Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 9, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 9, 1847 Page 2
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rtraLisaco . r tus i rwrih-west Corner or Fulton and Naiiau its., ?Y James Gordon Bennett, Proprietor. UJ1LY HERJtLD? Every day. {Sunday inelndtd.) Pri < t cttlt per copy?f Ur*r annum?in tkt United Sla'et To Eur-petn lulicWltri i( Ik* il'SM iki l, tU per annum im incl dt '*< p ilatt, tckiek kat it be prepaid. WEEKLY HERALD-Every Saturday-Price 6* ren'i per copy?11 I1H per ann im?in Ike United Salts To European tubtcribert, by tteamtkip, ti per annum, to include the pottage. HERJtLD FOR EUROPE-Kvtry Suam Pocket Day ? Price ?*?' centt per copy?ti peg annum, including pottage or SI if J exclusive oj pottage. Suktcrptiont and advftifmenti will be received hy Heart. rue Vivitnne. Parit; P L It Corn hill, and Jokn Miller, booktelltr. Henrietta itreat, London. JlXSUJi L PIC TOR ML HE HAL O-PukUiked an tkt ; J t of January of fek yar?tizpenct per copy. *1DVERTISEVENT3, mt tke uiunl p ica. Jldvtrtittmcntt tkould be tor ticn in a plain legible miuur Tke proprietor will not U rutponttble for err ore tkot nay occur intk'm , PRINTING of oil kind i executed beautifully and with dttpulck. -ILL LETTERS or communie -tiont by mail, for rubtetiptiom or tritH adocrti?tmt*li addretted to tke proprlrto* of ike eitabliikmont taut! be peel paid or tk* pottage vi'M he deducted from tke eubfcription money remitted VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE a*d com. municationi. containing important newt or useful intalU i;enc<, is to icitedf'om aiy quart-r of tke torrid?Europe . Iiii Africa. or Jlowica-and if uted tcill always be liberally paid for by tke Proprietor. NO NOTICE con be taken of anonymoui communication! ? balever it intruded for insertion mutt be autl enticn'rd by I be name and addretl of the trri'er ; not ner'ttarily fo' public aion but aim guar a fy >f hit good faitb W* cannot undertake to return rejected communicationt. .ILL PJl\MENTS to 6e made in advance. Vw York, Thursday, Dccembtr 9, 1847. Tile Foreign HI alls. The mails of the steamer Britannia will pro bably reach this city ttys evening. She did not arrive Ht Boston until after the mail train left that city yesterday afternoon. Tile English IVtwi. We received lust night, and publish in thin day'a paper, the sub9t><nce of the English news received yesterday at Boston by the steamer. It is highly and deeply important. The rise in corn and cotton jb most significant and extraordinary. It is true that after the accounts were received at Liverpool from this city, giving a statement of a large crop, the article reeded .lightly ; but still the broad and general f*ct exitts, of arise in these 'wo important staple^> of the United States, and this, too, in the midst . uf a revulsion in the money market in England. It must be admitted that there seems to be a lull in money affairs there, for the present; failurrs still take place but they are few, and farbetween? and there is greater ease in'the money market A large French loan of 250,000,000 of francs' equal to ?10,000,000, has been taken by the Rothschild*, without producing any eff-ct in London, and from this circumstance, it is highly probable that a great deal of the stringency in London, a*d elsewhere, was produced. We have said the rise in cotton and corn, in the f*ce of such a revulsion in England, is extraordinary. It is so. England and its dependencies were blessed with bountiful crops last season. In the face of this, we see a rise in corn, proving conclusively that they must import lnrsft ini -'ities for consumption. If the rise Tins tirly in th$ day as it has, the increase in the c? must be greater as the sf&son advance' . This demand undoubtedly springs from the rg? population of England and Ireland, and the natural deficiency of the crops from the nature of the limited quantity of territory. They have the population, and they r* Jst be fed; and if they have not the food, of course they must import it, at any price at which they can get it. It is much the same with cotton ; the manufacturers must have a supply, and although a revulsion in ?the money market may temporarily reduce the price, still, in the end, it will recover itself. These views of the cotton and corn markets account for the recent int?-lli> gence, and the same views also point to the probability of a similar revulsion taking place in the money market on a future day, to those we have seen take place. The exchanges, by the imports of cotton and corn, will be turned against England; the specie that has been flowing from the Uoited States for a short time past will soon t __i_ a i i-- * 1 ctmc imCiv Anoiaer p>tnic win uc urcmeu in the course of a few months. We will, however, have a lull, a quietude, but it is very doubtful if it will ever be permanent, although many on thia and the other side will indulge the belief that it will be, and that all danger is over. Thus far in relation to money affairs. On the continent, extraordinary thingB are taking place ?suicides, and murders, and fatalities a la Pmxlin. The Count Bresson, who was the agent of Louis Philippe in negotiating the Spanish marriages, could not stand his conscience any | longer?so he cut his throat, and went to the other world as fast as he could. Otuer distinguished persons have followed him. The war has begun in Switzerland, and where it will end, no one can tell. Conspiracies are hatching in Pari*. In short, the whole continent ia ia a state of doubt, difficulty and danger, together with England. A full account of the present state of England and the old world, and many things beside, will be found in to-morrow's p'per Tiik Post Office?Mr. Polk, in his message, ee cm a quite delighted with the idea that Cave Johnson, by his management, has made the Department pay its own expenses. But look at the sscrifices ! Look at the hundreds and hundreds of failures, and the derangement of all the foreign mails ! The American people don't care about a few hundred thousand dollirs, nor even a few millions, provided they can have their business done with promptitude, fidelity, deci Ision ana accuracy, uur amnestic mails could not have been worse managed than they have been during the last year. The number of failures has been enormous; and as to the foreign mails, we all know what they are. It may be alleged, however, that the arrangement of the foreign mails lies with foreign government*, and that the derangements are owing to the obstinacy of these governments. But when Cave Johnson turned his attention to the organization of ocean steamers and foreign mails, he ought to have preceded his arrangements with the necessary and proper negotiations, in order to sreure succesM and regularity, as soon as these steamers began to run. Instead, however, of doing this, be paid no attention to these foreign negotiations in relation to postages; but alter his blunderings were made apparent, then for the first time he sent out Major Hobby to mend and repair his errors, with, however, little it any prospect of success. We adher* to our opinion, that he is the most | illiberal?tlie most narrow-minded and the most blundering Postniaeter General, that has ever I br u intli'". 1 upon the Department. We cannot I i ?tm ! character as a Postmaster, as Mr. I oik bM done ; but we think he would make a I oepitsl flbykek in Wall street. I \Voht)Fhs and Profits op thi: Telkurai-h.? I The Ronton and Sew York telegraph transniitI ' 1 to and ironi those cities, yesterday, over ten B t.u i^and words?a fact which evinces at once I the wonders of this extraordinary and novel I meant of communication. There can be no I doubt iliut telegraphic Mock will lie, MO long, if, itiunyf now, tlio mo#? profitable bfOtk ? b. .n.'ui can hi^eapiUl n | 0 ? KLEOTRIO TILBfijRAPB. AF7AZKB IN BUB.OFS. ARRIVAL or xm STEAMSHIP BRITANNIA AT TWO WBBK8 LAZSB. OPENING OF TOE BRITISH PARLIAMENT. Total Wreck of the Packet Ship fttftnhAn Hfhitnotr OVER NINETY LIVES LOST. ADVAip IN THE C3FN MARKETS. Hostilities Broken oat in Switzerland* ' 11 MORE RIOTS IN IRELAND, THE FRENCH STEAMERS. MORE MERCANTILE FAILURES. STATE OF THB COTTON MARKET. tCi) 4c., fcc. We received the following despatch at fifteen minutes past two o'clock yesterday afternoon. BtfTon. D?o 8?3 15 P. M. Tbe steamship Britannia ! ju?t telegraphed .Shell 36 mil** dU ant. E N E 8he irtU be up about 0 o'olook She will be np at 0 o'clock thU evening. The steamer reached Bostou about six o'clock, 1 and the following intelligence waa immediately transmitted to this city over the wires. THB NEWS. The advices trom Liverpool are 10 we i?tn ult., inclusive. The British Parliament was convened on the 18th No business was transacted beyond the mere ceremony of opening, which wfcs done by royal commission. The corn market, in Liverpool, on the 19th, to 2 o'clock, waB steady at the quotations. The attendance was very fair. The French loan of two hundred and fifty million of francs, has been adjudged to M. de Rothschild, at 754, which was the minimum reserved; the adjudication had little or no effect upon the English market. An announcement reached London on Monday, that a formidable conspiracy had been discovered in Paris, wTiich had the effect of seriously depressing the English funds for a short time. The committee of the stock exchange hul commenced an investigation into the circumstances connected with the report, but it could only be traced to Folkstone, from which it was received by the electric telegraph. Hostilities have at length commenced in Swit1 1 . ai. . r j tc? zenana, iu me lorunra cny ui rnucig, ouine skirmishing had taken place, in which the troops of the Sonderbund were worsted. Count Bresson, French Ambassador at the Court of the Two Sicilies, committed suicide an the 2nd ult.j and a short time previous, Count Mortier, French Ambassador to the Court of Turin, attempted to murder both his children, and to cut hi* own throat, while laboring under a fit of insanity. Dr. Felix Mendelssohn Bartlmldy, the eminent composer of "Elijah," died suddenly at Leipsia, on the 4th ult., in the 39th year ot his age. A convention has been entered into between the Pope, the Grand Duke of Tuscany and Lucca and the King of Sardinia, for the formation of a tariff, bas? d upon the principle of the German Commercial League. The measure has been hailed throughout Europe with the greatest possible satisfaction. The state of Ireland is truly frightful. A system of agrarian resistance is every where manifested ; landlords daily falling before the vengeance of the people. The French mail steamer Union was to leave Havre on the 24th ult., her departure having been delayed in consequence of the injuries which her machinery suffered upon the last voyage from New York. The Sarah Sands will resume lie*r place upon the line on the 22d January. The British and North American steamers will continue to run fortnightly during the winter, until the new vessels shall be ready, when i the spring will commence with a weekly mail; the new arrangement will take effect on the 1st of January, on which day the Cambria will sail from Liverpool for New York. The packet ship Stephen Whitney, was totally lost at 10 o'clock, P. M., of the 10th ult., on her voyage from New York to Liverpool, under circumstances the most perfectly appalling, that the imagination can possibly conceive. Mis taking the light upon Rock Island, near Cape Clear, on the south coast of Ireland, for the Old Head of Kinsale, she continued her course, intending to make Cork Harbor, but in less than a quarter of an hour, with a suddenness which defied all human effort to avert her fate, she came broadside on a rock called the West Calf, four miles inside the Cape, and in less than ten minutes after striking, she dashed to atoms, overwhelming no less than ninety-two of her helpless crew and passengers. Eighteen only, of one hundred and ten, succeeded in clambering up the face of the rock which forms a wretched island, containing three fishermen's huts. . . The following is a list ot the officers and crew that perished:? Char lei W. Popham, muter, Irishman; Robert OU1. 2d mate. Englishman; Thomas Bills. George Raymond and Wm Browne, N. Haven; Chas Browne, Jamei Crawford and Robt. Hope. N. V.; Wm. Wrtgga, Bath. U. 9 ; Clear?, Baltimore; Wm. Hieks, Mass ; Benjamin Evans, alio a native of America; John WIUhu, Carnarvon. Wale*; Andrew D. all. Denmark; and Roaa MoCamaek, and Cilia Miller, stewardeeeee. Ail the first and seoond oabin paeeengera perished oomprielng Dr. Groyney, Cork; Oliver Roberts, J. d' Fordyoe, Scotland; Mr. Robinson, Liverpool; Thomas MoCeagna, Ohio; Mrs. Them, Petersburg; James Mefelaakey, Mary Connor, Isabella Quinn, David McOraitan, MITCH* UHDMIUV, WU umtiB. The eighteen who were saved, ir< Tho? Allen, Wt mat*; Jamea B. Mackay, 13d mate ; Jim. Millar, steward; Wm. Johnston, (boy,) John Hatbway, David Ferguson Wm Smith, Henry Hume, Dan'l O reaves, Then. Jackson John Pearson, George Prince, Adolphua Jaokeon, and Joseph or Jamea Saunders (seaman); Edw'd F.kin, Patrick Patterson, Jr., and Joaaph Dollar, passengers. 8a complete waa tha destruction of tha doomed ship, that tha only vestiges of her to be found, are amall pieces of timber, not more than four faet long. [The Stephen Whitney belonged to Robert Hermit's lin** ol New York and Liverpool packets. 'She was about eight years old, measured 850 tons burthen, and was valued, together with her cargo, at 960,000, on which aitiount, we understand, an insurance had been effected in Wall street. She Bailed from this port on the 17lh of October, under the command of Capt. Popham. J?Nkw York. IIkrai.d. The royal mail steamer Cambria arrived at Liverpool on the 15th ult. The steamer Missouri reached Havre, on the 11th. The ship Sea, at Liverpool on the 10th; the Cambridge on the 11th; the Kalamazoo on the 13th ; the Constitution on the 18th ; the Wyoming, from Philadelphia, on the 13th. Sailed, on the 7th, (|ueen of the West, fo; New York; also iho I'eter Hatj mok.aad tb?Motttnuowi, Th? ud BttOMflCUCttlw. London, 18tb Not , 18*7. W* hey* had f*w failure* of importanoa loo* oar last . advtoas of ?a lirtMt, *ri t>li elnuutuM *1oi?i hM glv*n bon ton* to oom??rcUl *ff?lrs. The minimum ' rat* of interest oh*rg?d by the Dank of England will probably remain at 8 par cant, until after th?meeling of Parliament; but discount In other quarters la already to ba bad on cheaper terms, and a* ih? general I lab 111tUa have now become so mnoh reduced, thara is a growing Impression tbat money, In tba natural oourae of thing*, muat soon beoom* sailer. Tb* funds hare ad anoed considerably : oonsols eloslng this afternoon at 81 f ir money, and exchequer bills at 'is discount to par. ; Th* Kr*n<*h three per oent. loan for two hundred and j fifty millions franoa, has been taken at fcs. 74.25. equivalent, with discounts, to a oash prioe of fos 73 30. In foreign and eolonial produce thero has been rather, more disposition shown to operate, but we regret to (ay mat id the mtoaraclDf dUtrloti trade atui eonunuM id ? very depreeaed itiU. Tha overland mall, which leit ' Bombay on Ut Oot, arrlvad on tha 4th lnat. It brought i dat?a from Mad raj to 30th, and from Calcutta to l*th ; Sept, but the commercial Intelligence W unimportant i ?tthn?Price* of Canada remlain noraoaHy the same We bar* no United Mate* bar*. Brandy oontlnuel quiat. Co'.Qa? 6ale? of Trinidad haabeeo mad* to soma stent, from 39 Od to 48a, being moderate price*. Nothing dona in Braiil or Guayaquil. Cochintal? The sale*, line* our laat,comprlie about 400 bag*, ohiefly H>nduraa. Silver, from 3t lid to As 4d being about 3d per lb. dearer the demand running mora on tha ordinary aorta. Copp>T Skit king remain* firm at lid per lb. W* quota ' tough oake" Xt8. and tile ?97 per ten, but thare la not much doing. Cefftt? The heme trade bafe taken, aino* our laat, about 300 oaaka, 13,000 bag', oonaUting prine pally of Ceylon and Coata Rioa, at rather batter prloe*. Native Ceylon now brioga 33a to 33a 8d, while Coata Rioa rang** from 30a to 43a, for sport. Tbar* la little doing, though a slightly improved demand baa manifested itaelf in aom* of the Continental market* The Corn Mar kit ha* been better supplied with farmer'* wheat elnce our laat, and price* have dee lined, in conaaquence, about 3j per qr. United State* wheat la also rather cheaper, while barrel flour oontinuM difficult of *al?, aa the quality here la generally Indifferent. Indian Cum ha? aivanoed In Ireland, and holders are firmer here la oonsequence. The followlag axe the nearest quotation* of the day, *1*:? United States red wheat SSi a 44*. per imp. qr.; white 47a a 61a. per Imp. qr. Floor, 36a to 38a per bbl. Inferior and eour Indian oorn, 80? to 31* per 490 lb*. ' Barley 30* to 32* per Imp. qr. Oat* 18* to 20a per imp. ' qr. Indian oorn meal, 16a to 16s per bbl. Co'tvn? The advice* per ateamer Cambria bare not improved the Liverpool market, whioh yesterday waa dull. Drvgi i Without material change, la the'abseno* of publle aaiea. Htmp continue* negleoted. St. Petersburg, clean, la held at ?37, without finding buyers Hidtt aa last quoted There la little doing, bat present, rate* ar+ scarcely Ukely to experlenoe any depression. Indigo la firmer, and purobaaea are no loner to be made at the Ootober ourrenoy, though hitherto no marked advance ! has been realized. Aa befere noticed, the article haa ! declined to prioea lower than ever before known. While the next orop In Bengal promises to be moderate, and aa difficulties may be expected from the reoent failurea among the large owner* of factories, future prises would | seem to be susceptible of some Improvement. The Iron Trade ia muoh depressed, and prices have declined a good deal, with still a downward teadenoy, and the maatera have already determined to resort to reduotion of wagea. Common bar, in Walea. oan be bought at ?8 6s, with one pur oent dlaeount; and raila at ?8 per ton, oaah. Sootch pig eaanot be quoted over 60s on the Clyde. Swedish nominally ?11, and Arohaagel ?13 10a pertoa. Ltad?Engllah pig ia at preaent flat, but no aellera under ?18. There are several parcels of Spanish la the market, whioh might be had at ?17 6a. hintttd Caku continue ia great demand, aad American realize ?9 to ?11 per ton aooording to quality. Little doing In Fith Oil. Sptim ?80 to ?81. South 8ea ?24 to ?26 Pale Seal ?38. Cod ?36 pertoa. Lintnd Oil ia dull at prrnvub, sv vu. pci ?w?, uuv ?* i>uio ww price un* mend bit already sprung up from the Continent. Rite is mere enquired for, and prices of East India have im proved about is. per ewt Bengal is worth from 10s to 16s , and Madras 8s. fld. to 12s. per ewt. Saltpetre attracts more attention, and priots have an upward tendency A small parcel landed baa been sold at 30s per 8 lbs. refraotloo, and 300 tons to arrive hive been taken at aos. Qd., warranted, and under that refraction. it<t<o Sit*.?The public sales comprising. in all, 6100 bales commenced yesterday; 3 400 bales bare passed, of whioh 1,000 have been sold, is: 700 China's, and 300 Bengal's. Taytaamt have tone off rather better, ruling from 9$ 3d to 10s. Tiatleei ranged from 10s ad a 14s to 10s on previous rates, at which, also the few Bengals have been realised. Spelter can still be bought lor ? 17 10i, though the large holders will not sell under ?18 Shert Zinc ?17. No material change in Spictt. in Sugar, f r home use a large business has been doing, and prloes have recovered about Is 6d frem the lowest point; the trade have I aken about 7000 hhds. and 3600 bags, while the other sales include 660 oases Brazil, 1000 boxes Havana, 161 burets and baskets Java, and 1300 hhds P Kloo, at prloes not prevl 011*1 J ODiiiuaoie. Jit IDS cump?nj B BUS 01 baaketa held at Amsterdam on the 11 th inatant, the whole found buyers rather above valuations, via from iit a 3#Xf, being in average about 4f under the high ratea of 6ih September; in other aorta there baa been little doing, and at St. Teteraburg they remain flat. Tulloto remalna aa laat quoted. In tea we hare little to remark, aa the trade oontlnne to auppi7 th?lr requirements at former ratea. At publio sale laat week, 16 000 packages were put up and 3600 Bold at a reduction of 14 to 3d per lb on gunpowder, and l)?d per lb on medium Coogi/Ua. Tin? In English not much doing, bat Banker and 6traita oontinue firm at 83 a 84a respectively. OF rough turpentine there are aeilera at Va, but the drawer* are not inclined to purchase* ai the trade for iplrita ia ao T?rj depressed; a paroel of French waa offered at auotion laat week and bought in at 39a, without even a bid. WKaltbont- We quote Soutb Sea ?170 to ?176, and North-weat ?160 to ?17n; but there ianot much doing Amtrican Stockt oentlnue without charge, but are in general well held There have been some transactions in Pennsylvania Five* at 65 per cent. No 110w i via omtd dhfom iv wj u?u. W. Clare dt Nsm' Circular. Liverpool, 18th November. 8m?The market, previous to the arrival of the Cambria steamer of the 1st Inst, on the evening of the 16th, was progreaaing steadily, and the prioee of Friday laat were fully maintained; bat aa the aooeunts of the crop how an increase in the estimatei of It, the firmness of our holders has given place to anxiety to sell, and fully decline on the previous current rates has been conceded, the market presenting a dull and heavy appearanoe. The tendency at present being in favor of still lower rates. Your obedient servants. WILLIAM CLARE fc SONS, Brokers. Elnanclal Intelligence* London Montr Market, Nov IS ?Contrasting tha operations of trade and the general aspect of the monetary affairs of the country for the last fortnight, with those of the preoeding. It la gratifying to observe that a slight, but still a peroeptible improvement has tak>n place. Nevertheless, this reaction, so well begun under the combined Influence of returning confidence and a gradual relaxation of the money pressure, has, within the last few days, been greatly affected by some additional failures, the most serioua of whioh baa been the stoppage of Tru | nin & Cook, of London, an eminent brokerage bouse, I wboM liabilities are estimated at ?350,000; Altbougb the price of money it still hlgtk and insolvencies are rife, the farj of the panic ba? been stayed, and the prridge of brighter and happier days can be distinguished amidst the darkuees of the paat and the gloom of the present Trade Is evidently making Vigorous struggles to rise. Money is yet most dlffljult to be had.? Commercial distress has not been materially assuaged; bat hope is hlgb, and the future is promising. Towardi the latter end of last week there was a decidedly more cheerful feeling exhibited in the manufacturing districts, and an Id creased business was done, particularly by private treaty. The failure of Truman ti Cook, before alluded to, cast a serious gloom upon the market, and although the casualty does not affect Manohester or its neighborhood to noy considerable extent, yet It must produoe results unfavorable to general jcredit, and retard, for a while, that gradual approach to wall revived confidence so essential to the eommerce of the country. The English funds, for the past fortnight, have suffered less fluctuation than for a considerable time previously. Though they have suffer, ed many ohangna, they bave displayed greater firmness with aa unequivocal tendency to asoead. Their steadii nesa has been considerably promoted by tho lmporta! ti in of foreign gold, amounting to nearly one million five hundred thousand pounds. The Hank of I'.nglAndttilj demand* the high rate of ? per cent discount, "hils its ' biaoohes generally rtluwto advaooe unJfer0 {went; | hjt wwt it Up rrtetblWWr>Mt? ft tb? WB?? *???- 1 I km di'counted bill* of good reputation, at?, ?>4 ttik ?X per orDt. la the money awkit yoaterday, a hotter fooling prevailed. ?nd no bow fklluraa were reported. Coa* la eloood at 88Ji for money, with axtenaive tranaaotlona, and for aceount, at from (l)? to 83^ A oouatderabla tale of (took, however, damped the market. Foreign bond* commanded Tory trifling attantloa. Tbe friend* of tho Hoyal Bonk and North and South Wale* Dank, both of wbloh r< oentiy fu?p?nded payment, entertain itrong hopee that th?y will be la a poaltiju to rt'iime bunineaa early next month. Vary graat oontempt la felt In thli oountry for the alarmiate, who correapond with tho Amarioan, and particularly a part of the New York prea* M. Horaeley Taimcr'a indlaoretion la muoh regretted, and It la troated that the untoward txjtoii with which ha haa been viaited, will operate prudentUlly upon the prophetio acribea of tha oountry. Liit or Failv?k*o?- Mkrcharti and Bimkh in K?<iLAM> AND OTHKR PART* OF Kl'BUPK IINCC Tlir PUBLICATION OK -tHK tfllOPkAM Tiuki of thk 4th Nor. Ab <>tt, Nut tmrfiam It ' Jo. Watehouaemeu... London. Ddfui Ainawnrth. M unTaciu cr Manchrater \ Arkell, M ock fc.Kcha> ice L?.l?1ou. O k I Blake, ^oap Boiler* Liverpool. J It. Bruckerlt Ho i, Brokef* L verpool. N arccbta t, Marcbiot Amatertftm. Carter St B*ina, Iderth.uti Liverpool Pantibe i li Baity. Yam ud Oooda Af:tau... .(ila?(ow. J P. Clarke, v.erehuit Leie- iter. <'oli*i>, Jud*h k 8 <ni Weat ludia Mercbauia... Lo d n. Co'emm kTodd blnre Bokeia Liverpool. P. C-mill Calico t'rinter. .. ..*1 an cheater. Kwiuic Aadcriou k ^ird, Merc't* St Mitnu ra. .Calcutta. H ?tit- Kariand. Coru F ctor.., Loidoi. Figgi-lt Idlmm Whoieaale Drtiggiati, Dublin. F > d It Lni'JBar.kara *".. Honit m. UundiyliCo. B* krm Rndjiort. IUr*re?ve? k Co Merchaiti Liverpool John* u Col* St Co.. K India Merchant* London. Z lu>t. Mannf.eturer.. Minclieiter. 4 il'iain 'Ivory Kiyn. Mft'fhaat HuldrrtfUl J Ke ah ?, Holla*. <1 It Co., Manufacturer* Mancheiter.

D YlcKe< ne. Jr., <0. India Merclnnt........QUig.'w. Marala'd Velt'itnh. St Co Mancheatei b aoekpoit. Da id Nac>er. Irou Founder Ulaigow. Ogrlve. lark. St Co., Comm ?ii?u|Ak>du Olaago?v. Pileii^it It Co.. Corn Merchant* Bayonue. Piitersoo It M. Uibbon, Calico I'rioter* OUagowJ J 8 H-rvey P ndletru. Merchant Maucbeater. Kotham St Co., Banker* Aoiatrrdum J Hooligan tt Co., B<ukera Antwerp J. H Hu"r It Bon, Siiuar i>ehueie Amaterdam. Kyder, Wreuhult, kCn , India Me Cham* London. Tnurbuu St C?., r.ait India It Kgyjn'ii Merch'ta Loudon. O Ic " VoU'c. Calico Priu'rra Olaagow. From the 6th to the 17tb ult, inolnaive, ther? hare been gazetted In England, 116 bankrupt* and6i Insolvents, and in Bootland 80 bankrupt!. JilukcU. Litebtool Coait Market, Not. 19, 13 M.?But western canal flour 30 to 30a. per bbl.; Richmond Mid Alexandria, 28e to 38s 8d; Philadelphia and Baltimore, 39* a 38a 8d ; New Orleana and Ohio, 38a a 37a; United-Statea and Canadian soar, 31a a 33a. Indian oorn, per quarter, 3Saa39a. Indian meal, per barrel, 18a 6d to 18a 8d ? Wh?at, United State* and Canadian whit* and iblxed, per 70 lbs., 7a Cd to 9a; red, 6a to 8a. Oata, per 46 lba , 3a (id to 3a. Barley, per 00 pounda, 3a to 4a. Rye. 3a to 4s. Feaa, per 304 lba, SOa to 40a. Although thia market haa shown no poaltlve tendency to advanse, alnoe our laat advioes, It baa been characterized by sustained firmness and increasing demand Indian oorn, particularly, has been extraordinarily active, and la ateady at preaent quotations, wbllat the beat white is retailing at 40s. Indian meal for Irlah aupply la also very brisk. In London the market la by no maana ao aotive aa In Liverpool and throughout the province* generally. On Wedneaday the attendance of buyers at Mark Lane was very scull, and the transactions exceedingly limited; quotations, however, had not receded. TtcLEuajtrAic Pricks or bncadsturrs in Liverpool. Nov. 4. Nov. 19. Amerloan Wheat,. . . 7s 6d a ?s 9d 8s 0 a 9a 0 American Flour, 38a 0 a 30 0 39s 0 a 80s 0 Indian Meal 14s 0 a 15 0 15a 0 a 18s 8 Indian Corn 33a 0 a 34 0 33a 0 a 39a 0 Litertool Cotton Market, Not. 19?Mobile, ordinary to middling to 4)?d per lb; fair to good fair 4% to 6d; good to Am 6X to 6,V; New Orleana, ordinary to middling 37. to 4>tf; fair to good a to good to fine 6% to 6>i; Alabama and Tenneaaae, ordinary to middling 3Ji to 4*; fair to good fair, not quoted; bowed Georgia, ordinary to middling 9% to 4X; fair to good fair, 6)t to b}is; good to fine to Sea I aland rangM, from ordinary to fine, 8 to lad; Sea Island, atalned. ordinary to fine, from %% to 7d. The sales for the week endldg 13th lnat, amounted to about 38,400 bales, of which 4500 were for export, and Id,000 on speculation, and the btiaineas for flTedaya, to yesterday evening, may be estimated at 18,000 bales, of which exporters have taken 3000; but speculation was without effect. An improved tone, i^H^ting an advance of >? to U from tbe lowest point, became perceptible in the market for about a week after the depai ture of tbe lait steamer; but it was quiokiy dispelled by the Cambria'a advioea, which bore eo favorably upon the oomlng crops; fiom the reoeipt of those advioes up to last evening, the market has become extreme languid, and the improvement wholly lost. LircarooL PbovisiorMabkets, Not. 19?Beef?Prime mess per tee., 804 lbs, new S4e to 90s; ord. 7Cs to 80s; old not quoted; mese per barrel of 300 lbs. 40s to 48s; ordinary 36s to 4'e; prime 30s to 84s; extra Indian, family, St a. per tierce 338 lbs, 05s to 100s. Pork?Prime mess, new, per barrel, 300 lbs, 65s to 64s; old 40s to 45s; mese 63sto68s; prime40s to 46s. Baoon?Duty free, dried, smoked, old per cwt, 30s to 40s; long middles, in salt, 82s to 66?, short 33 to 66; shoulders 30 to 80s. Ham*, smoked o. dry, in canvass, per owt,duty paid,30s to 60s; in calks and salt, not smoked,duty free 36 to 36s. Tongues, ox,in pickle, duty paid, per dosea, 13s to 18s. Pigs, per owt, 90s to 30s. Butter?United States not quoted; Irish In fair demand at 91 shillings as tha top prioe; Canadi Mid 68a 10 70$. Cheeae, floe, duty paid, per awt, 46? t > 60a. middling 43a to 45a, ordinary 33a to 40a. Lard, duty tree, fine leaf, tn kega, per owt, 66a to 68a; do In bbla, 63a to 66a; ordinary to mid. 48a to 60a, inferior and grease 39a to 3ia. Illoe, duty free, Caroline dreeaed, firat quality, 18.h 6d to Sir, fee on d quaiity, 16a to 18a 6d. Livkri'ool Mltal Market, Not. 10 ?United Statea lead, in bond, ?15 16a to ?17. Iron, Britieh bar per ton. ?9, in Wales, bar* ?8 10s; Sootob pig, Noa. 1, 3, 3, ?3 10 to ?3 lie 6d; Welch do, Noa. 1. 3 and 3. ?6 6a to ?6. Liverpool Miickllanaoub Market*, November 19 ?Tallow, duty paid, per ewt, 43a Od to 46* Od; Tar, doty free, per bbl 14t to 16a; Turpentine, rongh, duty free, per owt, 7a to 8j 64; SplrUe, duty paid, per owt, 36a to 40?; Pitob, du>y free, per owt, 3e 9d to Ja Od; Oils?Lard, duty free, per tan, ?38 to ?43; Sperm, duty paid, per tun, ?86 to ?87; Wbale, duty free, ? JO to ?-18; Linseed eake, duty free, per ton, ?8 10 to ?10 10 Hemp, dew rotted, per ton, ?37 to ?38: haokled, ?38 to ?33; Hldea w?t, aalted to klpe, 3>?d to 3d per lb; tanned, oak bark, 6Xd to 14Xd; hemlook, 6 to 1 Id; Roein, duty free, amber aod yellow per ewt. 3a Od to Oa. Tobaoeo?Virginia J.I. CanfnAlrnlaaf (amm J OV ?A U. le?f, from faded to atemmed, aound, per lb. In bond, 3d to fketnred 44 to 9d Bark, duty free?Quercitron, par cwt, New York and I'hUadelpbia 9s to Hi; Aahea? U. 8 pot, par ewt, 26s to 37*; pearl 30e to 40a. The Sttamet'a Paaaengars. For Halifax?Sir Donald oampoeli. But., Li Got of Prince Kdwnr" I lai.d; Hon J Speaker Hoaae of Assembly; Mr W Campbell, \lr J Ode I. Mr I'tuchard and lady, Capt 10 Al btrt Belli, Mr Matiu, Mr Dcmptur, ?V A Reynolds and ?erTaut St John*, NB . > ., _ ( or Boaton?C J Coggell, New York;*s Wade. Jr. N B; 1 h mas Wiuausaud lad?, Mr Petera. lad* and errant, M, Myeri, W A Little, bearer ef despatches, Philadelphia; De pmy Assistant Comm.aaary Gaoer.l, Mr Paiker. Mr Yard Philadelphia; Mr Metallum. Ber?r.|id t,r WiIIm, Mr K Maury, New Orleans; Mr H*Mh, Doctor William Heath. N.O : Geo. Rapheal, Philadelphia; Win Oilcbrnt, Jersey i.iiy; ? Heuaa. Mr Baehan, A H. Low, Lire p'Ol; Frsucis Wuod.J.T. Heauin"iit, New Y or*; Thom-s Medley, New Orleans; I J K'i gsman, N. V.; Joiiu Michel, Dr. Benghout, N. O ; Mr. A ."atlerily. N. O ; Capt J. H Ctawaoa, oremen; Mr. Kin-ilex, Rer. Jehu Bayne, George Hob'hton, A Kiugsford, '1' Gates, Charleston; '1. VVh te, lady aud-errant Ualcimore; Julias Kpstein, BuDin Dodge, New York; FWoondhna?e Lieutenant M. Gall. Mr J. Uanne. New York; .0. B. Kay mo id, B sMn; A. P. Iiclenirt,' Joueph Walaer, Leeds, Kur'and; C Wiuckell, Jacob Abbott, Keddich. He* 8 Miller. Glasgow; Wilson. From Hiiift* fo Boston?Mr MTbiiL Api Ut n, Dr Adams, M Lw, Q'liiiby, Hastings. Ligret Tikeit. SHIPPING INTkLLIOGNCE. Li vkhfool, Nov 10?John Dunl tp, lor Philadelphia, has pot hick Willi Ions of topmast. Ship liaic Allertou Hmi'h, arri ved to-day fioin New Orleans, with loss of head ol eatwaier aud s Mib >ard anchor, having been iu contact at i o'cio a il.i? inorulrg with the Queen Vic oris, hence to Dablin; 2u passengers of wliicli jumped on b->aid the ship M>h?The preset ship Stephen Whitney, from New York for Liverpool, was lost (as icpnited above) on 10 P vl ?... ik? W*af I'.ail mi lalaml n?ar MkihH?r##>n. loth?Henry Ewbank, for Boston, pot back leaky. Mn.ri'RD?The Mirgnret. llur.k. (Votn Liverpool for New Orient,a, pat ia here to-d*y, with Ion of foremui. \erj?, and MiU, bimipm >prnDi, and 3d mice waahed overboard. F om iiie Shipping Lint of Nor 18. rorutnoath, 17th, ?rr 1'orouto, London, and aid for New York; al<l 17th, St James, New York. Liverpool Uih, aid Viola, Mobile. Trial, IJih, orr Dogga'sb ink, New York. Krom the Lut ofiha IT h. Gravesead 16th arr oenrudr, New York. Deal, 16th. oil Adelaide, from ntockholw lor New Yo k; aid Al '? Wili??, New Orleans; ab g<il, do. Off Dungernees 15th, Qn-eu V>i toria. Hull, forChtrlesion. Portsmouth 16th, *t Henrietta Brrm-r, fur New Otlcam. Liverpool. 16th, arr P1I4 im, M< bile. Antwerp, ijlb, art Moselle. New Orleana Havre 11<h. arr, Mobile. Spoken 16th, lat' 41,' lou A, Lyoaa Havre,for New O'lean. Kiom the List of the !6tli. Deal, IMh. arr Albe-t, Balimo'e. for Biemen; Herichel. fn Rremerhaven. and sjd for N Orleans. Shields, 11th, sld Oai diner, Alrxauder, N York. Bergen. Oct 25tli, arr Lo'oden, N Irofk. Havre, Nov 11, arr Iowa, N Yoik. Krom the List of ih 1 lilh. Dealllth, arr Montetoma, from Shi'lds, for N York; sM 13th Oolnmoia, London, to N !W Orleans. Liverpool. IJth arr Kalamr/.?o, N York; lllh, aid, Wyoming, Pmladelnhn litli, < apital, Calcutta; Baltic, Charleston: Emblem, N York iWaccit.Cleies. Boston. Rotheray, lllh. aid Circassian, Nev Orlema. Clyde, Uth, aid, 'i'ritou, Charleston. Antwerp 13th nrrTalrra Sumatra Lisbon, Nov 2d arr Columbus, Ne* York. Cadit. Oel 2*th, ?ld Carrier, Hio Janeiro; Ceres, M lohni N K; 20tb, P Hone, Pa erm^s Nov Sth Jefferson, Ri< (Jramle. Liveipool >9t!i arr Conititut on. N fork. From the Llat of tne 13th. Peal. 12'h?Hid Couier, London, for Matanias: Rorkall do for N "Means, ft Jimes do f-'/ N York; II1I1 rleqrirtu do fti? N Orleans Kaltn-xith, IJth?Sld Hovel Adelaide, p re AssrusS1.??iisffi 'J II I ll fpp? Mh?ffid CoBMKt, ImiulkV C?l, litfc??n AmM, CMrlMtM. fro* the Lilt of tKe 12th London, entered inward, IJili. Wiwn >ew Orleasi; Independence. New Ywrk L> al, llth. Llis-brlli, from N? wc tl? for New York. Sailed. < harlctte N Orl?m? Eliiu< re, ?lh art Redron, f? < rou.tidt for Boston; nr. do do G?Dia, H h. ir Of umbo. N Orlvm Nut lit 'oi* i s Wi ?. B ?t?a| Oru Ve-? l, Kic mjud, Va MilU, O t it, a f Hsllowell. B.itirn ?e Kroin the Lilt of the llth Cowei. 10th and alu 11 h Re-enge. from Merreill-s for Bolton. Lirerpo. I, l?th. put b-ck Henry >?bwk. for Boston, leaky. Shields,9th, aid Mob rzuo<a for NYork. tha Li?t of the 10 h Deal, 9th, sl4 0?'ean?. f *r N0n?%n?. Portsmouth. #th. aid Morthumbeiland, f.,r l\ York. Off Portland S(h. ?Id J-Ttenbech, tiofaobura lorNYoik 8pokea Oct l#ih, lat II, loa 31, Masou Baiuey. from xYo-kfor M uilla From the 1 iit of trie t h. Cronsladt Oct K arrired Son. NOilea-i. Hwinemnnde, Oct 31, arrired Albemn* (SYork Bremen, Nor I, arrived Constitution, N4 ork; Mew. do; Slh. Kdmoud, d<a Antwer|i, Tih. arr Louvre, NYork. Havre. fth, ?ir Tr< bus, NY-rk; Antwerp, Nov 7, Eliz-teth, fm NYork for Anuterdim, pot lutoLilfeaaud li?t leakr. , , From the Lilt of the 8th. London. Ctli, ente ed out Dum, Botioai. Oraveiend. tttn, arr, Me diitor.N Vo-k; 7th. John Carrier, NOrle?ni. Liverpool, (ih, ilil Henorii snd Hind sun, NOileani; Viola, Mob?le; Wird Ch?. man. Savannah: Peter Hattriclt, N V?rtk;7th, John Duulap Phi lad; Queen of I lie Weil New York; Hor> tio. Boaton. Clyde,4tl>, ?ld. Circaaiuaii. M)rl*a a;3ih Ul??*. Buatou. Oibrnllai, Oct 3l,a'd, NO.leana. CtlcD'U "ept Ithtrr.Crd Wirpii. Botcon* K inbler B? l??t. 8?i t It Alve.i, Bottoo. Cch' la. 8?rt II. t'r Modnu; t)ci>( Ctn. cob l>ikit<i Ho?tnn; ami >M for d?. via C Icuita Brnn-u, Oct >? aid, Hfinrich NYo k;29t>< Ut and, do; Marat il t?, Oct 31, aid, f*apol?ua. N V ik; Jufiler, do. Thi Mkssaqk ^Auain.?We have read over this document again and again, in order to admire it beyond any thing we ever felt towards a message; but we must confess that we can't bring ourselves up to the highest point of admiration at all. The materials are brilliant, we admit; but the production itrelf is extremely lame, ungrainmatical, badlv uorded, full of repetition, loosely put.togeiher, and presents no condensed views, statements, or ideas. It is the worst written message that ever came from Mr. Polk'* hands. Why it ia so, is beyond all comprehension, unless it arises from the oppression occasioned to his mind by the magnitude and sublimity of the materials before hiin. In our estimation, it is common place and common rate,although it contains useful information,but no thing that has not been discusstd in the independent newspapers for months before. Only on one p*int does it show any briiehtness or decision of character, and that is in the recommendation to form a civil government in New Mexico and California. The proposition to Congress to create a civil government in those territories is decisive and particular, and will at once bring up all the immaterial and subsidiary issues which have heretofore created so much talk throughout the country. It will present to Congress at once, the Wilmot proviso The proposition, in itself, is just a id proper. There is no use in delaying any longer, out of delicacy towards M xico. Let us take the matter into our own hands?let us take indemnity for the past at once, by taking possession of California and New Mexico, and security for the future by holding on to the rest of Mexico, till the people of that country come to their senses, and organise a permanent government.? If they cannot organise a permanent government, why, then, the whole of that republic will fall on our hands, like a waif on the ocean, for better or for worse. In the meantime, we approve of the proposition of organising a civil government in New Mexico and California; and it is fnll time, too, that something should be done in Oregon, of the same kind. While we approve of a great many recommendations in the message, we must still withhold any admiration for its composition, its construction, its wording, or its general arrangsment of topics. In fact, the telegraphic condensation, imperfect as it w&s, seemed to be a better written production than th? roal document itself. Curious Facts.?In. looking over the estimates for the appropriations necessary for carrying on the operations of government, laid before Congress by the Secretary of the Treasury, we tind the following curious facts* The total numi _ e i iL . i. i a _r oer 01 tamps in me iiuui nouse cBmimeuiiiciii ui the United States, is 2976. The cost or bringing to the seat of government the votes for President and Vice President, is he round sum of #18,000. It might be done for $500. Our intercourse with foreign nations, cotts $313,000, which is made up as follows:? Salaries of ministers $44,000 Salaries of Morel aria* of location 12 000 Salary of minister resident to Turkey 6 000 Salary of drogoman to the 1' gatlon to Turkey... 2 600 Salaries of charges d'affaire* 76 000 Contingent expenses of all the missions abroad .. 80 OOti Contingent expenses of foreign Intercourse 30 00 i Intercourse with the Barbary powers 10 0<KI Salary of ooniiul at London 2.000 Salary of oommissloni-r to the Sandwich islands.. 8,000 Interpreters, guards. Ice., of the consulates at Constan tno?le. ho 1.50(1 Salary of commissioner to reside in China 6 one Salary of Secretary and Chinese interpreter 2ft00 Relief and proteotion of American seamen 76,00(] Office rent, olerk hires ko. to Amerloan consul at London ... 3SOT Salary of consul at Bryroot 80C The proposed amount for nuking medals for Indian omcis, is tw. The followiog is a curious ewtimate of the probable amount that will be required to subsist the regular army and volunteers in the service ol th* Unit, d States, from July 1, 1848, to June 80, 18-19 Regular army $3.099 377 6C Vounteerf 2 4*? 000 W Emploj6'? 846 87ft (X Total $0 248,393 6( Data upou w jich this estimate is made i? On* company of enslceers 100 men. Three regimes r'dr jtoons 8.408 " Oae rrgfment of riflemen 1.140 " Four regtmrnta of artUVry 6.493 " Sixteen regiments of Infcntry 17 664 " One regiment of Toltigvure 1)104 " OrdnanM men at anenale and In Mexico 600 " Women [good creature#] to eompanlM and 2 100 woman. Thirty-fonr regiments of volunteers . . . 37,300 men. Emplojies 9.400 ' 08 474 pereoni 8 474 person* at 26 eenta per diem, 365 days $0,348,363 60 This estimate, so far as the women are con cerned, is as one woman to twenty-eight men throughout the army. Tint Opera.?The Astor Plicc Opera presented a greater scene of magnificence, last evening, than it has done on any previous occasion. Signora Bisc?ccianti mode her dtbut, and war most enthusiastically received throughout the whole of the opera of "Li Sonnambula." Shihas, evidently, many friends and admirers, wh< testified their friendly feeling frequently in the course of the performance of the arduous character of Amina, that which the fair dibatantt personated. The lady has great powers of voicc ?is well cultivated, and, withal, possesses h brilliant black eye, that speaks with intelligence and feeling. Vietti, the tenor, was in fine voice, and sang with a great deal of skill and deep feel ing He looks very much like Gardoni. As we have already stated, the audience waj the most brilliant and magnificent, in every res' pect, that have graced this temple of fashion thii season?even more so than the first night Tb< whole house w?s full; ihe corridors were wel sprinkled, and the amphitheatre aloft whs qui" well filled The lad ies were never better dressed or looked more magnificent, hs they shone in tlx lull fffniiTenre ol ih- rhsnH'-lier. The cnninm-i ! generally were fresh und tasteful, presenting, i. a good deal, the ,appearauce of the Acadtmi Royalr on a gre?t night. Uy? IUpo i?r. Cm.4rr? Htii.u?Imfoktant to the IIavt Tow > A young Yaokae having raised, at iome expense. tba : muoh-oalled-for ornament, " mnataobln*,'> raepantful); ' offer* hi* aervicee to the Astor Opera , and a* tb manager! hare agreed to preaent tboae ?o ornamental , with a claqurur ticket and white kid*, ha It willing to g there every night for the ticket only, white kl'ia no ; beiogio much an otyeot (be having plenty of them) a* * place whore fca ?an ahnw hie ' muaUehloe'' to advantagi ' Kor further p?"itvil*r* apply to John Joaaa Jonea, bj , etter, at tae H <?U ofllo >. > We learn by a private letter from Halifax, under dat of the 37th ult. that the cutter (rli wan to l?ave there ii a lew dava, for the purpoor of raoiug with th? yaobt Co (inette of thla port Mr Dal.atour. tba owner of th | lri?. and the Hon Mr Carton, loa of Lord H#w?. botl oflo?ri la Uie HiDe Brigade, are aapeou4 W airlv* I , 114>? CUttW Jkf iKiti* Jk4v. P*\ ftHi JI lull" N 3 I ,<! TSk Ctt*mncy aorration ?A v?rjr curioal aad important article will be found in anothel part ot tins diy'a paper, copi-d from a morningl journal of tome importance and influence in Wall street, in reference to the curreucy questions agitated in that region. I This m iy be conaidered a breaking < f tliel gruuud in the approaching struggle, relative lol the principles on which the currency of thial country ought to be matiuged hereafter. Fori some time past certain speculative interests ml Wailaireet, or those which are in favor of atil inflation of the currency, huve been dissatisfied! with the policy pursued by some of the banks. I There is a crtdin class of our business men, I otherwise very intelligent and useful im m- I bers of society, vvhn possess some question- I able notions 011 the subject of the currency, I and who are anxiou', in every possible w v, I to get up a tpiril favorable to an infla- I tin of the currency, an inflation of price*, I nd tint same redund ncy ot paper money, I I wiucu caused tnc revulsion 111 tins country in 1837. On the other hand, there is a I few of the buiks conducted by numied men, on I sound principles of finance, which arc in oppo- I siiion to this policy of inflation or speculation. I Tnese banks ure generally known to be the Na- I tionul Bank, the Bank of America, and the Mer- I chants' Bank. The policy pursued by these H bunks is founded on correct principles; princi- H pies which are identical with those of the sub- fl treasdry, practised upon by the general govern- H raent. H A banking system, however, conducted on H these principles, is very hostile to an inflation of H pric?s, and to that ready mode of getting rich H by speculation, which too mauy men among our H commercial classes are apt to indulge in. Wo H see the tendency of this principle in the present H condition of Eogland. A very strong intertat H is organising in London, and throughout Eng- H land, in tsvor of creating a paper currency not convertible into specie, and merely nominal and illusory. Such a system of currency, if adopted, will so^n lead to a terrible revolution in that country, and overthrow its commercial and other departments of society. In other countries, a revulsion similar to that which we had in 1837, would have created a bloody revolution, and changed the form of government. With us, it created merely a civil revolution, and ousted the party in power at that day. In the present state of things in this country, in connection with the currency, the policy of the three banks in Wall street, which have been denounced,is the only correct'policy to purtue;and ifthere are any banks conducted on similar principles in Boston, Philadelphia,Baltimore,or elsewhere, they ought to form a combination to manage their affairs, and control the currency of the country on similarly sound principles, which appear to have Ijeen adopted by those banks in Wall tlrMl. I'nlcnH rtfiin^ihinir of thin kind ia ilnn? the commercial affairs of this country will undergo some unfortunate disturbance before a year haa passed away. By a combination of certain banks on these principles?by a concentraiion of their efforts, and a deposit of their moneys in this city or in London, they would H very soon not only regulate the currency of this H country, but also the foreign exchange, which H ire now regulated by the Rothschilds and others, H for their individual interest. Heretofore the H exchanges have been under the control of the H Baring*, the Rothaehilds, and other large houses; H it is time the system was changed, and that fl American, and not foreign, interests managed H the exchanges, as well as the currency, of thi* I country. I Abolitionists and Anti-Abolitionists.?For a long time past, that school of philosophers call ed abolitionists, in the North, have every year I held their conventions in this city, and every I year passed resolutions for the immediate disso- I lution of the Uuion. Those resolutions have I been passed in public hall*, regularly and un^ni- I mously; but unfortuuatrly for their movers, the I Union will not dissolve. I We remember when a boy to have seen a mad* I man take his stand under a great tree, and look I up at the nun at noon-day. When interrogated as to his object, he said he went there to wind | up the sun, and thus prevent the world from i coming to an end. He believed that the sua would stand still unless he wound it up. One i day, however, the World treated him so badly 1 tha^e was determin-d to bring it to an end,out i of spite, by ueglecting to wind up the sun. He 1 accordingly went to his post as usual, but with | a determination not to wind it up,which he kept; but notwithstanding his neglecting to wind up ' the orb of light, it went on its course and sunk behind the hil^s of the west as usual, and rose the next morning aa usual. These movements, resolutions, convention*. and solemn declarations, by the enthusus's of p the north, or any where elae, are very much like the determination of the madtnan to bring the world to an end by refusing to wind up the son. I Of lute, the enthusiasts of the North have kept > quiet; but we must have alwtiya the same quan1 turn of madman and madness in the world; and > accordingly we find Mr. Middleton, of South Oerolina, introducing into the legislature of that State,a series of resolutions, declaring that if the Wilmot Proviso should pass Congress, South Carolina will be at liberty to form e new government of its own. Well, if South Carolina should do so, what of it 1 She is at liberty to do it whenever she chooses. Why don't she do it 1 Aoy man can pass resolutions to form a separate government for himself?any number of men can do the same thing?the abolitionists and anti abolitionists can do the same, and put themselves in the posiiion of the man who would not ' wind up the sun, in order to bring the world to i an end. The institutions of the Southern States are their destiny, thrir misfortune, and their advantage. Ther* are few intelliuent p-opie in the 1 United Sute*, with the exception of the aboli tiomttsand the ecoundrt-lly politicians?who um such questions to humbug the people?who (Jo not oelievr that the nave institutions of the South be long to themselves, and never should be touch* ed, ia any way, byany other part of the country. The colored race of the South are happier in their present condition, better provided for, and more c-imfortabke in every respect, than the same race at tha North, or the white race of laborers in Europe. All the nonsense, philosophy and affected sympathy uttered by politicians on the subj ct, are the merest fanfaronade in the world We are sorry to see such men as Mr. Middle* ton giving encouragement to such notions, or attaching consequence to them, in such a way as he has done. Mails for Europe ?The Fkesidiht's Mrs ' saoc ?The new elipner ship Memnon. Captain B-njamin, built a lew months since lor tba East i [, will sail for Liverpool thia morning, * at half-past ten o'clock. She is a magnificent ' ves.el, designed expressly to sail, and as she has seven day* start of the steamer, with the favora.hie winds prevailing, her passage will undoubtedly be a short one, thereby offering a fine oppor* tunity to merchants and others, for the conveyJ ance of letters and parcels. She will be the 1 first, in all probability, to take the President's ? message to England. Persons wishing to bend, a can have thum in wrappers at an early hour. ' 1 lie ship lies at the foot of Rutgers street, where letters and pupers will be received up to the moment of her departure. * - i ? Navy Pension? Widows who obtained navr ? pensions unfrr ibe tot of Mar?t> 184a, moat of nMcn a ceased on lUa first day of t*?pt?mb?r last, at* *ntitl?4 to o a rsnswal of UwU psastoa* for tt?a jtmt ttflto tt pmm>4 at * last $mm * Qmun*. ' - U . .. m '

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