Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 4, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 4, 1847 Page 1
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in -r ?? TH] Vol. m No. 303-WluU So. 4TOO. THE NEW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, North-treat cunitr of Pulton and IhMh its. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. CIHCULAHOS-FORT* WOVIARD. DAILY HKRALD-Kitry day. Price X cents per copy $7 "S urrnuuuai?payable ii. advance. WEEK LY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price 8K eaatt p?r co v?XI ItK cenu per amiurn?payable ia advance. HEKAt.l) KOll EUllOPE?Every Steam Packet dayPnc 9*4 cclcs per copy?$j per aooum, including postage, ?t?3 16 exrlauve ol P"ita*e, payable in advance. Hnb-criptsotiamid advertisement* will be received by Mewt. Galig naui, It rue Vivieune Pnri?; P L. Si moods, II CornhilU and Joliu M'ller, th? b >obaeller, Lond"a. ANNUM. PICTOHIAL HERALD? Published oa the l?t'-f I miiry ofrach year?si'igle copy sixpence. ADVERTISEMENTS. at the mual p'ic*-? always cash in ftilv*i:ce Ariveitisrnienta ?lmuld he written in a plain, legible m-'iurr The proprietor will notbe reaponaible for eriera that iQiiv occur m them. "Ill \TIMU of all kinda executed beautifully and with de#iwtch. All letters or comraunlcatioaa by nail, addreeaed to the proprietor of the estnblishweut, moat be jMMt paid, or the poet ?. *l'l !> H*Hnere.l (r ?it> the aaWrintina morier remitted NOTICE?On and after SUNDAY. Nor jJS^.V^^vembtr lat. 1847. the steamers SYLPH and WisfcfGKai 8T.1TEN ISLANDER wiU make the following trips; LKAVB STATIC* ISLAND. At?. 10, II, 12 o'clock, A. M.-2, 4, C o'clock, P. M. LEAVE NEW VORB. * t 9. 11 oVIock, A. VI.?1, 3)C 4. o'clock, P. M. New Y?vV, Oct. 29. 1847. ntt JMB PEOHl.E'S t INK STEAMBOATS t'Ott ALBANY. Daily, Snndaya Excepted ? Through Direct?At 8 o'clock, P. M., from the Pier between Courtiapdt and Liberty streets. Steamboat ISAAC NEWTOIT.Capt Wni H. Peek, will leave on Monday, Wednesday, aud Yriday evenings, at 8 o'clock. Steamboat HENDKIK HUDSON, Capt. R. Q. Qrutten. den, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evenings at 8 o'clock At t>ive O'clock, P. M.?Landing at intermediate place*? from the foot of Barclay street. Kt-amboat SANTA CI. VU8 Captiin B. Overbagh, will leave on Monda.y, Wednesday, Friday and Snnday afteraooaa. at S o'clock. Steamboat SOUTH AMERICA. Capt. T.N' Hulae, will le^veon Tneaday, Tliar*day and Satarday afternoona, at ? o'clock. , The above boat* will at nil time* arrive in Albany in ample time fir ilia Morning Can for the Kast or Weat. Freight tiltrn at moderate rate*, and none taken alter $ o'elock, P. M. BT?" \ll i>?r*oni are forbid trnstiug any of the boat* of thii line, without a written ordr' from the captain* or agent*. For !> fn- 'ije or freight, anJy on board the boat*, or to P. C. Cmn.TZ. at the olfic* on the Trh",f. oil rh MORNING LINE AT 7 O'CLOCK i; > 5j?a-r?>?FOK ALBANY AND TROY. and inter fer 'UtfraMte tnediat* Landing*. The Hi?<mer TROY ia a third larger than any other Day Boit : and iu point of apeed, aafety, and commodionane** i* artnnlly nmnnnMe.l. No steamerever acquired more onivcr*.il and enduring popularity, or retained in greater per feeti"n tbo ,e tubetanlial excel leucie* which really aeaene puhl c fivot. iiieakfut and Dinner on board the Boat. The low pressure ttnoiboat TROY, Captain A. Oorhan, will lenve tne atemnboiu pier foot of Barclay itreet, Monday*, Wedneiday*, and Friday*, at aeeen o'clock A.M. Ratnnisif on the opposite 4ar?V'otjw*?ige or freight,apply on board, or to K. B.Hall,al the office on the wharf. *16 re MOKNI.NO LINE At 7 O'CLOCK, r ..^V^FOR ALBANY AND TROY, landing at Caldwell*, Weitpoint, Newhnrg, Hampton, Milton, I oiighkeeoaie, Hyde Park, Kingston, Upper Redhook, Barry town, Bristol, Caukill, Hud*on. Couaekie, Kinderhool and Bal.i/tiore. Landing at H lmmoud atreet. Ls.ive* New York, Tue?d?y, Tharadav and Saturday, at 7 o>I>ek. A. M. Brrakfaat and Dinner on board the boat. Tile low prenure Htnamb >at NIAOARA, Capt. H. L. Kelli-KK, will le-ue t ie Steamboat Pier foot of Barclay atreet, Tncsd/iv *. Thnr*d.y?, ind Saturday*, at *eren o'clock, A. M.. returD'iur or 'he ipposite daya. Ki.r p?a?r or freight, apply on board, or to F. B. Hall, at the nffir* n>> the wlmrf * Iff rc v.,?KOR uHAMLth (IV, a. C.? lie 81 ?'n?hip SOUTHERNER, Captain M. Berry, will Iraie the pier foot of Clinton WJW-rtM H ,ir et. oppoate Tobacco Inapeetion, K. R. on Saturday ,;the fiih inat. at 4 o'clock P. M. No kert'i a?< uti*d uo'il |>ai>l for. All billaof l.idlnar tigged by the clerk on board. Sp?ciawillbe received until 12 o'clock on the iliv nl departure. Fo' freight or p?n?jt" apply to bPonroED, TILE8TON it Co., > No. 4t?8nuth atreet. Paasergera by thi* veaael are reqneate'l to aend their In (safe on Itoa'd prrrioua to 12n'ilock ou the day of departure 1 Coiaigieea are purti'ulrrly requeateJ to attend to the receipt <>f their g >oda on the arrival ot ih? Meamer. nl 2tr r- t-I-I.r? u7 8 mail 8team?Hlr washsfaQr?Jf39 INGTON?For Brcnen, via Bouthampton. sysgjk?The above ahip will leave New York for * Bremen 011 Thnradav 11th November, atop ' ^ ^^ piiig at Southampton to land paaaengera. lleturuii'K. ahe will'rave Bremen on the Jd, and Sonthuip ton oa the 7tli December, ao aa to arrive in time with gooda in* temled for the holidaya. P<i'*age from New York U> Son tha nipt on or Bream, $120. I'vxtiEe f oin Southampton or Bremen to New York, SIM. Fur freight ?r nature, apply to the Ocean Steam Navigation Cotnoaiv. IS Will.nm at. olO 14teod In ?Ayr- KOK NKW ''RLliANS? Hegalar Tacke oftne krjSfaft^fltli November.?The tplendid well known faataailJSBHKaii)g racket ahip ABBY rRA'i'T, Captain Shaw 1?M tuna ii Hi >ea, will aail aa above. Uer accommodations for cabin. 2d cabin and ateeraite paaaengera, are unequalled by any ahip in port Peraona about going to New Orleana. wonld do well to nomine thia beautiful ahip previona te their engaging elarwhere for paaaage. which will be at very low ratal. Apply on board the aliip, foot of Dover atreet. or to M. P. O'HERN It CO.. 1M Hnnth Hrrrt corner of Dover at. "" ffllfc ~ FOtt NEW UHLK.AfiS-Packet of the Sth No bljgrWv mber?The apleaitid and well known faat-a?ilmg Pi 1 iiii 1 arh 111 aln|i RAPPAHANNOCK, CapUm Wm Drn>nmond, 1200 ton* bnrtheu?Thia ahip haa aaperior ao ommodationa for aecond Cabin and aterr?ge piaaengera, having honaea on deck, well ventilated and roomy. Thoae about to embark for the above port will find it their interest to cxa > ine tliia ahip balore engaging elaewhere. Fo? fn'ther particulars, apply on boaid, foot of Peck alin. or to the nubscnbera. COBURN It DOHKRTY. 1 2 7f r NOTIl^K?Conaiguee of 24 balea cotton, marked C.. per bark Oenetee, Irom New Orleana. will pieaae cilI and receive tbe aame thia day, or they will be stored at their riak and eipense h2 E. K COLLINS. St Booth at. UNIONLINF OF PACKETS to a?d Irom LIVkjHRPV * II POOL ? I he aplandid new Packet Ship I VAN JaUHibMOE, II00 tout bnrtheu, Capt. Edwards (late of the P cki-i sh'p Se?), will aai. fiom New York on Thursday, N?v. 4th. and from Liverpool en the Itrh of January next." Thn m.isoificent Packet haa accommodationa f-r cabin, aeeo-d cibin. and ateerag* piaaengera, nnaurpnaaed by any >hi > aiiling from the port of New York Peraona abont pro ceeJiim to Kurope or thoae wiahing to aend fur their frienda ah' u d make earlv application on board footjif Doverat., or to na f W it J. T. TArgCOTT. M ?"?th at&Bt ONLY REGULAR LINE Of PACKKT8 FOR MHRyNKW OKLEANS.?'The following wall known, MUkblii aiiliug mil 'avoriM packet *h<p* have accomnniarptuised for cabin second cabin, and iteerage paae'ngera, uid will positively aail u advertised, or puaage Jree, tix;? T(>e WISCONSIN, (new,) Capt. Mnmford, November 4th The *PCO E, Capt. Woodlru. November Ith. Persons wishing to proceed to New Orleana, will do wall to aecure p usage by either the t.bove paeketa, aa they ar? all firit clt ?thiii* rt.mmanded by men experienced in the trade, and mm'I siil punctually on their appointed days. To aecnre berth*. apply ou hoard, or to .1. W h I T TAfarOTT.MPniithet ^ KOII LI VERPOOL.?Hegular packet of the Cth if'tir* November.? ! lie well kuMi fait aailinf packet / aWNflfesahip NEW WOHLD. burthen 1330 torn, Captain Knight will tail aa above, her regular day. Her accoinmod .tiona for cibin, aecoud cabin and steerage paismvera are too well known to require comment. Those intending to embirk ahnuld make immediate application on board, lout of Maideu laue, or to JOSEPH MeMUKRAY, ojt tOfre corner of Pine and Liberty eta FOR NKW ORLEANA?Only regular |>e?-ket Jfy'rW nf the Sth November. Tne first claaa fast sailing packet ?h'p ALHRKD. burthen 1,<*00 tone, Capt. C. B Penilleuini will aail aa above, her regular day The accommodati jiis in this splendid ahlp fur cabin, sscond cabin, and steer g- paaaengera, are unsurpassed by any veaael in port, being r'omy and well ventilated. Pe/aona intending to embark ?h n!H embrace thia very fivorable opportunity. Ko' teimt, *lnch will be very modeiate apply on board, pier 13 Eaac River, or to JOSEPH MeMUKRAY. u 'R T rr (i'J Hou'li St'ret. corner if Pine KOR LIVERPOOL?New Line?Regular PackIwjfXV ? "f 8Sth November?The new and splendid fast JMaaMb tailing packet ahip KOSCIUS, Aaa Elaridge, master lo tiling and will aail aa above, her regu'ar d ty. Foi freight or paaaage having auperior furnished accommoiln'inna hhuI v tin bnard at Orleana wbarf. foot of Wall atreet. or to "" ~E. K. COLLINS, 46 Sooth it. ' The packet ship Siddona, Edward B. Cobb, muter, wilt aaeceed the lloacma, tad Mil JfciJi December, her regular day. o n 1*^- VOll LI YKHPO0L?-The New Liue? Regular l.TTaV Picket of Jlat of November?The well-known, fut ^.ttK.^lmg pecket .hip HOTTINOUKR, 1000 tout, "apt. iin uraley. will aail aa above, her regular day. for Ire ulit or pataaga, having apleodid lane* nod comfortable ata'e mom< *ud cabin, apply to the Captaio on board, at Weil i le of Bnrlinic slip, or to WOOUHULL k MINTUHN, *7 Sooth atreet. The fa. kecahip LI V1CMPOOL, 1300 toaa bortheo, Captain .Mm Eldridg", will aueceed the Ilottinguer, aud nil on her r;golar da*. I'af December. oNn grfjgJ" ToillwARSKILLItS?The line ahip SAK All It wJHKPy AH*ll.lA,Cap'aiu B. R. Batman, will meet with ^ItilACapmmpt despatch. For freight or puaage, apply to BOYD fc HINCKEN, No. 9 Tontine Bmldingv or to CHAMBERLAIN k PHKLPH. ollm 101 Front afreet. Aii^ fTTll OL ABOO W^The New Liue taili Jit and 1 fffv l*'h Ol eaeh month ?The tine faat 'ailing A I Britiah .!3*^h-rmie 11VN' DKFORD, 500 tons, Capt. A. B.McAI1>iii ?i rml lith November. K.>r l>e.ght or pu* g?. having eicelleot accommodation, apply to Ilia cantnn on board, foot of Roievelt at , E?at Hirer, or fo WOODHULL k MIN I URN, r Sooth at. The regal tr packet ahiii BrtOOKSB V, 6*0 loin, Capt. Hugh McEweti, will >0'ceed tne HYNDKFORD, and tail on her re Hilar day, l>t December. <>2tm H'ji OKNoA.?Tlijj anperio' bark D. OOP* FRK , Capt Beirne. For freight or p uaara. apply JdlSytiLi'1 HOWES. OODFRAY k CO., or to - ?ai i:'t r, BOYD *i HI NI K K.N Hrofer. NO t'ICK.?If SOPHIA DEKLEY, formerly Pophia Rrivfi, of Birmingham, England, who emigrated to I pper "an-da in IMI. and who waa ta New York three yeara ?co. w ill apply to Mr. Edw *rd Lloyd, It flatt atreet,ahe may bear of "tnefhirg to her advantage. of ft* re tTPLENDID GOTHIC DOOM PLATES.?The tobaerT 7 brr would revpectfully invite the attention of gentlemen t Ini n*w and b?autilnl a.yle of Door and Number Platea, pro' onece at the late Fair the handi meat Platea ever got op, nud for which he received the premium R. ROBERTS. Preminm Door Plate Eatablianment, | J.'r La L?fi'?j#it ij/tittJ i?< ( ultlrT f CLfy, p inar ofLegahaa. rffi, ' JoM IwaH ri Si CfftuWf 0MIN iatia^larif itMMM W E NE NE ARRIVAL OF THE FRENCH STEAMSHIP PHILADELPHIA. FIVE DATS LATER FROM EUROPE. The Frenell and English Money Markets. THE FRENCH STEAMER NEW YORK. ARRIVAL OUT (IP THE lVA*HIV<mw The Great Battle of Abd-el-Xader. MORpTROUBLE ON THE EUROPEAN CONTINENT. Another Ministerial Crisis in Spain. 8PEOIAL DESPATCHES TO THK NEW TORE HERALD OFFICE dte. Ac. Ac. The French steamship Philadelphia, Captain Besson, arrived yesterday from Cherbourg, whence she nailed on the 10th ult. She touched at Halifax en route. She brings five daya later intelligence. The steamship Washington, Captain Hewitt, hence, arrived out on the 8th ult. The French steamer New York, which left this port on the 15th of September, arrived at Cherbourg on the 4th ult. The NouvtllitU of Marseilles, announces that it his received from Gibraltar news from Africa to the 22d of September. Ab del Kader had fought a great battle with the troops of Morocco, under the walls of Taza. The Em r lost 1,000 men. Another paper pretends that this battle refers to the destruction of the two tribes of Hachems and Beni llamer. Prince Louis Bonaparte has addressed a letter of thanks to M. Le Comte, an ancient officer under the empire, thanking him ior the honors which he and his comrades paid to the ashes of the King of Holland and his eldest son, lately interred at St. Leu, on the 29th of September. Mr. Van Zeller, consul from Portugal, was the only failure in London, of any consequence, at date of the 7th October. The Chronicle of the 8th, announces that & Paris merchant had received from India news of the failure of an English firm at Calcutta, to the amount of fourteen millions of francs. M. Rosemond de Bauvallon, who killed M. Dujarricr, of the Journal La Presae, and of Lola Montes memory, in a duel, has been tried for perjury, and condemned to eight years' imprisonment. The Canton of Lucerne is in a state of insur. rection ; also those of Fribourg, and the district of Romont, Gruyere, and the valley of Chaverny. It appears that those Cantons wish to obtain the object of their demand from the government. Of course. The governments of Lucerne, Berne, Zurich, and other Cantons, are earnestly engaged in mili*ary preparations, in view of the critical situation of affairs. The majority oi the Cantons have agreed to send in front of the federal army commissioners, a la lYist, who are to use their utmost efforts to bring about conciliation, and prevent, if possible, a hostile collision. The army will await the result of their peaceful endeavors, and if unsuccessful, will instantly cross the frontiers. The Semaphore, of Marseilles, of the 6th inst , reports that the French squadron was still before Naples on the 1st of October. It is said in private letters that the reformers of Naples have divided themselves into three columns. The first division is called the Legion of Death, and forma the advance guard, commanded by Longobero. The centre is commanded by Romeo, who has seized upon Margiana, a large depot ot arms and munitions o( war. The rear guard is under the command of Potino. The artillery troops on duty at Margiana joined the rebels after the noble exploit of Aspromonte. The insurgents of Perne, in Abruzzes, have abandoned their city, and retired to the mountains, in imitation of those of Reggio. It is said that,Navarre is in rebellion,and a large force was assembled,commanded by Baron Sofia. The official Gazette of Madrid, of the 4ih October, publishes the royal decrees accepting the resignation of the several members of the Salamanca cabinet, viz.: Messrs. Soyena, Costazar, Salamanca, Escosura, and Soteto;Jthat is, all the members of the cabinet, except Messrs. Cordova, minister of War, and Olana,of Public Instruction. The same paper announces the nomination of Arrazolato be Minister of Justice. The Portfolio of the Marine is said to be offered to General Aspirez. These changes are, it is said, owing to intrigues in the palace, and proceed from the RttJggle of influences on an arena where all is caprice and mystery. SPKCIAT. DESPATCHES TO THE KKW YOHK IIERAI.D. Franca* Paris, Oct. 9, 1847. The very absurd arrangement of the days of sailing of the French steamers, whloh was hitherto adopted, having been abandoned, we are now enabled to communloate with the Western world every week Whether this oonvenlenee will be continued through the winter, (a dmititfiil WbiU it. liutfl hnwevur. vh must nniov It. 81dm the date of my last letters, (the 29th ult,) little that la of public importance, especially at so great a distance as New York, ha* taken place here. Marshal Ou'ilnot, Duke of Kegglo, one of the splendid relics of the imperial glory, departed this life at the Hotel des Invalids*,]of which be waa the Governor, and Is sucoeeded by Marehal Moliter. Marshal Soult, who ha* *o long been the nominal head of the Onliot cabinet, performing no other dnty than that of reoeiving the salary a* President of the Council, the amount of which is equal to that of the President of the United States, ha* at length resigned both salary and dignity, to M. Guisot, who all along wielded the real power. M. Ouiiot now oombines the offices of President of the Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs, receiving for these joint functions, a salary of >30,000 per annum, bealde* a palace, with all its pretty <1 eiltroi of servants, furniture, table and so on. To console the ootagenerian Marshal In bis retirement, he is raised to the honorary dignity of Marshal General of France, a title equivalent to the obsolete one of Constable of France. The agitation in favor of parliamentary reform Is oootlnued. Reform banquets have been held in many of the chief places of the provinces,, at which petitions have been urged, popular toasts drunk, and radical speeches spoken. One of the remarkable clroumatances attending these demonstrations is, that the health of Louis Philippe is never given at them. There Is no doubt that this agitation will ultimately force upon the government tome measures of reform of the gigantic system of corruption, by patronage, which Is now nraetteed to so scandalous an eitent. Franoe is, under'the present regime, made decidedly to play the part in European politics of an absolute power. With a people the most democratically inclined, this you will say is passing strange?yet so It la Wherever her government exercises lnfluenoe, th'.t influence Is Invariably directed against popular rights. In Hpain, Franoe supports with all her power and Influence, the madtradat, who are, In fact, the torles or absolutists of that country, la Italy, she bas.exolted universal IndlgMtloa and disgust by her intrigues to obetruet the pro gss of poMtUatloaal reform, to thwart the likertd 3; vSuaruar rcSa,* jk ^ W YO / :w YORK, THURSDAY M manner. ?h? help* Austria in fomenting dl?e?n*lon betwMB the cantou* of the Sundnbtid, end th? liberal i MBtnl lOTtnuKnt. In Greece, aha bu helped tha lata minister Colrtti, to oorrnpt tlia alaotoral body, to ob truot tba progress of freedom. to abuae the financial reaourr.es of the country, and to render It ft mere departinent of France. At home, every'euort at progreaslre reform it obstinately oppoaad by the government. Such are tbe melanoholy fruit* of the thri*e glorioua day*.? Suob 1* tbe " be?t of republics," rach la the ' monarchy surrounded with republican institutions.'' Poor Lafayette ! hla bones would ahake in ht? coffin with indignation oould they be oonacloua of tbe reaulta to which he rendered himself instrumental when he was omnipotent at the Hotel de Ville, on the ifltb July, 1H30. Tbe Duke d'Aumala, who la appointed Uorernor Oenernl of the Frenob Colony in Africa, baa already deIiarted for Algiers, where hia Ducheaa and ohlldrwwill in mediately follow him. Kvery one will remember how this young prince came In for the splendid Ihheritance of the bouie of Condi- under the patronage of the notorious Madame de Keuchcres, the mistrees of the laat Duke de Bourbon, ud what horrible auaplciona were oonneeted with the death of that prince. The DuKe d'Aumale i* now one 01 tne wealtbinat individuals In Kurope. ana will, it Is Mid, keep at Algiers a royal court, which in splendor will rival those of th? oldest monarchies The law whioh excludes the Bonaparte famly from Kinuca liM just been relaxed in favor of J ero in a Bonaparte, the ex-King of Westphalia, and his son, who beara a atrongpersonal resemblance to the great Napoleon, hi* unole. Thuae personagea are now in Paria, staying for the preaant at the Hotel du Rhln, in the Place Vendoma. Italy. Routt, Oct. 1,1847. Italy Ha, at preaant, the stage on whioh the battle of human progreaa in Europe, an opposed to arbitrary i power, la fought. Austria ia the incarnation of the latter. aud the head of that form of Christianity which ia acknowledged by the large majority of the Christian world, of the former. It la a norel epoch in historywhioh la marked by the Topu aa the leader of the liberal party in Kuropean politics, and algnallaed by Rome> hitherto a dependency of Austria, standing forward aa* ita arch opponent. Yet so it U. Piux IX. haa not only opposed the arbitrary views of Auatria, but baa done ao with aucoeaa. Austria desired to oheck political progress in italy ; the Pope has oommenced It, and haa persevered in it. Austria declared that she would send her troops Into any Italian 8tate wbloh should attempt to organise a national guard; the word was iiardiy uttered, when the national guard of Rome was called into being; it started into lite at the word of the holy father, and swore to fulfil his behests Austria took military possession of Kerrara, a oltv on the Leiobardo-Veuetian frontier, but on the right bank of the Po. and within the papal dominions; the Pope'a legate protested against thia aggression. Thia protest was ratified in the Quirlnal; but still Apstria held possession of the city. The Pope waa tranquil, but determined and firm, tie sent an army of observation to Kerll, and proceeded with the enrollment, organisation, und arming of the national guard in all hla citiea, aa well aa through the oountry. His people were fired with enthualaam. When his preparations were made, and he bad gives time for the general expression of sympathy from the whole Kuropean publio, he aent for thj Austrian Ambaasador, and with the utmost benignity and tranquility requested the immediate evacua lion 01 ferrara by tne imperial troops, and the restoration of Its posts to hi* own soldiers and the National Ouard. This request being forwarded to Vienna, km refused, ills Holiness then, maintaining the same formidable tranquillity, made a further nommuntoation to Count Lubeau to the effect, that being desirous to nse every peaceable means In the first Instance to obtain the restoration of his rights, he would issue an encyclloal letter, demanding the prayers of the faithful in all the church** of Christendom for the delivery of the Head of Christianity from the unjust usurpation of Austria! and that ia case of these prayers not being e1Ilt:aoious, His Holiness would be most reluctantly loroed to take the very disagreeable step of issuing a bull of exoommunication Mgainst the Austrian government, and against all olvil and military employees who should directly or indirectly abet it, in this aggression; and finally, if that filled, that His Holiness was ready to summon two millions of Christians to follow the Father of the Faithful, and with God s assistance to exSel by force those who should be already under the an of heaven and earth! This, wbion is in tubtance what actually took place, may convey some idea of the sort of hauds into which the keys of St i'eter have been committed. Austria has of course reooiled beiore such formidable engines of opposition, not choosing to enoouoter at onoe the thunders of heaven and the powers earth, and It Is now understood, that the differance is virtually settled. The holy father, meauwhlle, neglects nothing which oan forward the establishment of liberal principles in oiber Slates of the peninsula. Tuscany, as you have doubtless heard, has followed in his steps. There the national t;uard is established on the same principles as here, and no doubt ail the other reforms will follow ? M Cerboll has been sent by hU holiness to the King o( Sardinia on a mission connected with the mutual independence of these States, and there Is every reason to hope that incidental to this negotiation, King Charles Albert may be induoed to adopt a system of reforms In his dominions similar to those In progress in the nelghbortug States. *'ou will have seen that the people of Lucoha have forced the sovereign of that Duchy to adopt the same reforms as thone which the Grand Du.ie of Tuscany has established. |But the most memorable ev?nt ot these days in Kome, is the arrival of Lord Miuto in the oapacity of envoy from the British cabinet. Vou are aware that by the law of JCngiand, as it stands at present, a regularly accredited ambassador cannot be sent to Home. To evade this, and yet meet the present exigency. Lord Mlnto, a member of the oablnet of St James, has beeu selected for this mission He is not, technically speaking, an ambassador authorised to express the sentiments of the British cabiaet. But.he Is,in some respeots, even a higher i functionary, for be is himself a member of that cabluet, I holding the exalted rank and office of Lord Privy Seal It ia understood that ho so>>n as Parliament meets, a bill i will be brought in, repealiug former acts on this suhjeot, and providing for a minister plenipotentiary at Kome. It is scaroely necessary to say that the mission of Lord Mlnto Is to second by his countenance and authority, the Tope in his policy of constitutional reform, and to counteract the retrograde influenoo of the diplomacy of the Tuileriea. Natlei, October 1, 1817. The entire territory of this State is In high insurrection. From the frontiers of the States of the church to the southernmost coast of the Island of Sicily, it Is the same. The population Is unanimous, and nothing represses the common expression of it b feeling save the want of easy intercommunication, the absenoe of a daily press, and the want of umi. An iron despotism rule* us. A ruthless bigot holds the soeptre. There it no engine of cruelty to the use of which he will not reaort. Perhaps, nevertheless, a day of bloody retribution will come. an<l Is not far dutant. It is Impossible to convey to a public like that of the United States, any adequate Idea of the barbarous system pursued here. A few examples, however, may be cited as affording some glimpses of the oppression to whioh the people of this part of the Itallau peninsula are called upon to submit. The government has to struggle against two classes of enemies, the insurgents and the brigands. Tbe one rise against a barbarous despotism; the other direct their arms against all property. The one seek for a constitutional reform, a correction of publlo abuses and a regular and responsible government ; the other, seoure lu the fastnesses and ravines of tbe Appenlnes, are tbe common enumies of all government and all order. Uoth are strong enough to set the existing government at defiance. Conflicts with each take place daily with more or less of loss on either side. But what is remarkable.is the different manner In which the two parties are treated. The government does not refuse to treat with the brigands on the usual terms of two hostile powers Trisoners are exchanged, truoes made, parleys are held and terms agreed on and mutu*lly observed. With the Insurgents nothing nf thl< Wl-H I. -I?U.-J "... " - ?u,|noii. i ua moment tha government troops captura prisoners, they are shot. As a nec?s?ary consequence, the unfortunate soldiers taken by the Insurgents, undergo a Ilka (ate; no purify, no truca, no communications of aay kind are allowtid. Mutual extermination Is th-i ultimate object of the contest. Heoently, it happened that some hundred or so of soldiers were captured by one of the insurgent bands, men being, of oourse, lost also on the other si Je After the fight, the insurgent chief caused a message to be oarried by v> inhabitant of the country to the Koyalist chief, ofT?ring an exobmige of prisoners The reply was. that the offer was too late, for, by order of the King, all the insurgent prisoners taken were shot within an hour Of course, the insurgent chief was com pelled to order out bis prisoners, the royal soldiers, to be shot instanter. Incredible efforts are made to intercept all communication, by letter or otherwise, betweeu the provlnoes and the capital, as well a* between the king lom in iieueral and the reetof Kurope. Letters are opened at ene post office, and those which convey reports unfavorable to the government, are stopped If thi writers be Neapolitan subjects, they are arrestej. If they be foreigners, tb?*y are ordered to quit the kingdom, unless, indeed, they have high protection 1 he only sources of Intelligence are therefore either letters brought by travelers, traveller* themselves, or the pi-rjon* actually employed on board the vessels navigating the ooaat. To cheok, as far as possible, this last channel of communication. the Insane plao has bren lately adopted ef manning all the steamers which run between port and port along the ooast, with agents of the police Another circumstance may be mentioned. A proclamation has been Issued. offering various rewards and monej to all persons who will inform sgalnst and be tray their fellows. This proclamation lias justly excited th? indignation of all Europe. Recently the King of Naples applied to tha I'ope. asking his Holiness to use his spiritual Influence to Induce bis su'ij-ots to return to their allegiance. His Holinrss replied that he would do so, on the condition that Ills Majraty would grant a general amaesty, and pledge himself to effeot the same reforms which had been adopted In the papal States. This his Neapolitan M?Jeaty politely declined, and forthwith rrsumed the same system of extermination which he had previously practio* d. Spain. Mapmp, Ootober4. 1847. Blue* tha date of my laat, the Mane* of the panto- I mime of tke palaee u4 the aaMaet have shifted aavaaal UaNi u4 M>t?M Hi amatol ma*iMM?i UmwuU. nnawktariMU "1^ j > mmmmm RK I :ORNING, NOVEMBER A will b? surprised at nothing whloh oan ooour her*. Jubrigue U the prim* mover of tha Stata mhlrn. Cabinets are formed and dissolved by a High. Love-sick lad 1m and Mart favorites decide the destinies of all the Spain*. A young girl of seventeen rale* the oldeit and moat etlebrated of Kuropean State*. Her husband, a youth, iuoh w in England 1* called a spoony, oonoeivea a dislike to her, and ohooaee to reside In a different house. She Boon finds consolation for his absence in the agreeable society of a handsome young offloer, who, enjoying her unbounded favor, becomes, at it la called, " the man of tba situation " lie makes and unmakes ministries ; he is all In all with the cor/u diplomtiynt; without his approviM nod nothing can b-t done. But lo! It has lat*JPl>e?n whispered that smiled have h??n lavished on anotnur handsome offloer?a certain young oolonel? and graat i? ilw uonfuaion and UDcertnl ty thereby produced. which ia " muiter of the aituatioo.'' There are two Influences, for such i* the polite name given here to the male firorlUa of the queen No one know* to-day what will happen in the paltce to-morrow. Wbmi I last wrote to you, the hopes of the liberal party were exalted to the highest point. General Narvata. regarded ss the typu of arbitrary power and of word government, had just been aent from Paris, under the auaploes of Louis Philippe and the queen dowager. Maria Christina, to selie the reins of power, wheedle the

queen, get rid of " the Influence," and, If necessary, raise a military emeute ; for which purpose he wan aupplled with ample funds In all thin be felled " The Influence*' was too much for him. He was repulsed from the palace, ordered to go bto* to Parli. and a ministry formed In direct opposition to hi* advice and InatruotloDS A general amnesty, including by name General t>partero, the areh enemy ot the dowager queen and her uncle. Louis Philippe, and the rival of Narvaex, was proclaimed, and the same Lapariero was restored to lila rank, honors and emolument* Thus th>> wind seemed to have set full in the sails of the liberal party. But. aa I said, there is nothing certain here. To the utter amazement of all, there appeared in thegaietteof to-day a royal ordonnanoe dismissing the oablnet en mntie, and appointing General Narvaez prime minister, with a new oabinet of his own special selection. Many are the hypothesis which are brought ferward to explain this sudden political phenomenon. Some suppose that Narvaez gained over the first " influence" by inspiring it with fears of the seoond " influenoe.'' Others maintain that the first "influence" has lost its gravitating power, and that the second " Influence" is in the ascendant, and that it Is this latter that Narvaes has in this instance worked. Be this as it may, the foot Is as indubitable aa the leading type of the Madrid Gazette can make It. How long will it taut f Aye, that Is the question What policy will Narvaex adopt? No one can foresee. He is a bold, unscrupulous soldier?the idol of the army. His Instinct would be to govern by the sword But there Is a publlo opinion in Spain and in Kurope. Knglaml has a voice loud and potential as that of Kranoe, and to the policy most oongi<nial to Narvaez she is the |worn foe. Meau while we must wait. My next will bring you more deiluite iuformation. Qrcect. Athuki, Sept. 30,1847. A great event has ooeurred here since my last. M. Colettl, the prime minister of king Otho, has died of an aoute Internal malady. This minister was remarkable as being the tool and representative of the French Court, whose sentiments he expressed, and under whose Influence he ooaduoted the government of Greece. He was the main oause of the apparently lnourable difference 0AW111JK iniwmi vuid cuuri uu tun rune, lb If. lutrifore. probable, that hi* fall may at onoe b? accompanied by ton decline of French Influence In Greece, and by the re-establlshment of our reWtlons with Turkey. M. Colettl was, in a measure, the pupil of M. Ouliot, and when that is said, you well understand that he was an opponent of all progress in the liberal and constitutional direction. liis laat word* were affectionate remembrance* to M. M. Ciuizot and De Broglie. No names have been, as yet, added to the oabioot since his death. The presidency of the council and the ministry of foreign sfftirs, both of whioh he held, are for the present distributed between members of the cabinet, of which he waa himself the head. This stata of things. however, cannot oontinue; but whut change may tuke place, it is impossible to predict. The elements of insurrection are every where fermenting through the kingdom; tile finances are in a deplorable state; we are unible to pay the interest of tbe debt, aud with each gale we ar? menaced by an English fleet, threatening to distrain for tbe interest of the money sh* has guaranteed. Meanwhile a general fermentation prevails in all parts of the kingdom, and open iimurrection has already appeared in several places We are in a state of transition at this moment, the issue of which we oannot faresoe. Th? Financial Or lata In Great Britain?The Failures In Kurope. [h'roui the London Times, Oct 6 ] Considering the state of matters in tbe olty at this moment, it is surprising that the ory for " relief." at any coat, and at any disregard of principle, is not more urgent. The truth is evidently rncoguised. Although two thirds of those who enitaue in trade are usuallv ignorant of the immutable law* to which, tamper with tbeu m you will, tho relation* of money must Inevitably conlorm, and conaequently cherish the belief that they have only to got into diOlouitiuii for the Chancellor of the Juxohequer to help them out, the foot that no relief can be suggested deems now too plain for any delusion upon the subject. Last month we had four million* sterling to spare tor railroads; this month we have three millions and a half How can this assertion and the clamor of distress bo ooupled together? Let a deputation wait upon the Chancellor of the Exchequer in the face of such faots, and tell him that for the want of a few thousands of pounda commercial firms are dally falling, that government bills are unmarketable, and that no one oan prophesy where the fnlschlef is to end Will he not recommend tho application of some of these surplus million* to the immediate exigencies of commerce, and reqflbst his petitioners to wait upon hiui again when that experiment shall hare been tested? On Kriday last the London and Birmingham Company took a quarter of a million, on the same day the Caledonian took half a million; and 011 the day after to-morrow theVork and North Midland will take a quarter of a million. If it bu expedient for Mr. Olyn, Mr. Hope Johnstone, and Mr. Hudton to put forward these demands, whence can It arise that mercantile firms,with securities in their hands, find a ilifflculty In obtaining, for any period, or at any rate of Interest, a few comparatively small amounts ? It will be said that no one now sontends that It is expedient that these calls should be made; that all are agreed that nothing but Impenetrable Indifference to national ruin, or a sense of having proceeded so far in their mail oarver that it is now as dangerous to suspend as to go on, can be supposed to actuate the various directors; but that the grand point la, that at the Legislature has given power to these individuals to ex *v... l_ if il,.. .1. __ IUIV mr> ' ""J uuuv?o w WW, there la no use in talking about the matter; that the de luands must be met, and that if commerce in to be lntt without relief until payment of railway oalls shall beoom? impossible, It is unite clear our whole system wilt be in jeopardy. If the companies possess ull thcf? powers, what is to prevent th-m from imioedUtuly absorbing every thing that might he given with the Intention of assisting commerce ? The highest issue ot paper which the moet ardent anti-gold financiers haveyet contemplated is six millions, ana if that amount were issued to-morrow, can any oue doubt that the Immediate easu which would follow,would be the signal for a proportion ate augmentation of those demands, which during the past two months havo only been kept at a total of eight millions, by the consciousness that neither threats, cajolery, nor force, could by any possibility extort more ? It i( a notorious fact that for the I ant half year ' the existing state of the money-market" has been mentioned at every railway meeting to account for the''slow" progress of the works, and the simple result of the adoption of a remedy would, therefore, be to remove the only means by which the mania hss hitherto been kept within tnat range, which has sufficed to bring us to our present condition, liut although relief, In the permanent sense of the word, Is out of the question, It is to be repeated that the peculiar events of the past few days hare been the result of no Inevitable necessity. Kor the downward course of trade until the public shall have vanquished their railway opponents, there Is no help ; but for the sudden jerks by whloh, in addition, the whole framework of our commercial system Is every now and then entirely dUlocated, we are Indebted soiely to the bank On the" Jd of September, exoha |Uer bill* at,J stock were considered by that corporation to be securities so d?alr able that a preferential reduotion in the r?t? of interrvt waa reaolved upon in order to get larger supply than the publle seamed disposed to bring In For f rjr week* thla impression, on the part of tha bank, continued, and Tan when doubt aama on, it wm only at to whether It waa desirable to take them at a rata quite no low aa Ave per cent. Accordingly, on the 3iith of September, an intimation wan again given that the bank had still Much an opinion of these securities, and of it* own power to take quantities of them, that although it oouid no longer reoalve them at b per rent, it would continue to do ao at 6tf. Here was a g-adual progress. and the pubiio (suppoaing them to bv guided, aa they unfortunately are. by the action* of the Bank tyourt.lnateftd of by the return* In the Oaxrilt,) wore entitled to luppoae, if the aeourlties ahould grow lea* eligible, a gradual rlae in th? internet demanded would continue to notify them of the taot Bat iu thus calculating on the oouduot of the bank, thay had evidently forgotten the leaaon that waa taught them In April last, never to rely from one day to another on the policy of t.li*t Institution. The aeouritiea which the ban* thought it desirable on the 30tb of September te take at t>X per cent, were deemed on the I st of October to be of a character suah as to require that no advance should be made upon th? in on any terms. It was not that they would b? received only at 6, 8, 10 or 14 per cent, or at such other rata aa might hav* appeared sufficient to check any Inordinate preaaure, but they muat at once be rendered unmarketable by i\n announcement which would, of oourse, prevent all capitalists from touching them, and thus produaa, not only a degree of private distrust, but, at tha same time, of national discredit more damaging than any other, while tha i fleet of the panic created waa of oourse to cause all people Immediately to hoard their reaouro**. and thus to defeat tbe very object which tha Court,In their mddenly awatened terror, had in view Mow long the publn will tolerate the accumulated Injuriea and disgraces which tbe Bank thus continues ta Inflict upon the natlon.it is needlese to Inquire; but it la right that the evils should be attributed to their true cauaa, while tbey are in actaal progress Meanwhile, although there is no complete remedy Jot tha discredit which is thus, by mismanagement, oonetantly thrown upon the government paper, there la ft partial a tea wbtnh epu<4 be adopted wl?b no other tkan a bMvfiat?l fleet It I* oolv of lata rears the* KwInm Suit r?s<?r?l ?aa*all*Ma for ? tmm litftHtt ntti wi ?fwv tM# Us*~t*m*i* IERA L, 1847. they oould at all times (or at least within three month* from the date) b? used for purpose* of thte description ? and a rat urn to the practice would at cnoe have soma ; effect In restoring them to the degree of currency they then enjoyed It la evident that unless tone measure of this kind be resorted to, It will be Imposaible, after what has now taken plaoe forth*- aenondtlme during the paat tlx month* henceforth to keep the present amount of thaae securities In circulation. [Krom the Loadon Poat, October <S J Thla la not the flrat time that tha bigotry of the government upon monetary ijueatlom haa been maintained, to the enormou* injury and terror of the publlo. Lord Liverpool'* government, of which Sir R Peel waa an Influential member, diaplayed a aimllarly dogged stupidity, In lBiA A mere aocident saved the oountry from the last extremity of commercial disaster. The direotor* of the bank had the sense to H?a. and the oaurage to do, what waa naceaaary, and aocident suddenly (lorded the means, wban the ministers of the orown eat still, ifnot in brutal Insensibility to the popular suffering, at least without the rklll, or without tha anergy, to do what was needful for it* relief. The following Is Lord Ashburton's account of the monetary orlais in 1816:?'"The gold of the bank was drained to within a very few thousand pounds; for although the publio return* showed a result rather less scandalous, a certain Saturday night closed with nothing worth mentioning remaining. The application made to Lord Liverpool waa for an order in counoll to do that whleh necessity seemed about to accomplish?the suspension of cash payment* Tha credit of the bank, for all domestic purposes, waa peifeot. There area no man In th?* Annntn ?V. ~ --? ? ?- *-1-- I? ? - ? J ????? W V??0 paper as a umu of circulation. and to ulre even his gold for it, th? moment b? was augured that bU neighbor would taku It from him again. The gold was not wanted to send abrond. The ueonsslty and prvMure were purely domestlo; what was wanted <al lomethlog which everybody was disposed to trust ax a substitute for what everybody distrusted; and the paper of the Bank of Kugland answered iu suoh a state of thing* the purpose as well as gold?It may be said to have done so eveu better, as being more transmissible, and reaoblng more readily and rapidly the points where It was wanted. In this state of things tbe remedy for the difficulty was obvious, and unanimously agreed to by us Although the bank had no specie left, a large additional issu?* of notes was made, and about ?1,AOO.OOO of those of ?1, which were accidentally found to be In existence, were circulated. The relief was Immediate, the oouutrv receiving a circulating ourrenoy In which every one had ootldenoe, and the useless gold wm returned to the bank. The notes by this proceeding were increased frem ? 10.748 000 in Deoember, 1823, to ?34,470,000 In Maroh, 1846; and having served to relieve the pressure, they gradually subsided before the end of that year to their ordinary amount again, of ?19,951,000; while the bullion in the bank was successively increased by this Increase of paper, In opposition to the theory of 1844, which presumes from such a cause a necessary diminution " There Is no reason whatever to doubt that a similar In creaae of tbe circulation of notes at the present time, from ?18,000,000, which is the amount in the ha. ds of the publlo, to ?ii 000,000 or ?*1,000,000, would ?;lve complete relief to the suffering mercantile ntarest; and as soon as oonfldenoe was restored, the amount would gradually come back again to something like a twenty million circulation of notes. Dut some will say that there oan be no fair comparison instituted between tbe state of things in 1826, when the bullion In the Bank was drained off to within a few thousand pounds, and the present state of things, when the Bank possesses eight millions In bullion. There is even now so much misunderstanding on this point, that it l>eoomes neoessary for us still to explain, that, so far as the aooommodatlon of the public with money Is concerned, the bullion in the iasua department of the Bank Is no more available than if it were with tbe ballast of the President steamship, wherever that may be. The effeot of the present law is to render the eight millions ef bullion iu the Bank totally useless as mouey. There It ??? * ? uvmtb 111 o wiiuurtiru iiuiu circulation to give In exchange for it, And the withdrawal of bauk notes lrom circulation is just the very iaat thing to be dexired In.ao far as eight iniliiona of treasure In the Bank may bu considered a good aecurity for the convertibility of tweaty-two milliuua of Bank note* Into gold, at tbn desire of the koldera, it is a aecurity lor auch convertibility To tbia. and to this alone, la ita utility limited by the law of 1844. The law absolutely torblda that it. ah uld be applied to any other use, however pressing the urgency may be. [ Krom the Dublin Journal ] it la now stated that the liabilities of Messrs. Dickson St Co , of Beiturbet, do not exoeed ?96.01)0, and thai they have compounded with their creditors for 6a. li the pound, at three, six and nine mouths, the last payment secured. [From the London Ulobe ) The following has been sent ua from the office of the Stockport Mtrcuiy We beg to correct an error which Inadvertently appeared in the trade article publiahnd in thia week'a aterenry of the stoppage of the highly respectable tirm of Messrs. J. and J. Uibbs, Manchester warehousemen. Market*. I.o^uo.n Mum?:y Market, Oct 5?Quarter bki orf. Thrki.?Consols for Account,*i*XJ4 ?It is understood that aoooamodatlon was yesterday dealt oat at the bank with a much more aparlng hand than for some time past, and that, In laot. discounts have been absolutely denied In many instances, or granted only in more contracted amounts, to parties seldom, If ever, refused. The restrictive aotlon Is said, however, to be chiefly applied to domestlo bills; that is, bills drawn and payable at home. The bank has been more liberal with foreign bills, wbloh were discounted more Ireely. This preferential admission of bills payable abroad may possibly be connected with aome tluancial oombiuatnn, ktli tha nliUr.t. of nraf?nt.lnif nr mrulu?atInn - ? n bullion for exportation Reports wore current (till mor? strongly to day that the frequent communications be tween the bank direotors and the heads of the govern ment would lead to a modification of banking policy, b; the authorlaed suspension of the lystein uoon whioh, li accordance with its present charter, banking action mus necessarily be governed Meantime, the recent oonduo of the bank direotors is considered open to censure a betraying a vacillation of purpose, and the absence o any tlxed rule of aotion, resulting inconveniently, if no: mischievously, in an abrupj^reversal, oae day, of th< measures and the policy resolved upon the day before and communicated to the monied and commercial Interests for their information aniljjuiilanoe. ? Daily Nrwt Happily, to-day, we are without any failures to record and it appears also that the report or the favorable way In which the bills whioh fell due yesterday were met hat been very generally oonflrmed ? Ann. In curious contradiction with the depression of public securities, and the sort of panic in the stock market, we had a good demand for railway shares yesterday, with some Improvement in prices. The orders for purchase at assigned limits of price weas more numerous than oould be readily executed. An Impression prevails that prices are likely to go higher still, bat. this appears to be mainly founded on the belief that speoulators have oversold themselves, and will find difficulty in obtaining the stock for delivery on settling day.--1) lily Nrwt. The state of affairs in the cltv yesterday had not Improved in regard to the difficulty of obtaining banking accommodation. Great exoltement, of oonrse, prevail* on the Stock Kxubange, and parties are anxiously hoping for seme relaxation of the recent resolution of the bank directors; but, In the meantime, the pressure for mnuey continues so great that the same vast disparity exists in the quotations of Consols for Money and for the Account noticed yesterday The commercial bills due on the 4th appear to have been met far better than wasexpeoted.?Chraniclt. We have now a favorable reaction in money stook, whioh is oalled s4>i to % whilst, as the tlme-prioes remain unaltered, the contango between the two ratee In reduced to X per cent, or half what It has ruled at for the last two days. The reduotion, considerable an it is. still leaves a very remarkable difference upon a credit of eight days only. We have a heavy pressure still foi ni'iney in the stock market, and exorbitant lates are submitted to for loans, even on suourities so readily convertible at all times as Consols at a certain sacrifice of prioe We have some loose reports of failures at Manchester but, until more satisfactorily authenticated, it is not necessary to advert to them further. ? Expreu. No further disasters to oommerclal houses have beet announced in the city upon authority that can be re lied ou, and we pay no attention to vague rumors, whict are still continuedStandard. Oct. 7.?A subsidence of the panlo was observabl< i yesterday, and although the fluctuations In the Knglisl funds were ranltl and extensive, the ireneral result show ed considerable improvement. Id London we are again spared the task of reporting any Mtafd, l<rorn MM onester the letters mention tbo sustention of Massrs da Jer.tey St < <>., in event which,wad expected In Sconces tlon wilU the stoppage of Thomas, Son. and Lef-vre At the gam* time, It is fttated that the Immediate object Ik to asoertaln the position of the latter firm, and thU I)e Jersey 4c Co. rely upon paying in full The amount of liabilities Is extremely lar^e, and th? house having brei. extensive purchasers of yam and machinery for the continent, the engineer* and spinners throughout Lancashire will be heavy sufferer* Then# purctiases.hewever, have been chiefly made upon Kusslan account, and as tho proceed* of tbelr nale will gradually come forward, It la quite probable that Messrs de Jersey k Co may require time alone to restore tbein to a sound position. Another la 1'ire is announced from Manchester, tlx firm beingthatof James, Nephew k Co., with reference to whom It Is remarked, " they are a most respectable house, and It Is generally reported that they will vat pay in full " 'l'be suspension > Messrs liradley it Parker, of the Manchester ^tock hange, is also mentioned, and It Is said the amount will prove serious From the country generally the letters are not unsatisfactory.? At Liverpool the Impression sei-mi to be that the panic has rather subsided although It Is evident that a deep i feeling of apprehension still prevails. Krom Hull we i have tba following Somewhat rtmarkable paragraph : ? "Every thing here remains on a firm and sound basis, an I we have not svsu a rumor afloat ?? Timet. Tba stock market presented a chequered appearance yesterday, but, on the whole, with a sensible abatement of the feverish and violent fluctuations latterly experienced. The bank broker came early Into the market as ustllerof exchequer bills, and is understood to have disposed of a vuantity at the low rate of .'ISe discount It was rather suppused, In certain quarters, that in the J?ss dlreot sense of realising by sale the loans granted on depositof those securities for a limited period, which the borrowers were not in a situation to replace, the bank might ?till*b> |the psrtyooncerueJ In tte operation.though not as immediate owners of the bills. The parties m default as borrowers, as to the precise time of redemption for which the engagements were ooutracted, could, in suoh ease have no option but that of selling through the lender, or the brofc r of the lender. There is good ground to believe, however, In the feet of these various Interpretations, but the sale operatlvns In jueetlon whleb have now bees flowtlaued for sems time, originate ftoai quarters wort ?ew?t? and Mbltfcevw IM?< The lank of (i|iui,iltknilitk? Mt mi mTm knvi. or Wi ???? L LD. FrtM two CwiOb b^in lort ?l?hl of. U th, agant of tha Bank of *i>tivii and tha Bank of IraUnd, and m iUoh. in**, It l< >n>r? tbnn probabi-, h*T? r?pr?*?ntad on* or both of th ?i ??Ubli*htn?BU In th* rvallxition of a portion of th# 1 ?iuritiM whioh they >rt ia th? habit of holding jJoeh i* th<? applanation Boat currant In cirrlaa wall plaoal for correal Information, an accounting for th i eontlnuou* (t><M and oonaaqnant depreciation of ?xch*<|u?r b(U?. Tm improT?mant, with a eorraapondlng upward moratn^nt In tha monay prie* of oonaou. waa attributed to a Hiaonabia rallaf a (ford ad through tha b ink brokar. whi took In. that to adranoad upon atock and ?t?hmiu?r bill* to th* axtant. M (tatad, of /IOOjUOO Tha market had b??n prarlotuly ftraltenad for money, for whloh ax travagant rata* bad to bo paid arm on oonaola, wt??n it oould b? obtained. AocommodatJon for ?h :rt tarn* waa variously paid for during (to day. at rate* ranging Deiween ju per ceoi, ai lae ni(DM(. VMS ID* pressure *u greatest. and 3 par cent, when the supply ?u mora tuny. Although, moordiac to report, the buk wu wpresented by ltd accredited agent In title money operation the faot tniy be doubted, ax not at all In io?#rinwe with the preeent oonrae of its polley. The fund* for theee advances were moro probably supplied from other quarters for convenient temporary employment. The rate charged for the accommodation wai it*ted to bo t)6 per cent A report wu current that the (took market waa Indebted for assistance on thl* ocoasion to an eml; nent Hebrew eapitallet Qrm.but there appear* little plausibility In the statement ? Daily Newt. Although the ettreme preeaure for money still oontlnuee, and the prospects of the next "settling'* are tar from being faror?l>le.a alight Improvement in tho Fonda manifested Itself yesterday. In oonscquenoe of IU beooming known that the lUnk had agreed partially to oarry on Its advanoes. We are Informed that the director* madH advances yesterday on stock to parties who bad been deprived or the accommodation slnoe Thursday last. A week of such restriction has never been known before, and those who are well Informed on tha subject express their surprise that tha oonsequenoes resulting from it have not proved more serious in their effects ?Chronicle. 1 The more steady and satisfactory aspeot of the funds towards the oloee of business yesterday gave currency to a rnmor that the bank was about to resume its loans on exohequer bills. The extent of suoh advances, It wan added, would be limited to two millions This report, we believe, rests on no aufllolant foundation. There are no signs abroad yet that the restrictive coarse of banking polley Is likely to be soon mitigated. The French loan of 14 millions, always impending and threatening, if a mill stone upoiynore expanded credit. Tha Journal dei D'hati, notwitnslandlng It is wall known that the Krenoh government is In the greatest straits for the ways and means of meeting Its enormous expenditure, and almost daily maturing engagements, is oonstantly Importuning the Bank of Kraaoe to reduoe Its rate of discount from .'> to -1 per cent, In order to lhvor the negotiation of tha loan, while the flnanoe minister urges by way of example that the Interest on tha Bons Hoyaux has been reduoed to par cent. Tho administration of tha bank, composed In part ot high commercial and banking notabilities, has so far refused compliance, and will probably refuse until oapltalists can be found willing to undertake the hazardous responsibilities of suoh a large loan operation.?Daily Nru>$. The report that Messrs T and H. Murray were about resuming Is contradii t< <1. but their balanoe-sheat Is salt! to show a surplus of JEW 000, Independently of two sugar plantations in Deuiurur.i, the value of which is not given. Wo were intormed that the firm possessed sufficient to pay nos In the pound, bnt we fear In this, as in many other instances, the real and the assumed value of stocks on hand will be found to differ considerably.? Ck'onictr. According to letters reoelved from Liverpool this morning, the Kast Indian and American Chambers of Com merer nswe neiu meeting i, ana appoint#J deputations to proofed forthwith to the Chancellor of the Kxohequsr in town, to urge him to agree to some relaxation in the currency iawa.? Standard. Piait 8tocb kxciianriic, October 8,4%.?The market was not altogether bo firm aa the day before; tha rente waa offered, and a slight fail haa taken place. Tha Threes opened at 76f. 40o , and closed at 7if ?0c.; at four o'olook they were at 75f 32\o., Bank of Krnno* Shares have risen -iAf For acoount, Hves hare fallen 4c , Threes 40c. Foreign Funds axe unaltered Kor Cash Kites have fallen ftc Threes are unchanged Hallway Shares have not uuah varied, but the tendency seems downwards Kor acoount, Orleans and Bordeaux have t fallen 6f each, Havre 3f 7io , Kouen and Vierion *Jf 60o. , each. Lyons 4f. 'J&c: Marseilles and Stasburg are un, changed; Northern nave risen 4f 'JAo. Kor ('ash, Orleans have fallen 7f. dOe , Bale 'if, ft0c , Bordeaux and Lyons 4f iba each; Northern and Kouen arc unvaried. Havbb Cotton Maskkt, Oct 0, 1847 ? 34 bales Lonl> slann. 93 ; 60 do 01 60; 26 Mobile, 08, 34 Georgia. Vfl, 16 do, HO; 200 do, 90; 10 Louisiana, 91 60; 44 do, 01; 60 do, 88; U Oeorgla, f?i; 00 do, 90; 106 do, 88. ToUl, 861 bales. IIavric Maskkt, Oat. 9?Cotton? (reml Mid. Fully Goti Mid Mid. Fair. Fair. Fair. Fmr. New I?U 1>4 LSI 20* M IIS Mobile IK IH4 ItM ltd ? ? Georgia ?B(1 Florid*... IH 1W lwj IV! ? ? These prioeaare only nominal; almost nothing doing, on acoount of the dlstresaing state of the Liverpool markets. Gal. t?udency downwards. Beeswax?Yellow New York 3IO*3.'>4i: .Southern 300i3J0 BrMdatnffs? Klour par barrel. New York. 34*36, New Orleans 30*11. Wheat per bag. U00 ktU, 44i lb, Am. 63a00. Hemp ? None In market from the United State*. Hope, new, 140. Lead,In plga, alkali Aihee?I'ot 94a9S; poail, very near no tjurrcitrou Dark?Baltimore (no other In market) 40. Rloe?Carolina new, auparior quality, 7te 74; good do tiUa7'i; old OOatW. Mtavea per 1'JOO.for pipe*, 476aA60, half pipe* 300*460, barrel* 'J 60*300. VV hale bo no ' ? N W coait, 440a446; southern 460*460 Whale oil M* *perm 140. Tallow 13iai43, lard I14al44; roeln II ; a 12. ' Oct 8, P. M.?Cotton?The Import* this week have : been none. Nothing haa been received. The sale* . are rammed up a* follow*, *1*. 1,08a bale* New Or* lean*, low and very ordinary, *ale* small, 84f a loif ; DM f do. Mobile, very ordinary, to good ord. t8f a 97f: 31ft . do (ieorgla, fair to good, 83f a loof; 900 do. do. deltver\ able In November, ordinary, C0f; 34M bale* In all. The *tock here now oonalat* of 40 000 bale*. I.aat year, at thfa time, there waa about the aame atock, aav. 47,*0* bale*. During the whole week things have been extremely quiet. iluyers have been very rewrved, and ; limit their operation* to filling the order* moat required for consumption The anoeeaiio.i of newa arriving from Kngland. and xapeeially Liverpool, reaota h*re(to the dia advantage of thn article , however, although our market i? falling, it I* Rtlll higher than that of Liverpool, where the f*ll In prloe haa made rapid progrea*. Transaction*, thua.far have !>een,very limited,and wa record a lowering of 4 to 0 centlmeH from laat report. At thl* time the market 1* alway* irregular. and the prloea at whleh It losed yeaterday are not yet looked on aa firm. We are a* yet without freah advice* from the I nitad Mtate*, ainru onP Imt ilm.tmm 1 At.h mK**> Wa* ava lug the arrival of the Washington We have y& to receive f'rojn 10.000 to 1 J,000 bale* from the I nlteU States. Potashes and Pearlasbes-There baa baen no freih arrival of these alkalies, and do tranaaotlons have taken place In them. The bolder* itill keep them at a high tlgure. Rice?The market ia quiet at old prioa*. but ax there am no new arrival*, tha market la bat namlnal. Whalebone?The high price* ruling in the Lulled state*, have given an impulse to the price of tbla artiola. Some belsg much in want of it have had to aubmlt to high price*. Sale* have bean effected thl* week of 11 00* kllngram.ua* of the Northwest fishery. at from 322 6Of. to 227 tiOf Nothing passable la to be had now under the latter prioe. 2.000 kilogramme* have bean contracted for, deliverable uezt November, at 'J27 Mff Sperm OU? Thl* article atill oontlnue* In good d*m*nd, and aa It la not very abundant here, from the number of fishermen being now very limited, there 1* oonBdenne in ita future pric?e. Deliverable on the apot, 1SOOO kllogrammaa have been sold at 44 AOf , and from veasel* at *ea, whloh will not return till next year, 200,000 have been takaa at 411 60f. Theae prloei are firm. Ctraln and Flour?Some sale* have bean made at sustained price*. The *to?k on hand haa become quite email Amerloan flour la in demand, and commands higher price*; 1,060 bbla New Orleans, as they wt re. have been sold at from 31 7Af to 'XI Mir th? hhl In fnrMiirn irr&ina ther# hid b#*n ?old ' rt.WH) bag* wheat from New Orleans, ?t Mf. u"f tha nick. We have not any new arrivals in wheat or floor this week. I - 1 Daring Exi-loit.?Our villagers were Met all * ai!?K a few days ago on discovering a aail-boBt, 1 wAb a solitary voyager, ascending lh* rapldsoftba St. Maria, at tbla plsoe, wltb all coolness and apparen' self> poKNrMlon.an though floating only In the moot quiet portion of our ra?J'?lio (trait. Ila<l afsplrlt risen from the vent/ deep,It oould not hare excited tba mora special I wonder of our towns pe-pie Evan tba little white ahal lop wan unknown to our oitlians?and It waa evldrnt that tb? re*rl?M and Intrepid voyager waa equally a stranger to tbem. If net to tba foaming waters and narrow channels that surrounded him Vet there h? stood -the fitful braese filling bis little sail?steering the gallant wlierry, as It aubitloualy contended for suprsuwy, amid the leaping waters, or shot with unerring certainty through tbrtr winding ebannels On, ha want, the Indians along the shore threw down their paddles In surprise and wondered tbat "white man oould do even what Indian never dared '' Hnrh a faftt had nevar before been performed ?scarcely 'J reamed of Th? grandeur of the exploit and the temerity of tba unknown voyagnr, were aiika tbe tbrioa cf wondor and delight, as tho mounting aha|iop danoed on the 'pray of tha foiiuing water* Htlll, onward aha awrpt her way In ap!t? of tbe ruihing current, an It apenda It* fore* orer tha nroka btoinatli. until at laat, In safety and unharmed, th? frail bark with her aleady commander, floated on the ran* walrr* ab<>?? the Rapid* Thla extraordinary adrenture. aafaly performed. can b? appreciated QKir by those who h??e rial tad tha Haut da Hta. Mart*, and w? rould hardly hare eraditad tba exploit oureelf. had we not baan an eye-wituess to tha perilous aaoent L*k> Sup. Niwi. Til* Fm.nch C?d Fihhkhy.?Tlie French tie. count* from Newfoundland eute that their cod Aahery has proved nearly a (Wilure tbl* Tear, the number of flab caught aoaroely axaeedinc one Sixth of the <|n*n tlty taken la former mmom. Prior to the 14th it Au gust. tbe crew* engaged In tha trade were abandoning lb.- watera, owing to the H auoeess ol their i?*rt on?, aud tbe aniall prospect that axUted of tha reappearance ot rtth 80 ontortunate a reeult. It is Mated,la likely to be attended with the moat melancholy eone?<i nance to 1 tba parties identified with tbi* pureoit. Inasmuch aa, In addition to the MTare want they hare recently aneoun t-red. their eipenaaa have been greatly augmented In tba course of the last tw>4re month* by tb? repair of boataand increased ontflt.? tbcuriw. <J*t 0$. Considerable now feU at (u?? B*, | 11th 0o? aad at Caai* ff<??r, ^5 I Ml*? the nan fell ?e tba depth >"* ? l?-h*. J

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