Newspaper of The New York Herald, 18 Kasım 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 18 Kasım 1847 Page 2
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* til al houjh disabled. for a time. by a wound received <1 iriu< tb< d?r, he sup-triu'euded during the whols u'.,?V.. tin er i jtioa of t? > bt',t?ri?4 w ithln the g-tri'a for our h??vy nans, aid a br-<ittvork on oar right for 1 nfmfy. w ilih with hi* adrift, ! Ual dv.ermlutd to oonf'rait By thi indefatigable nuir^j ot' tny acting assl*tint ulja'aa* it-xiarU (.leu'eaant Lovell; uiy volunteer nil. C?D*.?ln (i T M D?vU, and Lieutenant H Brown. 31 artill *tj, the land bags a-id ammunition were procured ; Lieutenant B (?or?i*rd iwut?d by Lieutenant Coupe, directing the construction of on? battery in per iij. a n 1 Lieutenant W H. Wood, SI infantry, tie other Before the dawn of day. by the persevering exertloas of Captain* Kalrohild and Taylur, of the New York r>'gi uieut, who dir?oted the working parties, the p\rnpith w ere completed, aod 24 pouader. an 18 pounder and 8- inch hovitser. placed in battery by Captain sj'eptoe. 3d artillery; who, to my great satisfaction, had rejoined >n j oommand in the evening The heavy labor required to oi usrruct th< sa formidable batteries. under th.-very gan* of the citadel, wai performed with the ' UtaoU o^ieerfulness by the gallant men whose strong ' &r:n* and stout hearts ha<l already beta tested in two j * days of peril aod toil During the nUht, while a' the trenhoes. Brigadier O-'naral Pierce ? ano of whose regiments (the 9th in- j fantry) had Joinid my column duriuj the day?reported | to ma in perKon lie waa instructs i to place that rawment in resorve at th? battery in rear for the protection of St-tptte's ligat battery aid the ammunition at tDat point The Ueneral has my thanks for bis prompt at- l teution to these orders . , , At uawn of day on the 11th, when t-apt Steptoe was preparing bla heavy m stiles, a white flag . ? oltad?l. the bearers of which InviUd me to tak?p poaiihs ( BioQ of thin fortrnMS and g*** fcha int?lligaoc? that th* city had be?o ab?odoo*<i l'J 5! i r,rm. \f? ?hni? rtomm*Dd was immediately ordarud J uud.ir ami By their owu r#quwt, LibiUjiudw L?o***ii anil tfb&uri'Kird were w-Uoriietl to g'^to the cltidtl, In iiiItaiicj to ascertain tbo tru'hof tui information ^ At a hi^oal from tue rmnpart*. ia? column, General Smith'* l>n ?da iu frout, and th? South Carolina regiment loft in girri?>o at tba garit.i marahed iuto the c ttdei Haviug tali-n pos<etMiou of thin work, in which we found 1 > piece* ct cannon mounted. end as many not up, with the -xteusifo military armament* whloh it contained, lite Penn*ylrania regiment was left to garrison It Understanding that greet depredations wer? going on in the palace end public building*. 1 moved the oolumn In that direction in the tame order, followed by (Japt NCvptoe'a liifht battery, through the prlnoipal street*, into'he great Plata, where It waa formed lu front of tbe National Palace Capt Robert*, of the rifle regiment. who had led the advance company of the storming party *t Chapultepeo, and had greatly distinguished himnuif during tbe preceding day, was detailed by me to plant the star xpaugled banner of our oountry upon th-X uional Palaoe. Tbe flag, the first strange banner which had ever waved over that palaoe since tbe contruest of Cortaa, was displayed and saluted with enthu ia*m by the whole command. Tbe palaoe, already crowded with Mexican thieves and robbers, was placed ! In charge of Lieut. Col. Watson, with his battalion of marine*. By his aotive exertions, It was soon cleared ami guarded from further spoliation. 1 Ou our first arrival In the plasa, Lieut Beauregard was deupatohed to report the facts to the General-in-ohief. who wa* expected to enter the city by the Alameda,with ( j tie column under Ueneral Worth About S o'clock tbe Ueneral.in-ohirf urrl/i .1 i'i the plasa. and was received j and greeted with enthusiasm by the troops. The populaoe, who had begun to be turbulent immediately after * | our arrival in the pluza, appeared for a time to be ohecked; but. in one hour afterwards, as our troops be- c Ran to disperse for quarter*, they were fired upon from 1 tbe tops cf tbe houses and windows. This continued * that day and the succeeding, until, by tbe timely nod ,fl vigorous measures adopted by the (Jeneral-in-ohief, the disturbance* were quelled. 11 Two detachments from my command, not heretofore 0 mentioned in this report, should be notioed. Capt Gal- * lagher and Lieut. Held, who, with their companies of New York volunteer*, had been datalled en tbe morning of tbe 1'ita by Gen Shields to the support of our batie- J ry No. a, well performed this service. The former by 1 i... ..j... * !<?.? una rt*taltiMil at that batterv daring the storming of Chapultepec Tbe Utter, a brave atii energetic young offlaer, being relieved from the bat- ? terv ou tike advance to tbe castle, hastened to the asasult and wan nmouj tbn first to asoend tbe crest of the j hill, where be was severely wounded. in nil the operations of tbe several corps under my i command, to which this report refers it gives me great pleasure to testify to tbe devoted oourage with wbioh . toey faced every danger, and the cheerfulness and alacrity with which they met every tell and exposure. A simple nurrativx of these military events, crowned as they w?re with oomplete success, is a higher oompliment , than any expressions ol my opinion can bestow upon the general good conduct of the whrle command. I havi already alluded to tbe gallant conduct of the storming parties. They deserve the highest commenda tion i he losses sustained by Captain Drum's heroic little bund of artillerists from the 4th artillery, evinoe their exposure during tbe day I do them, officers and men. hut justice when I add, that no enoomium upon their couduot and skill would be misplaced. This report has already shown tbe prominent part taken by tbe regiment of riflemen under command of tbe brave and Intrepid Major Loriug, who fell severely wounded by my aide, while reoeiving orders for tbe final charge upon tne garita. After the taking of the batteries at Chapultepec, in wbioh portions of this corps took ait active part, this efficient and splendid regiment were employed as sharp a iootera in the advance, 'hrough tbe arches of tbe aqueduct, where their services were invaluable. My only concern was to restrain their daring impetuosity The gallant and unassuming Palmetto regiment,which ha J charged up the accent of Chapultepec without firing a gun, waa also employed to aid and support the rifles ? In this service their loss was aevere. Among others, their brave and efficient commander, Major Gladden, v severely wounded, and Lieuts J B Momigne and William Canty, killed But they well sustained the reputation they bad acquired at Vera Crux, Contreras, ami Cburubusoo. k'or the admirable conduct of tbe other corps of iuy command. I refer to the reporta of Brigadier Generals Shields and Smith, au<l of Lieut. Colonel Geary Tbe brilliant successes of tbe day were not acquired without considerable loas The reports herewith transmitted hbo* th?.t In my whole command, eigbtofflcera and sixty nine uon commissioned officers and privates were killed, aod four hundred and lifty-four officers and men were wounded, and cine men missing-making total of casualties five hundred and forty, besides those in the 9th regimen' of infantry, while under my command, not reported to me Brigadier Gen Hblelda had solicited from me tbe commaud of the atormlng parties In tbe morning of tbe lSth Not feeling j as titled in permitting eo great an exposure, of an offloer of h:a rank with an inadequate oommand. and requiring hia Invaluable services with hia brlgadee the application was declined Until oarried from th awia on iqh mgnt 01 U1H ui.ii, 1U uoiMmjutiuuo vi tur ?r vero wound received in the morniair. be was conspinuoat for his gallantry, energy and skill. Id Brevet Bri, gadler G?nera! Smith.who wm erer cool,unembarrassed and ready, under the trying exposures of the day, I found an able and most efficient supporter. Lieut. Col G?ary, who, in the illness of Col Roberts, oommanded the id Pennsylvania regiment constituting the 3d brlgnde of my division, was wounded before the walls of Chapultep^c at the bead of his corps, but soon resumed command and rendered g>od service To Majors Loring and Dimick, and Capts Slmonson and Alexander, commanders of regiments in Smith's brigade; Lieut. Col Watson, Majors (Jladdenand Burnham, and Capt. Donovan, commanders in Shields'i brigade; and to .Vlsjor Brindle, who for a time commanded his regiment, I am indedted fcr the active and fearless discharge of their duties in the direction of tbe operation! of their respective oorps while under their orders the storming parties, in addition to those already Turned in this report. Capt. Dobbin*. 3d infantry; Lieut 'Jill, 4th artillery: Lieut Weston. id Infantry; Lieut S'ewart, of the rifles; Lieut. Harper, 1st artillery; Capt Reynolds, of marines; Capt. MlUer, 'id Pennsylvania regiment; Lieut Ball, Mouth Carolina battalion; and Lt Wolf, id Pennsylvania regiment, were highly distinguished for their gallantry. Capts. Backenatos. Porter, ard 'Pucker; Lieuts. Morris. Hatch, and Granger, of tbe rifles; Capts. Blanding, Desausaure. Marshall, and Lieuts Selleck. Lilly, and May, of tha booth Carolina raiment; Capt Taylor, New York regiment; Adjutant Baker, of the marines; Lieut. K. J. Porter, 4th artillery; and Llaut Hare. 'id Pennsylvania regiment, whose conduct happened to fall under my own eye, wera conspicuous for their bravery and efficiency. In the reports of the several commanders of brigades, the following officers are named, with high credit; Capts Barclay and rieraon, New York regiment; Lleuta McLean. Hussel. and Gibbs ol therifles; and Llent Sheppard, 3 1 infantry; Surgeons Edwards, of marines, and MaMlllan, -id Pennsylvania regiment; and Assistant Surgeons McSherry and Bower, engaged in division hospital, deserve all piaise for tUelr attention t' the wounded. 1 take great pleasure, by extending my cordial concurrence in the high oommendation bestowed intbetffl clal reports of their respective chiefs upon the good oonduct of Capt K. V Page and Lieut R. P Hamluobd. aida, both of Gen. Shields1 staff j and Lieut. Van Uorn. aid to Gen. Smith. I have before noticed the valuable servloes or Lliuti ixturegard and Tower, of the engineers. A draught of the Ueld of operations, plaunod by the latter gentleman, accompanies this report. Under the late orders a list of the non-commissioned officers and privates of the command under my orders,who Uave been conspicuous for their services In the late to Mons, Is transmitted. I close this report with presenting to the notice of the <??u*ral-ln-Chief the Important services and excellent conduct of my personal staff. From the commencement of oar movements, my aid and acting Assistant adjutant general, Lieut Mansfield Lovell, -1th artillery, was Intrusted with the most responsible ond arduous dutiri, and exposed frequently to imminent danger aud severe fatigue These duties were all fearlessly, cheertully and D-oraptly performed, with a Judgment and skill that promise the highest distinction in his profession Although nit arm v>< disabled by a wound reoelved at the garlta. he remained to the last in the active performance of his duties The distrlbp lon of my command also Imposed apofl Ittj aid, LiNt. C. M. Wlloox, 7th infantry, dange- | rousdU'ies These were performed by him promptly and efficiently, facing danger fearleeaiy wherever his dut v ' <llcd him. C?pt U. T M. Davis, late of the 1st Illinois regiment, and Capt. Danley, late of the Arkansas cavalry, acted as volunteer aids. The former was actively and constantly engaged in every part of the Arid, conveying ray orders aud bringing up nmmunition nnd supplies The latter, after having conveyed my orders to the volunteer regiments through a galling Are, vras severely wounded while resuming nis position near ue in fTopt of the first battery 011 the Chapultepee roid Both of these gentlemen acted with distinguished gallantry Transmitting herewith a report of my division on the morning of the IHth, and lists of the killed and wounded, 1 have the honor to remain, very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. A qUITMAN. Major Oeneral U. 8. Army, commanding Vol. Dlv. (. apt. U. L Scott, A. A. Adjutant General, Mexico I'HK RKPORT OF Ut.lBEAL TWIOOl. Hbao^uaktebi Ud Division or Rtovuii, ) City of Mexloo, *eut Jl, 1847 $ Sir; For the information of the < Jenersl in chief, I have the honor to make the following report of the part taken by my division in the reduction of the oity of Mexloo nnd its contiguous works On tbe 7th Inst, Klley's Brigade, composed of the 1th artillery the 2d and 7th infantry, wa/? f-y the OeneTsl's order* thrown in advance of Pillow's division on the Hkq *r.g?l road, to watoh and keep In check any force from the-vity ii< ttut direction t .n the following day this [ brigade ?u th* reaerv* it th? battle of MoUno del **7; after which it aatnmed It* pojt en the Sen Angel road, and m joined on the afternoon of the 11th by Smith'* brig*d?, (onmpoaedof the mounted rifle*, the l*t Artillery, end 3d infantry.) and Taylor and Steptee'* better!et Steptoe* 11 pounder battery wa* pleoed in poeltton during the night of the lltb, and by dtyligbt in* wa* enebled to open on tbe enemy'* bettor!**, ed at the garlta in th? 8aa A"tonlo road; and between tbat and tbe Sen Angel road, the flrln* waa kept up brUkly dur ng the day on both ?lde? with but little loe? to u*. who were protected by a good temporary brea*tworlt. On the morni g of tbe 13th the flrto' w" " newed with irreat gpirit, whioh oompelled the enemy to w"t"?aw h!?7r?from the garita, within the promotion ?famt"vt brigade wa* now ordered to proceed In the direction of Cbapultepec, and eupport one of theoolumn* of attack, commanded by Major General Quitman With the * former* from my dlvUion in front on tha roil, the attacking column on tne loft, and Smith'* brigade on tbe right of it, thnforoe advanoed in the faoe of a well directed tire from a battery at the ba*e of Chapultepee, near a point where the aqueduot leave* It, and also from munketry sheltered by the aqueduot, and by breeftirork* aero** and on each tide of th? road When . within charging diltanoe. the stormers, w'th tha aaais- I taooe of the right of Smith'* brigade, whioh had baen ;brown forward toward the aqueduot,ruihed on the eneny's guns, drove off or killed tha cannoneers, and took x>na*utoo this itrong point. Smith'* brigade baring advanced three companies of mounted riflemen oonMderibly to it* right, to proteot the right of Quitman'* di?liion, they were tonnd near tha first battery whan tha itormera were about attaoking. and were thua enabled .o enter with the advance, ilie brigade puahed on and laptured a *eooud battery In rear of the flrat, when *ereral guna and many pri*oner*aw^re taken; afttr *ome .riak fkirmUhlng, the eoemy wa* finally driven from i*ery point on tbe eaat of the hill, and were puremd on he Baa Cosme road some dUtence by tbe storming pary under th? command of Capt Paul. 7th infantry; tbl? any baring been overtaken by the 1st division. and heir ?ti?o!Uo duties a* *tormer* navlon been accomplish nl, were ordered to return and rejoin their respective J egimrnts. K*rly in the aotion, Capt. Ciuy, 3d infantry, who ^ commanded tbe storming party from my division, ?aa J everely wounded and obliged to retire. The oommand'r [evolving upon Capt Paul, 7th infantry, Lieut Oantt, ( th infantry, with a portion of the party, wu ordered to :rosa tbe ditch on the left of the read, and proceed furher to the left of the ba?t of Cba^ulUpeo, and by toalng tbe wall, gain admittance to tbe body of the work I'hii gallant offloerwai shot dead at the nead of hie men -tbe oommand of thia party devolving upon Lieut. Steele. 3d infantry, who led his men on with intrepidity iod sucoess. Too much oannot be aald in praise oJ the >fflcere and men who composed this etorming force,with "apt. Faul in command,ably and gallantly supported by :?pt Roberta, of the mounted rifles; Capt. Dobbins, 3d i infantry; Lieut. Richardson, 3d Infantry; Lieut W?<L-ott, 'id infantry; Lieut. Hill, 4th artillory; Lieut. Bee, 3d Infantry); Lieut. Steele, 3d Infantry; Lieut. Stuart., , mounted rifles; and Lieut. D? Russy, 4th artillery, Use ; party advanced without a falter or a cbeok. Smith's brigade, the rifleman leading, supported by an < 9-inch howitzer, in charge of the late and gallant Capt. Drum, 4th artlUery,oarried a battery ntar the Casa Coloriila, half way to thegarita.on the Chapul tepee road. Th* jommand was here reorganised by the aenior officer, MaJ Sen. Quitman, with the mounted riflemen again in the idvunce, supported by the South Carolina regiment?the emainder of Smith's brigade being In reserve?and ibarged the battery at tbe garlta; the reserve pushing ip, arrived at tbe battery at the same moment with the .dvuuoe, and entered the city at twenty minutes pmt 1 'clock, p. m. The brigade oscupied buildings within J he city during the night, and the enemy having in the ueantime abandoned the city, our forcea took poaaesaion if it on the morning of the 14th. Our national colore rere planted on the enemy'a palace by a non-oomals- , loned officer of tbe mounted riflea at 7 o'clock a. m. Until late in ti*e afternoon o( the 13th, Riley's brigade, rith Steptoe's and Taylor'a batteries, were kept In the Medad road, to watch the enemy Jn that quarter. It armed a junction with the 1st division on the San Cm- 1; ne road early in the night of the 13tb. ) For more minute information as to the operation* g hemselves, and as to tbe officers and men partionlnrlyr 1 listinguished,on these several occasions, I will respect- 4 ully refer the (ieneral-ln-cbief to the accompanying re- j >ori of ling (Jen. smith, wno so amy commanded tne a >rigade in aotion. 1 Lists of the killed, wounded, mud missing, have already j >een furnished. i] I hare the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your obe- ' lient servant. D. E. TWIOOS, Brig. Oen. U. S. A., oommandiug 2d division, ro Capt. H. L. Scott, A. A A. G., Headquarters of the Army, City of Mexico. THK REPORT OF MAJOR SUMNER.. Head^uabtehi, Scconn Rcoimckt Dragooni, ) Tacubaya, Sept ?, 1847. J Sir 1 have the honor to report that, in compliance 1 with the orders of Major Oen. Worth, I joined his division yesterday morning in the attack on the foundry near Chapultepeo. My command oonslsted of six troops of the 2d dragoons, one troop of the 1st dragoons, a part of a troop of the 3d dragoons, (under the eommand of Lieut. C. D Williams, 3d dragoons,) and Capt. Huff's company of! mounted riflemen?in all, about 270 men. My orders were to take a position on the left of our line, to hold in cheok the enemy's cavalry, and to give a blow to their horse or foot, if an opportunity should offer. In taking nd mv nnnition. 1 wan nmnmllad to nui within nletal shot of a large body tf tba enemy, who were proieoted by a ditch and breastwork* This exposure of my command was entirely unavoidable, in consequence of a deep ditoh on my left, whioh it was impossible to cross, until I got very close to their line ; and I oould not pause at that moment, as a very large body of the entity's cavalry was advancing towards the left of our line After passing through this fire, and crossing a ravine, 1 formod my command in line facing the enemy's oavalry, on which they halted, and shortly afterwards retired. I continued to holl my command on the left flank oi our line until the enemy's infantry broke and retired? changing my porltion from time to time, in order to face 'heir cavalry whenever they advanced. 1 should have joined In the pursuit of their Infantry when they broke; but in doing this, 1 should have uncovered our l?f, and their large cavalry foroe was still maintaining a menacing attitude, covered and protected as It was, by a large hacienda filled with troops My loss, in passing their Una of tire, was very severe? vix:?five officers, and 33 soldiers wounded, and six soldiers killed; -J7 borses killed, and 77 wounded. Capt Ker, of the 2d dragoons, 1st Lieut. Walker, of the rifles, and -id Lieut* Smith and Tree of the Jd dragoons and 'id Lieut C. U Williams, of the 3d dragoons, were wounded; but I am happy to state, not dangerously My officers and men maintained their oharao'er for steadiness and oonfldenoe throughout the action They all did well; but 1 must notioe, in particular, the suooeeslul efforts of Capt Harden in maintaining order in his squadron during the many evolutions that it was nt?oeesary I o make with great rapidity 1 have also to state that Assistant Surgeon Barnes was very assiduous in his duties, and took suoh measures that our wounded men received prompt attention. I have also the pleasure to report that I received effective aid from my adjutant, Lieut. Oakes. Lieut. Col. Moore, of the 3d dragaons, joined me after the action commenced, and did me the great favor to abstain from assuming the oomtnacd. His presence, however, was of great service to me, and his ax ample, of the most perfeot coolness undsr fire, bad a favorable influence upon my command Co), ilarnav, who was unite unwell, also cane upon the field during the action. an J after observirg my measures for noma time, expressed bimaelf satisfied with them, and said to me that ha would not assume the command; for which I am deeply obliged to him. I enclose the list of killed and wounded. 1 am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, E V. SUMNER, Major id dragoons commanding regiment. Capt. W. W. Mack all. Assistant Adjutant General 1st Division. capt. huoxr's report. Sime-traih Camp, f Tacubaya, (Mexico.) Sept. P. 1847. J His : In obedience t? your instructions, I moved at. 3, a m, on the 8th of September, with two 34ponnder seige-guns, supported by the light battalion or the 1st division, and was placed by Lieutenant Colonel Dancan on the plain, about 600 jurds from the building called Molino del Rev, (supposed to be a foundry,) whioh 1 was directed to batter At daylight we opened a Ore from theie two guns upon the building, with goodeffeot, and fired about ten rounds from each piece, when oar infantry, hating reached the front of the building, tha tiring of tha 'impounders was discontinued. After the Infantry had captured the batteries of the enemy, and occupied the buildings, I received orders to advanoe to the left of our Una, to drive off the enemy, who were In threat force In that direction. On arriving at this point, I received your personal order to move one gun to the foundry, which was immediately ilespatehed. In charge ot Lieut. Htone? the other pleoe remaining In Its then position In charge of Lieut. Hugner, who fired with great precision and effect at the Mexican forces on our left, and caused them to retire. When his limited supply or ammunition was expended, his gun was withdrawn j[As Lieut. Stone got into position near the foundry, a large force of the enemy advanced from Cbapultepeo upon a single fleld-pleoe Capt. Dram had posted there, with only a small supporting foroe or infantry A few rounds trom the 24-pounder, caused the advancing forces to retire; and Lieut. Stone maintained this position, and fired his gun with great coolness and precision whenever the enemy appeared?the lort of Chapultepec firing upon him all the while. I now returned to camp, and brought oat a fresh supply of ammunition, when I received your instructions not to fire at the fort of Chapultopec, but to withdraw the guns, and remove the captured ones. I found on the ground t wo tf-pounders, without limbers (one of which had been used against the enemy by Lient Took of the -Jd artillery.) As soon as the 24-four pounders had been withdrawn from the ground, I sent Lieut. Hagaer with their limbers, and removed the two captured 0 pounders. By your dlreotlon, 1 furnished horses and drivers (from tte siege train) to Captain Drum, 4th artillery, for the two light 8-pounder guns he reoaptured from tha enemy at Contreras (those taken by them at Bueaa Vista) and instructed bim to report to Col Garland. Captain Drum will make a special report of bis operations; but a a ww> yi<?D?uv nuu inui pari* ui tuv uiuv, i Jiuuev ire allowed to My, that, never were pieces served with better judgment and effect. Of Lieut. liagner, oommtndlog the siege train company, who, by hliuntiring Industry and exertion*, has kept the siege battery in the moat perfect order, and of Lieut. Htone and the noncommissioned officers and men of the siege-train, 1 cannot speak in too high term*, they performed their duty well. Very rwpeotfally, your obedient servant, BKNJ. HL'OEFl, Captain, Acting Chief of Ordnanoe. To M^j.Oen. Woai h, Comd'g Ut Division. THR RJEPORT OP COT,. HARNRY. (Without date ) Sin : I have the honor to submit the following report of the duties performed by my command, during the operations against rhapultepec and the city of Mexico, on the 13th and 14th Inst. On the loth. I was ordered by the general-in-chief to proceed to Mlxcoao with the 'id battalion of cavalry, to lake command of the troop* at that place, and make iuoh dispositions as would enable me to protect the deI pots and hospital* collected there against the large forces ) of the rnemy. known to ba outside of the city I found the post occupied by Lieut. Col Bonham, lith InfaLtry, with f>ur weak companies of h I s regiment -one | company of mounted rlflea. one of the 3d and one of tba 1 7th te&ntrv; to all 1m* than *00 s<Mttvs mea-whloh, added to tb?M I bad brought with ma, made a fovea of near MM) man, with which to guard a large body of Mexican prisoners, and protect the hospital* and depots of ordnanoe and provlsiena. 1 Immediately put In requisition every mean* in my power that would lnoreaae the strength of the place?manning tome of the captured pieces of artillery with suoh soldiers and teamster* as had any knowledge .of artillery praotioe. and enrolling all camp followers not In government employ. These precautions were useless, as the enemy did not i see fit to give my small command an opportunity of competing with their companions in arms In gallant j achievements. Tbe 1st battalion of cavalry, I have pleasure in stating, were aotlvely emplnyod under the command of Major Sumner ; to whose report, which is herewith transmitted. I beg leave to refer you for their operations. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant. WM 8 HARNEY, Colonel Commanding Brigade. To Capt. H. L. Scott, A. A. A. General. ANOTHER RErORT OF MAJOR SUMNER. City or Mkxico, Sept IS. 1817. 8ia On the night of the 11th Inst. I was ordered by' the Oenwral-in-obief, at Tacubaya, to take oommand of all tbe dragoons then at that plaoe, and to hold them in readiness for immediate action This order added F company, 1st dragoons, to my own command of six companies of the -Jd dragoons, and one company of mounted rides In tbe oourse of that night I received an order to march at day-break to oover the left of Qen. Pillow's line, whe was to make a demonstration on the plain at Mollno del Key during the bombardment ef Chapultep?o. 1 took my position accordingly, and remained stationary for most of the day. The enemy sppeared In force on our left, both horse and foot, but made ?o forward movement. On the niatht of the 13th, I was ordered to report at general headquarters at 7 o'oloek on the next morning, and, at that time, I wag ordered to support Gen Quitmuji'ti attack on thu rivht Aftitr r?nmrt.lnir m htm, and while awaiting bis ordera, I reoelved an order Arum the General-ln-chief to move to the left of Chapultepeo, and report to Major General Worth, who waa operating in that quarter General Worth ordered me to watoh cloaely the movementa of a large Mexloan force known to be in rear of our left. While moving to the left, In compliance with thia order, my command was exposed to a ahower of ahella thrown trom Chapultepeo, whioh unhoraed several men, and wounded a frw men and horses, but, moat fortunately, did no aerioua mischief. 1 found tbs enemy drawn up in large force, and I immediately formed my small command facing them, and remained there until the oaatle of Cbapultapeo was carried. I was then ordered, by Gen. Woith. to Join him in pursuit of the fugitives, and I continued with him until ordered, by the General-ln-chief, to return and protect Tacubaya from any attempt tbat might be made upon it by the enemy, while our army waa eagaged at the gates of the oity. Ob the morning of the Mtb, I was ordered to march into the oity with the General-in-Chief; and during the street light, on that day, four of my companies were more or less engaged, and 1 lost several horses and had one man (Sergeant KaminsU) killed, and several slightly wounded. I am, sir, vsry respectfully, your most obedient serv't, ?. V. SUMMER, Major 2d Dragoons, Commanding. Lieut. Wm- Steels, Aot. Adj. General, Cavalry Brigade. col. riley's report. JiKADqUARTEIlS, 2d Brioadk, > Mexico, Sept. '23,1847. ) Hir: I have the honor to report that, in accordance with the instructions of the brigadier general oommand log the division, my brigade, antler the immediate command of Lieut. Col Plympton, 7th infantry, moved from Coyoaoan on the evening of tne 7th Instant, and took up a position near the San Angel road, and about two miles south of the garita, at the junotion. of the Taoubayaand Pledad causeways. On the morning of the following day in obedience to lnstruatlrns from Major General Pillow, commanding the forces advanoed in this direotlon, the brigade iras marched to the field of Molino del Iiey, at which plaoe I joined It, and 'wee for several heuis engaged in covering the removal of the ktlled and wounded and oaptnred ammunition from the battle field While so oocupied, the 'id infantry?temporarily under the qrders of Brigadier General Pierce?became ungated with the enemy's skirmishers at the foot of Chapultepec. In the afternoon the position of the previous night was reoocupied. On the morning of the 9th, under instructions from Major General Pillow, the brigade oocupied a position in and to that right of the Pledad village, in observation of the enemy's works on the San Antonio and San Angel roads, whfch was retained under his orders until the brigadier general commanding the division arrived, on the evening of the 11th. On the morning of the 13th, the brigade supported Steptoe's battery in the demonstration m>tde against the garita of Candfelaria. In the afternoon of that day it furnished seven offleers?Lieutenants Hill and D* Russy, 4th artillery, Captain Casey. Lieutenants Westoott and Steele, Id Infantry, Captain Paul and Lieutenant Oantt. 7 th Infantry, and l'J6 rank and file, for the storming of Chapultf pec The stormers were actively engaged in the glorious assault upon the works and castle of Chapultepee on the morning of the 13th, and lost more than one-fourth of tbeir number in killed and wounded?amo^g the former, Llrut. Gantt, a promtsslng and gallant officer of the 7th Infantry; and among the latter. Captain Casey, of tl? Oil In tVi. nf ~ th. * v ...nil waa detached for the purpoae of making a diversion on the Pledad oauseway,but waa recalled when the brigade wan ordered to march for the garita of San Conine. On reaching thia point late In the evening, I reported to Major General Worth, commanding the attack in that quarter, and on the morning of the 14th marched with hia dirlalon into the oity of Mexioo Soon after entering the city, the 3d Infantry waa detaohed; and whiltt absent, was actively engaged for several hours with a large Mexican force in the Southern part of the city, suffer' Ing a considerable loss, and inflicting a very severe one , upon the enemy. With the remainder of my brigade, under instructions from Major General Worth, I occupied the Caroel, near the Taeubaya garita. until late in the evening, when ordera were received to report to the brigadier general commanding the division in the riaza Mayor. F or the details of theaa operations, referenoe is respectfully made to the reports of subordinate commanders. copies of which are herewith submitted. | It givea me pleasure to repeat here the commend* { tiona bestowed in former reports, and to expreaa to the : officers and men of my oommand my warmest thanks for the zoal and gallantry and good conduct evinced by them In the different positions occupied by the brigade as a reserve, as aupporting, and by a portion of It as an attacking force. My staff offloeri?aided by Capt. MeClellan, topographical engineers, and Lieut Westantt. 3d infantry, as volunteer aids?were actively engaged in the performance of their appropriate duties 1 remain, air, very reapeoUully, your obedient servant, P. B RILEY, Brevet Colonel Commanding 2d Brigade. To First Lieut W. S Brooks. A. A. A. General, 3d Division. [The list of the killed and wounded has already been published In the New York Herald.] LATE AND INTERESTING FROM TIIB PACIFIC. Extract ef a letter from " Tine, October IS, 1847. " Sinoe the taking of Mexico, the government ban reorganized at Queretaro, but we see no disposition for pesoe ; the war Is so far removed, that the Inhabitants of these parte do not fully realize its evils " The sloop-of-war Portsmouth waa at Mazatlnn and Han Bias a few days ago from California, and by her we leain that the whole squadron will be In the Gulf at the end of this month. The Congress and Cyane are already at La Paz It is the intention of Cem Shubriok to tzke possession of and occupy Mai itlan, plaoing a garrison of 360 men there, and to destroy the tortifica ions of Onaymae, San Bias, and Acapulco A new deolara tloti of blockade has been prepared, which will be rigidly enforoed. What part or the co*it is included In it, we do not know. The Americans have long sinoe taken Ran Jose." WHERE IS SANTA ANNA ? The Vera Cruz Oeniui of Liberty, from which we make an extract this evening, gives some particulars of the desolation of Santa Anna's fortunes We oan "caroe ty see ?ne who has filled so much spacs In the eyes ef the world, now deserted and apparently hunted down by bin own countrymen, without fueling some sympathy, even

for Bant* Anna. The V era Cru z paper speaks of a he avy box in tbe possession of his wife, so heavy as to require four men to bear it, and, therefore, supposed to be filled with his treasures; but we snspect a letter from a distinguished offlcer, which is now before us, gives a mora correct account of his oondltlon. This letter bears date at Vera Craz, 8d November " I have beard from reliable sources, that Santa Anns is a fugitive and in danger of his life. He had fled, after the dispersion of his troops near Pnebla by (Jen. Lane to Tehuacan. a town situated on the route through Oexnna to Guatemala; and It waa supposed that his ot>inilt <U lil wuilina nn? nf Mnnlrn In that .1 Ira/,?I But the people of Tehuaoan would not allow him and hln retinue money or subsistence, and it in said refused them water; that being without money, ha cold his carriage for $100, and proceeded with hi* wife and about forty follower! to Orizaba, where he now is, and anxious to escape '' A letter ha* been received In Washington from an oflleer in Vera Cm*, dated November 3, from which the following la an extract:? "At It may be inUreiting to know the whereabouts of Uenrral Maata Anna, who appears so often in different place*, and under different circumstanoe*, I have the i houor to intorm 7011 that a friend of mine reoelved a let; ter yeaterday from the brothnr-in-law of Santa Anna, dated Orlxaba, the lgt Inst.. stating that this unfortunate man (a* he eallrt him) wu there; that he was in much distress, and hia lite in danger; that he had parted with htaiast dollar; had sold bin carriage and everything, to satisfy the curort that came with him. There i* seme talk about ht* baling placed under the proteotion of our troop* at aome retired place, until'things got mora calm " Tadre Jura tit*. who?e guerilla force ooualat mostly of Spaniard*, has had a severe fight with Colonel Zenooia, who command* the Mexinan guerilla* in thl* neighborhood. It appear* that two of a trade conld not agree. The Padre beat; and. as I learn, drove the Colonel: but the Padre wan wounded ; and as there waa a doctor went out yesterday, no doubt to attend him, Colonel Wilson nent Immediately out a company, and I think they will Had him and tome of hie follower*. " Troop* are f*st coming In, and I am in hope*, before the country la altogether taken, these people will awake 1 from their lethargy, and fln.l among then a net of men with moral courage enough to propose peace on suoh I terms an will yet leate them a nunc among the nations i of the earth, although tbev do not de*<;r?e it. " I am In hopes?In fkct, It la to be domi -the roads are at onoe to be opened, when fresh importations from Europe will augment ourreTenue. Home European cargoes are now expected." incidents ok thk war. A Phlladelphlan, writing home, mentions Oen. quit| man In the highest terms of praise. The following exi tractafrom the communication are taken from the In' 1 Hirer i ? I This battle, at the (iarlta, was the hottest point of the whole war. It lasted from noon until dark of tb? lath of i Meptember A few hundred of u.i congregated around I the aate which gave us entrance to the city. We had one H?lil piece there, taken from the enemy when we ; 'Irore them from the gates to thslr cltMel In using that field piece, we were entirely without protection, ^.and were exposed to th? fire* of the citadel, ton# of til* ( troBgwt la the world) of a mom battary, and oT ttooo- I sands of man in position, on the Paseo * * * | At all points OeDrnl Quitman ?u exposed. ? *d he > would suffer no man to expos* himself to shield ~ 1 On one ocoMion. when it ?u necessary for him to ,*? I along aline of desperate exposure, to effrct an object, ' I approached him, ant aakad periniRxlon to do what h"? | wa about to do in paraon?to bear hit message? lntl- < mating to htm that my own fell would ba, to the origin of 1 the moment, of no importanoa compared with his Hi* . reply wai, whilst ha pulfad hla segar, ' No. takaoare of , yourself; it is necessary for ma to do it." Andha did do it. At another time, about tha mid Jin of tha afternoon. * when our own gon was siienoed, (for wa had run ont of ammunition,) and the fire oi the enemy was last dealing death around, < adked him to let me be one of a i select party, at once to storm and take the eitnttrL, and by one dreadful sacrifice, if naad* ba, pnt an end to this onesided work of blood, ills reply again was in tha same spirit?" No, 1 will not permit my brave men thus to be sacrificed. I must take care of them as well as ( ooD'iuer the foe All I now desig.t is to maintain, with 1 as little loss as possible, my present position until night . When night covers us, we will bring np our guns ; wl fl I have an abundance of ammunition ; wewiU construct i battery, and before to-morrow's sun Is J?n hour high, wa I will plant our oountry's flag on tha oap>'tal of Mezio >? i I Mexico will be ours !" All this was said 1? theoalmnst | > manner, whilst he quietly smoked his mar. without tkm i least emphasis or excitement, with no dlsosr.table inaai- | festatlon of boast or vainglory, and with th a enemas balls falling as hall around him. Wa did main tain Mar ; position; we did oonstruot our battery, making aH right; we did bring up more captured guilp, and wtthi t Wi.ni >u abundant supply of ammunition. / We gathrr the following Incidents from the Vera Craft f correspondent of the N-w Orltant National, under dat? ofUeioberi8J The writer ?ay?> ? All ?u quiet at Tampioo when the New Orleans left. \ exocpting a little excitement inoldent to a he ax played on Col (iat?*s by the Alcaide of Panuoo. Thn itorj, aa U told by the passenger*. U, that Col. Gates] allowed thl* /Joalde to prrsuad* hiin that he wai hla beat friend, and. that on a oertatn day Mr. Alcalde wrote down to tb* Colonel that If he would aend a ve**el up with a-' small" foroe be would put him In the way of oapturiag some fifty guerilla*. The Colon*l. ' notnlng doubting," but trusting fully In the faith of hi* friend, did amd up t. vessel with a email foroe; but aa the boat approached the landing it waa discovered that a young army was in anxious readiness to receive them?and to receive them warmly too, and without stacked arms This disoovery was made in time for Uie boat to bow out and leave before any damage was done. I aaw in oar streets, a day or two ago, a splendid Troy ooach. It bad brought down a family from the interior. The ooach was robbed by the guerillas, near Santa Fe, but the family, after considerable consultation among themselves, was permitted to prooeed. On the return of the coaoh to th?? interior, and only (even miles from here, It was halted and the poor driver*, (two in number, both Mexican) cruelly murdered; fortunately the coaoh started up ernvtyv 1 wae witness, on the 20t? iwt, to th? burial of Lieut. Jenkins of the 1st Dragoon*,' he died the day previous, of fever. He had been here b.#' two week*, but was very mnnh Indlanoiwd when he arrit'td. He wa* burled with military honors, and I truly say t^et the oeremony was impressive and imposing The dk**h ?* the decea?ed seem* to bars been deeply and unlre." '7 lameated by the offloers here who knew him. He M poken of ai a most xealoua and meritorious offloer, anv" * most excellent man. The offloers who knew him werO 'he on'T persons present to regret his untimely deli, { 'or t^e oountenanoes of the troopers who fallowed hlk** l*J# grave bore marks of deep oonoern, alike honer^ *"* ^ them, for he was their oommandrr, aa to the deofctvle(*< for it showed eiteem. And it is well known that * soldier never bestows esteem, (though he may be forceft to outwardly respect) on an lneffloltnt or unworthy offloer. Our town look* business like this morning. Every street, from the gate to the plaza, is filled with wagons moving towards the Commissary's storehouse, to be loaded for the contemplated march At the time of the massacre at Goliad, I was a mere boy, but remember that I had a burning ourioalty to see at least one of the Mexicans engaged in that cruel, inhuman act This curiosity I never got entirely rid of until my arrival here, when it waa satisfied. There is one of them here; ht is a Colonel in the Mexioan service; commanded one of the batteries here during the seige, but Is at present employed at the head of the Amerloan polioe, for which ho receives two hundred dollars a month. He is not the Captain of the polioe, but is what is called the prefect. People say that the offloe is a lneoure. The five comiianles of Texan Rangers, under Colonel Hays, have been arriving here for the last three weeks, from Braios Santiago. On the 13th Inst., and before Col. Hays had arrived, an order was issued by General Patterson, to Capt. Truest, direotlng him in command oune texan nangers,10 prooneu against me guerrmeroa, whose stronghold and uninterrupted retreat Ilea southwest of the main road to the National Bridge. By sunrise we had marched about fifteen miles along thla road from the oitj, and turning aouth, to the left, we paaa?d for aome time through grovea of orange and lemon treea, when the report of a couple of piatola from our advanced guard announoed that our gam* was up. Daahlng single die along a narrow pathway, through mud and mire ior about a mile, we emerged from the swamp in view of aranch. The front guard had out rod* and fired upon a small party of Mexican*, all of whom were wounded, but made out to crawl into their impenetrable chaparrals While Captain Truett was giving orders, the owner of the ranch, little dreaming of our presenoe, rode up and waa taken prisoner. Compelling him to aot as a guide and to dlreot us to a oertaln hacienda which we had orders to deatroy. be led us through a high rolling prairie, teeming with cattle and horses, to a point from whioh we could see the country tor miles around, and the haelenda in jnestion about four miles off. Here Captain Truett, placing Capt Ferguson on bis right, and Capt. Witt on his left, started ut full speed, and mada the distanoe in good racing time: but the enemy bad seen us a good way off, and had fled or gone out on an exoursion. We found only a few peona, a Mexican gentleman and three ladies in the bouse, whioh proved to be the residenoe of Col Don Mariano Senovia. It waa furnished in the moat elegant and ooatly style, and contained on examination a quantity of arm a. ammunition and equipments of every deaoription, suited 1? guerilla warfare. A small church and several outhouses were stored with provisions, wines, merchandise, forage, ito , making it verv evident that it was the depot and common rendezvous pf the enemy, and satisfied of thia f*ct, the officers instantly determined to fir? the buildings and to destroy them with all the combustible oontents. The ladies in terror, and believing the Texans would kill and eat them, sought refug* in the ohapel, and the men, I fear, receive a nothing lesa than "t he deep reversion of delayed revenge " From this place, turning towards the oity, we passed several ranches, but met with no enemy that would stand and show fight The boys amused themselves in ' ? number of running fights, and in one instance ar Mexican oame bearing down in the prairie upon one oi Capt Ferguson's men. in right gallant style, but neglecting to draw bis pistol till within proper shooting distanoe, the Tsvsn Am .?/! I.U U I. i. * J A VAVU gvsfc vun UIBk UIO nuu IB1U U ID CUVUiJ III bUU dust. He turned out to be a Lieutenant, and In hi* possession was found a proclamation from nanta Anna, to the patriot* and guerrilleros about Vera Cruz, Instructing them to use tlieir united exertions to harrass our trains and to seixe all the arms and provisions on their passage to Oen. Scott that thej o< uld lay hold on. Haying marohed from Loredo through the Mexican towns on the Rio Orande, to the mouth of that river, I have bnd ample opportunities of witnessing the effects of the war upon the Inhabitant*. Every where 1 have found the men sowing, reaping and gatheiing?the women spinning, knitting and weaving?they eat. they drink, are merry, and all rejoice in the oontlnuanoe of the war. ARMY. Capt P. H. Harris, 16th Infantry, left Newport Barracks last Wednesday afternoon, on the steamer Gladiator, in charge of 8? recruits, for the ISth regiment of United States Infantry, now stationed in Monterey. NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. Navv Yard. Vera Car*, > Ootober JO, 1847. J Sir: I am again callsd upon to communicate to the department the painful Intelligence of the death of another officer of the squadron. Lieut. Spencer C. Gist breathed his last on Friday, the SJd Instant. He had been reoently appointed to the oommand of the " Tam pioo," as suoceisor to Lieut. W. M Walker, and In *ealously superintending the repairs of that vessel, had probably exposed himself imprudently to the effects of the sun. " M. C. PERKY. Navv Yabd, Veba Cruz, > November 3, 1647 ) Sir: The epidemic whloh bat oarrie4 off so many valuabl lives, has not yet finished its work ofdeath. Another estimable officer, Acting Master Krederiok W Colly, of the " Petre'a," died yesterday of the vomito,and was i this morning committed to the grave This young gen tleman was much beloved by all who knew him. for his , amiable disposition and excellent qualities of heart, and hU untimely end will be muoh deplored in the squadron M. C. PfcRRY. i A Naval Court of Enquiry, of whloh Com Morris Is to be President,(we have not learnt,who the other memi bers are) and Lieut. A Sinclair, Judge Advocate, Is orj dered to convene at th* Navy Yard, Oosport, to-morrow?Sot folk Bi ucon, Nov. 14. Board of Education. Nov 17.? Staled Meeting?The President in theohalr The minutes of the preceding meeting were read and approved. Cemmunicatinnt.?An application from the school officers of the l'Jth ward, for an appropriation to establish a school In that ward Referred. R'pirti.?Of Finance r.ommlttee, adverse to paying the coet> of Douglass C. Wetmore. lor investigating the title to certain properly in the 11th ward, furnished by the; school offlowrs of the ward for the erection of a school bouse, and asking to be disoharged. Laid on the table to be called up hereafter. Commissioner Cairo, from the 1st ward, offered a report from the committee for establishing new schools, in furor of establishing anew school at Harlem Accepted Free Jtcndnnv.?Report of the executive committee for conducting the building of the Free Academy, recommending that the oontract with Mr Andrew Brady Tor the ereotion of the mason work ot the Free Academy, upon bis entering into seourlty. should be executed by the committee Unon the vote being taken, twentyfour having voted In the affirmative and two in the negative, the report was accepted The. Claim of ike late. Corporation Couniel against ; Ihi Baard of Education.?A resolution requesting the , corporation to give direotions to their attorney to de' fen'i the suit instituted by Mr Brady, against the Board, mr prweimunai services renaerea Dy mm, in investigating title to various lota of land In the 19th and inth ward*, on the retainer of the officers of those wards, and ; in the event of (he Common Connoil refusing to do so, ' then, that the president may be authorized to employ j counsel to defend the suit. Adopted Mr. Douglan C. Wetmore't claim ?The report of tha committee on this gentleman's claim for professional services was again called up, and, after lengthened debate, wes referred back to the name committee. < Invitation.?Invitation from the offleors of the 13th I ward to the members of the Board, to be present at the i opening of a new school-house In 4<)th street, in the I'ith ! ward, on Tuesday neit. Aocepted. !' The Board then adjourned Financiat..?We understand, from the be?t au t horlty. that the treasury notes of tha United States are h per cent advance in the city of Mexico. This xtat* of things Is most fortunately calculated to benefit our snbemrs of tlnnnce. It will contribute to enable us j to pay our expen*?s In that oountry upon more advan' tagoous term" -H'ailtintion Union, S$v. IS. fc t L ? L, NEW YORK HERA i?. IliwTwk, Tfeuradajr. Sow?inb?U. nirT ~ To Correipc So notice con be taken of anonymoui com tnunt .cations. Whatever is intended Jot inttrlion must be auH enticated ty the name and address 0) tke writer; not *kcet sarily for jrubUcation, but o? a guaranty of *?'? /?'' :k. tVe comtot undertake toretumrejecipd com rnunicatione THE HERALD FOR TjlJROPE. THE OFFICIAL ACCOUNTS or TH* GREAT BATTLES 11 TMk VALLEY OF MEXICO, WITH TOPOGRAPHIC AX, PLAill, The Herald for Europe, for the mail bags ot the American steamship Washington, which vcasel will leave this port this-dsy, noon, for Southump* ton and Bremen, wifi be ready at nine o'clock this morning. The mails will close at eleven o'clock. This edition of the Herald for Europe will contain a collection ot matter that wiu be read with great interest in the old world, comprising the official d espatches of Gen* ral Scott and his Generals, of the battles of Contreras, Churubusco, Moliao del Rey, and the capture of the city of Maxico by our forces. They will form an , authentic narrative of those great struggles and | victories. It will also contain news to the latest | moment, by telegraph and mail, from all parts of ihe country; political and commercial intelligence; the sketch of the Hon. Hefciry Clay's . ?|>eech on the war, and his resolutions; and e very information in regard to American markots and the prices of produce, &c. &o. lit will be embellished with diagrams representing the above mentioned battles in detail? the whole forming a valuable pictorial history of thoee stirring events. Single copies in wrappers, 64 cents. Hews from Europe. Tha Britannia, with eleven days later intelligence, is due at Boston. Highly Important from Waahlngtou_Posltlon ok'thi American Government on Mexlcam Aflalrf, Wi hifV'e received highly important and authentic ia formation from Washington, from a private and .undoubted source, relative to the position wliiCk1 the President and. the cabinet have assumed in relation to Mexican affairs, since the receipt of dea patches from General Scott and his associates. '.The Cabinet met on Monday and Tuesday, and d ellberated at great length relative to the present position of affairs between the two republics, and what is the best course to pursue in regard to the future. After a great deal of discussion, and some variation of opinion between Mr. Walker and Mr. Mamv. it was irrneraJlv agreed on bv the Cabi net, and concurred in by the President, to con- : tinue the war against that country, and hold mi- i litary possession of the capital and the citieB which we now hav?, until some government i shall be found willing to makepeace, on the ; principle of indemnity to the United Slates for the past, and security for the future. This indemnity looks entirely to territorial acquisition, i but the extent of it is tt> be lelt to the future, and I to coming events. The United States.are willing at any moment to malce peace, bat this peace must be based on terms by whiijii our government shall lose nothing in consequence of the campaign. If Mexico, or sufch government as may be tound in existence, still refuses to make peace, then the war is to be continued, ! whatever the result May be?leaving that as a problem for ttae future.. The President will not advise, probably, any thing I in his mesage, that Itooks like immediate annexation of Mexico; but, on the other hand, he will not bind himself to a contrary policy. lie will leave the qvkestion open, for Congress and the country to anlve. In short, he will avow the principle of territorial indemnity, even if by a protraction of the war or the obstinacy of Mexico, that indemnity shall at a future day cover the whole of the republic. Troops, already authorized by law, will be called out to fill up the ranks of Gen. Scott. Contributions will be levied for their support on Mexico, and the whole matter will be turned over to Congress at trie approaching session. These views comprise the amount of the information we have received as the result of the Cabiaet deliberations at Washington. They correspond with the views heretofore attributed to the President, Mr. Buchanan, and Mr. Walker Mr. Marcy generally falls into the same views as the others entertain, when he does fall in at all; as to Mr. Cave Johnson, in all Cabinet deliberations, that functionary is so busy in , nisnffcnaging the Post Office matters, that he cannot afford time for an opinion on Mexican affairs. The materials on which the President's message will be prepared, are accumulating fast at Washington, and that document, comprehending, as it will do, a history of the brilliant campaigns of Generals Taylor and Scott, and the capture of the city of Mexico itself,will, with the views it will contain on the future, b? one of the most important documents ever delivered to Congress, or read by the American people. Mr. Polk is nearlyoverwhelmed with the magnitude of this task ; but we hope that with the aid of the chivalric spirit of Mrs. Polk, he will throw out a message that will reflect credit on himself and the country, and astonish the whole civilized world. The !> * pate tie s_Tti? Conquest of Mexico. The despatches of General Scott and his brave j associates in arms have been before the com- j munity a sufficient time to be read by all. They ] form s< ine of the most brilliant military records i of the age. They give, in most eloquent language?eloquent because it is nimple?a brief history of the second conquest ot Mexico, outstripping in its grandeur, its rapidity, and its kill, that achieved by the chivalric Hernando Cortiz of another age. For several days the twenty-five millions of people of thin republic will be engaged in perusing these extraordinary papers. They will produce an impression on the American people deeper, more lasting, than has been creutcd since the war of the revolution itself. They will awaken in the hearts of thip republic a general and overwhelming sentiment of chivalry, devotion, and nationality, which will give a new direction to the destiny of the nation. For the first time in the history of this republic, since the revolution, the American pulse win oeat in unison, ironi me mouin 01 tntHudson to the mouth of theJOregon?-from the borders of Canada to the limits of th# Rio Grande. Hut this is not all. liy the steamer which goes to Europe this day, these deHpatches will be taken, and will be republished to the civilized world, through thn journals of London and Paris. The deeds of General Scott and his brave army caunot now be belittled or subjected to the ridicule of the mouth-pieces and atrocious organs published under the auspices of the governments of France and England. For eighteen months the journals of those capitals have bjen engaged in the most atrocious and treacherous service o' falsifying, decrying, defaming and degrading the brilliant deeds of the American arms in ! Mexico, in every powible way which geaiu? i could accompl i ah it. It it true, that Lord John Ruaaell.andoneor two of the insignificant mem* bera of the Britiah government, may get up in Parliament, and aay a lew worda occasionally, in compliment to our generous acta, aa wan the case in the benefactiona sent to Ireland; but they, and they alone?the leadern of the Parliament are reaponaible for the atrocioua calumnies of the British press, in its whole length, breadth and dirty depth. The Prime Miniater of England and hia associates encourage the calumuies of the press?help them on?aaaiat them?aid them in the work of defamation against this country. Well, be it bo. The United Statea are now presented in a new position before the world. We occupy the whole of Mexico by aa legitimate a title us England doea India, or any of her other foreign possessions; or France does Algiers, or any other of its colonies. If the Mexican people, or the remains of the Mexican government, refuse to make terms?to give us security for the future, and indemnity for the past ?it ia very possible that temporary possession of the whole of that republic may be determined ui'vu ay vui guvcrumciii. >v e uu noi upprenenu any change in the national paiicy by the result ot the ensuing Presidential election; nor do we believe that a fraction of the American mind of the present day is disposed to adopt the outre and old-fashioned rscommendations of Mr. Clay. In the present state of afTiirs, it will be well for England and every other power of Europe that possesses territory on this side of the Atlantic, to ponder on the policy they may pursue towards the United States. Let either France or England, or any other government in unison with them, raise a threatening finger towards this country, as regards the position in which we stand towards Mexico, and a spirit will be aroused that never will- rest until every vestigo of European domination on this continent be driven across the waters of the ocean. Canada, Cuba, and the West Indies, are ripening. We have, in this l&nd, half a million of just such troops as have conquered Mexico, and driven, in fifty battles, five and ten times their number, like sheept before them. Our navy can be doubled, and trebled, and quadrupled in a year or two; and that arm of the public service ia burning for an opportunity to emulate, at least, if not to rival, the glorious deeds of the army. Let, therefore, the European governments and the European press, in the present position of affairs, take care how they proceed in their abu> sive and calumnious policy towards the United States. On this side of the Atlantic we will not long sutler the British government, skulking, like an assassin in the dark, to stab us through its press, over the columns of which they possess control. We will make the government, tho cabinet, the minister, responsible for the atrocious calumnies that they fulminate day after day, against the character, institutions and deeds of this country. So now, let Lord John Russell eat up this "hasty plate ot soup," and then try to squeeze Rothschild into the House of Commons, if he can. Ocean Steam Navigation?Tub British and ' American! Steamships.?The following facts in regard to the British aad American steamships are, we think, worthy of a passing remark. The British steamship Caledonia left Boston Dn Tuesday last, with twenty passengers for Liverpool, and the American steamship Washington will leave here to-day with about fifty. At all events, at twelve o'clock yesterday, fortythree berths were engaged in her, and the probability i4 that the number will reach fifty, and perhaps more, at the time of her sailing. Annexed is a list of the names of those who have engaged berths:? Pa(SENOER) TO i4il ?t THE W ASHIKr.TO*. Hon. C. T. Oevekoht, Representative of the Mute ?iid Tree city of Bremen. Thomas Achelis New York. Mrs. Achelis do Thomas Achelis. Jr do Mary Ache In do Ami M. Achelis do K Achelis......,, do tieoigo Achelis and servant do Melchior Docker do Mrs. Docker do Henry Ducker do . Anna M. Ducker <!o K. Weimann Bio. Mrs E. Wtgmann do Charles Merle New York. Oscar Hinrichs do George T Hiemon do H. Oosslinjr do b suiter, ji do Dr Shew do Geo'Be Gibton do John Ltrr do laaac Levy do H. 4rppen do K Beeh do L Ouevmard do W. K. Meieer do Mn. Mercer do R. E?rp, Jr rhiladelphin. Mia. Uarp do Evan M rr ? do Mra. Harrison ind child New Otleana. Frederic Focke Baltimore. H. ti. Gerdea do Mra. Freeoiaotle and child do Otto Tank aod daughter do C'harleiM- Wolcott Boiton. Augumn Helwig Hetae. W. H Njpittch Altona. Charles Mogg Eug aod. What is the cause of this great diflerence in the number of passengers by these steamers 1 There are two : first, that New York La the commercial emporium of the country; and second, that the travelling community?the American portion ot it?desire to show their disapprobation of the ungenerous conduct and contemptible jealousy manifested by the British government because we attempted to Qompete with them in navigating the ocean with steam vessels. This will always be the case, if our steamships will but make as good and as rapid passages as the Cunard vessels do. Men of business, who travel on business, care nothing about waiting two or three days for an American steamship to sail, if they are satisfied that it will make as good a passage an any of the othern. We are pleased to see this exhibition of feeling on the part of the American people. d oea nonor to them, and will, -besides, have a good effect on the other side of the water. There can be no doubt that the course of the British government towards our steamers on the postage question, was dictated by jealousy and chagrin, and with a desire?hopeless aid vain, to be sure? that it might injure the American line. Terrible Suffering at Sea.?The marine report of our paper furnishes, from day to day, incidents of sufferirg; but we have for a long time been spared the pain of recording one of so dreadful a character aa the following, taken from the report of the schooner Splendid, at Philadelphia:? On tha 8th Instant foil In with schooner Caroline, ef Saco, Smith, from Savannah for Bath, with a aargo of Umber. dismasted, ko., having experienced a violent ?aie 36th ult. In lat 4'J 43. Ion 72 Samuel Look wood, -miiman, confined to tha forecastle by sickness was drowned In the above gale, and Henry Hughe*, eeamaq, a native of Wales was washed overboard during the preraleooe of a high lea, 30th ult During the gale their provisions wera all washed overheard; consequently when fallen In with by the Splendid, the survivors (three in number) wera In the most destitute oondltion; in fait, so desperate had become their situation that they were obliged to adopt the fea lul alternative of faorlfloing one of their number for subsistence to the rest; accordingly lots ware eaat, and the awful decision fell upon one of the saamen named Charles Brown, who was killed, sad upon whose flash the poor wretches lived until pioked up Po IllcaJ liitelllceiuo. Whether the election df?U S. Senator from Florid* devolve npon the preeent Legislature of that State or not, will depend npon tha adoption or negation of an amendment to tha Constitution of that State, making the aeaalon* biennial, ioatead of annual. If xueh an amendment la Adopted, tha aleotion will be made by the present Laglalature; if not, the election for a Senator will not take plaoe before the meeting of the nest aeaalon. ? Oeargia Telegraph. We are pleaaed to learn that H. P. Irving. Kaq., has abandoned his eonteat with Tho?. 8. Bonook. K?'j., for a aeat in CongreM.?Richmond Enqvirtr, 1<I(A <ml. Tha legislature of Tenneaaee hare made three more attempt* (the 14th being the laat) to ballot in a Senator of the United 8tates>-the three whig candidate being ret on tha tnrf. and Topp going the highest, but enly to 49 rote* The whigs are playing off, nntil thej can unite upon one of their prominent men. There li a oonteftt, too, between F.nat and West Tenneswe, which aeotlon hall give the Senator. Eighteen State* and one Territory are already nam*4 u about to MlttmU thankag'Tlng on tha Mth hit,