Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 12, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 12, 1847 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD I PUBLISHED AT THX North-west Corner of Pulton and Nassau sti., BV James Gordon Bennett, Proprietor. DAILT 1IEIIALD?Entry day. {Sunday Includtd.) ! Pric* I ctnh per copy?fl ii J*r annum?in the United 1 Statu. To European rubtcriberi.'t 11 ptr annum, to t'n4 hide IAt pottage, which hat to it prepaid. WEEKLY HERALD? Etery Saturday?Price 6*4 ' Iinli per copy?S3 l?X per annum?in (Ac United Statei I To European tubtcribtr?. by iteamthip, t> per annum, f include the pottage. HERALD FOR EUROPE?Every BUam Packet Day ? Price tSf cent* per copy?15 per annum, including pottage, or S3 M exclutive of pottage, Subicriptiont and advrrtitemenlt will bt received by Mttsrt Oalignani, 18 rut Vivienne, Parit ; P. L. ^imanrii. II CtrnMll, and J?hn Miller, bookseller. Henrietta itreet, Londont ANNUAL PICTORIAL HERALD? Publithed on the lit of January of ea cA year at rirpence per copy. ADVERTISEMENTS, at the utuolpricet. Advertitemcntt thould be written tn a plain, legible minner. Tht proprietor will not be rttpontible for err on that may occur in th?m. D n rxTTF ATfl rill IrtrtA ? A hm AtA/i fullll atid tin/A despatch. ALL LETTERS or communications by mail, for rubsariptions or with advertisements. addrased to tbe proprietor of the establithment, must be poll paid, or the pottage will be deducted from the money remitted. rOLUNTARF CORRESPONDENCE and com munications, containing important newt or useful intelli. C-nce, are solicited from any quarter of the world?Europe. Jliia. Africa, or America?and if uttd will always be liberally paid for by the Proprietor. NO NOTICE can be taken of anonymous communications. Whatever it intended for insertion must be auth enti cited by the name and address of the writer; not necessarily for publication, but as a guaranty of bis good faith. tVe cannot undertake to return refected communications. ALL PA VMENT8 to be made in advance. New York, Sunday, December U, 1817. N?wa from Kurope. The French steamer Union is now due. She ib in her eighteenth day. She will bring six days later news from'the continent of Kurope, and two days later from Englaud. IiitercHttng War Intelligence. The intelligence we give this morning, relative to the wnr, is interesting. It is "posting up the books," and embraces several incidents of moment. The letter from the city of Mexico to the London Chronicle is amusing. Important Commercial Movement* In England. From intelligence which we have received by the late arrivals from England, both public and private, we have every reason to believe that another great ?peeuUtive movement in several articles of general consumption?such as breadstufl's, perhaps cotton and other articlea?is about making by the great capitalists and speculators of l.ondon, and their connections throughout Eu- ( ropr. The recent movements of the Bank of England, the action of the liritish government and of the London capitalists, in connection with the history of commercial transactions during the last three years, give us strong reasons for believing that another series of speculations in commerce, will murk the coming six or nine months, perchance the next twelve months. It is probable that at this very time several agents have arrived from England with private directions to buy up all the wheat, flour, and cotton at present prices; while their principals are engaged in England in carrying forward a movement in money affairs so as to raise prices. Then they vill ??M out, bre -k down the markets, and in this ininner produce auoiher revulsion in England. We would advise our agricultural readers to sell at present prices, but to be sure they give no credit, but get the money for all they sell. Perchance it may be that priceB may rise, slowly at firs', and a little more afterwards, so that they might thereby make a little more by not selling at present; but upon the whole, we are of opinion that it would be safer and, better to sell for cash at present prices. We have much to say on this subject, having studied and examined the speculative turn of ?' - * 1 - T/ I ^ J T capitalists, in our laic luur in juugiauu. uuuuuu i? the centre of a nest of brokers, speculators, ehuvers, and gamblers, of all kinds, and on the largest scale. The government, whether whig or tory, is linked with (he great speculators, and performs a part in the game of deception. But? enough for to-day. Singular System of Suclai, Lifi: in Nkw York ?It is a remarkable condition of social life in New York, which is exhibited by various clique* of good fellows, who meet annually and have a carousal under the naroe and patronage of ^ ->nie sainf or other?it may be St. Nicholas, or St. Ano.rfiW or (*eorge, St. Thomas, St. Jude, St. Jamee, or St- Satan. A short time back one of these frat?.'rni,'efi? called the St. Nicholas Society, comprising the admirers of the old Knick- , crbockers, met toj;*?ther at one of the hotels, to ( Aat a good dinner an.' drink a good quantity of good wine.- Their proceedings wer? printed next morning, giving air account of their glorifi- ' cation, and exhibiting ths conduct and manners 1 of nny thing but sobe* and ?ft.nH'^'e citizens. In 1 a fews days we intend t? publish this ac- _ count of their doings, w;thout note or comment, to show how sensible people, when together under the pti'ronage of ( the saintH, forget their respectability, drink, carouse and make ridiculous speeches, 'fl il nianiier which would dishonor the lowest gro^-*'10!' in tha lowest part of the city. In the times liie holy saints of the Roman calendar, we lind ' t similar social condition in existence in the interior of the convent, and we read of carousals, orgies, and drunken frolics, in the monasteries and other religious houses, which are quite curious, and illustrative of the manners of the age. We think these societies in New York, under the ^ patronage of St. Nicholas, St. Peter, St. Jude, St. .lames, and so forth, have drawn some rich " nnd rosy precedents from the above mentioned 1 quarters. Well, be it so; we will endeavor to 11 mak'* the contrast when we publish the proceed- ^ ingsoftheSt. Nicholas Society, as they appeared 1 in the columns of the newspapers of the day. '' Colored Convention.?We have received a t( pamphlet of some thirty-eight pages, purporting 0 to be an acconpt of the proceedings of a national a convention of colored people, at Troy, on the sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth of October, 1S47. This highly respectable body, not content twiih devising ways and means for the abolition P I of slavery, took into their especial consideration and care, matters of law, commerce, religion, l' tcmptrance, banking, education, agriculture, the art of war, rum, rams' horns. Northern States, .md disfranchised freemen of sooty color. On all these subjects, resolutions were passed and committees appointed. Wonder what can b? the meaning of the seventeenth resolution :? ' Resolved. That this oonvantlon recommend to our people the propriety of instructing their sons In the art of war." With all due deference to the worthies who composed this highly respectable convention of colored folks, we must say that tb'* a very curious and strange resolution tor tueirt to pa?a. is there any connection between the abolition of slavery and the art of war ? or are they determined to follow the advice of their white compeers?the tanaticb of the North?and dissolve the Union by force ! There is one material matter which our colored friends omitted to take notice of, and ooe which they should have appointed a committee to investigate and report on, viz: the best means of reaching the moon by a railroad, t would be in keeping with the rest of'their pro- ( ceedings, and would tend to as much benefit to themselves and the world af large. We regret very much that tliif snbjflrf reaped their grave (lonsideritiou. W*lt India BuutdpaUofi, tad III HHteet*. The present condition of the British West Indian Colonies was the subject of muck interest and debate in England, at the lust accounts we have from that country. A lew years ago the British Parliament, by an act, dictated, as it was at the time stated, by a spirit of philanthropy and humanity, proclaimed universal emancipation in the British West Indies, and appropriated the ?im of twenty millions of pounds to the owners of slave property, aa an indemnity for the loss of their negroes. The British press teemed with columns of humanity articleson the subject?the people were eloquent, and 011 every occasion put it forth as an example worthy of b?ing followed by the United States. In addition to this sum of twenty millions, the British tarill discriminated in tavor of West Indian productions, und allowed them to be imported into England at a much lower rate of duty than it did the produce of slave labor. Notwithstanding this discrimination, and all the advantages given to the West Indies, to compete with slave labor, the experiment has turned out a complete failure, and has been attended with the most ruinous consequences to ish colonies?, at one time the richest and most >roductive of the English possessions, have teen reduced to a state of poverty and ruin by he act of emancipation. We see, too, the uother country resorting, indirectly, it is true, >ut in the main directly, to the slave trade, and importing negro slaves, to furnisli labor for the [llanters and enable them to till their plantations. Here we have the strongect evidence of the inutility and madness of the attempt to place the negro and the white raccs on the same footing ; of endeavoring to violate the laws of nature, by raising the colored race to an elevation never designed them by Providence. And yet, in defiance of this example, and notwithstanding the ruin to the West Indies caused directly by the emancipation of the blacks there, we have a set of fanatics who proclaim the mcessity of abolition in the United States, universal and immertiate. Thkatkicai.s, Insidk and Ot'TsiDK.?It is a singular fact in natural history, that the three principal theatres of New York are the worst ma laged of the whole of the rest besides?the I'ark, the Broadway, and the Astor Place Opera, rhe Park is one of the best located, most ancient md most renowned, and has a prestige which no >ther house has; yet, by want of enterprise and .vant of genius, it is comparatively empty, ex:ept when there is some star on the tapis. The iroadway Theatre presents a few convulsive eforts; but the whole will probably end yet in omc spirited cixcus performances-horses,where eroes used to tread. The Astor Place Opera, , ough occasionally full and dazzling, has withi it* elf the see ds of dissolution and ruin. All ti.'ese things are produced by bad managelent?by men behind the age?by persons who on't understand the genius and taste of tbe peole. T)iey are all losing concerns; whereas liey mife'bib? made winning concerns. In fact, he history d these three theatres is so amusing nd interesti^?- and the causes which have prouced their present condition are so btrange, hat we shtll enter into a full investigation of ficni at our leisure. In the mean time, we perceive, that Mr. Barry ikes a benefit at the Park. If any one deserves ne, he does for his effo-Jts ; but what are efforts gainst the Old Man of tfce Mountain ? Later kko.m havana.--By the bark Norma, 'apUin Ellif, we are in rticeipt o( filet of Ha\ant apers to the 1st inst. Mr. Doyle, the Minister Plenipotentiary from lie British to the Mexican Government, arrived it Havana in the British ateamer of war, the rtxcn, on the 21th November; he would proceed rom thence by the hr?t opportunity, to Vera 3ruz. Havana was quite gay; masked build, lliearicals, &c. were going on. West's picture of 'Christ Healing the Sick" was attracting rowdx. The Itnlian opera company were perornnng Verdi's operae of " I Lombardi," and ' I due Foscari," to crowded houses. The weather was cool and bracing, the north rly breezes having set in. Some exhibitions if modes of electric telegraphs, and explanations >f th'Mr mmlun operandi, were to be given at the :ollege of San Gristoval. There was quite h large lire at Mayagiicve, I'orto llico, on the 14th of Nov. The sufferings mil terror of the people there were increased by he occurrence of an earthquake at the same line. The damage amounted to over .ft'S,(X)0? I uite a sum lor a small place. A m-etin* of ths snttfars in townships U7 and J8, N. R 4 K , of Illinois, ?u held in Jss Dasies county, on ths-id of Nossnihsr, snd resolutions adopted to the el- ' r-ct " that if snv person sksii entar say land that ii claimed by a iwttler, In the above named township*, within two years from tha time th? same wan ottered lor als, that wa will noneldsr sueh pereon aa a rob bar nod pirate and treat him as such Also, if any parson shall > nter any land that ts claimed by a sattli-r, that he. nor ?n7 othur to whom ha may sail or tranafor it, ihall n?vt-r liavn ptaM'abl* pos?t*f?ion, until th? ssttlsr has just and (air compensation fnr tha isma, vhila wat?r runs an I grass frowa A Suspicion.?The eloquent French preacher, Abbe de Marsip, who created a great sensation in New York by his sermons in the French language, has been deprived of the faculty of ex. ercising his ministry, by the Right llev. Dr Hughes. This act of episcopal authority has made a very painful impression among the admirers ol that talented clergyman. M. de M. came lo this country last year, bearing high letters of recommendation from his ecclesiastical superiors, and also a letter of recommendation from the Prime Minister of France, M. Uuizot, addressed to the Consul General of New York. M. de M. has been for twelve years one of the most popular preach?ys of Paris, ana besides, he is a perfect gentleman. We understand that this distinguished clergyman is about to publish a memoir, which will be a complete justification of his conduct, and will reveal some very curious facts. We gha41 loon lor it with great anxiety. Theatrical and musical. r.i?k Theatbk ?1To-morrow owning Mr. Ba.ry takes benefit at this house. Every frequenter of Old Drury will doubtleti wish Mr. B. a full house, and we trust that they will go farther than wishing, and by their presence r ally give him a good, substantial benefit. His position at the Park is an onerous one, and the public are indebted to his unceasing labor and supervision for tbe very excellent manner in which the plays produoed thire are put upon the stage. As *n actor, too, Mr. Barry does his full share of work; and tbe oorreot and artistioal manner in.whioh he delineates the characters be assumes, always adds highly to the effect of the pieces in which he appears. 4s a private individual, there are few In this community who obtain a greater share of respect and esteem uf their friends than Mr. B does The pi-ces he has selected for to-morrow evening *re the beautiful play of'' Love's Sacrifice," and tbe eotnndy of the " Honey Moon," and Miss Charlotte Barnes and Mr. E. 8 Conner have volunteered to appear In the first npmed play. The excellent stook company will all appear in the course of the evening. Thos of our oitfsens irho are anxious to see the offloersof the New York Regiment of Volunteers, who have lately returned from the seat of war, will be enabled to do so to-morrow evening, as the KaUant Col. B urnett, and companions in arms, will then honor the theatre with a visit Bo?>:av Thlatbk.? Mr. Levi North and Miss Julia Turnbull are both to appear at the Bowery to-morrow evening The performances will commenoe with tbe grand romantio drama of " Valsha ; or, the Revolt of the Slave*." This piece has been carefully prepared, and the whole strength of the company appear in it. Tbe seoond entertainment Is to be that presented by Levi North, who will appear with his remarkatle horse Tammanv and oerform bis unrivalled feats Then coin is the beautiful ballet of " Uiselle ; or, the Willies.'' in whloh Nllu Turnbull and Mr. U. VV Smith will danoe a grand waltz, " D'VKriel " (a grand pas d? deux,) and ' Pas Tumborine." Miss Turnbull is so well known that it needs not new coramendatiua to introduce her favorably to the patrons of the Liowery; they know her and appreciate her talents. The comedy of " Burled Alive" will conclude the periormanoes. Mr. Jaokaon is not to be outdone in enterprise. The crowded benohes which are te be seen at the Bowery are the result of his determination to deserve a liberal patronage. He provides liber* 1 entertainment, end does not fear but thut he will be liberally supported in return. Chatham Theatre?The performances last evening commenced with the play of " Damon and Pythias " It being announced that Elder Addams was to appear in the character of Dame n, the bouse, at am early hour, was crammed to suffocation. Mr. Addams proved himself to he original in every point be made; for to our reooUeetion we have never before witnessed anything so ludicrous a* his personation of the patriotic, noble character of Damon?be has not the slightest idea of elocution, and we would advise him to seek some other new mode of " raising the wind," as the storm he created last night haa vanished long sinoe into thio air. Pythias, by Sutherland, was merely passable; and Dionysius, by Brandon, was very well done Mrs MoLean sustained the character of Hermlon very creditably, and the other parts by the stock company were given to the satisfaction oMhe audienoe. The Model Artists followed, and as usual received the marked applause of the audience. The Pantomime closed the performances, in whloh Mr Barnes, in his Polka, and other truly comlo aotions, kept the houie in roars of laughter. Circus?Bowert Amphitheatre.?The holidays are upon us, or Tather will be, next week, and among the signs of the times, the amphitheatre shows itself up to the mark. Mr. Tryon is determined that he shall have as good entertainment at his house as can be found in the equestrian line, and he has eagagedSands. Lent & to '8 American circuit 10 appear in conjunction with his own stock company. This airous is so well-known, and has been so muoh admired throughout the oountry that we need only say that it is as good, if not batter, tban ever. The equestrians attached to it are all of the highest order ; the clowns are rare fellows for fun ; and the dancing horse and twin ponies, as well as those he. roes of the ring, the two ponies, DeafBurk^ and Tom Spring, are all as uttractive as ever. We sty but little now about this company, but during their st*y we shall do them full justice. The circus will doubtless be Ailed to overflowing every evening, for some time to-como. Chriitt'? Minitrkli.?Tho extraordinary success of this oompany is astonishing. They commence their eleventh week to-morrow, a thing unprecedented in negro minstrelsy. It is really amusing to spend an evening listening to tlie plaintive negro melodies of this band. The bone player is unquestionably the chief of all in his line ; and the ready wit, dancing, and the great variety of their performances, never tire tho patron* of Christy, the Napoleon of Negro minstrelsy. An excellent programme for to-morrow evening. Virginia Scrknaderi.?This band of negro minstrels give three entertainments at the Minerva Rooms, commencing to-morrow evening. They have been here before,and were well patronizsd. Hauler Familv.?This family intend giving another of their picturesque concerts to-morrow evening at Rutgers Institute. They are a remarkable family, and will doubtless obtain as much fame as the Haintrs did some years ago. as their style of singing is very similar to tbat of the Ralners. Broadww Odion ?This house seems to fill up the hiatus in light amusements, which was felt in tbe central and lower part of Broadway and we have no doubt that it will be well patronised, rlnteux, the proprietor,is evidently anxious to keep up with the times, ud he has shown his enterprise. American Muiical iNiTirr-rjc.?Next TiMsday evening will be a gala time with this institute and its friends. We have already spoken of the nature otf tho performance they intend giving on that occasion^ vie : the gems of the oratorio of'David and Uoliahx"and secular songs, duetts, glees, madrigals, Sto. With tho nunib?r of eminent vooalists that the institute has rallied around it, and the efficiency ol the chorus, we have no doubt that every thing will go off well. Musical Illustration or shakurr arf..?Mr. Lynne will give the aecond of thia aeriona of illustratiena on Thuraday evening next, at the Society Library. Aa we < anticipated, hia flrat entertainment gave great aatiafactlon; In fact, It exhibits the beauties of Shakspe^tre in a new and elegant manner. We are not aware of any previoua attempt in thia country to give the music, which haa been written for aome of the great poet's loftieat ideaa, in auoh a complete manner aa Mr. Lynne and hia muaioal frienda are now doing. The voealiats and chorua were evidently well drilled in their parts, aa they acqaitted themaelvea handaomely. Bamvaru's Mammoth Panorama or the Misuasim RirKR.?Thia Immense aad splendid work of art, a monument of the genius, energy, and enterprise ?f it.? maker, ia now on exhibition at the new panorama building adjoining Niblo'a Garden, Broadway To lay that it ia a magnificent piece of work, ia not aufflcient; it ia undoubtedly the moat surprising work of art on record ? Juat fanoy a panorama allowing a view of 1200 miles of country ! and that not merely a superficial view, but a moat trnthfol and correct delineation of every little town and bend of the'-Great Father of Waters," the Missiasippi river. Truly the performance of auch a work is emblematical of the apirit of Americans. It is exhibited every evening; at 7 P. M., and on Saturdays and Wednesdays also at 3 P. M. It is said that the Astor Place Italian opera troupe are to give a aerlea of twenty-four repreaentations at the Cheanut street theatre,Philadelphia, during tile months of February, March and April, provided two hundred subsoribars, at $24 each, can be obtained. Herz and Sivori, on their way to New Orleans, stopped at Washington city on Friday night,and gave a concert at Caruai'a Saloon. Nporttng Intelligence. Baton Rol/or, (La ) Hac ks.?From a report iu the Baton Rsugr. Oaxaite we compile the followiag summary of the reoent races over the Magnolia course: ? Monday, Nov. 22, 1847?Proprietor's.Purse, $60?one mile out. Wm J Sharp's b h. Merman. .. . 1 J J. Odom'a ch. g. by Duroo J J. 8. Bailey's by imp Nioholaa ,1 Time.'J .OS. Track very heavy. Trr.tDAY, Not. -.13.?Proprietor^ Purae, $100?entrance tfn per oent. added?mile beats. Jackaon St Turobull'* ch. m Margaret Kdua, by imp Glenooe, out of imp Piokle?6 y. o 11 .1 B Poindexter'i oh f. Marietta, by imp rriam, dam by Sir Charlea?a y. i '2 J. B. ratteraon'a (J J. Odom'a) ch. c. Vampar, by Orey fc'.agle, dam by imp Luahorough ?3 y. o.. dint. Time, 1:1)8?1:67. Won eaaily. WwrniDir, Not 2< ?Proprietor's Purae, flOO-entrance ten per cent, added?mile heata. T. B. I'attereon'e ch g. Waah Mergan. by Grey hagle, dam by Medoo 'ill Jaokaon U Turnbull'a br g. Palo Alto, by Stockholder, dam by imp l.-vinthun I J lr. Time. J 01?1:17. Thi'Ksdat, Not. 36.?Mtir.en'a Pur**. $300?entrance ten per cent, added - three mil* heate J. B. Tattaraon a b. m Fanny King, by imp. (Jlencoe, out of Mary Hmilh by Hichard?8 y o.. . . 1 1 Jackion & Turnbull'a ch U. Ulencoe, Jr by imp. Oleoooe, out of Giant'as by imp LeTiathan. . . 1 1 Time, 8:08?8:04. Well conleatrd ? track heaTy. Col VV. R. ./ohna?n, of Virginia, the Napoleon of the turf-the Teteran of the race oourae - haa arriTed in the city. Hi* preaenoe will gWe ad .itionai /.?at to the approaohiog raoca?N. O .Picoyunr, 3.i Bii??.?mam CoumK.?There waa a race for a aweepatak?a OTer tbia courae yeaterday-aubneription, $300? forfeit, $l00-mile heata-for three ymrn old. There wiTe three entriea? Buena Viata, Llaudy Jim and Uuadrllie. The track waa unusually h?avy . the na;a, notwithatanding, ahowed good bottom and prime apott.? The following la the nummary of thn race : ? i D F. Kenner'a oh f Buena Viata, by imp. Ultnroe, dam by LeTiathan 1 3 1 i A. I. Htngiimin'a rb c' Paudy Jim, by /Itorf, inm by Sir llichard 3 13 i J.UH0 Van Leer'i ch. f. quadrille, own sister to Ke?l 13 1 I Tim?. 04.-A. O, Villi, V4 (nit the planfrs, as well as to the general prosperity of the West Indies; and this, too, without producing any benefit to the slaves themselves, which was the ostensible, but not the real motive, of the act of emancipation. The real object of the act, as was set forth by lion. John C. Calhoun, in his famous letter to our minister at Paris, dated the 12th August, 184), was the supposition, errbneous as it has proved since, that tropical fruits can be produced cheaper by free than by slave labor. They found out their mistake, and they tried various ways to rectify it?the principal of which was the importation of Coolies from British India and from Africa.? This was undertaken with the view of supplying labor?for the emancipated slaves would not work, and the plantations became comparatively worthless; for it is not land which constitutes wealth, but its productions. This system has now been in operation some years, under the name of emigration; but it is "involuntary servitude," as slavery in this country is termed, to all intents and purposes; for the Coolies, on their arival, are bound to serve and work for the planers for twenty-one years. This limited increase to the labor of the Briish West Indies, haa not answered the purpose, ar in any prrceptible degree remedied the evils >ntnil>>(l nn thiw<> r<nlnnioa Kv th*? arpnprnl #>mnn M v" M,v,*v VV.VMtVO npation; and, as if to make matters worse, the discriminating duty in favor of West India proluce, has been removed, and it has been placed }u the same footing as the produce of slave labor. In our English files, received by the steamship Britannia, we find a despatch of Karl Grey, an this subject, directed to the Governor of Jamaica, in answer to a memorial from merchants n the island of Jamaica, on the prospect of the ltter ruin that awaits them in consequcnce of he abolition of the discriminating duty. After laying that long before the enactment of the epeal of those discriminating duties, it had >ecome manifest that in the existing state of >ublic opinion, founded on reason and on facts, f the cultivation of sugar, by free labor, could tot be sustained on the principles of free trade, hat it could not be sustained at all, he recommends lor the removal of the evils complained of, the education and industrial training of the negroes, improvements in the agriculture and Manufacture of sugar, and a continuation of the ransportation of Coolies. Meantime, the seveal British West India Islands are preparing renonstrances to the subject, and uniting themiclves into leagues, in which they pledge themlelves before God and the world, not to dissolve >r individually secede from if, until every right hey ought to enjoy be unconditionally conced:d, and every ascertained grievance redressed. Where this will end, no one can predict; but ve have the startling fact before us that the Bri . - i 11 11 - 11 - ?r r!?'i -11 Clijr Intelligent*. The wnihtr \Ve had a slight h?zy shower of rsin In the early part of yeaterday Subsequently the atmosphere b?oim? deuse and oppressive; towards evening it cleared off and it became cold. Indicative of another ohang*. We anticipate a few severe dajs of hard weather ere Christmas week. The "oldest inhabitant" predicts it before that period. Fibe at Old Slit ?The name of the watchman who first discovered the fire, already noticed, and gave the alarm on Friday night, was Johu L. Hollinger. and not 8. Williams The latter was the owner of the store referred to. Kirk.?A Are broke out' yesterday, at a little aftfr 1 - o'clock, in the sploo will and chumloal factory in the rear of Tompkins street, between Kivlngton and Stanton streets, wtich was mostly burned out. The damage is estimated as h'.avy. Falsi Wkkjhti and Mmi ?t?.-W? would direct the attention of the inspectors of weights and measures to many abuses and impositions that at present prevail in many grocery stores in this city, In relation to the sale of sugars, te?s. Iko 8co. The patent spring scale being used by many of them, not only is oaloulated to defmud, but is designed, j?e have no doubt, to defraud the customer. This is not the case with the butcher, who gives honest weight la the publio markets. We bad b*-?n sold In one of these groceries, no nailed, wu represented and purchased under the fictitious weight of 7>i lb*, and.on being weighed subsequenty at the market, li turned out that there was an actual deficiency of 1 lb. some ounce*. In weights and measure* similar impost tions and frauds have b*en practised upon the purchasers. We trust we shall see thi< abuse mora vigilantly watohed ; and as we have a law in existence that should guard our citizens against suoh impositions, the sooner we see its provlslous rigidly enf >road, the better. Bull in the Pakx.?A bull, of rather a suspicious looking character, mads a very sudden and unwelcome drhut in the Park, yesterday morning, cauoing no little consternation to the passers by. After kicking up some ''shines" about the Park, and terrifying the lives nearly out of some apple-women and loot passengers who had been crossing at the time?h > ran out through one of the gates and made towards the North Hlver. where he was secured. We have frequently had oonaslon to notice the utter carelessness or driving cattla through our public streets and thoroughfares. Wiiitciuli. W.itkhmkx Association.?The first annual UmII of thla benevolent and excellent association will be given on the 14th Inst., at Tammauy Hall. Police Intelligence. Charge, of Compounding a Frlmy.?Officer Prince John Davis, of th* lower police, arrested, a few days 1 ?r Dun.lAb 1* Clurlfu nn . KgO, Vk UJI*U VJ MIO UMMV ... wmMV| w? ? warrant issued by Justice Driuker, wherein be stands charged with compounding a felony under the following circumstances It appears that in the year 1H14. Clarke was in the segar business, at No 124 Water btreet, and employed a man by the name of Leon K. Goldsmith to make Mies, whioh be did to various flrma in the city, returning the notes thus received for such sales; amongst whioh was a note purporting to have beeu drawn by Macy Si Jenkins, grooers, in Fulton street, dat*d Deo. 11th, 1844, at six months, for the sum of $436 35. made payable at the Merchants' Bank. This note,at maturity, was protested, and proved to be a forgery. Clarke at once obtained an Interview with Goldsmi'h, and charged him with the forgery, who becoming alarmed, acknowledged the deed, and promised to mnke things oil right, but instead of doing ho, he left the city.? Clarke then entered acomplaint before Justioe Drinker, charging Goldsmith with the forgery, who at this time was ascertained to be located at Chicago, Illinois, from whioh place he was brought on a warrant to this oity, and locked up in the Tombs on the charge An arrangement w<iS then made as alleged between Clarke and the friends of Goldsmith, by which Clarke was te receive $600 not to prosecute ; consequently, Clark* left the city and remained at Meridan, Conn until the expiration of two terms of the grand jury, when tbe counsel for Goldsmith applied to the oourt for a discharge. whlcl\ was granted by the court as two terms had expired, and no bill of indictment found. Therefore, upon Goldsmith's discharge, Clarke returned from Connecticut aud reoeived the $500, according to previous arrangements Thus the matter stnnd.i at present However, tbe case is now under a full examination before the magistrate, and in a tew days, in all probability, a decision will be given. jirrist on a Bench Warrant.?Officer Bowyer, one of our expert and persevering thief oalchers. attached to the Chiers office, arrested on Friday night, Samuel Hudson, who keeps a boot and shoe store, No. 6 Sixth Avenue, on a bench warrant, issued by the Court of Sessions, wherein hestanus charged with purchasing stolen burglar* a nnrtlnn nf whlnh ?&h ^V/VUD ilUMI U??v? ?W? ? ,J? ? } ? r.. ? - found in his posseaslon, being a part of a lot of hardware cutlery, stolen from the store of Mr. Hawkburst, No. 114 Grand street The tarn* officer succeeded In arresting on * similar warrant a burglar, by the name of Jobn McKarland, on a charge of robbing the store of Mr. Sedgwick, No 13J Canal street. They were both committed by the court for trial. Burglary.?The coal office ocoupied by Mr. John J. Gantz, No. 04 Attorney street, was burglariously entered on Friday night, through the rear window, by some thieves, who strewed several papers upon the floor, withou: doing any further damage No arrest. Juvnile Thieves ?Officer Mitchell, of the 14th ward, e.rrested yesterday five boys by the names of John llicey, John Kelly, John Maury, James Joy, and Richard Joy, on a charge of stealing a lot of farrier's tools, valued at $15, belonging to James Mulligan, No. 119 Grand street. Justice Ketoham looked them up for trial. Charge of Stealing a Watch.?Officer llenshaw, of the 8th ward, arretted yesterday a woman by the name of KUza Stevens, on a chtrge of stealing a watch, together with a ohain and key. the property of Mr. David I), liaily, residing at No 58 Thompson street. She was detained for examination. Granii J.ntcmy ?Offloer Ilarbinson of th? 4th ward, arrested yesterday a black fellow called Charley Brown, on u charge of stealing a lot of olothlng, valued at $30. lrom on board the schooner J. W. Kempton, belonging to Oapt Osborne: also, the rasoal stole a silver watch worth fii. belonging to the mate of the same vessel; the property was found in the possession of the aocuaed, and him iin f,ir trial Jirrett of Hog Thieves.?Officers Crittenden and Tiokner, of the 11th *ud, arretted yesterday John Williams. John Mann and Bishop Gordrlck, whom the officers detected in stealing hogs from the publio street. Justice Ketcham locked them up for trial. to Fats Bad Money ?Officer Harbinson of the 4t.U ward, arrested yesterday a man called Sumuel Hook, on a charge of attempting to pass a spurious $5 Globe bank b1" on Mr. Ware, 16 Cherry street. Detained for a further bearing Robhiil oh the Five Fo nti ?Officers MoManns and Connelly of tbe tith ward, arrested last night Ann Miliar, Aun Smith and John Bridgiaan, on a charge of rotblng James McLaughlin of $75. while in a crib of doubtful repute, at 0 Little Water street. Justice Osborne locked them up for a further hearing. Charge of Fait* Pretencet.?Officer Williston of the 4th ward, arrested, yesterday, two men by the names ol Charles F. Buokholt and John F. Marselis, on a warrant issued by J lutice Osborne, wherein they stand charged with obtaining a lot of drugs, valued at $100, from Mr. Andrew G. Cofilo, No. 04'Pearl street, by false and fraudulent representations. It appears from the affidavits, that Buckbolt represented, on the 7th of September, that bis son-in-law. Marselis, was a responsible man,that he owned a house and lot in South 4th street, Williamsburgh. and would endorse his note for the purchase^ the above bill of goods. Upon these repretentatiODs' Mr. Coffin sold him the goods, but has subsequently ascertained that tbe house aod lot belongs to a Mr. Henry > Wiel of this oily. and not Marselis, as falsely represented to be by both the accused. Justloe O 'borne held them both to bail to answer the charge at Court I.owyen in Trouble.?Officer Welch, of the lower police, arrested yesterday two lawyers, doing business ?t HS Wall street, by the names of Charles Frailer and St. John, on a warrant issued by Justice Osborne, wherein they stand charged with obtaining $130 from James V Smith, by false and fraudulent representations. It appears that on the 31st of August last, Smith was arrested on a charge of bastardy, and locked up in the Tombs; shortly alter the accused parties were engaged as counsel for Smith, and an arrangement was made by th<*s lawyers and the aid bf the prisoner's friends, that bv paving $130 the case should be settled. They also lepree'ented that an arrangement bad been made wnn .Mr Leonard, the alma house commissioner, that the case should be quashed on payment of tbat sum; consequently, Smith was bailed out by St. John, the money wan paid, and Smith supposed all fin settled, until he found himaelf arrested again on the same charge; and it was then ascertained that no such arrangement had ?ver been made by the aocus?d parties with .Mr Leonard. but the $130 tbus paid by Smith for that purpose had been retained by Krszler and St. John, without ?f. fectlog the desired object. The case, we understand, is to be lurther heard before the magistrate on Monday Honor the Uravc. Mb. Kpitos? Would It not be well, it our citizens, in Addition to their other kindnesses to the brave men who have fallen at Mexlco.should ibtain either by purehaseor by grant n piece of ground in the beautitul " Greenwood Cemetery'' for the r<-poft? of the remains of those heroes who have fallen so nobly in their oountry's cause ' Such an appro prift'.lon would also add incalculable interest to ibat luaguifiuent Necropolis The spot might obar-cterintli/illy be i;amed " l'he Warrior's Rest." Should the ground be obtained, no doubt it would be munificently adorned by the generous syupatbisers If this suggestion is acceded to, would it not be well done to act on it immediately? as the remains of several of those brave men are hourly expected Mr. I remain, ko. DAVID SJAMULL BROWNE, (nod others,) 4'.>i Broome street. l)Mrmh*r 10. 1817. I l)i kl ;*kak Newark, N. .).?Alluel Was fought I on Tnursdtiy near this city, bftween a Mr. \ ?11'iritine. a member of the bar of Xew York, and William lleury Herbert, Knj , a j;<*Qtlenian residing at a rural I place od tbe bank of th? i'eS'uio, about half way between this city and RelleTtlle. It appears that after their deI termination to settle a controversy eilsting between them, the nature of which we have not learned, by a resort to a duel, they repaired to Upper Canada for that purpose. The authorities there getting w)nd of it, had me or both of them arrested; they then returned and concluded to settle the natter here The ground selected was uear tbe road leading from Belleville to Iiloomfield, about half a mile from the former place, and about two miles frcm this city. They met on tbe ground about I-J o'olook, noon, with their respective friends, and after the usual preliminaries had been arranged, they took their stand. At the lirst tire, by nme overnight, the reoondofMr Valentine not having cocked his pistol, his lire was lost, and Mr. Herbert's did not take eflVot At tho s rond tire Mr. Valentine's bail grazod tbe whltlcarof Mr. Herbert, but without doing any Injury Mr. Herbert's did uot taka effeat. At the termination of this tire, Mr Herbert's second proposed a reconciliation, but this was opposed on the part Of Mr. Valentine, assign ing as one reason that Mr. Herbert had already had ! wo shots to his one. The parties were again stationed, : end at the third Ore the ball of Mr. Valentine passed I through the lower part of one leg of Mr. Herbert's pantaloons, and just graaing the upper part of his boot or leather gaiter A reconciliation was then effected, and j tha parties with their filends separated Mr Herbert i l? an Knglisbraan. and \1r. Valentine is also a foreigner. The lending of e. challenge and fighting a duel, are 1 crimei ot a high grade under our law, and we truit tba partial in thin ?** will y?t ht mml* to feel thtir iVwirk J*" 1 r ' "" " ' ' - JL 1 r. ' * Law tat?Ulg?ncf. UxitkD Statu Diiiiict Court, Deo. 11.?Before J ail)}# Betta ? The United Stale* vt Jtm-tJi. Fre'tnan. The Slave Cute.? The OdM fur the prosecution was closed on Friday .|aftrr which defendant's counstl briefly opened thn def-noe. Oo Saturday morning the caa? , wan r??u<ned . the charter parly executed by Charles . Mathews, the owner of the bark Chanoe)lor,to Theodore ' Carnot, was the flrat piece of evidence put in and read The evidence taken on the crosa-examination of Wm. Freeborn, who supplied the ship'a atorea. waa also put | lu and read, to show that nothing waa taken on board but wh tt might be taken In ordinary cases. The evidence of William Taylor, one of the crew, waa read, which otated that the Chancellor waa chartered for a trading voyage ; he alao testified that the cargo constated of the uauai article* for trading along the African coast. Cape Mouut was the flrat place they touched at; the vessel waa very leaky when they arrived thore, and the pumpa were continually kept going The oatka that were on board were pulm oil casks and were very dirty and full of gurry ; veaaela arriving before the season for getting the palm oil, are g?n?rally employed in trading up and dowu the co?st, buying and selling rioe, Sic.; the rig of the Chancellor waa changed from that of a bark to a ' jack ars" brig,we went to Cape Talmas for the purpose ot getting palm oil; there were about tllrty bricks anil minis planka onboard; the planks were not strong enough to bear the weight ot a man on them if he stood still ; never saw any t-hacklea on board exoept those brought by the erew of the Dolphin ; never heard or aaw anv thinir that would lead me to believe that the Chancellor was tube employed in the (lave trade or any other unlawful t raffle; canoes are used on the coast iunt?ad ol surf boats, fjt the purpose of carrying water, Sco., as the boats cannot at all times land; knew before hand for what purpose the vessel went to Sierra Leone; beard the captain say it was to repair. Theevidence ot Doctor Samuel F. McGlll was next put in and read; he testified that he was a physician residing at Cape i'almas; that he know* Theodore Carnot, and that he. Carnot, deals with the witoet s and his brother for camwood, palm oil, ivory, Slo., and that witness receives in return, woollen goods, ^uupawder, ko ; that las: spring ue In t li puncheons of palm oil ready for delivery to euld Theodora Carnot, aud that Lieut Uelany refused to take it on board; from geeiug the deeds he knows that Mr. Carnot and Mr. Redmond, of London, own a great portion of Cape Mount. It is usual lor vessels engaged in the palm oil trade to havo a larg'i quantity of casks on board. In the year 103U, he knew that an American citizen on his way from 15assa to , was murdered by a native tribe, and that Captain Carnot purohased and manned three vessels, supplied them with arms and ammunition, headed them himself, sailed up one of the rivers, until he came to the village, attacked it, recovered the body of the murdered man, and destroyed the murderers; Captain Carnot was badly wounded in the expedition; he also knows that Captain Carnot, la 1340, gave up all connection with the slave trade, aud that, in consequence, his lit.) and the destruction ol his property were threatened by the natives. '1'Ue evidence of Captain Dod^e was also put in and read?he testified that he was four voyages to the coast of Africa ; be took out domestic goous, p.ank, scantling.| Sto , and the return cargoes were cammiiiil imlin nil*. ffolil<lust. ivo.: he knows it Is necessary to h?v? lirno ou board for the purpose of plastering the beads oftbe oil casks and ketpiog the oil sweet; knows that It it quite common to alter the )ialnt on a vessel; it is also uaunl to alter the rig of vessels; it is usual for a vessel to run up and down the ooast several times; vessel* that uolleot oil from the natives are mush longer on the ooHst than those who get it in port; knows that governor Roberts wan hostile to Captain Carnot; knows Captain Caru^t hai a plantation at Capomount and supplies men-of-war with wood and provisions, and deals with tfce natives for ivory, palm oil, &o ; was frequently ut Captain Carnot's place at Capemount, and for several miles round b>a plantation; never saw uny baraoouns or blaves there; thiuks they could not be tbere without seeing them; knows that Captain Carnot of his own accord gave up the slave trade in 1840. Bkmjamin Ferris, a oustom-house offloer?Was on board the bark Cbanoellor; on the 29th June last she was put In witness' charge by the publio authorities of th? United States; wituess made an Inventory of what was on board of her at the time they were discharging her; she contained aid bags rice, 1 cask palm oil, 4 oiuoes, some camwood, 86 boards, 100 oil casks; there was also a quantity of rlne. beef and pork, gome muskets, blunderbusses, cutlass 2 mortars, and thirty-one bricks; the water in the water casks was very bad, aot fit to be given to a human being; took out some of the water ut the time and sealed it up in bottles with his ?? ? '?? #AAlr iiunimana nf tha rift* ihe water an>i riot) were here produced to show that the water wu unfit for use, and that the rloe wu that usually traced along the African ooaat. Croit examined ? Q ? Have you ever tried the experiment ?f taking fresh water from onr springs and keeping it for a considerable time to know what its oondition would be? A.?No, sir. I know that water got on the ooast of Afrioa would in four or five months become impure; witness was tlx months orulsing on the coast of Afrioa. In order that water should keep well, It ought to be put into clean vessels; the appearanoe of tbe water now produoed is abouc the same now as when I first saw It. The deposition <-f Prter L. 8e?ly was put in and read. He testified that be was stevedore, and helped to load the Chancellor in 184ti;kthere were some one and a-halfinc.h pine plank put on board; there was not enough to raako a deck, and even if there were, they were not flt for that purpose; her oargo was not similar to that put on board the Fatuxant. The deposition of the Rev. Mr. Sirs, taken on the trial of Captain Davis, was put In and read ?He testified that be was missionary on the coast cf Afrioa; knew Captain Carnot; knew from general report that he had given up all oonneotlon with the slave trade, and that he afterwards went to reside at Cape Mount, 10 carry on agrioulture and to trade with tbe natives; saw some of the officers of the Amerioan and British ships, employed on the coast for the suppression of the slave trade,at Captain Carnot's house; knew they often spent a day at his house; heard that the king of the French had conferred on him tbe order of the Legion of Honor The testimony ol Captain Holzkch. was next put in and read He testified that he traded up and down the coast of Afrioa ; it is until on that coast to trade lu rloe ; there is some times a scaroity of rloe there ; sold rice at Cape Mount, whioh witness boaght at < ?pe Talmas ; was present when an arrangement wan lunde by Captain Davis. for the sale of rloe; he atreid to giva Davis the Rams for the rice u He (?t? wl'n <s.i It is usual to carry out lumber to construct buiidiigs , wit neM hlmsvlf carried out lumber lor that purpose. I never biw ?dt slaves at Cape Mount; Ca.not's reputution is good at that place ; the belief that he has gives up all connection with the slave trade, is universal at Cape Mount Jamci Leslie* examined?Saw the ratuxant before she sailed ; furnished her with about 9,0(H) feet of pine plank, which was put on board ; it was for the purpose of finishing a vessel then building on the ooast of Africa ; it was of the very best description, and cost the highest price ; plank that would only cost $15 m thousand, would answer as well for a slave deck. The evidence of Kukdekick French was next read? Was n tailor on board (he Fatuxant; traded along the coast for several months ; we traded in hams, rioe, Sio., and brought home a cargo of camwood ; beard from a number of persons on the coast, that Captain Carnot has not, for several years, been concerned in the slave trade. The evidence of Thomas L. Siiaw was read?He was mate of the f'ntuxant, and sailed for the coast of Africa in September, 18-15 ; traded up and down the coast for severul months, in rice, iiu , and took in freight and passengers at diiferent places, and landed them at ether places on the coast; never heard or supposed the Patuxant was to be concerned in the slave trado. The evidence of James Sullivan, seaman, was put in and read-He testified that the American officers visited at Captain Carnot';; never beard that Captain Carnot was employed in the slave trade Captain Mkrey examined?Is a seafaring man, and has been so for a number of years ; examined the bark Chancellor last summer, while in charge of a custom bouse oflloer. The remainder of this witnesses' testimony was similar to that of Mr Ferris He also testified that he saw nothing uncommon on board the Chan OOliUl , All ?pno?|r Ut.kT.vt vtt? <?> ? ivwg v? J'-ti*-') ?*kv Buyplied with arms. Captain Wm. Nelson examined?In one of the pott warden* of thin port; gave the same testimony m the former witness The Court then ai'journed. Murknion Court, Deo ll.?I/i Banco.?Dtcitium.? II?lene It. (Jacher ?t al va Aure Van Kdnn?Order to ><how MR to fit&np over till next Saturday Jar M Lewis vh Thoa. T Hayea et al.?Motion denied, witn fill ooats. Mra. C. White et al. va W. M. Howard -Judgment for defendant. Philip Kearney, juo. vs. Oeu. D 1'ost?Judgment for plaintiff. Wm. Argill va W m C. Bryant?Judgment for the defendant. G. S Went, adrm, Charles Oakley ? Judgment for plalutilf on demurrer, with leave to defendant to amend on payment of cost* Chas. Wadaworth t?. <ieo. T. Oreen et al ? Judgment for plaintiff Tho Long Island Kallway Company adun Richard Kldrldije Judgment for plaintill ou demurrer, with leave to defendant to amend upon payment of coat*, within ten dayx after notice of thin rule Jos. Htyleavs Timothy Hauslund?Ju Jgment affirmed. Le Count is. William Smith?Judgment iftirmed Miehael Hu*h?*Ti. P?t?r Mulvey ?Jutlgmaot itfllrmed. Beajtmln F Hunt et al. a (lam. Silas Wood? Motinu to net aside report of referee dtrnied. John R. Livingstone, jua adsni Stanley II Fleetwood?Motion fjr new trial denied The same vs. Luther Lobdell et al ?Motion for new trial denied. CoraT or Orwraii- Sf.jsiohs, Dec. 11 ?Before Reooriier Scott and Aldarmeu Smith and Crolius.?John Molt eon, Eccj. dlatrlot attorney. I'lc did Ouiltu At the opening of tho court this .noruiofi, Louia Lockwood pleaded guilty to an indictment for petit leroeny, and waj sentenced to the penitentiary for a term of (J months Su?prmt,m?The court, lu the oase of John Irwin, oouvlcted by hia own plea, lor keeping a disorderly bouae in Water street, appended juJguient, prisoner having vacated the premise*. Htnch Wurrant?Samuel Hudfon was brought Into court on a bench warrant, Issued ou an indictment for receiving stolen gooda, when hiaeeunael, A. I) Hups-41. Kan made a motion to ball thn defendant The court ! d> I <rred their decision uniu ,>ionuay; ixjeanuuie hip I prisoner was committed. Jolin McKarland vu also brought into court on a bench warrniit, for burglary, and committed to prison for trial. I^tialfor Grand I.a'cmy? John H. Carrs wad then placed at the bar tor trial, on an indictment for graod larceny, in having.on the 9(tth d?y of May. 1846, stolen a hauk bill, of the thIu? of $100, Irora Dutid Klstoa. Darin Kl? row. being sworn, deponed?On the 90th day of May, 184ft, I redded In Brooklyn; on that day my wifa asKetl tne for a dollar for her sinter, who *m cowing to tills oity; I garo her a hill, which I thought was a dollar Mil but which I subse |uniitly discovered wus an hundred dollar bill; I had two bills of that denumi-, nation on the <;ttr Bank of New York, and four one dollar bills; after discovering my mistaks, I went to my wife's nister. and asked what she bad done with the bill; she told me she got it changed at a store in Thames street Amelia Hamion, being sworn, deposed ?I am a sis'er to Mrs. Kliston; I recollect the circumstance of changing I a bill lit lb? store of Mr. Carrs; 1 do not kuow what I kind of a bill it was 1 The proseoatlng attorney stated that there wss an insufficiency of testimony for oonviotion, and should not. therefore, ask it at their bands. The jury immediately found ii verdict of not guftty. Covrt Camsdak n>n Mohpat-Circuit Court?40, 44. '20, 57, 69. 13. 61 83, to 70, IncluefSuinrior Cowl | -7, 4i, 63, 6S?, ao. 470, 64, AO, 67, 78, 78, 10, 41, H, M, I H, M, *i, *7, M. W, t0,?l,W, 98, "?4, MH AAtln of the West In die*. The f ill -wini< Important desp*toh has been communi catel to th-j West Indian Ys?oclatlon : ? TO GOVERNOR 81H C. UUKY, &.C. UowniNii THiKT.utt 30,1847 Sir: ?I transmit to yeu herewith a copy of a memorial fr<>m proprietor!), merchants, ami others, connected with tin island of Jamaica, ia wuich tbey represent the dilBouities under which iht-y labor, an 1 ajiply for assistance to bo ensbied to surmount them The topics brought before h. r majesty's government In this memorial aro u you will peroelve, the samn which hare been for some time paat under their constant consideration; but the progress of events gives them every day an increasing interest aud inuortanoe Long before the enaotaient of the acH'or the ultimata repeal of tha discriminating duties on foreign sugar, it had beootne manifeit that lu the existing state of opinion in thii country, founded as it was in reaaon and on facts, if the cultivation of sugar by free labor could not be sustained on principles of free trade. It could not be ' sustaiued at all. Ho long as these principles were not brought into operation, it was obvious that the basis on ' which this commerce and cultivation rested was hoilow aud unbound, and that all calculations connected with it must, proceed upon very doubtful and precarious data. It was essential, therefore, to the welfare of all parties, to commence without delny the experiment of bringing the principles of free trad- by progressive steps into full activity, and maintaining tie cultivation of smear with a reduction and early extinction of the discriminating duties This experiment being Indispensably necessary, was to be undertaken in a spirit of hope and confidence, and in that spirit I trust it will still be oarri?*d on. But, ... a U ?l.Ma i. a?nIUa?Un stf tt? V)1>Ib/>L pies of fiee trade which ?u entitled to more anxious attention on the pare of her majesty's uovernuient with a view to promote its success ; because, of nil merely oo?*? mrroial meaoures it 1* that which involves the most momentous consequences, moral and political, as well at commercial With the maintenance of the colonial agriculture and exports In bound up the moral end industrial well-being, tbe education, enlightenment, and good government of the negro race In tbe British colonies; and. along with that, the abatement and ultimate exter- ' initiation of tne slave-tiade and of slavery throughout the world It was with a full sense of the lmp^Ttance of the interests depending, and of the oiitlcal nuf ure of tbe experiment, that I applied myself to tbe subject when I assumed the seals ol this otSoe; and tben, as now. tbe want of an adequate supply of labor was the diffloulty most dwelt upon by the planters and merchants; and this was tbe evil whloh it was obviously most essential to obviate. For tbe early, though not oertainly the immed(fcte< mitigation of this evil. I looked to the education and In* dustrial training of the negroes, and I have pressed this subject repeatedly and most anxiously on the attention of tne Assemblies For a more direct alleviation I place great reliance upon the introduction of improved methods and implements of agriculture and processes of manufacture; and I have rejoioed to receive, from time to time, reports of Improvements of this nature being in successful progress. But the supply of labar by immigration was the resource for whioh it was conceived that the assistance of her majesty's government might | be chiefly made available; and I lost no time in oon: fi Jeriug l>x what meaus this assistanoe might best be I given Tbe expense of the transport ef Coolies from ! Itrififth Indlft?ftn?iifth ilk to*Tnlt? rinuHfa r.n ?> >? nf the Jamaica assembly an to the expediency of carrying that immigration forward, and i saw muoh reason to apprehend that these doubts were well founded, and that this immigration could not be conducted on any terms which would render it adequately remunerative. It remained to establish, If possible, an extended emigration from the parts of Afrioa wh*-re slavery does not prevail, and whence an intelligent and serviceable class of emigrant* might be prooured. After every practicable inquiry had been made In this country as to the proipoot ?f succeeding in such an attempt^r majesty's steamship Qrowler, was despatched to the Boo coast for emigrants, and, although she has been for the moment diverted from the prosecution of that particular service by the oooarrence of an opportunity of conveying a large number of liberated Africans to the West Indies, the intelligence which has been reoeived by no means abates the hopes whiah have bee a entertained, and she has gone back to Africa with the additional advantage of conveying thither, as d-legiten from British Guiana and Trinidad, between 100 and 300 Kroomen and other Africans. These persons have been exceedingly prosperous in British Ouiana, and they return to their country, acoording to a despatoh from Governor Light, of which a onpy is annexed, with large sums of money, the earnings of their labor in the West Indies; twenty-nine of them having deposited in the hands of the captain of the Growler no less a snm than ?671 15s. lud. 1 am not, therefore, without hope that the succeeding operations ot the Growler may realise the prospeot of emigrants being obtained from the Kroo ooast in large numbers, and her mejesty's government are prepared to take prompt measures for oonveying them to the West I adieu with the l?Mt outlay which may be found to be compatible with the proper eonduot of the aerviea. It i? lndiapenaable that that outlay should be defrayed by the oolonUa to which the "migrants are taken; nor la it posaible for me, eapeolally in the present state of the reaouroea of thia country, and having regard alao to the extraordinary demands made upon them from the various exigencies of the time, to bold out any expectation that her Majesty's government can recommend to parliament that either a grunt of money or a loan should be made by this country to the West India soloniea for the advancement of these objects; but any number of merohant vessels will be employed which it is found possible to employ with advantage, and the expenses of which the colouies may be prepared to provide for. The manner of conducting the aervioe must afford an absolute and indisputable eeourity agalnat any immigrants bring taken without their free oonsent, obtained by fair and well-founded statements. Her Majesty's government oannot for a moment admit the validity of the arguments in favor of Africans being reaoued from slavery by purchase, in order that they may be removed to a state of freedom. Such a proceeding would be sure to make more slaves than it redeemed, und to make them in 'he worst way, by furnishing, like the slave trnde itself, a provocative to the system of barbarous outrage and warfare by whloh that traffic la fed. It is lndlspen| sable, in order to guard against abuses of this nature, that the aervioe fhould be oonduoted under the regulations ot the government, and on those parts only of the ; Aiticau ooaet where slavery and the alave trade are found not to prevail At present, however, there ia nothing to chow that the employment of ships of war will he n?o<-ssary, or that any coat of superlnte- dence need be iecurred beyond that of a government agency on board the vessel and on the coast. 8uoh a superintendence is, in fact, as ntoersary to theauocess of the undertaking as ir< is essential to the character of this country; ui (fcftjj vu^uiitui-o UI uuooo nviuu iUCfUBU1J pub Mil end to the operations. With regard to the means by whioh the colonies might be enabled to mert the cost?when I first came to the consideration of this rutject, the wisdom of the Assembly of Jamaica had already furnished, in the clause of their immigration act imposing stamp duties on engagements tor immigrant labor, an example of legislation which I did not fail to adopt aud recommend to other colonies. 1 added, as you are awure, and 1 still recommend to the attention of the Legislator" of Jamaica, a suggestion for the imposition of a monthly tax on immigrants introduced at the publio expense, and not under a stamped engagement to lab r This may not he required in the case of the Coolie immigrants, whose habits and comparative Isolation in ihe community throw them upon engagements with the planters as a necessary resource. Uu; I should fear that without it the African , immigrants introduced at the expense of the colony, in ' order mat they may hire themselves to work, wiU not always b? fouud to fulfil that expectation and repay the cost of their passage. buch are the measures which I have hitherto adopted aud reuemmonded to meet the deficiency iu the supply of labor, and the stepB which were neoessaty to give effect to these measures, so far as they depended upon her Vlsjesty's government, have bten taken, 1 trust, with the least possible delay, and with all the care requisite to give ttieni a fair prospeot of sucoess; aud there is no other proprr and practicable measure oalculated to advance these objects in whioh we should not most gladly oo-operate with the Legislators of Jamaica to the utmoet extent of the menus at our disposal. If the measures now in contemplation, or any others which may be devised, for the introduction of immigrants, should have an extensive sucoess ; and if neither that suooess nor the anticipation of it, be allowed to Interfere with the dilignnt pursuit of every possible im ! provement in agricultural and manufacturing processes, and still lew with the education and industrial training | of the negroes, I trust there is good reason to hope, not only tbat the present difHcultiee of the West Indian interest may prove to be temp rary, but tbat when they shall have passed away, any mi asurn of prosperity which may be attained will be Heady and assured in ita progress, an J nut subject to that constant recurrence of revulskns and vicissitudes which tha charaoteristio ot West Indian agriculture and oomiaerce la former time*. The statements made to ma by the gentlemen "h" waited upon me with the present memorial were strongly corroborative of this hope They assured me that tbey had no reason to complain of waat of industry on the part of the laboring population The evil was not th*t tbey were wanting in industry, but tbat 'hey were oo few in numbeia for the many employments of IndusI try to which a state of freedom had given birth, lndej fjundetitly of those in which the fixed capital ot the su| ^?r planter is Invented ; and tbat suoh la the real stat>> i of the case is shown by the large increase of imports i which hus aooompanieu tbe decline ot exvorts sIlch the ! period of emancipation. Nor did these gentlemen com' ,.Ialn of the rata of wages as exorbitant. Ou the contrary, they eta sd that th?y would be ccuteut to pay the | prtSent wages, it a suflideucy of laborers it those wages could bo obtaiaed with certainty and regularity. Under these ciroumitanoes, it is evident ihat no Injury oan arise to the uativa laborers of lamaica by the Intr-duction of foreign laborers on tb? contrary, it is inist important to the natives that this fireign siJ shonld bo given, deeply interested as thnya ein the general prosperity of th? ialuntl and the *u?oort ot the educated ciaeaes. ami thrma of European extraction, on wli im for a long time to come the civil lus. itutions and t he administration of tliH laws must mainly put. And It is worthy of remark that, lo dome colonies, at least, the negroes themselv. n nave evinced no repugnance whatever to the introduction of emigrant laborers, such a? might be expected in countries where there I* a competition for employment; but that In innny places the stranger* hare been very hospitably received by the negroes, and treated with n marked cord allty If this reception and the advantages they meet with rihall Induce the emigrants to settle finally in the West Indies, th-re can be no doubt that their gain will be great in doing so Hut, If they sh?ll pr?for to return to Vfnoa with the property th?y may have accumulated, , thtrii will be a fairer prospect than has ever yet been opened tf at length introducing into that country the arts and habits of civilised life; whilst the success of frf? labor in tho West Indirs will oo-operate with these civilising influences In extinguishing the slave trade, and It wl(J no longer be the Interest of nations claiming to be civilised to promote the worst barbarities of those on whom the advantages of t'hrlstlatilty have ?ot yet been confirmed I stated to the deputation which waited upon me some of the views whleli I have here de.rcloped, and, at their Instance. 1 have thus communicated them to you; and, as U appeared to then that some advantage might be derived from making them known to .the Assembly of Jamaica. I have to request th*t you will submit to thut bedv a copy of tMi I h?v?, he,

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