Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 17, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 17, 1847 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

NEW YORK HERALD pubushib at tub Horth-weit Corner of Pulton aid Muiu its., BY James Gordon Bennett, Proprietor. DAILY HERALD-Every day, (Sunday included.) Price 1 centt par copy $7 ti par annum?tkt United State! Ta European rubicribtn. 'f 14 par muai, It (* luda Ike paatame, which hat la it prepaid. WEEKLY HERALO-Evtry Saturday?Price emit per copy?$1 nX par annum?in the United St alt t. To European rubicribtn, by itramikip, ti per annual, to include the potlate. HERJtLD FOR EUROPE?Every Steam Packet Day ?Price W cent*per copy-l5 per annum, including pottage, or ti U taclutivt ojpottage. Subtcripliane and advertiirmenlt will be received by Hetort Qalignani. ii rue fivitnnt, Parit; P. L. At mo ndt. II Cornkill. and John Miller, kookitlUr, Henrietta lire it, London ANNUAL PICTORIAL HERA L D-Publitktd on tkt )tt of January of tack year ml rtapenci per copy ADVERTIUEHENTS at Ike utual p. icei. Advertittmtnlt should it written in a plain, legible minner. Tkt yropnetor will not bt reeponttble for err or t that nay occur in Ikam. PHLlfTiyO of all kindt executed beautifully and witk dttpaUk. ALL, LETTERS or communication! by mail, for rutleriptiom, or witk advtrHttmtnlt addrtttod ta tkt pronriltor of tkt tttablimkmenJ nuif A# M t at age will be deducted from tke money t emitted. VOLUNTARY COR.RESPOXUENCE and communications. containing important news or useful intellf fence, are solicited from any quarter of the world?Europe. Ana. Africa, or America?and if used will always to I Iter ally paid for by the Proprietor. NO NOTICE con be taken of anonymous communications . Whatever is intended for insertion must be authenticated by the name and address of the writer; not necessarily for publication, but as a guaranty of Ms goad faitk. We cannot undertake to return rejected communications. ALL PAYMENTS to be made tn advance. Now York, Friday, December 17, IM7. THE HOLIDAY HERALD. THE ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OV thk MIZZOAH WAR. On Satur&ay, th? '26th tut., we shall publish th Hohday Herald, which will bo the most beautiful, as ?s3 as ths most valuable and interesting, pictorial sheet ever Issued from this establishment. It will be a complete Illustrated History of the Mexican War, and will contain engravings representing the appearanoe of every town, after Its capture, from the taking of Matemoras to the reduotlon of the City of Mezioo itselfJnoludlng plans and fortifications. It would be useless to dilate at any length ob the valne of a sheet like this. It will be a perfect pictorial view of Mexloo. Agents and others who wish to purchase to sell again, ill please send In their orders as early as possible. The prioe will be 6X cents per single oepy, or $4 per hundred. It will be put In wrappers, to send to any part of the wtrld. Intelligence from Europe. The following despatch came over the wires to iw last evening Boitow, Thursday- P. M. I We sh%ll wait to-night ft>r ths Hlbernia. The steamer arrivnd last year on the 10th. The wind is now N.?.; | loir *na oleer. We, therefore, shall be ou the look out for her with two weeks later intelligence, from all parte of Europe. There are yet no tidings of the Union. Tite Disorganization of tht Malls-Public Mtlng. The mails are in such disorder, the failures and delays have become so frequent and annoying, that our merchants have determined to make an effort to induce Congress to move in the matter, and furnish a remedy for the evil of which the public complain. We understand that a petition is now circulating on 'Change and among the merchants, for a meeting to be held in this city, to express the opinion of New York on the utter incapacity of the Postmaster General to manage the mails in a proper and useful manner. The Press of this city, with tbeii daily express, have, since the 1st inst , repeatedly beaten the mail from the South, and once or twice it has placed us in possession of New Orleans papers thru or four dayi in advtnee of tht regular mail. All this has aroused the merchants to the shocking mismanagement of the Post Office Department ; and they are now determined to eee if their just complaints will aot have some effect in Washington. This meeting will shortly be held, and we mean to report its proceedings in full. Similar meetings ought to be held in other cities. We have suffered enough ; and now that Congress is in session, some movement should be made throughout the country to effect some change. Terrible Distress In KnglandU. American Sympathy?Great Public Meeting next Monday. Last year was marked by the harrowing dis tresses of the Irish people, and the sympathy ot America in their behalf. The potato rot produced a famine in green Erin, and threw thousands and thousands into horrible destitution. No sooner, however, were the facts known in this country, than the feelings ot the people were enlisted with benevolence and charity. Subscriptions were raised, collections formed, and numerous vessels of war, with generous volunteers to man them?Commodore De Kay, and many others?were despatched with breadstuff's for the destitute of Ireland, Scotland, and a part ot England. Those events created a sympathy and a feeling throughout the civilized world. The British Parliament noticed them?all those high in authority spoke of the generous acts pf the American people with enthusiasm and ardor. So far so well. A new description of national disaster has broken out again in England, and other parte of Europe. Misfortunes never come singly, to individuals nations or.? We do not allude to the stringency of the money market?to the scarcity ot money, which has brought England to the verge ofbankruptcy?we do notjallude to the insolvency of her merchants, or the escapes of numbers of them from their creditors. It is, no doubt, melancholy to see the high aristocracy of England, landed or monied, ainU intn nAWAvtv on/J k? ^Amn^lUil *a mat siitlnls tmn invv j'w ? \*i vj } ?mw uw vvjii^iivu ?w " * m?|'iv rout beef and plum pudding, without the wines of France, or the expensive luxuries of the four quarters of the world. The Duke of Buckingham has run away from his splendid castles, being in debt ten millions of dollars ; but this is not the distress whieh sffscts England at the present moment. The Duke of Beaufort had to curtail his horses and his wines, and is probably ready o run away, too; bat this is not the awful nation* al disaster. The Marchioness of Aylesbury, who visits the Italian Opera every night of the season, i and applauded Jenny Lind with so much enthu' ! siasm, has not only become a defaulter, a lame duck, as it is called, but was also cast ashore ioagale on the Isle of Wight, and up to her i yes in water and love; but these are not the misfortunes that now fill England with sorrow and wo. What then tsthe new calamity which distresses \ the English people so mnch, from tho highes' to the lowest??their statesmen and their press? their bishops, at ene hundred thousand dollars a year, and their curates at fifty dollars ? What is it that distresses unhappy, unfortunate and Borrowing England, and all her great men ? Lilt up your eyes and wesp. It is the victories and the triumphs of the American arms in Mexico. Those brilliant victories?victories superior even to those of young Napoleon in Italy?have thrown England and the English peeple, from thehighest to the lowest?her statesmen and her journaliitH? into a state of dexpair * J luoflovprwhelinini,' distrewn dim the f?L 11 - " !~- 1L I I mine la Ireland did Inst year, or the Bank of England has, the present one. The battiea of Bueua Vista, Vera Crux, Cerro Gordo, ChurubuBco, and Chapultepec, and a score of others, hava overcome them with misery and wo. The natnts of Taylor and Scott, of Worth and Harney, of Shields and Quitman, and even of Major General Gideon Pillow, will not allow them to sleep at night, or take repose after their comfortable dinners. The English prevs and the English people' have been thrown into a paroxysm of despair at the atrocious murders and wholesale butcheries which they siy have been perpetrated in Mexico, by the American generals, and the armies under their command. Before the termination Of the last session of Parliament, symptoms were exhibited in that distinguished body, of those distresses. Since their receipt of a full account of those awful butcheries in Mexico, their journals have been thrown into terrible spasms af sorrow and lamentation, even greater than those produced by the potato rot in Ireland, or the shortness of the crops all over the three kingdoms. The same distress begins to appear in Paris; and Louis Philippe, who was once in distress for a pair ofshoeB in Canandaigua, in this State, and in trouble for the want ot a pair of breeches in the west, is now in great distress and tribn latioa for the loss of a crown for hie son Montpeasier, caused by the horrible and atrocious battles of the American generals in Mexico, during the recent campaign. In fact, England and France were never in such a state of trauble and tribulation as they are at this day. Shocking, shocking, shocking! Now, in this condition of things, what is to be done! We had sympathetic meetings in New York, and made contributions of all sorts to aid and assist the distresses of Ireland a year ago. Singular to remark, another sympathetic meet* ing is going to be held next Monday at the Tabernacle, to sympathise with the British aristocracy in their present calamity,and to mingle the tears of our people with theirs, over the terrible atrocities recently committed in Mexico, by General Scott and General Taylor, and their compatriots, or rather tiieir fellow butchers, as they are called. This meeting is called by some of the highest names in this city, and will no doubt exhibit,in all its varieties,those feelings of horror towards the Mexican victories, which mark so beautifully the London press, as they arrive by every steam ship. Let the people of New York, therefore, prepare their sympathy, and pour it out, not for suffering Ireland or for starving Scotland, but for the unfortunate. aristocracy and journalists of Lnsland and France, including all other natians and regal families who look on the progress of the American arms in Mexico as even worse than the potato rot?as & deeper and greater calamity than has ever fallen to the lot of man to discover or to aid. Prepare your tears and sorrows for Monday night at the Tabernacle. Woe, woe, woe, woe, woe ! Thjc Police, fcc.?One of our cotemporaries consoles himself for the dirtiness of our streets and the mismanagement of our police, with the idea that Mr. Bennett has made a long tour in Europe, and may have returned to old ideas in favor of the antiquated European monarchies. The opinions of Mr. Bennett, or any one else, on democracy or aristocracy, do not alter the facts connected v he management of the city government in N ^ ork, and the general I administration of it dirs. New York is probably the worst reg d city, in its police, in ita streets, and in it. eral matters, of any city ! in the civilized world. I'aria and London, and othsr cities in Europe, to bay nothing of Bofcton or Philadelphia, in this country, are models in comparison to the awful mismanagement of the local affairs of this metropolis. There is nothing more perfect than the London preventive police system. Paris is pretty fair; but nothing to be compared to London. Then, again, as to the streets in Paris and London?in both of these cities they are cleaned every day by six o'clock in the morning, at farthest. The pavements are good, and there is some comfort extended to the peopl Can we say the same of New York 1 But the subject is too important to be despatched in a paragraph. We mean to investigate the whole matter, and shall accordingly Bet some of our scribblers to work on the subject, bo that the people of this city may know how awfully their affairs are conducted, by the system at present in use here. The Extortions of the Gas Companies ?We have received numerous complaints detailing the extortions of the gas companies, and requesting us to make some suggestions as to the best mode of abating them. There is no remedy. These companies have received charters from the Legislature, and they may extort and charge just as much as they pleaBe. The only remedy mat we can poiui ?ui, iu iu cumc wum iuc outcess of the plan of manufacturing gas on a small scale, sufficient for each house. Thb MiixrcAH Question.?Three propositions are already presented to Congress, opening the Mexican question for general debate?one by Mr. Calhoun, one by Mr. Dickinson, both Senators; and one by Mr. Holmes, in the House of Representatives. Mr. Calhoun's plan proposes to abandon all territory beyond the Rio Grande, and even in California, with the exception of some general rights of no great importance. Mr. Holmes' plan is a similar one; Mr. Dickinson's embraces the acquisition ot territory, but excludes the Wilmot proviso. We suppose that half a dozen other propositions, on the same subject, will be brought forward in both houses, before the question is really discussed. Debate on this question may spring up incidentally before the holidays; but there is a probability ot its being postponed till after. At fell events, we expect much talk and little action. Very Late raoiw Mexico.?One of the evening papers yesterday published the annexed: City or Mtnco, Not. US.?Politically w* ?r? without anytbiof of tntarM* to ootnmanlotto Although the MmImd CoBfTMa ?nd Executive, ibled ?t QaraUro, h?*s hit.haflA MMBi 1A m i1it?Tlni#lna> hmm fh* tloo of praoe with the United State*, the paolfle party la nevertheless exerting itaaJf, and wa have no doubt that, if they ara onoe allowad to treat, peaoe will ha made This letter is twenty days late/, if the date be correctly given. It may hive been received via Havana; we know of no other way. We learn that the Engltsh steamer from Vera Cruz, with advices to the 1st, arrived at Havana on the 7th inst. Arpairs in California.?We have received advices from Han Francisco to the 2#th of July j last. Tba Independence, Com. flhubriok, and Congress, Capt Lavauatte, war* at San Franetsoo. Tha Dale, Salfridge, had called a few days prevteoa fbr Moaterer ? The Preble had not returned at that time from Cauao The (loop Warren, Hull, was at Monterey. The Tortataonth was off at Mas atlas. Later dates reporOio vestal blockading that port. Tbe Cyaae Dopont. bad gone to the Saadwish I fiend* and toe Lexington, Bailey, about the middle of Jane wee e< Monterey, eoon to sail with troop* to Santa Barbara, and thenee to San Joee The File MS order* to return borne, and may be *oon looked for in our bay. Tbe reports of the ofteen an not fcvorable as to tha mildaaa* of tha ollmata Foggy weather is very common Tha temperature is very cool through the fatin ummer, owing to North winds, yet the general effect Is healthy and braalog. after duo allowance for ooids. rbeumatlami, and *ueh like Incidental*. Probably California 1* not a perfect paradise. Lrmrlativk Movimrnt*.?The Hon. Daniel and Mr*. Webster hav* arrived at the Astor House, en rout? to Washington. Kallroasl li>l*ill|ante. I A railroad meeting, In ffcwr of connecting Westchester 1 with Philadelphia, by a direet rowta, haa bean held at j v litage Orten The ooramltte* praaantedan estimate for the bu*1n*ss profits en Chester orsek, ?mcuntlag te>:*?. I "O" Prr Ifc* flr?i y*af'I bvMtm Tusatkicals, Ml'Kdkk and Ruin ?The excitement in the theater*, of all kinds, increases throughout the oity. AinoBg horses and operas, dirt and diamoada, pea-nuta and pearls, the agitation is augmenting every night. The laat ten days were dull, heavy, sloppy and dirty, in the city. The same characteristics, the same features, characterized the fifteen or twenty house* of amusement of all kinds, from the highest opera to the lowest tinging saloon. But at length we have a change. The three or four fashionable and high priced theatres are as busy as ever, cutting each other's throats and destroying each other's business,while they immeasurably amuse and gratify the public. At the Astor, Signora Biscaccianti has divided the town, and thrown the critics into two hostile camps. One set have put her down as an awful failure in every particular, both in dress, in voice, in metkod, and every thing, red Btockings included. Another set consider her every thing that is superb, elegant, accomplished, exquisite, unapproachable, and above all, a native and a Boston girl. This intricate question, thereiore, is left in as great a state of indecision as that of Mexico or the North Pole. One thing appears to be certain?the unfortunate and lovely Biscaccianti, who has more talent and genius than she is allowed to possess, appears to be the victim of mean intrigue, concocted against her by certain cotton and pork managers of the epera, and some mercenary, menial critics, simolv because she interferes, unconsciously, with certain views on ] others. She had the misfortune to be the first prima donna to draw the best houses this seagon, and thus created much jealousy and discontent. We must slowly and surely unraval this affair, and exhibit the atrocious conduct of the managers and their slaves to the public. Benedetti appeared at the Astor Opera House, on Wednesday, and the fashionable world, high and low, both haut ton and canaiilt, appear to follow at his heels. Never has there been such a house for beauty, splendour, gaiety, and crowds,as that which graced the first night of44 Lucia de Lammermoor." Benedetti is universally acknowledged to be the best tenor we have in the company. The Broadway and Park, theatres have been thrown upon their beam-ends at once. The Bishop troupe, with ali their talent and merit,will not draw to a house which destiny intends for horses. The Park is also going for horses. Nothing could have saved the Pafk but the union of the Bishop troupe with tbe ballet of Madame Augusta ; but Simpson could not unite th^m, because he did not know what the day of judgment would bring forth. As the matter now stands, and as the contest is now going on, the Astor Opera House will shut up, or turn over to horses, both the Broadway and the Park, and that, too, in a short time. The canaille have got over their first discontent, and now crowd to the third tier of the Opera without ati nf Among the cheap theatres, Levi North and the horses draw like Benedetti and the ballet. The Bowery, the Chatham, and the dirty Olympic are full every night, and the dirtiest generally the fullest. Vert Late from New Granada.?We have received by the clipper schooner China Samaria, Capt. Campos, the Gattta Mrrcantil, from Santa Marta, to thf 22J November, and the Gacita dt la Nutva Granada, of Bogota, to the 17th of | October. In the message fitom the Governor of the Province of Bogota to the Provincial Legislature, we find some very excellent suggestions to thai body regarding the internal policy to be observed ?such as the provision of awful public work* for the employment of idlers; the establishment of hospitals for the reosptioa of persons attacked with elephantiasis, aad particularly the appropriation of a sum of money for the purpose of testing the efficacy of the curttive powers of guano ia this disease, as within the lsst six years various isolated cases had been reported as having been cured by this substance. He also recommends the appointment of vaccinators, whose duty it shall be to visit the various section# of the department, and vaccinate all who have not undergone that process. These are enlightened views and show the zeal of the young republics in the p.ogressive spirit of the day. ? President Mosquera was still on the coast when the China Samaria left. His reception at Santa Marta and Barranquilla was very enthu elastic. A petition had been presented by the Legislature ol the Province of Santa Marta to the general government, praying for an act of general amnesty of all political offences that had been committed in timea gone by. The perfect tranquillity of the country, and the improbability of any future political troubles, were the reasons assigned for Buch an act. The King of the Mosquito Indians had gone to Jamaica in an English man-of-war; he was saluted on landing with twenty-one guns, and was received in Spanishtown by the Governor of the Island with great respect. On the 15th of Nov., he was present at a grand parade in Kingston, and in the evening attended the theatre, where the tragedy of ' Pizarro" was performed. Floret continued in Jamaica; it was supposed he was there awaiting the news of a counter-revolution in his favor in the Ecuador. Onk Wkkk Later from Havana ?We are in receipt of files of the Diario de la Marina and Faro Induttrial to the 7th inst. The general news in these papers is not of much interest. The British steamer, which left Vera Crux on ftie 1st inst. for Havana, had not according to the papers arrived on the 7th. We learn verbally, however, that she had arrived with news from Vera Cruz to the 1st inst. which is nine days later than the last accounts received via New Orleans. The following is the amount of traffic which took place on the railroad between Matanzas and Sabanilla, during the year ending 31st October last, according to the statement made by the managers to the stockholders i? Than piMid orer it 114.404 boxes sugar, 1,312 hogshw4l MoaooTadoee, 34.(36 ditto molaim ; which altogether, brought In a return la eaah of... $96,234 ts\ The ooffee, tofcaooo, oorn, alcohol, and wood brooght In 3.394 00^ Mleeellanecna artlelea art, 1 OS 37X 48,930 paaaengera 34,40a 43\ Is all the grots amounted to $140 osi ei't The expenses amounted to 40 803 18X Leaving a elear profit of 9*0.138 am Equal to 13 per oeat on the ttoek?a tolerable fair dividend. i ne iouowioK is me omciai Duueun regarding the health of the Island during the month of November!? The class of diseases moat generally observed in Havana and outside the wall* during the past month, has been?firstly, simple intermittent lever, catarrhal, and bronchitic affections of the mucous membrane: also diarrhwa and dysentery?secondly, bilious fever, scarlatina simplex, rheumatism, and malignant fever. In other parts of the Island the same classes ol disease have likewise prevailed The intermittent fever has been most prevalent in the jurisdictions of Trinidad, St. Jago de Cuba, Guinea, and Mttanzas The measels have not prevailed as an epidemic in any part, save Santiago, and there it wan of a very benign character?aa out of 390 cases only one proved fatal. The accouutb from all parts of the lslaud show that the Saints day of the Queen of Spain had been observed with much rejoicing, /eastings, balls, ft c. The crops looked well in the interior. From Bayaino they write as follows: "The very abundant rains with which we have been tavored throughout the whole of the month of October, has completely fulfilled our desires, anl given us an aeeurance of an abundant harvest and plenty of pasture for the cattle." The exhibition of models of the electric telegraph had a traded much attention in Havana, and the establishment of a telegraph between the principal points of ihc Inland is strongly urt'd in tltr I htowttUg tof lllfas Q??toi>d TIm ftiilli TwIbU autMaUtkiltvolutten In Bolivia, die, Me. After a very quick passage from Santa Martha, the fine schooner China Samaria, Captain Cimpo, arrived at this port She came into port yesterday morning. She sailed from Santa Martha on the 2d inst. Among her passengers is Cant. S. Hawes, of New Bedford, to whose kindness we are indebted for the Valparaiso Neighbor to the 26th of October, and the Lima JVttc Era to the 7th of November. Our previous advices from Valparaiso were to the 27th of September, and from Lima to the 11th of October. Capt. Hawes came overland from the Pacific. We are also much indebted to Capt. Campo for his attention. The intelligence from the Pacific is very interesting. There had been a terrible earthquake in Chili and Peru, destroying several towns. It occurred on the same day as that which destroyed the town of Ocatlan in Mexico. It appears to have come from the north. We annex the details of the news THK EARTHC)I7AKKS. [Prom the Valparaiso Neighbor, Oot. M ] On Friday the 8th Inst ua Alarmlag earthquake ooourred here at aleren o'olock in tha morning Its duration wia forty-fire seoondi In tba Port ; though In Almendral It vu more violent and protraoted. The vibrations of the tower of the oui torn houae were peroeived with fearful distinctness. It is gratifying to a lata, however, that no material damage waa oauaed The wniis of some buildings were craoked ; but 10 far as we van learn none hare fallen. The movement was from | all aooounts as ptroeptible to persons on board ships in the bay, as It was to those on the shore; equally sudden, distinct and dltagTeeable A gentl man who was In an Kngllsh ship of war says the sensation was as if all the guns ware oomlng through the deck. That the motion should be thus distinotly nommunloated through suoh a depth of water as there is in the bsy is very surprising, If it does Indeed oome through the earth alone. During the remaining part of the day, and the following night several other snooks ocourred. They were slighter and shorter, but still enough to oause alarm ; and to induoe many families to bitake themselves to the street. Mnoh anxiety prevailed to hear from other portions of the country. The first rumors from the neighborhood of Coqulmbo were that great destruction had been caused there. It waa statsd that tbe town of lllapel had been reduoed to complete rain. And again that all the finest buildings in Coqulmbo Itself bad been thrown down. This ws are happy to find waa an exaggeration. Still the shock at lllapal was more violent than it was In this plaoe. Six or eight hooses, so says a letter written thence on the 9th Inst, were thrown down, and one life waa lost. As ths rumors in regard to Coqulmbo have not been oonflrmed It is hoped nothing serious has oo curred there. In the capital, Santiago, also the shook was more powerful than in Valparaiso, and some Injury resulted. though It waa trifling oompared with the fears to whioh these heavlngs of nature give rise. What the immediate agenoy of auch Inconceivable power may be, is difficult to disoover Here a whole region of oountry, often thousand iiquare miles. Is mads to quiver like ths leaf of a tree, and that on an Instant. For the time, so far as it oan be ascertained, was almost simultaneous in places a hundred miles distant. [From the Lima Now Era, Nov. 7 ] On the Bib of Ootober last, at 11 o'clook in the morning. a serial of earthquakes, whioh lasted two mlnuU* without Interruption, spread consternation and alarm throughout the city of Valparaiso. So great was the Oscillation that all the bells were set ringing, and most of the oloolu and chronometers stopped No house was thrown down, although some were Injured. The ? ? VI IU> iiimmm, auia vuawin bvuh w?nu H> ana fro in a fearful niiuir; the l*ttn U moved i little out of perpendloular. At the commencement of the earthquake, the horizon in the Weet ?u dark and obeoure, consequently it was impossible to mo whether there

vu to; voloanlc or other extraordinary appearance almultaneoua with the earthquake. The weather wm warm and extremely beautiful; the aun itaoce with more than uiual splendor. Thli is the longeet earthquake lroe the fa al one of 18-J2, though that of 1829, considering iU duration, wae more violent Many alight motion* were peroeptible in the course of the day, and at ten o'elook in the night one whioh caused much alarm. Of late earthquake* have been very frequent In Santiago, notwithstanding its foroe and duration, no damage of importance was sust lined. By news from TlUapel, we learned the almost total destruction of La Llgua and Petoroa. The direction of the earthquake was evidently from the north. Coquimbo suffered extremely; Its beat pnblio buildings were reduoed to a mass of ruins. The oscillation* of the eattH were frightful. The whole population slept in the open field; even the stones in the riven were raised from their beds and thrown to a distance. THE COAL TRADE. [From the Valparaiso Neighbor, Oot. U? 1 ! The prospects of obtaining ooal from the neighborhood of Conoepolon have lately become very fine. By the last aocount* the promise was excellent; both as to the amount to be had, and ae to the quality of the ooal A gentleman writing from Taloahuano atatee that, one mine baa be? opened on land lying at the right band of the road leading to Conoepoton, in which a eeam of ooal has been found, one and a half yard* thlok. In the | tide way of has* they an working another, some two hundred yards from the beach, and have out In vertically to the dtetanoe of ten feet. And have not paaaed through the coal even at that. Then a third has be?n opened at the Perales, also on the side of the road to Concepclon The ooal obtained from this Is of most ex oellent quality. In all there arc now five mines?and the main question at present is to find a purchasing demand equal to the supply. REVOLUTION IN BOLIVIA. [From the Lima New Era, Nov. 7 ] I There Is a current report In the olty, this morning, that a revolution has broken out in Bolivia, against Bollivlan and In favor of Velaseo. We shall give the details of this event as soon as they oome to hand. NAVAL AND MISCELLANEOUS. The ship of the line Columbus. Capt. Wyman, bearing the pennant of Commodore Blddle, 1* here, lately from California. The Commodore Is on shore, staying at tbe American Hotel She will remain till after November 1st, and then sail for tbe United State* Doctor Crump, of Virginia, American Minister, resident In Chill, return* in her. a* doe* also E. R Dorr. Esq, formerly Amerioan Consul for the olty of Valparaiso. IAit of Offietri attached to the U S. Ship Cotumlui ? James Bldole, Commodore; Thomas W. Wyman, CapUln. I ? II ! V III i ? ??v???i i/taj wui iivuir r rauuu, *? . L. Maury, W B. Rensbaw, and George W Chapman Acting Lieutenants?Lauli MoLut and Madlaon Rtuh Henry B. Taylor, oaptaln marine*; W A. T Maddox and John C Casta, lieutenants; Benajah Ttoknor, lurgaon; Char 1m K. B. UuUlou, paaeed assistant surgeon; Daniel L. Bryan, assistant surgeon; Edward T Dunn, porter; J. W. Newton, ohaplala: Mordaeal YarnaU, professor of mathcmatles; Jona. M Walnwrlgbt, acting matter; E St Clair Clarke, commodore's secretary; Robert Harris, oaptalnsolrrk: W H. Needlea, purser's do.; J. L. KUffer, commander's do ; J. Lewla, Commodore's do.: Andrew J ,Drake, John C. Kabiger, MaurloefSlramons and Doualller, paaaed midablpmen; Bvrd W Stevenson, Edward A Selden, John B. Stewart, Charles K. Orabam. N. H. Van Zandt, Jona Young, Qustarus Harrison, Jr., D. A. MeUermut, John O W hi taker, Elliott Johaaon and W. P. Toler, midablpmen; V. R. Hall, boatswain; J. Dibble, carpenter; Robert C. Rodman, tall maker, and Thomas Robinson, gunner. DEAT1I8. October 1st, Mary B. Coweil, formerly Mary B.Hale, of Hartford, United Suites, about 26 years. Oct. 17th. Philip Brown, seaman on board the Columbus, aged 64 years. In Lima, ou Sunday night, Oct. 31st, Mr. Moses Wiggins, formerly of Boston, Massachusetts, aged about 30 yeara. V*lfa*aiso, October 26 ?Commercial Report.?Business with us. generally speaking, is on the wane, and it does not appear, that it is within the reach of our government to remedy its decay Though it is true there exists a groat disposition on its part towards doini away with some of the onerous Custom House and tariff regulations nnder which the transit trade ha* beea laboring so loug, which now. under t e auspices nf a consolidated government in Peru, and its liberal commercial concessions. is taking its way direct to those coasts, where it meets that return in produce to Earope of which the amount in this country Is daily decreasing; considering, at least, that the eipwt of copper ore and guano is nearh snspendad; that the high prices of bullion, ht .h premium ot hard dolls s, c-nsequeut unfavorable rates of exchanges snd scarcity of the circulating medrnm, embanass transactions?an* that thereby, even onr home trade and consumption are greatly affected. It ia to be hoped that, whenever a favorable tide of affaire shall set in sgtiu, improvement* and meaiurea of government will have so fir advanced and ripened aa to enable ua to take it at it* Hood Aa lur as tle decreaaa of foreian shipning for charter In this port is conside ed. it arises in pan from the nigh freight rates st which it has foaxd employment st home and on theco-stnf Brai'l?as also fr?m he numerous chatters effected sbroad for the conveyance of goano to Europe. Of British vessel* only two have arrived tliia month direct from England; one of them in ballast under charter for guano and the other ia still discharging?so thai freight rata* can only nominally be quoted at from jCJ 5s to ?4 Its Tor Liverpool. A Hamburg whaler, casually arriving and discharging hera haa obumed it ia for Hamburg with saltpetre?which probably will rvinain the aveiage freight for continental vessels i for tone time. 1 la all, about 1200 Briti*h remitter tmi only, have called in under charter for guano, since last report. The current rateaat which vesacr*, priacir ally Chiliai, hare been hid on fur Pern, lie , hare beta M; to Arica, If; to lalay, $7 t Calloa; tin to Peru; $11 to Guayaquil, and the eame rate tor Tah'ti, and $) to Cobgv Wheat from San Autouie to Callao, 4 ra fanega freight. The number of ships iu the b<y, ou one occasion thia month, wax reduced to eighteen; there are now abont thirty,usappears ky the report. The itate of thia mirket, for the saleol either Cenful American or Peruvian produce, ii dull i the extreme; with th? IXception of the oiaal supplies at thi? ee?a n of sugar and chancaca No imp rtationt>utof small lotsof cocao and salturtre liaa taken place, ai alao of a small cargo of Brazilwood from Matatlan, prices of which and of banaca hides remain aa laat quoted. A lot of It AM qls. of aaltpetre. deliverable in Iqnique,has been so'd at at low a price aa <3 ra ql. The demand lor copper, in bara, continues s'eady at $16 ql. on board. About MM faaegas of wheat were bought in San Anfnio at $1, and rhipped for Callao; and a still larger quantity tetnains on hand there for the same destination, but conveyances are wanting. Coneapcinn float ia at $9 1, bag of MO, cash, at vrnich price it in held firmly. Acee?rding to letters iby this iteaaer, fail a res, exceeding two million* sterling, had taken place In Engtand, owing principally to tke decline of price* of grain. Vtciiangee? On London, 90ds.43X. on Hamburg, do ,? a 39W; on Pa is, do . 4 Tie, Silver, in bars, mark $10 4. Hard dollara, ll p. e. a 1IX P c. AllKuhsny Inundated.?For some dayg past the ruin han been constant in this section of thr country, an<l our river* have been cwollan to an unusual height?higher we believe than at any period alnc* 18.VJ, and one foot higher than oa the 34th Nayeaber We can aoareely doubt that mnoh valuable property haa been destroyed on the Allegheny and Monongahela ? Thara were yeaterday 33 feet of watar In the channel of the Monongahela. The Allegheny roaa vary rapidly, and yesterday afternoon tha Island, and all the adjacent portion of tha city, wai under water Tha river backed water over the Moond look, of tha canal, And the cellar* o* Ann ftrMt and llablmon afreet, i>*iow Craig, ^era inundated Dii. I), I_L Ml ..... - " 1J.LL 'JillL THE WEEKLY HERALD AMD vrr&amvTA&T urn IMPORTANT NATIONAL D0CCMINT8. &c. kc. be. -Owing to the great length of the Important report* from the Wat, Treasury, Nary, and Poet Ullot Department*, we And ourselves constrained to issue a supplemental theet to the JVetkly lltruU of this week. ThU supplement will contain the report* of the Seeratarleeof the Treasury and Nary, an important despatoh from Earl Grey, relative to Weet Indian A Hair*, to., all of whioh will it tent gratuiloutly to every lubicrHerlo the Weekly Her alt. This U the flrat time that a supplement to a weakly newspaper of the lie' of the Herald waa ever issued. It is an instanoe of oar determination to plaoe before our subscribers all the Important intelligence of the day. They will this weak receive from this offloe no less than sixty columns of interesting and important intelligence. The regular edition of the Weekly will oon tain the report of toe Secretary of War, the t'oatmaster'a Report, the lateat Intelligence from the war quarter; the Congres ioaal report*, and Interacting letters from our correspondents In Washington; the olosing scenes of the Legislature of New York, whloh adjourned on the 16th Instant; the morality of the Mexioan war ; the oelebrated sermon delivered in Washington by Bishop Hughes; the money ar tioies of the week; the latest market reports ; all the Important looal news; Sto., Ito., lis. The regular sheet and supplement will b? put in wrappers, ready for the malls. They will be ready at 9 e'olook to morrow morning. No additional oharge for the supplement. FIim Artau-A Raw Discovery tn thi Art of Coiorin* Fine Knfriinngs be* receatlybeen perfected by Mr. Wm. H. Beuter, No. ifl Broadway, (Plumbes' Building,) by which an engraving ia rendered rqaal in all respects to a fine finished eil painting, with all ita fiue finish aad permanency of color. A New Novel, by the Auttier of the Life of Jolm A Murrell ?Juit pabli'hed the Life and Adventures of JOSKPH T. HARK, the bold Hobberand Highwaymen.with 16 Klegant Ungravinge?Price 25 cents The hiatory ol the tbove extraordinary criminal ia well deserving a niche in the felon pyramid, next beaide the great marauder, Mumill, whoae w>uderlul career haa become a part of the history of the Weat. Though widely different in cha acterirom the renowned land pirate,aad though the scourge of an earli r generation, Hare pnaieaaed iinalinea icarcely leia remarkable than hissatanic protntvpe, and hi* sxnloita may claim even a stronger intereat, from the lact (hit h* figured aa the first great freebooter of the Mepublie. If Murrell m?y be called the " Mnaaaroni of the Weat." Hare may be deaignated aa the " Rinaldo Hinaldi of America" For tale by H LONG It BRO., 32 Ana at., and by all Bookneilera throughout the Union. Gold Peng fUr the Holidays.?? be meet elegant and uiefnl gift ol the aeaaon, ia oue of the celebrated Richelieu Diamond Pointed Gold Pena, in the new style of Gold Cast, just introduced by B. E.Waisou It Co., iiWilli m street, one aoor ueiow Wall street, ead J. Y. Savage, 91 Fulton street. Theae pens are pre-eminent for superior finish and durability, and are adap'cd to the uae of both Ladies and Gentlemen. Gold Pena nfevery atyle and quality Gold and Hil TW 1 CU OUU A Mwl vuca, Bl UW IUWOIV |<IIVV?| IV1H u above. . Fancy Paper and Paper Boxes, Cornucopias, motto papers, fancy Boxes for confectioners, jewelry Win, round ana square boiw, in null, for draggisu. pill boxes, lie. Sold, silver, copper, tissue. morocco, marble, Chincic and Spanieh paper, paper Wees, fold and lilTer borders, ornaments, pictures, ke Also, boxes lor weddinf cakes, wholesale and retail, at 4t Maiden lane. O. J. Krait, Manufacture and Imp >rtar. Portable Shaving Cas?s._The most portable and the most complete article now manufactured, having every requisite for a gentleman's toilet, and as a 'ravelling companion, invaluable. For sale at G. 8AUNDER8 It BON, 177 Broadway, a few doprs above C?>urtlandt street. Fine Cutlery__Tne Subscribers Invite attention to their sssoitmect of Pen, Pocket and Sportsmen's Knives, warranted Basors, and poluhed Steel Ooodn.fcc. Also. for the c uvenience of their sustomers, they have nude arrangements for the repairi' g of all kinds of Catlery; having engaged superior workman, they will be enabled to execute all orders in a manner i hat will give s <tisfaction O. BAlXN DERB k 80N, 177 Broadway, opposite Howard Hotel. j Ctialleng<w$900 or 99,000 la ready, to prove 'hat DR. ICELUNGCRU LINIMKNT has produced greater aurea.aod more ol them, f every class and description of dneue o? the human family, than any o'her knows or pretended remedy new offered te the public; also, that they produce sack evidence as snail satisfy the most sanguine expects tions of all who may come from aoroad to purchase in large <]u in tine*. In relation to iu wonderful curative asd agree ale qualities as a general external and internal remedy for full pmienUrs'ol No. wars aad residences, of the mest astounding cures upon recerd. aee Spirit of the Times, published at Ne. I Barclay street, New York ei'y, a copy of which can be found iu any part of the habitable globe. Office 130 Pearl street: at 40 cents, or $4 per dozen. Interesting, [particularly to Me Ladles, and somewhat to economical husbands. As the setson in whirh ladies selcct their various articlea of furs is rapidly pasaiug iwar, Knox has determined to furnish those who remain u suppled with the oppor-unitv to select from his large and ele gani assortment of 7>uffs and Itirs of all kinds at the verie t r fle above cost, which he feels confident will iro?e to be cheaper than can be nhttined at any other store m this city. For he information of strangere in town he would remark, that his place of qusiseee is st US Fulton st-eet, New York, ft KOflBY BARKBT. Thursday, Dee. MmP. M. The ttook market opened a little brighter to-day, end several of the fancies improved a fraction. At the ftrst board, Long I aland adranoed \ par east, Harlan X, Reading Railroad 1>?, Farmers' Loan \ Pennsylvania 5's oloaad firm at prioai ourrent jMtwday. Tba transactions war* only to a limited extant, and tbara appeared to ba an Improved feeling in tba market. At tba (acond board, Harlem advanced \ par aant, Reading Railroad 1, Canton >?, with moderate (alee. Tba steamship Britannia from Boaton for Liverpool, carried out $355,000 in apeoie, #100,000 of whloh was from Canada. The number of boat* navigating the oanals of tbfa Stats, and regUtared,onthe lat January, 1847,was 3,725; alnoe then there have been regiatered 1,493 boats, making an aggregate of 4,317 boats. The tonnage of the property delivered at West Troy and Albany this year, is 1,708,033 tons, being an inorease of 340,614 tins over last year. A similar rate of inorease applied to the property going from the Hudson, would give the up tonnage at 287,000, and an aggregate of 1,995,933 tons. Tbe value of the property delivered from the oaftali at Albany and West Troy, this year, is $72 305,986, an Increase of $20,860,780 over the value of the property delivered at the lame points last year. Assuming that the value ef property cleared from the Hudson this year aaa Increased in like proportion, its amount would be about $93,000,000. This would be an aggregate of iiSi i?ig QM an aiiiAnn^ fTTM^tmr Kw tlfl 140 Si7 than IVia ralue of th* entire Import* into the United State* for the year ending July, 1847, and greater by $8,717,384 than the value of the entire export*. The annexed table exhibits the quantity of the principal article* of merchandise imported into the United Kingdom of Oreat Britain, for the first nine month* in each of the paat three year* Imports into thk United Kingdom or Ureit Britain . Jan'y nth to Oct. 10a, 1*14. 1816. 1147. Ammala?Oxeu,bulla... . 7.384 1U.308 22 u8S Cowl 4 ww 16 797 28,179 Calrea 1.64:1 1,979 20,313 Mitep 6,9 8 41,136 98,02v LamtM 112 2.443 3 015 Huga 630 2.8(0 743 Bacon, cm 4,640 1,613 72 99i Hark, ewt 429.104 391,071 239,08> Beef, aalteH, not eurued... 70,226 263,491 96,403 Do., lre?u or tlightly aelt-d, ewt 1 All 363 2.697 Batter, ewt 189 066 in 166 243 140 Cheeie.cwt 181,891 214.191 243 60' Cocoa, I be........ 3,016,301 1,93?,6C> 9,764,333 iJoffee, ditto, BntUh poi 14.C9I.962 lb 293 BflO 31,644.201 Ko-eign 11,074,970 18.806,940 11,106,643 Corn, 'lui'teri Wheat 368.442 1,176,067 1.OT7.474 Barley 302 8? 162 267 710.814 Kate 449 961 670 012 1,464,766 304 8 20 (I 861 Meixe 47 9ll 461,191 3.240,688 Flour, ewt. 392,161 3,616,733 5,77l,6J6 Verier mea', ewt... ? 91 10.09) Oatmeal, ewt 2,766 2,669 52,014 Rye-meal, ewt ? 14 T27,2i7 Indian meal, ewt ... ? 102,932 1,336,461 Dyea?indieo, ewt 79.3X1 6fl,m 68,386 Cochineal 4 773 6.M2 8,466 Rua, number 63,744.286 63,393,204 63,663 028 r?Ii a.... I ,IH o. JJll fit,Ml fJZ.U.It Oaano. ton! 336.775 71041 69,240 Hams, cwt 4.541 8,091 17,131 Mahogany, tona 21,109 37.401 11,7? Media?Copier ore, ditto. 43 252 41,024 28 *U lion, an wrought do... 22 456 31,274 *3,0113 StMl, cwt 33,193 13,836 10,714 Oila?Train, blnbbtr, aperrnueti, taaa 15,Ml 10,174 It, 151 _ Mat, cwt 320 944 167.119 113 19 Pork, aaltad, cwt 33,713 42.61) 212,51" Kl't, cwt. 303,301 141 520 1,046,(113 Silk, raw, lb... 2,(65,601 3,429,160 3.011,?l 5 Ditto, thrown, lb 311,413 291.402 300,71 Spirita?Rom. fallout.,. . 3,491.959 2 944 956 1,014.59 Biandv, do 1.588,208 1,917.409 7,871 l? Genua, do 339 239 117,2*3 339,011 8u**r ?unrefined?B. P. in An>anea,cwt 2,318 854 1 844,114 2,411.313 Maorinnt. do... ... . 628.139 752 909 1.K81 iT? B. I*. in Eaat Indiea... 849.667 983 778 1,818,617 Foreign, anrenned,.. 811,123 818.100 1,974 182 Molaaaea, cwt 437 284 414,676 716 584 Tallow, cwt 501,758 410 ??l 147.99' Tea, pound... ... ... 36 871,46 1 41,412.749 44,9l2,8a8 Tim er? Dealt, batteni,k* ? B P.. Ida 141313 347 801 254 281 Korelrn 217 608 176 914 112 158 B P notaawa or drea'd 510,4'9 456 682 31< J5i Foreign 180,210 181,991 274.793 Tobaeen?-Unmanufactured, ponndt 10,717,001 19.1016M 11.021,088 Manufxctnred k muff, . ... . pound! 1,303 211 1.412 844 1,044 ISO Wine, gallon 4.410 861 1.199 321 Wool,??ttoa,?wl 1,495,799 3H.0W 1,433,061 Wool, ihc?p and lamb, poundi??7. Tt 41,0M.IW 4M4I.SM J ti? H 00 oMfV ftrtU'lM k?f ! TMI iftrgt) eg 0 mm Moratooi. Of live aaimal*??xm. mm, o* ahaep, iambs. aad pig*?the importation ta the month* of tb? year 1*47, ahewi an lncreaee of up war. 100 par oeat, upon the umg period of 1846, and at NO pwtnt upon 184*. Of provisions?beef, bacon and pork?the iaoraai 1847 will be found nearly 190 per oent above that of 1 and but littl* short of 400 par oant oa 1846. la bu and ohaaaa there ta alao a considerable increase The importations of frala are moat remarkable, a the generally deficient harreat of 1848 la takes lvtc oount, and the apprahcnaloa of famlaa through the a of suppliea, before the adveat of tha harreat of 184 oonaidered Tha quaatltiea of grata aad flour lmpo from tha oth of September to tha 10th Ootobar, la years 1846 aad 1847 reepaotlvely, are aa follow* In 1846 -Grain qn U44 946 " Flour and Meal owt. .IMS 004 1847?Grain qra. 1,109 807 " Klour and meal owt. 1,638,-466 ?Aa enormous Increase, under tha olroumataaoaa, furnishing extraordinary proof of what high prioea effaot. The comparative Imports af tha alaa months of and 1847 will be found no less astonishingly 46?Grain qrs. :i,t>J&.318 " Klour and Meal owt. 3,831,341 1847?Grain qrs 7,906418 Flour and Meal owt. 7,900,680 Tha total for 1847 ia equivalent to upward* of tea i lion quarters of grain la nine month*, above 300 par c more than ia the corresponding period of the year 1' Tha* imTw^rtaflnn of raw m&biritla for maniiftA^ni Tlier* la bo reaaon in the world, bat the ?ut of o*| UI, why our manufaoturing intereeta ibould not inotee with wonderful rapidity. The mat of capital U a gn drawback, but It will not be felt many yeare. Asaoon the polioy of tBe government, in relation to It* flnanol and oommerotal systems, la known to be permanent, ai aa toon aa the protectloniata, become aatlefled that t support of the government ia net neoea*ary for the ex tenoe of manufactures, there will be a large amount oapital seeking that species of employment, and hall find this department of lndcutry pretty w< Oiled. It ia oven now muok mora extensive than generally known. Within the jait'two or three yeai mmense tracts of water power have been pureba* in different seotiona of the oonntry, and oompanloa ha' been formed for building extenalve milla. for tha man feoture of woollen, wora ed and ooiton goeda. In a fa yean these plecea will be large manufacturing oitla equal to Lowell. New England muat be the manufaotu ng aeotion of the United Statee The unappropriab water power of that part of the oountry ia immenae, an the manufaoturing buaineaa yet in ita infenoy. I Every other aeotion of the oountry haa ita manufa J luring villages, and the extent of thia buaineaa, oan b| pretty wall demonstrated x>j tne raot.tnat about one-ihlr of oar aggregate ootten orop Is consumed north and mi of Virginia. Thla learee oat the entire consumption c ootton weat and sonth of Pennsylvania aad Mar;lanI Ohio ia a large manufacturing State. Georgia is inarei Ing very faat in this Dranoh of industry; in faot, ever State in tha Union, will soon be able to supply a larj portion ef Its own oonsuaptlon of the principal qual tlaa of cotton goods. Block Eiciung*. (6000 Tree Notei <? 99X 25 ahaUtica & Sche'y 115 *M0 U State* '#2 99 33 Canton Co 37' 2oto do '62 coupon 99 73 do 26 230(10 do '62 do 96 96 Mohawk RR 67 IMOOPenn'aSi b60 71jf 3 N H-Teu It Hartford 97 5000 do b60 7* 116 Nor fc Wore RK 3t) 4060 do 71* 166 L Island Hit 17 I mo da 7lX 36 do 6df 271 3uoo Reeding Bds 6<t 300 do 27J 3606 do 66X *00 do b30 271 40 ?h? Reading BR 5* ? 230 Harlem RR :9i 30 de 58* 100 .) o 3?i 250 do 59 106 do 39J 36 do SCO 39 400 do bl3 40 100 do i9tf 150 do >36 39* 66 do 10 Ene RK.icrip opc 73 250 Farmeri'Trait 2 J* 1* do 75 ootid Board. $5(100 Treas Notes 6s 99K 25 ihi Canton Co 28W 200 ihs Harlem RR 40x 123 do nit 130 do 41% 135 do 3t^| 100 do . 41* 56 Farmeri'Loan 36 50 do 40*t' 35 Reading RR 66 50 do bl3 40* 3 do 36k 336 de 40W 100 do 130 CO 100 do IttW 40)f 100 do 60 50 L> Iiland RR 37H New Stoma Exchange. 30 aha Canton Co il6 37W 106 ahi Harlem RR i3 3tk 23 do b3 37 K 36 do c Ml 35 do 190 37 W 50 do bl S?S 33 do . ?J 27? 106 do alO 39 \ 93 do b# 27 fi 30 So c S6J1 95 do bl 36 136 do hJ 46 36 L Iiland RR e <7 CITY TRADE REPORT. New Yoaa. Thursday Afternoon, Dee. 16. The fleur market during 'e iau?e eahi'<ited increased Arm' neaa. and in the afternoon cloaed at HH" Per barrel ?boT? the quotationa, fo' Oew*fo. Troy,common Geaeaee.etc ye.wrday ; though sain we c msde to only a moderate rj, tent including aome patcela for eipo t. In wheat there wai ?rv 11 til a nff.rma ud no st ea of moment reDOted In corn tales were prattylreely mad* aud the idi'mI c'osad with an upward tendency ia price* Met' remained about the i<mt ttva w i Ai mar, and holders refaaed t-> aeaapl the iiriees iHericnsly current. OaU remained luaetire. No rale- ol oarley war* made. Pronau na remained ioaetiye. and node rate sole* ware made withoat material chance in prices . Oro oeriea remained withoat change worthy of notice, with limited aalea. AiHH-Sale* of TteIN bbla. of both aorta were made, including pot* a' ti W- and pearl* at $7 Biiswsi?farther aalea of yallow were made at He. B*r*d*ti-rrt ?Flaur?The aalea footai op about KM a IMW bbla. including 4 a SuO bbla OlWOfO at $d, aad parcel* of Troy at M r?K in store; 4 <0 do straight braadi Q'neaee at t? i'H. and a amaTl lot puie (ieaeaee at M V); Howard atraet aad \ieiaudna were worib M M A ??'e of MM bbla Pet*r?bor|| waa made on prirate term*. *aid by ooa party to be deliverable ia January neat* aad *old for export to ttio; aud atated by mother party to have been sold on the apot. A aale of MO bbU N?w O'leata, damaged, wa* made by anction *ttt 2i eaab JfArat?The'e were ft* samples exhibited, aad lo j.les ol moment reported. Corn? The *ale* reached about 15 30.004 bn*hel*. including MXiO new white, ?t T1c ; MXMI mixed, ia iur?, at 73 eta; WOO do mixed at 74 et? ; MM do roaad yellow delivered, at ?0c; about 70# do aaw yel low aold at tie._ and TWO do New Urleaaa Damaged sold at the same price After 'change a aale of ttt buaheU haadanm* roona mixed wu made at SOc. The market elo??d fl*m Mral ?Sale* of 140 bbla New Jersey efloat aold at (1 4<5<, an* M do in store at tS 10 Hyr?Holdera demanded lie, while bar*'* offered lie Oa/??The market remained iaaetive, aad no aalaa of momeat transpired. ''otton?The market *ai firm and appeared ?o bo rather ia ereaa ng m tone; the aalea tn-day anniented to 1000 bales, abont one-half of which waa in apiaaers We qaote, LrraarooL Cussinr atio* Ntw Orlrant Upland, FLoriAe. M?t. & Tmt Inforiot.. , none. none. eone. Ordinary a ?V tU a 6K IKa lli Middling 7tf a 7? 7Va 7? TKi Oood Middling 7* a 7? 7Jj a 7V 7? a Middling Fair I a ()* t a l>? *!* a I Si Pair IK uoee. IK a IX Kullr Fair IX a ?H nana. Wa I Good Fair I\ a 9 none. 9 a 9J^ Kino none.- none none. Cof Kgg ?Braeil was held at 6?a a 7c at which sale* w*r? reported Laguayea waa worth about 7'( a 7He, and Bt 0umined J<*. Mm of all kind* ware nindcrala. M ?rn>l|??f ;*k?Wll d|V M purposes, hu this 3Mr been limited; consequently sport* hare been limited within the past few mon The drpretaion existing In the manufacturing dlstr wu at the lMt accounts auoh m to dee troy til hopei any Immediate improvement, and the reduced prie ootton la calculated to keep back supplies, and red the ?took on hand in the principal market* of Con The auppllea In the hands of the manufacturers of rope have beoome so much reduoed that any lnori In the demand for manufactured goods, would hav favorable Influence immediately upon prioes,and glv? impetus to the market. The consumption of oot goods throughout the world has, duilng the past y< been nearly as large as ever, (In this oountryit btfn far above the average) and the quantity la the m kets must have beoome very much reduoed. This 1 tend to raise prloes for the supplies In flrst hands, v less the manufacturers recover from their embarra meats, and renew their operations with considers activity. Our manufacturers still oontlnus exceedingly aotl They never were in a more prosperous ooaditloa ; exportation of cotton goods from this country to reign ports, has, within ths last six moatka, beea lar than ever before, while the home demand has lnoraa a large per oeat. The absenoe of foreign fabrics has ereaaed the consumption of domeatio goods, and 1 manufacturers have beea very aotively employed la I lng up their orders. Vadsr former tariffs the mai ficturiog interests have not been permanently p apero\ja. The ohangea mads from time to tl have been of a Datura calculated to withdraw a r port whleh many have depended upon. A majorltj the manufacturing establishment* now la exiateao* this oountry, were started under the protection of hi tariffs, and mott of the change! in the tariffs sinoe th have been towards a redaction. The protection affo ed bj high da ties, was in several lnstanoes remov without extending a corresponding protection by ohan^ in the financial system of the government. The I ohange has oovered both of those points, and the pr perity of our manufacturers Is, at this moment, e<ji to any former period, whan the tariff was formed alm< solely for the protection of this Interest. Th? protect withdrawn from the manufacturing Interest, by the ad< tion of a revenue tariff,has baan extended by the ipti system adopted in the expenditures and receipts of t government. 80 long as these principles are adhered there will be vary little danger of any difficulty amo this class, and a* our domestio and foreign markets 1 or rase and our manufacturing Interest beoomas strengt ened, they will not be so sensitive of moderate changes the polloy of the government, and we shall hear lass protection, and less talk about disregard of hems indnst Tha manufacturers are protected now as mnsb as si they were; it is not only in a different way, but it awe general and more permanent. The Independe Treasury Act Is m6re of a protective measure for 0 manufacturers than former tariff* were, and as n should reoalva their aeutaeMM and immi