Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 24, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 24, 1847 Page 1
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_ g'-aLLIU TH1 W liol* No. 4 WOO. IIO WilliXJTHKATUK ? A. W Jackson Monger; Bus* U V1nBM?r \l? Htb*""?Frida- Eveninf. Dee ti. will bs presented the drain* of DON CiEZAR lib BAZ AN ? Don Crsarde U<zau.Mr. C. W.CIaike; Mvqisde Hotanda, Bell'imy; Maritime, Mrs Phillip*. After which the JAt.OBITE?Sir bichird Wimiiluou. Mr. Tilton; John Dock. Mr. borki; La)v SouierforO, Mrs. Jordan; Widow Pottle Mri. Ktickney. T ? conclave with the d aina of tfea FLYING DUTCHMAN?Vanderdecken, Mr. Htevens; Peter Vol Bum<n?l. Mr. 0. Barke; Lestelle, Mr*. Walew. Doors open at (ii<?I'uiUln rises at ?. Boxes ti cents; Pit aod (ialltry ceuts. Ha I'H \M THKATHtt.?U>?utbe M***irataeai Oi Vu J KM-.TDHKH-Siwe Manaeer, Mr Hield?On Friday eveninc. De*. 3(, will be perforated the admired cmedy of'hr H )NK V MOON?Duke Arauza, Mr. Hield; Rolando, Mr. Sutherland; Jnliaua. Mrs. McLean. After wb'ch the MODEL AHTI'TKS In their admired Tableau* VieanU Af er which, will be ?un? AN ODE. To eouelade with tb* ROLL OF THE D"UM-I?rneit, Mr. AutHerlend; Cnpt Charles Aubri, Mr Varry; Emilie, Miss Hildreth; Martha. Mrs. Wray. Doors open att>X; performance to commence at 70'eiock. Bon a V> ru? Pit. Hit eta __________ PJ.AL..V10'* OCERA HOUSK. ? Friday Kreuuig. Dec. 34, will be presented the favorite Vaudeville of NAVAL E NO AOEMEVT8-Admiral. Mr. Anderson; Lt Franklin, Mr Dyott; Mrs Pontiffi, Mrs. Vernon. After wliicii will be presented the popular Orand Mallet of OISICLLE, or THE WILLIES? Giselle. Madame Auifusta;? rnu^e A'Uretcn Mom * retmicks. ine performance* u? conclude with the relit comedy in oue act of LKND M? FlVfc *HttXINGft~Mr. Golighty. Mr. W. B Chapman; Mrs Major I'hobbs, Mrs Abbott Prices?First Tier and farqrittte SO cw?; Second Tier, 25 cent*. JM MUCH it LI* OLYMPIC THEATRE?Friday Eftnine. Dec tli- the urrlormnnces will commence with PIMDF. "F TUE MARKET?Isidore Faeine. Mr. Holland; Msrquis <le Volauce, Mr. Arnold; Market. Marv Taylor ? , A'ferwhch. for the 9th time, UPPERHOW HOUSE IN DISASTER PLACE?A la Mode, Mr. Chanfrau; Jemie Twiteher, Esq . Mr.Connver; Lutestring. Mi?? MaryTav'or; Bi'in, Mm Phillips After which the extravaganza of the CHIVEME JUNK?1Theophilut Catchall, Mr. Cunningham; M.-aier-om L?dy, Mis* Mary Taylor. To conclude with WHO DM THEY TAKE ME FOR?Colonel Templeten, M'. Clnulrnu; Mrs. Doruigton. Mia* Pbillipi. Dress Circle, JU crs; Uppfr Boies 2ic; Pit. HSc BilO.vlJ WAY THEATRE-BENEFIT OF MADAME ANNA BISHOP, being positively her last appeal ance ? Friday Evening, Dec 31?The eutertainmenta will commence with 1 he comedy of THREE WEEKS AFTER MARRHOIC? Sir Cha l*s Ha-k?t. Mr. Barrett; Mr. Drugget,; Lady RaclM. Mile Telhin, Mrs Dru/get Mrs. Winsianlev. Reliction from NORM A?Norma. Mad m* Anaa B"liop; Fnvio, Hignnr BenUti. Selection from LOVE SPELL.?Adi-a, Mndame Anna Bishop. To conclude with ? ciruiui from T.WCRKDI, sunn by Madnme Anna Bishop. Drrss Circle and Pa'qiette, $!: Family Circle, (2i tier,) SO cents; Upper B see. 23 cents; Gallery, 12>? cents. Doors open at o'clock?performance to commene* ar 7. A- ? I OkTlACE|OPERA.?Friday, December 24ti.. will be presented Donizetti's Opera, in three acta,of LUCIA Dl L A.VIERMOOR? Lord Henry Ashton, S'r Ferdiuando G Beneventauo; Lucy of Lamermoor, Sig'ra Ter?ai Trulli: Sir E<Uarof Kavenswood S'r Benedetii; Lord Arthur Bucklaw, S'r Felix Uenovesi; Haymond, H'r Hettimio Koai; Alice, Hiu'ra Auifiolo Mora; Gorman, S'r Cellipno Albertaxxi.? M lestro Dirattore. Signor Banlli. Leader of the Orchstra, Signor R;ip*tti. lines. Parquet, and Balcony. SI; Amphitheatre, 50 cents Box Office open daily, fr^m half p?t I to 12 o'clock, and at No {Wall itreet baseme it from 1 to 3. Doora open at T o'clock. To commence at half past7 V'l KCHAiNlCS' HALL,. <73 Uroidwar. Uniii - " ??d Hrootn* atreeta. Crowded to overflowing with tht BE AUTY and FASHION o( New York. OPEN EVERY SIGHT UNABATKD 8UCCESS Twelfth Week of the ritfiual ?;HtllHT V'H MINSTRELb. The Oldeit Ea tablishad Bind in the United Statea K. P. CHRISTY. E PEIRCE, O. N.CHRISTY C. ABBOTT. J. RAVNOR, T. VAUGHN, 8. A. WELLS, whoa* original and inimi table concerts are nightly nonored with caowded and highly resectable audiences, and universally admitted to excel v*rv arauiemeat of similar character offered in thia city Admission 25 cents Children under II years, half price JJoors open at 2; concert will commene* at 3 o'clock. On Christmas D?y an Afternoon Concert. Doora open at 2 o'clock, Concert will commence at 3 o'clock dl? 7t*rc BUOAUWAY OUJEON?Entrance through Pmtaax'i Saloou?Uuder the unnagement of Mr. E.G. Orkkl.t.? thia Evening, December 24, 1M7?Tha GREEK SLAVE will be presented ihia evening. Part 1?The ETHIOPIAN HARMON ISTS.wh* will appear in a variety of Songs Olees, Rafr-iia*. Solos, and Dances. Part 2?New TABLEAUX VIVANTa, or Living Male and Female Figures, by the Moiel Artists, iucluding, among other groupiUM, "Massacre of St Bartholomew." " Morning Star?' " Neptune Rising from the Sea ' The Maypole Dance," and a Grand National Tableau hi Honor of the United State*. Orcheitra Box. 50 cents, Parqnrtt. 2S cants; Bonis 12K cents. dl9r A mil %I<. AN MUMKOV ?SPLENDID PERFORM ANCE8 thii AFTERNOON and EV NINu. at 3 and 7X o'clock. The ETHIOPIAN 8KRENADER8 appear In a variety of ioun. choruses, glees, Ice.? OREAT WESTERN, in an entire New Conic Melange, Written expressly for him. Other performer* of talent in their respective pirti are engaged, including Miss BERNARD Mr.. Mowell. Mine* JULIEN, aud WH1TLOCK, Mr WHITLOuK, Mr. hLAVIIV. Comic and Sentimental Kinder, 8tr See . A beautiful IVORY CRUCIFIX, which has jnst arrived from Italy, from one of the first maatera in Sculptu*e, it to ba icea for a conjunction with all the other attractions of the Museum. Admittance to the whole. 25 centa; children under ten yean of ace and old euouth to walk alone, 12X ctnu. Reierred Iront aeata. one ahi'line Mch extra. d>9 r MbLoDEON. S3 BOWERY ?MERRY CHRIHl'MAS. There wiM bs four grand performances on Chriitmai Day for ihe iccominod tiou of ladies and children, commencing as follows, ?iz Morning, at II o'clock ; two in the afterno commencing at 1 o'clock and 3 o'clork ; one in the eve :">#. "t 7 o'clock. The entertainments will consist of Ethinpia? performance*. new soags, glees, choruses, extemporaneous *<ying<( solos, itetne dancing, Nejro daoeing, kc., fce., by ttie cdcbriied aud jostly popular Eihiopian Minstrels. Admini ,n only slipecce. R. fc C. WHITE, Proprietors. dW 2t-rc CHKI9T1MA8 EVE?Society Library Lecture Koom. eomer of Broadway and Leonard street?TYROLEAN CONCEKT?THE KAU8ER FAMILY, relativea of the celebrated" Kaiuurs," will havetne honor of giving posi'ively their iati ''oucert, (previous to their departure for Boston ) on Krirliv evening, Deccmbsr 34th, at the 8oc etr Library, on which oce<*iou they will preient an entire Change of programme. Ticket*, admitting a Ueotleiavn and two Ladies, one Oe'Ur; Single Tifk'U, Fifty <'.ents: to he had at the Me vc Sio'ea. and at he Door on the evening of performance Ji:*rh and Fruit Hnuser will perform several Tyiolean Wat zee, un the Cithern and (Jni'ar. Doora open at (X, to commence at 7>jJ o'clock. Mo postponement on a'couut of weatlie-. d!3 3t*r G.ll ri'HACTION ?The Sable Minstrels. under the direction of W. HAINES, would moat reapectfully iuf rm their friend* and the public thu ha? ing jut returaed to the eitv. they intend giving an entertainrerni at Mi<erva Hooms. 406 Qr?adway, Clirirmi* night, when will be produced some nt their best solos, duett*, aud tMnM whicli have hee? Mcei?ed by (lie moat reapectible audience* with unbound -d appl'.i?e <U3 2>*rc WAl. N t IT 8 IT UK A Fll K, IrhiUdeTi-hia?Le.iee, Air. K. V >1irihill. Vlairtger, Ms. J. Waltack, Jr.?MR. ROLLINS' Heurfiund Last Appearance?Christmas Eve? Friday Evening. December 21, will be performed ihe IRIHH AMBASSADOR? ii' Pitnck U'Plenipo. Mr Collins Afier which, the WHITE HOUSE OK THE PEPPER*-(lirald Pepi er^lr. CoMm* To conclude with TEDDY THE TILE R-Taddy the Tiler, Mr Collin*. In the coarse of the evening. Mr. COLLIVS will ?iug, for the la?t time, many of hi* inoji fnvorit- meloaies. To-morrow, Chnstmis Day, a iple.idid per ormauce. On Monday, Madame Biihop'a Operatic Comy. \ VON i'Hi>.ATilK, NORFOLK, Y irguiu, now in com* J*- pit :e repair and redecorated m ty be rented by transient exh b on lur the Chriitma* holidtya, and during the mouth* of Jdiin >ry aaJ Ketiruar-. by ihe night or week. Addrte*, UWM.I?. li'. R. BURTON, Philadelphia; Mr W CORYork; or Mr. W. J HARDY, Norfolk, V*. ir#3teoi,*re rpPlK aN>i7AL~ OHAND EXCLUSiVi: FA*CY If DRES3 It ALL. of the Original Minerva Society, will take pace at the Minerva Room*, Broadway, on Chri*tmat Eve. Ore 2l. iH?7. Ticker* can be ob ained at the Koom* ? H W'l, TIU'KSDKLL, Pre.ident; K. D. Bakkr, See'y- A ' ntnmer will be in attendance with Dreaiea of every description. d23 2t*m THE SECOND'AMNUAL BALL, of the Allen 8treet K?cket Club will tike place At the Coliseum, Thur*day Kveni. g laneary Clh, 1848. Tickets cm bekad at the Court, in a l> i Hlrrrr. dW 3'*r 0 ?!''; BOXKS MElODEO vs. A>b""AL;cbKD"EON.S? Tne subscriber, manufacturer and importer of Mn*ioai ln'ruments, ha* f ir aalc a large assortment of Aceordeom Mclodrons, and Mnnctl Boxe*. and all kind* of Musir,i < vnwiiin naarir oi l-..i.?? ...... .... nftr of (iujld itreett d16 Ht*w (JrLKfDl"D HOSE ffpOD I'liNO KOKTK KOR fv WALK?An elegant Auiahed supirior toned. C\ cct-ive, <??iiiir cue panneI aud and I'iano hone, made to order, b , oi.e of the first mtkers iu Oermaiiy. is offered far sale at a very frso: ha., < . $140. being riehlv worth over $330. The Piano 'orre c? ; be v? irnnted to bo, lor tone, touch, and finish a v v ?ir.erior imtrnment, and nay he aeen at 110 Hpring. between Laurent and Thompson streets. dU llt?rc PT'.Nil KOlliKH ?OR HIRK ? J V. RKNDERmin, maruta'turer of Pi.ino Fortes, '.<9 Broadway, hai constantly on hand an assortment of superior roaewooi a" 1 nvihTaany piano fortes, kept expressly for hire. Alio, an eifnsiv* aud well selected stork of new and Popular Mnsie ; violin and guitar Strings, lie., J49 rtroadway, Between Hpring Pririff atmfa dH llt*rre rp7?K V.VIEMI W -I'SK M, TIMltfl. No. IMMf l row, will cont-vui the tirst of a most eicitin* and wonderful series >i| aitides, entitled, "Klectro Harmonic Piano Fortt!" Theie ar?icle? will creata thefutmost astonishment, exni'tment, ami wonder in the musical world; in fact, they may worn <p?Tf*Ct rrv -1 ntion in perfurinincea. I' will alanaontain "A Bachelor's tfonueta,''" ( rot'h'ta and Q rivers." " foreign Kacts," editora'a ahnnt the holidays, ni'onf the Mei.ielssolm Musical Offermi{, the Concerts. Th?atre?, Mmical Keviews, Ike , Sec , kc. The American Mnucal Times will be I rioted on the he-t (inality of paper, i with ii?w tyi e. and wi'l be the m >at desir.ible ol the weeklies, to all 'oven, profesmrs, and connoisseurs in rouiic.'and musical aei*ne<*. rnee *3 i>er annum, or S cents i>tr copy Office of |uMieatno, l'4 Naaaau street. dlt tt?rc MIMICAL SOUVENIR?The Musical Annual, p-epaied -vl. bv'hrsnbic iber w II be ready lor delivery on and alter | Tlinrttfay, lid. It contains Songs, with likenesses of Jenny L -d, Mviume Rishop < nh Popular R.llada, Wsl'zfs, Polkas, Q i ck ? epn It''.. tu daomelv pound with lilt edges, and any ueaire 1 nam* hi I be printed on it free Prire $3 JO. Byre- ' tun. inu $l. it v i I he inaikd 'o aey part of the country free of | p snitp. Th- inusic contained in it will be almost entirely < ij?w i: HOLT Jr . 150 Fulton street, corner Broadway. I ri2S.VWJtP-VWItr*rc 'I'll-. ii'lVlrt) H A TI'' MONITOR. KOK CMRlsTX Mpreaenta to ita patrons a beautiful and poetical pa- | I 91 a M |ni| Keativil of ( hristmaa; t rinciains on Ma- . <1 ma Bishop; Onca Italians; Baltimore Letter, slightsketches nl the I ahionablea; Wathmgioo Letter, excellent; Boatou { f,*rt?ra !i>t<liIv intrreaiinit. Btonea, Punch and o her matter. BRRFOKD It CO "?o S Attor Hani*. dM st* 1 UKN a Vi8T a iOWLINO ALLEY?OrMl ?pon (or J the Holidiy* Hecol'ect4t V*?ey atreet, between Church ' r.nii tfreaawich. Price UH centra a'rnn. d!4M*rc I 0~ O P e. Ne.lV HIKK OAS LIOH 1' COM- 1 P VfS Y, Die aiber 21, 1(17.?The annul I election for thir tr en Directora of Chi* Company, will be held at this office, No. ' 176 Centre ?tr?et. od Monday'ha 10th day of Jnnuiryneit, between ihn lionra ot II and U o'clock. A M. The tnnafer ] book will he cloaed from t:ie 24th hiat. until after the elec- , "i !Jvonl?r c. h. KV krit P. Secretary d22 I4t r Lookout* don',:koroiltthkhIon okth? , fu.x ? Lov ra of food ' h'latmaa Ponltrv and Otme and . tv ??tuw rii(?. pteaaoi all on old DAVID HIT I UUE k 'O, , for he ia a -11 iiac off below coit. The hign of the old Foi, i ni in il.el Id e row Waah nfton d'4lt'rc ' Ji, l?L,ANiT MAN OK*. CHUAMft?jAi. ! m i'z i "'H\LI) w.mld reipectfnlly inform the private i fcm IImo' New Vork ami Brooklyn, that ha wll ma h* i be 1 an.ire n iin?d article! it their i.wn reatdei eea, mneh cheaper | ind far surerii'T tn any pori baird at th? couftetionera. New Vcir ublnt aei out, nod all ordera for cook in*, waiting on din- i ii?.a, inpi'ira, h?lla,and evening p-.rtiea, immediately attendr.l to rituexpi'ly at Mr Kerr'a. 7M Broadway, m to Mr. ' i Cu"k. Oi'i at and tth iftnue. Heatdenca No. 17* Aprlag t'ra?i 4X4 lt?Bi j i-'i. I NE NEV ADDITIONAL PARTI0ULAB8 OF T11K TBBMENDOUS FLOOD AT THE WEST. TERRIBLE DISTRESS. GREAT DESTRUCTION OF PROPERTY. INCI DENTS. Sic., &c., &c. Ths Herald't correspondent, at Cincinnati, has sent us still later accounts of the tsrrible distress occasioned by the freshet at that place. In addition to this, we give a list of accidents and incidents, extracted from paper* published along the line of the rivers. These aooounts are truly appalling.:? Cincinnati. Ohio, Deo. 17, 1847. To attempt to desoribe to you the disastrous flood whioh has met me on my western tour, would be impossible. Sinee 1 Mt Buffalo, it seems to me as though It was intended that I should pass through soenee calculated to humble me in my feelings The storm on the lake, and passage by oanal here, are worthy of a better pen than mine to give lite and effect to them. 11 ut now. ft is hard to realise the awful oalamlty whioh has fallen upon the western people by this flood The daily papers oan tell you .how much; but they do not give a tithe oi the distress to the poor people or this place. The whole lower part of the elty up to Pearl street (the most reeembllng our Cedar) flooded with water; and In that street the cellar* are full, four entire squares, the length of the city, flooded. And the worst is, that the lower part is the dwelling of poor people, having nothing but their dally labor to look to for suppert, not able to pay the exorbitant prices asked by oartmen and laborers to remove goods. The city oouncil have adopted measures (the best they could) to relieve the distress; but imagine ten thousand destitute beings drowned out of home and home, flocking to the churches (thrown open by their respective congregations) for a Klaoe of shelter, until the flood abates. I watered my orse Dolly (you know her) at the corner of Mala and Pearl streets to-day at noon; that may give you an idea bow far up in the city the water is I went on top of tue mgu ana on uuservaiory mil, ma irom irifif i nan a view not to b? surpassed Overlooking Cincinnati, and taking linntuoky In sight, I saw nearly a whole town under water?the roof* of the houses, for the most part, the only things visible Kail two thirds of Newtown Is eutlrely covered. Imagine New York, on the North River, overflowed for Its entire length four blookn from the river, the houses nearest it bring twelve feet under, and you will have an idea of the flood here. The oartmen charged one dollar a load to carry property to what was considered out of danger, and over fifty cents an hour. 1 would advise travellers coming this way during the preeent high stage of water, to oome by Pittsburgh. Money is so icaroe here that hogs are not worth three dollars, when if money was plenty they would easily bring four Wandereb. P. 8 ?The river is now at a stand still, and will commence falling before night. [From the latest newspaper 1 Cincinnati, Deoember lath, (Evening.)?At noen, today, at the oorner of Main and Water streuts, the water was just 3 feet 8 iuches below high water mark of 1834 The river is rising rapidly.- On the east side of the olty the water is high above Front street bridge; also, above Congress street bridge. Third street bridge is above water, Dut the low ground on eaoh side is oovered. Boats are passing through Front and Congress streets. On the west side of the olty, the whole of the squares and buildings below the upper line of Colnmbia street, are under water, and communications through Water, Front, and Columbia streets, can only be made by boats. From the Whitewater oanal to the river, through the lower part of the city, the houses are under water. The lower part of Sixth, on the Barr property, on whioh are many One buildings, is under water. Third street, in nearly its whole length, Is lined with barrels, drayed from below. Night before last an lneident occurred well worth recording: aooal boat had passed with a man, whose leg was broken, alone on it. This boat was one of five lost from the landing by Mr. 8. W. Pomeroy. Isaao Tittle, who had been in his employ, was endeavoring to secure the boats, when he got entangled with a cable, and his leg was broken. The boat went off with Mr. T. on board, and relief (nine at night.) termed impossible His brother, (Henrj Tittle.) ho ir ever, took a skiff, with one oar, and sucoeeded in overtaking him btlow tbe oity, and getting him to a bouse on the Kentucky Biiure, ?aen o? resiea ior tne mgnt Yesterday morning his leg ?u o?t by Dr. Worthlngton, and. In the afternoon, he was brought over to the ottj by Mr. Pomeroy, and la wall attended to. The boldness and aklU of his brother In the fklff probably caved his life Several roof* hare l>?ea broken by the weight of snow. The gai works were closed last evening, and also all leotnrea and public exhibitions. Great amounts ot property, in barrels, auoh aa salt, sugar and groceries, ware yesterday afternoon removed to the streets above tba bottom On Third street, Broadway and other streets, we observe large quantities of goods In barrela, placed along tha streets. AU tha drays and carts in town seemed to bs employed in the business of removal. We ( met a young drayman early in tha forenoon, who had made eight dollars and a half in the morning. The drays are oarrying passengers this morning across Columbia street for five cents a pieoe. The condition of the market shows, as strikingly as anything oan do, tbs impaseabls slate of tha roads leading to the eity. We oounted but fifteen huckster's wesons, not one ot which was from beyond the suburbs. Usually the lewer market is woll attended by wagons from Sycamore township, oomtng on the Montgomery road, but we did not see one wagon from that direction. The market gardeners wsre all absent. Two or threa vegetable hucksters were in from the suburbs <f the oity We apprehend that n-arly all the market gardens are under water; and that the vegetable marknt, for the winter, will be made dtflcleut from this cause The milkmen from beyond Mill Creek and the Licking, are also all absent. The high dyke, at the bridge on the Mlama road, is under water. ? /Corning Ckmnicl*. Din. 16 ?At sunset, last svening, the water hadrisen to a height within twenty inches of the Great Flood of li3'J? the highest rise within the memory of living man Some idea of the extent of the distress occasioned by this fl<x>d may be formed from the fact that over five hundred families in this city alone have been driven fiom their homrs? many of them leaving their furniture behind, and compelled to seek whatever shelter charity might open to them. Hundreds were entirely destitute of even the common neoessaries of life, and, with small chil'lrrc. Were aoniDelled to t&ke ?fn? In tha nhnrnhai and angina house*, and raly alone upon the benevolence of the community for sustenance. Many families took up their quarters In the C athedral, and their neoe?ltlea vara freely adminiatered to by the priest* and other* It wa? thus In other ohnrohaa and engine houses; and thank* are particularly due tha mayor and marshal, for thalr exertion* In behalf of the** lutferar*. The blow at this time fall* more heavily than In '3'J? for there are more to suff-r, and prloe* of all neceasaries land higher than at that nerlod? and, besides, the ground i* covered with a two foot depth of *now, aud the weather oold and dliagreeable. Thl* I* not all?wood la aeiling at ten dollar* per cord, and other necessaries at an equally rascally rata? rascally, because there i* nothing to mitigate the uncharitable, mean-hearted spirit, thatlnduoed a rise In prioa of that for whiah the sufferer cries There are thoae among us, deserting, at least, the scorn and contempt of all. who huve undertaken to speculate upon tha distress of thepnnr, and to build their fortunat upon the suffering* of the stricken We witnessed yesterday, In the lower part ot the city, a striking Incident. A drayman was aaked to remove the furniture ot a poor woman from a dwelling Into which the water was than rising The drayman refused to haul the load, to the distance of about one square, for l-ss than two dollars, (being offered one dollar?all she had,) and told the woman that she might "stay and drowa, If she didn't like to give It." The dlatreaa of the woman excited the sympathy of the crowd,and the rudanea* of the man It* Indignation One Individual anion; tha by stander* ran Into tha water waist deep, sprang I upon the dray, knocked it* owner off into the water, drove to the door of tha poor woman, and removed her furniture. Thl* was done amidst the cheers of the crowd There are incident* similar to thig In constant transpiration, and enough to be witnessed at alt times to exolte the warmeat sympathies of the heart. In Mill i Creek Valley, the water* are beaked op to a tremendous height,and many of the prettiest residence* are surrounded by water Meveral houses exhibit the roofs only, and one or two that drifted off and lodged against the hill side. Hernial hundred hogs were drowned at the White Mills and other places in the bottom Thirty head were taken oat alive at Batee'. after having floundered about amongst the drift the whole night. All the foundries of the city have suspended operations?some In consequence of a want of water by the stoppage oi lhe Water Works, and some from having too much water. Columbia, Front, and Water streets are all entirely inundated, and heavy oharges are made to ferry people aoross the streets The Broadway Hotel Is enlakid, end has started a ferry! Congress street was also partially liiundHtfil last evening, aud the water was rl ling with a rapidity that threatened to go beyond 1*33 ! 1 he wood-yards being all flooded out, steamboat business is also suspended, not being able to get fuel, nor to receive or discharge freight or passengers. Klve bouses passed the dtv yesterday?upon one of which a man was seated, balling to thoee on shore, and upon the roof of another were scattered the bricks of the shimnev. and the erane vines were hudn- ??? - Front By acoounta brought In fast evening by th? tearoer Monongabela. all the town* above are flooded, the stream* pouring out, and the river rising at ?verj 1 point. Tbe newa of fib* fall of tha water at MayivlUe. waa evidently a hoax. It ! reported that tbe water wan rising at Augusta, Kettucky, qnlte fait, yesterday afterneon A gentleman who reached here yeater lay, dlreet from Baltimore, ritt f'lttaburgh, reports that there la no anow on tbe Alle(banlea, that the weather waa uncommonly warm, and that It had rained lnceaeantly durln hla whole trip over the mountalna. As nearly aa be eould Judge on tbe boat. It was still rising all the way down from Httaburgh. All tlie breams, particularly on the south of the Ohio, were pouring out with great vehemence. In Ohio, the rains io not appear to have been so heavy, though tbe atreama l?n<-rally are full. Mr ttcott, the Ice dealer, who left froy on Monday night, and Dayton on Tuesday afternoon, aajs there la no uncommon rise In the Ureat Miami that tbe aanal la in good order, and the roads paaaabl*. The whole of the WhltawtWr Caul ilitrlet la under j W Y O 7 YORK. FRIDAY MORN: water, anil the tin* of th? c?nal itself l? not observable iu the spa-e that stretches from the Basin, near Western Row, down the Hirer The Court* adjourned yesterday, go a* to put the Court House at the disposal of the Committees of Relief. It will afford temporary shelter to a large unmber. The greatest promptitude has l>eeu evinoed by the Mayor, the Marshal, and other city officers, and numerous benevolent associations and individuals, including ladles, who htve apt ut all their time for the last three days in aff rdios shelter to the houseless poor,and supplying them bountifully with cooked provision* and olothlng. The Mary Pell brought up nearly three hundred persons yMteniay from Lawrenccburgh. who have b?en forced torn their homes by the flood. The whole of New Richmond is under water, and the Inhabitants foroed on to the hills back of the town, where they are oamped out, and crowded into the lew farmers' houses there. The snow has continued to fall, with slight intermissions, since Sunday night. If this has been very general. and it should be suooeeded by a warm rain, the consequenoes may be appalling The town of Vevay, la , is also almost entirely submerged Great apprehensions are felt by the inhabitants of Rising Sun, that the water Will force the high embankment, which served as a barrier against the calamitous flood of 1831. The liver is within one foot of what it was at that time Krom above, we h*ve little information. The Sciota below Clrolaviile ?u very high and tbe lower part of tba stream remarkably so. The dispatch (torn Columbus, however, says that the river there was not high. The Muskingum anJ Kanawha are both reported aa high, be yond all precedent The toirn of New Richmond (-23 miles above) la under watar; and this muat be tba cm* with aeveral of the small towns on the river. We My oonfidT the water at a stand?unless the anow melta to-night Dkc. 17 ?We have aeoounta from above and below. By parrangers on the steamer Lanoaiter. we learn that the tow us of Neville, Moscow, D-:ltn?nt. New Riohmood, i'oint Pleasant and Palestine, are entirely overflowed, and that the people have been drlvin to the hills, where they ertoted tents, and taken ahelter In burns, Jci Some are in a deplorable oondition, and two persona betweeu Neville and Point Pleasant, Mrs. Alioe Itickaon and Oeorga Brownion, who were in feeble health, died in the hills from exposure. The bottom land* of the Miami are entirely inundated, and many of the houses show but their chimney tops, while mauy have been carried away. Near Newtuwn, there are about one hundred wagons loaded with produce for the Cincinnati markets, unable to cross the waters by ferry or otherwise. The railroad track is Hnrirftlv Aiihm?r?rufi I.Iim vratar in anm? nlnptsa at&ndlnor nt a htiiglu above tbe ohlmney tops of a locomotive. A locomotive cannot b? got within ten mils* of tbe city. In cons'queuoe of high water; the turnpike Is impassable at PlaiQTiile, Duok creek bridge, and at Crawtish creek, from the tame cause. Several thousand bushels of ootn whioh had been left in the fl -Ids, has passed out of the Miami into the Ohio, within the last two days, and apasaenger Informs us that at the tiine be paas?d. that stream was literallv covered with eorn, wreoks of fenees, drift, bo The Lauoaster nassed. ou her way down, three bouses, one a tavern, belonging to Palestine, the other a small frame cottage, with turned column portioo, and the other a large barn, with gable windows, in which several fowls were quietly roosting Kvidenoes of tbewreok and destruction above are constantly parsing the city. At the town of Bethlehem, Indiana, a short distanoe above Louisville, whioh is Inundated, five worthy men were drowned, on Tuesday night, while endeavoring to s >ve some wood boats from destruction. Here, as at all the other river towns from which we have heard, the greatext distress prevails On the same night, four men were drowned at Lawrenceburg, while assisting the distressed in the removal of tbelr property At Lawrenoeburg on Wednesday,the large warehouse at the upper part of the landing, floated off. It was full of baled h?y. Two frame buildings were floated off. and the town was some ten feet under water. At the dlstillory of Messrs. Dubles lit. Co. they bad to shoot about 1,000 head ot hogs, and tbsre being no means to dress them there, they will be brought to this cltv during to-day or to morrow. The Kentucky river is higher at the present time than in the last twenty yeai s. The locks and dams are out of sight, and no break can be seen?the boats passing without any difficulty. The lower part of Krankfort Is under water. The flood furnishes the Cincinnati Commercial of the 17th, with the material for the following items Night before last, some contemptible dog in man's shape, entered a house near the White Water Canal, and rob bed it of all the moveables. The family, being overtaken by the flood, had removed the furniture to the second story and went to the bouse of a friend in the upper part of the oity, to remain until the waters subsided The rascal performed his villanous aot in the night, with tbe use of a boat. Weunderstand that tbe " City of Industry," a small tnmwt ? r? mil-. tkli I. 1 with wat?r. Uusinese of all kinds wus suspended, and 1 families had been compelled to retreat to the hills. Two young ladles and a young man were drowned while endeavoring to reaoh a place of security io a email boat. The thieves have taken to piratical operations. We have heard of several robberies within the last three days, where the thieves have forced entranoes Into dwellings des-rted by the occupants in oonseqaenee of the flood. About ten thousand dollars worth of KOAds Wt-re stolen from Cassilly's store, at the f oot of Broadway, daring the night of Wednesday. The thieves bad doubtless loaded a boat from the seoond story window. It Is hoped tbey tnay b? caught, and the.e la a probability tliat they wlU be. Villany appears to increase with the distresses of the people The Water Works w?Te set on fire night before last, in the second story. The watch on the premises discovered it in tine to extinguish the fire. Mr Ezekiel lloss. lumber merchant in this oity, a gentleman highly esteemed, was drowned last evening in Mill Craek bottom, while in a skiff looking after some lumber which had floated away. A poor old colored man, while moving his family from his dwelling, baok of the gaa works, handed a box containing forty-live dollars to a man to hold for him, and when be rowed to shore, the money and man were gone We saw a mm taking an aqvatio excursion down Columbia street yesterday in a sugar hogshead. The oity counoil made acknowledging ot liberal donations Irora several citisens for the relief of the sufferers by the flood A member moved that the oity treasury be drawn upon for au advance payment of the salaries of each individual member, for the remainder of the year, and that the amount be appropriated to the re. lief of the poor. The proposition was laid on the table for further consideration. SbHriH Weaver informs us that during his charitable tour through the flooded portions of the city j?<t?rd?y, he heard music proceeding from a house, of which the upper story and roof only were above the w?t?r, and several (kills were hitched to the window* Upon rowing up. It was discovered that a ball was in full blase, and the waits in giddy whirl to merry musio, males and females participating, unconscious of the danger that threatened them We saw yesterday a man sitting <iui?tlj in a second story window In Columbia street, (ishing with a rod and line and seemingly intent upon the hope of a bite. The south and west walls of the large chair factory, building by N. I.ongwortb, near John and Columbia si rents, gave way this morning. They will have to be taken down. Quite a number of feeble persons have died whils being removed from houses to places of safety. [From the Cincinnati Chronicle, Deo 17.1 The following, taken from Mr. Tuomas's '' Acoount,'' shows the precise points, by measurement, at which the water rose In IM4 : ? The following are the highest planes to which the water came on the different streets commencing with Broadway and ending with Western Row vl/. ?at Broadway It reached the south side ot the Market bouse over the ourb stone, about twenty-five feet of whioh was covered , near the corner ot Sycamore It crossed ta? curb again ; between Sycamore and Main it oame up Produce Alley, and nearly orossed Market street, coming within six feet of the curb oa the north side. Mr. Henry ( lark, druggist, with several other gentlemen want on board a bnnt at his door, within seventy feet of Main street, and went out into the Ohio lllver. On the east side of Main it oame within eight inches of Messrs. Hohnlts's floor; on the opposite Hide, It came exaotly to the corner of I'earl street. On Wall street, east side, it reached to within twenty-eight feet of I'earl ; at the Intersaotion of Vine and the line of Tearl street. It crossed entirely over the latter ; at the Intersection of ] Kaoe and Oreen streets (the latter Is a oontinustion of P?*a?l\ it n ... I ? ii ,i ii . RK ] ING, DECEMBER 24, 18 Kanawha, Muskingum, and Sandy, are the principal onea The present oondltlon of the river ! aa follows : Krlday, 8 A M ?The water rose in the night, about two Inokas, and la now only about six Inches below the flood of lia?2. Water apparently on the itand, having reaohed (from boats) the Jd door on the eaat aide of Broadw*/. below Lower Market, and having crossed Stone rtraet, at the lnteraeotlon of 8d atreet. IKraia the Clnolnnati Commercial, Deo. IB ) That In a oalamity. euuh aa we bare paued through, any peraon could be found to extort from the neeeaaltlea of the unfortunate poor, la almoat lnoredlble; yet It la. nevertneleaa. true Numerous inatancea of the moat beartleaa extortions are reUted. a few of which we will obroulcle to show what heartless belogs live In our luidst. A gentleman seeing a womam aud child's heads tioking out of tbe window of tbeaecond story of a house far out In the foaming water, prooured a skiff from a generous boy, who refuaed any compensation for the uae of it. and brought the woman and child aafe to shore. The g?ntle*au properly refuaed compenaatlon for thia act ot duty, which we all owe to our fellow beings in dietrees; the woman left rejoicing In her reacue, and the rescue or her child from a watery grave; but one of those beings bearing the ahape of man, aee'og that abe paid nothing fcr tier rescue, followed her. and under pretenoe that he waa the owner of the nkltf ? % tnrtixi iwwn hw dollar aui a half A drayman who hauled a poor invalid some two or three *quares, charged three dollar* for the service. A man who plied one of the water orafta, whloh are to be s??u in every etreet below the hill, brought from a house, a short distance from land, one load of furniture, and charged the poor woman three dollar* for the service. She gave him threa five franc pieoea, whloh did not satisfy him, but demoded the balance, fifteen cent* The orowd, inoented at the extortion, took from him the three flee I franc*, gave them back to the womau and * tar ted him. Thi* act of the popniace, we suppose, w?s a violation of I law, but however righteous law* may be, they oannot suffl-ieatiy nurd agalnat all emergencies that may ariae, and althouga we deprecate all violation* of our atatutea, yet we uannat pity the man who would thua extort from the poor In ibtress, their laat dime?their only hope to procure a nlflft's shelter and a day's nub?ist?noe. The above are but a very f<*w of lha incidents of the kind we heard, and we record them with sorrow, but they serve to contrast the sordid spirit of some, with the noble generosity of others who have done all in their power to relieve the dlatraased, and of whom we will hereafter speak wi'h pleasure. . . We were gratified to find, In a round through the market yexierday, that ihe butchers generally bad sent contributions or meat to tha different relief asylums, some of tbem giving vary liberally. Soup bones were decidedly scaroe They have doue well to adopt this mode of bestowing their alms, lnsttad of giving lndlsorlmina'elv at their stalls, wbera so many lmpoatera make a regular practice of applying. The contributlona of provisiona by our citltens generally have been liberal; many have s?nt in clothing, and some blankets and other dry goods The Alleghanians give a concert at the Melodeon, on Monday night, the proceeds of whioh are to be appropriated for the relief of the distressed by the flood About one thousand live hundred dollars have been eubscribed Id monyy. Speech of Hun. John A. Ulx, of New York, In favor of tike Repeal of the HI lot Act of 1H37, delivered In'tbe Senate of tlie United State*, Tuenday, February 0, 1847. The bill 10 repeal the act of Congress of 2nd March, 1837, regulating Pilot*, being under oon*id*ration?Mr. Dii (aid Mr. raioiDcixT?The bill under consideration provide* for the repeal of the aot of Congmss of the and Marob 1837, entitled " An aot oonoerning Pilots." Before I how what the act (bus proposed to be repealed la, It m?y b? proper to state what was the existing system in relation to pilotage, before Congress had any authority to legislate on the subjeot. Before the adoption of the Constitution of the United Slues, eaoh State regulated its own pilot*. It prescribed the mode of their appointment, their duties, and their liabilities Tne State of New York, as early, as 1604, passed a law providing for their appointment by the Governor and Council, and prohibited all other persons from piloting any vessel into or out of the port of New York, under a peounlary penalty. From that time to the adoption of the Constitution, the State legislated exclusively on the subject The regulation of pUottge within its own jurisdiction, was a SUte right. The articles of confederation found and left it so. The Constitution of the United State* gives to Congress the power " to regulate oommeroe with foreign nations and among the several States, and with the Indian tribe*." Under this delegation ot authority, Congress assumed to legislate on the subject of pilotage. I do not stop to inquire now whether this power is fairly incidental to the express authority given it to regulate oommeroe. But i de*ire to call the attention ot the i S?nftti fn th? fur.t ihfti vliiU ui?r4.ina lni?lrf?iitjfcUv It# i right, It left the whole subject wbm it?ound It. For all piooilotl purpoiM, It Ufi tiw right fti It *M before the adoption of the Constitution -a State right. It recognised and oonflrmed the legislation of the States existing at the time, in respeot to pilotage, I bus pronouncing It to be a lit sutyect for State regulation. The act of Congress referred to, was passed on the 7lh of August, 1760, ?(ehap. 9. laws of that year.) aud the provision relating to the subjeot is as follows : " Hkc. 4. That nil pi lot in the bay?, inlets, ri*er?, bailors, and porta of lite United Statu, ihall coutinne to be regu1 iteain conformity with tlie existing laws of the States, reipectiTely. whersui aoch pilot! may be, or With aach laws as the States tn?y, reapertively, hereafter enact lor the purpose, until further legislative provision shall be made by Congress. By this act. it will be perceived that the laws of the States, in relation to pilotage, were reor>gnlaed by Congress at Its first session atter the Constitution was adopted; and that by referring to the future as well as the dieting legislation of the States, it designed to plaoe the whole sut>j?ot. prospectively un ler State regulation. Congress undoubtedly saw that this was one of those casus in whiori each Htata would be beet capable of judging for Itsflf what regulations the subject would require within its own limits, and that In providing for Its wn interest, that of thepublio would be most likely to be neeurtd. From 178!i to 1837 this was the established system in respect to the regulation of all that relates to pilotage Though the section I have read contemplated the possibility of future legislation by Congress, no further aut was passed during a period of forty-eight years. I have not been able to Dud any other act referring to fillota In any manner, except the act of 17ttJ establtshag a uniform militia by whioh they wera exempted from militia doty. In the year I88J, two disastrous shipwrecks occurred on Long island; and In the excitement responsible for them The elimor railed In New York extended to this city: and on the day preceding the close of the session of Congress, ('id March. 1837.) an act ?m pissed (chap 788, Law* of 1337) providing, " that It snail and may be lawful for the master or commander of any tmhI ooming into or going out of any port situate upon water* whtoh are the boundary between two State*, t* employ any pilot duly licenced or authorised by the law* of either of the 8tate? bounded on the said water*, to pilot *aid venal to or from said port, any law, usage, or oustom. to the contrary notwithstanding'' The abject of this act was to open the pilotage for the city of New York to competition between the pilots of the States of New York and New Jersay, troui the idea, which prevailed, that the pilot system of New York had grown into a monopoly, and that the hlpwrack* I have referred to wera a constquenoe of it i believe I may sately say that subsequent examinations before the Judicial tribunals of New York resulted in an exoneration of the New York pilots from all oensure in raspact to those disasters. Ail the testimony I have seen couflriui this statement. It was olaarly shown that the loss of the two vessels, the Bristol and Mexico, was not occasioned by their negligence of unsklliuiness. Thus the New York pilots not only suffered for a time, in tho public estimation, on account ol calamities tor which ihey were In no manner responsibly but they have, .lnoa 1837, been suffering from an aot of Congress passed under a misapprehension of the faots, and under tha influence of an unjuat judgment In respect to them The exoitement against tha New York pilots was uadoubtedly aggravated by a prajudtoe against them.arlsing from tha faot that under the laws existing at tha time the sblpwreoks referred to ocourred, agreements bad been formed among them fur an apportionment of the doty of pilotage and a division of their profit*, in auoh a manner as to destroy competition, and that it bad lad to a dangerous relaiatlon of vlgllanoe in looking oot for vessels and boarding them There is no doubt that there was some ground for this complaint. Bat the defects of the pre-existing laws wsra remedied by an act passed by the Legislature of New Vorkon the lith of April, \?>i. A board of oommiMloners was appointed to lioense pilot* ; ! their number was incteased ; they ware subjected to rigid regulations lu respect to training and licensing ; the exclusive features of the old system were abandoned and the freest competition between individuals was introduced by regulations whioh effeotualiy precluded combination. Under these new provisions it may be confidently asserted that old defects would have been cured, and all the benefit* to be anticipated from the most judicious system of regulations would have been secured, if they had been left to operate without any conflicting or oontravenin*legislation by Congress. The New York pilots, In skill, experience, enterprise, and fidelity, are not surpassed by any similar body of men In any oountry. They have been trained to tneir business, they have investnd most of their property In It, they are the owners of their own boati, whloh are *qu?l to any sraft In the world, and whloh are worth in the aggregate about a hundred thousand dollars The effect t f the act of Congress was to Introduce the New Jersey pilots Into competition with them, under great disadvantage to the latter. This disadvantage to the New York pilots was so apparent that the Legislature, In I84A, deemed It an ant of lustlfla La ranaal t ha HI.i .! - ?n mi in order to plaoe thorn on a fair looting with tlM pilots oi New Jersey The whole subject of pilotage In the state of New York hu, by this repeal, beoome unoontrollej by legal regulation, excepting wbruthe law* of New Jertny may have be?n extended by the Mt of Longri M o( 1*37, to tlie water* within the Jurisdiction of New York To thla nondition the Legislature considered itaeif foroed by the operation of the act of (ongrees on a moat meritorious and valuable olasa of eitisens. Under thee* circumstances, we uk that the act of CongreM may be repealed, In order that the State may be (aft to regulate pilotage for It* own porta for itaeif. We aak it, because we believe tha inter poiltion of Congreaa to have been wholly unnecessary, and beoaiiM it was founded upon a misapprehension of the faota At the very time the act was passed, the Legislature of New Yotk had been nearly two months engaged In the Intra* tigation of thla subject before committees, and on tha floor of the two ilousea No act of fjual interest ever received amoreoareful examination , and I hare no hesitation In saying, that all the benefits derived from tha freer oompatltlan which has existed In tha boalnaea of pilotage in New York since ltH7,would have been secured under the laws of the mate. If Congress had not Interposed. But the act of CongreM is obnoxious to still weightier objections It has brought States Into eo&AiU -New York with Nrw Jecaev, Marylaa4 wHfc Virginia. I mi JL__ iuuiLj .eca SERA 47. and Louisiana with Mississippi Two of thsse States 1 (New York and Maryland) nave, by legislative reaolu- | tloni. ukwl for the rep?al of the act Litigation between i Individ uala la different States. for the assertion of sup- | poied rights, haa grown up, and cltitm bar* keen amy ad , against each otbar, not on); In the oourti, but as suitors to Congress for relief from grievances oaused by tta own leginletTon, or for proUotlon In tha acjoymant of privlleleg?n acquired under It. Kor these reasons, and for tha furthar one, that tha aot of CongraM ia unjust in its oparatlao upou a meritorious and valuable class of oitizsns, who should be lalt to the regulation of our own lawa, we aak for ita repeal Should the anplloation prevail the Stite of Naw York will probably plsoe the subject under aueb regulation* aa the meroantlle intereata of tha city of New York, and tha oommeroial wanta of tha country, require: and the whole su'ject will be left where H wm before the constitution of tua United State* waa framed, and where it remained for half a century afterward*, under the control of each State within it* own jurisdiction I ought to add. that the first effect of the repeal of the act of Congreaa will be to leave the buainea* of pilotage wholly op en to competition, a aoDdltion wbieh a portion of the oommxrolal community deem preferable to any system of regulation. Having given thla brief history of the pilot lawa of New York, and stated the present condition of the pilot system there, I pro oeed to some considerations of it graver character. As we have seen, the only aot of Congress paased for nearly half a century after the adoption of the Coustitu iiuu, w mtihi iii? tu? budjw :i, oi puoiage snouia be,where it bad been from time Immemorial unuor State regulation. It I* tru*.lhe act provided it should remain to until further provision should be made by Congress, thus asserting incidentally the power of Congress to regulate it. The first question which arises la,whether this aaeumption can ba uiain? lined ? Does the Constitution. m l?r the authority given to Congress to regulate commeroe, confer on it the power of appointing pilot* prescribing their dutiee, aad assigning the limits within which those duties shall be performed ? I* the aaaumption of such a power in accordance with the rales of strict construction, which some of us deem essential to the maintenance ot the rlghta of the States and the restriction of the powers nf the general government to their constitutional boundaries ? Sir, I do not propose to dlseusa this question, for the reason, that If the affirmative were to be made oi't, It would not follow that the act of Congress of Maroh % 1837, was In accordance with the provisions of the Constitution. Congress baa not by that act, exercised the power of appointing pilots It has granted uu commission under Its own authority, to perform the du ties ofpilota But it has ansumed to authorise pilots appointed by the State of New Jersey to exercise their functions within the jurisdiction of the Statu of New York Krom this exercise of power wa dissent, whollv and emphatically. We deny that Congress can with propriety, under the power to regulate oommeroe, authorise officers apoointed by one State to come within the jurisdiction of another and perform their appropriate duties. In providing for executing the lawn of the Union, and enferolng tba authority of the federal oourts. Congress has authorised the appointment of marshals, and given them the same powers. In exeouting the laws of the United States, as sheriffs and their deputies In the several States have by law, in exeouting the laws of the respective States. Dut would It be tolerated for a moment, tbat Congress should authorize a sheriff of Georgia, for lnstanoe, to oome within the jurisdiction of the State of South Carolina and execute precepts issued under the authority of the United State*? an offloer neither appointed or commissioned by the federal government, nor by the State within whioh hi* official aota were to be performed ' Certaluly this would be a great abuie of pjwer, if not a positive usurpation. The authority given to pilots lloensed by New Jersey to pilot vessels Into New York, through waters wholly within the jurisdiction of the latter, Is equally offensive. It is authoriiing the offloers of one State to exeroiss their functions within the territorial confines oi another It is stripping the State of New York of a portion ot her sovereignty, and conferring it on the State of New Jersey. It is one of those encroachments on the rights of the State* which, from small and almost Imperceptible beginnings, grow Into gigantlo assumptions of authority,and lead to the moet dangerous abuses, independently or these constitutional objections, there are practical Inoonvenlenoes in the existing system, which are of themselves sufficient to condemn It The New Jersey pilot, who Is faithless to his trust in New Yoik, violates no law of New York. It Is true, our State laws are repealed; but from 1837 to 1846 they were In operation, and the New Jersey pilot was In no manner amenable to them. He violates no law ot the United States; they have prescribed no regulations for his government; they have merely authorised him to exeroise his function beyond the limits of the State from which ho derives his authority lie Is amenable only to the laws of New Jersey. By the decisions of the Supreme Court of the united States," suits for pilotage on the btgh seas, and on waters navigable from the sea, ss | far as the tide ebbs and flows, are within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States ." The 1 aot of Congress, of 1780, virtually adopted the State laws in respect to pilotage; but this recognition or adoption of the laws ot the States was not oonstrued to oust the jurisdiction of tbe courts of the United States, in rates of admiralty and maritims jurisdiction. A concurrent jurisdiction was left in (he State courts. Thus a Now Jersey pilot, commissioned or lioensed under the laws of that State, and giving bonds under those laws for the faithful performance of hi* duties, must either be pursued Into a foreign jurisdiction for tho purpose of holding bla answerable for acts or delinquencies committed beyond and out of It, or be proiecutod in the courts of tho United States. Tbe oeurts of the State of Now York have no Jurlsdtotton in suoh oases; and the State is therefore divested of all oontrol over the Hubiuet of nllotMS. in thfl ohlnf nnminnprlal nnr? <?f LYim whole Unten, the waters leading to wbloh are almost wholly within iu own boundaries, fo far ai the New Jersey pllota participate In the business ot piloting. But there are other objections of a graver character The constitution provides that no preference shall be given, b; any regulation of cnmmeroe, to the porta of one State over those of another. We insist that suoh a preference Is given by ttie aot of Congress Massachusetts is left to the exclusive regulation of pilotage for the ports of Boston, Halem, Marbleheed, New Bedford, to ; South Carolina for Charleston : and so of other Htatee On the other hand, the State of New York is divested, by the aot of Congress, of the exolustve regulation of pilotage for the city of New York. The business of pilotage for that pert Is subject to the concurrent regulation of the laws of New York and New Jersey. New V ork and Boston, by this ant, stand upon a totally different footing. In the one oase, the regulation of pilotage is exclusive In asloglafttate; la the other, it Is concurrent in two Htates We insist that a decided preference Is given to Boston. We Inals*. that Congress might, with e<jual propriety, provide that all the ports north of a certain i>erallel of latitude sbeuld be open to the pilots of the adjoining States, as to provide that a port situate on waters whioh are the common boundary between two Htates, should be open to the pilots of both. The preference is just as palpable In one case as in the other. I speak of the absolute right of Congress. If we look at ths reason of the thing, and the operation of the act of Congress, we shall tlna at little justification f r It. New Jersey and New York are apparently put on the same footing The New Jersey pilots may pilot vessels Into the poit* of New York, and the New York pilots may pilot vessels Into the ports of New Jersey; but practically the advantage la all on on* aide. Now Jeraey Iim do forelgu commerce Th? trade ia all carried on in coaatlng >u?li, and these are not, by her own law*, required to employ pilot* at all, unlet* they exceed one hundred ton* burden No Naw York pilot irer take* a vessel to New Jersey ? On the other band, the oommarca of New York la chief1* oarried on in veaaela of a tonnage requiring pilot*; and the Naw Jeraey pilot* participate largely in the bualneaa of piloting. New Jersey haa no real Interest in maintaining the act of Congreaa, New York, on tha other band, haaadlreot Interest in ita repeal. It ooDcern* herself alone. Tha aot of Congreaa, though general in ita terma, it, from tha nature of tha oiroumiianoeo, partial in 1 ta operation, and glvee a decided preference to one State orar another In regard to their reapective porta. But, Independently of all tha objection* referred to. we have a right to demand that if Congreaa legislated on tbia aubject, it should have legislated dlreotly and afflolantiy. it should have provided for the appointment of pilot* in all the States in tha Union, preaorlbed their qualification*, their dutlea, their UaMlitiea. and mad* effectual provision by law for enforcing the perlormanoe of their funetiona, and securing adequate remedie* for faithi*l*ne*a and Incompetence VTe complain that Inataad of executing thla authority, Congreaa baa delegated It to other*, and In sueh a manner aa virtually to give effect to the laws of one Htate within the territorial bouadarlea of another. To any auoh delegation of authority we never can yield or aaaent I do not wlab to be undaratood aa admitting tha right of Congress to make aueh provlaion fur tne appointment of pilot* ' throughout the Union Out I wiab .o aay, that if It j can legialate on the aubjeot at all, it Is Ita duty to legia late direotly, and Tor ail the mincmi maaing an i uqjust and invldlou* diatinotien bttnto them 1 here in another oon*ideration-the only other I ?bali preBent to the Senat* - iu faror of tbii repeal of tbi* Itw Whether It is authorised by the Constitution or not, the experience of nine y?*r? hu ahowu that it I*,at laut, to the tilgbMt degree impol tic It hu brought the iu* , tbority of the general government into oonflict with | that of the State*; it Iim led to coliiaiona between the different State*; and baa prouuoed litigation aud unkindnen* of feellog emeng different claaeei of oltiseua No aot of federal Irgialalion which leada to tuoh oonaequenoea, oau be JuatiOabia nnleee It I* demanded by aorne Imp-riou* exigency. The legislation of tbe central government should be liberal and forbearing, and dealgoed only to effeot object* of lndiflpenaable neoeMity. When It departi from thla fundamental principle, and encroach?a on righta or even on privllegea long exerolaed, it become* alien to tbe parental charao ter which every government should poeaeea, and without which It cannot oommand tba approbation of thoee who are eubjeet to Ita jurisdiction. I repeat, then, we aak for the repeal of thla aot, heoanae it fi of queationabla conitltutionallty; beoaune it wa* procured by mi*repreaentatlon, beoauae it la unneceeaary, becauae it la unjuat to a merltorlou* oiaaaa of eitlx*na, because it haa led to oolliirton and litigation; and becauae It enrroaohee. If not on poiitlve righta, on prlvllrgea long enjoyed, and wbloh there la no oauaa for alienating I have dlaouterd i thla qneetlon almoitexclualvely on lrg*l ground*; and I ' truat the Senate will aee In what I hare aaid, (ufflnient oauae for tba repnal of the aot of Congreea, of which the Legtalatuea of New York and Maryland have by their reeolutioua, complained. I have pnrpoatly abstained from all reffcrenoe to difllcultie* of a looal character between different claaaai of tbe oltiien* of New Vork, which have 1 grown oat of tbU unD'RnMarjr, and, u I bollera, tbia I unauthorUad, act of l*gliilatl<>n I (ball not ?oUr Into an rlamination of tho?? dlflliultlc*, union* oompHli-d to do no, bat I rant th? application for tbflrrpoal of the aot on Mj? lagal and conntHutlonal (round* I ha?? ?UUd and l?ar? th* qunstloa In th? hand* of tba Sonata. RcLK.ioi'i !.?t*lliue*c?.? W# uodantaml that H?T. I Mr King, of tbU city, ha* raoelvad ' a oall " from a | ao?Uty 1b N?w York ?CA?Wc*(??m ?4itrtri. ..... .v ufr. mi uniu ; on t-lrn, at lirwn atreet. it cid? within Ota feet ot Urtea within the ourbf; eutslde of them It cro*sed, and came over^the team Haw Mill ; at I'lumb within th? curbs, It oame within fifty feet of the lower Una of rearl, or Urean treet; outaide of them It entire!/ crocaed the upper line, and reached tha bank by TaUsm'* Foundry, where the*teamboat Danial Webster discharged her cargo. It cam* to about tha same llna on Western Row. Kant of Broadway, at the south west corner of Front and Butler straata, it waa all feet eleven and ahalfinohea deep upon the loor (entering fiom lront street) of the new brick buildings At Cromwell's Cincinnati Hotel, it was twenty inthe* deep upon the bar-room floor, and at the Broadway Hotel seventeen Inohca In comparing the preaent flood with that, as to street*, It should be reeolleoted, that nrarly all the atreeta, on the lower cquarea, hare been Oiled and raised ainoa 1B3J. The oomparlson by thla, theralore, la not accurate. Aa to the number of house* Inundated, tha quantity la very much greater, In conae'iuenoe of there bring so many more built on tha low ground*. Cast evening we visited the weat end of the town, and. at tha lowest point we could reach on Sixth street, there seem* to be hundred of houees within the water, and, in *ome of them, It waa In the second atery. The cause of thl* flood la different, and philosophers, who then accounted for thing* 10 easily, are at fault. The wat?r* then roee oblefly from tha snow and rain on the mountain*, and nnnred mnatl* from tha AlUahaa* nd Mononagabela Now the rttWM la the fact, and tba rain* alone hare cauaad the rlaa, and tba water haa coma chiefly from tba Kanawha, tba Sandy, tba M uskiugum, and thin ilde of Pittaburg. Tba proof of tbii la, that the dttabargh paper* of tba Mtb of February, 183*tate, that tba water ro?e thirtyone feet above low watar mark, and the hlgbeat aver known ilnca the rreotlon of Fort du (^ueaue, by the French In Wheeling, the flood waa forty-nine feet above low water mark By comparing these meaaur*menli, with the telegraph report* from Plttabugh and Wheeling, we find tbnt now the highest water at Pltt*burgh, waa twenty three feet, and at Wheeling thirtywight feet. At Plttaburgb. then, the river la eight feet lower than in 1831 At Wheeling It waa eleven feet lower, and at Cincinnati, It la only nix incha* lower ! At the mouth* of tba Mnaklngum, the Kanawha. &o , tba watar waa higher than It waa ever known ! Tne preient flood la oauaed by ralni falling In tba vdley of the Ukio, and Ita trlbaUrlaa below rittaborgb ohlafly, ofwblob the LD. PrtM Two CMM> MewTaaai., Dm. 16, 1847. Our Puital Jlrrangtmenli?Stoppage / tkt Privalt Kxprei$t$, 4-c. f-c. The following communication appeared on the elate of the Montreal Lxchange, this morning ? " Advioes from Burlington received this morning, to the effect, that tb? two rxpreeeei forwarded on Monday, bar* bean detained by tbe post offloe authorltlea of that olty. Tba goverameat despatches hare been taken out of tba bag*, and all other letters and paroela hava been allowed to remain In Mr Maynard's possession, wbo la In oustody. pending Instructions from tba Poetmaater General of the United States ? Should this Information prove to b? correct, and It appear* to be ao, from tba terma of the communication ot your poat offloe department, dated the 11 lnatant, and tbe instructions therein oontained, It will, no doubt, lnduca tba government of tbia province to make a Strang remonatranoe to tbe authorltlra at home, against tbe inconvenience to wblob tba meroantlla oomruunlty la suDjecc, la consequence or tne Jimcuitiea ariaing out of theee poat office arrangement*. It la impoaaible to tranamit the malli to Halifax in )? * than Ave day*, and, in oonaequence of the bad atate of the road*, and the want of snow. It is uncertain whether they oan be sent In that time. Tba merehanta of this olty were, therefore, obliged to avail thetoaelve* of tba offar of certain enterprising persons, to run an rxprea* to Boston; aad It became the more naoaaaary. as tha lvtlara by tba British mall, via Halifax, reached Montreal anly 00 Monday morning last, and these expraaaes ware despatched in tba aftarnoon Whilst it ia to be regretted 1 bat tbe*e proceedings will necessarily create a degree of bad feeling batwean tha two governments, wbloh had not previously existed. It cannot ba denied tbat it will, in tba and, prove mutually beneficial, and tbat new postal arrangemanta will ba entered into, highly aatiafaotory to tba people of botb countries. I am InoliDed to doubt the troth of the statement, that tba provincial government tranamilted It* deapatchet by tbia mode of conveyance. Hneh a proceeding would have been in direct violation of the lawa regulating the post office department in thla province, aud insulting. In tha highest degree, to the government of the United States. However, the faot remalna to be known and ascertained lu connection with tbi* subject, I may mention that the commissioners appointed by Nova Heotla and New tlrunawiak, have, witn tbe honorable Mr Cayley. the commissioner appointed by tbia provlnoa, unanimously aduped a report, which. If acted upon, will greatly reduce tbe rate* of inland postsge. and effect other Important reforms In tbat department In tha meanwhile, the commissioners to survey a line for tna Qoebeo aad Halifax Railway, are progressing in their operattona, but it will be years before any communication by mall can be had, by thia route Durini tba interval, wa are thrown ou our own rraouroea, to procure tbe eaaleet and oeedieat mode of communication with tha Atlantio seaboard, and hare only to rely oo tb* laalty ?d<1 fort'l'uramv of the American government, and m the foresight and prudence of the British. to provide a proper remedy for a state of things an Intolerable to the people of the on*.country an of ine other. A. B. C. Mlacetlaiicoiu. We learn that Captain Kdward Sobenley and Mr*. Hchenley, now residing in Loudon, bare Instructed tbeir agent in tbis olty to offer a denatiop ot Irn atrei of land to the Western Pennsylvania Hospital Society, being a portion of tbe land Inaluded In the Tillage of (rogbanavllle, now In tbe Ninth ward of the city of PltUburg.? Pittlbur/; Gtxette. There was a very brilliant displsv of the aurora boraalis, on the morning of tbe 20th of f)eo?mber. At New Haven the display was observed to be exceedingly dtetlnot and beautiful, and is described as presenting streamers and blood red sky. Shooting stars war* also seen in profusion, at about 6 o'clock on th* earn* mora* Ing. HUDSON KIVKR HOTEL, comer West and Hobokw streets, opposite. Canal street ferry. This oomjnodioas house lias been new fitted and lurnistied, snd is now open fo* transient aud steady bos'deis. This house commands a Da* view of the harbor and bay of New York, also the Jersey shore, including Jersey City and Hoboken. The bar will be Is uish ed with ihe best of wiues, lie. kc. Those la want of s *ui*t home, good fare, and moderate charges, will sire this house a call. Thoe* who w isb single rooms without board, can b* aoI commodated d!3 I It* re I^O Lt,T.?Rooms and Offices, with ail tbe iaprovsai*nt* of Croton Water, fcc , calculated for lassn/actunn* purposes, on the 2d and 3d stories of the newly repaired building No. 74 Kultoi st. 4pp;y to Messrs. Bauer h Bodeu, in t)i* building, or UHOW.v, BKOTHERS k CO.,it Wsll st ,24ec,rrc I I NUIHII k II UlUUld'I'll l L l' 'l'.,. I. . mm n.,l.,r. r with large closets on the firsi floor handsomely furnished, 10 let on reasonable term. Apply ou thr prrmiaea. 131. 'it' lit Spring ar . wealof B man way, near Oreehe at. d!3 It'll FUltNISHKD KOOMH.-several aiugle bedded bralthy rooma Willigntea?bre?kraat and ten if required?with a respectable Kngliah fanily. Kor cleanlineaa snu comfort they i in not ne earriled ia this city. Warm ml cold flour and shower baths fur the Die of the occupant*. Apply to MR&. MKDHURbT, J41 Houston at., oue block from Broadway. i? ltt?r TWO HAN U80MEL V H UN18HKD LODUINU Hooma, to be rented, ona ou the Aral, and oae ou the war coud floor, at 79 White atreet, a few doora from Broadway. d'7 7ta^d?i? BPLKNDID COUNTRY 8tAT?A country 8aaTfor sale, of SS.W acrea, apleudid new House, Buna. Carriage Honae, Orchards. Ice. ol all kiuda of fruits. Lvervtniag denruble for the gentleman; situate oue mile north of ElixabetKtown. New Jersey. near the Railroad. For particalari call oa A 8KROKANT It SON, 1J Wall sweat N. B-Who have for sale several aolendid Country rieats ou the Hudson Hirer. Also. $!?">,<00 tn Lonniunnms of any amount d 17 7uHu?rc WO very compact PORTABLE BTKaM ENGINES KOR SALE, of one and four horse power ; also, two small Tubular Bo lers?the whole nearly new and wall constructed, at Mr. JOHN MILLS. Machinist, near Third street, n Avrnur I) lB>*rc Si t) I'T'B l$AZA/\K. No. i Dey .street.?Ntuids r^utt re turna hia thanki,for the liberal support he has received since he returned to Dey sueet, where lie eatablnhrd the firec house of the kiud, near seven years ago, and introduced the serving up dinner sat the low price of one shilling, which he sf II continues to do, ?nd which has given so much sat afactiou to Ihe public. S. Scott is happy to say that his consort ha* recovered from a serere fit tf sickness, ml five weeks, and la now able to attend to the culinary ilr|iartmeut, ? before, racking all the deseit that is served up in the house, which ahe ia famed for, as well as cooking iu general. Tea and Uoffee served up at all hours, and nude fresh after called for. Hia bar is well supplied with the best of Airs, Wines, Liquors and Segars, that can be procured He will be happy to see bis old friends, \ud respectfully solicits the patronage of the public in geuenl Hlrnki. Cliops, Cold l ots. Poached f" g*a. Rarebits, and other reliahea, served uri at all hoars, until 12 I'. .VI No house bettei supplied with Kuroieuu and New York p*|>er*. Dinner from li to J. K iwt Beef and Yorkshire Pudding f \ ery day, arid * variety of other diahaa dl2 ?l#rc r|,un < hkaphht ni'oh- in im. i rrv, Tmk"KtJ 1. ton *tr*et, for < nrtiiii Material,, French mil C?ruicei, lace aud embroidered curtain*, trimming*, fcc., paper lianginga and window ihadea The buhacribei has now in alor* a large aaaortuieut of the abuve article*, of the latc*t Paimiui tyle. Alao, mmufactu'cr of (alvaniaed airing, pare hair lud other mat'nuaea. feather bed*, pillowa, fcc., with every article in the upholitery line, wLpleaale and rn.ul. at price* tweuty per cent lower than any iWier establishment in the city N.B Curtain* hung and room* patered at the si.orient notice. Ship and teamhoar cahina and hotel" fitted up. H IJAVIEH Upholaterer, lt>l S Knlton atreet. d!V2t*rre SO. AM LAMt'tt. Oirai.dolea, ( h'tideli r?. Hall l-ai.trroe, fcc ?Th? aubiCriber offer* for 'ale, at reduced price*.* beautiful aaaortment of the above article*, ctnantiag of gilt, hroiiied,ruby, tur.jn iie, and cut gl'*? column Holar Lamp*, oltarmu* pattern*; gilt and broi zed Oirandole*, of tevcral new atyle*. with from one to eleven caudle*. Holar and Cajdla Bracket*, for hotel*,churchea, kc; at&med and engraved Rail Lauipa.of aeveral new pnttera*; alao. a hand** me aaaortment of Japanned Tea Traya, of aplendid Amah. JOHN W MOH' i * N. IM Koltoo atraat. on* door aa*t o( Broadwav. 414 !? ?? WATCHfcn, WAT'-HKH ? The ?ub*criber receive* and hta rouitautly ou hand, watch** ol the following highly celebrated manufacturer*, vir.: T K < oopar, London, duplet MMfKi Morn* Tcbia*. I.oudou. II 1 t Hoikell and '1 I Toli.u, Liverpool. Warranted genuine and perfect time keeper* Alao a vreat variety of other ailver ru.d gold Kngluh and (ieneva watchea and jewel v. tollable lor nolr'a} preaent* which he la enabled to *ell fw? low. J K. LlMMt Mil KM, Importer and Dealer,^ Will aireet, corner of pearl.? I N. B All kind* of watclie* repaired and warranted. <118 Ut'rc DH CHHirtllV'i liALVANi STHKNOTHIiMNt* rLA8 I EHS?That peculiar *ea*on ol Ihe vcar when platter* uf*uy kn.d *' ? ol ?f kuowl-dged v.tlue. i* J Bat at rmrj'l, and it n therefore deemed pro; ert.. d ract attentiou to tlie peculiar ela.uia of ' f li'iine'* Ualvanic 9'reugrt rt iua Planter* " At thi* *ea*on tnauy peraon* are liable to leaf l?< led hy aadden chant e? ol the weather, and thoae rif a delicate comtito ion en eiience com'ant enlda, pair* and wsakuen of the cheat, aymptom* of nathma, nppreaalon of tlia pulmonary r>rg*n*, aud m-rty other diatrcMing complain* ? ill tk?a> mi*l.t h, ? nt i r a I v rr# fpnlrJ iir t*hf>n iirfimit mav be promptly removed by the tun i.f the "Oalvanlc K'rengihemcg Pluater ' Koi the apeedy relief of aerere I'leumaum, couaiiuti.iiinl debility. wetkneaa of the buck, pain in the aide M ? )ireveution for colda, and in mtoi i f tW cumiilnuta t? whi' b femalea are rapeoally liable, the ' (talvanic Hiren( Planer" will be found of great and p?riaanrnt advantage In few wo da. it embrace* all ihe virtues of the beat tome preparation, with ihe important addition f 'he salvame influeure wh'ch la neither impaired nor evhanated while the action couiinuea. 1 heae nlaattra will be fauriit entirely free from thoae nluectiooa wlnen^are a cnaaunl aouree of tonplaiut with the ordinary plaaieia lu common nac. ^ud ihe tenaation c tnaed by wearing la ?i eedingly i leaiant and agr?e?. ble < ai ti.,1 ?Brware of (MfWM imiunoai Tie ao|* agency in New Vork, la at 113 Broadway. No drueir.t liaa the Pennine article dfl t' rc Dtt. L A.M >.K I II atill lo tie found ar hit elil office f>J < >nld atreet. near Fulton, where he can be confidentially eo?anlted by all thn?e uuhappy Tip'iins ol malpractice, in evrry diaeaae of a private nature. The Doctor'a Ireatment la up?u the non inercnrial ayeteno, already aucceaefnlly lrvrned by him on (he continent of Ktirope. Siricturee, Nrrvona Debt ity?the eenaequent reanlt of indiacreet indulgence in youth?nocturnal eimiai'ine together wiih re. ent caeea. apeed11y aqd effectually enred. All lettera, |ioat |>aid. enclosing a fee. piomptlv a tended to. Ortiee,#S (Joid at. dJ4 lt*m mKl'LTON 8TKKKT?WYATTili KETCH wholesale and retail Mtdirii.r and Perfumer Warehouse?Thia is the only establishment in the city where the pnhlic nuy rely ou letting nay aitiele hat they m?? call lor, and which are warranted genuine and diiect from the |>i?i>ri?tors. To sara trnohla id looking after different mediciuea and perfumery. you htre only to call ai lit, wbete yon will find ore of ths largest and cheapest asaortmeuts thia tide of Kornpe. General Wholesale Agents, for Dr Upliam's Pile F.lertuur. and Dr. Wood's far* >panl|a and Wild i herrv Bitters, Or Van Zindt'a Pills, Jnnea'i Atneriran * holagonge, Df Williams's Anti-Ague and Kever Pills, Bull s Harsaparilla. Hwavne'a Hyrup Wild 'herry, Ayret'a Cherry fee loyal, Br. Wadswortli'a Worm Killer and Wild Cherry niosarm ^ntr'tice, a moat heautiful article a'd rei ommen l"l by WC fester Hilliraan; Dyer's Knmily Medicines, and f arm'- Lost<al for the hair, <?ienn's Perfumery, together with nanaIxiuimM aamlirr of Medicines and Prrfuniery. rills, Plasrera, lit an. Ritkhiirte't Tatteraall llea?e Powders; tofether with a great numb*, of other horae medicines, for aale aa a wt?. ? t" ClOKNH. BU/flON*. N All.* ,,^'1 witbont V? J t'ng or tii? I?m t*n ky >i. ^'IIHIAC)FK( f'OiB la i lis1* H*u" "

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