Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 5, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 5, 1847 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

jj | Wbola Vo> 4890. iCDITIOJSU I9TELLI6E5CI FROM MIIICO. [Correapoadaaee af the N. O. MU.] vtia Ca?z. Not. It, 1147 I YeeMrdajr, at noon, tha Maclean oourUr arrived htre 'rom Oriilke, bringing paper* and lettara from JaUpa, ^MNtuo, ui aiher Interior eltlea of not* From Ji*b we glean the following few but Important Italia Id tha city of Guadalajara a fre?h revolution haa hunt forth la faror of tha elevation to the Presidency of 4Ka avAwai Knti#oaiat nf til a ui?Mothl party. Hla pertlaana, whIUt attacking the oburohea and eodeavoriDg to abatraot tlunftoa th? oacred utonalla of gold, wara suddenly aeaaulted by the aab, Inaitad by the prleata A aangulnary engagement immediately eoaued between the Infuriated nartloa?tha one endeavoring to pillage the aaerod diflora, tba other to prot-et than from tha threatened deaecratlon la tha aetlon It ia aald that Oku. Ampadia. of Monterey and lovtnuU no'orlotr, waa alaln. together with but of tha followera cf iierQf s Farlai Tha militant church party, which a* w?ll know* how to dafaad lta privileges, hat triumphed, ; as asnal. Q*n Pared?* has openly pronounoed, at Tulanetngo. Ia favor of tha plan of Igula In hi* pronunclamento and monarohioal movimrut, ha was ivoocdad by tha garrison r>f Malttlaa Tha apirlt btf-ethed forth ia wary paragraph of thaM paptra, la tha apirlt of war and unquenchable h trad to tha North Americana and their acta Tha Meiicana, though daatituta of all resource*. having amongat than tha a pU c.f diacord. diatraotad by Internal convulaiona and divided ceuncila, j at erlnoa no daair* nor tondancy >hntever to peaaa or oonoillatioQ. Tha Mexican Congreea ia attU at Quarataro?a quorum of 7fl mem here baa. Jt ia ?aid, baan at laat convened Thla body la about to remove to tha city of Moralia, (the old Valladolid.) in order to gat rid of tha military, by whoae praanoa la Qa?retaro it ia aatlraly overawed la the free discharge of lta ftonctiona ' Oan. Kaa la with Saata Aana, who ia now la Orliaba with a brigada at hla command. It ia raportad that tha next train proooeding hanoa to tha olty. will bo again attacked on tha road by tha combined forooa of thaae Oanerala. Tha result yon may oanjaotura?tha flight and dispersion of tha Mexicans. G?n Buatamente haa left flan.Luis Potoal for Quarataro Tha General haa. according to the Mexican papera, at his dlapoaal a foroe of about five thouaaud men. Citt or Mcxioo, Nor 1,1847. To-day tha train loft. It aonaiatod of about 4C0 government wagona, 109 on private aooount, and a mule traia of about 600 head, alaoon private acoount?many mar hunt* availing themselves of the opportunity to bring up a tmall xtootc of goods for the Christmas holidays I uoderetiMid It ia the intention of the General-ln-Cklef to establish a semi-monthly communication with the const, as soon u tba reinforcements shall arrive This will give a greet stimulus to the business of the country, and materially Increase the reoelpta of the cnstosshoaie. With the train went the slek and wounded of tho army, and some others who were prdered out of the O 'Untry on recruiting and other aerviee. Their asparatlon from those remaining, reoalled vividly to mind many remlnlsoenoes of the past, and their parting "good bye" wae one of no ordinary obaraeter, and not likely to be forgotten by either. It was a parting of soldiers? of soldiers who, side by aide, had endured the fatigues and exposures of a long and laborious maroh?who, side by side, had oroaaed the rough ' pedregal" and the deep " France"?who, aide by aide, had waded the dense marshes abd ollmbed the oraggy heights?and who, shoulder to shoulder, had m?t the enemy'a massive hoeta, in the proud array of glittering ateel?who, shou 1d?r tn shoulder, had bared their breaata to the deadly l Are of the enemy'a deep-toned artillery?and who. shoulder to shoulder, had reeled the enemy'a well constructed t forts, and planted the star* and stripus on their ramparts In glorious triumph, maintaining ins nation *a honor, wd exalting the nation's pride : " These are deeds which ahould not paaa away, And names that mutt not wither,though the earth Forgets her empires with a just decay." On the separation, we heard not the empty words, 11 farewell," " A leu," but the good, old-fashioned ones, fall t?f mra.iing, ' Good bye?Goa bless yon !" and so affected were many on the oeeaaion. that had we not known it, we outd hardly belie?* thit thim vata ihA I m*n who, but a short time since, had ' bearded the foe" In hi* own oasties The departing ohm have gone to " the land of tha free and bom* of tha brira," where peace, hupp'nesa and prosperity reign supreme; where they will ba mat by the approving millet and congratulations of a grateful p.opln, capable of appreolating their alor and their patriotism; where they will be mat by wurm hearted acquaintances and kind friends, ready to bestow upon them the high honors they hare won upon tha '* red held of Mars." Although a gallant band has left as, many of whom will never be able to enter the " tented field,'' ther* are " a few more left," with the great General of the age at their bead; upon whom devolves the important duty of losing the brilliant tcanes already opened to enchanting Tie*, and of bearing baok oar Eagles from whence they we, unsullied In tfcelr flight, and unstained In their ia<tlng-plaoe. If the past Is any gnarenty for the future, the country can wall oonfide in the hands to whioh they have committed this sacred charge, and aelleve that whatever foa they meet, or whatever difficulties may prevent themselves, they will all be surmounted. retorted i8capk of santa anna. By an arrival from Tawploo yesterday we lsarn verbally that 8ani* Anna has escaped from Mexico. It appears, from the information which wc obtained,that be was seoreted at the ls'aud of Lobos.and that the British steamship Forth, aware of his place of concealment, " lay off and oa," awaiting to rcoelve him on board My means of un open boat ha is said to have succeeded In reaohlng tha Forth, and In her proceeded to Havana, wh*re ha Is supposed to have landed ?De./y Oritnian, Jf??. 33. MEXICAN AFFAIRS. [From the Washington Union. Deo. 8.] Large uiua of doonments h?Te been rcoeived at the War Department, eontainlng returns from ths various bureau* of the army; but no despatches from Q?aeral Hood, exeept a duplicate of bia Uit letter of the 27th of October. A letter hM been Teoelved in Washington, by the last arrival at New Orleans, from Vera Cru*. dated November 17 It eoutaim few pariloulars of Interest It states tbat now the road is being opened, the foreign articles which have been inputted into tbat port and looked up for six months, will And ihelr wiy Into the Interior; tbat freih oraeis have been sent out fur bejivy Importations from Kurope, but as yet there had bean only one arrival (the Frenoh bark F-llx) from Europe; and that the reve u" for the uext six months will he of no ineonslderablu amount. It states, as the writer's lmpru*al?n, that the belter portion or the Mexicans are so muoh better etlsUrd with our government than their own that they ar- not very strongly dlapoaed for peace, and that tbej would prefer to be ''sheltered under the wlngjof the America eagle " It is eatlmated that there were at the dale of the letter about 4 OoO iroopi at Vera Cruc, independent ?>r taose whioh bad gone up with Qmeral Patterson Thua it appear* tbat there la every prospect of the roads continuing open so as to permit ih? interior to be fnruliibed with goeds both from tho United S'atts and Europe; thus bringing Into our military chest a handsome revuuus from the duties on importation. OKI*. TAYLOR We learn, from an Intimate a ad a ear relative of Oea. Taylor's, tbat " Old Zaeh," of Manterey and Buena Vima mumArtr muv Km ?f rulilUfl lmr? 11?.<4*w nv tn.mnv. row Thera wll be aome guna flrrd. and some bell* ruuj wh-n th? old Chieftain arriraa lu N?w Orl-aai 0; tb? iMt arrival from Vara Crui, we laarn that Cap; Blsooe w?? elected. on the 18th inat., Lieut Col o? the Louiaiana Battalion of mounted man ? iV. O Deita, Nvv 23 T1IK HRR01CS OF THE WAR. Our citizen* aanembled In an lmmtnie erowd latt even ** ? Id front of tbe at Charles Hotal. (ladies' entrance ) I with a band of inuali'at tbalr head, and gave a serenade to tba distinguished officers lately arrived bare on the Ala b?ma f.-um the Beat of war All our national airs ware pltyed io Una stjle, amid vociferous obears for General* Quitmau and Shields. and Co). Harney. In whose partlouUr honor the compliment was paid. During an interval 01 c-rsaHon on the part of tha musicians, the assembly oallrd aloud for tbe appearunoe of those emlneni men, so rl<-hly deserving tbe gratitude of thalr cnuntry Oenural* Quitman and shield* raapondad to tbe wishes of tbair f Uow-cltlzens, and showed themselves on the bjlreny. bai.i* respectively designated by name, by a friend who stood nenr. A simultaneous cheer issued from all parti of th* iu>in? ma bo <y in front or tham Uvneral Ciuilinan gave axpra*?ton to hi* fooling! In the following niaunar:?'" (JenMemen, for my noble coinpnnlon in i.r in General Shield*. for myielf, and for our galUnt arm y now on tha iWln? of Mexico, I re torn you moat grauful r.nrt htertMl thank* for tbi? apontanaou* bant of MOtbmlMtlo patriotlem !" Three oheeri were then glvin *uc<v.-#?ivrly for GoneraU Qallmao, Shield*, Taylor, and Scott, una Co'onel Harney. Tha ga'lxnt and Hrooropllrhel Coloml vu unfortunately abeeat : from tha hotel on tne oco.vMod, and the faot *ai duly unn'uoocd from the balcony by ona of hia frlnud* j H .klib, worldly Joy, and wtarnal honor b* the m"#d of th> ne k-ill. lit m?n.?Sno Grimm C*mm*rii?l Timit, Soi<. 3d. I Atthn a.'>>*olt upon Chapultepee height*. the com- < mend or a ttormlng party of regular*, d"Vclr*d upon < Capt. I'aul, and to that hotly ooutcRtad paAS?jt? of arm*, ho bora hiniMlt to bravely an to win particular notice. 1 It ha* b-aii generally coi ceded that tha Mri.cia* at uo point made a mora determined Hand than at < haaulte- 1 pen. and ihe approach b?yood that point to the oity? 1 aotne of our butt men, at thia aaane of carnaga. met a ' oldier'a fate, and died amid tha oraah of arm* Oapt. 1 Caaey, tbeniperlor In oomuiand'O Capt Paul, bad fallen; y?t rlgtit on, amid the terrible Ore of tha ?nemy'* batteria*. thi* gallant *on of Rt. Lout* l*d tha ?tern and unUloohiDg atorming party, untd tha entrenchment* were oap'ured, and the guu* of tba anrmy were pointed agaln*t their retreating column* Capt ? li a ion ot ' Rene Paul, l>q , on* of out oldaat clfur.* He hao ' borne hi* part, with the Invincible 7th infantry, In ercry J aoti'in of note tinea ihe commencement of tha war, and a rbire of glorv won by that brave regiment, la of cour?? 1 hi* due; at thi* parnoular point., fortuuofarorad him | with a eeparati coaimtnd. and he proved hlwiMIf efj'.al to the mo*t trying and deiperate poaltion With Qultmto'i brave dlviaion, after deanerate fighting. he had the honor of b? ing among the flrat American* to enter ' tb* far famed " llall*."?Sr Lmuit Rentillt, usd A'av INCIDENTS OF TIIK WA*. Roma of the greater* about tha city hare a now way of lmpoaiog upon uuRuap-otlng Amenoano. Thu*, y?oterday one of them approached an American gentleman with a Ova dollar gold piece, or half eagle, an* aakad for the diver 11* reooivad five dollar*, and not aatUfled with thi*. demanded half a dollar mora. The American not Mllablag thi* *have, has dad took tha half eagle, and mmmmmmrn i i E NI ' ? * ? ? 1 ? ?~ NE r???!T?d his ire dollar* in silver again. Not his At*. however, for he aoon after dlacovered that the raioal had returaed Are counterfeit dollars. We hav? noticed quite a number of inch person* lately, with Are dollar gold pleoe* between their finger*. anting for silver in change. Look out for the villain*.?Star, Vtr* Cruz, A'#?. 1th. ARMY INTET.LircKNCK. The (teaser Fashion, commanded by Capt I) B Morgan, will leave the UniW Stat** barrack! this morning, at 0 o'elook, with the following pt*enp?re and troopi for Braaoa 8t. Jago, Tampioo and Vera Cruz For the Braioe?Mrr M?j. Anderion and family; Mrs Suun H. Parker; Lieuta Pindar and Singleday, North (Carolina volunteer*; Frederick reck; Robert Forsyth; Dr. K W Mackay; ninety men. For Tamplco-Mrs Larued; Mr*. Major Daablell, United State* Army; Captain MorrU, of the 4th infantry. For Vera Crui?Lien* Col. Seymour, Oeorgia battalion; Assistant Surgeon E< K Kane, U.S. N.; F.lijah Haekell. U 8 N ; Lieut Tor ter, Tennenee volunteer*; Mr. Evert*on; V. W. Itoth, ifbr remain* of Lieut. Goodman;) J. P. Held and J. B .awlar, sutlers; detachment of 10th infantry, undei command of Capt. Harri*, U. S. A.; and also Captain Thoroaa A Rowley1* company of Pennsylvania volunteer^, being part ol the battalion of Lieut. Cel. Geo W ?UUP uuusinu, U1UCVIB SUU UJPI1. AiBU, ? UUU1W of publlo L. r??s, teamatura &ud quirttrmiisior'i stores.?N. 0. Utl a, Nov. 34. The steamer Diadem brought down Capt. Rowley Lleute. Mct lony, Scott and MoLeane. and 78 men, belonging to Col. linghea'a regiment of Pennsylvania voluotifn, and Lieut. E. O. Covell, U. 8 N.?S. O. Delta iidintt. The brig Trojan. Capt. Wild, chartered by the govern meat to carry home* and army atom to Vera Crus, wil nil to-day or aa ?oon aa the weather will permit.. Thi nhip Napier. Capt. Sandfbrd. and brig Othello," rapt Darriogion. have been reohartered, and will shortly b< d?epatAte<] with rrarults for th? army ?-Bultimorr Patriot, 3d itif. Wa learn from Capt Harris, la charge of a detachment of the 18th Infantry, that, in deroending the rivei in the steamboat Uladlator, from th-.recruiting station at Newport, Ky.. private John Oil* was inlying. ? short way b> low Viekaburg It waa thought he fell overboard and waa drowned. He waa a native of Alabama where bia family are highly reapeoted.? Cintinni'i ChronicU, Nov. 34 Bllacella?eou?. Daring the third wnek In Nov?mb-r, about 40 000 iba. (, aopper ore, of superior quality, from Polk county, Tenmtaee, paaaed through Charleston, South Carolina, on ita way to Boston, where it wae to tie smelted This ore. together with a large quantity cf pl|? iron and llaie, oame over the Georgia ana houtb Carolina itallroad. Mora coming. The house of Mr Stein, at PptitiR Hill, near Mobile Ala., wu destroyed by Urn on the 1 Sih nit., and book*, pipers and map* t? tli- estimated ?alue of from $l?,u*XJ t? JJO OOO, wore consumed. John Fink aod wife, who wete burned to death on the Phuenlx, were residents of Syracuse. Ambros Dunbar, a colored barber, formerly of the name piece, Is among the lost. CJen. H. 8 Iftprigg died at bl( residence, on Bayou Robert, La , on the I Orb ot' Not, aged At Ho was formerly 1b tha L'mtid States Navy, actively employed on tbe Medlterranlan station for tlx yvare. and made Commander during Mr Jefferson'* administration Tha corner stone of a new synagogue was laid in Albany on Wednesday afternoon. Th?re are thirty-nine savings bauks in Massachusetts. A farmer of St. Albans, Vermont, recently made a grand rntrrii Into tbst piece, mounted on a small car drawn by four large hogs Ho entered the town at n brisk trot, amidst the acclamation of hundreds, who were soon drawn together to witness this uncommon spectacle Alter making tbe tour of the market place three or f ur times, he went Into the wool-pnck vsrd, bad bla swinish cattle unliamesited end tak?n Into at* bl? together, where they were regaled with a trough tull of beau* Hud wash. Thtty remained ai>out two bourn, while ha dispatched his business a* usu?l at the mark?t, whan they were put to and drlyeu home again, multitude* cheering him. Thiauian.it Is said, haa only had tbeee animals under training tlx month*. A gentleman on the spot offered him $140 for the concern ns it tood, J>at WM Indignantly refused ?A' w L.ndau Kiwi W* yesterday aaw a letter from a distinguished phyciei*n In London, to another in thia oity, in which th? writer alluded to oa if bis patient*, a lady of 30, wbn had had 31 children at 13 biitb*, namely-4 twice. J tbr-e time*, while the moil of the others were twin*. Thl* beat* ih cafe of the Uerrnan mother who had 32 daughter* at 18 birth* 1 h? new ihlp Crusader, which cleared to day for Valparaiso, haa on board two thouaand bale* sud seven hundred and twenty four boxes domestics, valued at $13*,UOO'.-Berion Travrlltr '2<l tnit. More than fifty ver*?l* have been launched at Thotuaaton, Maine, during the past season Anecdote or the Pope ?In 1824, tho Abbot Mastai rCIMtii the present w,ia attached to the missions of South Ameriaa One day, on going from Valparaiso to Lima in a Chilian aloop.he met with a terrible storm The Ttstel running toward* some reef, was nearly wrecked, when she was bearded by a mall boat, In whieh were five n<-groes The boatswain of the boat went on br<nrd of the sloop and afcked permlMion of the captain to take the pilot'* plaoe After great difficulties, he made the sloop enter the smill port uf Arloa, on the south ooast of Amerioa. Abbot Ferret ti inquired his liberator'* name. He was a poor n?gro, named Bako. The next day the missionary visited the hut of the negro, and gave bim a parse enntalalDg Tour hundred dollars lieoently, at er having b??n named Pope, the eblef supreme of the ehnrch remembered Bako, and tbroa<>h the Intermediation of the chief of the missions, sent him bis own portrait and another sum of mosey, equal to the first. But, since 1814. the sltua iinn or ?icn or tnaaa peraona bad much clianfrid; B?ko ??? an encrgetlo aad industrious man. an J with the gift at the Abbot, M**tal fornUI. *p?eul*t>-d la Mltprlrr, whloh la found in such quantitlra nt Arlea lie Is row a rich mail, and a meKuiflCrtnt inanition la built on tha ipot whara bit humble but *h Full of gratitude lor ina souvenir of tha holy lather, ha has built, on tha highest bill of hla estate, a oh? p?l. In whloh ha has plao-d tha Teaeiatod imsge of tha pontiff This Lait ok thb Semi^oi.es. "Old Joe" ind a young Indian kavc. be*n prowling in ihe aelghbcurhood of Choatakatchie and ?t Andrew's Bay* ivar *iw?e tha day* of tha Aemlnola war At drat, tha party oonsl*t*d of four ar lira, They eaoapad tha *|g|. .anew of tboaa employed In forrettlng tbam out In IM8, *ud bate ev?r sinoe found adequate protection in tha iaaart swamp* and uafr?qaeai?d shores aoore namad. " OM Job1' haa fought hia iaat fight,and ladaad, and tha boy aloaa surriTen soma tlma ago Mr. Mioajah King waa hunting In tha nelghborho< d of flt Andrew*, and mat with " Old Joe" and tha young Indian. He had to run; tha Indiana Brad at him, and tha ball struck hia pack. Ha alao fired, but miased The Indiana laahad at him several times, and after running aam-t two mllea. ha went Into a pond In order to avoid them Joa followed, and King stopped aad draw hli bowla knife, and at tha ai-eond blow gave him a death wouud Joa than spoke to Ilia young ludlan. who waa rapidly approaching, but Instead of coming to hla aasisUnoa, lied Jo? stag* red aoiue hundrad yard*,and dlsd.-i'snsatsia Uasttit, As*. 30. :w yc W YORK. SUNDAY MOR PUEBLA OE LOS AN VIEW FROM TH THREE SEVERAL PLANS FOR THE PACIFICATION OF MEXICO. No. I. [From tliv Courier anil Enquirer.] Now with these historical foot* bsfore us, what u tk? duly of our government ? First, unquestionably, to give <o California and New Mexioo their independence under the protection of the United States, upon such conditions as our government may deem admUslbl*. including ultimate, not present, i annexation to onr Union. i Second, to say to Yucatan. Tabasco and Chiapas, it Is your right to remain independent or re-ncita yourselves . to Mexico ; and, Third, to say to Mexico and the other States of the confederacy?^" There is your constitution 01 1824; prooeed t to eleot your President and organize your government. We guaranty it to you and to the civilised world; and to m?Ke thiH guaranty avitilable, wu leave in your capital ten thouaaud rrirular soldier* to m nnnortod h? inn. od whose duty It (bull be, to prateot you from yourselves, ar.d secure not only the stability of your government, but to protest and render unouro (hi persons and properties of all foreigners who may reside in Mexico." This is our proposition This, we say, It U the duty of our couotry to do. This much we owe to ourselves, to our position in regard to thta continent, and to the na> tIons of tho civiiu.u null i * ??? i To have broached this question months ajo, would have 1 n unwise; but now, events are ripening and the time for action has arrived We would not annex Cali, fornla and New Mexioo now; but we would give thorn the independence they desire, and to whioh they kav* - been justly entitled since the conatltution of 1824 was 1 trampled under foot, and the conditions of their union ) with Mexioo violated. Since then, they have been coerced into submission to Mexioo at times; but as we all s know, fur the greater part of the time, have asserted and maintained 'heir independence. We would also stimulate with them for annexatiou at a future day whenever their people desire it, wnich would be as soon hi our . countrymen predominated in their council*. i "The advantages of the movement we propose are numerous. It would at once supersede all negotiations for peace and all questions In regard to thi ratification of a treaty by our Senate. General Soott baring arrived ' in Mexico, need only Issue his proclamation rii-establtabing the constitution of 1S.11 for all the Statesexcpt Cnitioriiia and New Mexico, and order the election < f a Gongress, President. and Vine 1'resident, under that constitution. and mII would b? settlrd ; for, l*-y<.nd all doubt, the p*op)? of vtexioo art* attached to th? onnsti> turlOB of I #31, and to ihe peace and good order It would ( cur* to tborn when guarantied by our gov?rtiment Id nin?>tv days the President and Vice President would be installed in office, and a ledersl congress, constitutionally elected, be in session in the city of Mexico r?*c? and quiet would rslgn throughout the length and , breadih of the land ; our army of occupation would be looked upon as deliverers instead of enemies ; the lmi msnse r.sources of the republic would b? in process cf divdopmem ; scbo Is would be establithed--educit on flourish - tlie religious and political rights of all be protec ed -and the whole civilized world wou'd approve our | m ,deration aud cur ju?tIce Thus would the txifttiug war prove the greatest blessing whioh onuld have been bestowed upon Mexico ; and our sistw republic be rs1 deemed from the curse of misrule by unprincipled demagogues, autl gradually, but oeriaiolv be elevated to high place in the scale of nations. What says Mr. Pelk 1 to all this ? ^,1'hrse suggestl' DP are. of course, crude and not properly digented Time and great events have, too al'ered Kotuewhnt the position of things But considering the difficulties whieb tbe Wilmot Proviso ha? thrown around the question of annexing foreign territory, the universal desire of the country for peace, and the general wish f r tb? acquisition, sooner or later, of California and New Mexico, In both of wbich there are not flfry thousand Mexican*. ia It not pogalble by iota* aunh mode, to put an end v.t once to tbn mid the expenditure of life ad treaeure it Involve* ' <'*nnot the grcat and patriotic m-n of both pin lie* in Congress. find in aonie aueh aeh-nvi a lomuion ground upon wbioh to unite for the beu> 1U of our eouotry of Mexico, and of the civilized world ' Kor twenty year* Mexico ha* been no better 1 than a ne.*t of pirate*, among whom the property and peraon* of forelguera l.a?e been uueale, at the name time that eh* haa been recoguixed and repreaentcd at all the cl?iili?'l oourta of the world, a* a reaponaibla nation. ' Revolution haa followed revolution lu quick aucneaalon. ller military chieftains hare violated the nghta of foreign-r* raiding within her border*, and trampled > upon the quiet and peaciful of hrr own oltlxens ; and i yet ?e hate virtu?lly *a:d to Ktrope?" Hand* off: wa are the Dalion of North Ara*rli'a, and will not permit your Interferance. No monarchy shall be Mtabllsbed in our neighborhood " If we will not p-rmlt other* to corapt 1 her to eonduet herstlt an beef niea a olvliiied oat on. It beoome* our duty to do It; and from this obligation we may not ehrlnk. It la in cvldenoa, too, that at thin very time, the peaee paity in Mexico?the qniet, order-loving among h?r people-avow their fears that if a peace be negotiated, and our army withdrawn, they will again become the prey ot rbu horde of raokleaa. worthleaa, military chlettalna, whoaa only mean* of living haw been, and ia, the neeeimHy for their aervloeajcrowiDg out of disturbances areated by themselves These vaiopires are now dispersed: and If we will re eatabl^h in Mexioo the government o: lMt, and leave ten thousand of our troop* In her capital, and half the number at Vera Crux atid th*j Intoimediate ei ties.to protect it, aha can well afford to pay the expense of such army,In oonaldaratlon of the p-to* and prosperity it would,gueranty to her. Such a course of proceeding would give peace quiet and prosperity to Mexioo. and nt once terminate the axiatlDg warr, and tba expenditures attending It. No. 1(. Far the llcralil. WHAT OUGHT WE TO VO WITH MEXICO 1 We hav* frequently, of late, pal th? qu*?tloo* what ii to b? don* with Mexico? IVbat Khali we to with her ? TBf ? are, Imeed. important question*. but it appears to u?, tb? mure w.> reflvot upon th? iul ject, that after all tiia uioit Important question at iseue la thin great affair, U, rath-r, "what ought we to do with Mexico !" Klrst, l?t uj, lu the spirit of Juatloe. philanthropy and wtss policy, ascertain wh it we ought to do. and then, having marked oat our cou*e, l?t in pursue it undismayed by foreign diplomacy, or threatening notes and protocol*, aud eqnally undeterred by douie>t c taction or fanaticism i'o the point, then what ought we to do ? ?b?t 1* it rurduty <o do, with Mexico ? We wtll flrst answer the question without clrnumloontioni and then giv? a few or the reasoo* whltih convince u* that our answer is the correct answer, and by which we think every impartial reaaoner will hIto be convinced, that our answer to this question Is the only Juat and oorreet answer which It ?s capable of receiving 11 We *ay, then, in answer to this great and now natioail and all-absorbing question, that we ought to hold, reta n, and occupy Mexico, an wo now hold it. and yet more completely This in what wa ought to do?thin ia morally and politically our uuty. The following are some of the reoaon* which make tnlato be our duty; wa give them briefly, but they admit of much ampl,floatlon, and deserve eonllnu d and serious conelderation :-Flist, we ought'to do this for the sake of Mexico heraelf, and for her own b-nrtlt and advantage Mexico la Ilka a rich and productive eitate. in the hand* of a prodigal or spendthrift?or even lunatic 'I'ha fair eatata Ii going to ruin, and must be put Into the hand* of guardiana, to l>e nuraad, fanned, and recuperated We are the moit natural guardian* by propinquity, and we may now nay by provlilenne. The retaining p winlon nl tlie oc uatry, for the preaent, at leaat. la a rol*mo duty lmpoeed upon ?a If w? Sinoh from our duty, other, and wore na?U IRK I .NING, DECEMBER 5, 18QELOS, IN MEXICO IE lOVTH'BAIT. power*, having no Amsrlcan sympathies, no republican feeling, wi'l ieUe np?n the estate, cons'ltnte themselves its guardians. and, after a while, having waited and wallowed up the property, will proceed to dUturd and aoney u?, thrlr neighbors. (and we shall deserve It,) for our Begleot and want of forethought. Tb? goed, ppaci?, order, happlness and well-belrg- nay, the very existence of Mexico, make this occupation and retention of the oeuntry to be a daty to us, and rt-qulre It from us. We ought uot -It would be criminal?to abandon them in the position ther have so long been in. without order or government. We ought not to leave aud forsake them, Uke a ship at sea, In the power of a mutinous crew, subject to rapid successions of drunken captains and mates, who, if left to themselves, will destroy the cargo, buteher one another, and run tba ship upon the rocks. For the last twenty year*, Mexico has been in a sta'e of anarchy?a prey to despioable and little factions ?the sucoesive spoil of ambitious, incompetent military chli-ftains She has been without a government; her people hftVi* Wn Irr diLn nndttr fnflt. nn.1 mav h? itid to hkVri suffered greater erila Irom Internal dlsoid-r and misrule, than any country ?T?t sulTired from the temporary ravages of war, plague, or famine It woald, then-fore, be a mercy to bur and her people to govern them well, as our general* now are doing. It would be a kindness?an Inappreciable bleaclng, to them. It would secure tranquillity to the people, and open the long uloeed or obeirueled channels of national and Individual wealth and industry We onght, therefore, to retalu our hold of the country, and, we repeat it, to do so Is our duly, morally considered. We ought to retain possession, that we may suppress and keep down the turbulent atmy and chieftains which hare ao Ion? preyed upon her vitals, exhausted her resouroes, degraded lit r people, impoverished her treasury, and enslaved her population It < a duty whioh Is laaposed upon us. Thus far we bin stated hot one reason. Thers are others, which, for rhe present, w? will only refer to summaiily These are the following:?We ouwht to keep possession, not ODly for her own good, as shown above, but also for our onnsakea, and for the sake and safety of our republican institution* This is a seoond reason A third reason is, we ought to do it for the sake of humanity and civilization. A fourth reason la, we ougbt to do it. because, if we do not. others wil 1 ha ;h of theae reasona admits of demonalratlona. but the length of thla article admonishes us to paua* for the present. No. III. K?r tli? Ilera'tl. 1 HK PtrCKK GOV CRN MOT OP MUX ICO. A imm the fallacies of the day, we often hear it descanted on, as a goodly prospect f?r Mexico, that in tue vent or nouquMt, w- are speedily to Indoctrinate her people in th* 'ki ant and ?lorlcu? principles of demoo.aoy." Now this appears Ilk* killing them with kindntu, whan we reooiiect tbat those um? principles, gr*at and glorious u they ar* to ui, bare already been perdltlon to them. An article translated from the Htrahio dt Nmlntt, which appeared in tome of mtr papers about eight month* ago, In (peaking of the calamities of Mexioo, T?ry wisely ohser??s:?" Behold In all this the result of choosing a form of government for whloh her people were not fitted, and of Imitating the institutions of another nation entirely opposite to her in character and capacity." Who oan doubt th* truth of this, when b* remembers that Mexico, under the most exearable, colonial system which ever existed, war tranquil, comparatively prosperous, and In reality fir happier that she has ever brrn since Had she understood tbe real degree' of her p?opl?'s capacity for self government, independence might have elevated her moral and social condition, instead of depressing It Of all th* libsrated colonies on tbls continent, only two, sloce altaiulng to nationality, have advanced?tbe United States and Brasil All the rest hav* retrograded. Those two owe their success to the fame cause?not to thair both oboosing the ram* form of government, but to the adoption by each of that best suited to Its condition. Had their selection been reversed, it w> u!d have been even raor* disastrous for Brazil than for us; w* might have prospered, to a cartain degree, as a monarchy; but to no d-gree could sh* have done so as a republic on the same plan as ours. I do not positively inter from thia that Mexico could nereioiora navo inrivau only uoaer a monaruuy; uui i firmly believe that system to ba better for h?r than any the has bad ?lne? her independence, and tbat, in advocating It. Paredrs la probably seeking to do batter for his country I ban any or his comp? riots. 1 am oonvinoe 1, too, that If sho could thrive under any other while independent, it must bo one much nearer to monarchy than the government aha modelled after nura, and that. 10 bo well governed by ua, It must bo done In a manner mora akin to vico-royalty than any of oar territories have over been subjected to. If the onurae of events ahould require ua to rule over Mezioo, our folly would ba atill greater than hera. if, after the example of error ahe haa shown, wo should chooso aa badly for her aa she did for herself. The ouly kind of government undar whioh, as a dependency of oura, ahe could steadily Improve. and eventually become fit for a better, would ba one with the strongest deputed powers and the sltghteat popular ohocks which our constitution would allow; one whoae executive aod administrative branchea, under strict aoouuntability, and with stronger checks iron above than below, would possess all the energy needful to onforoo order and punlah orruption, and leave to the representatives of m limited constituency auoh legislative functions aa might carry out the wl?hea of their electors ouly so far as would to compatible with their own good and the interests of the general government. The only democratic prinoiples to be inculcated in the beginning are the aama which ought to have been preaohed by the fonnders of tho Mexican republic that the inaas of her people havo not tho requisite Instruction nor capacity either to devise measures that will benefit them or to choose those who coui i do it for them; and that avau the classea mora anligh'.ened, and inoro directly Interested in tho praoorvatlon of order and stability, nave need of wholesome restrictions in the axoreiao of rapublioan functions 1'hi) orimrnBifiit of Aolntilia haa aAmAtlm<> Kuan ka. nlgn and pau-rnal, with bat a moderate iofnalon of democracy; an<1 th* oolontal tynieru* of different Kuropean atloo* might afford ui unelul lr.n'.t for the adminlttrptton hare rcfrrr?il to, whtlfl the ol<?raot*r of the Mexiaan p<opl? and of rar own Intiltutlont wonld tugged the modification* wa ought to make In adopting thu | olioy of otbHrii On thla plan we might glv? to that unhappy repuelle all the baneflt whioh airong aad well regulated autbori'y would confer, and without regal ahu*?i t When tien. Taoon concerted the f?tr lmand he r.o ern*4t from a den of robbery, piracy and murdv. I""* au orderly and law-abidiug community, he did nut begin by preaching the great and glorlou* principle* of deu>ocr?oy, nor would he bava dona It had hi* di*uretlouary power* ?o allowed, for he knew what kind or people he had to deal with, and what mean* of reformation would be affectlTa. Should Parade* euoeeea In hi* design*, ha could not do betar than offer the thorny diadem of Mexico to the Alfrac. af Cnba; and If w* ehould need a territorial gavaraor for t at country, I trr.tt It may be eonie American, who, In ?>u*rgy and wilidom, will equal the great Spaniard. l'houjh Mexico might, perhap*, once hare don* w?U on the plan of a ntrang consolidated republle, I bellete that poMribillty It now pa*t, at lea*t for th!* af e,and triat her only refuge from waiting anarcny )* either a dependency or monarchy. Unfortunately, *be I* a* yet equally avert* to both; but any one who companionate her condition ought to detlra that, by ai>y Justifiable mean*, one god-tend or the other might ream her. If we do not Kite her the flret I am perfectly willing ?b* anould find tha other hirfe-lf, fori au nut to attached to a rner* n .me that I would prtrent men from becoming comfortable ?ut>J*ot?, only to maka them inferable ciUeatj II wouid m acting U>* dog m u>? rnrngtr on an IERA - ? - i 'ia-' nmanoa?=? 47. extsasire scale, If, while we withhold from her on* uylu'n, we prohibit her from voluntarily seeking the other. r?r?oL? of opposite parties will no doubt Me much treason in views like these. Of all the varieties of bigotry none in more unreasonable than that of the politician. who would allow to no country any other government than one like hie own; and he ii equally blind who refuses to foresee and provide for change* In the policy ani (pint of hi* own, which time and events are *o aure to produce. Those who least desire our conquest of Mexico, must own that th* force of circumstances may bring it about; and. *o long a* there la any likelihood of this, why should we not *dtnlt tiie fact, so obvious to all, that though w* ought not to treat her peopl* m vas?als, we cannot govern them a< conntrymen or a* d?micral*, nor allow them the same portion of self government that every section of our country eojeysT I desire that our Institution!. In spirit as well as in form, should ' oqiIdu* as tuey have been; but if we assume the attitude of a conqueror, or continue to take more aud more the obaracier of a spreading people, we must expect these insti'utlons to Mrnlergo changes of tone tod bearing. If not ol feature. If they be affected by eur acquiring realma to bo held In a atate of inferiority, (till 1 mora would they bo alter*d by admitting thole depoudenclta to an equality they oould not maintain 1 do not know that wo have noed of partial, whioh, on tho Kuropoan plan,might bo named old and young America?one oliuglng to the pant, and the other running mad with foaling* of the day; but 1 think it probable that time may hare in *tore change* for u?, and for thin oontinent, that giro noed for another party, looking to, aud providing for the future PROSPECTIVE AMERICA. Will tbere be I'eac? with Malcol [From the Loudon Vow*. Oot. Jd J The United State* General ha* at length, with muoh daring gallantry, and with tho aacritioe of no inconhiderable portion of bis troop* and o Ulcere, overcome tbo fort* and armio* which barred hi* eatrnn".e to Mexico, and haa aucceeafully eatabliahod hi* footing In that capital. Tho Mvxicau*. a> long an thiy were proteoted by wall*, and had ammunition to ply cannon, fou ht with Mpanlah obatlaaoy ; but it also appear* that they duret not await their foe* in the open fi-ld, or even inaki* reilatanoe hand to hand when the American* came ao eloee a* to real* thrlr parapet*. Wo are now made fully aoquainUt wltb the term* on whioh eaoh party 1* i willing to make peace. The demand of America la I Imply the oraaton of all tho northern part of Mexico, from the SUd to tbo 4Ji degree of latitule, with Lower ; California, Including the whole of Now Mexioo and Santa Ke The Mexican* refuie thla, but offer all tho territory between the S7th and tbo 42d degree, half, in lact, of th? American demand Mexico retaining Santa K?i And l,ow?r California, ?.? well as Montarey, but aeding to the American* the important district, wbioh the* no mueh covet, of N tn Francisco Moreover, they object to cede the territory between the Rio Bravo and the Nnenes, wbioh waf the principal eause of tha war A a thia territory la really of little iinportme*, Mr Triat asked for an Interval to get instructions respecting It, wbaa the negotiations were broken off by military impatience Tbere la one thing very remarkable la the offer of the Mei loans ; und thla la, ita complete conformity to the detlrrs of the American whig party, aa prumulgatad iu the important apot-ch of Mr. Webatar. recently delivered, in that apeech .Vir Webstar announce! ihe certainty of a whig majority in the House of Representatives, and be chalks out the line to be pursued by tliat majority. It U to grant means for carrying on tlin war to ihe procuring cf certain conditions, this very bay, port and territory of Man Kranolsoo being the principal one. But the whig? want no more, and they will treat Mr. Polk, ao"Ordnig to Mr Webster, as 1'resident Madison w*a tre*ta<l by the whiga niany yeara past He was aapported in the war agaluai Kogland. until Kngland would auboilt to oertain conditions; but he waa given to understand that he would not be supported in Camandlng more And on this vlr Madi- j on made peace. The Intention seems to be now for I tbo whig* tu approve of the Mexloan oiler* as sutllcient, ?nl a* getting rid of the quarrel which must arise, worn N?w Mexico to be annexed. like Tnu, with the probability of Iti being ? new slave-holding group 01 Slat**. it would, therefore, appear that If ihe Mexicans bold out, aud. unawed, even by the capture of their capital, cobttuu* the war, rvfuring to conclude peace on term* more onerous than erdiog Irom the 37th degree of latitude, the Mexican* will. In a few week*. find support In the Amerio n Cougress itself, whloh will have to d?oide upon fresh effort*, armament* nud expenses, or tba acceptance of Hanta Anna'* offer*. Much reference baa been made to the Intervention of the British envoy Uut ha surely cannot couosel Mexico tolurrender all ( alllorala and riant* Ke. with ten degrees of latitude In the meantime, the povcrument organs of Washington are full of rage and fury at the obetacles In tba way of their deslgni They pre*! for reinforcements and strenuous military effort*, and rroommeod that the army should lire at free quarters la the Mexican VllI ig and thus puolsh that froward pe<y>le for their obstinacy Military reinforcements aud efforts do, indeed, appear most necessary; but as to plundering the Mexican peasant, this would soon Ml mo?t. prejudicially to the interests of General Sontt. who, in ieed, has wisely exerted bloiself to prevent such excesses. The Annex.itleu of Nexlrn. In a SlMlilalt Uolnt Of vlnw. [from the Madrid Il.r?lU, Oetober II ] The ooourrenoe* no# happening la tb* distracted re public of M?sioo, uufortunataly rnrrobirate tb* nal I predictions wblob were ui*(ln but * (bort time ago, when | stating that tb* only remedy whioD eouM poMibly b* | applied In tb* precarious condition of that country wan tb* establishment ?f ther* of* monarchy,to b* oontroll 4 by a Spanish prince Th? ooIohhuj which threatenod It, li now eonoumriatlnr hU work, thou<h not without encountering ru i? shock* and bloody lon?ee, bis c?>mpl*t? triumph, however i* no lo.iger doubtful; m tb* end the ancient kingdom of Montrcumu will saocunb, and Mexican nationality will disappear troia tb* political sphere Would affair* bar* arrived at thl? extremity. bad lb* Msxiraoi comprehending their trim inlerrsts, flown to (h i ami of their f rm?r rul*rs (Spain ) and placrd themselves uad?r tb? cover of their friendly protection' I eruinly not. Mrantlms one feat of arms after another Is pUoing thn ujoKt important town*.in Mtxioo uod.r the dominion i of tha North American umr, au<l y*t for ail thin (ho U. SU'? barn no nauae tor aelf ooogratulatlon In theaa f lat'iri'i Kur tbough It may b:> trun that they *r- adran :,t>n lu lh? eonqoeat tbia lat.ier affair I* by no meana ao raay aa at flrat It might appear, 'l'hoae who formerly yielded th?lr poaltioua, without rematanna area, now defend tbemaelvaa and light faroeloualy. A whole people la not ao eaaily aubduvd, nor can a nation be blotted from the world by two or thraa victorlta 1 ha proud and powerful federal repnhllo will triumph, no doubt, or? tha disjointed and hairaaMd Meilean nation, if not by tha foroe of arm*, than by protocola Bat we repeat It. apart from tha vain glory of patlafled pride, tha annexatien of thla now Stuta to thoae now eomp'alii* tha Union, will ba much mora prejudicial than uaefill to thla latter. Tha territory of tha I'nlted StaUa la alraady too axlenalva for thla now addition to ba any mure than an In"tubui to the government, and all profiabtlltiea will ha?a t<> prove deceptive, or tha la?ua will have to uodario a uaw analyala that thla powerful repuLlln will divide Itlali In the an 1 Into many othera. without tha ordinal mother country being abia to prevei.i thla Inevitable diaiu?iuberm>-nt.which time will bring lu lu train. And If to tbia loeal reaaon wa add tha natural antipathy wbloh muat neoeaaarlly aslat between con<i?erora uid conquered, the different babita, language, religion and cuaioma, U U BOt to be doubted thai the .Nottk LD. MM TWO Omm, acrlMM WtU MT?t h*V? S BIMBt't (MM la Utlt rwW. But although thte murtiti u4 parhapa uabappy fatar* nay appaar l*u hard in our fight, up to a Mrtala point the eataatronha vhlah > .i.nlora will ut ha tka leea certain than that last remnant of the ktilrt KM wiU Ol?appaar from Uom tarrttorlea and with than trUl go tha moat remote hrpe of the motbar oovatrj beiag able one day to recuperate thai egltlaata laflnftt whleh lb* fH oallad ob to axaralM in thoaa ealoniaa whleh at ene time oonatltuted tha brljhteat Jewela of har arm of both hemlaphere* Wa do not aaak to incnlpate anj prannant directly; bat tbara haa baan maob torpor, muob unm and negligence, whan thing* have baan aUowad to aoaa to thla pata; whan our formar tranamarlne pnaaiaaloae hava baaome aaar prita* to tha prond rival ot Albion, laataad of having them ranged under tha ahadow of tha ataadard of thair farmar poeaeeaor* And If tha aoveteuaneaa of tha Amarloan Coloaaaa would ba aatiafled with what It haa already aon^aarad, thafta aTil? would ba ia*a lamentable; but tha tendency of thaaa aonqaaata la wall markad Tha powarfal Repabllo of tha aaw world aaanot with tranquillity behold in thoaa aaaa ona alngla apot whara homage la offarett to rank monarohy. It faara, and with reaaon, that whilat reatlog on har aotuai poeeaaaiona, Spain will at laagth awakaa aome day from bar inexplicable lathargy, and either earry Into effect the idea of a monarchy, or daelaring haraalf tha free prouotreaa of her IbraMT pravlnee* In thalr preaent condition aa RepubUea. take tham within h?r aliterly embrace, and abut off front tha Union thane immanae marketa for ita iaduatry and eommerae, and Intareeting Investigation It la on thla aooouot, tha United Statea oarriaa on beforehand their plan of abaorption; on tbia aooount they will not delist until all theae fraction* of Statea form one aola ona under thalr namr. law*, and flan ; for' than, Cuba and Porto Rleo will ba their*, and that which Kuiaia pretend* to do la tha Black Sea tha American Union aeek* to do on the Atlaatic, which tliay would convert Into an lmmenae lake, under their exclusive monopoly and arbitrary dominion. In their badly arranged political calculation*, ho were*, that whloh they think will contribute to their aggrandisement will debilitate and enfeeble them The annex atlon of Texaa. and thai of Mexloo, if thla happen*, by extending their territory weakens the action of their government and tllminUhe* it* influence. Both acU, and particularly the laat, saddle the Union with a ooioe al debt, when, up to the present time, (he has been free of suoh incumbrances Add to thla the Mlmil loet In the war, whloh la by no means dnlahed aa yet, but will ountlnue In its most destructive form. vi* : by guerrilla parties, ambushes, kc Both acta will also increase the already Immense number of enemies which the United States have, from their preponderating weight and power, presenting an 'a?y mod* of aooee*, and sure instruments for intrigue and dictinlon to obtain partisans. Moreover, through theee they wlU never obtain moral weight in the conquered ooantrleeand will gn on losing it also in their own; and lastly, both acts serve as a lesson to the other independent republics who, for their own security, will unite against the common enemy to defend (heir nationality; so that our possessions will be far from being an aid to tbe coloeial usurper And here there ia a new and favorable occasion for Spain to be of servioe to hsr former children, and offering them her protection, thus gaining for herself the oommerolal advantage* of all kind*, whloh are tbe ohjeotof the greedy appetite of the North American*. Ia f vor, then, of unfortunate Mexico, if there be y?t time, and in favor of all those territories which were formerly our colonies, it is absolutely necessary that something should be don?? that negotiation* should ha ct on root?that we should auk* um of oar former idvmtigd: and that, bo'b for her own llUMt and daeorum'i saka, no oth?r influence ihould be tolerated la tboM territories save that of the M[ anlsh government. Navigation or thk Pknobscot Kit** above Tidk Watkk ? No little luierem wrts telt last spring on aocount of tha experiment of navigating tba upper waters of tba Penobscot by steam VVa bad tba plewure of being uu? of tba parte on tba flrat experiment*! trip, nude laat spring, from Oldtowa to tba mouth of the Pisoataquis river. Tbat trip eatlafled as af the practicability of navigating tba Ptnobaaot a portion of tba year by steun between thoae points This boat baa been running tba wbole season, with tha exceptif a of a few w??k* during the drought of summer, between : Old town and Piscataquis tall* We now learn that on Friday laat, tba proprietora of the boat resolved upon ascending the. Pisoataqnls Fal's. She it art ad froni Oldtown at a quarter paat 9 oYloek and arrived at tha Piaeataqula Kalis The noble Penobsoot here, In two pltehe*, runbai over a fall of sixteen feet The boat waa put upon her oourse and these fall* were sueoeeafaily encountered and the ascent of toe quick and rapid watar from tha mouth of the I'isaataquis to the bead of tba falls, a distance of two mile*, waa made in twenty minute*, or at the fata of tlx miles an hour. All the ditto al tie* of the navigation were overoome and tha bont arrived at Waltawamkeag Point and tied up to tba Military Bridge before 0 o'elock P- M, having mad* ten landing* between Oldtewn and tha Point, two of whloh were nearly an hour each ? Tha next morning. 97th.a quantity of castings andiron* for C ashman It Hay lord'* mills at Nieketou, and sundry other freight, waa taken on board, the staamar waa cast v> I.UIu <m ? IU|>, UIU IWWU lor me H?M wwri OI tlie Penotiaeot. 8he successfully encountered the wlldsnd rapid waters of .vlataseunk Kip*, Salmon 8'ream Falls, and Jot* Marry'* Rip*, and arriTod at Nloketou, a distance of 14 mtlM, in two and a quarter boars. Having discharged her freight at the mill dam, aad mad* her turn in the eddy of tlie water* of the eaat and west branch, under the bluff of Nleketou liland, aha left for OKltown at .<% after 10, where *he arrived at K before ft P.M., In time for the evening irain of car*. Her dowaward trip wa* performed in 0>f hoar*, inoludiag stoppage*; h?r running time down was just 4 hoar* asd M minute*. The wool* distance trom Nleketou is U mile*; ?he made a fraction ov?r 13 mlies per hoar. This expedition ha* determin.d the proprietors to put a boat . upon the river In the spring, above Pisoataqais Falls, ' aud to establish a line of steamboat communication between Oldtown and Nlattawamkeag point It will W subject for the present to a .portage around Pise ate quia Kalis, and to occasional interruption* in the extreme i drouth, but lone before the time limited la th? ir ahartar hall h?t? expired, they confidently believe they will hare an uninterrupted lino of steamboat oommualeatlon established b*twH?n tbese two point*, and will parform occasional trip* to the Niokatoa and soma mllaa up tlia east branob, to accommodate 1 umbormen.- banrar IT A ijf, D?c. 1. Diahoi.icai. Conduct or a Husband?For orii'- yearo, ?nyn the Hrmpntead Inquirer, of the i7th Inst, "there baa resided at Near Rookaway. a lady, bar son and daughter. their board being paid by the husband of tba lady, h? refusing to lira with bar. Tba busb?nd resides In New York, in In fair oireumstanosa. and haa bten In tba habit, whenever ba wUbed to tall an j of bli prop irty, of (ending for his wife to comedown and sign away bar right of dowar. Home time alnoeabe waa told by som^friendt tbat ibe aboold be earefnl wbat aba signed; and on tba next application of her husband, alia wrote to him that, situated as she was, she could not agree to tigu off her right of dower to any more of bla property. She was sor.n after visited by a stranger from New Vork, who stated that he was about negotiating with h-r husband for soma property, and he understood tbat she had refused to sl<n the deed. Hhe replied that bar hutband was aware of ber reasons for not signing It, and that she did not csre to bave any nanrersatlon upon tbat subject with any parson save her busbnnd He then handed bar a sealsd letter directed to 'Joseph Pittlt,' and n?k?d h?r If she knew a ysuoh person. Without taking bold of, nr touching the letter, she replied tbat (be knew several I'etttta, but none named Joeeph Iter daughter waa In tba room at the time, and a member of the bully waa In an adjoining room with the door open,and they both state tbat this is the sabstanoe of the oonversatIon iinnii that nmaalon mmam v^-w - th? bunhand applied for a divorce? hla Maud awora ba had aerved a noltoa of the application for a .iToree upon the la ly, and alao that when aba vai tn tba city la May laat. that he followed her and a mala at ranger to a boaae of Ill-fame In Broome street, that ba aaw than enter, and ia tba coursa of two or three hour* he uw them oome out again?and upon the atrength of thin teftimony. a divorce haa bean granted, while tba lady remained la utter I^Doraure of what wa< going on until tba whole affair waa eat.tied It I* doe to the Tady to Itata that not the alighteet whinper of anandal baa b*en beard affalaat her rharaetnr. and ?he ia apnken of by all wba are aa(piaint-d with her u an amiable and vlrtuoue woman.? We bear it Hated that (be Irleada of the lady will proofed at ence to ham the dlrorae act aalda. and per h ape make an effort to aead the perron who perjured blmaelf for the bnabanil boarded out at the asprnae of tha Mtata in a noble baildlng cm the bank* of tbe Hudaon river " Tiik Lat* We regret to learn that tha <l?ni?ic? don# to the <hn<\p?ake and Ohio Cuil, by tb? lata (raihat. 1* KraaUr than wai at flnt *upp?a?d A *?ilou? brrach ha* lakan placs naar W 1111anifport, which it will r?<julra a nonaldarabla tlma to repair.?.Alexandria (3a fit*. I?< i??f. '1 ha <odorti? navigation ?aff?rad gra*t damaga. All tha repair* which had b??n comroencad aiooa tha pravloui flaod wrra dratroyad. and tha additional Injnry la moat erloui It la Mtimatrd that (Ira thoumad dollar* would h? raqalrad to raator* tha work to navigablaordar. Tha Codorua ifaak wa* hi*h?r on Wadneaday ulyht p< lut week than II hu bean for twenty flv* - York, (ft) R-publican '1 be river, at thin point, w*? higher on Wadnaadajr r'nl't than It bad he?n *lnea 1794 The perpendicular height of the river ovar the ordinary line ?u twentyone feet, and the oaual bank a* far u the eye ooni4 reach, ?u ?ubnierg*d. " w*a the aqueduct acroaa IIlark watar < reek The damage to the nanal haa, doubt laaa, hern vrry #r> at Home of the contractor* a bora tk* town have aoatalned a revere low. The fans on tha river are much lujured Among thoaa who fuatained heavy lonaei are Ju<i<e Wm Uanlela. Jr , and Mr* Parrl val - Atuigft Pir/ini**, 30 A Sou. It I* now aaid that tha Injury to tha Jaaaa river and Kanawha Canal, In the vicinity of RoottavUla, la mneh lee* nertou* than waa at fir*t ruppoaad The rutmlug eipenae* of tba packat ahlpa ketween New Vera and Liverpool, for tha laat two monlha. hava averaged (JOOU a trip more than the raealpta Thla ? tlmata la launded on tha (tatement of I oaptaln of ona of theae ablpa. The anma authority mention* a tact wbleb we suppore will not ba new to any navigator, but may be to many other* It I* that tha eour*e to ba alearad. on tha voyage from Naw York to Liverpool, by tha needle, 1* ona point *oulh of ?*?t the average variation of tha i.aadle between New York and Liverpool amount Ing to two degre.a, ao that tha oourae I*. In reality, one point horth .1 ea?t Thi* alight norililugln ufflclent to ooV?r the dilfereuoe of latitude between tha twn place*. In a vojm* of tbraa tbonaand mile* bury port HtraU, 94 in*t.

Other pages from this issue: