Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 3, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 3, 1847 Page 2
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1 - l-ILNEW YORK HERALD. .Vew York, Friday, Dmnbir 3, 1MT. To OarrMfondmti, JV*<> notice can he taken of anonvmoue communication* Whiterrr it intended for intertion mutt kt authenticated by 'hr name and tddreet aj the wri'er ; no' nectnarily far publication, lut at a guaranty a/hi* food faith Ti %nnet undertake to return rejected com munication* The Weekly Herald The Weekly lleiald will be ready to-morrow morning ?t e'.ne o'clock. It will contain the lat:et InteUlfence? military. nar?l, tlannrlel. commercial and mlaeelleneoua, fron iui parte of Mexioo, Canada, the Weet India* and the T.'ni'.e<l btatea, to the hoar of publication, and the ?ngliiM now* by the ateamihlp Britannia, la oaee that ve*?el arrive* in the meantime It will alto contain a t -iuii/ul engraving representing the oity of Puebla, In ilcxlso. Price ?>*' orati. The Steamer*. The Britannia is in her fourteenth day, and liiaj be expected to arrive ut Boston to day or to-morrow. There are yet nj tidings of the U nior. ___ The Secret Hlstarjr or the Campaign. We find in the St. Louis Republican of the 22d ult., hii interesting letter from Puebla, giving a portion of the secret history of the last campaign in Mexico?some of the details of the Dunciis of war held on the march from Vera Cruz to the Halls of the Montezuinas. It will be found in unother column of this day's lie mid. The Politicians and the Prees. We understand that the friends of Martin Van Buren, c! ILindrrhook, have.at length made arrangements for ihe purchase and control of a P >rty journal of small circulation in this city, end placed it under the direction of a new editor, whose instructions will, probably, be to conduct the Presidential campaign now opening, in opposition to the administration of Mr. Polk, and with the view of bringing forward Mr. Van Bureii as the next democratic candidate for the Pretidency, instead of Mr. Polk, and in opposition to Mr. Clay. The recent vitit of John Van Knr^n tn thin ritv. with other distinzuished poli ticians of the State, had this object in view; and that section of the party called barnburners are now determined to use the party press here, and in the interior of the State, to their own advantage and elevation. This is a very natural movement on the part of Mr. Van 13aren and his supporters. He belongs to that race of statesmen and politicians who look on the newspaper press as an easy and convenient vehicle of their own purposes and their own ambitions; newspaper editors,writers, and reporters, are considered, in the school of Mr. Van Buren, and such men, as the mere servants?the scullions, the boot blacks?of that clao^ of half educated lawyers who have to t?ke to politics for preferment, and who have debased and corrupted public affairs in this country. But we will do no injustic# to Mr. Van Buren. His conceptions of the newspaper press are i-harsd by other great men of the day. There is Henry Clay himself; look at his conduct in rehtion to his'iiublic ?peech in Kentucky, a short time since. The ignorance, the inhospitality, and folly, which he exhibited in debarring the independent reporter of an independent journal, from giving to the public a lull ana correct account of his saying*, on the day of the meeting ia Lexington, can find a fit parallel in the brutality of those editors in Kentucky' who feel me'ancholy because they had not opportunity to create a riot and assault the gentleman of the press in question. An enterprise of the most remarkable character, got up at a great expense, calculated to astonish the world, by transmittins the words of llenry Clay, uttered at Lexin toti on one day, to be read in New York the r.cxt morning, was actually opposed, and atte.ripted to be put down by the great statesman of the age, who is put forth as a candidate of a free people of twenty millions. This is another sample of that narrowness of mind, and that selfishness ot purpose, and that ignorance of the Bgc, ?o far ns regards the character of the press, tini we find in both Mr. Van Buren and J.Ir. GUy. But we can even go farther for parallels. Look at tne occupant of the White House at V',ri;?lnagton. Examine the career of Mr. Polk, President of the United States, and one of his present cabinet ministers. Cave Johnson. Morergnul instances of the prostitution of the j.rcaa on one hand, and of obstructions thrown in the way ot independent journalism on the other, Inve never been shown than those presented by Mr. Polk and Cnve Johnson. They beem to have no conception of journalism, unless it tinitce in its characteristics, servility, brutality, imbecility, and farce. , they are not without associates in another bra ich of the government And we nre sorry to say,'that Mr. Benton, Senator of the United Slates, in the position he took at the last session of Congress, hostile to the improvements which have been brought I'lrw-rH in newsnsner renortinar. makes himself a fit companion for those men that we have enumerated, in their narrow conceptions of the newspaper press. Mr. Clay, Mr. Polk, Mr. Benton and Mr. Van Buren, are all of the same calibre, and are as much behind the age ub those politicians who buy and s>-ll the press an they do coach horses or dogs?if they ever should use them. In turning from this group of statesmen obscured by their want of appreciation of the great movemnte of the age, although they may have talent and ability in another direction, we are glad to find that we have a race of great men who appreciate an independent press, and who encourage its movements in every possible way. We allude to Mr. Calhoun, of South Carolina, Mr. Webster, of Massachusetts, General Cass, of Michigan, and many others --J ?- -r *i? a ? L_ in ana uui ui uic ocuaic, uu m ouuiuwu n Mr. Buchanan, Mr. Walk?r, and even Mr Marcy, of the administration, have ghei conceptions of the press, and nobler opi; nions of those by whom it.is managed, thai the half-educated lawyers and corrupt politicians on the other side of the question. At thu time there is about to be commenced at Washington a system of reporting the debates of the United States Senate?a system which is the legitimate result of those improvements in the newspaper press, and that advancement of professional reporting, which the Nev> York Herald was the first to introduce into journalik.ni about ten years ago. We allude to the independent system of reporting debates in the Senate which was established at the close of the last seHsion of Congress, and which is to l>e conducted, for the first time in this country* under the management of Mr. Honston, a gentleman well known to us, and who was for many years one of the stenographers attached to this establishment. This new development of newspaper reporting at Washington, is a natural consequence of the movements made in the independent press in this metro;>olis. Journalism, out of a great city, is nothing but a precarious mode of existence given to enters, editors, and printers, by a clique of politicians ; such is journalism at Washington, and Bucli is journalism in the capital of every ?5tste. There is no independence, no character, no enterprise, no effort, no characteristics of an independent press, (9 be found out of a great city; and in this country there is lurdly say to he fihuJ put cf ti<? oity of K?w York, with the *. oeptioi, perhaps, of aoai? growing emanation* is Pliilade 1/ hia, Baltimore and Boaton It is now only tea years since the New York Herald has been engaged in the great enterprise of establishing independent journalism in this country. We have been oppoeed at every step by the corrupt politicians oi the day, by tha mi* ! nions of party, by factions on every side. The establishing of steam navigation, the construction of railroads, and the wonderful invention ot ' telegraphic communication,have given to journalism a fresh power, the result of which will take teu years more to show itself in its greatest force. The people of the United States, for thirty years, have been trammelled by politicians, bound down by clique*, without an organ of communication in which their real sentiments could be heard. The day is pasning away, and the feeble attempts of Mr. Clay, Mr. Polk, Mr. Benton, or Mr. Van.Buren/.to fetter the impulses j of a young generation in the same way they used to manacle them, fifteen or twenty years ago, will no longer exist. Even their conventions and their caucuses, and their public meetings, will, in a short time, likewise pass uway, and be num? I 1 ?:.L ?U- nnr *Uat u'm rm ma th* mhKisH ucrcu Willi UIO uiii'50 ixui nvav .w .*.? of a |iaat age. The press?the independent press, acting from its own impulses and stimulated by its own energies, issuing from large cities, will be the only organ of the people of the United States, and will determine all public questions, and elevate all public men, hereafter. Truly, a good time is coming. London, Paris, and New York Newspaper*. London, Paris, and New York, are the only three cities in [the civilized ..world, in which the daily newspaper press exists as a great, independent, intellectual, social and political power. The rise of journalism in those cities has been promoted and furthered by their great population, and the vast patronage growing out of that fact. It is now about .thirty years since journalism in London began to develope its growth. This was caused by the originality, energy, talent, and skill, of one individual?the late Mr. Walter, of the London Timtt. That distinguished man took hold of the London Timet, when it was a small morning journal, of little circulation, no influence, and a daily loss to its proprietor of that day. Mr. Walter commenced his improvements by running expresses, establishing a system of reporting, giving original articles, all independent of the politicians, | stock jobbers, bankers, and brokers of the day. During tbe whole 01 nis career, ne was opposed i by the statesmen and politicians of the time, as well as by the large capitalists and great speculators; but his energy and tact overcame all opposition, and he established, before his death, the London Times,on a foundation, and aocording to the principles of a system, that may continue for a century to come, under theimanagement of his son. The following curious statement of the Timet, as it now exists, will be very interestiag to every one in this country The London 7*m?# of th? 4th of October, and its rapplement, oontalns 73 columns of printed matter, of whloh there la occupied in? Advertisements 36 City Affair* 3% Original article 3 Comments on French affairs 3 Spanish. Italian and European. .3 Irish affairs 3 Indian affairs and news' .. . :9Jf Money article, trade, etc. 3 Railways 1* Corn trade 1 Naval and shipping 3 Theatrical and literary I Police reports IX Miscellaneous and correspondence 5?73 The following classification'of the advertiseaxenta in this paper, will show tbe proportion that exists between the different subject* of advertisement, which emanate lavoMat: AAmmAPitUl nommnniU in th? world. (and oae of the centra* of civilisation, knowledge and faablon The total number of advertisement* wu 1030 Of the**? the aalaa of good* and ?hop advertisement* ware 179 Of eatatai and taouaea M Other aalea 41 Notioea of *hlp* tailing and arriving 63 Books, new muaio. eto 08 Publio amaaementa, theatre*, eto 31 Education. eollegea, leoture*. eto 78 Board and lodging 83 Houaea to hire. . 44 Railway* and othar (took inveetment* a l Buninaa* to be diepotied of 37 Situation* and employment wanted 130 (iovernesses, aaststanta, and servant* wanted 46 Sale* of hOT*e*. carriage*, and doga 31 Government and city advertisement* 13 Partner* and partnership* 13 lnauranee and othar public bodle*. 10 Voney wanted, or to land 16 Birth*, marriage*, and death* 36 Advertisements for person* wanted and thing* lo*t. 18 Patent mediolnea and invention* 20 Douceur* offered for lituation* under government.. 4 Sundries 0 1030 A proof not only of tha great circulation of the paper, but alao of tha vary great oara with which its formidable daily array oi advertiiementa I* perused, exist* in the following factA professional gentleman in London, had occasion lately to advertise for the heir* or representative* of six deoeased persons, tome of whom had been dead so long as fifty years An advertisement, of not more than ten lines, was inserted onoe in the Timti, and the very day after such insertion, ha received personal application from four of the parties, and a letter, dated seventy miles from London, from a fifth. As a vehicle of news and information, the Timt$ Is undoubtedly without a rival. Asa commentator upon public ooonrrences, or a deduoer of oonsequenoes from them, it is admired lor the talent which it employs, but it is far from being an Influential loader or guide of publio opinion. Among the ourious things advertised in the 7Vmr?,are L the following : "Knarmostic Shirts, cut on mathematioal principle*, and warranted to lit any figure " The "Nulll J utl-* " etTPV- Dalla M UT?ia ntUUDUUf OUirb. A urn imwuauivM^Kw*. - ?? "J i rian Paletot" "The Mimi Bmtw Paletot, an4 the Paletot d'Hlver." "Waterproof Parama Garments." "Gutta Peroa Shoe-aolea. 'The Omnium Coat, with In iatble poeketa." Than there ia the "Pateat Firewood, four Area for a penny " "Bonnlon Cuahlons for the to**.'' 1 "Dandelion, or Taraxacum Coffee, to oure lndlgeitlon and, lastly, Cantelo'a patent hydro-iaouba tor and artlflolal mother for hatching and rearing poultry.'' The circulation of the Timet in London and , throughout England, is more comprehensive and greater than that of any other journal in the ! capital, unless it he the Morning Nttet, which, being a cheaper journal, is fast following in the career of the Timet, but as yet the London Timet is the only paper which has a large circulation in the capital, as well as in the provincial towns of Liverpool, Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, Edinburgh and Glasgow. In all those cities any person wishing to read the news, when he , takes his coffee or his tea, calls for the last London Timet. There are large papers published r in each of those cities, but with the exception of two or three, they have merely a local circulal tion, and are of very narrow influence. The r I TV' <U. A?1w in ika r.Ji.k AjCMUIUII ?\mr.9 IB ill^ UUij , III IIIC liU^noil i language which has a comprehensive and general circulation in England and ^throughout , Europe. Probably the circulation of the Times, which is only about twenty thousand daily, is about equal to that of all the other London papers; but its influence, profits, and value at* an . organ of public opinion, are superior to thow all put together. It* annual net revenue is eufpfffced , to be front #150,000 to 9200,000 a year. In Paris, the press has a greater resemblance to the journals of New York than to those of London. it has risen to its present position within the last ten years, and has gone through the same career, almost, as the newspapers of New York have. The present daily journals in Paris, of large circulation, are the Journal dt Dtbait, the Steele, the Prtttt, and the Conititutionnel.? With the exception of the first, the others are issued at a similar price to those of New York. Their patronage is not so great as that of the London press; their enterprise is less, although in theireditorial writing there is more wit and more humor than in that of the London journals. In fact the Pari* press, in many of its features, resembles the press of New York in its vivacity nnd life; but without its enterprise or that desire to avail itself of the improvements of the age,which we pufsega in New York. The Parisinn jourutlo have not only a oircuUtinn in Peris, j (Mid throughout Frtnoo, b a will find thorn all over the Continent?ia Germany, Ita'.r, Spa<n, Russia, and the Northern Statea. A word, now, tor thefNew York press. The present position ot journalism in this city bas been the fruit of the last ten years of effort. The AYu> York Herald was the first to lead the way, and it is still in the van; for no other paper ia the United States haa a comprehensive and general eirculation out of the city in which it ia 1 published, all over the Union, in large aa well < as small towna, similar to that of this journal. ' In this respect the circulation of the Herald in the United States, resembles that of the London Timet in England- Many 'papers here and in the neighboring cities, have large local circulations; but no journal but the Herald possesses a circulation over the whole country, and even over Europe. This success haa been obtained through various causes. We were the first to commence the system of running expresses for procuring news in advance of the means by which it was usually received. We were the first to establiah reporting aa a branch of the newspaper business, and to encourage and educate reporters for the press. We were the first to bring into action the re markable power ot the telegraph; and at this moment we give our readers, every morning in New York, commercial intelligence from Cincinnati, Buffalo, Boston, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, that transpired in those cities the day previous. In certain respects, the press of New York hts made greater progress than that of either London or Paris. But we don't stop hare. We are now preparing a system of machinery for this establishment, which will enable us to throw off eighty thousand double sheets in six hours. As railroads increase and become perfected throughout the country?as the telegraph wires are extended from this great metropolis to the remotest boundaries of the republic, even to the city of Mexico itself, so will we be enabled to extend our operations, and give increased energy to the journalism of New York. At this moment, the New York Herald is the only journal in this country that occupies a similar position, and possesses a similar circulation, to those of the London Timet in England, or the Journal de Debates, or the Presse in Paris?but we mean in a short time to exceed them all. Theatricals as a Business.?A good deal of speculation and surmise is indulged in, in reference to the individual prosperity of the theatres in this city. A gentleman who made the following estimate had the curiosity the other evening to visit every theatre in the city, and make a calculation, from the materials within his control, of the receipts and expenditures of each of those establishments on the night in question. The result is curious, and is as follows : Thftrti Kxpentti. Bextt. Pit. Receipti. Park $300 SI 30c. $700 Bowery 130 25c. lie. 600 Chatham SO 25c. 12c. 200 Olympic 120 30c. 12c. 20o Broadway 300 $t 50 c. 350 Aitor Opera 700 SI 30c. 730 Bowery Cireoa SO 35c. 12c. 10* $1010 $2850 It will be seen from this, that on the night in question, there were only average houses at all the theatres. At none of them were there star engagements, so far as is known. One curious fact is revealed in.this statement?that is, that ttie tnree oia meaires, me l arn, me nowery, and the Chatham, do a much better, and a much sounder business in the aggregate, than any of the new establishments. On occasions of Btar engagements, such as that of the Montplaisers, or Madame Bishop, or any other distinguished artist ot any kind, the receipts of any of the theatres will be more than the average set down in this statement; but star engagements are getting out of date, and nothing, it seems,will satisfy the public but some regular company, complete in all its parts, and not deficient in details?and thus prevent the whole of the money from being run away with by one or two persons. The old theatres, meaning, as before, the Park,[the Bowery, und the Chatham, are conducted by experienced men. Some of them, it is true, might be improved a little; but still they possess a great deal of tact in their management. Those theatres have also an ea* *?niil nfi a?i a ai In at mt\ in nuntrnl I aUUDllCU IC|'UWUVU ?IV vuuutvu >u vw ||?IWI parts of the city, and command the largest portion of the floating population, even on ordinary nights; and particularly on extraordinary occasions, they have it all. The new theatres are more generally conducted by persons who indulge in speculation, and who are fond of making hazardous experiments. They have to establish a name and a character, and in order to make a show they are generally very liberal in opening their doors to "dead-heads," and all the loafers about town. It is very difficult in any part of the city to create an established run to a new theatre, and it requires years to succeed in that department of business. The least profitable night in the enumeration we have give*, in that of the Italian opera in Astor Place, and this, too, with all the advantages of a liberal annual subscription; but the opera, unless it is well got up, and conducted with much tact, is a very hazardous experiment, and although it is natural to hope that the establishment of such a refined amusement will succeed in New York, yet the wealthy and refined classes may be very talkative and very showy, but they are not so liberal as they are in some other countries. A good Italian opera at the Park would, from the very prestige of the locality, control patronage more than even abetter ene would in an out-of-theway place up town. Tiik French Steamkrs ?We have translated from the columns of the French journal of this city, a curious and important memorial, agreed upon at the recent meeting of French citizens resident here, in relation to the management of the steamers between Havre and New York, during the last summer. This paper is addressed to the directors of the company in Paris, and we wished to have given it some time ago in our columns, having seat our report er to the meeting in question, with instruction* to obtain all the information that could be collected on the occaseion. But it appears that obstacles were interposed by M. IDagneau, the agent of the company in this city, very unnecessary and unhandsome, we think, on his part, which prevented us at that time from giving to our readers this interesting document. This paper contains a correct and succinct view of the difficulties encountered in the management of theae steamers. There have been great exaggeration made by the greas, and in other quarters, against the French steamers, Trench management, and against everything French, as it regards this enterprise. We do not think it has been merited. The management of the British steamers, when they first started from London and Bristol, with one solitary exception, was extremely bad, and ultimately ended in the complete prostration of the Bristol and London company. Indeed, none of the ocean companies which have been started have succeeded, except the Liverpool line, originating with the Cunards. These boats and their entire management, originited in Scotland; tliey were directed by Scotch engineers from Glasgow, calm, quiet, attentive, experienced men, who, for years, had been engaged in ocean steam navigation, in all its various departments. They succeeded, because they had experience. The London and Bristol lines failed, and now the Havre line threatens to fail, for want of it. But *e hope that French skill, French tact and French ingenuity, will overcome nil the difficulties in their way. Those who are interested in British orean navigation, of course, eNBggerate their faults?but we hope the Ameri. I' rpo public will jf't g!vr ilio Hivir* lift# a t'liw# for lmpr?r?m?ftl **4 pfrnwww' HMMMI and Kiuletl. Pari Thiitii.-Lm( might, Messrs. Collins nl Placlde tpportd again la three of their plMN, Til.: the " White Hon* of the Peppers," " Napoleon's Old Ouard," ud the " Irish Post" We doabt whether a better cast ooald ba made for tha first of thaaa plaaaa than tha on* by which it la perform** at tha Park. Mr. Colltna U peeullftrly happy In bla change from tha aha* racwr of tha Irish gentleman to that of tha genuine 1 bog trotter," hia original humor always peering out, oot to mar tha play, but to add new life to tha oomedy Mr. Plaelde. a* Major Manafeldt, la not to ba surpassed, and the scene between the two over their humble repeat, termed bv Pepper " pratlea and point," U IrreaUtably lau/hnble. and tha auditor can hardly dispel the illuxlon. but imaginea that before him U the veritable Dutch trooper, handaomely taken In by the clever Irlfhmau- Tha pieoe la almost entirely dependent upon the two leading oharactera, but whatever wai undertaken by the member* of the company, was well done la the eeoond piece, " Napoleon's Old Uutrd," Mr Placid*, as the veteran oorporal of the imperial guard, presented another beautiful speolmenof his peculiar style. Mrs. Jones, aa Melanle Haversack, acquitted herself In a handsome manner. At the close of this piece, the audisnce called Mr. Plaolde before the curtain, and gave him audible proofs of tha high estimation in which they held blm and bis performance. Tha after piece upon the bill was tha "Irish Post." Tonight, Mr. Plaoide takes a benefit, and presents as entertainment lor the evening, the " White Horse of the Peppers" and '-Rorv O'More"?in the first of which, he plays tha part of Hans Manafeldt, the Dutch trooper, aod In the seoond, De Welskolo, the Frrnoh smuggler; Mr. Collins, of course,sustaining in each piece the other leading characters, nd singlog mtwii tonga. Bowkht Theatre.?The familiar.drama of "Grandfather Whitehead," and the spectaole, the*'Naiad Queen," were performed here last erasing, and although the weather waa very unfa7orable, the house waa comfortably foil. In tha flret mentioned pisce Mr C. Burke, who has hitherto appeared here in nothing bu*. comedy, peraonated the Grandfather. We muat acknowledge that we have aeen thla character better performed than we did last evening; but we muat, on the other hand, in Justice to Mr Burke, say, that hia personation of it waa a highly creditable pieoe of aotiiij His voloe and figure, altered as they were last evening, were all that oould be desired. Miss Turnbull was, as usual,very good as tha Naiad Queen. She is a very graoeful danseuse, and possesses a sweet but not very strong voioe. The second sc?ae of the first aet is a beautiful spectacle, one wall worth seeing. To be sure it requires a stretch of Imagination to persuade one's aelf that the aubatantlal specimens of humanity, tha finely moulded forms und the plump cheeks, which he sees before him, belong to the upper regions, but the resemblance is probably as perfect, as in the nature of things, it oan be. On the whole, the " Naiad Queen" is a very imposing and interesting spectacle. It will be repeated to night with the drama of the " Hake's Frogress," and that of " Murret the Land Pirate." IraLtan Opera Singers.?Tha two iehuUnta who made their first appearance on any>tage,in the opera ot " Beatrice di Tenda," on Wednesday evening last, gave us a fine opinion of the their musical powers and education, and produced an equal effeet upon their hearers. 8ignorina Amalla Pattl is a fine young woman, whose excellent and thorough method haa been muoh admired. Though not experienced on the stage, she treads the boards as well as any other Italian aotress, and givts to ner styie ana action great rennemeni 01 manner, tier olo?, a mtzxo mprono, possesses great riohasss and a fair oompass. She has evidently the lacred Are In her heart. Slgnor Uaillnl'f yolce Is that of a tenor ; it U stamped with good qualities in its upper register, which oomes out clear, firm and equal. Slgnor Baiiini wants only more passion and animation in |hls acting, and he soon will become an elegant singer. We are glad to understand that these two singers are the pupils of Slgnor Bonsanini, the talented maettro, of whom we have spoken on a former occasion. They both reflect upon their teacher a high character, and they are oertainly the best proof of his skill in voaal science Circus?Bowery Amphitheatre ?The performances hare this evening will be very taking. Gymnastic feats are all the rage, it eeenn, with the audience, and to accommodate them in this respeot, Mr. Tryon's troupe will go through their varied teats of vaulting, tumbling, (to. See. The somersettlng Is quite surprising, and all

politicians, who, in these confused times, are about to turn somersets, should go and witness the agility of tbe performers in this lins?it would show them how easily the thing may be done, apparently. As the fact is, all these feats, though they apoear simple, require both great strength and practice; but the beauty of the performance of this Ircipr is tbe apparent ease with which tney periorm ids most airacuu imu. 101 q<uu equestrian exercises and a new series of jokes from the clowns, with a variety of dancing, singing, tko. and a comio pantomime, will fill np the evening'* performance.; Chriitv's Minstrels?There is an excellent programme this evening, and we doubt not that these very successful performers will again have a crowded house. Their popularity is as great as ever, and we doubt if any exhibition has ever been so continually patronised, lor such a length of time, as this one has. The trilllog sum charged for admission la well spent, by a visit to Mechanics' Hall. We need hardly say that their sinning is a* pleasing as ever. The dancing,'"Lactate on Phrenology," and other inoldental features, are nightly received with long oontinued applause. Dumbolton's Etuiom*n Screnaders, having returned frota Baltimore, where they acquired additional celebrity, and were reoeived with the most rapturous applause, opened on Monday evening, at the Cbesnut street Theatre, Philadelphia, where they are nightly received with thrse substantial demonstrations that have invariably followed their professional career. Their return to this ol'y is anxiously expeoted. Musical Illustration# or shaiircark.? Immortal Shakspeare! to how maoy minds has be not afforded the most pure and elevated pleasure ! His tragedies, comedies and lyrics, are all, in tbelr turn, the sources of the most refined enjoyment. The greatest actors have always esteemed the highest oompliment that could be bestewed on them, when they have been said to have AAtiPftUlv fchu Rhftran^ri of hia rlramaa th? best musical masters, such as Purcell, Aran, Beethoven, Icq . have delighted to oomnose music fitting for his splendid word* We have often pitied those woo are unacquainted with the English language, solely because they are unable to appreciate the beauties of "glorious Will;" but happily, in a land like this, where the English language is spoken, there is no occasion to laud him who wrote truly " not for a day, but lor all time," as he Is appreciated by all; and this brings us to our present subject, vis: Mr Lynne and his Musical Illustrations ? This gentleman purposes giving a series of these illustrations, which will consist of readings from several ot the plays, and interspersed with these readings there will be performed the muslo to whloh passages from these plays have been adapted by many or the best masters th%l England and Germany have produced In order to give full effeot to this muslo, Mr. Lynne has engaged competent vocalists, and the chorus 1s seleoted from the members of the American Musioal Institute. Mr. Oto Loder will be the conductor; and what with thii feature and Mr. Lynne's reading.', quite a novel elfeot will be produced. The first of the series will take place on Tuesday evening nest. Nkw York ((acrid Music Society.?Mendelssohn's "EHj?" will be given on the 9th inst, at the Tabernacle, by this society. Miss Northali, and many othsr eminent artists,will asslaton this occasion. L vino Modeli.?This evening a magnificent series of groupings will be presented. The ever-pleasing " Greek lave;" "Judgment of Taris;" " Venus Victorious," ere among the features of the bill. As this is the last night but one, it behooves those who intend visiting this exhl union, 10 iob? no uui in uuiug bu. Hub* Alexander.?This mat magician, after a successful tour through th? ffanadas. leaves thin oity In a few day* for Havana, and tbenoe to Vara Crux and Mexioo. HU friend* there assure him that he alone, by hi* majlc power, can adjust all the difference* at preaent r listing between the American and Mexioaa governments Mesnrs Burke and Hoffman save a concert at Bleeoker Hall, Albany, on Tuesday evening. " Matter Barka" has a numerous host of friends at Albany, who gava him a kind welcome. Mr. Koirest is playing at the Holliday street theatre, Baltimore. Lover is also at Baltimore, where his " Irish Kvsnlngs" are handsomely attended, and his merits duly appreciated. The manager of the Arch street theatre, Philadelphia, has plaoed at the head of his bills, as an admonitory notice, " No children In arms admitted to this theatre.*' The Montplasier dancers have none to Boston, where thev hivfl an encasement at the Atheneum. Great Hack.?Cave Johnson and Telegraph intend to send the President's message to New York, ?t the same time. We'll bet on the lightning from heaven. Police Intelligence. Chaigr ef Sl?ati-ig n tVatch ?Officer Fesny, 'of tht rtth ward, arrested last night a man by the ntrnn of Anthony Hennlgan, on a charge of stealing a silver watch, worth $*10, belonging to Lawr?noe Markia. Detained for elimination by Justine Drinker. Sieali-ig a Cloak ?Officer Gardner, of the 6th ward, arrested a man by the name of John Smith, on a charge of stealing a cloak valued at $18. belonging to George \Volfnr?t?in. No 186 Chatham street. Justice Drinker committed him for examination. Stealing a Hand Coir?Two fellows, called Henry Ds Coursey and Bill Jennings, were arrested yesterday, en a charge of stealing a hand cart, valued at $ J. belonging to George Taterson, residing at No. 09 Leonard street. Juatlce L)i inner locn-ti inem up iot irimi Jirrntt on Smpiiinn?Offloera Utrroy and Connfilly, of the Sixth ward, arretted yeaterday afternoon a man catling hlmaelf John Furguaon, baring in hla poaaeaeion aereral gold watchea, wbinh be waa endeavoring to Mil at Aran ehop.or. tha Kivh Points Justice Drinker detained him, in order to obtain an owner for the property. To ihc EoiToaor i he Hkkald: la your p?perof thia morning la a notioe under Police head, of a complaint agtlnat Mr. Edward Norton and otbera, of a oooaplraoy to delraud Jorl P Smith. A* published, tbe notioe ia Incorrect in two partioulara. Aa the partlea charged have demanded a bearing, aa tba matter ia under ioTeatlgatloo, aa the complaint It an entire fabrication, and aa the charaotora of tba partial obarged are not to be trifled wltb, will you notioe In your paper of to-morrow theae facta, and aaK a auapenalon of opinion. It U the intention of tbe partlee charged to proaecute the partlea oomplalnlng Deo. 1. O. T CUOMWKLL. On laat Wednesday night, tbe Juniata waa full, and Id M.41J7 plitcaa ruaulng orar. Tba repairs autfarH hut ! lltUe, with th* ajoepllOU of l'ipar'a D?m, wU?r? lbs , utMt of the work UmI Im4 vm Muitmt - city Ietelilgenee. The wuthit ? We were vlaited yrvtsrday morning with a h?4Ty ratn-atorm, which laat d throughout the day. The weather m extremely mild ! oomparlaon to that of the two previoua daya. At 13 o'olock a m. tbe ] thermometer atood at M drgreea In Wall atraat, At tbe < i?H boar bat two day* ago. and at tba win plaoe, It J stood at 30 degreea abowlog a groat disparity Tb* atreeta wars d eply flooded in many quartera It ralnod I up to 9 o'clock r m . and later ; and tba little atreot- < (weeper*, were, a* usual, bully engaged la their rocatlon. ; I iMrKortito thi Condition or thc Pooa ?Th* aaaoci j atton for improving tb* oondltlon of tb* poor, hara done and are doing wonder* in giving systematic relief, ooun*al. advice aod oo > fort ta tba poor of tbe city The worthy poor are aided according to their necesalHe* All poor are oared for, where there 1* Immediate cuff-ring; but tbe drunken, idle vagabond la starved loto aobriety and induatry. If hi* oondltlon can be improved [ ha will be oared for by the vlalter. If ha haa pride auffliient to keep sober, aend bia children to pabllo aobool, where it oan be proourad.and keep blahome olean. he will be aided with a moderate aupply of food and fuel. , It la not generally known that children found begglog ; in tbe atreeta, and belonging to Improvident pa rani a, i . oan be taken away from auoh parenta aod provided for , , by the oity, on application to tbe police or to tbe aldermen of the ward. Ull foreigner* found begging, who j have not been In th* country two yeara. ahould Invarla- , HLw 'J i1!? t0 houaa oommiaaloner, in the 5,"**'wIll eall on their boudamen, or the oommlv th^fV th#lr support There are H u *Uit*r"-,r*?^vlng no pay, who are rewiThn.w^ ? i oltiiena. who neverdlapenae alma borne. Inquiring Into and inspecting their oondltlon. ao that fraud can- ! not. to an* extent, be Drutlaad Oil Ml. &*an?ia.tlnii Their kid is always in food, olothlng, fuel or medloine. I ?nd Invariably by counsel and good advloe on matters of prudwnoa. Fiat ? A fire was discovered yesterday morning, at 4 o'clock, In the rear of No 89 Division street. It or! gina'ed from the (Ira-place, and made its way beneath the floor. It was put out by policeman Hpear. Damage trifling. The Pabk Oat* Posti.?We took oooasion yesterday to notice the removal of these posW, which havn for about twenty-six years withstood the " peltlnjs of the pitiless storm." several curious reoords, not, however, of " antiquity," have been exhumed. Colas, writings, and other relios, &o., have been found in tin boxes, that had been d'positvd under the base of the pillars ; twigs of the tree under which Bonaparte stood at the ; battle of Waterloo, tagether with ooples of newspapers, j oolns. Sec &.o., commemorative of the age and time at which these bad been deposited, and the actions referred to, were all brought to light. Thb Gallant Cattail Waiik ?Brady, of Da- ' guerreotype repute, 305 Broadway, has published a 11- | thographio likeness of Captain Walker, of tha Texan Rangers, who fell at tha battle of Huamantla, on the 0th of Ootober. It Is a goad drawing, and wiil form a j desirable addition to the collections of portraits of heroes who have distinguished themselves In the present war with Mexico. Dbownkd ?Coroner Walters was called yesterday, to hold an Inquest at the lit ward polioe station, upon the bodv of Betray Johnson.(colored) aged 28 years, a native of New Jersey, who was accidantly drowned yesterday morning, by railing overboard from the barge "Day O Kellogg," lying In Coenties slip. Tha jury found a verdict accordingly. Death fbom Bi-amno.?A woman by tha name of Sarah Ann Allen, died yesterday at tha New York Hos- : pttal, in oonsequence of ker clothing taking flfe a few evenings since, at her residence, 160 Anthony street. It is supposed that the aooldent occurred while the vlo- 1 tlm was under the influence of liquor. The Coroner ! will bold an inquest this day. IikW Intelligence. Circuit Couar?Dee. 3.?Before Judpr* Edmonds.? I John Brooki, Jr.. Joteph Cook and Corntliui Vandtrbil'. vi Joiepk Lawrence and Daniel Trimble.? This was an action of trover, to recover the value of elgbt oases I of satinet!. The plaintiffs are owners of the steamboat I Nimrod, running between this oity and Bridgeport. The defendants are commission and forwarding mer- , chants, residing in this city. In February, 1843 Ingalls and Wells, of North Adams, Maisaohnsetts, packed up i four boxes of satinets for Tiffany, Ward 8c Co., of I Baltimore, and marked each box on the outside. ' 'Tiffany, Ward fc Co., Baltimore," together with the number of yards it contained. Thi*y were sent from North Adams to Pittsfl-14 to^be sent from tbenoe to Bridgeport by railroad, and from Bridgeport they were to be sent to this city by steamboat, and fram this city they were to be sent to Tiffany, Ware Sc. Co , Baltimore, by railroad. There were three other boxes of similar goods sent from ths same place, by Mr. Estus, and by the same conveyance to Bridgeport, and directed to Tiffany, Ward & Co., Baltimore. On the arrival of the goods at Bridgeport, they ware put en board the steamboat Nimrod, owned by plaintiffs, and brought to this oity There were also on board the beat, on the seme trip, fourteen boxes of goods belonging to Browne. Harrison It Co , directed to Tiffany. Ward St Co , and to be forwarded by the defendants. rue plaintiffs allege that, on tne arrival or tne noat, the deiendants sent Daniel Ward, their oartman (who ; bis been made a defendant in this suit), and that he j claimed the whole of the boxes, as well those of Iogalle k Wells, and those ?t Kstus, as those of Brown, Harrison ! U Co., and got them ; th*t the defendants afterwards, instead of sendiac them Dj railroad, as '.bey were marked, put then, with the goods of Brown, Harrison 8c Co . on b-<ard a schooner named the Two Pollys, for Tiffany, Ward & Co , Baltimore. The Ichooner and oargo was lost on the voyage. Ingalis It Wells afterwards brought an aotion for negligenoe against the plaintiffs, and recovered against them the value of tbe goods. And the plaintiffs now bring their actions against the defendants and their oar man Ward, to recover over against then When tbe plaintiff* had closed tbelr evidenca, Mr. Lord, on bebaif the defendant, moved for a non-suit against Ward, on the ground that he oould not be guilty of a conversion, he being merely a carman emoloyed oy bis principals, in tbe conveyance of goods from one place to another, and aotlng under tbelr control and direction, and even if he were guilty of a conversion, tbe plaintiff's themselves were equally guilty, beoause an aotion was KfAilaKt ?m/4 ; ../I .-.I na+ mm Jrasort. aid the rule of law is that one tori feasor eannot maintain an aotion against another. At (hi* point of the j argument the court adjourned For the plaintiff*?Mr. j 8. Sherwood. For the defendants?Messrs . Lord and ' Oi'losor. Jaco& rs. Hooper?The jary In thli cans* rendered a ; verdict for the plaintiff for $190. Charge of Hero/'. ? William Sbadbourne, Thomas Par- i ker, Lewis Colly and Duncan Campbell, mentioned in yesterday's Herald, were this morning brought b-fore Commissioner Morton tor examination, in the custody of one of the Deputy Marshals. It appeared that on the 11th November last, the prisoners struek off and refused to work. The Captain ordered them to appear before the Amerloan Consul, at 10 o'clook the next morning; that Aflenrdinfflt Atirif itreri >if?fnrA th? riAncnl ami Htfttn l that the brig wu uusea worthy, and they would not return In her. The Coooul advised them to go baok and ha would have the Taesel surveyed, and if the surveyors reported her unseaworthy, they should be discharged. They came baok to the brig,and two New England captains and a ship oarpanter, residing at Turks Island, were soon af er sent to make the survey. They reported to the Consul that the brig was seaworthy. The prisoners. however, refused to go to their dntv, seated they ware British subjects and not bound to go in tha vassal, and they accordingly left that evening, taking their effects with them. Att>?r forty-eight hours had elapsed, the consul caused them to be arrested and put In jail?and in stmt time after had them conveyed on board, and tha ves?el put to sea : during the voyage they oonduated themselves well, and no complaint was made It also appeased, that the two mites, who had originally shipped in the vrgMtl hid left her. and two others were taken in at Turks Island These two persons were examined on behalf of the prosaeutlon, and swore that the brig was seaworthy. On the other side, two mnn who reside In this city, and have followed tha sea tor a considerable number of years, swore they examlued her; that she wu not scuwonny?mac ner ssus were rouen, ana in>. they woetd not like to oome in her from Turks Island to this port at tbis muoii of tbe year. The Deputy MarRbal who arretted tbe prisoners, was also examined. Ha said he was in the forecastle, that it was a wretched plaee Tor inen to sleep, that tbe water was coming through tbe decks, Ico. The prisoners were held to bail in $100 eaob. Common Tlea*. Den. 1?Before Juilge lograham?'Two causes were oalled in this Court, and resulted in non suits, after which tbe Court adjourned Jutli, e vi. T\tcktr.?The jury handed up tn the Cowt a scaled verdict this morniug, finding for the plaintiff $1?0 damages, and ti cents costs B fore Judge Daly. ? Tuckir vi. Wnitrre.lt ?This cause was not oonoluded when the Court adjourned. Mas inf. Coi'rt.?D*?. a-Before Judge Smith?James Siewar vt Daniel Kelly.?This was an action to recover $00 AO commissions lor the purohnse of a house The plaintiff is a physician, and the defendant keeps a liquor store at tho corner of Bnyard and Mott streets. It appeared the parties were on friendly terms; that plaintiff was in the habit of frequently calling at the defendant's store; the defendant ascertained that a bouse in Bayard street, owned by a Mr. Burdett, within one or two doors of his store, was to be sold, end, as the plaintiff alleges, employed him to negotiate for the purchase. Accordingly. the plaintiff waited on Mr. Weeks, the agent of Mr Burdett. and after several meetings succeeded in purchasing the house for $6-JA0. The defendant wai afterwards called upon to pay the commission, hut refused. The defendant set up as a defense, that he never employed the plaintiff; that he commenced the treaty himself with Mr Burdett, about two years before the purchase was made ; that Mr. Burdett from that time to a short time before the transactiOD was closed, would not take less than $5800 for the house, which the defendant was unwilting to give That pending the negotiation the plaintiff was in tbe htbltof visiting at defmidant's store, and in that way he knew the defendant s anxiety to have the house, and called upon Mr. Weeks, Mr Burdett's agent, on the sutj^ct. without tbe knowledge or direotloQ of tbe defend \nt; tbat the transaction was flnsllv closed betweed Mr. Burdet'. and the defendant, without the Intervention of an? other pffinn, and the only recognition which the defendant r made In regard to plaintiff'* (bars In the purchase wag, that, in a conversation between defendant and Bardett. or Weeks, one of them, Mid that tain whloh he had then named, waa offered for the house, the defendant replied that It wai offered for himself by the plaintiff. It wu further alleged on the part of the defendant. that shortly after the purchase wam completed, the pUlntlff was In defendant's store,and la the presence of a third person, Mid to defendant. " the least you ought to do is to give me a new coat," The defendant replied, " I never employed you or promised you any thing." From this It was argued that the plaintiff never was employed by dafenJant, and that if he rendered any *ari vine, he never eipeeted to be paid, and It waa only ao after thought to bring the present actio >. Ju'lge smith i charged the Jury that If they believed the interference ot the plaintiff proceeded from frlendlv motive* In the commencement, he woold not be entitled to a verdict; but If from the evldeuoe, ihey could come to the conclusion that he was employed hy defendant, and that by his exertion* the purchase money was reduoed from ? > flOO to M.9M, ha would bs entitled to their verdlot.They should, however, take Into consideration that the p'irohM* wm oloted between tha prinoipali themwl??? Th? Jury r*tlr?d, and ?tt?r ihnrt ?ooiuJt4Moi| rtndai da rsrdlct tor a?f*uiu>t f** plftistti* Mf. MfOftfi *or iMnMuti Ml. Hftlttk* rh* T*rriU? Otoutw on tfci Till Tw< Handrid Llm LoM< [Fromthe Detroit (Mich ) Free Press, Not. 36 ] W* have the painful am of tks destruction of the propeller Phoenix, together with upwards of two hunired pMMUpn, of which on* hundred and flriy wera Hollander*, on their Way 10 Mttl* to the we?t Till* melancholy n*w* we get from the enf ineer. who returaed to thl* city oa board the propeller Delaware, )o Thund jr. The Phoenix *m bound op. and on Sunday morning ait about 4 o'clock, when within l? mtW* of Sheboygan, *he was discovered to be on flr*. After flodlog it mpoielbleto rx'loguish the lira, and that all who remained on boaid would perish in the flats** many jumpad overboard and en<ieav< red to aaTe tbem*?lv?? a* beat ;h*y coal l About thirty got luto the imall boat* and were picked up by tha Delaware, which hov* la alght ifter the Pbcealx was iu flames, but not in time to render Lialstanoa to tboae who remained on board, or who were unable to get into tha email boats Both of the small boat* ware launched and lmmediitely filled by thoex who were fortunate enough to be near them. They were each capable of holding about twenty-three persona, and ware oommandad, one by tha japtaln and the other by the mate. The boat of the mate had but one oar, whloh wai used for loulling, by whloh means they got out of the danger of the ttama<.? Had there been more oar* it would hare been lmpoaslbi e, from the crowded state of the boat, to have us*d taem to any advantage. The engineer furulahei us the name* of thoie loet, whom he recolleots by name:?Mr Weet, lady and ohlld, Racine; Mr. Kink and lady, do; Mr Helth and lllter, Little Fort; Mrs Long and child, do; I. Burroughs, Chicago; u. Bllsb, Southpori; Mlsies Haxleton, Sheboygan; about thirty ether passengers, together with 160 Hollander! Of tha ofllcers and crew,ware loet?D. W. Keller, steward, Cleveland; J. C. Smith. saloon keeper, Buffalo; N. Merrill, leoond mate, Cleveland; W. Owen, seooad engineer, Toledo; H. Koblnson. first porter. Chleago; J. Newgeat, first fireman. Deck handa?T. Halsey, J. B'ertaw, J. Murdoch, A. Murdock, O?orge Murdock. Cabin boy, U. Tlsdal*; Wheelsman, L South wick. New Bedford; Allen, a colored cook, Detroit; and another colored cook, and three others, names not known. The namei of the crew saved are?Captain Sweat; 1 Donlhue, Clerk; M. \V. House, first engineer; 11. Watts, first ma'e; A O Kelso, wheelsman; J. .vibon, deck hand; Michael O'Brien, fireman; R. Watts, porter. The clerk and an Irishman were saved by taking to th* rudder ohalns, and were rescued from their perlloui situation, alter the arrival of the Delaware, by the small bouts. When taken on board, they were almost entirely helpless, and oould not, in any probability, hare remained in th* position th*y were in much lougtr. The perseverano* and fortitude of th< olerk, and tha advioe and encouragement which ha endeavored to watll Into bis companion, while oooupylng their dangerou? position, gave them both fresh hopes, and, no doubt, waa the means of ?a?ing their" lives. J. Long, and Ml Englishman, name not known,'were also saved. A lad, about fourteen years of agu, one of the porters of the boat, who. in oou.p*ny with another boy, had worked incessantly from the commencement of the tin until their pump gave oat, after getting near the bow of the boat, formed a determination, witn his oomrade, to jump overheard, and try to save themselves by swimming. The little hero, after watching one of the deokhands. whe had fortunately got hold of a pi ink, and made a plunge for the water, mustered up his resolution and followed, taking another course entirely from the hand, am , by swimming about ten rods, was plokeu up by the boat lu charge of his brother, the mats, by those In the boat passing the end of the oar to wltntn his grasp. He was oompletely chilled through when taken In, and says he couU not have survived a great while longer if he had not been pleked up. His cjmrade remained on the propeller, and no doubt perished In the flames ; bat this little fellow says he had made up his mind, If he remained on the boat, he should be burned, and he had rather ran his ohanee of being picked up or drowning, than the tormer. As to the origin of the fire, It was impossible to asoertaln, as each of the survivors with whom we oonversed had different opinions. The at^st probable oonolnsion is, that It took from Are near the boilers, as the first that was discovered of It, the flames were rushing out of the ventilators, used for carrying off the hot air situated dlj reotly over or near the boilers. While the Phoenix was yet on fire she was taken in tow by the Delaware, and when near the harbor of Sheboygan, the bow of tne vessel burning, let the anchor drop while they were obliged to out the ehaln and she went ashore on the beach. It Is thought a Urge amount of the sugar, molasses, and other heavy stuffs that was In tha hftilnm of tha hnlA will h? Th? PhMnil was owned by Messrs Pes Be & Allen, ef Cle?eland, and we understand wm insured for $12,000. Tbe loss of life above Is tbe largest, we believe, whieh ever oocurred on tbe lakes, and ihe property lost la immense. It is supposed that those 140 Hollanders bad considerable money with them, as they were seeking a loeaiion in the west; but how uaoertaln is life! it is, Indeed, mournful to reourd this sad catastrophe. Those who were eye witnesses of tais dreadlul scene, say that language is inadrquate to give even a poor deaoription of it; all wasownfusion and tumult?the orles and screams of the p??r Hollanders, collected together in erowda on the bow of the boat, were enough to make ihe most resolute heart falter, and impress on the minds of those fortunate enough to eaoape, reoollrotlons of that awful hour, that time can never obliterate Young and old? the vlgoroas and deorepid?women and. ohildren,were all huddled together peifectiy frantic, at the horrible doom that awaited them ; tbe still small hope that the Uela| ware would arrive in tiuie to rtnier tbem assistance served ooiy to prolong th suffering* of those who clung to the boat to perish oj the devouring element. At one time the rigging of the veseel wan completely crowded by those who sought refuge from the fl?me* and smoke; the fire spreading rapidly, upon reaohing the tarred ropes that oompose the rigging, tbe whole was in one instant a perfect bias*; and those who still olang to their last hopes, dropped Ilea the seared and yellow leaves before the ohill blast of winter. This was the saddest sightof all-slokening even to oonteaptate. Tbe Repait of toe P?MUn*st?r General. WAiHiftUTON, Not SO, 1847. The reoalpta of the Post Offloe Department fr m tb? Ut of July, 1B44, to tbe Ian day of Juoe 1(347, IooIdiIt*, were romeoliii over $7,300,000, and all of that sum tbat la now outatandmg U *2 1.000, or leas than one-third of one per oeot. And these $ J 1,100 are not lost ; tbej art secured. and will flow into tbe Treasury to the last oeot. 1 believe tbat up war da oi nlue tnousand postmasters were changed, dUd, or realgued. during tbe same period ; and of tbia number, the aioonnta of considerably mora tban ativen thousand have been settled. ? * ? Tbia will oaure, on tbe part of tbe Poatmaater General, tba anggeatlon oi a uulform obaap postage for letters all oral tbe LJolon. Tbia la a mlgbty atep, and a bold recommendation at tbia time, when tba oountry ia in a state of war ; and yet 1 here no doubt, and 1 think it will be demonstrated by figures, that ih? experiment, if made, I would exoued the uim<st expeotatloua of tba friends of j oiTins ition throughout tbe country. Oraat merit is doe j to the Poatuiaater General tor that liberality [~nd tba change made In him, for he waa onoe bitterly opposed to I I'uvap |fwia^rj Willi ruiuuud ituvi IIIUIHU uuvt h j adrocate of moderate rate* of postage, though he odm I opposed it. ana the z??i with which he is making an : oouvwrt* from amoog tne former opponents of tbe mea1 sure [what gammon Cheap postage, like free trade, is one of the great means of pprtading and iucressing , civilization, sad one of the greatest uementa of union ! and praae. : Air. Washington, the very able auditer, and Mr. WarI r?n, the lormer chief elerk, now third assistant, nod the Postmaster General, are the soul of the administratis I department ot the l'ost Office, and deterve great oredlt I for iht manner In wbioh they hare organised and systematized 10 oomplloated an j diflloult a machine. iiui ouli.r improvements will jet be proposed ; and among them unch a remodelling oi the serTloe of mailing ana delivering letters, that email sums of money may be s?nt from one plaee to the other through th?P**t Offloe. ; Oa the continent of Europe, eepocUily in (iermsny, i remittanoes ar? made through the Post OSloes to any ! am unt not exoeedlng a certain number of thousand n >r)a? ; toe pottage being not only in reference to the balk hot to to* guaranty aMumed by the Government, wi o In thia manner act, not ooiy m carrier, bat al*o aa insurer <?j the amount. In England the mm to be for* warded la limited, I ielleve, to &t? pound*, and an order giv?u by the Port Otto* which reoeWea it, or the poatmatter of the plaoe of delivery. The busioeea, when flrat ! commenced, occupied two clerka, but now upwarda of three bnndred clerka are engaged in the Poat Ufflse department In attendiog to it. ivujor Hobble, the talented flrat Aaelatant Poatmaater Oei eral. wbo haa ju?t returned from Europe, but baa Kf ne there not, aa a brainier* olerk, merely noting dowa ?h?t he saw, but wi h tne pblloaopby an<l rzperiooee of a tobolar. and a man of thought and refleotiun, who waa able to dlaorimlnate; aeeing at onee what thioga were applicable to bia own oonntry, and what othera would require modifloation*. Inatral of apendlog year* abrtad in coatly and uaeiea* reaearche* of things lying on the aurfaon, Mwjor Hobble rmploya for bia tour tcarceiy three montba, during which he establiabed a postal arrargamnt with the Oermtn State*, prepare* one In Kran. e. and open* negotlatloua with England, accompanied by mir.h ier*l.?t<Ty MMMaa are likely to give hi* propo Itiona weight, but In the mean while he emplojl lila tew leisure hours In studying the different poatal ayetema in vogue in Europe, and on bia return to Atnerina auggeata a plan for adopting the beat of tbem, with the modiflcatioua neoetairy to render them praetioable at home. Such are the men that ought to be aent abroad where information la to be obtained, and aoma ua?rul purpoae aoawered ; not mere polltioil aoarecrowt, who like to go abroad to refreah themeelvea, allowing Unolt Sam to pay for the entertainment. Toe Poatmae'er General haa aotnally re;un?d to allow the oonrler of the Colonial Office. London, to carry the deapatohea of hla government 10 the Britlah government in Canada. By way of retaliation, England will oloee her foreign offloe to onr deapatch agent and miniatera abroad ; for the wbtoh, I am rather glad, aa onr mlnlatera ought not to give the Britlah government a ohanoe fi..h.M|.lr? e ka(>. ilaanelahaa IVtlH h I AP LO 1% I.P.Lt ?Y ?/? PKilad Ltdgtr Jtnlliood Movement* The Richmond piwri stn<? tn*t nineteen mil** of the exteoalon ofthl Louisa Kft I road bare been pat an4er contract M the sum of $6,019 par mile, not inciadn? drp >ta, Und damigrs 4-u Adding liberal MtliitM for these. the work eompNte, will cost, it If said, about $A 800 per mile Ratherford oonnty, in Tennessee, heiiubeerlbed $900,. 000 to the stoek ot tbe Neehville and Chattanooga Kailroad Company, and It la thought that this sun will (m Increased to $*00,000 Tbe railroad enterprise to oonnect Charleston and Wllm'ngton, may be regarded now. ai certain of aueoeee. Tbe work will be oommeneed this ensulug winter Oar people on the line of tbU road, believe that it will he profitable Investment, and tb?y are gradually taking the I stock. The capital s'ock of the oorapany, pree?ribed by the charter, Is 11,600 000 About half the stook has already been subscribed. ? South Curoliian, Nov 94. Araonn?t the Improvement! of tbe day, Is the contemplated oons'rustion of a railway iroa lloobeater to 0?wego. Loss or thk Talisman?Paihful Incident.? One Urly threw |>. r ch id (some s-?y t?o, other* one ) towards tbe T?mp?st, whioh fell short, and w*a I orushed between the boats, and sank to rise no more. Tbe only ii<>ek passengers that were saved, ware about ! flftsen, who nwatn sibois, or ware plek?il up by tba uoats, ' 0a? wiu??o?s4 iblld MTt<t kf o?tHn< throng* t&# 4ssk: tbs first blow of (it* Me her k?i-?h? i wMtbsu Ukso out ;<nt siivsi m?f ?s? viw | tm nwrmr Mwyw

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