Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 12, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 12, 1847 Page 1
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T H J Whola Mo. 4086 INTEREST^ WAR INTELLIGENCE. ENERALS TAYLOR AND QUITMAN AT HOME. 8AKIA ANSA'S I.AST MANIFHSTO. &c. &c. &c. GEN. TAYLOE'S RKTfEN TO THE UNITED STATES. [From tbt Now Orleani Picayune, let Inst J The U. 8 ataamer Monmouth arrived lMt availing torn Braaoa Santiago, bringing over Uanaral Taj lor nd lii? suite. Tha Monmouth left tha Braioa on the 6th ult By this arrival we hav* the Matamoras Flag of the 7th, the '20th mod the 34th alt. From the Flag of the 14th we learn that Gen. Taylor, having received hie nave of abHonce, took hli departure from Matamoras on he SB l.witU his suite,on theeteamer MoKee.for the Braloe Thence he embarked on the Monmouth, from rhloh vessel he was transferred to the Mary Kingaland, iff the Southweat Pass. On hi* way up the river, the General stopped an hoar and a half at the plantation ef ol. Maunaell VVhlte. and leaving there reached the larraok* below the olty, where hi* family awaited him, it a late hour laat evening. He will oome up to town tomorrow (Thursday) at 12 o'olook In the paper* we have received by thia arrival we And 10 news of any Importance. The return of Oen. Taylor ornn tbn theme of every paragraph, aa it engrosses the ie?rt of every oitiaen here. We aimply annex the report >f the raa?t?r of the Monmouth, to whom we are Indebtid for our own correspondence and flies l.t$l ?f Fantngtri ?Maj Gen '/. Taylor,U 8. A., and two servants; J U Kat.on, ald-de-camp; Capt R 8. Uaruett, do ; Col W. G Bei'cnap, U. S A ; Maj. U. Porter, Ith artllleiy; W. W. 8 Bliss, A. A. G.; Lieut. C. L. Wllburn, 3d artillery; Mr Samuel MoGoflBn and lady; M<**?ra Wm. MoGeflln, John B. Cozzen*, H. H. Hall, Williimsnn nnd Crawford. r.iti ?f Vtutltin Pert, AToy 28 ? U 8 transport ('apt. Morris; schooners H L Scranton, John Rowlap, Cbas L Gage, Gratitude, Star, Angler. Towed to sea, U 8. transport Capt. Page,Cole, master, bound to Vera Cruz with mules U 8 propeller Trumbull, Stokesbary, master, got In the south breaker* while going out to tne relief of propeller Beoretary Walker, a*bore and going to pieoes on the north end of Padre Island Schooner Commeroial ashore near the Greenwood Hotel. Suhooner Equity struck on the bar going in, sprung aleak and had to disoharge her oargo, whlob was sold. When leaving the bar passed a large ship standing in, name unknown. Monday, Nov. 29th, In latitude 28 36. spoke' schooner Livlnia. troin New Orleans, bound to Galventon. Major Bliss, Major f'.aton, and Captain Garnett, of bis personal staff. Col. Belknap and other distinguished oflloers, accompanied Gen Taylor up to the barracks He was received with cheers on the Mary Kingsland, and every steamboat and every ship from tne bar to the pilot station, mustered Its hands and oheered a welcome. 'J'he flags of every nation were hoisted from tbe shippiug, and the air was rent with huzaas of weloome to the illustrious soldier. On his passage up the river, the plantations turned out their queta upon the banks, and swelled the general acclaim. In the words of oar informant, " Old Rough and Heady is In the midst of us. A brilliant career of victory has lighted him to our ihores. lie will be weleomed by a grateful country." [From the Ploayune of the 2d Inst ] Gen. Taylor was visited yesterday at the barraoks by many of his old acquaintances, whote eagerness to rcinflp me via soiuier s nana wouia not >diuh ine aeiay Incident to a public reception. He appears to be in exjrllent health, and his spirits hare not suffered trom >no? more breathing the air of his own great and free wuntry In person he is thinner than when he left the Hatted States; but no traoesof deoay can be teen in his {ait., his couversation, or In his manners He is the tame frank, manly, and single-hearted soldier he was fears gone by?changed in nothing, if we exoeot a dUlldenoe which increases with bis increasing fame rhere is a oordlal hospitality in the grasp of his hand?an old-fashioned, honest weloome in the oanlor of his greeting?a generous straightforwardness in liis whole bearing, which at ouce captivates the mind, ind u givi-s assurance of a man'' The natural gentleness of his heart, and the truthful quality of bU disposition are so oonspiouous in his sooial relations, that ihey temper with mildness the daring expression of lis eye, and diffuse even blandness over tbe rugged >oldnrss of bis oamp-hardened features. There is not a him the slightest tinge of self conseqpenoe?nothing ;o denote a wish to be considered greater t"ian others. He would fain avoid tbe publio reoeption that awaits llm, d'd it not savor of affectation to repel a demonstralon of regard by a people who love and honor him. His :iluracier is bo mm pie in lis construction mat auooeaa jaiiDot spoil its symmetry or praise deface It with a lingle pretension, it doea on* good to be in the preleuoe of thla man of mighty deeda, in whose nature aelflenial ia ao absolute an element that he blushes at the treat thiLga he ha* himself done. We have no doubt ,hat our cltixena generally, aa well aa the throng of itraa^era who wilf witoesa (general Taylor's reception, foultl greatly prefer seeing him in the procession astride it "Old VVhitey," the faithful old horse that haa borne )im in ao many battte-flelda, than aeatcd in a coach irawubyany nuoibsr of horsea. The fame of''Old Whitey" ia as wide spread aa hla master's, and he ought to hi?ve some share in the honors of a nation. The old fellow did all he could for his oountry, and that right villingly, too. He ia falling into the aere and yellow uat, and it la a shame to turn him to grass like any ahabjy beast "Old VVhitey" ia as distinctly aaaooiated in .he mind with General Taylor's fame, aa Napoleon'a looked hat waa with him. Can't the committee arrange it bo that the General ride bia valiant old steed n the prootMsion. He is not of the prancing breed, for iard and honorable aervloe haa giron him a contempt or such vanities, but for all that ho deaerves a Kind .hought and hospitable usage. [ From the N. O. Delta, Deo. 3 ] Gen. Taylor was waited on, yesterday, by the Commltee of Marshals, with the request that he would appear n the prooeasion mounted on horsebaek, with hlj staff. Iereadily consented; and so if ' old VVhitey" ia in proler condition, he will be rode to-day by hla valiant maser. uccoilinatiied bv hi* ntntT Many are the ways in whiob people will essay to do lonor to Gen Taylor We are told that the bullfight rhich wax to have taken place yesterday, waa postponed a honor of Gen Taylor. The races over the Blngatnan lourse don't commence till to-morrow, in honor of (Jen 'ayl'ir. O'.Vloa-a, of the American, ' lark k Hickok, of h-t Commercial, and Smith V Adams, of the Shades, ive ?u extra luuch to-day, in honor of Oen Taylor. I'hti theatres put forward their very best bills and tronseht I'BHiH this evening, in honor of Gen Taylor. JmniouA drivers promise not to run races to-day, la lonor of Gen Taylor. In fact, thousand! of people, in , thousand peculiar, and a hundred ludicrous, but welliic&niug way*, will to-day do honor to Gen. Taylor?the lty's hnored guest?the nation's gallant soldier. Gen. Taylor visits the three theatres this evening. He irst goes to the St. Charles?then to the American, and i*xt to tbe Orleans; and then?to dine with what appoIt" he may ' Old Wliitey" will have a sharo in the pageant tolay The eld fellow's pretensions have been reoognlsed >y the comiqlitee, and he will have a show for his services He has been sills,{ for some days, and may not ie in condition to be rid 'en by Gen. Taylor. If suoh be he uam, the General will ride a brown norse which carled him through tbe Florida war, and was wounded at lonterey, and' VVBltey" will b? ridden or led by the ?en<ral'H servant This Is as it should be. It may not >? remembered that at Bu-na Vista the color of Old Vhltey attraoted the attention of the enemy, and drew ipon his master the tire of one of his principal batteries, lut if he gave exercise to Maxioan marksmen, he at the am* time was an object of anxious attention to the Imerioitue. Kver and anon they turned thilr eyes in he direction in which he was, and as long as he could be *en, they knew that hi* rider was there overlooking the uttle, whloh they felt sura would never be lost whilst lough and Ready kept his seat In the saddle.?AT. O. 1icayunt, Dec. 3. Gk*?. Taylor's Sword.?Messrs. Hyde It Goodrich, rlio were commissioned by our State to have a sword lanutactur-'d to be presented to General Taylor, have ultllled their task with characteristic promptness and ante. The following is a description of it. The blade f the finest steel, bearing tbe motto," Hit vim it qui it iucit in vict?riuThe hilt and mountings ot the word are of One gold; the scabbard I* ornamented with dtltoate and spirited eDgraving of each battle, togeher with national and Statu devlrws The grip Is ooagonsl, composed of alternate facets of rlohly obased Id and mother of pearl, studded with knobs of gold.? 'he pommel represents tbe old cocked bat of tbe revolulou, surmounted by n plume; In the crown is a fine 'airitgorum stone The guard is neatly engraved, pre miting ? hliit-M oovered by tbe American eagle, and urrour.'Wby tbo panoply of war. On tbe shield I* tbe ollowing inscription: " Presented by the St'-te of Loullann, to General / Taylor, in testimony of the high pinion hel/by the people of this Hut#, of the skill, onnuct and j udgm?nt shown by him, during hi* mi itary lf?, but particularly duiiDg the battle* of;Palo Alto on he Hth, and Resaoa d? la ['alma, on the Oth of May, H40 " It ??< inanulacturrd by Menar* Amen fc.Co , of puingfidd, M?-n , and we are informed, that tbey proounce It the mo*'. clc-Rnnt piece ol workmanship ever urueil out at their celebrated manufactory.?AT. Orliant k'ut.?nal, l?r in?f, M* r*M >a*?, No*. H.?lien Taylor and staff arrived ere thin eventtig pur steamboat Col Cross, from Camaro. The following In a lint of theoflloer* accompaniog im : Mnj Ills*, Aw't Adj't iien'l; Maj Eaton and Capt jarnett, Aid-da-camp;Col Whiting. A*s't. MOen'l; ol Belknsp, Inap r Oen'l; Col. Mansfield and Lieut Vehsier. Tnpogr'l Engineers ; Maj. Hunter, Paymaster, ocompauied by hi* lady; and Capt chapman, formerly ( .M at Haltillo. The military authorities of the place inmediately repaired on board to offer their congratulaion*. II* had hi* camp pitched tbi* morning on the auk of the river, where he prefer* to remain, instead of ciu^yiug the commodious quarter* prepared for him i the town I will give you the rumor*, in default of ore definite information, relative to hi* future move wit* : ?First. It i* *aid he will prooeed on the 'iM loot >r Rrazo* Ht J ago, tnrouti for New Orl?an?, hi* staff ecompanyiog him, not to return to Mextoo unle** in ommaod of a sufficient ferce for offensive operation* ? Uher* assert that he has not yet received leave of ab?nc.-, and that he will remain here until he receives It. houl'l h<- not obt> in leave of absence. It U asserted by urae. that even with the slender force and resource* ow at hi* command, he will make a forward movement ii Hun Lui* Kotos! In the latter rumor, I place but ttU in nfl lence, even after making every allowance far j* bravery and Indomitable perseverance. Maj Hun* r is rxpeoted to relieve Maj. Korsytk in the pav detriment at tin* place -the latter having been ordered > Tauipico. It 1* also ezpeoted that Capt. Chapman, jrmeily Quartermaster at Haltillo, will rellrva Captain ' ' 111 "I J. " E N K NEM Webb, as Quartermaster at this post. A Mr. Augustus Smith, who had gone a few miles into the country to purohase mules, It reported to have been killed yesterday by the Mexicans A party of citizens have organbed and gone to-day in pursuit of the murderers The nature of the despatches to Gen. Taylor, whiohpaaeed here on the 3d Inst, have been developed. They were to annoanee the change of policy adopted by the administration ft>r the future in currying on the war. It is aow fully believed that Mexico will be made to pay as far as possible the expense# of the war. P 8 ?Sine# writing the above, I have learned that the body of Mr. Smith was found a few miles from here, hor noiy out ?o piece*.? uer. n. u. Delta. OKN. QUITMAN AT HOMg. [Prom the New Orleans Delta, Dee S ] Natch**. Tuesday, Not. 3u.?So well 1s your noble journal, " The Delia," appreciated In Natehei and throughout Mississippi, that we must beg lo?ve to make It the medium through which to express the overflowing of our joy or the story of our calamities, as fortune mar smile or frown upon ui. Our Quitman is at home, and with us; so excuse any high-flown exhibition of our faalings of Intense pleasure, pride, and triumph Oht bad you been here but yesterday morning, when that veteran oannonier, Capt. James C. Fox, so well known In your ' city of the Delta " aa one of the most accomplished of the Natch** fireman, let off those loudmouthed Mexican-trophy oannon, captured at Alvsrado1 and presented to Gen Quitman, with the permission oi the Seore'ary of the Nary, by Com Perry. They ace two long la's, of a moat excllent composition, originally intended for bow ohasers in Che nayal servloe One waa mada In Barcelona, Old Spain, In 1708. and hears the nam* of ?1 8oeto.and the other the name of Kl Orion There waa a sublimity in making these trophy-oannon wnounoe that the hour of weioome to our ylctorioua General had come; and wall did Fox instruct them how to roar out a weioome to "the free" in "the home of the brave." Gen Quitman's mansion, called ' Monmouth," nestles In a beautiful grore in the environs of Natch**, only about a mile from the oentre of the city A thrill of joy, precious as loya and the idolatry of the affections oouid make it, must have pervaded the bosoms of bis lovely and accomplished family, aa the air vibrated around their home with the oannon bursts,and the swell of muMo and the roar of the stirred city broke upon their ears Dr. Blaokburn, a noble looking and chivalrous Kontuoklan. now Captain of the ''Natobex Kencibles," was the ohlef marshal, assisted by Gen. Smith, Messrs. Andrew MoCreery, 8. Winston, and Gen 11 Stanton. A large and imposing procession of military led by the re . nowned "Kendall's Braas Band." from "Spalding's monster olrcus," now hare, the masonic fraternity, survivors of the battle of New Orleans. Invited guests, Sic , was soon in motion for Monmouth, where they received Major Gen Quitman and his staff; consisting of Major K. R Prion, of th* Qd Mi>nl?ainni f'.anf Dniifflaiaa Cooper, of the 1st Mississippi rifles and Lieut Kelger, of the volunteers. The moment of the movement of the procession was anneunoed by Capt. R. Kitzpatrtck. from a new brass pieoe of State artillery, named " Quitman,-' and carried In the procession. It was answered by Capt. Fox, from bis stationary battery on the Knplanade, who kept up a running cannouaoaompnniment during the wh"l? progress to the olty. When the procession came proudly down Main street and halted opposite the <.'lty Hotel, the teujj d'wl was most imposing?banners waved over the street, every baloony and window, and even the roofs were filled with ladies and children, while the street below, far and near, was choked with the plumed soldiery and the dense masses of citizens. The clvio welcome to Quitman, amidst thunders of applause, was pronounced by the young aud eloquent Martin, the District Attorney for this Cirouit. Col A. It. Riogaman had been elected the orator of the day, but hti unavoidable absence to your oity prevented his acceptance, and Martin, as well as any other orator oould have dono, supplied his place. Bd h the address and Quitman's re joinder were extemporaneous, and thrilled the multitude witi the high Impulses of the occasion. How wonderful, said Mariin, l? it that the very oity (Natohvz) bearing the name of a noble fragment of the Aztec race, who, in some convulsion or other, perhaps to avoid the murderous sword of Cortei, had been expatriated from Mexico, and stood on the bluff where their proud name atill remains?how remarkable was it that frftm t.ha tarn nah?a nf tkaif ??a?aa ? risen an avenK'r of their wrongs, and that our Quitman, from Mr Natohfz, bad been deputed by Providence "to spoil the spoiler !" 1 do not Attempt to quote his burning language. Quitman's reply was modest, and replete with gratitude to his fellow oitisens ; filled with encomiums upon those great masters in the soienoe of war under wh?n h? had served?Taylor and Soott?naming, with a heart full of affection, not only the oQlcers with whom be bad associated, but those who had served under bis orders, and in particular the rank and file of this army ; he spoke of the immense mountain of prejudice that had been removed from the minds of the regular army entertained against the volunteer servlo*, and trusted that the American name now stood far higher In Ettrope and all over the world, in oonsrquence of the deeds performed in Mexico by both arms of the service? the regular and the voluntary. The oollnUon now invited our whole population?ladies, gentlemen and children?to a participation ; and such a generous, hearty, abundant ' feast of the people" was rarely ever seen The oroes-table at the bead of the hall, was most luxuriously spread, and was the table of weloomn to General Quitman, his staff, the invited guests aud the dlstin guished individuals ooaposing the Committee of Arrangements, the olvio authorities, Sco. Here the vitality of tbe feast, like the heart in the human body, kept alive the longest; and when the multitudinous waves of the people had a tittle subsided, fourteen regular toasts were drunk. Including the President of the United Statea ; the i memory or w??Dlngton ; Uens Scott. Taylor, Quitman. ' Col. Jefferson Davis, Major Kzra R. Price, Capt Douglass H. Cooper, LUuts. Keiger and I'osey ; our gallant army In Mexico ; the surviving heroes of the war of 181'i, and Amerioan mother*, wivea and daughters, Genera) Palis Hoaton being absent, sent in the following volunteer toast: Gin. John A. Quitman?''Secondto none !" Sixhours before any other ohicitaia, he fought his way into the centre of Monterey; near elgbt hours before any other leader, he had stormed the (Jarlta and entered the oity ' of Meiioo; the first to plant the Stars and the Stripes over the Halls of the Monterumas! Charles Reynolds, Esq , gave : Natchez - The residence of Maj. Oen. John A. Quitman, the first Anglo-Saxon Governor of the " City of the Astecs!" Capt. James C. Fox gave, in allusion to the tact that, a quarter of a oenturv ago, Gen Quitman organized that splendid corps, the Natchez Fenoibles, and was their first Captain : The Fir it Captain of the Fenciblet?When the American cannon and rifle, on the afternoon of Sept. 13th. roared at the Piedad Gate, Mexico oriedout, "Who's dat knocking at de door ?" The answer was, John A. Quitman, a Natchez Fencible '. There were many other striking sentiments drunk, among which were. That "Revel in the Halls *f the Montezuma! ? Thu dream of Gen. Sam Houston realized by General Quitman Oen. QuiMnan'i jiaitage along the Jbjuedert from Chajtiillepec to llie Garita de Helen, aid the Piiulad Gate, Stfltmhtr 13, 1847?The Bridge of Lodl in American hln'ory ! Gen. Quitman's dinner-table response to the sentiment In his honor, was most liappv. lie spoke of his unexpected Major-Generalship without any adequate command, but was too muoh of an Amerioan ''to give it up so": had, temporarily, commanded soldiers from nearly ; every State in the Union?broken and wasted r?glments ?fragments?the odds and ends of commands?but he asiiured the audience that when he commanded such offle*ri aa Hint Hmlfh mw%A aki.1.1. ? ? 1'niBiur, kuu rucii men m ne lad to Chapultepeo and the Oarita de Belen, they were butt-mien, at leant! Among other aentlinenta, the "State of Kentucky" wan toaated In respnnae,a young and eloquent lawyer, now nettled In your city. Thnmaa H. Holt, Kaq , a native of Old Kentuoky, made a ainat eloquent and thrilling speech, which wan received with tumultuous applause. I tie arntlment which called him out, offered by J A. Van Hoeaen, K?q , waa:? Old Kentucky?The battles in Mexico atteat the valor of her eona No one oan conceive the enthusiasm which the eloquent Holt culled up He concluded hy relating an anecdote of Madame (|ultman, the wife of the general : ? Said he, when the brave veteran waa burating open thinga at Monterey, some nelghboiing ladlea, thinking that Mra (Quitman ituat feel in the deptha of aorrow and attliction at auch terrible doinga, went to condole and aympathis* with her-asking her if ahe had not dreadful feeling* at the danger and exposure of her husband among thoae " rude throated engines'' of death She confeaaed that ahe bad her feellnga on tho occasion, among which one feeling waa predominant, which waa. that ahe " would rather be the widow of man who had fallen lighting the battlea ot hla onuntry, than the wife of a living coward !" Amldat the atorm of applauae which followed, Holt cried nut, Mi* huabanda and aona of auoh women cannot be whipped by the Mexioan or any other nation.?(Tremendous cheering ) THE DEFENCES OF MEXICO. [Krom the New Orleans Picayune, ill Inst ] Mnch as bu already been b*I(1, our people even up to thii time hnr? but an Imperf ct idea of the Immtniii superiority of force (Jan Soott'slitta array had too 'intend within the Valley of Mexico Some weeks since one of the editors of this paper, writing from the peat of war, attempted to draw a parallel between the Jet-da of the early Spaniarls and those of oar own gallant soldiers, but at the time he did not know the full strength of the Mexican works and fortifications, all completed previous to the noted 13th Sept. and rt-ady to repel the onslaughts of the comparatively insignificant band of Invaders Krom a statement by Capt. Lee, one of the best engineer! in the American or any other service, It would seem that tha Mexicans had at the Tenon 20 batteries, for SI Kins, and 1 *> inf. breastworks Mex'RslsiiiKO. 8 " 38 " " ! " ' Sun Antonio . 7 " 2? " " 2 " ' Chnrnbosco.. 3 " IS " " ? " " Contieras.... I " 22 " " ? " ' Chapultepec.. 7 " 19 " " 7" " Total ...ii m 23 These were the outer work*, admirably well altuated for defence, and presenting a most formidable appear aoce to those who wera compelled to attaak then from causeways, marshes, and open plains. Tb? works at Kl Mollno, including the battery and the Unas of Infantry Intrencbmants and strong buildings, are not enumerated In the above. Immedlstely around the city of Mexlao, Independent of the Innumerable ditches?these ditches filled with water, ganeriUly 2/1 feet wide and S feet deep, whose banks formed natural parapets-there wera 47 additional batteries, prepared Ilka the others fot 177 guns, and with 17 Infantry breastworks. Adding these to the above, and we have on all tha lines defending tha approaehes to tha oity no less than ninety-two batteries, prepared for three hundred and forty six fuaa, and forty-two. Infantry bnwtwtik*! Wfaea U to ad dad W ? O - ..t ... .'Jim 1 . V YORK. SUNDAY MORJ that to all thru* workn?and our own engineers were forcibly (truck with the admirable style In which all the batteries of the eoemy were constructed - that the city of Mexico vai naturally defended by oanals, house* of solid and heavv masonry, mud ditches, water. Sco., be that all the buildings have flat roofs with solid parapets that the convent* and many other public edlfloes are bat so many fortifications?when all these circumstances are taken Into consideration, with the Immense nmhorloal superiority of the Mexicans, the aohleveaents of the ln aders would appear almost Incredible The science of engineering is probably as wall understood by the Mexioans as by any of the European nations, as an examination of (heir works will at onoe prove, while their artillery practice is most effective; yet sll availed them nothing against the bold and steady advance of the Amrloans The sanguinary battle of ?1 Molino, ooetly as It was to Gen. Worth's Division, was appallingly disastrous to the enemv, as there his two hmmt infantr* rMrlmanfs ?ka 1HK llwa^ j ... ........ ? ""'I war* utterly annihilated From that day until the capital w?m entered, comparatively speaking, our army iiuffarad but little from tba musketry of tba en?my. bli canI non dotu? nearly all tha azaeution. (len. Quitman'sad1 vance upon tha Uarlta of Helen, ona of tba moat daring | deeds ot tha war, waa through an avenue of blood oaused by tba grape, canister and round abot of the Mexlean cannon, while the streeta of San Cosme, through whlnh the remnant of Oen. Worth's division was compelled to advance, waa literally swept by the heavy oannon and wall pieces at the irarlta of the aame name. The Infantry firing around the base of Chapultepeo wasaa nothing compared with the incessant tornado of bullata whloh rattled amid the ranka of our columns aa they advanced upon Churubusen and theMollnodel Hey. And who oonatruoted the batteries and breastworks around the capital of Mexico ? Men, women, and children, as by a common impulse, ware busy night and day, and even ladles of the,higher claw, are said to have been liberal in their toil In addlDg to tba inmnnn defanoe Works complete in every partsprun^ up. as if by magio; the morning light would (lawn upon some well barricaded approach whloh the night before was apparently open to the advance of armed men. from the outposts of the Americans, at any time between the 8th and lath September, thousands and thousands of the enemy could be seen, spade and mattock in hand, strengthening old and f rming new barriers, and the busy hum of labour reaobed our sentinels even^during the atill houra of the night, as fresh guns were placed in position, or new avenues of approach were olosad against the Invaders. Yet all would not do. The Mexicans had not the stern courage to defend the works they bad constructed with such zeal and oare, and one after another fell before tba untlinchlng bravery of men who b?J bnt victory or death before them. THE J1ATTI.B OF CONTUERAS?THE GREAT BATTtE OK MEXICO. [From the New Orleans Delta, Dee. 1 ] No achievement of our army, since it invaded Mexico, equals in brilliancy, or in important results, the great victory obtained by (ten Smith over Valenoia, at Contreras. Fully to appreciate its brilliancy, and momentous consequences, it will be necessary to understand the oondltlon of our army just before It occurred, and the preparations whloh had been made by the Mexloans to repel and oppose Den. Scott's advance. When our army left Puebla, It had barely 0000 effect! ve men, twenty cannon, large and sthall, one hundred rounds of ammunition, and tha miserable sum of $S000 In the military chest. So Inadequate did our oldest officers consider its strength and means to accomplish the object of the expedition, that they were nearly unanimou^ln condemning and opposing tha advance from Puebla. (Jen*. Quitman and shields alone, of the general ofllceri, advised the advance. Gen. Scott coincided with them?the maroh was commenced, and our at my descended into the rich aud populous valley of Mexico, under the incomplete preparations and with the scanty means referred to. On tha 19th of August, tha army approaohed tha po Itlnn nf -V., I ? Jed by twenty large oannon. On that day our advanced troops Buffered much from the constant fire of the enemy'd artillery. Tlie night closed gloomily. The rain poured dowu in torrents, and the darkners was ho great that maoy of our troops were dispersed over the oountry. unable to find their oampsand headquarters The suffering and depression which prevailed throughout the whole army that night cannot be well deaonbed Before them, and on the road to the city, Santa Anna had, by incredible exertions, fortified a position of great natural strength, and collectvd behind it an immense and well equipped army And here wm our little army, without quarters, ?x posed to a merciless storm of cold rain, with most inadequate means, and insufficient ammunition, brought to a stand by one of the enemy's outposts. But there were two ram. at least, in our army, who, amid all these discouragements, preserved their confidence and courage unshaken. They were Perslfor F. Smith and WlnflelaSoott. The former, with the eye of a true soldier, bad surveyed the field, and oonceivnd the plan by which he was confidentof carrying that Important position. Through his Aid,he coramuuioated his plan to Gen. Scott, who way three miles off, and who, with a map before him. was engaged In tracing the operations which be had determined to make the order of the next day Gen. Scott was struck with Smith's strategy, approved it fully, and sent ."Melds to aid him. That night. Shields' brigade was under arms, and commenced a night march over a strange and horribly rough country, and under an unceasing shower of rain. Over the rough pndregal, through the oorn-fields, wading ditches and ascending and descending ravines where the men would have to cliDg to every hanging root or tree to save them from falling,Shields' gallant volunteers proceeded t? join Smith. When the latter saw Shields oming up be turned pale and oould not aonoeal the mortification and disappointment he felt in being ranked just on the eve of the great battle he had so skilfully matured. u Make yourself easy, General Smith," remarked the gallant and magnanimous Shields, as he *alu'ed him?" You missed your chanoa at Cerro Gordo, and you shall have it now. I will assist, but not command you " The results are well known A more skilful plan, more brilliant eaaoution, more effective operations, were never performed by any army, tnan those which resulted In the utter defeat of this strong fort and the rapture of all the artillery ?ud of most of the force of the enemy The conception and arrangement of this ulan beloni; ex cluilvely to Smith. The ridiculous claim set up by another officer, whose insufferable vanity and self conceit liave disgusted those who have hitherto defended him against uojuiit attacks and undeserved censure, renders it necessary that we should be thus expliolt in a matter on which there can now bo no difference of opinion. But the object of this article is to show the Important t ff'-cts of this great viotory The hand of Providence Memsto be visible in this affair. Ilnd Valencia obeyed the order of Santa Anna, sent to him onthelHth August, and fallen back to Coyoacan or Churubusco with his 6000 veteran troops twenty-one large cannon.and his vast stores of ammunition, it would have so strengthened Santa Anna that we doubt if Uen. Scott could ever have carried this latter position As it was, oi<r urmv enoounternd a flercn and destructive opposition, which cost us athousand killed and wounded. Our urniy, too, but for the victory of Contreras, would have exhausted its supply of ammunition before it could have made an impression on the enemy's strong position "t at < huru-' busoo. But the capture of Contreras supplied the whole army with abundant stores of ammunition, and doubled the strength of our aitlllery. The result proved the sagacity of Santa Anna : for, had Valencia obeyed the order to evacuate his position, wo doubt tf our army would now be occupying the city of Mexico. The viatorv of Contreras opened to our army the road to the capital. It Is emphatically the great battle of the war. Had U been a defeat, disgrace and ruin, or utter annihilation, would have been the fate of our army.? Immortal glory, then, to the gallant and sagacious chief who planned this great victory?who has gained for the Pelioan S'.ate a new chaplet ot military renown to Interweave with the still unlading laurels of Chalmette !? (Jlory to the intrepid officers and devoted soldiers who so nobly executed the plan so widely conceived ! And fervent be our gratitude to that kind Providence whose interposition rrsoued our army from great peril, and saved the name and fame of our republic 1 MEXICAN AFFAIRS, | Krom the Washington Union, Deo. 10] We have seen to-day an intelligent officer immediately from the army of Major (Jen. Scott. Me rame in the Uftt train from the oity ot Mexloo. 11* states that the \lMiir.nnn ar* un willing in na ?n?U thny declare their liven ami property hifr never >> n so H*f? an under the promotion of our army; nod that they are apprehensive. |f we retire, of seeing their country agsin torn to piecaa by contending faction! and military oppressors. This gentleui*n in of opinion (and it l* the general opinion of the army) that w? shall have peace only by throwing more troops into the country to assist those who are al ready there These are able to retain the capital, the road to Vera Crui, and keep the guerilla* at bay. But additional relaforcem' nts would make excursions to praper points whenever it wan proper to extend our conquests, from State to .State, and from capital to capital, and to command the rich mines, some ol whioh are within forty miles of the capital Kvery effort has been made to cover up these mines, under the guise ot British ownership, through the inventive genius of a British agent in Mexico It is the opinion of tbn officer alluded to, that we should also exact contributions, by means of such taxes upon property as were levied by the Mexicans themselves Our informant entertains little doubt that, br ibus bringing the war nearer to the Mexicans, they would be disposed to seek for peace-particularly tf our troops should throw their protection over the people for a short time These general representations of the state of things in Mexico are confirmed from so many quarters that we cannot hesitate to bellova them; and, were waat liberty, we could name an authority nearer to Mexico and even more reliable, because founded upon a longer and a more Intimate acquaintance with the character and the feelings of her people. SANTA ANNA'S LAhT MA1NKE8TOMoar Kxcii.i.t.i r Sis By some accident, I have today ootue into possession of various documents, In one of which is oontained the communication whioh your Kxcallency addressed to the Minister of Koreign Affairs, dated on thn iJd ult., in which you acknowledge thn reoeptlnn of the note which was sent to you on the lflth, together with the decree of the same date, Investing you with th* Presidency of the Republic. In that communication you make such observations as you deemed appropriate, concerning your determination to exclude the associates whom I named for the exercise of the supreme authority of the nation, concluding by declaring that you are disposed to administer the government alone, in order to act In a manner mora constitutional, and More conformable to tha dictates of your conscience I certainly do not Intend to enter upon the >llsousslon concerning this point, to which the observations of your ExoaUanoy might give rise, a# it would be melaas to iustain nob a queatlon at praaaut, whan the oouaall of gov* RK I ?NG, DECEMBER 12, IS ernment?in plaoe of whicb. and in exerclaa of the pow- | era with wbiob 1 ?u inieated. 1 earned the asaoclatea? may have already aaatmblad But In order tbat I miy not b? mlaunderatood, it la to rtoom certain offensive impreMiona concerning ma, to wbiob jour tUceilency baa given riae in your note, the more, aa it appeara that tbaae were uttered in order to prepare and give a coloring to the blow which w?a afterwards given me at Huamantia, by aauaing me to give up the army with which I opposed the enemy, under the pretence of aubmitting me to trUl tor the ioaa of the actiona in which I held the ohlaf command, without reapeoting the dignity of Firat Magistrate of the Republic, with which I wai invested, nor the guaranteea and prerogatlvea, which, in tbia character. the federal constitution aonoedea to me, during tha Treaidency, and year attar. It woald not be neceaaary for me to exoulpate myself before the nation from tha lmputatlona whleh my anamlea have made, because my oonduot in the war against the lnvadera oould not hare been more frank and loyal Those who were at my aida In the presence of the enemy, have aeen ma aeek danger, taatead of flying from it. There are many other wltneaaea of my conduct, and It would be aufllclent for me to oppoaa their teatlmony to the rumora aprrttd about by malignity, without otualng me to lower myself ao much a* to answer those who have called me traitor, beoauae ?<j<*v ^ uuaj my ouqiviipi ; ana l am certain that there U not a single Mexican of feeling who will not peroeivnthat the origin of these accost tlone has bean,dither to hide the faults which some have committed during the campaign, or hut been a plau calculated to detimat from my glory, to deprive me of the oonfldenoa of my ?nb< rdlnatrs, aad to facilitate the triumph of the enemy. Kaseil by these reflections, and by the testimony or n> uonsclenue, 1 would tranquilly hope that whan Impartial history should discover the oause of our misfortunes, the nation would appreciate my services and do ioe justice; but, as the voloe of malevoInnoe has found a hidden aid in your expressions, and in my separation from tb? com mind at the moment 1 was operatiug against the enemy, It is neoessary that 1 should explain my acts, to preserve my name free from sulpicion, to show the nation why I separated myself from the campaign, and to prevent my being lessened in the opinion of thosa persons who only hear those whose only occupation is to calumniate mo. The unfortunate events which occurred during the middle of last September, obliged me to evaouate the capital of the republlo, in order to save the supreme govornment, and that part of the army which was left, and to remain in oondltion to prosecute the war against the invaders. These were the points which required my attention during these mournful ocourrenoes, and for that reason I Invested you with the supreme power, as being the person called by the laws to discharge lt,denignatiog the city of (|u?retaro as your residence, and as tho place where the sovereign Congress should meet. One division of the army, planed under the oommand of Sr. Gen. de llerrcra, as a support to the government; with another division I went to I'uebla, to commence there the operations which 1 meditated upon the unemj'i linn from Mexico to Vera Crui At this time I united political and military command, because such a union appeared tome necessary, in order to give more energy to the aotlon of the government, while the capital remained in suoh eminent peril; but circumstance* having varied, and the duties of the chief exeoutive magistrate becoming different from those of the general who should command the army, it was necessary to divide the authority, in order that the first should go to Queretaro, and.that the second should seek a more advantageous field in which to combat the enemy. My choloe could not be doubtful, as in my military character, since my return to the republic, I had no other intention thau oonstantly to fight for my country. I preferred the tolls of the campaign to those of the cabinet. It was not fear of the political situation of the country which made rae decide for war, as my enemies have gratuitously supposed The man who in different buttles has exposed his life to serve his oountry?who has sought danger from one end of the repubiio to the other, and who, finally, is resolved to run new risks, in order to extract one favor from fortune?oannot be terrified by the obstacles in 'he way of the progress of the nation. The country has a thousand powerful elements with whioh to make baad against the dangers which environ it; and ic is certain that it will not be free from embarrassment in the use of those which it possesses. But favored by a firm will, they oan be conquered; and if at at last it succumbs, it will have dono-tbe same, and no more, as a general who has resolved to die in a battle, in order to make ft last effort to preserve the independence so unjustly attacked. With this opinion. I do uot fear tbe criticism of those who have said that 1 lacked courage to ooatinue In the government; because the nation will judge whether my detraoiors are right; especially at, when I left the power In other hands, 1 did not totally abandon It?nor could I avoid preserving the character of President of the repablWv, although I did not exercise 11-?naviog, wim vu?i nun, uiiiiiu couiuiauu of the army 1 said, It la true, that I renounced the presidency; but noitber waa this idea sufficiently expressed on account of the pressure of the circumstance* under whioh I issued the manifesto, dated Uuadaloupe de Hidalgo, and tbo decree of the limn day; uor was it more thau au expression cf ray wish for that which needed the sauctlon of the law to permit it to take effeot, and whioh, even until now, oould not bare been done, on account of the recess of Congress Sinoe my fellow oltiaans honored me, through their worthy representatives, by confiding to me the first magistracy,! J?ave manifested the same desire toe onerate myself from it; because, let them say what they will, 1 never hare desired a command surrounded by so much bitterness ; and even now I um disposed to carry out my project. Notwithstanding, my excuses were not accepted al that time ; neither has there sinoe existed any authority which could accept those which I make anew. 80 it is. that although for this and otker motives, ay separation irorn the government might be absolutely necussary, only bad faith and turpitude oould understand that I was no longer President of the Republic,? when the Congress of the Union, whioh should decide upon iny renunciation, bad not met: consequently, my cessation of the command has been only temporary, 00oasioned in part by my occupation In the oampalgn, which was incompatible with thegovemment; and partly by my desire of separating myself from business. But both depend upon the agreement of the body which represents the nation whose fate has been confided to mu. This Is the moat exact judgment that can be formed in view or past events, and any other supposition is violent and arbitrary, becnuse 1 have not had the power to renounce the Presldenoy ml intrrim of the Republic and 1 leave It to be estimated what he would merit who would abandon this charge ss be would a weight which he was Incapable of supporting. I have contracted many obligations with the nation, and in quitting the publle stage, I ought, If it should be wished, to give an aceount of my conduot, in order to preserve the esteem of my fellow-citizens, -the only recompense to which 1 aspire for the slight services whioh I have been able to render the national cause. The preceding reflectioas are obvious to him who will dispassionately consider, notwithstanding you, of whose einiaence and feeling it oould the lens have been expeoted, are the llrst who has misunderstood them, and without considering the legality or illegality of my renunciation, and moreover without resolving to accept it, because of your incompetency, you have only considered my voluntary and spontaneous separation from the Presidency, and for this reason have judged the nation to be without a chief, and compelled to seek a head to direct its destinies and to nave it from anarchv; and. in view of thix condition of alfalrs, you have resolved to take charge of the government, conformably with the constitution of the republic). These ideal might well be the offspring of the most pure sorupulous patriotism; but your Kxoellency will permit me to suggest to you, thnt it was not neoessary, in order to declare them, to present me to the nation as a fugitive who abandoned the government which was confided to him, and that if your Excellency had not determined to assume It, society would have been dissolved. The Imputation which Is made against me Is entirely gratuitous, and it only proves hatred to my person, which seeks but occasions to show itself, even in those things In which these feelings should be least manifested. Should justice, and the consideration to which my conduct eutltles me, be respected, there Is nothing illegal, nor nothing ?hlch should bring me reproach, In leaving the Presidency in order to go to serve my country with my blood-seeking the enemy wherever 1 might be able tooombat him with suocas; and to have iseued a decree by which your Excellency was invested with power, and by whloh you were to decide wherever you might be able to exerolse the Amotions of government without the fear of a sudden invasion, was not leaving t he republic without a head, nor In the necessity of seeking some one to direot It. But If your excellency hud been resolved to undertake this service, I would have left the army to maroh to Queretaro, although this would not have been In aoeordanoe with my Ideas, because as long as my resignation is not accepted I consider myself the president of the republic, anil I will not be freed from the reaponsibllty which I owed to the nation in accepting this important trust Moreover, the only thing which oould have produced my separation from the government, was a cessation of the exercise of the magistracy on account of this being incompatible with the servloe ot the campaign, which I embraced In preference, because l promoted myself to obtain results of the greatest importance Knr these r?MOn? I sew with mora surprise than I can explain, the rrder whloh was communicated to me by the mint excellent minister of foreign relation*. whom your exr eliency has appointed to deliver up the com inand of the army, and to ohoose with the consent of th? government, as my residence, a place whom I should remain upon uty parole of honor, while the council of general officers who are to judge of me for the loss of the action* Id which I commanded, should dispose of my case I confess that my first impulse waa to deny the authority by which thin disposition wan made of me, In the name ol your excellency,who only exercises the first, magistraay In my plaoe, and who, if he oould In this charaoter d<*poa? a general from command, could also do the name thing with the I'reildent, whom only the national f'ongress could deprive of the command of the army by revoking the permission which had been giren to command it It also appeared to mr sufficiently antoninhing that a general should be appointed to relieve me who wu at the vaunt time a prisoner of war, and who had not been legally exchanged; neither wan it known whether the enemy would liberate him without any conditions. In order that he might take command of an army whleh win making war against them And above ail, it would have appeared impossible to me, had 1 not leen it with my own eyen, that your excellency winhed to re establish the morale, and to begin an era of regeneration, should have commenced this work by denying my au thoriiy, and deponing me from the power which snould be confided in me, by overthrowing the constitution of the oountry, and by trampling, In my peraon, the gua ran tees conceded to the President of the republic, as has been dona, by submitting me to a trial, without the pre tout declaration whloh should have been made bv the national Congress No one would have doubted the " 1 ".rj"* J ERA S47. justness of my resistanse. if I bad than oppose J the execution of the orders of your excellency, who deem youeseif superior to the law. In spite of thin. I hare preferred to obey, because to oommenoe a oonteat with the executive, in the present state of the country, would have been to aggravate its evils, and I wished to sacrifice to it every sentiment which oouid weaken the government in the prosecution of the war; certain that, by a legal process, I irould obtain all due reparation, and that afterwards there would be abundant time to throw all responsibility upon that most exoellent minister, who authorised a course of proceeding so contrary to the constitution. For the same reason. I abstained trom revoking the decree of the ltith November, a* I could havo done, and resumed the power which still, by the authority of the nation, resided in me. But to excite a dispute, in presence of the enemy, so that neither your Kxcellency nor myself, had you had the temerity to oppose me. would b? able to discharge the government legally, Wuuld have been to leave the nation without a head, and it appeared to me to take a future time to reclaim the presidency, to whleh the laws gave me a title. We are not now In the same position, because I do not oommand an army, whleh oould assist my olaims. These are founded in the laws, which all should respsct, and it will be they that will decide whether yeu nave acted In accordance with the constitution or have abused its functions. I have now given the reasons whloh Impelled me to separate myself from the government, and notwithstanding this, I retained oommsnj of the itrmy. as President. (K All... .A.tM I K. l.l 1* r\? other hand, whatever may be the opinion of your Kxcellency, conoerniug my renunciation. It muit be evident to you. that as long as it in not accepted, I am net exonerated from the trust reposed in me; and you likewise know that It could not be acted upon, because Congress, to whom my resignation shout I have been directed, had not assembled. It is also equally decreed that the President of the Republic can only be acoused before the Chambers lor the odenoea designated in Art. 38 of the constitution, and he cannot be judged without it being previously declared that there Is room tor an accusation. Notwithstanding this, your Exoellency supposing that I would have had the singular Idea of accepting my own resignation, have voluntarily or Involuntarily fallen Into the error of considering it accepted, in order to unfold the plan, whose first act was to deprive me of the oommand of the army, and to endeavor to bring me to trial without observing the formalities which have been established In favor of the dignity which the nation confers upon its* high functionaries. By such proceedings, not only has the constitution been violated, and my person and honor outraged, but I have, moreover, been deprived of the power of contributing, with my services, to the national defence ; and I, who, In returning to my country, had no other objeot, who have been honored by it with the first magistracy contracted the duty, to 1)h the first to comply with, and to cause the constitution of the nation to be complied with, and as I do not oonsider myself relieved from these duties until my resignation of the Presidency shall have been accepted, I cannot see with inditference the aberrations which have boen committed ; nor, that far from taking any means to combat the enemy, the army has been countermarched, leaving the ceuntry at the discretion of the invader, and It is in oonsequenoe of this that the government of the State of Puebla;was attacked in its retirement at Atlixoo, and that city saoked ; that Oen. D. Juan Alvarez has gone to the South of Mexico, not counting any longer upon the aid of the division which I commanded; that I am separated from the theatre of war, assisting the enemies of the country in obstructing my operations ; and, lastly, that since the commencement of your administration, the spirit of party has been resusoltated?enmities, which shoidd have been extinguished revived, giving place to anarchy and disunion among the Mexicans, from which the ruin of the rep?blic may result. In view of such a state of things, my return to the government bas beoome indispensable, beoause alt the responsibility of the results will rest upon me, until the deposit whioh the nation bas confided in me shall be returned to it. If 1 should aot in acoordanoe with my private wishes, I would with pleasure decline this aot, beoause I will repeat a thousand times that I do not dcsiru a command whieh exposes me to be the mark of every faction , but a saored duty?a duty which I cannot evade without forfeiting the confidence of the nation? oompels me to withdraw from the position to whioh your Kxcellenoy has reduosd me, in order not to be culpable in leaving the government during the afflicted state oi id? oouoiry, as noma wiin exceesive levity ?v* asserted. who do not consider that its dlsoharg? oould not be combined with ths duties of a general who went to seek an opportunity of repairing the reverses which the national arm* had Buffered. That this should have been frustrated, has not depended upon me, but upon your Kxoellency, who deemed it convenient to relieve me of the ooinmand It will be your Kxoellency who will answer to the nation for having given only the alternative of denying your authority, and commencing a civil war, or of submitting, as I have done, desiring to avert greater evils This deference may have beuu un error ; but I hope that, my fellow-citizen* will exculpate me, considering only the purity ot my intentions. For my part, I have obeyed the wishes of your Kxcellenoy, as exercising the Executive power of the nation ; and in this manner I give to the army which I commended, an example of subordination and respect to the constituted authorities I now should return to use my right* as first magistrate o? ths Hepublio, and you only listening to the voice of the law, should deliver to me the government, considering that my resignation of the Presidency has net yet been accepted, end that I am ready to re-exercise power, as I have no longer the command of the army, which prevented me from doing so. Having manifested my reasons for separating myself from tbe government, and those whioh impel me to return to It, in spite of my repugnance. I do not fear that I will be aocused of inoonstanoy and fickleness In my determinations, when that which makes me vary them is the occurrence of unexpected events, la which I was highly compromised. Neltherjcan there be any who may understand that it is my intention to elude the justice whioh your excellenoy has announced tome, because I have said, and I repeat it, that I am disposed to give to the nation, in a legal manner, an aocount of my political and military oonduct, and if I did not submit to the tribunal whioh you wished U assemble to judge me, it is because in this course of proceeding the formi have not be .n observed wbioh should be oomplied with in acting upon the crimen of the first magistrate of tbe republlo. and the constitutional guaranties have likewise been violated. I cherish at this time no resentment for the Injuries done my person, nor have I any other desire than to preserve frani any woand my reputation, during the last uajra v.1 wj puuxv --- .. ? j tiHfM Incurred general odium, It cannot bH demied that I have done whatever was possible to surtala the cause ef the country. If the nation has any thing (or which to condemn me. the sovereign body which represents it will exercise this right, aud I address myself to the sovereignty, giving it an account of what has occurred, and making a formal resignation, that It may decide as it deems convenient, as you will be pleased to see by the copy which I direot to your excellency. I nope that in your actions you may be animated by a sense of patriotism ; and I reiterate the assuranoe of my distinguished consideration and esteem God and liberty ! ANTONIO LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA. Tbhbacan, Nov. 1, 1847. To the Most Exoelient President of the Supreme Court of Justice, exercising (he Supreme Executive power of the Republlo. AN AMUSING ACCOUNT OF THR C ATTIJRK OF T1IK CITY OF MHX1CO, HY AN ENGLISHMAN. [Correspondence of the London Chronicle ] Mkxico, Sept 36. ? Since I last wrote to you, the long wished for (by me) oocupatlon of this city by the Americans has been accomplished. On the morning of the 1'ith (Sunday) the Americans commenced in earnest by opening three batteries against Chapultepee, which oontinued to play the whole of that day with considerable effect The Mexicans returned the Are briskly, and caused the enemy some loss The bombarding was recommenced the following morning early, aid at about nine, A. M, the oastle was taken by assault The Americans who aomposed the forlorn hope, behaved splensttdlvr n?rar nnnm falturincr flu* fri?*nd ('antaln R.O b?rla, ?u one of lb* officers detailed for the service, he says he started with l'ift men, and reached the battlements with only 50. The Mexloans poured tremendous Tollejs amongst tkem. but ran like deer when It came to the bayonet. General Bravo, tho commander of the fort, was taken prisoner, with about a thousand men lie says Snnta Anna would not send him reinforcements when he asked for them, and that he had only some 200 or 300 men in the place when it was taken This, however, was false, for an Kngllshmsn who was on the top of a private house at Taoubaya (about a mile off) during the whole affair was on the spot within an hour after the Ajnerloans' triumph, and he says be counted some tWM prisoners, and then left (off, and that there seemed to be as many more in the place. The planting of the Amerioan (lag was distinctly seen from Mexico by those who had telesoopes I saw the bombardment for several hours on the Uth, from the aiotea of a friend's house ( hspultepso Is only about three miles distant from the I'lasa The Americans thi-n attacked the city from two points, vi?, by the Tacubaja and the San < aslne (Jarltas. botb which places tbev took on that afternoon, driving the Mexican army into the oitadrl, whence a tremendous cannonade was kept up That evening,I must confess, the prospect for Mexicans looked rather black, and we all felt convinced the Americans would bombard the next day. I wai standing at one of the windows, looklog out ou the plaxa, talking with a filend till 10 I* M All the Mexican cavalry were a**? mbled In the K|u*r?, aou * mia? up ear minu* lor a pretty ncene the following day ; UowaTer, I went tob?-d. mirl forgot all about ahvila, Sto The next mornlnr. boul hall put *ix, tha twrrant oama Into iny room and woke me up, aaylng (ienerai Smith'* dl?i*ion wa* ju?t entering the I'laxa. Santa Anna, with tha whole army, atlll tome IJ.OOO to 11,000 men, had quietly *neakej cot of tha citadel In the dead of the night, p***ed our door, and got out by tl a (iuadalupe Onrlta He lierer told tha Ayuntaralento anything of hit intended movement*, but lalt poor Mexioo to take cars of Iteelf ho beat tt could At about eight A..M (Jen, Scott, with hi* atalf, roda Into the Plaxa, and entered tha iong-talked-of hall* of Vontrxuma. All the troop* preaentrd arm*, and gare him three real Btl'.iMi hurrah*, which did my heart good after the mlaerabla Mexican vical K.Terythlng In the city denoted the greatest '(Ulet, and tha troop* oooupied the I'laxa Cltliout mc)e?tatlon, tome few *tray *hot? only bating ten flred at them from the hmi*e top* A Utile after nlna, A. M , thla firing a**umed an alarming character, being heard in all tha *tr?at* adjoining tha I'laxa The Vankaa r.llaioan wore then obliged to ooeupy a few oommandlng point*, auch aa obuiohea. convent*. and In the couraa of that day killed *< many Mesioan* that everything waa quiat, exoepting down our atraat, which laad* to tha Ouadalupa UarlU, what* HwU Abm and hi* ... . JLD. Mm Two Own. troop* itttl were The l.epero* at last (tot ?o daring that they oam? within twenty yard* of the Plata. (hunting all the bard names for the Yankee* they eould lay their tongue* to, and at the lame time keeping up a Are of mu*ketry. The Americans got ?o wrai^y at thU tbat they planted a cannon In the middle of th? road.* few door* from oar kouM. and flred aanlster or gr??e (hot at the nob. Thin had the effect of clearing the ?tr*?J for a time. 1 had forgotten to (ay that the American* i*ad boon obliged to Are grape down several of the othar streets during the morning. Kor *ome day* after the entranoe of the enemy. Mexioo presented a moat extraordinary appearaioe, for every foreign boose hoi*ted the flag of it* nation; *o numerou* were these that Mexico appeared to be inhabited almost exclusively by foreigner*, much to the aitonlah moot of the Yankees. The feet U. hundredi of blackguard Mexicans put out the Spanlah flag, which they bad u muoh right to do at you or I. Wa had a first rata glorious old Union Jaok, and it ma da oaa proud of one'a country to haar the remark* of the passing ?oIdler* ? "There's John Bull," "There tha right ?ort;" "Hurrah for the ould country;" and In fact, amongst tha men, our (Britiah) flag waa that which commanded moat reaped; there ware very few,about tan or twelve altogether, in the olty. The Britiah Minlatar had tha aaa guard of honor Bent to hla houae aa General Soott himself hat,' Til . thirty men. Tha Spaaiab Legation got a solitary acntlni'l to atand at the door aa a favor. Tha Spaniard* hate the Americana bitterly; *Ad I believe no love is lost between them, for the Americana are only civil to paopla who apeak Kngliab It la very amuaing to haar the Aiarrl cans and the Mexioana bartering together, each apa*king hia own tongue. Tha American aoldlara are aneh very unauaploioua frilowa. that thej go with the Maxicana to drink, and when tlpay are aaaaaalnated in a moat cowardly manner. We hear of aoma alx or aeven murdera of thia aort every day. The oommon aoldiara are generally very dirty, quite aa bad aa tha Mexioana, and a great many of the offloera not much batter , and aa for amoklug, chewing and apitting?Heaven send ua wall through it all' There are individual officers whom I have found to be very gsntlemanly fellowa ; but thara are " none of our moat elegant offloera," and (vide Martin Chuzslewlt for Yankee auperlatlvea) aa a body they are no more to be compared to our offloera for goad breeding, than genta or anoba to gentlemen They are all fond of julepa, (to , and begin pretty early in tha morning. The oafee are now making mints of money, for thry are, aa yon may aappoae, oonatantiy filled. Another very dlaagreeable feature In tha Yankees la the terrible way In which they awear 1 am oartainly of opinion that an occasional d? ad da foroe to ona'a conversation ; but when I hear an oath which last* about a quarter of a minute to get completely out, 1 muat aay I entertain no high opinion of the man who makea auch a blackguard of himaelf aa to uae it. A great many Maxican families are returning every day from the country, to get out of the dutches of the guerllleroa, who are laying waste the land. (Jen. Scott saya, we ahull very soon have the communication with Vera Crui open, aa he haa aome 8,000 man on the road from Vera ClM to thia, who will make a chain of fortified posts from thia city to the ooaat. By the bye, 1 forf;ot to mention what I think of Scott'a appearance. Ha s a splendid looking old fellow, (age about OA), I ahonld aay at leaat alx feet tour inchea high, and broad in proportion. I mum juai uevoia line or (*n w> lun itihiwih. l<?uw Add* ia auppoaed to be In the neighborhood of Puebla, wbioh city haa bean abandoned by the Amerioana, and ravaged by th? guerilleroa-reporta to-dav a*y ba baa baan made a primmer by hit own people, flerrera, who separated from Hanta Anna at Ouadaloupa, proceeded to Queretaro with tbe Infantry Buatamente baa ale? arrived at tbat city, where (,'ongreaa ia to meet on the Mh proximo, but all proapecta of peace aaem bopeleaa. Tana y Pena baa been made Interim Treaidant of tn? republic. at Toluoa, whilat five of tha northern Htatea have elected a great cbief, Oonxalea Co*io? ao they wa, aa aaual, at aizea and aevena among tbetniielvee. Bbtt. jh, 1847.?The" Naolonal" ia advertiaed to open to-morrow, with the " Lady of Lyona" and tha " Loan of a Lover;" every one la learning Kngliah. We have already a treat many eigne printed in Kngliah, inch aa | "llair-cutting. Shaving, Dining Rooma," lie ; in fcot, j Mmxloo la completely changed. 1 forgot to tali yon tha flity-eight Iriahmen ware hanged. The roada are atlll very unpleaaant, ao many dead horaea and mulea lying putrifying; even the dead Mexican* ware allowed to lie three daya before removal. Tba Tiedad road haa been completely apoiled from the number of beautiful treee which the Mexicana were obliged to fall In front of their battery there. In faot, Mexico haa now aeen a few of the horrora of real war. 1 with, with you, that Meilco were " aettled"?indeed, to make a pun, it ia. I think, pretty well ao. if the capital in poaneaaion of the enemy and an almoat total dlabanding of Ita army,can be conaldeied aa any oriterlon. conckacmknt or ammunition, ci.otu inu, jtc. On Friday laat information waa given by a Mexloao woman in laiCalle dr Puiitc /.ecwna.near the Uundnlonp* gate, that a large amount of ammunition and clothing in - tw.,,.. In Itinl M?ll ma. try, and we believe some other offloarf of the Quarter Master's Department, repaired to the spot, and potted sentinels at the door of the building. The door of tha apartment Indicated, wm plastered OTer 10 that bo place ot egrsss was apparent. It wan soon broken through, hewever, and aomn three wagon loads of olothlng, saddles. drum*, and other mualoal instruments, platola, a email quantity of powder and a few muskets (one bearing I.'ucIb Sam'e mark upon It) were taken away The houiie la the residence of Col. Gonialel. a Mexloan oBoer now with the remnant of the army under Haute Anna ? .Imturnn Slur, (Mexico) Oct U9CA. AR.WY HtTKI.UG)KNCK. Capt. Morton P Kalrohlld, who so nobly sustained th? honor of his oountry and the credit of our eity on aevnral Mexloan battle fields, is now on his return, for the purpose of recruiting the ranks of his company, Boat oruelly thinned in the campaign. Capt K la an 8th warder, and many will remember the occasion of the Kresentatlon of a beautiful sword to him previous to Is departure, and the ckivalrlo response mads by tha then untried, but truesouled volunteer, to the speeeh of presentation. Right nobly has he redeemed every pledge then given, having eminently distinguished himself in several severe engagement*, and especially at tha bloody fight of Cerro Gordo. By recent advices from Mexico, we learn also that Lieut. C. B. Brower, lately a'resldent of Brooklyn, hot now attached to company K, N. V. S volunteers, la Mexico, has, for his deeds of fearless daring in many hard fought actions, been recommended by tne general officers to tha Government at Washington, for a Llautenantoy In the negular army. The officers of the New Tork Regiment who have returned to engage in the reerulting service, while they recover from their wounds, are Col. W. B. Burnett, Major Oairet Dyckman, Capt. C. H. Inness, l.leutenaats Thomas W Sweeny, J. C. Totter, and Char 8 Cooper. Resigned ?Captain Hhaw, Lieuts. Hherwood, Brows, Griffin and Durning. The steamer Portland left last evening for Vara Craa, with a company of Mississippi troops, one hundred and four horses, and the passengers whose names will ha found below The Mississippi company went aboard from the barracks, prior to whtah they had an informal interview with Gen. Taylor. The men pressed around the old soldier eager to grasp his hand. Ha spoke to them, bidding them God speed, and telling tham thay had only to follow the example set by tha first regiment rifles frtnn their Htate. The incident was extremely Interesting to the few present, and very grateful to tha departing troops. Passengers by the Portland:?Col. Ilankhead and nephew; ('apt J. II Walker, Voltigeurs; Kev Mr. Harrison, Chaplain United Htate* Navy; Paaa ttd >1 KlPmpmail uuriiiinr, ? uarirn tionioirr sou wb. Lieut. Hunt, Georgia Battalion; I'urner Serople. United State* Nary; J. J. (tendinis, A**l*tant Quarter MuUr; Mr. Prior, *utler Uth Infantry Dr. A Mercer, .Mm Cormliky, George Rnhr, Major lllngold and clerk, Mr. Mitchtll and clerk. Col. Randall and alerk, I,lent. J. A. White. Lieut. Ogler and lady, Lieut. Simmon*. Mr. /acbarla and warrant, Mr. Oemott, < apt Hamonry, Mr*. Lieut. Col. Mark*, Jame* M. < >oodrloh.? Ntw Or Irani Picayune, 'id in?(. The following named officer* af the killed and wonnded of the New York regiment. have been handed a* for publication:?At Churubuaeo. on the 'JOth Augn*t, Col. Ward B Burnett, aeTerely In the left leg. below the knee; Lieut. Thoraa* W. Sweeney, *ererely In the light arm, ulnee amputated; Lt. C. H. Cooper. **Terely In the right ehoulder; Lt C. 11. Innl*, *llgh ly; ("apt Jaoob I.rid!n slightly In the arm, < apt "arret Kyekman, *ererely in lb* left *houlder; I.t Jame* 8 Mc< abe, illghtly In the knee, I.t. Jame* I) I'atten. ceTarely in the right foot; Lt Kdgar Chandler, killed on the Held At Chapultapec. Lt (Jol Charle* Baxter. severely in the groin, einoe de*d; Capt. Charle* II Pear*on, eererely In th? groin. *lnce dead; Lt. Mayne Reld, (everely In the left leg, above the knee, Caput Jame* Darclay, (lightly in the arm; I> K. Ilungarford, ullghtly lu the am; Al>ram Van O'Linda. killed in itormlng the eaatla; Jamei W Oreen, sliphtly In the *lde. At tha Garlta de I n.tin r ent Morton Katrrhtld. (liihtlv In the arm: Lt < II Innia. a severe oontualon In tha aide.?Jlmrrtcun Star, (Mrxicit,) Oct. ift/A. [The ll*t la not completa. ?Hr.aAi.n.] The ?rrlral of Major N. H Kmn and Moat. fltaalar by the car* yeatarday evening, waa greetcl by our ettlzena with evidencaa o' the mo?t enthu*la*tlc welcome. Th-y wer? raoelTad at tha railroad depot by thn (iortr nor'* Ouarda, thn Independent Kim Kngina I ompany, aod a large numbtr of their friend*. and ??rorted thence through tha etreata of the town. preceded and follrwad by a prroaaaton of torchlight* Major Kara* In In flna health ami apirit*. looking (to u*a hi* own language) " a* large an Ufa," utoppnd at Maybin'a Dotal Mem Stanley, itlll aufferlng Irom thn toil* through which ha haa no recently pawted. wu taken to hia own residence, where we truat that r?at and the foaterlng att. ntlon* of of friead*hlp. will *oon restore him to haalth, enabling him to enjoy, without *tlnt, the full maaaura of hap ine*n bl* conduct and aarTlca* *o eminently daaarra ? Cnli'mhiit (S. C ) Ttltgraph 7Ih inil. NAVAL I.THLMQCNCK. [ u. H ateamar Irla raroe to anohor oft Penaacola navy yard on Saturday, the lTOi ult at noon. 8ha wait four and ahalf daj*fr<m Key Went Mho would ahortly aall for Vara Cruz and take down the following oflloara.aa paaiengera, to tha dulf aquadron Com ra Jamea P. wllaon, Henry K.agle aad Henry Hnkney, and Lieut. Wm H. Noland There were about thirty three patient* only In th bnapltal at fenaacola on tha 'i7tb. niMellan<oua. The tal graphic wire* were being *trung an tha poata through the eity of Milwaukle, on the < hTeago road, on the illh NoTember Tha contractor* calculate to meat tha other aaction of tha wire at Little Kort In about two weak* j Tha papara In aoma part* of Wlaaonaln w*ra not lamed for a fortnight, lately, a* thara waa no papar to ba obtalnad In Milwaukle Thara are now about paopla of aolor balonglag | to tha colony In Uppar ( anada

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