Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 24, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 24, 1847 Page 1
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THI Vol. Ml. No. JJl_\Vtaol? No. 4888. ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS OF THK TERRIBLE CONFLICTS IN THE VALLIT Or XMEBXIOO. Mexican Aeeonnt of the Storming of Chepnltepee. INCIDENTS OF THE BATTLES. O FFICIRL ORDERS. &c. OFFICrAT, ORDERS AT THE CITV OF MKXICO. [From the N O Picayune. Oct. 15 ] The folloiriog orders of Oen Scott point to a danger by which he Is beset. The order in eminently characteristic of his high spirit, his humanity and care for his troops:? Gkperal Orders?No. 296. or thi Armt.) Mexico, Sept. 22, 1847. J T he general-in chief has received, through many kind sources, Mexican and others, undoubted Information that an extensive consoiracy Is on foot about us, to surprise (by means of an insurrection) our guards and quarters, and to murder our officers and men. Mexican officers and Foldlers, in disguise, who bad not the eoura*e to defend their capital, are ihe leaders of this conspiracy, aided by some fifteen hundred thWves and murderers, who were turned loo?e for that purpose a id to prey upon the peaceable inhabit inte, the night before the triumphal entry of the American army into this oity. flie oonsplrators have also the services of several false priests, who dishonor the holy religion whieb they only profess for the special ocoas'on. Until ready for the imurreotion, th? disguised villlani hope to do us muoh barm in detail. Their plan is to aasassinate s'rsgglers, particularly drunken men; to entice individuals or small parties into shops, to drink, and j to atab tbem when In their cups; to entice onr gallant nuuiiiii unuuug n<?ui<iiii wiu uuug mi uiuon nonor | to our color*, to desert under a promise of lands in Call- , forola, which our arms hare already conquered, and whioh, forever, will remain a part of the United Stated Let all our soldlera, Protestant and Catholie, remem- , bar th? fate of the deserters taken at Churubusco. These , deluded wretches were also promised money and land; but the Mexican government, by every sort of ill usage. > drove them to take up arms against the country and lUg , they had voluntarily sworn to support, and next planed | them in front of the buttle?in positions from which they | eould not possibly esoape the conquering valnr of our i glorious ranks. After every effort of the general-in chief to save, by judicious discrimination, as many of those i miserable oonvlcta aa possible, fifty of them have paid for the if treacheey Jby an Ignominious death on the galIowa. Again, the general- in-chief calls on hia brethren In arms, of all gradea, to be constantly on the alert, by day, aa by night; never to appear in the atreeta without aidearm*; to walk out only In partiaa of twos, threes or ] more, and to avoid all obscure plaoes?particularly treacherous dram shops and liquor stores. By command of Major Oen Scott. II. L. SCOTT, A. A. A. Q The following orders will show how solioltoua Geo ral Scott la that the religious aentlmenta of the Mej.ioans should be reapeoted by h<a troops. All tolerant aud good men, we think, will approve Genkril Orders?No. 397. Headquarters or the 4rmt.> , Mexico, Sept. 24, 1847 ? 1. Here, aa in all Roman Catholic countries, there are frequent rellgioua procession* in the street* as well aa in , nhurohes. auch as the elevation of the host, the viaticum, funeral*. &.o a. The interruption of aueh processions has already , been prohibited In orders, and as no civilized person will i ever wantonly do any aet to hurt the Vellirioua feelings of others it is earnestly requested of all Prot.eatant. Am?- ( rioans either 'o keep out of the way or to pay to the Ca- . tbollc religion and 1*8 ceremonies every decent mark of ] respect and deferens" 3 In the ?a?e of the viati-um (visits of consolation to the sick and 'lying) comuiandeis of corps are requested, when called upon to allow t vo Rm*n Catholic Soldlera , to perform the >isna' functions on su ->, occasions. 4. Thsre Is every reason to h?li?ve that a vjrv lar?e iitstrfhut'on of ?nd dlrka ha* reoen'ly be-'n made to libera ed o >nvlnt* (thlwa and mur^-rem) f >rthe purpose of >i**a8<in?ti'>g American soldier* found drank or other" I ae off th?lr scoard. f f- Meuuir.B arj in nrocresa to searok out and selie for ex?cuti<in 'h in*tiu?t">ra and lead-rs Jf tho*e &saa*slns In the mean time guard* and patrols 111 March all su> pioioua persona, did irai, aad if nece<Iary ooatiae them for tr'al and puniaim-'nt I By command of Major Oen 8cotJ: H. L sccnr, A A. A. o The following o d?r touches the mifltary police of the Ky, Okncrai- Oudkiii?No. 308. HElOltl ABTRRt tV THK AKMV, ) Mexico. Sept. 34. 1847 j To insure good order and discipline daring the occupation by the arinv of thin, capital, the following daily detail* will be regularly made : ? 1 A general officer of the day, t? report to the Qeneral-in-Ch'of to superintend g?nerally the exterior g?od ord-r and diaoipline of the whole garrison, f 3 rlait the guard* and '>ut-po*ts, to call out and iaapeet the inlying picket* a< of>?n and at such time* a* he may think proper, to orgsoix patr?ls trom the Inlying pi oka a, and to ru"el?e ? 1 'eporta concming the preser ration of order and di ololin , and m-ikn immediate communication of any ex'^aordlnsry ocnurrenie to the General-in-Chief U A fl 'id officer of the day of each dirUlon, and one of the oaraii-y brigade, who will hare the Immediate auperiniendence of the troop* in quarter* of hi* dhisioo or br'g* i": to he pre*ent at the mounting and dismounting of th tru ?rd? of hi* dlrlslon, partloulariy of the inIrl g pickets, alway* to be considered under hi* lmm?dlat-1 eomman i : to call thetn out for inspection and to or ler such patrols from them, und?r the dlrectiona of th-? ' (f?ti"ral offlc-T of the day," a" mnv be deemed necea'ary to insure good order and di?clpllne in the city. ana tn the ev?nt or an inlying picket being ordered to march be will head It 3 One third of each regiment not on other duty will constitute its portion of the Inlying picket. 4. A captain or subaltern of the day, of each regiment, will superintend the qnlet, cleanliness and regularity of the quartern of the regiment#, attend the parading of all regimental guards. and order the roll to be called t>??qnently and at unexpec'ed periods, and report every thing extraordinary to the commanding officer, visit company kitchens and messes, and make a report of their condition to the commanding officer. By ord^r of Major Oen. Soott; H L. SCOTT. A A. A O. The following orders issued by Oen. Quitman require no explanation at our hands :? , Okfick or the Civil, and Military Governor, ) National Palace, Sept 90. 1847. ) Whereas, it is known that officers of the Mexican , army are now in this city without the permission of the | proper authorities?this is to give all such persons no- , tlce that they are required to report themselves, within | the next three days, to Lieutenant Colonel Hitchcock, inspector general of the army, at his office, No. 10 Calle Capuchinas, or they will be proceeded against as spies. i J. A. QUITMAN, Maj Oen and Governor. i OrricE ok the Civil ano Militarv Governor, ) , N'atiowai. Palace, Sept- 27. 1847 ) ( An effort is making to Imnnss upon the soldiers of the ] army by depreciating the value of the gold end silver l coin United State in this market. To preyen' | the confusion and injustice whleh will arise from the i toleration of this evil it Is ordered that in all tran?ac- < tlons of purchaoe and s?le the coin of the United Stag's shall b'> H?fiV?4 according to its lawful value; that 1< , an eattle for ten dollars; a half eagle fnr five dollars; a | flfry cent piece for a hslf dollar; a twnty five cent , piece for a quarter of a do'lar; a dime for the one tentn , of a dollar; a half-dime for one-twentieth ?f a dollar | All persons violating this order will be liable to a flnu of , five dollars for eaoh offence. J. A QUITMAN Msj Oen. U S A. and Civil and Military Governor. OrFICE ok tmk ClVII. and"mllitarv < iOvr. ii no r, ? Na i ional PiLAcr, Sept 2<). 1847 $ All person*, whether public or private individuals, to 1 whom tobacco, clears, puro*. or any other public property. money* or credit* hare been entrusted by the Mexican < Jovernment, or It* agent*. for safe keeping or for dale, lire required, without delay, to piesent at this office written statement* of the amount* and place* of deposit*; or ju*t account* of the dispositions of the *ame. with proper vouchers J A QUITM AN, Maj. Gen. and Governor Or Met. er thk Civil a mi Military (Jovcrnor, ( National Palace. Sept 22. 1847. J To enable the city authorities to ra'sn the contribution levied upon them, the following orders are made with the approba'lon of the General-in-Chief: ? 1. The municipal aa'lioritie* of the city and diatrlet will retain all ther n*u?l source* of rev-nuu In addition thereto, the Internal customs or dutie* which have heretofore been collected at the custom house,olty g te* and fhewhere. are. for the preHunt. surrendered to tho Avuntnmlento. to be collected and disposed of by them subject, to such modification* and order* a* may from time to time bo received from this office, or from the general in chief 1 The management and revenues of the po*t office are likewise. for the present, yielded up to the Ayuntamiento .1 After setting aside a supply of the public cigar* and ebacoo, sufficient for two months' consumption, to be distribute.) in kind to the army, the residue will be disposed of to the municipal authorltle* at the rate of? per 1 arroba. with leave to dispose of it in the mannvr and at the price* heretofore usual with the Mexican (iovernm nt The price and the term* of the *ale to the Ayuntamiento to be determined on between them and the principal (|u*rterma*ter of the army 4 Tobacco, not belonging to the Mexican Government, and which uiav hereafter be brought into market. may be dl*po?ed of by the city authoritiea as heretofore 5 All *upplie* for the army shall be Introduced free of any duty or charge wh*tever (f Seni-weekly reimrta of th? receipts into the olty tr-asury, and of the expenditures, will be made to the civil and military governor J. A. QUITMAN, Maj Oen. U.IA, and Civil and MlllUry Governor. 5 NE1 NEl Til It PUNI9IIMKNT OF KESEP.TKItS. [From the New Orleans Picayune,Ont 18] By a general order da' ed the 8th Sept.. It appeara that a oourt martial, of whloh Col Riley, of the 3(1 Infantry, wai Preti?t?nt, tried twenty-nine men for desertion to th? enorny Their fate may be lead la the following sentences of Gen. Scott: SENTENCES. The oourt f >und the above named prisoners. [the name* are given again b-low] severally guilty an obarced, and enteneed each (two third* of the member* of the oourt la every case concurring In the sentence) ' to be hanged by the neck until he la dead " 3 The 0?neral-in-chlef approves th*? foregoing proceedings and sentences, with tbeafolW>wing exceptions: ? the cues of Thomas Riley. cemptny 1, 34 Infantry; Jos Mills, comi any II. samo regiinent, and John Kellly, coin pany K, sin iiifnntry. These three prisoner* severally committed the crime of desertion as charged, in th* early part of April .1846.? At that date the United States were at peace with Mexico and all the world; for the present war did not break out, in fact, till a later date, an'l was not recognised to exist by the Congress of the United States till the 13th of the following month. No higher punishment can, therefore, be legally inflicted upon those atrocious offenders, T. Riley, J. Mills and J Reilly, than that prescribed for a state of peace, viz: Fifty Urhes with a rawhide whip; w. il laid on the bare back of each, and their punishment is commuted accordingly?with the addition, that each be brand*d on a cheek with the letter D. kept a close prisoner as long at this army remains in Mexico, and then be drummed out of the service. So much of the punishment in the of Henry Newer, oompany D 1th artillery, as relatej to hanging, is,on the reoommendationnf many members of the court, remitted; and alike remission is made in the case of Kdward McHerron, company O. same regiment, out of consideration for a son. private iu the same company, who has remained faithful to his colors There being some slight oircumstances of mitigation in tbe several oas^s of Hezakiah Akles, John Dirtley. Alex McKee, and John Bowers, all of company II, 3d artillery, their sentences are oommuted as in the cases of T. Kiley, J. Mills and J. Reilly above. The remainder of the prisoners tried by the same court, and for tho Fame crime, viz Henry Venator, company I, 'id dragoons; F. Rhode, oompany 1, 'id dragoons; W. A. Wallace, oompany C, 8d infantry; Lawrence Macky, oompany K. 3d infantry; Patrlok Dalton. company B, -id infantry; John Shehan, company O ath Infantry; John A. Myers, company O. Sthinfantry; Henry Whistler, com E, 4th art; Klliler 8. Lusk. romp C. 3d in.; Jas. Spears, comp D, 7:h infantry; Dennis Conahao, company I, 7th infantry; James MoDowell, oompany It. 7th infantry; Martin Lydon, oompany D, 7th Infantry; Wm. H. Keeck, oomp K, 4th artillery; Win Oathouse, soinpany I, 'id infantry; Henry Octker, oompany D. 4th artillery; William O'Conner, oompany K. lit *-tll!ery; Andrew Nolan, compauy O, 4th artiller?; Herman 3ohmidth, company I), 3d infantry; R.W Garretson. company H, 3d artillery, will be hup;; according to their itjveral sentences, between the hmim nfn in the fore [io in, next attar t\ie receipt of this order, a? may bo arraused by the c-'nmaader of the post or camp whtre the Mhid prise-jrs may respectively be found.? [The above named men, excepting H. Venator, K Rhode, ). A. Myers, ani J. Sheehan, were executed at San Angel, September 10, 1847 ] By oom uand of Msj Gen. Soott: H. L. SCOTT, A. A. A. G. And .he court ftocordingly sentenced the several prlsone J( (two thirds of the members in every case coneurrL? . In the sentenoe) each to be hung by the neck till j be dead. [Their namrK sre given below ] Before the same court, Martin Miles, of company A. 8th infantry, and Abraham Kitzpatriok, of the f?m? oompany and regiment, were duly tried and convicted upon the charge of desertion, and the court (two-thirds of the members concurring) accordingly sentenced each to be shot. Before the same court were duly tried and convicted upon the charge of desertion the following named prisoner*:?James Kelly, company C. 3d infantry; John Murphy, company C,8tb infantry; John Little, company C, 2d. dragoons. And the oourt accordingly sentenced nach " to reoelve fifty lashes well laid on with a raw hide on his bare bao't; to forfeit all pay and allowances that are or may beoom* due btm; to be indelibly marked an the right up wi<h the letter D. two inches in length; to wear an iron yoke, weighing eight pounds, with three prongs, each on - foot In length, around the neok. to be confined at hard labor, in cherge of the guard, during the time th army remains in Mexico, and then to have It sh*ad hhtvei an J to be drummed out of the service ' Before the same court whs tried upon the charge of ilenertion, Lewis Prelfer, of company C, 4th infantry whom the court found to be not guilty of desertion, but guilty of absence without leave, and accordingly sentenced him to forfeit all p?y and allowances that are or raav become due him, and be discharged the service. 9. The ireneraMn-ehief approves the proceedings, findings and sentences In th* foregoing cases. vu n'w (couuiiiiitDuiiina m inf OT court the sonfences of Abraham Fitcpatriok, company A. 8t.i> infantry: John Brooke, company K, 6ch Infantry; and David McElroy. company E, 6th Infantry, aro remitted On a-count of mitigating circi'mstancen In the cases of Rogers Duhan. oompany F 6th Infantry ; Samuel M Thomas, company C. 6M1 Infantry ; John Daly. Hide Regiment ; Thomas Cassedy, oompany I. 8th Infantry ; and Martin Mil**, company A, Hrh Infantry, the sentenoe of death la commuted to the fol'owing : " To reclre fifty lashes, well lali on with a rawhide whip, to be branded on a cheek with the letter U. to be kept In 3onflnemont while the army remaios in Mexico, and then to be drummed out of service " The remainder of the prisoner* sentenced to death by -he court:?Frederick Fogal, company K. 3d dragoons ; Henry Klager, same oompany and regiment; Henry Lon(enhamtuer, company F, same regiment; Francis O't on?er, 3d Infantry ; John Apptehy company 1), ad Artll ery ; M. T. Frantlus. company K, 3d Infantry ; Peter Velll, company I), 4th Infantry; George W Jackson, ;omoany H, first artillery ; Kerr D-laney. company D. Ith Infantry; John Prioe,company F,*2d Infantry: John Juttle. company B, 2d Infantry ; Richard Parker, company K, iith Infantry ; Parian Frit* oompany F, (ith Infantry ; John Benedick, company F 6th Inlantry ; Anpiste Morstadt. company I, 7th Infantry : John Rose, sompany F,6th Infantry; I.aohlen MoLachlen, company F, flrh Infantry ; John Cavanaugh, company E.8th In fkntry ; Richard lianly. company A 2d Artillery; (iiblon McDowell, company V. 8th Infantry : I.-muel A Wheaton. company A. 6th Infantry; Patriok Casey, lompany F. 6th Infantry ; Patrick Antlaon. company K Ith infantry ; Harrison Kenney, cempany K. 4th HfanIrt R rtfTpr 11 nMn Anmnnnw I 1 n/an??xt / a Dalwlg. company K. '2.1 Artillery ; Barney Hurt, company K. '2(1 Artillery ; Hugh Mo'lelUnd, company A, 8th Infantry; Thomas Mtllett, company U. 3d Artillery; ind John McDowell, company A. 8th Infantry, will bt* aung by the neck until dead. between the hours of six knd eleven in the forenoon, next after the receipt of thin irder, under the direction of the commanding officer of the port at which they may respectively be found.?[E*?cuted September 13, 1847. at Mlxooac] We cenclude this miserable record of retributive jusHen meted out to those scoundrel* taken in arm* whatnot their own oomp?nlons, with the following from the.huti trim Stir : exkcutikfi Derk>itk?s ?On the morning of the lith were hung at San Angel sixteen des-rters from the American army, who had taken up arm* against their gorernment. Immediately after, aome ten or twelve were whipped and branded on the oheek with the letter 1) ? tliley, the chief of the St Patrloia orowd. came In for a thare of the whipping and branding, and right well was he former laid on by a MexUan muleteer. Gen Twigfts teeming it too muoh honor to the major te be flogged hy an American soldier. He did not itand the operation with that stoiolam we expeoted. The next morning four other* of the same company vere exeouted at Mlxooao. and on the 13th thirty more lung upon one callow* at the fame place. The thirty vere brought ont f or execution about the name time hat Chepultepeo was being stormed, and Col Harney jointing'to that place, told them that th*y should live ong enough to see the Ameriean flag hoisted upon the jattlem^nt'i of that fortresp, and no longei-. la a tew moments our colors were reis-'l. and after it was shown to Ihem tbey were launched into eternity. The clergy at San Angel pleaded hard to sav* the lives if these men, but it was In vain. Oen. Twines told them that to Ampudla, Ari-ta and Hanta Anna did thoMmen iwe their deaths, for they stooped ?o th? low business of loliclting desertion from our ranks, and had succeeded In seducing from duty and allegiance the poor wretoh?s who had to pay so dearly for their crimes IrtKOTTLATIONS OK THE NATIONAL PAI.AOE. [Prom the New Orleans Delta. Oot. 16 ] Skft 2.1 ?Gen Quitman occupies the Palaoe, and It liea been under the superintendence of Capt. Naylor, aeDordlng to the following reuuWtionH : ? 1 Officers quartered in the Palace, or hating troops luartq^ed in it, will report Immediately to the Superintendent, the number and locality of the apartments occupied by them, or their troop* respectively 2. No apartment, in the Palace, can be taken poisesllonofor occupied, as quart era. for either officer* or men, or for any other purpose, without having been drat previously aligned by the Superintendent, upon proper implication made to hits. 3 No book, record, paper, article of furniture, or piece of property of any kind whatever, found in the Pa'ace will be permitted to be removed from the Palace, >r from one apartment to the other, without the written permisalon ol the Superintendent, first had, for that purpose 4 No burial will be allowed within the Palace, or any of it* grounds or enoloaurea ft Troop* quartered In the apartments, containing any r>f the public records, or national archives will immeliately vacate them and find quarters elsewhere. 6 Any Interference with, or mutilation of the books, papers or records c mfalned within the Palace, is strlct7 forbidden; and all persons are moat earnestly requested to observe and enforoe a compliance with this regulation and to pr> s?rve, as far as possible, the Palace, ltlelf, and all its furniture and contents, from injury or spoliation. By order of Major Gen Quitman, Military and Civil Governor CAPT CHARLES NAYLOR Superintendent of the National Palace, and Custodian of the National Archives, ko. National Palaoe, Mexico, Hept 21, 1347. The grand reception room of the late President is now occ.u^'ed by Oen. Quitman as an office, as also a portion of his suite of private rooms are occupied In the same manner as heretofore, except, that they are proteoted by cl?se and heavy guards Tne suite of rooms which her ladjlblp Dona Senora. had th? honor of tilling, are now occupied oy the General's staff, which, no doubt, contrl btfteM to ren l*r their duties more agreeable than fer suma WH*ks previous Several other rooms are occupied by different officer* of the General's staff, but all the troop* have b-en removed. The only change whioh baa been made in the building, was one of a strictly national charter? tb# portrait of Hurbide hung up over the reorp W YO kV YORK, SUNDAY MOB tloD ohilr of Sauta Anna, which it* *11 very well a mouth ego. but Lieut llitnmond tiudinn a full length portrait of Gen Washington In one of the rear rooms, and thinking that as the I'.biiu;'! had been eo general in the Palace, the portraits might ?t well change place* al o; aod now the portrait of the h'ather of onr oountry fwm the principal entrance to the ohamber, whilst his much loved stars and stripes, enveloped in a halo of glory, wave over tlie Hulls of the National Palace. QUIET IN THK CITY. National Palicc, Mexico. Sept ill, 1847. An orderly and peaceful disposition seems to have taken possession of the people of this city The oitlien* tell us that the city has not been as tranquil for two years an It Is at the present time. This has been brought about by the well regulated disposltionof t >e troops by Oen. Scott, together with the other regulation* adopted by the government of the elty. Yesterday, being Sunday. th? clergy kept all the churches and plaoes of religious worship ologed, which had a tendenoy to excite the minds of the populace and impreea thorn with the b?Hef that something serious was going on unseen. Oen Scott had previously Informed the clergy, that be de ulred they would continue as heretofore tha exarclse of their religions ceremonies; Informing them at the same tlm* that they should be protected In their peraon and property, and a* you will see by a clause Id tha general or Ji*r, which I send you, place* allchurches, monasteries aud public eulOcea under tho protection and safeguard of every Anierloan. Gen Scott attain sent to tho clergy and desired them to open their churches for religious worship, but they heeded hltn not. He then Informed them, in substance, that their course was calculated to iuflame the prejudices of-the people and excite them to disorder, and If they thus continued th?lr course of conduct, he should forthwith withdraw all protection from their property, let the confluences be what It might This httd the effect of bringing these gentlemen to their senses?their building* werj openud at once, and their religious ceremonies continued THE RANK AXD FILK. Skit. IS, 18-17.?During the operations of the army before the city we hura had cause ro notice with especial pride the ocnduut of the rank and tile of the army. Innumerable have been the instance* of gallant bearing and lofty valor, of patriotio impulse* and noble deeds Not that ?tjla of patriotism usually so abundant about election limes and Fourth of July celebrations, but patriotism and devotion worthy th? soldiers of the American army? worthy the son* of the laud of the free and home of the brave. It was at a tltne when their hearty cooperation with the officer* was needed?at a time when death w:?s being dealt in their midst unsparingly, and at a tii-.e when It tried the hearts of the bravest of tha brave. These noble soldiers ar.> wortny of some reward >rom the country, and I sincerely hope those defoliated by their officers will receive, as tliey are justly entitled, oomminsions in the army In accordance with the lato act of Congress. The heavy loss we have sustained wili require that w&uy appointments will hare to be made, either from the ranks or from civil life, and those who have aoi|uilted themselves so handsomely In the ranks will make far better officer* than those taken from olvil life, lien Sott refers to the conduct of the soldiery with as much pride as he docs to any other department of the army, and I urn conliJeut he will give his hearty conseut and iulluence to the appointments from the ranks, as you will see by hi* published order, whiah 1 seud you. TIIK RIFLE REGIMENT. The new Rifle Regiment ha* had a fair opportunity of testing their ability; and although much was expected from tuem, they have exceeded the exnertatinna of ry person?they led the way from the time the attack wan made ou the 13th, until they crossed the Gate of the City, iodby Lieut Stuart, who unfurled their banner oa every breast work. Although the infantry shoot three times to their once, still their tire 1* more destructive to thu enemy. Never, at any one point, or under any circumstances, have the Mexicans beeu able to stand the severity of their Are When they arrived at the gate of the oity, they picked off the artilleries with suoli accuracy, that they were unable to load their guns, or even show their heads above t he breast-works. This regiment has never, as yet, been furnished by the government with a stand of colors At Puebla the officers had a stand made at their own expense This (lug has been the first on every breast-work, uutll Gen Quitman's column entered the oity. Now. I would ask, has not this rogiiaent handsomely won one from the hinds of some city of the United States?and then let ran ask, who are more ready to reward gallantry, than the fair ladies of the Crescent City? AFFAIRS AT Ptlrm.A. Another correspondent: s?uds Li Salvia, the following from Vera Cruz of the -J 1 inst. "lleterriag to my letter of to-day, I now take up my pea to ^dvls? you that a private courier baa ju*t arrived from Cu-bla, which place he left ou the night of the iftth dtt., and he says, that at his departure from that city he heard a smart firing from the garita of Han Joee which is situated in the Immediate vicinity of the postroad of Loreto, which is contiguous lo that of Guada- ' lupe Col Childs, in consequence, was continuing the thiowiug of bombs aod other projectiles on the city to I endeavour to provoke a sally, and there waa no doubt tbet Col C will do more damage from the hills la his defence above than Is endeavored to be done by all the attacks made on him. Moreover, the convoy under Gen Lane ii already in Perote, whence it murt have left today, or ht the furthest wiU oerUiuly leave to-morrcw, so that this convoy will be atole to arrive in the vicinity of I'ucbla within four or Ave days. On its arrival all hopes ot triumph ou the part el Santa A una will completely vanish as the American troops will take quiet possession of the place; consequently this may be looked on as a settled affair, and afterwards ' we shall lee. what hull MO- II MOVEMENTS OF SANTA ANNA. [From the New Oileaun La I'atria. 14Lb Init ] VkH* Cruz, 1st Got , 1H47. I wrota to you yesterday, giving you the detail! which we have reoived of the lute occurrences In the capital and I now address you these f-w line* to inform you that a number of |or*on< have just a-xured ine that iney have spoken with an aid-de-cawp of Sn.ita Anua. and a ?errant who acaompani'.<s him everywhere, b?th of whom have arrived iu this city within t1>m last two or three days. Although it i? impossible to state anything oer tainly, it Would that Santa Anua hiuttnlf is in t ie itnmo d at? vicinity of the coast. with a view of embarking on bojrd the KiiglUh s'euiner Med way, which sails early toui irrow morn ug for Havana It cannot be a^til with certainty that he will *ali tail on that steamer, but the general opinion among thone who are deepest in there matters If, that he will avail hitnHell of the first occasion w hich presents itself to leave the1' beregenal" in which he finds himself, aa by all parties !) * is called traitor, renegade, inliiuitous, aud I do not. know what else Some d?ys ago, it i-i positively known that Santa Anna was in Kuebl?, and since then it Is that his aid de-camp and ser viint have arrived here Nothing more is said about hi* being in 1'uebU I sbn.ll endeavor to flud out sometblug more and send it to yo'i as quickly as possible. TIIK RKKICN > rum rw nlTM U?VT? ?*iv. Antonio Lopei tin Santa Ann*. (Jeneralof Division, well deserving of his country. aud President of the Republio. considering? That oven viewing the state of i:ff.ilrs In consequence of the proceeding* at the Capital. *? ought not, oa th s aceiuut, to despair of d-'ftnding the independence of the nation, attacked without mot ire or grouud by the United States That an ion;; an the National Congress confided to up the executive pownr. so long were resources cellect'd for the campaign; but now. if the war in to b ? continued, it would be extr-in'-ly inconvenient to remove the residence of the supreme powers from the ventre ol the Republic. Th'it although the decree of the (Jenrral Congress for itn removal, wm not confirmed, it nevertheless manifested its concurrence with Art. Int of the project by which it was to prepare to fix Its residence in the city of Quaretaro That in a national war, and with the enemy in the bottom of the Republic, the greatest evil* which might supervene, iihould be avoided, WAich would be to dissolve the government of the Union, 'ti l give room to the various d-slgns of faotion, by leavlsg the road designated by the fundamental law of the country That the act contemplated by this decree is demanded by elrouoMtances, as In fact neither the general CongreM, nor tbe council of Government, nor the perma neat deputation, wis assembled; that it Is one of the Indispensable methods of advancing the war, and is nat comprehended In the restrictions placed by the decree of tne 90th of last April; thernfore, in aocordence with tbe power with which I am invested, I have decreed the following: ? Art. 1st In resigning the ('residency ml in/fritn of tk? Republic, In aeoordance with the 97th article of the Cofc?tltutton, it I* decreed that the supreme executive power of the nation shall be oonflded, after the publica tlon of this decree, to tbe most excellent General if Division Don. Jose J lierrera, and the most ? xcellent Henor Dou Lino J. Aloorta, in plaee of Don Nicolas Bravo, mad? prisoner of war, who was named by the decree of the 7tk lnst Ait 3 The Saprsme powers of the nation shall reside for the preset.*, and until the decision of the logls ??*" *" ! ' ! 1411e.rel.aro It is ordered thatthU be duly puUiibed and circulated. Given In the nliy of Oaad*lup? de Hidalgo, Sept. 16th, 1647. ANTONIO UK SANTA ANNA. To Don JoiB Ramon P*<Hrco. nt'RNING SANTA Alil's DWKI.M V'i HJl.'SR. V*a* Cauz, Oct. 3, 1847. To-day we have newa fnm Carro Oorde that tbe uuerrlllerot attacked Capt I'eatheratoo'a Louisiana Volunteers, killed 12, and ba<Jy wonnded the captain and 8 men. Thin In a aerloua 'o*i, and Padre Jarauta will p?y dear for It jet 8<>m? nf our volunteer troop* Ml fire to the dwelling house of Santa A una,at hi* haelenta near Cerro Oordo, and it, with all it* valuable coot nu, wa* consumed Thl* I* all wrong If they had bnrt?j down tbe Tillage* In wblch the guerrtllero* found reJ,?M it woold have been all perfectly right. If the bulidhga of Santa Anna gave shelter to the i uerrlllero* It wa. right to deatroy them, but' not beoauxe nanta Anm ?u leading the force* of the enemy against u*. I % further explanation trom the officer causing it U'*) burned. Capt. Lewis waa reported to have |n*t hi* liUln the conflagration of the hacienda. but I am glad to h *r that Itia contradicted by later authority. THi: KSCOKT OF HER LADYSHIP l)OiA SICNORA LOI'K/. I>K SANTA AN.tA. HI* Kicellenoy. Don Lopex da Hanta Anna, that wai, but la no more, the Prealdent and Comolt||der-ln-Cbief of the Army of the Keputilio of Meilq, having determined to locate hitnnvll aoiuewhare out of the reach of the horrible Yankee*, baa requested b* better half to join him in hia pilgrimage She Iheyf.ire applied to 'Jen. Scott for peruiiMion, and protigtion out of tbe city. Accordingly, the general, no (oubt properly appreciating hor object, and fwr the urpo*? of enabling liar to Join Dtr diaconaolate lord In ltf ininfo-tunea, di RK t NING, OCTOBER 24. 1& rected that she skould have the proper escort, and Capt . ilarral, of the UrHtfoonn, aa caiebratevf for bis affability and courtesy. as be ie fir his bravery in battle, ?ai selected to do up the amiable, and plaoe her ladyship, Dona 8?nora Sunta Anna, out of trie reach of the ' loathed barbarian*of the North,'' and particularly '* that aniuial

called the volunteer " The officer waa peculiarly fortunate in diKcbarglng hie tusk to the entire aatiafactlon of the lady, from wlr>m he received many -'tkanka and salutations," and assurances that, if chanae abould avercause tbern to meet under dilfereut circumataocaa, be abould be entitled to the "dixtiuguifihed conaidei ation and respect" of herself and unfortunate lurd; and I expect by tbla time, be is soothing him In his misfortune*, and endeavoring to assuage his reverses by that kindness and devoted attachment tor which the women of tbla country are juatly notorious?and no doubt. In the course of one or two months from this time, Hia K.xcellency will be diverting himself by bis favorite pastime and amusementcock Ashling?in whUb cerabats he has.heretofore been more successful and fortunate, than be baa in hi* oombata with lot Jlmtricauut Jtl Norte THE STORMING OF ClIAPULTKPIC?THE REPORT OF MEXICAN GENERAL BRAVO. Kxcellknt Si* Having to give you and the nation an account of the late occurrences at the fortress of Chapultepeo, which was under my charge, I am under the painful necessity of doing it in the present note, which, aa you may we, is ouly relative to the unfortunate days of the 12th and 13th; you well knowall the operation* previous to that time, from his excellency the I'realdeut, (Jeneral-ln thi'f, Don Lopez de Santa An na On the afternooa of the 11th, the eneuiy took possesalon of the house called Molltio del Rey, which borders the woods of f'hupultepec, on the west side, which movement plainly indicated their intention of attacking In that ijuarter, as It was natural to suppose they oould have , no other, in re-tufting possaMlon of points they had abandoned on tho Hth This iudicated likewise the necssity, on our part, of attending to the defence of the ....n.l .... ? *i ? ? '-J 1 nwu.4, Nn VJI fcM" |ft rod iBbluu VI liJUl, UT peil t|H(l Ul&l UI tlie fortress, for without It the garrison would have been deprived of all assistance, anil would even have been in I need of water, which was obtained from there. Tho forces which I had under my command on the morning of the 12th, amouuted, according to the enclosed account, to S3J iuen, distributed iu the manner therein stated, end ten pieces of artillery, three of heavy calibre, live smaller and two mountain howitzers, all supplied with full ammunition and artillery mun. Of the said forces there were :J87 men to keep tne lower poiuts and roads of the hill, and the rest kept the heights The fortifications of the building had hardly commenced, and tho fort proteoted by wood work, was too feeble to resist the artillery of the eu?uiy. In this state of affairs the enemy commenced tiring oil us at half pa*t six on the mornlug of the 12ih, from three batteries situated one at the cacienda de la (Jondesa, another near the arsobnspacoo de TacuVaya, and the third on the hills of Molino del Key. Tlieir Qrlag continued until half past seven at night. Their different projectiles, superior to ours, did not cause much damage at first, owning to the badness of their aim, but on rectifying their aim, the edifice suffered much, and the garrison considerably lessened iu killed, wounded and hurt Among the latter was the esteemed and faithful Don Nicola* Soldana. This firlcgVas only aunwered by three of our large pieces, the carriage for ihe fourth nut having been sent from the citadel as had been retjuepUd by me. During this day, two aidsde-camp from his Kxcelluncy tho Treaident, and one from your Kxcellenoy, were sent to me to know and to (certain if i needed any assistance in defending the fortrets. My only answer to his hxcellency was, that one or two battalions should be sent to inn to be stationed In the wood to support the small foroe scattered about In it The active battalion of San Bits, under command of its Colonel Xecontencall. was tout, but was reoalled in the evening by bis Kxcellenoy the I'reaident, without giving me or the cbief, who had charge of the position, any notice whatever. Between ti ami 7 1*. M., another message from the President was received, which induced me to go down lo lie gate of KastnUo and see him in person lie thuu told me that be had already recalled the battalion of San Mas, and gave mu orders to withdraw the small furce they had supported, as his Kxoeilency was determined to abandou that position and de fend the height ulone Your excellency is aware of tile observations 1 made opposite to that resolution, und that the eiT ict they bad, Induced the President to concur with me that it was necessary to keep tbo woodH at every risk lie then offered to send me another battallouthat very ulght, in order to maintain the position In the woods, and reinforce the garrison should thej need It. I Initiated on the uecuaalty of its being promptly done, staling to his excellency that with the troops then there, It was impossible to pass it, ue the battalion from Tuluca bad uearly all deserted, and that the small force remaining had lost all moral courage,from the effects of the lighting on thatdiy? But the President concluded by Haying, that he would not send tlieni immediately, as he did not wish to concentrate too large a force In th - fortress, and thug pre Kent a greater body to the power of the enemy's projectile*?assuring me. however, that we would be suecored iu time. The battalion offered was not sent, aud thin obliged me to dismember the force I had gutrding the heights, to augment with lt#> men that which was sustaining the point below, and with 162 men the outer works oftiie fortress, with orders to return to the fortress iu case of an attack by a superior force By this means the forcn that was stationed In the woods was comprised of lid men, 374 kept the advance or outer works and *.143 t!m fortress During tne night the desertion continued, though la less number!; the garrison of the'out work likewise diminished, and of all the battalion from Oolney, which, when I reviewed It, amounted to 430 men, there only remained 27 men and the officer*, D. Leon Cardenas. D Julian Molu.i, I). Manuel irineuez U. June Alalia Cortes, and D Angel Colina; therefore,at daylight on the lHth, I only counted a little over '200 men lu the principal part of the fortress, to resist the a-tmult of those of the enemy's oolumas, .'IjOO to 4000 strong; and even many of these lew were so demoralized by th- fatal ei ample of their companions and that of some cf their offices, that they attempted flight in such a degree as to make it necessary to tire upon several ot them, who were seen letting themselves down from the top of the battery In view of the difficult position, aud know tug that the enemy would oommenoe the assault immediately, and judging by the activity of their tire in the morning, 1 directei you an hour after my note of the 13th in whicn I stated the desertion of thetroopsand the absolute necessity ot iay being reiuforced by a different kind ot soldiery, or otherwise it would be impossible to defend the fortress, and that my responsibility would leave at that moment. Tno aid de-camp who took this note returned to th? fortress aud told me that he had delivered the note into your hands, having fjund you with his excellency the I'residunt, who also read the uote, at the house of Allaro. .Seeing that the time was piseiug off, lLiit the enemy hai commenced moviuit his columns, and the help ifnuuu'l did aot arrive in hpite of my fourth note of that morniug aud tU" repeated offers Of thu President to send two lliouiMnd meu to the fortreas in time of need ; aud knowing that General !!?/.< iI'h brigade wan near the fort, 1 sent two aids to reijueit bis assistance then, which in a lk?l time would uu oi no avail. The (iei?erals Razgel and I'iaa Uarragon answered inu by thu laet of my aids, that they oould uot come to niy asaistauue without the orders of the 1 'r?dtdent. At nine lu the morning thi columns of the e?euiy. proteoted by an aotlve tiro from their artillery, coinenced entering the wood! on the aide of Molino del ltey, and advancing by thu i'acuba>a road. The weakness of the forcca that covered the abuudsnt trenches toward* the wood?forced thtt had l'?eu diminished Ly desertlona the night before?let the enemy advance with alight obstaolea and take possession of the outer worka?it being proper to observe here that the troopa who had been beaten at these points did not fall back on the fortrea* aa ordered The bill being completely surrounded by the enemy, they charged their greatest torcu .on the weat aide, which la the eagieat of accent, and for which reaaon we had prepared aoue mines, the train of whioh waa posaeaaed by the Knitineer, I). Manuel Aleman. who had been tnatructed to blow theni up when ordered; but this ofllour, although he hid beau particularly charged not to leave the pUce where he wax to receive my orders oa any account whUever, did not oouaply, and when he waa ought lor at the crltioal moment., could not be found,and hence tha prepared minea were of no avail, and the enemy li id this great obstacle out af the way. This circumstance, on.the one hand, and thu large number of the enemy on the other, and the want of all help, and the falling back of troops that defended the outer works, spread horror among the artillery men, who had not been wnunded, and they Hew from their ground and confusion shortly communicated to the few soldiers that remained, o that no earthly effort could contain them, and make the enemy's triumph dear to him. The vnumy, however, sustained a proportionate loss to the resistance that was made, and through It, and the remembrance, without doubt, of that they experienced In the action of the Htb, the result of which had considerably disheartened hla troopa he was seen to vaaclllat* lathe assault, notwithstanding our Ores,and the advantages he bad gained Therefore, It can be assured, that with alltvle more help In the way of reinforoament, with which we could have prolonged the defenoe for some tine, the enemy beaten, would have returned to his oamp at Tucubaya, to put In execution the retreat which a few days before It was reported had b?en determined upon. It la Impossible for tne to give your Excellency aa accurate account of oar loss, because. In my poaltion an a prisoner, I am in want of all the neceaaary doeuoaenta: I can only assure you that all thot* who remained In lb* fort up to the last moment, thoM who war* not killed, were el btT wounded or taken prisoner*. Among the former, I have to mention, lie be lug one of tlmm I have been able to Hud out, Oen Don Juan Nepomareno IVue. killed by a cannon b?ll, (which glanalng, struck ray aid Lio U Kraucisco Laso hstrado ) The Colonel, U.Juao Cano, and ray Adjutant D Lerclan Cairo, whoae family I particularly rocuiniii. nd to the protection or the supreme government The greater part of thou* who accompanied me, oom plied with their duty, and their b' havlor corresponded with what thn honor and sanctity of the cause we are engaged In demanded All of whicb. I ha** the honor ot Informing your Kxcellency In orJer that yon may inform bit* Excellency the President, and offering you the consideration of my great esteem. Ood aii?l Liberty, Tacubaya, Sept 14, 1817 NICOLAS BHAVO. To hi* Kxcellency the Minister of War and Marino COURKMPOMDKNCK FROM TIIK arm V. [Kroin the Washington l'nlon.1 Extract* of a letter from Col Weorg. W Hughe*, of the Piatrlotof Columbia and Maryland regiment, dated at th* National Bridge, the Kith Sept , 1*47,to* friend in Waahlngton ? " Vo? are aware that I had taken poaasssian of Milt important ptane with aiout 400 men against a ?e-y superior fore*, t?u days belor* (Itu l.*ne reached us with hi* 1,000 men ??* * * " 1 have completely broken up tht next of Murderous 1 JbiJbiA 17. I.andltti h?re, no that any individual may travel between It and Vera Crui with Impunity. On arriving at thla pout, my fi el'ngl were greatly outraged at the barbxilty Of the Mexican guerilleros, who hare ho long infested the route. Tha soldiers who had loitered on the road behind the train had been savagely murdered, stripped naked,and brutally mutlilated and exposed; and the remains of one of our officers hud been exhumed from the grave. and torn limb from limb?food for wolves 1 I determined to teaoh theae people a lemon, which I believe his heen it military one I have shot several, who were identified a< having acted with the guerillas, and have burnt every house wltMa ten miles round, In wtileh public property, plundered from our trains was discovered We found knup acks. esmp and garrison equipage, oats, qJ rterma-r ra- wsgoos. sperm candle*, soldiers' olothlbg, caps with tue nauies of soldiers in them, boxes of mcdicm* belonging to the medioal department, and United states ammunition?everything indicating a depot oi banditti. We have alio discovered and destroyed their places of rendezvous In no case have quiet and peaceable people, men. woroeu, or children, been disturbed. The result is, that the fellows are pauic-strurk, aod have taken themselves off?not a single shot having been Bred into my camp A few (till linger about. M rarely shov themselves Two of them attacked one of my men by the name or Watts, of Washington olty, a few daysa.;o both mounted and armed He killed one, I fromwho*^ body he took a U. S. dragoon aword and belt ; the other he charged upon with his bayonet (after receiving the Are of hi* escopet) and wounded ; but the | dog escaped. If 1 only had a squaQroon of dragoons, I i could most advantageously extend my operation* " Having punished them severely. I offered protection | tn mob ati would abandon the guerillas, come in. trade | witb us, and remaiu quiet. Tluy neui delighted with ; thiit, and trade baa become quite active I hure aasure I them that our government wished to wa^e no war upon tba people of Mexioo; but, art thin neighborhood had chosen to make war ou It* own account, in ague'illaehspe, It could not complain of any consequences wbicb hid followed, ;md would certainly follow, .ts evil conduct They replied, that It was all just?that they had bad men amongst them, -iid that they wuro rejoicd that we bad at lout taken po^esslon of the National Undue; for that no <v they would have proteotion against their own robbers. who had foroud them tu deaert their villages. They hive been invited to return, aud levural families %re . bout to return. This course. If followed up with energy. lirmness and discretion, and a sufficient and proper | force, will put down the guerilla system. j ' Vou will see all the news by tbo next steamer be- I fore this reache* you. The British courier saw Santa Anna yesterday (the i&th September), at i'uebla, where he w:it endeavoring to raise money. The impression is, thut be is seeking an opportunity to quit the country, knowing that his game is up. " GEORGE W. HUGHES." , Annexed are extraots of a letter from Mr. John R Kenly, of the army of the Ualted States, dated at the National Bridge, the HOth September, to Major L. Thomas, U.S.A. (Adjutant (ieneral's ofHc?), Washington : ? " i have hesitated to write you in relation to the late news from the interior, her se I feared to send you information that might pro elalse, and still more fe&rod tbut I would only forward you that which bad already been received froul other soucoes, and tbat my motives might be miscoustrued; but 1 yield to my own feelings, an<l therefore have to inform you that at midnight of the 27th|Ult . an express reached this post from Brigadier General Lane, who wan at the 1'lau del Rio, 1 j miles from here, bringing aa order for Major McCoy, of the Indiana regiment, to move forward Immediately, with all the troops here, (with the exception of our battalion.) as Major Lilly, theu at Jalapu, bad reoeived an order from Colonel ..lids to move to his support, by reason of the appro*,.a of General Santa Anna ou I'uebla Major McCoy leu forthwith, and I know that he joined Gen. Lane on the morning of the irith. and that the whole brigade is now at lalapa; thus, if General Lane moves to the support of Col. Childs, of which I have no doubt, be will carry vith him nearly 3.000 men. .(la the morning of the Jbth. a young Mexican otHcer reached here from Jalapa, (he bad a pastport from General Lane,) from whom I obtained the following Information?corroborated entirely hy what I have since learned from the British courier?that after the armistice was broken.ami our troops bad entered the city (full particulars of which aud the last battle you will doubtless have heard lotigbefoie this reaches you) n large portion ol the Mexican in fan try whicb bud escaped took the road to San Lulu, under llerrera whilst Home cavalry under Santa Anna took the road to I'uebla; the citizens, (or rather the lower clasnei) of wbloh pit -.e. anterior 4ib his arrival bad risen on our trooph ai drilled some of them, which ! foroed Col. Chiltiti t- bombard the town, causing considerable destruction 1 Ul'e anil property, and redlining the town to submission. The Uritish aouriur from the oity of Mexico, arrived to-day, and we are Informed that he aaw Santa Anua in I'uebla; tbat < -ol. Child* had possession of the surrounding height*, and, if provisioned, could hold his own, an he bad plenty of water, ile (the courier; was loth to speak on the subjeot, and 1 cannot give you any further particulars ?f the state of our loru'i at Puebla. "F'om the cornier we are also informed that he had see3 Parades in the oily of Mexico, (whilst our troops were in possef'on,) but who. tluding tbat nothing could be done theru owing to the vigilance of <irn. Scott, had left the oity, a ,u retired to his estate, some Ufty miles distant; thai tile Mexicau Congress would meet on the 6th of Oetober, at (^ueretaro; and that be thought it probable Santa Anna bad come this way in ord*-r to esoap* froui the r.ouutry lie also seemed to think that the prospects of peace were more Mattering, whilst the young Mexican i filcer (iu my opinion, a type of bis countrymen.) ridiculed the idea of surrendering any partlon of their territory. ' Our force is smalt here, but we are actively engaged in atreugthening onr position, and. of course, will defend it totheiwr, extremity, if attacked '' SOME OF THE HEROES OF THE WAR. [From the I'htl Bulletin. Oct 31.) The latest arrW*) brings the melancholy intelligence of tha death of i ol Charles Baxter of th? Nc \< Vork 'ir'>luntee: t gimeut It In within our n^r^oru*i knowledge that no person In this city was mora actively engaguu in raising volunteers under the requisition ot tho President, which called upon this State for seven regiments. Colonel Buruutt aud Colonel Baxter, were commissioned to the command of the Kirst and rtecond Regiments of the New Vork Voluuteera for service Id the war with Mexico, which were organised, and lor several months eagerly and anxiously waited a call from government. In November, (iovernor Wright received orders from the Department of War, requiring the immediate Bfrvlva of one of the regimeats. and as Col. Burnett's tt :j tbe first in numerical order which was organized, his regiment was therefore entitled to the prefer ence of being the first detailed for service. Col. Baxter, standing as the second in priority, fearing that the services of his regiment would jiot lis required, as it wiu then probabltt that the ten liglments ot regulars would be raised, be resigned bl^ cooiiuission as < oiou<l of tb> id regiment, and asuumo.: the inferior station of Lieut Colonel In the 1st, thn r <, which was detailed tor the war. Although Cc Baxter had been honored with a seat in the Legislature of the Mate, and also held a situation somewhat lucrative iu tlie city, still the tire of patriotism which so nobly inflamed his breast, Induced him to surrender all - and also leave his wife, family and friends, and enter the army In maintenance of the rights and honor of his country % Among the officers who, it appears, wure lost to their country in recent assault upon the city of Mexico wsti the g*l;>iui. Lieut Col. William Montrose (Jraham of lh? llth regiment U. 8. Infantry. Col (irahaui was about 47 years of ag?, and was a brave soldier. Me entered nt the West Point Military Academy in lWt3, and graduated In 1817, as 3a Lieut of Artillery Another I brother, James U. lirabam, of the topographical engi neers, one of the most scientific, accomplished, and valuable officers In the service, entered and graduated the same your They were the aona of I)r William < irahain, nf Prince William county, Va . who aerved. mi did also others af the family, with distinction, a* officers In the revolutionary struggle Col. < irahum whose fall wn arv now uolioing. wan, soon after he graduated at Weat I'olnt, aisled'J by bil commander, (Jen. Jackson, to perform some arduous and responsible duties, among th? southwestern Indians, whiub hu did ao aatialaotonly. that he 1 wan highly complimented by the General Having been transferred to the 4th regiment of infautry. under Col Clinch, which we* in Kiorlda, be joined It, and win placed in command ef Kort King, for a long time in the Trry heart of the trviblesotne Miacosakies The writer ol this notice kne i 1 im well <' ing that period, and can bear t ill tealim'y to his p anion of all the i|iialitie> thtt eunoblo a guutleman ai i aoldier. He wan in Klo rida In IBIIft, when the Hemi le war broke out. and t>ore the brunt of tho first battle, at the VVithlaroocbe* where hi* gallant final charge upon the Indiana with the bayonet, dispersed the aavagea, and aided greatly In se curing the victory Gov Clinch, In his official report apoke In the highest terms of the conduct ct Colonel, then Captain, (irabam He f-il lu that charge with two aey?re wounds flrom the Indian rifles. (one received enrlv in the flght,) and hla brother, Lieutenant ( empbel! I Graham if the artillery, (now Captain of Top K.nga ) i Hlao rac?I' d at the name lime two a-vere wound* at first M'ev d to be mortal, but from which he recovered I after a long time. Throughout the whole of the Florida war "the (rrahama " were diatlngulahed for their Intrepidity and aoldlerly conduct Col (i waa in every battle on the Penfnaula of much note, and at Okeohubbee be gallantly I' d one wing of hla reeiment, and waa complimented in the deapatohea of bia Colonel HW brother, llrevet Major Lawrence Pik? Graham. of the jd dragoons, also aerved In Horida wjtb great credit, aa a younif lieutenant lu I'?lgg'a regiment, and Waa aev.-relv wounded in IH40. while scouting In tho night, being fired upon by a party of militia by mlataks Ha la the aamo offlonr who waa brevetted by the President and Senate major lor the gallant charge at Keaaca de la Palma, with May, Inge, and othera of the dracoona Lieut. Col (I waa diatlngulahed at Pal* Alto ana Heaaca de la Palma, where he waa with the <lh regiment of Infantry, to which he th?n belong"-' At Monterey ha waa aelected by Gen. Taylor to b j hla regiment to the asaault. and it waa for Ms daring ;.u chlvalroua gallantry on thoa* 1 occasions, id especially that ao signally displayed at Monterey, that he waa selected ax Lieutenant f olonel of the llth, one of the new regiments. by the Prealdent and Senate He waa not at Buena Vista, having been ordered to join (Sen Hcott; but at Vera Cru*, Cerrn Gordo, Contreraa and Churuhusco, he bore a prominent part In the ooaflinta, and won hla ahare of the glory of thoae brilliant achievementa The particulars of hi* fall are not yet known, but that ha fell aa became a ant- i dier, hia pail career furnishes aura teatlmony to all who knew him. ( apt Ayrr of this city, who waa attached to Worth's division, we regret to atate, ia among the killed. Hi* gallant exploits at the storming of Monterey wl*l long be remembered lie waa the Aral to enter the Bishops Palace, with the atari and atripea In hla ban da Phil,adki*fhia Oct. ?Our reading community JL ii. Mm Tw? Cmu, have Wnio iv-rupled to-day io parualng the volumlu? ^ajall* of Mexican Intelligence, brought on ilk adran r.u of lb. uiHll by ih? overland expre**, daattncd for tfcCt Bothtn* |M keu thought ot. I h?*r? ih oiuoh sympslbj vxpreesed tmoDC KH./fln! " ?'??', r,V,elho1' harearamanta whiab have fallen to tha lot of Mra Twien rendered widow, by tha fall of bar buaband, before tha fortraaa of Chapultepec. Tha Ufa of thia amiable lady haa been marked by a aerie* of ealamltlea befalling her relatlvea which la perhaps without a parallel, and entttlaa har to the warmest aympnthlea Her father, ('apt Mc Knight attach.)-! to the Marina corp*. waa killed In a dual at Port Mahou ; bar uncle, Commodore Stephen I'aoatnr. mat with a similar fate, after endearing hla nana to hi* countrymen by hla brilliant notions in tha publlo BarTint. ; another uocla waa killed during tha war with Tripoli; her only brother perlsoed in tha United States schooner Wasp. baring met that unfortunate veaael at r.h. while ? paaaangi'r on board a merchant ahip, and wan transferred on board of her ; and now, by tha two Ia?t blows, abe ia bereaved of htuband, and her anly ion. llod teiaperetb the wind to the shorn lamb, 'and will doubtleaK enable h ?r to bear thif double affliotioa with fortitude [New Orleana Delta, Oet. 16.1 Thu following notice of ('apt Ueorga W. Ayrea, wa* handed to me by one of hla surviving brother ofloan, which i cheerfully forward to you : ? Waa killed, on the 8th of September, 1847, during tba aaaault upon the Mexican fortified tinea near ( hapulte pec. Brevet Captain (leorge \V Ayrea. 3d regiment, U. S Artillery. A graduate of West Point In 1841, and promoted te a 1st lieutenancy in Deoember. 1844, be at tha Hume tmi- bad received the brevet rank of captain, for gallant and ineriioriou* conduct in the several conflict* at Monterey. Mexico, ou the Mist. .'Jil and USd of September. 1810 It waa there, that being of tba atomtag parly against. the .Uabop n I'alaue. he wi.. tba flrat to cuter the work uud neiza the Mexican oolora. After passing unacatbej through the several battle* of the past year, he fell pierced with uumeroua wound*, while in tba act of lurciug the hairicaiied gateway of the Molino dal Hey, maintaining to the laat bla reputation for upfllnahing courage ami gallant daring Hla many excellent <iualllit a aa a soldier, cauaed him to be admirad and aateeined by hie brother officers, and respeoted and ba loved by the men of hia command Tha deep grief of those who have ahared with him (ha danger* and hardships of the oampaign in Mexico la the neat trlbnta to i..o4u?i>i<h? a inauu. mi ammtlon waa to gain a soldier's funis?his fate to fill * soldier's grave. THE ARDOR or A SOLDI Kit, ?NI) HIS DEVOTION TO HI* COUNTRY'S PLAti. The following incident evidence* the enthusiasm and state of feeling p- rrading the rank* of the army On tha evening previous to the storming of theeaatle of Chapultepee, an order tu given from headquarters that the 1st and !Jd division* should furnish storming parties to assault the work. Its formidable appearance, the nature of the ground, and the Ftrength of the force with which It wsa occupied, in the opinion of the General in-Chief, required that it nhould be aeaalled by triad and veteran troops. Accordingly, Instead of drawing thorn by detail, it wan stated that, if there was enough of volunteers, thay would be taken. When this was anounoed, so great waa the anxiety that iu many lusUncea It had to ba decided by drawing lots. In tbn 21 infautry, whlohs Is attached to the 3d Division, there was a private who WM employed by a lieutenant an a oook, and from the nature of nls occupatiou ha did not have an opportunity of drawing lota. As soon as bo learned of the result be sought thalleutaaant's quarters, and apparently deeply mortified, bitterly complained of bis uiinfortuoe, as be called It, and Implored tiim lieutenant to let him go with tho detachment In the morning, as he had never yet had " achanoe.'' Tha lieuteuaut sympatlilru'l with bim, but told him ha had . no authority to let him go. The private left tha offloer'a quarters, and nothing more waa beard of him until next morning, when the officer was called to hi* breakfast at a much earlier hour than usual, and has aiaoa told Ma that it waa the best cup of ootfee and the beat breakfaat he haa enjoyed aluce be left I'uebla Shortly altar tha soldier waa mlaaing, and nothing more waa heard of him until Col. Riley's brigade entered the I'laaa on tha 14th, which was some time alter the lat brigade. Col. Riley having entered with Gen. Worth, and Gen. Smith with Gen. <4uttman. As soon aatbe 2d Infantry tookalta position, the first thing the officer observed waa hla oook approaehlng with a tin cup of hot coffee, one pleoe of freah bread, a boiled egg, k.c , remarking at the aama time ?I thought sir. after the lieutenant had been lying out all night, without even a blauket to cover him. maybe he'd like a bite of breakfaat, and a little hot coffee, so I just fix. d up a little Hometblng for you this morning.alr. It's not much, but tbe best I could hunt up, sir," "But where have you been all this time, sir." "Why, sir. tbe lieuteuaut will recollect that I wanted to go with the storming party to that bloody stronghold of a oaatle, and when i beard the old Gen. Twiggs any to them, ' Now, boys, dn your duty,' I couldn't keep back air particularly as 1 whs cheated out of my ehanoa in drawing the lota?ao I determined, live or die, I'd go with tbe boy a; and I did git hurt, nothing bnt a Httia scratch on tbe aboulder, but I wouldn't say I waa wounded. aa I was determined to stick by the flag of our dlvlaion until I'd see it go up on tha big flag-staff of tha < astle . and aa soon an I raw it up there. I went back, and a doctor tied a bit of a raif round m? aVw>nM~r. !> ? I oould'nt And the lieutenant, sir, s* I kept on with (l?o. Smith's Brigade. until now, fdr, aul I siu glad to Sod th? lieutenant 011 his feet, without i ring killed or wounded." Inquiry *ai made, and all ho stated found to b? true. "Now, does not this soldier'* conduot, although lie bad vlolat'd lilt orders, exhibit the very highest degree of patriotic bravery, aud a devotion to the standard of hi? division?a glorious standard, worthy of a devotion of which the above is but one of a thousand examples ' THE (JKlEK OP AN 01.I) SOLDlElt AT THE DEATH OK MIS COMMANDER, COL MARTIN SOOTT. fussing over the b.?UIe.Held of Molino del Rey. Imiusdlately aftur our victorious standard had been planted on the enemy's works, where lay the dead and wounded mingled together, my attention waa attracted to different places, by th? sceues of grief and sorrow?scent* wlitoh pained my feelings and shocked my sight?there I f.iund many ac<{uslul*nc?s,dead and wounded.whom ( hail seen but a short time previous full of health, and with buoyant spirits, inarching at the head of their oomiuanda. in thi> strong hope that they would aoon, by their noble deeds ami heroic valor, achieve fame for themsUvea and ulnrv for their couutrv llut alu' tm? uncertain ar* the way* of lite. there I found tba strong youth and the aged v< teran, who full bide by nidti, to rl*? uo more Many of tin moit noble *oul* of the arinr, nd th* pride of the country's chivalry. there performed their laat gallant acta ou thi ntage of life. After K'tioK over a portion of the ground, anU finding bare and there a rallied acquaintance, my attention waa attracted to a gtay headed veteran. who waa standing by tha ldeofon'< who bad fallen Ha leisurely took hi* blanket 'rom lila hack, and spread it over the corpse with great care. I rode up to hlin, aud asked hiui * betber that waa an officer lit-looked up and every lineament of bit fare betokening tha greatest grief, replied, ''Yon nevrr asked a question,sir. more easily uuswi red It It an ofHctr." I thea asked him who It wu* 11? h^hIu replied, "The best soldier of the Atb lnlantry. air." I then allgbted from my horse, and uncovering the face, found It v?i> Col Martin Keott An I again covered tne face, the soldier continued, without apparently addressls g liimnoli to any perion In particular? " They bi?v? killed him-they will be paid fir his?If it only had been me I have served with him almost four enlistment*? but whut will hi* poor family ay !" And a* be concluded thustbe teata coursed down hi* lurrowed cheek*, aud tba *w< lilng of hla boaom showed how deeply he wa* affected by the death of hla veteran and g iliaot romtnander. Could there hava been anything more d(T*cllng than the grief of thla soldier on tbe battle Held ' and how truly *ubllme and eloquent *u hi* reply to ma. that it wa* " tha beat soldier of th? utli lnlantry '' If the groatest orator of the age had dwelt up in the memory of our departed friend until he had exhausted hi* eulogy and eloquence, ha eould not have *aid anything which would mane o greater lmpres*iou on <>nr feeling* than dl4 tba reply of thin loldier. l ol Martin Scott was among " the brayeat ?f the brave ' lie fought hla way into the amy in our laat war with Wreat Britain; Hince that time be has been one of tha br|ght?*t ornament*, and ha* signally distinguished himself in the war with Mexico, for which ha baa been | promoted and brevetted. VOM/NTGKRs IN TIIK WEST. [l''roiu the Washington Colon. Oct. | We have beeu favored with a letter from 'aj King gold. payma*ter to <ien. Towitou. Payni?*t?. (feuaral of the United State* aiuiy. in this city dated ?t NaabvlUe, October loth : " I pr??eded to I,oui*viJle, where 1 met Major Galne*, ' and wild by him Informed that the payment ot the NWhvIIIh regiment would have to bn made by me. I arrived brrnon I hurnday toot The entire rei: iment wa* muatered in on Krlday. and the pai in-nt will b? completed to-morrow. Two cmpatile* of the other regiment are expected to arrive here V>o Tuesday, on |their way to Memphi*. and tbe governor ha* expreneed a wieh to bar* them paid here I (ball remain a day or two for thla purpone. and then proceed to Mmlthland, where there are > two companlea ol thn Kentucky regiment, which I shall likewlne pay. and theu proceed to Meraphl*. If all tbe regiment* of the I ant requiiltlon are like thif one. Gen. Duller will bare a moit de*lrable command. They are a atilendid body of volunteer*, moat of them nix feet high. They have fleeted all their officer* by acclamation, and really dlaplav a unanimity rarely to be met with in tha raw material " AUKI V.\t, OK TUOOP* AT VERA CKI Z. [Krom the Washington Union. October 2-JJ Report* received at the Adjutant General'* office lart evening from the commanding officer at VeraCrui *tate the arrival there, frc.m the 'Jd to the Oth of Ootober. of fretli troop* to the number of -J.OOO and npward*, Including a portion of Brigadier (General Cuahing'a brlg?4e from tbe llio Grande ; be*lde* two companie* of the 11th infantry, over onn hundred etrong, which had been for enine detained by Col Gate* at Tanplco la addition to the above, Col llava'a oompanlea of Teian mounted volunteer*.r.f which the strength I* not known, were juRt arriving fr ?m the iirasM. Hlnce Brigadier General I'leroe'* departure with "hla brigade fn m Vera < rui for M^jor General flcott'a headijaarter*. July I ttb, *lx thou*and troop* and upward* are officially reported to have arrived at tha former place, inclusive of October tith ; *ince which data, other and numerou* reinforcement* have been rapidly concentrating there, end movng forward on tha route to tha city of Mexico QF.N. SCOTT AND TH K MAIL* [Krom the Waslfiugton Union Oet JJ J We understand that when Gen fcaott cbanoaa to receive a mull. It t* freighted with number* of letter* to him, private and public; but more than half the mails ? b.ith ??> nr? Intercepted. Thl* m*y account to th? government a* well a* hi* friend* for not bearing from him Indeed," write* a friend,'" tbe General ha* tor a long time, had only rare m ni*ot* for private oorrei pondanca or ludulgenoe af any aort.''