Newspaper of The New York Herald, 8 Aralık 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 8 Aralık 1847 Page 2
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?4 v >rt?H Iwrt rtgp pwbttC owiH. ma* Ik* p?M? ' -nil lenoa In tha ability Mid d?t?rcMM of to* gafrramaot to awt *11 Its snfa<am??t) promptly, would b? nor* firmly MUblUhcd, and tha raduoad amount of tha l??a whloh It Dt* Im n?CM>>ry to nagotiata oould probablr ba obtalnad at ohaapar rata* Coatv? la. thornfora. call?d upon to dataralna wh<-rb?<- It I# w't't to lmpo?a tba war dutiaa raoooaaandad or hf onittlnv t? do no. ineraas* tba publia dabt annually thra? o>I1H?d? of dollar*. an Iodic aa loam abaJl b? r' <iuir?il t > pro?. cutw tho war, and aftarwards pr?rM?, fn FOma o'h?r form to nay tba Mm I annual lotaraat Up?n ! . and altimataly to extinguish the principal. If In atdltlou to 'b*a? duMaa. Cnnjraaa should (Tad >ata an l r?d<ie? tba prlo* of sn<ib of th? publlo Nn Is ? exparlrna-has pro?-d?|i| not cmmanl tb? prioa plaoad up >n tb?m by tha .rorcrnmont. an additional annual > inooma to th? rraa?ur? of b?tw?an half a million and a million of dollar*. It la ast imat?d. would ba dariradfrom tbl< fonrea. Should both m<>aaar?* reo*l?e tba sanction of Con ifrcm tha annual amount of publlo dabt na aaaaary to bw oontraotad during tb? oontlnnanoa ofth war wonld ba raduoad nnar four million* of dollars Tha datlaa raoonmand?d to ha laviad on taa and ooffaa, it I* 1 v- II?u thai* diif?tinn to tha and of proposed miBii > * iimiOT. iu ..... ... ? th* war. end until the public debt rendered ncoesaary to b? oon'raoted by It ahali be discharged The amount of the public debt to b? nontract?d should be limit*'I to the lowMt practicable su in. and should be extinguished as early after th? conclusion of the war a* the m?an> of tha Treatory will permit. With this view, It U reoommeoded that aa aoan aa the war ahall ba over, all tha surplus In the treasury, not needed for other Indispensable objects. sba'l constitute a (Inking fund, and he applied to th? purohaaa of the tatidad debt, and that authority be oonfarred by law for that pu-poae: The art of the sixth of August, 1044, "to eatebllak a warehousing syttem." ha? b"an In op- ration more than a year, and ha* proved to be an Important auxiliary to thatiriffaot of lMa. In aagmenMng the revenue, and extendi of the oommeroe of the oountry Whllat It haa tended to eolarge oomioeroe It bat been beneflolal to oor nunufactures. by diminishing forced pales at auction of forelro goods at low prleae. to raise the dutlaa to be adraooed on thsm, and by oheoklog fluctuations in the market The system, although aanctloned by the experts nos of other oountriea was entirely new In the United States, and it susceptible of Improvement In some of Its provisions The Secretary of the Treasury, upon whom wai devolved large discretionary poweri In oarrylng this measure into effect, hai collected, and It now collating the praotieal result* of the system In other oonntriet. where It has long been established, and will report at an early period of your evasion such further regulation! sug/ett-d by the Investigation as may render it still mora effective and beneficial By the ant to '' provide for th? better or.ranixatlon of tbe tivasury, and for the collection. Mfe kaeplng, and dleHunomeor- of the pab1 io revenue," all bank* were discontinued m fl?c?l stent* of the government. and the pacer currency li.*a?d by them was no longer permitted to b- received In payment of public due* Tbe onnstitutloual treasury created by this aot went into operation on the flr*t of January last Under the sy?tem established by it. the public money* have been oollerted safely kept, nnd disbursed by tbe direct ag**ney of offloer* of the i;ov?rnment in gall and allver ; and transfers of large amounts have been made from point* of collection to points of disbursement, without lo*a to th? treasury, or injury or lnoonvenlence to tbe trade of tbe country. While the fiscal operation* of tbe government hare been eonduoted with regularity and ea*e. under thi* lyitem, it ha* had a salutary effeot In oheoklng and preTen loK an undue Inflation of tbe paper currenoy issued by the bank* wblob exist under State charter*. Requiring. a* it doe*, ill due* to tbe goyernmeut to be paid in g Id and silver, it* effect 1* to restrain excessive iMUf* of bank paper by the banks, di*proportioned to the specie in their v.iul's for the reason that tbey are at all time liable to be called oo by the bolder* of their note* for their redemption, in order to obtatn specie for tbe payment of duties and other publla due* Tbe bands, therefor*. mu*t keep their business within prudent liml'S a ud be al way* in a condition to meet such calls, or ran the hszird of being compelled to suipend speoie payments, and be thereby discredited. Theamount of speoi?imported into tbe United State* during the last fiscal year was twentv-foar million one Hundred and twenty-one thousand two hundred and eighty-nine dollar* ; of whioh there wa* retained in the country twenty two mdlion two hundred and *eventy-six thousand one hundred and snventy dollar*. Had the former uuKurmi njairui |iinT?ut'u nuu kun puuuu uiuunjro urm pliicfi' oo ieposite in batiks. Dearly the whole of this Km' uot would have *on? iota their vaults, not to he thrown luto circulation by them, but to be withheld from the hand* of the people as a cnrienoy. and raad? the b?sln of new and mormons issues of bank paper A large proportion of the speoi* imported baa been paid into the treasury for publto due* ; and after having been, to a great extent, reooined at the mint, baa been paid out to the public creditor!, and gone into olroul-i;ion as a curreuoy among the people. The amount ot gold and silver coin now in circulation in the country fa larger than at any former period. The financial system e-tabllthed by the constitutional treasury ha* bean, thus far, eminently successful in it* operation; aad I recommend an adherence to all its essential provisions, and especially to that vital provision which wholly separates the governmeut from all connexion with banks, and excludes bank paper from all revenue receipts. In some of its details, not involving its general principles, th? system is defective, and will require modifiuution These defects, and such amendments as are deemed Important, were set forth in the lest annul report ol the Secretary of the Treasury. These amendments are again reoommended to the early and favorable consideration of Congress During the past year, the ooinage at the mint and its branches has exoeeded twenty millions of dollars. This countrUs Into American coin. rhe largest mount of foreign or>ia imported hu been reo?ived at New York: and if a branch mint were established at that city, all the foreign ooln received at thit port onuld at onoe be converted into our own ooln, without the expense, risk, and delay of transporting It to the mint for that purpose, and the amount receined would be much larger. Experience haa proved that foreign ooln. and eapi olally foreign gold ooln, will not clroulate extensively ns a ourrenov among the people. The Important measure of extending our specie circulation, both of gold and silver, and of diffaalng It atnoDg the people, oan only be effe?ted by oonvertlng such foreign coin Into American coin. I repeat the recommendation contained In my last annual message for the establishment of a branch of the mint of the United States attheolty of New York 11 the publio landa wkioh had been surveyed and were ready for market have been proclaimed for aal? daring the past year. The quantity offered and to be offered for sale, under proclamations iaaued alnoe the first of January laat, amounts to nine million one hun dred and thirty-elgbtthousand five hundred and thirtyone acres The prosperity of the wpstern Htates and territories In whloh these lands lie will < ? advanced by their speedy sale By withholding them from market their growth and Inorease of population would be ro tarded. while thousands of our enterprising and meritorious frontier population would be deprived of the op portuoity of seourlng freeholds for themselves and their families. But in addition to the general oonalderatlons which rendered the early aale of these lands proper, it wm a teauiug uqjeoi ai ima lime to nenrc Ml large a am m possible from this toaroe, and thu* diminish, by that amount. the public loan rendered neoessary by the exiateuoe of a foreign war. It la estimated that not lea* than ten million* of aor< ? of the public landa will be surveyed and be in a condition to be proclaimed for (ale daring the year 1848. In my laat annual message I presented the reason* whtob, In my judgment, rendered it proper to graduate and reduoe the price af aucb of the publio lands aa hare remained unsold for long peiloda after they had been ottered for rule at publio auction Many millions of acres of publio lands lying within the Limits of several of tha weatern States have been offered In the market, and be*n suhjeot to sale at private entry for more than twenty years, and large quantities for more tbaB thirty years, at the lowaat price prescribed by tha existing law*, and it ha* been found that they will not command that prloe They must remain unsold and cultivated for an indefinite period, unUm the price demanded for them by the government shall be reduced No satisfactory reason I* perceived why thay should be longer beld at rate* above their real value At tha pree-nt period an additional reason exists for adopting tt>e measure recommended When the oountry Is engaged la a foreign war. and we muat necessarily retort to loans, it would raem to be the dlotate of wisdom that wa ahould avail ourselves ot all our r> sources, and thus limit the amount of tha publio indebtedness to tha lowest possible *ua I recommend that tha existing law* on the sutyeot of pre-emption rlxbta be amended and modified, *o as tu operate proepectively, and to embraoe all who may settle upaa tha publio land*, and make improvement* upon them before they are sarveyed, aa well aa atterward*. in roah settlements may bo made after the il have been extinguished if pre-emption be thu* extended, it will a and meritorioa < olass of our oltlfsns. the number of small freeholders upou > will be enabled thereby to educate their kherwiae Improve their condition, while nd at all time*, aa they have ever proved s. In the hour of danger to their oountry. laat and beat volunteer soldiers,ever ready lervlee* In oases of emergency, and among i the field as long aa an enemy remain* U> . Snch a policy will alio Impress these r emigrants with deeper feelings of gratiarental care of their government, when learest Interests secured to them by the I nf tha Iftnrf and that IKm* a*? loelng their hnni* h*rl-earned 1mby being brought into oompetltlon with a oUm of parobaaer* at the land salea. ^^^^^^^HHtttentlon of Congreee w?a Invited. at their laat preoe<)ing aeaaion to the importance of eatabliabTerritorial government over our poaaeaaiona in ^^^^^^O'agoa ; an<i It la to ba regretted that thara waa no legislation on tha *ubjeot. Oar oitiaana who InAabit that dlatant region of ooantry are still It ft without the W protection of our law*, or any regularly organised goI vernmant Before the quaatlon of limit* and boundarl** I of tha territory of Oragon waa deflnitel v settled. from tha I neoeaalty of their oondition. tba Inhabitanta had aatabI Itabad a tacaporary government of their own. Bealde* I tha went of legal authority for ooatlauiag auoh a govern meat, It ia wholly Inadequate to proteot tham in thair right) of paraon and proparty, or to aeoare to tbam tha H enjoyment of tha privilege* of othar citisan*. to which I thay ara antltlad undar tna constitution of the United Stataa Thay *hoald have tba right of suffrage. ba r? preaented In a Tarrltorial legislature. and by a delegate la C ongraaa , and poaee*a all tha right* and privilege* whloh oitiaana of oUter portion! of tha Territories of tha Vnltad Btatee have heretofore enjoyed, or may now enjoy. Oar judicial ayataai, revenue law*, lawa ragulatliig trade and Intercourse with tha Indian tribes. and tba protaation of our law? generally, nhould ba extended I OTer tham H la addition to tha Inhabitanta in that territory who bad prevlouely emlgratad to it. larga number* of our oitiaana have followed tbam during tha preaent year; and it I* not doubted that daring tha next and *ub*equant years thair numbar* will ba graatly Inorataad. Congrees, at ita I ait aeaslon, established poat-route* H iaadlng to Oragon, and batwaan different point* within H that territory, and authorised tha establlahment of p?*t poat 'iSoaa at ' A-toria and aueh otbar place* on tha aoaate ef the Paclflc, within tha territory of tha United Btatee, m the publie intareata may require " Poet office* haw accordingly bean established. deputy postmaster* The preoorvatioa ot p?n with tho Indian trib<o r* idlag ww? of tho RMk; mountains. will m?t it propw th*t aathorlty should be given by U* for the sppotat ml of mi adaqaato lUKMr of Indian agents to reaMo amoag them I tteomand that a surveyor general's o?eo bo ootv bllshed la that territory. ui that tho pnblie land* b? surveyed ?ad brought Id to morkot at aa early portod. .'I reooimoTnl ?l?o. tbit grants, upon liboral terma, of 11blUd qaaatitla* of tho publlo Undo bo mada to *11 oltUens of tbo United Htotw who have emigrated, or mty hereafter within prescribed poriod emigrate. to Oregon. and oottlo upon thorn Th*?? hardy aadadvonturou* oitlanns, who hare encountered tho dangers aad privations of a long and toilsome journey. aad haro at length found an abiding plaoo fnr themselves and thoir families upon tho utmost verge of oar western limits, ihould bt (soured la tho hoiaoo whloh thoy haro Improved by thoir labor. I rofor you to tho aooompaoy ag roport ot tho Seoretary of War for a detailed aooouot of tk* operations of tho various braaohoo of tho pablie loniio ooanootod with tho dopartlaoat aador hie ohargo. Tho dutioo d?volving on this dopartmoot have booa unuaually onerous and ropoaoiblo daring tho peat year, wad hare booa discharged with ability aad uooooo Faclflo relation* oontinuo to exist with tho various Indian tribe*, aad moot of thorn maiifaot a stroag frianoinip lor in* united bum. bob* depradetion* wore committed during th? put year upon oar train* transporting suppllea for Ik* army, on the road lwt?Mn the western border of Ml*?ourl and Santa.Ft. Tbaae depredation*, wtatoh are supposed to have beau ooiAmitted by band* from toe region of N?w Maxioo. have baan arrested by the presence of a military (brae, ordered out for that purpeoe Soma outrage* have baan perpetrated by a portion of the northwestern band* upon the weaker and comparatively defenceless neighboring t.lbes ? Prompt measure* ware taken to prevent *uob ooaur renoes In future. Between one and two tbouiand Indiana, belonging to HTaral trlbea, bare baan removed during tha year from the aait of tha Ml**l**lppl to th* eoantry allotted to them west of that river, a* their permanent home; and arrangement* have been made lor other* to follow Slnoe the treaty of 1846 with tha Cherokee*, the feud* among them appear to have *ub*id*d, and they have be oome mora united and oontentud than they have been for many yeare pa*t. The oomihlsslonert, appointed in nuriuaooa af tha aet or June twenty-seventh, 1846. to nettle olalm* arlting under the treaty of 1834?'86 with that tribe, have execute*? their duties; and after a patient In relitigation, and a full and fair examination of a 1 the oases brought before tbem, oloaed th?lr labor* lo the month of July la*t Thi* I* the fourth board of commissioners which h i been organised under tbla treaty. Ample opportunity ha* been afforded to all those Interested to bring torward their olalm* Nr doubt I* entertained that impartial juatloe ha* been 'lone by the late board, and that all valid olalm* embraced by the treaty, have been considered and allowed This result, and the flual settlement to be made with this trib*. und*-r the treaty of 1849, which will be completed and laid before you during your session, will adJust all question* of controversy between them and the United States. and produoe a *tat? of relation* with mam simple, well-denned, and satisfactory. Under the discretionary authority conferred by the aot of the third of Marob last, th* annuities due to the various tribe* have baan paid during the praaent vear t* a/ Camilla^ inafaad nf tn fhair aHUIi Ar mnh persons as they might designate, u required by the laws pr-Tlounly existing This mod* of payment has given general satisfaction to the great body of the Indians. Justice has been done toth?m, and <hey are gratrfdl to the government for it A few chiefs and loteietted persons may object to this mode of payment, but it is believed to be the only mode of preventing fraud and imposition from being practised upon the great body of ooaimon Indians, constituting a majority of all the tribes. It is gratifying to peroelve that a number of ths tribes have reeentiy manifested an Increased Interest In the establishment of schools among them, and are making rapid advances In agriculture?some of them producing a snffloient quantity of food lor their support, and in some oases a surplus to dispose of to their neighbors. The oomforts by whloh those who have reoelved even a very limited eduo*tion, and have engaged in agriculture, are surrounded, tend gradually to draw off their less olviliifd brethren from the preoarious means of subsistence by the ohase, to habits of labor and olvillxa tion The seoompanying report of the Secretary of the Navy presents a satisfactory au<l gratifying aooount ot the oonditlon and operations of the naval servloe during the past year. Oar oommerce has been pursued with increased activity, and with safety and tuooess. In every quarter of the globe under the protection of our flag which the navy has oaused to be respeoted in the most distant seas In the' gulf of Mezloo, and in the Paolflc, the ofBoers and men of our rqualrens have displayed distinguished gallantry, and performed valuable services. In the early i atages of the war with Mexico, her ports on both coasts were blockaded, atd more recently many of them have been captured and held by the navy. When aoilng in co-operation with the land foroes, the naval officers and men have performed gallant and distinguished servioes on laod as well as on water, and deserve the high commendation of the country. While other maritime powers are adding to their n& vi?-g lartie numbers of war steamers of, It wan I a wise policy < n our part to make similar additions to our nary. The four war steamers authorized by tht' Hot of the third _of Maroh, 1847, are In course of oon struotloo. la addition to the four waa steamers authoriied by thia aot, the Secretary of the Nary has, In pursuanoe ol ita provisions, entered Into oontraota for the oooscruo tion of fire steamers, to be employed in the transportation of the United States mail "from New York to New Orleans, touobing at Charleston, Savannah, and Hava na, and from Haiana to Chagre*;"for three steamers to be employed in like manner from Panama to Oregon. " so as to co meet with the mail from Havana to <Jh*gres across the Isthmus and for tlve steamers to be employed In like manner from New York to Liverpool These steamers will be the property of the contractors, but are to be built " under the superintendence and direction of a naval constructor in the employ of the Navy Department, and to be so oonstruoted as to render them convertible at the least possible expense into war steamers (it the first olass " A prescribed number of naval oflloers, as well as a post office agent, are to be on board of them ; and authority i? reserved to the Navy Department at all times to " ex eroise cootrol over said steamships," and " to have the riitnt" " to mm tnem lor me exciutive use ana servict of ?.b? United Staiea" " upon making proper oompenee tioa to tbe oentraotora therefor " Whilat these steam-ahlpe will be employed In trans* porting tbe malla of the United State* coastwise, and tc forelgo ooantriei, upon an annual oompensatlon to b? pal j to the owner*, they will be always ready, upon an emergency requiring it, to be oonverted into wai steamers; and the right reserved to take them far public u*e. will add greatly to the efficiency and strength ol ttila de*orlption of our naval force. To the ateameri thua authoriaed under e<ntraota made by the Secretary of the Nary, ahould be added Are other learner* author, lead under oontraote made in pursuanoe of law by tbe Poitnaaater Cianeral, making an addition, in tbe whole, of eighteen war ateamera, aubject to be taken for public uae Am further contracts for the transportation of the mall to foreign oouutriaa may be authoriaed by Congreaa, thii number may be enlarged indeflnltaly. Tbe enlightened pol oy by wbieh a rapid oommunica tioa with tne various diatant parte of the globe la eatabnshed. by meana of the Amerioan-built sea steamers would flud an ample reward in the inoreaae of our ooin meroe, and in maklug our country and lta reaouroen uiore favorably known abroad; but the national advantage is atili greater, of having oar naval oflloera mad* familiar with ateam navigation; and of having the prlvilige of taking the abipa already equipped for immediate service at a moment'a no loe ; and will be oheaply purchased by the oompenaatlon to be patd for tha tranaportatlon of the mall la them, over and above the poatagea reoeived. A Just national pride, no laaa than our oommerelal In tereaia. would teem to favor the nolle* ol the number of this description of vessels. They can be Built la oar country cheaper sod In greater number* than la any other In the world. I refer you to tbe aooompanying report of the Pont master Oeueral for a detailed ana satisfactory account of tbe condition and operation* of that department du ring the palt year. It 1* gratifying to find tbat, within do short a period after the rednotiou In the rate* of pontage, and notwithstanding the great Increase of nail service, the revenue received for tbe year will be suffloleni. to defray all the expense*, and that no further aid will be required from tbe treasury for that purpose. The flrit of th. American mall steamer* authorised by the act of the third of Maroh, 1846, was completed and entered upon tbe service on the flr*t of June last, and i? now on her third voyage to Bremea and other internuv dUte ports The other vessels authorised under th.' provisions of that act are in oourse of construction, auu will be put upon the line as soon ss completed. Contracts have also been male for the transportation of the iuml In a steamer from Charleston to Havana. A reciprocal and satisfactory postal arrangement ha* been made by the Postmaster General with the authorities of Bremen, and no dlffloulty Is apprehended In making similar arrangements wltb all other powers with which we may have communications by mall steamers except with Great Britain. on ma arrival or tha am or the American steamers bound to Bremen, at Southampton, Id the month of June last the Brltlih post offloe directed the collection of dlaertmlnating poatageaonali Utters and other matlabit* matter, which the took out to Great Britain, or which went into the Brltlih poet oflce, on their way to Frftuen and other part* of Europe. The effect of the order of the Brtttah poat ofBoe ia to anbject alt letter* and other matter transported by American ateamera to donbie postage, oue postage having been previously paid on them to the United States, whtle letters transported In British steamers are subject to pay bat a single postage. This measure was adopted with the avowed objeet of protaotiog the British line |of mail atasmern now running between Boston snd Liverpool, and, if permilted to continue, must speedily put an end to the transportation of all letters and other mattar by American steamer*, and give to British steamer* a monopoly of the business. A just and fair reciprocity is all that we desire, and on this we must Insist. By onr laws, no such discrimination is made against British steamer* bringing letters Into our porta, but all latter* arriving in the Unitad States are subject to the same rata of poattge, whether brought in British or Amerioan vessels I r>f**r you to the report of the Postmaster lleneral ffne full atatamant of "th? facta of tha oim. and of the att>ps ttkanbyhlm to corraet.thla inequality. He hu exerted all tba powar conferred upon him by tha axiatlng law* Tb? minUtar of tba United Statea at London ha* brought tha outsat to th? attantlon of tha Britlab government. and la now engaged In nagotiatlona for U>? purpoaa of adjuatlng reciprocal poaut arrangamtnta, which (ball t>a equallyjuat to both oountrl?a. ttbould ha (all iu concluding auob a langamnnta. and ahould Qraat Britain intiat on enforcing tha unaqual and unjuat meaaura aha haa adopted, It will beoomf naaaaaary to oonfxr additional power* on tha Poatmaatar Ottnaral, In ordar to anabla him to maat tha emerganey, and to put our own attamara on an aqnal footing with Brltlah ataamara engaged in traaapnrtlng tha mall between the two countries, and I recommend that aueh powara ba eonfarrad In Tiaw of tha minting atate of our oountry, I truit It may not ba inappropriate, in cloaing tbia communion tlon, to call to mind tba worda of wtadom and admon1lion of tha flrat and moat liluatrioua of my predeceanorn In hll larawatl addr.iaa to hla countryman That greataat and beat of men, who aarved hla country ao long, and lored it ao muoh, foreeaw, with "terloua MmMMV totw of mmmiMm mi t?a ft/ gaogfapKiMt dlornnlmttoiu Northam and lav-ham, Atlantic and Waatara?whanoa davigalnx M MJ HdMTOT to axolta a baiiaf thtl ttwi to t ml dl?*r*no? of looal lntaraata and riawt." and warned hto aountryman agalnat it. I ( ) daap and aoiamn ?ai hto aonrlotlcxn of tha Uiyottan i<- af tb? Union and of praaarring harmony batwaan 1U dlffacant part* that ha daelarad to hit oountryman In that addraaa, "It to ot laflnlta moaant that yam should pro parly afttmata 'tha Unmanaa valaa of yoor national Union to your collective and Individual happlnaaa ; that you ahould ehartoh aoordial. habitual and lumoTabla attachment to It; aaauatomiog yauraalvea ta think and to apaak of 1?, aa a palladium of your polittoal aafaty and prosperity ; watohing for iu praaarvatioa with jealoua anxiety ; dlaoouotenanolag whatever may luggest even a luapielon lhat it oan in any avant ba abandonad ; and indignantly frowning upon tha flrat dawning of every attampt to afianata any portion 01 our country from tha raat, or to aafaabia tha aaorad tiaa whioh now link to<aa*kaa wawinna ?>--*? II After the lapse of half ft oentury, theae admonitions of Washington fall upon a* with all the foroe of truth It Is difloalt to estimate the " Immense value" of oar glorious Union of confederated SutM, to which we are to muoh Indebted for oar growth In population and wealth, and for all that oonstitutsa ua a great and happy nation. How unimportant are all oar dlffermoea of opinion upon minor questions of pnbllo polloy, oompared with it* prefer ration | and how sorupuWiialy should we avoid all agitating teploa whloh may land to distract and divide ui into contending partiee, separated by geographical i Imas, whereby it may bf.gaahened or endangered. I luvofcUkg- thr blesalng of tha Almighty Ruler of the Unlvtrae upon your deliberations, it will be my highest duty, no leas than my alncere pleasure, to oo-operata with you in all maasurea which may tend to promote the honor and enduring wellhr* ot our oommon oonntry. JAMES K. POLK. Washington, Deoember. 1847. Law IaUiU|anee Cibcpit Coo?t?Dac. 7.?Be'ora Judge Oray.?D+wit and Carty vi. O. B. Uoorthtad f Co ?This was an action of replevin, to teat the title to 33 boxes ef peppermint oil, containing about 1880 pounds. The plaintiffs allege that they advanoed to the firm of Hotohklss k Cf., who reside in the western part of this State, and .nanufaotured the artlole in dispute, a sum of $6000 upon a consignment of it; that it afterwards oame to the hands of the defendants, who refused to give it up. The plaintiffs Issued a writ of replevin, o?used it to be replevied. and entered into the ui<ual security to test the rights of the defendants. The defeooe is, that defen uams, igont twg 7ears oerore ine present iriDiiouoD took plaoe, reoel?ed 4 consignment of a similar artiole from Hotobki's Ic Co , to be sent to England for sale, ujoa whioh the defendant* Bad* advances: that they afterwards nat It to Entland and bad It (old, and that upon 1 return of the aooounc (alee, there was due to defendants on toot of their advances, a balanoe of tome $300, that Hotchkis* h Cc consigned to defendant* the ?ooiln In question, and they sent to the boat, paid the freight and 0'.her chaige*, and bad it brought to their store in the usual way; and they contend that plaintiff's were, at all events, bound to tender to defendant* the amount of tbe freight and other charges, before they oould in*ist upon a return of the oil. Theoasels adjourned to to-morrow (this) morning. For plaintiff*, Mr. H. Dodge. For defendant*, Messrs. Miller and Smith. Circuit Coukt?Dee. 7 ?Before Judge Grey?The December term of the court began to-day. After swearing in ajury the court was adjourned. The other branoh of the court, In whloh Judge Edmonds presides, is adjourned for a week. Surcaioa Court, Deo. 7?Before Judge 8andford ? Charlei S. Mathtw aid jSltm. McDonald Mathewt vs John IK. Olio*: and HunW T, 7Va/t.?'l'bis was an action for libel. The plaintiffs are the proprietors of tbe Westoheater House, in the Bowery, and the defendants are editors and publishers of the Ntw York Organ. The alleged libel was published on the loth day of Ootober, 1846. Tbe defendants pleaded the general Issue, to which was attaohea a notioe, stating that they would inntifv Th#i ntiiM li nriimimssri fill f+KI*\ morning. Mr. Blunt and Mr. Cutting for pUlntlff*; Mr. Childs for defendants. United States Diitrict Coubt, Deo. 7.?Before Judge Betts.? The Unittd Statu vi. Jamei A. Frt-m?n. Charge of being Concerned in the Slav. Trade.?It will be remembered, that in the month of March last the American bark Chanoelor. Freeman, masUr, was captured on the ooast of Africa by the American sloop ot war Dolphin, Commander Pope, sent to this port, and arrived here in Jwae or July last She was immediately after libelled In the Distriot Court by the United States District Attorney Captain Pope and his officers and a part of the orew, were examined on the trial, In support of the Ubel. At the same time, indictments against Captain Freeman and oth?rs, on suspicion of being concerned In the slave trade, were laid before the grand jury, and true bills found. Captain Freeman was put on his trial to-day on the testimoney adduced on the trial of libel, whioh bas been already rery fully laid before the publio through the columns of the Hr raid. The cause la adjourned to to-morrow (this morning) Benjauiln F Butler, Esq , counsel tor the prosecution ; Carpenter, Esq , counsel for the defenoe. Unites States Commisiioneb's Orrics.?Before D. Gardiner, Esq Commissioner.? Charge of Murder?Mr. Domlniok ('.. Gay, second mate of the shin St Patrick. wm brought up this morning on a charge of having klled Ellas Madison, a colored man, the oook of th? vnmI. From the tMtlmony of the orew and several of ' the passengers, it appeared that on the 80th November last, tb? mate went to the oook's galley, oalled him out, and oharged him with having given the tailor* and aomt of the passenge.a bad aoup. The oook made no replv, but looked sternly at the mat* and raised bli knife, Intending to atrike him, upon whloh the latter truok the oook en? blow on come part of tbe bead and be tell. He waa Immediately taken up, and plaoed on thx poop deok, where be remained lor a short time He waa attvrwarda removed to hie berth. Upon examination no bruire or wound appeared, exoept that a little blood oame from bit nos? or mouth He continued in hii beith for tbe remainder of the day; the next he got up and aeemed to be quite lively, and told some of tbe nation) that he waa not hurt, lie then oalled fer som?. thing to eat and wan supplied by a paaaenger with some tiasii, of whloh he eat Immoderately. He continued about the d>?&) durln? the day, and at night retired to his berth, and was found dead there the next morning. Ail the witnesses, testified that ship fever prevailed In ihe vessel to an alarming extent, aad they believed that at the time he tnreaten?d to strike the mate with hiB knife he was labcrlnn under that disease. They further 1 swore, they believed that his having eaten immoderately ' or tbe hash, while laboring uoder lever, was the Immediate oause of his death. They alao testified to the peaceable and humane disposition of the mate. The unarge was d It missed. , Common Picas, Dm. 7.?Before Judge Ingraham.? , Betri and Kent vs. Hutchkiu, Milli, el at ?Thin ease ?ii resumed this morning After counsel had summed up, the judge oharged the jury that, so far aa the loan f of $6000 was eoneeroed, and so far as it had been dls, o osed on the trial, it had nothing to do with the sub?rq .ient transaotion Yon are to deoide whether Beck'h notes were given by the plaintiffs, to be sold, and the proceeds to ha handed back to tnem, or whether they were to be retained and apolitd to the payment of the note of Weat it OUrer. If the former, the plaintiffs would be entitled to your verdict; if the latter, you ought to And for the defendants. Vardiot for plaintiffs, $ Itifli. CoraT ok Gknkral Sessions, Deo. 7th?Before Recorder t eott and A dcrmen Smith and Croiiut?John MoKeon, , District Attorney.? Prinl for Bigamy.? At toe opening 01 me coup. mis morning, John Inverness, oolored, ?u placed at tbe bur for trial. on an In dictment for bigamy In having, on the lli day of September last, married a while woman named Catherine Collins, while he had a wife or bis own color, to whom he wu married on the 3d day of September, 1848. Demmev Kkmnf.dv sworn -I am a minister of the gospel; 1 lived In thiscUy in 1840; I now rMideat Newark; 1 know tbe acouied; I married him to a colored woman named Jane Lee, at No. 63 Mott street, on the 3d of Sept. 1840. Timothy Eato, sworn?1 am a minister of the gospel; on tbe 2id of last September, 1 married John Invernesti to Catharine CoMu* HetA.tna I'ikrck Bworn?I live at No 63 Mott street; I ki aw tbe first wife of John Inverness; she is now llvlug. Tba prosecution here rested, and the following testimony wax called for the defence: ? Latipiia Isvci.imi sworn?John Inverness is my father; I knew Jane Myers; ] do not koow whether she Dad a busoand H Mecca Iitnatitcti, iworn.?John Inverness Is my tatber; I kno* Jane Myere; ska worked about thehouse; I did not know my father was m trrled to her. William Pritchaid, sworn ?I know Inverneaa: in September, 1840, ha was very sick; ha was quite flighty at timet; lie always knew me wben I went in; I always knew the woman oallad Jane Lee, as Mr*. Inverness; I never knew her as Mrs. Myers. Tbe defenoe was oonduoted by J. W. Qreen. Esq , and the prosecution by the DistrtotfAttorney. The Jury retired, under charge of the court, and after an absence of fire minutes returned a verdict of guilty, and the oourt sentenced him to the (State i'rison for m term of five year*. Trial far nn.ltiau't with Inttnt to Commit a Rapt.? Augustus Slatterly, was then plaoed at the Bar for trial, on an indiotment for the above offenee, in having at tempted to violate the person of Josephine Lilmltr, a little girl, ag?d 0 years. The out had not been coneluded when the Court adjourned at 3 o'clock. until tomorrow. Court or ObneRal Sessions, Deo nth ?Before Recorder Seott. and Aldermen Smith and Crollus ? John McKeon, Efq , District Attorney ?The Deoember term of this Court commenced to-day, wiih a calendar 01 thirty-all cases?Tbe following named gentlemen wer? called and sworn as members of tbe grand Inquest for the present term, vIb:?William (Jala, foreman; vVUIlam VI. bliss, William Banks, Thomas M. Brown, Oeorge Bricgs, James Cameron, Francis Duucan, Jaoob Hoppock. James Harriott, Nehemtah Miller, John Nelson, Jr , John ret tlgrew, Charles A. reck, Thomas Edmonds, William R Psynter, VVm H. Sweet, John Simpson, Jeremiah Terbell? II, who, after the usual clinrge from tbe Recorder, retired to their room for tbe prosecution of their duties Fiti'i Jtr Non-Jtttndance.?The Court imposed a fln? of $J6 upon the following named jurors, for non-attendance at the last term. viz;?Riohard Burlow, George C. Collins, Asa Crosby, C H. Fellows, Christian Cotmlller, Jsbn I'earsall, Hiram Waring, L. J. Wyeth, and John Dockerty lltctmii inctt ? Francis .1 Tnhn I ? )? > 1 H<mu?i Benedict, eateraily Indicted for grand larceny; l.oul*8lolinaky, indioted lor receiving alolen gooda; J<>arpn (rulich. and Thorn ta I'fllngton, indicted for a petit laroeny; and Henry H Howard, Thomaa Holland. John Johnaon and Jobn Herman, eeverally Indlotad for aanault and battery, falling to anaw?r. wban nailed upon for trial, their recognizaticea were respectively declared tob < forfeited and ordered to ba prosecuted. W Craft, Kaq , connaei for Franoli J. Haxton, appeared in Court and eta lad that hii client wan In onetody in Boaton, and therefor*, moved that the reoognizancea ba diacharged, which waa, however, denied by tba Cout. The court than adjournad until to-morrow morning According to the tablea of valuation In Kentucky, the hlavea numbered tn 1846, 188,583 ; In 1847, 18ft,660 In i IM40, the elate population, by the oanana, waa 18J.07-2.? , if the rata of inoreaaa ahoufd continue till I860, aa It waa laat jaar, the alar* population of Kantoeky will > amount to mar* than 301,000 by the next a*nana 1P N EW YORKj HERALD ri'BLUHID AT THX Rortk-weit Cirner of Fnlton aid Nauan its., BY Jamea Gordon Bennett, Proprietor. DJtlLT HERALD?Every doy. {Sundry included) Priet i ctntt par copy?fT liver annum?in tkt United Stoiet Tt Muroptm tubioribert. by tkt tteam tki >?, $11 centt per copy?l< liW per annua?in the Untied State! To Bwromoan tut tenter i, by eteamthip, ti per',annum, tt include the potlege. HERALD FOR EUROPE?Every attain Packet Day ? Price cent, ptr copy-(5 per annum, including postage or $S ti evolutive of pottage. Subscription! and advertiiementjurill be received by Mtttrt Oongnani, 9 rut Pioienne, Jrarit i P L Simondt. II Com Ail/, and John ''%tem&slierr2xzisigz. mtnti thovld *> written in a plain, legible menner. Tht proprietor wilt not be rttpontible for err art that may occur "pR&TWQ ?/all kind, uncut,d beautifully and with detpatek. JILL LETTERS or communiattiont by mail for tub v>u* mavtrtietmtnta addrtnea to tne profriitoj of the ettabUthmtnt, mtut be pott paid, #r the post"^akSuS^aOiOKS&t,</ci"Z'n? municationt. containing important newt or u nful inUUi gene*. II toicitedf'om any quarter of tk* world?Europe, Jitia I Jtfrtcn, or JimaHea?andifuaod will alwoyt be liberally paid for by tkt Proprietor. AO NOTICE can be taken of anonymau* communication! * hatever it intended for intertion mutt be authenticated ay tkt name and addrttt nftke writer; not necniarily for publication, but o$ guar any < f hit good faith We ennnnt nntlertokr ta rt'ur art jetted communications. ALL PJiyMEtfTS ta be made in advance. N?w York, Wednesday, Dtetmkw 8. 1MT. The Britannia. This steamer was not within thirty miles of Boston at sunset last evening. She ia now in her nineteenth day. TIM We place, this morning, before our readers, the Message of President Polk, delivered to both houses of Congress yesterday. It is an important document, in the present relation of u;. :?l ii? \r hub uuuiury wnii mcAiiu. i^u mauci wuai in character may be, as an individual production, it will necessarily command the attention of the world. We are disappointed, however, in the manner in which he treats the subjects brought before public attention. A great portion el the document is taken up with the discussion of the abortive negotiations, without any extended leference to the brilliant campaigns by which Mexico was conquered for the second time. It is true he can't help incidentally, now and again, referring to those gallant deeds ; but he seems to exhaust his mind in detailing and explaining the various efforts that have been made to bring that refactpry people to termB. The generals and soldiers of the American army licked the Mexicans like gentlemen and heroes. Mr. Polk scolds them like old women?like a very drab. We don't like that way of treating the matter. However, our readers can peruse it, and satisfy themselves. The policy which Mr. Polk.shadows forth for the future, is that which we have already ascribed to him, prophetically, on a former occasion. He is of opinion that we should retain our present position in Mexico, and hold on to it until its people can form a government, and make a peace granting indemnity for the past and security for the future; that indemnity and that security to embrace New Mexico and California, at least. On those grounds the policy of the President corresponds generally with the independent convictions of the American people, uniufluenced by party, so far as we have been able to ascertain their opinions It is also n?w ascertained that a similar policy is recommended by General Scott, and every other general and leading man in the present army in Mexico, aB the only course to be pursued in order to reach a permanent pacification with that obstinate republic. Perhaps such policy, in the eveut of not finding a government, may ultimately close with permanent annexation ; but such an issue must be met as a matter of pure destiny and natural development. The financial part of the Message is also important, without, indeed, being remarkably so We are informed that a new niifiumn in tn hp proposed for Rome. This is good. A loan for next year, extending to June SO, 1848, is also mentioned, amounting to seventeen millions of dollars, if a duty on tea and coffee should be imposed, and the public lands graduated ; or eighteen and a half millions if not; and a loan of twenty millions and a half for the fiscal year ending June 30,1849, provided the war continues and no duty is imposed on tea and csfiee, no graduation in the price of public lands, and no military contributions levied in Mexico. This will make an aggregate of thirty-seven and a half millions of dr liars from this to the 30th of June, 1849, a period of eighteen or nineteen months. The new tariff, it Beems, has worked wonders, filling the Treasury, hh well as attording evidence of the general prosperity of the country, even in the face of a foreign war. One astonishing fact is revealed, and that is, that during the last year twenty millions of dollars have been re-coined at the mint. He very wisely recommends the establishment of a mint in New York, as a very important matter in monetary affairs. In reference to that immortal genius, Cave Johnson, we are sorry to find the President has not followed our advice. After saying his prayera on last Sunday, he decided to retain in his message an endorsment of that distinguished functionary. But such an endorsment! Heaven preserve <.ur paper from receiving a similar one ! He eulogises the Postmaster General for making an important postal arrangement. And what is it'l? After having thrown, by his negligence and his incapacity, all hia postal arrangements with England, France, and the Colonies, into confusion, the Postmaster General has made a favorable arrangement with the little dirty and contemptible town of Bremen, in the northern part of Germany, and in the midat, too, of the confusion of the mails all over the country. With equal pride he might point to the great regularity of the mails between Hackensnck and Harsimus, as one of the best evidences of the wonderful capacities of Cave Johnson. On the whole, the message, considering the importance of the events of the past year, the extraordinary display of American bravery and American character?considering those things, we must say, the messige has rather disappointed us. We think the President has had fine aad admirable materials, but has not made suffi cient use of them. He has had placed ia his hands a block of Carara marble; but he wants the skill of a Powers to bring forth either the Fisher-boy or the Greek Slave. He begins his message with a prayer to Providence, like grace before a hasty plate of soup, and closes with a very remarkable and ominous reference to the farewell address of Washington, just before that great man retired to private life. Now will begin in Congreas, the intrigues of the politicians. Watch and pray; for if we are not cheated and humbugged in the next six months, it will be a wonder, indeed. Twt Northerner.?The speed and remarkable regularity of this favorite ocean steamer. placed us in possession of Southern papers nearly one whole day in advance of the mail. She arrived yesierday morning before day hreuk, making a very short passage. By her we received favors from the office of the Charleston Mtr~ cury, also from the offices of the Courier, Patriot and Newt, for which we make our acknowledgments. THr. WciTHr.ii,-W? bad an unusually flna day, for this huod of tha year, yastarday. The tbarmomatar, at 13 o'clock M , stood at 40 degrees. It oontlnued to frees* throughout the day, and tha ran shone oat with nor* than ?nl MUllMMj. 1 TfF T*T PH? Dorrpi t ItTtT.'j* A.V)nLITI ?it was generally kaown in thin city^.tbat in case Mr. Polk's message was read in Washington yesterday, a portion of the press intended to procure a synopsis of it by telegra?>, for jiub'icatinn in the coarse of the afternoon, if possibl". So fur so well. It appears, however, that some evil disposed person or persona, who, we venture to aay, can claim a cloae relationship with the Prince of Darkness, was determined to foil the pret>a in this piece of enterprise, if possible, and likewise deprive not only the people of this city, but those of the whole State, as well as those of Connecticut and New England, of the pleasure of knowing the contents of the message on the same day on #hich it was delivered at the capitol. Accordingly, he or they, determined to cut the wires and prevent communication between Jersey city and the capitol, and did do so, sometime between the hours of two and eleven o'clock in the morning. We speak thus particularly as to the time, because the line was operating for us till two o'clock in the morning. At eleven it wus discovered that there was no communication; and, in the hope that the break might be in the neighborhood of the station, one of the gentlemen connected with the telegraph office started off on horseback?to discover it, if possible. He succeeded in finding the cause of the stoppage at Bergen Hill, about a mile and a half from the station. It appears that some maliciously disposed person had cut the wire and connected the ends with a string of leather; but it fortunately happened that the leather was not strong enough to maintain its place, and snapped across, the wires of course falling to the ground By twelve o'clock, however, the damage was repaired, and the line again in working order. The fellow or fellows who are guilty of this daring piece of rascality, are deserving of a reresidence in State prison, for as long a period at> the law will allow. The orera?A Great Hit at Last. ? The Italian company have at length seen the ele phant?they have discovered the mystery of the agfe. The thing was done on Saturday last. Truffi, the beautiful Trufli, on Saturday evening last laid herself out to sing any way, and to pile up an agony of music, in any quantity, believing that the canaille, which she supposed was there present, in black gloves and shirt sleeves, were no judges. She made a capital hit. She sang ad libitum?at perfect random. She put on the steam, and brought the lightning down from heaven. The audience was enraptured?almost crazy with delight. It put them in mind of Kirby at the Olympic Theatre, who rolled himself up in the American flag, fired off a six-barrelled pistol, and died, as the newsboys said, "like a d?d scoundrel." Truffi?the beautiful Truffi?astonished at her success, with great ingenuity having succeeded in exciting such extraordinary apphuse, repeated the dose before the haul ton on Monday evening, and was again successful. She abandoned all her correctness?all her classical elegance?all that purity of taste which had characterised her on her Grst evenings, but which was then not understood nor appreciated. She adopted the go-a-head principle, letting out her voice in any quantity, at the highest prtce, and brought out thunders and thuoders of applause. The secret is now out. he troupe witnessed her effort and Buceess, and we may henceforth look upon the Astor House Theatre as the most J- L:* J_ mi extraordinary nu inai ever was nitiue. audiencc, both the canaille as well as the haut ton, are equally first rate judges of music, particularly if you put ste&in enough into it. The more agony in singing, the more applause. Good, Mademoiselle Truffi?you have seen the elephant, and no mistake ! Politicians versus Tub Press.?We beg leave quietly and coolly to advise the Van Burens of this State, old and young, rotten and rich, corrupt and profligate, that we shall hold them and their party responsible for the conduct of the newspapers under their control, fed by their patronage, and corrupted by their money. It is time for those old and rotten politicians to understand the signs of the age. The day when they could denounce an independent press, or independent men, and manacle mdependen* thought, is past. Old Van Buren would do much better to remain quietly at Lindenwald, enjoying the beauty of his property, and the contentmeni of the country house which was owned by old Judge Van Ness, who was his early friend, aim whom Mr. Van Buren treated with ingratitude The distinguished gallantry of a warrior can'i oe turned 10 niB advantage at the present day, ut it was during General Jackson's presidency. Nor do the people acquiesce with the same ser vility to the mandates of party, issued by thocr half educated lawyers called pohticiuns, which they formerly did. We have already showt sume generosity to young Yau Buren, by publiai ing his speech, and giving him due credit fot independence of mind ; but it teems, the young politician is too much imburd with tbe spirit ol the old one, to understand his position at tin present day, or to apprfciate the position of th* independent press, that is capable, if it chooses, of overturning ha.f the Van Burens, of eveiy age, or of any length of purse. We have a deep knowledge of the politician ot the present day?of their infamous acts an their gross and atrocioiis principles, and of the infamy which they have brought on this couutn within thirty years past. e trust the spirit which is beginning to develope itself throughout the country, in connection with the press, and its hostility to politicians^ will be a spirit o> triumph, and that they will carry that triumph into the White House and inside the halls ol Congress before long. Tine Newspaper Press in Mexico ?One ol the most singular consequences of the conquesi of Mexico, and the triumph ot the American arms, in that fine country, is the new development of the newspaper press there, wherever our army has established its head-quarters. By every arrival *t New Orleans, we receive packagesof newjournals, just started in Mexico,Ver Cruz, Tampico, and in every other town of ih' republic. Those Mexican journals are published in English, and also in Spanish. Some of them are remarkably well got up? they are full of nd vertisements, and sparkling wit, wisdom and true American spirit. After having conquered Mexico by force of arms, the printers who follow the army are now stepping out of the ranks, and carrying on civilization by the press. Wc shall give specimens of this new journalism in n few days. City lnUIII|?n<i?. Fiats.? A Are oooured at tb? bakery No. 4 Avmue j??t?rday about A o'clock P.M. It was promptly extluguishad, without the aid of the department. Damage ^ * ? * uruugu iu? urra wn nr? in receipt of Eastern papers, In anticipation of the regular mall. Limkktasle Occurrence?Fire and Load or Lirr ? We'were Informed yesterday morning bja gentleman ?to had Just then arrived from New London, Conn , of th. dtsaiu (>y Ore of Mrs Captain Mason, wile of one of our New York pilot*, In that town, oo 8ond?y evenly last. The particulars of the sad catastrophe ara as follows:-It appears that Mrs Mason's two daughter* went early on the evening in question to an evenir m meeting in the neighborhood, and on their return to '.bhonse, about 8 o'cleek, they found It enveloped in amok* On opening the door, they discovered their mother. Mrs Macon, a lady of some forty five years of site, lying at the foot of the stairway dead -her clothe* ?" lira, and pieces of a spirit gas lamp lying around H l> presumed that aha was in the aot of asoendiog or descending tha stairs, and Mipped. breaking the lamp ?that the fluid became Ignited, and resulted In causing her death. Stncinc ?Coroner Walters was called yest. rd*y le hold an Inquest, at the 17th ward station house, upon the body of an nnknown man, aged about 7o years, who committed suicide on Monday night by banging him salf, while In tha station house as a lodger. The jury found a vardiot aooardingly. a# iHnrrtm ?n4 Muatowi* I Km Th?4t?? ?To-night Mr. Djott taie* ? benefit >t ths Park Theatre, ui offers U entsrt linment the I maiodmssatio and musioal play of "Rob Roy Maogregor," In which be < us talus the pert of Rob Roy. After the play, several tongs. dneta, ho. will be lntroduosd; and then will be siren the musical faree of the " Review, or the Wags of Windsor,1' In wbloh Mr. Chapman will appew ?s Caleb Quotem, in whiob ohaiacter oe will lag, In addition to the arlginal music of the pleoa, the soog of ' What'* a Woman Like T" Mr Dvott will play Looney ncTwoulter Both places are filled up by an exoeiUnt eaat, and there will be no want of good enter lalnnent for the evening Mr Dyott haa long b?en a I favorite upon the Park stags; he poesesass great venatality of talent, and la seldom fault? in study or ooneep tloo i be Is full of energy, and If the play lags. It la not his fault. Bill all are acquatbted with bis merita as an actor, and the only thlug now requisite la that his Mends prove tb*lr admiration of the man, by contributing their share towards bis benefit to-night. Bowitar Thsatbf..?We had the pleasure, last'eve H niDg, of again witnessing the baautlfal ballet of " Oisalle," whloh ha* been so elegantly arranged, as to soenlo affect, by the manager. Miss TurnbuU and Mr. Smith evinced gteat skill in the delightful accomplishment of dancing I he bouse wss well filled, and the audience testified their approbation by the most marked applause Nrxt oame th* sad, but Instructive drama of " The Bottie," wh.nb w w w. U BU4t<?in<"i throughout, aud Mr Clarke, who performed the oharaeter of Rlohard Thorn- H by, the iut?uip>Tate mtchaulo very truly deploted the a.armiog OOBS*M*S*M ot an hsbltual drunkard's life, aud the deplorabl effects of evil araoolaton, wbloh lead H to every speoies of eiiminalltv. nurke, in the part of Coildlw, had the bouse in roars of laughter?his peou- I liar vuioe, and comic gestionlation, esoite the rlnlble H faculties of all those who every night, without tiring. Vintc this popular estaD'taOraent TMe evening U aet ap >rt f"T the benefit of Mi?a Turnball "Giselle," the ilnai of " The Bottle," ud the oomedy of ' Crimson Crimes " are the pieces Relucted for the occasion, and toe entertainments will oonolude with a grand " Polka Natlonale," by Mis* Turnbull and Mr. Smith No doubt thin great favorite wHl meet with ft warm reception from her Bowery friends Chatham Thkatrs ?Tbe beautiful play of " The Mountaineers," wai repeated last night to a very good houae?it was well reoeived, and the respective obaraotera very creditably sustained. The Holland Family' next sujoeeded in tbelr extraordinary feat* ; In faotth? pei forojanoe-of thu company alone ought to be anf flelently atti a.niTe to draw a good bouse ; but the manager l? determined to ?i?e a cUarneter to the theat j?, for diversry of uuiu-ewu'. and has introduced "Tableaux VivauiB,'' liy '.he vlod I Aniites of tbe theatre,.which, from ttie el garter o' r.b?ir > rrangemant, will be sure to repay him well for his exert,tonn lo pl?a*e tbo?e who pa tromc<- bis estab iahment The beautiful pantomime of " I'lie Gulden K-y." oonoluded thn amusrments. when the audlenoe retired ptrleotly satisfied with the rich treat tbvy bud received. Tuis evening, tbe H Hand Family take their benefit Tn? couiedy of " Faint Heart never won fair L ?tiy," * the Model Artl?ts," and a new oomle pantomime, with various danoes. tea , make up tbe programme. Those who wish to laugh, and dl?sipate g>ooui, had better visit the theatre this evening. Circus Bowery Amphithkatrb ?Theie will be all kinda of things d >ue u jou tin light rope this evening, bj Mr Sweet, wno is as muoh at bit ease on a three I stranded rope ?s many people are ou the firm ground. He is accounted one of the best performers in tula line in tbe Union His evolutions, somersets, tco , are truly asionixhiog ; horsemanship, and all the popular noveltie* of the day, will also be presented?in fact, they have ft great bill. Sakdk. Lent & Co.'? Thobfe.?Tryon has engaged the entire mmuge of Sands, Lent St Co . embracing tha f itnous dancing horses Ma; Fly and Buoephalus; the troujie of fighting ponies, tbe Tom Thumb poney, and all tbelr beautiful ring horsen, costly trappings. &.o. See. Mr. Sands and his talented young artists, Maurice and Jesse, will be tbe leading features is the entertainment. Lathiop, the most popular of clowns, Waller Ay mar, youDg Hernand- % u?d oiher distinguished members of thi? rpl-nuid iruupe, will all make ibeir appearance, in addition to the mghly respectable company now performing at the Amphitheatre Thvy are to open the holiday season on Monday next at the Bowery Amphitheatre. Christy's Minstrels.?'The businers season is now pretty nearly over for this fall, or rather winter, as we are now fast verging towards what la termed mid-winter. And in these long evenings a pUoe of amusement Use Christy's, comes very upropo?. The merchant or professional man oan there find sufficient relaxation from the cares of hie daily occupation, and at the eime time afford his wife and family a few pleawnt hours' entertainment without any very extravagant outlay. To say that thia band is good, would not be giving them their full meed ot praise?they fere unquestionably a superb set of performers. As usual, this evening they give an excellent bill. The Hausek Family.?This evening tho Orand Tyrolean Conoert of this family is to come off, at tbe Sooiety L.iurary i on program me i? ricn ana varlt-a, conslstlng of inlos, dnetts, quartett?. tcs. TfcOM who Lave attended their late concerts, speak highly of their vooal and musical abllltUs The aira they slog are plaintive and b??utlful, and their unity and harmony of voice is perfect melody. We wish them every success. They another ooneert on Ptiday evening next, which wlU probably be their las*, prior to their departure for Boston. Naur York Stentd Muiic Society ?The new sacred o atorio of " EiiJ.h," oomposed by Meadelsshon. will b* Hivi-n on Thurso ay evt-mug next, at th? l'aberuaola, this S ?oiely Th* principal performers are, Mis? '^orthall, Mrs. C. E Horn. Mrs Boulard, aod M)?sr? ft q Paige, and Edw?rd Sueppard Conductor?M/ Chubb; Organist Mr. H C. Timui There oan be Tcry little doubt, with suod a ho?t of vuotland instri|rjental talent, that the T*b?roaole. on that evening, wtn present a brilliant an ay of the musloal dilutml*. American Musical Instituti.?Vhis Society will give a mUcallaneou* concert, in plar? of the oratorio of km 4nd thh p-ri " ?hlflh .. v? a. - ?, uku |H>?pguiiu ior ? abort period, on Tueaday e?anlrjg, Dm 14th. Ontow.? It ?!# that the N?w Yorkers are a onrlsi net of folks in the way o* planet of amusement, and an a r- tult ?f (bin eikriug, on* eKabliahments ara springing up ail around One of the lateat la iha Odeon, which uaa bran ratabliahed l>y Mr PiDtanx, at hia aaloon in Broadwey, or rather attached ta hia taloon, h? tha antraooe to the Odeon ia through it from Broadway. Ha ha* b-en at great pains and expense, and haa really got up quite a tHnt? fnl little house, where ha purpoaaa to Kre*?nt a variety of amusemrnta < broughout the winter. There in a parquette. and alao box a, tor tha aeoemino'iatioa of the audience, and this evening the houaa will opeu with ??me pleaaii-g entertainment*. ruch aa feats of baUuciog, fco t>y MIm Biauchard, ainglng and danoing by Mr 3beim*n and Miaa Lemee, and a series of the popuur exhibitions known aa Tableaux Vivanta. by living mate and female figure* No iaaa than tan beauliful groupings will be presented We have no doubt Mr Pinteux will aueoeed in thia undertaking. Puilu llllCillgCIUK. Arrntt on lutyi tun Oflloei Mitchell. of the 14th ward. arretted, j enter day, Ann Waters, John Currcn, . <1 WlllUm Lot-, ou h oharge of b-lng connected with than. al.ea ly m euB?dy, In r bbing Mr Patrick Kelly D 'i we u (6uu aid $700 a f. w ulahia ainoe, while in an .>ynt<*r mlouu iu WkikcrmMt, S.'iiue considerable money wat found o? the ?ccua>d panlu*. wblob ianuppoetd ii bea portion < f 'he atoleu money Juatioe Osborne deMioed them >1 f -r a further bearing. t Ar* e nt f'oih t fr trncfi, A oomp aint waa pref ired a tsw d>.?? tgo b U e JtmiOt) Drinker, by vlr. lis I .... i w_- m_ ?J in. I, ?. . > V .? " iriMnu. ui wmT-1 . ti V V? vr Mil IbrHVl, Uoiivrt H. K^rr, i he.giog bun wi h obtaining a enroll or $250 ry r p rnwut<tiou? It appear* that IB 0. toner >att Knir (lal -d.up .n .Mr Colem.u, and wiah?d i<?i bi* . vn . hnck liroHU upon the Klugt ou Bank lor ii.iO Mr <. ?leu?*n rrfu-ed to canh it, unl'M be r? ni'etl *>>di? iioiu'vral security in order to fulfil tb? pay<U' nt Coo??-qu>nMy in bt ining the money. Kerr depoeited with Coleman h oh?rk lor ih? *ame amount, ir?wn by O-c ?r B Fletcher. I hi* obeok waa known to br good,' Tb>-r~toic K-ir'r obt-ck wa* oaab?(l A day or :?o afterward* K> rr a led upoo Mr Coleman, a?(t ' (MvBM that lb- ch'Cn bad been paid and saw iho uio oxuoell <1 a' the Kiugatou Bauk Upon ihnae representation* Vlr Coleiuan deliv-ri d np the KUtoner cbeok, wen the out d?; h? r^o?iT>-d a protent of the check from the Kngaion Bti k, as having b?en represented paid by Kerr. Upen these false statements, Juitloe i)rtnk?r lrsued a warrant for the arrest of Kerr on th? charge Pt i> L rcf i*??OtAon Boyle, of the 4th ward, rested yesterday a woman oailed Mary Downey. r,n * . charge of stealing a silk dress valued at $10, beKjnging to Reuben P Rodgers, No 99 Chatham ttreqfc. Jnstioe Osborne looked er up for trial rtrrm an Sui/.i < ? ?A. woman by tha Dame of Isa. bella Campbell, was arreated on Monday Bight by ofloer Crigier, of t!-e 17th ward, having is her possession bona and oart On being queationed respecting the owner. >he (aid tbat the horse and oart belonged to Abi aham Teller, who fell from the oart and iDjured himself >o severely tbat he requested her to drive tha bone home. Search wai made, but no traoa waa ascertained fcf 'he mining man; consequently the oapiain of polioa detained her in order to fully inveetigate ihe case Runung a "Nigger "?A blaok fellow called Cbarlea laukxoD. ^nit-red tun score of Mr Vandarvaer, No 91 Wilt Broedway on Monday eronlbg, anatchedup*buad e of (to klnp* and boitad; an alarm waa at once given i>t "atop thief," wtiich. put a?Tcral on the negro a trail, tunnliig bim up At.thooy airei-t and along Church, wb?n attar a aharp chaoe Mr Nlgwaa o?pturad by offloar i orbuah. or ibe Hf h ward, the property reoor?red, and Juntie* OabornH looked bim up for irlai Charge 0/ Mm ing a WalcA.? Ofllceri Feeuy and MeManue, of the fclx'li ward, amated yeaterday a nian calling himaell Bill Bennett, on a obarge of breaking ' pan a trunk In iba oabm of tba barge Manhattan, lying ?t the foot of Market allp, atuallng therefrom a aum watch valued at %it>, belonging to captain John Dillon. The watob waa raoorarad, and Juatloe Osborne looked aim up for tilai Jlr,t.tnj Juvenile 7V?ra? ? Officer Crlttaoden of tba lltn ward, arieatad yeaterday lour boy*, called Bill Moran, Tbonua Knieimoiona, Jamea MoCarty, and John CniTla. charged witb ateallng a lotcf copper aplkaa, belonging to Tbomaa Collyar and Tbomaa Oroee. Committed by Juatlce Ketobam *? mm%jm lUilfUUI, Th* 'oil* en the Kit* e?n?i, tor th* pa?t *ea*on, amounted to uior? tbau funr tima* tb? whola r?T?nu? or North Carollii* John Vrrn?n on? of th? Canadian patriot*. who tu o<>n?lcted <'f tri-sHon and MuUlo(d to Van DW man's I.and fir )lf? In 1834 but who.wttb others, ?u libera1 ad coin* two year* ?*? through Rooheairr. ou his ?ay h"iu?. ''ti th> S I tn?t.aut At the tlm? be wax par, rinocil. Iifitig entirely destitute of dk?ui to return. he hipped nn b .ard no Viuerlcan wtn^mir ?f?wl, mad* a 1 ?oyaj[e of *<.me twenty month*. (mostly In toe I'aotflo I'Oean) around the ea>rh. via Cape Morn to Nantucket, i A destructive On* took plana la Darien Ma . on MonI day ni^lit, the 'JOth ult Ton lnc? wan about H'J WIO ? no Itsuranoe. The looaern are Me*?ri Robin*, Laoan, Bai oou -until. Mitchell and Collin* A OrenceurreU at Lafayette. La, on the night of tha > Jflih ult burning mafulHiient dwelling houses. ona r>-ifi<>Kii.?r to >lr Niehi l?, the ntber t' J. R. Boyataade. elm ?? lo-ur-d t? the amount of |ti,600. Hi* Iom wUi MT??th?la#? h??v

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