Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 10, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 10, 1847 Page 1
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TH Vol. Ml. Mo. JOI.Whol* No. 400A. FIVE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. ill IV AZi < T THK STEAMSHIP WASHINGTON FROM SOUTHAMPTON. important commercial intelligence. A Blight Improvement in the Loudon Money Market. Advance in Corn, and Depression in Cotton. ADDITIONAL FAILURES ~IN ENCLANP. ADVANCE IN OONSOL8. RIOTglW IRELAND, SUSPENSION CF BANKS. Arrival of the Overland Mail from India# fee. lie. &e. By the arrival of the American steamship Washingten, Cupt. Hewitt, from Southampton, wo have advices five days later from Loudon than those received by the Caledonia. She left ' Southampton on the 2lth of October, and has made a passage of 16 days. Trip of the Washington. STKAMIR WASHINGTON, > Orr the Highlands, Not. 9,1847. ) My D??r Sir?I send a few particular! of our trip from Southampton, of whioh you may think proper to mak? use. We left that port on the 14th ult., at noon, during a hard gain of wind from the wont, which, with a heavy bead sea, that we encountered an we oleared the Channel. lasted more than eight days. During all this time the vessel behaved splendidly; and had we as favorable a time for the first eight days of the passage, as we have had during the latter part, we thonld have been in in thirteen or fourteen days, with the greatest ease. As itls, her performance Is deserving of high commendation. On the eighth days out, we were greatly alarmed by the spontaneous combustion of the eoals stowed under the boilers whloh was only got under after the utmott exertion, for nearly nine hours, and by deluging the bunker with water from three pumps, kept constantly at work. We have spoken nothing Testerday we passed two large vessel", which had their numbers flying, and were supposed to be the Silvie de Oraoe and Sir Robert Peel. A complimentary oard to Captain Hewitt is annexed heroto We number eighty-three passengers, with privates, in all:? Stfames Waihijxstow, off Sandy Hook, > _ 9th November, 1847. J We. the undersigned, passengers on board the steamer Washington, from Southampton to New York, desire hereby to express to her oommander, Capt. Hewitt, our sense o; his uniform courtesy and attention towards us during the passage, and also to testify our approbation ot his untiring perseveranoe in the fulfilment of his duties as commander of the vessel, which alone has been the means of enabling us, through Providence, to terminate the. journey with safety and rapidity, notwithstanding the many serious obstacles which we have encountered almost dally, from heavy adverse gains and roujch head seas. More particularly Jwoul 1 we declare onr admiration of his steadiness and intrepidity dtoring several hours of great peril from fire, the oonsoquenae tif spontaneous ignition, whloh no human foresight oould hnve anticipnted, and from whlob his firmness and exertions contributed successfully to rolinve m But above all things would we express our consciousness of that which has been beyoid all praise?bis extraordinary watchfulness, both by night and day, over the safety of the sMpaod her progress. In now bidding him adieu, we would wish an increasing prosperity to the enterprise In which he is engaged and to himself a long eontinuanoe of that suocees to which his merits so greatly entitle him. isiifni'a 0/ all me passengers | Arrival* riox Amkrica ? We had four Important arrival* at our port on Friday the 23d. from the United Staler?the "Oxford,'' from New York, with psp?rs < the 3d; the "Sarah Sand*" to the 7th: the ' Wyoming,' from Philadelphia., to the '2d; and the ' Washington Irving." to the 6t.h The Oxford and Wyoming's new* went by our special express for l.ondon ; and on our landing the Strati Sand* and Washington Irving'* papers, our own special roesiengtir proceeded to Londor, ?o that the niiw* hy all four ship* would appear in the London morning paper* of the U3d, fever*! hour* before the delivery of the letters ?Europtan 1 inn, Oct. 24 Tun French STKAMsmn ? In our publication of the 19th w.- recorded the operations of the French steamship New Vork, which hod taken seven days longer to on t\ '.he Atlantic than tbo British steamship Caledonia. J net us were going to press, wo learned that her *I?ter *b!p, tbe Union. wulch soil -J from New Vork a day be for? the Rritnnnia left Boston, took eighteen days b" fore fh? arrived in the roads of Cherbourg, and several d?y< alter the Britannia's news had been circulated in all ihe commercial places of resort throughout France Our lUvre cerrespomtent. under date October 20tb, writes We learnt lait evening in town, by a pn?nen ger who had come on uhore, of tbe *rr 1 vai of the transatlantic pucket Uoion. She an -hored at Cherbourg on Monday uiori.irg after a passage of eighteen divs.'' ? T.m.L 11 I Thb bsi.ui** T*:nru?The Belgian government hi d at. the bu^tDniujt of the je?r, chirged a couiiuifiion o revise t h- iivrmg" value useigned to goods Imported into Belgium or exported from it, in order to iirp.tr great?r exactitude to the official returns of the foreign commerce cf th? country The tariff, which serves an the bdRii) of the usual valuation, hud been established in 1833 and wait no longer in unison with the present pric-ti of goods This commission b-s just terminated |i? labors, and a royal ordoiinance b*s fixed the adoption of the new ffli-ul Vi.luen Among the charges introduced by the o iu ssion are the t'ollo#'ng:?f'utton thread has beru reduced from 4f 60c to -lt'l-ic the kilog.; woollen thfe>d fmiu 13f to8f; slat* 8 from 4lif to 'Jif rhwthuuI4i.il, i< d qui* quiua is rained from Hf to 'Mf; rosin ia reduc-d from 'It 40o to Wo. or is twenty-four tim-s lower; retiued sugir from If 200 to 84c; sulphur and tobacco ar>- lower, d more than on* half, aid coffee more than a third, upirifs mid t urpentine are uiore than doubled; cotton. wool. end silk tissue* are diminished when exported 3d and even SO pero-nt ; t.Uss is diminished two-thirds, raw aino is reduced from Ma to.">7c Lot.4 Monti:* or*t r York?Among the curiosities which most attract strangers visiting Munich at thpresent moment, peril*} s the most curious Is the residence < f the Counters of I.anafleld, the.celehrated Lola Monies Among the apartments thrown open to public admiration is the Countess's bed-chamber, which is fl'ted up with royal magnificence aad taste On the table in this room Is u rare ornament- a superb aJUum l( laid out flil-d with pieces of poetry, wrltteu in (ietman, and in cel> briitlon of the charms of the Uautlfui countess, and ou an embroidered cushion upon the same table ? of '*tho rojiu hand that wrote the Yeri?e? " V Bf \rr>:? r*.\lii of Jan** Linu n Okrma'.t?The U 4i V' rtul frwiiM U'iXi tit of Berlin, dt* votes an ir-thellcnl f'U ltr'?n to a uotloi* of Jenny Liad'x reapp?ai tocr on the b aiil? of the Koy?l Opera house ia the I'ruMian oaplul The musical critic *f ourUerinan contemporary nyeJenny Llod'? re appearance, after an almost bi. nnlal ah nee. orowded, an may bp Bappofed, eyery corner of file opera lioutu on Tu--Rd?y. the IJth R>tum>d from Kn/land, covered with renown, the favorite opened her performance* on Tue?diiy rr Marie, in Donl7. iiti'it fliun-y, but prutty opera. ' La KIrIia del He^gl menu " Her rt-cepilon w?' entb -Ulaenc, and Jenny wh? rewarded for her exertion* by unanimous greet!or* by rep ited calle before the curtain of the moot stormy and upro?rioua character, and by profuse showers of arouiiuc bouquet*." Alter lauuiug Jenny l.'nd a "idealii?lt?b" of the part of Maria, and declaring the extreme difficulty (if deaidtog whether her dramatic orrocal auction merited the piiie of lb* eveniiu, the critic roc* 011 to Bay?'' Such phyaical ami apirltual power over tbe r#r?ft reaouroea ot the voio??ito eitraordinary a tlexi hility of the or^an. which hu irnined ?treni;th, eeperially in the upper re^later. and almoat entirely lout Ihut hu-kInea* wliich 'veiled' (an the Italian* Hay) the mnio region?iu i<hort. nuch equal virtuoiilu and perfection of Inging ar? really wonderful, and render the enthuaiaam soiled by the appearance of thia gifted woman eaay of xplanation." Baku or Kr?oi.*i?n.?An account, purauant to the act 7th end 8th Victoria, cap 3'J, lor the week ending Out. !?:? Il?I'E DrrAltTMKNT. Notei Mned 12l,9&V,S4IO debt ?11,015,100 Other securities.. 2,981.910 Oold com k. hull ioii 6,lt9,4U Silver bullion I,090,li5 ?II,|MK>,MN> ?31.9(1') ,600 BA^KIN? Dr.PARTMKnT. Froprietora'capl...?14,553,000 Uor\ eenritie* KmI 3.VI5.13J (incluiliug dtnj Public ilf|>otiu (hi weightaiiuiiity)..All.rgl 17r riii(tni?r-tchei|uer, Oilier aec.uritiea... SnVtnK*' ll'ilkl, Notes... a f, III, 115 Commixioueri of Ooldandlilvercoin Ml,100 National Deb*, and DividmlAi-coniiu) 5 49t,IWI1 Other depoaita... . M'-OIM Beren day and other bills 903.il!> *31.113,41? *11, It3,411 Dated October 21,1847. E NE NEW \ Frtvate <'orr*?poiulcnrr. Losran, October 21,1847. Rttr?ip Ctivi Vi'Ui mf the Late Eltctioni?State ?f Parti'i?IriiA Affaire? Financial Criiit?The English Prest%* Opinion of the ftf xi^an War. To thk Cdito* or tmk New Vena Hk>*ld England at the present day exhibits thx anomaluut position of a country with a superabundance of wealth; extreme* of luxury, the highest ineohanloal skill and ingenuity, and th? spectacle of great distress, derangem-'nt of commercial enterprise, and the Insecurity ot legislation which arrogated to itself most certain effects from some certain measures This was strikingly se? n in the late election?an election whleh'passed over with less of excitement and turmoil than any one these forty years. In fact, there is no party dominant; and consequently there was no party cry When Peel brought in his m asure for the revision ot the corn laws and carried It, the landed aristocraoy. as a party, was shivered to atoms, and rtattered, never agaiu to unit* to rule Engi land's destinies. 1 am not going to speak of the wisdom | or folly of his oonduot?I Barely relate a simple historical fact; but one of whloh the consequences will prove momentous hereafter. The hold has gone irom the landed aristocracy?the power has passedaway?and the last election was sufficient evidence that henceforward the legislation of this kingdom will be one begotten of the thoughts, habits and fevliugs of the mercantile, com merntal and trading clasees ot Orest Britain. There is no kingdom in the world la the same position as this l? at present. In one sense, the people have by far too muoh liberty; In another eenae, much too little Too much liberty,when we consider tke little legislative power with which they are entrusted?when we find how very few of them possess tha elective franchise and tbe sligh' influence which they exercise In political affitrs?too little liberty, when we oonsider rhe great increase of knowledge amongst them?a pressdaily and weekly di'c.issing political matters with a freedom unknown, save In your uuuuklj. ?"'? ? ftvuoi ?. M^r.n- ? ?"?Ujr m iu? great ufa ntlals ot government. The ruin o| tbn whig* in at present very uncertain An analysis which tbe paper* present of the constitution of the present House of C ommons, shows at a glanc e that their tsnure of office roust be of the moat precarious kind Upon any question, moat, or even a large aeotion of the Peeliteg hare only to unite with thapTOWotiooiste,?Bd the whig ministry U at onoe defeated While on the ot her band, the radicals, who, as a party, are becoming lormidable. If not by actual numbers, by possessing amongst them able speakers, and who have received an Immense accession of strength in the last election by the return of such men as Thomp son, Fox, O'Connor, and others, will, undoubtedly, cause ure*t inconvenleuoe to the present ministry. 1 have said there will b? no party?that is, no eompaot party, under the gulda oe of some one or two able mon. prepared with a series of measures to test their strength; but there will be a sufficient body to eause uneasiness, if not eventually destroy the ministry of which Russell Is the head. In this state 01 things, It might be said that Peel's revision of tbe corn laws, was the suicide of himself as a minister?the destruction of tbe F.ngl ah conservative party; and the cause of the Introduction of element* into the constitution whloh must ultimately remodel our form of government completely and thoroughly. Flaally, It may be stated that the conHervatlve party is entirely broken up?that the whlga have but a very slight hold upon the government of F.ogland. and Incapable ot any great legislative effort; and that tbe radloal or democratic party is fast gaining powei, and will by Us ao'ivlty and earnestness, in a very sbort time, open up Important changes in the Kngllsh constitution What shall be said of Ireland? Is there any thing looming on tbe political horizon which can be construed as her salv.tlon1 said in my former letter that there were several aspirants to the political mantle of her deceased patriot. and veneration for his memory, rath*r than any qualification', have enshrouded bis sen John with It Conciliation Hall hu !? log* occasionally, but thera U nothing worth noticing In their uttering. There la no plan of action chalked out?no measures advised-nothing wTr unlimited abuse of the Knglish and the Saxon, and empty boast? of Irish greatness. Oaa cannot contemplate such folly without regret. The legislative measure passed last session, giving the poor a rl<nt to the soil? for that it is-virtually promises to turn out very inefficient, for it meets from almost every landlord the most uncompromising hostility; and this, after ten millions of KDglish money was voted to abate the starvation of the last winter. The prospect of the coming winter is gloomy enough, and them are unmlstakeabU indications that they are resolved to try for help this winter gain The Queen's latter of thanksgiving for the buuntlful harvest, was read In the whole of the churches of the kingdom on tha 17th. and with It a begging collection tor the distressed Irish and Scotch Before the day appointed, it wax reflected upon by even veiy many of the clergy themselves, through the prvsa, and thesum collected will, it Is almost certain, prove very Insignificant Meantime, the rapacity and greediness of every i n? who came in contact with the distribution of the last loan have soured the most philanthropic, and effectually shut up the pockets of tha most benevolent and I genurouo. reiiileriog appeal to private charity useless, and rearing up a most powerful preventative against ary further legl-lallvn sympathy Young Ireland, or raitier the party, is quiesoent, except an occasional ebullition amongst thtuistdvrs I twill soon be unknown vVllhout arrogating any prophetic pplrit. there will Inmuch of your breadstuff* required for them nxulo; for though th>* potato# d fra?e la uot nesrly ao site nslve a* last year, it is yet vary extensive. Thara ia nothing In In-land as a substitute, and the fact ia beyond dispute, ihnt England, Instead of being able to supply a portion, will require it herselt. She does not say so as yet, but ih>- truth will oome out ?ugUnd ut the present time 1* undergoing one of those commercial orises, to which she has been subject at periodical times for tha last half oeutury. In looking at the number of firms which have failed, and the aggr.gate amount of their liabilities, the most unthinking man would find cau'e lor the most serious reflection Some hundred years ago. a prrfound philosopher. (David Hume,) in his essay on public credit laid down the opinion, ' that it must be one of two events : either the nation must destroy public credit, or public credit will d?-e'roy the nation " Are we hastening. In common with France and mh~r Kuropean nation', towards the fa'al goal? Is that end so confldentlv predicted by I'aine, Cdbbett, and fth>r?. n?arat hand? The system has possessed a vitality of the most wonderful kind?one i hat has far oulltved even the hop*s of Its most sanguine advocates, and has seemed to l?nghat all the predictions of its ouemies The Tiinri. aupi>o?ed at the present time lo be speaking by the min'Sterixl nard, thunders forth almost daily against railways and railway specula1 tion. a* (De prlnaual, if not the sole cause - calls loudly I for legblatlve interference, by an early meeting of th* I farlumeut. so as to nut a stoi> to the calls for th? monev wanted for these undertakings Birmingham, the centre i and high (ohool of the paper money ryoUni. denounces the return to cash payment* by Peel's bill, and pronounces tliu. last hank mwurt enacted by him In '44 | as summing up the measure of his Iniquity Moripaper?plenty of paper?unlimited Wues. are the panaceas the. e ; but I >m of opinion. It ! but the platter on the old nor*, without eradiating the disease from the vital pait. Hlr Robert. Peel paid Liverpool a vlait very lately, and in the midst of the crash and the tumble of very many tirms in the second city of empire, there were good ground'fi>r hoping that he-the ex-Premier?the evil genius of commerce?the type of distinction according to many would puhlioly justify what be had dnne, give Home faint horei. that be waa in error, or was prepared with advice in such a critical emergency. Alas! no auch thing! Instead of a public dinner. It waa one only of tome seventv specially invited guests, and the reporters tor the public press one and all, shut oat; yet. what he did say. on his health being drank, onsed out. but se small and Insignificant-so typical ol the man. that It can be cou'trued In auy fathion. Vet those few words. < r the manner, or the private e*pi loin of the ex-Premier, to far emboldened acme of his audience, that forthwith a memorlsl waa signed on the Kxchange. and two or three of tbem hurried to London to present It to the whig Premier and the ChanotHor of the Kxcliequsr Tltey were received graciously, bad a two hours' conference. ami an Intimation that the government thought very deeply over the present alnrtnlng state of aflMrs This deputation will be followed bv others from our principal towns, undoubtedly with different views aa to I the remedy wanted, but thoroughly agreed upon the nfler firm in fulling, and the last, the Royal Bunk of 1,1verpool, Ins ninde every on* ush not wbo next, but who will *t*nd? Cotton la going down In price ? no nl?o Is ooro: the cotton mill* lire being closed In and arnund Manchester In all direction*, and. with the exception of iron, there is not an Iutercet but I* In a wotul state r f suffering It Is not impossible, but that the word?ot the philosopher arc at the end of a hundr* I yesrs to be farmed, and that one more Important leaeon la to be chronicled for tba future guidance of mankind. Happy the nation which will profit by it. Your war with Mexico la employing as u*utl a con?l derable degree of speculation with the publie press, and according to it* wont, receive* the sarcasm and sneer of some, the cold alienee of other*, and the spite and 111concealed envy of other*. The high military talent manifested, the bravery and indomitable persevetsnce displayed by the American troop*, are nail and wormwood hers (lid Jackson and New Orlean* are revived in their recollections, and It i* seen that any Knropean interference In your affair* h?s henceforward become utterly hopeless. Thn* writes the Tim't ef the ba'tle* of Contrera* and Churubnt co, after a niggardly adinl**lon of the success of your troop*: " Conference* for the negotiation of peace have, it li said, been opene 1. the alternative being another battle of a *1111 more perilous character than the last; for it must he observed, that in deneral Scott's present position, the leMt reverse must be annihilation. He has absolutely no retreat. We should, therefore, not bo surprised to learn that hels willing to conclude a peace on terms by no ine?ns flattering to the vanity of the United States" /gain. In the same article?' In the present state of publlo oplnlrn in the world, we should have thought it extraordinary If the mo*t ahsolute nf European sovereign* had dared to embark lo such a war; but that a man, temporarily Invested with a limited power like that of the Presldeit of the T' tilted Htates, should, by his own will and pleasure, hav? plunged his country Into such a .series of embarrassment*. I*. without rxoept ion. the most ?x traordlnary event which h?s eier occurred In the history of any modern republic." In mother part of the aitf cle, he says, of the chief magistrate, of what wai " once the model of pacilto governments, indulging hlmselt la the luxury of a bloody war." Huoh 1s the Time$, the small fry of Exam inert, IHtpatckn, Spectator?, .Sun, echo a like note, with more or lesa spleen and envy, and (he groat bulk of our middle and trading olaMea hold ex actly the tame sentiment*. Thsy hats your oountry W YO rORK, WEDNESDAY MC and lirr im-titulluim Thoy *u\y ber pruep^rity. muiI tli??y would. If they could In any wav. prevont li?*r od- j w*rd c?r?t>r Bm a-bured of this k* a fa<*t Profoundly iguoriti t ?f v-iir theory of i<ov>-rum>-ril. they 1*11 do?n i in ap'*h senility In wor-bip rr anything *ufflci?n' ljr i ?r?roo'? io or loyal In England. fulfilling to ? letter?" Where ignorance ia bliti, 'tis folly to b? wIb?- " AVOL0-SAX0V. Lo^dow, Oot. 32, 1847. Thia mail will eormy to you tnt?llig?nee of mora mil* fortune in the commercial world Never wii the country in ?uoh a condition Never did aueh a want of corfld-ncitaxl<t Never were there go many faliurea, and n -TiT wia there auch a prospect of domeatta afflictions Daughter* aduoatad in the lap of luxury?mothers^ with c?rriag?n and retlnu>a of laqueya?father?, In dependant at princes?all reduoed, loat, gone; the glory ot the paat vanlahed, leaving nothing but the mfmon to make affliction more bitter, and reveraes mora keenly fait. Among the failure*, luoh old house* u Barclay, Brothers ii Co, Held, Irving k Company, Coekerlll k Company, and a boat of other*. 'Vbat house* to *top! 1 oannot describe to yon the condition of affairs In the city. Men approaoh one another without daring to ask the niwi of the day, for fear of hearing of some dreadful mlaohanoe. How it will end no one oun posalbiy tell, and wher?, is (tjually indefinite?the only oertaln'y U that the effects will be lasting and severe Let me draw the curtain. The drama is looking up ; all the houses open The Haymarket. under Webster with H"len Kawoet, Charles K?an and wife, the Keelevs. Mrs Nlebett. Mrs (Hover, Wm. barren andron. and a hostofothers The Princess's, Maoready. the sisters ' ushmni, Anni Thi-lon. and oth?rs Lyceum, Charles .Msih -wsand Madame, Mrs Ki'z william Buckstone, J. M*th*w?. and a good lot more, opuned ou the 18th. The house ha* liwn entirely renovated ?newly doue up in white ana gold, all China Drury l.ane, to end a sad eventful history I'oer old Drury ! The tbrone of poetry, and the scenoe of so many triumphs! transferred into a French hotel, filt-d with snobs, whiskered foreigners, and trans atlantic beverage*. Fancy one of these drinking a julap on the very spot where Kean and Kemble hare held the mirror up to nature, and where the sun of Shakspearn's genius has cast its genial rsvs on the souls of his worshippers . "Oh! what a falling off was there " The msgin wand of a charlatan player has changed the scene, and left poor old Drury to the rude stream (of gents! that must for ever?no, not for ever, for let us uope for better things. Commercial Rmbarraaament In Riifrland? Ktupptga of llnuka, and Continued Fall of Hrliea During the brief interval of only a few daya since the departure of the Caledonia, no amelioration in the atate of mercantile affairs can be said to have taken place ? The failures which have occurred have not been of that niieonivv cnarBcwr u tuune iiiaiiDURiy recoruuu; uui iu our own town the pressure has been as i??Ht, if uot greater, than at any period of the crlnis. It will be seen that a deputation ot our leading merchants, headed by the mayor, have applied to her Majesty s government for relief; but as the Bank of Kngland directors. and a vary large class of reflecting men. continue to adhere to , the inflexible principle of Peel's Dank Aot, government hesitates to interfere. soolug that publio opluion in still divided upon the subject. It in, moreover, apparent I thit au issue of Exchequer bills would be of doubtful efficacy, considering the present priccs of those securities ; whilst an issue of bauk notes would now be, even if they oould prove a p?rfeot remedial measure for the moment, a direct violation of the existing law To issue an order in Council, for the purpose of rendering nugatory a deliberate aot of the Legislature, pissed not four years ago, would be a step whioh no iniolsier of the Crown would ventura upon, more especially with an un tried new Parliament, which might in the seqU'l, If the measure failed of success, refuse to pass an act of Indemnity. It seems, therefore, to us, hopeless to expect the Government to interfere; but still think that, as soon as miolsters can make up their minds what is the fltand properremedy for the undoubted existing monetary evils, they will immediately call I'arliament together, in order to carry their resolutions into efteot in tits most constitutional mode. The ommerclal Crials. Failures or. Merchants and Bankers in Knoland anii other parts or LuaorE since the 19th Octo t*. Burton. Irlam & Higginaon, merchants Liverpool Berey, Young fc. Co., ootluu l.iokern. . Liverpool Bertrand, Napoleon Courtray Brooke & Wilson, shipowner* Liverpool (Jratebrook Sc Son. Iron merchants Liverpool Jones. W , 4c Co.. wholesale tea dealers Liverpool. Liverpool Banking Company Liverpool LUingi.too k Co , fcli.nl Judiu mei'chants. . ..Llvetpool. Logan. Jame*. Canadian trade Liverpool. Molyneuz & Hulbert, tea broker* Liverpool Newcastle Union Joint Stock B?nk Newcaalln Subolev, Tetlow it Co , banker* Manchester V'errelu&A UUtia, luauuftcturm Courtray Warden it <'o . merchants Liverpool | fc roin the London Morning l out ] It ia i.uite ulnar that tbe mlniaters are determined to adnere to the cold-blooded phtloaopby of the political economiat. and to lake tbeir aland on lh? principle* of Sir Robert Peul'a bank Charter Act. No one nan doubt thtt Lord John Kuaaell and tbeCbancellorof th.' K.xchnqiiar aee that ihe iaaue of uve nillliona of notea by the bank of Lugland would alleviate Ibe preaent anguish of the trading community; but they live In fear and trembling of their tyrant, and dare not offend Peel. Tba deputation was aowe what mistaken ai re^(ar<la the exact occurrences It. 18jft and 18*6 On Haturday. tbe 17th of December. 182A, having tbun only ?1.0:27 Out) of treasure In ila cellera. the Bank of KugUnd was reauued from ita peril of stopping payment by tbe accidental ('Iseovery of a huge box of one-pound not? a These. with tile ap proval of Lord Liverpool's gov ;rument. It Immediately la*ued ah a fcubstilute for sov< rtuna Mr Krancla, Iti his valuable history of the Bank, records that " the delight with which these notes were lecelved iu the rmirirrv iiroveil that tbe wint of a aernre small cur. rency alone fait " Mr Harm m, in h's evidence before the oommitUe of the House of Commons. Mid. ' rhey (the one-pound note>) worked wond-rs; as far ?s my juuitineiit got-*. ib>y s.-.ved the country " Mr Krancis further relates. that " iu Norwich tbe Messrs Ouruey are paid to have stayed the plague by merely planiuK a thick |>ile of one-pound notei or the bank ot Kn/Iimd Oo the couu'er !"' "In moat of th** provlnoti," continues Mr. Kranols. 'they (the one-pound notes) w?r? received with ao.rlnraMvn Within a week from then the peril and tbe panic bad pinned away." Hut a recurrence to no Well irt d and efficacious a remedy w^uld be tainted too s'rongly with the spirit of protec ion, and would savor loo much of th" policy of I'ltt and of bin disciple, Lord U. Benlinck, to b't paU-able to a set of ministerial philosopher*, " distinguished only for ibeir knowledge of ;be science of political economy,' and, of courtc "csriti^ nothing for the two or three million* of people who may b? reduced to beggary by their operations " Lord John Kussell ar.d hlrtharles Wood, holdiua office, as they imagine, oi.ly hy leave ana license of Mr Robert Peel, will rattier see the whole tr ide manufactures, and com maroo of the couatry siiiashed, lian damage the reputation of their bard task master by invading the sanctity of Sir ltobert reel's Dank Charier act, and d<s?cr.tting tbe ex-minister's financial wis dom. [From tbe London Times J Thi deputation of the Liverpool merchants and hankera, coining from tbe second port in the empire, and thai now Involved in the mod aerioat disasters. bas no ordinary claim to our sympathy and respect. We feel for these gentlemen aa we do for too many others, who with a great game in their bauds suddenly find themselves obliged toglve it up; and. with capital enough to leave an ultimate surplus, are ri^inedfor want of an immediately available fraction of their means They ask tor an advance on the credit ef I he country We have long foreseen Dm day wben Uritish merchanUaud manufacturers would have to follow the example aet by Irish railway directors The one demand is aa just aa the other; and there can be no doubt that tbe balance of utility ii iu favor of regular aud reproductive employment over tbe rude, tedious, ami perhaps ur,profit able works of the railway. We pointed this out last April, when 8lr Cbarlei Wood brrugbt up again his loan to Irish railways; adding that there weru many of our own manufacturer* and mcrr&nut? who stood In rar more need ??I money tbun the Irish ("peculator; while the respective conditions of the two people would toon present the very umi claims ? The conclusion we came to no that roost disagreeable and discreditable subject applies to thin Instanco Any advance on the credit of the nation, any boon which government nan bestow, cannot possibly be an addition to tbe capital ot the country It can only be are arrangement?* violent disturbance of the uatural order, for the sake of a few favored person* or elamws In fact, the nation 1* poor All are poor All must bear it a* ihey can '1 he weakest must he left to that f?te from which H i*. unfortunately, impossible to save them without throwing their burden on some other, perhaps equal ly unable to bear it The aid glvsn to one claim starves another. The Irish railway* may be finished, Kngllsh railways must be suspended. The Irish Houtbwestern goes 011 hven the Kngliph Northwestern in brought to a stand-still We only trust that we shall not toon find that the population of Lancashire must die, that Oalway and 'I ipperary may be fed. l>rom the London Observer, Ocf Ui J The state of the money market has exhibited, notwithstanding the unfavorable occurrence* to which we have above adverted, au atipearauce of less pressure as regards the mercantile community Houses connected with the branctit s of commerce In which most havoc has been made, still experience great difficulty In obtaining accommodation ; but the nanke/s, at hi<h rates, are more disposed to make short loaos, and but for the excitement prevailing would be glad to part with a portion of their useless and unprofitable reserves That money can be cheap, or even moderately plentiful, during the present year, we oonoetve to be altogether improbable; for. even assuming that there should be a cessation ol failures and a restoration of coulldeuoe.caution, and the many heavy calls, national and Individual, which we have yet to provide sgdnst, will prevent decided ease Activity of trade, buoyancy of feeling, and becoming energy, we trust, there will be; but. after our difficulties, we should mistrust the slightest indioatb u of extended fioilltius. We are piogressiug steadily iu sinie respects towards a healthier state <f things; the foreign exchanges are more favorable, and a li'tle enoouragement would give ths means to our manufacturers Ot executing orders and assisting the movement, since it is onr colonies which will be most affected by tha failures hers. The supply of loud is adequate, we truat,to til our wants, Mid mostly paid for, while railway RK II m <,. IRNING, NOVEMBER 10, wor*i* without belug < topped, will new proosad In fitter accordance with the surplus capital of the country and for. Ign loann be taken to more faeijftioarkata The funds must ever be affected ?ore or lea* by the aloe of money; but there are otha ttuence* of which It Is oondstent to ' take no> " whether lo lbokln* to the present or the future If we trace the movement* of the put lie securities thin week, we shall find them mo*', violently agitated on Tufsduy. when the Mverpool bank" were known to hive (topped; and heavy moiry I sale* of stock were made by vari'us Influential brokers. I followed closely In the rear by tho*e who waich with deep concern the ever varying aspeot of the market. I Gradually the panlo fear ubsxled and a partial rally ; was the oonsequetio*. 'disturbed oncaaionally notwltb- , standing bv the forcing off tigaiu of stonk Possibly the i payment of the last instalment on the eight millions loan I i has thrown an ad'litiuhat supply of 'munis on the marI ket; but the teinpta'ioo of low prioes. and the surplus mcaui resulting from the divldeud payments. hsv?> induced numerous quirt purchase, and enabled the Jobbars to desl in a mora satisfactory, because a safer, market.

The latent hope thst since affairs are getting worse, the Governmentwould Mirk to give an impulse to tha publio mind by some assuriug declaration or by conTttnlng Parliament, has doubtless had much to do with the Improved tone of the market during the last lew days, and It would need but little to establish, for a time at any rata a higher range of values for the national securities. There are, however, many points which militate against settled market; the eute of affairs In Switzerland and Spain, the possibility of our Government needing a fresh lo<tn. the condition of Ireland, and the proposition that to i.fford relief a funding ot exchequer bills should be resorted to. It is right to state j the firm and com, and leave our readers to deduce tht ir inferences The ex'reme prices of the Kngllsh funds from Mon- I day morning lust to Friday evening b>?v? been 78-)t to SIH lor Consols lor present transfer; 77Jtf to 7t>T^T for lie. dnced Threo per I'ent Annuitled, and 7H7,; to WI'R for New Three and a Quarter per l eiits Kxohequer Bills have i.een 16s t^ 3 m discount, and India Uouils 40s to AOs illeoount. India stock b?s been at 3*J1 to Mi, aud hank s'ock 178 to 181. Consols for Accaunt have been 79* to 81% There has been a mn'erl-1 alteration produced in the financial position of the B ink of Kngland, more perhapa than is the osse upon ordinary occasions, by the payment of the dividends, it is needlsss to euter at great length into remarks upon this point, because we nave showu up. n former occasions that the policy of the batik, wblls the transfer l>ooks are closed. Is to equalise the amount of nionay tu circulation, which otherwise would be greatly contracted by the Increased government balance arising from duty payments, and to loaus upou securities, making the partim who obtain the accommodation enter into a formal engagement to refund the amount at a period antecedent to dividend day llow Important it in mm in* p?UR pdoiji'i naiK ih iuimi wen un'i?*r c ntrol for that special purpove. we need teax-ely point out to th* financial r-vl>r for it iu>*ht otherwise ooour that, correspondingly with -> .<ie.|uat* ai3>unt of public deposite- ... <*a?e Uperhaps to extreme one) there should he ? detlflUnfy ol urrti to meet the demands of the public annuitant* Thin Is certainly not likely to aria* while th* Wauk directors perform their duty; but w? know that in a time of extreme pressure, like the present. they ar? compelled to be Indulgent, and that the loan* mad* have in many instances been In part, at least, prolonged This briny* us at once to the consideration of an important iteui in the bnnk returns, that of the unemployed nntea. It is generally held, that although the aot of 1U41 provide*, as far as may be necessary, for the convertibility of notes In the issue department, it has weakened the power of the bank to afford accommodation to the mercantile community. Wo are not now entering into the question of the iuteiiMon, but merely desire to notice the particulxr action of the bill. The bank, having made liberal advances to the public, by means of the government d?poi-lti. has subsequently to call the** in, and take*, in addition, a portion of its unemployed notes, to assist in the payment of the dividends until the loans fall due and replace It, which, looking at the diminution in th* iteoi of seeuritiee, it is likely th .y will very promptly Upon payment of the dividends the bankers and others are immediately in a position to augment their buiances, and hence the Bank of England has a readier means afforded of balancing its debtor and creditor aocount The surplus of profits exhibits the effect of the dividend payment on bauk stock The best possible proof that the amount of money in circulation does not. owing to the judicious arrangements made, fluctuate to any material extent through the dividend payments, is, that the amount of notes, seven-day bills, and bullion parted with by the bank, was but ?781,6H3, although the divl I. ' ?.l fl ikmitiii U'. h.u I...n of opininlon that too much weight in attached to the dividends us making money cany (although they undoubtedly hum a diatribution of money in new ohanuele), because it la manifent that the bank withdraw* with one ha [id in OMfC to difburKe with the other. The i*aue of not** wi< larger ia.<t week by and thin added to 4,'rtOI ftRA.lhn reuuution ia th? reserve, make* tb? native oirculatioa. nayibl* on rii maud, ?19,4t15. or an iucr?a.<" of ?7tV6> u. The amount of gold and silver to meet i*?u? liabilities w?-s i.'7 ton and the engagement* of the banking department ?441, UK), giving ? totul of Jt's 430,700, and an Increase. coin par J with the preceding week, of X'.'l PJO The rest was liitulnitihed by A'>!> J I iO, thu public deposits were lessened by i'3,917,e3il, ihe other deposit* were Increased by ?900 Ukp", and the a,'Ten-day bills by ?4i)03J. The govei nm< nt lecurltb-H were lessened by ?387.403, and the other recuritles by jC'2 474,117. 1 h? iou*l transaction* in (he bai.king department were f.ir ?33,123,418 a decrease of ?3,A0f) i30, ?ri?ing wholly lioin the diminution of the government account. SuarcuoN ei k?u.?*v Won us.?We are glad to hear that the director* of aereral of the railway companies having unfinished work* in this neighborhood have I determined lo m?pend their progre.HH as far as practicable; and it will be seen from tbe letter ?f our Liverpool i correspondent, that considerable stoppages of work have already taken plaoe in Hcotlaud. VVe think, however, that the beneficial conseiiuruces of these very wine mea surra would bo much extanaiva if the .liractars would publicly aunoi-uoe their intention* I'robatly th? belt and inOft eflVxtlnl plan would ha to convene meeting* of the shareholders, nn l Uy before thrnn full particular* (t tb? course Intended to be pursued, with estimates of th* amount. of cull*. If any, which would boreq-ilr.d to moat *xi?tii>K engage raeota Many ihareboldnm who arc now laboring uri<lnr vague apprehan*loa* a* to tha demau'l* which umy be made upon them would ham their roludit greatly relieved by being enabled to sea the real extent, of those demimds The public, also w uld feel their anxiety an to the effect of railway expenditure much diminished, if the illractorH of eachuauipnny would inafca a distinct avowal of their intention* ? Tha evil* of a real scarcity of capital are no doubt ( aatly aggrivatei at the preaent titan by tha artificial d':aroity n suiting from undue arprehenoon u.nd alarm; and no measure* calculated to restore uontldence should b? left untried. ? Manchtiler Guutdian. It wat from the f*.rut Bald th*t tha assets of tha house of Legrelle. of Bmsst In. would excud tha debt* by from 300 OOOf to 400.(l(!0f Thin surplus ha* been ascrrluined to amount to 4301 Oof Arsons the bills In huu I, which amount In value to m7'J 00 if. th>< commissioner* Hod th*t the bad and doubtful blls nmon; them do not, exceaj in iiiMtnt ti:i OOOf Th" sums du? on account* currer.t. amouut to .!* >.0 " f, and of thin ou'y 4.'. OOllf are doubtful. Tha Lundi-n and North Waaler.i Railway Company, whose capital amount* to about i.' W 000 000, ha* Issue 1 circulara to all oonmanlv* wilh which it is connected, urgently recommending the suspension of work* In all cases where it In practicable. Th* Financial Chiim?IUmii ?i.n, f>ot Id-Our Kxcbiingit never was In suoh a stale of excitement as re port* from tbls place have represented it to foreign journals It ia true that dlsoourit If at f> and <>)? per oent, but not from ar.lual want of money, for there ia nolo . enough at Ihebunk; but for fear ot nenvihio, (re-ex| chaug-,) which may h* axperteil in onsequance of tha numerous foreign failure-, tii- banker* and merchants who h?TH anything kO do with exchange suffer ready money to lie by unused It in tiun that several of our house* have been concerned la two or three of the London ftlltm*. bnt for eunn which to them rosy be termed inconsiderable; they have nine tbn RuMitn house* to fall back upon firnra wbom they received the bill*, and If th<*?e remain solvent thfy will suffer no Iom eventually Tbn house of PehninlleraniV.lollena is the ouly onewhiuh ha*stopped ? Hamhurgh Puprr. Ireland. Tli? reporta from all part* of Ireland atlll teem with th? moat alarin'ng account* of distre** and outrage l? Llwerlo t a collisiou ha* already i**?n place with the military All at tank waa madu by about bUO of tbe populace In a body on th? Kathkeala workhouse A small party of dragoon* Interfered to prevent the attack A coDfliot rniiird some of the aoldb-r* wera wounded, and they were forced to retreut Toe infantry and pollee ware tlieo mil. d out. the riot act waa MM, and the rioter* were dlaperaed. after two of them being made prlaoner*. and another atabbed t.y the police Tbla in the flrit of. we fnar, numberlaM affray*. which mn<t Inevitably reanlt from the preaent alarming *tata ot thlug* Asiuaainallnns. robber!** of arms. plundering of provision*, aud general Iniubordinatlon of the p?o| ) are the main *ubj*ets ot all tha ( ominunicatlon*, which reach u* trcm Ireland The ^o?ernm?nt seem* perfectly prepared f>r an outbreak, by the aotlve and judloion* disposition of tha troop* stationed In variout part* of the country; but, alae ! these iodispeti>ahiy prudent arrangement* will not *are the people from their own violence That endeavors will be made in Rowland once more to relieve the Irish people by *uh*crlption, we have no doubt; but vlth the whole population of Lancaahire progressing with accelerated rapidity to a state of equal destitution with the lrl*h, the clalina of the poor upon property mu*t prove again till* winter a frightful drain upon tbe resource* and capital of the country Parliament,we feel convinced. mu*t be immediately aa*embled, to take Into con*ld?ration the state of tbo country Nothing baa occurred to induce u* to alter tha tone of the obaervatlona we made respecting thl* country on the l!Uh lout. Several other murder* are recorded In the paper* that have reached ua since that Mine On the ' lb instant a young man named Bergln.son of a respeo.abla farmer, wna shot at Llavernan. In the (ilen of Aher|ow. conuty I'lpperary. hy a caretaker, who baa since ah sooiuled It w-ina that ibo caretaker accused the d?c*a*?d of poaRhlng, and that high word* en?ued. when the former sbot. H'*rztn dead on Hbe *|wit. On theh'h , a man named Tim >thy Heynolds. was brutally murdered ' near Ballliiainuck. county Longford. No cause Is aa| signed for the murder, and nothing appear* to have dlt t alert the act but fettling* ot the greatest atrocity and InI humanity K rom the many Cases of out rage which are | l?*ing perpetrated In the county of ( lare, it I* evident that some combined movement ?galn?t the law* of the ' land 4and tbe well-being of society I* now in progres* I among a portion of that population; and, from present i appearances, it l^t bought tuatjduriag the enaning winter | there will be no Mourl y for life or property, unlaw some ERA 1847. effectual iumdi If adopt*! In order to ?uppr?(" < he ri?iui? spirit of lnsnbordlMtlon. The at ate of tba oounty of Llmarlek In moat alarming On tha 11th luttot a matting af peasant laborara took plaea at tba Mil of Oiarryflne. whenoe they proceeded In a tumultuous body to Baraa. tiring shots In tba Tillage. and drove tba stock of Mr Robert Ketberston. a magistrate; broke tha gate and drove tha stock of Mr. Oeoi*e Missy. at tba Globe; aI*o the stock ol tha Kev Mr Ryan, parish priest of Kodkbill; and tore and trampled the turnip field of a farmer naar Kearney, in the name neighborhood. Many of those marauder* were armed Some of the cattle nave Mnce been restored lu that county a very foul and dlabjlieal murder has lately been perp?ted on Peter Nash. bailiff of tha He*. Mr Wentrcpp It ' Is supposed that he had become ' bnoxion- t? some par tiea in the neighborhood where be reaided ur having. at the last asalsra ooiuu forward aa a witness ami proved tha boundary of a bog, in a naae where the Iter Mr Westropp took legal proceeding* tor the recovery of hia property The oppoaition to the payment of rent a, notioed In oar laat paper? continues Mayo, Tipper ary, and the King's Louuty, are reported among the moot formidable in tbia renpect. With reference to the atate of tha ennntea .lln,l..,1 t/. in lh> rn^iinlnT rim.rki learn that the most aotlve iiienaurus have been taken by the government to ?uppres* the spirit of tumult and outrage prevailing la the southern part ot the county of Limerick. A larg-> reinforcement of cavalry and Infantry has been Rent to Charlevltle and Ururee. and other places will alto he oecupled with troops; while Mr. Tabutoau. R, M , has been placed In Immediate charge of the dlstriet. Colonel Sir >1. < rea?h has proceeded thither to lake the command of the military The Cork Kumtii'r, in apeaklng of the prrjected tenant-right demonstration which Is to come off at Dilinacthomas to-morrow, (Sept. V4.) remark*, that' the rnjui tiou by which the meeting in convened 1* about one of th? inoat lmp<nlng documents we have ever saen. It Is eigDed by nearly t?0 ' 'atliuli: clergymen. Including four vioarsgennrel and over JO parish priests, and Mj curates beKidt-H 6011 tenuut-farmrrs and respectable merchants and MiopUeeper* The chair will be taken on the ocaa*l?n by one <>f ihe oounty members, (Mr. M.N I'ower, t'f Kaiihteg ) himself an extensive landed ptoprietor Mr J O'l nnnell is also to attend. Krora the intense lut?-r?st excited throughout the whole of the county of Wexford, it Is expected the uesumbly will ei|unl In magnitude one of the "monster mestiinr'j of MS " ! The (Catholic prelate* have assembled in annual nenferenoe. in Dublin There Is a very full atteudanoe On the first day (Oct 19) the busiuesa was altogether of a preliminary character. On the J 1st they unanimously adopted a memorial to the Lord Lieutenant on the state of the country, and entreating his excellency s attention to tho destitution prevailing in varioui districts They have also unanlinouiOy adi pt<-d en address to the Pontiff, Plus IX. congratulating hlin upot his sucoeealon to the chair of fit I'eter; expreseiug the deepest gratitude for the practical benevolence exhibited in Home, under the auspices and with the gererous aid of hi* holiness, in behalf of the suffering Irish ) ef pie during the recent famine; conveying to him an asiurance of the ardent sympathy of the Irish prelates with his noble and rnagriknnnniu Hhlli/iflM tft vlmlIi>atM I hit irixuliim Anil InHn. peadencs of the Human States ; and praying that thore efforts or the illustrious rulera of the State? of th? church m?y be crowned with complete auucesi France. Tbe reform agitation spreads apace in France. A grand reform banquet ban talten placu at Mclun, at winch nix hundred guests rat down. The usual apceches were spoken, and received ?r li the cur.tomary demoiiHtratiooii of enthusiasm. Tills manifestation wait, however, signallxed by thu admission of the toast of the king, which hitherto ban been always omitted at slinliar meetings. On the present ocoaaion It was given in the following form, and with tbe following adjunoU : ? To tbe constitutional king ! ' Tbe charter will henorforth be a reality." urntQ a former klug lie tbe word of a king sacred, as his person ia in?l< labia ! Toulon paperH of the 13th Oct, state that the squadron, uml-r the ooniuiaud of the I'rince de Join Vllle, whlub waa off tbe IsUndi of llyt ren, was to ataod out to sea ou the evening of lb? 14m ult ,or the day alter to morrow A rather aharp ahoo.lt of earthquake waa felt at Chateauroux and lta environs on the evening of tba Oth ult. Several persona were, it la aaid, thrown out of their beda. Cabrera, the well known Carllst General, paid laat week a visit to Nice, where he remained two daya, after which he returned to Oenoa. Tbe senatora Ardouln a d Delva (men of oolor), presented to tbe King of the French,on Tuesday, letters accrediting thein aa KuvoyaF.itraordlnary and Minister* Plenipotentiary of the Republic ot 11 Myti to France, for th? exchange of the ratification)) of tue convention of the 15th of May last. Lt National, a newspaper of tbe democratic party, in France, had been seised in Carls, oa the Jlat ult . foe containing an article which was incriminated br thu governments censure. M'lle De Luzxl, who played ao terrible a part in tbe crime of the Puke of Traxlin, in kept in secre' at I.a ' onciergerit*. of I'aria. The French press Is very muob outrag) d by this ur.usual detentlou betters from V*rs>-illas, of thu lflth. state that a collision bad taken placa between two French steamers belonging to Messrs V'alery and Company, in the Mediterranean, tbe Bonaparte and Count de Paris, on the roast of Italy. Theahockwss so violent that the Bonaparte immediately sunk. Three persons were drowned Mi ?ir iji Paris?At eight o'clock on Haturdav night, the !Hh ult.. the Opera was tilled from top to'hotiom with an audience composed of the fltl* of Paristm rnnk, fashion, literature and art. F.xpmtaiion was on tiptoe, and a brsathluss silence governed the whole of the vast multitude, as the heroine of the evening, (Aiboni) stepped quickly before the foot-lighta.witli that look of composure which constitutes so great a charm in her deportment. She waa received with a shout ot applause that snook ttie root or tne building for about half-a doiien aecooda, and then died away Into silence profounder than bafore Tropin feared to breath*, no in ternte tiu the anxiety to hear that voice winch liad iusteutaneouaiy eun* itMlf Into fame at the Ituya Italian Op?ra. Scarcely bad Alboal opened her lipn than the whole crow I wai In an uproar A few notea utter d, with aeeralng unconoeru, conquered the heart* and convinced the judgment* of the H'rench public, guaranteed the soutidueaa of Engllah taste, and eatehlinhed her own ri?ht to be placed anion# the great artialn of the world It was the r|ulc!:ept triumph ever wltneaaed, the aaaleat won the moat thoroughly inaintalned. and one of the moat daxzllng and Incon'eatable 8he rang a cavatlna from " Kemlramld*;" a duet from the aanie (with Ainard,) an air from " 1,'ltallana In AlgliTi." and the duet. " Dunque io bod," from " II Barblere" (with Barhnillet ) lo her beat manner, wai encored, or recalled, after every plen-; and after each aueceaalve performance made tuater her hold on public opinion On Monday, the preaa. In langu<ge of glowing -uloi y, echoed the voice of the ubllo, and the fruillrtum ot some of the cvlebraled critic* went to great lengths of adulation. Half. The r.illatl', (Roman journal,) of the 10th ultimo at:?tea that the iviinl?t?-r of the Interlorot Naplea. M. HantangW". had submitted variant* reform* to the king, aiid that the Prlbcea of TrebU and Campofranco hud waruily supported Ihem. The llrft measure be proponed wax tlie I'o.niation of a m w cabinet, composed aa follow*: !'hc l iince de Hoordla, VIInliter ot l>>reWn Affal-a; M SantanRi-lo ol the Interior; M. Ilianolilnl. of Kiuuice; Prince ('ampofranco. of Kcolexiaatl-al AlTalra; .VI. Paiiai.of Justice; Prince de Kt I lia of Commerce and Agriculture; and t*en'T.il IMcaretto, ot War and Marine MM K?rri, Holla, Pie'racntella, and Trebia would thus retire from tho cabinet. According to M 1 Sm ft 111 ncrt.ln'a itlun Siellv writilil Vim irnviirn?rt tiv u ImapH f regency, <-ontintitiK of the Hereditary Crown I'rinca, I'rtnce* < onistlni and I'lgnatell . nn<l the Duke do Scrrn di Kalco. Tin- intendaiit* or prefect* of Hiclly would b* Sicilian* by birth, and hold their couiiiil??lon from the regency A natioual guard in to he eeikbljfthed through nut the kingdom, a law on the presr to be promulgated, ?!> * custom* and luunl'-ipal lawa to be reformed, fc<\ Tli* king wan eald to have adiulttud the expediency ol ui'mt of thosi m?a?uru?, and prouiije.l to attend tn them but had a* yet taken no step on II e *tli ultimo. Tbt accountN from all tbe other parte of Italy are of lh? noil contradictory and nnsatlafa^tory nature. Mpaln. The Madrid pap<r?of trie l Uli confirm the fact of thi return of tbe King Don Kranciaco to tbe palace at Ma drid. and of the apparent reconciliation between bin and tbe t^ueen Queen < hrietina * eudden arrival In Madrid b*'l created (treat surprise I turned lately nfur her arrival her Majesty had a loug Interview with <??u Nar?a?i Tbe Queen-.'Vtother h?d an Interview with Queen Isabella the next day, and the scene in described by the H" attiu with praiseworthy minuteness of detail. It add* that ' copious tear* of Joy" were ?bed by the Queen-Mother. while Mnnoi himself remained at a distance. according to the much mored by hie own feeling* Me wan received with much delight by the Queen. The King aud the Ouches* of Hess* were summoned to the royal presence, and the royal family remained somo time Alone They afterward* Jiued together. It l? rumored tb*t the government have granted perml,salon to the Infant* Don Francisco and hie daugh ter to return to Madrid, when the family clrclu will be COmDltttA It would appear to be decided on at the French embwny. that. Senor Mm In to be put lip an the govern merit candidate lor the |>reM *tioy of the COfirreaa The t.'ounteaa of Monlijo. alter 1iitini< th? port of Camerera Mayo, hw at I^r?n? h accepted It Tho Riprctador 1* auapi-uded by erder of the poiitio?l chiel Tha garrlnon of Madrid i* expected to ba onaldera bly r?inforoed. The whole of tha pmnnnrl of the financc-Afllrse in to be changed by the new minuter Orlando and all upeet A deputation of the manufacturer* of Catalonia ha I arrired at MnfrltJ. to dlcruM with the pre#?iit!Minl>trr tha different r|ne*tion* oonnacted with tho intertala of that prorlnce Tmk Ro*al. RccOIti ILI4TION. ? Sari**/, may be Mil ful, lucky he certainly la. Within ten day* he hax af f-cted two reMilt*. whljh war* ardeutiy desired and d.llgenlly aought by preceding in nletrlen. but which in- ok-d tbelr reach He haa got Hd t*f 'be favorite; he ha* brought back the king. I'hrne achieremnita inay, lit deed, turn ont rather pecloun than ootid; mean tuna, let ue look at the hopeful etde of the future The reconciliation of ({ueen laabt-1 and her hunhand la an e?ent whlah ile?er??n 10 he recorded with eome detail. It *eein? that the preeent cabinet no aooner ?ticeee<led to power than it bent ita chief attention upon thi? aiibjeot The inatrutnent upon which Narrae* turned hia eyea wan Monaig. Bruneili The nuncio, willingly undertaking a miaalon ao auitabie to hia character, repaired or Haturday to the I'ardo where ha had long Interview with the king Th? fruit* of Mon#lg Bruncll!'* good offlc** u. in LD. Mm Two Vmm. appeared In the UtWr of felicitation addressed bf k i 10 th* <!? ? upon ths omuIm of her birthday. I t was al?o understood that the food prelate had succeeded completely In bringing theklu ? consent to re-unite himself with th* uueen at thoaalace of Madrid without delay-the (rand obstacle to hla return having been removed This reeult having been communicated to her m?Je?ty. she gave bar permission for the king to return. whWi wu brought by Narva** yesterday morning to tb? Parlo N trtwi returned to th* Pardo at three In the afterneon. accompanied by Monslg Brun> III, i?nd an hour or two after wh s**a nentering Madrid * lib hi* royal prin. A second aoaeh followed *lih the high officers of the king * household thn Varijuises of Atcanlces Casielar and Palaclos ? The Capt'fo General of Madrid waited with an escort of i he carairy at the Puerta da Hl-reo, and th politics! chief at the royal r*sid*no* of Vtorlda. aocompanlad with another rt of th* mounted olTic?uaid At th* latter pltaox tn* ooaohee were exchanged l'or others, winch had been sent from the palace The party arrived at the palaoe, cheered on their war by some rims, at half past four. The Qoem stood wetting for her consort in a balcony of the palaee towards the street from whloh the carriazee issued. 8he was accompanied by the Infant*, the Lushsss ot Seea (the King's sister ) The trrvidumirt testified their "atitlcetion at the King's return by a waving of handkerchiefs from the palaoe windows. Whan the party had alighted at the principal gate. Narvaes and BruaaUl went on ahead to annouoo* th* arrival to the Qaeaa, who. advancing to the door of the royal apartoaent, with* much emotion threw herself Into the arms of her baaband The buchnsd of See* having retired, the royal oouple remained alone for a considerable tine. At length Narvaei was seni. for, un l the King retired to hi* apartment; It Is hoped not to begin again his sulks. 1 forgot to say that, upon enteriug the palaoe, the consort was received with all the honors due to his raak, and the Ministers and the high dignitaries of the palaoe stood waiting tor him on the great staircase, and conducted hlia to the door of the royal apartment. Thus at. leapt a great scandal has ceased to ofliad the public eye. and apparent harmony has been restored to the doinestto Interior of the palace This is, no doubt, a great step towards the retllemeut of a qneetloo which assumed no aspect menaolug enough for the futare repose of Hpaln It Is. perhaps. conr.ld< ring the fatal delays that would have attended other arrangements,the most satisfactory solution wblcb the so-called palaoe question i > could receive at present The < Government see ins disposed to tTeat the press with violence. A fresh number of the Krprctadar has be<M denounced and the editor of the Kijirranxa has been imprisoned f-r some criticisms on the bad administration of justice, which seem to most people highly judicious and giounded In fact. Portugal. i?jr ucr mFjpDkj a abouui irijui** oiuuu, wuiuu um n* rived at Splthead, there are advices from I.lsbon to til* mil Oot. Count J3omflo aud bis companion* bad landed at Lisbon troni the Terrible. TUo meeting of the i eutral Kleotion Commitle presided over by Coast de 'I liotiiar. wis attended by 3000 persons. The registration was going ao hard against the Scptoui ,ri?U that their committee had formally profited to tbe Quean; and they were diacusting the propriety of recommending their adherents not to vote at the approaching election. I.inbon wat* perfectly tranquil, but reportsof ri< ta having taken place at Oporto were current. recount on paper ui?n?y hadadvauced to 37>?. Germany. Pnorono DirrracNTut. Umir.a 11 tltnMAm.?The desire of Uarmany to possess a" National i'lag" Is finding expression in a variety of modaa, and amongst other* a proposition has been made for the eetahllehinent of a (teroian < omiuerrial and Navigation League, the artlolea of which are tho following Site 1. The State* of the German /.ollverain on tha one hand, and tbe other States of the Oernnui Confaderution ou tbe other, ara to aaaoolat* thainselvee In a leugue of commerce and navigation. 2. Tbe object of thia league la not only to uphold tha principle ot the uationxl unity of Germany In Ita navigation and coiuinerolai attaint, in tbe reciprocal relaloa nip of the (ierman States tn?aros each other, but also aa regards their relation" with fareign States. 3. In oonaequnnoa each eaafarlng State, a iucmbet of tbe league, will conoede to tbe ships of tha other States, | members of the league, tha same privileges aajojad by I lta own veseela 4 The States of tbu league ara to oome to an under standing for tha aloptlon of a national U?g. 6 Tbey are to deUna tbe necessary requisitions both > I aa regards the origin of the veeaaia abd the crew, to i j sanction a vessel to <aarry tha German flag; alao to regulate th? ship's pipers, port inspections, ko it Tbe of tlie league propose facilitating, aa I n.uch ah in tbeiu lies, tho means of oommiuilcatiOD la tbe inland frontiers, by reducing aa muoh aa poaalMa the existing dntica. 7 They alao propose taking measurea for the adoptloa ofa unilorm money currency, and a uniform syataaaf weights and meaaurea 8 The state* of tho league expect that tha other Sates wiil acknowledge the German (lag, and that eon quentlr any vessel calling under snob eoiors, though wiili a crew belonging to some other Htata, member of the league, or laden with produce of another Htata of tha league, will be plaoed exactly on tha Same footing aa eta of iia own veaarla. it. Tbe States of tha league are ready to soaoade to the ships of all other States tbe same privileges they have mutually conceded to each other; but, on the other baud, they expect that the other Htatea will eoacede tbe same privileges in their porta to tha ships of tha league in Tha states of the learun are willing ta flaaa tha aliipa of all nations ou the name footing aa regards shipping dues and custom duties, thus giving no praleraaca to the shipping of any particular Mats. On tha other band they exptct their ship* to ba treated In every respect on the aame for.tinra- the moat favored nations. II Should another State not act up to the tOTms of Sec H. the States of th? league would be planed la tha ; necessity to impose double port uues. and extra fiag-mo: I ney ou the viheels of nurk Mat- entering their porta. I U. In so far aa foreign States should refuse to admit, or placa heavier conditions on tbn ships of tbe league, ; ! coming from tne ports of another Slate, and laden with i the modlicfl ot another Stat* ifeet traffic1). than on tbo?? coming dirict from tliu porta of the or with the produce of the Mutes of the league, the allied States reaerva to themselves the right of letaliatlng. by placing higher entrance duties or higher lutlss on tha produce Imported by the vecsels of those state* Into their ports. 13 In so far othar State* ahonld treat on more favorable terms the ship* or produce of* third Stat* either entering it* porta or crossing Ira land frontier* than thoan accorded to the states of th? league. tba Latter propone imposing differential duties to th* disadvantage of the abipa and produce ol aucli State* 11 The xame to be tb* case toararda those stata* who, by monopolies, privilege*, or other mean*, should throw obatai'la* in the way ol the commereial and navigation interest* of the States of the Inagu* IS. 'l'lie principle* contained in See*. H-10 ara to constitute the bs*l* lor the noucluMon of all treaties of sonmere and navigation lietwe# n the league and other | State*, an *lso to sarve a* a guide to the lin* of oonduct ' to lie ob*?-rved in their relation* wltb other Stato*. I 1)1. In futnr* th'* leagued States, a* a general rula, are only to conclude treatlnn of comni-roe and navigation with other state* In the name of the league. Should Individual State* of th* le?ttue conclude treatle* with other State* on their own amount. It can only bo dona on thn condition that it i* in tho option of the otb*T Slates nt trie league to enjoy tli Sura* privileysa ac |ulred liy thnt treaty by plkt'iug tin luselre* on a rtoip rocal looting 17. All State# of the league bind themselves to notify 1 within aa short a lime aa possible the discontinuance of existing treatiea of commerce aiid navigation with othar State*, and only to renew tbem undor ll?e conditionj contained in Sac. 10. la. The States of the league propose establishing eonaula at the oemmoti expou?e. to guard > far I hair ha terent*. lit. As regard* tlia meaaure* to be taken respaatlag r neutrality, iiuaranttae regulation*, and other mearaiwa, they are still open to consideration. Tnr Rhih l)t tiss.?The commlMlon appointed to ^ tske into connlderation a reduction of lh? Ju.les which obstruct the free navigation of the FlLloe ha* been holdlog dally sitting* at Mayenoi' Of the differeat ' man State* that ar? wa*hed by tbl* river, Pru**la has mad* the mont liberal proposition*, bavlog propoaad a NdU " lion of AO par cent on every sategory. Nassau win only oon*eut to a reduction of out third Baden and BaVt, rls havs acceded to the proposition of Pnnsla, fransa ha* sxprcssed her reedineas to ravise all dutlsa Holland Ids* with Nasaan It I* to lie hoped that the question will be solvsd by* total abolition uf duties altogether. Holland. The orJiuary session of tba State* ttenaral waa ofisd liytheKlog. oa the itth u'.t . In person. HI* apsaah gar* the usual a**urancw* of peace with foreign power*, hut that order bad i ot h?n reetorad in tha transsiarlaa Dntch K.ast India acioulee lie adds, "New legislative ! airtngeinent* are alio In course of preparatioo for the Weft India colonies. In nurinatn lank pap-r will bo exchangtd lor specie. The moral interest* of the nation contiuue to demand all my attention Tha blessing Of an abundant harvest In the msjority of it* productions, awaken* the hope that the inhabitants of Ibe Netherlands will be prencrved trem those evil* wbieh attend on the carolty and dearnes* of provUiou* The oondlti >a of the finance* of the *tate I* favorable Vfter alladi ug toother *iibJ?ot* of a domestic nature the speech coatinuee? It 1* prolitble that a g"0eral law will b? laid tie'ore you tbi* aeselon relative to import and export duties ' liUMlll. Thi'moi*** i* Rt e e a a.? Letters from St Patai*hurgh of the tb. slste that on the authority of the o?i'ImI inverts re<*iv><l l>v the Oovi rnnient. the eholaea continued ^ hiIt, r ? toward* tha north and aaat. of It bitu ^?anvl at Oral, at Tools. and ?T?n tn tlm riling? of l>m<a. situated ?t only flttv league* from vIomiow In th* proelnn* of Aatrnkan, fo wbleh there were a I,*00 lotiibilanta, A At A Mwa had Occurred, and a 131 <l?atlj?. i h? dla?a?a atlll raged with Kr*atMTerlty ?t Orbaroo larak, and tn th* w.nroaa At Haratoff, (ha c ?|>ltal of the proving* of that nan*. 1 i?o0 pwraon* had 1 > ?- it attacked 1.001 of whom died la th* ivtwilry of lit- i.niioacks or th? lion th. r* had been 19 Atl ca*ee o which 7 i?17 itrninatid latally At < harrow ft! per ?on? had bv?n carried off, and on Repierabar l?th. thara warn Ml* lion at km ill At WoroneMh, a town with a imputation of 44 000, tha oholrra hroka out on tha 4th of September, with 4J0 naw cum, and im? death* had occurred dally On tha 14th thara wara 1.019 per*on* III i>f tha cholera in the hoapltal. 41* of whom wara attaokad tha wmr day Tha number of death* on that day wa* IM.? (iolignatii'i Turkey. CoiMTANTnort.r. fwpt. i 1 Many'raak vaaaalJ hay already been forb'dden 10 i>a*t by tha Porta In ordar to avoid this campuliory measure, tha tiraah ?hlp* cm J

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