Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 16, 1847, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 16, 1847 Page 3
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Ofticn MMt Opera at llM Broadway Theatre. I Mir Dc?h Ma. Bkkwktt:? At you take au apparent interest in the rucoeee of theatrical and operatio eatablishwent* in tbii inetropo- j U?. triil you allow me to make aiiuvgHation through your ' column* to the proprietor of the Broadway theatre, relative to the proximity of the culinary department of th? mraurant connected with the theatre, to the dreM circle, and the propriety of ita removal? On Monday evening, we attended, to witness Madame Bishop'a per- ' form mo- of "Lucrezia Borgia," and were delighted with i her acting and zinging; but the enjoyment of the ] evening wa* destroyed by thestrongelltuvia from frying i ovate re in the kitchen* beneath the tirat tier of boxea. Now. I don't object to fried oyatera, on appropriate oooa- | Hons; bui when one haa dined hastily at tha club, aud anticipate* a pleasant game supper on one'* return home, one'* olfactories are disturbed and appetite allocked by an untimely fry. Frederick Augustus, who i is a relin, d epicure, says,too, that they were frying them ' iu fst. which makes them smell worse when cooking; while l leincntina vows that she should certainly have ! fainted.had there been any body near Btron^ enough to : carry her out; and Aunt Trudenoe, who is a nervous old lady, wis tearful the whole time that the fat would get { in the tire, and set the house in a blase. Home people in.. - It. i,Ia. .nnli... fr, IK. .m.ll nt 1 mm. I pecUlly ihose who are accustomed to the kiLohvu Tastcg differ; an for myielf 1 prefer the gag. I have the henor to be.&o., &.? , KIT7. TOODLE. Ooion Club, Broadway, Deo. 14,1847. The U 'Ion Mitgazl e of Literature and Art K.tiitrd b\ Mr,.w M. iiklaud; |>ubli*lied by (Israel Fost. 140 x mu ?'re*i The Jacuary Numb-r of the Uniou. now lying ui, commence* the relume of the work, and we e?i eci-lly lecomui'Ud our litfriry f ienda (our lady ouei particultrl ) to subac'ibe now. The Uuinu la the b'S', and thus therhc peit ?i?g>/. oe of its class in America We need not Bar .< word of it rdi or?her general abilitiea ere well known. Mr. Poet, the publ.slier, haa had Mag c?|>e.ienre and quite indefatig itile Toe number now ifsuen ra an earneet ol the future ' nre. Tlie'e will be no Tallinn off?as is sometimes the Cate?of th it we are aure. And a better number than thia wai n ver tallied of any Magazine, either in America or eleewhrre. Til*re m contributions from Ms Higour iey, Mri Osgood, Mrs. Chi d.Mrg. Kiler, Mrs Kmbury, Mrs Daun. Mri Thnm|>*o i. Mr-. Hull fliaa 4u?. Browne, Miaa Gould, Bryant, WilIn, Benjamiu, Hoyt, BnytrJ 'iV.ylor, iVattetoa, Brougham and ulhera of equal ceebrity; anil there are no fewer than twelve of the inoat magnificeut and cnatly embelliabmenta. Two of thise ire uieii twtv unrivalled for richneia and beauty?one by Onnry oue by Sidd. Theu there ia a line engraving?capital?bold and forcible Then a Kaahiou Plate, richly colored. Then e gh. of the pii|mntwo<d cuts, which have done so of music beside*. Hnrrn! for the New World.-Eugene Site's new 11 >vrl?" I lie Seven Dradly Sins," by I lie author of I lie *' Mysteries of Paris," Wanuer ug Jew," " Martin, the Fi u dling " Stc , publithed exclusively, and in advance of all o hers, in -he New World; the fir it chapters juat rece ved. A1 so, the first six chapters of Mi.s Martineau's new work on t^e Holy Lind. Price 6>a cents, single; SI a year. For sale at all Periodical de|Miti. Other. No 105 Nassau at., u|i stairs. A C*rd_Capt?ln >1. C. Grilling, Inte of asshr. J. D Jones. (whicn vessel was totally wrecked by comniit in collision with shin Lancashire, at 4 A.M.,on the llth instant.) in b-h'lfof hinisrll, passengersand crew,desires thus puh icly 11 express their sincere gratitu e to Captain Lyons, of said ship. I mis hum toe and iteoerous condac' towards them, and furnishing them with clothes, Ac., doing all in his power to m ike t or in conifonable, and earnestly hope he may always rsenpetlie h irron of a iliipwr-ck. Captaiu (J. alio avails hiime'fof this channel, to reinrn his thanks to the Pilots and ere v of the Pilot Boat Svlph, for their promptitude in retarding to toe wreck, and their unceasing efforts to save something from it. The PIumix) National Daguerrean Gallery, on the upper corner of Broadway and Murray street, we sec spoken ol inleimsof the highest praise, to which we cheerfully add wli it itc think it due to this gallery?that is, we a-e c oihileiit ih it more line pictures are made at this establishment, than any other in this country. Portable Nllavlng Casci?The most portable aid the most complete article now manufactured, having every requisite for a gentleman's toilet, and as a 'ravelling companion. uivaltnhle Kor sale at G. 8AUNDER9 &i SON, 177 lWoadway, a few doors above Cnurtlaudt street. Fine Cull ery_T tie Subscribers Invite attention to their assortment of Pen. Pocket and Sportsmen's nmifi, ??it' anvus, auu |iuil3iicu oifei uifdiu, ore. Al> u, fur ths c nvenience of their customers, they hnve made arrangements for the repairing of all kinds of Cutlery; having engaged superior workmen, they will be enib'ed to execute all orders in a manner r hit will give satisfaction G SAUNDKK8 fcUON, 177 Broadwnv, opposite Howard Hotel. 1 be cheapest and best place In tiie city to get Boots and Shoes, it at Jones's, 4 Ann street, near the American Museum. He sells his best French Calf Dress Boots at $4 40, and a first rate Boot he will sell at ?!. Yon can also get'a vi ry nice pair for $3 50. and at to his waterproof and cork sole Boo's, they canuot be beat in price or quality, and further" mora, all Roods sold by our friend Jones, of No. 4 Auu stroet, are warranted to Rive entire satisfaction to the purchaser. The Cheapest and best place In the City to get sour Shirts, Stocks, Collars, O.oves, and under garments, is at" Scott's" Store, 91 Nassau street, opposite our office. Indeed, his duller and ahslfShir's, White Kids, White Cambric Hsndhrrchiels. lie. (eieate nightly) quite a sensation at the Opera House in this cityDiamond Pointed Gold Pens?Those who would make acceptable presents on the comb g Holidays, cannot find a mi te useful article thin the Gold Pen, provided it be one that is dnrib'e ami warranted. JOHN W. GBEATO.N St CO.. No 7* Cedar street, have the largest and best assortment lo be fnnnd in the cuv, which they are selling much lower than any other hoitie in the trade, in Gold or Silver cases. Gold Pens for the Holidays. ?1 he most ele. gam ?nd uwfnl gift of the season, is one of the celebrated Ttieh-lieu Diamond Pointed Gold Pens, in the new style of Gold Case just introduced by B. K.Wa'son It Co., 45Wii|ism street, one door eelow Wall street, end J. Y. Savage, 93 Knlton street These (ens are pre-eminent for superior finish and durability, and are adapted to the use of both Ladies and Gentlemen. Golu Pens ufevery style and quality Gold and nilvsr Peu and Pencil ?a?es, at the lowest prices, sold as above. Fsuioy Paptr and Paper Boxea, Cornucopias, motto iflnn, leacy noaee for confectioners, jewelrv Imn, roued una squnre b"ies, in nests, for druggist*. pill boxes, Itc. Gold, *<lver, copper, tissae. morocco, marble. Chinese and Seaaish paper, paperl?ces, sold and ailrer border*, ornament*, pictures. Sic Also,boxes for wedding cake*, wholesale and retail, at 41 Maiden lane. G. J. Krait, Maanfactnre and Imprrytev. 3IOWBY MiKKKT. Wednesday, Dec. 1A?6 P. M. The stock market contlanea without any material alteration. At the first board to-day, Harlem and Reading advanced X P?* cent, each, all others closing at prices currant at the o'ose of the market yesterday. The transactions wars only to a limited extent, and the market closed steady. At the second board, Harlem advanced X per cent ; Reading bonds X ; Reading Railroad X i Long Island XThe directors of the Hudson River Railroad Company have adopted a resolution giving subscribers the option of retaining In their own hands the fifth instalment, by the terms of subsoription due In February n*xt, till the first of May; and the sixth instalment, due in May, till the 16th of June. No transfers, however, are to be made, unless the lntalments, according to the subscription, nre first paid up. The directors of the Old Colony Railroad have declared a dividend tf 3X per eent. payable on the 1st day of January next, to holders of stock at the close of business on the 16th lust. The United States Insurance Company of Boston, bave declared a semi-annual dividend of five per oent., payable on Wednesday, the 16th Instant. The value of the property received this year at tide water, and consigned direct to New York, was $14,668,88J; In which was Included 313,020 barrels of flour, 884,616 bushels of wheat, and 1,660,1101 bushels of oorn. In 188 4, the value of all the property delivered at tide water was $13,400,032. We have shown pretty conclusively, that a speculative movement in breadstnifs was in embryo on the other side, and that when the proper time arrived, price" would rapidly rise. The advance in this market in Indian oorn, since the arrival of the steamer, and the firmness of holders- at present prices, is pretty good evidence that a similar spirit is in existence in this country. It would be well for operators on this side to pause before they become deeply Involved in this movement?it wonld be well for them to adopt a different system of doing business to that followed last year, that they may avoid the swindling system praotleed by many houses in Great Britain. Kngllsh honor and honesty have been overrated, particularly in their Conner t on with this country. The most outrageous attempts to swindle shippers of breads tuffs, on this side, baveooine to light, and It wonld be well to guard agalnit a'.l such attempts for the future. Daring the height of the speculative fever last yesr, cargoes of oorn were ordered by houses of high standing la ureal nrutin, anil snipmenta were made in accordrdo* with the terms offered. Upon tho arrival of thoae eirgi ra at tbelr place of destination, the slightest depression In prlcea was made a pretext, for refusing them, and In several instances they were aold at a heavy sacrifice, and the parties originally ordering them became the purchasers. In a particular case a cargo of o >ru would not. be received by the party on the ether aide ordering it, under the pretext that the oorn was not whs t be ordered. Prime corn waa ordered and flat yellow waa sent, being at the time the beat in the market, and decidedly prime corn. Thia waa the pretended a*use while the real caure waa tho depreciation in (she market price betaeen the timo cf ordering and the day of ita arrival. It waa argued by the foreign lieuae, that they meant round yellow,when tbey ordered prime corn. Thia cargo waa aold on aooount ol the houae in thia city making the shipment, at a lose of ?1,600, and the purchaser waa the very house which had quibbled about what oonstltutnd prime corn. Thia ia only ono of doiena of similar cases, aa many houses in this olty can testify, to their sorrow. This ia not the only thing In whleh marcherts on the other aide are guilty cf dishonorable conduct. They appear to look upon tho American houses aa fair gamo. and let no opportunity paaa to swindle them j we einoot Bad a more appropriate name Hut if in any instance the tallies are turned upon them, the moat opprobrious epithets are applied to our merchants, and the whole country .a called a nest of repudtators. We have never heard a case where reclamations have t t een pat I, in eases where the Americans were so unforturate aa to have ovsr advanced on goods shipped, whils on this ilda such claims are ai promptly paid a* any others. ! We |lve those eases for the purpna# of showing the dif- i KSOO# between the merokanta of Kagland and thpee of j this country. W# km only to point to thw recent failures in Qreat Britain, to illuatrate thia more dearly and more fully. From an examination of the balauoe ahaata of the meet prominent suspensions In Great Britain, we hare oome to the oooolaaion that the average dividend ol all the failnrer,will not be more than twelve and a half per oent ,or one-eighthof their Uabllitiee. Wo ean judge from this what a rotten oOndition tboee houae* muat have been in,for year* before their suspension; and the probability if, that their Knglish creditore will be the only one* that will get even the above trifling dividend. Whatever olaims may be held on thle aide againet thoae heuaea will prove to be of no more value than the paper upon which they are written. In comparioon with thia.take the failurea which have, in yearn peat, occurred in thle oountry, and the limited loaaea experienced by iCngliah houaea on their clalme againat suspended houaea here. The atatletica of the bankrupt law are no criterion of the avtrage dividend on foreign indebtedness, aa a large per cent of the debts liquidated by that act were of a local character, contracted in speculations in land and lota in every part of the country. It ie estimated that the average dividend paid to foreign creditors by the f impended houats in thia conutry in 1817, waa aeventy-flve per cent. It ia the opinion of many that It waa even larger than that; but even tbla estimate shows a vaat difference between American and Kogllsh houaea, in their eolvenq/, their honor, and in their olalma for oredit. When houeea auch aa thoae which have suspended in Oreat Britain. within the put tlx month*, continue, year after year, to make new and extemive contract*, upon the flotitioua credit they erjoy, liable at any moment to explode, deceiving daily those tbey transact business with, and endangering the existence of houses really solvent, by their connection with them, living In extravagant style, year after year, upon their creditors, when they knew full well that they were hopelessly bankrupt, what can we expect in the way of dividends? Nothing but the rigid bankrupt law* of Oseat Britain compel them to disgorge what little tbey have lelt, and their creditors make the most of It If their laws were, In this particular, as loon- as they are in this oountry, the oreditor*,in one oase out of twenty, would not get a fraction. Here a concern winds up it* own business, declares Its own dividends, and promptly pays every fraction their usets enable them to. Their creditors rest perfectly easy, feeling satisfied that a house can wind up its own business more advantageously, and make a better dividend from Its own assets, than any oommlttee can; and the result is, comparatively small losses. The bankrupt laws of Oreat Britain compel the bankrupts of that oountry to be more honest than their acts induoe us to believe tbey would otherwise be. The only way to avoid farther looses by the dishonorable, disreputable, system many houses on the other side have of doing business, particularly that on American acoount, is to give thorn no credit. Make them pay for every dollar's worth they want, before it is delivered. Sell them breadetuffs In oar own markets and take the pay for it hero, leaving the risks of shipment and depreciation in prices, to foreign houses. There is no doubt but that foreign agents will be plenty enough in our marketJ by and by, purchasing our breadstuffs. The more the better, provided they come wi tb the gold and silver in their pookets; but by all means avoid shippingon domestio account, unless shipments are made to American houses on the other side. There is a grand opening for the establishment of American houses in England, and we have no doubt it will be made available, as the American portion of the trade between this oountry and Oreat Britain will hereafter be conducted upon different principles than those which hare heretofore governed it It will be kept more within our own control, and carried on more directly between the owners and consumers, than ever before. There will be a complete revolution in the system ef credits. The occupation of the large exchange operators in this market Is gone; mey 11*vn riir?oveu iDimonH 01 unuars every year from our Importers, In payment for credits, which have proved valueless; bills of oredit have been purchased on foreign bouses which were not worth a fraction, and our merchants will not be oaught a second time with suoh trash. The Tevulsion in England will ultimately be of much service to us, notwithstanding our large losses, as it will break up this nest of exchange dealers, wfiioh has so long existed in this and other cities of the Union. We must build up American houses in London and Liverpool, to do American business, and then we shall know where we stand We want American bouses in London and Liverpool, solely identified with Amerioan Interests? houses that will confine themselves exclusively to the American trade. English credit is so fer below par in this market, that it will never be revived again. It would be millions in our pockets every year if we repudiated ail oonneotion with English bouses. So many of them look upon the Americans as fair game to fleeoe, that it is almost oonaidered a virtus. Stock Kxchangs. $12000 Treai Notes 6'? 99>? 7 shs City Eire Ins 111 9000 do b4ms 100 36 North Hiver Ins 113)% 3003 I'enu's 5's b90 7 2 300 Farmers' Tram Iooou do 1,60 71)6 30 N York 8c N Haven 93 3000 Ohio 7's 101 20 do 91 2000 Illinois Fundable 38 30 L Island RK 26)6 230) Indiana State 6's 50)6 100 do alO 26)6 3000 Heeding Bda Gfl+J ISO Harlem RR slO 39'f 7000 do 68)6 130 do snw 39)g 30 shs Bsnk of America 9i 30 do uw 39.L 20 State Bank 78 60 > do 39',; 400 Reading KR 37)6 100 do snw 39* 130 do b30 33 100 do liw 393* 50 do blO 38 100 do b40 40)6 200 do 58)6 # 3 Erie RR 60)6 Second Board. $W)f 0 Reading Bonds 69 30 shs Htrlem RR 30)6 30 shs Reading KH >60 38 200 do 39*6 30 do a30 38.16 100 Farmera' Loan b30 26 30 do s30 311)6 50 L Island KR b'.O 26*6 50 do c 58>i 23 Canton Co 17)6 23 Erie RR acrip 73)6 2) do 27^6 Sew Stock Kxchangei 100 ilia Harlem RU >3 39 50 aha Harlem RR a30 3D>6 150 do anw 3D'6 5" L Ialand RK a3 26)6 100 do * s3 39? 100 do 13 266. 50 do 3'J* 100 do a3i? 26 bj 50 do s3 3'J\? 25 Canton Co atw 27\ CITY TRADE KEPORT. Ntw York, Wednesday A'ternoon, Dec. 15. There was something more doing in tlour, baton terms ratner more favorable to purchasers. A portion of the aalea were made for.export 1 he braeda in which moat ?as done, were chiefly coo lined to Oawego Troy aad other Weatere kindi, including aome lota of 'teneaee. Salea ol Ohio wheat were ciade on tarma atated below. There waa nothing dune in Oeneaee, which waaatill held above the viewa of parchv acre. Salea of corn were more freely made, including paicela for export to Ireland. Pricea cloeed firm at yeaterday'a qoot&tiona. Meal remained the aame. There waa no change in Kye. Oata were dull, in barley nothing of moment waa done. In proviaiona aalea were light, without change in pricea. In groceries tranaactiona were moderate. A considerable) rale of new crop New Orleans augar waa made on terma atated below. aaHei?Sale a of about 200 bbla. pots were made at $5 Mi and 7id.i pearls at $7. bxtawAi waa aie-dy at 23 eta. BacaDaruFKa?Flour -Bales of 4 000 barrels were made for export, rucluding parcels of Lockport, Troy and Oswego, with aome lots of ccinmou Qeneftee. at $0 00 8mal< aalea of prime Oeneaee were made at S6 25 a $6 37X. with some small lots (!J0 barrels in all) of pure and handsome do, at S6 50. I 000 bnrtelt, this Blnte, sold, deliverable in March next, at tS 2i. Southern remained Inaetiye, and "it continue to quote Howard street and Alexandria, at 16 50 IVhrnt? Bales of >00 bushels Long Island, were made at 131 eta; 8,540 do, Ohio mixed, sold at 130 eta, and 2,400 do, sold on private terma Com?The aalea fo,.ted up about 30 000 bushels, in eluding 15,000 Western mixed lov export. at 75 eta; 170V do sold at 74 c a: 6 000 do New Jersey mixed, at75c; 4.000 do Northern ronnd yellow, on private terms; ades of New Jeraey new wrre made at 67 a 68 eta. and 2 i 00 bushels ??et or damaged sold at 47 centi. Meal?Salea of New Jersey at $3 50.? Rue?Biles of 2.0CO bushel* were made at 84 eta; 3780 do. 85c., delivered; and 1,000 do 10M in the slip, at 83X eta. Rye Flour waa ofTered at 114 50. Barley? No aalea reported. '1 nere was no change in Oaf*. Receipts dotcn the Hudson, since Dec. II Flcur barrels Rye 68,000 bushel*. Cars market continued firm for apeim, at 33c. Coffek?The market rontiuued quiet. CoTTon?The aalea to-day amounted to 1,300 bales, at firm i?ncc??-n iiumon 01 mem weie inacc lor export. Fish?About 2,300 i|aintali dry cod arrived since our luit report There wire uo arrival) of mackerel, and uo sales of either kind transpired. .Mackerel war nominal at $1 for No I. and $0 for No. 2 Small sales of scaled herring were made at?5c ? Fruit?Sales of about 1,000 botes o( wet dried raiaina were made at 15oc Dried fruit waa held at 180 a 200c. If kmt?Salea of 100 halea, American dew rotted, were made at tl 17 50 rer ten. Rome holdera demanded $120 a $110, ac cording to quality. Lead?1The market remained quiet. Molasses?Kor nnnied ate delivery, .ales of N. O. new in harreia, were made at 28c. Kor futuie delivery, the last aalea were made at 27c. In foreign we heard of no sole* of moment. Navai. Stores?Sales of 100 barrels apirita turpentine were made at 37}te The quotnliona for other deaenptioua remained about the same. On.a?Liiiaeed?There waa no change in prieea,and moderate aalea r*l hot i Kugliah and American continued to be made at yesterday a rates. There was no alteration in Kish Oils, and uo sales of moment were reported Pnovisioas?Sales of 1(0 bhis prime Pork were made at $8 30; Mess remained nr $1J 73 a $ 4 Lard remained inactive at yeate'dav'a quotations: at retail, aalea of new country were makirg at 8 a 8!<o. Cheese anu Duller were inactive. 1'r.Aai r.a Pahis?A cargo sold, delivered up the river, at $1 23. Itrcr.?Va'ea of 160 tierces, receivrd per Southerner, were made at $1 621*'; 100 do. in store, and 70 a 80 do. on the dock were sold at $1 30 Hi.'oak?Halea of 270 hints new crop New Orlrsua were m*de by aucti-n at 3.44 a I.MJtfe. per lb, I months. Tallow?Salea coutinned to be made ?t 8 a 8S{e. ToHAi r o?Salrs of (39 ceroons Magerie were midr on private terms. Wnai.inowr.?There waa no change. Wiiukev?We oily heard of small aalea State prison at A parcel of New Orleans was on the market, and held at vge. Kar.irim a?It being paeket day, and many merchants engaged in writing tetters, rates were not quite so brisk as they were yesterday, though quotations remained about the aamv? To Liverpool, Corn in sacks was taken at 7d, and in hulk at Ad, though some vessels asked higlirr rates, and Flour and Meal, in a moderate way, were engaged at la 6d a Is 9 I, mostly at the latter tltrure. Cotton to Amsterdam (ico biles) waa taken at lc. and ftice to Ant we ip at 37s 6d 1 here was notmng new to Havre or London. Mauilwl. At Bushwlok, on Wednesday evening, Dec, let, by the Iley Marvin Riehardson, of roughkeepsln. William R Meierole, to Mlaa Urace Cecilia. daughter of Simon Richardson. Eeq , of the former place. The marTiage published In the paper of the 14th Inat, rut having taken plane on the 19th Instant, should have read Sept. 19th The peraon who authorised the publication of the 14th, I* requested to call at 133 Knlton St., Brooklyn. J B CAMPFIELD. DM. On Wednesday morning, 1.3th lnat., of eryelpelag, after a short Ulnen, Charles II. Wilev, In the 38th year of his age. Hie friends and relative# and the merabera of Empire Engine Co. 49,are invited to attend hii funeral, without lurther Invitation, (ton bU l*|o rtodeaoe, 94 Trinity PUoe, thin ifUnoon, it 'l^o'aiook. Th? trmiu will be taken to Greenwood for interment. At Brooklyn, Wednesday m?rnla(, 16th tnat., aftar a ' lingering IIImw, Iiuh H., daoghtar of Randall H. Greene, agad 24 yaara. Tha relative* aad frianda of tha family are raapaetfu]ly Invited to attand bar funeral, without further tnvtta1 lion, on Friday, 17th I at., at 2 o'clook, P. M-, from har father'* reaidanoe, 176 Henry street, Brooklyn hmpire Knglne Co. No 41 ?Tha inambsra of this oompany are requested to meet at the Engine House, this afternoon, at 2 o'clock precisely, to attand the funeral of Cmaslei H. Wilkv. By order, JNO R LLOYD. Seo'y. Bn.:^ in. A Auctioneer.?Males Room 172 , Fulton street, iBroolirn?Oreal and tittrsctive sale at U ilhic Hall, Adsuis strret, Brooklyn. On Thursday evening, December It'll, at 6 o'clock, ami Friday morning at 10 o'clock, will b? sold, by catalogue, without reserve, a choice and valuable selection of elegant Rosewood. Mahogany, Oak and Black Walnut Cabinet Furniture; rich Porcelain. Ihina, Bohemian and heavy Plated Ware; Tea Travs, Girandoles. MlClock* Plain and Cut Glass,'lable Cutlery, ThieeIlly Ingrsiu Carpeting, superior Brussels Carpeting. Hugs. , House Furnishing Goods, he. he, comprising the most snleudid assortment ever offereiAy auction to the ciliztui of ! Brooklyn. d'6 tl'rc EA 1'Ul i'Le., Auctioneer.?Rjegant and Kuaiiinuabla Rise wood, Mahogruv, and Black Walnut Furniture, of the styleaof Louia XI v., Elizabethan, Re . being the cutira st ick of Mr. M. Waiter, sthis Wire-rooms. No. 446 Brosdway ?A. C Tuttle will acll at Auctiuu on Friday, Dec. 17th, (postponed Ir.un Uth.) st'lu o'clock, at the above rooms, the eatirestuck of M. Walter, ( lie whole having bean made under hit own direction, and will be warranted in every respec )? consisting i t Rosewood and Mahogany Sofas, tete a Ittes. t?utrui's, etagcres, Rosewood and Mahogany Secretaries, Ladies' Armoir, fautenila de salon, do da domes,(Rosewood Chain, Bedsteads, richly darred and bradad Centre Tables, with Egyptian aud Italiau Msrbls tops Drcsmg Bu-eaas, Rosewood and Mahogany W aihstandi, Bedateads, Extension. D.T?. ...,i t.k ... p..i,,,. ri.n ?,.i <? .? > Cha>r?, H 'II Standi, Sola Tablet. ' ' 'di62t?rc A TUTTLE. Auctioneer?FASHION ABLE HoUSE HOLD FURNITURE?Of family declining housekeeping, made to order, and ouW u?ed since May last, at No. 1/9 Lesiuglou Ateuue. A. C. TUTTLE will sell at auetiou u 1 Thursday, imh in?t., at 10 o'clock, at the above premises, the entire furniture ot a faintly declining Lousekea ping. the whole of which w it made to older, and has been used only ailice May lait. Consisting of Rosewood Sofa, richly carved Chain, to match, Bruaaela, Ingrain and other Carpets; Da inaak Window Cnrtaina. tete-a-tete, large Pier Olasaea, Gothic t lork, Centre Table, Egyptian top, elegant gilt Oiraudolea, and inantel oruaroenta, Arm and Rocking Chairs. Imperial Ruga, Window Shades, and or 11-menu. Koaewooil Hall bland, Oil Clot hi. Hall Lantern, Plated Ware, China Dinner ant Ten seta, Olaaawarr, Stair Cnrpeia and Roda, Mahogany Krench Bed.teada, Bureaa and Waahitanda, w th marble top, Toilet acta. Alao the Kitchen Furniture, with which the aale will commence. d 15 2t*rc W. BHOWN.Anctmueer?CONFEi.TlON ARY AND ICE CREAM SaLOON-MR. BROWN Wilt aril on Thursday, Dec. 16th, at 10 o'clock, at the corner of Broadway and Liberty at, the contenta of a canlectonary and ire irearn aalonn, conaiating ofglaaa ware, crockery, ice cream freezers, refrigerators, murble top tablea, allow caaes, oil cloth, carpet, chaira. 8tc . with other articlea. d 15 2t?rc PUBLIC MEETING?The underaigurd cordially tuvite ihoaeol' their fellow cit>zena of New York, who approve eflhe aeutimeuta contained in the a|ieech of Henry Clay, delivered at Lenugton, on the I3lh nit .and the reaolutiona then adopted, to aaarmble on Mouday, December 20th, at 7 o'clock P.M. atihe Broadway Tabernacle. The namer attached to the above call will appear heieafter. d 16 tt*rc (IA PL REwAUD.?Lo t, on Monday, 6th mat. lu passing W *' from Riviugtonat-eet, through Bowery, Chatham street and Broadway, to ihe U. S. barge thick, a cameo h<ad Bracelet, gold chain, emboeaed clasp,with a amall (lower 011 it. Tiie fudrr will receive the above lewud by leaving it at 3!) Broad at, or 71 Kivington at. dl6 2t*m LOST?ON WEDNESDAY, 1Mb instant, an U|>ern Glaaa, supposed to have been lost in one of the City Hall Can, enclosed in a fawu colored leather case. Whoever will ieturu the same to W.. 210 Water street, will receive a liberal rewrd an'l rhe thanks of the owner. illK2t*m 'I' J#Hi?WIN, ?TONt K NiiHAVKU and Her.Id Paint. X . er 23) Broadway, opposite the Park?Coau of Aima. Creiti, Cyphers, ike . engmved on stone or braai. Ladies' seal*, pencil cases, ?ignet rings, Ike., engraved with arm* or any device, foals of Armi found and painted io any style, from $2 and nwards, and forwarded to any part of the United State*. Book* 01 Heraldty kept with upward* of 200,000 names. Any informitiou giveu in heraldry. dlGl'Mc rpHe. CHKAPJSST S'1'ORa IN TI1K CITY, Kul" X ton *tr?et, for Curtain Material., French gilt Cornice*, laic and embroidered curtain*, trimming*, flic., paper hanging* and window iliade* The Subscriber ha* now in (tore a large assortment of the above article*,<of the latest Parisian style. Also, manufacturer of galvanised spring, pure hair and other inattrauea, feather beds, pillows, ikc? with every article iu the upholstery line, wholesale snd retail, at prices twenty per ceut lower than any other establishment iu the city. N.B. Curtain* hniig and rooms papered at the shortest notice. Ship and steamboat cabin* and hotels fitted up. CR. DAVJES Upholsterer, lfil>i Fulton street. dlj!2t*rrc UMBLKH8, Ike., fku , WHULfctfALE AND KETaIu. ?A large assorfment of Oerman and French Tumblers, for hot water Also, ores ed Tumblers, Castor Bottles, fancy Mugs and Begar Mtands, l'oy Tea Sets, Toy Tumblers, Mantel Ornaments, Tea aad Toilet Sets, stone and red Karthenwaic. at M Cherry street, between Oliver and James streets. Also, 120 dozen Oyster Bowls. U?0. W. KOBE. dli 2t*rc FK K.nCH CHIN A.?F. Oetardin, agent, No. UK Broadway, (formerly No. 315,) has just returned fiotn France with ?n eutire new stoek of plain white and decorated faucy articles. &.C., for Christms* piesents, which he offers wholesale or retail, at very reasonable prices. N. B. French and Engliih China, deeorated and gilt, to order, with name, initials, or to match any pattern. (113 I2t*rre ffO PilNT&JU, ELHTOttH, Ike?For saleTa Printing X Office, comcletr, materials being nearly new, for printing two Urge size Newspapers, weekly. Will be sold on favorable terms. Address " L. M. P.," office of this paper. _d!5Gt*rrc _ A1 HAVflt?A gentleman who is capitalist in working a Potent, the art cle of wnich meets with a ready sale, and pays a profit of *00 per cent, wishes to dispose of his interest, being unable to give it that attention which he cipeMedto do. Capital required would not exceed $2 000. Kull paitieulars will br made linowu by addressing M, box 701. dl5 Gf re Bookkeeper wanted?to take charge ..r a heuof nocks by double entry. Address, with reference and amount of sa'ary required. .1. H.. Herald office. il 16 it*m WANT ED.?A firat and aecood Bookkeeper, who have kept book* ou Svunn. are a h mie iu New O.Ieina. Liberal paJvias will be given. Keleretice to a Mercantile House in thu city, or written Testimonials, will be required. Addreaa La HUE ft Co , 74 Liberty ?t. d!4 lt*rrc WANTED?Bs a respectable young; Woman, a situation a* Lhamb?rmiHd, or Nurse and pi tin Hewing; uo objection to do gei.eral house work iu a private family?ilie i* a tint rate waaher and ironer, and has the best of City reference for herhnuraty aud capacity, from her last place. Please euqnire at Mr Ward's, in Ith stree , between Avenues B aud C. d 16 lt?m WANTED?By a re-pec table young Protestant woman, a situation as chambermaid or waiter; ie capable of doing fenetil work in a small family; can relerto respectable fannies i'l*i:iic call el No. 124 MotMdreet. dIB lfm WAN TED?A situation,by a young man. an Anepcan, to act as porter iu some wholrsale store, as his preseut business is dull Any go firman wanting such a inau will please addrrrs A. B. C., Herald office. Good rrfereucee, if tequired. dlti lt*m WAN I'ED?A Physician's Office, in or near Broadway. Address E. R . Herald office d!6 lt*rc WANTED I.Vl.vt e.iJl A PEL s .?Young, honest, tuteJligent active and perseveiiag meo; one in every city or town, where there are five thousand inhabitants, and in every county, within each Htate of the United Htatce, to dispose of o S ot In- most impulse Periodicals published iu the United States, (as the public have decided, whose judgment ta ah ways just) Eaeh man must either irny for the amount nf numbers as he gets them, or furnish ns with uudaubted bonds to the amount of one thousand dollars for his honeity with the public and prompt pay to the publisher, or with written recominendati'usof his good character from the supervisors of the city or town where he is known, as the publisher may decide under the circumatancea. Man, with the above requisites, can clear above all necessary expenses, Irom two linn dredtotwo thousand dollars annually. The amount will deBend upon the location and aptness of the men tor the business, ome men are now making at these rates with the work Tlte business will he permanent, year after year. Apply either per s nally, or by letter, pott-paid, to IHkAEL POST, HO Nassau street ,_New York dl6 If m WANTED?By a young woman, a situation toco general housework of a small family, or at chambermaid. Beat city reference given. Please call at 318 Broadway, front basement. dig If m WANTING EMTLOY>fENT^A man of well te-.ted business abilities, would go at assistant butler, poiter or elerk in a groeery or hardware stoie, to farming, or any beneficial hutiueta If nquisite, can produce unexceptionable reirrence iao De aeeu at any time at 47 Catharine atrert. din It*in WANTED ? By a respectable protestaut in?n, a summon ra waiter, in a flrat rate private family; no objection to go in the country. Can drive a carriage, it' rcijuiretl. Beit ot reference can be given fmm bia laat place, {'lease call ati9 FoMh street Can he aeen for two Ha ye. dig it "re WANTED?To tell,an Eichange Office, well fi ied up and doing a good biuineie. and will be anld on reasonable terma. Apply tn A.J K.N (ILK, HBayin^t. dl52t*m_ WANTED ? Situations, by two reipeeinble frolestsut young girla, a* chambermaids?they can waah and iron firat rate?r/r to mind childten and sewing. They are well accustomed to work, and are willing to make themselvea generally useful. They have no objection to travelling with a farm!e. The beat ofeity references can be giveu. Tleaae call 128 Bowery, fleet floor, hack room. dH kt*m L|>Att,M WANTED?any person naving lor sale a well * cultivated firm, of about 10 to 100 acrrs, w th good buildings, in the State of New lfotk or New Jersey, and who would lie willing to se'l it cheap lor cash. may hear of a purchaser, by applying m the office of DEUTZ St OK AVE, 93 Grecnw eli ureet ,111 3t? rc A 20U.N0 MAN, 28 years of age, who speaks Kreuch. Orrman, English and Italian, and haa served as head Writer in lire principal hotels of Europe, wants a situation in a I otel or private family. Apply to Air. Kasa, J8 Maedoogal s'reet. rl 16 2t?rrc AOEN I I.EMAN W lio Ins for aeveral ye?rs resided at a populons city in Hntitli America, aud occupied in lie disposal ol every description of foreign men-hat dire, offers his tervicea to a house ier|iiiriug an artire and confidential per Km ?ith#r at horn* nr nhrngd. A?lrir??? It mt ?Us? AiSm. dl43t*rrc *THjL WfcW KM.I.A3U BOCItlTr U* THIS tlT? A OK NKW YORK?The animal meeting r,f (In* ioe.etvv for the election of ofTicersand tnnaacliiig of business, wi'l be held at the A?lor House, in Mid city, on 21d December, 1847. at 12 o'clock, noon Persons desirous of admission to the society, may apply to any ot the officers or members. The boar of officers n ill meat at the Aator Home at II A. M The society will alio, as usual r.rlelirate, on that day. the amove aery of the Landing < f the Pilgrims. An oration will he delivered by J. Prevent Hall, Esq , at the Taheraaela, at 2 P. M., wliieli the public are invited to attend. 1 lie aecietyaiiil it- guests will dure at the Aator Home at 8 P.M.?Moses II. Orinnrll, Preaident; Thoma* Fcasenden. let Vice Preaideot: Simeon Ur-per, Jr., 2d do do.; John A. Underwood, Paul Babr.ork, Joint 'I hntiiaa. Kdmnnd Coffin. Cuitnaellora ; Samuel T. Titd ile. B. W. floniiey. Joarpli Hone, Charles A Htelaou. Geo Curtia, Chattel A. Peabooy William 8. Wetinore, Luther B W v man, Aaanlant Counsellors ; JoahnaL. Pope, Preaanrer ; loanph A Brewer, Secretary 413 MTnMm* U lonef I K BN A >j I? V?I4f> Ii.lf,liter,.,nd eighth, pipea Ith proof, mperior 'taaltty, pale and coloied A. He IU net I c Braady of vrrv high flavor, rrcrtved di-ect from the old eatahltthed house at Hoenelle per brig Jem e lug; ennt'ed to debenture. For iale by JOHN CARWKLL 1 tn CO 87 Front .treat. dltli'm

Ltilth A l'gTIIIS.?blench Boots. cork, double and m ole idea: alio, the lineal calfHhoea and all kinds patent leather Boots ard Hlioea. I.adtei, we hare a large anortrnent of every -| , |e of Boots and Bhoea that i> made, and every kind of a Rabbet thai if mule, and eheaper than you can find eliewheir of the ivme quality. At WI7 Broadway, ona door ahove Kranli11ii at. Alio, a great variety of Boys', Mines'end Children's B Ota and Shoes. M CAHII-L. il:ll2l*ic (iki TOHn sniKK.r -OVERBHOES-OOOUi'h PATENT.?A large asao tinent of Ladies', Gentlemen'a end Mi-ses Randal and Slipper Orer Shoes, mnnufaetured by the Ooodyear Shoe Company, Nnrgatuck. Connectient These 8h"es are of the most superior quality and finish, and are warranted not to melt with heal, or siifTrn with cold. Alio, a new aitiele of Ladies'and Gentlemen's Nett Lined Over Shoes, perfectly elastic. Decidedly the neatest lobe Grind in the city. Wholesale nnd retail. 8AMUKL. BROOKS, Agent for ine mannlacturera, 22 John street, dt 14t?m STEAM KNOI N E? For Bale?One steam engine, < I to m 12 horse power, which hat been used It has just been pat in complete order, ii ?s good as new, and will be sold at a low priee H H<>JC It t'O.. 20and 71 Gold street dt litre | \f A. U. II. bcHMIDT will plaaso o?ll acdugcaiv* Five , wwiiri Ks? I INTELLIGENCE BY TELEGRAPH. LTuiaTiaru COIGREM. FIRST HKSOION. Btnst*. WiiHiniiTOi, Dm. IA, 1047. Th. Vice Pm.ior^T presented the annual report of th? Superintendent of the Coast Survey Mr Johnson presented a petition from New Orleans, 1 praying th* remission of dutlM on railroad iron. 1 Messrs. Stuhi.aon, Dix and Dickinson, also prea*nt?d , petitions. 1 Mr Millkb proffered a joint resolution. authorising a the erection of a monument to Wasbiogtoo on the publie grounds Read twice. And referred. Mr Mason introduced a bill changing the time Of i holding district courts in Vermont and Virginia. Mr. Downs remarked upon the Inadequacy of scoom 1 modations at New Orleans for wounded soldiers and f volunteers, and submitted a resolution authorising the i Military Committee to Investigate the subjMt, and report by bill or otherwise. The resolution was adopted. ' Mr Calhocn offered resolutions ? Resolved, That to conquer Mexico, and to hold it, either as a province, er to incorporate it in our Union, would bo inconsistent with the avowed object for which ( the war has been proseouted, and a departure from the settled polloy of the government; in oonflict with its < oharaeter and genius, and in the end, subversive of our < free and popular institutions. Kagolv.d, That no line of polloy in the further pro- I secution of the war should be adopted, whloh may lead | to consequence so disastrous. They were laid over for further notion. 1 On motion of Mr. Davis, the Committee on Com- j meroe was instruated to enquire whether further legis- , lation is necessary for the protection of passengers in steamboats Adjourned. House or KcpresentsUlvcs. Prayer was offered up by the new Cnaptaln. The consideration of Mr. Vinton's resolution dividing ill* Committee of Commerce was resumed, and an inter- ' . eating debate ensued between Mr. Rhett, Smith (of Ind ), I Root, and Bedinger. During the speeeh of the latter, a massage from the I President was announced, which, on motion of Mr Thomson, was read, and as we understood it, related to the suhjeel under consideration. It proved t> be the President's reaeons for withholding his signature to the bill passed ths last dav of th i?*t session making appropriation* for certaia publio work* I 1 In \Vi?oon?ln, already commenced, and for othrr purpo- ] tel. The reason* were similar to those In hi* veto of . the river and harbor bill, but the message wa* of greater length. Mr. Wkntwortii moved its referenoe to the Committee on Commeroe. Mr Vinton moved to refer it to a select committee, and the printing to be deferred until the oommlttee report, and that the report and message go together. Mr. Haralson opposed withholding the message until the oommlttee reported, as extraordinary The discussion was continued by Messrs Bayley, Stewart, of I'ennsylvania, Simms, of 8. C., and Sehenok. In the conoluston of Mr. Sohenck's speech, he moved an adjournment, when Mr. Holmkh, of 8. C., asked leave to introduoe a resolution deolaring substantially the inexpediency of extinguishing the nationality of Mexioo, and deolaring it expedient to s.oede all territory beyond the Rio Orande, on condition of free ingress and egress for our cltlsens into New Mexico and California, and our vessels Into the ports of Mexico, reciprocal privileges in trade and the privilege of coustrnuing railroads to San Diego and any towns in New Mexioo and California. Leave was not granted. NEW lOHK LEGISLATURE. Aldant, Deo. LI, 1847. sknatc* A bill was passed relative to Jurors in New York. A bill was also passed In reference to the general insurance bill. Also, to release prior lien of the Stat* on the Hudson and Berkshire Railway. Also, a bill regulating the salaries of the ofloers of the State government. Also, a bill to Incorporate thsoity of Syraouse. The Committee on the Magnetlo Telegraph, was discharged firom its further consideration The following bill was rejected To consolidate the loans from U 8. deposits fund, and to reduce the number of loan commissioners. The bill for redemption of circulating notes in New York or Albany, at a quarter of one per cent, was oalled up and ruieoted?40 to 30. The bill relative to the office of State Engineer and Surveyor would have been passed, had not Mr. Dsnnlston refused his consent to Its being sent to the House. The Senate refused to take np the bill to repeal the act to exempt clergymen fr< m taxation. Debate on the passage of the biU to consolidate the United States depositee and school funds, cut off by the hour of adjournment. The usual routine business was gone through with, and this body adjourned. abskmblv. A bill was panned, giving control of the Marin* Hospital to the commissioners of emigration. The annual supply bill was passed, as also that for the proteetion of emigrant passengers at the pert of New York,; the bill relative to depositee by the trustees of Havings Banks, and the bill for the relief of Henry Storms. The bill to reduce the fare of passengers on the railway between Albany and Buffalo waa rejected. The County Clerk bill met tbe same fate as the above. This was the bill; fixing the salaries of all Clerks by the Supervisors, and to-take effect on the 1st January, 1849. The Health Oflioer bill, and the Par Redemption bill, may be oonsldered as burled for this session. The following bHia were passed : For the election of County Treasurers and Superintendents of the Poor; in Telatton-tw Juror* in New York ; relative to the Hudson and Berkshire Railway ; to provide for publio Instruction in Orphan Asylums ; the Emigrant Bill; to amend act reduoing the number of Town Oflloers ; the annual supply bill; for the election of* Recorder of New York-an amendment was made to oontinue the present inonmbents in offloe one year longer; to equalise representation in boards of supervisors The report of the Committee of Conference on salary bill, fixed the salary of- Canal Commissioners at $1800. and that of Attorney General, at $3000. Agreed to, and bill passed. The following bills wefe not acted on :?Tbe General Insurance bill; the General Railway bill; the general bill relative to Charitsble Associations; the bill relative to taxation in New York; the tax of agencies of foreign insurance oompanles goes overboard with this bill. There is some doubt about the passage of the bill giving to the Kmigrant Commissioners control over tbe Marine Hospital. Weal tier, Ac, Ai.bant, Deo. 19,1847. The weather is oold to-day, and things appear gloomy. From tlio South. PcTsaitBt.'aiiH, Dee. 19, 1849. The Southern mall has arrived, but it contains no news. Neither papers nor the poney express have been received. /The Southern Mall. rKTFKunuaaH, Va , Deo. 19, P. M. By the new Northern mail arrangement the mall arrived, the two last nights, two hours in advance rf the time allowed in the contracts. The failures previously, happened because tbe steamers got aground in the fog*. There was no newspaper mail received South of Augusta, Geo. There is, therefore, no news from that quarter. Great Freshet In the Ohio River and Destruction of Properly. Cincinnati, Onio, Deo. 1ft, P. M. The water ia within six feet as high as it wsa in I83i; two milla floated down the river yesterday; one dwvlliog bouae and a new ateamboat were washed away, the latter from the atoeka at llartahorn'a Mill Creek and Little Miami The liottoma are oveifl >wed. Failures In Philadelphia. Philahklmiia. Deo. lft?P. M. There were two heavy faiiurea here to-day, in the gro| oery trada. Some Ave or aix country banks are reported broken. The Forgeries In Boston. Boiton, Deo. 1ft, P. M. Geo Miller, the broiler, who waa charged with having committed extensive forgeries, has returned and appealed on change to-day Nobody molested him He publiahea a card in the Kcfning Tramcript, stating that he shall prorebla entire innooenoeof any forgery whataver. The Market*. Cinc innati, Dee. 1ft ? Kiour?The market waa steady, and Bales of 300 a 300 bbli were made at $ft. There was vry little Grain offering, and no sales of consequence were reported lloes. Sales of 31100 head were made at i ft#. Provisions- Sales of 1000 bids Pork were made at J8 ftO. Lard?Sales of 3000 packages were made on private terms Whiskey- Sales of 300 bbls rectified were made at l"'?o. per gallon. PiTTAiuao, December lft?Hour?The market was SteadV. and aalea of '.00 bhla sera mail, at 1J OA a $4 *l'4 In grain there was very little offering, and sales were light, without cbanta in'prioea. Sugar -The market waa dull, and we quote New Orleans at 4>? a -Mir. Molasses? New Orleans new, waa Inactive at 20c Whiskey No change The river wan tailing but continued high, and we report l? feet and a 3 Inohra of water In the channel Bimimoiu., I)eo 1&. Hour- The market waa very dull, and sales very light We quote Howard street at $fi 12>, a f ri 23. Wheat?galea of '<000 buahela were made, including Maryland rede, at 123c. and Maryland family white at Mia. < orn - Males of about 20,000 buahela were made, including Maryland while and miled, at .Vie, and Maryland vellow at AOo. Rye waa rather heavy and ealen light. Whiskey, no change. Provisions remained about the same. Bi i rti.o, Ore I A. ? Klour '1'bo market was dull, and the tendency ol' prices was downward : and we quote good Ohio, Michigan, and this state brands at $4 M) a f>4 tit;i. Wheat waa dull, and no rales of moment were made We quote ( hit-ago at H?o, and Milan, Cleveland ?U. !, (.1 I in urn no Mien were reported, end price* w?r? nominally the name. The money market ru eery tight. There were no arrival* Irom the Writ to-day. Uo?TOf?, December IS ?Flour Snle* of S0O barrel* were made, Including (ieneree, Oawego. and other Wee t-rn brand* at %> a ? .17.Corn ?Hale* of .MHK) bu?h el* were made, Including Weatern mixed at 7!?o and jel low do atH-Jo. Oata - Hale* of lOOO buahel* were mad* at Mo. Prorlelone?There wai no material change In price*. I.ard ?Sale* of loo barrel* wero mad* at So ( Freight* remained the name a* atprerlounadrloe* - with aome more flrmnia*. i 1 . ' 1^1 OtIND?A bout eleern o'clock, lut night, a Hone ?nd | * Wagon. The owner can obtain the ramc by calling *t lib Avenue7;, corner of Seventh itreet, poivinx propeity and p*t eg ehnreea. t.. T. ( . dlt lt*j* f|i|IK Member* oft Ol.l/.VI Hi A l.tMXJK. No It. C. A U X I) , ami frienda. are invited to attend the removal of the remain* <f Brother William Midmer, and mietat It o'clock, thu div. at Fulton Ferry, New Vork aide, dlt lt*m FOH SALK?a bav liorre. iv? hand* high,'kind m alt hai' net*, and a aplendid reddle l one, a year* old. Alio, a , I it lit wagon with leather top Trio*, together, till, or tht wagon (or lit Apply at J llth lattt. dll it*re 1 INTELLIGENCE BT THE MAILS. AFFAIRS I N WAS B I M G T 0 M, Washington, December 13, 18-17. The Report* of tht liar and Nary. I notice in the Report of the Adjutant Geneal, which accompanies, Mr. Secretary Marcy's leport, a few particulars in addition to what has >een published an regards the strength of the irmy. It appears the aggregate regular force author- i zed ia 30,350; embraced in 25 regiments of this i lumber, 1,373 are otficers. The actual regular j orce at present employed, according to the atest returns, is 2t),333?leaving a deficiency of 1,481 privates. The volunteer force, for the war, consists of 14,171, and of 12 months men of 2,119; total, including 1,437 officers, 34,853. This does not in Mude the regimenf Irom .Michigan, ordered in I October, or those from Alabama and Mississippi in April and July, (in all, if full 2,2U0 men) an | ihey have not yet been raised. The actual number mustered into service wan 27,452, but according to the latest reports it is supposed tliey do not exceed 20,28b, and even this is considered *s much beyond the efficient strength. The force under the command nt Gen. Scott is computed to be 32,15ti. This includes the garrisons of Tampico and Vera Cruz, which, being deducted, reduces his operating army to 30,209, including the sick and disabled. The force under Gen. Taylor consists of an iggreeate of 3.937 regulars, and 2,790 volunteers ?total H,727. Under Brig. Gen. Price,commanding in New Mexico. 3,157. On the Oregon route, under Lieut. Col Powell, 177; and under Col. R. B. Masson, in California, 1019. There is a deficiency in the whole voluuteer force of 12,530. The Adjutant Gederal, in addition to the subjects mentioned in Mr. Secretary Marcy's Report, recommends the appointment ol an additional Lieutenant to each company of regulars,as in consequence of the climate anil harn service in Mexico, the present number of officers is found insufficient. I do not observe in the papers accompanying the Report of the Secretary of the Navy, anything which has not been mentioned by him, with the notable exception of the decision of the | committee appointed to investigate Uriah Brown's " Stream of fire." Congress, it will be remembered, at its last sitting, voted #10,0U0 in order to give the discovery a trial, which was made in tins city last October The commission have reporied unfavorably, but Mr. Brown rejoins, in effect, that they are laboring under an aberration of intellect. One things is certain? iiicic iit>i navr urt-n an iiniiijUHiiy iuii treasury, to warrant the waste of #10,000 on any such u project it. Waihinutoiv, Dec. 14, 1847. The Report from Topographical Corpi with reference to Commerce of Laket and ffetlern Rivert-CommuniHon from the Secretary of the Treasury. The report from the Colonel of the Topographioal Corpa, mail* In consequence of a resolution of the Senate, pasred last January, haa bsen laid before that body. The report has been compiled from answers received to oiroulars addressed to persons supposed to be well informed upon the subjects upon which It treats, and also u from the dgcuments, periodicals and pamphlets in possession of the department " It is a voluminous document, and appears to hare been drawn up with a good deal of ability It is, however, nearly altogether speculative, from the fket, as stated in its pages, that there is a total absenoe of any established systjm of statistics In regard to our internal commerce. The report expatiates upon the neoessity of a thorough and acourate knowledge of our resources, as otherwise we can never know our capacity. " A nation," the report observes, " may be obliged to endure a wrong, or be able to resent it aooording to the condition of her internal resourocs, for on the strength of these her ability to resist chlelly depends. The productive industry of a nation may be considered as measured by its internal and external trade and commerce, and the external trade and commerce may be considered as ine measure 01 nmonu prom; m idc nurdu Kometot of a nation oomliti of thoaa national products which are not wanted at home, or which oan be conveniently spared. Kach react* upon the other,giving life and rtreogtb to both. A correct knowledge of eaoh Is therefore of the greatest Importance in obtaining a correct knowledge of the whole " It then proceeds to remark that our revenue laws give us an exaot aoconnt of that portion of our productive industry whloh forms our foreign commerce, but that the system has not been extended to our internal trade and commerce, and all correct knowledge of It has been left either to Individual effort or accidental Investigation By the report (bom the Topographical Bureau, of Nov. 184:i, of the lake appears that in 1841 the moneyed value of the imports was $33,483,441 And of the exports. 33,349,881 Making a total of $03,836,033 ?As the floating value of the lake oommsroe. The amonnt of licensed and enrolled tonnage for the same year waa 66,233 tons ; and the number of mariners then employed was 3760 When the resolution of the Senate, ordering this report. was receivad, every exertion waa made to try and rarnish a regular series of returns from 1841 to 1846 inclnslve, bnt from the dlOeulties already alluded to, no regular series of returns could be obtained. The following Is the table given of the consolidated return of exports and imports of ths lake harbors for 1846 Oswegatcble district $180,658 CMAMFLAIN. Whitehall 6 337,489 i'lattsburgh (district) 1,160 844 Borliogton (do ) 3,777,730 OrtTABIO. Saokett'a Harbor (district) *3,738,091 Dexter (port) 484,675 Salmon River, or Port Ontario 433,734 Oswego 9,603.980 Big Sodus 39.306 Rocbeeter 313.930 Pultnryvllle * 30 343 Niagara (district) 006 863 Kris. Buffalo (port) 48,989,116 Conneant 380,475 Ashtabulu 718,467 Fairport (Grand River) 819,684 Cleveland (port) 13,659,110 Sandusky (district) 6 943.137 Monro* district. Including Toledo 9.619 067 Detroit 8.706,348 Krle 6,37.1,-746 Black River (port) 316,040 Vermillion 137,77o Michigan. Chicago 3,937,160 ('33,8-39,831 There are a number of other porta, not mentioned here, aa no returna have been procured ; and consequently the above amount may be considered aa below the actual representation of the entire trad*. As, however, much ot the trade above enumerated must be duplicate ; that la, the exports of one port are, in a great measure, the imports of nnother, the report places the net value of the hottu jide trade for IB40 at (01,914,910 ; and applying the same reasoning to that of 1841, would give for that year $33 913.011, showing this commerce to have nearly doubled itself in Ave years, and to have experienced an annual average Increase (f 17 63 100 per oent. The amount of lloensed tonnage for 1846 forma a total of 106 830 tons; also showing the tonnage to have nearly doubled In five years, at an annual average Increase of 17 98-100 per cent. The whole amount of American lake commerce, of clearances and entries, was l.i,8.>5; and of goods exported and imported, 3,071,803 tons. This vast amount of merchandise could not of course be all transported by our tonnage, and a calculation has accordingly been made, founded on apparently proper data, that we have about 136,836 tons of shipping employed la transporting It, and that 30 000 tons of British shipping is also so employed. ? The number of paaeengi rs, in all directions, for 1846. is estimated at not less than 3.>O.Oon, and the amount of passsge at $ 1 .360,Of 0 Tho number of mariners employed is put down at 6,973 A speculation is entered into as to the prob ibis increase of the commerce of lbs lakes for the next ten years, taking less than the strings of the past Ave??ay 17 per cent?with the following result, giving merely the Bet amount of the commerce?that Is, one-half of the .. .i a and 4mnnrf a The commerce of I**ir>, am elated above. . . fol .914 910 Add paeacnger trade 1,'iJO.OOO Thta amount tor ten year*, adding 17 per cent, will be, In 1M7 $1711 MAJ67 aeMMxnrr. o? thk eUfKHi, a.Ni> in r*oe?at.? rectKAiK. Thi* appiera to be etlll more' difficult to arrive at than the lake*, a* it doe* not up near to have attracted even ** much attention, or to have had ae many engaged la collecting and reporting Ita detail*. Tha chief enure* of Information be* been the pre**, ar d the mat ter reported end collected In the Mactnnatl memorial of l?4i. V mm official return*, it appear*, that the eteamhoat tonnage of the We?tern river* in IM'J, amounted to Wo 870 ton*, and for IHln, J I9,n.v> ion* The other ton n*n*, (not Pt?*mboat.) we* eetlmated in 1841. at ! ton*; nlvlug a total of UO 27H ton* tor that year The 1 n> t amount of commerce of tha Weetarn water* with ' New Orlaane, give* $69 739,344, for 1811. Tha raturn* of tha trada of New Orlean*. for the paatfcur year*, pbow an average lnoraaaa of V4 par cant. The amounta given above merely refer to tha direct trade, and do not include tha immenna trade between different place* on tha river*, which might appropriately l>e drRiKoated their coaattng trade Thl* i* computed, for 1848. to amount to, giving a total, for 1846, (natt value,) of $148,300,719 The floating value cannot be laee than double thia The paaeencer trad* le atated at 93,191 0o|. and the total oommerre for tha year in <|ueeUon, $141,498,701. 1 he ooet of all the craft I* aatlmated, lor 1848, at $11.913364; and tha yearly ooet of keeping in repair and eueUtoing it. $10,190,141 The number of pereod* em ployed on all the variou* crafU, la 18,114. I pan a eecond view of the oonunere*. mare favorable tban tkeflnt, the groee amount U fiven $41190.414,H$, < instead of >161 499,701. the flretsetlmate A third consideration of tbe subject gives >179,994.464. la the opinion of tha roport, tba second and third estimate* approach nearer the fact than the first. The population which depends upon the Weatarn riven aa a means of communicating with a market, le estimated at 0.191 656 According to tba population of (treat Britain, the " great Teller, excluding one-third of it* landa aa bad, la capable of austalnlaga population of 148,.199 861; and according to the population of Kranoe, 110,066 666; but If tha lingular fertility of tike " valley" to considered. It la donbtleae capable of sustaining numbers vastly greater than thoae stated. Being guided by the ratio of former yean, tha following table la presented of the probable lnoraaea of Its population : ? It contained in 1846 6.676,(hi7 It will contain, In 1*60 7,991.1*4 " " 1800 11836,948 " M 1870 17,776,27-4 And the increase of commerce: ? In I860 474.469.819 494,047,668 I a 889,449,804 The subject of the Immensity of tha rivere?the Mississippi and IU tributaries-la gone Into at great length, and the total amount of eteamboat navigation to set down at 16 674 miles Tha report, from this point, recurs again to tbe subject of " the lakes." and estimates thu population whiob depends upon them, as a means of communicating with a market, at 4,946,946. Tbe steam tonnage of the lakes Is stated to he 60,846, and the sailing, 46 011; detailed as fdllnws:? On the upper lakes Steamboats 64 Propellers 19 Barks and brigs 69 Moboonera, sloops, and sailing soows, 319 And on Lake OntarioSteamboats, 8 Propellers, 10 Sailing vessels 186 The report aocounts lor tha small amount of tonnage on Lake Ontario by tbe great quanty of British tonnage employed. The tonnage on Lake t'hamplein to 3194 tons. a uo tmniD nuu iMiruAOB.Qitanr oompioiea or nnu w, In connection with the trade of the Ukee, are eery folly described. With reference to the trade of Lake Ontario, the report says, " Ai the greater part of the trade paeeee through the porta of Canada, a war with that power would leare nearly the whoee of the tonnafe of this lake unemployed, and disposable for Government purposes. I think it would be safe uoder such oircumstanoea to any, that IA 000 of the tonnage of this lake would be so disposable,?a tonnage adequate to the transportation of 0000 men and their supplies, as the most distant voyagea on this lake do not oocupy more than two days. Tne four large steamers could be adopted as an auxiliary armed fleet, and could be made to carry ten henry guns each The Oswegatohie district would in a state of war hare no use tor its tonnage and seamen. The whole ot them may, therefore, be considered as part of the military means of l.ske Ontario " A very Important point Is also referred to, namely, the fact that the lake commeroe Is a great nursery for ssaI men. It Is supposed that at the preeent time, if their serrlces were required, at least ten thousand young and able seamen could be spared, and In ten years 43,0*17. in answer to one of the queries proposed by the Senate, a detailed account is given of the British Canals It states that a line of canals are formed from hake Kris to Ontario, and in different portions of the river St. Lawrence. so as to afford a communication for large vessels from the Upper Lakes to the Atlantic. All the canals, with the exception of the Wetland, are of sufloient capacity to admit the passage of as large armed vessels aa the " Michigan " The locks upon the Wetland, however, are only 130 feet long. Plank roads appear to be generally In use la Canada, and the Report recommends their adoption in this country. The Britiah tonnage on Lake Ontario is greatly superior to the Amerloau, and the reason assigned is that great attention has been paid by their gorernment to their harbors, and giving them in oonsequenee great facilities for military operations. From this we imagine the Colonel considers It the policy of government to improve our Lake harbors at all events, as, without refer enoe to tlie benefits which will acorue to the commercial community, their improvement will strengthen our own means of defence. The people of the west, so that ths improvements are made, will not quarrel about the object, but it must strike every one who (lances over the statistics here given, that the welfare of our Infant, though gigantic, internal commeroe, should not he slightly regarded. upon the whole, the Report is a very good Report, the only drawback to its usefulness being that it has been made out principally from supposed data?a fault net chargeable to the officer who has drawn it up, and who deserves a good deal of credit for bis ingenuity. Treasury Norr?. The following table was laid before the Senate, showlng the amount of Treasury Notes whtoh have been Issued under the provisions of the act of the 'Mth January, 1817, ths amount redeemed, and the manner la whloh redeemed : ? The Treasury notes Issued under the provisions of said act, amount to >17,073,400 Whereof there have been redeemed by the issue of six per cent stock, in lieu of notes surrendered >9,864,-100 In payment of duties on imports 79,700 g3 933,900 And there are now outstanding 13,690,000 >17,673,400 A report has been ceoeived, also, by the Senate from the commissioner of the General Land office, exhibiting the operations in tiuU department for the year ending last June. It is a truly formidable document, as regards its length, compared to which the President's message sinks Into utter insignificance. I will send yen aw abstract of Its details to-morrow. A8MODEUS. Wahhidutos, Dm. 14, 1847. Mr. Giddingi?Putrid Kxcrttctnctt?Mr. fViHthrrp't Deciiion? Gat ?The Health of Membtri?7Vi? Cake Table?Mr. Horner'$ pint Appointment. Mr. (Jlddlogs, from the demonstration which he made to-day In the House, did not relish the application of " putrid exersaosnoe," as applied to him tn a csmmnaleation in the Motional Whig, of this oity, because he and Messrs. Tuck and Palfrey did not vote for the whig nominees of speaker anil clerk. It was an evidence of bad taste to notlee the remark ; but Mr. Olddings wished to set himself right. Besides, we must have personal explanations , they have become part and paroel of the proceedings of legislative bodies, and to see a session pass without them, would be an anomaly. We very much like the deolsion of Mr. Wlnthrop,that a personal explanation Is not a privileged question, and that the consent of the House Is neoeesary to make tt. If this be adhered to. so mnoh time will not be wasted as heretofore, on subjects trivial In themselves, and of no Importonce whatever to the publlo. It Is gens rally predicted that Mr. Winthrop will make a good speaker, and we trust In this there will be no diaappointaeent. On the first (lay of the session, on going Into the ea pItol, we skw parson* with handkerchief* to their aoaea, a* though dead cat*, or " putrid exereeoenoee " war* not far off Kverybody said that the gas waa peculiarly offensive, and poor Crutchett,or ' rotobett, was Menard for erecting hi* fixtures. And Dr. Kries, of Ohio, want so far as to introduce a resolution in tha Hons*, for the appointment of a oommitte* of three to make inquiry whether the gas waa not prejudicial to tb* health of tha members, and to report by bill or otherwise. But since last Thursday, it was discovered that It was not the gas which so offensively effected the atmosphere of tha enpitoL but the eflluvin of the sewers, which, like long sealed up fepulohres, had been opened for the purpose of repair.' So soon as this waa ooinmunieated to the dootor, he withdrew his resolution, and acknowledge* his mistake. I (ieneral removals in the House have not yet taken place It is not because there are no applicants to til the situations, for there are seventy^nore or less, making strong, desperate efforts for the ten or twelve olerkshipa. And, on this, Mr. Illtehle says," wa must theeefore act with ail our energies. Our cause Is better?our eathneiasm is greater '' Penmen may rueh as they ohooee tor the clerkship, but there is more than on# confectioner striking to obtain the privilege of planting a sake and coffee table near the oentre door of tho hall The stand is a most excellent one, and no men in the trade wonld hesitate to reek for it. provided he be of the light Strip* of politics. About two year* ago, a man waa brought to tn* city, (he waa trom Philadelphia,) to run for doorkeeper. But Mr. Whitney supplanted him , and, as s solace, he acoepted the oaks table department. He farmed out his privilege, and thus obtained an easy and comfortable support. Not long since this man went to the war, as a second or third lieutenant. The first appointment of Mr. Horner, the doorkeeper, was that of .Mr. P. If Brocks, a printer. The dutis* are light and pleasant?packing letter* and paper* fbr members With n little table before bim, on which a candle Is appeara to be the happiest man in ehrtetendom lit it a clever fellow, and I* content with hie lot. FKLIX Wxiiiinotoiv, Dec. 14,1*47 M>. Dickxnten'i Riialiilmni. J fc? resolutions offered by Mr. Dickinson to-day, in the Senate, are reduced to a single line each ? I Kor the annexation of new territories. J. Against any anti slavery restrictions. They were offered and ordered to be printed, so unostentatiously, that but few persons were aware at the moment of their import, purport, and importance. They open Die whole merits of the Mexican war;the question of peace- -the plan for securing it the que*lion of boundary; and they bring forward f< r trial that ''relied prophet Of Khorassan,'' called ibe Wllmot proviso Our impression is. that the resolutions will not be discussed vet awhile; lor we do not see that any thing ean lie done upon such moment jus propositions till after the holidays, ami they may possibly be set aside entirely, unless Mr. Dickinson shall at as early a day as oonraniett. demand their consideration, and when they are taken up. drflne his position, and thus bring the Senate to a discussion or a rote upon the ureal fundamental doctrine* Involved in tbe aforesaid resolutions. We have now three platforms to stand upon I. Mr. else's platform. i. Mr. Tolk's pisiform a Mr Dickinson's pisiform. And s good many more or* in process Of oonstruotlon W WxiHiwoTOw, Deo. 14,1*47. CaUfnrnia Dinner. The Rifllsmen of the Mounted Itegidient, who ere in town, gave a superb dinner at Walker's, lest evening, to Lieut. Col. Kremont and the Californians in town. Among the guests, were Col. Benton and family; Mr. Crittenden and lady; Dsn Jesup. ? apt. Gillespie, late an aidof CoromodrrsStockton, inCsllfoiula, a number of trefnont's young men, sod others, to (he number of present. < oL H useril, lata from t aMsrnln.