Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 4, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 4, 1847 Page 1
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TH Wtiol. Ho. 4980. BT ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH AND OVERLAND EXPRESS TO THK NEW YORK HERALD OFFICE. ARRIVAL or THK BTBAMIBZ7 ALABAMA AT NEW ORLEANS. HIGHLY INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE FROM THK WAR QUARTER. ARRIVAL OF 8ENS. QUITMAN & SHIELDS, KN ROUT! FOR WASHINGTON. Organization of the Mexican Congress at Queretaro. SPECIAL DESPATCHES TO MR. TRIST. THE ROAJ) OPEN TO THE CITY OF MEXICO AnnthAr filrlrmkh hoturoon flonarala. Lane and Rea. THE PROSPECT OF PEAOE. REVOLUTION AT GUADALAXARA. A Sanguinary Engagement. GEN. AMPUDIA & MANY OTHERS KILLED. Canales again Defeated, lie. &c. he. Philadelphia, Dec. 3, 1847 Two back mails are received at Petersburg. The latest due has failed; at least, none had reached Baltimore last evening. The telegraph is broken from Washington to Philadelphia. The mail brings New Orleans papers of th? 26th. The Picayune of the 24th announces the arrival of the steamer Alabama, which left Vera Cruz on the 18th, with dates from the capital to the OtL t_ * 1_ . _ /? J 1_A oiu, wmen ure nve aays laier. The news is interesting and important. Maj. Gen. Quitman, Gen. Shields, Colonels Harney, Garland, Andrew*, Morgan, Ramsey, and Burnett; M^jor Dykeman, and Lieuts. Porter and Sweeney, of the New York Volunteers with Passed Midshipman Rogers, and George Wilkins Kendall, arrived in the Alabama. Also, numerous other gallant officers. Maj. Gen. Quitman leaves Mexico under orders from Gen. Scott, that thiB much distint ioguished and most efficient officer proceed to the United States, and report personally or by letter to tke War Department; that since his promotion no permanent assignment of a division has been Awarded to him, and the object of his return is to seek this. Cuptain inil s company, at 1110 rrio, ana uen Lane's, at Puebla, had been active in ferreting out the haunts of the guerillas. There has been but little annoyance since the affair at Huamantla and .Atlisco. El Rtpublieano, published at the capital on the 4: h, says that a sufficient number of member* had arrived at Q,ueretaro, on the 1st November, j for the transaction of business. A letter from Queretaro direct, announces that Congress had organized on the 2d November, and that Senor L. Jo* Marial Eodey,a deputy from Gnanaxuato, had been selected President, and Senor D. Jos Marial Hernandes, a deputy from Durango, was elected Vice-President. A letter from an English gentleman in Mexico, dated at the capital, 8th November, says, that although much confidence is felt in the acting President and Vice President, and Congress, who are favorably disposed for peace, it is much feared that Cumplido, of Guadalaxara, will be elected President, ad interim, ?f the republic, instead of Herrera or Pena y Pena. The health gf Herrera was precarious, but improving. Some say that Elorriaga will receive ? majority * - _ ? n : j a _j j l : l _ u ui vuits iur rrcsiucni, au jruerrmt winic uuiera ure divided between Herrera, Almonte, Gemeeealee, and Roaio. It was reported at Vera Cruz that Gen. Lane had another brush with Gan. Ilea, near Puebla, and routed him entirely. All was quiet at Perote when the train came through. General Patterson was still at Jalapa, suffering Momewhat, but recovering. General Cushing's command wan three miles beyond; the entire force in the vicinity being about 2000. Colonel Ilays left for Puebla, on the 13th, escorting Major Polk and Mr. Smythe, bearer of despatches. Ttie report that l'adre Jarauta had sent a commissioner to General Patterson, is confirm ed. It in Buid that Jarauta hu gose towards Qneretaro. hu fore* completely broken up. Maj. Gen. Butler arrived at Vera Cruz on the 17th, and was received with military honors. Froin 2000 to 8000 troops arrived there on th? 17th and 18th. (Jen B. was to inarch to the capital in a fortnight, with 0000 troops. (What was left of the division of Gen. Quitman, at the capital, had been incorporated with the divisions of Generals Worth and Twiggs; the Pennsylvania and N'ew York volunteers,with the former. Nothing positive is known of the whereabouts of Santa Anna. Many believe he in secreted near Vera Cruz, waiting an opportunity to slip off in a Briti?l steamer. The Arco IH?, o( the ?8?h, states that he had arrived at Orizaba with fifteen hundred ragged followers, but gives no hints of his future movements. WThe American Star, published at the capital, on the 3d, says that a communication for Mr. -Trist had been received from Queretaro, but the substance had not transpired. The I'ieayunt of the 26th, received by our overland expreae, says that a national salute was firad on the previous day at New Orleans, in hvnor of Gens. Quitman and Shields, and other distinguished officers The Genius of Liberty has stopped ita edition, and its editor is in prison. A revolution has broken out st Guadalaxara in favor of the election ol Kariaa to the Presidency. A singuinary engagement ensued between his troops and a mob headed by priests. In the action Gen. Ampudia and many others of Farias's party were killed. The church party was victorious. Paredaa it H Tulacingo, and haa openly pro* < 1 - ^ __ _ " R NE NEV nounced in favor of monarchy, seconded by the garrison at Mazatlan. Some of the Mexicans have still an unquenchable hatred for the Americans, and express no desire for peace. Th? Mexican Congress at Queretaro has removed to Morelia to be rid of the military, by which it is overawed. Gens. Ilea and .Santa Anna, with a brigade, are at Orizaba, intending to attack the next train. uumaiuciiic nas gone 10 <^ueretaro, and lias a force at live thousand men at his command. (Junales w?s encountered near the capital by a mall American force, and defeattd, with tome loM. [From the New Orlaana Picayune. Not. 24 J The steamship Galveston sailed from Vara Crus with tha Alabama, on tha evening of tha 18th inst, to touch, we b*i:?T?. at Tamplco Tha New Orleana waa to leave on the njo-nlow of tha 19th. a* waa also tha Gen. Butler A number of officer* on their way from tha army, aa alao a portion of tha Kuoarnaolon prisoners?among tham Msjor Gnin s, Capta Heady and Smith, Lleuts Barhour ?nd Churchill?will arrlra in tha ooursa of a faw davs by ihes* ^The loilowinK la a liat of tha offlcari who have came over in the Alabama: Oan Quitman leaves tha army in Mexico under tha following order : ? List or PAStKitocai in the Alabama ?Major Oan. Quitman, Brig Gen. Shields, and hla Aid, Capt O. T. M Davis; Surgeon Oan. Lawaon; Cols. Harnay, 3d dragoons; Garland, 4th Infantry; Andrews, voltiguers; Margin. 16th infantry; Ilamsey, 11th do; Burnett, N Y. volunteers; Dr. Harnay, U. 8. A.; Lieut Col. Moore,3d dragoons; Majors Sml'h, engineers; Wade. 3d artillery; Owynn, Bonneville, 6th infantry; Lorln#, rifles; Borland, Ark. volunteers; Bennett, Faymaater U. S. A ; Capts. Anderson, 3d artillery; Wayne, Assistant Quartermaster U. 8. A ; Martin, do; Jones, riflea; McReynolds, 3d dragoons; Kearny, 1st do; Penrose, id infantry; Mason, engineers; Clay, Kentucky, cavalry; Irwin, 11th Infantry; Kdwards, voltiguers; Lieuts. Thorn, topographical engineers; Newman, 9th infantry; Williamson, 3d do; Brodhead. Iftth d?; Potter, Sweeny, N. Y. volun iters; Kasenorans, oth infantry; semmef, U. 8. N.; Vernon, voltltfuers; May. ritlfe; beardsley, Marlay, 8th inlaatry; Hendrickaon, Johhaon, ath do; Hasklns, 1st ar tlllnry; Boynton, lit do; Judd, 3d do; Graham, lat dragoon*; Shields, 14th Infantry; Thomas, 3d artillery; Callender, ordnanoe; Morayue, 8. C. volunteer*; Klger, voltiguers; Paeaed Midshipman Rodger*, U. S. N.; Br. Grave*; Mr. Hammond, Postmaster, U. S A.; Messrn. Geo. W Kendall. David B. Pierce, N. C. Davie, U. 8 N ; Sklrohfleld, H. Marks, T. L. Doughty, Watta, Gibbons, Foster, Edward*, Major Dykeman, N. Y. volunteer* HEASltUABTERi Or THE ArMT, ) Mexico. Oct. 28, 1843 j Special Orders M>. 146 ?Mejor Gen. J. A. Quitman, much distinguished for gallant and efficient services, will proceed to the United State* and report, in person or by letter, to the Department of War. By oommand of Major Gen. 8cott H L. SCOTT, A A. A. G. The brave Gen. Shield*, ever in the thickest of the light, returns disabled irem hi* wound* to reoruit hi* health and gain strength; the same may be said of Cols. Garland, Morgan, and Burnett; Majors Wade and Lorlog; Captains Kearny. Anderson, Irwin, McReynolds, Martin, and Mason; Lieut* Haskin,Callender, N?wnan, Hendriokson. Potter. Sweenv. Resencranlz. Graham. Morange, Beiirdsley, Boynton, .Shield*, and other* LUntenant* Judd end Thorn** are Immediately to jolo Brsgg'a battery, to which they legitimately belong. Col. Harney, who haa been in sotlve service from the commencement of the war, and even before, oome* home to recruit; the *ame maybe said of other cflloera. Lieut. Col. Moore, al*e ordered home on recruiting eervice.? Our city?our oommon country?cannot do theae men too m?ch honor. The Alabama al*o brought over no lea* than 310 alok, wounded and diaabled soldier*. A aingle glance at theae poor fellows, who hare suffered ,?o much tor thrlr country, will convince any one of the absolute and immediate neoeeelty of providing some retreat for them in their adveriity. Even the Mexican government makes better provisions for its *l*k,disabled and worn out soldiers than our own Three of those who started on the Alabama, Henry Kain of the 8th U 3. Infantry, Martin Coatolow, 3d U 8. Artillery, and Riohard Mo vlanua of the 3d Pennsylvania Volunteers, died on the passage over. The bodies of the two latter were consigned to the sea on the third day oat; the former was brought bare for interment. In thia connection we cannot but apeak cf the kind and nremttting exertioua of Dr. Edwards, a aurgeon of the navy, but who haa been aotlng with the Marines In Mexico. During the passage over from Vera Crus he was oenstant in his attentions to the sick and wounded, administering mediolnes and dressing their wounds by day as wall as by night The poor fellows to whom he has lees so attentive will certaioly never forget him. The great train, numbering something like COO wagons, left the city of Mexico on Nov. 1, and arrived at Vera Cruz on the 16th, without molestation or hindrance save a ftw shots <t*d at it tf m the hills at Rio Krlo. This sldaef that dace it was found that tha lirlifira hail been taken up, and that the trees on either side of the road for milea bad been MM across; but a Urge crowd of the Indians In the vicinity were at once set to work cutting them out, and the delay oauaed to the train wan of but short duration After the American army pawed In August, so confident were the Mexican* of achieving a complete triumph, they placed all these obstructions in the road to out off tbs retreat. The sequel shows how mush they were disappointed. A* the advance of the train neared San Martin, a few hundred of Oea Ilia's goerllleroi were seen scampering oat of the plaoe as fast as their horses would carry them. They did not even stop to fire a shot, although the guard to the train hardly consisted of a man to each wagon, and this was almost the only glimpse at tho nnemy attained on the entire route down. Oen. Lane, at Puebla. has been active in ferrettlng eut the haunts of thff guerilleros. and since the affairs of Huamantla and Aiiiscj they hare been of but little anuoyance, sa?M to their own unfortunate countrymen On the 'Jd N???mb?r?the second d'ay out from Mesioo?a courier of the enemy was captured with letters from Atllico, Orizaba, Tehuaoan, and other plaoes. Among them was a precious document from Sauta Anna himself, in which the great man says, that just as he had laid all hi* plans lor attacking Perote, and just i iut; ifvin ui?> itiru iu ? *?"/ III a I, lUUBtUaVM 1UCV1tablj r??ul;u>l iu the reoapture of the noted oastle from the hands of the Infamous Yankee*, he reoeived the order* from toe nupreme government to turn over the command of the army ! Deceitful ind fall of trickery to the very la?t what a pity he had not communicated hit well matured plan* to hU suocMaor, 10 that he might hare oairl?d (hem out. AU the oaptured letters would go to prove that the Inhabitant* In the region of I'uebla ?.nd Orliaba are completely dispirited and broken down. One of the writer* Intimate* that the governors of the different State* were to meet at Queretaro on the lOih of the present month, to take Into oonsideratlon the best Interests ef the nation, but we how not what reliance to place In the statemrnt. We have sal d that the latest news from the olty of Mexico waa up to the tth Inst. On th* ISth a private express arrived at Vera Cruz with intelligence up to that date. El Uo.i ov Rtpubli ann of the 4th Inst , ?*ye that on the lit a suflolent number of members or Congress were convened at Queretaro for the transaction of business, and that on the following day they would probably open the session. Later letter* direct from Queretero announce that Congref* was organised on th* 2d of November. Senor D. J of 4 Maria Godoy, Deputy from Guanajuato, was elected President of Congress, an<l Honor D. Jom Maria HernaodHi, Deputy from Datango, Vies President. The following extract of a letter from an Knglish gentleman in Mexico, to hia friend at Vera Crus, gives late news from Queretaro. It Is dated at the capital oa the 8th November: "I have hardly any news from Queretaro The administration has bean foolishly making several premature efforts towards effecting a reform in the army, thus making many enemies for Itself; and although much conftdenoe is felt in the acting President and Vice President of Congress, who are favorably disposed towards peace, It is much feared that Cumplldo, of tiuadalaxara, Will be elected President nd i mtiim of the KepuMlo instead of Herrera or Pen* y I'ena Mr Thornton, our present Charge d* Affairs, will leave here In the course ot a week for the new seat of govrram> nt, but the Lord only knows how long it will be before som? American expedition may make It nncenary for him to lollow the locomotive capital of Mexico somewhere else '' As on* of our new correspondents says, our Lnglisb friend hss hit upon a capital idea in terming the seat of the Mexican government the lecomctive sapital " With the relnforonnants now going ferward to General Scott, and with a vigorous prosecution of the war, it is more than likely that har Britannic Majesty's government will have to maka a respeotable allowance for the expenses of Mr. Thornton's stable Mr. Uankhead wisel v concluded that a rheumatic and gouty gentleman lika nimaelf would but poorly represent the English rpcitiniau in the saddle, aud hence abandoned the chase to his more youthful and agile friend, Mr. Thornton. The health of Gen. Herrera, which had been very preoarious at queretaro, was improving at last dates, and tue strongest hop*s wm enterelned of kis entire recovery. Reyes and Lombardlnl were in command of the army. The cavalry it tha former had marched townids Toluoa, while tha Infantry had gone to iiuitbapao Some say that iClomaga will reoeive a majority or the votes as President ad interim, while others ara <1.vide I oetween tierrera, Aimouu, i.umpuao ana Gonial*) Co?lo Date* from Ma rat lan up to the 17th October, have bean received. There wern no American meu-of war off that port at the time, although a toree ?u expected Some ot the inhabitant* were for defending the place to the " laat gaap," u la the wont nf the Mexlcana when danger la afar off; but one of the oltlaena, who algna hiraaWf " A Merchant," aontenda that auch a courae would be perfect folly, inaainuoh aa Maiatlan la not a point calculated for military defence, and aa they have muniticni norraaourcea of any kind. Another account baa It that the Inbabltanta of the port have declared that they will remain perfeotly neutral. There wan a report atVeraCrua when the Alabama ailed. but on what aathorlty li not known, that Gen. l.ana naa had another bruth with Gen. Rea, not far from Pnebla,and h?< routed blm entirely. Aa the atory go*a, a party of Mexloim*, with forty wagon lnada of tobacco, undir a email guard of their own countrymen, left Tuebla oa the 6th of November for the capital Before reaching Ban Martin, they were attacked by Itea and hla men, aeveral of the wagon* captnred, and the reat of them made good their retreat to fuebla Gen Lam at onae muatered a force, and aet out after tha gaarrllltro* At Tepeayae* he came up with them, engaged in dividing their apolla. and tha ro?te of th? raaoaia waa complete. W? glra the itory aa reported At :w yc 7 YORK. SATURDAY M( Tera Crua. The entire lore# of Oen. Lane at Puebla, not Including the email command of Col. Chllda, ia bout threw thousand man. Wa beliefs that Col. C. la to go up to the capital with the groat train. All waa quiet at Perott and the neighbourhood when the train came through At La Hoya cot a flight of an enemy waa aeen aa Col Harney oame along. The 13th infantry la atationed at the National Bridge, a part of the Georgia troopa at San Juan, torn* ?i xteen or eighteen miles from Vera Crua. The road all the way to the olty of Mexico will aoon be aafe for the amalleat parties If a atatement In the Jlrco Jrii la to be oredited, the mi mbera ot the Mexican Congress have determined to hold their sessions at Morella. the ancient v ulUdolld. The sam? paper gives a rumor that the Mexicans intend gathering all their foroes to attack the nest large train going up. If Lieut. Col. Johnstone, of the voltigeurs, goes along in oommand of the escort, they will not make much by annoying him Com. Terry was to sail in the Mississippi the day after the Alabama left, for Alvarado, Tabasco. Laguna aud Camp- achy Yucatan rt quires close watohing. and perhaps the pree> nt movement of the Commodore ha* something to do with the inhabitants of tbat province. An immense mall came down with the train from the city of Mexico, and both day and night our aotlve postmaster at Vera Crux was busy in setting it to rights It wai the first opportunity the officers and men of the invading army bad had for months to oommunioate with their friends, and every one improved it. The weather at Vera Crux was excessively hot, and there waa still oeoasionaliy a oase of yellow fever. A tolerably briak nortber sprung up a few hours after the Alabama sailed, which would olear the air and Improve the health. Gapt. Bisooe was on the 18th Instant, elected lieutenant Colonel of the Louisiana battalion-a most excellent selection and one which has given general satisfaction. The companies of Capts. Lewis aatl Besancon are at I'uebla. the latter now under Lieut. Waters as ( apt B. is on tha way home for short time Tha battalion has suffered considerably, and has been of great servioe. [From the N. O. Delta, Nov. 24 J Our letters from our correspondent " Mustang" at the capital, are to the 8th lnat. Congress waa still in session at Queretaro at the latest dates. A rumor was prevalent that the members were about to quit Queretaro, I. tk. .U. Unoablnrt ATlthtl subject, the Jircn b it of the 18th Inst. says:? . " The members of the Mexican Congress have determined to assemble In the olty of Morella (the ancient Valladolid) now capital ol the State of Mlchoacan. It appear* that at Queretaro they were always threatened by a new revolution, and. therefore, they wanted a safe plaae to deliberate with all the independence and freedom thut they require." The same ninht in which the American train halted at Tejuapalto, Gun. Hea was enoamped at Ojo de Agna. a place on the road, which is about twenty miles 'rom Perote; but Kea did not dare to attaok the Auierioans, although he had been reinforced with all the cavalry of U?n Alvares Of the social intercourse between the Mexicans and the Americans at the capital, tbe American Star of the 9th iust. says " We have taken repeated occasions to express our gratification at tbe evidences, whloh every day presents, that the Mexican people are fast learning to entertain a more just appreciation of the American character. They evince a dip posit ion to do justice to those who have been calumniated, and to extend to them the oourtesies of life. We are speaking rather of the intelligent and cultivated portion of the citizens, than of those who give no tone to soolety, and exert no influence upon it. Intercourse between th? former and educated Americans is fast increasing Whether at the theatre or in the streets, it Is getting co be no uncommon thing to sse an Ame. ioao gentleman by the side of a Mexican or Spanish lady, showing h*r that attention and o< urtesy which are the characteristics of the intercourse between ladies and gentlemen In every part of the United States. We say, we rejoice at those evidences of kindly and friendly feelings on the part of the intelligent people of tbe city.'' [Correspondence of the N. O. D.lta ] Cur or Meiico, Nov. 8, 1847. We are all at a perfect stand, and nti*ou?lj awaiting the dispoeition of our government. The city Is much more quiet than it haa been for many years; indeed, It U aa well regulated as any ci'y in any country. The only difficulties ooourrlng are oaused by an occasional drunken soldier falling in with the leperos at night, whioh usually result in the assassination of the soljier Many of the families who left during the siege, are now returning to their homes. The wuuuded are recovering, and the general health of the army Is good. Day before yesterday the archbishop paid a visit to Oen. Scott. He was received with marked distinction by the Ueneral-in-Chief, and I should not be surprised if the General's affability and easy style of conversation, somewhat pleased him, at least for the moment. It is absolutely impossible to oonjecture what course the politics of this oountry will take. The discordant factions are jarring, each Jealous lest the other should conclude a peace, and he left in power. The democrats (purot) have been endeavoring, for many years, to break down the privileged establishments of the church and military, and are now striving to accomplish their object through un. Kor that reason they are striving to prolong the war, and prevent, by sowing the haccIh of discord and anarcuy, the present party in power from taking any measure* that inay lead to a peaon ? Snnor D. Luis it la lion, Milliliter of Foreign Il?'.atlon, has called a meetiDg of the governor* of the everal .State*, for the purpose of suyiog whether they are in favor of prolonging the war; and if they are, that they shall pledge themselves to furnish the necessary men and supplies to prosecute it The mooting was intended to have taken place some time this mouth; hot. in anticipation of it, some of the governors of different States have visited the government at Wueretaro, and rntnrne t to their homes, taking aotlve measures In support of the present government, whe are evidently desirous of conoludlog a peace. El I'rogrtfio, the State paper of Guanajuato, of Ootober 31. says, " it has been asiured thlt the gover nor intends making a peregrination to the different ill. Ut.t. I.ir Ik.. mi >nnui>f m>blnM I? to the people, in order to excite a spirit of peace, which hil excellency says has already commenced to revive." The Biabop of Uuadalsjara also recognises the government of I'ena y Peua and avows hia determination to give It hia earneat support. The States of Vera Cms and Oejaca have alao made a similar determination. With ihia additional support, one would be led to balleve that the present party In power would be enabled to pursue whatever policy they might please; but there la so little confidence to be placed In anything the Mexicans any, that there la always room for 4oubt. At last they have been enabled to get a meeting of Congress at Queretaro, which assembled on the'Jdot this mouth, and are already beginning to make demonstrations towards a revolution, which seems to be the universal means taken by the weaker party to overthrow the strorger The IVna y Pena go/ernment, It appears, will have to contend with the friends of Santa Anna and the Turns. The former is endeavoring to rally the old army in his favor, aud the latter exerting themselves to prevent the government from doing anything at all. The electlou of President has been poxtponed ; when It comes on. Complido will likely be the oandidate of the Puros and of the Moderates. 1 think It will lay between I'euft y Pena, Uodoy and Hernandez Almonte, who atood prominent a short time since, being, for the present, apparently dropped Santa Anna has written another address to the Mexi aaa from Tehuac?n ; and although he has been stripped oi every vestige or power oy me piin?uuuon?i government, mil he ranks himself asPresident, ml interim, and general-in chief of the army. 1 lend yon the preoioua document | |I also enclose you a l?tter from Queretaro published last evening In El Monitor Rtpuhlitano of thin olty. Vou will \tv It be able to form some idea of the movements at the present seat of government. A few day* since we had the news of the death of Oen. llerrera, but have since learned th .t his health is improving. The remains of the Mexican army are scattered about in small bodies, where they can be most easily supported ; not more than 600 at any one point. The Krench population are making a good deal of disturbance, but to no effect, on acoount of Col Harney having Hogged one of their countrymeu Is appears the f?How had been flogging his wife, and " kioking up a row" In general. After he was arrested he continued to be uproarious, and the aolonel cooled the Are of his enthusiasm by administering a little of the oil of raw hide, whloh " served him rightbecause. In the flist place, " he had no business to get drunk.In the second place," he had no business to whip his wife,"' in the third place, "If he had no respect for himself or any body else, he ought to be taught It " And I don't know if the method adopted it not the best, because he will be sure to recellect it Vena Ciui, Mexico, Nov. 14, 1847. There is, I am sorry to say. but little local news to acquaint vou with from this point since inv last. The next train which is to go up in command of General Marshall is rapidly augmenting by the numerous troops arriving almost daily from all points Of it I shall nave more to ?ay herea'ter. The pritinipal matter now engrossing publio attention-at least that of our business m n-is t.ha ri.nii! mlw.t.on In (hi. <* 11 u nf IKr ' f mi n ' frmn lh. oity of Mexico. It in la command of Col. H' rney, who brings with him 'J,000 usen, MOO of whom are reported to be on the sick list, together with A00 wagon* for clothlug? ?tore* for the army above The fact la fully appreciate'! hern by the Mexican merohants, all or nearly all of whom are and hare been busily employed In packing good* for their respective agents In the city for weeks paet. The activity in business. it mult be borne in mind. Ik confined to the old resident merchant* here, who are long established. The new comera seem fctroel* to hare commenced operatlona yet, and will not, it I* supposed, until the autlers come down whoie supplies have been exhausted in the late oampaign. A fellow citizen of your*, Mr. Deperu, who went up with Oen. Soott ai autler some months ajo, arrived here thia morning. He, In company with four other peraona. left the city along with the train, but parted oompany with It at Fuebia, from which paint they atarted "on their own hook," catne over the mountain*, thereby shortening the journay considerably, and report that they did it aae on th? entire rente which tbay travelled above a dozen of the guerilla*. In fact, every one who ha* arrived here from above lately, reporta the road* a* being remarkably <|ulet I oonversed with a perton, who, with hi* brother and two servants, travelled the entire distance from the city of Mexloo to Vera Cruz; and he acknowledged that, although apprehensive of danger when atartlng. he waa moat agreeably surprised to And that the travelling all through had at length become perfectly safe It inu?t b? remembered, though, that the traveller* were Mexican*. The one I spoke of, hawevur apeak* English, having been educated In the United States lie apeak* very warmly of the newitata of affair* In the oity, and seem* to be of opinion that a new era Is about to dawn on his unfortunate and much ill used native country I From the variona Motuta raoetvsd h*r? within th? >RK I )RNING, DECEMBER 4, 1 ImI few day*. It ls presumed that (Jen. Patterson anil hit 1 train are now at Jalapa 1 I regret to state that yellow fever haa again made it* ! ppearanc*in the squadron There were no leu than eight cae*i< <>a board the John Adam* day before yeaterday, three of whom died yesterday. Another train haa joat arrived. In command o( Oen Quitman- a portion of the main train in now on it* way ?nd expeotid daily. It ooniist* of ahout forty wagon*; i the e*cort wai composed of Capt. Kearny'* company of the 'id dragoon* Capt It. we* not in command himself, i baring lost his arm in one of the engagement* at Contreraa or Churubuaco?so the command devolved on hi* flr*t lieutenant There I* very little sioknes* In Verm Crai at present, and the hospital caaea are almost entirely oompo*ed of person* suffering from diarrbuea, dysentery and the llko. No yellow fever 1* at preaent visible amongat them The day before yesterday the large train arrived here, over 500 wagons, and some iOOO men?l'JOO of whom are sick and wounded. | The city ef Vera Cm* wa* dlagraoed twe night* ago by ascune of villany and murder; disgraceful alike to the viotor and the vanquished? the former, a young mu of genteel appearance, either picked up a quarrel or entered Into one with a corporal of one of the returned regiments, and both, It leenu, met at a fandango, where a quarrel arose between them, high word* followed --the consequence, a struggle?a death straggle?and In ten minutes one of the parties combatant was a lifeless corpse, weltering In hlj blood. A military commission was appointed to inquire into the matter, and the Investigation has been going on all day (lsth ) From the evidence, so far as 1 have heard.it is perfectly evident that the defendant acted in self-defence ; several witnesses have already been examined, but the recording clerk having left, tne trial was discontinued, and fearing that I might lose the boat ( lsft the oourt. The court consisted of the following named gentlemen Col. Lane, Tresident; Col. Cheatham, Lient. Col Whitfield, Msj. Ward, Capt Hull, and C?pt. MoDougall, Judge Advooate. Col. Thompson and Capt Heady are counsel for the accused. The trial, after ocoupting the oourt for several ho"rs, was postponed untfl to-morrow morning at ten o'elok. We nave received at leaat fire thousand troo dalug the last few day*

It has, I perceive, been stated in the Picayunr, that Captain John H. King was tried by oourt martial. This waa an error The person alluded to was, no doubt, T. O King, military storekeeper. Lieut. Arthur O'Neill, of the Louisiana battalion, has been tried by general court martial, and dismissed ftom flu. MFvirA I ibail have an opportunity of writing to you to-morrow, and (or the present will content myself with writing the above. Yours, Vi Tho governors of the states of Vera Crus and Osjaoa recognize the authority of Pena y Pena as constitutional, and pledge their efforts to sustain it. The bishop of Ouadalajara also recognises the new government, and avows his determination to oo-operate with It lu saving the oountrv. PARK1>ES. [From the Ameriean Star, Nov. 6 ] The movemxnts of this Individual appear to be watched with a gra&t deal of Interest by a large portion of the Mexicans. His sudden passage from Cuba to Vera Crus was somewhat inexplicable, and his escape from the latter city stlU more so. The next we hear of him is. that he Is in the vlolnlty of this elty, and said to be seriously Indisposed. This again Is contradicted, and now we And him addressing his countrymen in regard to the present state of affairs and the future prospeot of the republic. Ills known monarchical principles make hlman object of much suspicion among all friends of the republlo, and we are not surprised to find the leading journals of Mexioo loud in his condemnation. For instanoe, El Mmridiano of Sunday last, in announcing that he has issued u address to his fellow cltliens, In which he gives, at some length, the masons which induced him to return to the republic, speaks of him in somewhat severe ternv. It says that " a general, who ought to have been engaged in defending his oountry from foreign invasion, hasi turned his back and his arms upon her, Is unworthy of beiag employed by any administration.? What security oan such a man effer to the nation, he himself helog the main cause of her present troubles? None. Beoause he who has failed to do his duty onoe, will fail a hundred times." This is severe language, ??,! K* I? I. Ik... I. - -? I teeling mnntfait.nl against I'aredea by the promlD?nt journals of the republic Ilia monarchical prejudices r? probably the ground of this, and wa doubt whether suoh a nan is deatlned to bring order and regularity out of the chaon and confusion whiob aurround th? republic, lie will hardly have the power, in the present position of parties in the republlo, even if he had the inclination. We hope some maater-iplrlt may yet arlae who, looking to the beet interests of the Mexloan republic, will exert the energies of hi* mind to restore her to the poaltion aba onoe occupied la the eyea of the world. This can on>7 be done by doing her ample justice: in the first place, to the people of the United Stales, whose government. while Its army has beeu everywhere victorious, has yet, with a spirit of great m?goanimHy,made honorable propositions "f peace. Dot this is not a subject upon wiiich we propose to enlarge at this time. ? rilK woi'NDKD. We are pleaded to see so many officers and soldiers getting ont into the street, having sufficiently recovered from their wounds to do so. It is strange, Indeed, that aome who were slightly wounded lu the leg or arm died from the pfficts of tho wound, whilst othera ahot through the body and In the head survived, and are tast recovering. There is something about It whloh we eanuot understand Capt. Scautlaad, an old friend of ours who left the 1st Tennessee seglmentte take ooinmand of a compauy in the new levy,was shot through the head, the ball entering near one eye and coming ont at the opposite temple. None thought he won d live a day. and now we understand he is not only alive, but has made hla appearance In the streets en foot. ANOTHER ACCOUNT OF TUE CAPTURE OP THE MEXICAN CAPITAL. [From the Phlla. Pennsylvania^ Dec. 3.] The following letter was vrrltten by a Mexloan on the U.J ?ui ""vr " .... VV.....W J . IK ?l>p"*rs in the Havana Diana, and wan translated for the PmiiMyliariian by a most accomplished lady. It *?? written evidently under great excitement of tnind. and oontain* certain opinions in regard to our troops, which will excjte a smile; while it presents Ctota and Incident*, tome of which are new to ui, as we presume they will be to the r*ader :? Mexico, Kept 27th, 1H47.? In concluding my laat acoouut respecting the events of this country, (spoke of thearmistice; but on the Oth thla waa broken without the 48 hours' of previous notice, as it ?ai stipulated, because Ueu Scott addressed a furious note to Santa Anna, complaining of pretended infractions of the armistir , aad threatening it he did not obtain satisfaction and a reparation?for which he wculd wait until the middle of th'i following day he would consider the armistice as concluded from that time. Santa Anna reoeived the noto on the tith, at 11 o'clock, and with dignity and decision he immediately proceeded to take prop- r positions, to wait for the attack ol the enemy on the next day. The enemy, us expected, presented themselves, reconnoitered the positions before Chapultepec, and that day there was but little tiring between the advanoed guerillas On the following day, the8th, the enemy commenced the attack at daybreak, the firing continuing until the evening, and were forced to retreat with considerable loss, which probably amounted to more than one thousand men out of combat. This assault waa a very fierce one; but as usual, the troops of the line did the least; only some of the corps of national guards, particularly the battalion of Mina of this eity. and others of O^jaoa, fought bravelv, having suffered also considerable losses; among others their chiefs. Col. Don Lucas Ralderas, and Gen Don Antonio de Leon. The North Americans were consequently in u bad way, for tbey did not mako another utt&sk for three dav. the nth. 10th and llth: and I forgot to Bay that, owing to the cowardice of the cavalry, whone chief refused to obey the order of attaoiing, the best opportunity wan lost of defeating the enemy. We bare had more than five thousand horse In the vicinity of this city for more than forty days, and, what wtU appear inoradlble, the* have all left without having done the least Injury to the enemy ! On Sunday, the i itb, the enemy made another attack on Chapultepec, with thrr* batteries, at diO?rent points; the castle defended Itself all that day with <ut great results, the firing being principally from cannon. The following day, Monday, 13th, at daybreak, the (lrlag again commenced. At eight o'clock the nring from the fort was very weak, and at nine the oolumns of tbe enemy Anally penetrated the works and gave the attack. Our troops ran away, and all was confusion The enemy taking possession of that paas at about ten o'olock.and pursuing their victory, fell upon the garitM, two of which they took possession of at about dark, at which time I returned homa, rather in a harry, among the crowds of people who were Dying from the enemy, who were already in San Cosme The firing continued for some time, but I did not leave my bouae. and when I arose the n*xt morning early, Tuesday, 14th, I found ! that Santa Anna, the government and troops, had all left at midnight, without having taken any measures for the safety ot the inhabitants, and all that day we did not know If there existed suoh a thlug as a government At about seven o'clock I saw from my balcony souse with arms, loot without some ou horseback others on foot; some in wagons with escort*, others without, go that I coulil urarcely realise what passed before my eyes The inhabitants appeared dismayed, but after a little while, when many of them had already pained the square, I taw the populace begin to throw stones at same of those who were escorting the wagons, and there were also some stones and other things thrown from the roofs, which did no little injury. At the same time, I heard firing from different quarter* of the city, without knowing from whom it proceeded; but I afterwards heard that it was the populace,and some of the National Guards, who really wanted to fight, but finding themselves without a guide and without system, It oould have no other effsol but that of endangering the Inhabitants. Notwithstanding this firing and this warfare without system or order, In short, this state of anarchy lasted the 14th, the 16th, and part of the 16th. On the lAtb, a party of laneers ran through the city pursuing the enemy ; they were, without doubt, some detached guerillas. The enemy oertainly met with some losses In the streets by this Irregular warfare ; I saw two wagon loads ot dead, and some wounded, from behind the blinds of my balcony. At the corner of the street, at tun or twlee panes from my house, I saw the memy those two days, firing without Interruption at the Mexicans, who, from some otner corner, tiled at them ; so much so, that the strong concussion of a cannou which they had, broke a pane of glash In one of my wludows. I also saw them t.reali lato the neighboring stores, by llrlng, and with pick axee and orow-bats. sad rob tnem of all they eould lay hands on ; and i also s?w many of them quite drunk with the liquors they bad found In the stores Hcenes Ilka these were repeated la different parts of the sity I nersr before | IERA 1847. bad witnessed suchldiaorder I can iitur* you that I did not fuel at all safe, and after God. all my hopes rested en my knowledge of tbrlr language, wblob did not only prove of service to me, but to maDy of my neighbor* Some lay that theae skirmishes miut have coat the en?my at least 'J000 men; but I auppoaa. although without any foundation for it. that it oould not have been more than half that number Notwithstanding, It la ihameful that they had not all found their graves bare The appearanoe of theae people when they entered the olty, really aatonlahed me, for they looked more like banditti or plratea, than like loldiara; I oould aoarcdy believe my own eyee when I aaw them about the atreeta without arm*, without officer*, and in such disorder Having heard ao much of the oleanlineaa of the people of the United States 1 ezpeot?d to aae an army, though small, in decent uniforms, good order, and looking verv fine It Is aaay to see that their discipline consists in their obedlenoe. in the exaotitude of the officers in fulfilling orders, and In the severity and oruelty, even, with whloh they punish those whom they sea vacillate in the attaok. Besides. 1 think that their entering the eity in so unmilltary a manner, was Intentional on the part of the chiefs, who, without doubt, acoording to previous promises, chose to but their fyn, no that the soldiers might pillage as I much a* they were willing to ; for I saw soldiers loaded with booty at every hour of the day, without fear of their otfloers Now, I suppose, they will want to exouse themaelves on the plea or the hostility they met with in the city. However, all this confusion is now at an end ; all is i{uiet, business is going on, and oonfldence Is established. With all this we have no mails, nor is there any communication between this anil Vera Cruz Sauta Anna has announoed, it Is said, that Con gress will meet at Queretaro, and It is not yet known who will be elected President. It Is said that the coalition of the middle States have proposed Don Manuel Cosio for the presidency of Zacateoas, and that they will not submit to any other government. The devil only knows what will come of all this. The official documents that passed In the negotiations for peaoe were published here; and you would be astonished to see how well conducted they have been by Santa Anna and his commissioners; a great deal of dignity, wisdom, patriotism, and circumspection were observed, while, at the same time, in all that relates to the other branohes of government, there exists nothing but uncertainty and confusion The said documents are also very useful to history, because they show the conduct of the United States, and if the Mexioans knew bow to make good use of them, thuy would excite the sympathies of other nations. When the enemy entered the oity, the strangers Immediately planted on their balconies the flags of their respective nations. Many others placed on their baleonies a white flag?as a ijmbol of peace; but what was nod remarkable, wit the immense number of Spanish flags that floated In every street. Now you must not suppose that all were residences of Spaniards, but even those who were the most opposed to this sign of oar glories, found It very convenient to place themselves,in the present emergency, under its protection. Some of the flags have been taken away, but many still remain adorning the balconies. D. nr. la M. STATE OF SANTA FK. [From the Santa Ka Republican, Oot. 2.] The whole population of the territory Is not greater than that of many counties in the old States : and a muuu oiesvor Biuuuub ui ifuo? nuu curu ia auuuwij raised than any one, whose knowledge of the territory is limited to a road travel from the States to Santa Ke, has any coneeptlon of. To show that the territory it susceptible of Improved and more extended cultivation, It is eneugh to state the faot, that a crop at least four fold that of last year is uow growing and maturing. But the wheat crop here is as easily and abundantly productive as in the States. With the least possible labor, wheat not only in as great plenty but a superior quality to that of Missouri and other States, is produoed. The flour is remarkably fine, and what Is far better, there Is a eertalnty of a crop every season. The ordinary pests cf grain, rust, mildew, &o., &o., do not affliot here. The agriculturist sows his seed, and in due time reaps a rioh harvest. He has no other oare with It?the preparation of his ground being effeoted by the simplest, radest, and least available Implement Imaginable. The same U true of oorn growing In a year from this time, any American cltiien In Santa b'e will be able to eat habitually all the plants that are produced In the same latitudes iu the Union. In grain growing, the territory has great eaSacities, not only in the soil that is now farmed, but :om vast and rioh bottoms and valleys that have not hitherto been cultivated on aocount of the proximity of the Indian tribes and their hoetlle Inroads. More than two-thirds of the rlohest and most beautiful portions are wholly neglected from this oause. In these paitsare Invited the adventure and enterprise of the American farmer. Within the last year, the demand and con sumption 01 grain being unusually great, ine prion na* bean augmented, bat mast the ensuing year be less, from the enhanced production. Apart from the mineral resource* everywhere abounding, the first object for the investment of capital thatstrlkes the eye, Is tbe manufacture of woollen good*. What is there to prevent it? Tbe oountry in wonderfully adapted to the growth of aheep. I'he rich grasses that overspread the numerous tine v..I leys?as sweat and nutrtotouf in tbe winter aa tbe summer?tbe absence of rain to aorrupt and destroy their nourishing properties, leaving ouly the fibrous structure of the plant; and tbe superabundance of tbe grasses, without the trouble of cultur , give New Mexico incompaiabla' advantages for stook raising. Instead of wintering animals in stable* built at much expense, and feeding with a (tinted allowaneethe provender gathered from eoanty fields, the pastnrer drives bis herd to tbe inexhaustible stores of bay, clothing tbe ample valleys, where the stock may roam and eat to satiety. Even now, there la annually produced In tbe territory sufficient wool?that is wholly lost?to clothe the whole po tbe total abscuoe of manufactories, the sheep are gene| rally not iheared, and the wool li wbelly lost. The t?1u? of ft is, from the superabundance of tbepupply, very | small. It oan be bought In any quantities lor from four | to olx oenta poind, and is, moreover, of a very good quality. INCIDENTS Or THK WAR. lieutenant Steele, of tbe second Infant?y, to whom lieneral Hu tman ascribes tbe honor of leading the atorm of Cbapultepeo, and who was among the Orat to mount tbe wall', and to whose intrepidity Uena.! Scott and Twiggs, and Col. Uiley.brar teatlmony, Is, it is said, a oitiirn of Delaware county, and a brother of tbe lamented Osman N. Steele, undersheriff of tbe county, aaeaaainated during the anti-rent oommotions. NATAL INTEI.BIOKNCB It is aaid that there are now at tbe navy yard at Nor ships ef th* line, one of which I* in the ship-house; one large nt?am frigate building; four frigates, three sloopsof-war, two brigs, threa steamers afloat, and the steam sloop Alleghany. MoRK INCIDENTS CONNKCTKM WITH Til I BURNING ok tub Phoknix.?Mr. House lound u state room door, which he tied to his fender with his neckhandkerchief. Upon this float he supported himself for about two Lours and a half, evincing throughout, from all we can learn, a presence of mind, fortitude and hardiness almost inoredible When ha first got into the water he was surrounded by those who ware Intent upon eking out their existence until relief might provldentialljr reaoh them. These he saw sink ona after another, exhausted and ahilled, to their sleep of death. Mr II. was first to discern the lights ot the Delaware propeller, as she was bearing down to the relief of those unfortunate beings, and announced the faot to those around htm, at the same time exhorting them to hold out longer, and thej would be resoned from their perilous situation. At that time, he Is sure there were many alive within the sound of his voice, aid ha Is confidant that In a few minutes afterwards, not a single one remained except the three who were saved A lady, cabin passenger, drowned within reach of him, and she was among the last to yield to the king of terrors. The description which he gives of the burning wrack is awfully terrlflo. The hull was a complete bad of flame, whloh, bursting from her sides at times, streamed far out on the waters, and then curled aloft till flame meeting flame, the com blned current ruibed madly upward till It *?amed Inat in the aloud*. Tbe ihroud* and rigging were corered with llring being*. who (ought *afety there rather than l? the water. Their terror-marked ft at urn* were lighted by the gbMtly glare of tha IUme?, and aa the fire reached theui In their retreat, one af<*r aaather f-11, and wa* either burned to death or drowned. One man reached the cro*? treea, where he laihed him*eif. There he remained after hi* companion* had all fallen, and then ba died; and when finally the ma*t w?nf by the board he went with It Mr Weft, of Kaoine, luoceeded In throwing orerboard material* enough to float himaelf, wife, and child He requested hi* wifa to leap Into the water with tbe child, and place hernelf upon a door. Thl*, with truehearted dcrotedne** *be refuted to do, unlera her bu*band accompanied her. They joined arm*, and plunging Into the yielding flood, *ank together to ri*e no more In life. Mr. Long, of Mllwaukle, *aw hi* wife and child drown almost within hi* reach, without the power to are. lie afterward* got hnld^-f the wheel, under the tarn, and wa* one of the three who were fan-d alire from tha water. The body of young Tledale, the cabin boy, wa* found floating upon a ladder. II" wa* lying on hie eide. with hi* head rrotlng upon hi* htnd lie we* erldently net drowned, but died from cold When tbe paMenger* became aware of the imminent daagcr which lurrounded thrm. and tbatalmoet certain death await ml them, a ro*ur K..? tion. Home look themselves to |ulet player. others bowled lor help. while others, still howled In meek submission to the ruling power An the Are progressed. on* after aaolher of the volo** was hushed In death and a silence awlul sod profound succeeded. In regaid to the ' manner In which the flr? tu roniinuuloated, there i? I nothing more than surmises The most reasonable supposition is, that It was either by the falling down of a door in tba flue, or by the breaking of a lamp In tha woodbold ? CUot land Plaind'altr. Stiam Boats Lost.?Roats id yesterday report the loss ot tlie steamers Triune Bird N'o. 2 and Clermont No 'J,on tha Kapida, In the L'pper Mississippi Tba first Is lying just above Oquawka, and is suppased to be a total loas, with tha exception of her machinery and eabln fixtures. Har freight consisted principally of flour and grain, tha most of which will be entirely destroyed The Clermont No. J Is sunk to bar m*ln deck a rhort distance above Kalthsburgb It Is thought sha can be raised and the most of n?r cargo saved, as it consisted principally of beef and pork. The I'ralrie Bird Is owned by Capt Mellon, an 1 tha < letmont No.'i by ('apt. Mike Mttleten ? St. Jjiuii Eta. Avr ij. Jno. I-airfield, and J. W llradhury, 17. H Senators from Maine, accompanied by I) Hammonds, mem b?r of the House of Representatives from Maine, were at iiartwell's Waebiogton House yesterday, snd proceeded to Washington oily this morning,- Ptnnivlvsatarf Id Intl i n" 'k ia? LD. ] Prto* Two C?nta. Henry Clay ??. th? Mbirtf of tit* PrtM. [i-rom ibe Pnilad*lphia Lodger, Dec. S.] Uutoh inu Kii-oark.ua ? Id reply to aome remarka of Mme Western mtw?p?p?r ehout a t?l?/r*phlc report ofMr c lev speech, the Ntw Fork Htrald take* ground whioh ought to be maintained by every journal In th* Union. W* do not Interfere In lta quarrel with 1U Wee tern autagoniat Peraonally, tbey bave our fM* leave to devour eaoh other like the Kilkenny, or any other oaU: for personally, we care not who la who or which ia which among journala or journalist*. But w* do care aomething about what ia what In prlaciplea and doctrinea, and therefore defend the right and oppoaa the wrong, without regard to aouroe or authorahlp; and 1b the caae before na, the doctrine of the Htrald la thoroughly oorrect, and therefor* receive* our unanlmoua a up port The following are the facta, or rather the statement* of tb* parties. Before Mr Clay began to apeak, he requeated that he might not b* reported, and told the reporter* that, unleea they thraw aaide their pane, be would not prooeed. All of them did eo, excepting a reporter for the Htrald, who seoretly took a akatch of th* speech. and despatched it to New Vork by telegraph. The YVeatern newapaper says that this secret report, made in disregard to Mr. Clay'a request and th* understanding of his hearers, was a theft, for which th* reporter deserved severe punishment, and for whioh. had hit been detected on the spot be would bar* Men severely beaten. The A'?U' York Htrald says tha when Mr Clay mounted the rostrum to ipatk, be made bis remark! publio property, and consequently gave to any reporter present a right to publish them; and It add* some very cogent aod Just oensurea upon tha brutal suggestion of the Kentucky newspaper about, baating the reporter The llrratd is right. Korseveral days.or rather WNkl, before Mr. (lav's speech was delivered, his intention to Mddress a publio meeting had been announced by newspapers in Kentucky, and repeated by newspapers throughout the Union This design had been announced quite long enough for repetition in every American newspaper, and proclaimed widely enoagh to reach ovary reader. And therefore we do not believe that one in hundred thousand of the whole body of Amarieaa cltlsens was Ignorant of this deslgh to speak, on the day when it was consummated at Lexington And why waa all this exertion made to proclaim throughout the nation, Mr. Clay's design to speak, long before the assemblage of the meeting which he addreaaed' Mr. Clay is a publl p. man, though in private life. Hals an acknowledged leader of one of our great parties, and a numerous body of Influential men, la every State of the Union, Intend to make bim a candidate for tha next Presidency. Tbla speeoh was intended for tha ftrst step of that movement; and tha design, both of Mr. Clay in speaking, and of his friends In requeating him to speak, waa to aend bis remarks throughout the country. The whole affair waa Intended to be publio, and the utmost efforts were made before the spaeoh waa delivered, and have been made since, to Invest it with publicity. Mr. Clay and hts frienda Intended and axexpected to operate npon public opinion through tbla sp*?ph, and for this purpose wsx tha intention to speak prevloualy announoad, and was fee speeoh.subaaquaatly published. Coining forward under mob circumstances, Mr. Clay mad* hi* >p??ob publio property, and gave to aU persons present the unlimited right of laying ft before the whole or mij portion of the world, 1b any mode moat acceptable to themselves or their readers or hearer*. Henoe bin request to the reporters to lay aside their pens was entirely out of plaoe, and their compliance with such request was Infldelty to the publio. Some may aay that In throwing aside their p?na the reporters tacitly oomplled with Mr. Clay's request, and that of the meeting, signified by its approbation of bis request. Mr. Clay nad no right to make each request, or the audlenoe to Indorse it. Ha undratoak to address the nation, and not a few thousand people of K entuoky ;und tbesa few thousand Kentuokians had no right to prescribe the terms on which the nation should bear In undertaking to apeak in publio a! all, he gave to.all Amerioan cltiaens, to all men. a right ta learn what he said, by any means mostaccesslbU And In tbls publio address he Invested every person present with the right to take and publish notas, as well as tha right to bear and repeat liut Mr. Clay aays that heretofore he had been reported inaccurately, andtbut, to prevent this evil on tba present ocoasion, he wished to report his speech for publication from hla own pen. Then why did not Mr. Clay addreaa the publio In a letter, Instead of a spnaoh ? Or, why did ha not first write hla apeaob, and then read It from his manuscript' Klther course would have 1 given ample security against me errors or wuico ne complains. Or If ke wished to address select few Ifentucklans, orally, and afterwards to report hi* speech to the nation at largo, why did ha nat ratlra with them to a private room, and address tham under look and key! In undertaking to apeak in public, an orator take* the riak of Inaccuracy in reports and repetltiona, and makM a Tory unreasonable, if nat a very absurd request, la aakluK hla haarera to abatain from all account of hU remarks till he oan write out and publish tiiem. Mr. Clay gave to every one of hia auditors the right to go away nd give hia own understanding of the speech to others; and If each present had a common right to repeat the speech orally, so had he by letter or telegraphic report. Mow absurd would Mr. <;iay have appeared in requesting his audltora not to tell what he said, in conversation or By letter, till hla own notes were published, la tka absurdity less in imposing ailance on reportera and newspapers? If repeated or reported inaoourataly, he oan Euollsh his corrections. If he would avoid this trouble, e must write before he speaks. When a man throws himself upon the public stage, he surrenders all right to prescribe to those present modes of oommunioating him to those absent Haviug onoa mad* hioiaelf publle, and with the design of still greater publicity, be leaves the publlo to choose their modes of spreading nbn His publio appearance makes this their right. liut the reporter of the Herald vlola'ed confidence by reporting seoretly' fudge' This suggestion about abuse ofoonBdenoe Is ridiculous A man who eomesb* for? the public wltli an np?n speech, talking aDout privacy! As .well might an editor oom plain of other eat torn for publishing his private papers, by copying hi* editorials. The meeting, which ih a portion or the public, had no right to Impose secresy, and no one present *M under the slightest observation to observe it. The brutal suggestion of the, Kentucky journal about beating the reporter, merely proves its editor'* unfitness for repablican liberty, and his desert of a good stitf despotism Had any portion of the meeting acted on this aggestlon, as some of them probably would, they would merely have proved that the best government for them would be the Ru?ian or Austrian, whloh eould pack them off to the forests of Siberia or the mlnei of lddrid. It Is In contemplation to commenoe the construction m I Iftlttgrapu una unwmu oi. I.uun Hia ci|i[iij|uiiiu, In. NOII' K ?I' AT KMT H A L A M A !"l I) K K 8\KKS.-Tha public lire informed that Craudali Kick, Alntno Kofl and Joliu (J Mteirua, of the City of New Vork, h?va purehaaed "nd ara now the tola and aicluaiva owiiera for the several Htaiei nl tha Uaiou, except the hi itea of Maine, New Hirop Inre, Vermont, Maaaichuaetu. Kh?de Inland, I'ounactiert, ami New Tork. nf the Patent granted on tha 1st day nf Jiaae. 1843. to Daniel Kiujereld, for an improvement in tha fireproof ('.heats and Hafea, commonly kuowu aa Wilder a Patent 8alauundar Males. and that they have tha aula and eicluaive right, udder the and Patent, to make. uae, and sell, and to great to othara the right to mike, uaa, and aall tha aaid Patent Mala mander Safta, within and thronghant the aaid several Mtatea, iceiit thoaa above named B O. VVILlJf'H New Tork, lat Dec., 1(47. The aubaenbera hereby cautioa all paraona agunit any mtriugement of their abova rigkta by making, uaing, or selling the >*id Patent Halamauder nates, in aay of tha Mtitei. except those above mined. Aud tha oublic ara apa* cially cautioned aotto parchaae inch Mafes to be used in any of the Htatea, except thoae abova enumerated. from aay one not mithonaed to inakr or vend them by the subscribers, as any such infringement will render them liable nnder the meat la ?. anJ they will be |roceeded against aciordmglv. New Vnrk, D?e. id, 1117. C. IIICH k CO. RICH k CO 8 Imprwvei ['stent Halaroander Hafes, (being an improvement od Wilder's original patent ) are for sal* in the following cities? New Orleans, by Isaac Bridge; Mobile, by ; Cialveston, bv Kdward 8. Wood; St. Loan, hv Honsemau k Lowrv ; Charleston, M. C., by Lewie M Hatch; Chicago, by Hay. moud, Oibbs It Co; Richmond, Va.. by John Womble It Co. A. 8. MARVIN, General Agent, 1J?K Water street. N Y. _ d t Jt m PURK AND 1IKALTHY l.fcKUHKtl.?To Drnggisra and Leaehere?H. TRIMMKR, Chemial and Druggest, V Whitehall street. begs to offer sucli as he can warr.in' for parity, health, and raadlnees of hit'ng. dOfrC CUNSUM rTION? There is perhaps no disease with which our country is affected, which sweeps off annually so many victims, as 'hit fell destroyer of the human race?Consumption l)sy after day. year after year, tha maitiate monster hurries to the porta's of the cold and silent tomb, fresh added victims to its couc|iiest. No walk of life is sacred from its blighting Influence No age is eiempt from its death dealing shafts The old, the middle-agvd, auil tbe ycanq all alike, aie food for tine common enemy of mankind. The whitehairrd patriarch, wlnse life of temperance has rendered hi* system impervious to the attarka of other ille, and whose good deeds prepared him for the the erjo> menu of life's calm aresing, finds Consumption fastening its fangs upua hie vitals. an4 tearing him from a world ever bright to minds which lor k conklsrently on days well s|?nt Is there no help for the afflicted? lo preventive of the duigers which beset us in oar changeable and fickle clime ' We think there is. And if the al'etstiona of those who are at least entitled lo veracity, may be believed, there is a preventive and a remedy. Wistar's llaleam of Will Cherry is offered to a aulfeuug world aasucli. It needs not tha "adventitious aid" n( a long string of fictitione eeitificatee to find it notoriety. Its traa velne and intrinsic eicellence are sufficient to entit'e it to the confidence of the public, and to " waft, on to fame" the name of ila inventor, as a bcLefai tor el his a|>ecies. None genuine unless signed I BUTTS, no the wrapper 04 lt*m ^ ' HI k-?i.lo-COAL?COAL?NUT Sl/K of good 7p \S\J qualitv, makes no clinkers, rescieened in tfia \ aid, aod delivered frea of cartage, furl) Ml Int. The very heat article for small cookiua slows, and also es. A large aaeortment of Peerh Orchard and Lehigh Coal of all sixes, frea of slate, all nnder cover, and delivered from yard at low pricei, at HI til'BON'H Vatds.7* Thompson street.nea/ Spring street. iud 9 ChrutopheCatree,( near Jrflrratm Market aim ain at?nue. nli7teod*m NO I'KJfc? A Meeting of the Stockholders of the liridga water Copper Mining ? urnpanr, fur the porpoae of electin* Director! for the riituina year, and lor tfie cona'deration of other mattera, which will be laid bafora them, will be hale at Rtalle'a Hotel. New Btnnawick, New Jeraey, at 1 o'clock P VI., on the firat Monday in January neit?Not ZTth. IH7. JUT) Ml OOBWON Her It W C M O a? ??4re FI.c.M K WOOL?100 ft(i(i Iba now <n enert, comprwm( ?|l qnalitiee, from quarter blood to flae ttaiony for aala by V A La. NTIN K O. HALL, corner of Tearl and Baakmao ita. dUt'rc LOOK AT THIS.?French Boou. cork, double and untie toldialio, the fmeai calf Mhoea and all kinds patent leathei Hoots and Shoes Ladiea, we haya i larg* aaaortmeat ofafer1* a'vle i,f Boot! and flhoes that ia made, and erery kind of a H libber that n made, and rhaaper than yon ean find elaewhare of the aaine quality. At 1*7 Broadway one door abore franklin at Alao.a treat variety of Bo>s\ Misses'end Children"# B Ota ami ?hoes. M.CAHII.L. dl Hf te r|M) A Pha( l I' M. < HlP.MlST? VVaii -J l" emi l"V. a J. Practical C hemiat as a manager in a whit? lead manufac. tor-,* in ihe Weat. He mnit hiTelivl .ir.e yf?'? *1?*,'1*nc2 in the beat mode of manafactariuf white lead, red lead and inhrafe; and produce the bait of watiironiels for hie i"""j character, capacity and habitaof indnafy None othere need apply "l'o iucn a one, a perw?e?al ? o nt i in ary will be *nni Apply JAM Si BOOAROl 8,10 lUdlidfa OHM. 41 ,T* : - Jii