rata*, the supply will be quite equal to tha demand I'laln oranga pekoa of the naw I crop la hald at IN to 'JO taels, but no buyer*. About 4000 : half cheats are in market, and about Jooo of the old crop I held at 10 to fonrleen taela Of plain caper no naw li coming down this season. and tha stock of old la about i 4<mkj ten-catty boxes, and some half cheat* NlngVongsof the naw erop are arriving pretty Ireely, and or good uualIty; lut year * price* are aaked. but aa yet no aalea have been made. It itcma probable that a reduction of'20 per cent will have to be mada. before tha market la opened for thia kind. In green tea very little haa been done The market la cleared of ail the good qualities of country teas, excepting Twankay , of Una 10,000 half cheats are in market at 13 to '20 taela. ? Canton young hyson we quote at 13 to '20 teal*, Imps rial and gunpowder is to 24 for I common toj good ? m aa I aa itf Blllftll HMICfl ill l?? IWl T t*a fi ut iKflllf IHii dollar* Now In eiperted to arrlre In * inontb ? Miflar ( <>n?ldrr?lil? uhljinitintil ur? batng mad?> tu Bust bay?No. 1 la %f> ha, .No, i, >4.44; No. 3, $6 a V ?:> Kraighta?To Kuglatid, A'4 ll>* to JiQ, h?Tc b??u u IiikIi ? A'O IOr during tb? month. Original Kthloplan H?reii*<leiii._Pa 1 mo ' * (>|i?ra I loin* -tn?r??r lrr.|iirntl) w? hat* Tinted and re i i.iitd tnu iltractire teen* ul eulerMinmaiit, we, lik* inm v otlieri, have l>li an uniulir to aee more and mure o( the di<ri il>ed powen of the?e inimitable armta. W illi a fidelity thai ?dull' l be iriaiafceu, and * ith a harmony tli&i cannot a.iimt >1' crptieal cavil, th*v (lide liom the imitation uf oar k.ihio|>i*n cMractaiiatica, lu it? |>ath? iic >irmu>, tu the louder and ioii(her tone* of the negro iu hu (note boiiteroaifbulir. luui ul lun aud frolic 1 he abiapt traantion from the midline in the mirthful. develupod by limit artMta in their rnprc ire deliiicatiuna, u *a lingular iu ita execution aa it u faaciaaUnf iu it* effei.u. l'o Ihoac who liata aot aa*u ilieui, ?? leeummrud a vtall till* aiemng. The PlnmlM National Uagnerrelaii Uallrry, on the ni>|>er roiner of Broadway nuu Almrav meet, wa i e I1 l<lea?iire lu c mmcuilintf tu thr nutic* of tn< ? who arr I ud < I An* Dagnerrcuty pea. i ha recent imi>ro?ei?*i,n wiiirh aie r? hibilad at ihia eatahliibmenl orer Ih# limner iu|ienor pietuie* >r< rtaily beautilul, and ?tiould b?a?ento be anneeia,*d. 4

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