Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 28, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 28, 1847 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD.1 North-Vfsl Corner of Pulino aid Human iti. J AMES GORDOV BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. DAILY HERJILD-Evesy day {Sunday included ) J'tie* 1 < ?nit ?r C'>;-v?4 tip*' annum??n the Uni'ed i-a'et European rubier)eri (14 per annum, including, IJ>*P"tt?r* IV EKKLV HEH.1 Lit-Every Saturday?Prite cente per copy?S * HH per annum?in the Omted Statei Euroreun subscribri $, by ti 'unship, ti per annum, including the postage MKK.no rOH EUROPE?Every Steam Packet Day ? I'nce ctnj* yier copu-tb per annum including post age. or H tb exrlustve. of pnttrge Hubseriptiam an< ad vei titemeiiti will be received try Uetiri Uahxnani. It rut Vivienne. Pam ; P L oimon>(?. '8 Cornhill, and Jahn MiUer bookseller Henrietta street London A DVER TISE MENTSat reoionablt pricei; to be written ?n a plain legible manner Ttlt proprietor not retpontihle "*wt in manuicript. PRINT1NO of nil kindt executed benuhi fully and with despatch. jill order a' the Publication Ofiet, corner of Fulton and Nantn itrertt. ALL LK V t'?.RS by mail. fosr tu-i l crip Hons. or with nilverlisencatt, to be post paid, or thl poll ige will it deducted frim the money remitted VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, containing important news. solicited from any quarter of the world? and ifusert wilt always be liberally paid for NO NOTICE can be .if an..nym.'ui communicatians Whatever ii inte-ndea for insertion must be authenticated by the name and aildren of the writer ; not necmarily foi publication but aiaguo'anryf hii good faith We annot undertake to retus ir.jrcted communication!. ALL PAY MENTS to be ma.tr in advance. amusements this evening. BOWERY THK1THE, Bowery?Comedy of Monet? Xhi Brioanp?Farce of Mi Fellow Ct-efcn CHATHAM THEATRE. Chatham atreet.?F.jnetiriau Drama of [he Bride or Auvoot ? Ka-ce of State Secrets. PAt/'O'S OPER\ HOI'SE, ( lumbar* atraet ? Grand of La Woi?HiM?yL?? 'iree, i? it a Lie??Ballet of Lit pAOCa do DUC Dli V k.sd jjii CIRCUS. BOWERY AMPHITHEATRE, Bowrry ? ^CK'TRiaS and Tarieut othe- perf irmanc?? by sandi Lent a Co 'a trout*, mid.tha Reqilar AmfmitheatBe Comfant. MECH ANICS' HALL. Broadway, near Broome.?Ethiopia!* ?ii*ci.>o, DaNcino, kc. BROADWAY OREON. Broadway?Etn tori am Harmsndti. Grecian EieRciiei. Tableaux Vitant*. T^B^.H N \C.I,E, Br adway?STKriRMAREiicnc Mt> iical C<mi-aim'a riftaT Concert. PANORAMA HALL, Broadwav. near Homton?Dan*aku'< Catoramaof thk Miiimirri River New I or It, TU'lday, December U8, 1847. The Relation* of the United states with Eii|;>inil and France. Amnnf ths numerous causes which have con tributcd to produce the present condition of the money markets of London and Paris, and its <ffct* on those oi the United States, we have elightly indicated that one of the objects and purposes sprung from the statesmen of those two governments, in connection with the great capitalists and money lenders, in order to operate against the financial action of the United States government, during the present crisis of our affairs with Mexico. We have not supposed that any motive, or course of action of this kind, is very prominent in the numerous events which have produced the phenomena called a crisis, in the commercial affairs of both continents. The primary causes undoubtedly spring from commerciiil pftriies and speculative intentions; but among the secondary causes, we certainly have thought that the governments of France and England would not hesitate to encourage any course ofpolicy, acting on the monetary institutions of this country, which would cripple the banks and commercial classes, from whom our government expects to contract loans during the war with Mexico. On this simple opinion, we find the following remarks in the Courrier dei Etata Unis of yesterday i? Tundla que lea joamaux Anglais cberobent u approfondlr l?ia r.nuam et l*s remed'a da oatte malsdie uui miu? Jurqne (latin pen fondements U proi>pertte >Dglnw, 1? HtialU d* Now York noua nn a dutoil6 bier d'un Mtlt do plume leg cnuncg latentea et roy*torten?ee Notre ingminux oonfrere do volt dan* la prolonRatloo tie la orl?e rim moini qu'uoe abomiunbln trurax de? puiHtxnoe-europe-nes pour 6 iraiiler Jos K.tats-Uni* par In oontro ooup et arroter a la foi* dang r?*?or de leur pronpirltK et do leur* oonqueteA au Mexiqu? Cette grand 1 dciouverte fatt cer'ci plus d'honneur a l'itnajHna Inn qu'au bon Bene du Hriald.et en fait de r?relail?n* piquanten dour r.imonfl mieux l'avis que donne & eej compatrleteB un journal d? Liverpool. This ia more than a contradiction of our statements ; and inasmuch as an attempt at ridicule, even when unsuccessful, is sometimes more potent to put down a sober fact than any serious argument, it is worth our while to refer to it. Now, what is the Courrier dts Etats Unit 7 Whom does it represent 1 What is its mission, aud what is its object 1 It is very well known that that journal is conducted by Mr. Galliardet, who, for his espousing the peculiar policy of Louis Philippe and the French government, has been decorated with some oi me subordinate riuoons ot tne legion ot honor, la fact, it may be considered, in some respects, as much the official organ ot'the French government, in thiscountry, nnd in New Yerk, as the Journal dt Dtbnlt is in France and in Paris. As a private individual, the editor of that journal may not be entitled to more consequence than nny other individual who msiy conduct himself like a gen'leman, or exhibit ingenuity, or talent, la his profession ; but as a sort of organ of the government ol Louis Philippe in this country, its remarks and views become a little more important, and a little more pregnant with meaning. As far as we can understand the remarks of this journal on our views, it teems to deny that the French government takea any interest in American affairs, in conjunction with Mexico. Now, we deny this altogether. The French government, under the elder Bourbons, as well as under the Orleans family, are act lag undsr the smne policy, and are possessed with the snnie objects, in certain matters of foreign policy. The Duke of Angonleme was sent to , Spain, by the elder branch, for the purpose of count-rarting the influence of England on the Peninsula, with the ultimate intention of recovering South America, and particularly Mexico, by f-irce ? farms, for the .Spanish crown. It is a fact well known among the diplomatists of Europe, i that Canning, the great statesman of that day, recoj["is?;d the independence of oil those republics, ft r the especial purpose of checking the ambition* intentions of the French government at the time. The policy of Louis Philippe, after * great deal of vacillation during the last seventeen years, returned to its original form and pressure in the successful intrigue of the Spanish marriages. That movement was intended to check the influence of England in the Peninsula; and ( after ;t was accomplished, when the Queen- ' rr.nllirr r Puria il u/nt ?n nKirol nf otphI I I consultation >itth?* Tuilltritt, and in the Hold of roreig-i Affairs, on the Roultvardi, find also in lh<- Hotel dt Cotircellu, where the Queen-mother lived, whether an attempt should not be made for M< xieo, in order to procure that very throne for the family of Franco?the Duke of Montpenvier It u well known that Paredes fctopped Inst winter in Paris, at the Hold de Pr\nrt$, Rue Richelieu-, and during his sojourn there, that milt* t.ry chieftain had frequent interviews with the king's ministers, also with Queen Christina. It ht-'-nis from the developments that have since come to light, that it was actually agreed on, tiiatoa the return of Paredes to Mexico, if he fould procure three thousand, or five thounand, of the great landed proprietors to unite with h ra, the French government would send a fleet i>.?d an army for the purpose of reorganising that country in the form ol a monarchy, with the lJutli 68 Montpensier i s Queen, who is a daughter of the Queen of Spain; and, therefore, had, in Larepean estimation, a title to the throne of Mexico. M my of those viewawere circulated in several shapes in Phtu, during th? latt winter. We hoard ihcni in various quarters, from high | authority. The Barn- facta hive leaked out uirice the return of Paredei to Mvxico; and there can he no doubt of the d<?ire of the French government, particularly of Louis Philippe, hot only tu have a paramount inrtueuce in b/4.9. Ma it B?w t,ii?, i/Ml lo ? xUiui tlint {uU?<nd* iw viil vihrr of the continent formerly under Spanish rule; and if they could, to give a preponderance to French interest!) in that quarter, in the shape of I reviving a monarchy in Mexico. That Lord : Palmerston has the same views, we do not believe, unless it is to a certain extent. The British government dislikes the growing power and progress of the United State*, although they may have no particular regard for Mexico, as a separate aud iudependent nation. The British government, also, we have no doubt,at certain stages of these intrigue.', would take the same position which Mr Canning did, in opposition to French influence, if the French government were to attempt their secret designs on Mexico ; but we have no doubt but both these governments would encourage any course of policy .either diplomatic or financial, of a general character, which would paralyze the policy of the United States, impair their power of action, or weaken them in their present conflict with Mexico. Of this general purpose of both governments, there can be no doubt. We do not say this of the French government, out of any hostility to its monarch or his measures ; lor, as far as American citizens can have feelings on the subject, we have every reason to be much better plcused with the people of Paris than those in London. Al. Guizot, the great statesman of France, and, we may say, of Europe, was himself, originally, a newspaper writer?a literary man?before he was a statesman, entrusted with the power to wield the destiny of nations. He is still a great man?liberal, generous, and philosophical. Louis Philippe never can forget the kindness which he received in the United States, where he was a wanderer and an exile, and on every proper occasion he shows his leelings; but that the French government look with dread and alarm on the progress of the United States, there can be no doubt?no hesitation. This country is a democracy?a mighty republic. It presents an example to France an d to Europe that menaces the existence of all their forms of government. Our rising power alarms them. The war in Mexico has revealed a secret that strikes them to the heart. Louis Philippe and other sovereigns wish to transmit their power to their descendants, and they, therefore, look on the rising greatness of this country, where a popular government, in its moFt extended sense, exists in its highest lineaments-?they look on such a country with terror of the strongest and deepest kind. It is, therefore, natural to suppose that the governments of France and England, and other countries, should wish, by every indirect method in their power, to throw every impediment in the way of the financial policy of the American government, for the purpose of limiting our means of action in Mexico. And we think that they may even succeed, to a certain extent. The power ot tne great capitalists 01 i_.onaon ana Paris can yet be lelt in New York, Philadelphia, and Boston. Every indication from abroad shows that their power is in the course of action, and that they intend to wield it in such a way as to strike at the very heart of our financial system in this country, and by means of thai, paralyze the power of the government to close the Mexican war, and weaken the prosperity and progress of this country for the future. If our government must raise sixty millions in the next year, all our banks will have to suspend specie payments. Important Political Movements.?In the recent political movements, the friends of Mr. Clay have had their day, and now comes the turn of General Taylor. We have already alluded to the movement in Pennsylvania, where a State convention of the democracy has been called in Harrisburg, for the purpose of putting General Taylor in nomination for the Presidency. We have now to mention a similar movement ot the whigs in Virginia; for it seems that both parties, whig and democrat, pork and molasses, all unite together in friendly movements, on behalf of General Taylor. The following are the proceedings: At an nHgombUjcfl of the whig members of the Legtala ture, In the city ?f Richmond, on Wednesday evening, the -ijil lost . on motion of Mr Snymour, of Hardy, Jm. French Htrother, Eiq , of Rippahannook, was called to th? nhatr. tnd John 8. Oall&her. of Frederick. aDDOlnted Secretary Mr Bcott, of Fauquier, offered the following resolutions : ? Resolved, That It ia expedient to hold a whig Stat* convention in the aapltal, at the city of Richmond, on Wednes ay, the 2Id day of February next, for the purpose of forming an tinctorial ticket, for the approaohlng Presidential eluotion; and of taking into consideration the propriety of expressing the preference of the whig party of this State, for some person as a fit candidate for the Presidency; and also of the propriety of sending delegates to a whig national convention, should on* be hereafter assembled Resolved, That our whig fellow citizens throughout the State, are requested to send delegates to the whig State convention to be assembled on the 23d day of February uext. en that a full expression may be given to the wishes and opinions of the whig party of this State, on the subject o| the suggestions contained in the preceding resolution Tbesu resolutions were adopted, with only two dissenting voices to the olause alluding to a national convention. Mr Casertoi*, of Monroe, offered the following resolution: ? Resolved, As the opinion of the whig member* of the General Assembly of Virginia, thatZachsry Taylor will be a most acceptable candidate to the people oi Virginia, for the presldenoy; and that he will receive from them a most zealous and efficient support This resolution was adopted with almost entire unanimity. four members, who thought the expression of opinion would come with morft propriety from the convention itself, finally yielding their concurrence. Il?solved, That the proceedings be published in the wnlg papers or tn? State. JAMES F 8TR0THER, Chairman. John 8. (>allah?r, Secretary. The above makes, altogether, lour or fire StateH, in which either the whigs or the democrats have organized State convention?, to form electoral tickets in favor of General Taylor. We have already recorded Pennsylvania among the above, to which Georgia and Louisiana might be added, and now, as seen by the preceding, comes Virginia. Alas poor Harry Clay ! What are the other candidates doing ] They seem not to be moving at all. Tiie Polick.?The deep interest which the citizens oi New York have taken in the police department and the details of its management, induces us to return to the subject, and explain the wnnts of the public, in order that a proper amendment may V?e made, either at the present or on some future day. We give today, among other intelligence under the police head, some curious facts explaining t"he rise and progress of the old stool-pigeon system, which rose to such an extent in the time of the famous Bill Wiley, that unfortunate man who fell a victim at last to his own system. We have collected materials from the police booku, which place the system of paying the police, over and above their wages, in a very bad light, as well as the authorities of the city by whom these :hu)gs were nanctioned. We charge, however, no individual or system for errors which the law authorized to be committed, la a day or two we purpose to publish extended lists of the rewards pjid to policemen for their services. Jt will hardly be credited by the people of this community, that while they pay half a million for the police, there is a petty, paltry system practiced, of levying tribute on those who have bfn plundered or injured by rascals who ought to be punished, instead of being paid. As I'.nitkd Status Sknaior ro iik .Skni to tub I'eniren i mrv.?Mr. lteemelin, ot the Ohio Sennte, presented a petition oil the. 22d nut. from eighty-one citizens of Richland county, of both political purties, asking the General Assembly to invite Thomas Corwin to resign Ins seat, and 10 confine the wmd Corwin in the Ohio I'eniten tiary until tli?- cbse of the war. Navai. ?U. J*, sloop of war Marion, arrived at Gibraltar, 7th ult. from Cadiz, and sailed 9th for Barcelona. I1. S. Inhale UrnndywittC, from the United Mats* lor Uu> Janeiro, spoken ifl. Uti fHd* * Is U'Paf il 'SI W Theatrical Excitimikt?Th* Finx Arts in Troubh.?The Greek Slave of Power*, that aublinie work of art, atill to be aeen in the Society Library Rooms, has kicked up a revolution. One of the moot extraordinary excitements has been produced in thia city, ainoog various circles, in consequence of a singular Imtutt which took place on Sunday evening lust, at Pinteux'a Odeoo, in Broadway, in which several beautiful women are concerned, who call themselves models of art, and who have been personating the Greek Slave of Powers, and all the tableaux of holy scripture, from Eve in the Garden of Eden, down to Esther iu the Persian hot bath. We have already given an account of this singular and amusing affair, in our paper of yesterday, and we give further particulars to-day, in our theatrical intelligence, or perhaps in the police news. Theatrical matters in New York, during the present season, have bean in an extraordinary position. The old Park has shut up, and has been consigned to horses, which, it is expected, will draw, in some shape or other. High tragedy and classic comedy have been abandoned by that class of society who frequent porter houses, saloons, target firing, and annual balls. The high people of fashion have naturally congregated around the Opera House in Astor place, and producedugreat excitement there; but there is a large mini of intelligence, beauty, wit and humor, of both classes of New York, who have no taste for opera, but who are fond of the fine arts?who care nothing for Italian singing, but yet have a wonderful liking to the Greek Slave, in the shape of a tabliau vivant. This taste for the fine arts, among certain classes of our population, has been dormant in this city for many years past, like the coal mines of Pennsylvania, the gold mines of North Carolina, or the iron mines of New York. But at length the discovery was made. Dr. Collyer, a celebrated savan, acquainted with human nature in detail?both male and female? was the first to introduce, at Palmo's Opera House, this new movement in the fine arts, by the exhibition of living men and women, in almost the same state in which Gabriel saw them in the Garden of Eden, on the first morning of creation. This movement struck at once the public taste. The exhibitions were crowded by all classes?others saw the ingenuity of Dr. Collyer, and immediately followed his example; so that there are at this moment, probably, a dozen different places?taverns, hotels, sa loons, and other drinking houses -where young men and women are exhibiting, as tableaux vivants, in every form and shape, and for every price, from sixpence up to fifty cents; but Pinteux, of the Odeon, seems to have created a greater sensation, as much by the beauty of the females and the muscle of the men, as by the singular tmeute which took place there on Sunday night. The idea of opening a theatre on a Sunday in New York is certainly curious ; an idea that never was i intended, and could not be carried into practice under the law as it is. But it has produced so great a sensttion in every place, in and out of New 5fork, in the streets and byways, that we do not know where it is to end. The whole world of the under crust of fashion seems to be in a state of great excitement on this subject, and everywhere model artists are announced, at every price, and they are all crowded to suffocation; but Pinteux'i above all. This most singular matter will probably end in the Bame manner as the masquerades did a a few years ago. We remember the time very well. Some person conceived the idea of g\v\ng a masquerade at the Park Theatre, and it was given. A number of masque? attended, and some fashionable people went to the boxes; but it was coolly received. The second night was better?the third night the boxes were filled with masqueraders, and some respectable and fashionable young persons went on the stage?the fourth night it became crowded?the fifth it was a jam; and by the ninth night it rose to one of the greatest excitements we ever saw. The whole world went to the masquerades?every porterhouse in town?every drinking house, every fighting house, and every invent 111 iwnu) ?,"* wi' uoi|?v?uuvW, UHU >MV consequence was that the moral sense of the community became shocked?memorials on the subject were sent to Albany, and the legislature, in one day, passed a law prohibiting the whole thing. We very much fear the rage for model artist*, now rising throughout the city, will fare the same fate. We don't care much if it does, for we have heard of instances end exhibitions of such a character, that can't be named, and hardly be thought of in private, without causing a blush. The exhibitions at Pinteux's and some other places, are represented to be extremely classic and beautiful, and we believe they are so ; but there are some of those exhibitions in some of the by-streets, that are an outrage to human nature, and we verily believe they will increase and become more outrageous before a month is over. This is the newest excitement of the day. It is one of those excitements which has destroyed the classic dratna in this city, closed the Park Theatre, will probably shut up the Broadway, unless there is a reaction in public opinion, and leave ;he fashionable world, the respectable part of the community, to go entirely to such places as the Astor Opera, the Bowery Theatre, or other places, where they still give exhibitions of the good old and respectable drama, in all its varieties. Ocean Stbam Navigation.?We learn by telegraph, that the steamship Hibernia, Capt. Ryrie, left Boston yesterday afternoon, at two o'clock, for New York. She will probably arrive here eurly to morrow morning, and immediately take in her coal and cargo, in order to leave for Halifax and Liverpool on Saturday next. This steamer will be the pioneer of the Cunard steamers to run between Liverpool and New Y?rk, to touch at Halifax, until some postal arrangement is made between the United States and Great Britain. The arrival of the Hibernia, at this port, is only the beginning of the revolution that is going on in ocean steam navigation; which will ultimately result in drawing all the steamers to this port. Our geographical position, our immense commercial advantages, und the tendency of travel to this city, point to the result. Our merchants ought to wclconie C*pt. llyrie to New York. Why not give him a public dinner on Friday next ! Sunday NEWsrArKRB.?The following, we believe, is a correct statement of the circulation of the Sunday newspapers in this city :? rmcrl.l MOW 01 THl ?VWt>AT NSWIPiPtM Of THIS CITV. I Murturt 8.600 ,\g?. . 4 (11*0 N?ws 3,400 | .Atlas 7.U00 Tim^s 0.100 Despatch not known Of the above the Atlas is the oldest and the ! greatest, and in generally very respectably conducted. The others are known to our readers, j The Sunday presH is a great and important feature in journalism in New York. These papers generally contain a'l the current gossip relating to the theatres, and whatever of domestic in| tercet is circulating round the town? such as an| ecdotes, police reports, fire companies, &c., &c., including every thing of local interest. They bestow little attention on political news and politics. Their great attraction in gossip, and amusement of all kind*, minting chiefly fn the theatre*, well ws to puddings, j>iM, pium, mid I , I Th* Ortxx Hoes*?'Thi Haut Ton.?The | Opera House at Astor Place was crowded, aa I usual, last eveuing, by all the taste and fashion of I the city. The success of this enterprise, so far, has astonished many people, aud has falsified the predictions of most of the critics. The company and management are only of the most middling character; and yet, according to all appearances, they will make a raost successful hit?beyond | what has ever been done by any company that ever appeared in New York. The greatest Italian troupe that ever present*d itself here, was undoubtedly the Garcia company. That company possessed Garcia himself, who was superior even to Benedetti, or even to ltubini, of the present day. They had Angrisani, the. basso, whose talent was truly wonderful ; and as to Malibran herself, every body knows there was and is nothing in existence at allequal to her. We have heard Grisi, Jenny Lind, Persiani, and every great prima donna in Europe, for an entire season. We heard Madame Malibran several seasons, and in one character we listened to her thirty times one winter in the part of Rosina, iu the "Barber of Seville." No one could surpass Malibran ; and yet that wonderful troupe, in which her father was tenor, did not succeed so well as the present company at Astor Place?a company merely moderate and common place ! It is a company which scarcely equals the Montressor company,

which attempted, afterwards, to establish the upera in new lorn, ana certainty was nucnui to that of Palmo's first company. Then, again, the management of the present house hits been unusually capricious, ridiculous and absurd. Their first attempt was to degrade and insult the press, after the editors had purchased and paid for their seats liberally. The mnnagers then again stepped down a degree, and offered them free seats?a thing just as mean. We have not heard whether Mr. Bennett, Mr. Galliardet, or Mr. Webb, have accepted any of their favors, or even cared about thein. In other things, also, the management of the Opera has been absurd, ridiculous and contemptible. Now with all these drawbacks, a moderate troupe and an absurd management, how comes it that they have been so successful 1 We maka no reference to the musical criticisms in the journals, which have been the most impertinent and ridiculous imaginable, and not worth noticing. Yet the Opera has been attended by all the taste and fushiou of the city. What is the rea son of thisT We will now let out the secret! This Opera has succeeded, in consequence of the five hundred tlite of the city, taking subscriptions for the whole season, and paying well for thern; they have made it a place of elegance, refinement, respectability and fashion. The success they have had has depended, therefore, upon the subscribers, more than upon any other feature in the establishment. The managers tried a public ofi'night, when the subscribers did not attend, and they found it was a perfect failure. But on every night when the subscribers have been present, the house has been crowded, more and more, from the commencement to the present day. Th? truth is, that all the other classes have got over their first prejudices, caused by the ridiculous management, and they now are anxious to attend, while the two tiers of boxes really present all the grace and elegance and beauty of the city. They are brought out to see the real beauty of the town, as much as to see or hear Benedetti, or the scenery, or other appointments. This we think i* the real cause of the success which has attended the establishment of this very mode rate Onera.witli a hlunderinv management, dointr , things most ridiculous in every point of view, and their critics indulging in criticisms of a silly character, ridiculing one prima donna, in order to set up another who is not a hit better. We have no doubt the Opera will now have full houaea every night, during the whole season of subscription. The parties who have taken Beats, and their families with them, will render the place popular, fashionable and delightful, during the whole time. But if the theatre had gone, upon the old system of every man's buying a seat each night, it would have been shut up in a month's time. We hope, therefore, that th? subscribers to the Opera, knowing their rights,will take care that they are not invaded and trampled under foot by the impertinence and folly of the management. Education in this City.?We have received several communications relative to the Board of Education of this city, commenting on the policy of that body, and giving some views on the system adopted in the education of the youth of New York. They are extremely interestingfull of important details, that will induce us to review the subject at length at a proper time. At "r?npnt w* hav? stnli/ tim*> In diiv that wa Via v? every reason to believe there is a gr?at waste of the public moneys, by certain movements made in the Hoard of Education in regard to the construction of schools, and the arrangement of school-houses. The Hoard of Education have control over two or three hundred thousand dollars yearly, devoted to the purpose of educating the youth of this city. This amount is expended in constructing school-houses, and in paying the salaries of school-masters.? The latter part may be well expended; but we fear very much, that in many instances, money lias been expended, to say the least, with great want of judgment, in regard to school houses. We hear a certain school house now in progress of erection near Lexington avenue, which is an instance of the bad application of the public moneys. We have also understood that the number of schools has been unnecessarily increased and divided, in order to furnish employment to the fivoritea of particular members of the board, in the form of school-masters. We shall investigate the subject, and do full justice to all concerned; for we deem the Board ?f Edu- ' ah tli? r?iauf imnaftant Knr] isa in tViio city, having charge of the education of the rising generation, end its duties and responsibilities lar greuter than even that of the Corporation. Thk Plainfikld Bank Rkvivkd.?We have received from the agent of the Elizahethtown Bank, of New Jersey, the report of the legislature of that State, on the Plainfield Bank in special, and Jersey banking in general. We have also received the indictment against the officers of the Plainfield Bank, and the requisition on the Governor of New York for their persons. We have further received lrom Messrs. M. Beach and Sons, of this city, their statement and explanation of these matters so lur at< they are concerned. We understand that we are requested by all these parties to publish their several statements. We have no wish to bring out of the grave, and 1 into the light of day, these unpleasant subjects. It is like unearthing a man who died of cholera, after a week's burial; it smells rank to heaven ?hut if if hr necessarv to philosophize on New Jersey finance. we shall do so with pleasure. Shall wr ? Anothkr New .Ikhsky.Ba.nk Gone.?The New Hope and Delaware Bridge Bank has gone by the board. A large amount, probably $200,000, is in circulation. The rogues have made apretiy haul this time, upon the poor mechanics. Hereafter, beware the Jersey banks?touch not, taste not, handle not. B. Groom*, of Clark Co. Ohio, had rained a bullock which ia luppciiKil to b? the largntt In th? world. IU ii now tiY<? y?ar? old, a Toll blcoded Durham, 111 hanjg | in>'h blgh. Ill* wsitfht lh* bo#t judtfuagrpH.I, would b? ovar thr?? !Ur??aod grow A I inointtatl bdlfb n h?* 1-etHlb I tM ff| ? INTELLIGENCE BY TELEGRAPH TO THE LATEIT tlOHKNT LAST NIGHT. THIRTIETH CONGRESS. FIRST CESSION. Senate* Washington, Dm. 97, 1847. I The Senate met at 13 o'olock, noon. UKATH OK THK HON. JOHN rAIBFIKLD. Senator Bkadbubt, of Maiue.announoed the death of his colleague, Mr. Falrfi?ld, stating that be was In good health at the last meeting of the Senate on Thuraday. On Friday morning ke reoeived the visits of frlenda with aocustomed eheerfnlness, and at neon submitted to a surgloal operation for an infirmity of the knee. His physical itrength, however, waa insuffloient to sustain the agony whloh the operation produced, and he died at 30 minutes before 9 o'clock the same evening. Mr. Nile* followed with an eloquent eulogy upon the oharaoter and public services of the deceased, concluding with the usual resolutions of respeot, he , wbloh were unanimously adopt*d,and after agreeing upon the hour of 13 to morrow, for the purpose of uniting with the Heuse In the performance of the funeral ceremonies, the Senate adjourned. The Viuc Pimius.iT appointed Messrs, Nlles, Berrien. Crittenden, Breese, Dlx>nd Greene, a oommittee to make the necessary arrangements for the funeral House of RepreaentsiUTea. The House met pursuant to adjournment, when the journal wai read and approved. CLERkl FOR THE FENIIOlf OFFICE. Mr. Jonci, of Tennessee, introduoed a resolution of inquiry as to the expediency of authorising the temporary employment ,of additional clerks In the pension office. The preamble state# that some nine thousand applications for bounty lands and land sorlp, under the aot of last session, are now on file in the pension offloe, not examined, and the number Is dally Increasing. Besides these, there are large numbers partially examined and suspended; and without additional assistance thero must be great delay in adj usting these olalms, and manifest injustice done to olalmants. A debate ensued, in whloh Messrs. Jones, Brodhead, Houston of Ala., Ooggln, Stanton, White, Schenok, Toombs, Sawyer and Smith, of Illinois, participated. DEATH OF HOW. JOHN FAIRFIELD. During the debate several amendments or modifications were suggested, but before any aotion was had thereon, a message was reoelved from the Senate, announcing the death of the Hon. John Fairfield. The enlopy was pronounced by Mr. Hammons, who offered then*ual resolutions, which passed unanimously. The House then adjourned to attend the funeral tomorrow at noon. IT-a... S....4K PcTERiBUROM, Deo. 37,1847. By the Pony Express, this morning, we bare dates from New Orleans to tho 20th. No news. Generals Quitman and Shieldn arrived lat night at Petersburg, on their way to Washington. Tbey leave this morning. They hai a sapper given to them last night at Jarrett's Hotel. Unusual enthusiasm prevailed, touts drank, &c military Movements. Waihinotoh, Deo. 27, 1847. Generals Quitman and Shields arrived this evening' both looking well. They stop at Fuller's. The Departure of the Hlberula for New York ?The Packet Ship Loul* Philippe, Ac. Boston, Dec. 27, 1847. The steamship Hlbernia, Capt, Ryrie, left here at 2 o'clock this afternoon. Harvey Smith, New York pilot, goes in her. The tow boat R. B. Forbes, Capt. Morrli, left here last night for Fdgortown, to tow the paoket ship Louis f'hilippn to New Vork. Mr. Ski dm ore, Iiurlgate pilot, went in her. Thermometer here this morning stood ftt aero?at ilem, at sunrise, six di^reee below. Indictment of Miller for Forgery. Bobto*. Deo. 27?F. yen I nr. orge Miller was held to bail to-day,in >15,000, whioh be obtained. The Grand Jury found six oounts against him for forgery ef three uot?s of $2,600 oach on BelIrnan wVilVia Viuld a* *\uaa?.1 Market*. New Oblicans, Deo. iO.?Cotton?6000 baled sold at former rates. Sales of molasses at 18>? a 19%. Flour? SalM of Ohio at $6 40 to $6 60, and of Illinois at $6 60. Freight?A ship waa taken up for Liverpool with cotton. Exchange on New York at 60 day* IX and 3. Cincinnati, Dec. 27 ?The steamer's news waa duly received by telegraph, and had a tendency to oheck operation! in breadstuffs, merchants preferring to watt for documents by mall. Sales of only 200 to 300 bblaof flour were made at $5, for home use Hogs?Sales of 3000 head were made at $2 60 a $2 62k. New hams 1 were selling at #4 26. Corn?Hales of 100u bushels were made of mixed at 30s. Wheat waa dull, and no salea transpired. Whiskey was steady at lOo for rectified. The river waa alowly falling, and weather eold. Baltimore, Deo 37.?Flour?The Hibernia's news bad the effect of unsettling the market Howard atreet j was held at (6 26 a 37 X, but only small sales were made to tbe trade for home use. Wheat?Sales of about 2000 bushels were made, including Maryland reds, at SI 36. and white do, at $1 42 Corn?The market waa unsettled by tbe news, and prices Imd a downward tendency. Provisions were dull, and prioea nominally the same. Whiskey?We oontinue to quote at 29o a i'.'Xo Weather cold and clear. Buffalo, December 27.?'The receipt of the steamer's news l<y telegraph, has unsettled the market. Merchants are waiting the rcceipt of private letters before op?rat- j ing. Flour was offered at $4 76, but there were no buyers. The stock of wheat and corn waa light, and prices remained unchanged Holders asked the same prloes aa those current last week The weather contiuues very oold, but clear and bracing. Boston, Dee. 27.?Flour?The ateamer's news unsettled the market, and aalea oould not be effeot?d at prioes current last week Sales of 600 bbla. were made Ineluding Geneiee and other good western brands at $6 37X. Corn?Salea of 4,000 bushels were made, Inoludlng western mixed, at 76 cents, and yellow do at 82 cents, part o which was round Kye waa in good demand, and sales of 300 a S00 bushela were made at $1. Oats?Sales of ! 3 nnn hn.h.U wr. Ml a AO .In... were inactive. and quotations nomlual. Freights? Kates ware quiet and nominally the name. Shipping InUIIUtnce. N*w Orlkafii, Dec 20?Art iteanuhip Globe, and jhip Cot ton Planter. New Yotk Cld thipi Aikn.untl Ailautic, New York; Cordova, Priili<!eli>hia; bnu Pioneer, do Movement* of Returned Army Officer*. General Shield* was elegantly entertained at Charleston on the 3ist DM. A publio dinner was given In bis honoratSt Andrew's Hall. Among the invited guests were, the Governor of the State. Adjt. Gen Cantey, Col. Manning, Lieut. Clark, and several other perrons of distinction Msjor G^n Quitman was expected to arrive In Charleston oc . he 31d Ueo The Mtrcury of that date says : ? " Governor Johnson, baring received information tba?. Gen. Qui ho in may he expeoted to arrive in the city this day, Adjutant General Cantey and ald-de-camps Cols Brloe and Won, and deputation from the City Council, will be despatched in an extra car to meet him and i hlx family at ^ummerville General Cantey will invite ! General Quitman to the Governor's quarters, as the | guest of the State, and on the arrival of the oars at the 1 railroad depot an appropriate military escort, under the I command ot Brig. Gen Cruikshank, will be preptred to ; conduct hiut to the Governor's quwrters. The General will be received by his Kxoellency In person, and, in ac- 1 cordance with the resolutions of the Legislature, groeted as the guest of the SUte lie will then be Introduced to his Honor the Mayor, who will tender him the hospitalities of the city. Capt Cassiua M. Clay was welcomed at Lexington, Ky , on the 14th Dec., which the occasion made a holiday. The firing of cannon commenced at early dawn, wiuougn ?y. uiu not arrive 1111 * ? ciuca, i. .ri.? i Minute guns wore flred an ho entered the city After reaching the principal street, Capt. Jouett, in behalf of the military, welcomed him home in an eloquent address, to which Capt. Clay, in appropriate term*, res- j ponded The usual ceremonies of a complimentary pub- j lie reception were observed, and Mr. Clay wan escorted | to his house. A supper and a very nloe little llluminu- I tlon were events of toe evening. Cel. Oarland arrivf d, with his famllv, in the northern curs yesterday, and wss escorted by Messrs. Kloyd aud Hart, of the Committee of the House of Delegates, to bis lnd(Ani*s at the Powhatan House. Hn is a fine-looking man. though he beam the marks of hard, but glorlons service in Mexico. He will be formally received by the House of Delegate* on Tuesday next ?-Richmond Enqui r?r, D'C. 'J4 Lieut.. Klward Johnson, of Chesterfield, Va., arrived at Richmond on the evening of the ;jnth Den Lieut Hforeat, of the Lancaster <^o . Palmetto lUgl1 merit, arrived at Columbus, 8. C , direct from Mexico Mr J. B. Couaart, of tha name company, arrived at the same tlrnt Capt James Miller, just returned from Mexico, was handsomHly received at. Mauch Chunk, Pa, on Krlday 1 last, by the town councils and citizens of that place A oivio and military procession was fotmed, and esorrted him into tha town, where a public dlnn?r w?s provided Capt Miller ltd, aft>r Major Twiggs'de*'h. the storming party that took Chapultepen and In storming a battery, received a severe wound in his right arm by a musket ball He did not leave the fli>l<), but retained the command not only during the capture of the ca?tle. but in the charges upon the batteries of theGarlta de Helen , where ha and his brave as'uointei, the -Jd Kegimeut of i'?un?;lviu>t* Voluutena. wer? among tho firtt to enter the gtlM of the city, atn| I" pines the aUr ?pV>gl?J b?i< , oar "! |i* ?lU# I I .1 ThMtrlda and Muatcnl Bowery Thutic.?An is usual, this tbeatra ?u well filled lMt night. It would secui that the Bowery folks are determined to support dramv at all haaard, for when other houses are comparatively scant la nun* bers, the boxes of the Boyery Theatre are nightly filled with beautiful women and their milling, oheerful bra nr. The entertainment* oowrjenocd with the grand (pactacle of the " kevolutien, or the Patriots of in which Mr Hall ns Faim-r Braseley, Mr Burke as Mesapotamla Jenkins, and Mrs Phillips as Mary Braaeley, performed their character* well, and inucli to the satisfaction of the audienon Next followed the thrilling, he artrt-udlng drama ot the " Bottle " Although many think the character of this drama too hlu;hty wrought, aud Its general features too sad and gloomy, yet we must say ,a more instructive salutary lesson of the awful i-ffi-cts of iotamperanoe and its evil results was nerer delivered from the pulpit of the divine. Those who love tha sweet and health-giving walks of temperance should encourage the performance of thla pleCf, aa it must deeply Impress the mlads of the rising generation with tha horror of intemperance, and incite them to tha pursuit of temperanoe and peace of mind. Chatham Thcatkc. ? The beautiful equMtrian drama, " The Bride cf Abydrs," was produced, for the first lime, last evening, at this theatre. Tha housa was tolerably well filled, but not to un extsut to m?et tha expenses caoeaaanly inourred In tha auxiliary aid of Rockwell's company, with his celebrated stud of horflsa. ? . ??. i>vu muufiD, tuu vvuor piupwivioo wtr? evidently new, and we must say, tlie pieo* wu put on the stage in a splendid manner; but. aa la very frequently the case In the production of a new piece, there wera some errors which will likely he corrected in the next representation of this thrilling and at'ractlve drama. Giaffar. I'acba ef Abydos, wai ably sustained by Brandon, and SJalira, the lovarof Zuleika, performed by Var* ry, waa tolerably well done. Mrs. McLean was aioelleat In tha part of Zulsika The delay between each act was too long, and ia very tedloul and irksome to the audlenoa. '1 he ptrata's oave, the view of the fortress of Abydos, and the grand corridor in Ulaffer'B palace, were mhgutttoeut; and tha grand charge of cavalry, and detenoeof the ramparts by horse and foot, was a brilliant scene. I". Is an attraotlve pleee, and no doubt will have a graat run. Palmo'i ortra Hoi'ik.?a most agreeable little place to spend an evening pleasantly. Last evening tha laughable farce of "Love la Livery," was presented, la whloh Mr. W. JB. Chapman, as Paul Patent, kept tha house in a roar whenever ha showed his comioal phis upon the stage. This is one of Mr. C.'s best characters, and in It be sings his *oag of ' Hark, Hark the Music," which was given by Mm Ust evening in xorllent style. Mr. Dyott appeared k I >.d Sparkle, and Mrs. Abbott as the Countess Violet, in rhloh they both appeared to very good advantage; as . J > did, Mrs. Dyott, in theoharacter of Louise. In the Madame Augusta appeared as usual to the very best advantage. she not onlv dances the part but she plivys it to perfection. The arch, ao tlve, captivating little country girl, a* well as the impulsive heart-wrung, and finally demented woman ia the first act, and the very (airy of fairies in the seoiud, she carries more than ordinary inteiest with the ballet, while her artirtio performances are paa*. oouiyare with any rival danoer upon tha American O ige Moos. Frederick wins great applause uU'jt'y. ?? also does Miss Wells, who take* the part ol ibe ?4>i??n of tha I Fairies The las* piece was the p-' u ni iiy of " Th? Review," in which Mr Dyottpiay*<1 I ourjr >laTwalt*r, and Mr. Cbapmin personated < air' iheywere I supported by Messrs l'ov? y, lite. Mrs Jones and Abbott. All went off exceedingly wall. Circus?Bowerv Amfhithestik. -The varied and amusing performances given at this hou*e nightly, attract large audUnces, and what with tha equestrian feats of the performers and tha cleverness exhibited by tha trained horses, ponies, of Messrs Sands, Lent & Co 'a stud, every thing ia done whiob nan be dona in a circus. We must not forget to mention R. Sands a id hla two sons in their beautiful and classic performances. The house is well warmed these cold evenings?the bent of order Is preserved, and w? know of no more desirable place of amusement for family parties It is patronised by the most respectable of our citizens. Christy's Miwstrk^i.?These performers entered on their thirteenth week last night?a run unparalleled almost by any siogle band of publio actors, particularly when the staple of their euterialc ment is so oonflned to one euhjeot ; but the ever-varying manner iu which they go through their niihtly songs, dances. &o relieves them of all monotony. They ar>< greit harmonists, and will undoubtedly have a great time this holiday week. Tht Model Artists at Piwtkux ?We noticed in yesterday's Herald the arrest of tde Model Artists, at i'inteux, on 8unday night. The Aldermen, together with a potse of polioe, were early on the spot, wa'ching me movements ana reoonnouering me premises- laying low In order to pounoe upon their prey at the given signal. The first part of the entertainment being vocal, inoludlng the following designated snored songs?"Eve's Lamentation," "I'eaoeful Slumbering on the Ocean," ''Infant's Prayer," "Mother Dear," "Dost thou Remember," "Oh! had I wings." and " Recollections of Home;" ? after this, fifteen minutes intermission took place, when the curtain was drawn aside for llio labl'aux, representing ' Hagar and Ishmael." This the Aldermen allowed to pats, but on the second tableaux, representing "Jacob in the house of Laban." just as the pedestal was revolving, with three well-formed fewales thereon with short skirta, and the audience straining their eyes with anxious imagination, In pounced the Aldermen and police, whioh movement struck the audience, as well aa the artists, with astonishment and fear. One of the artists feinted, throwing herself in a position whioh resembled the Greek Slave tip set. better developed than any marble representation. On passing to the dressing room, a seen* of stirring Interest took place, as some five or six well formed feaales were in the aot of preparing for th? next tableaux; in on* corner was seen a v. ry fleshy lady, dressed as Bacck>u, on a barrel, studying her position; ancther beautiful formed creature, just drawirg on her tights lor the Greek Slave, together with others, who were so dreadfully alarmed at the sight of tbe polioe, with their cluba in hand, would seixe up a portion of their garments In order to hide their face, forgetting their lower extremities, thus making a scene mix?d up with the publlme and the ridiculous, which is utterly liupogiible to describe as euch coenea must be witnessed to be properly appreciated. Aiter they were conducted to the Station Hi use, and detsined ior tbe nlgbt, Mr. I*lnteux Sent theui a roast turkey and several oottlea of wlur, to cheer their souls, wbioh bad the desired effect, fir during (he ni<ht, as thev dosed off from fatigue, the fillnwirg sounds were heard to come from the sleeping models:? " Ob, had I wings," " Mother Dear," ' Dost thou remember," "recollections of home," to., they still imsglnlng themselves on the stage at i'mteux', or In tbe Hou<e of Laban, Instead ot which, they were lodged in the tt-Ulon house. In the moruing they were all taken before Justice Driukt-r. who held the artists to bail in $100 e?oh. for their future goad behavior, and to keep tbe Habbath holy, and tbe manager, Mr. Qmty, in $300. to do the same. Tbla place of amusement has been only iu operation between torn and thrt-n vrnka ami n t.hn artia'N intimaUil In the manager mo increase of salary was rt quired for iheir support, it beeauitt necessary to shorten the skirts, to increase tbe receipts, and it bad the desired effeot, by drawing crowded houses. Thus shortening ib-nr skirts increased iheir wages, increased tbe attractions, increased tbe receipts, got them in tbe Statioa House, up before Junttoe Drinker, and up before tbe publto for their increased applause We have no doubt another reef will soon be taken io tbeir skirts. Not* withstanding thii arrest of tbe parties engaged in the ' Tableaux Vivants," at Pinteux's, on Sunday even ing, the performances went on as usual, last evening, by thn same artists. Their sojourn in thn fttaiion House neither destroyed nor Impaired any ot their fair proporf tions, and the well developed limb and rounded bu?tT were ns conspicuous as before upon the pedestal Tbe scriptual pieces, lnte.rupted by tbe entrance of tbe police on Sunday, w> be given this evening, in ths original costumes. Cr -"ds visit this favorite place of ii":'isement, and the oute unments are well worth it. l.akvann'i Panorama ?We are glad to see that this ihltiltlon Is obtaining the patronage it so fully murits. It is decidedly one of the wonders of this nge, and in the way of painting is as great a monument of energy and untiring ?xertion as any work in existence Mr D<u v?rd spent some (six or eight years of bis life, amidst hardship dangers, to procure tbe necessary sketches for this sreat work. He is now, however. Amply rewarded for all bis labors We commend his exhibition highly to all, and particularly to those who are sreking amusement during this holiday season. Collins, the Irish comedian, has oonolnded a most successful engagement iu Philadelphia. and lias proci adtd to Riuhmoud, Va ,wh?ro ho f.iays for a khcrt season. Madame Ablamowicn gave a concert at St. Louis on the 13th inst. Bhewas reoeired with great npprtbi ion. Mdll? Dimler concluded her euga^vment in New Orleans on the lath rf Dec. Barney Williams Is playing nt the American tbmi'ro, New Orleans. HI# personation oi Irish characters Is Uglily fpokrn of. In consequence of the lab-nee* of the *??son, Messrs. Hera and Slrorl were compelled to postpone their Intended concert In Charleston until tbelr return l'rou th? Havana, in tbo m nth of Ma7. Mtstkrious Dsatr.?Supposed Homicide ? We werr intorm. ii vebterday ol the deith of a mulatto man named John (illis, under circumstances which led to the belief that he came to his death by rio lenoe. The scene of the occurrence was in .Meyland H'reet, better know es S >e?at'ras alley, runnirir north from llaoo s reet, between Kif'h aud Siitli, which is me of those liy-ways where the colored population ooDgrtpata in large numbers, in miserattle hornls The ujfortunate ' mm has been employed as a waiter In the Mansion House, corni r of Kleventh and Market s'reefs ?nd on i Saturday night want into home 129 .layland s'ro*t. ai d | wns seen by persons living on the flrst floor, to go up ! ftairs Into ?he third story or attio. After he bad been | there a short time a scuflle was board aud tbtn a colored woiuan named Julia Asiimead was henrd to order him t.ut A colored rain named Joseph Webb then came, out of the third story baok room and asking the oaueeof the noise, ordered Oiles to go dowu stairs as quick ?fl possible. Giles replied that ho w h going, and then m rolpe was heard, ns of si-me one lulling down stairs, enuring those on the second floor to rush into the hal',wlier?i tony found Giles lying at the font of tli? main*, uh^ iuh rh.1 I tin down a flight frcm the third stoiy to thf aaoond. lie dirt not live more than ? uiiuutn or two after being found, and died without uttrttDg a word. \Vh?tber l'? whs thrown down, or a;cid?u!aliy Ml, could not b? correo ly ascertained Ho evidently fell with great foroc, for bis neok was found to bs broK^-n. A'derniau urizer was sent for, and ou mrlvli.E arrmted Joseph Webb and hi* daughter Catharine; subatquei tiy cone1 able llol>?-r arrested Julia Ashintad, and these tlut e werw comcijt . ted by the inmintrut? for a luithtr h??r)ng.?rkiUdtig yhia Xiuii, -i'tli J)tc. On the aid Deo., Mrs. Raohel, a^ed twenty years, wife of James 1' Van Derwarker, of Northumberland^ (uiolilx Viy omtlog b#r thront with ? iag<u'. bJ>* hh<i b(*u Uiwri?d til*** w??!u SW ?o *111 able and i-??i>eri*bi',< young woman, a u??in'"r of Mj# I reformed irtitffc1 hurt*

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