Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 13, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 13, 1847 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD published at thk North-west Corner or Fnlton and Nassau sti., bv James Gordon Bennett, Proprietor. DAILT HE1MLD-Every day (Sunday included.) Pr ~e i cutis ptr copy?%t liptr annua?in the Uniltd Sla'es. To Euroj?tn subscribers.'SH per annum, to inilntU the p 'stage, which has lo it prepaid. WEEKLY HERALD? Merry Saturday?Price cents per copy?ti MX per annum?in Ihe Uniltd Statu To European subscribers, by steamship, ti per annum, < include the postage. HERALD VOH EUROPE-Every Steam Packet Day ?Price S\i centsptr copy-ti per annum, including postaire, or ts 2S exclusive of postage. Subscriptions and adrertisements will be received by Messrs Oalignani.lt rue Vivienne, Pat is ; P. L. .>,m?nd?. It Cornhill, and John J Miller, bookseller, Henrietta street, London. ANNUAL PICTORIAL HERALD? Published on the l?i of January of each year at sixpence per copy ADVERTISEMENTS, at the usual prices. Advertisements should be written in a plain, legible manner. The . proprietor will not be responsible for errors that may occur in them. PRINTING of all kinds executed beautifully and with despatch. ALL LETTERS or communications by mail, for subscriptions. or with advertisements, addressed to the proprietor of the establishment, mutt be post paid, or the postage will be deducted/rom the money rejnitted. rnrirvttuir rnbbirspnvnrtfrc j munieationt. containing important newt or uirful inttlligenet, ore solicited from at* quarter of the world?Europe _5n,i. ,1/rica, or America?and if used will always be liberally paid for by tie Proprietor. NO NOTICE can be taken of anonymout communication Whatever it intended for insertion mutt be autAcnticited by the name and addrett of tke writer ; not necettai ili1 for publication, but at m guaranty of kit good faitk. fFe cannot undertake to return rejected communication!. -ILL i'.IY MEffTS to be made in advance. Sew York, Monday, December 13, 1*47. Th? French Steamer. The Union is now in her nineteenth day. She is fully due. The Foktiuaater Utncral'i Report. In anticipation of their publication in Washington, we give in this morning's Herald copious extracts from the report of the Postmaster General, and its accompanying documents. A portion of the correspondence between Mr. Bancroft and Lord l'dlmerstoii we have not been able to procure ; but the extracts which we give from the letter of Mr. Bancroft, of Oct. 22(1, will show ilia' he handled his lordship, in respect of the postal imposition against the American steamers, by the British post office, without mincing the matter at all. The whole of the reported documents is interesting, and will communicate much original information to the public at large, particularly that part in which the Postmaster General gravely argues the propriety of taxing news rers according to their weightjor, in other words, to suppress their circ ulation as much n? possible. This idea is original with Cave All the credit of it belongs to him. Another Great Movement In Speculation. According to the last accounts from Europe, there seems to be every reason to believe that a new and fresh speculative movement, in the general articles of commerce and consumption, has been devised by the great capitalists of London and elsewhere, and that the whole commercial world, both in Europe and America, will be more or less under the influence of their agents, during the next six, nine, or twelve months. The action of the British government and the Bank of England, and the sudden effect which the influence of the bank has (produced on the money market from one of those periods of quiet and calm, which generally closes a time of excitement, with as much certainty as it precedes another and a new excitement. The monetary crisis in London, and throughout England, seems to have stopped in mid career by the influence of the London bankers and government, and the Bonk'of England; yet this influence was merely a in-uirr of imagination, without any particular action of any kind. The bank was authorised to make freeh issues ot its paper,contrary to its chartor, iu order to sustain the credit of the country; but affairs gradually improved, even without the application of the physic. We are, therefore, in the midst of that lull, or calm, which follows after or precedes those movements, created by the great capitalists and speculators, for the purpose of filling their own pockets and cheating the rest of the world, Let us explain. The Rothschilds, the Barings and other extensive houses and bankers in London, control the commercial world, through the Action of the Bank of England, the foreign exchanges, the bullion market of the world, and all by their vast capitals and power over the various governments; and by their combined movements on the money market, originated in London,and tiarried into effect by their agents throughout the world, they raise the prices of the great articles of consumption, such as cotton, corn, or tobacco, as well as coin. They vary those movements, backwards and forwards, upwards und downwards, just to suit their purposes, and to make money out of their operations. When Voltaire lived in his famous chateau, near Geneva, lie wrote to a mend that He could speculate in the French funds, and make mpney on them, just as easy on the shores of the lake of Geneva, as on the Bmirat of Paris. He explained : he had u friend ic the Bank of France, whogave him intelligence when they were contracting or expanding th? paper system, and according as they were doing one or the other,Voltaire said he bought or sold stocks,and alwayB.at the end of a few months ha cleared a profit, one way or the other. These principles and movements, in controlling the money market, through the agency of the paper money system, have been extended in the present day by the great bankers in London, to embrace all the great articles of commerce, and not stocks alone, hven famine and pestilence, and the miseries of the human race, are merely looked upon as elements in these monetary calculations, by the great financiers and bankers in London and Paris, who are also great gentlemen; but who, in other ages of the world, would have been looked upon a* great scoundrels and great cheats, and would, accordingly, have been hung by the neck till dead. Let us give a few facta on the subject. In the year 1845 the potato rot began to create its ravages in Ireland and other portions of Europe. It was, however, only partial in that year. During a part of that summer,the British government, urder Sir Robert Peel's administration, tent dir^riiAfiH to its acrentH in IrplnnH in nil the information possible relative to the shortness of the potato'crop. This information was collected privately, and was secretly transmitted to London.} At th? proper'time, the deficiency was ascertained, and this important tact was communicated confidentially to the house of Barings, in London, who enjoyed the confidence of J<ir Robert Peel. In the tall of 1?IA, possessed of the knowledge of the exact shortness of the crop, and that there would be a great demand for breadstuff's, the Barings despatched their agents to this country secretly; they purchased large; >|Uantities of produce at low prices; and the very vessels that transported such produce to Ireland and England had reached their |?>rts of destination just ifter the fact of the scarcity was known in England, or to the commercial world ot Europe. As soon as it began to be agitated in the newspapers that there wis great a deficiency in the the potato crop tn Ireland, prices of Ml kindsof breadstufl's, of course tobf, and the Barings, and a few others in the confidence of the goverment, who had entered - r'y info tl'<* market, made vast suma of mon<?y l>v their operations. I This was the first movement ol the London capittlidtt and speculators The year alter, vui I in 1846, and in the middle of the summer of that 1 year, tome doubt was entertained whether the [ same disease affected the poUto again. By this time, however, Sir Kobert Peel iraa ousted from power, and Lord John Russell, the leader of the wliija, became prime minister. Now, the favorites of the whigs among the chief bankers, capitalists and speculators in London, are the Rothschilds, and those connected with that eminent Jewish house. The government secretly collected the f?m?- information as Sir Robert Peel hud done the year previously, relative to the potato crop in Ireland end other parts of Great Britain, and communicated the s*me information to the Rothschilds and those connected with them, and they followed the same system that the Uarings had done the year before, and transmitted orders and information to all their agents in America and the East of Europe, for the purchase of grain. Many of the speculators and tottering houses, wishiug to help themselves, entered into the sBine movements. We all remember the extraordinary commercial excitement in 1816-7, created by those movements growing out of the failure ot the potatoe crop in Ireland and Belgum, and even in France, and other parts of Europe. It was also well known in Paris, that the French government became the confidential adviser of the branch of the house of Rothschild in Paris, in the same way as Sir Robert Peel and the British government had of the Barings in London and their branches. But in order to keep down the prices of grain to the proper period of the season, the French minister of commerce actually underrated and falsified the conditian of the crops in France, for the purpose of giving facility and room for the Rothschilds and their agents to make their vast speculations. From the corrupt character of the French ministers, it is probable that they were connected themselves with these movements, and those very grain speculations. Those extraordinary commercial movements went on in the winter of 1846 and the spring of 1847. A vast number of rotten houses in London sntered into those speculations, with the hope of realizing some profits, and thus to enable themselves to be sustained a little while longer. The great banking and commercial houses in London, generally,' live in the most expensive style ; they become connected with the nobility in some way, and are involved in th? same mode of living, which has been set by the territorial lords of England, at the West End of London. The British ministry, however, not only made the Rothschilds and their friends the depositaries ofthoBe secrets useful to their speculations, but they also made panic speeches in the House of Commons, for the purpose of increasing the prices ol breadstutts, and delaying a reaction 111 the market. Every one can remember the several speeche^made by Lord John Russell when he exaggerated the failure of the potatoe and other crops in Ireland and England, putting the estimate of deficiency at sixteen millions of pounds sterling. This tended to advance prices of grain and breadstuff:!,in the spring and summer of 1847, still higher, until the favorable moment was seized by the Rothschilds and others to throw vast quantities of grain into the market, and get rid of it at any prices they could, enriching themselves, and leaving the losses to be borne by those not in the secret. But this was not all?a a loan of eight millions was asked for by the ministers, to enable them to feed the Irish people; this loan was taken by the Barings and the Rothschilds; and it is a singular fact, that most of the money of this loan probably went into the coders of those men who were importers, purchasers and speculators in the very breadstuff* and grain that were imported by this money. When certain of those articles of general want had reached the highest point, by the very efforts of those men in London who got up the movement, they then turned their attention to make money by the differences in the foreign exchanges, and by managing the imports of bullion into England, in the same way, and on the same principle, that they had managed the imports of grain and flour, for many months past, if we inay use the same language to express similar ideas, the prices of gold and silver have been rising throughout the commercial world, as a consequent reaction to the fall of prices in other articles oi merchandise. The great capitalists and bankers in London, who control the commercial world through their agents and the Bank of England, have been making just as much money by the advance in the price of bullion or exchanges, as they formerly did in the advance in the prices of grain. When the revulsion in England had gone far enough?when the panic began to reach some of their own personal friends and adherents?they thought it time to stop it, by calling into action the agency of the Bank of England, of the government, and of some other powers, as we see by the last accounts from thut charter. The Bank of England is nothing but a mere bullion and paper shop?with paper for England and bullion for the rest of the commercial world?and entirely in the hands of Rothschilds and the London bankers who keep their balances there. Those bankers operate to the extent of six or wvpn ihnimanH millions of dollars nrr vear. in the settlement of balance** in London alone There are about fifteen or twenty of those great bankers formed into particular cliques, one headed by the Barings, and the other by the Rothschilds. It is of no consequence which party is in power in Kogland; for the monetary and commercial affairs of the kingdom, and of the commercial world, arc managed on the same principles of i > i ? on the rise and fall of every article of commerceon the same principle of using famine, pestilence, and all the other misfortunes of human life, as merj elements in commercial calculations, by every party?whig or tory. At the present time, the whigs are in power, and the Rothschilds are their principal financial advilers. Kothschild himself furnished the funds requisite for the Loudon election, estimated at twenty-five thousand pounds, which resulted in the election of Lord John Russell and himsell. They are now operating in London for another great movement on the distresses of the human race. Prices of produce, cotton and corn, are low ; gold and silver are high, relatively. We have not the slightest doubt that the London speculators have made and peifected arrange __j ?. .u_:_ - ?_ ........ ?r ,i.. Ill "111 <11111 nrill lilCJl j I'anui nic world, lor the purpose of purchasing, and with the inteniion of gradually increasing prices, through the Bank of England and the exchanges, for the next six or nine months, when, at the proper time, they will make vast profits, break down the markets, and produce another revulsion in the commercial world, and pursue the ante method at a future day. U would be well, therefore, under this aspect of llie influences which govern the commercial world in England and Amcrica, for American merchant* and American farmcis to make their calculations 011 those data and facts, which they can rend and understand aa well as we can. It is highly prolmblo that the pricej of grain and breadstuifs may not be so high as they were last year; but that they will gradually rise, seems certain. The varied general influences which cans? a rise in these articles, will also create a comparative rise in cotton and similar articles ; yet it is dungerous to trust to the speculative interests in London which control the ronim'n ial world ; and the safest policy for America to pursue is to sell at present prices, Out to *rll alwayi for rath, and to takr care that we do not dip too dttp, or fallow too clo$ely in the 1 rakr of the Knglith aptrulatort or their ogrnt*. The speculators of London, united with th? j>vliuci?nB and * ' 1 ? ta'eamen of that country, and also those of Fiance, act on such principle*, and have dona so for several years, a* will, one ot these days, create a terrible revulsion?a revulsion that will, in Its turn, cr? ate a popular revolution ot a much more extrao rdinary character than the French revolution, in the last century. All the governments <of Europe are connected together with the great capitalists of Europe. London, F?i.s, Vienna, Berlin, Naples, , are more or IfM united together by the same interests, the same minds, and by the same monetary principles. The Rothschilds alone have thei'iT agents and houses in every large city in Eufco|ie, including Frankfort, the very city in Germany from which the whole race of Rothschilt is originated. The Rothschild of Frankfort is the oldest; but the most influential are those ot London and Faris. They all profess to be Hebrew *?, strict Jews; but they care as much for their re.ligion as they do for that of i/: - J?... tu-',. ? Mkiiinn i. ,.f ? .1: a iiiiiuudiuu. 1 iic1i w uivimvu MO vi a ui11c1cu1 character; they consider themselves the financial governors of all E urope and of the commercial world, and live in a. style that can only be equalled by royalty, and not low-priced or old clo' royalty, at that. The otonstr Jction of railroads in Europe, the establishment of steam lines, the wonderful power of locomotion, and that of the electric telegraph, will give to them and other vast capitalists a power over the commerce of Europe that w ill he still more remarkable than anything we have yet seen. Yet the foundation of all their iiaancial wealth is baseless and rotten. .France, England, end all the other governments of Europe, are covered with debt; their population is increasing, and when the proper period of time comes that popular feeling will be stronger thaji the monetary interest, the whole financial and commercial fabrics will be an .utter ruin. It will be a French revolution on an extensive scale; but it will be preceded by a commercial and financial revulsion greater than any we have ever seen. The existing prinn<?notion amooi' the capitalists of London. [ Paris and the rest of Europe, are precisely of the [ same character and the same selfishness which ! led to the old French revolution, and they will lead to a similar state of things, one of those days, throughout the European civilized world. In the mean time, it will be wise for America to sell her produce at the present prices, for cash, as fast as they take it. British Movements in Central America.? We understand that the British Government under certain pretexts, has seized upon St. Juan de Nicaragua, a town situated at the mouth of the river of Nicaragua, which flows from the lake of that name, into the Atlantic. This town is claimed by the government of Guatemala, in opposition to the British. This act of the British government in that quarter of thie world, may have been precipitated by the possession of the capital of Mexico by the. victorious armies ot the United States. At all events, tire authorities of Guatemala, or Central America, .have entered into an important correspondence with our government at Washington upon this st lbject, and we have every reason to believe that .the American government is dedial 1/1 Armlu llnAH tka ?.l. am iciiiumcu lu diojiu 1111111/ u|'?l? miv giuuiiu U1KCI1 by Mr. Monroe in hit) message of 1817, and subsequently reiterated by Mr. Polk, not to permit any European government to make any more colonial settlements upon this continent. A bout a year ago we learned in Paris that an individual who had obtained from the Mexican Government aome time previous a charter to construct a canal or rail road through the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, had made application to Lord Aberdeen for the purpose of obtaining the assistance of the British Government in carrying out the project. Lord Aberdeen, however, declined to act in the matter, alleging that > the openiug of railroad or steamboat communication arrnua tlie lathnma, uniting the Gulf of Mexico with the Pacific Ocean, would bring about a revolution in the comemercial intercourse of Europe with Aaia, and particularly with China, which in the end would result, more to the benefit of the United States than of Europe, from their naturul position and locality. After thin refusal by the British government, an applii cation was next made to the government of Louis Philippe. This, however, met with the same sue oesH ; ior ine r rencn. government has the least enterprise, beyond its own limits, of all the governments of Europe. Since the above transactions, Lord Palmerston has succeeded to the office held by Lord Aberdeen, and it is well known that he possesses much greater enterprise and energy than his predecessor. We have now every reason to believe, that since he is willing quietly to permit the United States to take and keep possession of Mexico, if they choose, he is, as a counterpoise, extremely anxious to get possession of all the places adjoining lake Nicaragua, which may be nccessary for the purpose, in order to be able to establish a communication between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, which shall be entirely under the control of the British government. This is a probable explanation of the occupation of the above town, which commands the lake of Nicaragua. We shall, however, know more about it soon, as the government of Central America has entered into communication upon the subject with our government, which will be prepared to act, and to present the matter to Congress, in a very short time. BiaHor Hitohks in Washington.?Bishop Hughes is still in Washington, luxuriating in the menagerie of politicians and roguery. The newspaper*) also are still speculating about his purposes there; and according to the last accounts he was going to preach in the House of Representatives, yesterday. If he preaches there, it cannot be with the hope of saving many of the sinners in that department of human life. Bishop Hughes must know the value ol a politician's soul too well to think it worth saving at all. But what can the Bishop want at Washington! As there is a good deal of speculation about this matter, we may as well ofer our conjectures, as other*. It'is well known,then,that Bishop Hughes takes great interest in the affair of the new mission to Rome. In fact, he wants to have his own candidate sent there as envoy; and his favorite, on whom he has pitched for the office, is Mr. Vanburg Livingston, of this city, who made himself very active lately in getting up the recent meeting of sympathy for the Tope. It has been settled by Bishop Hughes and the clergy nere, inat tney ought to have the selection of the minister to the Vatican. The Catholics in this country number, probably, one-tenth of the whole population, and by the annexation of Mexico, ihey will constitute a greater proportion. Insuch a new and important condition of things, it is expected that llis Holiness will create cardinal legates, or a Nuncio to this country; in which event, who would be a litter candidal* for the high dignity than Bishop Hughes! Who could render it more popular, in the end, than 111 ml Who could make a greater fuas about itl Well, b? it so. Wc have taken a great interest in the course of Bishop Hughes, from the lirst moment that lie made, his appearance in the political and religious affairs of New York; and even yet, we do not despair of making him some day,a Cardinal; and,if we can, a Pope. the meantime, it may be satisfactory to him to have Mr. Livinpton sent us Envoy to Home. If, by his preaching at Washington, and his private interviews with Mr. Polk, he can succeed in accomplishing his objects, well and good. Thk Wkat hka.?At Albany, on Saturday, South winds pifvallad, with occasion*! shower*. There w?a no indication ot winter, and navigation wa? open in a|) 41- 1 11 xeoUona. I The Great Tihutess?Opera Excitement. ?Our three principal fashionable theatres?the Park, the Broadway, and Astor Place?are in a very interesting and exciting condition. The cheap shilling theatres are generally doing a splendid business, amusing the great mass of people, making money, getting along quietly in the world, and presenting no remarkable phase to the annalist or the historian. But not to, it heems, our fashionable theatres and highpriced houses; they arc determined to make a noise in the world, to cut one another's throuts, to shut up each other if they can, or else, all die gloriously in the field together. During the last week there has been an unusual stir at the Astor Opera House. Two parties have been forming, both of the haut ton and the canaille, in relation to the merits, capacity and powers of two prima donnas. Trufli is considered to be a ne plus ultra by one set, and Biscaccianti by the other. A wonderful excitement has grown out of this contest; and if we had room to illHPrt thpm it wnlllil ho umiulm I" r.?a?4 ibe collection of extract* from the partisans of each party. When the haul ton (Uncovered that the canaillt looked upon TrulH as the gp*nt"st prima donna among us, they immediately trumped the card, and went farther than the farthest. These things have tended to increuse the houses at the Opera. On the other hand, the Broadway hous-, with all its horse adornments, of gold and tinsel, is determined to contend for the palm of fashion, und brings out to-night the splendid Madame Bishop, with all h?r troupe, in the highest state of development and excellence. The contest,therefore, tor the present week, or perhaps for the next fortnight, will lie between the Broadway and the Astor; for the Park seems to have exhausted all its efforts, and to be quite settling down into a respectable old age of imbecility and inanity. It is true, to-night they will have a tremendous house, because a number of great heroes who have returned home from the wars of Mexico, after the glorious conquest of that splendid country, intend to be present to grace the benefit of Barry. The Mexican heroes will probably bring a fuller house to the Park than all the heroes of Shakspeare could do; but afterwards, it will present a beggarly!account of empty boxes for the rsst of the season, unless they bring out llubini from iEurope, or the Devil from Pandemonium. The movement in the fashionable world has been chiefly confined to the operation of Madame Bishop, with all her beauty, and her delicious action on one side, and that of Truffi and Biscaccianti, with all their power, and all their talents, and all their acquirements, on the other side. As for bouquets, get them at Dunlap and Thomson's, (>85 Broadway. Such is the programme for the week. At the end of it we shall report the killed and wounded. Affairs in Central America.?We are in receipt of papers, and in all parts they continued to enjoy peace and tranquility. In Co8tarrica, Senores Calvo and Alvarado> had been nominated as commissioners to the diet of Nacaoine, with authority only to treat in said diet on what concerned foreign relations. In Honduras, the Assembly had met, and had decreed the re-union of artother extraordinary Assembly, to treat on the same affair which had occupied the diet, which in the meantime had dissolved. In Nicaragua, there had been some differences between Leon and Granada, which were immediately put down. The news from San Salvador, reach to the 28th September, There had been some commotions

in the district of Sacatecoluca regarding tobacco planting. They begin to agitate the coming election for President. It seems there are several candidates. MoVK.Miv.NT8 ok THE OeKAt fcjTKA.Ml?KS.?The Hibernia was to sail from Liverpool on the 4th ui December, for Halifax and lioslon. Alter landing her mails and passengers at Boston, she will proceed to New York, and sail from New York for Halifax and Liverpool, on Saturday the 1st of January, on which day the Cambria will sail from Liverpool for Halifax and New York. The Caledonia will sail from Liverpool for Boston on the 19th of December, ttnd return from Boston on Saturday, 15th January. The Cambria will sail from New York on Saturday, 30th January. Police Intelligence. Caught on the JEufry ' J.iy Offloers Hepburn and McClelland, ol the 16th Ward, arrested, on Saturday evening, a young man. about 18 yean of age, calling blmself Jamvs Anderson, alias John Harper, having In his possession fbar ^overcoats?one a brown saok. one blue, do , one blaok doeskin, and the other a blue black, boys' size. All. no doubt, bad been stolen from some entry, for whloh owners are wanted, Apply to the above officers,at the 16th Ward Station-house, in Mercer, near Amity street. Anderson was looked up for a further hearing by Justice Rooms. Robhtd on the Five Officers Melloy and Ulllgan, of the tith ward, arrested on Saturday night. * woman called Mary Allen, on a oharge of stealing a silver watch from John Canchard, while in a crib, located on the Kiv* Points. Justice Drinker locked her up fir trial. Jli reel of an Apple Thirf.?Offloer Moloney, of the id ward, succeeded yesterdsy, is arresting a boy. by the name of Larry Clinton, aliai "Greolan," whom tbe officer detected, together with three others, smashing in the beads of apple barrels, standing in Burling slip, and stealing therefrom the apples. On his arrest, his cap and pockets were filled with the forbidden fruit. It was but a few days ago that Mr. Alexander Ladd, one of the private watchman in that vicinity, was suspected by the ownrr of these apples as having pilfered some, when in faot it was done by these young rascals. The officer secured one, the other three making their escape. Much injustice was done Mr Ladd in this aocusation, bs being i m>n of Intfsritvand rrSDectabilltv. receiving the con fldence of all who know him. Ckargt Dammed ? We noticed In yesterday's Herald the arrest of three young men by the names of John William*, John Mann, and Blahop Goodrtoh, on suspicion of stealing g* Upon the case being investlga ted before Justice Ketcbam, at the request of counsellor Shaler, all three were immediately discharged from oustody, the evidence being Inaafflelent to snstaln the charge. J1 Muticnl Thitf ? Offloer Knowls of the 4th ward, arretted on Saturday night a nan called Irish Ned, on a charge of stealing a fiddle valued at $J6 belonging to E. Hawkins 4 Catherine slip. Justice Drinker locked him up for examination. Sttaling ? Cow.?A man by the name of James Donley, was arrested on Saturday by offlcer McOennis of the lath ward, cn a charge or stealing a cow valued at $2o, belonging to Bernard McUarvey. The accused was detained for aiurther bearing. Srrrosgp Murdik.?The Great Falls, N. H. Skttcher gives an account of the disappearance of a man named lliohard Kreeman, of Berwick, and various facts which lead to the suspiolon that be has been murdered lie left a tavern in Barwiok on Huudsy evening, where it Is said he bad won money in gambling. Shortly after the time of bis leaving the house a horrid shriek and groaus were heard by several persons, across the river near the bridge? and on search being made on Monday morning, his wallet was found, on an island in the river, to which it had been washed by the waves, destitute of money An examination having been made by the Inhabitants of the village, without aov cine to the mystery, the selectmen ottered a reward fjr the recovery of the body, itnd for the detection of the murderer, if it should prov<tbat a murdtr had been committed A postscript in the sime paper adds the following A club has been found in Kernald's stable, on which are various spots of blood. One of hla oarriages has been found to be bloody, and a buffalo with blocd on it. Newly made wagon track* bava been dl*cov?r?-d above a burying (round one mile abova th? filial*. We hive since benn to the apot wbere the wagon appear* to have been turned, and tlud It no near the river a* to reuder our opinion tbat if tbe wagon waa there on Hunday night, it waa certainly two feet under water?tbe rlv?-r wan bigb then. Tbe Factory Company haa a?nt to Milton, and ordered their gatea abut there, to keep the water h tok,while the river here can be more thoroughly searched. The IJkad Ska.?A writer in the Alexandria Gazttle suggests thitt Lieut. Lynch should inquire whnth'T the Jordan ever had a different outlet from that it nowhaa; whether the bed of tbat river *?? ever higher than It now la; what becamo of It* water* in the daya of Lot, who, in describing the rich and well watered valley, does not allude to tne existence of a lake whether tbe country of .the Jordan la a llmratone country or not; whether, If It be a limestone region, tbe Jordan could not be lout under ground m rlvera oommonly are In such dlstrlcta, Sic, fcs. We truat tba*, Mr Lynch will avail hlmaelf of tbeae hlnta. Will the JVm/i Y-irk Hwild call hia attention to this paragraph by republlahlng It1 A mall big waa found hi Orand Klver near Palneavllla on the '14th ult., containing broken packagea of lettera and paptira The letters bad been robbed of the money I t h' y contained. Krom one of the letters a $:<() hill of ; th* Maillaon county iUnk waa taken. On? bag i* still < mlMiag - CtneiniMli G(i<l?t 7(A m$(, Theatrical and Hualcat. Tark Tmi*t?c.?To-night Mr. Barry takes a benefit at tb? Park,and preeents a truly attractive bill. The first pines will be George Lovell's excellent play of "l.ova'e Sacrifice, or the Rival Merchants," in which MIm Char, lott* Barnes and Mr. Conner will appear aa Margaret and Matthew K.I more. Mr. Djott will play Paul Lafunt, and Mr. Stark will personate Kugene Do Lormn. Mrs. Abbott la to appear aa llerminie <ln Vamont The alter piece is to be the comedy of the "Honey Moon," in which Sir Barry will appear aa the Duke Artnza?Mr. Base enacting the p?rt of Jarquee, which he always does with loflnlte grace, Mrs. G. Jones and Mr* Abbott sustain the p*rtsof Juliana and VUante. The flret piece ie admilted by all to he a drama ot very high claim* ax to ita literary quality, and adaptation to dram*tlo effect ? Concerning the comedy, every body that has learned the theatrical alphabet know* that is one of the richest of Ita kind. Of Mr. Barry It is only necessary to intimate that if hia friends come out to greet him on this occasion, there will be a great boute, for we do not know a gentleman more generally and highly esteemed. Col. Burnett, and the other officers just returned from Mexico. will be present. Bowtav Thkatrk.?The drama of " Valeha, or the Revolt of the Slaves," with a cast that embraced the whale strength of the company, the ballet of the li Giselle or the Willies," the comedy of " Burled Alive," together with some extraordinary tquestrian performances by (he celebrated Levi North, on the equally celebrated horse Tammany, we see are set forth for this evening at the Bowery theatre. 8uch an attractive, rich, varied, and exoeilent bill of entertainments, wjs never before produced at this or any other theatre on tUis side of the Atlantic. Till* new species of uauwwent, tquestrikuism, we predict will be duly apprecUt ed, and also the effort* of the msnager, who M?mn determined that all who visit the B?wery shall do so with the opinion that it is the most attractive place of amusement in the country, and himself the most enterprising of managers. Chatham TtitATftK.?On Saturday evening, somewhat of an interlude beyond that set down in the bills, took place between the pieces. Mr. Addams, the actorpreacher, being called for by the "Utlienoe, appeared on the stage, and made the following characteristic speech. The gentleman hits the " dead heads" quite a rap, it will be seen u Believe me, I thank you for your kindness, and for the manner in whloh yoa were pleased to receive my personation of dramatic chtraotsr 1 confer I am a uovioe in thn business, and have never received any instruction to become an aotor; neither do 1 know anything of sta^e effect. The press has been very hard upon me, for what reason | don't know, i am aware 1 do not possess the qualities of a Booth, or your great American actor, Korrest. But if I follow the stage us a profession, I shall bind myself an appremlce, and wheal appear before you again, 1 hope to really merit your approbation. I know I am inadequate to the task?I am nervous, but there is one thing which Ireta me? it is the -kl.k I k... k... i ?..l Ik. 1? | auouuvi >U nmvu u?fV UDUU H CUbQU UJT kUD |>ir?C, UUIl particularly the Htrald, whoever the writer of the article may be, he said ' I ought to be rode on a iall.' There > are many contemptible people connected with the preas ?people who oome here?aye, and don't p >y their quarter neither; and i suppose H waa one of there who wrote the oonremptible artiole. 1 don't oare no much about what the other papeta said ?'tis the Hrrald alone tbat annoys me 1 never dreamt of following two profession*. I left the society I belonged to in 1344, because they didn't do the right thing. If 1 xtand up on the SabbAath to addrera my fi lends, they know me, and tbey are convinced I speak to them on many subjects of importance. But now that they will not be ready with their next piece for a few minutea, I will say a word or two. I don't know what impropriety there ia in being an actor?some of the moat eloquent men and greatest geniUaes of the age are actors; and, for my own part, 1 can't aee why a man may not be an aotor, and, at the aaine time, a good Christian. But I'll tell you the seoret?by their oountenancingjrour appearance at the theatre, they know you spend a quarter dellar, whioh they themselves would fain hare fur their own purposes. 1 will conolude by saying, I thank jou?for when 1 look at thia vaat araembinge from gallery to plt,l feel thankful for your favora " The reverend aotor made his bow, and waa heartily cheered by the boya. Thia evening quite an interesting bill will be presented, viz the admired drama of the "Black Mantle;" the '' Modi 1 Artists;" and the drama of the " lloll of the Drum," founded on inoidents which oocured during the French war. The strength of the oompany la oast in these pieces, and we have no doubt they will give full satisfaction. New Movr.MF.NT I* THE THEATRICAL WoHLD.?We stated a day or two ago, that the oelebrated ' d^n^luse.,' Madame Augusta, had taken Palmo's Opera House, In Chamber* street, for the purpose of giving operatlo entertainments. We were partly right and paitly wren; In that statement. The lady hae taken this plaee of amusement; but instead of Gpera, aha wlUproduce German vaudeville, comedy and ballet amusements; and we think with a very fair prespeot of aucoeaa There are In this city, probably, fifty thousand Germans, who have not bad an opportunity of enjoying these entertainment* since they left th? Father-land. A large proportion of these, and also of our Frenoh citizens, would, no doubt, patronizn such amusements every night in the week. Again, Madams Augusta herself is a beautiful dam'Mtt She possesses judgment and discrimination, and from her experience In the United States, and her knowledge of theatricals here, and of the wants of tlie people, sue is eminently well qualified to get up a company and produce such amusements as would be properly appreciated and patronized. The Germans in this city greatly exceed in number the French, and yet tbe French theatricals have been tolerably well supported, and would be better, only for the bad management and ignorance displayed by those who have controlled them The location of Palme's is good?its size is convenient ; neither too large nor too small, and as we s?id before, the experiment promises to be crowned with suooess. This new enterprise will be a counter check to the Broadway ballet and the Astor Place Opera, and from its novelty, will attract a large portion of our floating population. Circus, Bowery Amfhitheatrp:.?The danoing horses and troupe of ponies belonging to the well known establishment of Sands. Lent & Co., are to appear at this house this evening. Mr. Tryon takes time by the forelock, and commences holiday time to-night by giving a splendid bill. Sands, Lent & Co 'a troupe and his own will appear in a host of novelties. Christy's Minstrels.?The eleventh week oommenoes this evening. Suoh a oontinuous run is quite unprecedented In the annals of amusement. They con tinwe as good as ever, and the near approach of the holidays has caused them to prick up their ears and get some extra songs and witticisms on hand, whioh they will deal out liberally this evening. The Virginia Serf.nai>i:rs.?A troupe of nezro minstrels who rejoice in this title, have taken up their quarters at the Minerva rooms for a few evenings. They are, we believe, no strangers to the pub'.io, and ftoiu what we have heard, they will make the wool tiy as last as any one A visit to them this evening will not be amiss,as they open with an exoellent bill. Hauskr Family?This family again appear before a New York audience this evening. They liave riven live conoerts, and at all of them the utmo?t satisfaction has been expressed by the audienoes. Their style of singing la harmonious, and at the same time wild and picturesque. They hare taken Hutger's Institute tor this evening's concert. It is a central location and easy of access by omni busses from almost all parts of the city. Broadway Odeon?This snug place of amusement will doubtless be well filled this evening. Mr. K. (J. (ireely, the manager, puts forth a good bill. Singing Grecian exercises, and the ever popular Living Statuary The artists who are engaged here are all exoellent in their line. Musical Illuhthation* ok Shabai-eare? Mr Ljnne's second entertainment will take place o? Thursday evening next. The novel and elegant manner In which the beauties of Shakspoare are brought out by Mr. L. and the talented vocalists associated with him, will b? sure to prove attractive. America* Musical Imtitvte.?To-morrow evening the long looked tor entertainment by the members of this Institute will take place. Krom the selection of exoellent mush) that Is set down in the bill,and the correct, and indeed, brilliant manner in whloh the Institute always conducts these affairs, we have no doubt tbey will have a great house. I)a*i iftn'i Mammoth Panorama op tiif: Mmsmiippi River.?This immense piece ot art is now on exhibition at the new Panorama building adjoining Niblo's (Jarden. Justfanoy a ploture three miles long, which this one Is tn fant, but then it represents no lest than 12C0 miles of oountry. The accuracy ot the painting is vouched for by numerous testimonials from persons who are well acquxlnted with the river. It is certainly one of the most surprising performances of the age. Yankee Hill has put things " to rights," on his farm near llatavla, and started for the South and Weston a professional tour. Tnm Thiimh in \Tnntirnm?r v Ala nn lh? 4 th in at And ?u expected to be ia Mobile scon. Madame Ablamowiei Is giving concerts at St. Louis. Collins Is drawing well at the Walnut street theatre, Philadelphia. Population op New Orlkans ?A censtip lately inken in Nfw Orleans repreHents the total population ot the city now to bo 79 90S being a diminution of I A,1)00 since last year, and of 33,u00 sluflte 1840. " Buoh a rerult as thin ran be attributable only to l he groaeest negllgenoe upon the part of the assessors It Is Impossible that our population can have decreased ; a dingle fact would be nufflulent to prove that suob an an opinion l? fallacious ; rents hare (advanced during the last year, In the Second Municipality, from twtlve to fifteen per cent , while many hundreds of new house* have been erected ; aud In the face of this faot, which Is in Itself a mfflo ent proof of a large inoreae* of population, the rensus shows sires last year, in this municipality alone, a decrease of nearly I-J ,000 We are of opinion that our real population Is nearly double the amount represented by the returns. It Is not oredlbl* that New Orleans, whose population inor?as?d more teen 100 per cent between 1830 and 1840, should h*ve decreased since, while its commerce and Its wealth luve augmented an rapidly as at any former period. It is but reasonable to suppose that tho Increase In the number of Inhabitants ?ai kopi| pace with our progress In a'l the otheT elements of a great el'y A>u> Or/mm 3if in if. Mails for tiik Prazos.?In explanation <>| tin* reported failure* ol nmls lit the Brazos, the postmaster of this city has furnished us with the following list of malls sent from here in the last two months, which shows that no blame attaches to the I'ost Ofllra Department. On the Ath of Oetober a mall of I 883 letters wss despatched for Bra* s Santiago from tills city; on the Oth. a mall of 71J letters; on the 10th, one of 1.0O.3 letters; on the'iid, one of COA; on the 'iflth, one of8s6; on the 1 It.h of November. one of !l 6M>; od.the 10th, one of 1,006; and on the ??d, one of l/MO. rlils last mall was sent off by the Ksshlou.and Oen Taylor leave ol'absence donbtlers went over on It The I1 asblon was bound tor the llrasoe, Tamplco. and Vera Cm*. It may be presumed that she reached the lirar.os on W? ^.ith. Our latest ad vim tlwi<c? are to the 93(1 Uit-? N. 0. Picoyunt, ||( intt. City InteUlgenK. I Thc wttthca -From an early boar >esterdsy, U began to rata heavily, and tbe storm lasted throughout tbe d ijr, from II', o'clnak A M Tin street* were flooded in many part*, ami much uf the tilth and garbage (bit had been deposited iu various localities, were swept away by the b?av_v rata that continued to fall up to a 9 lai? hour l be lain csine down in peilect torrents about 8 o itvli r.M , nod thu streets were completely 9 diserted OWMW CwMltk- Ths Board of Assistant AHermtn 9 bold a stated meeting thia cveolug. 9 Tiir Fuskiii. ok tub Latk Uk. Th? fiiDural Ol the I,it- Df. Wainwrlght. sudden di 9 mist-ocoasloned by the bitfl of a rattle-snake ?we took 9 nooaslou to uo'loe * day or two sg >, took plana yester 9 day The remains weie removed lioia the residence 1f 9 bia friend. Dr. Whittaker. No .>10 Broadway, about one 9 o'clock, followed by a large concourse of sorrowing 9 friends and acquaintances, and wurn c.mveyed to Ht. 9 PaOt'l i 'bur h wbere tbe funeral service was pronoun- - 9 ed by lirs. Btrrienand Hoyt. A full choir were In at- 9 teodauce, and the whole service was both solemn and 9 impressive. On leaving the church the funeral pro- 9 ceded towards the Urn nwood Cemetery?tbe psll-beur- 9 r-. physician , and cWrgymen beirg CMSMd in white. 9 Among the pat'-b^rers were several fellow students of 9 deciMtd. The burial service on the body being deposited 9 in tbe receiving vault. Greenwood (Cemetery, was read by 9 Dr. lloyt. We observe several contradictory statements 9 in relation to the bn"h-pUo*, N.c , of tbe late Dr W. lie -9 was not the sou ot a rich hoglish banker, as we re* 9 stated lu some of the papers, but wua a gentleman of 9 bi*h connections in Kng'and. Dr Wbittaker, and his 9 friends in general, attended his remains and watched .9 him to the last. The b-idy has been sublimed, in order 9 to afford his friends iu ivigland an opportunity of having '9 it remon d shouldjthey desire it ' 9 Bonv ok McKwen Koi'tin -It will probably ba resollco- I t#?d that ii f-w WiM>k< niyn ? vnnni# mtn Km tW ? 1 home* McKwen, diiwpi ared v.-ry mysteriously, and ; that uuoth?r youri/ man i.?tued Mu'.IIuh. who bud been in his company at a la'e hear the precedin* night, wu taken into cuatody aud coiLinitt< <1 to ptiooa, nu ruspi- , clon of having, In some way, cnuwil the death of Mcl'.wen, which nusploions vere strengthened by the faot that, upon arresting MuIIioj, a weapon knuwn an a "billy," and a dirk knif.t, ware found in bin possession, while a Bilk handkerchief, saturated with blood, wait f(#nd in th>> Yicinlly where the parties were last Keen together. Yesterday, furtunntely for the suspected youDg man, the body of MoKwen was found in the Kast river, near the foot of Twtllih H'reet, thit the leant indication of violence of having been used, could not be ditoovered, while the clothing of thn deceased waa in no way disturbed, and that the m ncy in possession of the deo<>as?d. at the time of his diaappearance. was found in his pocknts yesterday. The Coroner will hold an inquest upon the body of McEwen this morning, which will, witheut doubt, re?ult in the honorable discharge of Mullins from oustody. as well as suspicion of having been, in any manner, instrumental in the death of the deceased. Remains or Capt Van Olinda.?At meeting of the Albany Republican Artillery, held on the evening of the 10th inst., it waa " resolved to proceed to New York neit (this) week in a body," for the ptnwse of escorting to Albany, the remains of the late Vajt. Van Olinda, who fell at the storming of Chaputtepee. Child Burned to Dkath ?Coroner Walters waa called yes\erday to hold au inquest at No. 70 Walnut street, upon the body of a child abont 3 years old, named Harsh Grooms, who, while Jplaylug near a stov^ with unother ohild, her clothing caught tire, and she wu thereby so severely burnrd that she di-d on Saturday. Verdict in acoordance with the foregoing faoti. Death by Dropsy.?The Coroner held an inquest also upon the body of Cornelius Laing. a native of New Jersey, aged 31) years, who was found yesterday at the corner of Ridge and Division streets, in a very feekle state. He waa conveyed to the 13th ward station house, where he died shortly afterwards. PaoFEt.noR Mitchell on Astronomy ?This eminent professor delivered his third Uoture on astronomy and the wonders of the heavens on Monday evening, and delighted his audience with the astounding truths which he communioated to them. The professor ia a very happy lecturer. While he explains the rayHterles of the unfuu.u ln?h> xl.l.ait 1 mn.l I..-1.1 n-l- 1 uses the moit Dortlc language in bis delivery, which oharms all whe near hlui. We proceed to give an outline of his remarks On commencing, he said, in examining the Htruoture cf the universe, we are apt to adopt the belief that no other system than our own does or oan exist, and that the law of motion and other laws are necessarily laws of matter, which cannot be separated from it, and yet that must remain matter. His own conceptions are these. He believed that God oreated heaven and earth, and seleoted the laws by which he would govern the universe, and those laws are the expression of his will. In the first place, the design wus to so constitute the system as to give to It perpetuity. Let us stop aad see if thli object could be attained In any other way. I announce that It could, and in a much simpler way, and he would say It with aU deference. He would explain?If the law of gravitatloa had been different.?if.iustead of matter attracting matter, the sun should attract the planets, and the plnnets their satellites, that the sun should attraot the comets out of space, then we should have a stable system?end how simple would this have been? In the laws we now have, we have disturbing influences, aotion and re-aetion, so muoh as to be almost Incomprehensible. If the other system bad been adopted, not the slightest deviation would be mad* But there was a higher objeet in those laws than stability, and henoe we tlnd the complication around us; atid in this complication we find what brings our minds nearer to the Ureat Author of all. He then referred to the manner in which Sir Isaao Newton (Uncovered the laws of gravitation, and found th? attraction to be in an inverse ratio to the square He applied thii rule to other bodies, and commenced the ?xu luiu&tion of a great problem,of which tbip was to be a oorroliary After referring to tbe action of the sun and moon on the earth, be asked why might not,they intiueuce the ti.lcH-o a* to sweep the world? No nuch thing can occur: for, aooordiiig to the speciflo gravity of the earth and the oooan. there is a limit beyond whloh the tide* oan; not go ; which Is another evidence of Almighty wisdom. Tbe action ef tbe moon oaases the tides, by drawing the water up to Itself; and. aocordiug to the earth's diameter, the water next to the moon is a thirtieth part nearer than is the water en the other side. The combined antion of the snn and moon, and thtir not revolving In the same plane, causes the wavea on one side to protuber<>te on one side, aud on the other the ooatrary way. The next subject would ba the effect produced on tba moan's orbit by the disturbance of the earth There are elements which tlx the nature of tbe orbits of tbe heavenly bediee. He Intended to show how tbe moon never ehanged sides | ?how the sun can be weighed exaotly, and to show that tbe thiokness ef tbe earth was mora than one thousand miles?but time did not allew. He then pro! c?eded to give an account of tba physical appearacee ot i the moon?we sp?ak of the caverns and mountains la the moon?but whea yon look at them through a talescope, you do not And them. After the power of the | telescope is exhausted, it mutt be recollected, that you are stlil one hundred miles from its snrfaoe But we do | know that those caverns and mountains exist, and how? ' by the lights and shades We measure those mountains By their shadows, oast by the sun. Tba depths of the etvltieaare ascertained in like manner. The surface of j the moon Is entirely different from that which we havs, and the absence of atmosphere like ours, gives every fa! cility for measuring those shadows, which are. la consequenoe, more cle*rly defined than they would ba if an atmosphere, like what we have, existed there He would not Ray, however, that there was no atmosphere there; but he would say that it was no denser than that oontained in an exhausted receiver, snch as would not support llfs, or allow of combustion, as be understood it. Lavr Intelligence ScrsrMi: Court or thi Ukinkd 8tatk??Deo. 10.? P. W. Bishop, Esq , of New York, and Jamas 8 Green, 1 Ksn . of Missouri, were admitted attorneys No J4 I William Bailey, plaintiff in error. vs William B Dosier. | This cause win argued by Ml Bibb for the plaintiff la ! error. an<l by Mr Crittenden for the defendant in error. No -J6 Bank United Stated plaintiff in error, ts Hoary K. Aloes tt al. This eauie was argued V.y Messrs Wharton nnd Margeant for ths plaintiff In error.?National InttlligenctryDtc. 11. surakmc Coi'ht or Louisiana- Decisions rendered Not. 29th.?Jacoh Little $ Co. vt. Managers of (Ac Citizens' Bink of Louisiana.? Plaintiffs sued defendants on oei tain post note* issued by them. The latter specially denied that the plaintiffs had aoquired the notes in good faith and alleged that they had been Htolen from Boutia, Oally & Co., to whom they had been adjudged by a decree of the court to pay them ? They called Boutin. Oally & Co in wairanty, wha joined in the defence. Plaintiffs appealed'from a judgment in favorof defendants. The oourr. detailed the facta relative to the robbery of the store of Boutin, Gaily U Co., and the publication oi tbe loss by them in the newspapers of the principal cities of thcUoion. Notice was His.i pent to the clii-f brokers i f the country. The rob' b?*ry occurred on the night of the ilSd January. 1844 In j Augnet following, witness had a conversation with plaintiff* who stated that they had not in their possession, and bad never held, the post notes advertised. To ascertain the feet, their bo< ks were t eterred to and examined in his presence There Is'bth-r evidence cori rnborating this, andshowiDg that plaintiffs declared they | h'id neither purchased t os? notes, nor sent them to I Horace Bean It Co , of this city, in whose hands they appear to have been at the lime the plaintiffs made these declarations Plaintiff's letters confirm this statement. In August, plaintiffs deny any knowledge of the notes, and held them on account of Horace Bean U Co They now sue upon these very notes. a<d attempt to falsity their own statements by the testimony of one of their olerks. who, among other things, swears that the plaintiffs take no newspapers, and tliat they Inught the notes in question in his presenoe, at their oounter. from an unknown Individual The answer of the defendants cannot be viewed otherwise tiiau as a speoial plea of an-U fidto. Boutin, Oallj *<. Co having complied wKhthe i t? ik. .xKilx . t t.h? robberv. the II ?"" -- -- - " holder could. In uncase. leoover anything morn lor the not"* than the price he paid ? Civil t#l?, art. 3471- and be must show Hfllrimtively that he bought the stolen property at public auction or from a peraoo In the habit or selling ?uoh thing* Plaintiff* hare ahown neither. Judgment affirmed with oo*t*.--Af. O Drtta, lit in$t. Important Petition tin lAttiri of Crrdit? Nubrtt r?t IHntaker f.l al ?The point deolded In this oaae la oue of great Importance to our merchant*, inasmuch as it rbowa that a v-Tjr general mercantile usage In thia community la noi compatible with the law. Plaintiff ??ed mernantila houae In thin city on a bill of exchange for >3000, drawn in bl* favor by an intlividuAl to whom tha defendant* bad given a letter of credit, au( th<>rl*lng him to draw bUla generally to the annuot of fitlOO, In the style of the bill sued on The letter of credit wa* Died in the auit. Defendant aet up tha general denial and othrr tike*, particularly averring and contending that the bill had not been particularly Identified with the letter nl credit, so a* to bind the defendant Juuge Atrawbridge.afier argument, decidedon the strength of the decision cited (Coolidge va, Payson, 'i YVbeaton. Bo\ tr vs Uoyer, and Henry v* Kdwarda, 4 Peter*, ljl; Von Pliul >*. , u Rot Inaon; Carroll, n Hank vs. 'J'ayleur, 16 L# llep .) that when a bill of eiI chang" i* drawn upon a letter t-f credit and endorsed over to a third party, there mint be pome proof that said bill waa recognised by the writer or the letter of aredit, and so apec.1 daily idantifled with it iis to dintinguirli it from any other bill drawn between the same parties ? Judgment of nonsuit For plaintiff, W. C. Micou; defendant, Alexander Walker.?AT O. Dtlln, 2d init. ' The l.rgrl I'm fusion in Franc* In glanMn{ through an interraunj little volume by M. F'.mila da UirMiiin, entitled JU I fniirml'on fukii>iur, ?n frtmtt, I .