Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 29, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 29, 1847 Page 1
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JL.J -L 1 . TH Vol. Xia If?. 347?Wholo No. MM, THE NEW TORE HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, Worth wiK earner of Vultan and Emm Mi JAMES GORDON BENNEn, PROPRIETOR. ClRCDLATIOII_rORTY mOUIAED. DAILY HERALD?Erery day. fries * cssu psi eopy* f 36 errsanoni?pwrable inadrucs. WEEKUY HERALD?E?ery Hararday-Prics ?H esmls prr nnv?S3 12V? ccuu per annum?payable in adTance. HERALD FOR EUROPE?Every Buam Packet day? Price 6t4 ceute per copy?(1 per ajinam, including | 0?ta?<, or (3 Ji exclusive o( pnttai;e, paynbls in advance. Hnbaenplioiu *ud advertiaeraenu will be received by Msaora. Ualic mi, !l r ie Vivieuiie, Parii; P. L. flimonda, II Oorlihill. and !.<> >< M.ll? .1? I 1 II? ?- ? - ? ??*?? Ml"- Lilinu"u. ANNUAL PICTORIAL HER ALD?Pnbliahed on the ?l J *' "* fF of inch y??r?single oany siipen AD V ERTISEMEJrr*. at the muni price*?a'waya cuh ia ftilrnqre Adrertiaecnents ahunld be written in a Wain, lecihle m iunrr. The proprietor will not be responsible lor errori thai liwvoecur in them. PRINTING of all kiadjaiecntad beantifally aad wits Mpaten. All IttUn or eommaaieatioas by Mil, addraaaad to th? or the atahlishneat. uaat be post paid, or Ike ?-> w* fr,*m lit* ?kMrtM<ni BMiv THE HOLIDAY HERALD. THE ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF THE mux waxl. On or nbout the twenty-fifth of next month, we ah all publish a grand Pictorial Holiday Herald, whloh will be the moit beautiful, it well m the moat valuable and interesting piotorial sheet, erer issued from this eatabllnhment. It will be a complete Illustrated History of the Mexlonn Wnr, and will oontaln engravings representing the appearance of every town after its capture, from the taking of Matamoras to the reduction of the City of Mexico itself. Including battle soenes, sketches of en g.irfementa with the guerillas and regular Mexican army _ from the commencement o( the war to the Tory day of publication, without omitting one. It would be useless to dilate at any length on the Tulue of a sheet like thli?we will only aisure our reader* that the Pictorial Holiday Herald will be inch as wo reprecent It?a purfect pictorial history of the Mexican war. and the most valuable sheet ever Issued from this eAtubllhhment. It will bo well for agents and others who wish to purchase to sell again, to giro their orders as early as po*nible. The prloe will be 6,Si cent* per single cepy, or $4 per hundred. RKVIVE YOUR BROKEN DOWN HORSES. For you can do it, in ca?M where the unsound Q "??? il in " the wind." Kirkbride's Tatterull'i Hrnve Towirri, will positively cure any can of Heaves, (,' colli in Horses, without injuring the [animal or keep iir li.m from ordinary labor They are nlio, the heat condition medicine that can be uaed. See cernificatea in anrtli-rclnmu. Price SI. For aale bv A. H. GOUQH & Co , 149 Fulton afreet- Alto, at N. Y. Tatters*]!'* Bread way nt9 lt*rli ?n FRK3H IMPORTATlON^Arrired by the picket ahip Prince Albert, from London, four Shetland poniei, (or beauty and ?tyle cannot be surpaaaed. They are l>erfeetly trained 10 saddle and haruex, and verv docile ; th*y will be sold single or in pairi if applied for at the arable, comer of Cliff and Beekmau streets,'to JAM1C8 STUART, the only importer of Shetland Ponieain the United St.ter, ii29 lt*re >7t_ NEW YOBK HOK8K BAZAAR, No. 31 Croayiau^br street.?L K. HOUGH, Auctioneer The next ' ' ' ? r>?.,lnr Auction Sa'es will take place on Wedneadar. Int. mat., at II o'clock, with Carriagea, Harness, Stc.. and at 12 o'clock, with a catalogue of Hora?s. Gentlemen baring hor?e? to ofl>r for ihia aale, will pleaae tegister 'hem before 6 o'clock, P. M. mi Tuesday, or they cannot I e offered by catalogue. JOHN II GATFIELD, Proprietor; WILLIAM COWAN. Manager. n2SM*rc Tl \ JAM La K. rtlLK KOK SALK?Tnia celezUEv>brat?d pacing Horse, the faateat in the world, at any ' ? /1-JniMiM, i? .imrtil f..r aale. Hit preaentowner, (an officer iu the American army, now in Mexico) ha* written hvinc to have the horae aold at a fair price. For particular*, apply to J. I*. Scudder, No. 4 Water atreet, Brooklyn, L. I. N. B Should the huraenot be aold before the firat of December, ha will then be put up at Maffle, so that hi* thousand arimirer* hny ha?e a ahance of becoming lua owner. ALSO FOR K ALK.?A gray Horse, 7 ye.tra old, about fifteen and a half hau'Ja high: he cau trot a mile in 2:53 iu harneaa; ia aound and h<nd; goea well in aingle and double harneaa and under aaddle He will b? mid low, as hit owner hu no further me for him, aud lie must be disposed of immediately. Apply as above. nil 81 je .-t\ KIKKBlllDt/8 'X'A rTER?.\LL8 HEAVE JLSr^roVVUKRS.?8lill more proof of their astonishing ' lyv (he core of Heaves, Broken Wind. Coughs, Colds, Itc. in Hotiei. <ie?U? I bouiiht about six weeks ago, a package of vonr Heave Powders to admioiiter to a favoritehorse, who had been troubled with heaves for more than two years. His case was a very bad one, and so sever* As to incapacitate him from half his usnal labor, and hail resisted all the remedies ordinarily Siren for this disorder; these had no effect, but to slightly imiu'sh the violence of the heaving, while taking the medicine, but that package of vonr remedy haa completely eradicated the disease, and now this wiod is as good as it ever wat It is a month since he has taken the nowders, and I can warrant him sound. Hespectfullv (JEO. W. DAVIS, Monroe, Middlesex Co., N. J. Nov. Id. 1847. Kor sale by A. H. OOUOH k Co., 149 Knlton st. Price $1. ( ountrv Mefcliauls and Druggists will find an investment in this article sale and profitable, as it is now recognized lo be a standard and valuable remedy. A liberal discount to dealers nil Mt'r <1 _ ANO'lHEK LIKE HAVEU THE USE of jLiSrVfew bottles of KEuLlNOER'S 1INKALLIBLE ^ ? ? I.IMIMr.wT? ia himself again?Who is rlie;e iu the vicinity of New York City that has not heard of or become acquainted with our old aud long tried friend Cato? who for nearly Ml yeais has, in the old homestead, triumphantly catered for the elite and pleasure going portion of our city. We would simply say, in relation to the case, that it was considered by himself and medical advisers, t* be perfectly incutabie?from an attack of inflimmatory rheumatism. * Let the afflicted go wsthout fail, and learn from the eld gentleman's own lipe the effects of this wouder working medicine, aud have theit hearts made glad, to know, that there is ?je, smong the m^ny pretended remedies, that can be relied a poo, n every sense of the word, to do what it is sold for. viz To manner of ioiea nod bruiaea. immediately. It can al w:iya be hail, wholeaale nnd retail, at the principal depot of 9. J. Inearioll It 3o., No. 230 Pearl atreet, at JO cenla a bottle, or $4 per dozen. carefully packed,and at thadiugdata, aiddlera, atorei, aud Inverna throughout the city and country generally. N B ? Kor yery apecinl and eitenaiye referencea of the moat xatonndiLH curra on record, in thia and oiher citiea, aee Dr. Kellinger'a udvertiaement in the Spirit of the Timea, publiahed in tn? city <>f New York, which can be aeen in every principal town of the United Ht&tea, the C&nadaa and Ureal Britain. n9 Ht eod 'c A TvVO STOHY BRICK HUUMK AN I) LOT ffTw in Tee to aacrifice. for SS600 only?$i 800 cau remain? ^UL'cnta for $450; $1 j#n refitaed one jear ago; aituate neir Cirmineat. Alao, a two atory frame dwelling and lot tu 33d street, lor only $llOn. Alao, a lot ou 3d avenue, betwrni 31d and 33d it'eeis, 23 by 100. Alao, i> lot on 3Jd atreet, 25 by ITS, verv cheap. Look?7 very valuable lota oa the I ith avenue and Mil lion river railroad. AI?o, 10 on 44th, and 100 on 15th i Call on A. hKBQRANT It 8QN. IS Wall. nt9 lt?rc mTO tiET i'l' HUBOKlfiN?Several advaotageoualy aitua ed Drick Houaca. Alao, aeveral Small Frame Hnuara Kcquire at the ferry landing tor lean*. fcc. ?? ??. snirrtin, Aireoi. n ia ji-rc j ,r* TO Lk/i'?I Olficen, No HIO William street, mid 2d frrjw story r iom 77 Maiden Lin e. Kmjuire at 77 Maiden XiM. Um. up ?t?in nil 6t* m JML J O LKT? In (he double Hruse 74 Oreuwich street jiil on tlie ild tl >or, nniiirntshtd, the two front roomi, n "Il l ihe two buck rooms it $14, monthly; or ihe whole tlnor, with pantries, attic room. Crotou water, and a p'nue fir enal iu the bnaement, at $150 yearly. Al>l>ly to Mr. BOMMf.M . within n!3l2t*rr M-l ~MAVOH'S OFFICE CHARLESTON, Oct. M, nf 817?At IVivate Sale?That Urge aud splendid estabXjJLli'hmi ui known a* the Ull AKLtnTO.N IIOTKL, situtieu in the moat crutral part ol (be city?fronting on Meeting trret, IM feet, by 175 feet deep on Hayne aud Pinckney its., immediately mljiceot to the eiirnm e ruige of wholesale store*. The Hotel ia 4 atoriea high, coutaiua lit Tartars snd ('hsinoeis.a large Dining Saloon mipported b| two rows of eelutnns, Ladies' Oinioft Room, with a auire of private |?rlors on trie al't iry. Bar Room, Heading Room. Olflcea *iore Kooini and Kiti'hen. Also,) Store*, aud Barber*! Hihioi on buement Ironing Hayne street. A large cistern cpable ol continuing h'i.dim) vullons, with force pump* attached thereto, in raae of firr, ni?o. two wella ou the premises. 'l'lie font rf the Hotel ia adorned by ? two itory Collnuade CwinnUa order, and (or architectural beauty, will ?ie with any limilar building in the country. Terma nf tale mrgit accommodating, which will be mide known, by applications addressed to 'he Mayor of Clitrleaton. until l(t January, 1141. " ?M?awl?ttc T. LKQKH HUTCHINSON, Mirar. $115,000 to JLoAN o\ KkaL estateiiTfrw 2KW| York, Brooklyn or Wil lsmshutyh, in anma o' anv amount. Heal Kata ebought. ?o|d or etrhanged. Look! fin splendid (Country Seat* on the Hudaon River, one on Long Island Sound, at Bye, oi.e on Htftteii Island Sound, and I0U Kn ins. for sale or eichm-ge in every ditection. Apply to A. SKKOf.ANTk SON, II VV-II street uWlt'rc 'm~m VALUABLE. MILLS. AND FAUMINO. I.VI. jpaqlrnOVKO PliOPKHTV?For Sale or Kichamge, or . A^anr pirr.lor part Cily I'rnpeity, in Itockland and Caj nneuantira?The property in UocKlmid county conaiata01 a Firm of 141 acrea, houaea, biriia. aud with Oriat and Saw .villi*. IX">'I? northweat of Clarkitown The property in Cayuga county coimata of a large farm of 400 acrea, abont 221 implored, I urchirda, and directly in llie village of New Hope, 2 inil'a weat of rthaueatelea Laae : on the premiaea are a large <1 wellu g, griat (3 atorira h<Kh) and aaw mill. A atore in tne village, a buaineaa aland; tliaie are (barn*, wagoA honaea. (ic., oat li'ioaea of every deacription, within one and a hall nnleaof Kellogiville. Call oa . .A HKhOEANT It SON. IJ Wall at. [> /*" V. B ?The I aland of Manterirg. an the Soand, at Kye; Kio acrea ; the moat auperior aunatioii m the United Stalea ? A bargain. nl?7i*in IV# * I'KIVATK BALK?A enntry teaulence. con JftMptMi' g five acrea of eicellent land, choice frinta. a lirge ^Aawaud commadiona hnuar, barn and out bouaei; all having been recently li'ted np and newly paint'd ; alto two wetla of eicell'nt water, and a never failing uream rnaaing through a part of the premiaea. The aitnation ia in the centra] part of the Tillage of Huntington, Suffolk eo., L I., about twenty-five inilra dlatai 11 rum the city of New Yoik; cl. nrchea and achools in die immediate vicinity) d aily communication with the city by ateamboatand railroad. Kor further puticutara (nnniraof S v.'. (lainea, ea<i ,69 Na?a?n atreet. New York, or of David II ml', e.i] , lliintiiigtoa Village. n2JJ2t*re V I.'I i I..IK -DKIl'tt quItK DAUUKKRKOl v I'K I .troineuta, with four tiinea iutenaer light; lenaea of t.i ce luchea aud a qnerter diameter, to work , on median Plate a, lor ?140. At Langeaheim h Beekar. 20* Brnaoway Cain era Boi extra, $5 nil Mt dy 2t W?in E NE NE1 Political Intelligence. [From tha Montgomery (Ala.) Journal. Not. 19 J Tmk Taylor Mkktirc in Alabama.?We call the attention of tbe press of the Sta'e, to tha address which will ba found in another column. It emanates from distinguished men of all partial, who have dulj considered the importance, nay, necessity, of the movement, and who are prepared to stand with it or fall with it. Whatever may ba their party predilection, they are satisfied that Gen. Taylor is the only southern man who oan be fleeted; and that on his election hangs the preservation of tha Union; and with that belief they cheerfully Uy down their party preferences on tha altar of their country : they go for him as a southern man with American feeling*?as a republican ol the school of the old patriots, who will rpgard the compromises of the Constitution, and will administer the govarnmeet, as he ?uys, with an eye to the well-being at " the whole country," and on principle* which will again unite It as of old, us a band of brothers. It ia to be hoped that the preas of the State will publish the "address, and that those, especially, favorable to the rleotlon of Gen. Taylor, will at once pat their shoulder* to the wheel and with an united effort urge on the movement A card of invitation to the great mas* meeting on the 8th of January, will *oon be issued by the committee. The adjourned Taylor meeting held last night, owing to the Inclemency of tha evening, was net so numerously attended a* on Tuesday night; there was neverthnless an acoesslon of enthusiasm and interest. A report The remarks of Mr. Uelaer, who spoke at some length, were listened to with absorbing Interest In earnest and eloquent language be gave moat patriotlo mad cogent reaaona for hla decision on this subjeot?that the elevation of Gen. Taylor aa the oandidate of the people waa the duty of every Southern man and every lover of hla country and ft* Institutions. He stated that he spoke for hlmaelf and no others?that this was no hasty decision of his, hut an opinion duly weighed and mainrely considered, and that while General Xachary Taylor maintained his present lofty attitude as the oandidate, not of parties or factions, but of the people, he should sustain him. He declared that he preferred a Southern man with such principles, to a Northern man with Southern principles. That his experience In public Ufa had taught him that there was no difference in partiea at the North, on the subjeot of abolition; and that public men there avowing opposition to the Wllruot Proviso must be prostrated by publio sentiment in that section. That Governor Shuok was elected w a Wllmot Proviso man, and that the Convention at Syracuse waa a deception ; and that the only hope of the South and the country waa in Gen. Taylor : that he fally believed this ; that he had taken hla stand upon It, and should abide by it. He stated that he, ax a politician, had given up hla 11 ret choice, Mr Calhoun, feeling that the crisis overrode all party considerations ; and believing that Gen. Taylor was tho only Southern man who could be elected, and thgt it was his fixed belief, that to this opinion all, of all parties in this section, must ultimately oome. Mr. Belser dwelt at some length, with much force on the Importance of this movement, and with the earnest sincerity which those who know the warm and generous Impulses of his nature can well imagine. The remarks of all the speakers.of all parties, were in the same tone and spirit. There were some minor diversities af opinion on the question of territory, but nnnM on the (Trent nueetion of the election nf the hum and patriot, the man for the time#, and for the republio. Aw Ami*i?s to the Peotlc ok Alabama?At-? largo meeting of the citizens of Montgomery and the adjoining counties, assembled In the Court House In the city of Montgomery on the 16th Inst., the pleasing Ju'.y was assigned as ot addressing you in recommendation of a mass meeting of the friends of Oen. Xaohary Tajlor, to be htld on the 8th day of January next, fur the purpose of bringing ont. at the proper time, a Taylor electoral ticket for this State It cannot longer he disguised that we are approaching a fearful crisis in our national affairs. We should be Insensible to the pres' rvatlon of our dearest rights, regardless of our solemn ilutv ascltlxens and as lovers of the II*fiubllo, If we longeT delay, whilst the danger is so impendog upon one great question, in the decision 6f which our most vital interests, as Southern men,and the perpetuity of the Union itself, are involved The North,<n the main, is united agnlnst us. This qaestlon is paramount to all others, and therefore,as we love the Union of the States, as frienls ot our republican system, it behooves us to avert, tf possible, the calamity we so much dread This calamity may be averted in the result of the next residential election, if the South is but true to itself. If we divide amongst ourselves, whilst those who oppore us are united as one man. our energies will be frittered away in useless disputes, and our dearest rights under the present C nstitutien msy be irretrievably lost In our union wui oe >ouna our strength and our sarety I m ? people. How can we effect this union? W? who have been dlvlJed heretofore muit be divided no longer; we now have higher object* and boiler purposes The 8outh muit be united In the next Presidential election, and our union mint be cordial and sincere This union cannot be effeoted in the support of any of our old politioal favorites?party feuds would present an insurmountable barrier. Tbe pust must be forgotten for tbe sake of the future.' Some man who has never mingled in the strife and tnrmoil of partisan warfaresome man whose honesty and talents and patriotism oannot be gainsaid?soma man at the mention of whore name the whole nation will rally?must be selected to Oil the ohief place in the couneils of the nation Where can we find such an one? Need we point you to (ien Zacbary Taylor? Though but reoently he was but little known to us. the world now knows him. Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma made him known to the Uulted States?Monterey announced him to Kurope? Buena Vista proclaimed him to the world! In him we have a hero, a statesman and a patriot. With him at tbe head of our government, tbe rights of every section will be protected?the Constitution upheld?and the Union preserved. We therefore recommend him, because his popularity U commensurate with the knowledge of his noble cbaraoter and deeds?we recommend rum,because we noneauy Deiieva tbat he alone can break down the fearfully increasing aptrit of faction?we reoommend him, because we honestly believe be ia the only man upon wbom the whole South oan or will unit*?we recommend him, b+cause we honestly believe that be alone can afford ua that unity and confidence which will make ua harmonioua at home ami reapected abroad. We present hia claima ax one who will be guided by the lighta of the Constitution and the higheat example of the republioan I'reaidents who aided in forming it la concluilon, we moat reapaotfully and earnestly Invite all the frienda of General Taylor in the State of Alabama, without diatlnotion of party, to meet <n thla city on the 8th of January next, to oarry out the purpoaea herein set forth. Wa beg leave to oall your attention to the annexed preamble and reaolutiona, fully Indicating the sense of the meeting and lta objects.? Whertas. It is the object of every true hearted American to see the Constitution of the United States faithfully administered, the people harmonious and prosperous at home, and the nation honored and respeoted abroad?And whereas it la not only the rigbt, but the iniDerative dutv.of everv citizen to aid in them natriot n attainments; therefore, not only in furtherance of thes?, but t? promote republican principle* an J establish them in ?U time to come, so far as our action can extend, be it resolved by thin meeting ? lit. That we have assembled expressly for the purpose of respendlng to, and co-operating with, our patriotic fellow citizens, who.throughout the confederacy,are presenting Gen. Zachary Taylor, without distinction of parties, or geographical localities, as the people's candi date for the next Presidency. 3d That the publio service* of Gen. Taylor have won renown for hia country throughout the world, and that the moral grandeur of the man is manifested in his undaunted personal oourage, In his heroio achievement In all hotly contested battle fields, In his preeminent abilities in the creation and application of means to oveKoae insurmountable obstacles, In bis personal sacrifices, and especially In his unwavering fidelity to hi* country and its constitution, under every trying emergency;?whilst his spotless reputation?his universal popularity?his acknowledged wisdom?his republican principles and feelings,and ostentatious humanity and private virtues, point him out as possessing the high qualifications that are essential to constitute him the favorite of a grateful and republican people, for the highest office within their gift. 3d That a fearful crisis, threatening to involve the North and the South In geographical antagonism, (beaded, as it is, by many of the master minds of the country, and aided by fierce faction and boding evil for the future.) require a republican of the old school, tree i?"iu vuo piiAumvp kuii unuiuujr ui psibj?vuu wuu nun fast hold on the heart of the nation?one whose eounsels and acknowledged wisdom and disinterested patriotism can unite the republican brotherhood together?whose overwhelming popularity can break down all the factions that would destroy the constitution or dtsmetnber the I'nion Hush a man Is " Old Rough and Ready In One, he is the man for the South, for the crisis, and for the nation 4th. That the chair appoint committee of ten to Jireparesn address to the friends of Oen. Taylor, and nvlte them to ass mble In a mass meeting on the Alb day of January next, for tho purpose of Bringing out at the proper time an electoral Taylor ticket for this State. Ath. That the proceedings of this meeting be published In the paper* ef the .State. Committee. SAMUEL C OLIVER, CHA8. CROMMELIN, JAMES B. BEL8ER, J C B. MITCHELL, THOS.WILLIAMS.JR. THOS H. WATTS, JAMES J. STEWART, OEOROE C. BALL JOSEPH I). HOPPER, JAMES M. NEWMAN. K. M. BARNETT, The meeting annembled in the Court House, pursuant to adjournment, James M. Newman, E?<| , in the ohalr. The Secretary being absent, W. Larkins was eleoted in hisstiad. SkThe committee appointed by the chair, at the previous meet! ng^totarei are a message to the people on the hul'jeot af (Jen. Taylnr'a election, then came forward and made their repoit. The report of (he commltttee through ita chairman, will be found below. ""*7* On motion of M Ashurst, the various paper* in the Stale were requested to publish the addrt-es. On motion, the fame committee that per pared the addrese, were authorized to add fifteen to tneir number and form themselves Into A corresponding oommlttee and committee of arrangements to make suitable preparation! for the Taylor Conventon, on the flth of January next. The following resolution was then offered and unanimously adopted : Resolved, That this meeting oordially invite the eltllens of Alabama to assemble In this city, in mass meeting, on the Hth dsy of January next, to lake Into consideration the nomination and election of Oeneral Zachary Taylor, to the oflloe of President of (he United States of America. During the progress of the meeting, Jefferson Noble, :w yc IV YORK, MONDAY MO Eaq , Hon. J. E Reiser, P H Clayton, H. B. Janes, Oeo. C. Hall, Major John Uoldthwalte, anil other gentlemen, were called upon for addressee,and responded to the oalla with spirit and enthusiasm and with happy effeot. On motion, the meeting adjourned. J. M. NEWMAN, Chairman. W. L*kkims. Secretary. The telegraph announces that the agony ia over in Nashville; and that, on Wednesday last. John Bt-U was elected to the Senate of tbe United State*, and that he had oome out in opposition to Mr. Clay's resolutions. There was to bare been a meeting of the democratic parly of Kayette and the adjoining counties, in the city of Lexington, on Saturday, the u7th inst Tbe object of the meeting is to pass appropriate resolutions, expressive of our views < f the justice, the origin, and the progress of the war in which we are now engaged with Mexico. Robert N. Wlckliffe will addreM the meeting, in reply to the speech delivered In this place on Saturday list?Untitle. The wblgs throughout the lata canvas?, particularly in the country, have taken a great interest in the election of a United States Senator. We have heard the name of no candidate announot-d, except that of J. M Klam. Esq.. of East Baton Rouce.?AT. O National. 17Ih Nov. Id Vermont the license law remains unaltered. A jolut resolution panned, unanimously, the last day of the reeMnn, instructing our delegation In Congress to use their influence to procure the repeal of the last aot of Congress relating to newspaper postagBrattltboro' En git. It is said that Col. William P. Winchester was nominated by the democratic party last evening, for the oftioe of mayor of Boston. Col. Winchester In a military man, and, so far, has a claim on the votes of a portion of the democratic party. He is doubtless a brftve man also, but it should be recollected that such men never run well Besides, he has rver been known a* a zealous whigBuion Journal, Nor. 27. The National Observatory nt Washington. This institution was founded in 1842, under an aot of Congress appropriating a sum of money to erect a depot for the charti and instruments of the navy of the United States, whence our public vessels might be suitably supplied with the nautical works requisite for their safe navigation. The site of the observatory is a beautiful one, commanding a One view of Georgetown, Washington, Alexandria. Kort Washington, (opposite Mount Vernon.) and the Potomac river for several miles above and below the city. It occupies University square, a plot of ground comprising seventeen acres, in the suburbs of Washington, on the left bank of the Potomao, and about one hundred feet a Vive tide water This was u reservation made by General Washington for the site of a great university. The observatory, however, is ? naval institution, conducted entirely by naval officers, under the direction of Lieut. M. K. Maury, A. M., as principal superintendent. The law requires that the superintendent or dlreotor shall be either a lieutenant, commitider, or captain in the navy of the United States The main building is of brlok, AO feet square, and two stories in height, surmounted by a revolving dome of-ill feet diameter in the clear, in which is placed the large equatorial, a splendid instrument from the manufactory of Merz St Mahler, Munich Attached to the main building, as observing rooms, are wings extending 18 feet to the east and west, and a projection of 3d feet (in two apartments) to the south. The observatory is furnished with a set of excellent astronomical uients, consisting?1 Of the large refractor, In the dome already alluded to, of 14', feet focal length, with an objnot glafB having 9>? inohes clear aperture; it isequatorlally mounted, and furnished with clock work. 2 A transit instrument of 7.1 feet focal length, ft.3 Inches clear aperture : made by Ertel & Son, Muntoh, and mounted on the meridian in the west wing, where there is also a clock with a morourlal pendulum, made by Parkinson Si Krodsham. In the east wing is?3 A meridian circle, by the same makers; Itsobjeotglass having 3 8 inches aperture, with a f.oal distance of 4 9 feet. This Instrument is provided with a 30 inch cirole. divided into arcs of 3m., and read to seconds and tenths by four microsoopes. A few feet from this, in the same room, stands 4. The elegant mural circle, an English instrument, by Troughton & Sims, of A feet diameter, divided into arcs of fim. value, and furnished with six reading microscopes, with whioh subdivisions of the oircle are obtained in seoouds and parts of seconds The object glass of the telescope is of the asme size with that of the meridian circle, with a focal length of 5 feet; the clock has a mercurial pendulum, and was made by Charles Krodsham In the south wing, first apartment, is A. The fine transit instrument made by Plstor it Martins, of Berlin, for the prime vertical. It is mounted at one end of its axis, and outside of its supports. It is reversed from one to the other side of these twice during every observation ; and though it weighs upwards of 1000 pounds, so perfect is its system of counterpoises, and the reversing apparatus, that a child can lilt it from its Ys, reverse and replace it in them in less than one minute. The focal length ot this telescope is 8 a feet, with a clear aperture of 4.!) inches ; the clock has a gridiron pendulum, and is ot Charles Krodsham's make The observations made with instruments thus mounted, are among the most incurate known in astronomy; and those now making in Washington have not been surpassed by any at the oldest observatories in Kurope. The accordance of the resulting declinations is such, that it is believed that there is not a single one mad* during from the mean of all others upon the Fame itar. A cUalrgue of all the stars within the reach of thin instrument had been already commenced at the na'ionalobservatory, which, when completed, will be regarded by astronomers as a standard work, and, perhaps, as the most accurate catalogue that bus ever appeared A oareful revision of tbis catalogue in after years, will probably lead to highly valuable and interesting results. But wonderful as is the degree of accuracy in the results obtained from this instrument, Lieut. Maury has discovered imperfections in it, which he has sought to correct by another. For this purpose he furnished M essrs Krtel & Son with plans and drawings of an improved instrument, which has been lately received at the observatory, and which we understand those skilful makers pronounce to be the most oomplete astronomical instrument that they have ever made. It Is intended to be mounted temporarily in the prime vertical in the other apartment of the south wing. But after it has been applied in this direction to the investigation of the several problems which are connected with its position Kast and is then to bsturned permanently on the meridian where it will be med for observations upon atmospherioai refractions, parallax, ice. , and for the purpose of determining both right ascensions and declinations, since it combine* all the capacities both of the meridian transit instrument and the mural circle. But as it is the first instrument ever procured In this country for the purpose of investigating the mbjfot ofatraospheric tl refractions, Mrut Maury has called It the ' Refraction Girole." though Its objects and uses are by no means confined to this subject alone. For instance, in the meridian it is both a mural and a transit instrument; and by reason of its facilities for reversal, a zenith eec'or; also, it is well adapted for ni9iguring the difference, in znnlth dlstanoe, between north and south stars. In the prime vertical it becomes an improved zenith sector, and takes the place U1 iue pniuo inu u?u?k lunuumcot, wuu ill ill* >ovantages supe ri? lded of an altitude instrument in that direction. We have not been able to obtain accurate measurement of all part* of this instrument Tbe telescope Is 8X feet long, with a cl<-ar aperture of 7 Inches It In supported in the middle of the axis, between two piers; it has two 4-feet circles, one on each end of tbe axis, divided on grid Into arcs of -i minutes value Kach circle is provided with si< reading mlcrosoopes The telescope has two micrometers, one moving in s/.lmuth, the other in altitude. It is so contrived that the wires, and sfot the fluid, are illuminated; and every I eye-piece, even of the highest powers, just as it is ! use , and without alteration of any kind, becomes a colllmating eye-piece, by simply turning the teienorpe down upon a basin of mercury. At one end of the axis, and oonoentric with It, are two cross lines situated in the focus of a lens pisced at the other end of the axis Upon the prolongation ef this axial 11ns at either end, and attached to the same piers which support the telescope, are placrd two collimators, which are Ingeniously nnntrivftrl in a^nd in oUau Ar .t.i.11... level and meridian marks. and which are t# be used for determining the lerel of the Instrument, the figure of the axis, and the eocentrlclty or the pivots There la a further provision for deteotlng the slightest change* In the deviation of the level of the axis from a normal state, on account of unequal expansion of the supporting piers, which are of granite This consists of another beautiful contrivance, by means of a couple of Invariable roda, or rods of well determined expansibility, which are Inserted vertically through the piers; and which, hv turning a mirror, show the minutest alterations whioh can take place from this source, In the level or Inclination of the axis of the instrument. Th*s the imperfecta ni of the spirit-level are, in a great measure, avoided; and oil the advantages, with but a part <f the inconveniences, of a striding level to reverse with the Instrument, are secured Appreciating the advantages which th?s? fine instruments afford, the superintendent appears to have begun with the determination of r o employing them that their results, while they should be the most useful, would ? th* mmH tiniH inrkftt rmlmintl to thn ftf Hi? nh. nerratory and the navy, toil to the honor of the country The national observatory being a naval Institution, its first object and duty would seem t> be to undertake those observations which are most Immediately connected wlih navigation, and the results of whioh might afford the data requisite for calculating an Am?rloan

nautical almtnao. Accordingly the naval aetronnmer at ouce commenced with a regular and systematic scries of observations upon the sun and moon, the planets, and a list of fundamental stars, comprising ihr si of the greatest magnitudes and of the most favorable positions, to be used as the standard stars in the almauac. but these did not give full employment either to the instrument*, the observer*, or the computers. Accordingly, after having adjusted hie plane. Lieut. Maury took an early opportunity, In 1844, of making them known to the Secretary of the Navy, and of obtaining from him authority to undertake observations for a most extensive catalogue of etars. This work, when completed according to the original design, will be one of the greatest contributions to the rcience of astronomy that has ever been made by a single observatory ; for it contemplates nothlbg short of a regular and systematic examination, with some one or other ol thefe excellent instruments, of every point of space In the heavens that Is visible to us, atid of assigning position. color, and magnitude to every alar that they are capable of reaching. This will be the work of years.? Lieut Maury's plan and arrangements diHsr in many of their details from those adopted by any other astronomer who has eogaged in similar undertakings , and as they are calculated to afford more satisfactory results than those which have'gone before, a brief sketch of them msy prove of interest to the friends and pairon* of Amerloan science. In Besael's /ones, the most extensive catalogue at present in existence, the plan was to )RK 1 RNING, NOVEMBER 29, _ sweep up and down a tone !n th* heavens. Of a certain breadth, and to haT? two persona engaged at the same time?one as an assistant to read the Instrument?the other to observe the star By such a plan, the deollnatlon of each star observed depended upon one reading of a single microscope. By the Washington plan, th? lArvlnaa nf -?J * * meet art) dispensed with, and the declination of every star depends upon the reading of six micro scepes lust*ad of on*. Tbla improvement baa been accomplished by an Ingenious contrirand*, which gives motion to tb* eye piece Instead of tbe tele* >op?, during the (weep over any particular son* or belt Tbe micrometer diaphragm for cataloguing is provided with a number of parallel wlrea, th.i Intervals of wbicb bare been oarfully determined ; and, by giving tbe eye-piece a motion in altitude as well a* in azimuth, each initru- j ment 1* made to cover a belt of from 40m. to 60m. broad in declination. The nadir point being carefully observed, the teleaoope, (tbat of the mural, for lnatance,) Lelng net for tbe belt to be swept, and all tbe mlornscopes carefully read and reoorcled. the observer take* bin posltlon at th? eye-piece and begins to move It up and down, tbe lnatrument itself remalulng fixed aa be reads It. In whatever part of tbe field a star appears,a micrometer wire isolose at hand, (so that there in uo low of time, us with a single wire, in running the mlorometer wire frem one edge of the field to the other,) and the star Is bisected with this nearest mlorometer wire, while tba time at whioh it transits the several vertical wires is also noted The number of tbe bisecting wire and tbe reading of tbe micrometer bring now ent?red. the observation is oom?lete. The observer thus keeps bis eye at the telescope or hours at a time, and under favorable circumstances oan obsurve with ease two or three hundred stars during tbe night. Themeridlsn circle, In the same way, will oocupy tbe belt below this; while tbe transit Instrument, wlii'h the ingenuity of the astronomer has converted in'e a difference-of-decllnatlon instrument, occupies the belt above, each instrument overlapping the belt of tbe other by 4 or 6 deg ; tb* stars, in tbe parts thus overlapped, being common to two Instruments. Thus, the meridian oircle and transit instrument establish tbe right ascension of oertain stars which are used by the mural as so many points of departure; while the mural or meridian oiroie establishes the declinations of certain stars whiob serve tbe transit instrument as points of departure for difference of declination This is the first sweep. The next night, the instruments change places, roJ go over the same ground, i e. the meridian olrele covers th? same b?lt to-night, whioh on the for hit night wan (wept by tha mural Supposing the two nlgnts rqually favorable, and the Instrument* of equal power? the latter of which Is actually the cane, the tormer seldom?all the star* that were seen In the Brat a weep, by the mural, should be observed in the aecond by the meridian circle. The two lints are Immediately compared, and ahould there be any disorepanoiea between them, the large equatorial 1* put in pursuit of the peocant stars. This great Amerloan work'oontempltftes the examination of every star down to the tenth magnitude, not only in the zndiac, but in the whole heavens; it inoludea a revision of all the European catalogues; and, while It looks to the discovery of new planets and anknown stars. It alao aims to detect the disappearance of any stars known to existing catalogues, in short, the Washington catalogue aim* at that degree of perfection, which, when tu'.ure astronomers ahall find an unknown atar, may justify the remark. " thla star is new in the heavens, because it Is not In the Washington catalogue." Lieut. Maury's original plan contemplated also measurements for angle of position and distance of all double or multiple stars, together with aocurate drawings of all clusters and nebutw. This was to be the work of the equatorial; but the undertaking to glean after the rnerl uiuuai inniti uukuih kittd iuin iornou|>? auil PUipiojiUPni for the present. The observatory oommenoed Ita operation! in 1B4S. The first volume, a quarto <if five hundred pages, baa already been published, and has elielted many and high commendations, both at home and abr< a 1 In th? opinion of one of the moot distinguished astronomer* of Kurope, it has, at onee. plaoed our national observatory In the front rank with the oldest and bent Institutions of the kind In Kurope The volume for 1846 Is In pre**. The eatslogue for thai year will number some l J.oiki or Id,000 stars, most of them unknown to any existing catalogues; the whole work will comprise a quarto volume of not less than 1000 pages, and will be tha largest work of the kind ever published by any observatory as the result of a single year's labor. Viae Geological Survey of Iowa, Wlaconaln and miuteota. [From the Ht. Louis KepublUan, Nov. 1ft ] la tlie Republican, of May last, when the U. S. corps of < leolo^iatH, under the direction of D. D. Ow?n, were nbout to enter upon the exploration of lite North-Western Fiirvey, embracing lite northern part of Iowa and Wisconsin, mid a i Urge portion of tin- Minesoti territory, we then , Iook occasion to describe, particularly, the extent and boundaries of the proposed survey, the important objects designed to l>e accomplished, the distinguished scientific gentlemen composing! lie corps, the time which would be required lor the completion of the survey, and the benefits which were expected to result from a faithful execution of the duties imposed on (lie respective members of the corps. Of the three seasons deemed necessary for the completion of the survey, one has elapsed, aid Dr. Owen and hjs party, consisting of B. F. Shumard, B. G. Macy, A. Litton, J.G. Norwood, and A. Randall, have visited this city on their return. As some time will he required to prepare the otticial report to the Department at Washington, and as considerable interest has been manifested on the subject, we have been at soin>' pains to collect data to enable us to present a brief view o! some of the results of the labors of the present season. A reconnoissance lias been made of the country on both sides of the Mississippi river, north of the Wisconsin and Turkey rivers, and south of the St. Croix and St. Peters rivers, embracing the whole of the Chippewa land district situated in Iowa and Wisconsin. The Wisconsin, Prairie la Cross and Black rivers?all th? branches of the Chippewa, St. Croix, Hois Brule, and Montreul, or Mauvais rivers, and the west fork of Mad rivei?have been explored from their mouths to their respective sources. The St. Peters river was Hscended a little beyond the Hois Franc ; and all the streams south of the St. Peters, and north of the United States' geological Hurvey, made by Dr. ' >wen, in IKS), have been ascended us far as they were nav igable in birch bark canoes. The corps, during the first season, have crossed the country from the Mississippi to La^e Superior six times; and in the rxecution of Hit ir explorations, the corps conjointly have travelled over an extent of several thousand miles A detailed biirvey lias been made in connection with the linear survey of the southern portion of the Chippewa land district, as well as the region on both sides of Lake St. Croix, and between that lake and the Mississippi. The whole extent of the country of which a reconnoissance has been made during the present season, is estimated to be equal. 111 area, to the State of New York. The labors of the corps liiive not been restricted, exclusively, to the investigation of the geological and mineral character of this north-western section of country. Its agricultural resources have been particularly examined?statistics of its lumber trade collected?important additions made to its physical geography, hitherto but little known, and particular attention directed to the acquirement of every kind of knowledge calculated to a fiord valuable information in regard to the real vulue of the country, whether applicable to the requisitions of the miner, the manufacturer, the farmer, the trader, or the man of science. During the present winter. chemical analysises will be made of the ores and ore-bearing rocks, and the different soils which have been collected; upon the completion of which the first annual report will be drawn up, containing detailed estimates, accompanied by a geological chart, embracing the general results of the observations of all the members of the corps during the present year. As respects the geology of the section of country surveyed, its rocks belong, in a great measure, to the primary and silurian, or protozoal formation. The lower magnetian limestone, the lead bearing rock of southern Missouri, is found on the west side of the Mississippi river, from Turkey river, which enters the Mississippi near Prairie du Chien, to the St. Peter's river, di sola vine, in various localities, in dications citconsiderable lead ledea. On the PrttstiTii wide of thr Miss'ssippi river, primitive rocks are met with in placesfrom forty to sixty miles from the river. These granitic formations Hre important for architectural pnrposrs, as they afford 11 great variety of the .most durable, ad well as ornamental building stones, which, ?t no very distant period, will be valua ble aa articles of commerce, as the groat valley ol the M iasisaippi, to the south. is lornied of secondary rocks, which are far inferior for the per in itieni construction of edifices. Throughout thin primitive region jhr granif'rocks make their ap|>earance in a sireression ol rounded knobs, elcvHW*d from ten to fifty feet above the waters of th" surrounding country ? Their general range is southwest and northeast. The*" reeks present considerable variation in clijy 'er and composition. Sometimes they arrt nblendic, approaching to perfect syenite; at otiier times, feldsparthic. Some portions are massively stratified, the masses bring nearly vertical. On the western limits of these primitive rocks, there are several large deposits of iron ore. The trap rinses, with tne exception of those crossing the St. Croix river, are found on the water courses which empty into Lake Superior, and is the. rock in which the Like Superior copper is found, and no doubt valuable mines ol this tvineral will be, hereafter, discovered in IERA 1847. these ranges, equal to any heretofore found farther east on Lake Superior, an they constitute a portion of the same ranges. In the vicinity of these trap ranges, the land is tilable, the noil good, and generally covered with a rich growth of the sutrxr maple. At the Falls of St. Croix, fifty to sixty miles from the Mississippi, there is a grand outburst of green stone, epidote and porphyritic trap, forming,a series of dykes, 170 feet and more in elevation, above the streams, and traversed by veins of native copper, carbonate, nnd probably grey sulphuret. At the falls of St. Croix, immediately in juxtaposition with the trap, in some places entangled in the disrupted portions of these rooks; are beds highly charged with linzulas and orbieulars, some, if not all of them, probably, of undescribed species. These beds differ in lithalogieal character, from anything observed elsewhere, in the |>rotozoic strata of the west, and perhaps ...... ?r .L._ iT i o....: i:_ 111 <iuj I'uuiiiu ui uir uuiiru oimra. a ucse 11nUuUr ami orbicular bed*, though often crowded ! with remiiiifl of these genera of molusca, ure found to he subordinate to a quarlzose sandstone, also containing lingular and orbiculars, probably of the name species as in equivalent beds of I'otsdniii sindstone of New ^ ork, miking ihem of ureal geological interest, as they ?re undoubtedly the lowest fnssi liferous b^ds ever noticed in the west, and as rich in remains of these forms of moluscu as any of the most fossiliferous beds if thft Ohio vullry. Somo disi nice nl>ove ilwsc lingular and orbicular beds, but yet considerably below the lower iiiagiiesian liniestooe of Wisconsin, we have a strata of the lithalogical character of the hydraulic limestone. These strata are of great geological interest, as they make us acquainted with some of the earliest' forms of organic existence vet brought to light in this country, and furnish a new clue to tlie identification of strata. In the rents of the trai> are found portions ot the udUcent fossiliferous strata indurated, altered, and even cemented to portions of trappean rocks with their fossils unolilitrrated and even well formed. The magnetic variations in theae granitic and traperian ranges, is often great, at times so much so, hs to reverse completely the direction of the poles. A variation fluctuating from live to twenty degrees en either side of the true meridian, was not uncommon. There are about thirty different species of animals in this region, many of them valuable for their furs. The rivers and lakes contain a large variety of fish, in the greatest abundance, and ot superior etculent qualities. The attention of the corps has been particularly directed to botanical discoveries. There are found in this district, so far as ascertained, forty-live distinct species of forest trees, constituting twenty-five uenera, and embracing twelve of the naturaf orders. Of these, the most valuable are the white and yellow pine, (pinus strobusand pinus resinooa) the hemlock, (abies canadensis-lin) and the sugar maple, (acer Siicclurinum lin ) Of the resinous trees there are some eleven or twelve species, of which the most important are the white and vellow nine <>n nxommt /?? immense amount of lumber which they furnish; and the hemlock, for the great quantity of tanners' bark it will all'oid. Some idea may be formed of the immense Iohs which the United States government sustains in the destruction of timber in the extensive pineries of this region, when we reflect that independently of the Targe quantity which is rafted olf in logs, square timber, shingles and laths, ihere are in operation 011 the waters of the Wisconsin, forty-five s*ws; on the Black river, sixteen saws; on the Chippewa, seven saws; on the St. Croix, twelve nw?making in the whole, eighty hiws. As each saw is capable of turning out annually half a million feet of Bawed lumber, there are annually sawed torty millions of feet of lumber, worth in | St. Louis nearly half a million of dollars. Cn the head waters of the streams on the east 1 side of the Mississippi, there are extensive forests of hemlock, capable of affording an ample supply of bark lor all the tanneries which may hereaiter be established in the West?a want of which material has been ail impediment to the prosecution of the tanning business in the valley of the upper Mississippi, and which has forced us to export our raw hides to the East, and import their leather in return. The sugar-maple tree grows so abundantly and yields so luxuriantly in the Minesota territory, tliat at some future period it will bo second only to Louisiana in the production of sugar. An Indian squaw, performing all the labor herself, can obtain, during the sap season, 300 pounds ot su Uar with her impertect ludian utensils. The wild rice, (zr/.ania aquatica,) infinitely superior in taste, and far more nutritious than the rice of the Seuthern States, grows abundantly as an indigenous vegetable, and can be cultivated to almost any extent in the lakes which abound in this territory, and will, in all probability, at no very distant period, compete with the Southern production. After the tops of the rice plants have been tied up in small sneafs, as it stands growing in the water, an Indian s(|uaw with her canoe will gather from five to ten bushels of rice per day. The cranberry (oxycoccos macrocarpa,) is an indigenous vegetable of this region, and grows very abundantly in its wild state, and will, in all probability, be extensively cultivated in the wet and swamp lands of this section, and which are almost useless for other agricultural purposes. We look forward with great interest to the official report, which, we hope and expect, will contain a full and minute statement of all the diaco veries and researches that have been made in relation to the animal, vegetable and mineral resources of this important section of the Greut West. _ Miscellaneous. The bridge over the. Susquehanna ut Danville, which was recently finished ami tested, is not in use. A dispute having tuken place between I lie builder and the company, the former has tuken up the plank tlooring, and so made the bridge unserviceable.?Pliilatl Neton, Tllh innl. The great quantity of rain which has fallen recently has raised our river (the Rigbee) very considerably. It is now several feet over the rock at the ferry, and is in tine boating order. We may expect arrivals from Mobile very soon; that la, [f ilie merchants there have received information of the rise of our river. The prospect i... >.. i.............. ...... ik;. ....... will net in earlier than usual.? Mobile Kegitter and Journal, 19th inst. The steamer Governor, Captain Jewell, is, we understand, to be placed on the Kail River route. The Alexandria (La.} Democrat announces the death of Gen. H. 8. sprigg, one of the oldest citizens of Rapides. A Bengal,iiger and a rhinoceros arrived yesterday on the hark Talisman, from Calcutta. Most of the steamers, as well as the shipping generally, have gone into winter quarters. The Great Western leaves this evening for l)etroit. anil the Canada, wiih some other honts, will make occasional trips as long as the present weather continues. Those on the Sandusky routv have all hauled ofl"; the Bunker Hill, the last for that place, left on Monday. If is intended to have the railroad completed to Cincinnati on the openingol navigation next spring, and in view of the probable great increase of travel, ample arrangements are in progress lor the accom? ?i- ; ? -i ?i-- ? 1.1;nn rhi? ImUi? Two nrw in mi <ti i< mi ui mr p'i in i v?. ?- ? -----unci fast steamers for ili?- line ?rr under WHy, one here and one nt Cleveland, which will br ready in ih<- spring, and it is intended passengers I?*?ivinn this city in th?* morning hImII reucli Cincinnati ihe following evening, making the passage in IWj hours.?Buffalo Com., 24/A inn/. A cotton factory is about to be started at Burlington, Iowa. The report tliat the Hon. Ino. P. Maines, late a prisoner in Mexico, had reached home, was incorrect. QrtCK Sam.ino ?The ship Orphan, ('apt Williams, left New York, buying troops on board, arrived here, and took in a body ol troop* from Fort Moultrie, sailed hence for Vert Cruz, which nlace she reached in ten diys und fifteen hours passage, and thence to New Orleans, iicromplishuig the whole distance in the unprecedented short time of twenty-eight day*, of which i?he whs (our days in thin port nnd five in Vera Cruz. ? Charltaton Courier, .Van. 26. Tkvtimoniai. toCapt. Knt*i?.?We have seen tli" testimonial to Capt. Forbes from tlie inhabitants of the city nnd county of Cork, Ireland. Thin token of gr^titud and eateem is a large and tnassiva aalver of aolid silver, measuring thirty inches in length bv twenty in breadth, richly anti beautifully chnae<f with a heavy border of ornamental work, the whole being an elegant an< finished piece of workmanship, and valued n1 ?1IW>. ??i?rwr*?f?fcx.*r- ? -? -* .m1,' <arv.?y LD. Me* Tin UbM, Taki thh Veil.?We learn from the Cincinnati Cutluili<- Ttlr graph, of the 19(li instant, that three young Udim, two of them natives of tnat city, received the white veil in the convent of Notre I)?tme. Alan thst a very accomplished lady, one ol (hose who have been educated in the Kast and sent out to the Wont under the patronage of Gov. Blade, having recently joined the Catholic faith, will shortly continence her novitiate in the sain- institution. The following accuunt of the recent admission of two young American ladies into a Haltimorn convent is Irotn the Baltimnn Hun : "For the interest t? a portion of our readers w? give a sketch of the proceeding? at the Carmelite Nunnery in Aisquith atreet, on the occasion of two applicants presenting themselves to become iii*?mh#?r<4 nf rh* nrAmr Early on Saturday morning, the beautiful chapel <>f the Sacred Heart, within the walla ot the inatitution, was crowded to overflow, priocipally by femalea. all anxious to witness the ceremonies. At about nin?, Miss Mary Josephine Smith, of this city, with Miss Anne Lawrence, of Frederick, the two candidates, entared the church, accompanied by Mies Margaret Ellen iiolbrook, in the rapacity of bridesmaid. They were all dressed in pure whi'e, With jewels, and a veil falling over'the head and shoulders, similarly to tin- usual array of a bride for the altnr. Indeed, we have seldom viewed more youthful and happy countenances under the! veil than those about to enter the bars of the cloister. They took setts anions the audience, and, at about 10 o'clock, the Rev. John I'. Ihmellan, accompanied and assisted by the Key. Mr. ()a rhorr y,celebrated high mans, alter which the sacrament of the communion wm administered to the novitiates. The Rev. Mr. DonelUn delivered an appropriate sermon, tak 11114 lot his text the 2Hth, 29th, and 30th verses of the 11th chapter of Matthew: "Come unto rue, all ye that labor and are heavy laden," 4ic. The vanities, trials, and temptations ' of the world were depicted in eloquent aj?d thrilling language, and the calm life and charitable duties ol a religious recluse, away from the in Iluences and temptations of the world, devoted to the worship of (tod, and to the education, relief, and succor of the poor and oppressed, were described as far preferable to a life of slavery to the requisitions of the world. lie addressed himself mainly to the ladies 'present, and lectured them on the hardships and trials ol the yoke of the world, compared with the joy and happiness resulting Iront bearing the "yoke of Christ," aliuded to in the text. We could not, however, agree with the reverend gentleman, in the lull extent of his opinion, that the ladies in their social . meetings, in the private circle, thecoacert room, the ball room, or even the street, usually occupy their time in slandering, backbiting, or ridiculing others who may not happen to be present, ?sometimes their equals, or their superiors, and oltentiines even their inferiors, which he seemed to think were among woraly acquirements. These should be regarded as mere innocent frivolities, which time mid the "age ofdiscretion" must eventually obliterate. That the requirements of the world, und especially of the fashionable world, are very oppressive, we admit; but the world we live in has always been regarded by us as a very pleasant world, and one that we would be willing to abide in to the age of M?*lhilM?l>'h?a vnrv irmwl wurlrl tialt ? il all i n nil provided we make good use ol it. He also alluded to the feeling of compassion and regret with which those who wear the yoke of the world usually regard a young female about to retire within the walla ot a convent; whereat* he considered them to be envied, rather than to be the subjects of commiseration. Their greatest happiness consisted in succoring and relieving those borne down by the yoke ot the world, and to all such expressions of commiseration their reply is, "take ye heed of yourselves and your children." After the sermon, the curtains hanging to the right of the altar were drawn aside, and the private sanctuary of the institution was visible in its whole extent through the gratings of the cloister. lu a few imuutes a procession of nuns, some willi black, and others with white veil*, each hearing a lighted taper on a stafl", were observed approaching along the balcony outside of the interior ot the chapel, headed by the lady Abbess. They approached the door leading to the altar, which was thrown open, when the two novitiatea aroHf, and entered the altar, accompa ! nieil by ihe bridesmaid, were received by Archbishop Eccleston and lead by him to the door, where the nuns were in waiting to receive them. They there kneeled down, and were received and rained by the lady Abbess, when the door closed. They then approached the grating on the interior side and kneeled: when the Archbishop questioned them as to their names, and whether they had presented themselves after due consideration, and ot their own tree will and accord, as candidates lor holy orders. They replied, in clear and distinct voices, that they had duly considered the step they were about to take, and had aiutroached the altar ot their own tree will and accord, with a firm intention to live up to the vows and dut ?-s of their holy calling. They then retired into an ante-chaniher, and in a few minutes returned, arrayed in the garment*! of the sisterhood, apparently shorn of tlieir hair and all outward ornament*, with their heads hound in the hands ot the order, but with no veils on. Kach of them bore in her hand a lighted taper on a stall', and approaching the grating, again kneeled. The archbishop, accompanied by the Rev. Messrs. Donellan and Curberry, again approached, and after going through the service ordained for the occasion, christened Miss Smith as Sister Alberti, and Miss Lawrence as Sister Rose of Lima, by which names they will hereafter be known among the sisterhood. They were then invested in the mantel of the order, and a white veil thrown over each of their heads. After kneeling at the interior altar on either side of 'lie Lady Abbess, they passed around and saluted each of the numerous sixers arranged along each side of the inferior rhmwl nit unil #*m*h rnr. rying a lighted taper in her hand. The two | novitiates then approached the railing, and hy a nod of the head hid a general adieu to the boat of friends who had assembled to witness the ceremony, when they all retired to the interior of the convent, with the same solemn tread and manner with which they had previously entered. We should not omit to mention the sweet ( haunt of the iiuiis winch accompanied mpst of the ceremonies, and added to the solemnities of the occasion. Hkavv Failijkk.?Our community have been somewhat excited by the unexpected failure of Thomas E. Warren, a stock and exchange broker of this city, on Monday last. His operations have been heavy, and he has lately l>uilt the steamboats .Sarah and (iould. His liabilities, it is said, will exceed #200,000, but we are assured that the failure will not interrupt the business ot any house in the city, his indebtedness being mostly to heavy monied concerns, both at home and abroad.? 'JYoy Daily I'o?t. On Monday night last, about 11^ o'clock, manv our citizens distinctly heard the roar and acaiubly felt thr ("hock of an ntrthquakr-.?Richmond (Afy.) Chronicle, yon. IS. -5^, CANARY Dl IDS. LONO BREKD, *nd <iEK WjmmSWS MN<IIN? BIKD8?The public are rtapect 2^tyfl'Uv invited In et.l .i.u examine mv laat importation. TUX.|>rr Mayflower, from Antwerp? comprising .100 lleimw Hong Bird*, prononnced hr the oldeit amateur* in this city, to be the beet *mgeit ever imported. 10 Belgian Lous Breed Cen*n<a?warranted pare breed; Nightingale*. (J..Id ami Silver I'lieaannta, Whittling Mtarling*. lie. Alao.TO Lot| Breed Canine*, the Bto< k of an Amueur Breeder, which canant lie orpaaeed m health, color, or ?tiar>e CHAHLKH RKK UK, Importer of 8oog Birda, lit William atreet, bo treen Kulton and Ann iu. nT Hl*?i KOH KALki.?A great variety of moeking hirda of 9Vjj recent arrival from Charleston. per *team*hip Booth jEl erner. Alan, a lot of red or rice birda, of beautilnl TSK plumage, with a groat aaaortmeot of larka, linnota and goldhnenea, from Kuglud Alao, a good aaaortmeot of ca narie* of Iho long and ahoit breed*, all in beautiful mixing, to ba aeen at 518 Pearl atroct, between Kim and Centre. n2l Ufa HI MUSICAL INBTRCCI ION.-E C. CABHHBHb 7 I.K, from Loodoo, aoliciu the atteatioo of ladiea aod gentlemen to hia pleosag method lIS I I* Of Uachiii : ptaoolorte, aisg ng and violin, whereby hi* popil* enaure a rapid improvement IB a very ahoit time. Popila who would have the toitinn-cf a careful and peraevering maater, will pleaae addreaaC. E.laitle, B01 1*. Herald Office. Terms jinte moderate Hefereacea, H. C. Tnnm K>i| , (I. Loder, K?q. nJI iJteod*ir , v" ~ ' *ob*criber take* leave in in Parent* and iiuardiana that*he will |l>? ^YT^P^VinstructioA on the Pinno forte, either si her " ? * own residence or at the reepertite dwellings ol those committed to her care. Term* aiae dollar* per .|aaitcr Apply to H (... B Marray at eel. al* Ht*re PlANO KUHIKB?t*. K 11 Ul. ?l Third avenar, has no hand s good sappli "f Slid (It Ocia *e I'lnurw.or Rosewood snd If 1 VMahogany cases. The abore are msaafactnred in the hest mxnner, with all the late impro??me?u All nsnoe I ol his make are warranted in t.very respert. Old Tisao rortee taken in exchange. Tuneiug snd reiainug done in the best manner *w"rc 1 ,|IM KOH UALfc OK TO HIHK-An?.^rm,,n? MM of Talashle rosewood 7 octare Jortee, on I T,,y Also.aeotuge Piano, t 'III! "with Xoliw ""h,iXBTIN? * CO. ?U Ht*rr .1)4 Oregnwieh. cower orHameoa stmt. <