Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 11, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 11, 1847 Page 2
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111 relvtioa lo proridio* e'othuitf, that iteaareidily famish I eil'iply to the volunteers. I ,'a i ii-,>e;t rhe r.*con>m*adatioa? la my last report, la reft i il i > a retired llat of ndicen of the army, who. by age or i it ui ace, have hrcrai unable to oerloiin ac.ive ditiei i ll. eiperieuce of the p at j ear haa ad led force to he COBidentioiia iu favor of aueh a meaiu'e For'he details oflhe ptau, aa well aa lor reasjua iu favor of it, I iavite yoar attention to t In- report of the Adjutant (leneral. Ueudr. he leport* of the Adjutant Gcaervl and'lis Quarto muter tie ieril, before particularly refc-ed o I al?o tierewith mbinn for your cou.iJera'i m other a from the C anirniaa .ry General, t ie Paymaster General, the Chief tugm-cr, the ''hief of the Topographical Engineers. the officer iu | rh ige of the Ordnance Department, the Surgeou General, ! [tie Commissioner of Pension', and the Commisaiooer of Indian -affairs. Theie aereral reporta are preseu ed iu the lolleat cou<idciice that their eiaininat'o i will afford moat arret f inf proofs that the public duiiea devolved upon each, |i, xtfh uiuiualy arduous, have heeu throughout the paat yju. faithfully and ably discharged. -in' ,,.*vort of the Chief b'ngi ,ecr ethibita the c iinlitiou of t'ie peruiiii**"'defeuces, nude* construction and reptir, alou. . ir .eaboin* and northern frontier. Owing ti the until , . ,ai placed witluu ihc control ol the department til ma nurooa- lut ''"Ic Progenia during the I ut yeer haa been m .do in he'.e f"?ediu* years, the ayatemof i fence ii i> bee i |> u ,cu Vd "J1" considerable auc -ess. ImI If I t I) i II a ti.?il?-e placed in eoinpaiative security ; but lee ue j Ii, h iv.ng ai claims to protection, tfiat yet e tui i tu a jeft iteleaaitu i.! , '* ?o? deemed wise, under prevent iieurna'.auiei, to w Mid aw all a'leiition liom our atatem of eiterior delcuee. , 'llie eat'inate which hu been bmitted for expenditure up >ii ill ue woraa la in iderate. it la wr'0** lut J***and much leaa ilia i tha avenge grants Mtrotmer furs. r mureai having provided lor a hovi.. a West the general examoittou of the Military ^,,d' sraiiv were l\il a, i number of emiueut cit x-na from u ,?"?or'- ,,,tnthe invited ?o form auch a b ,?t. with a view to WJJ* 3 "'' state f discipline of ihat uittitutioa, it? iiiitroi , .dm niatrat ou, fi laueial affairs, and other coucerua. ilo t the eon for the inform irion of C ngreaa Thi \ . t anil tie fyititdamong the papers herewith Irojn the k. a'Oirtir. ut. It Pre.aula the institution. m all respects ery f vcrabls li|<ht ; and I treat th,t. be.idfa the appro, " iioiit reqni ed for iu ufetj^funance^ ?ud^ efficiency, proviii will b made for an uimi i1* ?" ? ?? ... . < l lie company of rnginen ol'i?/i, author r?d by the act ol C iturcii ol .lavish, 1816. h?s leer igore than a year on ret ' v duty ill VIetico, and has r'nde.n. efficient service. I tig no submit. with ap.irnv <I. the |>r iposition of the Chief Engl irn to/ a>i increase of (hi* description of forJe. at teijnired tj meet the wants of our armiei in trie field. The surgeoui aud aseistmt surire -n? constitution tilts raelical sialf of the army a'e all reqni ed for the troopi h the fie d mi 1 it is nieerniiied by extwrieuc* that they are scrfrest safficieut fo'tiie rsgeicies ol the service. 'I he wants of tfcle service have reudrrejitnecessary to employ physiciaoa in civil life, to a<sist in the duties of toe ine.lical statT. This deficiency of medical assistance l as beru "wing, in pari, to the number of surgeons and assistants who hare been detiched i rmn the troopi to take charge of the several hospita's which the proper caie and treatment of the lick and wounded hare ufnlcred i diipensab e. Ample provision fur the cure and eoin'ort of the otliceri and soldiers suffering by wounds or disease ii cemauded by justice and humanity. 1, tli-refore, c irurslly Coinmei.il to your approval the proposition for authority t i appoint six hospital surgeons, to be continued iu office uuly 11 the end of the prescut war. I do not doubt, however much it is to be lamented, that in tn>- so dicM who have f .ithfully served (liuir country in the i riny, will retire from it worn out in service, disabled by ivouiiJj. or permanently unpaired in health, by espoaureand Ii Tilslups, with int the meant of comfortable support or the ability to earn it. I i tins aituatiou. they will look with reasonable expectation to their couutry for a provision better suited to their cuditiou than that wh cli ia now made by our pea"lonlisrs. This would bealTorded to them by au army asylum or ret-eat The comforts of such a public iustirntiou are due I i this unfortunate and meritorious class of our fellow-citiiena, from a grateful aud p.irerual g iverumrut I concur iu the acting Surgeon General's recommendation of auch an establishrtn it, and submit it to your favorable consideration The number of peusiooers of all clasaes on the rolls of the IY .sum Office is twenty-three thousand aud nineteen. The number p td durug the bilf rear ending on the l?t July last, "as Only filreeu thousand and ninety-two. The office Ins not thn me ins of .iscait lining the deaths among tliem, butthe nam Ill*r 01 pcilll'HICTS nil urru iIJ mil v*?u?v during the last year. Tne reduction ill thai period it estimated to be at least ten per centum. The law allowing a li unity in lan'ls to the soKiers who bave served in the war wi'li Mexico, lias lii -own a pressure of duties ujiou the i'ensiou Ulii *.e. requiring a large lucieuse of labor, lu order to furnish these soldiers with scrip and certificates of location at early us practicable, several persons have been employed under a promise to present their claims for coinpensa1104 to Confess. Without their assistance, much delay won'd hivennavoid bly resulted in this brunch of the public business, attended with some injury and inconvenience to the meritorious claimants; aud. et en with this assistauce. theie are 111111 v c ISM not yet acted on, although all practicable despat. Ii Ins lieeu used The applications lor reitificatcs of locution iiDil for scrip previous to the 13th ol' November, (the date of the Commissioner'* report,) hid auiouutrd to eigh een thousand three hundred and tiny. heveu thousand three hundred and fourteen certificates lor laud and nine hundred and uinetv of scrip had been issued. Two thousand two hundred and ten applications had been'ejected or suspended, and seven thousand eight hundred and lorty-six then remained to he exam ued It is respectfully ii'ged that a recommendation should he submitt'u to Congress to make provision, not only to pay ttiose w ho h ive already rendered service, but for such an ad- I ditional number of clerks as may be required for the despatch ui th's busiuess. Olfi.ie ? of the line and staff have been required to perform duties at several places where a destroying epidemic lias prevailed. Several nave fallen victims to it Their position was as per Ions as that of the officers who hare mingled iu opeu couflict with the enemy. The lamiliea of thoee who hate beeu atriekeu dawn by this tusidious fe. have, in my opinion, as just a claim to the care and aid of the government, as the families of such as have fallen iu battle, or died of wouudi received while in the discharge of their duty; and I recommend that Congress s ould he requested to make the same provision for them. I ful'y concur 111 the suggestion of the Adjutant General, that the pennon liw should be so modified as to pi tee the widows slid children of the officers aud soldiers of the regular army on the same favorable fooling as those of the volunteers Tlie firmer have e.pisl claims to the justice of the country; I aud upou this account, as well as upon considerations of sound policy, the distinction should be obliteiated, aud the liberal and ,iu?t provisions now applicable alone 10 the latter, should be e-joyed alike by both. A moat important and ditficnlt part of the dotiea devolved upon this department in the management of oar ludiau affairs Our relations with the rribes a'# yearly eitending, and, 111 many respects, assuming a more interesting cha nct'r. For a lull account of our relations and transactions w ith them during lie put year, 1 respectfully, refer you to the report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. The wise policy ol separating the Indians residing in Stairs and crgauixcdjTerritories, from contiguity to. and intermingling with, the w hite population, and of settling them in a liuet home, removed as far as practicable from the reach of influences so pernicious tu Uicir well being, has l>reu neaany pursued, and generally with favorable resirts. Some trabtr rssstneuta hire iriicn la ihe removal of the Choctaws, but they hare been, to a Kreat extent, overcome; and arrangement* are iu prugraia which promise aucceaa to that undertaking. A very satisfactory account of the rariour meaaurea which have been pursued to carry out lira policy of removal, will be fouud in the Commissioner's report. Two treaties will *0011 be laid before you, which hare beea negotiated with different band* of the l hippewat of the Upl>er Miaaiaiippi and Lake Superior, for a portion of their land* weat of thnt liver. Apart of thi* large tract i* intended for the Wtn>ietvven?a, cow ready to remove and aurrender their po**c**ioua in Iowa, and the remainder it held in reaerve for any oilier tribe* yet remaining eastof the Mississippi, who may prefer a northern location. The Sioux and the Chippewa* have long been enemiea.and hostile collisions between them are of frequent occurrence By interpoaing. as isnoar proposed,other tribes between them, their long cherished feud*, it is hoped, will subside, and that inginn of country cease to be any longer the theatre of frequent Indian disturbance*. Among thete tribes witji which we have treaties, or near wnich our agents reside, tranquillity lias generally prevailed The only exceptions known are the outrages committed by par ties of the Sioux?one upon theWiunebagoes, which, by our in terfrrence. was amicably adjusted; sua the others apon the Omthu, the Ottoes, and the friendly Pawnees. Proper measures have been taken to punish the aggressors, and to prevent the repetition of inch occurrence*. The depredations upon the traina on the Sauls Ft route have been, it is believed, committed principallv, if not entirely, by ludiau* with whom we have hitherto had bat Utile or no iurereourse, and who can, therefore, only be controlled, and their mieehievoua propensities repreaard, by amilitsry force, kor this purpose, such a force has bteo sent into that region with instructions to chastise the offenders, and procure, as far as practicable, ike restoration of the Hindered property. The anomalous condition of oar relations with the Indiana ?i .1.- ? r ,i... .1......, ..,, to them. The laws regulating intercourae with Indian tribe* do not extend over Texas A special a?eut was. howevsr, anpointed at (lie close of the laat session of Congress, to viait the seve al bands in that State, to counsel with them, and to distribute such presents, in goods, as were deemed most nselul and best calculated to conciliate their good will, and to inspire confidence in the friendly disposition of the United States towards them This proceeding has been attended with success; but it is desired thst Congress, at the approaching session, should place our relations with these Indians oil amore permanent oaaia. A difficulty has arisen among the Strockbridge Indians in Wisconsin, occasioned, principally, bv the legislation of (X>nurcaa, which cannot be overcome without further legislation. The necessity for the further action of Congress on the supject is clearly presented in the Commisaioner's report. It will be perceived by that report, that very s|>ecial attention has been given, during the past year, to the important subiect of education among the Indians Additional schools oa the naw system?combining manual labor with rudimeiilal instruction? have beep established, and arrangements made for others among several of the tribes. To extend this system, as fir as practicable, it has been found necessary to employ all thefnndsat the disposal of the department, some portion of which baa been heretofore applied io educate a few boys at different seminaries in thr States. The mode now adopted for applying the fnnda provided for education is deemed altogether preferable, and promises the most highly beneficial results. h or information in regard to many other important concerns and interesting ms.ters connected with our Indian relations? too numerous for even a brief notice in this communication? I respectfully invite vour attention to the Commissioner'! report. (have the honor to lie, very respectfully, Tour obedient seivant. W. L. MARCY, Secretary ot War. To the PngsiDgrrT. Police Intelligence. Ctugkt on the Sneak.?Offlcer Wilson, of the Ibth ward, arsested on Thursday afternoon, three eneaklng thieve*. called William Barret, aliat Smith, Daniel Ryan, altar Barret, and Henry Carlow. aliae Jenkenson, on a charge of stealing from the premiseeof Mr William ( cater. No. 80S Broadway, $08 In bank bills. It appears that these sneak* were observed lurking about the PIXWfl, U0?r LDH UOUNJffl, HQU BUUrbiy ilWIWWUB Hi" UiW I ney was missed from a private drawer which had been I foroed open. Upon the acouaed parties being arreeted and searched, the offloer found on the peraon of Smith, I F4'J, in bank bill*, a $f> and a $3 bill which were I Indentifled by Mr. Foster as a part of the stolen money I There were likewise found.in his pocket three keys, a I small pocket saw. a ah 1**1, a ticket for the steamer Km plre, together with Ave railroad tickets for Boston, Nor wlch and Philadelphia. Justice Merritt looked them all up for a further hearing .Irrrti on a Hfnch IVarrant. - Offloer Stowell. of the 4 th ward, arrested yesterday a man by the name of John Irrin, on a warrant issued by the Court of Sessions. I wherein he stands charged with keeping a disorderly house in Water street Committed for trial. I npt at Rap*?Offloer* H or ton and MoCorde, of I thn Mb ward, arreeted, last night, a Frenchman by the name of Francis Arrioir. a boarder at the Kagle Motel in I < anal ft, on a charge of attempting to commit a rape on I t be person of a very intelligent girl, only six years of ag*. ...nght. r f Mr Wlllam Knighton, residing at No. IM ' anal street Thn accused was detained by Captain I Baker for a further hearing. I In thn iltt aid of Tuesday, Nov. !Uh, there'appeared n the police items. " A charge of robbing a friend," in which Ur Harvey Huriiell. of Ml Broadway, complained 'T the undersigned "as having entered hisoffloe, and stolen 14)0 in hank bills. Further, that the doctor had showed lha undersigned a night key, and that the secret drawer was known to me. and me only " This, with much other untruth, was stated. Now, Mr. llrruld, in i as.Ice l request that you make this statement. In the "r? it0*' } l* UUT that the doctor ever furnish.d the I !'.n.-%7i?B.*h:e?,T ** ' "bad,a key to his premises I ? ? n o? o w of th" " ,00 * drawer" from I 7 L. i i "?, 7 77 fi1"1 to been abstracted, and he has hlmselt stated that he had the desk for six years Im fore he knew or it hlnvseir; ?nd he knew the underI ll*W* ??? hsd told four persons (who will gwear to It), that such wee hi* belief and sus i IOH4 of another 1 h* < iran?l jm promptly dlf missed the complaint. And as the publlc nrrss is ever |.rone to censura. I ask whether, as we the people *?? port U, it ought not also to do us justice' The under gwtl relies upon the editor * Sense of iusttn* to pub" 'h th!? in bu pa|)(>r, i *I rs Kygpi noneannaMBMB bn NEW YORK HERAIJ) PUBLISHED AT THK North-west Comer of Fulton and Naisan i hu, BY James Gordon Bennett, Proprietor. DAILY HERALD?Every day. (Sunday includM? Price 2 emit per copy <7 25 per annum?*n Ike On Had Statei. Te European tubicriberi.'tH per annum, to 4m. elude Ike pottage, which hae la he prepaid. WEEKLY HERALD-Every Saturday-Price cenle per copy?H UX per annum?in Ike United St mice To European tvhecrihere, hy iteamthip, $3 per onnu m, ( include the pottage. HERALD t'OR EUROPE?Every Steam Packet Day ?Price kSicentt per copy?%5 per annum, including -pottage, or t\ 2S exclutive of pottage. Suhicriptiom arM advertiteinrnti will be received hy Metiri. Qatignani, II rue Vivirnne, Parit; P. L otmomlt. II Cornkill, and John Miller, hookteller, Henrietta itreet, London. ANNUAL PICTORIAL HERALD-Published on the let of January of each year at tixpencr per copy ADVERTISEMENTS,at the utualpricet. Ad.fertilemenu tkould he written ?'n a plain, legible manner. TTte projrrietor will ttat he retpontible for errort that may occur in themPRINT1NO of all kindt executed beautifully and with deipatck. ALL LETTERS or communication! by mail, for tubtcripliont, or with advcrtiiencnti, addretted to the proprietor of the eitabliikment, mutt be pott paid, or the pottage will be deductedfrom the money remitted. VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE and compiunieationt, containing important newt or uteful intelli, gen'cr, are solicited from any quarter of the world?Europe Jlsia.t Africa, or America?and if vied will alwoyt be li beralltfpbid for by tike Proprietor. NO JfOTlCB can be taken of anonymou* communicationo. Whatever it intended for iniertion mutt he authenticated by the name and addrett of the writerf not nectnarlly for publication, but at a guaranty of hit good faith. Ift cannot undertake to re tut n rejected communication*. JtLL PA JtMENTS to be -made in advance. year York, Saturday, December 11, 1S47. The Weekly Herald. The Weekly Herald, for this we?k, w ill be ready this morning, at nine o'olook. It will contain the President's Message in fall; the KnglUh news by the steamship Britannia ; the latest news from the seat of war in Mexico; report of the proceedings of Congress, with Washington correspondence; and the latest commercial, financial, and political news. Prioe ?,'* cents, in wrap pers. . The French Steamer. The Union was to have left Havre on the &Hh ult. She will be due to-morrow. The Ela|>ort of the Secretary of War. Mr. Marcy had an excellent subject for his pen, and he has made good use of it. His report, as was to be expected, is very masterly, and cives a complete history of the war so fur. \Vu give it in lull in this day's Herald. He is better able to write the history of a cam. paign than to plan one. To do him justice, his report compares most favorably with the rhodo. montade message of Mr. Polk. The style is clear and forcible and there arc none of those absurd pleonasms, those endless repetitions, those discursive generalities, or those abominable cant expressions, which render the perusal of the President's message so nauseating a task. We know of nothing in modern literature to compare with that message, but the modest reports of Major General Gideon J. Pillow, of Cerro Gordo celebrity. The chief feature of Mr. Marcy's report, is the military policy he recommends for adoption in Mexico. He Fcouts the idea of withdrawing our troops?stating his belief that it has never been seriously entertained, and mentions three modes of conducting the war in future:? Klrst, to take and bold an Indemnity 11ns ; ta recede from all places and positions now oeenpted In advance of It. and oeaae from all aggressive oppecatlons beyond tbat line ; second, to overrun tbe wbole country, and bold all tbe principal plaoes in it by permanent garrisons ; and third, to retain what we now possess, open tbe lines of communication into the interior, and extend our operations to other important plaoes, as our means and the prospect of advantages shall indicate?keeping a disposable foroe always ready, within approach <ble limits, to annoy tbe enemy, to seise supplies, enforee contributions, and frustrate bis efforts to collect mesne and assemble troops for tbe purpose of protraotlng the war. Ut these he prefers the last, ueeiaring tne indemnity line policy objectionable for many reasons, Which he gives at some length. The second mode he also disapproves, as it would entail too much expense, and require an actual force, for its successful execution, of not less than seventy thousand men. The plan of garrisoning all the important posts on the lines now occupied, and of keeping constantly a sufficient force for offensive operations, he deems best calculated to tecure the objects of the present occupation of the country. One of the plans for raising revenue that he mentions as easy of execution by the mode he recommends, is to cover and secure the rich mining portions of the country not at present occupied for mining purposes. There are many mines in Mexico not at present worked, and which this government can, it is said, work profitably, or can farm out to enterptising American citizens or companies, the latter paying a handsome revenue for the privilege of working them. Mr. Marcy recommends the enactment of some salutary laws in behalf of the regular and volunteer soldiers. It is to be hoped that Congress will immediately act on this advice. No soldiery ever deserved better of its country than ours. It has elevnted the military reputation of the United Slates in Europe and over the whole world. Let the most liberal legislation be car ried out in behalt ot ttiose brave men. Det laws be enacted for their relief, net tardily or niggardly, but at once, and with an abundant generosity worthy of their great deserts. The Report of the Sec. of the Treasury. This document, which we gave in the supplement to yesterday's paper, is, by far, the most important ever issued from the Treasury Department It bears the impress ol Mr. Walker's powerful intellect and studious research ; and we cannot wonder, upon its perusal, that he has spent upon it two months of unremitting labor. It is not merely an exposition of the present 1 condition of our commercial affairs, but a com1 plete history of the commerce ol the country for the past half century. It is a report called forth by, and suited to, the emergency of the times?to the present great crisis of our commerce, and of our national existence. It is born out of the womb of this Jjicm cpuvu. xx jcnj B^u, Oi/Ific ui 118 posilione would have been scouted as chimerical; now, they will be hailed, some of them as sound ratiocinative teachings, others as truths which have hut to be enunciated to be acknowledged. The views, it not all soand, are, at least, argued with great force, and sustained by a most formidable array of facts and figures. The two principal features in this report are the tariff and the Mexican questions. The first is argued at great length and with a conclusive force of reasoning, which will go far to demolish the protective policy. The comparison made between the effects upon the prosperity of the country of high protective tariffs and low duties?prove incontestably in favor of the latter. Mr. Walker no longer argues a theory, hut gives facts to establish the success of an experiment. These facts appeal with the more force to the understanding, that they arc of the present, and not either the forgotten experience of the past or the uncertainpredictionsof the future. The industrial and commercial classes ot this country are now realizing the beneficial results of largeXnd comprehensive measures of policy. The protecI tive system has some strong arguments in its favor; but both the experience of this country and of Europe shows that it is not suited to the | advancement of the present age, still less to the wonderfully progressive spirit of this people. j We believe, however, il Mr. t'obd?0 or Mr. Walker had never existed, the people would still have shaken off the artificial restrictions upon their advancement, imposed at a period when half the energy at present exhibited lay dormant The principle of free trade, forcing itself on the awakening minds of the people of this country and of Europe, has created such men as Mr. Walker and Mr. Cohden. But to this country more than to Europe, and to this period more than to any former one, are applicable those grand principles enunciated by Mr. Walker in his report. We are now in the fulfilment ot a destiny more gorgeous, more astounding, than has ever been assigned to any people The immense results of the incorporation of Oregon and Texas into our Union, and of the not-distant acquisition, through her own perverseness, of a country whose mineral wealth will till up the measure of our commercial greatness, are comprehended by the Secretary of the Treasury, and have given to his views an elevated tone, fully commensurate with the grandeur of the subject. The certainty of these results muBt force themselves on the mind of every reflecting man> whoBe views are not fettered down by the puny restraints of village politics. To ignore them is sheer folly. It may temporarily serve a political purpose; but it will ultimately prove the ruin of any public man who will obstinately shut his eyes to ths light that is bursting upon all. If Mr. Clay expects ever to govern a country so progressive as this, he must cast away all his antiquated notions of placing restrictions upon the advancement of the country, and upon the press?the chief element in that advancement. Upon the Mexican question, Mr. Walker very properly does not argue?it fis not his province, in a financial and commercial report?he merely gives facts and his own convictions. The conclusions he leaves to the public. Tiik Streets.?We can confidently say that the streets of New York, at the present time, for dirtiness, filthinese, muddinesK, and nastiness* can challenge comparison with those of any other city in the civilizedjworld. Indeed, we are sure that if we wanted to find their parallel, we should have to go to the hanks of the Nile, after they had been overflowed by that river? leaving slime, mire, mud, and dirt, after the waters had subsided ; or bring the imagination of our readers to the Augean Mtable, as it was before that prince of scavengers, Hercules, turned the river I'eneus into it. And even the Augean stable: would not be a p&rr&llel; for it was the filth of only three thousand oxen that was contained in it; whereas, filth of New York is from thirty thousand dirty politicians, of all parties calibres, and classes.? We venture to say, too, that no city in the civilized world pays so much money imder the head of " Street Cleaning," as this unfortunate and afflicted city of New York does. We boast of our liberty, of our progress, of our democracy, and of everything else, and we can assuredly boast of our dirty streets as well. Two or three days ago, the filth was swept together in heaps, by the corporation scavengers; but instead of its being immediately carted away, it was suffered to remain in piles, and the consequence is that the late rains have again dispersed it, and made the streets intolerable. What matter if it was distributed equally ? But in some places, the unwary pedestrian, while congratulating himself that he has nearly crossed Broadway in safety, is precipitated into filth a foot deep, and he may consider himself fortunate if he reacli the sidewalk without being smothered. Is there no remedy for this ? How u i ?... I,I < I ?IU\;II luugti ai t wui IIUIIIUUK^OU iaA|)aycm IU uc assessed a quarter of & million per annum, for objects that are never carried out I la there no way of correcting; the evill We fear there is not, unless Providence will take compassion on us, and give us a second edition of Noah's flood. A great deal of the filth of our streets arises from the defective pavements. As the politicians are determined they will not clean them, the beBt we can do is to repave the principal thoroughfares a la Rubs, and by those means escape, at all events, a portion of.it; for with that pavement, the clay and dirt do not work their way to the surface. Intelligence from Africa.--The schooner J. B. Gager, Capt. Slater, arrived yesterday from Sierra Leone, with accounts to the 4th ult. We are under obligation to Mr. Jos. R. Brown, the supercargo, for papers. It was currently reported at Sierra Leone, that there were two thousand recaptured Africans in the liberated African department, and those rejected by the recruiting officer, as unfit for soldiers, would be sent to the West Indies as emigrants. H. B. M. steamer Growler was embarking a large portion of them for Demarara, to sail in a few days. The mate and crew of the schooner Mary Ann, of New York, lying at Sierra Leone, made off with the vessel, while the Captain was on shore sick, and were not heard from up to the lust accounts. Provisions of every description were scarce and high, so much bo, that the editor of the Liberia Herald, who prefers pork to manna, is found to make his wants known in the following plaintive card:? The Senior Editor of this paper is seriously in want of a few necessaries, such as pork, (he don't aspire to bams) flour, sugar, beans and peas, Sio. Any one having a surplus of these articles, by sending a small quantity of each, or of either, as may be moat convenient, will M entitled to our warmest gratitude. Trompt acknowledgment will be made in the HemlJ. Please be oareful to direct' Kor the Senior Editor of the Herald,"1 as a doubt here would give no little uneasiness. The arrival of the ship Madonna, from New York, with an assorted cargo, was hailed with a great deal of pleasure. The market for all sorts of edibles was in the hands of a Bremen and an Knglish vessel; but on the arrival oi the Madonna, prices fell to a reasonable standard, of which the following is a specimen a? The German supplied a little flour, whether of beans or gypsum, we will not say, but only say the price ts $19 a barrel. Hams 3a cents a pound, tobecoo 10 cents, muskets, very good imitation of United Stakes, $3 2ft, crockery and glaaa ware cheap. The Madonna sold excellent flour at $13; hams 2a cents. Demanded (10 for pork. Ito. Under existing ciroumstanoes these prices were net unreasonable. The health of the missionaries was generally good. The Mary Ann, spoken of above, as having been taken away by the crew from Sierra Leone, arrived at this port last night, in charge of the mate. The matter will undergo an investigation | this morning, before the Marine Court. Steamer tyoitiHtiiNKK.?We are requested to state that this steaiii-niirket fnr f'lmrl?.iinn will leave on Suturd&y at 3 o'clock, instead of 4 o'clock, as heretofore. Mall Kallnree The Northern mall due at Charlaaton on the id ln?t. vm received on the 4th. At Augueta, (ia. no mail was received from north of Charleston on the id inet. The Rochester Demerrat ot the rtth Inst., published m table made np from a list kept at the Rochester post office,from the 14th to the ilst of November, and showing In that brief period morn than three hundred errors in making up and directing the mails, in the offices ot New York, Albany, tftlca, Syracuse. (Jennva and Canandatgna. These errors consisted in patting in the Rochester bags letter and paper packages that should have been rent direct to the offices for which they were intended. A Dukl.?A duel wits fought in the immediate vieinlty of this oity yeaterday afternoon, by a gentleman ffiam New Vork, and one residing here, who Is well known in the literary world as an author Some two or three ahota were exchanged, when tha matter was adjusted without bloodshed ; though ons ball Is said to bavs passsd through the pantaloone of the last named,and another through bis hnlr?being a hair's breadth escaps Killing by duel Is murdsf unifsr our laws, and the attempt Is a high misdemeanor, bat we do not hear that litis polics hare taken notice of this Sflair.--Nhvark ,idv(rtUir, On, 1#, Latbr from Guatemala?We ?re in receipt of files of Guatemala papers up to the 29th October. We find tome little excitement had arisen in Guatemala, in regurd to certain occurrences which took place in Nicaragua, in the beginning ef September last, and in which the English government is concerned. In the Oazrtte of San Salvador, Nob. 29 and 30, are published the official notices of both governments, regarding the affairs at San Juan. It appears that some of the inhabitants of the country on the left aids ?f the month of that river, adjoining to the port of San Juan, assume that territory to belong to what is known as the Mosqaito Territory; and as these inhabitants are of English origin, the agent of that government,

who resides at Bluefields, transmits a communication to the Captain of that port, regarding the afl'iir, in which he informs the Captain that H. B. \1. Consul General is instructed by his government to arrange the question. It appears that the republic of New Granada also hus claims on this territory, as fur us settling a boundary is concerned ; and from this, also, there has arisen a dispute with England ; and the whole affair must be settled now by mutual arrangement. The Guatemala editor remarks, that nil this shows that the limits of these powers ought to be well and clearly defined, as Nicaragua, the Mosquito Territory, and their allies, the English, New Granada, and also Honduras, are all involved ; and if the affair is not managed proparly, it may give rise to as serious consequences as the situation of Texas towards Mexico has done. In connection with this matter, we give the following letter, which we have received from a gentleman of Guatemala :? New York, Deo. 10, 1847. Mr. Editor?The kindness end impartiality which you have always shown In throwing open the columns of your Interesting paper to the oause of justice and rruuu. uiu toe miereet wmcn you ubth eeincea in me affairs of the Hlspano- Amerioan republics, induce me to address you on the present occasion in regard to a fresh act of usurpation and violenoe with which the Kngllsh iunstionarles of Jamaioa and Belles threaten Central America. In the Diarin dr. id Marino, of Havana, under date the 6th and tith of November last, 1 saw, with those feelings cf surprise and Indignation which acta of Injustice and tyranny by the strong over the weak and feeble, ever inspire in the minds of olviliesd men. that the Kngllsh were on the point of possessing themselves of all the eastern shore of Central America, from the point of Costilla, in Trujillo, to the mouth of the river Han Juan de Nicaragua. At the same time, I was p'eased to see ihe editor of the Diario do ample justioe to the right which Central America possesses over this territory, which the immeasurable territorial ambition of Kngland leads her to oooupy, under the miserable pretest of protection and alliance [with a miserable horde of savage Indians, who lead a wretched roaming life on the extensive and fertile ooast of Mosquito. The object of the Knglish is to go on making a harvest out of the productions of our soil, to drain us of the tortoise shell and preoious woods that grow on the coasts of Honduras and Nicaragua, as they have drained Belize; and above every thing to acquire a foothold on that Isthmus, so as to open (by a union between the Atlantic and Taoiflo) a passage to China and India, whloh has been the great deiidrratum of this nation of greedy shopkeepers. Ho long as they oan attain this object, they are indifferent as to the means they employ; by the making of a canal through Nioaragua, they will, in one day, have monopolised the oommeroe of tne whole world. The soandalous invasion of which 1 am now speaking, is analogous in rapaoity and injustice to the wretched and absured pretexts under whioh the agents of the British Government commenced their operations in Afghanistan and Soinde; but luckily tho States of Central Amerioa are beginning to awake from the unfortunate torpor and negligenoe with whloh they have hitherto regarded their external internets; and as they re now re-opening relations wltn tne united states, and the European governments (wbleh relations have been negleoted for many years) there is no doubt that these governments will uphold our rights to all that territory, which geographically and legitimately, both before and after our political emancipation, formed an integral portion of the nation of Central America. President Monroe long ago said, and President Polk has lately repeated it most energetically, that " the United St alto v ill not permit European utut uaiion of any part of the territory of Septentrional Jim -rici " Spain, as well as Vrance, with whom we are about to establish close relations ; Belgium, with whom we already have them; the other governments of South America, can they do otherwise than feel interested in our cause! against the maohiavellan and ambitious polioy of the English cabinet ? Even in England, on the day wnen the rights of Central Amerloa come to be weighed before the parliament and people of that oountry, Is it not probable that they will do us justice in spite of the attacks of their colonial agent, sustained as they are by an habitually unjust cabinet? 1 am sir, yours, ko., Sto. A. (JUATEMALI AN. Some little excitement had been produced at Palencia on the 16th October, in consequence ol an attack made by a party of bandits on the public armory there. General Lorenzano and the President of the republic, General Carrera, had, however, promptly put to flight this party of criminals, taking several of them prisoners. The whole number did not amount to over fifty persons, and they were mostly discharged convicts. All the arms they hud succeeded in possessing themselves of were recovered. On examining the prisoners judicially, it was found that it was a mere drunken expedition, begun in a moment, without without any plan or plot, and us quickly put a stop to. A Bold Stroke for a Banker.?The ltoths. chillis are bold speculators, and " no mistake." What other house would have ventured to lend so many millions upon what one might call no better security than the post obit bond of Louis Philippe 1 But the old adage is true . " auilenti* fortuna juvat." There is nothing like confidence, boldness, and great measures in commerce, as in every thing else?and especially in newspaper enterprise?as we think we have shown. But, after all, Rothschilds know what they nre about, for no doubt, before the old king has time to die off, they will have sold out all the coupons of their loan, and thus have foisted upon other shoulders the risk of the loss. It may be said, what loss I No one, who looks at the state of France, as copiouly detailed in our columns, can doubt for a moment that of all unstable governments in Europe, France is at present the most unstable; it i9 like Mexico in America. In England, it is true, there is the fermentation of trouble, distress, revulsions, and bankruptcy; but the people are <;uiet. In France, however, there is a more terrific fer mentation ot mind, l ne people are eviuenny oniy waiting for the natural death of the old king, to insist upon the reform which is in everybody's mouth. In such a state ot things in France, it was a bold Htroke for the gieut house we have named, to advance so heavy a loan. No wonder the French funds, contrary to the natural order of things, on the Hoursc, instead of falling, rote considerably on the payment of the first instalment. They saw stability given to the French funds. KothBchilds, the king-maker, has been propping up the king of the French. Nlseel lanterns. Major Augustine It oroide. now a Mexican prisoner on parole, Is at Philadelphia, where his mother and family reside. A late freshet has changed the bed of the Oreat Miami River, near ita mouth, by cutting a channel across a bend, some 20 rods wide and three ijuarters of a mile long This outre was the only partoftbe Oreat Miami, which passed through the State of Indiana. The river is now said to flow entirely within the State of Ohio. Sir John Iiarvey has issued a proclamation in the last number of the H?yat On:rite, summoning the membe s of the legislature to meet on the 33d January for the de apatoh of business. ? IW.ifax Journal, ti h intl. The Telegraphlo line Is now in operation to within a day's ride of St Louis, and the work will be completed to a point on the shore of the river opposite that oitv. it Is thonght. Id about a week from the present time A men has been arrested st Camden, N. J., ns implicated In the murder of Mr Roberts. The dam at North Hadley was swept away during the greatrain storm, on the night of the dd Inst, and carried with it the grist-mill of Smith and Granger,and the wire factory ol Nathan Clark. The grist mill was valued at >3,000, and the laocory at $1bOO.? Boston t'eurier, 7?* fuel. There are said to be about one hundred families on Magdalen Island,and many more throughout Newfoundland, who are in the greatest distress lor want of food; and a famine, It is said, will produoe Its worst results, unless aid be very soon received The potato rot destroyed their only Important crop of the season. The fisheries were not very productive, and hence the present and prospective distress. On Saturday last the store of T. Fogg, of Thomaston. Ms., was nearly shattered to pieces, and Its contents destroyed or greatly injured, by the explosion of live or six pounds of gunpowder Mr. F. was severely burned. He had gone to bis desk, near which was theoan of powder, when, of a sadden, he found himself enveloped in flames. whtth was soon followed by the explosion The desk, at which he was sitting, was thrown, tagslhar with th? sn4 ofUw rim. WR* twenty f'ft Into Whs luit. Incidents Connected with the Loss or the Packet-ship Stephen Whitney.?In addition to our report yesterday of insurance, the New York Insurance Company had on ship #12,000, bnd #10,000 ou cargo. The General Mutual had #14,000, and notthe Union Mutual, as slated. It may be proper to mention here that the point on which this ill-fated vessel was driven ushore is one of the most dangerous on the entire coast. Ths rock rises perpendicularly to the height of over fifty feet, and at all seasons of the year the swell is terrific. The correspondent of the Cork Examiner, writing from the scene, remarks that, Such was ths suddenness of the calamity?such ths fearful havoc which a few minutes cr?a ed - that almost all cn board were sfupifled with horror and amazement, and rendered totally Inactive by the appalling cata* trophe. The survivors, bruised and Duked, without shoe or stocking, jacket or waistcoat, scrambled up the rook, which overhung the sea to the height of nearly 60 feet, and, after searching about for some time, arrived at two miserable huts, the only human tenements on the Island. Here they learned for the first time that they had struok ou the western point of West Calf Island, situated in the channel between the village of Skull and Cape Clear Island, and lying about four miles Inside the Cape The two families who reside upon the Island were totally ignorant of the melancholy uircumstauoe until the distressed and worn-out mariners entered their wretched cabins for the purpose of oravlog shelter for the night. To give you even an imperfect idea of the suddenness of the occurrence ana He results, 1 may mention one circumstance, which I learned from the mate, who appeared to be a resectable and highly Intelligent seaman. At half past nine o'olock oil Wednesday night, be was chief olhoer of the Stephen Whitney, entrueted with a responsible position, and in command of an efllcient crew ; at ten o'clock he waa shivering, almost naked, over a few sods ot turf in a wretched cabin, with the tew miserable men who had escaped. As he himself expressed it, it was a change so sudd? n, so unexpected, and so calamitous, that he found it totally impossible to rta'lse it. The coast guard authorities were apprised on Thursday of the circumstance, and on the evening of that day the eutire of the crew were brought off the island in a large boat belonging to Mr. llaunon, an excise officer.? Several of them appeared to be quite exhausted from the cold and expoeure to the weatner, and two of them had to be conveyed to the village of Skull At an early hour on Thursday morning, the news was ciiculated amongst the country people, and shortly after hundreds of small oraft of every description were seen proceeding to the soene of the wreck. The absence of every vestige of tbe unfortunate vessel sadly disappointed the expectations of the people, who bad to oontent themselves with pioking up whatever floated Into sight, instead ot. as they anticipated, selecting whatever they thought fit to appropriate. Since Wednesday evening, about eight bodies have been washed ashore, but I did not hear with certainty that any of them were Identified. One of them was the oorpse of a respeotably-dreseed female, euppoced to be Mrs Thorn, aud another was that of a sailor. Some f them were interred on the island, and tbe others near the points where they were washed aahore. I wae In formed by the head constable at Skull, toat he Intended writing for the coroner on last evening, but he did not think he would attend l Believe mere in hardly any other o rcumntanoe of importance sufficient to refer to particularly, with the exoeption of an important ooouinent, drawn up by tbe mate ot the v e nel for presentation to the owners, which briefly and fully details the particulars of this most melauuholy ak'pwreck. The crew remain still in the village of Skull, in a state of great destitution, arising from tbe want of clothes, and the absenoe of sufficient accommodation. The American Consul at Cove, Mr. Murphy, was written to by Mr, Limerick, on the receipt of the distressing intelligence, and It was expected that he would arrive there on to-day or to-merrow. The only thing to be effected by Mr. Murphy's presenoe, will be the relief of the dispersed seamen, by rendering them assistance in providing clothes, and enabling them to proceed to Liverpool, where they are anxious to arrive. As for the ship and oargo, every fragment of both has long since disappeared, and the only portions saved are a few damaged hales of cotton, and two or three boxes of oheese, wbioh are in possession of the offloers of the coast guard service. On the day after the wreck occurred, the government vessel Badger passed, through the channel for tbe purpose of ascertaining whether it was possible to save any portion of the wreck or oargo; but the slightest portion by which she oould be reoognised, was nowhere to be seen. In the words of one of the offloers, it appeared ac If the ship had been ground in a milt, or as if a numbei of oarpeuters were employed for months for the mere purpose of chipping her Into fragments of some three or four feet in length. In conclusion, I may mention a somewhat eingular circumstance roguaiD); ice rrtuui 01 mis unioriunate catastrophe. Though the ship went on shore on Wednesday evening, the slightest information of the circuta stanoe was not known at Skibbereen, a distance ol only fifteen miles, until a late hour on Friday evening, and then It was ciroulated as a rumor of rather doubtful charaoter. The folio wing statement was made to the Sou'hern Rc/.erttr, by an inti lligent seaman of Baltimore, one el the orew: The Stephen Whitney, Captain Topham left New York on the 18th of last month. She was ad vertised to sail on the 14th, but did not sail until four days after. The orew consisted of the captain and thre* mates, steward, two cooks, two stewardesses, a doctor twenty-two men, and two boys. There were, beside, 7 ti passengers?six in the after cabin, seven in the seconc cabin, and sixty-three la the steerage 1 was one of th< crew. We had very good weather till Monday lost?thai is, two days before the wreck. It was then thick am hasy with rain, and the wind was high. On Tuesday and Wednesday I might eall it stormy, for we wert under close-reefed rails. On Wednesday, at 2 o'clock the captain supposed that we were passiug the Cape. Ai half past 9 o'clock that night we saw a light (Crookhavei Light.) We thought that was the Old Head of Klnsale We bad passed the light 10 or is minutes when the shi] struck, ' Land' was sung out as soon as it was seen, ant immediately the helm was put bard aport, and all handi called on deck; I ran on deck, but she struck before could get up. The captain was on deck then. Thi captain and mate took the light we had seen for the Old Head of Klnsale We did not see the Cape Light, inconsequence of the fog?it was covered with it A fee minutes after striking she went down. We had all th< neoessary boats; we had along boat, two whale boats and a life boat; but there was no time to get them down The stern boat was out by the captain's orders an( dropped. A man got into her to try to get a line on t< the rooks in order to save some of thepeople,but she was swamped before any one else could get into her Thi vessel did not go on her bow. They put the helm down and she missed stays?she slewed round, and her star board side struck the rook. She gave three heavy rolli then, and at the third roll the mainmast went ovei the aide; the larboard aide went out with it. When the aide went, the balea of cotton fell out, and some of the people thinking they were the rooka, jumped on them and were drowned. The captain waa one cf them, an< one of the passengers named M'Closkey, who had a7< sovereigns in a belt round hla body, was another. I ant a lot more were on a piece of the starboard quarter abreast of the mizzen chains. It waa wajhed by tbi wares on the rock, and we jumped off it. There wer< about 'JO of ua an It, and 18 were saved There was nobody saved but those that were on the starboard quarter The way we were saved was this:?A very heavy aei washed ua on the rock, and we jumped off, many of ui without getting our feet wet. The nest sua swep' the timber to pieces. We then crept (up tbo roik til we felt the grass under our feet, and then rat down There waa a crevice in the ground with water in it we tasted that, and found it fresh We thought l< remain there all night, and halloed as loud as we could, so that if any mere were aaved they might hear ua but there waa no answer. We then went fartbe: ahead till we came te a beap of stones. (The heap o stones here alluded to is the one erected bv the engines! as the Ordnance Survey, to mark the highest emmenci on tbe land ) When we came to this, we thought then must be some inhabitants on the island We went farther on. I aald I thought I saw a fence The mat) said, 'yes, and there's a house.' We saw the house ant made to it. We called up the people, and they let us in They made a Are for us, and we remained all night There were three houses, and we divided ourselvei among them Next morning we went down to the shore uui we nnui'i Fee nomiDg duc pieced or owning an tori to bit* ()u the night or the wreck we did not e?e Cap? Clear L<gbt at all If we had seen It, I am eure w> should have been eared When we first eaw the light m Crookhaven, the mate said, 'that la Cape Clear Light 'No.'said the captain, 'Cape Clear Light la a revolving light, and it is very high, ao that muat be the Old Head otKlnaale.' If we had aeen the Capo Light aft-r we ha< aeen that at Crn khaven, we should have been snfe, fo we had plenty of mora to go^rouud it with the wind we had. 1 hare been seventeen year a at aea, and I ban never seen a liner aea boat tban the Stephen Whitney nor one better found or manned, Her ringing waa lr brat rate order. She had all new aaila I tbiuk ever) sail that waa bent in her waa new I only belonged t< her thia voyage On Thursday, about 2 o'clock, we were brought oil by the coast gujrd. There waa ue 011c mucl hurt except the steward, though several complained o being bruised about the feet. We have been in Crook haven since Thursday. Tlio people of the bouse wh?ri we stopped on the Island were us hind to ua as if w? hat all been brothers They had, I thought, very little toeu themselves, but whatever they had they shared with us I had nothing but my ehirt on me, and the nun of tb> house where I stopped took off his own olothis to oove.i me They made ua some bread, and I believe, used al thoir own food to make It; wo cau never feol too gratrfu for their kindness. They had not any turf or wood, aoc they kept burning their straw all mgtittokeep us warm till next morning we went down and picked up som< pieoea of the wreck for them In the bouse where I was there waa a man, hia wife and two obildren? they al looked half-starved, especially the children. 1 don'i think there was one hallpenny saved out of the vessel for there was no time to do it." Naval liitelltgaiiae. The United States brtg Boxer, Commander Bell, frou a nrni?M nn th? IbhsbtiI cniut -m mm at Pnrt I'ruvu (.km (Jin Verde, Uh utt. Capt B.ieaett, of brig Kawn, *1 Halem by whom the above report la made, has pubilshet a card in the Hsicra .iHn rft?-,iu behall of himself sir crew, tendering Ida and their extreme gratitude to Or Beal, ofl'nited Slates brig Boxer, for hie constant. ktau and cfflolent attendance in sickness. Alao to Capt B >11 and his offlotrs, for their prompt and neoeseary assistanoe while lying in the harbor of Tort fraya, Cape Verde l/nited States ship Jamestown, bearing the broad pen nsnt of Commodore Bolton, Railed from Port I'raya, Oct Mth, for Monrovia aud leeward ooaet. Political Intelligence. Mr. (Jutmsy's friends are holding meetings in Boston to support nls causa as nominee for the May orally. The St. Louis Kxobange, New Orleans, which orlgl nally cost >1,400.000, via on the 'J7th November eol< under the hammer, by the sheriff, for the suui of >J00, (l?0 ?the Citizen's Bank becoming the purobaSer. Tin terms of sale were >.17,300 cash, and the balance paya hie on th# ivh of November, 1>J0, in bond* of >10,0# snb. beMtaytih (*r osal interwt uomtb* Itih Inrt. and Buaical. I Pa a* Theatre.?Th* performance* at the Park Ding for the benefit of Mr. <?. Andrews, ooneieted the oomedy of the "Hypocrite,'' lereral musical inter^^^^H ludes. and. la conclusion, the drama of The Cricket <>rH the Hearth.'' In the first piece, Mr. Dae* pereouatetM H Dootor Cantwell, and acquitted himself well?neitbe^^^^H running into the too common errcr of overdoing fisr\ uor yet wanting the true *p rlt of the oharacte^^^^H ntended to be personated. Mr. Andrews appeared a^B Mawworm, in which be gave an original exhortation H The remainiog parts were titled by Messrs Dyott^^^^H Dougherty, Mrs Vernon, Mr*. U Jones, Miss hate lloriM aad others. The performances were very well reoeivedU^^^^H Afier the oomedy, Mr lllchard Hoffman appeared performed on the piano a grand fantasia ; then Mrs^^^^^l Kray appeared and rung "Sweetly o'er my sense* uteul-^H log" After which, Mr. Hoffman played a fantasia Knglieh. Irish and American airs, arrargvd by himself^^^^^l This last pRifoiiutuoe of this young gentleman was loud^^^^^H lyapplaulcd, and at the conclusion, he was oalled and greeted with loud applause. To-night, Mr. H. I'.^| Urattan takes a benefit. On Monday evening. Mr Bar-^^^^^| ry, the gentlemanly etsgo manager, presents his clalm*^^^^^| for a benefit; Hud we learn tnat Col Ward B Burnett,^^^^^H and other officers of the New Vork Volunteers, just turned from Mexico, will be present on the occasion. Wednesday night, Mr. Blake, the treasurer, take* BewKnr Theatre?'The performancesl**t#venlDg com-^^^^H menced with the drama of the " Highwayman of llouni-^^^^H low." The part of John Rsun, the captain of a band rounera, was ?oiy sustained Dy Mr. J. II. Hall ; and that^^^^^B of Kit Clayton, one of Jack's gang, performed by Burke, was, as usual, in every character lie undertaken, well d?n? Major Hanger, by Tllion, and Beau Brum-^^^^^| null, by Stevens, two bloods of fashion, were well ra-^^^^H ceived ; and Mary Kerrea, in lore with Jack Raun, played by Mra. Phillips, waa a capital delineation of tbe^^^^H fidelity and attachment of woman, even under the moat adveree clrcumataocee. towarda the idol of her heart. In fine, vice, with lta concomitant evil reeulta, waa iaapreaalvely po.trayed, andi an instructive leasen to the^^^^H pursuit of virtue, strongly inculcated. Nest followed the wild, yet beautiful, ballet of" Uizelle.orthe Willies." We have before spoaen of the splendid manner In whloh it was put ou the stags by the manager, with ita gor- I geous, umgnlttcient scenic effect, and of the execution of the popular dans.'uara, Mlse Turnbull and Mr. Smith, and have only now to advise all those who have not aa H yet seen the ballot. to repair to the theatre thla evening, us thu enterprising manager intend* to withdraw its representation, in order to give place to other novelties add grenter attractions His exsrtlona are H always sure to meet with success from hia patrons. Chatham Tiiicai m: ? The light and Interesting oom- I edy of "Kaint Heart never won Fair Lady," commenced the performances last night, In which Mr. Ilield, Mra. McLean, Mlaa llildreth, and others of the company welj sustained their respective character*. The exhibition of the Tablraux I'ivanit followed, and the audlenoe cheered each representation aa it oloaed. The pantomirna of Ullul?uuin Tnm " waHlnK w???? roars of laughter, closed the entertainments. This evening, Klder G. J. Addams takes a complimentary benefit, and the pieces selected are the favorite play of 'Damon and Pythias," the Model Artists, and the pantomime of '-Harlequin Tom," interspersed with olympian games, polkas St<s.; and though last, not least, we presume the concluding featur- will be a lecture on the moral character of dramatic representations. No doubt the Chatham theatre will be honored this evening with I mnny new and demure faces, who are admirers of the energy, gi niu:i. and versitile talent of the reverned actor They will than be able to Judge tor themselves whether the playing "Parton" or that of'-Damon" draws the greater congregation, or meets with a warmer reception. Circus- Bowr.nr AMi-HiTHEaTar?This house is always well patronised, and the way things are (1 at it is a lesson to all managers. 1-atbrop and WiP ? the olowns, make cords of fun nightly; the rider their well trained nor?ee, are applauded highly negro " *lnger* and dancer* bring down shout* of 1*' ?r; the | ? Wells family's danciDg,and all the other er ..amenta jjjjflM are vary pleasing- indeed, the whole perform a noes ere I judiciously selected. To night all the company will ap- I pear. Nest week comes on Sands, f.eut & Co a troupe. Holidays at thk Circcs Jreat preparations are makmg for the ChristmsH f ival at the olrcus. Sands, Lent k C?., with all t costly troupe of dancing I I horses and beautiful poi are t commence on Monday at the Amphitbeatr undoubtedly be the finest display of equest ided to the oeautiful troupe now performing resented to a cirons I H Chhyity's Minstrels ght, again, and as , usual, a good bill at Christy I truely a great I . set of fellows, these minstrel' :* 11 who have heard them are unanimously of that opinion; we should think, that in order, for once, to ensure unanimity among polltlcians, it would be well for them to perform before the . conventions of the various parties; there is no doubt that the minstrels would obtain the suppert of them all. There seems truly to be no limit to their suooess. American Musical Iestitute ?We have already alluded to the entertainment which the members of this inatitute purpose giving next Tuesdav evening ? They have engaged Mr Arthurson, the oelabrated tenor singer, wbo will,on that occasion, make his first appearanoe in New York. He is highly spoken of. Mrs. L A. [ Jones, Mies C. M llolph, Messrs Johnson, Comes, Andrewe, Nash and Bennett, all resident artistes, will also appear in prominent parts The chorus will number upwards of 200, all of whom are members of the Institute. PAi.mo'sOrKRA Housr..?We learn that Madam Augus- H ta has engag"d I'almo's Opera House, in this eity, for the purpose of producing German and Kngiish Opera, hrom 1 the charaoter of the entertainments she proposes to give, her own reputation and judgment, and the central post! tlon of the Opera House, we think the prospect of her 1 succeeding is very flattering. | Broadway Odkon.?This house is well patronised every evening The '-Tableaux Vivants" are well arI ranged, and the dancing, singing, Ac , is much admired. , The Odeon is likely to turn out a good speculation, partlcularly if the proprietor goes on as well as has begun. Mr. Anderson was to annear as Hamlet at the [ Athenaeum, Cincinnati, on th'e*evening of the #th Inst. I City Intelligence. H Return or tiik Heroes or tiiiNiw Yon Volun' teers?The gallery of the Astor House, preiented left night on the arrival of the southern trains, a scene of lndiscribable heartfelt exoitement, oooaalened by an intimation, telegraphically announced, that several of the wounded and disabled officers of the New York Volonteers would arrive by 10 o'clock. A deputation from the ^B Baxter Blues proceeded early In the evening to New Jersey, from thence coaduoted Col. Burnett, whose lady was anxiously awaiting him at the As tor House, Major Dyckman, and Lieutenants Potter and Sweeney, to the olty. Sho;t as the intimation was, a multitude was assembled, who heartily greeted the heroes, whose gallantry and heroism was nobly reoorded In the wounds and contusions, and mutilations, whloh required artificial means to supply. Col. Burnett was sustained by crutches; Lieut I'otter la the same way; Lieut. Sweeney was deficient of bis right arm, and Major Pyokman H carried his arm in a sling. All appeared in exoellent H health and spirits, and received well the gratitude and H the homage so freely bestowed by the numeroae friends of the country and the constitution, which they so gal- H tantly defended. A public reoeption of these gallant of- H Soars will take place on some subee i|?ent day, to be H 1,. .huh j..a.??l^ -?? ? - ? U.UJOV4 UJ tuo vvuiiuubOV, VI naivu UUOUUMOT Will DV I, gl**n. r The Weatiiee ? Yesterday ?u extremely wet awl I disagreeable throughout the day. The lit Me (treet sweepers were uuuFUelly active In sweeelng the oroaa-walka ; > and Broadway was deuaely thronged The rain oamo down heavily durlDg some parts of the day, and the weather was as dull and heavy as possible?the atmosphere being extremely oppressive throughout. 1 The Rujs Pavement.?We are gratified to perceive that preparations are being made to pave Broadway, bei twuen Chambers and Wall streets, according to the plan that has now bean so well tested opposite Htewart's.? Large granite blocks for this purpose are already piled ' up at the corner of the Park, near Chambers street. Mk icai. laTF.tLKiKwcE ? At the adjourned anniverI aary meeting of the Medical Society of the countv ) of New York, held en Thursday, dd instant, Poet J. Kearney Rodgers was eleoted ('resident; Doct. Benja[ min Drake, Vice President; Doet. Benjamin Ilobson, I I'reasurer ; I)oot James O Pond, Corresponding Seorer tary ; Root John II Van Kleek, Recording Secretary; and Doctors O H Bartles, James R Wood, (islen Carc tar, Thomas F. Cook, Henry D. Bulklry, Censors Fire ?A fire broke out at about 1 e'rlock yesterday > morning, in a row of stables in Goerck street, between Ktauton and Rivington, whiob destroyed the contents, > bay, and otner articles, belonging to cirtmen, who held ' stables there It was got under after much exertion on i the part of the police, Ico. Supposed to bo the work of an 1 inceudlaey. Fire.?A fire broke out last night about ten o'elook, i in the eating house. No. 9'i Old slip, belonging to 8. Williams. It was 'ilscovered by insurance watchman 8. Williams, who p-cmptly gave the alarm, and the fire cvimpanies were soon on the spot, when the fire was soon ' got under. It originated in the second story. This is t the third fire that has occurred hare, i The Tai.leit Stskah Yet.?OnThnrsdAy last, FnI gine Company. No. Three, of this city, a newly organised company, composed principally ot young gentlemen who have nerer before belonged to the Fire Department, tested the power of their new engine, in West BroadI way, at the junotion of Franklin street. Alter every t thing wss ready tuey commenced playing, end incredible as It mav anoear. a stream of seven-eighths of an inch win thrown with fine to the aouiinit of the liberty pole In front of the Fifth Ward fiot-1, wi ioh by actual inaanuremant, in one hundred and forty-four feet high, i After thin great performaaoe, a stream wan thrown horir lontnlly, and the dintauoe reaohcd wan oue hundred t and neveniy-four fent. The feat accomplished in thin 1 rano In greater, we believe, than any thing that han ever i before been done, and the general remark wan that no other engine nould do t he name. The engine in a npleni did affair, and in the hands of the present company there in no doubt that it will give efUcfent aid In navlng property, whenever occasion requires, s IttviTDiTtD KnnLiiii r?fi:ni. ?ilerford ft Co. No 3 Antor llouee, receive hy every arrival, all the English Uluatrated papern Their itockia always large, and fully equal to any demand they may meet for them. Binihu'i Pavoram t ?Thin nplendid painting of the Mlsssslnpl river, embracing three milen of oanvann, and exhibiting rich and varied ncenen of I'JOO milen in langth, ' will be exhibited at the new Panorama building, adJoining Niblo'n Warden, Broadway, on Monday evening next Mr. Banvard. at an early age, hearing that in ' bin country there were noma of the mont picturasqu*.1 and beautiful ncenen in the world, hut that no arttnt could be found to give a noientlflo and oorreot repranen" tatiou of tbam, wan ntimulated to the pronecution of the " tn?k, in order, an we are informed, tnat othnr nationa should lM convinced that American geniqi wan start wny .'fnnpnlentlojjlr1* MtbfnJ rsprwcnkiKui* ff IN