Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 21, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 21, 1847 Page 2
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rVBL!B1trfb At tks North-west Corner of Poltofl tad JTiutn its., *r James Gordon Bennett, Proprietor. DAILY HERALD-Eoery day. (Sunday included.) Price 1 cants per copy?V V> per annum?in Ik* United Stales. To European subscribers.'t14 P*r annum, l? inlude the postage, which has to he prepaid. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price cents per copy?W UK P*r annum?t? the United States. To European subscribere, by steamship, ti per annum, to 1 include the postage. HERALD FOR EUROPE?Every Steam Packet Day ?Price ta cents per copy-ti per annum, including pool- : age. or II M exclusive of postage Subscriptions and adoertisomunis will be received by Messrs OaLignuni.lt rut Vicienne, Paris ; P L ntnonas It Cornhill. and John ' Miller bookseller. Henrietta street London. ANNUAL PICTORIAL HE KALI?Published on the \ 1st of January of inch year ml sixpence per copy ADVERTISEMENTS at the usual prices. Advertisement e should he written in a plain legible manner The proprietor will not be responsible for errors that may occur in them PRINTING of all executed beautifully and <pith despatch All orders 'iU te taken in ihi Publication Office corner of Fulton and Yattiu itre-ts, and to insure punctuality should be sent it before sevn o'clock P M. ALL LETt'EKUm cumntumtiirtan* by wail for tubecriptions or ?>ith advertisements addressed to the proprietor oj the establishment must bt post paid, or the postage will be deducted from the motity ?emitted. VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE and cow mi<ntc?ri?fi>. containing important news or useful intellifence, are solicited from any quarter of the world?Europe Jltia. Jitrica. or Jlwurica?and if uted unit always be Itbrrally paid for by the Proprietor. AO NOTICE can be taken of anonymout communicationi ? hatever i? intended for insertion mutt te authenticated V 'At name and addre.it of the writer ; not neceitarily ftr publication, but aim guaranty ?/ hit good faith , We cannot undertake to return rejected communication*. JILL PJIV MEWS to 6? made in advance. f(?w York, Tuesday, December 31, 1847. Public Meeting* relating to the next Presidency. We give in our c jlunns, this day, a full report of the meeting held Us' e ening at the T*bernacle, called by the friends of Mr. Clay, for the purpose of responding to the famous speech recently delivered at Lexington, Kentucky. In some respects, this movement, and all that belongs to it, has been carried on with a degree of coldness remarkably indicative of the popularity of the sentiments and position of the persons engaged in it. The great muss of the people seem to regard it as the last effort of imbecility onH fVillw winch can be exoected in these days. It is as if there were a number of little people endeavoring todam up the eternal currentof the Mississippi in its progress southward to the Crulf of Mexico. The sentiments to which Mr. Clay has ! given some currency at Lexington, are utterly ' repudiated by the acting, living, energetic spirits of all parties, of the present day, iu this hemisphere. Some respectable individuals, whose political lives have long since been dead?who have long been bereft of all political consequence? have connected their names with Mr. Clay's sentiments, more as a sort of funeral service over the political death -of Mr. Clny, than under the ' hope of putting one step forward in the great I movement of the American people and of Amcri- j can destiny. The sentiments of Mr. Clay, and of those who j feel or think the same with him, can find little j or no response in the big masses of American mind. They might obtain the sympathy of the ' politicians and statesmen of Europe, who look ! upon us with great jealousy, and feci an 1 unaffected chagrin at the lisiug greatness of the j United States, a powerful and growing nation, ! which will soon wield a greater power in the j civilized world than any of the old sovereignties of Europe. The meeting last night in the holy Tabernacle, at the rent of one hundred dollars for the night, was, therefore, a sort of funeral service over the political remains and ruins of the life and prospects of Henry Clay; and as it is decent and becomine that funeral solemnities should be performed with due propriety and decency, we have, therefore, endeavored to do our part of the ceremony, with proper feelings, and correspon dent with the ?ccasion. Bat ia th? midst of this melancholy scene? this funeral service ov^r the ruins of the distinguished Senator from Kentucky?we canno* help turning our eye to a brighter and morf inspiring quarter, and that is, to that spot of the political horizon which shines with the name and services of plain Z ichnry Taylor. It appears, aft-*r all, that 'he politicianshnv<* not b^en able to succeed in driving this distinguished m>Mi from the field, to which h?* was spontaneously o-illed by the voire of th?* people Inst summer, as a ennd>dtte forthe pr'>id<ncy Our Wa.?binjrton cone^pooHent has sfiit us the fallowing copy of a 1 tree dd h\ the old h ro to a disti"gui-h d memhcr o> Conffre**, from Pennsylvania. Thi-lcttrr p?irp"ri8 >o be a r^t ly to one reo iv?*d from a committee of t a' S- te, ac'iny for a pm>lic meeting, ? hich nomina ed him f >r the p ?-8'de<ir> Hr?D Q,t'*RT?:R?, ne Occrr?Tiun, ) Bh?xo> 'ilani). Tuif No* lb H47. ) * * " t h*T? retd tb? rt-Milutlons adopted by th? meeting. 1 with gr?-?t prij? and pl^rtfture; ?o<t I b it jui to cnov y to tb? m-mb-r* ot t*?- rn k siilt*bl? oco??imi, I xa> thank* for ib? dl*tingul?brd honor th**y h*T? po fl t- i trrlogly bestowed upon ma, Mnd my t??urannr that [ j >! ? nil wUh rr intention of chiLitlritf tb* podti' D to wbioh I toward the people of Chn noiintrv, Id Mv | tlon to tbn PrflriiKucy, or th? ontrw which 1 have felt It I my dotj >n pursue "? (Signed) " Z TAYLOR, M?Jor Oen U. S. A " This is distinct and positive. It is us much so | as that famous letter of two lines and a quarter, positively declining to surrender, which he wrote to Santa Anna. General Ta( lor has been Maced, involuntarily as to him, in the position i f a can- j didate for the Presidency. He has looked upon j that position as one of honor, lis much so ns the position he held on the field of 13uena Vista. The politicians in favor of the old, rotten, wornout candidntes of the whig* or democrats, have been trying to induce him to decline, for several months past, and have even l>eea threatening him, as Santa Anna did, by pointing to the multiplicity of their forces, the number aud power ot their candidates, saying it was no use whatever lor him to hope for the Presidency, when there were such numerous troops of candidates on all sid';? Mr. Clay, Mr. Van Bureu, Mr. Polk, and the Lord knows h*w many others, in the field. (General Taylor, however, declines to surrender, with the same promptness and bravery which lie exhibited towards Santa Anna. There is 110 help for them, therefore, now; but they must go on and fight the battle of Bnena Vista for the ne.\t 1 Presidency. General Taylor, with his live thousand friends and supporters, independent of nil dm fivltl fifrauiHt thp manv panics, id iivrt am ?.? ?- ..v?, -o? ? j thousands and thousands of opposing tactions. We have, however, a vast force in reserve for this distinguished man, which no tricks ot public meetings, no intrigues of whigorde1 mocraticpoliticians, can deprive him of; and that is, the vast majority of the American people,who have shown distinctly and positively that they have a strong intention to make him their next President. And now is the time to commence action, in some method or other. In such a position of things as regards the next Presidency, itbecomes the solemn duty ol every member ol Congress at Washington, and of 1 those who are not in Cougrese, too, to consult v and agree upon a general plan of action for t e ' few months intervening between now and the 1 day of decision. The old organised parties of 1 whig and democrat, are making every prepara1 tion for the meeting of their conventions. It is 1 even possible that one or other of them might be driven by necessity to tuke up the name of '' General Taylor, in order U> help their own oau?e, bu)d hip to carry oui i^fjr own t i I f And Wit thin poMibcbility on^ht not to prrveni thf friend* of Gkmrtl 1 Taylor from commencing at once to organite f aome plan of action, and to bring about hid nomination, in spite of all conventions. There is now time enough to do all ' this; but there is no more than jum time, j The old candidates?Mr. Clay, Mr. Polk, and Mr. Van Buren?are pretty nearly dispaBed of and used 1 up. We think the prospect* of Mr. Clay were wound up last evening, when they turned ofl the cocks and put out the gas-lights in the holy Tabernacle?rent $100. Mr. Polk, too, baa nearly wound himself up, though he never had much to wind up. Mr. Van Buren has been toiling for several months pag', to dig himself out of the granite rock of oblivion in which he is shut up nt Kinderhook. Many blasts have been mide, c>nd an explosion or two taken place; but we have yet to learn that they have got near the centr-, bo us to be able to get hold of and haul out the po* lit-* little Dutchman. Now is the time, therefore, for the great mass of the people to move, all round the .country, and for the friends of General Taylor to d*termiue upon some plan at Wash* Hi/fftn ttnrt au frnm a nan i r a f n f Vi a ai en it m ! op ence, to act simultaneously all over the Union. No man understands the M-xican question better than General Taylor, and we should be willing to trust it to his sagacity to settle. Ho is both a statesman and a man of sense?a man, we believe, who will satisfy the American people; tor he has proved himself to be a hero, a patriot, and a lover of his country, equal to any who have distingu shed themselves in the nnnals of this or any othei country, in any of the preceding ages of the world. Commodore DeKay.?The slanders propagated against Commodore DeKay, who generously commanded the Macedonian on her voyage last year to Ireland, for the benefit of the poor there, have been contradicted hy the Washington Union, ^nd it appears that he has been most shamefully Blundered by some of the party papers of the day. Thete is no doubt thatComnudoreDrKay's conduct, throughout the whole affiir, was as pure as it was generous, in spite of all the envious reports to the contrary. Why Not ??Our friend and cotcmporary, the Rev. Deacon Hale, of the Journal of Commerce, takes great exception to our friend and cotemporary, the Right Rev. Bishop Hughes, of the Freeman's Journal, because the latter gentleman niifl'j himapir in Vi i u nanor in Iptlnro frr?m Wnch. in^ton. We think our friend, the deacon, should first take the mote out of hts own eye, before he writes paragraphs about the beam in his neighbor's. Important from Coney Island.?We have arranged an express from Coney Island, by which we exoect to receive the message of the governor of that territory, together with the first pro_ ceedings ot its congrcss, the election of speake^ clerk, door keepers, and also of the officers appointed to watch the clams, in a very short time. Mketing at 'iiie Tabirnaclb.?We are requested by Mr. Geo A. Hulsey, to say that his name was appended to the call for the peace meeting, which took place at the Tabernacle last evening, without his knowledge, privity, or consent. IIow many more names were, put to ii under the same circumstances 1 Congress.?Nothing doing in this body. The two houses remind us of the two hoys. "Bob, what are you doing V' "Nothing.'' "John, what are you doing !" "Helping Bob." Thus it appear to be with the Senate and the House. Dr Brandkth.? According to the Pott of last evening, this celebrated medical gentleman is still in business, and is administering pills to the democratic party. It needs a purging. Italian Opera.?There was a tremendous house last night?the most crowded yet of the season. The opera takes?Benedetti takes? everything takes?the devil takes. Aukival cf Gapt. Inmes.?Capt. Innes, of the N. Y. volunteers, arrived in town yesterday. City Intelligence. col. bi'unftt ?This distinguished ofllo.er on 8nnday morning, paid a *l?lt to Sing sing, and will probably return to morrow The Colonel baa many friends id wfhtchhhti-r and intending to leave again for Mexico befor? spring, has paid tbeni it visit at this time. Hia asxroiate* are Btill in the otty. dinm'r to likct potter.?Tho friends and mmkkiat km of I.i?ut P.itt*rb?vH tendered him a dinner, as a t-"imo y if tb ir (admiration ?f bli gallantry in tho Mrxl -an war > he following ua copy of the Rorrespon d?nc? on the subject: ? Naw york. 11?h Dec , 1847 lisut .!*? decatrr PoTTi:?-8ir:-Wf, the und-rfiiinrd. your friHudo and foran-r associates, having beard with much gratification of your return from Vlexieo, w>uld teaiify our admiration of y-ur galUntry in defeo?v of our oomuon country, and renew tb* bond or our friendship, *t a dinnt-r to lake plane at ?uch time as m-y tult yur oouvenleiioe Very truly. your fr'enla 8ti. To thle Lieut. Pott?r wr?te tb? fallowing r-pit:? astor house d?<; 17 1817 Ot?TLiMmT""ra f thellth instatit, c?me duly to hand arid I Tti' ujT-Hif o th|?, t? ? Mxrlw ?t, opportunity. i f ?n<v. rtng th* s in> Highly U-it'er^d by yur poll e Invi a'l i. in h puhlm i?(> ner. t' u will stmilfy t?i you' 0' am tietint i shall hi'I'i i-y??<-l in readings* tonb-y 'heir orders. ?t 'uchtini" aud pl*oe hs t" h'-ni ro?y hr Ngrvt-atil* Wore i dfflice your kind ff r. nn? ahich I f~-l has ement cd front juur hearts 1 sh> U'd b* unity of an ao( ot injustice to th? a"aoolites >! my boyhood day?. and do violence to thos<- f eilngs wbicb are fw|i hut can Dot be expressed witD sentiments 01 esteem, I remain, jour friend hd 1 obi servt, JA? D Pottkb. To Oeorge A. Halsey, Henry H. Byrne, and others, Committee w? understand (hut the din~.er will tak* place on Friday next, At ltathbun* Hotel, in Broadway We understand that Major Dyckman, Lieut. Sweeney Lieut Potter, aud one or two otbe^r of the officers of our gellant volunteers, will attend the annual ball of the Tompkins Cadet*, atHtaten Island, on Wedneaday evenin* Col Burnett will not aoeompauy them, being detained by a previous engagement. The cadeti have availed themselves of thl* occasion to present their captain with a pair ot gold epaulette*, through Col. W. D 'dge, rf this city. Firk.?The promises 3ft Kasex street took Are on Sunday night, from a candle used by an old lady, who was about retiring It was extinguished without an alarm having been given. Br rotary ?The blank and stationery store of Messrs. Bell & f. .-ll i iu the Tnbunr buildings, waa entered on Saturday night or early Sunday morning, by some burglars and a large quantity of gold pens and gold and r.Uvrr pencil cases, together with a large amount of money, stolen therefrom. | Ship Favan Ai.iin ?Thia pestilential disease ha? ajain made ita appearance iu the city At Bellevue \ hospltil, we learn, It is a;catn raging with tearful rapidity, and at Quarantine, there are three physicians, fifteen nurses, and three porters, lying dangerously in with It The oold weather seems to favor, rather than ab:ite its progress; and with the present filthy condition of the streets, whioh is sufficient in its?lf to erg^uder disease, we may expeel a scourge equal, If not worse, than the cholera whioh visited the city soma Atteen years since Who i? to Blamk ??Notwithstanding an order waa some time sinoe issued by the Mayor, that all violation* : of eity ordinance* should be reported, there are yet I thousand* in the eity whioh pis* uunotioed In the Sixth, avenue. In many place*, the side-walk* are almost iinnassahle: and in almost innumerable instance*, large pitci ot rubblah are left In the atreeta in fiont or building* whlnh hare been Uotahcd for wee ha In the very heart of the city.tbeae vlolatlona are piaotlaed with impunity At t.h? comer of Broome and Centre atreeta, the aida walk" are lumbered with emp'y barrela and niaohinea of Home sort. Tho corner of Walker and Centre utri eta In a perfeot lumber yard. All thete are dlreot violation*; and If they are reported, that la the laat of It it Is not lenrf aluoe a poor ahoemalw, aomewhere la the neighbourhood of the Perk, wu reported for having hie alga more than twelve iaoh< a from the wall of bit houte, and made to lake It down We know not who la to Mameln tbla matter, but Khali certainly keep such abuaea before the public until they are rumedl?d At the gaa hou?e, too, which, in itaalf, la not a sufficient nuisance in the heart of the city, them must alwaya be two or three hundred bitrrel* of roain eprcad in Canai itreet, and the only reaeon aerm* to be. that the atreet U wide enough to allow it. Perhaps It would bx well for the aunorintendent of atreaU to attend to this, if It 1a a part of hi* duty. Fat'ffb Drowhhd.?Coroner Walters held an Inquest npon the body of Andrew Devellne, a native of Ireland, aged l'? yenra. late a hand on board a achooner, who waa found floating in the slip at the foot of Hammond atreet Verdict, death by drowning The Weather, du. At Wilmington, N. C., on the 17th Inst,the ground waa eorered with anow, whlob waa more than two inohea { deep On the 15th, there waa a alight fall of anow at Pittaburgh Pa. At. 8t Loula, on the 6th, the weather vil :;uite raw and cold, with some appearance of an approaobing mow I atom At Norfolk Va . on the 13th, tb* weather waa uncomortably warm ; uu u*a I'JJ tjre^ tUe dwellings. | II. luiiw-jmun IMIDIB ll'i I I' l D1J111IJ TUi Himi *Mttna at Hit Trtwou | #( * Ko?.H*riu?n|r Soon & - , tiond, Ac., ?f. The notice published la all the papers, draw a large number of peraoni to the Tabernacle Uat night, to participate la the proceedings of the anti-war meeting. Before the door* were opened^ Urge orowd had gathered around the door, where the mulU and the demarlU of the war were freely disouased An old gentlemen, with iteel framed spectacles, turned the conversation to the press, and an anticipated row. Said h#?"If there ahould be a row, it will be Bennett'a fault, for be baa stirred up the war party," fee , ko., &o. A man stand, lng by aaked the old gentleman what he thought of the Courier, whoee views, he sild, were favorable to the prosecution of the war. Speoka replied?"O. the editor of that print be d d ; he applied for an offloe In the army, and It will not do tor bim to oppoae the war now." The conversatkn was carried on in a strain like this until It waxed warmer and warmer, and the doors of the holy temple thrown open. Tbis took plaoe at half-past six o'clock, when the orowd rushed in. Af.iT the rush was partially over, Dingle's band entered, playlog a martial air Horaoe Oreeley followed, who took hla seat In rear of the chair, Immediately In front of the music Afterasbort Interval, the prinel | pall of the meeting not having yet arrived, ma band | again (truck up, playing the lively tun* of th? " Lot* | Knot," which was received with flight applause. The crowd still continue 1 to lucre*!*, and the band, to pass th- time, struck up the tune of "Bowery Gals," and "Coooey Clay." mixed up together, using the one as a kind of variation fur the other At the approaoh of the committee of arrangement*, the aoul ttlrring tunes of" Hail Columbia," and tbe " Bold Soldier Boy," were played to excite a peaceful fusllnu in the bosoms of all present, and especially of those who were favorable to the war, and had a patrlotio spirit burning within them The meeting was then called to order by J. H. Hoi art Hanes, who nominated Dudley ScLDRtf. As the Preaid-nt of the meeting, which nomination was unanimously received. J. Phillips Phoenix then nam-d the following gentlemen as vicr Prksiuents : Theo R. Deforest, J W. I uacn*'ury. Johu C Brown, Hturv Jolmsou, Hmi'h D.'iii.i g, Jsmes H B'siue, Abraham Kardoii, Joshua Thur?t'>n, Hauiuel d Wjckoff, Robert J- ne?, Pt'phen Couovei, Pr iohii Sir irnt, John H. Williams, Dr Jas H.Wood, George Zabrisaie, f zra 8muh, .lames Harriott, Roderick Seiimvick, Schurrmm Halsted, Peier S Titus John A Deve.ui, Clin?. M. Siinousou, Tliomaa Ca uley, 8h?|ih?ril Ko4|ip, Qb'h New comb, Jr , Na'hiuiel J. Boyd, Jjaac H/yer. Cl. 11 le?. K. Taylor, Philip Hone. A.. Kiuesland, Nichnlns Dean, A. W. Bradford, Jyhn Ridley, | Job? J Hrrrirk, W. S Johusnn. J mes Uyneh. Tbe following gentlemen were then numtd by William H Van (,'ott us Secretare*: ? (ieorge H. Beruli, John li. Lrflcrts, Jeremiah I,athrop, < Johu W. H"bb-rJ, W. B Wedgwood, James B. Taylor, ' Morgan Morgans. lUubeu Cu ilip, Welcome K. Becbe, 1 ThaudeusDavis, John J. D ai.e, Kdgar Ketclmm, 1 WiliamTysou. J .tin Om.o. d. John J. K. Dnpuy, I | Geo. C- Campbell, Geo. H. h'multlin, '-N kaleitier 1 Thn nail ot tha ?i. iiun-thla read hv one of the Secretaries, and unanimously responded to. The meeting having been organized the Hon. Dvolky BklpIW being oonducted to the chair, addressed the nirHtinp:? ] Fellow Citizens: -I bave not bad the opportunity , of reading the address and resolutions to be presented to yru on this occasion. 1 hope, bow ver, they were dictated in the spirit of peace?in that spirit which has broug'it us here. I hope they will give expressions to sentiments in opposition to the present war?a war in which the resouroL'S of the country are exhausted, aud { the character of the Amerioan people?I might say, the , peaceful charactcrofthe American people?1*in progress of being changed 1 do not propose; fallow citizens, to review tbc resolutions which vjure adopted by the cltl- , Zens of Lexington, nor the speeoh of Mr Clay, nor the address under the signaturx of MbertOitll ttin. If ar?:umenU suoh as these, whieh have been employed by such men as these, are not sufficient to convlune the publio judgment, they could not be oouvlnoed if one rose from the dead. But it is one thing to oonvincs the judgment und another thing to control and sway the passions Here, let m? remark, that I allude not only to the passion of war?tb?re Is some dignity in that?I allude not merely to that pasnlou which gloats on scenes of blood, but 1 allude to that degrading pas-ion of fear, ' which prevents u man whoso mind is convinced, from ' speaking out his real sentiments. I allude to that class of per ons who are willing to pay, if they meet you In private, or in corners, or in the streets, that tbey are opposed to the action of government, but who are unwilling to aot with their countrymen in their efforts to pre. 1 vent tnat evil action. Are they afraid to show themselves 1 in opposition to the administration of the government, 1 1 when that administration is wrong ? I might here refer 1 you to that eel 'brated example in the history of Oreat ! Britain, wben the elder Pitt, Karl of Chatham, though deeply suffering under sickness at the time, had himself ' carried from his bed to thn House of Lords, and there gave utterance to that great remark -u If I were an American. as I am an Englishman, so ionc as a foreign soldier had his loot upon my country's m il, I would never lay down my arms?never, neTer." (.Great applauie ) I Who was there then in the British empire who dared to charge him with being false to his country or traitorous I to tUe Crown ? lie ByoWe those words, uot in the hour of triumph, but when defeat had tarnished the lustre of the British arms ; for he thought it more becoming the dignity and good name of his oountry not to be engaged at all in an unjust war, rather than to be triumphing with victorious armies la the field of battle. (Great ' cheering.) That was his last effort, and a few short months after he was followed to the grave by the King and Parliament, who ereoted a moon 1 ui?nt t> his honor in Westminster Abbey, in testi- 1 mony of the virtue and firmness of Willrnm Pitt, first 1 Karl of Chatham. Gentlemen, I his was the oonduct of a high-toned Englishmen ; and shall we, as American ' ctiieui, enjoying greater freedom than those who live ' under a crown, hesitate to exeroise the same fearless ' determination in opposing the government when it is In j the wrong? The sta'e of thlogs in this land Is aston- ' Ishing ! It is a state In which the lovers of peaoe are 1 found band in hand with the warriors of their oountry If you were to proceed to Mexico, and talk with our brave warriors, there you would Una nine out of ten of them oaiiing upon government for peace I h? army is oompotted of many of the peace poitlon of the Am' riuan people, who are pppored to the government, which though || gives out the edi cts of War, feels boi *ud suf fers not its pain?, its sufferings, and its difficulties (Cheers) Are we not suti?ll-d with the military prowecs of our armies? ?Have we not done enough for the honor of the country?? Has not blood enough been shed to fatitfy the appetites of, I m*y say, the worst portion cf our people?? Are ulllm-re American clt z>>ni r- quired* to be off-red up upon the alier of their country ? Ask these questions of that remnant of our m--n which havtt fought their way tr..m the c< a*t ty the interior, wssted by disease. worn out by tuff-ring and privation, shot down hy i he enemy's warriors at every S ep they took, until the gailant band was reuuc< d to twit its number Do you .>ii that tliev should remain nu l.inj-r there, for thn aHe of an adtni isrtailou whioh is al.of Mi l fr-i- Tom lb- daug?rH to whl.-.h (hey are hourly -ipon.<i. { npp?k not only in b-half f the peaceful ei"z u* of 'h*- Unit, d State* bur. of tf e army, which I* ett t r J, by ltd br???Tj by it? obedience to ibe uidersoi g ivemuient? by the ii?og?ts >t has i h sni br 'Uih?hv the ?utf rlnus t . lias und ig"' ?; I which * eutitled to a rerpit.-; that lc ch .uid u > r- roiin la a foreign Un<l. exposed o the knife ot thu a-nynlii and to the approach <f i op.cal oieeaae But, follow citizens, they tell n? hat peace cannot be made, that the Mexican* will out negotiate I nail upon them lor proof. I ?ak. whrt" la ti-? proof? It has been said tbut Mr IVst waa not able to negotiato a pe-.ce I deny It. He was a mer? automaton. he waa umi-r Instructions. and he had no powers confided to him Was that the ort of agent t> negotiate a peace, following an he did in the fool step* of war T Would any one bellerc that a minister without any power*, and who was bound to be obedient to his inductions - would any otie imagine that i such a minister could make peace ? I deny that it was I possible for peaoe to bo made under such clroumsianceH. But if the President would give directions to General Scott, the Commander in-Chief of the army, to mnke ' peace, iny life f ir it. he would hare sent home a treaty of peace within f-ii'y days, - but with this qualification 1 that be must bv left fre?* t > act, and not be tied up under 1 Instructions Who would i ot think that the honor 1 of the country might be cooQded to that dinln- 1 Culshi d (Jeueral T i might say the same thing of the < ?rn nf Rln Mruiuli* n.rjilrl. cheers) I. the ifO- I vernment would bentow upon him the proper power, and, untrammelled by instruction*, be also would soon make pears I might nay the seme of all the great men and leading statesmen of the nnnntry 1 might say the same of Mr Van Buren, of Mr. Webster, of Mr Clay. (At mention of this name there was a marked and zealous applauding When itonoe ceased it waa called up again by a proposition from the platform to give three more 1 oheern for Henry Clay, whereupon the applause was repeated with extreme loudness; a voioe from the gallery shcutir.g three cheerr for Horace Greeley ) Mr. 3 con linued?I had intended to add the tame of Mr Penton to that list. Any one of these wen would have been 1 able to OiUite peace, if they had had the po ver, aud not been tied up under Instruottocs. Therefore, I deny tl.it the government has made any movement in order to brlrg the ,M>x!cm war to a close ? We ham heard, fellow citizens, & great deal of patrlct Ism at this dpy We have sten the exhibition of It. so far, of the h>ghe?t order,l>y our army - by men who have triumphed over every <1 01 julty. exposed to dls <a*o and defc. h, moving in the midst ot as opposing em iny. vsn| 4'iishing them at every h:.*p howev r great their forons e ?however immenre their number*. Suoh bus b-mn the < patriotism of the Aimiluan army; *nd wh>n thiyre- * turn home, they will be receiv* d with the grutltuJe and 1 thanks rt' their country, lJut tlure Is anoiher kibd of t patclotiMn, and of as high a standard I allude to the patriotism of tbe stai.esm'iu, who la willing to ancriflce I ntraselMo opposition to the pasrlons of his oountiymen I wuhu mry urn wrong. I anuue to tnai patriotism wnicn t ? l>-ads a man to expo;** himself to foandal. reproaoh, In. f ult and ribaldry, rather than join In A course of < measures by which he beholds his country dl?- i r honored, and her liberties perilled. Much, fellow eitisens, I think has been tho conduct. th? * patriotism of Henry Clay of Kentucky (Tremendous i a oheers ) Such patriotism we have seeu in the cnursH of I ' | Mr Calhoun la the H.-nate; smh patriotism wu have I " I ni*eu lo the oondr.nt of vir. Ui'n'.oTi, wben ho opposed the c government upon the question of the Texas boundary. i? Such has been the patriotism displayed by Mr. Webster in his speeches and oourse in Massachusetts All these e individuals have gone iu opposition to the war, In oppo- f sltlon to tba passions of the people, without regard to 1 the personal consequences of sudh noble Independents* s It requires for such eonduot as much moral courage and r. high personal bravery as it does to face the enemy In the i c llwd I might also name Albert Oallatln. Butitwillbe s said he belongs to the past age. True he does, to that age !t of statesmen and patriot! who laid the foundation of our is independence. (Applause). i'e?. lie beloi.ft* to that ago ?i and those statesmen of whom the Karl of Cnatham said : I t ' I have read; Thnoy<Jlde?, I have studied the master 1 il spirits of anlV|uity, but I have never seen the same o force of mind, and power of thought, and wlfdom of con- , elusions I have beheld in the ?pirlt of lb* Congress of o l'h'ladeiphla" " AttulaetageofhkadiMOuraaan Interruption took place s I Musio was heaxd approaching in Um UUtaaoe, not the pro- j i uu.i Hni bmIa 61 (lie a ****** I li uti Mnr tad ! kHttr aid drowned tki of th* i|Mkir A m was now rtUed In th* nldrt of the meeting, '<thfee Cheers for the Mew York regiment " ThU ?tl the apple of dlaoord. ud the scene that followed beggar* description. At length the ebainaan quenohed the ooiee for a moment by proposing from the chair " three oheera for the New York regiment.'* It was but a moment, however; the tumult In created, and we left to write out our note*, leaving a sufficient corps of reporters behind todesoribe what lollewed. There waa every symptom here of a general row. Crlea of" puthim out," "out with him" -aud one man down, and two or three tuaaellng around him. " Hurrah." 'hurrah," "hurrah." " rhree obeer* for the war with Mexioo." ' Hurrah," " hurrah." " hurrah. ' Hi**." Mr Ssloxn?Gentlemen be quiet. Take your (eat*, gentlemen. " HI**"?" Hurrah," ' hurrab." Mr. 8elocn?Take your seats gentlemen. ' Put him out"?" huttle them out." Mr Siloiw.?Oeatlnmen, a motion la made to glre tbree oboew for the heroes of Mexico. " Hurrab," " hurrah," " hurrah," and fifty men fighting and bawling at the top of their voloea. " Three cheer* for Henry Clay " " Hurrah," "hurrah," "hurrah." < Turn him out," and a huadred men tuuellng with eaoh other, and cri?* of" turn him out"?" Hustle them out"?" They are all tooofocoa " Mr SiLoatt ? Order.gentleman. Take your seat* And oue poor fedow rise* from the ground, where ho had been kaoeked down, with the blood flowing down hi* face Mr. Silokk ? FnUow-cltiiens ? ("Turn him out"? ' Hiutle htm out Gentlemen, do you believe tbat those men who are making tbi* disturbance ?(" Hurrah "" hurrab," and tb* proceaa of ejecting the di* tuibir* goes on )?Do you believe, gentlemen, tbat those are the men that would fight the battle* of your country ?-(" Hurrah," " hurrah," " hurrah !" aud the disturbing partie* are thrust toward* the door)?No. no There is not a man who went to Mexico for the purpose of exeoutlag the order* of bia government would ever disturb a public meeting?(cheers)?like this. 1 tell you gentlemen, that men like these are the scavenger* that follow the camp. (Cheers) Th' y are fellows who would .1.tl,u v.nnnllk.J knt Ih. I'l.. ,... piuuv*< . ?? ? * l?vn such man at the cannon's mouth, or within the reach of musketa. and they would run away like onwrdi ("Hurrah !") 1 tell you such men as those belong to no party. They are the bat* scorn that are to be found in every lar^M city. ("Good." M Hurrah ") And whether thry have cuui-i to disturb us, t>r pick our pockets, no man can t*li ('Good," "good," "hurrah" "Look out for your pockets ") Gentlemen, show ine the man who hr.s fought in Mexico, aud you will show ma a mu-.i who would not disturb a republican nwting In a republioau eouutr*. You know there are men In .vltxloo who commenced t.helr operations on the Rio Gratr.e, and who

were finally executed in sight of the walls of the oapltal. ("Uood for them"?'Good for them," and muoh laugh who Hold themselves for g"ld (" Hit down"? 'Order there In ihe middle '?" I say. Jim that's the talk"?''Out with h m" - and oymptoms of a emtute.) Gentlemen, tbl is i> little episode, and perhaps it will add fcometbing to the spirit of the meeting (Laughter ) Well, gentlemen, 1 bate been interrupted In sayiog what I bad to ?ay, and I nhail not trespass on your patieuoe any longer; (" Oo on"?" Oo on ") particularly as there are others to speak to you; and I now ask you if you are wiUlog, with Die, in giving three cheers fur a peace?an honorable peace with Mexico. ( ' Hurrah !" - Hurrah!" "Hurrah !") This little speech acted like oil on the troubled waters, and the persons who disturbed the meeting having been thurst out, the prospect of peace, an honorable peace, for the remainder of the evening was quite good. ? Cries of "Oreeley," " White," "Oreeley," were uttered In all quarters, and lust harmony should be again destroyed, Mr. Heldf.* again rose and said?Gentlemen, you must know, that, after all, meetings like this must be arranged under the direotion of a committee, otherwise it would be disordered. I have been furnished with the names of gentleman who will address you this evening, and Mr. White will first speak (Cheers ) 1 will now oall for the reading ot the address, that being the next tblog in order, and likewise tbe resolutions which have been prepared for your adoption, and will then oall on the speaker's as their names appear on the list. (Applause ) Mr. Blakely then read the following address :? THE ADDRESS. Kem.ow-Citir r.?s :?Gigantic dangers imminently threaten our common country. War, waged in a strange anl distant laud, is wasting her resources ; tbe national debt in rapidly augmenting, new levies, new loans, new tax?*, are demanded by our rulers; and, most perilous of all, the national mind is wearing itself a ohannel utterly inconsistent with the simplicity and purity of our free institutions. The paths of peaoeful Industry are deserted by the sanguine and aspirins, for dreams of conquest and military domination; a life of patient, homely toil, teems tame and abject, while visions of prooonsuishtps and de.'poiio commands, of the oonquest of provinces and the acquisition of gold mines, dazzle the vitw? With the history of tho anolent republics? of oonquerng, colonizing Spain, and of republican Franoe?full before us, we are rushing on in their footsteps, and plainly jrovoking their fate. The oounselg ot age, of wisdom, of ipe and varied experience, and of tried, devoted patriotem, no lcnger cherishing an aspiration save fur tbe lountry's weal, are flouted, rootfed at, and the riotous >iooa oi youtn is tempted ana tauntea to reaot tne error >f the headstrong son and successor of Solomon. The iplrit now dominant in the national oouncils, and ram pant through the land, not only mocks at gray hairs md tramples on the lessons of experience, but regards with Impatience and lU-disguised oontempt, every appeal to considerations of morality, philanthropy or religion, in regard to the prosecution or termination of the war. Thn flerie bay of the bloodhound on the warm trick ot his prey, drowns the calm voioe of reneon and the soft pleadings of humanity. Who that realties the moral accountability of nations, oan doubt that we have alien upon evil days ? In this crisis, a voire from the West reaches the ear, iad Axes the rtgard of the American people A venerable patriot, illustrious by forty y ars of eminent service in tne national oounoils, emerges from his honored sesluolou to address words of wUe admonition to bis fel> iOw cit zeus That voice, which never counselled aught to dishonor or injure this Union, is lifted up, probably for the last lime, iu exposure of the specious pretexts ou wbioh this war was commenced, in reprehension of its character and ohjeots, and in remonstrance against ltt> larther proseoution At tue sound of that impressive roioe. the scales of delusion fall from thousands of fWhiuft eyes, the false p litter of the ooi.queror s glory vanishes, revealing the hideous lineaments of osrua^e; and the stern qnestlon which stung the first murderer is brought liooie espeutially to every breast which enfolds a conscience:?" Where is thy brotber !" To what end do we despoil and slay our follow men, guilty of being ' fcoru two thousand miles southwest of us? By what diviue law are we authorised thus to defaoe and destroy the image of Ood ? The greMt statesman of the West was too well acquaint* e l with human tia'ure, and had too much xperunoe of Its worst d> it lopuients. to b"p? that such an appeal as be has merle lo the nation'* moral sense would not be rerentedaud nsisred He knewihst exposed depravity wool ! pour out lis vials of wra'h on his devoted bead ; hat tell rapaiilty would negteot for a moment it" prey to Kin. otiih finul unr! th if mnltnn a?nnl/? itimn. Utw oaiuumy to hu t and d.fnme hiui through iti? length ?nd breedth of the land OnlTily h- b red bis hreitst to the ft rin ; ur.fl ur.hingly he oont.mpUtes its fiercest t?K?v m uio't (iisu.al bowliDg<. 8M Ided la the p.inopiy 01 no approving critsrience. nnd of the conim> nd tioo of trie ?le- uud (pii.-d througiout the woild bo proffer*) 10 resistance require* no sympathy solicits no Hid. For himself be desires nothing ; for bis Imperilled country h* demanus tb#*?rvioeB ?>-d the sacrifices of ell her upright, and patriotic sous. Ana his appeal ban n< t been fruitless. On every Ride, the people, aroused as by a trumpet blast, "re ftveklng to a consciousness ot their du'y No longer sunk In apathy beoause th-y can perceive no mode in w'lloh eiertion ran nv,.il, th-y renins at last 'bate very honorable means should he employed to arrest the work of oaruagi; and tbey feel that, in vieiv of the brilliant achievements of our armies and the utt- r prostration of their foes, the honor of our countrv can best be preserved and exulted by tbe exercisv of magnanimity toward the vanquished The means ot terminating the war have been elear y pointed out by him who is emphatically first in the atfmtion* and in the confidence of the*American people, H?nry Clay ; and it need* ba: that their represent aives shall be faithful, as he bae been fearless, to ensur? a ?peedy restoration of peaoe. That tbey will be faithful, tod that the war will thus be brought to a speedy and Honorable close.without Inflicting further calamities on the Mexican*, or further burden* on our own country, is the earnest prayer and hope of those who now adilress you. We have assembled tb give form aud fxpresilon to this prayer, aud to solioit you in your several communities to unite your exertions with ours in rendering thes sentiments effectual. Aid us promptly end heartily, fellow-citizens, and your reward sboll be the restoration of peaoe to your country, the approbation of your own consciences, aud the admiring commendations of mankind. As soon as tho r< ading was concluded, tli? people gave three cheers for it, and tho band played "Hail Columbia" .Mr. fF.iut.'.? uruuciuHu, i?io rrowwiiuun win uuw ue ; read. Resolved, That we do most heartily respond to the resolutions passed at a meeting bold in Lexington. Km,uoky, on the 13th of November. and to tbu udiretH if rlttury Clay, delivered on that occasion ; and we urgenty Invite our feilow-citiaens of all parties, who are | mxlotis to produce oonUntmeut and satlef+otion Ht iomo. und to <lcv?t? the national olmacter abroad," to [ive to these dooumenta an ImpititUl rxaminutiou. KuRoln d, Tlitt the minimentn expressed in the first 'f tho.iH resolutions, tombing the ' primary cause" of >ur pr>sent war with .YI<-xioo. and the "iiupruvidi nc and i inconstituiioual" condust of Preaidont Tolk indirection he commencement of hoatilitiea, are wholly endorsed iy thin meeting, Resolved, 1 bat while we sustain the indisputa>Ie poaition tuk-n in the *e?ond renolutlon, we deeply no<*nt that " the absonce of any public declaration by yOugredJ of the object* for which tbu' warougbttobe iroat'CU erf," should have devolved It upon the present ;hief Magistrate to decide " what the honor und inteoet of the nation require " Resolved, That the doctrine of the third resolution, in elation to the power* Tested in Congreat to declare war ,nil provide for it.i prosecution, being fundamentally rue. it necessurliy involves the " right to determine up n ni* motives, cauees una<mj. cis o! tne war wiiisn once (imuieuoi <1, or at any time during tho prcgrissof its isistenee." Revived. That, smumiag tliinground, we. ascenstl'unts of thai Congress, do o*ll upon tho members to perorm their duty, an defined lu the fourth Lexington r 10utiou. and " to adopt the most efficacious measure* to irreet th<? farther pro^r '(t^ of thn war, taking care to uako ample provision lor thu hfiior, the falety and Beurity of our armies in Mexico, in uvery contingency,1' is well as to pr> serve our national digi>ity and reputainn untarnished by submitting to what is wrong; and hould the President ' decline or refuse" to follow their Incisions, to take ?|ieh farther measures as {.He ooneti utiou or our Q?untry and the spirjt of it? institutions lemand, when tho power of the many la seized upon h;ice. Resolved, That we also " view with serious alarm'' ;ny attempt to annex Mexico to these l/ulted states, iij deem the reasons for such appretionsiun so tuliy .nil completely pieAehted in the flltb Lexington r?eo'u. iou, that we uaunot add tu their suebath, and t here I or ' 1 HOOMBMd th?n to th* NPMUd parti tol of iflik of Mr follow c'tiisns m ui oppoaad to eoqqusat, ud would leave their neighbors " to purius their own happiness according to what th?v may deem boat for thnuilTM." Resolved, In the spirit of the ilxth resolution, That, entertaining th* joK pride of a people who may olalrn for her armies and military and naval chieftains, unmatched bravery and kill, we feel that their cup of glory U full to the orim. and that we are in a condition to be magntaiinoua without the inaat danger of forfeiting our honor; while we can best preservo the laurel* gained, by moderation toward a discomfited foe. H'aolveu. That we rvjoioe to hear a voioe from th* noble state of Kentucky declare, in the language of th* seventh resolution, that "we positively and emphatically disclaim and diaavow any with or deaire on our part to acquire any toreign territory whatever, for the purpoee of- prorogating slavery, or of introdueing si tvea from th* united States into suehtwrltory," and we, the itlaena of New York, do pledge ourselves to eustaiu these truly Amerloan sentiaastl. Resolved, That while we rooognlze and respeot the aonstltutlonal rights of th* South to auch domi stlo ln titutlnns aa their fathers established?and disclaim any Just power on onr part to interfere with them ; and while w* feel no deelre that additions should now or ever be made by conquest to the territory of th* United States, we yet feel bound to declare that, If territory should be annexed which was free before we acquired it, it must not oeaae to be free in our hands, but remain ao f jr ever. Resolved, That in the late publication of the venerable Albert OaJlattn, "on peace with Mexioo," we hall with gratitude another evidence that the surviving fathers of our republlo are unanimously hostile <o this war of atgreasion and oonquest, and anxious for lis speedy cloee without the acquisition of Mexloan soil ; and we earnestly commend the impresslv* arguments and admonitions of the last survivor of the intimate as soelates and cabluet counsellors of Thomas Jefferson to the candid regard of all who cherish tbu memory of that eminent ctatesmao and patriot. Resolved, That In view of the difficulties which are attendant upon our present unneoeesarr contest with a neighboring republic, we appeal to the Senate of the United States, soliciting and hoping for a repetition of the noble part acted by that illustrious body lu avertlcg the calamities of war by the settlement or the Oregon boundary ; and we look to the conservative influenoe of uohgrave and honorable men as Webster, Calhoun, Benton, Crittenden, Mangum, and their associates, tor some magnanimous movement to put an end to the war between us and Mexico, on honorable trrens. Resolved, That among the illuitrious living men who by tbeir whole liv.-s, ha re done honor to our oountry, the lit ft in our confluence and in our uffectlnns is Henry . lay of Kentucky?a patriot abore suspicion, and a statesman without equal ; and we trust ih? day is at hand when he Am?ricun people will vludic.aie their own character by emphatically in ant test lug their hi|th appreciation of his uxalted cervices atid his peerless worth. The band played " See, the Cooqering Hero Comes," and three cheers were given for Heury Clay. Loud crirs for "Smith," *' Wiilte," "Greeley" " Biunt," " Greeley." new tnsned, and the Hon Mr Smith. M C.,from Indiana, rose aud spoke as follows: Wheu I look ou tbis vast assemblage of the intelligent people of New Vork?when I retieot on the great and important objects for whieh yen are convened, I am inspired with tresb confidence, that, however muoh this great and glorious government of outs may be perverted to bad objects, by corrupt and inoompetent rulers? the people, the fire at aud only sovereigns of tbis land, will ultimately bring it bank to that state of prestine purity to which it was brought by our illustrious fathers, who achieved our independence The demonstration which has been made this evening on the subject of the war with Mexico, is calculated to inspire the patriot with fresh hopes?to teach us that all the patronage of the government?that all the Influence of the l'resident aud his minions, is not enough tc corrupt the hearts of the people, to induce them to blind ibelr knees to power. Something like two years have tUp.rod since this war wifh Mexico was oomm-iHeil. During that time it has been prosecuted at an expense of one bunored million of dollars, and your rulers are now piling on debt mountain liigi,wbioh is to rest on you and your children?and not only have we inourred this debt of one hundred millions of dollars. but twenty thousand valuable lives have been sacrificed by peetiienoe and the sword, to gratify the lust ftf MfinniiAat. vhifth In thA hrnuifi nf t\ti*? [Here some confusion occurred in the left isle, aud there were many cri<s of' put hini out," cheer*, 8to ] Every patriot in the land is ready to enquire for what objects are those great sacrifices incurred.' ("Put him out"? mere noise, and kail a dozen iuore fl^b< ing and tusseling with each other. "Oo on" -"Put him out"?"Force him out.") No individual will doubt the willingness of the Atni'tioan people to incur any aueuut of sacrifice neoeasary for the . honor or dign.iy of the oountry. Our forefathers, through the long and perilous war of the revolution, shed their blood as freely as men should ever shed it in any war. They were inspired with the principles of civil liberty?they were fighting for that independence which we now enjoy? they were fighting for freedom from the British yoke, and in such a contest an that, there is no man on the soil of America, who would not shea bis heart's blood for tbe object. Since then we were onlli d again to grapple with tne ancient enemy, and then all parties came forward to sustain the government in the prosecution of the war. We ur? now, however, engaged in another war, and let ue r.?k you what are the objects of thia war? Is the honor of the oauntry to b* promoted by it? ia it* glory to be advanced by it, or its resouroos increased? if thev are, then, in the name of beaten, let us prosecute, it in the trite language of the President's organ, "vigorously, and more vigorously still " (Laughter) But belore we give our sanction for the vigorous prosecution of this war, let us stop for one moment, and inquire why it shall be so pr.secu'ed?what aro its objects? und bow did this war b' gin? Our noble patriots of 1716 having the history o> the world before them, saw the evils resulting to the governments Hft,j powerof Europe, from the unlimited exercise of the war power, and they detn mined that their descendants ebou'd not be liable to tli? rame evi'<, and, therefore, they enirrafted on the constitution that the power should never be enjoyed until war w*s first declared by the representatives ot the peopl?. Huoh is your eonntitution; it is the surest Suaran'ee of your libeitles; it is the only safeguard you ave against the encroachments of power and the evils of war. Let me ask vou. his this war been commenced In this manner. (''It has," from some person in tbe middle of the room ) it has not ("It haa ") I know there are some minlons.ot the President here, who are ready to crj dul, uuHN ^iiitoib ; .uut ici uioiuuk Kb nut) iitci Whan did Congress, the representatives of the people, firot (ay one word on thu w?r ? (,-NeTer!") 11 ?> en ill* 13th of May, 184S. when Congress passed the first Mt in relation to the w*r with Mexico And what was that aot? Why it wan an act with a prefect), ''whereas, now wxc exlets " (Tremendous ubeering ) Then that w tr came on, &ad did exist before Congrera declared it, although your constitution has declared that war shall tfotexUt till Cougresa shall declare it. (Cheers) How then came war to exist ? How, I ask you, was the war begun ? Why at the Wl time Congrers paused the bill appropriating ten millions of dollars and fifty thousand m-n, fle" buudred American cit'z-*ns were weltering In their blod on the baLks of tbe Klo Grande The bat t S of Palo Alto and Krfao* de la Palm a were fought betore (,otgress said one word in regard ?o the war? How then name this war to exist ? Why every man o*n read for himself and see how 1< w?h counnece>d it. wai oommmo- d by the, orders of the President to tbe m-rio in army, to m?rch into territory wbich was occupied end i<( r*ep*e i hy tjesino. (Cl.e-r?) Why 1 ark ynu d d be give thefe orders? More distutb.noe '' l'i rn mm oat" " t'usn him out " Si!enoi i lieg gcnr|r. men to pr?e"vve silence If there are any L'vofooos P'owiing al'Ut b-r-, if our fii n'ls will keep qiret, tli. y w II a-ou alink out from among us [Laughter.] Mc. Smitb continued-L< t ice agnn<-all your at tentl n io this iiaportent fact The Piesidentof the U'ti ted States on the 13th of Jiuuary, ordered the American nrmy into territory owned and occupied by Mextoo on tbe Rio Grande. I know, my friends, the advoottea of the war attempt to raise a question about tbe title to this t-rrltory. but I will not lnnult jour understanding by diaoussing it I will oi>ly say. that down to the time Texas be oh me a separ-te government her boundary bad been fixed at the Rio Grand", and I e?n furnish evidence mountains high on d*mncr?tic authority to prove It, Witbou* c illltig upon <-ne whig w.tuesa. Wby in the year lf-311, Presidei.t Jackson Sent a special minister into n ? ?#. uaAariuiti thu nrnnM?tv fit ri.i'MTiii?lnir livt> in. I dependence. He went there i?ud wrote to the State Department. ,'lviLg a geographical and typographical state- ! mKiil of T?xii<t and be stated that the Neuon was its I wurvrn boun?.'?ry. You will find that in ih* (fflelal I records of th." oountry. and at th* v??ry time I we were negotU'i'g f?r lh? annexation of Texa<, Mr Donxldfon writes to the State Department th*t Toxmh bad no tit!" to tho Neuoes, anil he stij In exprem terms to OenerM Taylor, not to march beyoad the Nueces But let me your attention to ano'her fact Let us admit, for argument's sake, that tills disputed territory belongs to l'exaa ?that she bad a valid claim to tb* territory bet wee? th? two rivers : but conceding that, bow does the question stand 7 hvery man admit* the territory whs In the possession of.Mexior? that all the territory on this side ?? the Rio tJrande was settled and oooupied by the people if Mexloo, with the single exception of a settlement at corpus Chrlstl.? Texas bad a custom house on this side 'he river, and , hsr farmer* were peaceably tilling the when the aroiy reached th?re. Now this fact being -*tlu>?tt???l ? I admitting that Texts claimed it, but that it w*# dis- ! puted. I ask you If an attempt to tak? poBseBslo? ?r <l j w:m* nrt ftn act of war! It was without reference t' 'J1" 1 quertion of title. Whs halja right to make war In | teriit')ry ? Had the President ? Why did heextrcise !* j We have had similar questions in our history before You t> collect that there were negotiations between this government And Great Britain ou the Ore^ n question, which wre finally settled by tli? A?M>urt< n tr?a'y ? Great Britain claimed and we ol timed the territory la dispu'e, but did you ever bear of Jackaon. or Adaus. 6r j Monroe, or Van Buren, fculiwlug a mil.tiry t> r>j? ' lie disputed territory to take possession of it T? Never. They knew the moment an aimed soldier crossed tbo line under the direction of the stars and stripes, tbey knew war would be c^mint'bued by Ureat Britain. and the sword would be the only arbiter between ua. But Ooneral Jaok?ou wai a pigmy betide James Knox Poik?be whr/had si^na^i-d biitisvlf in many a battle B.-ld?he ktew nothing of the administration of the Kovernuen', compared with this illustrious rrrsldi-nt, Mr folk, <>t Duok ritrer. (Cb?ar? | and mui h laught- r ) Mr. Polk sunds un uruiy totarri- | tory owcupieii by Mexico, and ulthnujth Congfeas i*i? in | session. he did not deign to oommunlcate to them any i thing on the subject; nod It wit ouly by rumors and riports nnd whispering. that any ot tb" members nf that i body knew ib?.t "iicli movent- nts *i-r? conteiupla.ed, until they found lb hluaeof war bursting out on ihum, and the whol'i country waa informed that war alnady existed ! It did exlat, and continues to exist-, Mi l now. the sirae President who 1ms commenced this war, hi<s d*red to attempt to silence lh? voice of a fro.- people in opposition to Ills measures, by i t ^rln* stslo eland<-ra. Was there ITlf a ?W?|s pr. Inn lir.g to be fr-'e who did not ex?roiHe the right and privilege of exprrtsIn* their opinion in regard to the conduct nf the t ru lorn? Why, my friends, this 1 ri sideut of the United S at as is your servant, elvcted by the people, who ate the sovereigns They elect individuals to-xerolaa th? functions of government, to exerone the j nbllo will and are thrbr delrgntes who ar* clot hed with amhorlty a>id liave delegated to them those powers, t > t il y >u, tttelr testers, th?t you sha}l nut lea a ire Into th>-ir conduct, or PKpriss aiiy opinion 1V1 regard to it? <bd those santiiuents ?re promulgated in a country pretending to be fie.? Anil i.i-rs, in your (>?" city you h??a the p.nsl n-<d aortuMei-a of this PiefWeDi, wilo arc ready to sunder and Vililty you, U you oppose " tkU ?4f, WUk ftU tU? nUi U ?IH toUW o# tfes eooatry, wnUh l? ttutr turn w>U bflni ?*IU. Nona *r* K great M thCM Infamous doctrinal, that BO man dare Bay anything on ?be prosecution of the war. without subjecting himself to the obarge of being a Mexican and a traitor. Why. my fklendi, ft tha apii It whlnh actuated the illustrious Lugllsiiumi, th? Karl of Chit nam, I My ii such a spirit actuated the American people, they would apurn with indignation thoae lnfamnui aeutiinxata, and they would treat with contempt their author. What la your oondltlon if thoae doctrines ere to be re cognised' If you recognise tbem, your President, at oommauder of the army and uavy, by virtue of that oommaii'l.cari aend tha army and nary wher? ha pleaa*.*. He mar give order* for oar penerala to march into Canada They have ao dUoretion; they mutt obey the order, and mu<it m?rch the troopi under tbelr oominand into Canada- Whit la the conaequeooe? Why, tha moment the aoli of Canada 1* touched by tha army, war ii commenced You find youreelf at once at war with (ireat Britain. Some of you may then enquire, for what la our army In Canada? and aome inaoleut minion of tha president, who gata a living by feeding on tha offala of ihe Custom Houm?. will get up and tell you that you have no right to make tha enquiry. It la enough for you to do tha bidding of tha president, and if jou question the propriety of the war, you are a Britiab wblg or a Maxioanl You are an enemy to your oountry.? Why, the president. in violation of tha constitution, may oommeuce tha war?and how la it to b? ended: Tha same Instrument baa given tha Preaident fall power to negotiate a treaty of peaoe Can you negotiate a treaty in this war f You oannot, ezoept aa you oan operate beyond rulers Although every u-an in the republic may entertain an ardent aaptration for peaoe, yet they have no power to negotiate for it. aa tha powtr fa given to the Preaident alone, and yet they t?ll you. the poor privilege that you ahould exeroliM) over thoae who have the power, la denied to y?u If. la a monstrous doctrine, a degrading one, and if it ahould be contended for, you ant only flt to be Mavea of drepotlo governments or monarchies. Why, the S"rfa of Russia, the trodden dowu eubjeots of monarchy, of all the deapotio powers in Europe. h*ve as much liberty aa we have, if this doctrine la to be aoted on: and I think th? period baa arrived when every American heart should wall with Indignation, and the people repudiate it in toues not tu be mistaken. Well, my friends, for what object was tbla war commenced by the President? No doubt you are often amused by reading the different ot> jects atated by the organa of the administration, about the origin of the war, and there li no more remarkable (act connected with thia war, than that, although we are prosecutiau it for two year*, we don't Sod tliat the friends of the Preaideut agree on what 1* the object of It (Laughter ) Let me refer to the mescage of tha President. H* repudiates the idea that he lit prosecuting it for the purpoHu of conqueat No, he dou't desire to proclaim that; It was oouimenced, not for the purpose of i'?nque> t, but for indemnity. Indemnity for what?? Why they say for spoliations Well thii is tttrauge, to piosaoute for iudumuity for three millions of dollars, the anixuut of the suollatlous. Now, let us look at them for one minute. We ere no# in this war two years; we have expended a hundred milll >na of dollars, and saorlfije<. twenty thousand lives, and for what purpose? Why to recover Indemnity for tnree millions - (laughter) ? and aft* r all this sacrifice tho prospect of this lud'inolty l? as remote as ever. Oh ! this idea of indamutty is the moat contemptible humbug with which a corrupt administration ever attempted to delude the people ? Thvse spoliations have nothing to do wii.h the origin of the war, or its prosecution sinoe, an^ they present no % reason why it should not be brought to a olose by proper negotiations. This indemnity might be easily provided for Is any man so simple as to believe taac the Mexicans would make that any objection in the way of negotiations? Why she will expend more in one month, than the wbole amount of ttie mouey we olaim from her i ids nfina, wmcii minot jeciittuti our o>rain*rce on tbat oceai.; if we waut that, let ui, in 'ha name of Hea eu, enter into negotiation* for it, and purehaee it honorably Let u? spurn the id- a of taking it ky force or violence from Mexio Now, i?t me ark, ho* can this war be brought to a cl?*? ? My friend * ho preceded u?-, nan referred to that *?ibjpn',and I willaa-?rt, thatxovevument hf< It in Ita i Qwer to reetQre peso* wi hm thirty days Why, then, ha a wo not bad p- aon bef< re? They t?-ll you they are i ying to negotiate -the President telle you, In hi* meaangi, that he hu been eiutiuUtilr d>airouaot peace and propo-ed to negotiate with Mexico Atid hnw did be propoae to d >eor Inatead of ien 1lue a b'mrd of couhdh-aIodo ? wholanding and ctiaranti r would be u pu'<r ny <>f H e inte-mon* ?f th- ?to?erumeni., he t.Xteup *. i-ierk iu oo?- of the d-p%rim>'i>t<, whoBf bUKineiN was <o execute flu order* of hi* nup.-rior ?copjing let ere. amid" everything Uo of tie kind ?and tht< man, tbl* cleric In one of the d>v?i t n^nte. la ...? >n *: - * - "-UK vu v?- |>HFUiyviu. u-try lO m .collate on tOc groat rnbjeut of praco or w*r; nail at the very time b? la aent b<\ a* haa been told to you by tb? neotleui?n tbat preccdxlmr, it aent d >wn with lnatrkt.ona wha, todo Mr Polk aaya to biro, you muat gt-t one-ih'rd if tbe Mexltun terri'ory or make tio peace ut all Under auob olruumat tnore, wbut oould be expected to reeult from such negotiation*.but failure? flad the PrfBidei t entrua ed General Tuylor or l>' n*ral Soott (vuplnua*) with th*te neuot at'Ona?bid h? appointed n b inrd of Commlaaloners from both p'utti-a, tlilj war would have terminated long befory tin* time Let him purine tbat couiee now. and tbe war will be terminated at mice He call* on the Congrrpa of t be (Jotted states to vote him thirty thousand men, and authorise hint to make a loan of thiity-eigbt millions, in order to ei able him to prosecute this war vigorously and oompM Mexico to dUmetnber ber territoi y I do not know whit Cocgtrea will do; I o*n <m>y say for one, and lor myeelf, that I w.iu'd rather have my right aim struck off theu vote Mm either men or mouey. ^Cbeera and I.!**'*.) I would bu willing to vote any amount of men, I would be willing to exhtuat the rnfonroi-a of the country, if It wtr< ?uc.-s iry for the hon^ r and independence of the >>oiiutiy j and let but a fore'gn hostile toot be planted < n thia so?l, and I would b? willing to driiin the resources of tha oiuotry of every deaorlption for the d?f?nae of our honor ; but I am not willing to iu'pose on nay corirtitveote to vote supplies to enable t.h* Pr< rident to cany out bla embltloaH designs to dismember Mexico, and d?-spoil her of that wl.loti we don't want, ard which she dooa not wioh to part with. Waa there tver a laore lingular spectacle pr>-souted than we do ? Have wo forgotten the principle* of Washington, who in hia iareweil addresa, warned the people tfcftt t$ -j should he wary of st<u<Jic? ariuietf Why, wo have ;iow an ur.ay a* largo a* w- hid in tb<* la?tw?r with Ornnt Britain We are creating aa tbe rr<uk of war, a batoli of military heroes wlio Me e*gf t'.y looting foiward to the boners and emoluments of cffloo. as tbi r*B.ilt of their services It ia suaiuat tho p olicy of lh|e couutry to encourage any thing or tMs kind t know vlOt** nii.ii uro deserving of Ihulr country'* Rft?.':tu(l3 ?\A j, iw??cr so much I opposed to Uns w*r, I hui billing to *?' I to tho.e R?ll*nt spirit* nil th-> ^r?tStudg tbey right i .oWiin frout tlie uvarc* of th>-?r country. uiKD Tb*y hdva fougtit w?U t^?y h*vn dispUyrd a Milan' < a ri cn 1 h? fl<li?of v.eslno uu- qiuliadlnlh. hinto.y. The; Ln??acht?v?d Tlrinriea wbicu '?? ?-*1 " )>H'? around tb? brow or Napo* l?-?u ; but f'trS** I <!" ""t want ti) oo/itinn- this vr.r tor llif pulp^'1 of ' *?? world tb?*. our *oldi-r? our inure l'.** ' milypatab iah-td. Wna, *ft?r tbK, will duub. iht br?? '*?y*Aibmiomi". oi tb??r o?p/.billty lo Mcooiup is<i nuv wff* ^ ^ '^?uUtad, it if only iifccm.ii.ry to potSt.,1" 'bH of r*lo Alto. n.a*c? J.i lit Fa. ma ^ouUyry, Uu- V'l ? am] C?rq ooiao iU> tMi*bll8U .t?.? Ue~ ""H A?wricm sklli ?nil Taior In ruu?i 10 aiiy i" "* , ^ w?>rld lj?* aver proouoad. ho Urns ibis if ooM9#rne? wu ' ?'? aecom pil?bt*d *n< ugh ? enougli, iu God* cf giory, to aattafy thy most aruuiit 1ov>tm v?' ?*?u. ler, us uu? inciiiiu our huaru to th? raV?'bum-ton pmotic?? whicti am calculated (o lili up iuUr-Bia of thu ration Il*wi-Tir, the prrg.iietit n,My ?'-id-avnr to Stldu tba ao'lou of lbn pet-pi-, on this w ,'nJ ' '* pow^r impotent I hul .Of honor to Ci^a ni*,?"b-1 o* conar-jiis thrn thin w. r oommrriced. an ft 1 jP"11'1 myael/ atiK'UK a small minority iu tha Hom of H?pr ?*m?'i*' *i witb majority of s?veuty-tTu as i.icor.Hjibl*.1 o0'00"" as I o?*t chw ii'iy vb?n<, oppcmtij to u? l??"? m ?u? hnrdiy eoojMb v? -h* to yull ?y?? >?rid whi?i *U?'Ij a aojftil batsil Th* pr<mdi ut was flua !|* w'!b a larg-majority ; nut slnif IU>it iim.^ a ?n?on? h'1* a" k-u ]>Uoe Tba proecut Houiia ol R pr?l^clltati?*, in* t*a i of uouUiiiiiiK a uiUun.y tif h?a a iu?| How b?a it b?*n wiib jour own fe.ibpir? HrHlr (CbHrrs.) Out ef over ihlr.y-tour wrtubrrs m thi " l*>Bjjreff, sri'itfrnd huva aud thur^, !IUd few at 4 irUlfrirli, lt.n< yt n?|h. ?ib tw. mV-'tr Ti? tS.4ii>ii( wuiga trooi tb.* gx? ut Sutu o, N.wVoik liias' trtu.y l.iir?r 1,.<-U Wtfn irli I'M il l>y ycu,'^ Srfutly ? dll 1*1. UU? <4 K( IlitOU (/? ? fO Y?u <iutt Lfifl Pn.B.Jcl ,hl WW. W?t* tbay a??ou?i u> auj<pvrt t.i? rn?m ?. in m / This would not Btand In the way ofpeaee one minute. But they tell you the people of this country insist ? n our prosecuting this war. Who are tbe people of this ooun'ryf What is the bon#st opinion of our countrymen? It I* the opinion of doing right (AppUu**) I'alfc to ine that the opinion of the country i< to uarry oo the war and rain Mexino?kill lier woman and children. and siau/h'.ur her people? umll th? widow's ory, and the orphan'* moan, shall a<oend to Ood from ev?ry blood-stained tleid throughout her vast domain. Dors I ha opinion of this oonntry carry na to this? What would be thought or the individual who would be g'.nd to abstalu from wrooglng an individual, but his honor demands that, he should meet him on tbe highway and butt out hta brains? No, the same principles which govern tbe conduct of individuals, should govern those of nation*, (applause) and the same Ood who julges individuals, w 11 also judge nations on the prlnoiples of juAtloe But the President tells you we must have at least California and N. w Mexico, before we conolnde tbe war; that we uuic prosecute it until Mexioo yields to our terms. Now this is the ouly ohject for which the w*r is pros?ou ed, repudiate and disguise it as much as jou may It was commenced und prosecuted for no other object, and it will be prosecuted for this object until tbe ctrong arm of the aeopie shall be interposed between the President and its farther prosecution Now, fellow oitisers, let us look at this. Suppose we should geiali Call lernla?the iwo California*, and New Mexico. Suppose we ehr.uld get one-half of the whole of Mexico, if the army of the Unit <d States will be Able to wring euoh terms from that country; I aek, would it ha to cor advantage to hive it? I dvl?mnly, that every foot of land we get from tfcla war, will bw a curae on thin p*ople and their descendants I belieTe every produce we take from that distracted country?every acre of ground?wilt only bretd diaoont ut and dineation among ouraelvea, and pi]? up for oar ohildren evils ever which they will dou, and deplore the Infatuation of their fatbera, who entailed (hoae evlla on them. What do we want of that oouutry T Every one who baa aeen it, aaysthat It ia t poor desolated country without the capacity of aaatainlng any pooolation, but the wandering hordea of Mexloo. What advantage are we to acq aire by it? It reminds me forcibly of a story which 1 beard the other d?y from a Yankee Aa the t>ry went, a man got in dot, aud shut up store He dicp'iird of all bin property, and It eceurred to him that it would be a guttd apeenlaUon to o+toh rnUle snakes and tame th>-m. After aome time he e*nght alz, end put theu in a bos He w*-nt through the prooee* of training them, and one day one of bio creditor* came to him, and pr> aeed h-m for an adjustment of his debt. Why, my fr'.end, aaid he, 1 am entirely broken up, and nil I have got ia aix rattle tonk a Well, raid the crt-dl or, I must have three of th?m (Laughter ) Well, now Mexloo owft ui three millions. Shu has got notbiDg but tbla poor barren territ >ry, which ia *orth Just about as much aa the rattloanak-s; and the Pi esldeot is eo z-d with the idea th*t in order to obtain justice for thia country, he must hate. at least, tbree of the rattlesnakea [Laughter j 1 wish tba Vleiioana to keep their rattlesnakes to themaelvo* ? ("They mijht bite ?om? p-raon preset) Tb?re is no purt of that torritory of any use to us except 1 he bay of Shu Francisco, tu Lower California, on

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