Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 13, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 13, 1847 Page 1
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TH] Whole No. 4030. PARK THEATRE ?Benefit of ME. BARRV-Monday Kvfum*. Dec. II. will he performed the play of L<> Vk.'8 S \C KI5'ICK?Matthtw Kllmore or Aylmer, Mr. Countr; Paul I afout, Mr. Uyott; Kuiene De Lorine, Mr. 8ttrk;lV?arKiret Ellmore Miss Charlotte Birnes;'He' mime de Vrrinuul, M'i. Abbot. T? conclude with the comidy of the HONEV MOON?D'tke Artatu, Mr. R?ry;Jiqiti, VJr. fiats; llohndo, Dyott; Juli?na, Mr?. <1 Jones; Volante, Mrs. Abbott.? II ??os. tl; P t. M cut; Gallery, ti cents. M' BLAKE, Treasurrr. r#?i>ec fully beKeleare to inform his friends arid the public, that his Benebt will take place ou Wednesday next, Dec IJ, on which occasion various dramatic novelties will be produced. farther particulars in small bills. Uoi book no* open. dll lt'rrc BOWERY THEATRE.?A.W Jacison Mar??er; Stnjie Manuitr Ma. Stutchs.?Mmdar Evening, Dee 13, will he peifo toed the drama of VAL3HA. or the Revolt of the Hlaves?Premislans Mr. Bellamj; Oraff, Mr C. W. Clarke; Bilbec, Mr Burke; Va ilia. Mrs Phillips After which Levi Noith a"d the Horse Tammany. To be followed tw the ballet of UISELLE, or 'he Willies?Giselle, Mitt Turubull; Prince Al>rt, Mr O W. Smith; Hilarion, Mr. 8te*en?. To r nclude with the comedy of BURIED ALIVE?Benjamin liowbell, Mr. Bur'e; Oimbo, Mr. Jordan Doors open at (K o'clock. aid the caruie will rise (ll Boies, 1}cents; fu and IMne. i. I?X Cents. CCHATHAM THK Vl'Kfc.?Lfadartite Maaageraeai oi Mr J FLETCHER?Stage Manager, Mr Hieltl? On Monday Evening, Dec 11. will be presented the drama >( BLACK MANTLE. < r Wrniock of Weulock? Habere Lyle. Mr. 0. Taylor; Wol', Mr. HieM; Oirick, Mr. Hiiih'rlano : Lady Roweua, Mm Hildreth; Eva Mri. McLean. Ti? be followed by ilie MODEL AKTMTES. To conclude with the drama of '1 HE ROLL, OF THE DRUM, a Story of the French War ? Ernest. Mr. Sutherland; Oncar, Mr. Stafford; CorporaL Mr. HieM; Emilia. Mian 111 Id ret h Door* open at half past 6? performance to commence at 7 o'clock. Boies 25 cents?fit, In ir^ms CtTlli.lfS-uO WKKr AMI'HITIIEATKE?Johi* TatoS > Mau tis ?Monday Evening. L)?c. I J? Kngauea^ut of Kand?, Lent 8t Co'sTroupe of DANCINO HORSES May Kl/niil tlucephalus. The FIOH I I !N << PONIES,the Fairy Putii's, the I'win Ponies and the Tom Thumb Pony, luaddi tiuntuall he splendid a'ts of Hoisemananip. Vaulting, Tom-. HI K Hope volntion*. he., fcc. Sam Lathrop, Clown Mr Oror.e *weer, Vr Madigan, Mr. < ole.and all the talent of Hi* regular company will also be introduced. Boxes 25 cents; Pi', '3J* crura dlJU'rh (vi ITi;HeL"! 's OLVMPkT THKATKK ?On~~MoudaT l?I Kvenng. Dec I J, the perfnrraancrs will commence with THK JAOOBITK?J. hu Duck. Mr. Holland; Widow Pottle, Mri. Henry: Party Pottle, Mrs. Timm After which, 1st tmo.lJPfEH HOW HOUSE IN DISASTER PLACEA la Mode. Mr Chaafrnu; Jeraie Twitche.r, Esn . Mr. Couover; Luteitring Mm IVIsrv Tay'or; Sarin, Mist Pnillipi After which, THE BOARDING 8 HOOL?Capt. Harconrt, Mr t.mnfr u: Caroline Blytlie, M>ss Mary Taylor. To conclude with TrMMBLE KiG?J hu Ginger, Mr. Holland. Doors open half paste, and the curtain will rise at?.?Dress Circle Mnr, Upper Boxes tSct Pit. I2Kc. BARMUM'S AVIKKICAN MUSEUM?P T MaaniiM, Praprie'or: F Hitohcoc*. Manager?SP'.ENDID PERFORMANCES EVKRV AFTERNOON at Jo'clock.aiid Evety ? unni' g at *7>? o'clock. Engaged, for a few days, ! a vfPRiri.t.'a rTHinpiaw RV.itV.ft Ahum* and op. KU \ CO v|p-vV Y. who will appear in a GRAND ETHIOI I a.N BUKL.ESQUE OPEKA, and alio in th?i' Popular 51 in.trelsy, at each performance. ANo a enfrnjeil the OH E AT WESTERN. Mita BKRNARD, Mies JULIEN, MODELS Off SHAKSPEARE'S ilOlJSK, and other huildiugs connected within, bi.tory; UVINO ORANG OUTANG, fccAJmittance to tha whole, 2i cent.; children andar ten year, or age dud old enough to walk alont, 13X cents Rr.erved liontjeat., one .hilling each extra. d5 re M lit HA is Ids' iTaLL. 471 Broadway, Between Wraeil nd Oroome streets. Crowded to overflowing with the BEAUTY and FASHION oi New York. OPEN EVERY NlOHT. t/'NABATICD 8UCCESM Ninth Week of the Original CHRISTYH MINSTRELS The Olde.t Established Band in the United ?. P. CHRISTY E. 1'EIRCE, O. N.CHRISTY. C. ABBOTT. J. RAYNOR, T. VAUGHN, whoae original and inimitable concerts are nightly hunored with faswded and highly reipectableaudience., and universally admitted to excel every amusement of a similar diameter offered ia this city. Adiniiaion 25 cents. Chilcren under II year., half price. Doors open at 7; concert will e<>mm*nee at > o'clock. d!2 7t*re MlNEMVA ROOMS. BHOADWAY.?THE ORIUlNAL VIROINIA SERENADKKS.?Messrs. J. R Mvers, A. K. Winnemnre. G. Kunkel V Solomon, and the two Son. of Momus, J Smford and E. Horn, beg leave to .late, lint tlicy will give Three of their ani>)?e Ethiopian Concerts, us above mentioned, on Monday, Tuesday, aud Wcdnewny Evenings. Ded. llth, 14th and lfth, witn a new selection of Songs, Glees, Ike. The Concert will conclude with the Dnrleaque Opera of STUKKO. Kor Particulars see Programme. Cards of admiasiou 26 cents Children with thrir gmrdians, half price. Doors open 6X. concert c >min*nce 7K. dl* 2'*rc B HO AD WAY ODEON?Entrance through Pintenx's Saloon?Under the management of Mr. E.G. Grisly.? Un Monday Eveninir. D. c. 13th. will be presented a varietv of entertaining perfjrmaucea, ainont which; Miss C. Blanclinrd will play several favorite airs on the Mnsical U.asats; Mr. H. O Sherman and Miu Roberts sing iome favorite songs: Mis* Adele nod Mix Lamee in two dances, mid tlii Grecian Kxercises nv Miu Blanehard. After the above a series of TABLEAUXVlVANTR,laeluriing amongothergroupings, " rui>;d|.\nd Veoua " " The Amatonian Triumph/'' Venus mining out of the Bath," and a Orand National Tableau in Honor of the United State*. . BHOADWAY CABTNO-IJKANNIE RE YlVOI. U80N~, the nnri|uilled Scotch Ballad Binger, takes her Beiiefi*. at the above place, on Tneaday Evening, Dec. 14th, ou which oecisien she will introduce tome new and very b?au ilnl Scotch songs. Besides the talented company now engaged at the Casino, Miss Agnes Ma>r, Mr. Kavanah and Mr Neal, Imvc kindly voivmtMrMl thoirservices far tW? main d11 tt?r; RUrUEH8' 1N8TITU IE?TYROL*. AN CONCERT. ?The Hauser family, relatives of the Rainen. will have the honor of giving their 811th Concert in Air erica, on Mnndav evening. December 13th, at the Rutgers' Institute, on which oootiua they will present an entire chirge pf pro gmmm*. Tickets admitting a gentleman and two I?dies. >1; single tickets, 10 cents. Doors open at half-past 6: to commence a-, half past 7 o'clock. No postponement on acconnt of weather. dll I?*rc OC1K.TV LiBtt AttV LEUTUKE ,ROOV1 Hrotdway. ?Mrt. LYINNE'ii Musical Illustrations of Miakspears Tnuriday Evening, Dec. 16th?M ACBETH. Tickets, One D liar To commence at > o'clock. ANVAMU'9 MAMMOTH PANORAMA OK IHM1K8.KSIPPI RIVfcR, painted on three miles of cat vaas! exhibiting a view of country 1300 miles 'in length, extending from the mouth oftli? Missouri River to the city of New Orleans, and reaching oyer ten degrees oi latitude, being the largest p<iatmc in the world, at the new Panorama Building it B'oadway, adjoining Nibio's Ga*den. Open every evening, (Sunday axcetted ) Admission SO iinti; children half price T?? P.nurnu will rommenco m riving at 7 o'clock precisely Afternoon exhibitions on Wednesday! aud Hataxlays. at 3 J kn II 1 M till 19 M ,ll9l9t?r<. OK A SHOKT TIM'K LONUKK-MRS. PltLBY'S celebrated collection of Scriptural Statuary. coBiiitiag ol the following groans. representing important and iDt?re*tin( subjects, the size or life:?The Trial ofonr 8aTiour. Ti e Last Supper. The Birth of Chriit. The Moral Scene of the laternerate Family. Is now open at <11 Broadway, late Walker'a Mil tic. Rooms, opposite the Apollo, every day, from 11 A.M., to 10 P. M. Admittance 25 centat On the Sabbath after divine service, liom 6 P. M. tillP. M. Children half price. d 12 lt?m THK ORKKK SLAVE, corner of Broadway and Leonard street?This statne, by Powers, will remain in New York a short time loniier. AH aeaaon ticket* issued since the Kth October will be available until the cloae of the exhibition ? Mincle xdmiasi- n 26 cents; season tickets 59 cents. Hou'S of exhibition from 9 A. M. nntil 10 P. M d6 7teodrc WAIjMJT d r.THEATRE?I'lulailelphia ? Lessee. Mr. K. A. Marshall. Maivger, Mr. J. Wallack. Jr.?Fifth Nigh'ofMR COLLI Ng, the celebiated Irish Comedian and Vocalist?Monday Evening December 13, will be performed. KOKV O'MOtvK?Hory O'More, Mr. Cullins; tthandlen Mr Leman; D? tVclakin, Mr. N. Johnson; Bcrunbs, Mr. a'Beckett; Kathleen. Missrhapman; Marv, Mrs. Rogers. Pas de Tan lioni by Misa Walters To conclude with A ROLAND FOR AN OLIVKK-Alfred Highflyer. Mr Wheatley: Bir Mark Chtse Mr. a'Beckett; Fixture, Mr. Chapman; Maria. Miss Chapman; Mrs. Fixture, Mrs. Thayer. MK. CULLINS every night this week O" TTIONON'S GYMNASIUM.?CHAKLK8~ i. OI' TIOVON informs the public that hie extensive and well ventilated estnblishment, 15, P and 19 Canal street, corner of Elm, is open from sunrise till 10 P M. for the reception of gymnasts and punils His Oymnasinm is e mpletely fu-nished with all 'he apparatus f.>r performing the whole exercises of a Gymnasium. SPARRING fCHOOL?vlr O will personally in truct at *11 times, tho?e who desire it, in the art of fielf-Defence. J^HOOt. OF AHM9?Fencing taught, by au experienced Professor frrm Paris, with the small or broad swords, or singlestick. The Pistol Oallery is furnished with the very best of English Duelling Pistwls. and all the other appuitenances for Pistol Practice N U ?Mr. O. at the request of a numberof gent'emea in Brooklyn, is now having nunc in oue 01 me mini airy,>' ?no ctiiirii location* in tin' city, an eitenaire Gymnasium, which will be farmaheil with till the apparatna found in any Ovmnaainm He intends it shall not he inferior to a..y other establishment of the kind in the United htatae. Subscription Book ia now open at his (if mnaaiuin in Canal street, where any further information can be obtai ed. d4 12t*m VRDKH LA KA YICTTK-The hrat Ball of th? La vX Kayette (iuarda will take plaee at th?C litems, No 4W Broadway, on Wedneaday Erenir.K. Dec 22d, 1I4T. The Committee of Arrangements assu'ea those ladi* and gentlemen who in iv honor this. their flrat Ball bytneir pretence, tint nn efforts on their |??rt will be wan'ing to render itagreellli in< fllllllllUI?tlTM that thr arrangements iheynare made ire audi aa cannot Cail to pleaae the most faatidions? Ticket* of admission. inc'ading sup|*r for a lady and gentleman, can be had <>f the following Commute*. fnce S3. Cant. J Lmiati, 4.'>1 Peatl aireet; Mr. H Rillet. 12 Bearer stieet; Mr. H. O >nlrt, 60 John atree'; Mr. Wm. Sullivan, K6 Christopher I eet; Mr I, Lcclere. 30ft Broadway; Mr. U Landesman. VJ Ailen street; Mr VVm. Dihhlee, 2S3 Broadway; Mr. C. Mere ra 41 CiuhI atreet; Mr. Th. Rockling, 3ith at. comer >f 6th areiiue d> FfMlisTuK BALL.?The manager* of the THISTLE 1 BKSKVOLKNT ASSOCIATION, respectfully announce that their tint Ball forthuseason will take plaee at Cajile Garden, 01 TIIUR8DA V erening, l)<c. I6th?the proceed? tn l e applied, a> formerly, t > charitable purposes, duri.w lh* inclement season. without distinction of aect or r.inn. try. The ordef ol dancing according to proyrimme. Director or the Kloor?Mr. (Jeo. Hobert'on and assistants. Lender of the Orchestra?Mr. William Wallace. Bag-Piper?Mr. McKerracher An H'ringrment has b?en mule th?t st'gei will inutoand Tr.xn the Battery, until II o'clock, at the usual charges. Carriages will ?et <1 iwn iheir company at the (J irden, catering by the Oree.iwich street gate, and go out by the gate opposite Pearl St., taking up in reverted order. The luspectar of Hicks will be present rigidly to enforce the Police regulations. I)i>or30|>en at 7?D&ucing will commence precisely ut R Tickets $1, to admit a gentleman nad two Indies?to he at Meiara. Hto4d?r' it Dnnham's Mimic Store, No. 361 Broadway; Kirth. Hall Si Pond's Music Store, No. 239 Broadway: Captain Mr l.eaii. 5? Walker street; the bar of Castle < fHtnrii, and of either of the Managers- Checks not trmsferable. A. CAMERON, Secretary. IN. B.? Members can hare their ticket! ou application to tlie Secretary, or at the Harden on the evening of the Ball. dll Rf'c D~>N(;INCi aTTAD7.MY?M'LUL.PAULINfe"uKSJ AK Dl N3, of the Hoval Academy of Pant,moat respectfull\ announces to her papil?, lidiei and gentlemen, tnat ahe continues tier classes for th# Tuition of Dancing, in all ita la shmnalile branchei,nt No 1 Washington Place Kor yourg Ladies and Musters, Wednesdars and Hsturd iyt, from 3 to 4 o'clock, P M.| forGentlemen, Thursdays and Saturdays,from 7 to 9 o'clock, P.M. At 71 Leonard street, for Ladies and (tentlcinrn, Mondays and VTrduc?d<*a,from7 to !) o'clock, T M. Ptiv ite L'ssona (torn 11H to I o'clock e\ery d.?v. Nut M'lie P. I>. will commence giving Soirees D.msantes to her Pupils HchooU and Private kainilies xitendod nVllt?m BALL KOt) vl <H'll>h? lint publisned, Durang'* 'icn* sichore, or Ball Koom Wui le: a work indispeaaahle to a hc / begijmer. and containing much information for proficiei ts ? 'OH rages, price ii 37 and Kl cmts each, iu various styles of hi Mi** I" very thing is fully explained in the above work, fiom the oM style ci uattf d.inces to the latest and most n?! ntticcnt po'kM. TI.'HNfcR k M8HKK. 71 ('httham street H"nem*>er V-ilentine Head Qnarfers. Feb M'h (17 I2i*re R(i '' I N < J?OLD TIN HUOKiT made tight for 2K cunts |Vew roofsof rrau pi ink covered for ?J(, cei.ts: r,i f< '.l f tunes or large buildings, over 20 squares, lor (3 7J l*r ?iuare. ?ml warranted. Ooodwia'a Patent Premium My. I.ifi P.1*1 ir itic Cnn'nt fh-atlung makes a hniidsoBie rhrap, I kIii hu<T dn able .roof. Iteferences and specimens at OOODWIN'S Chimney Pot Factory, It West Broadway, betweaa Ckambtn aid Warm ?ta. Btl NawUt?n. (M ? in; * E NE NE\ 1NTEBBSTINU WiK IHTELU6ENCE. MKXICAN ITEMS. [From the North Auisrican. (Mexico.) Oct 30 ] On Sunday evening last, (Oct 17th.) about 7 o'clock, dastardly attempt wu made by a Mexican, opposite the Cafe Oran Sociedad. to take away the life of an unfortunate woman with a knife. The woman ran to Lieut. Mayna Held, who happened to be paining at the time, for proteotlon. This offloer, drawing bis a word, brought the assassin a smart out over the haad, and disarming him of hii knife, tent him prisoner to the palaoe gnard room. We hope the scoundrel will meet with his deserts. A Mexican officer's reasons for opposing peaoe were recently given in a publlo house in thU city thus "The Mexican army is now dlsgTaoad If peaoe is made, the Yankees will take a portion of the territory. I would rather thev would take it all. aire us a uuiet government and put an end to the interminable civil warn that ?wm to be our destiny." The closing of the llquerles at fl P. M.. as"ordered by the governor, haa already had an admirable effect. The order waa abaoiutely necessary to prevent the assaslnatlonofour troopi?a matter, bye-the-bye, that is Retting to be entirely too frequent. No Mexican, however inclined, will attempt the life of an American soldler when sober Those who are iond of a game ef ten-pina, a glass of good KnglUh ale. or a comfortable sapper, can be pleased at I'aoli'a beautiful varden. We know no more pleasant ^laee of passing a Sunday afternoon. Mrs Harah Koyle haa opened a reetauiant nest door to the National Theatre, where all her old friends will Ood everything that the moat faatidlous can desire. The race on Sunday resulted In favor of the Spanish nag. We ar? told that considerable money changwd hands. A hatter named Smith advertises " the finest hats." How odd it looks to see Mexican and American soldiers mingling in the street, eaoh observing every courtesy towards the other It is strange how quiokiy the people have forgotten their former queer notions In regard to the barbarians of the North. The air of the valley is so light that strangen all feel a great depression in the region of the lunga. men and animals r ot being able to perform the same amount of active labor they could in the United States and Kuropn In the item of drinking spirituous liquors, It is calculated that tbe deleterious effects of their use are four told greater here than In the north. We shall have to establish tee-total societies, in self-defence. We have snipe and other birds In abundance. Of fish there is very little in the market?ull the fresh ones being breught irom Toluca. A cricket match will be played on Sunday next, 'J4th Octooer, on the ground of the Union Club, at Mrs Wllie's Rmcfio dt Napolet, about half a mile from Tuoabaya The wickets will be pitohed at 8, A M Lovers of tbe game will be able to amuse themselves, and enjoy a good breakfast, by being early on the ground. The National Theatre, formerly the grand " Tealro dr. Santa Jinnopened for the first representation of the K.ngllsh drama, in tbe city of Mexloo, oa tbe 'iOth SeDtember. when the manazer. W. R Hart, nreseiited "The Lad; of Lyons," a dance by Miss K Cbrlotlao, an an interlace, and the farce of " The Loan of a Lover." Claud* Melnotte was performed by Mr. K. Fitzgerald, Pauline by MIm Christian. The other part* were taken by Messrs. Hart, William*, Balk, Towosend, James, Morton and Kitsgerald, and Mesds. Morris and Williams. Prices of admittance, $1 and 60 oents. INCIDENTS CONNECTED WITH THE SOUTH CAROLINA MQI MINT. [Cor. of the Columbia (8 C ) Hearld ] Mexico. Oct '24?On leaving Vera Cruz, Col Butler placed Sergeant Brooks in oommand of four of our regiment and four dragoons, who were ordered to be ready at any time to perform any servlco he might require The regiment happening to be the rear guard, the Colonel threw us about two huadred yards in rear of the regiment, and ordered Brooks to look out for Lanoers, who were very frequently seen watohlng for an opportunity to pounoe upon us. We were making merry over a gourd Pulque Polka, when about 30 or 40 Lanoers came charging up the road aejf the old gentleman himself was after them. They suooeded in lancing one of our dragoons, but being oon'ented with their success, and probably not fancying the music ot our muskets, they about feoed, ?nd retreated about sixty { yards, and formed line for another obarge ; but bearing the shouts of the regiment that was coming down the road to the tune of double quick time, they put spurs to vumr IHVIH puuics Iiuu Du?ui|^iru uu m uo?utuui umorder. The Colonel wnh riding a considerable distance in a<ltance of the regiment wh n the firing commenced. I will never forget the proud look of the gallant old fellow whan be galloped in front and took oommand of the regiment He formed the hollow aquara and waited for lbs leaner*, but they ry wiaely kept their dlatanee. I'he day before the storming of Chapultepeo, General Quitman took a party to examine the fort between ihe oaatle and eity. After making the neo<-tary dlflfeovery, I and the Mexloans saw him returning, they Imagining he bad attempted to take the fort and waa repulsed, raised a tremendona shout. The Americana, in making a charge, Invariably ahout aa loud an they can. Although our regiment charged upon the castle of Chapultepeo In plain view of the enemy, through a meadow, and had several ditches to crosa, which aume leaped, the majority being compelled, through fatigue, to jump In and get out the beat way they could, few comparatively were killed. Sergeant Madiaon waa killed in the charge upon the caatie: he waa shot through the neck by a grape (hot, which killed him tDatantly A braver man never fell In battle. He and the eon of Dr. Trezevant, of Columbia, were buried. Trezevant was ahot through the heart. The officers of our Company exhibited great coolness and bravery in the several battloa In which they were engagad. Gen. Shields called for two oompanies to volunteer to cross the road and go down a dlteh (meaning alongside the ditch,) to pick the men from their cannon. Captain Marshall Immediately volanteered hia company, and ano'.ber waa detailed Capt M. was in commaud. It waa some time before the two companies could cross the ditch, and the attention of the Mexicans being directed to that point, musket balls became very numerous, one of which took a fancy to our Captain : it being a spent ball it only made him slok, which soon passed away We advanced aa near the enemy aa we could, a body of water preventing ua from reaohlng them. On (Jen. Shields being informed of this, we wera ordered to join the Regiment. Lieut Moragne waa killed within the gatea ?f the city. 1 wai standing within a few feet of him when he waa shot He threw hia haada to hia breast, and cried out "O, Lord, I'm ahot " I sprang to his side to assist him, but his eyes wera set in death, and he Immediately ceased to breatbe. Mis neau was ?not uu vnr n# wu lined Limit. Selleck aoted vtry bravely, and Is, I am told, favcrably mentioned in <?en Quitman's report He was wounded at the Garita de Belen and carried off the field. Four of our company were killed, and SHveial wounded After our division had passed over the breast works at the gate of the oity, and aft*r holding the position for a considerable time, ('apt Drum, of the Artillery (bavlug one piece,) reported to (Jen. Quitman that the matches had given out, and as we had crossed the breast-works for the purpose of protecting the cannon, the General ordered us to retire within the fortifications. It was at this time the enemy gave us a tremendous fire of grape and canister, killing som* of the bravest men in the army, arar ng whom were I.apt Drum and his brave Orderly Sergeant,to whom it is said the honor is dun of having been the first to mount the walls of " the Black Kort" at Monterey Vive of the Kdgefield Company Ml together at this time, among whom was 1st Sergeant Blocker, who was th-n In command of the company ? ? ? (Jen Quitman moved about In the thickest of the fight, as if he wai proef against shot and shell He seeuied to look upon the enemy's fire with the most utter contempt, yet lie had the most tender ragard for the lives of his oidlors. He was alwayv at the head of hls'command. It was amuaing to ^obseive the fellows making awful ugly faces, and scratching their Ufa when a spent ball would hit them Fur several days after the flfeht it was really amusing to hear Major K. speak of what ha had seen and heard and witnessed, and ocoa ionnlly of ?i me wonderful deeds h? and bin musket bad performed But if there Is anything that can make a man oplit hi* sides, it ia analog the major go through the motion* of loading hi* rnuaket and lotting bar off at Maslctna. Wben h? gat* hia place loaded, ha throws the hollow of hia right foot about lour Inahe* in roar of bl* left baai ; then raising bla musket, making an angle of thirty degrees with the horlion, baring h>? laft band opposite hia left eye, and lowering tha muzile until the flight cou>?? i#n a llna wuh hia right eye, than shaking bimtelf a little to it hia feat are wide enough apart, and bla Jy properly balanced be turoa in tb? toes of his left foot tbrowa bimaalf back, and remains in that position ab iut half a minute ; not that it takea him an long to sathfy blmsuif that bla aim iaoorrect, but that he may give aoma battalion an opportunity of bidding tbair friends good bye before embarking for the shores of an unknown world. * * * ff it hadn't been for the Major'* peculiar manner of " letting her off, ' he would have bad hi* scalp taken off certain The old soldi* r wan aiming, with hia head thrown back ou hia abouldars, when a ball entered hi* cap, and if he bad been standlnfi atralght, he would have been minus soma hair, If not some skull. anotiikr sp.tNisn vikw ok rat; mkxican war. In tha Clamor I'uhlico,* paper of the liberal democratic party (hhtral rxtiliado), puoiiahed in Madrid, th? following article appeared, which we translate entire, as we ntve no uouoi oui um it win do rrau wiin interest : The news which hu this day reached aa from Mexico, t? lamentable In the extreme to thoaa who believed thet (Jen Santa Anna had gained a decisive victory on the JJd of February last, at Haltillo, over the troopa ef (Jen. Taylor ; and who hoped, from such a result, to nee the eastern roast of the Mexican K? public ehortly freed from tha United State* blockade* Krorn the very commencement of the war, we hare had but little hope ac to the material force and patriotism of the Mexicaus ; an experience hai shown. under other circumstances, that the Mexican population are deficient In those great virtue* which alone will beatow success on th(>*e who desire to b? free Mexico, at tbt* present time, ran be neither* monarchy nor a rept'bllo, thanks to her internal dissensions since the year IMI. If ?he would have carried into effect tha trenty of Iguaia. Mexico would thi* day have been a flourishing and reapected kingdom, and a prince of the Spanish branch of tha Bourbons would bare filled the anoient throne of Montezuma. A timorous spirit at that time guided tha court Cof Madrid; our prlncc* refused the crown reserved for them lu New Spain, and the Ensign Iturbide crowned himself emperor. This scandalous precedent for ever made the monarchy of Mexico an impossibility The federal republic, mpdulied after the Untied States, sucoeeded the monarohj which wm swayed by AugtuUa tb? First, aad this j w ro V YORK. MONDAY MOI Httfmpt at republicanism. without either pItII or rollgloua liberty, ratde tha liberal and representative ?j?tem impracticable Mexico iu one ohaotlo BUI of anarchy and diriorder trom 1H34 up to 183d Tha lmperlouanees and personal ambition of h?r military chleftiana alio cauaad tha ruptura of tha ooncantratlon a?tabliahed in 1836, up to tha middle of tha year 1840, at which time Urraa pronounoad agaioat Iluatamento Since that time a periodical pronunciamento.eTery year or alx month*, has bean making and unmaking the Presidents of tha 10 called republic, who hare i Urn and fallen llko two bucket* in a well, presenting a lamentable spectacle of despotism, licentiousness and dilapidation. To ?uch an txlT'tnt have thingi arrivii, that tht con(jut11 of Mctico by hrr ^nglo-Jimirican neighbori would not be ui great on cvti a* would in Europe be tha conquest of any Independent power by Russia, England, or eutrciuaiiy [trrirui uirui iruuj D?bULU| ftuuui ua, wuvueyer there is a taw-making power in California St. Louit*. TROOPS FROM TlIK WKST. [Kroui the Cincinnati Commercial 1 The following troop* hare been forwarded to the army la Mexloo, Iroui Newport barrack* and Cincinnati, sinee the 14th September taut, by the superintendent ef the recruiting service, western department:? >kom nkwfort Oct 11.?200 recruits to 7th Infantry, and Ave to other reglmentii. under command of 1st Lieutenant K. S. Mum ford. 1st Infantry, with 1st Lieutenant J. It. Itaott, 7th Infantry 207 Oct. 1(1?12ft recruits to 16th infantry, under comuitndof 1st Lieutenant W. B TanneybiU, 16th Infantry, with 21 Lieutenant 8 1) Stuart, 16th Inlantry 122 Nor !> ()! recruits to ISth Infantry, under command of Captain I' H. ffarriM, Kith lufautry. , . 00 Nov. '20.?100 recruits t? Light Artilery companies; 100 toAtb Infantry. 114 to 16th Infantry and other regiment*, under command of Captain C. C. Sibley, ith Infantry, with Captain C. L Stevenson, 6th Infantry, and 2d LUutenant I\ T. Turnlny, 1st Infantry 317 FROM JIKFIKiON IIA RR4C ES, MlSSOU SI. 9eft. 16.?Company K, 1st Dragoons, under command of lit Lieutenant L. Jenkins, 1st Dragoons, with 2d Lieutenant 1). W. Armstrong, 2d Dragoons 97 Oct 29?12B recruits to 1 tith Infantry, under com ruand of 1st Lt. J. ilugbea, 16th Infantry, with lit Lt. J Wilkinson, 16th Infantry 130 Ski-t. 14 ?In addition to the above for Mexico, 69 recruits under command of 3nd Lt. C. Hall, 1 nt Infantry, were forwarded to Kort Leavenworth, Mo , fi>r company A, 1st Infantry 70 Nor. 17- 61 recruits (including two musician* from Newport Barrack*) under command of 3nd Lieut, (i. K Hooper, 15th Infantry, to Kort Washita, for company I, 6th Infantry S3 Ilfgutar* 1 rlDM CINCINNATI. Hut. 34?2nd Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, under oommand of Col W. Irvln 837 Oct. 19?Company of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, un der command of Capt. W Kenneally 106 Nov 4?Company of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, under command of Capt. lt. K. Kiddie 103 V olunteors 1,044 Aggregate 3,136 The two companies of volunteers for Mexico have been blended into one company 90 strong, with the following organixation ?Capt W A Talbot; 1st Lieut, W. A. Icott; 3d Lieut, W. II Tloassanti ; 3d Lieut, Astrop It will probably sail in the course of two week*. ?Norfolk Htia'.d, 4<A iml. OPERATIONS AT THE If. S. ARSE NAT.. [From the Washington Intelligencer J As few even of rur own oitizens are aware of the nature and extent of the operations at the Arsenal in tltn city, wo take pleaeure in inserting the following extracts, which we hare oblalued from Capt. Mordecai's report to the Chief of the Ordnance Department, of operations at the Arsonal during the year ending June 30, 1817. Work Donk. | The following summary from the list of artioles fabrl cat?d, exhibits the principal ordnance stores wblob bar* been prepared for field acd garrison setvice during the jear, Tl?: US barbette carriages, with chaials, and Implements, and equipments complete. 100 sets of iron-work compute for 32 pounder outmate carriages SO 10-inch siege mortar beds, with platforms, Implements, and equipments, complete 34 0-pr und?r gua currisges, with implements and equipments complete. Ifl btttery'wagcna, j <ot ?*'<> k?".rlee. 8 portable forge, with smiths j fm ^ 16 portable tool cheats with ' p>0,"?taln howcarriage maker's tools, J batteries. 14 rocket onnductors for war rockets. ;irt eats of artillery harness for four horses. 2.694 pouches for percussion oapa for small arms. I*J.790 rounds of ammunition for field artillery. 2,200 war rockets. 3 461.600 muak?t halls, / , <716 200 rifle haila! i PreM?J" I 300.000 perouaaion capa for small arma I 069,000 cartridges for amall anna The average foro* employed at the Araenal baa been about 140 hired meohanlcs and laborers, 2ft enlisted <lo , and 75 boys occasionally employed In maklog amall-arra cartridges The amount of disbursements in the Ordnance Department, during the year, f 130,000. IIai.k'j Koi Hi.rt In the month of Deoember last a war-rocket of a new kind, Invented by Mr. Ilale, of Rngland, was offered to the notice of our Government, and a mixed Board of Offlrer* efthe Army and Navy was appointed to test the invention Kxperiments were accordingly made with some ef Mr lUle'sown rocketsand with others made at this Arsenal acoordlng to his apHOifloallon) the results of these trials were so satisfactory that, on the recommendation of the llaird, the right of using the invention was purchased hv the Government The peculiar advantage of tbln new project tin I* that of having lta directive force In the body of the rocket, thus dispensing with the ok* of the cumbrous stlek attached to the (JongreTe rocket , about 'J,000 of these rocket*, of the calibre ot il? and 3^ inches. have been made at ihin arsenal, and the trial)) which have taken plice, from time to time. seem to oonflrm the favorable opinion at first formed, that, iu extent of range and accuraoj of direction they are eijual and perhaps superior to the coddi'H rookote of e<|ual sixs. A report of the trial of thoso which have been sent into the (iald ia looked for with interest Exrt*imf.i*t?with Gui Cono.v The di*eo>ery of exploelve cotton, ani^uoced laat Tear by Professor Sehonbeln, naturally attracted at once i he attention of the military world, and, wh<>n a patent for the intention was taken out io this country, the new compound waa subjected to trial at this arsenal, in order to compare iu effect* with those of gunpowder, and to aaoertain the practicability of using It In Ore arm* Under data of December 3, 1HI0, I had the honor to make a report of thoee experiments, which I requeat may be oonaldercd a part of thia report Aa the opinion which I then formed with regard to the unfltm-ns of the >xplo*iv? cotton for use in (Ire-arm* appears to Hki? been confirmed by experiments luT.1' neua parta of Lurope, I have not thought It neoasiary to pursue further the lateeUgaUon of iu qualities. The rrtkuua. ,iitaiou, nangwuiu tan .iu^io.American uuiuu would then become a new Statu mora In the great republic of the North It would have all the advantage* aa a member of a powerful confederation, without any of the inconvenience* of an Isolated people, want ot political standing, proper Institutions, and material force to defend Itaalf from It* internal and external anamliia. Thus Mexico, by m< r?ly changing bar Hag, and Mndlng deputies to the Congress at Washington every two years, would be an ldependent and free S'ate, preferring her own legislation, the llomau Catholic religion, th lr secular manners and cuatoma, managing her own internal government, and would exist, protected bv an lrn inense navy of the Unlted Statee, whenever tn?re waa any danger or threatening* from external foes. AVe would wish to see New Spain elevated to the rank of a strong and powerful nation ; but convlnoed aa we are that she must suooomb, and ba blotted out among her own ruins, If she goes on at the inurcy of her own ambitleus aud unscrupulous rulers, we prefer that she should at once live under the patronage of some great power, as th* Anglo-American republic undeniably ta. The Hanta Annas. I'rrea*, and Valencia*, would then have uolhiug more to do with that country, nor aoy alternative, rave to live quietly on the fruits of what they obtained during the reign of disorder, or knock under to the authority of the laws, if they dared to Intrioge them to the prejudice of their fellow cltixen*. It is possible that while we are writing these lines Mexico Is already under the protection of the U nlted Stated. Santa Anna's army, composed o; twenty thou..A ilnuJ Hull ft.. Unll.lln nn the -J3<1 of February?Taylor, recovered from the shock taking posaemlon of Agua Nutn with the four thousand Anglo Americana whom he had left, Oen, with twelve thousand soldiers and marines, disembarked iu the vicinity of Vera Cruz on the 9th of March, and from the aspect of affair*, the castle and city of Vera Cruz being threst?nad at the same time, doubtless the troo: sof the Americana would shortly be on the road to the capital Huo i war the condition of affairs In Mexloo on the 16th of March, 1817. SILVERY IN CALIFORNIA. By the klndneaa of a gentleman who crossed the plains with Commodore Stockton, we are placed in possession of letters and papera from California The Californian, of the .'nth of June, contains a strong article against the introduction of slavery into that territory. The editor sitya the population are one hundred to one against It, and the warmest advocate*, after a residence of one year, beoome the strongest opponents to slave labor, lie counsels the

emigrants egalnst bringing their slaves, and states that several who have done ao have been gild to get clear of them on any terms. The strongest reason he urges against the Introduction of blaoks, is the following " In California, we have an Immense population of Indians, who were born on the soli, and have neither the disposition or means of living any where else, and they are willing and capable of being good servants and laborers ?they can work much cheaper than an American colored man, aad can live at one-fonrth the expense " The editor is equally as strong an opponent of the free blaoks, and he nrires the necessity of laws preventing their emigration to the country After stating a number of reasons against their settling in the territory, he says " We have ten other good reasons, which we shall give hereafter, but we shall certainly use all the inOueuoe we may have to procure the passage of suoh laws as will I.I. ..I -U'S. ^ RE 1 tNING, DECEMBER 13, 1 result* of experiments may be briefly Hummed op as follow! ? 1st. The eiplenire cotton, well prepared, according to Sobonbein's formula, baron at a beat of abaut 3H0" Fahrenheit anil it will, therefore, not set fire to gunpowder By other modes of preparation, it may be mad* to explode at a much lower temperature ; peat precaution Simula. tberetore. be until in drying it. -'i Tbe projectile force of explosive ootton, in moderate charges, in tbe musket or In tbe cannon, Is nearly equal to that of twioa its weight of tbe beet gunpowder. 3d When compressed by hard ramming, (as in filling a fuse) it burn* slowly; and after a short tima it produces little or no flame. 4th. By the absorption of moisture, its force appears to be rapidly diminished, but is probsbly quite restored by drying A sample of cotton, of whioh sixty grains gare to a musket ball a mean Initial vcloolty of l,6a8 feat, was exposed for two weeks in a oool damp vault, where it absorbed about two per oent. of moisture, 60 grains of the ootton in that state gave a mean velooity oi 1.01? leet 6th. Its explosive force, or bursting sffeot l?, tn a high degree, gieater than that of gunpowder. In this respect the nature of gun cotton assimilates much more to that of the fulminate* than to gunpowder. It it, therefore, well adapted to mining purpoees. (ith Oun-ootton, when well prepared, leaves no peroeptlble stain when a small i|uantlty 1* burnt on white paper. The principal residua of its combustion are wuter and nitrous acid. The acid is made sensible by ita odor, and IU effect ot> the barrel of n gun, which will soon be corroded by It, if not washed after tiring 7th. In oonse<|U?nce of the quicklime and Intensity of action of the gun cotton when Ignited, it cannot be used with safety in our present flre-ariua. It appears by the experiments that an aooident of service, such as that of inserting two charges into a musket before tiring, (which is of fre<iaeut occurrence.) would oause the barrel tc burst; and from the repeated bursting of pksCols aucJ other small arms with smsll charges, there la no doubt that the barrels of our small-arms would bo destroyed bj a f?w rounds even with lervioe charge*. The disoorsry of gun-cotton baring given a new sti mulousto the invention of substitutes for rersl of these compounds have been offered to notioi during the past year, and some of them have been tried at this Arsenal; but, as their composition has not been made known, it Is deemed unnecessary to take any notice In thin report of the results of the trials, lurthei than to say that they have been altogether unfavorable, as to the utility of the proposed invention* for military purpose*. A M0KDECA1, Capt. of Ord'e, Poll Ital Intelligence. WiR Mektinu in Cincinnati ?A large meeting called "to vindicate the justice of the war," waa held in Cincinnati on the evening of the UUth of November ? Several hundred persona were present, Judge W. B < aid well presided. Resolutions were adopted, regretting the necessity for the war, bat throwing all the responsibility upon the Mexicans, and aesertlng, that "involved as we are, in a war thug arbitrary and unjustly thrust upon of, duty prompt! to, and patriotism admits of, but one oourse, and that is, now that every attempt at negotiation bu failed, and every offer of peaoe ha* been spurned, to proseoute it, with rigor and energy, to i speedy and honorable termination; to lay ita burthem entirely upon the enemy. and to tffeotuslly crush the military power of the country " * * * ' 1 "That we utterly repudiate the idea of withdrawing our army from active operations in Mexico, until peant rh\U be definitely made upon just and honorable terms ' ? * "That the oonrse of those who sympathize with Mexioo?denounce the conduot of their own goreminent as unjust and unconstitutional? advooate tb? unconditional witbdiawal of our army, the withhoMinj of supplies. and the impeachment of the F'.xeeutlvw, at means of terminating the war. has contributed, in n( small degree, to prolong the contest, by exciting hopei in the Mexican people that a change In the polltiea power of our government will work an abandonment 01 all our just claims, and submission to peace upon suot terms as our enemy may seem proper to dictate. That while we accord to these, our fellow oltlsens, all thai freedom of oplnlou and aotlon that we claim for our selves, w? choose, instead of thus lending ''aid and com fort" to the enemy, to take onr staud upon the sljeo the country-to uphold the truth of Its official declara tion, and the justice of its cause and to maintain iti honor and its glory against the world." A Great W?? Mictihii wa* held at I'itteburgh 01 Saturday night, 4th Inst The resolutions of the com rnittee uphold Mr. I'olk and all of his war measures / minority report being introduced, created oons crabli disturbance; hard MM were freely called, and an; thing bat good feeling prevailed. Hoiton Wiuot orpoiKu to Ma. quim:v.?At meeting of the whigs of Boston, opposed to the re elf c lion or Joalah Uuluey, jnn , as vlayor, was held li Chapman Hall, on Tuesday evening, I'elbatn Bonny prealdiog. William I'arker was nominated a* the oandl date for the mayoralty in place of Mr. UulDoy. Whi<j Miftiwo ii* Nrw Alramt, Ta.?The whig* ? klovd ooumv% 1 ttiiiuuL, mot mt th? h?-h hnan in Albany, on the 27th Not., to take into consideration ?b< subject of the Mexican w*r Rud other matters of inte. r?-st The oommittee on resolutions reported Mr. Clay'i resolutions, which were adopted In addition to these others were adopted complimentary to General* Tayloi and Scott, and their brave associates in arms, and eulo gising the conduct ot both of the Indiana regiments in the battle of Buena Vista A preference for rinolnnutl as the l est place for holding the next whig nationa convention, was exprcfseo by the meeting. delegate to Til* WlllO national Coi? v er t 10 At a meeting of the Suffolk (Mass) whig nominating convention, held on Kriday evening,J. T.Stevenson was elected delegate from that district to the whig na tionil convention, and K. B. <rowningshlrld, substitute Democratic Nomi:**tioms in Boston.?For Mayor Charles B. Goodrich; for Aldermen, James Cbeevei Beojamin Wood; 3d?J. L. C. Amee, Stephen Child Silas Pelrce, Peter T. Homer, John 8. Jennris, Nathai Brigham Otn. Tatlor in Ai *iiama ? Kvery whig paper In Ala bama, hut two, Is out for Oen. Taylor as the next presl dent. Car* Mketinu i* Mmouai.?The democracy of thf north western portion of MlMOurt, who were In attendance on the Andrew Circuit Court, held an adjourned meeting in Havannah, on the J3d Ootober. and resolved That, with our distinguished senator, Thomas II Kenton, (who in our firxt choice for the Presidency.) w? ooncur that the next 1'resident should be elected from the North. That In General l.ewls Can* we recognize a captain to whom gray haired wisdom bring* forward to-day its admiring tribute of younger associations, and earlier reminiscences. the subsequent civil mngistrate with armi in his hands, giving laws to the wilderness of Michigan and thencH by rapid transition the energetic Minister of War?the sagacious and acoompllshed diplomatist, and the able and eloqnent senator?and we, therefore, nominate him fcr the ('residency. Meetiiuj or Dkmocrats in Coi.k Ccuntv, Mo.?A large meeting of democrats was held at the oourt house in Cole county, Mo. on the 16th Not. (the first day ol tne circuit court ) iiesoiuuous were auopttnj, npprovlog of *11 the letting measures of Mr. Polk since he commenced to discharge the duties of President, and especially approving bin course la reference to tbe war with Mexico. Tbe tariff of 1846 was praised in set trim*, aod the country was congratulated upon the fact that, In tbe approaching crisis with the banks, In consequence of the great failures In Kngland, that the government moneys are now safe In the hands of honest and lalthful public officers, under the Independent treasury act. Resolved, That tbe present Is a crisis in ths affairs of our gov rnraint requiring at the helm of State a man who is ready and willing to take the responsibility. Much a man Is Thomas H. Benton. The eyes of the whole democracy of the land are now upon him, and desirous at the people of .Missouri are, to retain him in his present position, still they would join in the general exclamation ot joy which would resound throughout the land, If he would oonmnt to let his name go before the nation al convention as a candidate for the ('residency, and we earnestly hope he will do so Ma Buchanan von thk Prksidkirv.?Another papei tu Pennsylvania, (the Norrlstown Krgitttr,) is out in favor of James Buchanan as the democratic candidate foi President. Th* mkisafir o?- tmi' (lovrafOR or Viriiinia con cIuJushs follows:?'" Allow me. gentlemen, to congratu late you upon our uniform suooess In Mexioo. Th splendor of our acblevemeuta has elevated tbe name o our country, covered our arum with Imperishable glory and excited tbe wonder and admiration of the world Commenced as the war was by Mexico, wrongfully, 1111 witboutaufllcient oauite, I trust it will not be terminate' until we eMail have obtained 'indemnity for tbe past aod security for the future.' and shall have taught Mexico to respeot a power she ha* heretofore treatec with arrogance and scorn. Mad It been her pleasure, i treaty of am.ty, of peace, nod of friendship, upon term; highly liberal, would have been readily entered into bj this country; but preferring war, and having enteret the disputed territory, and attacked the army of (Jen Taylor, preceded by sundry luc.dents of bloody atrocity the question is widelv different. By the law* of natioci this country has a right to require a surrender of terrl tory as some equivalent for tbe heavy loss to which wi have been put tiy the aggreaalve polloy or Mexico, hdi it I* a duty w? own to our country, and to the fotur peace of tha world, to ln*lat. an a fin* i/ua nnn, upot nuch coucenlon shall tba luaoleut Mexloau go un punlehrd? Shnll tha glorlea of Talo Alto, Ileaaca da li I'almit, Monterey, CarTO (iordo, Contreraa, Buana Vi*ta Maoramento, (hurubuioo, Mollno del Ray, Chapnltepec and the liarita* paaa away ai a dream, leaving no aolk memorial behind thum of a thill, a gallantry, aad a ifl aacrlficlng devotion uururpaaaed In tha hlatory of man I regard this war a* a praotloal queatlon, and to b? din po*ed of accordingly That morbid aympatby that Urn on'y for Mexloo-that Mexico which murder* th# drunken soldier, and lance* the wounded on the Held ol battle, I cannot approve - nor can I reaped that cloeel phlloaopby which teach** a magnanimity that call* u? to aurrender everything, beoaunn we are vlctoriou* No, ray aympathina are for my country, for the K?ll?ot dead for thrne whoae mighty deed* have given a bolder and a broader light to our glorMi* constellation, fot their wldowa and For their orphan* ln*tead of Ibl* un healthy magnanimity, to wbieh I have adverted, I would bejuat to Mexico, butjuat alao to niy own eountry. '1 Twt Viaoima LaaiiLATiiaic mat on the rtth inat In the House of Delegate* Mr. Jama Strother wai eleoted Speaker the former Speaker being abaent in con sequence of tndiapoaitlcn The oonteat between Meisra Snowden and Thoman. each claiming to be the dale, gate from Fairfax, waa brought at once before the Legis latare. It In proponed to compromise the matter, and allow both a aeat, thus giving to Alexandria aaepa rate delegate A>rai*s ii? Or.oauia? Ilaroar or thi. Commiitki 01* 1Kb liiii or iMa Aircitie.?Ito Coaalitw 01 L!!*'" - ?J- ? -ru. :j SERA 847. the SUU of tbe Hapubllo. to whom >u referred r?aotlcn of the Senate inatruoting the committee " to m*ke such a report on the subject of the Wilmot I'rovUo, as Ii 14 j imt exhibit of the feelings or the people of Georgia.'' h?g leave to submit the following aa the result of their deliberations. fully confident. n> far aa we give any expression, that it if in uniion with the public will The acquisition of territory 1* legitimately associated with the Wilmot proviso We will abataiu from uny utteranoe upon tbat subject. at thi* time, for the reason that we may not all agree Bu'. foraainucb aa the ulterior object of the Wilmot proviso ii to effect the abolition of slavery. and about which there Ii no dlfferenoe of opinion?and forasmuch, too. ai we deelre to present an unbroken front, we will therefore regard and consider the question in its utt> rior purpose, leaving the acquisition of territoiy ft>r a future report. Slavery and slave labor la a part and paroel of oar governmental system, and made so by the very ancestry, in part, of thoa* who low are aotive in lta abolition We do not regardIt respectful to ourselves, or essential { to our right, to nitir lots a discussion with those wbo : are governed by no principle but their fanaticism. Indeed, the question has been argued, but fanaticism 1* ; deaf to argument ?It will not hear. The people of Geergia bars, for a series of years, bean divided and disturbed by other questions; so raueh so, perhaps, as to induce tha falsa bopn, that upon this vital question there may now prevail dlsoord and dissension. i This la not true. Georgia baa but one mind?1* aa one > man-all political parlies are ready and willing to plant themselves opon the ume platform, and join heart and | hand in the assertion and maintenance of this, their i constitutional right To the end, therefore, that the feelings of the people of < ieorgla, upon the subject of the Wiltnot proviso, may j be distinctly understood aud their position detiued, I be It. therefore, by the Senate and House of Repre- I i scutatives of the State of iieorgla. resolved. That the | I government of the 1 nlted States has no control over the I institution of slavery and that In t?klng or attempting r to take any soch oontrol, U transcends the limits of its legltln atn functions He It further resolved, by the authority aforesaid. That any teiritory acquired by the arms of the United i States, or by treaty with a foreign power, becomes the common property of the several Stales t'ompoxin g this i confederacy, and whilst it so continue*, It is the right of eaoh citizen, of cach and every State, to reside with his property, of every description,within such territory. Resolved, further, by the authority aforesaid. That It Is the dut v of every man. In every seotion of tbis confederacy, if the Uaion be dear to him, to oppose tha passage of any law or resolution of Congress by which territory acquired may ba subjected to any restriction against slavery. i The minority report, after a prenoiple of considerable length, concludes with the following resolutions: ? Be It therefare resolved by the Senate and House of ; Representatives of the Slate of Georgia, In General Assembly met, That while we view wilh pride nod satis1 faction the present position of the I'nited Stales of Ame1 rioa before lb* world, we cannot )>nt deeply deplore the Intestine conflicts of opinion whlcb now convulse our . I nation. i I Resolved. That In the acquisition of territory by the k U oited States, we see nothiug to apprehend, either for i the lafety of the Institution* of the South, or the peri petulty of that republicanism, whioh has xtended from thirteen to thirty sovereign States Out we feel assured ; that in all acquisitions of territory, elther'by treaty, i voluntary annexation, or as Indemnity, we are but ad> vanuiug toward that grand destiny which awaits our i glorious Kepublic. Resolved, That all territory already acquired or to be i acquired by the United States, not organised Inte so* [ ereigu Statu governments, is the property of the several i States of thi> Union jointly, and that Congress has no ) power or authority to invade the rights, or privileges ol i r ny one of these joint owners, under any pretence. 1 Resolved, That the citizens of the slavenoldlng States f have u right to emigrate with their slaves,and hold them i in servitude as their property, to any territory elready t acquired, or to be acquired, in the United States; anil t that the passage of any law by Congress forbidding the same, is an unjust discrimination in favor of the nonslavenoldlng States, never consented to by the slavef holding States, and is in violation of the common compact, and subversive of the Union. i Resolved, That in tho ownership of our slaves we are not only exercising a humane, but a constitutional and moral right, and that we allow no power under heaven | to diotate the tenure by whioh we hold them; nor to d?vise the means by whioh we shall be deprived of our y* wyo* j m kuriu. ' Revolved, That we entertain an abiding devotion to T tha Union, and will hold ourselves in rttadlnes* to meet our brethren of tUa nou-?laveboldlng State*, on all ijues* tlon* in which we may differ, in a generous and liberal xpirit. ? Mitteitfi v^He y(,'to ) Xcrnriitr, A'ci'. ;I0/A ' Tua U'ilmot I'aonao tno imk Uioinn Lrxiti.Ati'ai:.?The Ueorgia Hvuate have ameuded tba report of the Committee on the State of the llepublla, in relation to the W11 mot proviso Tha report u amended, differ* f considerably from the 11 mt one ; it haa the following ref inlnftflna kni n<lt iu Lkm > lleeolved by the authority aforesaid. That in tha opinion of thl* gxneral assembly, the people of Georgia at < the ensuing presidential election should not and will not . support any man for the presidenoy, or vice-presidency, f who favor* the prinoiple* of the Wllmot proviso. Aud it 1* further resolved, That in tba ownerihip of slaves we are not only exercising a humane, but a r.onstllutlontl and moral right, and that wo allow no power 1 under heaven to dictate tha tenure by whioh we shall be deprived of our property In them. The following resolution offered by Mr. Lawton wa* ; rejected: ? \ lleeolved, That in the acquisition of territory by the United Htite*. we see nothing to apprehend, either for the lafety of the imtitution* of the South, or tha perpetuity ?I that progressive republicanism, which has '' eitended from thirteen to thirty sovereign States. But we feel assured that In all acquislons of territory, either 1 by treaty, voluntary annexation, or as indemnity, we 1 are bat advanolng toward that grand destiny which awaits our glorious republic Tun Coram: a> Ma. Palkbkv, In refusing te vote for Mr. Wlnthrop. and persisting in jeoparding the interests of the entire whig party in Congress by his oontumacy, ' continues to be the topic of the severest animadversion. J A cnstltuent, who voted for him. expresses through 1 the (Boston) Jlilm a hope to see a meeting called of the ' whig* of the fourth district to make known to Mr. Palfrey their reprehension of his conduct.?Ooiton rtuni| cri/it 10(A mi! Caivoidatkp ton the Mayoralty or Boitok ?There i are now tour caudidatea for the mayoralty of Boston. Jo*iah tluincy, regular whig nominee; Charles B. Oood rich, democratic oandldate ; Jefferson Baneroft. opposli tion whig, and Jonathan I'lerce, working men's candi date. The election oomes off od Monday, 13th Inst. Mavor op Dr. H. K. Burroughs (whig) has been elected mayor of Savannah, ((la.), by a larxe majority. The whlgi have also the entire board of aldermen Cammot Aobkr.?The whig* of Ohio are in controversy about the time at which they will hold their State r nominating convention. Co^ariTUTionAi. Cokviktioi* in Dei.awask?a large meeting ?u held at WIlmiDgton, a fair day* since, to mature plan* tor calling a convention to amend the constitution of the State The final extinction of ilavery ; in the State will probably be one of the topic* of discussion. Dn H K. DirRROi'OH* ha* been nominated ai whig candidate for the Mayoralty of Savannah. A telegraphic despatch received at Charleston. B.C., from Colombia,on Kriday afternoon, announces that the bill giving the eleotlon of President and Vice President ' to the people, waa under discussion In the Senate, ocoui pylng the whole day, and waa to have been resumed the i next. Much doubt Is ex preened as to its passing that body i A peace meeting waa held at Bawling < Jreen, Ky , on the 4th lnat. The Wilkesbarre, Pa. Dtmoeralic Senlintl, a German paper, has placed the name of James Buchanan at the nead of Its columns, as the candidate for the next Presidency* Ilallroatf IntelligenceThe annual meeting of the Barre and Worcester railroad company was held at the Court hoaae on Wednesday The following persons were eleeted Directors for the ensuing year: John W Lincoln, Isaac Davis. L Siephsn Salisbury, Glnery Twltohrlt, James Kstahrook, Nathan, lei Hammond, Kdward Denny. Seth Caldwell, James W. Jenkins, Jr , John Brooks, (.buries L Knowlton, Kthan A. Oreeewaod, Samuel S. Flows lion John W. I.lncoln was unaniaoosly eli-oted President, and Caleb Dana, Clerk. ? fPisreeatsr Tr.tnt Tiik I.a n n hlUK Tki.kkkapii, e-at? fidiiik 'rom Pittsburgh to ClevclttiuJ, and from UutMlo to I)?tralt, by wey of Cleveland la rapidly advancing to com nt.tlnn ThL lit,, -miliners one oX the sections Of the | Atlantic, Lake and Mlaalaslppl telegraph. oonnecllng at Pittsburgh with the great waatern line, extending from J Pittsburgh to ?t i.ouia. and already omplxtoa m far an VIndention; it pawn* through WalUvllle. New Lisbon, Masaillon, Akron, and Hudson,to Cleveland Krom Buf' falo. following the main travelled htgbwny the whole * distance, lH? Una p??" through Kredoola, Westfleld, Krle, < 'onneaut, Aahtabula, Paluesville, Maryland. KlyJ I la. Milan, KandnsKy < ity. Lower Handusky, Parry. btir^h. Mauinea ( ity, Toledo and Monro* to Detroit, " Krom 1'ittabnrgh want, a* far aa Handusky < ity, the line 1 la already oompleted, and from < leveland east aa far aa I'alnaaTllie. i'tie posts are all up from Buffalo to De1 trolt W t i.NDEUS OK IIIK XBLKORAfll. ? Wc hdVO ?l' ready noticed the trajummaiori of Mr. Clity'H , resolutions and a synopsis of hia apeeeh at Lexington, by telegraph, from Cincinnati to New York, and the I extraordinary despatch with which it was done The ( Amr lor k llrrald received yesterday mentions auo. thar achievement of the teiagragb, in the transmission of three columns of the newa contained in that paper, J from Uoaton to New York ; during which not a moment a delay, nor one interruption, occurred huoh ! facta In regard to thu operation* of the telegraph put all skepticism a: defiance. and establish ita claim to public , confidence ? Si Hrpuhhcan. Die '1. I (r>- Tbc governments ?.l Knglnnd and fritnce lire- ht thin moment engaged in negotiatinns, which we trust may at length prove effectual, for the { satUement?f the protracted an J mischievous struggle In th? river Plata Had the Krftnch envoy, Count Walewaki. no-operated with l.ord ilowden. In railing the blncliadi at Montevideo which waa both mischievous and ineffectual. he would have acted more in the [ spirit of hia inatruotiona. tha atrlet letter of which he faarad to violate l.ord Howuen, on tha other hand, acted with apirlt aa well aa sense. and in a way which will tend, wa truat, to bring tha settlement of affair* in that <|uarter to a sprtdy and ?atuuctory leaua.? Ob' i<fvsr. r ? - m * " '' "LD. Price Two Ocala. British EncrouhuMiiU In Central imtrict. We translate the following curious official document, from the'government Uaxrtte of the Supreme Stale of Salvador, of the Dth and 15th ot October last:? Orticc or KtuTiOMOCTHcHi ritMiGoTiiiisiiiT > or thi: 8tati or Nicasamua, > Government Hou?e. Managua, ,J3d8eptem ber, 1847. ) To lA( Miniitrr ?f Rtlalion$ of ihr ftupi tme Government of tht Slate / Sulvaiar: My government, alwavs Oiled with sentiments of peace. harmony, and good understanding, In reciprocation of tboM of the other known nation* of tha globa, and especially of civilized Europe, ha* long sought to maintain this Rood disposition. In obedienca to those received principles which reRUlate universal society and public utility. Animated by the Mae sentiment*. It was its duty to be slow in believing that England would onnninRly take advantage of the misfortunes of Nicaragua, for the purpose of depriving her of a part of her territory. undar the pretext of Its belonging to the pretended Mosquito nation. Now, however, that reluotanee springing from tha 1 espeot wbloh aha has shown for international justice. I* gradually yielding to the sad conviction mat iin? in certainty seeling to aeoompiun tne ainmberm?nt referred to A tribe, with no reoognised form of government, without clvllixetien. and entirely abandoned to savage life, In suddenly made um of by enlightened England, for the purpeee of planting on* of her feet upon the Atlantic coast of the StaU, or rather, for the purpose of taking posseeal n of the port for nommunlMtion between Kurope, America, and Asia. and other important countries. at the point where the grand lnterooeanio canal U moet practicable. ThU, too, hae been done at a time when Nicaragua wai preparing to eel tie her liabilities in regard to the debt due in (ireat Britain, contracted when we were a part of the federal republic of Central America, which comprised the territory of the kingdom of?i uatemala, as far as the watera of the *ea on the north And, although my government wished for a peaoeable ! settlement of thin affair, a aerlee ef threat* and lnanlta, I which subaltern agents have been bold enough to offer it, no doubt without Instruction* from the Brltli& government, banish, with pain, the idea of harmony, and Impel It to raise Its volo* so loud that It may be heard in all the Htates, and to announce that the Independence of Central America is threatened Consequently, the supreme Director of Nicaragua has ordered me to transmit to yon a copy of the communication whioh, under date of the 17th Instant, was addressed to the British Vioe Consul, and of that whioh Fac Walker, also nominal!* a British utnt. residlnv In Bine. field, communicated. under date tTie 1 at Instant, to the commandant of the port of San Juan?so that your go rernmant, being I a form k J thereof, mar declare whether It is determined to defend our Independent, aa stipulated in existing treaties, and aa demanded by national Interest, or whether, In case the occupation should take place, Nicaragua, left to her own resources. mu>t take a corresponding position in the political world. In riew of the great ocmmeroial interests which . In this Isthmus, concur for the protection of the State, entertaining, however, towards the others, no resent ment on aooount of the extraordinary efforts which would hare to be made by this State This, the Supreme Director orders me to commanloate to you, in order that you may hare the goodness to impart the same to your President, and oommonicate his decision within the short time which the business itself requires. Meanwhile, I hare the honorable satisfaction of subsoribing myself your rery deroted and obedient serrant, 8 8AL1NA. Rkiidritk or this Comiui. (Jknebal i ok llr.b Britannic Mijiitt, > Bluefield. Moaqalto Shore, Sapt. 1st, 1847. j Sis ?i hare to notify you that I bare been Informed by Mr. Barnel, the elder, that his son. who is also his partner in buslnsss, has been arrested by your order, for refusing to rsuelre certain counterfeit money aa genuine. Mr. Barnel being far from hia own Coaral. hat solicited my Interposition as the functionary of a friendly nation; and I now demand the lnstantanaoaa release of Barnel. If this demand be not forthwith acceded to, you shall be responsible for the oonsequanoas. This note will be presented to you by commander Trotson. of the Mosquito nary, who sails for San Jnan In the Sun, a Mosquito war cutter, for tha purpoas of delivering It to you. In case you should ha*? any donbte aato whether the Mosquito flag is acknowledged, I hare to inform y ?u that the Mosquito flag and nation ar* under the special protection of the crown of Oreat Britain. Honorable Commandant of the Government of Nicaragua, baring thus fulfilled a necessary duty, I think you will receive lu a friendly spirit only, tha hint which I offer you By adopting extreme measures gainst Mr. Baruel, you bare orawn upon your government the resentment of one of the most powarfal nations In the world; a nation the most sansitivo In regard to the least insult ollered to its suhi?ets far vhlnfi it tt rUa.ll appear to have beeu uojuauy offered, It will require an ample Indrmnlflcatlon Thla act baa alao ban committed within tha dominion of tba King of tlu Mo^ullaa 1 h?n oaitM to nottfy lUa government of It. In th? bop? that upon reoeiving my lattara, and taking them into oonaideratlon, you would aee tba neoeaeity of aettlng Mr. Barnal at liberty, thereby avoiding oonaeiiuenoea whioh you would not fall to feel It in propar I enould itata to you, aa you oan aoaroely have been otherwiae Informed of It, tnat Mr. Chatfleld,ller Majesty Couaul General In Cantral Amerioa, haa reoelved inatruotlona to point out to tha Stataa of Central America, tha limit* wbiob tha Brltiah governmant I* datarminad to maintain, aa tha right of tha Ring of the Moa<iultoe, and that thoae limlta comprehend tk? Han Juan river. I have the honor to be, your very hwbieaervant, PATRICK WALKKR, Agent of the I ontul General of Her Britannic Majesty on tbe Moaqulto Hhore. Oute r, or TMK Stat*, aki> or Konmiin Kklatioki, ? or iki bureaus tiovkaniarrt er Nicabaoua, > (lovcaitMKKT Houit., Managua, Sept. 31, 1847 ) To Mr. Jokn F?tltruVicr Cental of H?r Britannic Mmje?ty ? The Supreme Director 1* Informed by offlcial commnnloationa from tbe commander of the port of Han Juan del Norte, and tbrongh other (ouroea, that the Moeqnitoe, under tbe protection of Her Brltannlo Majesty'a government. are aeeking to ooeupv that port, on the pretest tbat it la within territory whioh beienga to them. Notwithatandiag thla Information, my government, oon vlnced of tbe Intelligence and of tha conformity to rule* whioh characterise tbe proeeedlng* c f the Kngliah nation, doubts whether the occupation will t*k* plaoe, principally baoauae it will not have been preoedad by tboae formalltiea which natlona always obeervetand It to notorloua to the whole world, that nt>m time Immemorial, N loaragua haa had 'inlet and peaceable poeeeaelon of, and aoven ignty In, the aaid port. But my government being deairoua of knowing the true atato of the matter, haa directed me to ad drea* Her Britannia Majaaty'a Vie* ? onaui, aa I now do, in order that ho may communicate, through me. correct Information in regard to It. The Vlco Consul well knowa that the port of Han Juan, referred to, la the only one whioh Nicaragua baa upon the Atlantio coaat, And the aeat of her principal eiport and im ort trade with all other nation*; that from thia 1* derived the principal revenue of the mate, and tbat. oonar<|uantiy, if It be interoepted by tbo ftaaiinotlnn 1 m i naalInn aha mill )v> <(>aelaai -J . principal reeources upon which she relies to pay the debt due In Great Britain. an trrunmnt tar which la now under negotiation with the Vice Consul. And in the uniooked for cam, that ouch in act will rftil; be committed, my government, Id the name of the Sovereign State which it represent*,.order* me to protest, henceforth, to Her Britannio Majesty's Vice Consul, ai I do now, to solemn form, that ft 1? not responsible for any delay which mar onot in the payment of the debt due In Oreat Britain, nor lor the interest thereon which nay aoorna while the port of San Juan del Norte (hall remain I* the power of the Mosqultos, under the protection of the Brittoh government , and for thil act, derogatory to the rights of the State, it will do all In It* power to sustain them, relying upon the geaeral regard for that whloh li reasonable; for, In the present age, It Is not foroe, but Justice. which regulates the affairs of nations with oae they great or small This. Mr Vice-Consul, Is what the supreme government of Nicaragua baa directed the undersigned to acquaint you with, la dolag Which. I bare the satisfaction to subsoribs myself, lie. HKBASTI AN SALINAS Francisco Puenss. Minister of Relation of Salvador, after referring to the above note to him from the Mlaister of Relation of Nicaragua, replies to it as follows, under date 11 th of t lotober last: ? The Supreme Government of the State of Salvador, being, as it Is, a friend and ally of that of Nicaragua, has seen with the deepest feeling, the steps which you aay are contemplated by Kogland lu usurping the most iaterestlog part of your State, and it cannot be persuaded that th<* illustrious < abinet of ht James ha* authorised evils of ruch a magnitude; but It Is rather inclined to believe that, taking advantage of existing circumstance in Central America, and of our not being repreeented at that court, aubaltern agent* h>T? ordered and committed iha h?m? referred to. Bat ?hkt*nr may bo the cau*e? tl the aot Halrador proteata that If cnoh ao outrage *hould be carried Into effect. ?he will unite bar force* with thoee of your beautiful Htate. and will exert her whole power until the uaurper wbo darn to toweh your territory Khali b* driven from lha HmlU of CeaUal America The flupreme (internment of 8*1 tad or la thoroughly convinced thai tba oaoae of Nicaragua, la tbin instance, i* tba oause of all lenUal America, and tbat aoy Injury or usurpation wblcb your territory may *u?t*in would be the earn* a* If *u>talnad by our* miirrllaiKOtu. It took fifteen hour* and forty-Bra minataa to transmit tha President * meeaage, by Ulejraph, from Philadelphia to Pittsburg. Pennsylvania liar J. N. Mailt baa been lecturing In ( inclnnati upon the MaiioM war Ila Jostlflea "not only a defensive war, bat a war of conquest '' A oltiien of ( inclnnati la now erecting a splendid adi 1 flee In tbat city. the marble of tha entire front of which he ibippnd from Italy, at aooat of $'200,00n. The steamboat Manhattan want aabore on tha beach a little below Cataklil, on the North River, Kriday night laat The director* of the tilrard College, Philadelphia meat on Wednoeday next, to chooee a president aod other oflloer*. Tha election i* a highly Important one A drove of 3000 turklea, lately paaeeO thrtugh Cherry Valley, on their way to thi* market Tha polee for the telegraphic wire* from ' bllllcothe to Coin mbu*. are erected, and the wlraa will be furnUhad a* ?oon aa poaaibla fourteen of the peraens engaged In tha Hot at Kredariofin, N H , hare been convicted. and sentenced aa follow* - Kour I'i month* lmprl?onment In the peattentlai ?, with hard labor; (ire, 8 month* in do. with do ; and flv, 4 month* d'< In the ccmnon gaol, with hard labor ? lUltln Sun (V?i' J4 lot wae iluatiug iu the Aliiaotui rlrar, at Jefletoon olty, 0B Tuaaday laat.