Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 11, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 11, 1847 Page 1
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r T H i Wholi Ho. 4 WW PARK THEATRE?Benefit of MR H P. OR ATT A NSaturuv Evening, Dec. II. will to performed the urgedy <?f HAMLET?ilaiotet, Mr. H. P. Ural tan; Polonioa, Mr. Bus; Laertes. Mr. Dyott; Horatio, Mr. Dougherty; UerI ii Ik. vl'i. Abbo't: Ouhelia, Mrs. Jour* To conclude with THE POOR SOLDI EH?Pat, Hie I'nor Soldier, Mr. *. Pe inon; Cant. Kitzror.Mr Uoagherty; Kathleen Mr* Knight; II *1 . P r. 50 rrut; Oallery, 25 cent*. P\KK 1'HEAT KE?MR B vKKVS BENEFIT?Mr. Bury. Stage Mausger, rupectfallv announces to his lri*i.(L aud the public, tint hii benefit will take place on Moadv/uext, Dec llth.on which occasion Misa Charlotte Barna* has politely tendered .her services, and will appear in one of 1 har n ipnlar < haractrri, supiiorted by the strength of the ceiyi* 1 driimiitiquf with other eiitrrtainmeuts. dll It're _ i \f ' BLAKE, Treasurer..rssncc'fally begs leave to inform i lvj. hi* friends and the public, Inst his Benefit will take place . on Weiluesdty next, Dec 15, on which occasion various diaroa' tic novelties will be pioduced. Further particulars in small J bills, box book uow open. dll ll'rn ! HOWfiky THEATRE.?A,W Jacaaoiv. Manager; ?(*f a " U \Iinj?c-?r Mi. Htktknii.?Ritnrdiiv Rvrninr. Dec II. will be re lb wed the grand ballet ol GISELLE, or 'ha Wiljiee? Oiaeile, Mim Turuhull; Priuce Alc?rt, Mr O W. Smith ? T eiiomto which, SIX l'KEN &TKI.NO JACK?'ohn It aim, M'.J.tl Hill; Kit Claytan, Mr. Burke; Major Hanrer, Mr. Tilt'ini Beau Urummtll, Mr. Steven*; Mia* Comtauc* Maubv, Mr*. Wele'itt; Mary Pre re*. Mr*. Phillip*. To conclude with the S"KCTK E BRlDEOROOM-Mr. Nieodemu*, Mr Tiltju; Mdwiukle. Mr Bellamy; Diggorr. Mr. Darke; Georgiaua, Mil. butherlaod; Larinia, Mr*, Phillips. Door* npeu In i 6>t o'clock and liia cartels will rise *17 Boxaa, IS cauu; Pu and Gallery. 17X Cents. 4 Ml AT HAM THEATRE? Under iue Manageineai 01 Mi Vi FLETCHER?Stage Mnnager, Mr. Ilield.?Complimentary Benefit to Elder (J. J. ADDAM8.? On Satnrdae Evening, Dec. II, will be preaeuted DAMON St PYTHIAS? Iwuiim. <}. J. Addiut*; Damon'* Son, Mailer Addani*; Py1 thin*. Mr. Sutherland: Cnlauthe, Mia* Hildreth- After 1 which, the HOLLAND FAMILY. To be followed by the I MODEL ARTISTES. To conclude with the new grand l inntoin tne of I1AHLEUU1N TOM?Character! by the Hoi laud Family, See. Door* opeu at half p??t 6; performance to ^ e. on inn re at 7 o'clock. Iton S.Scenl*?Pit. 17X cents MITCHELL'S OLYMPIC THEATHE-On Saturdar Kv# liiig, Dec ti, the performn.ee* will commence with J the NEW PL A NET?The New Planet, M'*? Mary Taylor: 4 Vend*. jvii** Phillips; P.illa*, Mr* Lhetwood; M?rj, Arnold. fc After which. DE.*K AS A T03 P?Tri?tam Sappy, Mr. ? 'Holland; Sally Mage*. Mr*. T intra: Sophv, Mi?? Robert* I After wliich the laughable farce of MY WIFE'S OUT Mr. Scumb'e. Mr. Holland: Betty. Mia* Phillip* To eonI elude with THE BOARDING SCHOOL?Captain Har| com t, Mr Chaufrnu; Mai rMa,~aden, Mr. Henry; Jamee, Mr Conorer; Caroline Blythe, M'la Mary Taylor. Doori open , at half pait B, and the curtain will rtee at 7.?Drees Circle, ' 5tlc; IJ|i|ier Bon-* 2*ic; PitMlXc ] A S I OR PLACE OPERA?In co*tci|uence ol the rehear J A >aL and p eparation indnpensable to the tifectiye pro 1 dnetion of Lncin di i.ammermoor, there will be no peifoimance this erening, Saturday, Dec II On Monday, the Ameii I cau Prima Donna, Siguora Biacaccianti, will make her third I \ M UH PLACE OPERA?-Monday * Telling, Dece mher I IS, willbe presented Bellini's 0|?raol LA 80NNAMBU, LA?Amina, (uer ti lt appearance m America) Signora BisI carcianti; Lisa, Signo-a Morra; Teresa, Signora Avogad'o; El vino, Higuor Victti; Guam Roilnlpho, hignor Arignone; \ Aleaiio, Signor Morra: Notary, Signor Albertazzi. Boxes. I >tri]iieite and balcony, tl; amphitheatre. 30 cents. Door* open | a' 7 o'clock. To commence at half pa at 7. I> \RNU M'8 AMERICAN MUSEUM ?P. I' Bannim,' I U Proprietor; K Hitchcock.Manager? SPLENDID PEHI FOR VIA INC KB THIS AFTERNOON at 3 o'clock, and Thia I Evening at hall paat 7 o'clock. Engaged. for a few dayi, , CAMPBELL'S ETHIOPIAN 8ERENADER8 AND OPI ERA COMPANY, who will appear in a ORANDETHIOPUN BURLESQUE OPERA, aud alto in thei- Popular Minstrelsy, at each performance. Alao a celebrated SCOTCH FlPERi Misses (JA8Z V NSKI, Juvenile Dancers; GREAT I WESTERNUli.a BERNARD. Miea JULIEN, MODELS i OK 811 AKSfcAKK'S HOUSE, and other bnildinga connect, ed with hia hiatory; LIVING ORANU OUTANG, kcAdmittance to the whole, S3 cents; children under ten years I of age and ^ld enough to walk alone, ISX cents. Reserved Loot seats, one shilling each extra. <13 rc MECHANICS' HALL, 171 Hroadwav, astwasa Grand and (Iroome streets. Crowded to overflowing with the BEAUTYandKASHION ol New York. OPEN EVER* NIGHT UNABATED SUCCESS Ninth Week of the Original CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS The Oldest Established Band in the United Plates < ?. CHRISTY. E. TEIRCE. O. N.CHRISTY. C. ABBOTT. J. RAYNOR, T. VAUGHN, whose original and inimitable concerts are nightly honored with crowded and hjghly respectable audi eucus, anuaniTrmuv smmxica ui excel eiei* xiiiiixcivchi ui similar character offered ia this city- Admleeion 16 cents. Children under 1* years, half pries. Doon open at 7; coneert will commence at t o'clock <35 It*re BK WAD WAY CASINO?JEANN1E REYNuLDbON. the ouninalled Scotch Ballad Siuger.takes her Benefl' at tin- above place, on Tuesday Evening, Dee. Iflh, on which occasion she will introduce some new and very beauiilnl Hootch songs. Besides the talented company now engaged at the Casino. Miss Agnes Mair, Mr Karanah and Mr Neal, hare kindly volunteered their setviee* for that evening. dll*i*rc RU TGERS' INSTITUTE-TYROLEAN CONCERT. ?The Hanaer Family, relatives of the Rain era, will have tha honor of giving their Biith Coaeert in America, on M-iudav evening, December 13th, at the Kntgers' Institute, on wh ch ncc*-loa they will present an entire charge pf progr mm:. Tickets admitting a gentleman and two lidies, tl i si ivle tickets,60 ceuta. Doors open at half-past ; to commence at half past 7 o'clock. Mo postponement on aeeonnlof we?ther. dll 3t*re DALMO't) OPERA HOUSE?MADAME AUGUSTA A rcenectfully annennccato the citixens of the city of New generally, and alto her former pat.-ons, that she has b-eooie the lr?ee of the above eitablishment, and that she intends to bring forward German Comedy ? Vaudeville, in the Uevman language, as also a Bal at under her own Immediate direction with new and splendid sceuery, and the most gorgeous dresses, on Monday evening. Dec. 13th, instant. dll It rre ljociety Library lecture room. Broadway. ?Vl<t. LY.N NE'9 \1uncal Illustrations of hhakspeare.? Thnisday Evening, Dec. ICth?MACBETH. Tickets, Ons D liar To commence it S o'clock. diQ7t*rc PAL VIty'S OPERA HOUSE TO l,ET,?For p.rticnl.rs, apply at the Boa Office f om 10 A. M. till I P. M. d9 re W- LNUT BT THEATltE-Phil.delj.liia -Lessee, Mr. E. a . Marshall. Manager, Mr. J. Wallach, Jr.?FonMk Night of MR. COLLINS?Saturday Evening. December II, will be performed THE WRUNG PASSENGER?Deonis jVlcCanhey. Mr. Collins. After whieh the IRISH POST? Terence O'Otady, Mr I'ollius. To conclude with the HAPPI EST DAY OF MY LIFE. Monday, MR. COLLINS will aPnear mt llnry O'Moje. OTTIGNON'S GYMNASIUM.?CHARLES F. OP TIONUN informs the pnhlie that his exteuiive and well veutllated esrshlishment, 16, Hand 19 Canal street, comer of Elm, is u|?n from snnrise till 10 P M. for the reception of gymnasts and pupils His Gymnasium is completely furnished with all the apparatus for perform ids the whole exercises of n Oymnaainm. SPARRING eCHOOL?Mr O. will personally iustruct at all times, thoie who desire it, in the art of Self-Defence. SCHOOL OF ARMS?Fencing taught, by an experienced Professor from Paris, with the small or broad swortfs, or single etiek. The Pistol Gallery is furnished with the very best oT English Duelling Pistols, and all the other appuitenancei for Pistol Practice N B?Mr. O. at the request of a number of gentlemen in Brooklyn, is now having built in one of the most airy, healthy nud central locations in llitt city, an extensive Oymnasinm, which will be famished L .1 r.l.j ?_ n _ n. i. it shrill not be inferior to a?y other establishment of the kind in the United rltatet. Subscription Book is now open at his Urmnasiam in Canal street, where any farther information can be obtsi e<l. <14 12t*m M~"USlTTl AUOHT-Vf. DUM8DAY.No 465 Broadway, I 8 d x>rs above Grand street, is enabled, by his nsw system, (u teich ladies and gentlemen in a short time on the Gai tar, Mincing at sight Pianoforte, Areordion. and Violin. Terms moderate, instruments, music and strings, for sale cheap. rt 11 Jt?rc Musical instruction.-e. c. castle, from London sohcits the attention of ladies and gentlemen te his pleasu.gtmethod of teaching pianoforte, sing nKand violin, whereby his pupils ensuie a rapid improrement in a very short time. Pupils who wonld have the tuition of a earefal anil persevering master, will please address C K. Cattle. Bos 10. lleruld Office. Terms quite moderate. References. H. C Tnnin. Esq., O. Loder, Esq. n2M2ieod*re PIANO FORTE-? for sale, a splendid seven octave rosewood Piano Porta, made in superior and elegant style; will be warranted, and sold at f 100 less than the msnnfartnrer's price. Cau be seen at J. Rocketl's wareroom. 481 Broadway, corner of Broome street. Also, two very excellent second hand Piano Fortes, lor sale cheap for cash. 89 rt*m rmt LI I ?T. l- mif_Tl,. ...... nf fh. TH IHTI.K 1'BENEVOLENT AMOCrWlOW, wapectfnily" ani,ounce that their Ifirat Ball for thia aeaion will take place at Cnatle Garden, oe THUKSDAY evening, D?c. 16th?the i>roceeda to be applied, at formerly, t charitable nn.poaea, daring the inclement aeeeon, without di?tinction of aect or conntfj. The order ol daaciug accordion to programme. Director of the Ktoo^Mr. Geo. Kobertron and aaaiatama. Leader of the Oreheatra?Mr. William Wallace. Bag-Piper?Mr. MeKerracher Au amusement haa b'en made that atagea will ran to and from the Battery, until tl o'clock, at the nanal rhargea. Carriige* will art down their enmp-uy at the U rdm, entering by the Greenwich atreet gate, and go out by the gate on,a>aite Pearl a'., taking up to leveraed order. The Inipector of 11 icha will be preaeut rigidly to enforce the Police rcgn'hiioni. Doora open at 7?Dancing will commence preeiaely at II Ticket.* tl. t > admit a gentleman and two ladiea?tr be had at Minn. M?dd-rt h Dnnham'a Muiic Htore, No. 361 Broad way: Kiith M all It Pond'a Mnaia Store, No 839 Broadway; t'aptaiu McLean. Jl Walker atreet; the bar of Cmtle G tidcu. auil of either of the Manager*. Check* not ur mfar able. A.CAMERON, fecietary. IN. B.- Member* can have theirtickrti on application to the Secretary, or at the l?irdcn on th* evening of the Ball. dll *t* e Pit ()Pk IKTO h ti' INVITATION BALL^The aobacribeta flatter iliemaelvaa that thay are to have the pleasure of the company of thair friends, at the Ball to be given at the KIIAKHPKaHE HOTEL, comer of William and Dnane areata, oa Monday Kveirug Dee. 13th, 1817. Desiring to afford their patron* and friend* healthful and rational enleitainmaut, ihe aub cribvra have perfected an arrangement for a aerie* of ' Ball*, at which ihe moat elegant dancea, with selection* of the rhoieeat fa hionnble nam <. will he introduced nndrr the anperviaion of artiata of refined taate. A new plan will be adopfd at: tin* Bill for supplying the ehoieeat refieihment* abundantly, which will preclude the poaaibility of inconvenience, and whirh, it i* eonfidemly evpected. will afford aatiafiction JAMES BEHGEN fc LOUIS OALADKUN. | dll *i*rc 'pHK KIRVl'ITaLL OK THK UNITED PRACTICAL I STONE CU PTKRd'ASSOCIATION, of ihe city of Nv w Yoik, Brooklyn, and I vnev City, will be held at Carrie Harder, on Monday K.vrtiwg Dec. 13, 1147. The urorradr of thii ball will be given townda the erertion of ihe Washington Monument. 1 li? committee of arrangements natter themai-lTrattial the object of thia ball will meet a hearty eo-operation from a veueroue and patriotic pablie. The floor will be under the direction of an efficient committee, who, in conjunction with the committee of Arrangement", will leave nothing nndone to a?ii?fy the moat f.iatidiona Committee of Arrangements?Wm. Me Aliater. John Hnaaey, Thoa. Hmaev, VVm.E. Joyce, Pet ink Ouiun. Pat.ick Lynch, Richard Keiley, Thoa. Downey, John Mr AulilTe. Ticket! f I. can be h'd of anv of the rh ire committee, or at ihe door 01 the night of the ball. d9 4',rre D ANC.NO m UMCM V?hlTLi.PAlJLINL DH.SI AKI)IN8, of tlifc lloyal Academy of Pnrf?,tno?t rt?pfctfal lv announces to her pnpila, ladies and gentlemen, that ihe rontinnea her clataei for the Tnitiou of Dancing, in all ita laehinnnble hraneliei.at No I Washington Hare. Kor voting ladies nod Maatera, Wediieadan nnd Saturdays, from 3 to 4 o'clock, P.M.; for Uentlemen, Tharedeysand Saturdays,from 7 to 9 o'clock. I'.M. At 71 Leonard atieet. for Ladiea and (lenrlemen. Moiidaya and Wednesdays,from 7 to 9 o'clock, P.M. I nvate L'saons Irorn ll>i to 1 o'clock every dav. Neil month M'lle P. D. will commence giving Soireea Dansaores to her Pnpila. Schoola and Private Families attended, n'to Ui?m BALL HOOvl GUIDE.?Juat published, Dnrang'a Terp iehore. or Ball Room Uni'e: a work indiapeaaable to a new beginner, and containing much information for proficients ?200 pagea, price 34. 37 and 40 crnla each, in variona atylea of biuJi q. h very thing ia fully eiplained in the above work, fr itn ihe o'd atyle country dances to ihe latest and moat magnificent polkas. TUHNER It KI8HPR, 74 Chatham atreet. Kitiocmber. Valentine Head (Jnarters, Keb. M'h. d7 I3t*rc Asll.K HOUSE, ibont to decline business. wish to die pose nl n well asaorted atock. and the good will ol a valuable custom. Apply et U William eueet, corner of Cedar. d5 ?t*rre ir? Fr'"J[ r * " .vv. -ramy - ..- . 11 r**?*?'' ' " E NE NEW THE AHKVAL REPORT OF THK HON. WILLIAM L. MARCY, THK SECRETARY OF WAR. War DrrAITMENT, > Washington, December 2, 1847. ) Fir 1 have the honor to submit the following report of the operation! of ttla department during the paet year. The returns and statements from the Adjutant General. herewith submitted exhibit, aa niatle as can be as ct>rtai?ed at bis cffloe, the number, description and dintribution of troops, composing our military force at thia time. Moat of the volunteers in aerrioe at the date of my last annual report were engaged for twelve months, and bare since been discharged. Owing to the dia parsed situation of the troopa, and the want of reeent returns, accurate statements of tbelr numbers In the aggregate and at some particular pointa cannot be presented ; but from the beat means in the department of arriving at correct results, the whole aggregate land foroe, employed in prosecuting the war, is estimated at forty-three thousand five hundred and thirty-six, of which twentyone thousand Ave hundred and nine are regular troops, and the remainder volunteers. The distribution of this foroe is as follows:?With Major Oen. Soott, and belonging to bia column. Including the troops tn route, at Tampieo. at and about Vera Crus, and on the line thence to hi* headquarters, the aggregate force Is estimated at thirty-two thousand one hundred and flfty-slx. With Major Oen Taylor, at the several posts under his immediate oommand, It is about six thousand seven hundred and twenty-seven. In Hanta Ke, and on the Oregon and Santa Fe routes, and in the Indian onuntry, there are about three thousand six hundred and thirty-four. The force in the Californlas is about one thousand and nineteen, Including two hundred now on the way to that country. There are no means in the department of calculating the deductions which onght to be made for sickness, disability, and other casualties ; but the effective foroe is oonsideiubly below the foregoing estimates. The volunteers first received into service entered for a period of only twelve months, and were entitled to their discharge, some late in May. bat mostly in June, and a few in July and August. They were sent from the operative oolumns of the army some time before the end of their engagement. Only a small portion ?f the vt lunteers called out in November for the war, joined the army before the twelve months men had left it. The act of Congress authorising the ten regimeats, was not passed until the 11th of February, and several months neoessarily elapsed before they could be rsfaed and sent to the field. An anxious desire was felt that both oolumns of the army should be speedily reintoroed, ana consiaeramo impatience was expressea at ma uamj by those who did not fully appreciate the difficulties from which It necessarily resulted. The best energies of the department, in all Its branches, were devoted to this object; and it is believed,all things considered, that the new regiments, as well ss the volunteers called out, wero raised, organised, and sent to the army as expeditiously as could have been reasonably expeoted. The climate of Mexico presents no obstacles in the interior of the country to a campaign in any season of the year. That of the present year is considered as having opened with the military operations subsequent to the oapture of Monterey. The temporary suspension of hostilities within certain limits, which was agreed on at the convention of Monterey, in September 1846, terminated on the 11th of November following, by a notloe to that effect, whioh Msj. Oen. Tsylor was instructed to give to the enemy. Among the reasons for abridging the period of the armistice, was the apprehension that its oontinuanoe might interfere with military operations whioh had been previously directed to be carried on in Tamaulipas and along the Oulf ooast. Immediately after the armistioe terminated, the oommandimr eaneral nroceeded to ocennv Saltlllo. the oanl Ul of Coahulla, by a part of hla force*. Previous to the eaptore of Monterey, auggeationa had been forwarded to hiin, but not then received, relative to a movement Into Tamaullpaa, more particularly with a view to taking and holding Tampleo, the principal seaport in that State. Ordera from the Navy Department were given to the r<iuadron In the Gulf to co-operate with the land foroea In this latter enterpriae : or, if found practicable, to take that plaee without waiting for their aaalatance. in the month of Deoember the column intended for thia movement, commenced ita maroh from Matamorae, and reached lta deatination, taking Viotoria In ita way, on the 33d day of January ; but, before lta arrival, a naval rorce under Com. Terry bad taken poaaeeaion of Tampico. Shortly tliereaf er the oity and ita defenoea were turned over.to the land forces, and the plaoe has been since occupied by a garrison of our troops. A post at Saltillo, aa it would cover the direct route to San Luis de Potoai, where the main army of the entmy was posted, and control a productive region, whence supplies oould be drawn, was deemed of muoh importance by the commanding general. A considerable force was, by his ordera, stationed at this point. The column under Brigadier Gen. Wool, which had moved from San Antonio de Bexar for the purpose of capturing and holding Chihuahua, had proceeded aa far as Monolova. The advanced positions then oocupied by Gen. Taylor'a column, had rendered the military possession of Chihuahua leas Important, and the troops designed for thia purpose were ordered to move upon and ooccupy Tarias, and, in that position, came under the more immediate command of Gen, Taylor, who proceeded to establish and hold a defensive line, exteuding from 1'arraa to Tampico. Leaving garrisons at Monterey, and at points on the route to Camargc, sad the mouth ef the Itlo Grande, as a reserve, and to bold In check any hostile movements In his rear, he advanoed to Viotoria, the oapttal ot Tamaullpaa, and entered that city without resistance, early In January, with a force or over five thousand men. 8uob was the position of our military affairs in Mexico when Major Gen. Boott, under instructions from this department, dated the 33d of November, 1846, roaohed the Rio Grande. lb wh 'Juimj nviurui, lutti 11 tuo ouui|upbi ui uifi v>?ui* fornias ud New Mexico, end our military oceupetion of the Important departments of Tenieollpea, New Leon, end Coabnlla, would not dispose the enemy to acoept reasonable terms of aooommodatlon, it would be necessary to direct our future operations against more vital parts of the Mexican republic In view of the oapture and possession of the olty of Mexioo, it was not supposed that a movement for that purpose oould be so advantageously made from the Rio Grande, hitherto the base of our operations, as from another base which might be selected, presenting a much shorter line- The attention of the Government was, therefore, directed, as early as September 1844, to measures for the occupation ot the principal plaoes along the Onlf. and particularly Vera Crus, as the nearest point whioh opened a practical route to the capital of the Mexican Republic While the line of '.be Sierra Madre was to be held,and the further advance of our troops in that quarter left to the control of circumstances, the prinolpel aggressive movements wore to be pushed forward into the bea,t of the enemy's oountry on the new line from Vera Crus.as soon as it oould be established. Measures were taken to organise an expedition for that purpose, and Major General Scott was assigned to conduot it, and, upon him, as the senior officer of highest rank, the general supervision and dlreotion of our military operations in the enemy s country were devolved, in preparing for this expedition, which had for Its immediate objeol the capture of the oity of Vera Crus and the reduction of the castle of San Juan d'Glloa?a fortress deemed almost impregnable -It beoame necessary to draw largely from the forces on the previous line of operations, and to reduce that line, for a time, to a defensive condition The number and description of troops thus to be withdrawn, were necessarily left to the determination of the general' in ohlef command, and particularly charged with the conduot of the expedition against vera Crus The preparations for this expedition, necessarily corresponding with the magnitude of the object, were on so large a soale, and required so muoh time for completing them, that it wae not reaaonable to expect our design oould be kept from the enemy, or tha^tbe resistance to Its accomplishment would be anything less thau the utmost which it was in bis power to make. The troops destined for this tsrviee were assembled at the Island of Lobos, amounting to about twelve thousand, and dually embarked for their destination early in the month of March. While these measures were in progress, the forces under Major General Taylor being greatly reduerd in nam D?r, toil compound mostly 01 volunteers, assumed d> tensive positions, embraciag Halltllo, Monterey, and thalina tuence to Camargo, and along tba Rio Uranda to lis entrance into the (Julf. The enemy being reported in eoneiderable atrength in the neighborhood of Hal til lo Oeneral Taylor, with a view to strengthen that poaltion, threw forward hia advanced force eighteen mllea, to Agua Nueva, where he established hia head-quarters in the early part of February. Being aaenred on the 30th of thatmon'h that tba Mexican army, in great foree, had lett San Luia de Totoel, and had arrived at Knoarnaolon, only thirty milea in hia iront, and were puahing on to attack him, be deemed it advieable, in order to occupy a better position, to fail back to Buena vista, seven miles south of Saltlllo On the 33d of February the enemy approaehed his camp, anl demanded an unconditional surrender, which wss promptly declined. A conflict immediately ensued. It continued lor nearly two days, and was obstinate and sanguinary, almost beyond example Owing to the vest superiority of numbers on the part of the enemy, the incidents of this protracted conflict occasionally presageda disastrous result; but the bravery, flrmneea and skill of our troops supplied the want of numbers, and ultimately secured a glorious triumph. The enemy were repulsed with Immense loss At the Awn of tbe succeeding day, nothing was to be aeen on the Held of action of the immense hosts which assailed our small force, in the confidence of easy victory, but the dead and the wounded left by the enemy in his precipitate retreat during the night* For a full narrative of tbe events of this memorable engagement, 1 respectfully refer you to the despatches of the Commanding Central and the reports of the officers In subordinate oommand. To Maj Urn. Taylor, and to the gallant ofltoer* and brave m?n under his command, la justly due tflw<mln?nt glory of this victory. Considering the disparity of numbers In favor of the enemy, tbe steady valor end firmness with which our troops, often In small dstaehmcnts, withstood and repelled toe repeated assaults of superior forces, and the many deeds of nobis daring displayed amid the changing scenes of this perilous conflict, the battle of Buena Vista will well sustain a comparison with any of the brilliant achievements In this war, which havs given such widespread renown to onr arms. Onr forces engaged in this battle did not exceed five thonsand four hundred men,and these ware mainly volunteers,while that of the enemy was not lass than twenty thousand his best troops, under tha Immediate oom- | wro YORK, SATURDAY MC mand of Gen. Santa Anna. A vietory to glorious and 10 Important in lta cou*?<|urno< r, was not achieved with, out a se-rious loss Among those who rnd?<l their oareer of honor and glory on tha battle-held of Buena Vista, the nation mourns the loss of some of her bturt'StaDd noblest sons Tha killed, wounded, and missing, were about seven hundred. The loss of the eueiny, from the best estimate that could be made, was more than double that number on the field, besides the thousands who perished in bis hurried and disastrous retreat. In the oonfldenoe of vietory, ami for the purposo of securing the full fruits of it, a considerable body of the enemy's cavalry was sent into the rear of our advauced positions, and for a short time interrupted our lines of aommuntostion hurrsseedourtratus,and killed a,number b?r of escorts and teamsters; but the line was soon reopened, and the usual facilities of communication restored. The expedition from the Island of Lobos, under the oommand of Major General Scott, appeared off Vera Crux, and effected a landtag In admirable order near ai; uu iuf alum marou. ror me nuccese oi vnis moat difficult and hazardous operation, the army la much indebted to the valuable assistance rendered by our squadron, aod Ita services are acknowledged in just terms ot commendation by the Commanding General. The olty waa at once iuvested, and arrangement*, exhibiting great aklil, aolenoe, mid judgmeut, were made for an attack Though continually under the Are of heavy batteriea from the oartle and city, these arrangemeula were oompleted on the did, when the enemy waa summoned to aurrender. On receiving a refusal, a bombardment commenced, in which our naval forces honorably and efficiently participated, end was continued with deatruotlvaeffect uutll the morniug of the itith, when overture a were received which remitted in the surrender to out arms, on the iOth of March, of both the city or Vera Croa and the castle of San Juan de Ulloa. with their armaments, munitions, and garrisons, comdsting of Ave thousand prisoners, and as many stands of arms, four hundred pieces of ordnance, and a large quantity of ordnanoe stores. Distinguished credit is alike due to the officer* and men of the army and navy tor this signal triumph. In the series of auooeesful events which have attended the progress of the war, the capture of Vera Crus. accompanied as it waa by the reduotion of the castle of San Juan de Ulloa, may well be regarded as one of the greatest importance. Aside from its morsl t-ir-ct upon the enemy, its advantages in other respects were of the greatest magultude. A fortress long renowned for its strength, with the large quantity of munitions of war there accumulated, passed into our possession, and with it was acquired the more elleotual means of oontrolliug the commercial intercourse with the enemy, and of ex otudlng foreign aid and supplies along the Oulf of Mexico, and a new and preferable base for military operation* against the Interior and the eapttal of the enemy's country was at the same time established After some delay oooasiuued by unavoidable difficulties in procuring sufficient means for traosportion, our army commenoedita movement on tbedth of April, inlhe direction of the olty of Mexico, l'erhaps no country luterposea so many and such formidible obstacles to the prugrt bo ui " iuT*uio| uuj us .uriicu; ?uu nownere io tuat country did they pm*ut themselves in a more appalling aspeot than on the route which lay brf r? our aivanolug column. The dliBoult passes near the Plan del ltlo, about fifty miles from Vera Crux, were oocuped by a numerous Mexican force, and the commanding heights of Cerro Uordo were strongly fortified. To dislodge the enemy from these poritiCns and to.itnrm bis fortifications, held by a superior loroe, required lbs best efforts of skill, military science, and dariug adventure; and these high attributes were not wanting in (his time of greatest need The commanding general merits high commendation for the meeterly arrangements of the attaok on Cerro Uordo; and not less credit is due to the officers and men by whom they were oarried into oomplete effect. Without a kuow1-dge of the detailsof the operations, so well presented in the annexed reports of the (ieneral-in-chief, and those in command under him, the glory reflected on our arms by the battle of cerro Uordo, cannot be appreciated, nor tbe numerous instances of oonsplouous merit among the oflloersaud men be fully presented to the admiration and gratitude of tbe nation To all in all grades, the highest praise is but an inadequate reward for their noble conduct. Tbe field of these brilliant operations was seferal miles in extent, and at different points all the variety of talents and qualities which shed lustre upon accomplished officers and disciplined soldiers, was called into requl siiion. Tbe enemy was completely routed and pursued many milesfrom the principal scene of action. Our en tire force in this series of brilliant engsgemetits, did not exceed eight thousand fire hundred men; that or the enemy amounted to twelve thousand, and his loss was from ten to twelve hundred in killed and wounded, besides three thousand prisoners, including many general officers, trtoNithnr with a. amount of ordnanot). arm* and mil nitrons of war. (Jur entire number of killed, wounded, an 1 missing, waa four hundrad and thirty-one; aud the nation baa again to drplore tba loss lure, an in other fields, of aoma of tba brightest and bravest of our heroic army. Tba important victory of Cerro a jrJo cleared the way to tba adranoa of our army into the heart of the enemy 'a ocuotry. Jalapa was at onoe ccoupied by our troops, and, in quick sucoesaion, Perote, with its strong onstle and large armament, and the populous and wealthy city of Puebla. In tba space of about thirty days after leaving Vera Crus, our victorious army bad advanoed through several of the most densely peopled aud loyal departments of Mexioc, in the direction of Its capital, nearly two hundred miles. Before leaving Jalapa, about three thousand seven hundred volunteers, whose period of service approached towards its termination, were discharged by the commending general. The army,thus reduced in strength, remained at Puebla until early in August. Having been reinforced with about five thousand men, it then commenced its movement upon the city of Mexico. The undertaking to be achieved, compared with the means employed, was one of unexampled difficulty and daring, and, to insure success, required a wonderful combination of military science, consummate skill, and disciplined valor; it was no less than the subjugatiou of the well chosen plaoe of refuge to whioh the defeated generals and routed armlee of the enemy had retired for safety?the ancient seat of the Axtec empire -afterwards the splendid metropolis of the Spanish vice royalty, and now the proud oapltal of a republic of eight millions of people ; not unpractised in war, nor unfurnished with the advantages of modern improvement in military Solenee ; strong in lta protected position, and seoured, as the enemy fondly believed, irom successful assault, by nnmeroue skilfully constructed fortifications, and by an army of more than thirty thousand delcnders, rusolved on a desperate resietenee. Unappalled by these formidable difficulties and dangers, our gallant army of but little more then ten thousand effective men, with unfaltering confidence, entered on this most perilous enterprise, and enoountered tne hotta or tbe enemy on tbe 19th end 90th of August at Coutreras and Churubusoo. Nu more enduring record of tbe herole deed* of these two ever memorable days oan be presented to tbe gratitude of our oountry and the admiration of the world, than is toufTd in the report* of the general-in-chlef of our foroee, and those iu immediate command under blm. A summary?and more than a summary would not And a fit plaoe in this communication?would utterly fail to exhibit in their tiue light these brilliant operations and the unsurpassed merit of those who direoted and exeeuted them ; but, fortunately for the memory of those who fell, and for the f?me of those who surrlTe, this Is most ably done In the despatches which accompany this report. Wherever the enemy was met, however superior In numbers, be was routed, his strong positions carried, his fortifications stormed A succession of severe conflicts invariably resulted In a succession of signal victories ; and at the close of these two eventful days, so glorious to our arms, the trlumpbsl progress or our troops bad brought them to tbe very gates of the city. An armistice was then canciuded, lor the purpose of negotiating a peace. An unbroken curreut of victory had attended the progress of our arms from the commencement of the war ; defeat bad met the enemy In every conflict; army after army had been vanquished j many tbeussnds of his best troops bad fallen iu battle ; a still larger number had surrendered prisoners of war ; and the last relume of hope?his magnificent capitalwas within reach of our guns, and apparently at our mercy la this prostrate condition, and targeting, as he could scaroely fail to do, the fate which hung over him, it was reasonable to expcot that he would seek peaoe, and read.ly aocede to the favorable terms which were offered ; but the season of bis infatuation had not passed away It was soon discovered that tbe armistice was treachr rouely Improved by thufnumj te organise further resistance, and to collect hl? energies ami strength In the vnln hope of saving his capital from itstbrea'ened doom The delusive design of the artnlrt c? w.va detested , hostilities were recommenced on the 7th of September, and the sanguinary battle of ?1 Mollno del Key was fought on the succeeding day, In which three thousand one hundred of onr Invincible troops encountered fourteen thousand of the enemv, having every advantafe of position, and proteoted by strong defensive works The battle continued two hours and a half with destructive severity, and terminated In a glorious victory; but a victory not cheaply won. All the enemy's fortlflostl ins were carried, and his numerous forces defeated and driven to the ramparts of the otty fur safety. Ills loss, in killed, wounded and prisoners, aoout equalled our entire force engaged In the action Our loss, also severe, was seven hundred and eighty-nine In killed and wounded. Onthellstof these will be found some of "the brightest ornaments of the servioe." Kor an I nterestlog narrative of the heroic deeds of the bittle of Kl Mrlino del Key. and the gallant oonductot the officers and men or the general In chief command, and of the distinguished general who more Immediately participated In < he action Those who fell, and thoee who rurri red the glory of thie day, are appropriately commended by the Tatter "to the respectful memory of their countrymen, and the rewards due to valor and conduct" so emiuently conspicuous. The battle of Kl Mollne del lley was the opening scene to the storming of the formidable fortress of Cnapultepec, and of the triumphal entry of our army Into the oity of Mexico. In the plan for the oapture of the olty, the reduction ofChapcltepeo was embraced as indispensable to Its suocese. This was a daring and dangerous enterprise ? It was a place of extraordinary natural strength ; and Its great importance as a defence to the city was well understood bv the enemy who had exhausted his skill and lavished bis means to mike It Impregnable Our batteries, stationed st different and well seleoted points, opened upon the fortress early in the morning of the 13th of Heptansber, and kept up a well-directed and destructive Ore through that day, and In the mernlng of the next, until the forcea were ready to move on to the attack Preparations, evincing groat military skill and judgment, were made for the assault on the morning of the lath. Not only the strong citadel which orownad the hill was to be oarried , bat numerous outworks, oh * nil limn? y". -? . 1 > J RK I (RNING, DECEMBER 11, (trading every approach to It were to be taken, and large bodice of the enemy, who manned and protected there works, were to be eucountered and dicperied before that fortress could be reached All intervening obstacle* were swept away, and the oastle carried by storm To convey something like an adequate impression of this daring and herolo achievement, 1 avail myself of a isolation from the deapatoh of the general [ niegn wan slgnulizstl, through lu whole course, by *uccesslve attacks at various poiuts, succes> fully repelled. The report of the commander of the garrison herewith presented to your oondileration, Is another testimonial of the gallantry and the patient enduraoee of our offleers and men, under (he severest trials, which oannot fall to exalt the oharacter of our army at home, and diffuse Its renown wherever heroic deeds are justly appreciated. Af*rtho .Mexican army was so signally defeated and driven from the oitv of Mexico, lieneral Santa Anna determined to try hfs fortune In another field. With a force of four thousand men and six pleoes of artillery, he prepared for an aita ;k on the trein and troops wbloh Brigadier (ieneral Lane was conducting to tne headquarters of the army. Apprised of this design, and learnlog that the enemy was at Huamantla. Gen Lane proceeded on the Sth of Ootober. with a considerable detachment, to attack him and disperse his troops The encounter between this detachment and the enemy was brilliant; the conduct of our offloera and men sustained the high character whloh they hare everywhere won ttinoe the commencement of the war. The rnterprisa was carried out with complete sucoess; the foroe under General Santa Anna was dispersed, two of his eannon were raptured, two of his aides-de-camp made prisoners,

and the city of Huamantla taken. Peiag informed that a considerable force of the enemv was at Athxco niuler General Kea'a command. General Lome revolted to strike at them. The execution of his design required a tuna aud tedious march; it was performed in a highly creditable maimer; the eurniy was encountered, routed, and pursued toa considerable distance, will a loss of two hundred and uiueteeu killed, and three hundred wounded, and the city ef operaiioua, anil the instances of individual courage tod di*tin' e untied conduct uu the part of oar officers and soldiers, I rex! ?<: t In 11 v refer yon Co the repaid ol General Jgwe, herewith una-suited. Tlieia have been alto many severe conflieti between delochia cuts of our troops auii the gueriUeros along the liaee of our c immaaicttious, almsst invariably witli remits highly' creditable to our arma Those in which tha amall command of Maj r L illy waa engaged in iia am nous march from Vara Cruz 10 Jalapa were of a character which sieriu apecial notice. The lurraidable dilficultiea it met and overcame, at suecetatre poiuta lu the route, atteat the ability of the officers aud the bravery of the troops composing this detachment. The particular incidents of this march, and the creditable conduct of the officers aud inennre presented iu the accompanying report of the commanding officer. The sketches I havr. presented of the operations of the two mam columns of oar army donotembrace an account of all the achievements m the'cuemy'scountry which have reflected lustre on our arma. A? early as August, III*. General Hearu r luformed the department m a letter from Hants Ke, that he should have a iliiposahle force at that place, beyond what would be rripiireilto hold it and to accompany him to California: and he proposed lu scud a demchmeul to Chihnahua to join General Wool, who was ad*auclug upon that place. Uu the 2]d ol September, he ordered Colonel Donipliao, with the lirit resnneut of Missouri volunteers, on that service. After being detained some lime lor tlie redaction of the Nsvsjoe Indians? a restless and predatory tribe inhabiting the region ol .New Mexico, weat ol the range of monntaina bordering the valley of the Kio Grands?Colonel Douiplian proceeded on this expedition, attended wilh a la-ge company of American meichauia. On the ili-h of December, the advance of the command was met by the enemy in considerable force near Mrazito, when au engagement took place, which resulted in the tot tl defeat of the Mexican*. with aloston their part of neatly two hundred iu killed and wounded, and on oura ol ouiy seven wounded. The force engaged iu this affair on our side was less thin five hundred, and ou that ol ihecnemyoue thoosauil two hundred and twentv, of which over five hundred were cavalry. I'uraaing Ita march the command en'e ed F.I die column under Oeneral Wool had been diverted Irom lit original destination Ii therefore, became necessary lor Ihe detachment to remain at Kl 1'avo until reinforced by artillery, which hid been previously ordtird* from harita Ke. Tim secession of force did uotjoita the cominind until early in Kcbru.iry, aud thru ttmovej forward toward* Chihuahua. Ou its ariival at ihe I'nss of ihe Sacramento, about fifteen inilea from the capital of (lie Slate, on lha 28th of Kebruary. the eneinV was thrte diacorered in gieat force, atronitiy potted on the commanding heights,fortified hy entrenchments.aud well upplied with -rtillery. Airaugemeiils were promptly made for in attack and a fire at once opened from our haireriea. The ac' ton soon became general, and listed from three o'clock iu the afternoon till near dark All the ereiny'a red. uMt were carried, and he waa driven with g'eat slaughter from the lieid.and completely diaperied. Ilia a tillery, rout atiug of tea p eces nad aome culreuoa. waa captured and lilt I- at in killed aad wounded war about six hnmired,while ou a dii not etcteJ nine men. I ha nu nerical strength of ihe enemy in tint eua sgemenl waa oyer lour thousand?twelre hundred cavalry, twelve hundred infantry, th-ee hnndrrd artillery, and over fourteen hundred rancheros?nnder the eommxad of aeveral officers of li gh rink aid diat iictnin. Our entire force iu the action waa leaa thru nine hundred. Ou the succeeding day our rictoriuua II oo| a entered the capital of Chihunhnx, and, after remaining here some weeta, proceeded to Join the army nnder Major General Taylor, at Monterey. This .ldrenturniii march by Col. Doniphan and hia small mil gallant command, of more than one thousand miles through a hostile country, in the course of which two bittles were fought against vastly superior numbers, aud decisive vietoiies won, with great loss on the part of the enemy, and almost bloodless mi oura is an achievement to which it would be difficult to hud a parallel iu the history of military opetationi After taking possession of Santa Ke, in the anmmer of lift, and inikiug the ueceasary arrangements for holding it, and the territory of New Mexico, Oeneral Kcirny, pursuant to instrnciiona from this depa-Intent, proceeded to Califnrni t. He commenced this expedition in 9-p tember. proceeding by an UKUiuiiaud almost .unknown rou e. fioing down the liio ifra d? more than two hundred miles, lie piaaed over tothe river Uila, and followed its course to its junction with the Colorado of the West, a distance of five hundred miles. Ilia march waa continued lottyrnilea down the Colorado, thence sixty milei across the grrat desert. On the Id of December he ariived at a settlement on the frontier of California. While pursuing hia march from that place, he was met two dais there lite-, abont forty miles Irom Han Idirgo, bra small de tirtimmt or volunteers under CsPt.vu (Jillrspie, sent ont by Comnodn e .Htocklon to give intelligence of the enemy, who, to the number of ass or seven hundred, were re,sorted to be iu arms iu the termory. Brini infoimed thet an armed party of Califonuina was at Hoi Pasqual. eight or ten milei distant from him, he mored forward nil llie 6th, with a riete t? attach them An action ensued, and reeulted in their defeat, with considerable lots 10 killed and wounded. I'he fo-ee under (ten. Kearny engaged on this ocr imin. did not eirrrd eighty, the enemy were mo'C than <1 inble that number, and, hei.jgall well imounted, were able to make good the r retreat. Thencitday the detachment proceeded nn ita march, and again encountered a hostile tarty occupying a hill near San Bernardo, and dtove them frnui their position. (Jru Kearny rrinan.nl with hit command at lint | lace until the I Ith, when he was joined bv a party ofSgtlofU nn l marines, tent out by Commodore Stockton, and then proceeded to Han Diego ? fle.e terminated a moat arduous mirchbf one tliootanil anil forti-three miles. through a ennntry never before traversed by an armed force, and beiet with formidah'e difficulliet, only to he immounted by cstnordinary energy and perseverance, and towards its rloif clntructed by an enemy who opp >?ed a desperate resistance whieh was overcome by severe and aaegiiuiary contlictt Our successes, so creditable to the heroic band who achieved them, we-e not obtained without the loss i.filree brave and accomplished office,* and abont eighteen g ill inr men. On the tO'.li of Deeemher a force r.f five hundred men. consisting of demounted dragoons, volnuteers, marines, and tailors, moved from San Diego uponlCiudid de lot Angeles, the stronghold ofthe enemy, with a view to snccor a party of Americans m meg on the same poiut from Monterey. On the 9lh of January this force reached the Han (fabnel river, where it fonnd the enemy full tit hundred strong, with artillery stationed on the heights which commanded the passage of the river,and determined to dispute it. A screic conflict ensued, which lasted an hnnr and a half, when the heights were carried, and I lie cue my defeated and driven fioui ihc field. The belt day ha was again met aod routed on the plaint of Miaa.? With itt farther resistance, thn d?tirhmenf moved forwird aod arrived on the llth at C'lndad de lot Argtlet, and took peaceable possession of the place. The results of these engagemen't were to disastrous to the enemy, that some of the leaileis of the Californiana a Tew days theresfier, met Lieut. Colonel Fremont. who was in command of four hundred Tolun'eert. near Ban kernaido, and entered into a cnpunlation with him, whereby the iwople nnder arms snd in the field agreed to disperse and remain quiet and peaceable Thna the serious disturbances which had arisen in California tubaroiient to the fin* occupation of the country by our foires were put down; and from tnat time to the latest period to which our information attends, all was there tranquil, and no serious apprehensions ?>f further disturbance were entertained. ? . Col Mason was sent from ihe I nited Urates til November. t?W, to California, where lie arrived in February. General Kttrny had peimission to return home when the condition of la uliler command, descriptive of the cloning scene ? '* The broken acclivity was still to be ascended, and a strong redoubt, midway, to be carried, before reaching the castle on the heights. The advance of our brave men. led by brave officers, though neoessaiily slow, was unwavering, over rocks, chasms, and mines, and under the hottest tire of cannon and musketry. The redoubt now yielded to resistless valor, and the shouts that followed, announced to the castle the fate that impended. The enemy were steadily driven from shelter to shelter The retreat allowed not time to Area single mine, without the certainty of blowirg up friend and foe. Those who at a distance attempted to apply matches to the long trains, were shot down by our men. There was death below as well as above ground. At length the ditch and wall of the main work wero reached; the scaling ladders were brought up and planted by the storming parties; some of the daring spirits, | first In ths assault, were oust down ? killed or wouuded A lodgment was soon made; streams of heroes followed; all opposition was overcome, and several ol our regimental colors Aung out from the upper walls amidst long continued shouts and cheers, which sent dismay into the oapltsl." Though the oapture of Chapultepee was a most difficult and perilous enterprise. It was, however, but one In tbessrleaof brilliant achievements which were to be performed before the city of Mexico fell Into our possesion A desnerate etruinrlu was nmtlnuui u,mn.hn..t the whole day The numerous batteries, which opened a destructive tire upon our troope, one after another, were captured; the formidable obstacles, ao well contrived to arrest our advance, were eurmownted; and the opposing hosts of the enemy ware driven from their well-oboaen poaitiona When night came and auapended the dreadful conflict, two of nnr eolumna had entered the city. Preparations were at onoa made for its entire subjugation on the approachiog morning Our as.tomrhing suooessss on the two preoedlng day* had filled the army aud the government of Mexioo with deepalr; they precipitately fled during the night of the 13th. On tna 14th our troopa took poeaesalon of the magnificent capital of the Mexican republic, and planted the atandard of the Unl ted State* on her national palaoe. The preoedlng sketch of the oparationa of our army, under the oommandof Major General S ott, from lta debarcatlon at Vera Crux until lta triumphal entry into the oity of Mexioo, la, 1 am well aware exceedingly imperfect; it is confined to the announcement of general reaulta; details aud subordinate events developing heroio aota and Individual merit are necessarily exoluded; but these are presented with fulness in the admirable reports herewith transmitted, of the highly distinguished offlcera who partinlpnted, in an eminent degree, in the memorable scenes they so well describe. After the main body of our army had moved on the slty of Mexico, the small garrison at Tuebla, under tha comman d of Colonel Cbllds, sustained a olose and continued siege for tweuty-eight days, by a vastly superior force. The number of assailaota brought against this email garrison was at the time eight thousand, under the immediate oommand of General Santa Anna. The I / ,~L~ - J-U J -J- 1J. , _!. 1 I.JLU -' IERA 1847. affair* should no longer require hi* presence in that country.? Pursuant to iustiucio.* from this deputmcnt, the command oj our land force* iu California, aud the ohnrge ol the teinporary citil Korcrninriit t-.ere ettabluhed, were devolved on Colonel Maeou. aeout Uie lint of last June, wbru < ien. Keainy left for the United State*. The military oi>er*iious in California, previoua to the arrival of Uca Kearuy, had been couductei by llie officer* of the user and Lieutenant Coloucl Frr in >ut, by lorce* drawn iu part from the squadron and in part organized in the country. All the transaction* which have been derailed took place before any of the laud force* sent from the United State*, eicept the lew dragoons whodaccompanied Oeucrul Kearny, |uot exceeding one huud ed) had arrived in California. The company of artillery which embarked iu New York in July, lttt, did net reach that cuuotry until February, 1847. and the regiment ofvoluuteers from New York, which tailed in September, arrived there in March. Cooke, from SauCi Ke,arrived in California in Jauua'y, 1147. This battalion also proceeded by war of the Uila river. aud. by denatiug from the loute takes bv Oeueral .Kearny, fonud oue more practicable, over which, though no wheel carnage of any descuptioi hid ever before passed,they were enabled to take a train of wagons. Aoout two hundred rccruita hare been tent out, within a few month I past to fill up the companies in the regiment of velunteeia in Califorria. By the last report dited 18 h Jane, from Colonel Mason, now chief ia the command ol the military force in California, a id exercising tlie functions of cemporirycivil governor there, it apnea's thi' the troops in that country do not eicerd seven huud ed and fifty, exclnaiveot the battaliou from 8ai.u be, whose term of service expind in July, and who were not expected to re-engage. When the recruits shall hive arrived, the entire force in that coun ry will be ah inr one thousand. These occupy seven posts, at a long distance from each other\ detichmeut has been aent to garrison La Pai, the capital of Lower California. Under almost any circumstances, thia force enu hardly be regarded as suAcieui to answer the purpose for which troops and no serious apprehension 11 eutei timed of dis'urbauce. yet the country in our occupation is e* tensive, embracing many positions which ahon'.d be garrisoned, and the Indian race is there sumrr us, Willi the propensity sud hat it of drpredatioK. In case of a threatened disturbance, it is not don at'd that a considerable augmentation of our force could be derived from the inhibitautsofthe country; still, I llnnk itsdvisable to increasa the number of troeps now there To show the state of tiinga iu California, in regard to military alfaira, as well at to other mstters to which 1 shall heieaftar allude. I hetew ith transmit the last cooiamuioaiioii teceiyed from Colouel Mason 8oon after the epmtitreof the expedition, under Co'onel Doniphan, for Chihuahua, an insurrection broke out in the uorthern part of New Mexico, which appeared to have for iu oh ect the roaaaac-e of all American reaideuta without reference to their being in the public service, and such of the Mexicans ss had taken office under t> e government established by our military authority. The first act of out/age was the deliberate auu brutal murder of the governor of the territory, and ft-veral other American citizens at Taos. Similar atrocities were, at the same time, perpetrated at the Arroya Unad.iand the ilio Colorado Kmslied withthc succetaof their first sudden movement. the insurgents proceeded to collect and organise their force for an attack upon S^nta b e As souu at the commanding officer was nformed o( their designs, he took prompt measures to ia:erce| t their march, to restore order throughout the territory, and to punish their leaders. Orderins in the detachmentiat the outp ists, and leaving a anfficient garrison at Hants Fr, Col. Price, wnn three hundred and fifty men, including a company of horse and a battery of mnnntaiu howitzers, moved on the 23d of January, iu the direction of Taos, sud on the succeeding day diecovrrrd the cuctnv?about fifteen hundred?uear the town of Canada. They were imma dtatelv attacked, driven from their povitiona, and dispersed . with a Iota of thirty-six killed and m my wounded Pursuing the route np the left bank or the Km (Vrnnde, onr iuiuc?anw mcreaae* uj near ure nuuareu men?reacnea L.* Joya on the 29th of January. A detachment waa aent forward to dislodge a party of the enemy?betweenaix and aeveu hondred?who had poaseaaioo of the height* which commanded the deAle leading to Rnbudu. The height* were immediately attacked and carried, and the enemy precipitately driven in the direction of the town. Without further teaiatanre, thia detachment of our troop entered and toek poaacaainn of Enbudo, and in a few daya thereafter joined the main body at Traml>a* On the 24th of (January (a'amall jeconnopiring party of about eighty men, nnder Captain Hendley, proceeded in the direction of Mora, to naceiteiu the atreugtn of the enamy. irported to be in that vicinity. From three to five hundred Mexican* were diacovered in a atrong petition behind defence* within the >owu. Here a conflict t >ok place, in which the enemy aulTered alo*a, in killed and wounded, of about th'rty: but the defencea were fouud too atrong, aud too well guarded to be taken by eacalade with *o amall a force. The party, alter deatroyiug tome of the building* in the towu, retired with the priaonera to Vega*. Our loaa in llua affair waa three alight! y wounded and * ne killed?the gallant commander of the party, who fell 1a atorming the work*. On the 3rd of February, the command under Col Price, after a difficult march through deep anowa, arrived at Pueblo de Taoa, a place of considerable! strength, aurrounded by adohe walla aud atrong picket*, with building* well calculated for defence,and capable of ho'ding a large garriaon. Preparation* for an immediate atuck were made-, our batteriea opened upon the town, and the fire continued during that and the fel lowing day; but, owing to the lighrnea* or the metal, (a aix pounder aud monnttin howitxera,) it waa found irapoeaible to make a breach in the wall*. It waa then determinrd to carry the place by aaaault, and it wa* done la a valiant minner.? The next morning the maergenta aned for peace, which waa granted on condition of mrrendering up aome of their principal leader*, who had inatigatad the disturbance and were directly conceined in the murder of thrfgovernor and others.? About one hundred and fifty, of the (even or eight hundred Mexican* engaged in the oatrle, were killed; and the loaa on our aide waa aeveu killed and forty five wounded. Home of the leadeia in thia achrme for a genaral massacre. who had aurrived the general engagement# by which the outbreak waa nppreiaed, were triad, convicted and execated. Occasionally through the conrte of the lastinmuier, aome of on* gnaing parties,along the line of the taatera settlement!. ncic ?u\?iru oy iiriKRiiuK muui ??? mriicui tu? IClUlina embodied for predatory parpoeea, and tome lou wu eaetaia ed od both aide*. Moat of the troopa A rat eent to New Mexico wero volunteer! from the Stale of Miaaonn, who were engaged for oely twelve montht. The term* of their eereice expired in August, a? dee early at April and May ethera engaged lor the war were accepted to take their olacea, making the preaent force in New Mexico about three thoueaud aix liondred and thirtyIol r men, including a battalion for service in the Indian country, on the rontea to Santa Ke and Oregon. On the 31at of March, a call waa made on the State of Miaaouii for a regiment of mounted volnuteera, a put of which waa directed to be employed in eatabliahing military junta on the route to Oregon, purauanllo the act of the 10th of May, 1(16, and the rem'inder ware ordered to Santa Kc to aapply the place ef the tigelve montba men, whoae term of aervice would expire in the anmmer. Af erwarda tliia direction w?a ao modified, that the whole regiment waa |>reaaed on to Sjnta Ke and a battalion of aimilar troopa from theaamv State waa aaaigued to the daty of eatabliahing the Oregon porta. l/pon loll coaaideration of the aubject, it waa determined to coofine the uperatioue of the year to two military atitiona? both on thia aide of the Hocky monntaina. luatrnctiona were eivea. and the neceaaary arrangemente made, for a port near (Irani) la'and. where the road to Oregon atrikea the Platte river, and another at or near fort Laramie. Aathe former waa in the region where Indian denredationa had been committed, and aa a force theie would hold the Indiana in check, the earlieat attention waa directed to be given to that work, but the ap|iroaeh of winter haa ueeeaaarilv anapendeil it Nat innch progieaa liia been yet made in ita conatrnction, beyond the collection of in iteriala and the needful pre|iarationa for carrying it an early in the spring. Oik career of auceeat, ao diaaatrona to Mexico; onrcor<pieat of ao many of her Stitea and territoriea; the anhjugation and occupation of her capital; the defeat and diaperaiin olherarmiia. the captnre of moat of her moferirl of war, and the aunihi'ation of her foreign commerce, hare not yet brought peace, or the offer of auch terma aa conld be accepted by the United St'tea without national degradation. The waratlll contmuea; and it ia proper to preaent tome auggeationa in regard te ita further iiroaecution. In making theae auggeationa, I piaa, wiihont remark,the proposition that we should abandon ail onraniuiaitiont, and withdraw oar troopa from the enemy's coautrr. 8ncli a proposition conld only be seriously entertained if wa were in rennty the vanquished party, and wrre convinced of oar inability to prolong the contest with reasonable hopes of nrcess. Onr further operations must.in ray op nion, he conducted in one of the ihtee following modesto take and hold an indemnity line; to recede from all places and poaitjoi.a now occupied in advance of it, and cease fmm all aggressive opeia lions bevond that line; second, to overrun the whole country, and hold all the principal places in it by permanent gnrrisonsand. third, to retain vdnat we now possess, open the lines of communication into the interior, ana esteoa onr operationato other important plaeea, at our means and the pros|>rrt of advan tages shall indicate?keeping a disposable force always ready, within approachable limits, to annoy the enemy, to seize sap plies, enforce contributions, and frustrate hu efforts to collect means aud assemble troops fcr the purpose of protracting the war. A full discussion of the comparatire merits of these modes of conducting oar military operations would esteud this com miimcation t > an ttnwarrantable length; I shall, therefore, continue ray lemarktfoa few prominent considerations relative to each With reference to a speedy peace, with proper indemnity and security?the only object of the war?tie line policy is regarded as objectionable. Ifour present position cannot command acceptable terms of parificn'ion from iv.eiico, retiring to an indemnity line wonld certainly fiil to produce snch a reentry ir would weaken the inducements of the euemv to pat an end to hnitilitiei. Restored, by oar voluntary surrender,'to the pottessioa of his capital end important departinents, end relieved from the preeeare of onr arms, and from all apprehensions of further enrqurst and annoyance, beyond the limits we might sele t, he wonld be left with more abnndaut resources than he a-<w rosseisee to prepare,at leisure and in eeeuritv, to strike an effective blow with concentrated l itres at onr detached poets. To hold these posts safely, to retain possession ol the seaports we now have, (if that should fall within the policy,! and to prevent incursions into the territories which we muht choose to appropriate to ourselves, would, lu my opinion, require a force as large as Would suffice to maintain what we now nc upy, and to carry our operations still further in the interior of the enemy's country, nntl make him leal the calamities of w ar in a way heat calculated to indnre him to reek for peace. Hut if in this I am mistaken,aud the linr-irolicy should enable us o. reduce the number ofour troops.still, it wi'lnot. asfl conceive, thereby effret a red net ran of ourjsctual eipenditarss for the war. la consequence of the internipfi-a of intercourse between thf leiuorti in our noiMMion, and th#CfiiUnl |?nrt* of Mtnco, the collections on iminiits hare hitherto been inconsiderable. If the line policy is edoi I'd, ihn mterconrse will continue to be interrupted.and, const laeutly. the receipts of revenue from thid source will be small. Under the operation of the line policy, all expectation of lessening the burden of sustaining our troops, by deriving Supplies and contributions Irom the enemy, would be dieappointed. The supplies in the vicinity of onr poau would be withdrawn from our reach, as soon as our design to seiz* and appropriate them was ascertained or suspected But were it otherwise, a?nur|>oaU wonld be remote from the wealth and resmrcn ?f Ihr country, me amount wmcn couiu or oouineu would be inconsiderable. So far from deriving advantage from the litis policy, by way ofohtainiiig assistance from lbs rtaoorrea of the enemy, towards the support or car troona, we should, I apprehend, confer upon a portion of the people of Mraico a dnect benefit, by opening to them at onr posts a market, in which we ahonld hac >me the pnrchaaera of their products at an eiorbitant price. These considerations, without hringirg into view others, have led me to look to one of the other modas of operation I have mentioned, as preferable to that of occupying au indemnity line. In retard to the second mode suggested?that of occurring the whole country?the wide extest of territory embraced in the Mencan republic, the many important points to be garrisoned, and the loug lines of communication to he kept open, p ear nt d (Acuities of no ordinary magnitude, if onr ocrnp-ncy is to be of euch e character aa to tnperaede llie Mriiran authority, and require the temporary rtuhliahmri.t of rivil government. In carrying tins plan into ellen, it wonld not be reasonable to rely upon the fvvnrable diapoaitinu, or even rrntrality, of any considerable |?rt of tha Metiran people, until lame assurance of the stability < f our power was derived from its continuance Onr posts mnat therefore be strong, aim our forces numerous, in order to secure the near and long lines of common cition. to disperse and ehasliae the guerilla hands which would obstruct them, and to snpprrss the more powerful uprisings ol the jpe >ple wherever they may b* a tempted I cannot tslely estimate the fores requisite to carry into fnll ellsct this plan, at Iraal seventy thousand men. To insure the presence or that number in the enemy 's country, and at p'nraa where thay would be wanted it would be i.eceaIvry to raise a much larger I' rce. The great eiprnse of raising, orgsniiing. and segdiug to their remote destination so large a bod y of troops aa not as needed 10 give effect to this plea, would, I apprehend, bring a very heavy, gud pemaps embarrassing, demand upon the treasury. The thud mode presented la, in my ju'lgment, preferable to 0 L D. Mm Two rWi. the others. Beyond curtainVimits, admits of expansion ud contraction; bat, as * turd condition, all now held i< to be retained, anil no part uneudered, but iu compliance with treaty stipulations. I lu? flu ihu couirmp'iitei Inrther arqaisitioas eiiruaiiiK to other imporuu: pgilu, mort or lets numerous, u circumstances may warrant. Not w i hit audi og our victories have fallen with cruahmc weight -Pop the. assembled nrtriu of Mexico, molt of tbone mho hold in their h?ud? 'he decision of the question of peace, have stood beyond the rin eot the physical evils indicted by the war. By extendiug the theatre of it. and changing the node of eouductiug it, they eon be made to feel its pressure, Iu cooseiiuencr of oar liberal end hatusnr policy, we have, as vet, scarcely touched the substance of the wealthy end lull uenttal classes iu| Mexico. At the Mexican array has low h#?n tn rhdsm rh# inimrniMf of ODOIfftBlOb in thn Kanrln nftWmw successive rulers, iu destruction has not deeply enlisted their ?y mpsthies, or alsrmed their fears. Oar army ha> ifoitrd them better protection than their own; ana thee, by onr presence and our forbearance, they have, within certain limits, hitherto escaped exactions from either. But our saccesaee have now o|?ued the way to act upon and influence those who piohably can, if they wil , put an etd to hostilities. By making them suffer tbe usnal calamities of war, they must ha made to desire peace. In addition to the troops required to garrison places to be retained. it is proposes to hare in the field a competent force for aggressive operations?to strike the enemy whenerer homey preseut a ruluerable poiut; to u|>en avesues from the ports in our |k>.session ikto the eaemv's country, and to cover sad subject to our control some of his rich mining districts sad productive agricultarel regions It is not deemed proi er to l?oiui out in more detsll the movements end objects contemplated in the further prosecution of the war upon this plan. I proceed to present my views in relation to the troops coasiderrd necessary lor ihis purpose. The twenty five regiments of the regular armv, as distinguished from 'the volunteer I'orce, when tilled up to the limit fued by law, would ha twenty eight thousand eight hundred and fourteen, siciusiva of officers; hut the actual atreugth, as near as can be aseett lined, is now twenty one thousand five hundred and thirtythree; it will therefore require seven thousand three hundred and rightv one enlisted men to comple e the regular military establishment Duritg the last year, the recruiting service for the reguler array has neeu attended with cuuatacrab'e saceess. The recruits enlisted for the fifteen old regiments amount to eleven thousaud an leighty-our, and thoae lor the teu regiments raised under the act of the last session of Congress sic eleven thousand one hundred and sixty two. By ilie operations of the recruiting service, it is believed that the present sttrng'h of these regular regiments will be : fully sustained, and piohably iucreaacd. * >.?, nt<.uH|wiy '('K i Dir> iroui m? AUjiimui ucbkiiii omci how that there ire sow in >emee, engaged for tha war. tweuty-thrre regiment* of volunteers, seven battalion*, ana thirti-three eoinpanie* not organized into regiment* or hatMlioua;ghutjthe rank and file ol all theea do not probably eiceed twenty thonaand men. Moitoi tha volunteer forte* have borne a cocspicnous part iu the present irduouscsmpaiva, and particnlarly in the aeriaa ol severe coortieu with tha enemy, 'i he catutltiea of ilia aervica have, therefore, fallen heavily ii|>oa them They have become considerably reduced. To give those serving lor the war their complete organization, will require an addition ofabout twelve thouaaad five hundred men. Atlemnta hare been made, undrrthe act paaaed at tha laat eaaion of Congress. to engage volunteer* to 011 up the compauiet in service, and officers have beep detached from their command! for that purpose. These efforts have not bean sac rrssfuhnnly eight htiudred and twenty-ona have beeai procured. One of the disadvantages attending iheir attempts has heen the want ol anthorityto place tham onhha aameffooting in respect to compensation as lecruita fr r the regular army. As the volunteers engage for the same term as the recruits for the t?n regiments, there can be no reason lor not holding out to them trie same inducements to enter the public service. It ia, therefore, respectfully recommended that t ongresa be asked to authorize a like bounty to voiuuteer reeruita. I also suggest that those raised iu the same State be ceuaelidatnl temporarily .and the supcruumsrary officers sent home to obtain rrciuil* for their respective companies thoald this attempt prove unsuccessful, then I recommend that tha consolidation be made permaneut, and I hat entire companies at" volunteers ba aceep'ed.to tske the place af the vacaaeisa ia reg, meets and battalions which may bo occasioned by the consolidation. Tha forces now in service, segmented by recruits to the eztent which it i* reasonable to expect, will not. ia my opiniou. be sufficient for our contemplated military operation*. I therefore submit fir your cor sidsratioo and approval tha preposition to raiaa ten additional regiments of regular forces for tha war. It ia important that authority should be given for this purpose atari early period in ilia gMMMM session of Congress. A delay, even of a faw mom ha. would be vary injurious, as it would give tune to th* enemy to reorganise hia i battered forces, and recruit bis eihausted atreagth. If auch authority beat once given, th* new regiments might be raised and sent to the seat of war in season to pass tha unhealthy district along the coast of the Ualf before the leturn of tha epidemic, and to participate in th* neat campaign. It is dam table that Congreaa shou'd be impressed with the importance ol providing at once lot this increase of oar troope. The increase of the tegular lorca to tha proposed eztaat ia much preferred to further call Tor Tolsnteeri?not, however, because the former e e preferable to the latter for courage, endurance, or gallant deeda of ilrtiog: for, fa these high attributes. the regular troops and the voiuoteera have been alika eminently distingaished, and have, on every trying occasion, nobly contended for excellence; but. judging from past experience it is kelieved that in this way the army can t>e more expeditiously reinforced, and the regiments more effectively recruited and kept nr. and in ions respects better adapted to the services likely to lie repaired of them. The emenciee of the war may reijaire a larger force than can he brought into the field, including the propoeed new regiments. Iris therefore nrged that authority should also M Gren to accept the services of more volunteers. It should not restricted to a number leas than tweaty thousand. Witn the Increase of our present fores by the ten new regiments, it is not probable that ihers will be oeaasion to exercise this authoiity: pet an emergency may arise when a resort to it would be of great importance to the public interest. 1 he department has presented estimates for col nidarakle deficiencies in some of the war sppronriationa for tbo current lis, si year. Proris on was mide ta these appropriations for conliuaiug ia service, besides the tegular troops, ton thousand volantrers; but it wai subsequently deemed important greatly to augment this volunteer forte. The exceaa of voluateera called out beyond that number is ?ver fifteen thousand, for which no appropriation waa made The eipeasea of organising and transporting them to ilia eaat of war, together with their i*r, aabiietanca, and allowance for clothing, have produced a cooaideiable part of iheae deficioncie . The aafora* aaen and extraordinary riee in the price of article* *f subsist eace, haa alio caoaed a much larger expenditure la tha Commissary's Deiwrtaent than wae expected whan the ettimatea for subsistence were preMnted to tha laat Congress. Tha laigeet amount of disbursement* haa been in the ijnarirrmatler'a Department, far a statement of thie amount, aa well aa the nacessity for it, 1 respectfn)ly refer to the report of the Qaaiteraaater General. The dntieaofthat branch ol the pablic eervice are namcrona and difficult at all titnei; iu war?and particularly ia a foreign war. carried on at a gieat dietancc from our ordinary eoarcaa of supplies?theee dimes are vastly multiplied aad complicated. The difficultiea under which that department haa labored from the cuminencemcntof the war, auddaaly called on, aa it then waa, ia an nnprcpated atate, to provide for aayaral armiea deatined for different and diatant fields of action, aad ankacanenily in fitting nut the important nxpnditioa against YeraCrox, and procuring transportation by Ma aad land our wide-apread oparationa, and the manaer in which theee difficulties hare baen met and overcome, often under the meet untoward cirenmatances, are well preeeatei in theaecompenyiun report of the (dusrtermaater General. \m a meaanre for ieducing eipeneea in one important branch of duties of the {Jutrtermaater'a Department, aad at tha tame time giving it greater efficiency, I invite apeeial attention to hit recommendation, in regard to the mode of employing (ramalera, mechanics, end other laborers. TheM amount to several tiiouaaodt; and the difficulty in proeartag them ia anflicient number*. and retaining them in aerviea at placee where they are wanted, haa forced upou that department the necessity of paying extravagant wages, end in other respect* incurring largr expenses, which might, to n eoaaiderab a axtsat, bo avoidraiu the manner anggraled. If authority were given to enliat the men required ia the (duartermaatrr's Department, with all the advantages to which tioopa of the line are entitled, and subject to aimilar obligations, the public expense* on thia account woald bemuehdi inmiahed and the llaartertnaater'a Depar-ment relieved, to considerable eileut, from a actions embarrassment. Igihe ra'imairs lor the nett fiscal rear, Mictioir have sot hreo nude for the contributions which maybe collected at 'he Mencan porta. or levied in the laierior of the country, aor f.ir the supplies which may be ihera obtained from tneea aoarrea it reaannable to ripect a neb nan nance aa will lighlen the bu'dtns of (he war; butlhera are no means of rstiaMtiac the amount which the enemy caa he forced to coatribate towards defraying oar expenses. or in the way of anusbtag oar troopa wiih an|>|tliea. The < rdera and iaatractioea laaaed to the ofhrets of ma aimy to levy coatnbationa at the Maxima forte unmanned br oar troo|>a. are hereto annexed. Tha total amount received by the officers of the army, aa eihiblted by the retaraa, ia JVMi lis t? Of thia aam, $4tt,7U 1] have baea paid ovar to tha eitbumnc officers of the army aad aary, (aee able annexed to the ordera respecting military coalribatioas.) Though onr fureaa have occupied tha principal Mexiaa yens on the liulf, the trade with them line been incoaeidernble, becanae the introduction of merchandise into the country ban been almost aatirely obatrncted. 1'he (Barilla beads have had poaieaaion of the avenaea leadiag iato the interior, aad all arttclee, wherever found, which ha.e |waved through porta ia oar oceapatioa, hays been regarded (aad, 1 baliava, ay the a 1 press order of the Menean government) aa plaodar. A very diflbrent atate of things in this reaoeet will, it ia believed, hereafter exist, aa the dilnralties of bringing imports withia the reach ol consamers will be removed. In that event, the collectioae atthtae ports will he vastly aagmen'ed. The baaiueaaof celleeting the eontrlbationa haa baea aeeae?ar ly devolved on military officers. Tliadaty haa beaa performed at unhealthy placet, where a dearroyng rpademi. j>revolt daring many moniha of the yew. it aeema to be bat/oat that ihoae (Tina emp'oyed and thaa exroaed ahuald raesiva agd tional enrni enaalion; but uuder the leet'ielion of exmciag lawa, theie it no authority to aeuction thair claim to an extra a Inwauce. I rrapectfully recommend that Cocgreas ahoald be sailed lo ll'ow officers engaged at the Mexican ports ia ealleeiirg contributions, a per crniage or the anma received, aad that nllioriiy ahonld be girea to regulate the another aad determine the pay of the several peraoue employed ia th a basilicas. Ti err is no official information ia thia department showing the amount of revenaa or contributions which has been I levied at the poru in our occupancy on the Pacific, bat it ta uudrratood that collrctiona have there been made ; aad the ? ?i'? tAmaiilg fh* tnniMirt nf fh* eivil MTltiiBMt eatablirhed in California The despatch of <.ol. Mum, to which I hare before 1II1M refers in the unsettled elama id that rouatry againstthe United Hi ties, and re-commandi that immediate meaaerea abonld bo taken o aaeeitatn the amouut of aaeh aa ate well founded. aad that prortaion he niade lot immediate payment Theae claima aie principally for property of rarioue deerrtptioaa Inraiahed to, or taken by, onr forcer in the eoarao of the military operationa in that conntry. The delay to pay them haa already pro dneed much Jiaaatiafaetion, and ia prejudicial to the iattroate of the United Htatea. Home of the oAeere engaged in thin diatant aetrice hare become personally responsible tor debu contracted for the nae and in the aemeeof the United Htatea; it la alto dne to there that proyiaioa ahoald be made for payieg there drlm . d|The reaolntmn of the Id ol March laet, providing for tho piytnent of rapenaea incurred by Htatea aad laditidaala ia oe(an.r.iaa. subsisting. and tranaportine yolaataere preyioaa to their being mnatered and received into the earTiea of tho United Htatea, had refeteece to aaeh ttoopa only aa had been muttered before that renod. Like claima of a inbeeqneni dado hirn been preeented. which eonld not bo pnid for araat of authority. I rtcommend that Uongrese ha naked to provide by law for the adjaatment of thcaa claima by tha accounting olllI also recommend that provision ha mada for tha payaMat of a legimeut of rolnntcera from Texae. which entered tha nar- * nee ia February laat, in compliance with a call by tha earn maodint officer at Camareo, under what he deemed to be a praeat | emergency. Tne reeiinru'. after being mmetornd proceeded to the Hio < Jrsode, where it w*a dtaehargad. pennant lii in order ol mijor umnn , my <>> w>t pi>wi iihout authority (ion either thie department or the commandin areata', ?n appropriation will be neeaasurv to ray ihe ?oleutf pre for the time they were iu eervice I I rrapeclfolly 'epeet 'he recommendation ie my I net inn..I I report on the enhjeet of clothing in kind for rolnntreie, in lim of the money which i* el preient paid to them n* e eonmntelion. The ei| erieuce of the peet ye*r hn ibo.n the neceeaitr fill I (ill chance Tlie clothing provided by the ro4unreere I l-.th in kind end <nialiiv, ia erne ally nnenited for I theaervice, end ofien p'ovae to he Jcdcient in quaati-T. I Serriti in en enemy', count y, end at a di.t.ncr lion the eidi- I naiy mnrcea of anpply, it cno aeldom be replaced when leal I or worn out, and atareya at a? cinrbitnat price. Mnchofibe an(Terma which haa been eaperieneed by theae troope may be attributed to Ihe want of proper clothing If anthoiitv were liven to mpply the tolnu eera in the mauaer provided for the n in tar troope. it ia believed they would be better elothed.aad etleae coat to ihemaelvea and to the government. thaa by the preaent mode It la nnderatood thai, if^nch proriaion ia mede, the arraacrmentaof the Qnartermaatei'a Department are auci)

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