Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 2, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 2, 1847 Page 1
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ITH] Vol. xra. No. 300_Wlu?U No. 4607. THE UVIBV THE MM L. HVi Interesting War IntelHgeuee. Ac., Oic , die. [From tb? New Origins I'iotjune, Oct 24 ] The otfiuiiHhip Jan. L Uiy, '"apt O'flrndjr, arrlvej ?t a lat? hour laat nUht froin Vera Cruz, baring mailed Mi"no? on th? linn tnst wuo a numoer or invalid ?<-1 >ii?r? r?o (lit-d cm th<? p?ss.<g?, viz: Richard Beamish, l'itli Infantry on t.h'i JO h inst. and Wm Miller, of 0 ?iupmy D, Voltisceiirs, on the 23.1 The James I. Day bruuglit o?^r the f blowing p^ssnngers Mri. Cup!hIii White, Mejor Cook. Lieut. F. O. Jones. Lieut Vlatne, Liruf. (J. J Deutchman, l.i>*ut Julius Konbean. Liout P. H Curren, Ll*ut '?ruy, Messrs Shutter and Runnel, Jno M. Ogden, Domingo Siren*, Thorn** I)uh%tc. J. \. Ch??e, T. A. Armstrong. Chan Keen, John H. H.immet. Thos Nlckariion, Dr. McKar1 iii?, Opt Piummer. Mr Mathewson, Lieut. Cbarron, Lieut Crwke, Wm R Logan. There had bean no later arrival direct from the city of Mexico,at Vera Crux, when the Jainvs 1. Day left ? Wo hit re not even a well authenticated rumor touching Gen Hcott and his army. The Jtrco- tri t publishes communications which have panaed between Santa Anna and Col. Child* at Puebla, and they are translated by the Otniut of Liberty. Wo subjoin the correapoadence : Communications bttwttn Oen Santa Anna and Colonrl Child*, at fuebla. HKADqtJARTKRt ? M Kill'AN A* Mr . I li.ivo taken pr hse.'sion of thi? city with the army under my command, for the purpose ot operating upon the several points fortified, and occupied by your excellency, mid also wiih the Tiew of liberating its inhabitants from the domiuntion of the forces of the United rtta'-'S. from whom they have already suffered too inuoh But before commencing any operations of a military character. I have considered it my duty to tot In obedience to the impulsesofhumanity, and consequently request that your excellency will please evacuate this oity within a certain and peremptory space of time, it being known to ?ou at the name time that vou can depart with all the ouors of war, either to form a junotlon with General Koott, or the I'oroes of yeur country at Perote, aeoordlng A?> It best suits your pleasure But should this courteous request of mine be'unheeded by your excellency, theu, although to me it la a painful alternative, 1 shall cffinraiuee to assault your position*. the consequence* of which act will be felt by your garri?oo. because there ?xUts in the vicinity of your excellency, an army of 8 000 men. who are determined that tbe right* of their ni'ion ahull be maintains.!aod respected Ood and liberty, headquarter* in Puebla, Soptember 2Stb, 1?47. ANTONIO LOPKZ DK SANTA ANNA. To Sonar Col I) Thomas Childi. commander of the United States Army, situated in Loreto IIkauhl-autkhs, City ok Pukhi.a, Mexico,? September 26, 1#47. ) To hie Excellency D Antnnio Lopes de Santa Jlnna. li-neral-in-Chief of the Af-xican Jlrmj in front of (At* city : Sin 1 had the honor of receiving, at a o'clock thin afternooa, your excellency's letter of this date in it you were pleased to notify me of the fact that you had taken pft?*esslon of this olty for the purpose, as you declare, of restoring to the full enjoyment of their liberty its eitlzsns, who have hitherto suffered so muoh l'rom the United States army. You likewise were pleased to offer certain stipul tlons to this garrison, provided that it would, within a fixed time, abandon the point of defence which it now occupies. With regard to the assertion of your exoellency, which implies that tbe inhabitants of f'uebla have been maltreated by the United States troops, I wholly deny it. On the contrary, I assure you that the property and privileges of all hare been maintained, and respected with the greatest scru puloasness; indeed, so muoh *o has it been done, that its parallel cannot he found in the annals of war. And I wonld moft willingly leave it to the most intelligent and impartial portion of the population of the city to decide from which of the two contending parties they have received the most injury and molestation; whether it is from their own countrymen or the troops of the United Status V.'ish regard to that particular part of your KxcelJi'ury's letter whioh demands the surrender, within a lixcil time, of all the positions now occupied by tho troop* under my oomcaand. I can only say in ruply, that having been honored with tlie duty of guarding and protecting them, it Is equally my greatest wiHh and paramount obligation to preserve them to the last; and I am fully fatisfled that I shall be able to defend them succePMlully, ImiM-nunh an I have at my disposal i:ll tbo resources essential to its full and complete accomplishment Witfc c federations In the highest degree respectful, I httte the honor to be your Excellency's most obedient servant, THOMAS CHILD9, Col. U. 8. Army, Civil and Military < iorernor. The Jlrc.n /< ?'? of the ISth instant furnishes Interesting news from Puebla, which Is transited to our hands by the Umiitt of Liberty. It il a fitting sequel to the above cjrrespondsnco:? Puebla, Sept. 23th, 1817. At 6 o'clock on the evening of yesterday, the point* of San .Inan de Iiios, Santa Kosa and Santa x'onica commanned a heavy caunonade upon the American works. The litter immediately b-pan to throw cannon shot, bombs and pTonades iuto the centre of the city, which suffered in consequence some considerable injury Don Marino del Rio. whilst standing with his wife on the buck balcony of his bouse, was struck dead by a cannon ball. About 8 o'clock F. M the cannonade ceased. but coamencid agalu at tha dawn of the following day Puck Li, 20th.?By ?rder of Santa Anna a body of troops was yuct >rd ty posted in the Convent of Santa Teresa. at one of th? corners of which abreastwnrk of cotton bales was ereoted. Kour hundred ootton bale* have already been demanded of the house of Vclasco for the defence of the city. To prevent the couoletion of tbis work the American* from the fort of San lose kept up continiml lire upon the workmen, which, being stoutly returned by the Mexicans, tho disoharrn of bombs and grenades from the American lines greatly Increased. At this moment a considerable number of private citizens wont to Santa Anna, who was at C:irmeu, and requested of him a piece of artillery, which being granted together with a small body of men for its management, they quickly ra-trehed for the Convent of Santa Kosa and opened a well directed Are upon mi* .\nier]c.m worKH. "twertin luo Kretirni. ooiih vitiation. but night at lost supervening. everything became quint. The nuns of Hanta Rosa were transferred in litters to Santa Catalln* .and it, ti Raid thit the mm? thing will be diD? with those of Hanta Monica, although the Utter are strongly opposod to leaving their monaeHn asylum. 'rituLi, Sept 30th, 1H47. To day partial tranquillity reigns in the city. Now and then can be heard the ranorc of a cr.nnon. and the ?-xp!o-inn of sumo grenades thrown in the direction of S?n ./u.'.n del Rio, in the rear of wliofa church General Ite? Use n'uht concluded a battery, with which ho intends to open upon S<n Jose Our soldier* are very much, and Kay that tb *v a-e ready to die of hunger, not having rocnived anv tiling in the r.hapu of provisions for lomo consider* ble time. The gri :itext enthusiasm against th-i Americans prevails throughout the entire el'y Prcai.A, Oct.''J, IP 17. Sinoe Santa Anna's departure the onnonndincr has totally slackened off The ootton ptore house of Velasco too'? tire laf>t night, aod was burned down to the ground; ami UUO bales of the same article were totally consumed in the convent of Hanto Domingo,without any one's being thin to account for the mode in which they we'B fired The Inhabitants hearing the ringing of bells which announced the incendiarism, were very muwh alarmed, believing that the Americans hsd lelt their entr?ncliui"nts, and were storming the <Mty. Kroro 1 lie same source we derive the following narrative of events subsequent to those above detailed. Santa Anna i? evidently reduced to greet straits 'i nn Wefllu.f Of i.ion rif 01 nil' um uinu., miiiiiuu'ra i the return of Oaipt O White, of this U ui?ian* battaHon, am! hi? callant company. from the National Bridge, | whither fliey had been escorting a train of supplies for th*tron;>a stationed at tint post. 11m report* Hi it all ?u f|il?t in that neitliVtrhnod. an I th*t the American force win Htioniily fortified, and well prepared to receive'p laii iittarki Me encountered no guerillas on Ihorouut T**o or thre? guerilla coutaoccaMonally Hppeartrt noon the hill tops, who. on the approach of fit* Am?Ti''Rn*. would quickly scamper ; la pursuit of them #l?w mu?t?ng* and lariats were taken, which are the only tr?v h'es that can be expected from a marauding putty ot gucjlillns. In r- ifird lo the explosion of the lames f'a?i*'? t?r.ll^ri?, mentioned In another ooluoin, the Om ut lay? " The engineer. Harry Kuatlck, was only slightly scalded. a< he saved hlni?<-lf hy jumping overboard. but two of the firemen. <i-orile Hughe* and Manuel tiarrey. were severely io aided and are now in one of our government bospftah in thiii r'.tf " The L,' ?i.luture of the State of Vera Cruz assembled nt Huatnaeonn the of the UTf.ta of last mouth Sr (i'ltlerlrs Villanueva was nominated Vice Oovernor, and fits I), Ant?nio Alaflta. I) Juau Duran, D. Joae De Kmpnran. and 1J. lguacio Llave, were selected to form th* Cabinet. The H.ilrl-n of Jal&pa, from which we have tuken the aboT- I highly pleated with the chan2? In the gubernatorial affair* of the State. and confidently prognosticate*, thet by It n strong impetus will be given to the raislo;; i.f supplies so essential to th" preservation of their lib-rtii'ii prlvil"i5<;a. which are In (treat danger of beiu ' areatedfrom tli<-in by the North American Invader*. The I'os dr la Palria repel* with much Indignation, th<?chnrz"ti of treason, oowardlce, and incapacity, which have been brought against Uen. Santa Anna lie says that c-rtain oflloers. unworthy of the name of a soldier, hiive originated and fomented discord and dlsnnlon for their -?wii private and *olfl*h end*, and finally, have consummated their career of baauneuM by abandonlug in the hour of peril, that country in which they fir?t drew t.??uil> iinil urlioiiH bread tbev a<> Ions hail natnn Such are tli? Individual*, ?aya J-i ho now attribute to Ocn. .Hint* Annua trea.ion, that want of auocrsoi, a thing vrbloh 1l aluntj due to their own cowardice and lnaubcrdination Mrnofaotind discrimination and correct Judgment, who have witneaeed eventa m they occurred, emphatio.lly a?Mire lid, ?ar th* editor* of Lr. Vat. that, tha c?iniui vnd?,r In chief ever displayed the moat heroic ralor and indomitable reaolntion, offering in every part iu which ho pre?ented h!nm<*if, a moat obntinate and aanguinary realatance to tha eutmy. To av?rjr impartial inind it mint liu aelf-evident that a man who haa dona ao much?who haa aulfered ao many privation* and encountered ao many peril*?can neither h? a traitor nor a coward. On the lat of the pr***nt month, < J*n Santa Anna, at the hfii of 3,000 cavalry and Infantry, and three pitted of u tiller?, Milled out of Futtbla, Intending to attack E NE' NET tlM AuiHrlctu train whit b l?-fl J*liip* ou lb<* 1st. insf , Mil reaoheil P?*roU- on the 1th But before srrivlug hi T?p?yahualoo. tbe designs of the eouiraander-ln-chier of tbe Mexican foroas were wholly frustrate 1, all bis men, with the exception of 130 hussars of hi* purttonal xunrd. having pronounced against htm. As an excus? fur tbli prnoet-illng, the officers and privates ulleged that they were tlriuly convinced that their further continuance at tbe disposal and under the orders of the ex-President would only be followed by their oompletn sacrltiap; and that withal, their oountry would net derive the slightest benefit from it They attributed tbe unfortunate events of tbe war, and tbeir want of succhm in their battles aguinst tbe | invader*, to his Incapacity and unskilfuln*** Even some of ibem loudly denUred him to be a traitor, and 1 consequently to be unworthy of holding any command 1 In the Mexican array. , The greater part of these transaction* transpirsd at | Nopnluoan I Santa Anna having got to Tepcyahualco with his 130 1 hussars. he received an order from tbe government at 1 Qu?r?taro. directing him to proceed t hitter at once,with i all the troops which were at his orders. But the gene- i ral did not deem It convenient to comply with the tfl?n- j date of his government. and took up bis line of march 'i for Onjaca, whither by the latest accounts be was wend- 1 Ing his way He publicly declir?d that bis Intentions In | going to Osjaca were to s*e whether he oould raise there i another army, with which he might return to renew the combat with the enemies of the republic. All the letters from the Interior ooinclde in saying that General Santa Anna, oonsuious of hia lmpotenoy to effert anything more, either In the carrying on of the war. or of adjusting the terms of peaoe, Is making bis way towards Guatemala for the purpose of lewving the republio of Moiloo forever, and th<tt his march to Oajaca Is ooly a pretext to the quint accomplishment of his designs Tbo reports that General Santa Anna was endeavoring to reach Guatemala, and that General Scott had given him a passport to embark from Vera r'rus if be should think it best, is dented by T.i Vor dr la Patria. a Mexican paper, which we And extensively copied in the Jtrco Iris. He Is resolved, says La f'oz, not to abandon the cause of the country, and to continue the war without respite upon the enemies of Mexican independence and religion. | The Oeniui oj Liberty savs that Sen or Pena y Peua is disoharging the duties of President at Querctaro. He has refused to recognise as bis associates In power, the Individuals nominated and appointed by 8anta Anna { He proposes that Congress shall take upon itself the office of electing men to that important and high office. The following brief note from our Vera Cruz oorres- i pondent, leaves uh in doubt in regard to tbe safety of a detachment of Texan.*, but we are inclined to think they will take oare of themselves VtB4 C?n, Oct 18, 1347. Great excitement was created this morning by h number of reports that were put In circulation, occasioned by tbe arrival of an exprrss from a company of Texas uaugerti, announcing mai tiny uuu os?n acianiccaaoout twelve miles 1'roui tills place by a large guerilla force, that they hail lost one killed anil about eighteen were missing. Tho report was current that the whole command, excepting two, had been cat off, and the immediate departure of the Hangers at full speed Induced the oiti/.ens to believe that the report was true. I do not pprehtnd that any thing serious will ooeur to this command, and I hav e no d( ubt that the missing eighteen are safe with their comrades ero this. There appears to have been some difficulty in tho Mhssaehusutts Uegiiuent, judging from the following order Issued by Oen. Cashing. We have letters in the mail (which was not distributed la.-t night), which we presume will throw some light on the affair HlADItUAIlTKHS, VlCIA CKl'Z, Oot. li. 1817. ()aurn No 3'2. The following named men of companies ?, ?, ?. 1st Regiment Massachusetts Infantry, being incorrigibly mutiuous and insubordinate, will, of coarse, prove cowards in hour of danger. and they cannot be permitted to march with tliis column of the army. They are disarmed and detached from the regiment, and will report to UreTBt Major Bachus for such duty in the Castle of Ban Juan de Ulua. as may be performed ny soldiers who are found unworthy to carry arms, and are a disgrace and a nuisance to the army By order of Brig. (Jen. W. W. Ii DAVIS, A. A. U. C. Here follows a list of sixty-live nam>:u of the men above referred to. Our readers will recollect the expedition under Cnpt. 1 Wells, to the National Bridge, of which we published a minute account, immediately upon returning to Vera Cruz. Capt. Wells demanded a court of Inquiry The following is tho opinion of tho rourt, rendered on the 1st or Dfrn'iuDer:? Opinion of the Covht.?The court are of opinion that Capt Wella, 11th infantry, could not bar* saved one Ambulance and nix wagons. or destroyed th>-m without u great sacrifice of life?perhaps the destruction of Lis whole oommuud That his conduct was officer-like and energetic, and that he Ih not to blaiuo for the lo w of the wagons or package of despatches. The court of inquiry, of which I.ieut. Col. Miles is president, is hereby dissolved. By order ofCol. H. Wilson. (Signed.) B. H. ARTHUR, Adj 1st Inf, A A. A. (len. IJep of Vera Crus. The James L. Day arrived at Vera Cruz on the 17th inst , from the Braio* Col. Jack. Hayi w<nt over on her with the company of Capt. Roberts, < f bis regiment. The Alabama bad arrived at Vera Cruz from this port. , The steaniship New Orleans was at Txmpico at last accounts, but oouil not get out over the bar without lightering Lighters had been sent from Vera Crux to her assistance. i We flnd do other mention of Oen I.ane and his command than is given incidentally in the narrative of affairs at Puebla. lie was at Perote on the 4th inst . and we have no doubt whatever, entered Puebla a very few days thereafter. Th. n-~- r-.-. nf tv.. ir.tu .f n>. ?? - '"-I'll v..o iu>u, n)>o-?i>n o?v. uc. .o preparations making at Vorgara to despatch a train. It s*ys there are more than 4000 troop* taere, of all arms " Their number loads the editor to conjecture that tien. Patterson has la view an expedition against pnnm State not hitherto Invaded by American arms, imtead of relnforcelog Gen Scott. Tlie same paper has seme speculations upon the probable action of the Congre as at Queretare, but mentions nof?c's Among other things it mentions that there are thode who pretend that the minds of the people of the Interior have undergone a change since our occupa- i tlon of the city of Mexico, and that they are disposed for peaoe upon any terms We have little fsith In this The Ge.niui of Liberty of the lfltta lout, gives the following account cf an expedition against the guerillas:? The guerillas have, of late, became so troublesome nnd daring, and have gathered in such swarms in the chaparral and other places of ambush in the vicinity of this city, that even the Mexican farmers would not venture in to supply our market. In consequence of this state of nfftirs. Capt Truett. with 200 mounted volunteers, and ('apt. Armstrong with 160. weul out on the 13th Inst , by fcrder of Msjor (ren. Patterson. to scour the country and rid it of these maurnuding robbers. who, under the guise of patriotism Infest It to the detriment of the Mexicans as well as t'ie Amerl cans. According to the orders of Maj (Jen. Patterson. Capt. Truett was to preceed to the right of the city, in a north-westerly direction, until ho struck the Orlz-iha road, which he was to follow, turning to the left; while Capt Armstrong was to proceed t0 the left of the city, in a south westerly direction, until he struck the snme road, which he was to follow, turning to the right. The two detachments were to march with flankers until they met. and It will be seen, by the arrangement, that any party fleeing from either of them, would run a risk of being encountered by the other. Capt Truett marched by Stnta Kr and Matagord?ra; he found In various places larg-* quantities of arms and ammunition which lie either destroyed or oarrled away, aud succeeded In killing six guerillas. Captain Armstrong wen* to Medelin, where there were a grea( number of gueriDa'. but they all made their escape, with the exception of one, w'.io was killed Here he found a large lot of arms and ammunition, with some of the clothing of the American soliTlers, of which he destroyed the greater part and carried the remainder away. He rt-malu'id at Med'lln all night, recrossed the ilver early next morning, iind marched in the direction of the i wriflaui* roau. ne prnci e-jeu. miwnver, nui, ? piiuri. umtaacr in thi?t, direction when he eaine enrom the trail of 11 number ?.f fhod horses; h* immediately tnrn*<l In the direction of the trail. a>-d following the track*. Boon nr- i rived at a number of r*nchi* which were all crowded i with (tnerlUai The volunteer* rbirgwl upon^ them with their usual Impetuosity. driving them away from c every rmcho with much *l*ughter HI* bodlea were counted lying dead in one yard In th?*? rancho* were found anna In abundance, anxinit which were thoae worn by the array and navy nfflnar* of th? United i State*, but mo*tly Mexican sabres and Brltiah muskets Captain* Truett and Armstrong returned yeaterday, and the manner In which fhey conducted tne expedi- i tlon wm highly approved of by Major (iuneral Patterson , We hare received the above Information from an un<Hi*stloniible source, and the facta inay lie relied upon. (Krom the New Orlean* Delta. Oct 34.J The following, which we have not Wore seen, and which we take from th? lltniut of Lihrrly. la the soul stirring address i f Gen. <4uitra?n to hii command. on It* march to the Rasault of the f;a*tle of ( hapult?pec Companion* ' the national IIig which I now present to yon. wiu giveu to me many year? ago, aud I then Towed that it anould bo triumphant. Since thun. Black Hawk has been oon<iueied. and the Seminole* have been vanquished. beneath ita fold* It h?* al?o waved victoriously In the hattlea of I'alo Alto, Resaca de la 1'altna, Monterey. Vara Cnif, Cerro Unrdo and in those which have been fought In front of the city of Mexico. I now entrust it to your keeping, knowing that you will confer upon it additional glories. by planting it upon the blgheat point of the Castle of Chapultepec. The soldiers applauded, and tbla wu the flr<tt flag that fluttered over the battlrm?T>U of the Castle. V?*k Cat*, Oot. 10th, 1047, We hare no recent Intelligence from Oen Hentt Gen 1 Santa Anna nap a mull force. not exceeding 30(1(1 men ar.d i* somewhere on tha road between Perote and Puebla. II in intention haa been to cutoff coma amall detachment* of Amerioan*, who might be on their way to head quarter* Gen l,ane will give him an opportunity of agkin trying the fortune* of war, If h* will only await tbe arrival of the AwerHan General But the guerilla* are the onlyj lighting men now in Mexico, who op po*? our force*, and they are prompted to do *o from no other motive than that of gain. They are but a amall portion of the Mexican people, and are rapidly on the deolinn Th? policy purtued %y Ota Patterson li worthy of all ' pralM. li? li lntl?ktlg?bl? iu bit exerUow to " p?w- | A IV YO V YORK, TUESDAY MO uN Ih fx>or guefVIm " Two i|?y? mr."> h" <*ol nut 'wo l?lnrhiu-rll I.r rii 'iin'e.l m?>l. OMlly Trxnni, ud thry , arae acroa* h couple of lnnda of ifuerilla*. and they lucceeded in klttiii* H?tue thirty odd of their nuobtr, l?atroyed a large number of arm* ml a great quantity f *ntiiinlMo-i b -U * burning down tlie main pises of -*nd>-zvoU!< of llio-e outlaw*. th? haci*nda of Cnioarl 7.,'unlna He ln:l obtained a tafeiruard for hit houtn 'rom < ifn Haott, but he turned guerilla and forfeited it, ind the Teitm s?rred hlra right Vet, wo hare men i?re who InMtt, our GoTernra?nt, will hare to pay thU ruartlla ehieffaln the mine of hit hacienda Nooaena* Captain Ann?tron5- of the Tex\n Rangers, will tetile 1 :he account with htm in another way Oeu Patterson will noon rid u* of the guerilla* by 1 lit ttrlngent and **tf*o|out poliny I cannot ditclote | ihe *y?t?m he ha* adopted becatno It would d?fe?t the lbject d?**lred ?o b? accomplished ; but when It la known ' to the pnbllo. the wisdom of hi* policy will at one? be ieen. If the tame policy and astWIty had been adopted three month* ago, w*> would not now mrmrn the lot* of bray* olH -er? and men who fell by the band* of an onie?-n enemy, who, tecnrely AmSutned i.i the chaparral Brad and retreated at toon a* an American firelock wa* brought to bear upon ttiem. our government Jeepatcbe* might alto have bean Becurn, and tha Mexican iiegotia cor* remained untnrormeu or the tenai upon wbinn pears could bo mvJu. Bat pecuniary i?alns were the abnrbing topics, an J although our sleeve* wereopelkat the elbows, our pooket* w?re none the worse off for that. Vkha Cai'7, October Ift. 1B47 On? of the largest train* that hm y^t V?n wnt forward from this point, wilt he despatched from h?r? in a ! few dny* There will he at least 4000 men. all told, ac- | oompanylng. nnd altogether th# arraiig>tB?nt? inaklng are Mich n* will donhtle** prore of Hlgnal aaatetanne to ' the headquarters of tho array. whenever It arrive* there Gen. Patterson t?.ke? command ; ?raon? the officer* who go with him are Major Polk. S I dragoon*; Col Abbott. \ loth 1' S infantry: Col Abercrombie and Lt. William*, belonging to Men P 's staff; ("apt Hale, and aeon of Commodore Perry, a passed midshipman. go an aideade- i ramp?the latter in a volunteer; Col. Wither*, 13th regiment: Col Echo!*, U. S A : Lieut. Col. Clement*. Major Cook, 1st dragoon*, and Capt Tighman, with a splendidly appointed company of artillery from Baltimore. I merely mention the name* of theee gentlemen for the Information of their friends, who will be proud to learn 1 that (.hey are in good health, ami I may safely add. ! burning with anxiety to more forward to the seat of war 1 b id almost forgot to mention the n:tme of (Jen Curbing, who takes his brigade He has been here now some weeks, and i* In the enjoyment of perfect health. The business of Vera Crux I* rath?r dull at pre*ent, and a* I have said frequently before, must necenaarlly remain so until the road is safe for transportation of merchandise from here to the Interior There Is et try pronpt-nt. howprer, that "a consummation so devoutly to h-i wMieilfor" is rapidly approaching. When it i* accomplished the prospects of our husiaess men hereabout*, will assume a much more cheerful and promising aspect. Capt (Jeorje, L\ S. A., has he-n appointed Division (Quartermaster, and will go up with the train as such, i Th? very oneraus dutii? devolving on this officer have i been very much lightened In consrquenoe of the admlm.lilm um\ >1 iirh 1? mtnnur lr* wtiinK fli* Kuulnoa* I Dfthn Quartermaster'* Pepartment is conducted h?re, under Capt.. Klliott. la fact, there I* no second opinion on the subject ''apt. Klliott had not only discharged hilt functions, since lie entered into his present, office, In such n manner ns matt reflect th? highest credit ou himself r.s an officer?prudent and energetlo at alt times ?but also in such a manner as must hare Mured to the ITnited States government an immense amount of money?an almost incalculable sum. Were I to enter into details here on this point I might here mention one fast which is well Known to every one in Vera Crua ?I mean every American citizen?end that Is, that since the 1st of August the sum of $00,000, at least, in the war of demurrage, has been Hived the Quartermaster's Department, owing to the prompt and decisive measures resorted to by Capt. Klliott, in putting a stop to former practices Maj. Polk,up to this moment acting a.< Volunteer Aid de-Ca ' p to Brig -Oen. Cufhiat, and Acting Inspecting General, has been ordered to-day to take command of the detachment of cavalry in camp, heretofore under the orders of .Maj Conk, of the 3d dragoons, who has been ordered to Washington, to be present as a witness in the invr stlpatlon relative to the charges preferred sgalnst Col Fremont. It will Im remembered tint some nerioup difficulties took place In California, Imtween (Jen Kearny aud Lieut Col. Fremont? and Maj. Cook beiDg intimately acquainted with the circumstance* connected therewith, has been called off to aot as a witness in the Investigation. Vi:t? Cirz, Oct lHth,ls47. The fteamer leaves to dty for New Orleans, and la ] addition to other items. I w JUld state that a uliange h*j been nude herein the Commissary's Department, ('apt , Patrick having Wt.uu ordered to the pott of Commissary vice Capt Oeorge A smalt tralu lefi here f>r the Inte rioryestevday, under the command of Col Kchols, i:)th infantry ('apt. Uiscoe went up in command of u partion of the Louisiana mounted men, and will doubtless give n fair account of himself on lix r. turn. Kroiu the manner in which he has acted ou all occasions when ordered ou service hitherto, there can be little doubt of his suocess in any engagement that his duties call him into. thk i'kotkst n:-- tiik mkxicans.? VIAaTUT. !\ thk city of mexico. We translate from tlie Jlrcn Iris, thn proceeding* of the City Council of Melico, which wit I repty a perusal. u;.. k..A *!.? A..i t 1?* V J? " ' bur umv piutfnii Ml kill* UU]iur?Ub Uwtiy, conceived in tbo following wordi:? The ritv Council of Mexico, in the moat solemn maun?r, in the name of their constituents, and lu the face of tnn world, and of th? ('oinui*n ler-ln rhlefofthe army of the I'oitel Htntec. protest: Tha; though the chances of war have reduced the city of Mexico under the Torceg of the United Stated, it ha* never entered their mind to submit voluntarily to any chief, person or authority. unl?s< suoh as are reoognked by the federal couFtitntioD, an t sanctioned by the government of the repuhlio of M'-xico. whatever b? the lenqtu ot time for which the foreign powir may continue its existence <l' facto Unsolved In the dellbe-ation hall of the I'ity Council of Mexico, September l:?th, 1947, at II o'clock. P M. Signed by Manuel It. Veramwndi and sixteen other members. Next we have the proposition* submitted by them to General Scott <>u hi' entrance into the city, which the neutral good uaturedly teld them he would take Into consideration, ana would s?*ur? them all the protection which the welfare of hii cummand aud the requirements of war would permit, '('lie propositions, considering the source whence they come, leave one in doubt whether to Itugh at their folly or grow aogry at their iusolence fir?t f roiioiitiun? i'he churches and monasteries of both sexes, hospitals and charitable iiifllitutionH, public libraries anil archives college* und schools, private dwellings. and in general every species of property, movable and immovable, whether belonging to thw commonwealth, to corporations, or to Individuals, shall be 11 liriiiually respected; nor fh.ill dei ur.itlou. vioUtiou or occupation of any of them, by tbo forces ot the United States, or by the ehiefi and privates who compose them, be iu any case allowed. Strand The city shall lie governed by the ex sting laws, and it will tit joy, as heretofore, iu privilege: uur ntiiill the forces of the United Stales, and their re?peclive chiefs, in any rase enjoin upon It the observance of any enactment which in its nature should belong to the legislative ord?r I h <i ?The administration of justice, in civil and criminal matters shall h? strictly carried on by the respective authorities of the oountry,and in accordance with tbi< provision* of the federal coustltutiou of the republic of Mvxioo. fourth ?Should & vacancy oocur in the government of til" district, the members of the Council will (111 it up tec .rding to the requirements ot law, without the direct or in 1'reot interference of the armed forces, in the designation of the Individual who may be selected to till such vacancy fifth?.\ny vacancies or abseucs among tll? judges of lirec, imcoud and third instance. slmll b.t temporarily supplied by the District (iovoruor, upon due submission by ilie municipal body. Sixth?The forces of the I'nlted b'ate* shall not affect the municipal rents, nor the manner of their ovtle.ition; but they will allow (he tree administration thereof anil of the direct taxes, paid to the uiuiiiaipal body, whose duty it Will be to apply them to the branobe* with which they are charged, aud to the speedy and fulldispenration of justice. S'vmth?The ?'Ity Council shall be permitted to Ueep up sucll iirim d force as may be Dncrjisary to m.iJntalu the security of the jails and the domestic peace of the community, upou agreement* with the Oeneral-io-Chief Of the forces of the United Ntate*, as to the number of ssid force, and the nature of the arm* to be used for the objects iu view. Kifhth?Ta* national standard s'tall bu kept dying over the municipal buildings Ninth ? I'iKi lorcrs of the United State* shall be quartered iu such places as may, on ai^reement with the lieDcrai-iu-Ciniei', be assigned to them Maid ofheer will bu pleased to forbid Ihitai any unnecessary rambling through the street* of the city, pirticulaiiy at night; especially are tliey to be cautioued against entering iuto ituy polit'eal mauiiMione, or indulging lu any in?ut,ou of LU<- caiup'ti.'u, will) the inhabitants of the city. 7>?(A?Thu (iener*l-iu-Cht*f of the army of the 1 fitted Htateii will li? pleaded not to allow counter-guerillae, or the r*i)g>;ra, to uutnr the oity. F.ltvmth?The Council will retain, fur public pui poiwp, under It* direction, the timber*, material* ami other appliauoe*, wliieU wereuxed to uiaiutain tin- war Twrljth? lliia H^ri-i-iiifut hhj.ll be religiously obxervtd on iIim part of both the *>euural-iu-Cbief uni the Council of the rity. Hull of deliberation of tlin City Council of Mexico, September i:i, 1 ->47. (Signed,) .Manuel 11. VintMIIU and sixteen otnur uiemtii m. 'i'liH otlluial auswer to there proposition* seem* to be contained ia the proclamation of martial law liy Uea. Scott. in the following order: ? Ill. tnijUAK I KHS ilk 1 H? Al> >1* , I National 1'aUoe of Mexico, Sept. 17, 1S17. J liKNKUAb OKKKRS?NO. 2*7. The Ueneral-in-( hie f republialie-t hi* order No. J, of 10th February, ihl?, declaring uiarliul law, with luipoi taut addition*. 1. It is to be feared ttat many grave ollenoe* may be committed by or againit the person* composing the arraie* engaged in the present war between the two Republioa, which are not provided for in the act of ConKre?>* " eatablitblug rule* and regulations for ttoe govt rnmeut of tb? a run ex of the I uited stated," apprev-d the loth of April, isub. Those are here alluded to, which, if committed lu the United stated, or in their organteod territories, would be tried and severely punIMied by the ordinary oivll tribunal* of the country. The following offences are meant: a*?***l nation, murder, poisoning, rape, or the attempt to ooiamit either of these Crimea; violent assaults, theft or robbery, the profanation of temple*, oemsWriwor other sacred places RK C RNING. NOVEMBER 2, 1 the interruption of religious ceremonies, or tb? destruc- I tiou of public or private property without the expresi f order of a superior officer :?. For the welfare of the military service, lor the In- i terest of humanity, anil for the honor of the I'nited 1 State*, it la absolutely essential that all the crimes above I mentioned should ba severely punished. * 4. But the code commonly oalled the " rule* and arti- 1 clet of war,''docs not provide any punishment for the 1 said crimes, not even in cane tliey are perpetrated by in- c dlviduals in the army auainxt the perwons and property | of the same, except in the very restricted ca?e in Art f and they are on'y partially referred to in Arta SI. 5'J 1 and 5J. when committed by Individuals of the armv atfnlnst th- persons utid pripertv of a hostile people ; and j ] the sai t code doeH not re:'?r t.o iha iujuries which may be J committed by Individual* of a hostile country In viola < tion of the U*s of war, upon the persons and property j ompnsinit the eriny , 5 It U evideut that Art. 9'.t. independent of any reference to the restriction in Art. 87. is entirely nugatory, and does not ru?ch these capital crimes b Therefore, a supplementary node, covering the erimes mentioned in the second parapraph of this ord?r, , whether committed in, by, or atcainst the arinv is almo- I ' lut?ly neeef*ary. 7 Thi* unwritten ode is dimply nnrtial law. and ta an addition to the military cods prescribed by Congress 1 in the " rules and articled of war,'' and all armies in a hostile country hliould adopt the martial law. net only | for th Ir own security, but for tha protection of the ' 1 peaceful Inhabitants aud their property from datriniHut ou the put of the array. In violation of the law* of war. b In consequence of thii overpowurinK necessity,martial law la declared an a supplemental code, and it wiH be observed in and about all poiits cities. villages, camps, hospitals, aud other pluee.i. which may bo occupied by portions of the nrmy of the i ill ted States In Mexico, | and it will be equally observed lu the column*. escorts, ' convoy*. guards, and detacLneuts of *ald army, during ; the pre?< nt war with that Republic, and while it shall : remain iu tho seine. 9. Consequently all the crime* mentioned in the second paragraph, whether perpetrated, 1st By a Mexican c.tilen. inhabitant of or sojourner in this republic, atf'iin.u the person* or property of those belonging to or following the army of the United 8tateg of America; or. Jd. Uy auy individual belonging to or following said army, uguiust the persons or property of the citizen* or inhabitant* of. or sojourner* in this country; or. 3d By any individual belonging to or following said army, againet the person* or property of any person* appertaining to the same, shall be judged aud punished under he supplemental code. 10 Kor this purpose it I* ordered that every delinquent 1 in the above mentioned case* shall be promptly arrested, and notice thereof given, that he may be tried before a military commission, whioh shall be convoked in conformity with what follow* II. Kvery military cimmimlon under this rrder shall Ku -..-.1....? A. ? Bv.v.UvU, nuu vuuuuvbcu nn IK.I Itif pribiuaoit*. lu accordance with Art*. tJO, ttti and ti? of the rules and articles of war; and the proceedings of the said oommli ion BhaU bo duly recorded In writing, revised and corrupted. approved or disapproved, and the sentences executed, *o tar ax practicable. In conformity with th? pro<-?edini,'? and sentence* of a court martini, under tho following limitations : (No military commission shall have j urisdtutlnn In any cmw that may bo properly tried by a court martial, and no sentence ot any military commission shall be oxeoutcd against any person belonging to thu American army, unluss the nature and grade of lils offence 1?? established by evidence, and then he shall be {>uni?hed In the same manner that similar cases are punshed in any State of the 1 uited States. l'J. The sale, waste and loss of warlike stores, horses, arms clothing and provisions of soldiers, shall b* punished by law under the Nos. :17 and :ifl of the articles of war. and whatever Mexican, whether a resident or a transient person, who shall buy from any toldiur, arms, ammunition, provisions or clothing, horses or their trappings, ahsll be tried and severely chastised by a military oom mission. 13. The administration of justice, bjth civil and criminal. bhitll be metod out In all the established courts throughout the couutry, without the slightest Interruption or hindrance from the oflloors or soldiers of the American army, exoepting the following eases: 1st. In ouse the person be an officer, soldier, ageut, servant, or other person following the North American army, 'id In political cases, that is to say. suits ugainst other individuals, in which it is uliegtd th?t Irieadly information, protection, or kind reception, has beeu given to the American army. II. Kor the convenience aud protection or both parties, in all cities and towns uooupied by the American army, a body of Me'xlean police sha'Jbe established and organised to act in concert with the military pollen of Ike said Irmy 15. This beautiful < apital. its churches and its religion, Its convents and monasteries. Its inhabitants and tfyir property, are placed under the especial rafeguard 1 of the good faith and honor of the American army. | 16 As a cOQ?iil?ration lor the aforesaid protection a contribution of $ I '>3,000 is levied on the Capital, paya bio In four payment*. at the rat* of $.17.o(Kl per week, j oomiu.-noini; on Monday next. the -JOth :nrt. and terminating ca Monday, the 11th ol' October. 17 Tho ayunlauiiento. or municipal eounoil, of this city. li especially charged with tho collection anil payment of thona HUint. IS h'roin the outire contribution whinh in to he pal l to lb In ami/, jiio ihmi aliali be appropriated for the purcha*e of aooin wry nucetmarT ?uppli?a the wouuded and aiok in the hxpltal; tv pure time blanket* 1 and ehoen, whicii Khali bo dlRtributi-d gr^tuitouniy amongst thn aoidiors of the army, and J4U.UOO ahull be retained fur other military want*. 1!) Thin order ah-ill be road to and circulated aiuonget all the companies of tne Araericau army now in aemce in Mexloo, and (.hall be translated into gpaotidl lor the I information of the Mexlea&s. liy order of the Commander-in-Chief. il I*. SCOTT, A. A. A. Central. WAR lNCIDKITT. Id the late conflict near Mexico, noon afcer Major T w i g g?, of tho Marine*, wax killed. Lieut. Morria, of the j Kifle? wan ordered to make a charge, in order to attain ' a certain point. Deeming bin own men too few for the undertaking, aud neeing the Marine* without an ollicer, he ordered f.liem to fuln him Thm rvnliivl ! no officer of t'i-lrs. and refused ?he remonstrated. and | they atill refu?od. Finding authority and remonstrance 1 of do svail, lie shouted to thein?"Marines, I am t he son j of Cons Morris--lf you hare any veneration for hiH me- I mory, fallow iue." This appeal wm Irreilstabls?their pallor Hearts were touched, and with a cry of joy, they bounded for v. ird, anil shared Uis dangers and bis peril it, until success wa? obtained. I'AITAIN .KJ1IN II MAftRT'nRR. We see front ll>? fallowing extracts of a latter received from him. und publisued In the Charlottesville JrJI'ertonian, that thin g.illilit ollloer WM J'Ot dangerously wounded. though it in most extrat rdinary that be did not lose hts lite in the many d'lperate engagements be went through lie gives rather a gloomy prospect of ! peace, and his suggestion to sttnd a strong force to com- | pel .Mexico to rnalcu peace, is worthy of cousideratiou. ! This view is coo!irui"d by Kendall, and is based upon | huuiau nature and co.nmon sent". To withdraw from I our present position would bo t.-tlul to a permanent ad- j justuieut ot hostilities. It seems that < attain M. fully ! relies on the practicable p-ilicy ol making Mexico sup- ' port our army "I wat engaged on the Hth, 10th, Uth. and Mth of September with the enemy. Ou the lath I was struck , four times, kn.irked off my horse by a grape shot, which struck me iu the u?ck. but wounding me very slightly, enough, however, to make me falut, but I "eoovered iu n few moments, and went on In the aotlon. 1 win afterward i wouL'led In the hand by a musket ball, but can now write I had two horses shot, tliou<h not killed, under me, and my battery, under my immediate rnm mand, repulsed lite charges of tr.e enemy's cavalry mid int'.i iitpu \t? lii.f.ltt. iu nrJIraMl'l Ihnii.h I .m lhl?. ner than usual; I am living here nt the only place I cnn get which 1m comfortable, until I recovtr entirely. We ! have Hud desperate llghtiag. and have lost a grcai number ofi-IHcem aril men. valuable ofllcern. ' VVttn about 9000 men, ?ll told, we barn fought between 40 aud 00,0'.>0 men, the enemy hiving 100 pieces ot artillery aud curael?es but "JO?excluding a battery of mountain howitzwrs. With thl? email force we have 1 taken the enemy 's artillery and driven them from the strongest work* (tl?IU wot kn,) I ever saw, having Anally entered his capital In triumph. Wo want remforctjmenls dreadfully. * * * Let in re^nlatw the tariff of this country here, and wo can support our army without coiling the I'nited States a cent. 1'very battle we have | fought, from I'alo Alto to the last, ha.< been a forlorn ! bnpo ? * 'I'b,. .Mexicans cannot make pence with a corporal's guard They are ashamed to do It, aud hence the suiahuess of our army encourage:* the war, we w.U get no peace; lest now than ever. them si-nd us reinforcements then, lest rami dreadful diflaiter bofall us. * ' * I please myself with the hope that you are all well, though I have uot heard trorn homo for two months. I taltu no interest in the cuuutry This is as you know a flue city, aud if I did not hat* the vile people who live lu it, 1 could intcrnft myself very much, but we am all very unxloua to get out of the country, and one* more to lind ourselves In our beloved homes, where, at least, we oould sleep at peace. Ilere we never | art with our swords aud pixtols for a moment, aa assamus are in every corner and in every bou'e " ARMV IMTBLIJiiKNCK. We learn from the Courier that a salute of one huudrod guns was tired on Saturday evening last on the blutf at that city, in rospect to the gallant tjultinan, for his participation in the Ut? victories before thu olty of Mexico, and in honor of the brilliant achievement of our arms The Courier adds that the citlxem of Adams county were to have met on the 'JOth last, for the purpose of concerting measures for the purchase of a suitable sword to be presented to (ten (jmtnian. as a testimonial of the esteem and regard which his fellow citizens untei tain lor him, and as commemorative of the high sppreciatlou in which they hold bis military services in behalf ot his country in this Mexican war ? N. O. Picayune,Tld nil. That g.'kllHUt soldier, Major General Butler, has directed that the regiment* forming p?rlof hi* division should lea re for the pent of war as lollows; Tile .Id Tennessee refluent, to emhark at Nwlifille, on the 27th Oetobrr. the luUmtitt reKiuifut to ombark at MadUoii un the -Hut of the pmiuh month; and the Kentucky regiment# on tbe 1*1 or It U intended thai lb y *h?ll. if V"*Kibl?, proceed directly to Vera Crui ? ftnniylcanian. lit i nit. The flt'aaboftt Mttle Mlraoorl, ' apt Martin, from St. I.ouii, which arrived yi-ntcrday. brought down < (.tain Little, Lieutenant* Haxard. lluiib and < a?w?ll, with iM men and borfteit, and 36 teamntem, and landed them at < arrolHon.?JV. O. Otlta, l*th ult. NAVAL IN TKI.MI.KM' E. The United Mtau-N ?teaui?hlp vliMiwippi flailed from rVnuacola on Sunday, the 17th ioet , fur Vera ('nil. The follow inx 1* tbe lint of cfloerti attached to ber ( ommander Alex Hildeli Mackenile; LleuU J W. Cooiw, O. Lynch, fc. J. Deilaren, L. Maycaid, TJmo. It. fERA 1847. iarrttt, A?ting MuUr, Henry KoJmm; Surgeon. W Minor Vxalatant Snrgeou W T Habb: Purser, Win H. tennou, Chief knglneer, l'an lei B. Martin; PmmU Midibipiufii. Jauie* 8. Thornton, H'm. K. Thomaa, -V. T. Went, W II Kauntleroy. Jo?. Fry; Pur??r'? Clerk, <), fntehinpon; AiwUtaut h.nirine*r?. J. Koll?n?b?e. J. ay. J. M. A lami. K. A. Whipple, \V C. Wheeler, J. C. Pennant. John W. Turk*, C. A Mapes; Boatswain, John 1 "eatheretun; Ounner. C U. Oliver; Mallmaker. K. Midllctnn; Sauiurl Jaokaon. lurgeon. John 8. Wily, nur- 1 [eon; <>eorge Terrell, Hurgeon; A N Bell, auintant ?nrrenn: O B Uibnon. Lieut Vnited Ststei artillery; W. I KcnnoD, purser. Uolt?1 State* *team?r Iris, Com. Wilson. arrived at Norfolk, 'JSfth ult., from New York Th? Iris In on her out* to chugre*. Sh? n to take on board Com T. Ap Z Jon**. who goes out to the PaMfln to relieve Com Ihubrlek, commander C K Stribling. who accompanies Com. Jones, 1* fleet surgeon. AfTaira In Yacatnn. In J it l..t r.,.l lit ti.H r I Vucatan The following latter aeema to comprise every- I thing of interest1 < AMrcAcHv, Ojt. 11, 1847 In a former letter I ifave you an aoaount of tli* lUtt of ] affair* In this country; of the election of Don Santiago Men del (ioyeruor, and of Sr liarbachano as the chief of the I'ouncll of State; aa also of the resistance tnani- j : Felted bv theae individuals to take charge of the posts to i which tney were called. Kverythlog then announce.I n of enviable tranquillity, hut on the ."Jth September the authorltiea discovered a conspiracy con'lueted by aoine acoundrela (who are never wanted) uoon the (rreater part of whom society haa sat tte aeal of reprobation Among them are the lawyera Nloolas and Mateo Doicn- i te< and Sr l>H?ado The project wiia aa foilowa On the ni.i[ht of the 2Mth September the K*tea of the prison were to have been i opened and the criminal* confined therein to bn liberated; | with them the liuadquartera of the military was to be at- ' tacked, the aruia to be seized. Sr. Mendel, Gen. t ardenaa,and other peraona of distinction aaaaMinated, and the principal houaea sacked The union and alliance of Mexico and Vucatan waa to be proclaimed, and the prlnciplea and administration overthrown in December laat to be re-etitabliah*d.; Aa quickly aa the tact of tho existence of ao infamous a conspiracy cauie to thceara of tb" authorities, they caused all thn conapirutora to be runted, put tbem on board of one of the vcaaela of war, and the siine night despatched the veaael to Laguna de ioa Trrminoe. where the American Governor objected to their diaembarcatlon, and in consequence the veaael returned with them to this port The local authorities not knowing how to dispose of thu prlaonera, until they should receive the orders of ttia Hup?rtor government. determined to send the vessel on a cruise; and this was mote proper, hh otherwise the indignant population would have assaulted tin- vessel ia order to punish a crime of such magnitude. The froho of the conspiracy resounded almost at the same time in Merlda Ou the night of the Oth. a certain Zetlna, who hnd been an Indian chief, (and with- tit the knowledge of tho government,) introduced himself with tiltv men into the capital, presented himself ut the citadel, where he surprised the guards and seized all the arms. This happened at half part 7 o'clock at night?u time when the tow soldiers composing the garrison. were almost all absent. When they returned and v.lihed to euter their quarter*. they ware repelled by a lively lire from Zetina and nia men. who were uot Ion;? in collecting others. They arrested the authorities, took possession of the government; imposed upon commerce u con trlbution of f.4(Ml0,aud nrmed all the prisoners. They otlled to power Don Miguel Uarbachano, but he refused the oiler which they made tiiu. Here, at the instance of the ayuntaniiento, Don Han'lago Mendez ?as invested with the government, be taking an outb, and reserving the right of acting as circumstances might r?<iulre. The government Immediately despatched a respectable force to Merlda. and you may be matured that already all disorder Is terminated, and tra?n{iilllii.y ag^ln restored I'ower being Iu the bauds of the Governor, a man of patriotism, energy and prestige, is a guaranty for the future Congress and all other branches of government are to assemble In this city until peace shall be concluded between the United States uud Mexico; at lea?t this Is the intention at present?1 do uot know whether It will be carried out. A. Van Kureit View ??f (lie Administration? A Gem for the Dtmoiriuy. [Ktoin thu Albany Journal, Oct .'.0 ] The meeting Ust evening w:is ouo of thu largest and most eiitliUHiaatio we ever attended The multitude, moved by the inspiriting watchword of "Freedom,'' bejun, it un early hour, to wend it* way to the csnifnl Johv Van Bi'hcv was porseveringly called for after Mr. Wiliaot closed his speech. When he took the stand, thu walls of thu capltol shook with the cheers and plaudit* of the dens* Lktuijg. He commenced by a r?fe.rnnr? to the inhospitable welcome whlc!? Mr Wltatot hail received at the hand* of the editor of the Jlrtits. Asa Dutchman, he rebutted this lnhospitality. Albany was wont to give a cordial welcoiB" to all tier guests; and aticb a welcome this meeting, aud the courteous ol all parties, had extended to .this eloquent and truthful champion of freedom. He alluded to the progress which fren principles were tusking throughout the world Austria and I'russia were giving w?y France was becoming progressive; and the inspiriting cry of liberty was even sounding fri>m the portals < ( the Vatican. Kngland bad expended ?i<) 0011,000 to abolish slavery in her dotninions. and Denmark was now striking the manacles Irotn her bcudsuitu. When these glorious thirgs were occurring all around us, and th? despotisms of the old world wto giving way before the bright light of religion and democracy, shall the model republic hold back' Shall h?-r treasure and the precious blood of her s< us be poured out to conquer freo territory to curse with slavery ? Yet such was the position it was sought to give this country. The effort was being mide, and under such circumstances it was time that the free people of the North gave utterance to tbrtr vi*ws. | < riea ot'yes ' yes ! and cheers ] Wo have been told by the Union?the organ of the government at Washington ?that it was wrong for the t?>nnle of the North to meet, and discuss the Wiluiot Proviso. Mr. Kltcbie, the editor of that journal, in ? mau of talent, uud "f agreeable manner* But ho raintaken his Tocation if hi? think* it any part of bin province to lecture th? treeuoen of Nkit Vork. [Cheer* ] H?;ha* been rccentlv tr:?n*lated fl?n-ht?r] from Virginia to Washington, to take rare of to* democratic] family ? Hi* predecessor wm an able raan. and bad lad the deuiociacy through many successful battle* Hut what ha* Mr. Ritchie to show that he ha*, in any decree, contribute'! either to th? harmony, numbers, or triumph* of the democracy ? Arkansas wa? one* *o strontfly democratic that you could hardly And a whin wlili a search warrant; (laughter ) and yet it lino* under the dominion of the whig*' Tenneaaee?the hora? of the 1'residout and once a pillar In the democratic temple? ha* lapped, aud now re?t? in the arm* of whipgery, although there ha* been kxecutlve patronage rnougu bellowed upon her citizen) within two year* to have converted Ma ?achu*-tt* herself ! (Oreat lat^hter J And Massachusetts whoso democracy had more thau once tiium) lied, during the editorial reign of Mr Kltcliie'* piedece?*nr, is utw *o sunken that H can reject u rego iMion of freedom ! Not only so, i(* democracy hen ho far degenerated that It oan nomluat* a " filed faot" a* the ' progressive democratic" candidate! [K*ce**'.ve laughter.J Pennsylvania alone bear* up the old democratic banner ; and rhn i* the home of the 1 author of the Wilmot Proviso Mr. V. U , in view 1 of these fact*, expressed 111? hop# tha- if the I n^nnls n* Vna V ork were to el-f i Intor from eolith ! of the Potomac. they might ir>ve tin- usual privilege of making an examination of hi* <|Ui>lltlea theinm Ives ? The editor of the Union iavn Hint the Ordinance of 1?h7 id all 'interpolation'" In the democratic creed '1 bin in not. the llrst time thi gentleman hu denounced demo cratlc measure! tut ''interpolation*," lie Deem* to deem the democratic creed to be composed, like the creed of III*: Synod of l>ort. of a certain number of Articles, revokalile only liy the Synod lltn-lf | I-iiirfliter ) Mr. Kitc.bia declared Oen. lackaon a proclamation against nullification an "interpolation.'' but would any citizen of New York. If he had be>-n called upon to maintain that proclamation, have ecaoned the re>|uiiit)on, to ascertain whether it oontaluud an abstract deolaration of democracy? When the process of freedom Is tamed. it doe* not b?00in? freemen to hlftgle about the terms of tim proceM. |Cheer* | So when the Independent Tiea nary was btoached 'I hat an "interpolation. in the opinion of .Mr. liitrlile, not to be remitted Into the democratlo creed. 15ut when the annexation of Texas was made an Isaue by the lialtiuioro Convention, you didn't hear him nay anything about "interpolation* " II- took It up and carried it forward with as much satisfaction . and /eal as If It had been one of the oldest articles in tbv coda of democracy [Laughter ] Mr V II . In ?l?w of all this, begged leave to my to 111 at dlaliogufe lied pen. lletiiau?If word* from so humble a oersouage could reach him?that his protest against the movement* of - - r _ ? ..?... _ V,,, tno ireeiuen oi iX'w i urn. ? '?" ?? P. , by the lawn of the state, had uo v?!Idttjr ? (<<hckin ) We bare, oontloued Mr B. followed Southern light* to the very ver^e of freedom We hare foil owr.i their will-o-th* winp* no f?r tint, If we K" further, there Udanger thai wo may be mired II. i mlter. be, I ri,n?. ftbould be by th?j li/Lt of hberty lie ehould be guided by the Hght of true patriotism- by the light of huuj*n freedom- in *bort, by the Northern light* (Tremendous* cht.ering mid ifr?at uppia.iae |If Air l{ltoblei?upno?e? that i? democratic creed ran t>? rntda fbr the North ull le made for the Mouth, where democracy ** uttll undr #??ery fttimulant to progreat, he ralftake* the temper of the prnflre*?l?e democr*<y of the North (' beer*) ir Kueh it thing com I bo he m:?ht bi4*<" ' tho principle* of 'HM" a* the eternal principle of the democratic jiarty. Hut In tli* state of .New Vork amld*t her gigantic rnergle* and her devotion to freedom nnd progrew- the man who de.lre* to keep pace with the npint of the age. and with the onwall movement if her drmrcrecy, uint.t more on with It. or be rod* ovor and cruhhed. (< beer* ) I'e nur' ral*e hi* eye* from the tow-path of Southern apathy. mi I look out upon the broad ocean of freedom?he lauat lay down hi* j*wi-burp, and hearken to the fhrlll bunie blaat of progie**; he tnuat Uy dowa hi* pop-^un aud Kite d to the *houln of the million* of freemen who are determined to plant tho atandard of liberty upoD nil free noil coo<|u?rtd by the treasure aud blood of freemen ? (Itumeiife cheering ) If Mr Ritchie will do thit, he laay tbeu Ueeio hi n.ielt po?*e#*e<l of the dignity of tbt racter which will justify him to lecture the democracy of .New York?not before We are told, continued Mr. V. B.. that wo are opposed to the pending war with Mexico. Tbl? charge 1* brought agam*t u* by that great fighter of tbe Jirgu?, Kdwin < roewell, (Oreat lauirliter ) It I* a slander to bring thla charge against the uutei rifled democracy of Albany It is a slander to nay that we are opponeu to the Mexican war. or any other war (Laughter ) if half that he has laid be tra?, the revere* i* the lact. And to prove It, It will only be necessary to refer to the column* of the Jligui, where the 04BM of toot* who b?v? been wounded by Uie f ?ilium in ?> v^S^rSim LD. Mm Vm ciMti. unterrilW dviuoorirj u# July FKOfiltd (LMihdC.) But, Inquired Mr. V. B .who m tightlng to Mazloo ' Id Mexico, remember. not ln th* jfr#ut offloe'' t^r ] Where i? (hi Worth ' Who an Ul? friwdi ?lio ere hi? couneilone ' Wh?r? U TimpU ! Who art UU friend*?wiio ere hi* conm-ilona Where would ha be If ha were hera ' He. air, would b? the leading nirtt of thi* meeting of " traitor*,'' u ? are called Ha would be the foremost ln th* gallant band of democrat* who are rearing aloft the bright banner of ' Freedom upon fra* ?oU !" [I.oud cbeara.] Many of thU meeting have frlenda in the aerriee in Malleo: and If. aa had t>een intimafad In a high quarter, auppliea were withheld. whare. aooner than from thU aaeembly, would go up an indignant proteat f Who, If it became nececaary to rail for mora troop* from New Vork. would be more r-a iv again to abed hi* blood in the behalf of hla ooun try than the I'raaident of thla meeting ? There waa nothing Mr V. U would not do to enrry on tha war. ao long aa it waa neoeaaary for tha honor of the oountry. gut he did not believe in fighting ona Jay and granting in arroistine tut ntxt?la striking a fellow on* or two blow* *ml then stopping to ak him If ha wouldn t hoi low " *nough lie wa* told by man bettor (killed then himself iu such mature, that any man oeald err > enough,' when beha?l enough 111* friend 8?g oould have tola thl* much to the editor of the Argui. [Laughter.) If, raid Mr. V. B . Mr folk would intimate a a* Ire to give Mr Croawell a commission In tha Ma* lean *ervW. he would cheerfully sign Ul* recomman dation. | Laughter | If be should exhibit one ijuarter of the Huimonlty toward the Mexican* whleh he has exhibited toward the democracy of tb* State who would tot bow to bin diotstion, tb? war would aoon he bro gh? to a close [If he would exhibit one half the venoin toward the Mexlsans he has toward the thirtytwo ?igners "f the call lor the iUrkimer convention, he would oon>i'ur the war hall' finished [Cheer))] If he should exhibit one quarter of the maline and venom toward Sauta Anna, which he has exhibited toward the (Treat leader of Northern democracy 811a* Wright, Mr. V II. would oouslder the war at an end a* noon a* he enlisted. (Cheers and laughter. | But to render hi* labor edeotual and cbaracterlatlo, Mr. t'roswell woald flrrt have to enlist under the Mexican banner, and then batmyit (Iinmense applause | Mr V. B. referred to tha charge In the .'/i jm. that himself and friend* were acting with the whlgs A* an offset to thin charge, he read 8 Strong'* celebrated affidavit, amid cheers and laughter: RDd after stating that tt hud never he a contradicted, hu proceeded to Hay that when It was 'tenlad, ha would bring forward further evid-nce, and t ova to tha demooracy that, lor the *econd time. Mr. Croswell had got hi* loot In the grating [tireat laughter.] Mr. V. 15 denied that the simple fact that the whin* concurred with the radical democracy in regard to the W11 mot proviso, was any evidenoe either that it or It* advocate* were federalists. IIut for the whig*, the law in relation to the new constitution could not have been paawd ? Hut for abig votes, the new constitution could not hara been adopted The conservatives opposed them both.? Why were not the radical demoorats branded a* whig* iu those cases' The msn, said Mr. V. B , who trla* to make a whig cf me, will end In making an ass of himself [Laughter] lie was not baby enough to run whenever any one tried out " spook.'' lie would a* soon thick of ruunlng ai'sy from the Mexicans bocanaa a reiuiorcenieni 01 WBigi were ooiuing up 10 Uie rescue, M to ruo away Irom the support of the proviso b?otUM whigs were in favor of It. [Prolonged cheering J? Inttead of branding euch lupport a* evidence of Ita federal character, be would deem it evidence of Ita righteousness. No wltn man will repudiate a Rood thing buetOM it his ibe countenance of thos? with whom ne differ* generally (t.hecr* ) H v doubted whether all the brave meu in our army In Mexico were democrat*. At Yorktown, Chippewa, liuena Vinta and Churubufoo, whig* fought bravely. If the crimson loll of tho*e battle flald* should b-t analysed, there would be found *oa? *pots of whig blood (Cheer* ) Ha would dean himself a craven at heart, U? lie should tlnd himself heiitating to admit the gallantry of Taylor, limply because he wa* a whig. (Cheer* ) There are time* when all good man rally to tba lupport of correct principle*, lie wa* the laat man to be driven off ftoui n righteous mea*ura. became ho found It supported by men connected with other denomiuation*. (Cheer* ) Ha had been accused of leading the democrat* astray in thl* contest lie wauld guaranty that tho*e who make tbi* charge will be loth to credit him, with the majority against them, when the vote* are counted. (Cheer* ) lie had been charged with being Influenced in hi* present conduct, by the actios of the Ualtlwore Convention in l*U. lie appealed to democrat* uud wliigs to nay if there wa* any man In the State who labored harder than himself to secure the eleotlon of that convention. Whatever good qualltie* he may not have, he hid theijualltv of franknea*. Whan he was for a man he was for him with all hi* heart. Whan he was egaiust a man. he was si??tnst hiui, just a* *ineerely. Ilewent into flist campaign Uio*u?e,be*I ie* men. the Haiti more < on vent inn sent out principle* under which the democracy oould rally Uut the Hyraoue* Convention has not only given us no principle*, but men whom a majority of the republicans ot the State do not want. Still, if he w*h an editor, with no more principle than some editors, be might iuu up the name of H?>Kcrford. for Comptroller, and on election dir. vote for Itungvrford for Utate Senator (Cheer* ) lie had no fear of the Icjue of tbi* content. Kven though the government should fall Into the hand* of whig*, they could do but little harm *o long a* they were kept in the straight jacket of the new constitution. (Cheer* ) Mr. V. U would leave every man free to do as ba pleased la regard to uipportlng the Syracuse ticket. The democrats who heard him might do as they pleased. They can vote It if they choose; but, sat 1 Mr. \ an Buren, I'm the man that won't do it (Tumultuous cheering ) I won't, because no principles were expressed by the convention by which it was nominated I won't, because It refused to declare itself in favor of freedom. I Won't, because I could not, and maintain my *elf-r?*peet 1 won't, btcause to do t<> would gratify the men who laat yenr crucllW Mia* Wright (Orcat applauie ) Now you muy take your own course?do what you chooae. I'hose ol you iudebted to oonscrvatlve bauks, better vote the ticket. Doctors who hare conservative patients betti'r vote tin* ticket. l.awyer-? who have conservative client* better vote the ticket. Chicken pedlar* toil fish mongers. who have conservative customers, better vote the ticket; because, if tliey do not. the const rvatives will sacrifice you if they can. But for nr. I won't vote that ticket. (Protractel chtering.) Mr V. B had been told that lie was giving Croswell too rnucli coDseguenoe Hut this was a mistake. Yon cotil'l not give a man too much c,nsoi|Uem:e who has the power to thruft from the Kxecutive chair, if not into his grave, eucb a man as bilss VVilght. it wt* true, he had no respect for his integrity, veracity or patriotism , but he had rrxpect for his /? !, talent*. and energy. II* U bruins tor llis whole conservative party. |Cheers) Wiinre wnuld your Peokham*. your Hoses, your Oallups, your Seymours, snd your Wuti >ns be, If it were not for Kdwin Croswelj ' They wouldn t know enough to go home in a dark night i I. ni/hler ] In conclusion, Mr V. n said he had lakeu his ?tand deliberately, and he believed lie liad the sympathy "l the masses. If man can lead the papers?attend tb? Herkimer convention? ntid witnnpH this enthusiastic jitberinc ? and are still unable to reblise that the back bone of the party In broxeu.tbcy icny wimple along until i-fler election In their bleioted ignorance.and then they will reallaelt |l'heer* | I repe?'. you m.?y all do ?* you please : but I shan't support .-hat ticket [Cheers I 1 aui aware that I aui accused ..f violating the usages of the (1 inocratlo party; but cheating isn't a usagx or the parly. [Laughter,j The iinrkirnvr Convention dedered th? 1 lie action of tL? Syracuse Convention mu of no binding tares. Thl? I believe. {Cheers ] I shall choose my own candidates. 1 thall vote iny own tlokeL I shall vote te " Maintain Freedom"?to Rebuke Fraud." to "Tlemember Mllas Wright" I'J'remendouf i?ud prolonged cheers ] It la for you to do as you plense I kuow you ar intelligent I kuow jO'j are patriotic. I ton* y( j are liscreet, and I beiieve you will act right l?'l.e.>r?. arid " we will The politic*! sea is now teinpeHt touted; but in the midst of the daubing billows, I think I see the spirit of liberty moving upon the face of the waters ; and I think I hear, even aliove the roar of the tempest, a spirit whisper, " Be of good cheer; it is I?be net afraid.'' [Shout alter shout. and the most tumultuous enthusiasm, followed this termination of aspeeoli.of which we have glvt n but little more than a skeleton J AIfitirs In t'aiisils. [From the Montreal Herald, Dot if J Our commercial news is of no particular interest. and ?... ...... *" tf-.v ? I. n f f he il wnutrr.fla ft iitntfroUl In trlligauoe r< o#lr?d y ' he ln*t packet, h? '.ad no mi tarial'cit upon oyr rarreaotlie coriniiur.i'y Tha hun ft In I'pper i anada ha* been. both In quitntity and quality. fur above an , and although 'lut iUU *f the European market* ban aim out |/iit ha m l to *pecu bit Ion there li little rea*"n to fear that the farmer* will flu.l a ready *ale. fit fair r*muneratl?? pricea, for thalr produce I hechipping , with ua, it nearly oter, iind ?? cm look f ir f< ?r rrltaU now from K.urope, although mm? f*w r**?eli. tir? etill espectefl at Hueb??. I'br <iuaiaatiue station at tiro?*e liUad liaabveu cl e.l for tin* *ea*on, and the aick remaining there were. taal week, all brought to on emigrant hoepiral. on rotnt ft. I baric ; where, by yenterday ? return, we find there arc now a total of 741 patient*. W* hare more tlian onoe had occasion to mention th* unpopularity of tho lebool tax among a certain portion of our rural population , and we regret to ?ae, by our !a?t tju<*hec paper* that, In that <1l?trict, attempt* have been made to r< *i*t it* collection Auotlur " noTttlly ul Ihe tune*," i* one that continue* to attract, and movt faTornMy, the nttention of the public. both here and th? nelnhtxirlng Statee; and which. If carried out, will hare ar incalculable i (Trot upon our commercial pronperi'y Wa allude to the projected canal. between ?'aii'rhnaw*irn and Ht. John*, b? which th* water* ot the St. I.awrenca will be united with thoaa of l.ake ' bainplaln .and th'-nee by the Whitehall* anal, with the llii'J*?n and Hew \ <-rk That thli canal, which ? hi L?'t cort more tban i. I Jo noil, will be torlhwltb con trueIe I. Ih wi- lire lunnv to lparn at curtain - iK.? l? Muni ruction rill aeeure to tin th? entire tranult trade of ill* went, and tliun, render our ttt I.awrenceoanaU, what, wttbo-it it, we f. nr they neter would become, highly rtiiuinTatlrf workft The horrible double murder of Roberto and VrHhane, tbn detail* of which will be found in our luaue of the Jrtth intact, M ml^ht be expected. ha? canned a great deal of painful SflUi-ment The lnqtieet on the body Of Mntthann has bcru mttiun lor Ihrm days pMt, ?nd l? not yet eonclu led. The weather for the t??t few davi hu bean line, but uuusuaily oold fur the *aai>oa?the night* troaty, and the morning* rhowlng a noinewhat wintry a?pect Th? Yellow Kever In New Orlnani. I NTKRME.Y1 N II THK DIFPKRKNT Cf.MKTKKIKS, For the twtnly four hauri entfing at 6 f Nome Nativity Name ? , >?/.? Jan.h, Ubknown llriTirh Kra?l*r^tffflty. Mietnel Havlenil, Ireland. Mifb?l Unnemi, do. Daniel Murphy, da. . . ? ? ? , ? h'nr the twenty-four Aetirt ending ?' " . l?< f W. PatLaTia, Irel.nd CaiMriae Catlty, Ira land. K Kalbarhe, Uermmy Julrt Otbrowikl, TrtMia. Ju??rarai*?, Sjaia.

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