Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 7, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 7, 1847 Page 1
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Ttt Wkala Ho. ??34. I ' 13AHK THKATKE?Toeaday Evening, Dee 7, will be I JT performed THK KIVAL8? Si< Anthony Abaolme, Mr. II !? ; Captain Abiolnt*. Ovott; JUlin Mra. Abbott: Mis. MiUprnii, vir?. Vere on; Lydia Langniah, Mr?. U Jo"e? To coi:clnde with the rauvcal firce of the POOR SOLDIER? P?t, Mr. S. Peaia ic; ("apt Fmrov, Dmghetty; Darby. W. B. ( luiinuu; North, Mn. Fmiy; Kathleen, Mr*- Ki.ight. l)nn $1 Put HI ?enta; Oall^rv 71 re?r? PARK T II E A 7 H K.-V1H. DYOTT reap'etfully anannounces to hit friruds that his Benrfrii up minted to take ihceon nest Widnesday, 8ih Dec. ^iltt(Bl?ii of the euint unnm-nts will be dn'v announced in the billi. Ticket!to be lud of Mr Ihrnit. 4i Wh't? tt. d< MMwifcTuTrc BO WE to THEATRE.?A.W. JtCKion, Manager; bum danger Mm 8rr?ri?< ?1Tnesdav Evening. Dec. 7 will l'? r- fo'in'd 1'ia grand ballet ol UI9ELLE, o? the Willies? Oitella. Miss Turnhiill; Frince Albert, Mr >G W. Smith ? Pfyioai to which, the new dramattvled THE BOTTLE; r r ,L? I L'M"--. n I.I A T* I-- M. /' W Marks: Q or*e, Mr.Til on; Doenose, Mr. J. H. Hall; CodMet M?. r. Bu'fcr; Ruth Thornley, Mi si Phillips; Ellen, Mm Hibbard; Esther Clare. Mn. Jordan. Doors open at Hi o'clock aad the eorcaia will nmUT Bom 25 Cents; Pit and (taller?, UK Cant*. CAHH?BOWERY THE ^'KE?MISS JULIA Til KNBULL reM'ectftilly i>iform? hrr friends and the publie generally, tha'. her Benefit will take plaea ou Wednesday Evening "tli in?t.. upon which occasion will be presented the grand ballet of GISELLE. OR THE WILLI *8 ; the new 3r*ma i>( THK BO i' I'LE, ami for the first tune LA POLK \ N ATION ALE will be danced by Miss Turnhull and O W. Smith. Other enteitMnmeuts will be expressed in the bills of the d<y. Box Book now m an. dait'm CH .u. vt ' H K \ T RE.?Uadar' *?e "leeager.v , yJt FLETCHER?Stage Manager, Mr Hield.?On TuratUy Evenmr, Drc 7, will be presented the playofLOVK AND MADNKSS? Oetavian, Mr. Hield ; 8adi, Aitdis; Virolai, IV Hield ; Floranlhe Mrs McLean ; Agues, Herbert After Which, the HOLLAND FAMILV. To be fallowed by ihe MODEL ARTHTEB. To eonclbde wit,n the new grand pant tti me of thb GOLDEN KEY?Cha'acters by the Hoi land Kamily, fcc. Door* open at halfp'st.8; performance to commence at 7 o'clock. Boxe Mcents?Pit, UX cents (VI ITCtlELL'S OLYMPIC THEATKE-Qu Tuesday 11M. KTenicg. 7, th? oerformauftt will commence wiin THE BEE aS'dThV: ORANGE TREE-King Block. Mr Clark; Prince Amiable. Mrs.Timap; Princes* Amy,Mary Taylor. After which. THE AHCADK?Jeremi h Wiiton, Mr < ouoicr; Mark Read*. Mr. Chciifrau; Larry O'alack, Mr Cunningham; Longsuff. Mr. lailta: Miss Clementine, Mis." Timin. After wlucli, THE BOARDING SCHOOL?Captain Hare urt, Mr. Chimrrau; James, Mr Conover; Carolin* Blythe, Mary Taylor To conclude with, BEULAH SPA? Hecor Templeloa, Mr. Holland; Caroline Grantly, Mary Taylor. Doors open at half past A. and the curtain will rue at 7 Dres? r.jrcle.iflc; Upper Boxesitc: PitJJ>?c^ Ah TO R PLAt/E OPERA.?Wednesday "rcning, Dec 1, will be preseuted Bellini's Opera of LA BONNaMBULA?Amina, (liar lirtt appearance in Amerie*) Signora Biscaccinuti; Lisa, Sijinora Morn; Teresa. Signora Avogad o; Elvino, Slguor Viatti; Count Rodolpho, Signor Avignone; Alessio, Signor Mom: Notary, Signor Albertaiai. Boxes, parqnette and balcony, $1; amphitheatre, 5a cents. Doors open at 7 o'clock. To ' ommencc at half pa*t7.| BARNUM'8 AMERICAN MUSEUM ? f Htsaog, Proprietor : F Hitchcock, Manager?BP'.ENDID PERFORMANCES THIS AFTERNOON at J o'clock, and Thi* Evening at hall past 7 o'clock. Kngaged, for a few days, CAMPBELL'S ETHIOPIAN SERENAbERB AND OfCOMPANY who will appear in a ORAND ETHIOPIAN BURLESQUE OPEHA, and a'so in thei' Popular Minstrelsy, at each performance. Al<to a celebrated SCOTCH PIPER; Misses OASiJYNSKI, Juvenile Dancers; GREAT vv r.nnuhn, wn? sumabu, Miss tULIKIN, MODKL8 OH' SH AK8r EARL'S HOUSE, and other buildiugs connected with hii history; LI VINO ORANG OUTANG, fccA'lmirtance to the whole, >5 cents; children under ten years of sue and old enough to walk alone, 1JK cents. Reserved iront seats. one shilling each eitra. dS re_ TV/I ECHANIC8' HALL, 471 Hroarfway. Hetweea 'and l'l and Rroome streets. Crowded to overflowing with the BEAUTY and FASHION o( New York. OPEN EVERY WIGHT kiNABATKD 8UCCE8H Ninth Week of the Original CHRISTY'S MIN8TRKLH The Oldest E?tahP?h"d Band in the United States tC. P. CHRISTY E. PEIRCE, Q. N.CHRISTY. C. ABBOTT. J. RAYNOR. T. VAUGHN, wheae original and immiuble concerts are nightly honored with crowded and highly respectable audiences, andumveraallv admitted to escel every amusement ol a similar character offered in this city. Admiaeion 33 cents. Children under II years, half price. Doors open at 7; concert will commence at t o'clock. di )t*ie EUJ AH-NEW YOKK SACKED MUSK; SOCIETY. ?The Manager* respectfully announce to the public, that in compliance with the wish of many of the fiieuds of th? Institution, the Oratorio of ELI J AH. "ill be repeated on Thursday evening, Dag 9, at the Tabernacle, at half past 7 P. M Tickets. 60 cents each, to be had at the usual nlaees, and at the ooor "ii the evenieg of the performance. George Whitlock, SrcrrUry, 88 Canal street. d7 3t*rrc SOCIETY LIBAARY LECTURE ROOM. Ill Uro.d Way.?Mr LYN*E respectfully announces that he will give hie fi:st series of Musi'al Illustrations to 8hakspeare,at the above Jloom, on the evenings of Tuesday, Thursday, and Tueaday',December 7th, Kth, and list. The Musical (Huttmtiooe will consist of the celebrated Music to Shakspeare s Plays and Lyrics, selected from the works of Pnreell. Arne, M tthew, Locke. Stevens, Jackson, Beethoven, T Cooke, Sir H. H. liiihop.and Mendelasohn. The Plays selected for illustration, wi h introductory remaiks and readings will be the Tempest?As You Like It? Macbeth? Himlet? And Midsummer Plights Dream. The following Vocalists sre engaged?Mrs. Edward Loder, Miss De Lure, Mrs. Jones, and Miss M L. Leach, from England, her first appearance in America; Mr. Johnaon, and Mr. 8. L. Leach. The Chorus selected from Members of the American Mutical Institute. Conducto , Mr. George Loder, who will preeide at the Piano Forte Adoi'ss'ou each Evening, one Dollar. Ticket* for the Series of 3 Evenings, Two Dollars. Tickets to be bad at the different *rei??, ef Mr. C.fl. Francis, Boo??eTl?r, Brnariway.and ofM'. Lvnne.39 Mercer atreer I)mm nnm ut In If pa?t 7. To commence at I o'clo* k. de? <i*m 'PYttOLiSAN CONCERT?The Hauser Kami If, lelatives 1 or tlx Kaiuert, will hare (ho honor or giving their Kuurth Concert in America, on Wednesday evening. Dec. ( at the Society Library, on which occasion they will piesent an eutire chuge of programme. Tickets admi'ti ga geatleinvj and two lad es, $1; single tickets, 50 cents. Door* opea at ha f-past 6; to commence at lialf-patt 7 o'clock. No postpoilement nn accmnt o' weather. di 4t* m BKOAD WAV ODEON?Entrance through Pinteaui' Saloun under the m n.aiiemeut of Mr. K G Greeley ParSuette, 2^ rents; Rom, I2X cents. On'Tuesday evening, iec. 7, 1817 th* performances wijl commence with Giecian Kiereiaes. Vocal and Instrumen al Mnsic, Dancing fcc. The ru ruiiiirients will conclude with the Tableaux Vivsuts, given by celebrated artistes who have mudathis exhibition thnr particular study. Performance to commence at half pant 7. d36t*m M n?. H?'.LB * 'a ohLKBHATfcll COLLECTION OK Heriplural Statuary, consisting of the following groups, representing important and interesting subjects, the size ol life:?The Trial of our Savioar. The L?at Supper. Th* Birth of Christ. The M ral Scene of the intemperate Kamily. Iiuow open nt 411 Broadway, lata Walker's Music Rooms, efMMihe Apollo. e.ery day,from 11 A. M. to It P. M. Admittance 25 CPiiti On the Sabt?<th after divine service, from 0 P Vt tjJO P. M. Children half pnee._ <17 3t *m ORl0l\AL 8fL? MUlD ALTAR (1ICC of the Adoraion nfthe Virgiu and Infant Jesus, and other Saints,by Sr. Bnn.trruiuia, jiain'ed in the 16th century, by Rubens; just arrived from mwmiexliihitiug at 413 Broadway, con erLispenanl street. Ailinnsion. V> cents; season tickets. M cents, fern l"om 9 A.M tin 10 P. M. d4ti*m L'tTTfUKKH ON ASTRONOMY ? Professor O M. MI TCI ILL L, of Cincinnati, will deliver a course of lectures nn Astrou'imy, at the Tabfrnicle, commencing on Wednmlay evening, December I, at hil t pit 7 o'clock to borontimieil on Friday anil Monday evening's tint J the close. 1 lie c iuise *ill co jsist of six lecnires, and will embrace an exposition of the great problem of the Universe, the mechanism of ttii- fioUr System, and the constitution of the Is tarry Heavens, witn an account Of the great modern discoveries, aud the influence of prrvmus theories Kamily ticket*, lor four persons mtkt course, 15; Hike's for l<dy and gentleman, f ir the coirse, s i. Single tickets for the course, Si; single tickets for acli lecture, jO eta., m -y be obtained of C. 8. FRANCIS, No. 2. J lirotdway, and at the other priocipal bookstores in the city, aud at the Tabernacle,?n the evening of th* lecture "JU'zi* re BENN t I T'S LEC 1 Ulffll ON BOOK-KKKriNU.com docncc at 7 P. <?1 fcach learner keepia sett of books.? i vn ooi urs i rine cnurae. rrivate i|ualincation >23. Oeiitlemen wi I plrne to call nc 107 Fulton atreet nod wiier their mimes, ai the (I ?t eo'irae will commence oo next Monday evening. and if limited iu nnniher. dT lt*rre rpjre KIK8T A \ Nr.\L EXHIBITION or THE N 1 y. CANAKV BlitU F\NCIfcH8' ASSOCIATION,lit the Lye urn Building. V'. l Broadway, tnmmratn on Tueeday. December 7ih and will continue the 8th, ?th and Uth? Thiaexhitiou be ng the firat of the k-nd iu the United Stuea, v.il (miirace, in aldition to a beautiful diaplay of the long breed Cnua'ies, shown by inein jeia lor premiums. a numerous collection of rare fuier aid Simtiug Bird?, loined Ijr the ocension by P'>vn'e individuals The room will be appropriate ly decorated with flowe's nd evergreens, and no peins will he ?.?rad in malir the exhibition aa interesting aa it la novel.? Ti<-k<ta 2i cent" a'lmutiiig a gentlemm ami lady. Open from i> A.M. to 10 P M. |1>; U?rc Thu: tffcCOND ANNUAL BALL.of ihaSeoond Troop of New York IIU/./AKS, will he hel.l at the Apollo S l.ini", on >'KI U A Y t.vcu'iif, December 10th, ina a>.t. O. LUBIH f' N t.nptaln. d7 3t*m Ti iLL. tlwOvt (lilfiti-Juit t>u>>lia'ied. Ouran*'. lerrJ * xir'iore r. r Bill H um Oui e; 4 work ind apei * hie to a lie beginner ii.d ena'nini k mucti information for |> ollne t< ? HO i ?4je?, price 45, V and S? c nla each, iu variuua st) les of bilidi i Kvtry ih"H< ia fully explained ill iPe above woik, final h' ii dstyle c< uiitry dunces to the ialeatand most iuagu lici nt pulkK. TUHNKR k H9HKK. 74 Chatham street. ile'nem'i?r, VmIiv tn.e Rm <i"arte'a, Feb H Iu d7 ltt*re ITNl l'j,U SI'AI to AitSICN AL?Kayetteville, fx. C., March 2 1817?Or, Fowle: Dear Sir? Having nied aevernl bitt'es of Wiatar'a Balaam ol Wild Cherry in my family, forth* com' hii ta for which it ia recommended with decided ' > . | < ffect, I cheerfully advise mv frieuda.ai<d ell oihsra v.lio mny need a medicine of that kind to try it. O. A. Hi.whaiman N B.?We do not ash tt,ei nblie to rely solely unofl lecommeud.idoi.a produced from htitea fat diet tot, ? I,are the persona cantot be knowni bnt, liismg testimony frem every Bti e in the Union. we refer all who have any d< '>? ibiidt 'he efficacy ol ihia highly popalar and na'lul mrurnur to tneir iwi naiaiiivii* wno nate unto ina arririe ? Beware < f cotinleifeit* ?u<l imitation*?lyrnin and all other preparation ol' Wild Cherry. Hememher. they only imitite in name without poairtiiny the turner Buy none but the M*nui''e i"'1 orgiaal Dr. W ntni'? Balaam if Wild Cherry ? hi?ned I. BUTl 8, on the wrapper. Foraale. wholesale and ['fail, by Me?*n. A. B k D HANDS. 100 Fulton, comer of William etreet. and b" diui Riat* ge n'rally d 7 Ifm D~.lHO#d NKIVLV INVKN F, l? Shu* Kft BATH I !i ? hi#hly important an?l naefnl imp o# n-in ia de?iinrd to find i t v ay mm general ua?. in ? fi ree ft/all other HImw-i Hatha extaut. Tfce kre?l irnprnTement eoi.ama in <|>plyiag ample >et yery Migenii nt d <nh e art ug below* I iimn, wnicli uan be operated oi"in by the mer. in such a aia net ihatenlier a hr*yr or Iixht flow of water cau be ohtiined; a .il nl?'i while acting upon the pump the b"dy ia pleeain"y ?i wh cli renderi the Miower Batli delightful An objection li'in) mane to the ordinary kind m? in na-, Ir m the lact that the aaer, while icmaiiiing ititionary, >ec?irei lia'giee bletea anon Theae objection* are happily obviated by tma important diacorery. A winking nr.odel ran be ae?n, and "II information will begivn to thoae 4c iri.oa o' tcquiri ( an iuttreat in th? City of New Yo k. bv immediate application to MF.ODoKK F. KNUr LBRFCHT, Oeneral ^gent, 'or the (ale and introdactinn of a*eful and importart i.Tentiona throaghbnt the U nited State* and furore Office 1 1 jj* 'truer _ d7lt*in fc* OK 8 \l.> ?A Black Mare, * yeara old, I4)f hatiu* mcTi kind in d< note or *ir gle l.arne**. laal trotter, an" aoni.d in ter/ P,U"*u'r,''..if "f fch*c?i ha *een at Ir To ItK MUKHaa S Stable, Soath Ferry, Brookl} *7 It* m NKW Von* HOItSh BAZA AH, No 31, Cioaby atieet. L F- Houi(h, Auctioneer?The neat ratular auc ion a&lf * will tilre piece at tliia eatahliahment on Tueaday, Dee (, con inenrirg at II o'elock, *i h Carriage*. Han e** tie., and nr Ko'cloek wit'i a cauhnue of Hone* Heotle.nea having h'?a?.< In offer ? tlin an It will pleaae reliefer theai no 'I net lay hef '? i o'eloek or they cannot be offa td bycatalogu*. J(M<\ II OATkIULU, Proprietor ; VV m. Cowan, Maaaaer. .17J >jr?_ I/OR SAL.K?An tiyatcr ealoon a> d Keitaarant, aitnaied . in a good part of th? city. For firther Information e?ll i t V'i 51 B >wrry,(down it.nr*) between II A M. ard t P M. % ' It" rn 9 E N E NEW CURIOUS HISTORY or TUB WAR II THE MEXICAN VALLEY. THE XZHll&OBPXlld LETTERS CAPTVRBO BY TUB AMERICAN GUARD, IT TACUBAYA , AUG. 22, 1817; INTRODITCTOIN. Minor General Scott entered the village of Tacubtvn.ind established his headquarters there on the 21st of August, 1847. Tacubnya is one mile from Chapult^pec, (a fortified hill,) which is itself about a mile and a half from one of the gates of the city of M<mico. On the morning of the 22d of August, a Mexican mail was intercepted by the American cinrds, containing two parcels of letters, one aadrt-s-?ed to Toluna, the capital of the State of Mexico, and the other to Morelia. These letters are now in the possession of the Inspector General of the army? translations of th"m, carefully prepared by a capable hatid, are here offered to the public, for reasons which ivill be ntnlife^t to the considerate reader. To make then! intelligihle, some few facts must be stated, which occurred before the letters were written, and a few, also, which transpired after the capture of the letters; but we wish it understood that it ia not our purpose to give a history of the operations of the American army before and at the Mexican capital: we speak only of what the army has done as an army. No attempt is made to do justice to individuals, and we select this course for two reasons?we wish only to make the letters intelligible, and with our information and meant, we cannot hope to award what is due to all. We, therefore, omit names, and deal only with events. Impartial history will in due time do justice to all. The distinguished judgment, ability and z?al of our engineer officers, of both corps, will then stand out in brond relief, and the providence and bkill of our ordnance officers will also be conspicuous, and justly so, as they are not content with service under cover in the arsenals, preparing guns and ammunition, but they follow to the field their heavy ordnance, and under the the fire of the enemy, give practical proof of its excellence and power. In like manner justice will he done to the judicious arrangements and abundant supplies of the iju.trtermaMer and commissary departments, without which the army coula neither move nor remain in position. Justice will also be done to the talents, skill and humanity of our admirable <;orps of medical officers. So. also, a just view of the army will exhibit to tne world its great excellence ot pertonel, in officers and men, in all the different regiments and corps._ Then, too, will be made manifest the extraordinary ability of the commander of this army, in all respects worthy of it, as he has given tne most abundant proofs, by the directness and greatness of his objects, ana the certainty and comparative ease with which he has accomplished them. Such splendid results could only be achieved by a commander gifted with the highest powers of combination, c pable of the clearest views, and endowed wuh the most unwavering [firmness and steadiness of purpose. Excepting some very few of the letters, they were written on the 21st of August, and reler principally to the events of the few preceding ?r .u? on.u ,.< a r The letters were written by Mexicans to Afexicans?they exhibit the unrestrained outpourings of friends to friends, when all luotiveslor concealment and misrepresentation seem to have been entirely out of the question These letters, therefore, furnish valuable testimony on the points within the knowledge ot the writers, though they contain some unintentional errors when statements are made respecting facts not personally known. Thus, when these letters, state, as they do, that the aggregate strength ot the army concentrated by Oen. Santa Anna for (]ie defence of Mexico, exceeded thirty thousand men, there is every reason for relying upon this statement; and thus, in the same manner, we have unquestionable evidence tnat not fewer than twenty-six thousand men were engaged in battle on the Mexican side on the 20th of August. But the evidence is not equally good when the letters refer to the strength ot the American army : lor the fact could not be equally nr.lll.ni.urn Thn. .? I. n..l In., th in some of these lettera, th?t the American army wai twelve thousand birong; but it happens to be true, us stated in others, that the American force was about ten thousand ?though not all of this force was at any one time engaged in battle. Valencia's entrenched camp at Contreras was taken in seventeen minutes, by the watch, by about fifteen hundred men, without artillery, and without cavalry?he having five thousand men, with tweuty-ihree pieces ot fine artillery, covered with about two thousand cavalry. The fruita of this brilliant surprise, iu the immediate vicinity of Contreras, in prisoners, lie., were secured oy other troops, besides the assaulting Ci.. >L !- .1 --! uviuiiiiiO) j'vowvu iv>t niv ^'uij'uai y UUI llic ttClUdi defeat and utmost annihilatioa of Valencia's division, so utten referred to in the following letters, was accomplished, as t-tated, in seventeen minutes, instead of two hours, as stated in several of the letters. These letters also furnish ample evidence tint the Mxican army w?s most abundantly supplied with munitions of w;ir of all kinds, especially with amuninou, in nil its forms of prepation; most ot which is now in the hands ot the Americans. One ot the chief points of value in the evidence furnished by these letters, has been superseded by the events of the 12ih, 13th and 14ih of September: we r? fe r to the fact that the American army, by the victories of the 20th of August, had entirely defeated the Mexican army, and could have entered thi capital, had it been the pleasure of the general, on the evening of that day; a tact which no one can now dispute, since the Mexicans were unable to prevent the occupation of the capital by the Americans, after having had Irom the 20th of August to the 12 h of September to recuperate and recover from the blow inflicted on the first of these datea?over twenty days?during which time the fragments of the Mexican army were brought together and reorganized into a lorce of about twenty thousand men, having been reduecd to about eight thousand, as the letters testify. The for ificutions had also be'-n immensely increased between the 20th of August and 12tn of September, on the side ot , lite vi(y threatened by the Americans ; and th same time ?n ibl-d tile Mexicans to withdraw all their artillery from the I'enon and other points, not in danger, and dispose it on the southern una southwestern Bide of the city, where they knew the atUok wan to be made. All this did not avail. The American army effected a lodgment in the city at two points on the evening oi the lBth of September ; and on the 14th, entered the giand plaza, the headquarters of the army being en nbliehed in the National i*alace, over which waved the. star-spangled banner?what remained of the Mexican army on the evening of the 13th, hdviiijuj been withdrawn during the night. At that time the effective American force wan lees than eight thousand men. A few words on the subject of the armistice may not be amiss, it is very generally believed that before the army left Puebla, intercourse of some kind, looking towards a p>-ace, had been partially established betwem the Americans a ori Mexicans, but it was said that the Mexican authorities were restrained by public opinion, which was unable o conceive it possible that the imtnense pr< pactions in Mexico could fail in s*cuting the city ; but as th" object of General !SCOtt. in the whole Ot lli* mwrlllnni 1.1 t 111 . countiy, liits been to bring about an honorable |it-acf, he gave out, in udviiuce, before he left l'uebla, piecist-ly what he would do before he wi uld, by force of urms, enter thec?piul. The Mexican army bein* 00 large, and its appointments ho complete, while the fortifications, which astonish all who nee them, were constructed with scientific skill?all these facts rn.'de it necessary for Gen. Scott to move from Puebla and strike a severe blow nrar the capital, as the only means of convincing the Mexicans that, notwithstanding aJl their preparation*. they could not resist the Americsn army, small as it was. There was come ho[>e that by thus opening the eye* ol the Mexican people in tl>e capital, negotiations might be entered upon, ana a peace secured; to accomplish which important object Gen. Scott was willing to forego all the eclat of a forcible entrance into the capital. We know that all this was distinctly within the contemplation of (ten. Scott before he put f?ot in the stirrup to leave the city of Puehla. His foresight and deliberate plan, in ihi < resprt, is one of the most remarkable incidents, all thing" 1W YC r YORK. TUESDAY MOR connidered, that has ever occurred in the history <>f wars. Let his position be considered?his distance from home?the extent of his march to Pifbla?the distance yet to be overcome?the smallness of his lorce?the character of the city lobe assailed?the great capital of a great country, defended by an army full three times his numbers, and known to be so?that capital surrounded by lakes or swamps, and only to be approached by narrow causeways,with deep ditches on either side, and swept by ariillery in front and in flank. In view of all this. Gen. Scott said, before he left I'uebla, in so many words, that he would march to the neighborhood of the capital, and either defeat the Mexican army in the open field, if they would give him battle; or he would take a strong position from the enemy, and then, if he could restrain the enthusiasm of his army, he would pause without the city, and snmmon it tn Hurrpnrlpr. in nrH#?r to uiv#? tin* riiithnritifK within the city an opportunity and a motive (ihe saf-ty of the capitil) for making a peace. He did precisely what he designed. He marched from Puebla in four columns, with the interval of a day's mareh between each two columns,and arrived himself, being w.th the leading column, at Ayotla, before the Penou, on the 11th of August. While the rear was coming up, he reconnoitred the Penon and country around, and satisli-d himself of the practicability of a march by the way of Ch?ilco to San Angustin. As the rear columns name up they were directed towards Ch?lco, and taking up that route himself, the General went to San Augustin, 15 or 17 iniles?the road, as the letters will show, being d-emed impracticable by the Mexicans?arriving there on th^ 17th of August, being then 12 miles from the capital, and in front of the fortifications of Sua Antonio, which are about two and a bail or three miles from San Augustin. These fortifications were threatened by a division, while the general,on the 19th. ordered a force to open a road, in order to turn tnem to the left. This force had to pass what, in the letters, is called a Pedregal, i. e. a surface of volcanic scoria, broken into every possible form, presenting sharp stones and deep fissures, exceedingly difficult lor the pat-sage of infantry, and impossible for that of cavalry, exliv h nincl#* rojicl. in frnnf nf whir?ti unsJ nor. fectly commanding it, Gen. Valencia had established an entrenched camp on elevated ground, which camp he occupied with his division of 5000 men Irom San Luis Potosi. everywhere in the letters spoken of as the "flower of t ie Mexican army. He had twenty-three pieces of superb artillery, and was covered by a large body of cavalry. There was firing from and upon this entrenched campduring the afternoon ot the 19th of August, but no serious demonstration was made upon it that day, the tune being employed by the engineers in looking at the position and studying the grounds uround it; so that (lie Mexican?, both in the Mnip and in the city, imagined they had gained a victory, merely because our army had not yet defeated them. The bells in the city were rung lor joy, and Gen. Valencia distributed honors among the leading officers of his camp, as the shades of evening left him ia .security within his lines. Duting the night of the 19th, a body of our troops passed along a ravine under cover of a night made doubly dark by a heavy rain, und in the morning they had gsined the rear of the entrenched cuinp, into which they plunged headloi g before the astonished Mexicans had time to put themselves in position for defence. The assault whs commenced and completed in the short period of seventeen minutes, though our troops were engaged during an hour or two in picking up the scattered frn?ments of the proud "division of the Noith"?Valencia him-elf disappearing altogether. Several names are applied to this entrenched camp, (San Geronimo, ll..1: If l-l a *. : 11 rauirjunn, iTjuguaiciin, c<-c.,) mil u 13 generally called Contreras, and it is about five or fix miles from San Augustin, to the left of the San Antcnio road. Passing by Contreras our troop*, before mid-day, were in tull march by San Angel and Coyoacan towards Chutubusco, where tne Mexicans were in force in a church or convent, strongly fortified. About five or six hundred yards beyond this convent the road by San Angel, tic., comes into that of San Antonio, at a point where, by a bridge, the Sun Antonio road or causeway crosses a small srream, or canal, called the Churubunco river. This bridge w>is defended by a perfectly constructed, scientific tele de pont, the defences here and at the convent forming a system mutually supporting cach other. No time was to be lost; and at a few minutes before 1 P. M. our troops were pushed forward to the attack of the fortified convent, where th?firing became verv severe with both artillery and finall arms. There had been some firing at San Antonio on the 18th and again on the 19th; but on the 20th, after the defeat of the enemy at vyuiiircrn!>, urn. oamti (VJ^n saw mat OUT troops, by the way of San Angej, would noon be in the rear of his fortified po.-ition at San Antonio, and he therefore ordered that place to be abandoned, directing some few of the guns, which there was no time to remove, to he spiked; but the American division in front, by passing a colurrn to the left, had already turned the position and succeeded in cutting the line of the retreating troops, which were also attacked along the causeway itself, by another portion of the division, and thus the Mexican force at Sin Antonio wan broken and in great part dispersed or taken prisoners, only a few reaching the tfite de pont?the American division now panning down to the attack of that place, while the attack upon the convent of Chumbusco was poing on. At nbout half past 1 P. M. the Mexicans were in force at the church or convent, and at the tiff dr pout, wnd hud, besides, an immense body of infantry to their left, (our right) alone and behind th" Cihurubusco river, nearly at right angles to the San Antonio causeway; they had also another body of infantry and an immense body of I cavalry extending along the c.iuseway itself r_ itii. J _?.? -i .1 - . iiuiii mc icir ur jivni luwarun inejcity. i nf American u'cnTil being on t^e Sin An/el roi l, in I front of Churubusco, directed the whole of the I operations, which soon ntter 1 P. M. becam* j general, extending throughout the entire Mexican army. He directed columns to support the main attack in front, and other columns to the right to support the San Antonio division in the attack upon the tfitr dt pont and the extensive line of infantry along the Churubusco river; other columns again, to the left, in order to turn both the convent and the ttlt dt pout in which operation the enemy's force alone the causeway beyond the itlt dc pont was engaged. The hattie'now raced at all points and in all directions, wherever the enemy was found in position, and coutinu?*d without intercession during a period of nearly three hours, wh<*n the convent and tele dt pont were both carried, and the enemy was driven from the river mid the causeway, and compelled to fly in consternation toward* the city, entering it by thegite of San Antonio, in contusion ind disnisy, followed by a considerable body of our troops, at least a inile and a half beyond the tilt dt pont, while a body of cavalry pushed the pursuit into the v<-ry gat'* itself, about n mile and a half still further, not hearing or heeding the recall which had been I sounded from the rear. This cavalry charge is frequently referred to in the following letters, and no doubt amazed the .Vl'-xicans to an extraordinary degree, both by its boldness and by the little loss attending its successful retirement to the main army, which had halted near a place | called in the letters Portilis. The American l force, at about I I'. M., was in the entire posses1 .A .it <t.. A-C ?-L ? --- nu.i >/ ?> v..i uvin I ucirulTB 1)1 lllf CIl/, l?ll IIIC San Antonio causeway, and could have entered the city that evening without serious difficulty. Hut the general had accomplished exactly what he had designed before he left PuebU. lie therelore halted the troops, and after giving neccKBHiy instructions,returned bv ihe San Antonio road to &tn Augu>tio, arriving Here about dunk in the evening, having been the whole day in the snddle, directing the important operations briefly recited Hbove. In the evening he was visited by some Englishmen from tne city, for whit purposs is not precuely known?but the next morning the general, starting on th** San Antonio road, turned to the left, and was met at Coyoican, n^ar Cliurubusco, by a deputation from the Mexican government, under a flig, proposing some terms which, whoever they were, were instantly rejected: and the general sent by the deputation a paper he had himself prepared, offering to grant an armistice on certain conditions, the first being that the Mexican frovernmeni should appoint commissioners to receive and consider the propositions of the American Covrrninent, to be presented by an American commissioner, then at the .headquarters ol the American army.? This communication being sent, the general, wiih one division of hiR army, continued on to Tacubays, about six miles from Coyoacan, and entered ihat village, rb stated at the immencem^ni of this preface The proposal <-f the American <>enerul wa# >RK I NING, DECEMBER 7, 18

screed to by Gen. Santa Anna, and on the 24th < of August, the ratifications of an armistice were dulv exchanged. Commissioners met to treat of peac% and this is ?n important point in the history of the even's before the Mexican capital. The army, one is disposed to think, had accompli shell its mission. It had brought commissioners together to treat of peace,after the government* ot both countries had declared that a peace was desired that should be honorable to both nations. But peace was not made. ii i? i?iupcr 10 sty in&i inc ueneraiMn-imei had no power confided to hiin by hits government authorising him to iict an a commissioner in concluding a treaty of peace?he wan sent to this country a9 a military man, exclusively. He, therefore, is in no manner responsible tor the failure of the negotiations, which, nevertheless, he 1ih8 all the merit of having brought about, after the events of the 20th of August. It i9 equally proper to say, in justice to the talented and experienced gentleman selected by the government of the U. S. and sent to the headquarters of Mnj. Gen. Scott as the commissioner to ireatfor peace, ihut he was trammelled by the instructions of the government,irt so' much,that it will remain a problem as to whether more enlarged powers would not have enabled him to have made n treaty "honorable to both nations " The ultimatum of our commissioner was handed to the Mexican commissioners early in September, about the 2d of the month, and very soon afterwards, reports began to reach the General, and accumulated very rapidly, ihat the Mexicans were engaged, in violation of the articles of the armistice, in fortifying the city, especially at night. On the 6th, the Mexicau commissioners, it was expected, would give their answer to the propositions of our commissioners, and they did bo, refusing to accent them. Simultaneously with this, the General sent a paper to General Santa Anna declaring that, as the articles of the armistice had been violated by the Mexican authorities, he felt at liberty to terminate the ar inisnce in Hid pleasure, oiu wouia uuow unni the uext day st noon for explanations. Up to 12 o'clock of the 7th of September, the Genera! had not only made no reconnoissance, but had ordered the engineers to make none, in strict compliance wiih the armistice. Soon after 12 M. the 7th September, the general rode to the heights of Tacubaya, over against Chiipultepec, where a building was pointed out to htm a few hundred yards from the base of the Chapultepec hill, which was said to be a foundry in full operation, casting cannon trom bells removed from the churches in the city. As he rode away from the place of observation, he remarked that he,would, the next morning,destroy the foundry, .so us to prevent the enemy from making any more cannon, and would then at his leisure lay down his plan for a final attack upon the ?ilff. The battle of the 8th of September, called the battle of the Molino del Key, wus the result of this determination, this being the name of the building pointed out as the foundry. The enemy anticipating an attack in that direction, had moved out,on the 7th, p. very large force, said by some prisoners taken on the 8th, to be 8000 men, besides a thousand within the works at Chapultepec. This force was covered by buildings and entrenchments extending full a inile in length, its left being at the Molino del Rey, n^ar mime woods at the b ise of the Chapultepec hill, while its right was within a strongly built hacienda,of tone, us usual. Early in the morning of the 8ih,the attack was mude by a division of our troops, and the fight was continued rather more than an hour and a half, when tk? enemy was driven from his entire line with the loss, besides killed, of many prisoners and ol several nieces of field artillerv. all he ventured to bring into that engagement. A* tlie ttnemy supposed th'.s attack was intended to lead the way to Chaoultepec, and as Chapultepec wait not assailed, tne opinion in the city wait quite decided that we had sustained a defeat although we had in fact moat completely accomplished the only object in view. Our loss in the ; fight was very great, and although something i hie the menus of" trusting cannon had been found and destroyed?although we had taken many prisoners (several hundreds) and several pieces of artillery?still, we believe the army would much rather have dispensed with the glories ol thdt day, as it was accompanied with unusual sorrow and mourning for many of its noblcHt spirits. The general then began his preparations for a final attack. He ordered a depot of sick md wounded, of captured artillery, &c., including prisoners, to be established at a small village called .VJiBcoiic, to the right of Tiicubaya,through which he had passed in coming from Coyoacan ; and in Irontottlm village, at a place callad Fieri td, hii posted a division to threaten the city in th.it direction. Immediately there was seen an immense number of laborers busily engaged night and day in fortiiyiug the causeways, by which tb? city whh ucceaaible from the Piedad. It was wonderlul to see the activity with which they worked. At the end of three or four daya the fortifications in that direction seemed very complete,?nd lined with artillery and men. It was evident that the enemy looked upon that aa the contemplated place oi attack, and for t us very reaaon, perhaps, ttie general made liia arrangements to attack, not there on the right, but at Chapultepcc on hia left; but still he kept up a show of atiuck from the Piedad. On (he morning of the 12th ol 8ept. the firing commenced from three or four batteries upon Chapuliepec; but no ahow of force was made, and the enemy thought it a feint, keeping his principal force in the direction of the Piedad. The firing continued all day on both mdea.with very little effect. It wjh resumed the n<*xt morning, and conti nued Rbout two hours, when it ceased by order oi the general, th?? cessition being the signal or time determined tor the advance of two asaaultmg parties of 250 men each, supported by strong columns, the artillery resuming its fire us soon a* the movement watt in lull operution, and in about an hour the height* were ascended bv our troops, and the scaling ladders being placed against the walls, our intrepid officer* and soldiers passed over into the main work, driving the enemy either onl of the work altogether, or into buildings where they surrendered at discrjtion. The enemy, during the night oi the 12th, had sent additional force to defend Chapultepec, though evidently at a loss to know where the real attack was to be made. The defence, however, was desperate, the fight being maintained at a multitude of point* in the woods near the hill?it batteries and breastworks at the base of ilie hill, and from various points and different positions on the nides of the hill. This fight wus, on ttie whole, one of the most remarkable that has occurred during thewar. liat I design merely an outline. As the military school was at that place, the superintendent, professors and students,became prisoners ot war, with a larg body of other officers and inen, including the. ceieurated veteran, Gen. llravo. Cnapultepec having fallen, our troopH were directed in two columns along two causeways, one leading directly to the city, and the other to the left, to intersect the .San Cosine causeway; and now the fight was resumed inch by inch, upon each route, but the infantry of the enemy was driven, una ills Datieries taKeii in rapid succession along a distance upon each causeway, of more tliaii a inile and a halt, and at night both columns hnd made a lodgine?l within the gates of the capital. Our force at 1'iedad waff uot unoccupied on either of the two days. A field battery opened its fire upon the enemy, and movements were in ide as if to attack in that direction, thus occupying the enemy, already strongly in the belief that the real attack was to be there?but after Ghapultepec was taken, and our forces had nearly penetrated the city, the force was withdrawn from 1'iedad, and Aeut to the support of out! of the attacking columns in the city. The deeds of valor by our troop* on this day, as on previous occasion?, deserve to be recorded bv a Tacitus or a Livy or a Thucydides, and therefore we do not attempt it. The general, alter d recting in person the entire operations of the day, giving the most minute and exact instructions tor every movement, finally returned after dark to Tacubaya, where he was called up?n in the night, towards morning, by a deputation from the city council, with information that General hanta Anna had lelt the city and h*d withdrawn the army, and they desired the general to give them some assurances or conditions before entering the city.? This he d'clincd doing, telling them in substance, that he would agree to no conditions until tie should first no into ihe city, und then only to such as should be self-imposed; but that his course would be such as the dignity and honor of the United States required. At nine o'clock on the morning of the Utli of September, the general dismounted within the court of the .Vitionil Palace, and h; ending the brood llighl of stairs to the saloons above, sat IE R A 47. down and wroto a brief order, announcing his occupation of the Capital of Mexico. THE LITTERS. Antonio, 19th August [citiact.] Yesterday we commenced firing upon the enemy with our cannon, and killed some men *d<1 horse* To-day, up to 19 M , we barn flred but few shots. and the enemy era re'raating. with the object, I suppose, of going to Taoubaya t>y the way of r* J regal (Contreras ) They | hare a long distance to march, and I do not know what | will becoma of them In their unfortunate situation.? Every day Is a loss to them and a g?in to us The s'rug- i gle will be aavare,but favorable to us. as the oeesures we nave taken are Terr good, and they will net this time | latl _h ia their beard, as they hare on former conations D*. f. J. i The following letter is from a member of the Mexioan Congress, and is marked, pflvste. I Mrnco, Aug. 31st, 1847. Dear Friend : ?1 hare before me your welcome Utter of the 10th inst , in which, among other things, tou are pleased to point out to me the reasons why you bad suspended oirr correspondence. The idea you present to me, that 1 otigbt not to leave this place before having arranged every thing relative to that , is a good ona, but cannot be realised at pfeftnt, owing to the afflietiug oircumstances whloh overwhelm us,every imng being in the greatest disorder, and there being, la laot, no < 'ongreni, and government occupying itself only with mutters of the war, ard, absolutely. no other business can be attended to. In truth, thin war is going to cease, a? I suppose. because, on the )0th and 20th. at the gate* of Mexico, oar nation has covered itself with mourning and dishonor, and our generals add chiefs in particular, with opprobrium. There is not even lett to us the glory to say, with that Kreneh personage well .known in history, that "all is lost but our honor as our army has long since lost both honor and sham*, which is not necessary to prwe.when this capital groans with sorrow *nd anger against thosi who call themselves its defenders. The enemy, as yet has het soiled with his tread the palaces of the Montezumas, but tSet is because a su?persiou of hostilities has caused him to pa.ls*! in his triumphant march. This suspension, which has no oth*r object than to oolleot the wounded and to bury the dead. -s some say, has also another purpose, and that is. to mm* the propositions of peace from the government of Washington. of whloh Mr. Nicholas Trist is the bearer. The actual government, that is to say, the President, who finds himself compromised before the nation, has sent a message to Congress, whloh I take to be a matter of mere form, that upon hearing the above mentioned propositions he would use only the powers belonging to him by the constitution. The Congress, besides t.'ie Act that it does not exist, there being assembled to-day hut twentyeflve deputies, as yet has nothing to do with the matter, so that the messxgn of the President seems to me to be untimely; nevertheless,being so or not. Congress, as I said before, as it does not exist, on do no tumg. rrom lau ueauon, miu umpr inrumm >us same opinion, the following results?that H?e rase being an urgent one, the enemy waiting au answer at the gates of the city,a meeting of Congress being Impossible in order to review treaties which must be conoluded, at the latast, ne3t week, the Executive ii necessarily obliged to uMurne powers note mceded to it by the constitution, to wit, that of approving treat!?r |after having made them. In a normal itata of the country this would be an assumption. and sgtinat law, so that the Executive, in order to exercise this pewer, finds it necessary to use revolutionary means. Hence the necessity or a Dictatorship, whieh is already announced to u?; and I think but a few days will elapse before this will be realised Be on the look out If I learn any thing morel will inform you of it. It Is true, that If our army bad been successful, we should have fallen under a Dictatorship, ahout which our military chiefs have so much occupied tneinMlves, and perhaps they were dreaming of that when they were all beaten; but being beaten, the same hopes remain, with this difference, that, as they must have something to lean upon, thst support, I suppose, will now by the Yankees. 11m this as it may, I will soon ascertain and tell you. I will not occupy myself In giving you a minute description of how the aotion was brought on, and how lost, nor will I give you a formal opinion of the motives of the parties; however, I will tell you what I hear from rational and well Inform ed people. uen. Valencia. me rival 01 sania adds. wished the glory of defeating the enemy, but be Deeded asmxtanoe, wblob should bare been seal him. Well? the battle, once commenced, whether right or wroug. I Santa Anna looked upon the route ot Valencia aa a oold rotator, ?endlng him no asslstanoe, after which mrj an ?ai disorder and rout on our part. You can | make lueh commentaries aa jou please, but bear in mind, In order to make no mistakes, that our army was composed of twenty-four or twenty-five thousand lneu, and that ol the enemy of only twelve thousand m?n. and that after the aotlons of the 19th and antb, our foroes do not amount to over eleven thousand men, all of whom are frightened to death. Among the misfortunes whiob have b?fall?n in, wt have In the hands of tbe naeiuy many hundreds of prisoners, including the battalions of Independence and Bravo, the loss of I'erdrlgaa. Ulauoo, and Krothera. and other generals, and a great many killed. The ? President Anaya, and many others, are prisoners, ail our artillery lost, and our regular troops dispersed or out to pieoea. Aly friend?In all our misfortunes I do not particularly note, aa some people will have it, that there has btien any treason, or any secret understanding, but 1 must say that there is great weakness aod ignorance, and very little honor shown On the part of our generals-ln ohief We must only look to God for the salvation ot our country. 1 aia pleased that you intend to enter into relationship with the ministers and with Ilia Excellenoy the Tresident, but I must recommend that you on very respectful In your letters ? that you touch their pride without adulation The minister of T says he will answer your note No one knew of the Intentions Valencia bad; but after his rout it was said that had he gained the vlotery, he would have overpowered Santa Anna, and made himself Dlotator, for which pur pose he had already named Ms ministers. and had pro- I mined the rank of general to several of hi* frleudu Other* wj that Valencia taa in league with the enemy; but this, to speak the truth, I cannot and shall never believe. However, the man (Valencia) who has been ordered to bsshet by Santa Anna, haa rsoaped through the State of Mexico, which government hat received him well, wbieh I do not understand Should there be a Diotatorshlp or not., you must be very vigilant, and take eare of oar interests?that is to say, should our territory not be benefited, tiiat wn shall not Iosm. I have heard it annouuoed that the States of Jallsoo, Guanajuato and Ztoatecss, Jko , wish to ma > e a separate republic; bnt I do not know wbat to tblnk, Coline, on which account it would be necessary for theta to think a* instruments (tools) to be cheated; others say that those States which are against the army will annex themselves, together with other States of the North, to the United States of America. [Here follows much miscellaneous and private matter ] [Note:?The first sheet of the original of the following letter was lost ] ] ? soott, ft loan or superior talents in the art or war. as It appears, eonslderinn the position of Valencia Tory advantageous, established ft small portion of hin troops lu ? ravine Tery near oar batteries. from whenoe be could use hli muskets to advantage. without Injury from u*. h?, Scott, havlug no artillery Afterwards be aent ft eolumn, with three light pieces of ?rttll?ry, to taka ft position on the heights ou the right of Valencla'a camp, ftnd another body of troopa on the left of Vu! Imcla, In orderto tHnktkls general At about fl o'clock in the morning [ot the 'JOth of August] h - obtainf<d hia object, having troops concealed on both flank* of Valencia, and a very few in front, with ft number of wagons, to call the attention ot Valencia that way. The column whlob, on the previous afternoon had taken position on the right of Valencia, Scott erdered ihould get Into the rear daring the night, and the body of troopa that were in front of Valencia the mm* afternoon, were divided, one part of which took the right > f Valencia; and in the meantime he had rent reinforcements to the body atatloned on tha left, obliging hie eoldlera to cr?aa a river half body (up to the waist) deep In this manner Valenola, during the night:, was entirely out off, and at 6 o'clock the next morning he wm attacked at the same time In the front, la the rear, and on both Hanks. The engagement lasted about two hours, the result of which wai. th?t all oar artillery waa lost. ?ith the entire train, ammunition and all; great many kflledand wounded; and those who were not made prisoners were entirely dispersed On the afternoon of the previous. Valencia, seeing that he was in danger of b< 1 <g (tanked, asked assistance of Santa Anna, who ordered him to retire immediately; but he, Valencia, did not retire, probably beoause be considered victory possible Valenoia dlu not send for reinforcements once, but several times, on all which ocoasions he was refused by Santa Anna. and tba order to retire was repeated on acoount of whlob, after the unfortunate result of thn i nmromoTit Dmt* A nnu ordered this aeneral to be shot I fer diaobedUuce 8ouia wnart ui there 1* foundation for thin order, for Vali-ncla ?u rery obetluate, and thereby cauaed the Io?a of the wbolo array? till. other* do not think to, an. baring behaved with ralor, tare* him from all diacredl'able Imputation* My opinion la. tbat Santa Anna ahoiild hare aent Valencia reinforcement*, and should hare procured a rlctory by any meau*. and after that, cbaatiaed bim for hi* disobedience of trderi In this manner he would bare rendered an Important aerrlce t? the nation, and It would hare been a aalutary eiample for gmerals-lnebief In future Seott barton destroyed our beet troopa, the flower of the army, then proceeded with hii force* and attacked the main army Immediately afterward* that I* t-i sey the** nutioH-d ?t flan Antonio and Cbuj rubuico aodMexIcalclngo, thereby effacing In one ainI gle day the dxatructioa ot an army of more than thirty I tbouaand men. Tbi* North American general, in a *traoge country, ha* fought u* in detail, and destroyed our Urge army, a thing which our general should bare done with reapeot to hll army It ia cow A o'clock in ibe afternoon, and the enemy haa aent in an tntimatlou allowing 49 houra for the eradiation ot the city, so that thelr(nla)troopa may occupy It. Our troopa, which, with great difficulty, hire b-eii brought together, do not exceed eight or nine tbouaand men. with which we can do nothing, as they hare loat their mot alt The companleiof Braro and Independence, wiih the exception of a few killed, are prisoner* (?en*rala nalaa aud Ooroetlaa. are prisoner*, as alao other* who*e names J f do not reoolleet. Aa yet l h?ar of the death of only (Jen Mebla and of h rontera. Col. of f'aralry It I* alao : aald, but not certainly, that f'erdigan wa* killed I bare ' just been told that Bravo la a prlaoner. aud alao Anaya Mkxii o, Aug ill. WIT J C.?My much lored an I re*pented friend - The ! enemy made hi* appearance on the Ijth near the I'enon, I which plaoe they did not app-nr disposed to attack, It being too well fortified, and they went around by th? way off'balco On the 16th the* mad* their appearan' e at rtan Augnatin Tlalpam. and Valencia Immediately took I praltion on the billa of' ontreras, near the town of H%n ! Angel, wllli hi* lirillUnt i.'ItIiIoii brought by hiin fro.it Man Louis I'otosl. in number (MKMi men, perlectly wtll j LD. Prlca Two Cuiti, equipped *nd furnlahed with 34 piece* of cannon. Thia w?h i precaution taken by government. ** no oat thought that the Amertoaua would taka the road from San Autuitln to Contmra* aa it ia over V pudregai. I do not now whether you am acquainted with the road bat even thoee who go oyer it on foot encounter a thouMud obataclf* [Htdrt*al mean* volcanio ground*, exceedingly broken, full of ibarp atone*, riling almoet into preciplcea, and broken into immtnirn'ohumi j Part of the Americana went down to the liaotenda of Coapa; and Santa Anna thought lit to place troupe at Kan Antonio In order to Impede their progra** that w?y Thioga re malned in tbiapoaitlon until Thuraday. the 19th. whan the Americana having overcome 'he sbauciea of the ftiregal. presented themaelve* in front or Vaienoia, who gay* them a hard fight, having eonfldenoe, owing to th? paat, in the valor of hia troop*; but on tbe morning of the 30th. about tan minute* after 0. he found hlmaeifat lacked by the enemy, who destroyed all hi* division, touk *11 bis Artillery and ovwr twenty thousand dollar* ha bad for the payment of hla troops. This great disaster was increased la the afternoon at aboot 3, when tba Yankees took tba well fortified point at Churubunoo, causing Krtit many death*, and taking a grrat number of prisoner* You oan Imagine our stain In the napital,under such repeated misfortunes, tba mora so u all onr troops are dltperaed and we are momentarily expecting an atta -k upon the oapital We are lost, Mr. J . and in my opinion tbara is no hopa of reparation. Some people are spreading the report, tbat Santa Anna Is Implicated In an intrigue; bat this I know is blM. and no one has any riKht to euspeot anything of the kind. Who knows what Is to beoome of us whan tlies* man come into tba capital ? * * * Vary possibly these devils will find sons weans to lnteroept this latter, [indeed ] but, a* 1 said to you before, I will see by what Htratagem 1 can (and you ay letter* in future. BH. Mmico, Aug. ill, 1847. Dear ??Yesterday was the date of a moat bloody battle at the ttdge of tba stony ground cf Man Angel; and tbough until yesterday morning victory bad declared Itself la favor af our arm', yet the enemy, favored by the darkneM of the night, and by rain and some cornfield* in tbat vicinity, found meaus to plaoe their troop* in all directions, taking possession of a height, and yesterday morning they opened the a.ition upon our foroes on ail sides, from wbloh resulted dreadful slaughter, and a ?rneral dispersion, which It was impossible to restrain ? en. Valencia lost bis entire battery, which is now In the hands of the enemy, consisting of twenty-two cuDon of large calibre. In oonsefjuenoe of this affair, tbere 1* a want of confidence in all part*, many saying that it waa a deliberate surrender: but, according to my opinion, the fault 11** lu the want *f foresight and precaution in onr principal officers, who rely too much for suociss upon numbars. while tba snemy neither sleep nor know fear In war. We bava lost (,'hurubusco aud more thau five thousand men between killed and woundad. without having been able to think how to make the slightest advanoe?onthe all k?a kxn Ia?4 T/x-Haa* fha IIbm Ir*faprinv to the garltaa) have bean reinforce J, ud the n?it acllon will be decisive, placing thin e ipltal in the handa of the Yankees, or It will ceaae to exlat D. A. [Extbact] Mr.zico. Aug. 31, 1847. To R C. C.?On Thursday the firing eaannead ^ainat Valencia'* divlsiou, and continued until 5 P. M , when tb? victory appeared to be on our alda, lie. [Than follow* the reverse ] Thia can only ba a curse of Heaven; otherwiae It would not bavo beeu possible for tbe enemy to have given ua suoh a severe blow. * * My Dear rapita ?After the immeuae misfortunes which have befallen ua, and the thouaand fatigue* and risk* I have gone tiirougb, the band of Provideaea baa savsd me, and 1 reached tba oapltal laat evening. Pedro la well, and 1 have tbe pleaaure of commending him to you. A. J. la well, and aaved hlmaelf. 1 oannot now wrlta you any more. And It appear* there t* an armUtloe of 48 boura, at tbe end of which 1 do not kaow what will ooour. I will notify you. s J. M. Mktico, Aug. 20,1647. My Dear Chulela?Wishing to relieve you ol the fear and anguish ao natural on aooouot of the misfortune* that have beast ua, I wrote to yon and conoealad the truth; but now that the danger la all over, I will apeak tb* truth, and aay that we have been completely routed, losing all of our fortiflcatlona In leaa than aix hours. We haw* only a small portion of our troopi left, which will leave tbe city to-morrow. All personal danger la now at an end, and nothing dliturba ua but the aenae of our oalamltle*. The spectacle to-day ha* been dlitresalng. a* vou can well Imagine; to-morrow It will be worse, and I shall abut myself up between four walls, to avoid personal danger. J will go to you if the diligence leavea to-morrow, but thl* Is not certain. Aa we have no more oombatant* la tbe city, the entrance of the eneuiy will be paciflo; we a ball only have the mortification cf Bering around ua imperious viaitera. We have bad enough of mlafortune. Malice, Aug. 21, 1847. U. M IT.? Mr. T rUt his been recognised ai th" rrunmiMionar nftha I'liitiid HUtm To.mnrrOf UDP (O* I vernuaent will liiten to blm If there in prudence ob aerved,aoin*thlijg may b? arranged, and the future?God only known >?hat It will be. 1'bat the enemy ahould bare reached the very ga'.ea of the olty la not at all a ral%e it wan unavoidable, and conqueror* cannot b? teatraine.l 'I'be enemy are at Tacubaya, and I will at another time give you a datalied account of Valencia'* discomfiture. [A young Lawyer to bla bather) Mi ni o. Aug. 31, 1847. Dear Father : ?The end baa proved, la the moat anaqutvocal manner, the oorreotnesa of oar propbaela*. i'he brigade, under Valencia, waa completely routed between aeven and eight yeaterday morning, and la oontlnuatlon, tbe aatnn fatu bcfrll tbe brigade ot Pern, at*tion ed at Coyoacan, and tbe troopa at Chornbuaoo. Who la to be punlnbed for tbene diaaatera? Tbe pub Ho voice accurea Santa \ona of having b?*u a cold and lmpaaaaiva apeeUtorof the rou: of Valencia, whilatbla aeetatance might poaatbly have decided the buttle In oar favor. I'he Yanlitiea aurrounded Valencia and aome of them placed themaelvea betweun blm and Mauta Anna, without any Interruption from the latter. Horn* aay that Valencia disobeyed th?i ordora of S?nta Anna, and .Santa Anna waa piqued by tbe dlaobedlence; but thl* doea not luaaen the culpability of the raaoal who gratlflea a private feellug, and thereby jeopardise* tha moat snored Interests ot ula country. Tbe tact la, that everything la lout, and the Yankeea will be here to-morrow. J W. [(ZTaacT.l Mr. mo, Aug Ji, 1817 My Dear Brothers ?Antonio and my??l( are both well, thank* to Oo'i We have received your Utter, lie. We are in a bad way. We lost the battle on the hill* of Contrera* and that of Churubusoo, and to-morrow or next day, the Vankees will be in the oapital. The Vankees bare lost 100<) men oat of the ten thousand they had. and with HOOo men they undertake to occupy the (lanital, which is almost incredible. We (till have about 14,000 men, *nd entertain hope* of Anal euooeM. Karewell?do not be anxious if we do not write Remember me to the girl*. M. Mem o, A?g. 91,1847. tin EtcKLLjt.irtr, M O. My Dear Kilend ?I bare before me your esteemed favor of the Itithtiost .in nnswer to wliieb, I give you nay slacere thank* (or your offer of going to Pateo; and with regard to what you tajr ie reference to the business,! aannot accept your brut offer, not ereu were the event* lea*complicated; and with regard to the second, In order that it may not burden you, you will undea?or. notwithstanding the want of communication, to draw on me for one hundred dollars, aud do not lose any opportunity of writiug to me. In order that 1 may keep you in funds. It is exceedingly painful to roe to communicate the ilietreseiDg n<-wn of tbe losn of our capital, and I will endeavors') far as I have time, to give you a ciroumstan tial account of all that has happened. la order that we may understand urselve*. it is aso?ssary to give you an idea of tbe general plan of dsfenoe adopted by our generis, or properly by Haata Anna alone. Tbe principal line, running from north to south. was determined by tbe fortified (mints of Tenon, (old) Mexicalclogo, and hacienda of San Antonio, and tbe extremes (Hanks) were covered by Valencia's division, which was moveable from Texcuco on the left to San Miguel on the right, at the name time being available for the defeuce Of a line from Mao Antonie to rbapultepec, whilst Alv*rex'? division of cavalry was ordered upon tbe rear of the timmy, in i^rder to complete their deKtructlou In case of a rout With regard to the fortifl* oallons. iii order tliat yuu may i?rm some iu?* 01 mem, I wiil say this?that on tho road of Tlapaoi, (tfan Auguitin) there were fortllloa?ioue at 8*11 Antonio, a strong fort at rburubuaoo and at the lui There warn Mint i fortlfloatloos in the plain of Natiridadea, about a leaguu | from the city, and aiao at the garita (entrance of the < city.) called Nan Antonio A bad. Our assembled lore** amounted, at the leiat. to twenty *iz thousand men, of all arm*, with about (areaty pieces of cannon, while those ot the enemy hardly reached ten thousand. with forty placet of arUllary. a* haa b?en reported The situation of the enemy vai a very difficult one, aa they had no money At I'uebla they paid one per cent fir money, and on the road they made purchase* by draft* payable In Megleo, after recusation by them. Whan the newa reached here on the I Oth. that the enemy were at Klo Krio, some troops together with tba national guard*, left the capital to occupy andatrengthen the Tenon, whera It I* f?tlmated we had about ser?n thousand men and twenty-Bre placet of cannon; Valanola wan then at Tescucu with fire thousand men and twenty-two place* or cannon ne eurmy came in ngnt on the Uth. autl on the 12th they rarae within a league of th" fortification* of Pxnon. without interrupt Inn. and having made a reconnolgaauca. th?y moved t'ward* ? halc.i. and w* were than certain that tha paint of at tark would ha Nan Antonio Therefore. It beoama na r*M*ry for \ alrnoia to mora rapidly to Man Angel, aril ibe larger par' of tha troop* at tha ranon war* ordered, with ?oina oannoD, to San Antonio and Churubuaeo. At thaaa two point* and at th* I'ortall*, tbara war* over tan thousand man, with artillery of varioua calibre*. from four to twanty-fl?a pounder*, togathar with Urge howitim. Although Velenclahad express order* to *TOi<l a tight with tha ?nemy; atlli, tha tUuader of hi* o tnnon on tha 19th, at about l i o'clock, gar* notice that a fl<ht wa* going on at th* Pedgral. (rough vol'aalc ground) naar rian Angel The tl^bt beoama rary sharp at about 4 o'clock in tha afternoon, aad Santa Anna draw *oma troop* from San Antonio and prooadedto ward* tha scene of battle, and joined to his troop* on tha road, the brigade* of reserve, composed of tha hrlllant Uth. and the light bi ttallon* With there foreea, which. If thay did uct exceed, war* certainly not less than three thou*and men, Santa Anna remained a cold ipaotator of the battle, although he *ent a body of troopa to dielodga a portion ol the enemy'* frrce In tli? rdg* of th* wood*, near tha tower of Padl'rna, (n^ar < ontrerat) which war* cutting off ' alencla'* communlcatlona; bnt while marohlog, with biynnet* flfl, ro ex"cnte thl* order. Santa \ituk or>lerei t iu t" r?tlr* II tli?-u ord.red twu i piece* of cannon to b? brought up, which srrivad at

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