Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 11, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 11, 1847 Page 1
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TH Vol. XIII. No. JOW_YVlioU No. 4900. THE NEW YORK HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, North-wtil corner of Pulton Mid Nuhw itti JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR rlHCULATHtN-KOllTV TllOCIAflD. DAILY HERALD?Every d?y. Price 3 cent* per eopr? $7 "15 iirr nnnuin?ravable ii. advance. WEEKLY HKRALD?-Every fUiorday?Price cenu HERAl.D KOR EUHOPE?Every Htesm Packet day? Puce SW cent* per copy?#5 per ^ruam, including postage. <<r S3 33 tidum* ot postage, payable ia advance. Sub>cn|> CV-I 5 sud rtdvrrtiietnrr.ts will be received by Mew. Oalig bam, IB me Vivietme Paris; P. L. Simonds, IS Cornhill. and Julm M'ller, the bookseller, LmiH-n. ANNUAL PICTOKIaL iierald-Pnblithed on the lstol I'tiuair of rachyear?single copy sixpence. ADVERTISEMENTS. at the usual price*?always cash ia ailvwce Advertisements should lie written ia a plain, legible m.iiinrr The proprietor will not be responsible lor errers that may occnr iu them. PRINTING of all kinds executed beautifully and with destiatch. All le'rera or e ommunieations by mail, addressed to the propriet.ir of the etuhlishmeai, mast be poet paid, or the p oarer* will la iniih ivia thsrrintioe nnur ramitle^ NOTICE?On and after SUNDAY, Nor >|T-??? "" 'i? steamers SYLPH and liWilHMa STATEN ISLANDER will make the foilowing trips: lkavk statkn iii.and. At I, 10,11, 13 o'clock, A. M.-J, 4, o'clock, P. M. i.kavk nkw vork. At J, 11 o'clock. A. M.-1, SM. i, o'clock. P. M. New York, Oct. M. IM7. nIT PEOPl-E'8 IINESTKAMMOATtTFoB ALBANY, Daily, Sunday* Excepted wSUmHHh Through Direct?At 6 o'clock, P. M-, from the Pier between Courtlandt and liberty streets. _ Steamboat ISAAC NEWTOlT.Capt Wm H. Peek, will imvc on Monday. Wednesday, and Friday evenings, at 8 o'clock. Steamboat HENDRIK HUDSON, Capt H O. CntttMden, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evening! etUiifcloefc At five O'clock. P. M ?Landing at intermediate places? from the foot of Barclay street. Steamboat SANT A CLAUS Captain B Overbagh, wib leave on Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday afternoons at 5 o'clock. Steamboat SOUTH AMERICA, Capt. T.N Hulse, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday afternoon*, at t o'clock. The above boats will at all time* arrive in Albany in ample time for the Morning Can for the 9kst or West. Freight taken at moderate rates, and none taken alter 9 o'ulock, P. M. O"" All persons are forbid trusting any of the boat* of this line, without a written order from the captains or agent*. For passage or freight, apujv on board the boat*, or to P.C BCHULTZ, at the office on rhe wh"*7. oil rh mm. MOKNINU LINK AT 7 O'CLOCK " ALBANY AND TROY, and inter fMMHHtaBdiKU Landings. The eXMBW TROY is third larger th?n any other Day Boat; and in point of npeed, safety, and commoaionsuess is actually unsurpassed. No steamer ever acquired more universal and enduring popularity, or retained m greater perfection those substantial exceflenciee whseh really deserve pnblic favor. Breakfast and Dinner on boerd the Boat. The low prrssure steamboat TROY, Captain A. Gorham, will leave the steamboat pier foot of Barclay street. Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, at seven o'clock A. M. Retiming on the opposite days. For nasnge or freight, apply on board, or to Y. B. HaU, at the office on the wharf. sl6 rc _ma?~ MORNING LINK Ar 7 O'CLOCK CJWMh'OR ALBANY AND TROY, landing al aMnaMBHBCaldwells, Westpoiut, Newbnrg, Hampton, Milton, longhkeettsie, Hyue Park, Kingston, Upper Redhook, . Barrytowu, Bristol, Catakill, Hudson, Coxsackie, Kindedioos and Baltimore. LaudiiiK at Hammond street. Leives New York, Tuetday,Thursday and Saturday, at> o'clock. A- M. Breakfast and Dinner on board the boat. The low pressure Steamboat NIAGARA, Gapt. H. L. Kellogg, will leave Me Steamboat Pier foot of Barclay street. Tuesdays, Thursdays, uid Saturdays, at seven o'clock, A M-. returning oe the ippusite daya. Vor passage or freight, apply on board, or to P. B. Hall, at the olpe? on the wharf alSrn "FOE NKW BRUNSWICK. AT 1 P M., f ^ from the foot of Robinson street, next sbove mHUHBh Barclay street. The stramboat ANT1LLOPR Captain 8 Van vVickle, will, on and after Monday, Nov Bth. leave New York nt 2 P. M., landing ?t Perth Amb iy, lloss Vllle, VVondbrldge. Totten's and I>ranch's Landing. Pnueueers arrive le rime to take the Railroad C rs for rRI NORTON, TRENTON and PHILADELPHIA direct Hinges convey pauengrrs direct for HnoMrville, Spots wind, slid i rauberrv, on the airival of the Antelope. Returning, the Antelope leaves New Brunswick at K past 7, a m. Breaafiat on ooHrd. EVe cents. nS 8t*rc ftiSu_ FjR cHAKLR<TON. 8. C.?The Mi iHTim'.UMVH n.nt.i.. T 8. Butlil, will l??va the pier Toot of Clinton atreet, nppneite Tobacco Inspection,K. ft., oa Saturday the 13th uuuat, at four o'clock. P M. No ben b aecnred until paid for. All b.ila of lading aigned br the clerli on board. Specie will be rereived mitil 12, M., on the day of depirture. t or freight or punie apply to SrOVFuKI), T1LE8TON fcCo., No. 48 South atreet. P'ltiaocara by thia veaael are rrijneited tc aend their baggage on board previoui to 13o'clock, on tne day of de partus Contii'aeea are particularly requeated to attend to the reoeiptol their goods on thearri<alof the a earner. nlOr FOB NEW CHILEANS ?i? KEY W ".ST?To tail on ihuriday, Not 1' ? Lwa The itenmahip PuKTLAND, Jot Spinney, commauder, will poaitively leave aa Korfrxitih of |*ataage, having anperior state room aud fur nishrdaccommod iti'?'a l'<r cabin and 2d cabin paaiengera? Apply on board at foot of 10th atreet. Kaat river, or tn mCo'r HOKATlO K AGLK. II South atreet. &ut "SLACK BALL LINE OK LIVERPOOL PAClf^ZjkVy E I'S?The packet al. p FIDELIA, Capt. H. Yeatou. ?HMa"ill tail for Liverpool on Taeaday, the 16th inat.,her r?* o lar .lay. Persons vriahing to return in thia very favorite packet, will And Iter accommodation* comfortable, and her gentle manly curtimander mII ihpv can deaire. Kor terma in cabin. 2d cabin. and steerage, apply ou board, or to ROCHE BROTHERS fc CO, 35 Knltou sireet, next deor Co Fulton Dank. Those with ng their frieudsto leave Liverpool on the 16th of Jaautry, in thw favorite ihip, cm secure their nisssge by ('Plying a< above. they being the only authorized passruger |<ost agents fer the line. 11IO r KOK LONDON?i'rgular packetot the 16th Nov?m'?er?The first class fait tail ng packet ahip iMUmm PRINCE ALBERT, burthen 1300 tons, Captain Mum. ?ill nail as abort-, her regular day H '.v b^ very tap rior aceuminoda ioua f ir csbin. 3d cabin ond passengers, persona intending to embark should uuke iu,mediate application on board, foot of Vaidcn Line, or to JOS- PH McMl/KRAV, ii 10 ro Coruer nf Pine and South street*. ' MM- FOR CHARLESTON, HfC^The drat data ft-st sailirg regular packtt ship ALBANY, J. H. Dano, jKhhi m??'er. aaila to-morrow, ner regnlar day. H It'lix very superior accommodation* lot cabn. 2J cabin tuJs ae ?(f passengers, persons intending to embark, should make immedute application uj board, p;er No 13, East river, or to J.MeMURRAY, nl" rc Corner of Pine and South ttr?ets. AiSf- FOR NEW ORLEANS?Louisiaut and New MHKl'V York l.iua nf Packets?Very reduced rales? ReguJiMHIEai lar racket fjr Thursday. Nov. It.?The new.acd awenui . Kitsailing picket bark GENESEE, Capt. Dillingham, is i ow loading, and will positively sail aa above, her rciular da'. Km freight o* passage, having handsome furnished accnmm. ditwms, apply on oojrd, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall strict, or to . E. K. COLLINS, M Somh st. Positively no freight will be received on board after we<iue?i*jr fv?mn?, no?, i/in. Agent in New Orleans, Mr. William Creery, who will promptly forward nil goods to his address. nB .i*-,c- KOH LIVKHPOOL.?Only rejrplar packet of the * Hth Novemher.?The new in tunificcijt f.nt nailing ' kMMfer packet ship JOHN R. SKI I)I)Y, burthen Itoo ton*, > ni'Uin Lute, will ml positively on Thursday, 11th of Nowin cr The accommod itioiu for cabin, secor.il cibin and steerage passengers are snpvrior to any other vesatl iu port; and a? a i.timber of li" passengers are already engaged, those desirous ill eenriiig berth* onId make early application on board, li>ut of A.aulen laue, or to S08RPH McMUHRAY. ii 7 Clin mm of I'ine M Hnuib ?ta A**; PAC KfcT SHIP IHOOKii? KKOM WfJsfV wow?'..ouiignces will ple?se send their permits JjnHttEB 0I> board, foot uf Kooxrelt street, Kast rirer, with . . All Hindi uot permitted in five day?, are lia'jle to In icut to the public store WOOUHULL &MINTURN, ?7 Soutitreet. NO t K'.K? Ml i einuns are hen bye utioaed against trusting cither n( the crew uf the picket shin Hrooksby, as no ilt bis of tlieirs will lie paid hy captain or consigners. ni r KUK LIVEKI'OOL? New Line? Ktlulsr 1'acfc. iJt?JfV et uf 26th Novembei?The new ami splendid fast jSnMa tailing packet ship HOSi llJH, Asa Klondge, masl*i. i. ,ww loatllug ami will ?ill as above, h?r ie/n at d-?y. roi freight or pt.uage having superior furnished accommort ill jus. apply ou board at Oileann wharf, foot of Wall street, otto K. K f'OLLINS, 'Jt Sonth at. The packet ship Stddons, Edward B ('nlib, master, will succeed the KiMCias, and sail ttih December, her regilar day. o47 | ' V?*??'.* "TOtt" L1VKMPOOL?The New Line?ll?nular ' Packet af 21st of N<y?etnber?Ti>e well-knowu, laat packet ihip HOTTINOUKH, lOtHl tout, ( i l l. ".I., uur.icy, will J?il ?i above, her regular d iy. f or ft t ight or paki igs, Irivmg tple-idid large Mid comfortable ?u'c momi and cabin, opyly to the Capuiu on board, at Weit iidc of Bulling rlin, or to ? VVUODHUCC k '.IINTURN, 87 South atreet The Pa.ketahu. LI VKH POOL, lJOfl Mna burthen, Captain John tOdndge, will au'ceed the Houiuguar, and Mil ou her r?iin a' dm-, tat December. "Mm KOK OL, \8?>OW.?Tna New Line laila l?t aud "th Ot each mo.ilh -The line faat ?"il>ng A 1 Britub Jifiwifabrniue H VNUKh OllU.iOO toni.C^l't. A. B. McAlli", ?i i .ml ijth November. rin freight or pu>-ge luring excellent acrommodationa, apply to the car-tnin on board, fo it ol Koaerelt at, '.nat Kiver, or to WOOOHULL ?t MINI 17UN, 87 South at. The reguUr packet ahip BHOUKSU Y, COO loua, Cai>t. Ilngh McKwen, will au ceed the ilYNDhKOKD, and ?ail on her ieuul.1' il'iy, Ut December. oWin MI* MAlifc, riutoti 1 OS III ilt'l >.R-The felt nailing. coppered aim copper laatened brig K. jHUMb Hl> SCOT T, ??, rnaater. 186 toy a. now ready to low .ipplj to I'tHHMf. Ik BKOOKS, n3 r _ _______ No. AS v aaa?o at. BOAmDINO.?A Single Otatlagiaa or two triendi c.m "be p|iaa.\utly Miua'ed lor the wiu'er in * prirate famly, where there are no b arilen or child en, have a I'm lor, Bed room, Hre.ikl'ait and Tea during the week, and dinner on Sundaya; a pleaant aituatinn in Broom itrret, near Broadway. IS. 'omi li mdaoim- y furni?h?d term* modeiate and reference'* reqa>red Ad- reaa B?t IMJ Pn?t Office. n!?1t*rrc SI :| .c.n'S WON I) f. m h I' I. I>IS OVKKY?Mrilei'a "oluiiou (or the Hair, which will ehange grev hair to ita <>n?i al color in a lew momeiita. 1 hit Dye ia differ*,t from int \ ri i.ffeipii to tne public, lieotlemen who hare been humhu.g by different hair tivet, w.ll plena io call on M'. Smk'r, and he will ahow > ou it ia no hnrahng and no way injn* ni u< to he I.a r or ?kin. Thote who dnuht ita virtnra Are rail irited i.i hare iheir hair charged before paying their money, 'il i-i '-uty of th a % IntiOil ia, the more yon wn?h it ihe iT.rk ri:g''?. To avoid people lie.up humbugged inget'inij ihi' 'Ive. it ee'wiot be had,at any other place than of Mr. bThl* k\H, No ? Coa?tle? Slip, *her? it l? aold whotaaale and r?> tail, and affiled E NE NEW Albany, Oct. 31, 1847. Tht Speech of Mr. Jthn Van Buren at Herkimer. I tranamlt. herewith, my detailed report of the speech of Mr John Van Buren at the democratic maw conTention, at Herkimer, on the 3<th of October. This report wa* made under many dlaoouragementa. Vour reporter'a tlbowa were occupied aa aeata by aeveral gentlemen, and on aaoount of the denae crowd upon the platform, it waa aim oat impoaaible to maintain my poaition at the reportera' table. Nevwrtheleaa, I congratulate myaelf that,under the niraumatanoea. the rennrtwhlnh t nnwauhmlt < VUT aocurate. It will be found to he one of the incut curious and saroastic impromptu speeches that wu ever deliver <1 in America. GREAT SPEECH OF JOHN VAN BUREN, The Favorite Grandson of New York. Ma. VAN BUREN saidKellow democrat* and fellow traitor*, [Mr. Van B. and the entire radical section of the democratic party, are styled "traitors" by the conservatives,] the democracy of this State have assembled in mass convention, to " avow their sentiments, and oonsult as to taeir future action;" and it is a novelty in the history of political aotlon that this oonduct, on their part, should be denounced as treason. The extraordinary proceedings of the Syracuse Convention) have led to this meeting; ?nd,oertainly, no oooaslon ?ou'd offer whloh more imperiously demanded it. It is claimed that the voice of the democracy of the Btata, which should have been heard at Byraeuae, expressing Ita preferences as to candidates and the principles of its faith,2ha* been 'stifled; and that individuals have been put in nomination, who, the election'for delegates showed, were not the choioe of a majority of the democratic eleotors, and that the MDtimiintfl of thu <i*m<u?rAAv In rnvtrrl tn nna e%t Mm moat Important questions ?yer presented to a free people, have been fraudulently suppressed. Under such circumstances, he is a boid.man who would assume that it if treason to the party to oall the electors together in their primary capaoity to avow their sentiments, and oonsult as to their aotion. In his judgment, a failure to do both would be treason itself. Mr. Van Buren said that he wonld not detain the convention by a particular reference to the transactions of the Syracuse Convention lie had taken some pains to lay be fore the public a minute narration of the acts of that body, and he had every reason to believe these aots were fully understood and appreciated Without going into any controverted question of fact, it was sufficient at present to say that this oonvention had unanimously oometo the conclusions which were stated in the address which they had just adopted, and in whloh he fully concurred. They were thus set forth:?The principle whloh lies at the basis, not only of the democratic faith bnt of representative republican government, is the faithful reflttfion by the representative of the will of the constituent. Unlets this principle is practically applied to our government, the system must prove a failure It is equally indispensable In the conventional action of parties: for on it are founded the associated efforts which give shape and dlreotion to the government This vital prlnolple was shamefully violated in the late Syracuse convention, and candidates who were known to be the choice of a majority of the democratic party, were deprived of a nomination by this base betrayal of ihe popular will on the part of those who were delegated to express It. Nor was thin the only abuse perpetrated. Persons without the shadow of a claim to seats in the convention, were permitted to retain scuta in it for day*, to neutralise the vote* of the regular delegates, and to esolude them eventually from the seats to whloh they were entitled. Claimants against whom undented evidence of bribery and corruption was produced, were admitted to seats. Delegates whose elooMon bad been effected by the seizure of the ballot boxe and the polling of illegal votes, were welcom e into tb convention, while others, fairly and hoi elected were expelled. A just and fair agreeun r organisation of the convention was wonto . <1 Instead of one hundred and twenty-el|.' embers, which was the whole number the countleH entitled to send, one hundred and thirty-six per* ok part in the preliminary proceeding* whloh coot the ao tlonot the body. Committee* of the mos judioed oast were appointed to pass upon the rights 01 mteet lng delegates Unjust and arbitrary decisions < <tniued their partial report*, excluding the rightful delegates; and at last the convention, thui unnatural la propor tions and dlsgraeefai in conduct, shrunk to a little more than a third of it* original site, and expired. To add that a convention thnn constituted and thus oonductlog has imposed no obligation on you by its action, is the simple announcement of the eonooded truth that the fraudulent oonduct of no man cau bind another The democratic nartv of the State, then, were left with. tn one weak of an important Htate election, without any regularly nominated candidate* for their suffrage*; and In pursuance of the objects for whloh they bad asaein bled, he should deolare bis views in regard to one of the questions now engaging the public attention, and also delineate the line of eonduot he intended to pursue The proposed extension of slavery Ito lands in wbloh it did net now exist, waa a prominent topio of public dis cusaioo. The address which they had adopted set forth fully the objections to such extension: and these ob jectiona had been ably and eloquently reinforced by the distinguiahed speakers who had preceded him (Mr Wilpaot, of Pennsylvania, and Mr Cambreleng, of Suffolk ) He should add but little to what had been already so foroibly stated. (** Go on," ,lgoon.") If, said Mr V B , anything oould add to the inherent abjections to the proposition Itself,it may be gather* d from a hasty view of the condition of the publlo mind at the present time What, said he, is the great feature of the ago In which we live ? It ia freedom and progress. The shackles in which commeroe has been bound are falling before the enlightened reason of the day. England, where the ava lam or restrictions ui nmw w?a luriiwu uj mronger interest* ud sustained by a morn nettled policy han in any other country, has recently undergone a thorough reform.?(Cheers.) The ancient political parties of that country, which have in former days divided its people, have been merged in the discussion and disposition of this suhjeot. Those distinguished leaders of opposing parties ?i'eel and Russell?have been brought by it to harmony and concert. Not Kn gland alone, but France, Austria, Holland, Belgium, and Trussia, have participated in this groat effort for commercial freedom No form of government has been exempted from the liberal opinions of the day. The cries of tarnishing millions have thundered at the walls of the Vatioan; and the Tope, so soon as he was released from the restraints of a neighboring power over iiim, has stood forth as the friend of free trade. (Tumultuous cheering). In our couutry. the tariff of 184-i has fallen before the exposure of its injustice, and been made to yield to the more liberal provisions of the existing law The great leader of the democratic party in our own State, whose early habits and position had probably Inclined him to the doctrine of protection. an'i who had been compelled by th* foroe of overruling circumstances, wholly Independent of the acts themselves, to sustain, by his vote, the tariff acts of 1828 and lS^'i, retiring from publlo life to the peaceful pursuits ot agriculture, and to the reflection and study that attend them, gave to his fellow citizens the result of that study and reflection <n tha admirable address which was read at the recent Agricultural State Kalrat Saratoga Springs?an address which was at the same time the most clear and oompact production of Mr.Wrght'spen? his most precious logaoy to posterity, and an enduring monument to his memory. Freedom of trade, then, was eminently a oharacteristio of the age, and was fast beeomiug the settled policy of the world. He would not stop la advert to the advances whioh bad been made In independence of opinion and of aotl*n; and In reference to the exUtence of human bond age, hi) would simply remind them that the Have irad * hail been declared piracy by the Christian world, sod that Oreat Britain, at an expense of jCjo 000,000. hail emancipHted the slaves in its Went India colonies Thin mi hut a glance at the position of thinus And what <111 it reveal' Freedom of trade, ol thought, of actioo, ami of mind, wan stamped in character* ot living light upon the face of the clvilU'd globe (Hear, hear, and cheer*) Wag thin a*time for the State of New York, which hail long since abolished human slavery in it* own borderr.'o invade n. froe country through the action of the general government, for which it was in part responsible; to expend its blood and treasure, in subjugating that country, and to plant upon its soli the curse of slavery? To hold a human being In bondage, to buy aud sell bin body, was and must be repuguant to the ordinary sen KibMMe* ol eve/y Intelliguo' man Whi n such a right es Idts witl la theliuitsof asoT^n Ign Statu a member of the confederacy,the constitution protect* it from ourinterferenee We had always respected tn? c institutional guaranty; hut when we are asked to go further, and asked to proi agate this evil in lands now free from it, it seemed to bim no I?m unreasonable and unjust than would be a proposition to aanlii legalise the slave trade It was abhorrent to our feelings an 1 sentiments, and evrrv principle of our nature called upon us tome i?t ami defeat *ucb a project. (Cheering) It seemed to him that a moment's reflection could satisfy our 8outh?rn brethren that the elector* of New York were unalterably oppoaed to a soheue to revolting to their education habile and feeling*, and ao dirrctly (ippoHlto to the prrvloui action of the statu itself and to the (pirit of the ago He thought tbe addrrsa adopted by the conv<:n> tion stated their views with great mildners and forbearance, when it aald: " We dose thla branch of tbe fubject by naylngto you, that the principle contained in the foregoing reaolutiona, which the Nyracuae convention refused to adopt, ia one which It la tbe duty of the New York democracy to avow and maintain, and which wa tell-ve nearly the whole olvllijed w?rld will concede aud approve; an4 we would ieape> UWly apprlae cur Southern brethren, that although our climate or diapo altion may not excite in us a warmth aud atrength of assertion ?r|ual to their own, our reaolutlon la none the leaa fixed and Immoveable.'' Out. aald Mr V. It , it with no ordinary feeling* of surprise that we have observed repeated efforta in the columns of the Wanhington Union, to prevent the assembling of Ihia convention, and to control it* action. Mr. Thomas ltlteble, the editor of the government oraan, protests against the principle we avow, and declares It to be an Interpolation into the democratic creed Mr. Rltobie was a gentleman whom he had tbe pleasure to know personally, and for wboee accomplished mannors, social disposition, personal IhteprUv. and experience and skill as a politl- 1 ral editor, he had great respect; but In hi* Judgment, Mr. Ritohie wholly mlsappr*n?n4ad the wlatlon In "kith ha itood to tb? d??oor?ey of l*tw York, when ht W YO YORK, THURSDAY MOI undertook to teach them when anil where they should asaemble, what they should nay and what they should do. (Great cheering) If they deelred a tutor In th>-ae reepec.ta. they would at leant ask the privilege of exHmining hi* quallflcationa for themaelvea The organ of the administration, during the two term' of General Jackann.and the one of hla aucceaaor. had been under the charge of Francis P. Blair Mr. Blair wag an original and forcible writer, a true democrat, and afearleaa and an hoaeat m.in. perfectly Independent in hla personal condition, free from embarraaalng connectlona of any kind, and as a natural consequence, wielded a Mt influence over public opinion The atrength and general succeaa of the demooratio party whllat be waa at the head of the democratic press of the Union, were in no inconsiderable decree owing to the Ability and atanding of Mr. Blair; and Mr. Van Buren did not And anything in the career of the party since Mr Ritnhle had taken bia place, which wag calculated to Invite an extension of the exertion* of the latter beyond bla proper sphere The political history of a few State* mlghtba referred toaa example* Arkannas. in which formerly a whig .nnl.l V, ...II., k- fnnn.l ? Wk .. /I. ...V.t.? V now sent a federal representative^ (ongresa Tonnnm-e. which immediately after the eloction of President folk elected a democratic governer. ha* reUpsed Into the arms of federalism. and that, too. after an outlay upon it of an amount of patronage which, if patronage could effect it, would have onverted Massachusetts tt?*-lf to democracy. The democracy of Ma**anbu*ett*. which in former day* exhibited a vigor, energy and cursge that aoramaiided tbe reapedt of its slater State*?whloh oould nominate Marous Morton for Governor, and run him thirteen successive year* without putting no a new man. until victory crowned their exertions in the fourteenth? now reject* absolution for freedom, and the party of progress (rapport* a"flxedfant" fur governor Pennsylvania alone, with a true deinoorat In her einculive chair?with a phlegm and courage to resist the cries for new men, and tmappalled by the threath of a dlatatorinl minority?with the author of the white man'* resolution ably and eloquently holding aloft on her *oil the banner of freedom- maintain* her ancient republican character, and Rend* to u* greeting, wlt'i one of her old fashioned democratic majnrliles (Cheer*.) There i* nothing, *aid Mr. V. B , in the condition of the republican party, under the auspice* of Mr. Ritchie, that tempt* us to *eek hi* advice or protection ? He protect* againat our refusal to extend Hlnvery, a* an interpolation of a new article into the democratic creed and apeak* of the article* of our faith a* if they coD*i*ted of a given number, adopted, as it might be.hy a synod of Dordreteh, and which could neither be Increased or diminished without reassembling the synod If tha State of New York st^od still, as do some of the State* which are lufferlng under the withering blight of slavery, the viuvriuvn ui tro ui?ui vuuipu'n our WOOItt Qaii)i3DlPO); DUl those doctrines, valuable and nhi'rlnh?d as they are. may require expansion to adapt them to tho condition of two million* and a half of freemen Inhabiting our extended territory, and challenging the ai ml ration of the liberal and humane, by the stride* they are making in the development of intellectual and physical wealth, in moral and social Improvement, and in successive reforms and revolutions of their Government itself But Mr Ritchie has before protested against interpolations in the demooratlo creed When nullification reared it* crent und threatened a dissolution of the Union, Mr. Ritchie protested against the proclamation of Andrew Jackson, pur forth to save the Union, and assisted in doprlvlng that venerable patriot of the aid of Virginia Mr V. B would not aver that all the principles contained in the proclamation, as it wa? at first understood, wer strictly orthodox ; but he should be unwilling to refuse to serve on a sheriff's posse,! because the process contained a sentiment in whloh he did not aoncur; and he should have been equally reluotant to withhold his support from a republican President and true hearted patriot, at an imminent orisis in the history of the country, hreause a critical examination of an indlspenslble public act, disclosed a possible deviation from abstract demooratln faith. The proclamation of Andrew Jackson declared aa follows:?"The laws of the United States must be executed; I have no discretionary power on the subjeot.? My duty is erapuatlcaily pronounced in the ennstltu tlon. Those who told you that you might peaceably prevent their exeoution, deceived you; they could not have deceived themselves They know that a forcible opposition could alone prevent the execution of <he 1 iws, and they knew that such opno?ltlon mustb* repell1 Their Object is disunion: but ha not danelvail h? nam disunion, by artned force, in treason Are you n-Hlly rea'ly t > incur lt? guilt? If you urn. on the heads f the inB'i'm :<irs be the dreadful conBequ?no?B; on tbeir mtads be the iilshonor; but on youra may fall the punishinuut; on y ur unhappy Stale will Inevitably f*ll the -vlls of tli conflict you force upon the government of your country It cannot accede to the project of dinuuion, of which you wonld be the flrst victims, ltn first amgistrate cannot, if bo would, avoid the performance of his duty. The consei(ueno?B muit hi fearful for you. listresslng to your fellow oltir.fta? and to the frlonua of good government throughout the world. h'fllow oitlzHiM of the United States, the threat of unhallowed disunion?the names of those onoe respected by whom It Is uttered?the srray of military foroe to support it, denote tbe approach of a crisis In our affilrs. on which the oontlnuaoce of our unexampled prosperity, our polltiual existence, und perhaps that of all free governments may depend Tbe conjuncture demtnds a free, full, and explicit enunolatlon. not only of my intentions. but of my principles of action ; and as the claim i was asserted of a right by a State to annul t li laws of tbe Union, and eveu to secede from It at pleasure, a | frank exposition of my opinions In relation to the erlgin and form of our government, and the construction I <ave to tbe Instrument by which It was created, sn-med to be proper. Having the fullest oonfldence In the justness of the legal and constitutional opinion of my Jutles.wblch have been expressed. I rely with equal eontldenceon your undivided support in my determination to execute the laws?to preserve the Union by all constitutional means?to arrest, if possible, by moderate but firm measures, the necessity of a recourse to.force; I and if It be tbe will of Hearen that the recurrence of its | Briuif viii eurxe i- roan lor tne sneiijiiig or a brother'* looii sho*ld fall upan our land, that It be not called down by any offensive act on the part of the United State* " Mr. Kltohle, after approving cordially of raneh of that paper, and hoping muoh from it* p?r*ua*ion and argument*. protested the very day he made it public, a* follws:?" We regard the right of Kooesslon in the same light aa Mr Jefferson doe* In the memorable passage we have quoted above, and we oontend that we ought to' separate from our companion* only when the aole alternative* left are the dissolution of our Union with them, or submission to a govejnment without limitation of power* ' And w? also disagree with the proclamation a* to the nature of tho federal compact, the State*, though they have transferred ?ertian *peciflo power* to the federal government, have the right to pa?* upon the manner In which they may be exerci*ed. and to interpose, an Virginia did in '09. for arresting tbe'prograM of the u*nrpa?ion.'' The objection* thu* directly made to the view* of the Prenideiit, arrested the attention of Virginia politician* Mr I Ititcble, whilst, denying tho right of nullification ; Instated on ffthat of peaceable secession?whilst re- ' fusing to North Carolina the power to declare an act I void and resist it* execution, yet claimed a right of State i interposition; whilst ooncedlng that certain specified i power* had been transferred to the federal goverument, i he claimed for the State* the right to pa** upon the manner of their exercise, and all the while himself admitted that no nuoh question necessarily arose between the United State* and South Carolina. These argument* were too subtle for ordinary anprehension. Tho proclamation bename a subject of discussion in the Virginia l,egi?lature. It was made public on the 1 Ith December. 183?, and en the 17th January. IH3J. Mr. Illtchlc announced to the demooracy of the United Stated who naw the Uhlon on the verge of dissolution and were awaiting the action of the representative* of Virginia, the progress they were making ''UTAe queitinn?'Wit cannot, (said Mr. Ritchie) 'yet e.ry out land ! land ! (Italia! Italia) Yesterday, Indeed, Mr. Brown'* resolutions wew adopted bv a mijority of one, (were much modified from their original draft?now pretermitting secession altogether, ana speaking a more pointed language against nullification ) But the question in not yet nettled They will be again taken np See . discussed one by one, ten., modified fca. No man run positively predict the denouement " (Loud laughter ) Mr. Van Buren was unable to say what preolso declarations of faith the Virginia legislature made; he recollected that Mr B \V. Leigh, an eminent wh'g of Virginia, was sent to entreat with South Carolina - a bill was Introduced Into Congr ks to sustain by force the rxeoutlon of the law*; his Impression w*? that Mr Hltchle did not sup port that bill In Sentember following Oeneral Jackson removed tho public depositee from the bank of the United State* Me believed Mr. Hitehi* did not approve that aot The election* were held In Virginia in tho spring The legislature elected In 1*33, ditrlmr the p*ndenno of these discussion* About the pro- ] cUmatlon. instructed the Senators of their State i to uks their exertions to procure the re*tor <tlon of the ! deposit.**. Mr. Rive* resigned in Kebruary IHI4, rather | than obe thege ln*traotlons Hi* official term would j have eiplrcd In March, IH83; the i<m? B Walking l.elgh w?s chosen to fill the vaear.oy Mr Rives appealed t? I 'he people, at the election In tho spring of 1*31. and was j Ueienea lim Iiiinwn vwnin'in-ii m ! ?,> . nri'i r?elected Mr I,e|gh for *1* rear* Thlawa* the denouement; nnd whatever Mr Ritchie mlubt h%v* Wn able to m?, the democracy of Virginia had no difficulty in nrylni* "land' land!" 'I h?y were hur l *t r und A leading, aMe and hitter fed?rall*t *at hy the * d?of John Tyler In the Senate of the United State*; they toother repreiwnted Virginia, and oppn?-il Hnd awaited the patriot J*ck*on ?(ch*"r*) ?they labored-to re?rora the people'* treasure to tha pi-opla'* nvint powrfol fo?; they usurped ihe power of impeachment, ami ondemn-d without a hearing .a* an u*urp*r. a champion of the people'* rinh'o and a w\r worn defender of their liber tie*; they rafu*ad even to rreord hid prote*t agalnit senatorial outran In the *?varc?t content that the republican party ever paeaed through In the war rri*l*. In the dc*perat.? and oonvuUlve datth-HragcItt of tha Bank of the United State*?tha protcnta of Mr Ritchie-? mora than all other combined. thraw Virginia. a naturally republican and patrlotio commonwealth. on tha aide of disunion and feder?ll?i?. In 1HS7, whan tha I'nlon wa* aaved. and the bank waa conquered Mr. Ritrbl* vi'ltad Wanhliigtor; and after a brief con vernation with <*anerai laoknon, became natliflad that ha had mlnnppreharded the view* of that eminent m?n. It wan to b? regretted that, tlii?> explanation bad not been nought year* before, when It might have bean followed by propltlou* connniuoncea?(TeT. r!8o applauxe ) It wa? an amuning *ei|uel to thene di*n*ter*

Again, when tha anc?e*?or of Andrew Jack* n recommended tha Independent Trea?nry Uill and tha domooratlo party de*lred to make, and did mike It an artlola of democratic faith. Mr. Ritchie again protaatad ngalnnt tba interpolation, and Virginia ngaln *?uog from her democratic mooring* und Ml Into the Hue of j oppatltlon. But whan tb* annexation of !? *>* wa? mad* by tha B*)tlmora Convention, la 1841. a t??l of j daaomoy ta4 Mr4tul artlola to tha eraedi wkea the | RR H INING, NOVEMBER 11, 1 Domination for the presidency was made to turn almost upon this single question. and the eleotion to take the Mine direction, Mr Kitohle not only made no proteat attalrat the interpolation, but he and hi* associates have denounoed ac little lew than traitors. thoae who. whatft? may be thought of the wlidom of their action, en deavored with undoubted honesty to separate this ltaue from the presidential canvass, and to lerure to Mr. folk the votea of all thoae democrats who, like themselves, doubted the propriety and jastioe oi such immediate annexation. (Loud cheers and oriea of" Hear ") These pretests, therefore, were not new to the democracy of New Vork. nor had their nature and consequences been unobserved; they would not be heed ed now; and he took the liberty of adding, as an bumble member of the l?gal profession that they were a species of foreign protests, which, by the laws of Mew York, had no validity within her limits (Lauthter and applause ) In his humble juilgtannL. Mr Ritchie. when interfering with their action, and reprimanding their conduet, had not duly reflected upon the vital importance, In all Its bearingn.of the question of extending slavery It reach- 1 ed above and beyond the party divisions of the day: be should lift his eyes from the tow path of party, and look 1 out upon the ocean of freedom; he should lay aside liia democratic jewsharp, 'and 'listen to the notes of the bugle of liberty, (lmmod-rate laughter.) He ihould drop his party pop gun, and hearken to the cheers of million* of energetio and independent mm, oonquering a country, and planting upon it nation of freemen. Acting thus, he would exhibit an elevation of purpose, and dignity of intellect qualifying him to lecture the dnmoorati of New York. (Cheers reverberated throughout the building, and Mr Van Buran paused Cries rose from all directions, begging him not to desist. He theu proceeded as if he had not been Interrupted ) Mr V B then alluded to other grounds of opposition. It had been suggested by a Southern statesman that it waa unconstitutional to prohibit slavery in newly acquired territory Thia suggestion, and the grounds on which It rested, necessarily denied the constitutionality of the. ordinance of 1789, and the so oalled Missouri compromise. It waa unworthy of a serious refutation Mr V B commented further on this position, and added : we haTe followed these Southern lights to the verge of the constitution If we pursue these Will o'the Wisps?(laughter) ?further, we are in danger of being inned, and irreeover ably lost For himself, be should rather be guided by the light of civilisation, by the llgbt of humanity, the light of freedom; in a word, if he might b? pardoned the figure, by the Northern lights (Loud laughter ) But. said Mr. Van Buren, we are charged with aotlng with the whig*. He had not observed that th? Southern democrats had alarmed Mr. Ritchie. by acting with th? whi ?n on thia question; the democrat* of Alabama. Oeorgii, und South Carolina, had not been reproved for this course, according to his recollection Mr Ritchlecommeuded this fraternisation In Virginia. Why was (Ml unity of geutim tnt on the part of democrats of New York, not only with the whigs. but with the civilised world, so vexations to Mr Rltohle! He submitted with great respeot. that Mr Rltohle should, at least, extend to the New York democracy the same credit for sincerity and Integrity, when they resisted the extension to free soil of the trafflo in human flesh, as he claimed for himself when he faltered and fell from the side of Jackson, in his struggle to preserve the Union and to protect the people from the bank, or when he resisted and opposed his successor in his efforts to remove the people's treasury from stock jobbers and money changers, and to deolare and establish it Mr. llltoble'a past life should admonish him to be indulgent towards those who act with the whigs (Hear, hear ) But Mr. Ritehle wasnot the only editor who recoiled from the Idea of acting with the whigs. Mr Kdwla Crosswell, of the Albany . Irgus, had taken fright at the same spectre. How did Mr. Croswell stand on this pnlntr Did Mr. Croswell aot with the whig* against Silas Wright.' (Yet, yes) Did he act with the anti-renters, and seoure the nomination by them of lohn Young? (He did, he did) Did he send Samuel Strong, a whig, as a delegate to nominate offlcers for Uor Wright to appoint? L)id he hire Strong this fall to carry the Ginth ward caucus? Strong, a whig, a resident of u different ward and another assembly district Let Strong's affidavit answer: Jtlhany county, u ?Samuel Strong, being duly sworn, deposeth and satth, that he resides la the Tenth Ward in the oity oi Albany ; that he koows Kdwln Croswell, the senior editor of the Albany Jlrgui. That several tiruos during the past week, he received messages from the said Croswell, through James R Rose and others, requesting an interview with this deponent That on Wednesday last, he waa requested by said Rose to meet Mr. Croswell at the ofHoe of Rufus W. Peckham, Ksq . on that day at .1 o'clock, P. M. That he went to said offiie. at such time, and there met Ldwin Croswell, Hu fu? W Peckham, and others A. hint was given to Mr. Peckham. and he smiled and left the oflloe, the others remaining Mr . Croswell then commenced a oonversa tion with thin disponent In rotation to the meeting to be held at the Ninth Ward the next evening. Unsaid that ' thay (meaning the Argut section of the democratic party,) would have the State Convention, and that this would be the end of the btrnDurners that he " wanted to carry the Ninth Ward -he wonld rather oarrytbat than any other ward In the olty ; and that hit wliihed thin deponent to assist him In doing go " " The ward inu?t be carried, no matter at what oast." lie then iaid that " he had a roll of one dollar bill* In hie pocket " which he handed this deponent, and which thlsdeponent found afterward* to contain twenty dollar* He then said that " thin deponent muet see Perry the next morning, and there would be more funds provided." He further iaid " that Mr Sherman (Watte Sherman, Khij ,) intended to Uothiolze hie home In Washington street, and that he had already spoken to him on-the subject, and that thin deponent should have ihe contract for doing the same. That It would take two yean to do the work, and that this deponent should do the same by day labor " Mr. Croswell then asked one of the persons present, " how muoh this deponent should pay the men for attending the meeting " lie replied that he supposed about fifty oents a piece Mr Croswell then said that he (this deponent) "could get them from any part of tha city; it made no difference only they must bo there in time and have the room blocked up. He told this deponent "to get the key and keep it looked, to prevent others from getting in." Mr. Croswell and the defendent then conversed about the mann?r of eonduotlng the business of said meeting; agreed that Mr. Hiram Perry should be chairman, ke.. be. This deponent then said to Mr. Croswell, " suppose John Van Huren gets speaking again?" Croswell replied," I will takaoare of that?we will have no speaking to-morrow night ?I told you (this deponent) to pull him down at the other meeting." This deponent and Mr. Croswell conversed further in relation to hiring musio, Stc , it.".. And farther thin deponent Mlth not HAMUKL STRONG. Sworn before me the 'iHth d*y of September. 1?47. J. M. 8KTTM0, Com'r. Deeds " The fact* ?1k>t? stated, disgraceful as they were, Mr f.roswell nerer dnr?d to deny. If he should, Mr. Van Huron would products a witness whom Mr Croswell little expected, and who would satisfy Mr. C. that for the se cond. and wont, time, " we had caught our foot in the Krating " (Voclferom laughter ) If It was regular to act with the whig* by hiring the leaders at ('20 a head, aud the rank and Me at Ml cent*, gratultory association* could not be irregular. If th? close nfllllatlon and concert which, by whig force, locked, packed and blocked the democratic committee room*, and excluded the electors from their own meeting, silencing their (peakers. win democratic, a coincidence of sentiment on a single point could not he censurable If the usages autho-he 1 the letting of a neighbor's bouse, to be Ontheclsed, for two years, by day* work, as a consideration for whig Kelo. thev would not forbid an agreement on a ilnvle great principle, which ?u founded on no aontract or ji b (Laughter ) The charge of acting with the whig* whs well Q*laulit?il to alarm republicans; it properly ahould; for nine tlmea out of ten those who acted with the whig* acted wrong But there had been occaalona when the whlga had come to the aid of the democrat*, without the surrender of prlnclplo on either side, and with signal advantage to the country. Such waa the aid given to Uen. Jackaon, rebuking diaunlon, and enforcing the law*. Such wa* the aaiii*tanRe rendered to Michael Huffman, William C. Craln, and their aaanoiate*, in calling a convention to amend the constitution. In remodelling that lnatiument, and In making It the organic law of the State Such wag the aupport given to D.tvid Wllmot, and hia asaoolatev on the lloor of Conitrera. and to Albert heater, and hi* aaeociate*, in the State legislature, in the noble enterprlaeof conaecrating free soil to freedom. And If the great prlnoiplea at stake were to he overlooked, and party consequence* alone were to be oonaldered, who, among ua, w*a prepared to aay, In the face of paat experience, in till* State, that tho great demooratlc party of New York, to which we oan alone lock for thorough reform to eventual aafaty. was not Invigorated, and by theae anoeaatona ? Look, aald Mr. Van Buren, at Western New York, borne down by anti-masonry; the democrat* of Krle, Niagara. Monroe, Ontario, Wyoming and Livingston, were afrnggllng in nilnorltle*, ranging from Mil to .1000 croaker*, who were unwilling to give the oholo* of Judge, snrog ilea and district attorney to the people of the several counties. and predicted the perpetual exclusion of demr. from ofllje How were lb* prediction* vr-ifled' The (list election under the new ?onstltat|i>d gave democratic judg?? to Niagara and Monroe, (the election in LlvIrgaton wan contested;) democratic di*triot attorney* to Wyoming > u i \jiniiu ki ib -ufiuuonvm r.rm rifta made a clf?M> sweep. stepping at a tingle s'.ride from a minoil'y of 1000 aud upward*, to a found radical majority on the entire ticket; and Buffalo-the Quean city of Weat?rn New York-had united In swelling the tide of democratic victory These result* were noble justifications of unhesitating reliance on the popular intelligence No party Dad e*(-ryet been found rapacious " ooiit<h to swhIIow the democratic party ; It was only nacesrary boldly to aT.iw the principles by wblob it could be Identified, and fearlessly put forward Its true men as their representatives. and ultimate sunoeM wax certain. He trnated that a Utile reflection would satisfy those wbo were handing him oyer to the tender merclss of the wblgs, that ha was not acting with the preoioltanoy or recklewiness they imagined; and that the editor who sought t<> make a whig of hlw. would be more likely to end by making an ass of himself! (Sardonlo laughter ) He could not consent to abandon a position he knew to be ju?t, because whlgi saw fit to flock to the s:itne standard, any more than he would fly from the face of the Mexicans, because ha aaw a whig reinforce- , incnt wheeling Into his line He was not child enou?h to be frightened from the path that duty and honor nailed upon him to take, by haying a dry nurse tell him there was a whig spook upon It. (Laughter ) Out, said Mr V B , we are charged with hostility to the war. and called upon to suppress oar opinions, and support the Hyracuse ticket.In order to secure the prosecution of the war. He fait the forre of these appeal* last fall, when members ot Con grass were to be fleeted Bat conserratlye tjeachery than not only struck down Silas Wright, tput with him all but ten members rf rnngrees from this St*t* The approaching State elee'lon bad no eonnec U.'D with tha conduct cf th" war It ??? unwise as w?!l as unjust, to assume that the honor of dsfsodloa th# country belonged ?*alu?lTaly to dsBiosrats It lain* j [ERAJ 847. .hat dow. as heretoftre, a cry ha<l cone forth from the li lame quarter wh?noe H proceeded In th* gloom of the p ?t" war. rallying the whig party at thia crisis ! igalnst the administration and against the country. b I'he " peace party in war and the war party In p )eace." were again seeking to make themsalTes felt, by b withholding supplies from our gallant army, aad b sailing back our troops to an inglorious retreat. This 1] ippeal would meet with an indignant rejection, and ha n lid not believe a district in the State of New York ti would nend a representative (if an election were then tl pending) to sanction a oourse so dishonorable and an- .V patriotic Our citizens were all but unanimously in fa- t< ror of pros?-cuting:the war with even greater rigor, and c Lhus securing an honorable pesue. In the mean time, o It was folly to deny that now, aa iujprerloas uonteata, h gallant men from among our polltloal opponents were h rushing to the defenoe of the country, mingling their a blood and laying down their lires with democrats? tl (Cheers 1 The honors of Buen& Vista were Mhareil u tl well by the whig Taylor as the democrat Wool; the ac Ci aomplisbed whtijB, Cadwallader and Patterson, (recently ? appointed by Pretident Polk,) and the tru? democrat* ?! and gallant officers, Shields, Pierce and Tempi*, o were equally ornament* of the army. The con- ? quest of the city 4f Mexico conferred glory alike na p the whig Scott and the democrat Worth. Oo (said * Mr. Van Bureo) to Yorktown and Saratoga, (.'hip- o pewa and Cundy's Lame, and examine the bloody b he'gbts of Monterey, end the crimson fields of Chvru- h bunco aud Mexico, and he Imagined a oareful analysis would deteot, in each and all of theie consecrated battle ground*, some spot* of pure whig blood. (Cheers ) The t courageous whig*. Ringgold and Butler, perUhed in the I game campaign with the lamented denuoraU, Morrli n and Van Olinda. Side by Hide with the devoted demo- r crats, Yell and Harding, fell the distinguished Clay, and 1 he must forget hi* patriotism, and shrink oraven-like from the aaaertion of truth, who, in the face of theae faute, claimed for democrats the entire glory of defending the country and ita honor in contests with foreign foes (Cheers ) Kor himself, it was sufficient to know that the country was engaged In war. and that our troops were in a foreign land, surrounded by enemies lie stopped not to inquire Into the causes of the war. While It raged, he desired to see the entire power of the nation devoted to its vigorous prosecution; and when it was ended, tbetdemocracy of New York would agree, as they now do, tnat any conqneat may be made except a conquest over freedom (Cheers ) There was nothing he would nnt drt to iriwtt aid anil In lh? ?*??? oution of the war. The animated appeal* to others la the Albany Jirgut h*d led him to believe that Mr. CrosireU himself might be of service in .Mexico (Laaghter ) If Mr. Croswell would apply for a commission, be (Mr Van fiuren) would sign his recommendation. If Mr. Croswell would assail the Mexicans with the same furj that he had shown towards leading republicans, he should oousider much had been accomplished (Cheers ) If he would assault the Mexloans with the lame venom that he had directed agalnnt the Independent and deserving democrats who had signed the call uuder which they had here assembled, he should feel that great progress had been made. (Cheers ) And if he would bring Pie same address, activity, and malignity to bear, for thedestruotlenof the great Mexican leader, Santa Anna, tint he combined for the prostration of the great leader of the American domooraoy, Silas YVright, he should con sider the war ended as soon as he enlisted. (Laughter.) But to achieve this consummation, he must first join the Mexicans, and then betray them ? [Laughter aud cheers ] Mr. Van Uuren bad beeu charged with giving Mr. Croswell t to much importance. Fellow citizens, said he, you cannot add to the consequence of a man who oauld drive from publlo lire into retirement, it not to the grave, a pure,disinterested and eminent statesm an, like Silas Wright. Nothing was gained by underrating an enemy; and low as he,might estimate Mr. Croswell's veracity, integrity or democracy, he had the htghrst opinion of his energy, cunning aud ability, lie was the brains of the conservative concern, and thousands of honest democrats were dally deoelved and misled by him. The Jlrgui was a most insidious and fatal ene uiy to the cherished men and precious prlnoiples of the deiaooratio party, aud a concerted and systematic effort should bn mad* to stop the circulation of that paper auioogHt democrats, and drive its wily and unscrupulous -Jitor out ol' the Hi ate, or into the federal rank*, where be would be harmlexx This should be the constant and sealous Ubor of every true dtinoorat. Its importanoe was conceded by the eminent And experienced republicans ef the Htale, dud in effeoting it, we should h*ve their approval t nil co-operation It might be supposed that these suggestions were dictated, by the continual Attacks^ of wtiloh he had himself been the object. lie assured his irlends it was not eo The open assaults of the .l>*m were harnilea*, nay, beneficial It waa it* false and treacherous friendship that was fatal Besides, he was not, and by his own wish, never would bo a candidate for office His hopes of itistlnctlon or emolument were centered In the pursuits of a profession, agreeable to hli feelings, and indispensable to his support. But if he were the most ambitious public man living, he should Invite a oontinuance of the .Imut on himself If exhausted ingenuity, or maiiguity, or ftUigued exertion should cause them to lull, he should offer the never falling Inducement of a pecuniary reward, far greater tban could be derived i Irom printing legal advertisements for nothing, ] to proTunt their suspension. lit* should desire the calumny to punua him till.death, (if the Jlrgu< anil .Mr Croswell lasted *o long) and then, perhaps, ibe columns of thii .'It tut would be olad in deep sable, and a notloe of him, written by the senior editor, would appear so euloglstio tbat it was almost a temptation to die (or it. U-*ughter ) Such a display would not exceed in skill a memorable instance that might be olted. Mr. Van Buren laid he had been charged wlto acting under a fueling growing out of the action of the Baltimore convent'on This was an entire error. That convention presented principles which he could support, and although thousands sustained Mr. folk with more ability, and wielded In his tavor vastly more Influence, he ap pealed to all who wern familiar with the last Presidential contest to say, whether any one manifested more teal, activity and industry, in behalf of tbe republican party, at that time, than himself. The extraordinary manifestat ion of oonfldence and regard from the democracy of the Union, whieh Induced the choice of a majority of .11 >... ,1 ..I.to . n|||?n nt V?? Vn>l. of thun Instructed to support him against the competition of a?7eral eminent and popular republiaana, inipreaaad on hia heart a deep aenae of gratitude to the democracy of the Union, which no coaduot of the delegates themaelvei could efface. With tho democratic party true to the core, their candidate understood to lie disconnected with fraud and alao true, and with their principle! boldly avowed, he never could and never hould heaitate to give thein and him a oordial aupport Leant of all, win he capable of nuraing aecret animoaities for yeara, to allacharga at them,with blind fury.on.tbe bead* of Innocent men ! H?? was not now engaged" in President-making. To punlah fraud and to real/it the extension of slavery. were objeeta higher than the designation of individuala to All public offices and receive atipulated wagea. (Renewed chearlng ) An important Mtate election waa juat at hand, and we were assembled to avow our prinolplea, and conault aa to our action; the former had already been done in an iddress and reaolutlona, aud with tho frankness that belonged to democratic intercourse, he should participate; In the latter a Slate convention bad !>?wn called to assemble on the-J'id of February, and to aend aa dt lugatea to a national convention; of thla he cordially approved It wos the uaual and proper mode, and ol preeminent importance at thla time, when a ayatematlo eltort ia making to proatrata the Htate, and bind It in thla era of freedom, a uaptive to the car of alavery. If their brethren In eonvent ion, dealred to know before nominating a prealdent the views and wiahaa of the New York democtftcy, thoae|delegaten would not be reacted; if they were, those viewa and wlahea would be communicated atthepolla. The addreaa and reaolutioua declared the ac'.ion of the Hyracuae Convention to be fraudulent, and not binding. Of oouraa It left every democrat free to aupport the ticket, or not, aa he deemed juat. He coucurred with the addreaa and reaolutlona in looking mainly fur the aecurity of the l.ommonweaith to the restrictions and aafeguarda of the new ooDBtltutloD. That instrument deaervnd the eulogiums that had been bestowed on It It m our aheetauchor of aafetjr now. Ila did not deaire to Influence tb? xction of a single elector A vote witnheld from the Syracuse tlcket^contributed no much to the auecaaa of the party to which they were all oppoead K.ach elector waa capable of determining for hiinaeif tha uourae tt waa hm duty to pursue. Ila waa aura they would all dlacharge tha high duly intelligently, fearleaaly, and patrtotlealiy (Cries " we will.') Having fully determined htinaelf what h? should do, hn did not feel at liberty to withhold from them that determination. Ii? ahoujd not vote the Syracuse ticket. He alx uld not vote It, beaauae it waa put In nomination by fraud, and be f?|> that r>y voting it, he should sanction that fraud It seemed to him Important that the dlatinmlon ihould bo lrarned l>y thoae who made it a business to paak nonventioua, between a fraudulent nominal on and a le^al election He ahould not vote It, beaaUKe it wi? not regular He attached great value to the uaagea <>t the party, and had aiwoya voted the regularly nominated ilMHMUlt UlM without a (oratflh-when thare was ouo Ho Important I did he deem thwa uaagea, that If the .Syracuse t'.eket had been regularly nominated, ba should have ramie it a matter of auxloua* luijUiry how far resistance wa?juni liable, when u*.igna overrode prinrlplea But tha fiyraouae lloket wai Irr. gultr l-heatlng w.? no uaa,;a ol the | party (< beers) He ahould not vot" It. because ide can- j didatea were not the choiue of a majority of the dem ,or.cy of the state aa th? proceedings of the convention to send delegates to hyruoiKe fhowej, and in regard to the nomination for Comptroller, those familiar with the demooraiin sentiment, ku' w that the mlarepreaentatlon of it, waa more iiltring than the liat indicated He ?ii ..?? m.,tm it. because tha convention whick ure-ented It suppressed ih? unanimous voice of the drmoeracy of the Stat*. In opposition to tha axum luu of slavery to free soil, by foroa (tJreat oheers ) I'hut suppression Is looked upon In and out of tha Ntate as the < x press Ion of the advocacy bj thy democracy of New Vork.of such extension ; and the election ofih? ticket ts evidently to be ruined, a* a verdict 4*11 tut freedom.'I Kor rend ring such a verdict he never should ' vote " If thin is treason, (Mid Mr V. 1J . lb the Ian- 1 guage of an American orator and patriot,) " make the 1 oft of it." ('livers) The consafaanca mintrntoo the Iin4< of those who placed the demooratla part/ in 1 nucha position. Air. Van Buren was w 11 nw.?re that open declarations were not the inMit effectual 1 1 mode of defaatlng the (Syracuse ticket lie might have ' remained silent aUogatber, or. he might have been 1 abeent from Albany on elantlon day, or. he might hare toted for Hungarlord. for senator (Hymptoms of in- # dtgnatlon In the multitude) He nhosnto do neither 1 Undoubtedly, the course pursued by the conservatives | 1 laet fall, wae moat sura to b? fatal Tht y publicly pra- , 1 tensed to support (lov. Wright, publicly urged others , 1 to do I he aatne, and th>in seerxtly votad atalnet. him. and ' | u?'d every moans lWn?rabl? or other, to defeat him 1 This ws* n*rtaln dea'b T'i" 'jed'di'e wm* tin! r way rrj icl g, uaaontalous ol uao<>r. aud ???en h.? boay wm found daad at tb? closing 'f the p?lN It was ^ 1 LD. Prte* Two 6mM. inttnaaible t?? rtn 1 jot bit he came to hi* Bad, or t> untfh his aai mlm |{a would not emulate thla amluot On th? tl?k?t prwtaU'l it Sfrtituu ha ra'miin>ered the nuu? of no m to nctiai* wh >m ha M". kir ?raonal unklndnas* Thera warn nararal fjr whim h lad oheriahed a wirn ran*r 1 whlah ha hvl raaeone ti Here warn raoiprocated It aaaanj to him fair. m%n f. and honorablM to appri/.i th?tn of thMr dtni{ar; it otifr them that they ral<ht ba dlsappolnta I in expaniln* upport,and thin to ni?<? than an opportunity to m?ka hoee extraordinary exertion* nawmry for thilr ?uj.?es? Ir V B Id, that while ha would n >?. ur*a%uy oaa not u ?ote thu Hymr.uw ticket, hj h td fn-in 11 (trua damv rata) whom ha should b? unwillin< to mjn t to perm utlon. He should advise those who wars doct^ri, aid ad conaerratir* patient*?thotn who ware lawyers, and ad conservative client*?those who wara la-nhnt*. nd sold ware* to conaerTatlTe omtocao-i to rota thicket. ( ' Well, we will.'') else they would ho ground to lif earth. Ma knew tha oons <rvitl?e oread and at thU rial* It was peculiarly app'oprlate th?t_tho?a who were id piloting niao* aiavary oo a roraiga let* ion, houTd ooneutnmita their objeot by nnalarlag the derm ratio whitea In conclusion, Mr. V. B ?iia ha wan war# that a flefoe pulicieal eorm waa rating? that the olitloal *?i *?.< rolling iu>incaiin higb; bat he bad n undoubtlnc condition of tb? narreotnasa of hi* ouree. and be thought ha aaw a spirit of jmtlce and IIerty walking upon th* watara, reaohlng out it* armt to ill eupport, laying, " Ba of g >od cheer, It la I?b? not fraid" When Mr. Vau Bureo hal oonulu lad. tba vast multiple aaam 'd to be agitated, like the " politlaal m" which ib bad juat deeoribed, and mighty and apontaaaoua bout* aftxr abouta burat from tba throat* of tba ,admlIng throng. No axpraaalon of popular fueling oottld iaTn b?an mora daeldad, or mora lUNlme Aliasv, NOV. I, IM7. A Stu> lit til in PamHimtm nm- JVilmol ft* ffta Prttidtncy and Qrttliy tkt Kiea. The raoant political revolution In thla Stat* tea overwhelmed tba hunkera with daapair, and axullatf boundlea* hnpna In the barnburnere. While tba on* la utterly prnet rate and powerlee*. the otbar tnuSn the br*aae Ilk* the young horae lat looaa to play, ready to daah over th? plain with unbounded Impulae. The hunker* know not, obviously, what to do ; and old and able tacticians, ? they undoubtedly are, they seem unable to extricate theuiHel ves from the *mh than hopeless atate In whleh they have been thrown. Where are they to go! What Is to become of them ? are questions whleh meet one on every aide. That the nui, nay, that any considerable portion of the democratie party, will adhere to tholr fallen fortunes, Is Idle. Why ahould they ' What principles did they avow at Syracuse ? None whloh are not deemed nettled by the country. The bank, the independent treasury. the tariff?it ia not aoppoaed that the whig party will be ao infatuated aa to attempt to revive them What did they advance as rallying point* for future confllot ? Nothing Conservatism at Syraouae, like couservatiam throughout the world, holdato the reprea?ive doctrine of "stand atiU ' society haa advanced enough, and ia Incapable of further developemeat.'' It require* no depth of political aagaoity to predict that with aucb vie we the race of hunkerlam ia run?thatr ran la net, never again to emerge above the horiion . But the burnera ;.the fierce, the reeolute. the bold, the manly, the radloal, the young indomitable democracy, what ia their deatloy ? and where, and how, and when will they direct their Irrepressible energlee in the great day of their triumph and their power. Let the Herkimer convention anawer. Free trade, free toll, free Ben, and free apeeoh, are the watchwords, and will benoeforth be the rallying ahouta of this formidable party; mm! if It ehall evince the requisite tact and discretion, It bids lair, even at the nest election, to annihilate all the old parties and their leaders. Hut tt tbey bat* hi pn?uipUH about which to rally, where are they te find a proper standard bearer ' Who Is to supply the place of Silas Wright-upon whose shoulders may his great mantle fall ? L.et me relate an incident by way of answering these questions. Happening In at Raby'a City Hall Coffee House, a few days since, I heard the following conversation between a hunker and a burner :? Hunker?'- Well, barnourner, bow do yoa feel slnoe yon have joined tbe whlgs?'1 Burner?" Pretty well: about as well as you did a year ago when you joined tnam to <M?at Silas Wright." A pause?hunker dlsoonoerted Hunker? -You are prepared. I suppose, now to go In and make Clay President?" Barnburner?" No, sir, we leave Henry ('lay to the whlgs. the conservatives, and their natural allies, the u a progressiva slaveholders We go for freedom and free trade, and freedom's champion We go for the North, since the Mouth baa mad* the question. We go for the North against tbeSouth. We go for David Wilmot, of Pennsylvania, for PiMkUst?tbe father of the Wilmot proviso?the only snpportar (in Congress; from Pennsylvania, of tbe tariff of IMsfor David Wilmot, who is Idsntltted with tb* (rant and glorious Herkimer movement?David Wilmot tbe manly representative of the progressive and fear lea* democracy of the North." The bunker m slUnoed? not another word was said. The Idea Hashed noon me at ouoe, as It seemed to have dona upon lb* bunker, strlkln; him, as It war*, dumb?tb* de?o?ra*y Lave fouul a standard bearer But is WUmot worthy, Is be safe and sound and tru* ? Has he lb* requisite firm liens, and 1s he covered over with honMty as with a shield ' If these questions shall be am wared aSraatlvely?and judging of the man by tho light In whtoh b* hui been exhibited, it may be safely afUrmed that they may?where Is tbe Northern man who can rally so pow*r ful i% support T What will Mr. Polk say to this new aspirant ? What will father Ritchie say ' And Mr. Buchanan, will ha not, like Ntobe,be all t?a-s, that he made suah an am of btaeelf us to dUsard the proviso, and went In lor that antedeluvmn humbug, the vllesourl compromise ' And yeu, monsieur editor of the tltrald, tor your opinions are given without partiality, and with broad and s'atesmanliku views .of the subject, what think yru of the position of political partlea. and what think yon of David Wilmot In connection with the next Pr*ad*n?y, and Horace Ureeldy his Vic* ' Suppose the democracy of the North present this young and unhackneyed man for the suffrages of the toiling millions, for wbos* stout *?" ?* ?'* -*"1 ? *? l>aa la atrivinif ?A mu.tnLA.ln the free soil of this great continent free-will they respond to the presentation!? 1 have men/ other subjects whioh I should like to touch upon, but must defer them for another letter. _ VIATOH AI.saut, NOT. 8, 1847 . Iffairi in lite Lrgiilaturr. An extraordinary itate of affairs exlstsat the capital. Thf public business I* entirely neglected, and Important law*, which would materially affect the interest* of thou Mnds of the oltimns of thin State, fire lyln( upon the table* of the two House*. becau*e It I* utterly impossible to compel, or procure In any manner, the attendane? of a quorum (or oon?titutlonal majority) ol member* of either house. Without a quorum, no bill eaa become a law. The Legislature cannot even adjourn tine dtt, and the publio business must be entirely suspended until the honorable members deign to attend to their duties. Kor crural weeks neither house ha* been able to procure a quorum. Before the late rnoeaa, the rierk of the Senate wu Inatrueiea to command uie aitenuanoe 01 nenaiorf, but It wa? of n? avail; tha authority of the .Senate wan disregarded The patience of the raembarn who mra not unmindful of their publle obligation*, baa at last become entirely exhausted. and I cannot bat foci 4lad to announce that maaauraa of a ntrlngant character har> bean adopted by both houtwa to aaoura th? at tendance of member* Cpon tha meeting of thn two houa?|) tbl* morning, what la tcchnloally atyled " a nail , of tha liouaa," was ordered by both, lit tha Senate, the nail wan moved by Mr Kmiuona I append a llat of th* s-uator* who ara abaent, and who pernint In remaining absent ; ? MeMra Clark, Uurnham, Dannlaton, Hall. Hard. .John son. Jonen. Hanford, Sedgwick, Spencer, Wheeler, Wll llama, Young. Ueach?14. These ara ihu abaeutees , the Seriate balng oompoeed <>f thirty-two Senators. (and two Senator* having raxigned) it wlil bn perceived that It la neceamry that it portion of tha absentee* should be pre-ent. la order to form a quorum Tha Hnnate nat or.lorad tha Sergeent-at-Ari* (Mr fry ant to personally require tha attendance of the above named intatari, with tha rxception of Meafri Sedgwick nni folinaon, who are alok, and who have kreu ercuaed Mr Voting baa not keen lu hi* neat thin aeaalon. Musts Uracil, Hard, and loues. hava hitherto kg vary fmnc ?,ual in thtir attendance. Tha House baa been flitting with oloiad doorn uearly nil 'lay; they r maln-'d nlnaed up to tho hone of adjourn want, and the call bring still pending, tbay will b? ?l"ard Immediately after the House ass?"tbles t"??norr?ar morning 1'he following la a llat of tha absent member* ef th" House .? Meaara Adams, Allaban. Ailing Atwatrr Hakar, Par b?r, Barstow. Bell, Bl**a, Bowie. IJurnell. Hutrlik, ( andee, t arpeutler. Chapman, Crockrr, < roaby, Crowley, Daniel*. l)?vls Davison, Develln. Divan, heart. human#. Kenno, Kiandrrt, Knllar. tJonJd, tiray, T. (trean Uregory, Hadley, Haaton. Hodgson. Howe, Hunter, kayaar, I.tain. Mark*. McDoual, Mnharien, McNamara McWbortar, I) .Vloora, S Moore. Morgan. Perkln*. Pottle. M. i'ratt. Kapler. Russell. Jtutberford. Saga. Shaw, Mhet man. Sickles. Skeela, Taylor, TreadwalT, I uham. Van Valkenburgh. Walsh, wataon. Warden Wright, (ra >l<rn?>l I Present, til. abaent, titi < ont.iJer*i>lM conntiTnatlou wm cumd in tb? Houa* to-day. by ib? announcement that th<* eapltol wag on Iter, out the lire, which iu la the flooring or lb* A* uil'ljr cbnuibvr, ww noon arretted Army Intelligence. We It-am that, SUroT?r Lai authority t > rairo a -ompany ol art iliery iu tuu city Hcvetal flt?t iat m? n ii??? already aurolled ? Cincinnati Cotamr rciel. nih (?#' Boat Buildiso.?Illinois Canal.?Tin Chi ago Journal utat-a that ooualderatiln praparation I' nailing at that plan*. I.ookport. lolM and Ottawa. ft?r ha building of boata lor the lUlnoia Canal. Tha dinmalona of the look* are 110 by |H fart, which will ad mthoauof anffleiant rapacity to natltjate to may ort* on tha lake, and through Ohio an I MMiaalpp l?er,? wlt.h aaf-ty Al *n. k- Aii.WaRa ? i ??r > * H'fo" , kfee 1M lu?t , I?l>4 to faa '< i rt< rahurj ' '

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