Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 26, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 26, 1847 Page 1
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'I 1 T H V?u XIn. Ho. 3M.Wlml( So, if 21. Interesting from the War Quarter. INTtLLIOXNOB FK^ll MIXICO. Tb? United propeller YVaihiDgtou arrived late ii'J ev? nln^ from Vera Crua and Taiucico. She bring! datee from the former plaae t-> the ?th Inat.. and from the latter to the 9th. The few papers we hare teen onotun no new* W* )**rn from Captain Pratt, that Li?ut. Steward, of the Florida Volunteers. wae buried on the evening of the 4th Inat. at Vera Cruz Lieut Brady of the U. B. marine oorps, died at Tmmploo on the tth It ?aa quite sickly there. ; A ?u?picious hermaphiodlta brie, with a lame Bomber ! of persons on hoard, was aeen to tne northwett of Vera Crna ?d the evening of the 3d Inat by the propeller Seor>-tary Buohaian She tlrst hoisted a white flag, and aftrrwarda a Ylexloan enalgn. and ordered the Beeretarv Baetaaan off the land. Com Perry deepatebed the u S ateamer Scorpion In pursuit of her She left on the 3d The Waahinston hugged the shore In oomlng oyer, hut aaw nothing of her or the brig The aehooner November Capt. Peyton ; brig Mary Jane, Capt Nufray, were to_elear from Tamploo, for now unions, on in* lutn. i n? propeuar tuion *u to In a few dayi?V O Picayunt, 17fA intt. W* are positively Informed that 0*n Santa Anna h*i fixed hi* reridecc* conform a bl* to th* orders which he bu received on the snbjeot from the supreme government, and from thence he Intends to defend himself egmiast the oharges brought sgainst him for hie oondnot as a military man. His ootapanions, In bis retirern-nf, are only nil chaplain and 0*n. At aboil, with a email force of c?valry f r the security of his person Oen Alrarn. with the Sd, 7th and 9th Culramiers, and ether regular troona, with the Corp* del Sur. bare marched in the direction of Cuernavaoa. Gen. Reyes, also, with th* regiment of humars and other bodies, both cavalry and infantry, hare taken their ine of march to Qusretaro. to pnt themselves at the die position of th* supreme government?Cor. Tamptc* Stntift*I. /'em V. aico. -Milk ult. In Guadalajara thay har* had very serious trouble* It appears that th* civil anthorlti** had made a rxjuK sition on th* claxgy of that neighborhood for a certain sum of mousy, which was denied on the part of th* latter; and. In conaequonoe, an appeal was made to arau. B?f*re the bearar of this nana had l*ft Guadalajara there had been aotual contests of th* two parties The nam* of Gomes Karie* is mixed up with this internal rnt'utc In a letter whloh has been received from Ma atlan. a eopy of the official statement it announced, that the fore** of th* Un't*d State* bad blockaded all tb? ports on the south of th* republic, including Mslatlan Itself Comolaints wer* bad all through the pro- > vlooe of Guadalajara, that Immense quantities of foreign goods had been fraudulently Imported, and that, in oon?*quenoe, San Bias had beoom* a great mtrtpat. Ills Excellency the Bishop I'ablo Nasqun. died In Cholula on th* 7th nit ; a man very much esteemed by hi* flock. ? l.ttt Matanzas Haptrt. [From th* N*w Orleahs Delta. 12th inst ] Citt or Mcxioo, Ootobsr 5. 1847.? Lut night, about twelve o'clook, we were again visited by an aarthqaak*. Although th* vibrations lot the arth wer* not so s*ver* as the former one, it was iuffloient to* produce a very strong impression wpon our p*opl?, who really hav* a greater dread of them than they bar* of all the engines of death that the Mexicans hav* ?v?r possessed Occurring, at It did, when half th* world were wrapt in slumbers sound, It was calculated to produce mor* fright than If It had happened in daylight FA Monitor, a Spanish paper published her*, ha* ooramanccd to ileal out It* abuse unsparingly on oar authorities The Stmr and the Niirtk Amrrican have drawn their pen*, and a very spirited ooatroverey hat eusued. The man of the Monifr haa threatened something personal, whloh bright Into the hands of the American edltorn, and the affair promt*** something decidedly rioh. The Monitor ha* b?en celebrated In time* paat, when the Mmieans reigned supreme, for fault-ftnding and | fou'rlllty; hot if he get* the Amerlsauo fairly atarted, I t?ink they will tea*h him a lesion that will force him to b? more respectful to others, l( he ha* 110 rvspect for hlm?>-lf. The man of th* Star haa also got himself into a controversy wuh the fair seuoritas?if th?y may be so celled? of this famous eity He being a verdant youth, i and :uU cf life, tor* the liberty of expressing. through , ht* t>*per. hie a.lmiration for the "softer s?x." iu term* I nutly complimentary; whereupon u ooxmuiiication ! ??Mr-a "V?rl4? MhIohuii," U published In ? little paper eall-d tho Kafir, solioi lag the man of tb? Slur > not to (Utter th <m. lor," as they lay, ' flttteiy from *n enemy tr su iuj-ult to their dmr patriotism, but the Slur (9 ii"t to b < driven off in that way, and M?mi determined to aJiuirn and littler lh?m. despite of their effmioaa ihrougu th? oola'nns of the K git It ii the flat tim? I have ku<>wn flattery to o<Tend % lady, friend or foa ; and the editor of the Siur being rather good looking, and moderately amiable, I ahonld not b? aurpriaed if, by energy and a iioeral share of good luck. be suaoeeds In inducing these indignant orwature* to lUten with an idf teutlre war to hi* sentences or admi'atlon?partieul >r y. ait be says, siooe they have got bla **dandrr up, ' tie *11 giHp boldly forward, and ?Kjr that h* does net only admire thom. but that badotea up in all the pretty women f the country, and is determined to wurntup at the hrlna of b*aaiy. Oct 7 ? An order bad bean issued by Gca Q'litman, 1 governor of the city, requiring all tha newspapers to prevent their sheets for revision before publication ? I Tun rebellious aud lunendiary cplri; in<.u.U<tUd by tout of th-in, calculated t-.> t-roSuoo serious trouble btlween our ?raiy and the Mexicans, required the adoption of sua'n a oourM ?elwven the drills of the day, and the nightly p -rfortuancus .it the theatre and olroua, togetiie;- with the other amu*?ni"iits and eurioeitias of tha city, our army In ?u?bleri to pass off the dullness following ou. late exciting oeu?s, Very pleasantly and agreably. Th* drills on Sun day are suspended. and our people ' have tha privilege ! ot d>ingai they please, no that they don't get drunk.'' ! Soma of them promenade the streets and public walkssome attend the c^remoni *a at church while other* pay some a> tention to the Alexins national amusement oi bail fighting. Oct 8 ? Last night we had an exciting soene at the theatro. Between the pieces, the orcnestra. which la really a v**ry fine one, gave ns twoor three beautiful aire, and concluded with a Mexican national air. As soon as they finished, tha audience, being mostly American, called lor Yankee Doodle; but the orobestra paid nd attention 'l'hey stamped and rapped, as if they would bring tf.e home down over our heads, but still the ?rcb??ir* heeded not. At l?Aglh the bell rang, and up went the curtain Tha audience deemed for an Instant as if they were willing to glre it up; but at this moment* a tali, iiab aided-looking geuius, who bora the appear- j vi m<llh >* 1 WW 1 UUI UU|( U UITU |>*|,riUUO VOIUUIfeT, of the first w-?t**r. raised himself about "half straigh','' end said?" I often beard that Vankee Doedle was the Americans' fightlu' tune; but u the darned etarnal grta-xi'M kept uf> 8<? busy. while we were fightin', that wo couldn't have time even tn whistle* lit:l \ I think w? ml tii have a llt'le touch of l.'ucle Sara's favorite, if it'a ouly to make a teller think of the white settlement* M 1 Tbti acted like aii electric ahock upon the audience, and tUn) reooimui mod tbeir c?lls for Vanke* Doodle The aon>r4 peered upoa th? stage, but still they intlnued ta i>t?ui;> halloo Henora Ganette botred *ranefullv, I and eroded bewitcuii'S J; but It was no use; th-v bad determined upon hearing cur national air, and nothing c.'ul'l persuade them front I t. The actors withdrew, the O'lr'niu fell, the orchestra complied with their demands, an 1 the balance of tin er^ntu^'s entertainment passed off in excellent order. A Mexican gentleman. sitting In front of me, remarked to hi* friend, that It was tho be?t illustration of tho Amerloan chsraeter he had ever Witnessed?that when they once determined upon any thing .neither the Urinness of man nor the solicitation of woman. could Induoe tliem to cease in their exertions until tbey had accomplished their objeot, and that in t?-u minutes afisr. or before any efforts, ycu would think froui t jeir appearance, that they were as doolie as Iambi anil as harmless as Infante. Oct. 14?One of the most sriklng things that has been observed during r<t>r operations.ii the extraordinary effect produced upon the rank and file of the army by the presence of the general offlorri Two instances of thii kind nuii u-ider ay notice, and I have no doubt there are a great many more. On the evening of the j 19th Auguit, ?heu tr.e tirst demonstration was made on the oonjai'^nd of ValsDOia, at Centretai, the commands of Coli net Kiley and General Cadvsltder had crossed the "edrlg?iaud arrived on the left fltnk of the enemy, about 1 o clonk, p m As soon as the Mexicans ascer Ul.v d tlielr position, they brought round their cavalry a ?il made a strong demonstration towards them, while, | at the wine time, they opened two or tbree pisoes of artillery upon them. At this juncture a hetvy reioforoe- ! m?n'. from the city made its appearanoe, under the Iminedi tie eomiu.'iud of Santa Anna himself Thus the two brigades tecjine situated, with Santa Anna's heavy column, with artillery ou their right; the fort, with iwcjty (?" piece* 01 uruiwry, on ma lert, and a column of Aboil' &000 laucer* on the hill imuodiauly to iront ? Tue nature of the ground, being covered with irregular and uubrok'in rooks of I ha, prevented th-ir retiring, even uuder cover of the nlirht ; notblug could be Keen of our force advancing?at first intended to bear upon the other (lank of tbe memy-and truly matter* looked gloomy enough In the Isolated command A# Soon an Colonel Hlley* brigade emerged from the little village on tU? bank* of the deep ravine, the lancer* in front charged down upon h.m ; and I glrayou hi* own version and language : ?" 1'fcfj chargnd me, and I formed square, and then they ruu away. They charged me agHln, and I again tormed squire ; but they would not come closer thsui thirty or foriy yards, when tu?jr wheeled arfl ?un nway the seeood time. I found they were nfrai I to trv my square. fhey charged me the third iui<t. 1 wa t .j unt 1 they came close enough, and th?n charged ihun and opened Are, and belore they could get cut of the reach of my in - n there were a great nuuih?r of their hor*<-t ruuuing about without rider*. 'i".l.i nst luoveuieui. ho ooiu(>.< t<ly *urprl*ed the Hnoer* tnu. triey withdrew totheii tt st po?itl >u ou the tidge of the bill lit front, and we lull haclv to the village, to where (Jen Cidwalad*T vu Tue whole command now began to loolt around and viaw their position. Here ?ai a foicu m'>re ihuu quadruple their o?n upon o?ob fltuk. acd ono of m'ue thin double tbeire in frost ; if tie wuoiaof tbe onemy b ire down upon them they must be overpowered and oruihed fry overwhelming number ; end *o cunt)dint w?i 8auta Aui.a that auuh would t>e the r> *ult thai be lent an eipree* to the city announcing thai he had got one oolumu of th- American* into uiih a position that they maet either surrender or be cut to piece*, a* it wa* impoiiible for theu to get a* ay Affair* locked gloomy the brigade of Col Riley now b came particularly dii-heartened-they were it, a tt. lit place, fUpported by a hogade Of hew troop* of which vhey knew nothing?(bey were under the command of Ut>n Cailw*lader, wbo wa* a new inan lu the held, and a* they *ald,1 might be a very good iiHoit,'' but they did net know him; and if be made one ml*. t*p in *o import >nt a crisi* lliej were utterly io*t hryoi.d redemption? ind old troop# bate a great aver*lnri to new oom- i man ini* How were they U) be extrleated, and where wa* tbe giant miad to flaa End direct it t At tbl( in E N E Nf f portent atag* of tli ?-f?. 'r i, Naltk, vbntiml found 1 i it 1(E|>ohMHp to Kr[<r?nou *i? er <*Tnr o>? i?i ntfc r 0\'il withnur gr-at liw?. no* i-' --xl the d?<*p r*vtn? en-f Joined the for<*e wtih lil? hriint'l* WM'? bU tuui*tj<1 wMoroM<a?. he -nt l?'? ai'l-de-aamp. LUut. Van-lorn, forward to ascertain the "Ir-mtlon 11 tfa? ?Q-ct and tba < Datura of tba ftrotind A* eo?i- a* li? who ? "? ? v lb* old regular*, they exclaimed. "Hare'* th? Ll'tle Lt.?u tenant !** "Hare'* tba Little Lieutenant!" lieu smith U about Moivhita ' We're all right now'" "N? there'a bo ru<)h good look ; 1 am iure be went with hi* brlga I* to tb? other flank?It'*..bim tbij'Tn been tiring on ao bear? " "Bat. If be ll oyer there, what'* tba littte one doing bar* ?" While they were thus remarking and oonjectorlng. General Smith with hi* brigade turned the corner cf the lane, and earn* in view or tba whole Una As*o*o a* their aoxiou* eye* fell upon hln a hundred woloe* joyously exclaimed?"Here he la!"? ' Here be la!" "Here'* Gen Siiltb". "Now we'll bate than!" "Now we'll give it to then!" And a cheerful buttling hum wa? heard among them, where all wai a J Jk 4U.l.lal it % uv?u u?ptriHU| iiifDcv unoro ? tneir anuaru DMuai i lively gayetr - contidenoe uj enthutletm took poMN lon where distrust and lethargy bad Just now prevailed While this ?m the vary highest ootnpUment ta?t oooid or can poadbly be paid to the eminent ability of tba gallant Oaneral, it also showed that tba rank aod flla anar l(*e confidence in themselves-they faal oompetent to aurmount any difficulties and overcome any obataolen? tbey only want to feel tbat they will ba properly oommauded?that tbey will ba akllfUily bundled, and that their oommsndlng ofloer poaaauea tba ability to dlspoaa of them to tha baat advantage tbat the elroumstance* will admit?thay fa*r not to die, but tbay want to ba satisfied that they wtU not ba unnecessarily sacrificed. Gen. Smith took tha command aod by diflhrvnt mowmenta diverted tha attention ot tha enemy nntll tbe engineer* reconnoitred their poaltlona and the nature of the ground. At night tbe plan of attaek wan formed, lien Shields joined witi hi* brigade about 3 o'clock At the dawn or tha morning, tbe enemy, who but a few hour* previous felt ao confident of auoceor, found the brigade of Col. Riley, aupported by Sen Cadwalader, in their rear, bearing down upon them like an avalanohe. their com mender infusing Into them, by hla language and his look*, hi* own unoonquarable enthusiasm and determi nation, tha unerring rifleman riddling their flank*, and a* they commenced their retrvaf. the brigade of Shield* dealing them death and dvatructlon Victory perched upon cur banner?our arm* triumphed?onr loci was very amall?the enemy suffered severely, and were routed from a poaltion they deemed impregnable? and one of tha drat thinga I heard was a soldier exclaiming. " Didn't I tell you boya, wh-n Gen Smith joined ua laat night, we'd give them b? before tbey knew what tbey were about?" -But," lay* another, "you didn't think we were going to come thU way?" "H?I who says I did? but I knew there were 'foxes about,' and that we were aa certain to whip them aa my name la John." Again, there waa another Inatance. equally strong, thowing tbe atfection of the meu for their commander. Oen. Shield* wn* wonaded in tbe attaek upon the work* under Chapultopec Aisoon aa he saw the fortification* carried, be returned to the rear for the purpose of having hla wound dreaaed; ?s ha pasa?d along the Una of hla brigade, the men neemed to sympathise with him as tuvugii iie n>a oi>?n > iromer to mem all But Hit f?soIlng showed itself utronger when they cum# to advance upon the oity along th? aqueduct; and a* they wnr? compelled to halt at alfferant. point*, I h<a- d them frequently asking?1" I wonder who will ercinmahd onr brigade now?" ' I don't know," say* another ; " but llfi or die, I'U (tick by the Palmetto as long aa there'* any one to carry It " " That 1* not thn thin*, exactly ; we will all itand by our color*; we want somu obief that we all know, who will look ont and sue that our color* don't Set where we will all get our head* knocked off standing y it: we want aome one who will not get ua all killed off without doing any t^]ng." At thl* moment Oanaral Shield* earn* riding up. with liia arm In a aliag. HI* appearance at the rear wan anuounced by the cheering salutation* of hi* oetumtud, which erteud^d along the wholn line. Hi* mm?officer* and private*?an devotadly attached to him, aud would follow him any where he would lead them, with pride aud oonSJenen, and his appearanoe among them was equal te an addition or a furoa equal to thalr own number* Many instance* of thU klu<l ocurrad. find It i* Impossible to iWoilbe tilt d.ffermnH lu the appearance of a co.Uuj.iiid tun thn> inei oonbdent la their coiauimders, and wh4i> there ate doubta Q^ehlug across tlislc mind*. Night before latt the PLaealx Sa.oon, In St. Charles street, waa brilliantly illuminated with |<a* lights. The oytter box**, with tlieir crimson curtains at J nioe little sofas, looked like to many apartment* in a hotel of the drat watar. .* * Out man, however, particularly atruck our attention. He had on a quearly mad* out. with bright brass butI0O> and a oinoreru" of extraordinary dimensions AlLiinuih ha?ln> > mnl? > L ~m m ? ? ?J .nwvi mw ?i in cur, UQ nMUirU | Mil ktnd, >iid smiled kt tba compliments paid htm by his oompanlons. Ha ate hU oysters la the moat 1 graceful minnir, and was In fact " a?crj Inch a gentleman." Jn going out of tb? box the attention of those in the oyster aalnou w?? ri v ?t?d upon I ha person la the V|. xioiin costume, but bo one ooutd tell who he was Souj'-avid that ho ara* ihe robber ctiiel Canales, others that hit *as Cafebajxl, und u srniU _,an 1 a e.trnar Tintu> e<i to suggest that he was the veritable Santa Anna hiaSiuir H ill, so far a4 he blni?nlf was oonoerned, tbe Mvxlcan btUoer preserved his :r. jogul'.o, and all went wondering ?Jif> lie w- i -t^r.lxy i.iornl?if we happened to b? in l'i? L.iit\ i t, ._.f the Kirnt District i Court. A nrowd of g?i?ut;uien, ui..o of them clerks, or j In acme way employed In c lUrtn. were Blinding around a handsome I'o'i n? mat; tn-n iu whom they , seemed to reevgnls' hq ? . ,>?ulon The yoau# inttu wore a bmrd and iuou^i -.clw .<i had on a *>pl? rttlld c'?. | ret colored coat, a satin vetft.ntid npnlr oriljht blue milltiry pantaloon* striped with silver. N'-veral of toe elsrks recognised blm as a school mate, aud tilki-d over tholr pastime* tn the ground.* surrounding 8; Mary's College. In Baltimore The so'.dler. who had been through nearly all tbe bloody wars In Mexleo, still remembered with delight his boyish games in good old Baltimore Though be had forsaken the marble for the cannon ball, and the" baudy stick'' tor the sabre, he still recollect* J his play-mates and the games that they were wont to delight la. Tbe perron we speak of was Aguslln Iturbide, son of the late Kmperor (turbid*, of Mexico, lie comes here as a prisoner ot war, but ha<, we believe, ob talned leave on hit parole of honor to travel whithersoever he cboosei It the Mexican army he held the rank of Major, and Is reported to be a g tllant and skilful officer lie was. If we mistake not, an aid to Santa Auna, and in the various aetions that have taken place, deported himself in a mauner that galuel tbe credit and approbation of all. We understand that tbe family of the late Kmperor lturblde reside in Philadelphia, aud that Major A gustln lturblde will leave this city in a few days, on a shoit visit to his relatives. [kroa th? New Orleans i'ioayune ) Citt or Mkxico, Oistobsr 14. 1S47 ? We it 111 receiv* tbe intelligence that notbiug Is doing at (^aeret+ro. No (juuruui hat as yet been formed, and noun of the most intelligent winds are of tin- opinion that It will be liaposaibla to assemble a suffloit-Mt number of the members of CoofffrM for the legal transaction of business. An atteupt linn ham made, started by the military, to keep 1'uua y Tuna from the Presidential chair, the malcontent* even going to far a? to oontend in the very teeth of the oonsiltutlon, that he if not entitled lo it j but disorganised at the country now Is, they probaliiy will not succeed. Meanwhile, ({unret&ro is orowded with hungry offloera. clamoring for their pay, and not a eent of money U there to give them In this elty, to luch straits are the members of the late Mexl' can army driven, that there are not. only ooioueis but generals without a sign of support for Ihtilr families ; and some of them are fain compelled to call upon our offloera for the means to furniah their dally meals. Still no one tbioks of p*ace. Storiea are afloat that there hare been disturbances I In the .State of J*ll?co As the reports go, It would teem that the civil authorities had called upon the ecclesiastical ? the usual reeouroe - for money, and on ! it* beiui refused. tb? parties of either resorted to arms The mine of Gomes Farias ii mixed up in the business. , It is now exactly a month since the American flag was hoisted ou the National Palace of Mexico, and during | that time the occurrences oue day tell the story of all The men have been paid off, and with t^e money In their pockets many of them have vhited tbe innumerable 'train shops. Drunkenness would follow, and in many instances while in this state they have beeu assassinated. H?*n. tluitinau, the Oovernor, has taken every means granted hiiu to ferret out the mn> derers, but lu too niatiy oaees without success The inhabitants of the city look humble and ormttallen. but sullen. Had their streets been enured by W),IKH) men. instead cf by the I Insignificant number composing Ucn. hoott's entire I force, on the morning of the capitulation, they could i hare burn* the infliction with a better grace. Day by ! day we have ruinois of the euetny In this direction and I In that, hut ail come in such ?j jerttionabie shape that no | reliance e?n be placed ou them. Of amusements we cinnot complain, t itber as regards the number or the reality. Kirst and foromos*, ?? have i a most excellent sp.tuisn company at Kl Teatro Naeionl si, giving us a aeries of entertainments than wbio*i we I have seldom witnessed anything batter, if as good, at home. The principal actor la henor Vino las, a finished | artist, but tbe most oharmiug feature in the company la the Senora Canete. auactreaaof varaatlletalenU?chaste | and pollahed In her at)la to a degree, while h-r voice is u<,i r;? un^ni ana joyous, her rmlle irresistible and the whole ?x(ir>")ilon of her face sunny as brlyht day in May. She bun inn noajn thirty-odd mmmfii- begging her pur Jon for *p?aking upon a point no tend?r?ye> mil I* a handsome, a beautiful, woman, with whom time baa dealt moat leniently. To h charming ntivtit *he unites a thorough coueepflon of character and an exbausllass flow of spirit*, and at the same time la just aa inurh at home while enacting the I Itifdoif und sentiment*! tlt'.t.lui of tori a.* while pertruy-. I 11.< tba buiiderout in.yden I cannot c?li to mind tbe | tqualtn La Caneto ou ib? Aineru<i i ?tage. la all their I appointments and aocesanrleH (ha Mpanuh are infinitely abend of us?eveu at our own French theatre in New Orleans they sra behind tbe*e Caatillan comedian* In the richness and appropriate nena of ooHiurae. Attached to tbe company la an eiodleot cm in J- hallrt, composed of vjioii six or eight aud fomale dancers Tbe prlnolp.l is La a pretty and sprightly little woman, wiili a Jewish Call of uouti'nnance, lighting up so I whI on tbe sta^a. while her limb* would ?-i ve as mode's Nor i-< she at all chary in the dlnplay of theiu. hut vault*, whirl* aud?and?cavort* Is t good word?about tbe stage in a style highly gratifying to "lot Yankees " Not a partial* of prudnrj is there In her pirouette*-quit* the contrary Tliaie appears to b< n lojouiaiani/enaooutall the dances given by thei" Mpani?h anititt, and If a New York or New Orleans audience n uld see one of their Boleros. or La Jota Arragoneaa.'' for Inatance, aa given h' r- i.t Lue National Ihtatrt, tlieie woulu be mm* liUle uiw inpt a' shouting 1 here is o ly one word that lias ever alien upon in) ear* that ci truly dcilne the style of?* pretty Moiiocita li< (i*. an ' doubt whether tha? can be found I -be- stjl. 1* \lghfalutin ill* Spanish ?o i? pan; t: .um lUTtf night* In aach 1W Y :w YORK. FRIDAY MOD w-k rt El ^*nU'i?l - Tur*der. Thursday and tiunJav \ On llw other >r islogs Hurt ?'? * an Am?rl?sn per i fi I mM -.t i f U " mpiuY. b;i >'?"< out wllb t 1 r? bl> ? ?'~ iri'/'.p*' from lh>? I'eltui 0|j?rn lroo|>? Th-< , arincipsl otnlatrirv i* tha 8?-prra l..>p?s a Mexloau by birth, wno htw * volou of joml (vvnpxui.witk a fair fXtioutiou While Borgh< ?< w?s b?re In Metlon she appeared with her r>o several oo?nioo?. both taking principal pant la iti- som. op~ra* The tb?atre I* cut* of the Urges'. lu Am-i. * tnd one or the flo**t In the world? Urfrr ??en thru the old it Charle? and perfect la all lu appointments The orchestra la a very good one, and nightly th?y gl*e "Yankee Doodle'* and "Hall Columbia" In a style which w?kea up the patriotism of tha AnaloSaxoDi nine tenths of 'he audience bring oompoaed ot this particular cUu of tba human family. The Ttutrv del Prnf.reto. another Una theatre tn tbe same street as tha National, Is nightly opened by Banslay with his equestrian company Tha pit baa been ia Ken out to make room for tha ring and tba aoeompanyinguwdust, and good audience are In constant attendance Tba prluclpal attraction at this establishment la tba Senora Armand, a little Habanera, married to a Frenoh Hercules. Sbe is not as graoefal as Blangy. but is as bold as Joan of Arc?a well formed woman enough, turns somersets. rldsson one leg. jumps through hoops, danoea tha Caohuoa, and makes up ia strength and agility for what she laoka In pollah. Another attraction at this establishment Is Hamblln. tha India rubber man. who shuts himself nn like sluk-knlfr. and rw?r forma various (imn of that tort, while two of the eqntstrians.Kelly sad Klsaade,would paw muster under Btlokoijr'i management. Than th?y bira an Ethiopian extraTag*Dia alnger. with a banjo, who flees" L?oy Naal" and '-Old Dan Tucker" between the aets. Who would have thought, a twelve month since. thatsuoh atrocities wanld have bwn Introduced Into one of tha first theatres In Mesiflo? Hut I am uhronlollng the truth in addition to all I have se far mentioned, wa have a panorama r.f some sort, performanoes at tbe Diorama, regular bullfights at the Plci* da Toroa, and a promise of sport In the way of cricket playing and horse ruoing; so you will see that such of the American people a* are sojourning in the neighborhood of the " Halls of the Mont* ?uaa<," haTe no great lack in tha way of amusements. CAPT. WAI.KKR, THE TKXAN RANGKR. [From tbe Hartford Daily Times, Not 16 1 Sumu.-l Hamilton Walker was b">iu about the Tear 1316, in frinoe George county, Maryland. Ilia brother* and other relatiTea now reside in WaahlngUu city. During tbe Seminole Indian war be enlisted In the United States serTlce as a private, and was one of Col Harney's picked men to penetrate tbe everglades of Florida, where foot prints of the whiti man were never before seen in that hazardous expedition, which effectually put an end to tbe Florida war, by conquering tbe Indlanw around tbnir own oouncil fires, young Walker greatly distinguished himself. He waa a faTbrlte of the daring llarney. whose ((nick perception neTer failed to select the mott energetic and bold. At the close of the Seminole war, Walker went to Texas and Joined Col. Hays' company of rangers. In I tbe summer of 18-14, he was one of the fifteen of Hays' men, armed with revoking pistols, who attacked eighty Camanch* Indians, and d?feated thxrn. leaving thirty hruu ^iiad Indiana unAtt tka M*l<l * ><! **?? ? ? bur of (load and dying carried off, it mi believed that more than half of the Camanche force was Main by these flftuen rangers. In this fierce battle, Walker wan piorced through the body by the spear of an Indian, the spsar pinning htm to the ground? He was left in that condition by hU companions, who tupposed he was dead. After the battle, he was found with the spear still sticking through him, though Ue bad suoeeeded in getting it out of tlie ground. Ills companions relieved him from it, ani found it had not touched a vital part. Ha reoorered. Walker was Also one of Col. Fisher's three hundred man who marched sgainst two thotuand Mexicans stationed at \lier, and waa captured by the Mexicans previous to that battln, as he made an excursion among them. After the defeat of the Mier expedition, ha waa marched, with other prisoner*, to the oastle of Perote. prisoners reoetived the inhuman treatment which no other people on <?arth, save Mexiaann and cannibals inflict upon iU^so within their power. At Aalado,.tbe Texans resolvt d to make their ss?ap<s Walker was foremost. It was arrunm J that he should sets* and disarm onn of thu guard, and that Cameron, a .Scotchman, should serre tne ^ther in tho same way. At the signal, the guards wore disarmed in a moment, and the Texans, !IU in number, rushed Into the onter court, where 150 Mexican infantry were guarding a quantity of arms and | ammunition. The Texans soon had command of this print, and armad themselves Whilst doing so three houi'rud Mexicans, cavalry and Infantry, formed outside of tho gat-*. ThsTeians rushed upon these, and def att d them, killing ten of their number, and losing Ave. The company then escape.!, but Anally became lost in the mouutalos. aud suffered greatly from hunger. As Walkar expressed It to a friend alter his return, their eyes became so sunken from hunger and fatigue, that they appeared like auger holes in the head. In this condition, they were re-captured by the Mexioans, and taken back to Salado. Here the blood-thirsty Santa Anna demanded the Ufa of every tenth man, and the onmpany was marched out to draw the black beans?one Mac* bean for svery tenth Dian being placed in the bowl, and all who drew them w?r? shot \ ouog Torrey, of this oily, got one and *as killed ou the spot Tfc<n? who drew 'lie white beans were subjected to intense suftaring*. Walker. ?ltn eight others, however, finally escaped from Mexico, and returned to 1 cxas. lis then joined the Texas revsnue service, wliem b- exhibited his usual etKoi?ucy Wheu Uen. Tayi >r marched into Texas with bis army of observation, and mattors were wearing a hos tue appearance, vvutknr. at the bead of a company of r?XM llanperr, uriued with Colt's patent repeater*. otfer?'d Kih ai-rvlueB to the United Sates, was accepted, tud aided id defundiug 1'oint it tbel 11* w?? stationed between that plaae and <?eo. Tajlor'a advance e>mp with Instructions to kcpthe communication open, if possible. Tbt? aervics ?m perilous, but Walker's bravery aad rapid movements overcame all obstacles On this itfili of April, le>t4, h? ascertained that quite a Urge body of Mexicans lutended to surround i??n Taylor's oarap. Mid he at onoe net out with aevenfy-tlve iokd, to communicate with the Oeneral. proceeding twt lve miles, he eucount ?red Utten huu lr?d Mexican*, and moat ot hi* men bring Inexperienced, fall bank. at the appearance of sush an overwhelming opposition. The fow that remained around their bold commander, irmly received toe attack of the Mexicans, and gave thi-m battle lor about 16 mlnutea, killing about at) of them They then retrtated, and were pureued te within half a wilu of I'olnt Isabel It waa reported that Walker w<* alain, but at tight he earns Into the fort, aud with that Indomitable spirit fur which he waa distlnxui-lied.fct once offered to communicate with (ieneral Taylor, provided he could have four men aa companion* Thia proposition, utider Much circumstances, with the enemy in foro, and lurking in every path aad tbloket, waa considered rash But aTx Texaun volunteered, and after several bold adventure*, in oae of which they charged throngh a large body of Mexioan lanoera, whllat taey were preparing t > forage their horaea. they reached tan samp of Geo. Taylor in safety on the oOth. Walker waeamoug the bravo tutu who joiaed the gallant Col May. aad accompanied him m hia lamoua charge when Oen. La Vega waa taken prisoner The government, without solicitation, rewarded hia services aad signal bravery by a Captnin'scomiolaaion In the new regiment of I'. a mounted lUflea Thua promoted, he repaired to Maryland, aad *000 rallied around blrn. principally from Maryland and Kentucky. 'J&O volnnteer Hangers, whose service* were ace pted by the government with thU compaoy he went to Vera Cm. and waa employed to keep theguerillat at bay, and opan communication. The bold teata of hltniell and hia oonfldent fol luwrn nu-um uirror uuo m? pruwliaif ituerllla* and this e!ai* ot highway robber*, always well armed and wall mounted, were turn to leave a clear path when " Walker ?ul hi* ringers" wore on their traok. IIin nervine* hare been most valuable to the fOVMMMt, and all will regret hi* fata A braver or nobler 'allow never fell upon the battle-6rld He wa* the luH frl?ud of Improvement* In the art of war, and hi* experience and keen perception led him to adopt the bett arm* and equipment* that oonld b* had. Old customs aud old fa*hion<<d arm*, un ieldly aod elfiotlve, found no favor with him, *o long aa radical Improvement* were within hi* re*oh. In the death of Capt. Walker the onuntry ha* loit one of it* brave*t and moat valiaut non*, and wa cannot but j-yinpathi** deeply with his family and lrlend*. INCIDENTS or TUB WAR. [Corre)p?n<ieuo? of the New Orlemi* Delta ] Vi.?? Chvi, Not 3.?Col Harney i* on hi* way to thin plane, with a large train loaded with slok and wounded soldlera.and the remain* of gallant officer* who *o gloriously fell lu the aervloe of their country. A large amount of stiver, In barn, la alio on It* way to thie place. ??? den Tatterson left yecterday with 4 Alio men?a splendid command; but I u- derstaml that (ma. Moottdesign* stationing the (ii-neral at some town, to do post duty. I'his would bo gross injustice to Oen Patterson, after hi* assiduous labor In getting up his eoinMind VVhtl?t here, linn, ratterson (lid good service, In driving tlie guerrileros out of the neighborhood aud killing oil a large number of them, lie mad* arrangement* by which be wa* early appri*ed of thtir movemeiiU, and tlie mounted men were immediately put in moticu, and the shrill cracking rifle* and revolvers of the Teas* boy* completely dismayed the band of lawlet* robbers heretofore allowed to lufsst our neighborhood, and evej to visit till* city. Now thil the genvral is gone, I cuppeee ?e will toon have gaerillero* here ngaln. Uut we shall soon see. *__ *# Pt:?oTr, Sept. .'<J ? A deserter from the id rirttgo n?, a am <) Johnson. and ? Mexican prisoner, escaped iroir the guard h"ui'-, l"?tde (he i,hU?, on the di^ui of the th Inst. I* a yoiimc man, a nutlve of New \ ork elty. whosa fatlier wan bung c ine yeara since for uiurler. In the morning. an til Mextc.m tu found horribly murdered, after tiering been robbed. upon the ou.eKiria o MMt, the work au Joubt of tne above wr?iefe*?. A akaoiefol and cowardly outrage wasoommltted on this afternoon of the Ptb, by two soldier*. regulars, In the market Piaia of Perote While 'Iron*, triejr mns kets, either through acoldeut or d?ei?i. were discharged, dangerously wounding a Met loan woman and child ? The men were attested shortly after. placed In iron* and confined. 'f hi affair caused 'jntt* an excitement in to?a. Numerous robberies having be?n committed for soma tine pact upon tba people or Vegas. ? ruse Dlanco and other small town* between I'wrote and Jalapa, the aloaldea were Informed that proper steps roust be taken to prevent the same, and that ipeeduy Accordingly, on the night of the 13th Inst, four of the villains all .\1*xleana?were arrested by the Inhabitant*, and imme ulately hung up by the neck The ftllh. a Mexioan prisoner, who eeoaped from the castle, waa shot, and will no donbt snffer a similar fata with Us companions Johneon, the deeerter alluded to above, la alto reported

to hav? oaught with the robbera and bnng. thus meeting the ilka fate of hit father. We have a snug UtUe theatre fitte<J up to one of U>? >KK I LNING, NOVEMBER 26, lame "bomb i>rr.i fa" nf the nestle, under the muipmeut of Kjwitrd L>?an*, oi' ibe rblladtlphia l.'adwaUder < Itryt The performers ere a..veral In uumbeT, cnl their repreaeutatlens?tbree times ? week aru really excellent xid generally well attended. " 0, Hath!11 Is admirably performed. while the negro eing1 In* la almost upcn h par with the famed Ethiopian Bere[ ne tiers Prion of adinUalon?Frost saata it cents; back I aaata 12K. The performer* are all from tha oity of "Brotherly Love'1?barring tba rowdy firemen -and I have "atarr'd'' It before Onaof ou/ expreae rldere-a Max!can - from Puabia, with a maaaasa for lbs train, vaa captured a boat tba 19th Inst., between Perot* and Ja'apa. by aoaa guar ill aa. an1 brought to amall rauaho upon tha mountalna, withlng *evea mllea of this place, when ha we* hnog op by the neok to a traa. with tba word* 'Cerr?? it lea Y,inker*," pinned to hla olothlog Frequent disturbances, of lata, baring occurred la Paiote, between the soldier* and Mexloana, tha Uoraraor has determined to prevent a recurrence In future. A tew evenlnga alnee, upon dreaa parade, Sergeant VVallaoe, of company F. ((.'apt Bennett'*) tat Pen&aylTaaU regiment, waa reduoed to the rank of a private, for being engaged la sum* disreputable affair in town. A correspondent of the New Orleans Dfltt, writing j from Perote Caatla, under date of Sept. 30th. gives aoma intareaung ui in iuat nelgnbornood. Krom repeated diacouraglng acoounta reoelved at the Caatle, concerning the safety of tha train under Major L ally's command, m well a* the condition of his troop 1, Col. Wynkoop determined on an expedition to Jala pa. According, on the evening of the 3td utt , with Captain Walker'e mounted riflemen, Captain Taylor'a artillery oorpa, withtvoalx-poundsra, Captains Bennett'a, Nagle*a and Blnder'a lat Pennsylvania, we took up tUe line of march, leaving a aufflntant number of men In tba Cattle to defend It in ease of attack We halted for the night at La* Vega*, leaving at daybreak the following morniuK, leaching Jalapa at 4, P. M , where we found Major Lallv quartered. Not a Mexioan was aeen during the j march disponed to give ua battle, while nearly all the i towns aud raneboa along the road were deserted. | The autborltiea and people of Jalapa wero greatly surpriaed at our entnnce, and manifaated much anxiety to : know the oanae. Tbia waa not long withheld, for the ; very flrat aot of Governor Wynkoop waa to arreat the I Alcalde, and hold him roaponaible for every outrage perpetrated by a Mexican. The enemy had beooue emboldened by their frequent attaoka upon onr traina, and were both nameroua and impudent in town. They crowded the eornera of aimest every atreet, many, having ih appearance of guerillas, frequently insulting our men, and cauaing a oonatant atate of cxcitemeut, which generally gave rtae to a "knook down'' by the boy*. AUatorea, eating houses, Jco . ware oloaed at an early hour in the day. during our brief sojourn of four days, and, whenever a purchase waa made, it wai invariably upon the " for.o iirMf.'1 ryateni, the Mexlcana becoming heartily siok ot a game of wblnh they were the orlgitutors. It waa " poeo tiempo'' this, and 'poootlempo" that -or. In other worda: "trust to-day and pay tomorrow." The train between Vera Crux and Jalapa, comprising only about seventy wagons at flrat, with some troops, infantry aed cavalry, waa attacked several timea, and narrowly eaoaped destruction at the National Brings, where the guerilla* had taken a position on each side of the road upon the height* Whau oar troops bad reached the bridge, a deadly volley waa poured Into them by the eneiny. killing and wounaing a number. The men and traiu were scattered tor aeveral miles, and aome time elapaed before all had come up Altogether, the affair was a moat unfortunate one from beginning to end. The gueiillaa wer? dually routed, but it would appear only to rally at another point At Cerro Ooldo, another attack waa made, and much tiring followed, but the loss waa not aa serious a* at the National Bridge The enemy had twopiaceaof artillery, one of which waa captured, and occupied their old and most important height! The total number of ktlledand wounded ia the several engagements. (i >i'K not exoe?d seventy, only ten b lug killed. The wounded were doing well at last acoounta, and are all in a fair way of recovery. I regret to stata that Major I.alty received a wound from a musket ball in the faoe?it Is not dangerous The train had dwindled dowu t* leu than ttfty wagons, the contents of which were of little iinpottan , from the faot thtt not one dollar had been sent forward Upon Inquiry, I learnedfrouaseveralinfluential foreign residents of Jalapa, that the bands of guerillas who had infested the road between Vera Cruz and Jalapa, sinoe the abandonment of tbe latter pUee by ttan. scott? a must imprudent act?liad their origin in that townwore orgauized and equipped under the superintendence u! an old priest, named J areata, aud that De hoto, Governor ot the State of Vera Crui, generally assisted in furnishing the means. 80 far as ">leJor Lally's train was eoncernsd?which was supposed u> have a large amount of money?the entire band of robbers hailed from Jalapa. This Is an acknowledged feat, and 1 only need refer to Messrs Kennedy and Welch, two influential foreign residents, for proof. Tbe holrtin.del Muliciat. an incendiary print. Issued every other day, at Jalapa, contsiued, on the morning of our arrival,'('.'3d ult) an article proposing to surrender as prisoners of war to the guerillas 1'0<J eitisvus of the town, who bad eith'T reruajned uuetral or refused to take part In th* wiir auloft us. 'ibis WHlMt move, and one which caused no iltflt set. .atiou Oov Wyukoop belli* iuturmtidof the fsct, ti-(>alrbd to the office, seized upon llie typ?? and pres>e . snd would have caused their destruction bad not the authorities, or responsible citizens of Jalapa, bocouie p'clged that no other publication of a similar character si ould herealter emanate from the office Kor my own part, during a visit ol half ii honr, 1 managed to pi" some two ur mrre k?u?jb ui live uwurr, uuu u^nri ? mil cin? ui brevier' The office if tbe Huh tin li the same lately occupied by the ~lm*ricnn Star, and it does appear strauge (but Major Lally should bare guttered the publication of a paper bo dangerous to our Interest* - at li-aat three numbers hating appeared sinue 'lis arrival. * * * I nor Raphael, a Mexican ul Perote, one of our faithful couriers, who had bean taken by the guerilla* and ocn demned to drR'.h, was round atlluatrpec, after the alcalde had been given to underitand the consequencc, imprisoned, suffering much from the wounds, uv? in number, the Mexicans bad inflicted upon hii person. Notwithstanding his oaptura, his severe treatment, with death before him, the old fellow had proved faithful to the last, from the fact that the enemy bad never become possessed of the despatches with whinh he was (intrusted. Raphael is bow in th* castle of Perots, where every care and attention la bestowed upon him. The expedition returned to Jalapa-at an early hour In the even ing, evidently delighted with the occurrences of the day Quatepeo is a very pretty little town, the Inhabitants of which will no doubt loug remember the vt?it of Oov. Wynkoop and party. Throughout the whole of Thursday and op to Krlday noon, an lutenre excitement prevailed among the t>oop?, and it was with i^rent difficulty an outbreak uould tie prevented by the commanding officers The very tact that Jalapa hod bi<?u made, as It were, a depot for the organization and fitting out of guerillas-that American citisens bad been shot down in eold blood in its public plasa ?and that it cow swarmed with a people whose countenances were not to be mistaken?was sufficient to arouse the American spirit, and create a strong desire for vengeance It waa known that arms and ammunition were oonccaled in the town, and the Oovernor, on Krlday, tha 27tn, in several interviews with eitiiecs, demanded tbe Immediate surrender of the same -security for the future pe*o?abl j deposition cf the Inhabi tauta towards our troops? aud a pledge that our trains should no longer be molested, as far as they, the Jalaplans. ware concerned. The language of the Governor wa? strong and empbatlo-Just such ar. toe emergency at the ocoasion required. He told tbem that he was about to return to I'erote ? that he should go by the main road, and aas readv to meet De Soto, with whatever force he might bring,'if they were di*po**d to aend blai (I)? Soto) wurd?that if be (Governor Wynkoop) iuikiid compelled to vUit Jalapa, terrible would bo th? conaeijuonoea of that vUit, particularly toward* the wealthy portion of it* Inhabitant*. Tbiniutd th* dr aired effect The commanding ollloer, Gov. Wynkoop, finding the ' boy*'' bout upon revelling, if not la the IIill* of the Mobtexuinan. at leaat in Jalapa, laeued order* for the Immediate muitering of ail tbt troop* preparatory to their rnaroh for Perote This dm unexpected. but the order wu promptly obeyed, and at !1 o'clock. 1' M , on the 'i7tb. all were reaily About 11 o'clock. conal'derable alarm waa manifested iu oou*e<|u?nne of the eoavdly 1 aaaaaalnution, in tbe lower pen of th? town, by a namj her of Mexican*, of John Groa*. a private ot company II. ' (Cl#MlMWOhJH, from 1'hlladelphta ) He waa *bot la tbe rigbtilde Of tbe bend, the ball paasing through ' and lodging over the left eye. Ill* companion*, two in j imnber, lefi blra lying u^on the ground, weltering In blood, and hastened to spread tbe iiory Tbe Governor Immediately ordered a detaohment ot twenty-five men, under l.leuc X I). Urease, to prooeed to the >ovne of tbe outrage, and If pouible arrnet the guilty. Kive of the party were discovered, ooncealrd In a houee, tud offering reah tance. were abot dead upon the apot ? a punishment every way merited Tbe alnioet llfelea* body of pO"r < ir< **. who wu a favorite with all, waa conveyed to the Ver? Crux Hotel, where Dr Keynolda drt**ed the wouud, after which he waa taken to the hoaplul, with but taint hope* of hi* recovery. Among th'j brave and good who have thl* day falt*L waa my friend ilurwell, of the .>lh Infantry. He fell early in the action (at hi Mollno del Key) from a wound in the leg On the alight repulae of our troop* be wa* Inhumanly murdered by the enemy1! lanoer*. ill* faltlij ful dog, a beautiful pointer, bad accompanied him there; ; be also ?u woun ied Duilng the action he beoarne te, parated from hi* ma*ter. After It had inh*tded the noble form of ilurwell, manly a* In life, waa dlaeovered, and ' bealde him and eT?n licking hi* face and wound* wu hla ! poor dog. who, regnrdlr** of hla own pain, had I sought nl* gentrou* maater In tbe hour of danger, i and there, upon the same field, to dl*. Thla afI f?*f(nnata *u<urt? tm "Ka.l ?K- ti^.ete Again, afr*r th* fury of tba hattl* wu o??r, I caw a ramp fooiiu, of tb>* Infantry, who rime upon th* fi?li to look for b?r hunband Almoat frantic with d??pair, xhii ran from on* to another to inqulra af ?r him. hat I patting no Information ?hn immediately w*nt to ??'? ?h lor blm among the olaln. I'Mnlng from body to body ?h# I at length found hlm-daud Knwlu^ o?*r hl( o?rp** I nb? en<l?a?on-d to ral?* It, but finding Ufa atlnet ?h* gar* utterance to ibriekx and lamentit ovc, truly touob| tng to bear Her all had fallt-n }>h? oootluii .1 to ra| main 011 the Hold, (nnd*r bra of tb? memy ) until bit llfel*M body wm oarrlrd off. which ?ha folio?*d In the d**p??t gri*t Hoob la air<ntlonat? woj?aa ? Ktlrait | from L:lur?f C?p(. if. \V. Merrill. fllall Kitllnrt'. 1 All ih* mall* failed by the di?oonn?ftlon of th* oar* i at Auburn on rtaturday. ? K.xA'ifr Drmocrul. 'J llh inI , VV* har* no pap?r? from any nuartor of th? aoutb by TMterday'a mall It bar beoffBi* alaoat aiulo for the I N*? Orl?an* paper* to fall Tfiey ?otn*Uni*? c?.iu i the j day altar thay at* do* bjr tba Northtm mail.? tVU| mingion, NX Ctmm'rcitl, % ^? Ira 1847. | Manlfaato mf Hit rrimtb of Oeu. Scott ofatuai Mr. Cla/. [From the ( ourler and Enquirer.} Ml. Cut'i Srr.fCM ?Wbllnit U a national talafor tun*, that tha great anil goo,l men of our oouatry do not exeroUa upon national affair* the Influence to which they are juatly entitled. It cannot be denied that tbalr Influence with tha great maae of tbalr ova party, If frequently so overpowering a? to deetroy, la a great naa nra, the free airnoy of member*. AnJ preelaaly ?nch 1* the poaltlon ef Mr. Clay la regard to a very Large portion of the whig party at tola time. His great and varied aerrlcra to tha eountry. daring a loag life devoted to nubile affair*?h!i admitted patriotism and talaata and hi* fearlaaa deftnoe of what h* oonaidera the right, and. withal,hla repeated failure* to reachthe fr?ald*noy, while Inferior man hare beeo|*l?vat?4to that high station, In dlreot repudiation of Mr Clay'* aokqowladged fltue** nil nlalma kit* l*un him rlalm urwnn and m. n/tv?r over, a large portion of the whig party, whloh laduaes then to question the sincerity and doubt tbe honesty of every whig who presumes to differ from him in opinion upon national ?ubject? But whiia thi< leeling may exist, to a r?ry ureat ?tUnt, amoog Individual* oompoting tfaa whig party. thoM who control- tha publio press mutt not, and may not. yield to it, If they would preserve their consistency or merit tha respect of their reader* Among the thouaand and tens of thousand! who have *o long ana *o iteadlly adhered to tha fortune* of Mr. Clay, there It noonewhohaj been more oomtant In hU (upport, or would now go further to teeure his eleotion to the Presidency, were It possible, than the writer of tbete re marks, la 1834 we devoted our columns, our time and our means, to hla eleotion; and in 1*16 we were among the list who oon*eat*>4 that another candidate should be run against Mr Van Biusn. in 1840, when tbone who have since been loudest In singing his praise, were eoncoding all kinds of lohemea to defeat his nomination, we opposed them at every step of their prngrem, and never abandoned the hope that flay and Webster would be our OHBdidates, until Harrison and Tyler wero nominated and the convention adjourned. The men who then objected to the nomination and eleotion of Henry Clay, were the 7Yi4u.i? and its eoUbor?r? in this State ; and for that aot, will never be forgiven by those wbo really desire to s?e Mr Clay in the Presidential cfcair Of onr course In 1844, and of our exertions in his behalf, we need not speak. They were without araii , and because the Tribune and its associates, who had led honest men from his support in 1840. could not undo tha work of their bands. Tbey found no diffloulty In poisoning the minds of the abolitionists against him ; but It was not raoh an easy task to wipe out ths recollection of their own slanders. We refer to the faot of our adherence to Mr. Clay since 1833, whenever he desired te be a candidate for the Presidency, to demonstrate that if we differ from hint In many of tbe views advanoed In uls reoent speech In I.exington, It is not because we do not warm to the man and to his noble qualities, but because blindly to subscribe to nil bis position*, would be to abeudonneut of our oft proclaimed convictions. Fortunately too. Mr. C4ay fi no longer a candidate for the Frendrntcy Having reached the age of thr?? score year* and ten. he expressly declares that he oornes before bia countrymen ai " % private and bumble oltiMn"- to express hii " views and opinloni" of the policy bent calculated to ' deliver our country from the peril* and daggers which surround it '* Aud who oan ruad the beuulltul and touohing declaration?" In the circle of the year, autumn ho* come and the season of flower* baa paMed away j?iu the progre** of year*, my spring time baa gone by, and I too, am In the autumn of lite, and feel the front of age"?who, we ask. can read thl* touchlngly poetical language, and again dosir*' to see the venerable and venerated *tat*aman, lubmltted to tbe turmoil* and abuse of a contest for the RMMueyf Yet, there are such men ; and It I* beosuse hi* late *pe?oh at Lexington was made at tba Instigation of politician* wbo are determined to force him upon th* whig party a* It* candidate for tbe next 1'rasldenoy, tbat we feel it Incumbent upon u* to raise our voire against tbe speech itself, a* hostile to tbe spirit of the whig*, and certain to bring upon u* defeat, if adopted a* our text book. What may bava been the ot. am a* of Mr. Clay's suoceii If he oould have torn inUuoed to remain silent, instead of being urged to taka tbe aulcldtl course be dU, we will not pretend to ray ; but It is not more otrtaln that hi* letters in 1844, de atroyed hi* cbaune ot success In that great contait. ihin tbat the tpeeoh which we yesterday laid before our readers, lius annihilated every prospeot of his being a kupc soful candidate iu 1848 We are opposed to the who a movement; and not the less ?. that It has destroyed what hope there vm In the mind of many, that oircumttaLoes were combining to eleot to tha Preeldency one of tba ablott and pur??t men of our |>&rly But we ar? not of those who under any |tate f thine* desired to see the great leader of tbe wti'g p irty again biought upon tba political arena. Henry cur in retiromi nt at Asbiand, with a h< Id upon the atf>ciiuns of tbe people which no other man poteene* ; without cfflce, patronage or (tation, and yet beloved, reapeoted aud ailaost worshipped by a Inrge in jnrJty Of tbe Intelligent and reflrotii'g portion of hi* countrymen?occupies a position to winch the i'rsiddency can neither give dignity nor importance; and to drag him forth agsin Into the ( tli ld of party pollilea. either with or without hi] smoI Hon. would in cur Judgment )x orut l and unjust. Cruel . to Mr. Clay biiuseli, and unjust to the great principle of the whig party We Jo not bt-lteve tbat uudcr any clroumstano?a. he could have Ihmh electr4 to the Presidency ; rn l wt Itelx vt that with the opinion! put forth in kit late tptttk, even the teithinner of a ikanct oj iurcrif no longer exiiti. Were It possible, we woultl, a< heretofore, rejoice beyond measure at the bare prospect it the election of Mr. Clay to the* Presidency ; but firm: ly purauaded aa we are, that such a contingency It not |n>a*ll>U, wa owa it ta candor and to our whig prlnciplea, ' tiaukly to say, that wa are dic.dedly opposed to his groat name being un> d in connexion with th? Presidency. (Jrvat an In our devotion to .Mr. Clay, we profeaa tlill greater divotiou to out principle* ; and we huve no healtatiou to saying. that we would rather- much itrher?witueaa the triumph or whig -s tn tlix election ol an Interior, but hencat, whig to the Presidency, (ban to Inour the glory of defeat to our cauie In connexion with the great name of the patriotic ttatesman of Kentucky. 1 beer arc not the sentiments of a day, baaad npon his reoent speech; but they are the aeiitlmrnU of ulnatenth* or the hoatst whig* of the oountiy, honestly entertained and frankly expresix-d, ever Mnce tha dixastroua campaign of l?14 In common with oar whig brethren, we have freely put thutu forth whenever occasion called for oar doing bo; and at the hazard of being denounced a* unfriendly to the great statesman of Kentucky, we cow deliberately repeat them, aouompanted with tbe expression of our well settled conviction, that If the friend* of Mr. ''lay persist In forcing him upon tha whig party a* their oaadidate for the Pre'ideuoy, and succeed iu tbnjr effort* a more disastrous defeat than that of 1H44 i* In ftore for u*. H'iiS there view, and believing ut we da, that tilt people art intrant of rewarding the great miUlat y achievement! *) He alt and Taylor, vtr thull lahar unceannglt/ to pracurt if pessihie, the nomivation of one aj thrm at the whig candidate for lh' I'retidmty, in the /all prriuamin that either, if nominated, will imurc the triumph of the whig ticket and Jhe. tttahlitkmriU of whig principle!} while If defeated, and Mr. Clay again presented for the support of the whig party w? shall, of course, give him all the tapport in our power, but In tiee lull belief that our labors will, a* heraiotore. be in vain, and tbnt hi* nomination I will ueceeftartiy p?rpeiuate int- reign 01 ioco iocoi*m ana miarale. It ii an ungrateful tack to review unfavorably, a tpavch l'roin ou? we eatuem an J admire an wc do Mr i lay; but we Jo not hesitate to pronounoe hi* lata effort unoh an one aa be would u?ver dreamed of niakl ng ware he now of th? mbm age a* when lu 1 ST.! he nobly aa*talced the government af hi* country In ita war with the iul*tre*a of the Ocean. That, tie .very juatly ?ay?, ' waa a war ot national defence required for the vindication of national rlgbta aud honor;" aad yet at th? very commencement of that war we Invaded Canada and carj rled deaolation and death to the ho mm and altara of the unoffending Canadian* who had never harmed u* ! But t hi* did not make it a war of aggreulon or of conqueet nccording to Mr. Clay ; and Mr. Clay la right But when Mexico give* order* to her generala to attack the American army wherever it may be found lu Texan, aouth of the Hablne?and wnt-n, because we go into the dlapulad territory, the Mexican* croaa into it al*o, aud made war upon our a my, and we repnlne and loliow her beaten forcv* Uno her own territory, behold It la no lunger a war of Uafeuue, but oua of aggression and con<iue?t! Now, we do not dealre to Jumlfy the n?nilng of (ten. Taylor to the ttio Urande. That waa a rash and wicked act ; but It gave no Ju*tl3o*iion to Mexioj to aatall u< on the laft bank of that rivar. When */i? did *o b*uii ua. *be ktoama tha aggrerasr; an i when we add to lUla the historical tact, that her general* had poaltlva order* to Invada Texas, and drive u* north of the Mabine. and wera actually proceeding to execute them?It la Indeed ttrange Infatuation which denominate* thin a war of a?igreB?ion and oon<iiie*t, and which In the *au>e breath, proclaim* our lnva?i> n ot Canada lu I*13, a war of defeuoe ! 1 ha people do not ho uuiierrtand It. Their InatlncU'do not lead tbem t<> *uch coriuluei >u* They know anil feel, thai Mealoo rtruck the flrnt blow ; and when they are told that " It l? .Mexico that i* d> finding her flraaide*. her caati-*, and hi r altar*. not we '?they feel that It might have been u* If wa had not, a* in 1SIJ, carried a delimit* war luto the enemy * oouutry; and large aa I* their benevolence, fhey prefer that It mould bo aa It l?, rather than that we ehould now be restating har Intended and proclaimed Invasion of our territory. And when thl* speech of Mr ( lay *hali have beeu read throughout the length and breadth or thi* groat country. many will be toe tear* abed In ailenoe, that Henry i i-- ?im ho uoblf *tocxi by his rountrv in 18li. I ?Ml ?Trn to tnu <lny the ln\a>lon of Cana )*. I ihould bar* denounced tola war b* " un/ialural-a war ' or OlfrD?IT* aggreaalon,1' "hlotl iVUxloo, DOt we, U ' defending her ur?*id?e, her oa?tl??, and her aiu r?."? i Vrfalniit whom' Wtoy ?g?nt t b? gallant aud patriotic pirn* who b?Te ?o nobly offered up their to d? i l?no? of their country'? honor, and ahed upon oat umi I ? h>lo of glory which Du elevated our national ohurao ' terlutha e. lunation ?f the ei?ill??l world and callrd forth feeling of gratitude ?n<l (ride to tne boeom ot I ?T?ry >n?n heart U capable of b< ating la r?eponiie to cblTftlroat drnda mid gallant bearing And y*t It l.i llaury tl?y "ho thua uharanuirir>i thin war-who ihuii u?Nbd* Miaioo agil:i??. .:>e acta of bar rnitftlrio iu*adt-r? ?who tbu? unintentionally eudoiaea ina abe. tnlnabU renliment* ol tha New Yojk /ViAunr, ai.d will 1 ihortly ba ijuoted by It aanatiouing Iih d?nunclailen ofourgailaut truyu ft band ol robheia. plunderer* aid murflertr*, far whoa* defeat and dliprmlon, thatedRor and till eolaberar* are joatlfled In pray log a* they tiava, to tha (iod t | Bftttl> U'a n?unot aubaorlba to onch doctrine*; wa cannot, with ftll oar reverence and reaped lor Mr .Clay, uolte with hltu In hli teeming reeponae to tha haartlen* a* I aaulta upou. thoaa whojiave aovared o?r country with i f'?ry; and In our aympathle* for Macican cuff. ring*. | Wa cannot forcet th? *uffarin|* and d?ath of onr oa>n I gallant ion*. If It ba lafead a war of oon^uaat aad ag LD. PrlM Two Ganta jrxaalon. It ?| hava wtokadly iwllli "tba flraatdaa the ca?tlrt, anil the nltartof \l*ileo;" If w? hav* robba 1 plDodi-W. anil mur Ur?i h?r p*a#*ful paopla; who aa>l what %rm th?i ?a.u who k?. NtmtwW u? .U thU d*f>11?h.w?ork ' WhMi tha d?*? nt tba rl?tortM of Palo Alt* att J Hetaea <1* La r*lma r*aoU<l N*w If w* mUUkaaot Mr c.Ut *u U*c.,aa4 a?? wad that If vouacar, b* would bltOMlf volantaar to. Uk- part la Lh* ??t. | ' Hit rail ant ton did to rolaaUar. ?n<i noMy off?r*d ao bit life for hit O'unt-y Bat would h* bav# -loo# to Lf h* had b#ll?T*d that h* wu waging (Mb a wu m Mr Ci^ drterlhM T N?T?r. butt. in otsnrlu, M bo bad a rlgbt to do. tb* folly of tb* Executlv* in battening thU war, and titmlajly lnrttlac IdtmIou and attack, br tb* mar oh to tb* Rio Qr?ada, lD*t?ad of qulotly waltlog tor tb* lnraatoa, Umlnit, intaadad, and arowad, by tb* llultan i?T?iutt, Mr Clay baa goo* too far. and put Mrxloo altoptkar la tkl right hit own country aitog?th*r In tb* wrong Hahaa, by bit tpocob. la our opinion, bald out lnduetttoau tar Maxloo to withhold th* p*?o* b* to ardaatly daaitat; and tbua, Tar; unintentionally, purtuad a oouria at war with that oatrlotlam whleh hat constituted to ootnlai i k?<" una a mi luwarue tin- gu?i ui uis auioinoi* rejecting him aa Minister to Kngland, but he did nothing for himself. Mr '.'lay, on the otner bond, baa fir ; .tut had tbx mass of those against blm who hare no id ear reason for being one way or iba otuar, and haa b?Mi aacouutad an unpopular man But lot tha two alight anerpeoUdly In any backwoods village of tha oountrj ? wa oare not if in Texas?and It would vary aoon t>? aacn that tli- more popular ia not bim who waa rocmriwly obneen Vice 1'resldeut and then President,but he who waa thrice drf-atil?twloe by third parolee and Irrelevant issues, when he would h?Te b-aten any om man wbo nould have been pitted against blm. His rental >u?rules respect kanii admire hlai-tnany whom party diaolpllne constrained to v? te against hliu laat time daeply raI k ret ted hla deteat when announn?d, and moat hare mora profoundly deplored it since Why. then, should wa aaaume that tha rountry is not now prepared to do Juattoa to Henry Clay T Intorcallug to WhaieaMDi [From the New Bedford Mercury 1, H? I , July H, 1817 ? I am happy to ' inform you that thin port baa beoome a free port ! to whaler* of all nationa. and in addition to that I tbey are permitted to itnii $'100 worth of gaoda ! without duty. Thla I* In fact tfl -rinic a bounty to them to rlslt hern, and 1 should think would be aufflcient to I iwtlafy all the owners and ship maatars, and it la a atrtk ' lug oontraH to merchant ahipe who pay pilotnga in and I out. uud twenty onnta per ton tonnage duty, bealdaa other charge* Kor obtaining the amount of rerenaa ' whloh the act has l?sa- n?d, the government b*fa reMTti iid to Int-rn?l tax**, on all Hume who era auppoaed to I* I bcuoAUd by it, and we come lu fur a share, aa you ma/ , suppose, la the t*x of f7* for selling wholeaale. and $& ' for retail: and tha auctioneers are Laird for Moenaaa | >I00U each, |?r aunum. The Injustice of the Kngliah nnd Kreni-h governments In forbidding this governasent, I by treaty, to put on a higher duty LUan Ore par Mat, I obllai d them to reaoit to ail vexatious aorta of wa*a to 1 obtain a i annus. sod the natives are a poor all'wti ble ?ef mwt (<f it In non way or another noma* oat M i the foreign refldenta and foreign property. TbeEngitob | ?u'l I-much treaty alau oblige a tn?m lo reoelve liquors, which, with the inlnrraMc police here, to a poeltive >tU at tlnM, from the Indus of tailor* and other* of Um*| ' rla/*?. boding with tlii* atlmulent to rloto and dlaordet ' Kud en?l ir^'iulDK tuth life and property; o*batwlMtk* I Importing it at all would bv prohibited. and muoh food ' would anno here In oona*>iuence, net. only to moral* Hi I religion, bat to commercial proaperity. and thin baa bwaa confirmed in regard to l.abaina In thl* lltUe |'in I (Honolulu) we ha?* granted by the government. thirteen llcmaea, averaging about %V?0 eaob; thia.witb tba Ueea tlouaneaa of the lutilv* women, and (be Introduotlua of 7 or aeamen, without any poitoe, may givoym} soma I lea of what wn are liable ta, at tluie*, in the danger from ri't and InnabordloaUon. There are no whaler* in port now, nor at Maol? it baa been thought and bellevvd by many, that many of the j whaler* would go to? allforula. hat I am not of Chat aptaion. The auoeeM of tha voyage, of ooar*e, la a peat meaaure. depend* upon having good men; now the to<luc.em?nta in California for n*?u to deeart are (ml. and i It I* alraoit Iwpoarible to appreband them, and it la alinoet an Impoaalble to iiipply their place* In (hipping new men a* the pr*?-nt dtuaclon of California temp'* nu; adventurer* lo aetde there All Lbi* 1* obviated at tba laland* - men cannot deaert here wlthnnt being retaken, I and 'hia operating on ?blp maKer*. will prevent. I *h?uld Iblnk. theirrearulting ih-re. Ittotrua. there are *oim mut-ra who are permitted to have m?r<-handl*e on board and are. lo fact, wbalethlpa and merrhaotafcw, who will travel about In order to aeli It, and uft% |u my opinion, fnfhH .otrunt nt of th.*ir whalta* Tlitur lo t? em of aourae, lb* iniTf por a the* llalt the baiWr. Bat my N mrk* a bore apply to whalera aloae In regard to the proepaet of fuoceaa. thla aeaaon. at prtfnent, of oourae Ilia problaniaiioal; bat ? look forwar J to a buay aaaaon in tha autumn, aa<i Um <!aalaia are auppiylng theuiMlvM with good* I u anticipation. Aa n-g*rili tba exchange, It l? prohabl* that it wilt b* lower, en I know of $100.00# mm wanting iDMtMlt. I have aom* reaaon to bi'liava that i;iw>d.t will b? higher to lha fall- t?oauaa ?? boar that ih.fe will be no outflta at h'>m? Why would it not bn a gaod plan Air oartata ownera at heini lo eomoJu" and aend our their iupplU*> ? and haee an ag*nl to ilral tb?in out to the ?-*eral ?hipa, churifirn Bad nixditlng #ao:i v?ael. and reni>rin? au itooount ea<-b at* moo tba' Thla plan woalu be a ureat aavlng to tbera t>oth in pri?M of merchandi^* they w?nt ami In tha exchange they draw They c.iuld pay the ag**nt a aalary ?r noruiulcioa. and order '.4 ' thlaa to nim for nupuura, and trt* gcoja could tr it.tred, acta atao th# tw.n? l-fi and atorcd, and ttorva hired ?mi I charged, aid It oouid tiv aUipped a* opport uoitiej Offered. The fettling of tli? Und tltlaa will r.auaa, I tblnk, aoma : trouble bate, aa t understand tLoy ar? mow tu roatrltt , tba I ind haid l?y foreigner* in tha aai? of th ?a only who h>*? Ukin tli? oaih of alleglaone, and an iheae generally hare no o?|<ital. it oyeretaa with unju?tn*aa on tha l>*?t portion of tba community, and which if pereiated in will 1 4 to *t<riou< troubla. We fiaee otily una tt-am>I lit poll lha Kretirh oormit? * irae>-tt*v rwiund iw I'abili ?aid baee h.aid uuthiug or itta Wbtllug fteet, wbo generally begin to arrive about lit 01 Auguu " Ccnalderabie excitement prevailed at Naw BedfbrJ aonix WRcka aluea, in r.naiu <>e of a report baling sircaiated that a certain b? ua? waa haunted Irfetail noiaea, It a kit., wera hear 4 o' algbta, but a'l at i tempta at laveatigation proved fruitleai at the time It I i? now pratty wall aaoeriatned that aoma rateai. probably ? ployed by otbera, Iroui aoma place of ooiioealmeot j within tha boaaa. and at the proper time, came torih ' into noma of the paatage w?y?, and thri-W dat..n--:^ cbemieal prapatatione acalnat iba fluora and wall* n'o I obaabara, and alaewUera ou* 4 trait la hit long lift of patrietio devotion to hit eountry Thirty ;Nti i(o. Mr. Clay oo?M act km made mk <i??-?oh. ten year* ago he would dm hava daaaaa; Hi that h* ahould b?T? n>d? It at thla tin*, li alflra tunate for I1I1 fatun Ikiu, iwl for Um iikiiwwt ot the pM?M he tlMltM. Counter U*nl(Mtu 01 ttM Clay Party afilaM Saatt* iV'rota til* Tribune j Ma. i*d PoruuimiTf ?That Mr. Clay'* a??>l U right In all Its sain feature*, w? oas hardly ftad aar ona who denle* ; and wa think nlne-teoth* or tha reading and refleotlog portion* of thla coaaanlty ooaaldac it not merely Jum and patrlotlo, but timely, naoaaaary, and admirable - oalcalatrd to do rait good ta tha Man. try and no harm to Mr (.'lay. Now and than wa moot a croaker, however, who turn* a ahort corner a 1th a hat: The cpaaoh ia vary good, vary aenrible, vary torclbU, vary tateimanllka; but it kill* Mr. Clay'* ehaaea of aver baing President. (If tbara ara tan par?a* Wha talk aftar thl* faahlon. raly on It that at laaat alna of than were perfectly aura a month ago that Mr. Clay had than no obanea to ba Prealdent?it would ba madaea* to acuminata blm?mutt taka up Taylor, Soott. or aoma auoh ) .Now, whila thay admit that Mr. Clay hv dona tha country a freeh and ilgnal *arvloa?ha* laid bar aadar increased and weighty obligation* to honor tad aoadda la hlm-they *ay ha ba* rendered It impoaaibie that tha aervice ihould cv?r ba rrqaltad gr avan acknowledged.? Lot u* think of thl* a little Are tha people of thi* country ab*oluta baaat*t Hit* thry neither tha **n*a to knew what thalr tma latereate diutata nor tba principle to realnt any thow of temptation to ag?raudli? themselves at the expense of th?lr neighbor* f Such 1* tha aubitaaea of the eapadlaMj affirmation. " XVe the wlia know that territorial aaqut Ition 1* not desirable, and that the territory of Maxtaa adjaoent to our* I* woree tban worthless , bat thestapld. Ignorant mob don't know aay thing of tha sort, and will yoll for plunder and ourte Mr Clay for balking thalr appetite. flueb 1* the drift of the policy aaaumptlon. We don't balleva in It. That thera ara gr*a?y, ooret ous, unprincipled porson* hi re as el*awbara,who dailgbt in carnau* and gloat on oonijuest?who forget that Ood rulco and believe that d?xt?rlou?, higb-bendad wrong may be ?ucc?**ful?we never doubted Oar poiiee reAAVila and Itrla/ina AA*nlrtalw?lw at?<ai II ftn* tkaaa aa* minority ouljr. thay are not the paopia. Ifthavirtnou?, the just, the uDoorctoui, will fold their ?ra< Mi l?t the other aort have everything their own Nji m4 carry tb? driftwood along with lb em, it will ( oelM appear u if the majority were latent on gunt and glory, thunder and slaughter Bat let thOM who are btMN and magnanimity speak out aa they owght, and fit ?UI vary rood appear that the war halloo it very fat firoa Upresslng the pt availing sentlmei.t of the people. That tboae who were pre determined to oondaam what. ever Mr. Clay should propose, or to '-damn with fatal prtise and betitate dlrlike," would improve tha traaenl ^ opportunity, wan to be axpeoted That tboae who baa reaolved that be ibould never again ho propoted for preaident should whisper around that ha haa kilted hUa? self by tbis spear In jiibt aa natu-iU?-a part of tha game. But If at Mr Clay will by bit couu'rjiaeo generally ba more heov?d, mor, collided In, more est*aaud, tx onuae of that speech, we have no shadow of donM. Whom thev will select for for President, we leeve than to aay la tbelr o?u time and manner ; bat that .Nit. Clay ia stronger to-day bsoauae of that ?pa? oh and would be far mora available (if you like that Mftn) aa a ctMW date for Praaldent because of it. w? nava no manner of doubt Ha could not and nevar would content to be eleotcd by any Kane letter, swindle , and aloae he matt take ground nou.e?h-i?, thrre was none mberfealfao good a* that wLlul.- exhibited him in thorough aadbaaity communion of seiitiuiani, and purimse with tha great mass of the whig parly, an-i of the sober, Intelligent, reflecting olasa from from wbiah hit maiu support la any oa*e must orme. Popularity of the desirable sort oomrs not to thaaa who run alter it. It it no ]<aradox to tay that man b?aoma truly popular by dating to be unpopular?by doing what oociilota with tha popular cry of tha inttaat, but which event* soon ahow to have been right Hare la Martin Van Buran, who all hla public Ufa was lighting (or popularity and cautiously (banning minorities, ye: wba never made himself popular at all Tha Benn'a

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