Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 3, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 3, 1848 Page 1
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i. _J J.Ji TH Wlioli No. 4960. PattK THE AT'lE?Mea.re. SANDS, LENT fc GO'S AMEBIC VN I'lhGI A-Thi. mammoth Equestrian Troup* it trow performing airfhtly at the above eattbliehmenr Among the principal performers ere Mr. K 8nnd? ard hie children, M.urire tud lesae, M*?te? Hrrimnrfe*, and Arrav, Mrs. I. 4in.l!a Uarduer. til* Queen Equestrian; Joe Pent'aud, Kara Lathr-ip, and Dun (Jar-Iner, Clowns; Mettra 8' ut. STpeaiil. MeKarlmd. Mom. Caue, Sig. Terr*, Bugl'?i lohnaou. Laev. ke fc.c The dancing hortet, Mayfly. * d Do -ei.Kal 11. Tw.u P.mim, HiuhlKir Ponies. Ci-de'illa, Tom I'li oib. kc ke Press Circle and Psrqn?tte, 50 cents: C>i?a, Ji; *0.1 Irry I' M D o epru ..t ? M' peifor'"aure to c .in'* c c* at 7 ? < k. Paitienlars tee balls N.B?A I rn 1 >1 rnooa pc.-loruituc* every Saturday, commencing ( I -w VI,, fc f> < a,*- v 1 nr. v 1 tie .?.vloxdny evening, Jan. Jrd. l*it>, IJ will lie pe formed, .cha!ispearr'? Tragedy of VIA BETII?Vacb-'h Mr. VV Marshall ; Macduff, C. VV. 1 'aike ; Fi >r Witch Mr Burke ; Lady Macbeth. Mrt. Jor dun. A iter va fii< H t <n Comrdy of IS HE JEALOUS?Mr U?loi*ur. Mr. I H Kali; Mia B'linour, Mrs. Walcot; Hairi", V! a ('liill<pt: Roee. Mrs Sather'and. To eonrlnd* with the N uiical Dm. "fihe NOHWAY WKECKEltS, or. THE It. WON OK DEATH-J.ct Junk. Mr H?IL Auger > ff Mr. "Ml' 11. Doors open at6X?Curtain itaes at 7. ooxea MfteaTe- P>t . d O |l--ry 12)^ c?ut?. 7T5 , , >i 'i tiC-A l'Ha,? gol( Pw ricto H . J " i'f.pf'i"fv.n?-,tngr Manager, Air Hield? On Monday Evening I n 3, th? pcrfn-Tiatice will r.i tnmerree with lh? f. c- I TIIK >VIFK'3 SK OND FLOOR?Mr Ke'ixTnd<1 \Ir Hi- >1: K-nuv. Mi-x Hildreth. After which. th? comrd.i ' of I'Hifl V iNKtE i L ELI AT? Nehetniah llectir D' V i'ru tor; Am*1*'. '-:i*i Hthlretli To h- followed bt | lb* '.1 1'lEL A'<T STB i" their admired Tableaux Vie nt? 'i'o c> <lutf? w 'h lh- ,'rann, called i HE MOUfNTOU'" C r-STI'?X?H bert Slelty. Mr. Hield: H-chel Rylvd M*s VeLe-f. Boxes 35 era?Door* opeu at 6)4 o'clock?Perf m?.1- w ill commence at "ToVlocIr. PdjiiU'" OI'iHA HOUdK.?Bcueli- ol vfile xubuiii, ii - her Ixit ippe ranee p-eyi-nii to her departure for the A u h ? Vio-dai- e-enine Jan 3 lilt, will he presented the Pre. of HliV AWAY MA CHK8?Jenkins Mr W B I ii-t m-n-. L?rtler Mr P vav: Betty Finniken, M'? Kni(tht Alie- w 11 cli, the 2d sctof O SE.LL"'.?Oise|ie, M'lle Auemti Mv-thi M ?* Wellt: Prince A'bretch M ini F rder.cks ,? f.er arli 'h. SI time here. llr.X vs COX?Sir Cnx, VIr I I'm i'Iai . Mr Box Mr. Povev. To conclude with the la?t rc> of the Ba'l-tot N ATI! AL'K-Na'.halie, M'lle Augusta; L- I note, ?1on? Fredericks; Rraritine, Miss Wells ? I rifi-t-'iwi T rt aim! Pirq-iefre, VI rente: Second Tier, 2*ic 1 " J I i - HALL'S OI.VMPI-; THKATMK ?Monday >>e' 'i ning. Jauuiry it'll the |iei forma-ce wi'l rominruce with A the Ri ce eiititl ! the I. OH I' T1HIOP OK ST. J AME8'<?? M?A'ei Tho.nas huiillh >uer, Mr Holland; Lodv Ailauiode, Mrs Hemy; Lxd? A* tea Warden, Mm Phillips: Mistress (J e Hi be t?. Mary Taylor Afte- w tich a new firce (jost i? ?i?ed from London) rutitled BOX Si COX?John Box, Mr II H ull. Jam-i 1 ox. ''onover. To be followed by the I aVHIBLI'. PRINCE?l)on LeMiller, Misx Mary Taylor: ( Hie. i. Mr H-ury. To conclude with the FVM entitled A W K RO;l AN HOUrt?Dumps,Mr Henry; Ji skyn Waiter, Mr ll -lla.id Ooora t.peu at 6, certain rises at 7 o'clock, e M e* '?; 'loxrr.JS; Pir, I shilling B't ' - \V I' H A i'll - ? B b. N K K T- lib si'o xOKA CIO' C A ?On Monday evening. Jan. 3 will be presente ill- J*n te i dr?m> of the M A ID OH CROISSV?Sergear t Au.tr lit* Mr Flrnioix: '' lieteaa. M si Kanny Wallxck. Aftrr which the lit net of ATlli A ND 8A NO ARIP?Sangaris. Rich n thurci. To which will be added BOMBASIE8 KUKIO^O? tloinbaatet, Mr. Hadawav; Distafi a, Vi?i M it th." \f. To he folio wed by the lit act of the MAOIC FLUTE ? L'iniii Su-'i >r .Vlorra; is* Signora Cioeci. To conclude vith ihe VTI'hN AL POLKA . hv Mznura Cinccaand Mile rrle? Dretx Circle and Parq -ette, t1; Family Circle (Id tier,) y.\ eeata Upper B xea, 2'i ccnti; Oallery, 121i cents It.i r. t.e-i it.14 -lick, pe-formaiice to commence ?r 7 A irOtA PLA' p lOPERA.-?Monday, Jauua-y 31 aviII i\ |i-|i e?ented Hell in 1 *n Opera in three acta, of I rUfllTU-l-Eliiti lAiznora Clotilil-Barili; Artnro, S'r BenedetU. Hicca do. 8'r Kerdinando O Beneveotano ; Giorgio. S'r *euiaii 1 U ,.i; B'ttuo. d'r Kelix Genoveii; Henrietta, SiKvra A roii ro; Gnaltiero, AL'tiora Striui.? Vlacatro Diret ?, 13 .-ill . Leader of the Orch'stra, Signor Ra\ B it ? ''artptet, and Balcony. $1; Amphitheatre, iO VHm Oifice o|rn daily.fr m half past S to 12 o'clock, No 2 Wall street basement from 1 to 3. Doors open jKWk. To commence at half past 7 ^ . Bower,- Amphitheatre?IOHN TKYON, Man?it??i.v Tandiv and Wednesday Evenings? AW c*i" " NLS IN TH E CIKCLE?By ihe tint Equestran tuvipe n Mi-wuld. I lie Manager bens leave to re er to his till- The no idnva beisg over the Amphitheatre ?i I he foi th- em oader of-lie sea-oa. exclusively devoiedto CIRCUS HID'NU.and hos? Acrobatic and Uvinnaatie Keats only, a? t eittin t> the le.;itirn.,t- ?i'C!is Tha whole en'er'ainm>rt will o elude with JACK HOdlNSON AND IIlS VU)Nk V* -Two ('1 >vrut in the Ring?Bob Williams and John Well* ? Boxes, Prers Circle, 21 cents?Children lielfprict? I Pitcents. jslSt*ie >11 . t ' ' o ): tLL, <7J Urontwav o?"-> w? Hue !'J ? .trnotn* s* eels. Crowded to overflowing with the lie. VI'TV ami K \bHION ol .New York. OPEN EVEKV r iaH'?" fc'NAP Y^'MI) SUCCESS Thirteenth Week of the t > jin.i! i rlKISTk'"H MIN8TR.EJUO The Oldest Es te',|*khad Bsu-1 in t' e United Ht .tea << P. C'HKISTY, E PKinCK.O. N CUHINTY C. ABBOTT J.RAYNOR, T VAUGHN 8. A. V/tLLS, T. K. BK1(J JS, whose original a <1 inimitable concerts era sightly iiozo.eu with caowded and bigh'y rtapeetable audiences, and uuiverxallv admitted tc ex-sl >r>rv aicesemeat ol a timilae eharacter offered in this CUT Admission 21 mis Children order Id yeere, b.Uf prie? li 01. , :i?., a J; c?n;rrt will commence at 3 o'clock On fc't inliy, Jannsry I nu Afternoon Sioncert Doors oneo at 2 c'eleck. Concert will eoiom-iice at 3 o'clock. j3f,t*rc III HO IDH'AV ODEON?a.ntraoee thronsh Pi >ienx's SiMt I ou- Cmterth? manaanmant of Mr K O. (laav.LT ? This ??. ?! g, Jvnuiry 3d? P?rt 1. A vviety of songs, dances. It- (?? ciao s serci ?s G ilea bhonrers Part II. MODEL AKTans ABl.KAL'X V1VAI2T8. or L>r.rg Msr is Ke.os! Figs es?' An,z ,ti>a?. Oath "" Ba'l Th ower,' "Mas-acre.,-f ihe St. Ha itiolnme r " ' Favo-ite of the flees* to," "Deets of Abel. P.n III ?"The Lute Pltter," ' nl) pan's llreim." " Ihe Bv.Wr," ' Discing Nymphs" "t. ai?l N-ti.n-l Tsbl- u in honor of the United Matea." Orrhe iri B s ',3 rents I'i ooette 21 c nts, Boxes 12ft cents Pr f m - t , einnincnce rt hs|f pa-t 7. !/to vis AM-It I A.o \1U afcU VI?TPrr Harm M. | A# Pioprit1 >r?b lllTCMroCK. Manager?rtp'eodid rshibij I. as and pa ( rvsacsi, nrrv ilirronou st 3 o'clock. Slid rv arytvemugat half past 7. I lie manager has re-eugaxrd the I c.n. .rut Bfc-D lUI.N V R * BA fr-nn the Desert ol'Salisri Ti is. Aleo.CAV.PBEL'.'S ETHIOPIAN HEpENADr.IH. tdr*ai western ,n 'he 'Pesd Shot'; lvorr CrnciUx;? S i iksp't an C b-ne'i M's. Mouall Mlae Bernard. Mus-s Jnlie,, -lid VVhi-lo.W I)?uee-?; vlr. Whitloek, Mr. Proaserj liv\) g Of,,* O I'sua. Wat Kigii-ee Likenesses nud Portraits o! th- ami.r d Cspt ve Mares; wax figures of yueej Vie'o ia. r,iliy B"diii?. Ust i"l OVont ell. bather Ma hew. Htc. Madam h.ckweli, the fonons Fortune Teller. Wax Model of Uc Htiinn body.tiba seen pras araly at ?n extra chsrie of 31 \Hin MIO.I to the whole, S3 eei,r*; cn inren unoer ten J1, ge a.id old cuongh to walk alone, IIX cent* Iteii' ac t?. ue ahiuu g each rttw jlcc ' nlif# , K >t?V? t,T VT'otner of Centre and I'eail *! Oilf >1," AUX VIV A NTS or the I.mo* MODEL AH/ Mile and ttmile uudrr the dreetuu of an eminent ?h * will introduce anew and choirs ?etnl picti'e* f eve- u.g thu we k Alan, ."table Sut^r B nd and the Vtrf iMbi'rtli, Mi tea Win and t ordelia with tonga, it , Ju,r sanann, c mic linger, W H Coleman B u jo solos and the r, I red Kant f Ball Admit ion one ahillii.g. doi r? open I at A to CO menr# at 7 ' lock tl It *> fTdlN|j 0HAJII iMi KUMkNTAl C 'NCERTatttie 1. faberu'cle,! n Tuesday evening Ian 4, 11 IS bytheSTK'r ^ CRM AHKlSCtlE MUSIC AL I OMPiNY, couviiting o' i meter p?'f .rmara, grateful f >r ilia eery flittering reeeption \rhi h iIi * y h -ye met wi h tliu t far in tliia ct'v, have the honor to anuonn e their thir-i appeataaee in New Vork, on Tuesday err.i ia la" ?. PdO'iit ? MMK?Pa*t I. 1 Match frotn t ia hytna to P me I'ina IX . Kr. Rteiatl 2 (Br request.) Or?rlur.r liotn the (I wm'ca Must'da Foft'Ce 'Aubrr. 3. Walts ' Melodies f the Heart" Str.uaa. 4 (3y rvquetL) Duett Ir on the O era "Linda of ffcatn mi " Domtetti Part It.? 3. St.i'i eulr d Carnival of IH7, ljunlrille, -triuaa 6 Them* nr.l Variations on tli- Kig tto. fr in the Opera of " Notini," hv 'a ibi. e*?c itedbv P Kit*. 7 (4-?ul .larch Pn'Poutri Masse k Past III?S ( By request ) tlve-tnre to' Zraiin ' Merold 9 Walls, Lora'a Irre- in," l.aunsr 11 Untied Nptea Polka, dedicved to the ltdier of America. Kr. lit In. 'I ickrt* in rente aarh. to be had at ths ptinci|ial rnniic stores, and at tbe d v>r on the arming of the r.iurett Doora open a' P'tfo'wan e to r-oi m nee -.t p ?ei elr )l *t*m O . \ I \CAl> MY, J - IttlLO V 1V SPMK.KT. -v till niRLY v.?Mr. Lyme's Murical lllnttrat ou* o' / bhahrpeare, with r'tnvks and tendings, Tuesday r? ruing / January 4th. 1 he fo lowiug vocalists are engaged: ?Mrs. It <! waul Loner Mi as *1. L. Leach, Mr Ar hnr.oii. and Mr ft A L Leirh. with aihnrur aelccted from ineinhsra of the New I i oik Milaicat latitats Conduct >r Mr tlen. Loder 'Tickets lie ma in rr r, - i at 6 ^ , to rnmmenre at 7n o'clock. _ d3l tt?m 1 |>ynVi??D'S M ym vi OI II PANORAMA OK THE " Mississippi rliver punted on three tn lea of nauvaaa rilu , biti-ig a view of country 13'0 mile* pi length, ettrndiug In.m thernnuth "I the Miaaouri ruer to the city of New Or leant r mid-earh-mi over ten i e/reea of latitude, being tl.e largest piloting tn hv world, at tie new Pauorrma Building, u, o.oadiv iy adj,nnuig v.blo's Oirden. Open eveiy evening, r i (AonOac ??-epte i I Admission, 39 cents; children half priee The f'tnnr inn will c uaoMace moving at 7 o'rlork precisely Alters ii n fihintions on Wednesdays and HttU'drya. at I <M k '-eats oc rred from l? A. M till II P. M. IK*re. Mh.idTtNi '3 INSTITUTE.?Lnetataa at Bocie,v Li Hcondway.? Monday rva iug. II mat. Prol HUM". Cth Lecture on ( vperimeutal Chemn'ry ? anhjeet, UsyeeiyUta and its combine! one and proprrtir," I'hnraI" (I V even! g, Sth mat, at liutatute Ho .tnr I ity Hill, Di. I till I. ' k vldl.l. t lie on I'll vanillic v ?an I' ,e * I < fim r) ihe It loo I ' s.tiru i> e?eu ng Urhi inr Clan All leituraa 01 4 Debate! free to mtiithrri To non-member!, I t 2) . rnti ?''' Lecture. Teruu o( meinhenhip, t> yeaily duri j * i end St init ttion By order, Lecture i ommittee C. L 1 i u Mlt i rr, Aetnny T A United Htitti P.iteut Agency, i ' l.i?ti nte Rcomr, l( City Hall. C.L Barr,;l. Agent I i ,j3 It-m _ _ I IVf 1 K'OR l',IUIK'< EX-.UR9ION9. St e ? \ fall I J.tA Bind of 12 or n ler< number can be h?<l a' a eery lnoder-te p-ico o i app icntioa at 42 Autli invatreet. Tlie men aie nil pie 'g 1 io temperance, hire been heie but a short time ; m >?t of them li " e belonged to F.alh?r Mathew'a baud and are call' ed Com. Do Kry'a T'cetotale a.iu honour ol the gentleman who . ra'-e 1 the b'ud whilit in the Macedonian. u3?.tt*re 17*11 V\ BM.L-FOUHTEKNTH annual BALL l Tj ha KHIVA HENKV >LENT ASSOCIATION, (toe proceeds f which n'e for the bereflf of toe Oruha a in til- Roman Cntholie Orphan Aiylnm. Priiiceatieei), will take r l'te i' Caitle fftrd?n. on 'i'ueidav evenng, Janttarv 4th, It IS. Tick ti $2 e'ch. admitting a gent eman awl two larliea, , o n he h 0 i f the following Committee of Arrangement! ir 'J'nom i O''ornor, K?q President ?. Shorti'l, Vice t'rra't C F trgerald, Treasurer J McKinley,42 Bowery; J Duuu, I 191 Wrat 20th ktte'; J Colgan, tl Jamai atreet; U'm Den' m i,79 < hat ham stieet; T Gartirk. 21 1 hatham ?treet; j , I Kent, IT Silt I irr et; D 8weeny, 68 Chatham atnet; F tpk'e |1 972 "? xth ?lr?et; II Ke ly, 130 Bowery; M MeHenn 291 1'lr eelrer ?feet; M O'Beirue, 34 Knltouai ee'; l> i rt.nrthy, 118 Va?! n atreat; P it-conn cwee- Walk?r St Elm; P in|y|a hill, 14 ' 'liver utreet; J A McO.ynn. 72Thiid itreet; T Oil' II loeitin, 71 Mottateef; John J "ejly, 42 Scruith ?trerl; J I ' Kimli 21 Eaat 28th itreet; I Mu-pUy, 4(t6 < herry atreet; T I Boyte, 2114 Broome rtreet; Owen I'ojgnn. 20 J titci ?tteet 1 Brooklyn. or of JAMES B. NICHOLSON, Scce-art. 61 11 tt m rPI'He. Hi'tT.k ti A.smTaL U ibl. Up I'r'ir. IRion 1 EMIGRANT HOCIETV. will take place at the Colitetttn Room' Vo 440 Broadway, on Tuaadav eveoiu^, Jan. tlih into Ticken ($1 etch) can be proonred a the office of !the Sac etv No. 22 Si race itr?et, or ol the following comBitc.re Gregory Dillon, 87 Chambers atreet; Jeneph Stuart. 6't Wiltiatn itreet; Hngb Kelly, 138 Bowery; .lamei Matt'ewi, 9> VVall street; Jainer Heybn'n, 21 South William atreet; William Redmond. 44 Eieh mge Plrce; Relit Ing-idaby. II# Maiden lane; John Manning. I6ti Pearl itreet; V'h'rlei l,w?' y, 19 Centre itreet; John Nicholson, 40 Pine !- .; William 'Vation. 41 Exchange Plice; Jarnei Olwell I Wen -'reet-Thomia Swanwlek. 44 Pine itrvet: T DonJlv.7 H inth wllllim itreett Charlea K. Shea. 34 Liberty ' eet; C M Nsiiry, 88 Pine atreet, K. B. Daly, 94 Broad ee'; Frincii Ma nt, 146 Peatl atreet. c28 I'h VlltTh aftjrl llt*re VI rt s ti Attn i s oildiTd'b >a ? mltimia iuh jTI Sii.VS?Thee Ittten are remarkable for durakiliy, i .< " l>rt'' ?r,cy ol the jri.lding nuequalled b? any ether artiele fn ti e arty?which brillii?rjr la wntiao'ed to ei.?i?ere . . ...? V eaflrer T'lfVlir alio Japanned tOWU a of or rt-.r J??y ?.? .<1111,4, Orden left at fetiei, Pe?be? kt (Ja 18 6 gnUen ? ear, will be atieacad to The parinarahlp haietnfofe eeytciig ^8?wrej,^le^h^r<||^ 8eot?, w?g dli?el??d -t tka Ih n E N E NFV Interesting from the War Quarter. affairs at jalapa. fFrom th? N. O. Picayune. Dec. 24.] J?L?p.\, l)rc n 18-17?The 3 I Regiment of Kentucky Volunteers, with which 1 came up, and the 4th H?glinent from the same State, arrived here on Friday last, the 3d lust., and are now enoamped three miles above tba city The Indiana and Tennessee ll-gltnen'g arrl! ved several days before us, and left yesterday for Perotn | The two Kentncky Heglments leave to-morrow, and I may say, without exaggeration, that a finer body of volunteers than the division which Gen. Butler leads into the inferior has never trod Mexican soil. Of the 3d Kentucky, acoorapanyIng them lis I do, 1 can spepk more particularly. The rank and flle are from the but. materials of the State, and the officer*, field and staff, and of the line, are gsntlemen of the highest intelligence and soldierly bearing. Col. Thomnaon of the 3d. who b-ing senior aolouel, commands the brigade composed of the two Kentucky regiments, baa be> n Lieut Got of the State, an t in a fine sproitnen of a Kentucky gentlemen; Lieut. Cel. Crittenden, the aon of the distlnguisbed senator of that name, all know as the talented and efficient aid of Gen. Txyl r, on the bloody Held of Buena Vistt. The major of the regiment. Mr. Breukeobridge, ia a lawy-r of high standing, and, although a democrat of the stralghtest sect, has very nearly baeu elected to Congress in die rict, notwithstanding that, politically, there was a strong major! y ogaii at him. Krom this your readers will infer his calibre. I ooull fo.low up the officers of the regiment down to the lowes' lieutenant, and there la not n single onu of which the State will have reason to be ashamed. To-morrow the brigade under tha command Of Col. Thompson leaves 1 for Perote, and is accompanied by Gen Butler. The General has written to Gen Scott, informing him that he will await orders at Puebla Much regiment has a burning desire to be pushed forward to the capital as soon as prssible, tbat it may have an opportunity of taking part In any new expedition; bur. it is probable General Seott will order the whole division to remain at Puebla. where supplies are more readily obtained, until the troops are thoroughly instructed Rumors of peace are circulating in the camp here, and obtain snnt in high quertere. Upon what credit they btain belief I know not; but conversing with a gentleman who has resided in Mexioo over twenty years und the greater part of tbat time in the olty, I am convinced such reports are premature, if not to be utterly discredited. Instead of expecting a peace, he expects a ua'ioual insurrection, and is confident that Santa Anna, who is still at Tehucan looks for some such event, and is waiting for an opportunity to ripen or take advantage of it My informant perhaps goes to the other extreme. We all know how vainly the adored military chieftain of the Krench looked for a national Insurrection to protect their capital, and expel the invaders, when the allies crossed the Rhine and forced him to retire inch by inch The people of Mexico are infinitely less capable of such energetic patriotism, and have few inducements to make the effort 1 send you a proclamation, issued a few days since, by Colonel Hugbts, of the Baltimore Battalion, addressed to the Mexicans of this city and department [Already published.] It has, I understand, bad a most salutary effrot,and the invitation to the Mexicans to com: In and givet sir parole not to bear arms against us, has been generally accepted, and apparently with good fai'h The immediate abject of the proclamation was to allay an excitement caused by two Mexican officers who were liberated on parole at Vera Cruz, and were since found In arms, being shot here, after brine tried by a military commission They were subalterns, but youtig men of respectable families residing in this vicinity, and dying in the most heroic raauuer, their execution could not tail of producing a momentary excitement Colonel Hughes, however, showed his impartiality by hanging, the day before these officers were executed, two Americans, one a teamster, and the other a wagon master, who murdered a Mexican boy, about Id years or age We cannot but sympathize with an enemy who dies expressing a wish for the perpetuation of the Independence of his country; but these Mexican odlceca. although "Vive le Uepublica de Mexico" were their iast words, bad forfeited esteem by gambling their honor The guerrillas on every part of tbis line are now most effectually cut up. Wherever they exist it is only in very small bodies. Occa'tonally, however, they succeed la luakiig a capture froui a m rohant train. One which arrived here yesterday from Mexico, was, 1 understand, partially out off; and twelve or fourteen peck mules of a Mrxioan train, which was in the rear of General Butler's command, falling some distance behind, were also taken Thn Governor here is unceasing in his efforts to capture the guerilla* and to prevent them from reducing soldiers from our army. Three persons have been arrested charged with the lattar offence, and the evidence of their guilt is said to be clear, if so they wilt t?? shot. Col. Johnson,of the Voltiguera. with the troops which went from Mexico to Ver-i Crux, under Col Harney arrived here yesterday on his way to the capital, in charge of a large train of supplies for the army under the immediate command of Gen. Scott In two days we expect to be at Perote. and you will probably hear from me from that point. sprrr.E.MxNTAL report ok oknerai. scott. Hi.spouar i e?9 or the Asmt, ) Mexico, I) cember 13, is 17 ) fiat?Information subsequent to my report of tbe 1' ttlies of September 13 has developed some faots, which to justice to th? officers concerned, 1 ItOWt be i?oorpo-atrd io that report. 1. in tbe mriitjen or " ofllears and corps most distinguished'' at the storming of Cbapultepec, the name of ('aptsin Howard, voMgt-urs. should immediately precede those of Captains Barnard and Blddle, of the same corps, in these terns: "Captain Howard, of that regi. ment. one ottbe foremost id the assmlt ." 'J. In the ssma operation. Lieut S?lJ?n ?th infantry, is raported to have been " early cn the ladder, and b?dly wounded" Phase substitute "the first on a ladder and badlv wounded " 3 I' odT i he same head, honorable mention Is made of " a portion or tbe storming party (Twiggs' division ssrving with Hui man) under I.ieut Steele, Jd lnf?ntry:" it should read " Lleuts. Weatoottand Steele, ad infantry." I have the honor to remain, sir. with high respect, y tVr ob-dient servant, IVINKIELD SCOTT. * 0 the Hon. selrbtarv of war ' jack hays' texas rangers. A correspondent of tbe New Orleans Dell* says the reinforcement* that arrived at Mexico on the 7th of December were, generally speaking. a good body of troops However, there came along with them the greatest American curiosities that as yet. have entered the city of the Aztecs?they were the observed of all observers, and excited as much lively interest as if President Pulk arid tbe American Congo- ^ had suddenly set themsslves down in front of the palace to organise and regulate a government and Ia?e for the people of this h-uighted land? crowds of men flocked to see them, (however, always keeping e. respectful (Usance) and women, affrighted, ru*hej from the hilcor.lcs into tbe hoi.s-s IVrbaps you would like to know who these terrific beings are Well, they are nothing more nor less then Jack llujs and his Texan Bangers, with tbeir old fish.oriel maple-stock rifles tying across their sad lies, the butts ol two large pistols sticking ont of the holsters, atid a pair of Cult's six-shooters belted around their waists-ranking only fifteen *hot? to the tnnn ? Do yon think tbi* whs anything to bn acsred at' There nr* only tiPO m*n In the regiment, *nd summing them all up. they have only got 7 V'O ahota, which it will take them at leant from right to ten minute* ta fire Into the rank* of an eneuiy, whan tli'-y arc at a charge But than they have got a name, and I am beginning to believe there la sotnetblng in a name Tbe Mexican* believe them to ho a sort ot acini olvtllxed. half-man half devil, with a alight mixture of the Una and enapplug-turtle. and have a more noly horror of thi m than they have of the evil aaint himself And do not be surprised when I t-11 you that I have aaveral timet been asked by aome of the Inbahltania. If the Texan* will h* allowed ta go out into the etreeta without a guard over them. It i* really aurprtalng that men with aueh a reputation should he an ong the very beat disciplined troopa in our army, and not disposed to commit outrage*, or create cist urbane* In any way.? Hut the greater* must not Interfere with them.aewa* Illustrated thi* eveniag About an hour ago noma of thetu were quietly passing through nn* of vne atreeta, wben a crowd of leperoa gathered around them and eruimenced throwing atone* tbe reaull of which was that in a very few minute* there were ten dead Mexican* lying In the street, and two men, bidly wounded, taken to tbe guard-house '' rue OCCUPATION ONSlnKRKD IN A eoWISRCIAT, POINT OP VIKW. [Krom the New ftrleaos Delta ] In the latt?r p*rt of October laat. a dinner wa* given la the city of M-x'eo, by Msjor Gen \fforth. to (Jena li'ikman and Shield*, on th* eve of the return of thai* ( Hirer* to the L'nlti d Slate* The party composed nearly all the higher ofBcera of the army A* thi* dinner tbe i|ue*t.|nn cam* up for dt*on**ton whit we ahould do with Mexleo and what eonree eur govermeot fbould purene In reference to the war Oa thi* subjeot there wa* (oarcely a difference of opinion In that large a**ein blage of (be iUto of the aruty?ill tare two or three, advocated the occupation and retention of the oountry until a aatiafaetory peaoe waa concluded, or until It hall be deemed expedient by eur government to abandon it And thi* general conviction hat been pro duced, not by consideration* of a aelflih or prof**?ioa*l character?for all the** ilHoer* were imoa'.ieot of their long absence from their home* and faraille* but by stubborn f?ota and Irresistible argument* Mauy ot these facta and argument* have already been presented In our ooluinn* ; t? atat* them all wou'd require more of our paper than we can well *,>are for auoa a purpose An argument, employed by th*friendly Mexican*, to Induce a* to no -upy th* owairy. ha* produced no alight effect on the miad* of our o0 ier* and oltlsen* It la tela : We have conquered their country, overthrown iheir Govern ment. destroyed all their means of maintaining or reorganising a new goveram?nt, demolished their defenoes, ami aumbtlatad their army Are w# not, tb?n. ur> ier an obligation to establish a government in th* place ot thai overthrown to extend protection to those wnoui we have deprived of th* proteotioa of th- ir own lawa -t > convert the chaos, to which w# have reduced their affairs. Into order and good government? I# It not due lo civilization?I* it not the dictayMt mercy, juetle*. and eqnity, that we should aavs un*nJP>at* Mexico from the ruthless anarehy or defenceless nolplessrises Into which the invasion will precipitate h"r * Will It not be an aot of sublime mercy on our part to com# to th* rescue of *o beautiful a country and unfortunate p*opl?q^kl save them from the eroshiDg rule of a corrupt and abrading military nnrdt ' wuuiu 11 aoi iwhioiiii ui aound Nt ul pcliey la ua to mm thia country from tba aaoaaaity af calling on ^Vaigu an^Konnrrhl cal gornrnmant tr< anaiat In rratanflf Ordtr and Paeurlty *<n?ng thla afflicted fa?p!? * But nm?t ?>' "<-nfti?aa<f bara ? |? W to ??? t*? ??a>>n?i?(?|?<.tnt, ?** . *a. ?# ? alia fca argufcanta at a aaatra practical aallab ?aa> Pacta* than tbia appeal taJaatla* and a arty La? ui. kkaa^UM I a Ma 4m aaaaaaala Mki a k aaiia WbMa 4m atfa * 1 Vlfl KJ ITflSflN VHH *! 0 W TO V YORK. MONDAY MOR purses The va'.l?y* of Mexico and Toluoa ore the most beautiful and highly fevered in the world The 1 oil produce! every grain, plant and fruit, which li demanded by the wania, or eought af'er by the ta?te of ol- ! , v'lliied man The Immense number of poor Indiana and feoup supply an abundance of labor. All thAt is want- I lug to render this region the moat productive and : wealthiest in the world. Is a good, stable government, j which by giving security to property, persou and oapi- | tal, will attract thither the lahor and capital of other i people, and open it to the eommeroe and enterprise of i > turpi^n nations The oon*e<iu?nce or trie proper ana productive cultivation of tbo fertile valleys of Mexico, will hatha Increase of importntlons of manufactured and other articles not raised in tha cauntry. but for which tha people will, under a system of moderate duties, eagerly geek to exchange the large surplus of th?ir ajrioul'ural and mining production* Kveu under the partially prohibitory dutiea of t he Mexican government. and i the corrupt misappropriation and defective revenue In ws I whioh have long prevailed there, the receipt* at Vera Unix have been ?s high as twenty uUllois a voar Uu1 der the tariff no hurrlujly framed by Mr \Vellcer. last spring, the receipts, we learn from Mr Uimond. our collector at Vera Cru*. have beea $blM).0Uii; and this during a war, whilst all the avenuca of trade are cloi .J, and ell intercourse with the interior suspended In a peaceful and favorable condition of the oouutry, especially when the luterior is under ouergetio cultivation, and the large capital, which now lies iJie in the country, Is applied to tne development, of its resources and encouragement of labor, It would not be extravagant to ettinvl< the prob ible recipts from the customs alone as abundantly adi quit 11 to the support of In ensrgetin govurument And this laree commerce will naturally and inevitably fail into tua'hands ef o:??V??opl*?the imports will be chiefly from the States?the earrying trade will belong to our hips?and thus new impulses will be given to the rnanu factoring and shipping interests of our uountrv The new markets which will be opened to the trade and enterprise of our couHtrymea in Mexico, will far exceed. in the extent and profitableness of their ] demands, ail other foreign markets. There is no per. I firm of our Union which will receive greater benefits j from this measure, than the New KnglanJ States. Indeed, it will be to them a measure of unmixed good, for there is no possibility that those branches of industry which are pursued in New Kngland. can eves be profitably followed la Meiioo, whilst the southern end wsst-rn States would not be without grounds tor apprehending a formidable competition iu Mexico in agricultural proI, K..I I. Ik. ..Il(..?l?. nrikn mil Ihn lug of the 111itit'will t>? found, under favorable circum*tunc< s, to be susc-ptlble of great improvement ?n4 ?x tension la the unsettled condition of tne country, which has been the uohappy fate of Mexico for thirty years, its immense mineral resources have been but very partially developed. The natives have long since abandoned them ; and all foreigners, save he English, liavu withheld their capital from so insecure au investment. The oonstaut revolutions of the country swept away tho product* of the mine as fast as thev could realized. The successful chief or demagogue of the day, would possess himself ofutl the bullion be could lay his hands on.and the capitalist and laborer would be deprived of the accumulation of years of industry. But the English were siways a favored people in Mexioo. The government of Great Britain has ever been prompt in inquiring into and avenging any injuries done to its subjects, in whatever part of the world they may be Thus, eveu ih Mexico, during the most violent revolutions, ths persons and property of Englishmen are always site. They are at present the sole owners or workers ol the mints They produce 20 000,009 of buliioa a year With a fair co-jjp- tit on full Security, a sound government, stable laws.-Mid a fre? commerce, the productiveness of these minus could be tnoreased indefinitely. With but Tery little additional capital or enterprise, backed by the protection of a firm government, the mines, in the hands of Americans. or if opened to the labor and capital ofutl classes. could be made to yield 50 000,0t0, which, under our ceupaMon. would be shipped to the United stir,es. instead of going to Engiaud, as it now does. Gen. Scott has a plan for enclosing tho miuiug districts by aline of military posts, an J encouraging investments and labor in that branch of industry. He thinks the mines might thus, by a light income tax. be made to produce a very la'ge revenue, whilst tho bullion produced from them weuld find its way into the United States. INCIDENTS IN MEXICO. A movement is at present making in the army to promulgate the prinoipl?s of temperance, and to prevent the use of intoxicating liquors It is oertalnly calculated to enable many ot the ' rank and tile " of the army to enjoy many comforts whioh the use of ardent spirits prevents. It will also be the means of ameliorating many of the rigors of military discipline at present necessary, on account of a want of firmness of a portion of the soldiery to resist the temptations to dissipation This effort at a reform is highly creditable to the originators, and to the army as a body " A mail : a mail : ' passed through the streets of Mexico on ths 19'h of November, with as much earnestness as a fellow would halloo fire on seeing his own dwel.mg ?u I den | y enveloped in tlaoies and as soon as ihe olhce opened for the delivery of letters, an immense crown assembled around the window, each trying to be first, enquiring, ' Have you got a letter fur me, sir?" As lust as they were delivered seals were broken and sir* etc opened, and their contents read with as much ??i ilty ? aturrins man would devour a fine rouse. As inrjr pa--sed Tour tha place of delivery, head d <*n snd rraoi"g. every few steps a fellow would come butt up against this one and that one, very much to the amus-zneat of those who had been fortunate enough to hear irom borne. But takirg it altogether, it was a happy day fur tho army; many beard from their wives and little ouei the first time for sev ral months; others from their betrothed lovers, who were waiting patiently at hums tor tho " end of tho war.'' when thee expect to be bound in the silver ohains of wedlock; but there were many, very many, lettera received, addressed to persons who have paus?d from the theatre ef earthly exlstenoe. .Really, tho greatest pleasure that a soldier in Mexico can receive, is a letter from home?and I slnoorely hope that sa soon as all the reinforcements arrive, that au effort will he made to establish a weekly communication with the coast I'.he O'tWrs of his division give Gen. Twiggs a splenci inrer before he left Mex,co. One of the curiosities of Mexico 1b the manner of selling milk; instead of the next white woolen veesel, or Ibo long-spouted tin can. wiih the different measures huog npon it and tho rattling bell cart to oonvey it from place r . puce wun ues^ii-.ru. or an oiu nnme-e.iuu iothhh u gro packing it about on tiis hard-crowne 1 tie* 1. w# have the live animal* tbeiaselvus driven from door to dorr of the different regular customer*. where they are ciilsed. and a regular atand where the transient pa*rona are supplied,by milking it into the vessel in which they take It home Besides a drove of oows, with the calves all musilcd. running and bleating after them, there is also i gang of goats and asses d.lvea along, that peOpl< may suit themselves as to quslity and price, as also tli> ir different taste - for whicti there is no accouuti..g It islmpossible to devise the reason or origin ef this mode of vending millt.unless It arose from th? na-urat villauy oi the people and their distrust of eenh other It being a preventive against adulteration and of shelr disposing of a quality of milk inferior to that represented MEXICAN IDEAS OF VALOR We translate from the proceedings of th" Mexican Co"Kri'*s. at tiueretaro, on the 8th Novemberlast.es pub' shed in the Tampioo papers, the following resolution* regarding the rewarding the Oenerals and soldi-rs of thH Mexican army engaged at Churubusco, l?y which It ge*m*. that thou(h they lost tb? day, their countrymen still look on them as valorous soldlsrs. Henores Latragua Talavera aud F.soudero, presented a project for a law, tho articles of which are as follows, vis: ? 1st. The generals, chiefs, officers, and soldiers, whode'ended the convent and bridge i f ( huruhusco. on the inth August last, deserve well at the hands of their oountryrnen. 24 The government shall cause to bo engraved a m'dal on one side, bearing the national arms, and below them this device: ' Snldoda d? CAt?rtiAu/n a'' -on the reverse it shall bear a crown of laurel, with the following device: Li Rrpnutntaiion ,iV?> iontl, en 1847 3d. Tho tnvdal* given to the generals shall he of gold, and weigh one ounce, and those given to the officers shsll he of the same weight, of silver; those given to tho soldiers, shall be of copper. 4th Tho present decree shall be delivered to General Don Pedro M. Aoaya, by the President of Congress, in open session Ath A sufficient number of copies of it shall be printed on satin, to be delivered along with the medala to those entitled to them 8th. The above mentioned mark] of honor Is to be de| ltv?red to the families of those kil e 1 In action. TKti oKavh 1a? na#fl?d nnaniinoiislv army inteluokni h. Three companies of Michigan hoys. oompodog < aptg. Bust's, Ilatisooiu's end ((reusel's cmnpanhs, inarched vcst?rday for Mexico The commend halted opposite king'* corner, and oompany D bemg drawn up in front, a eery handsome sword was pres?nred to dept. Greuael by hie friends Dr Klein, made a happy and felicitous speech and Capt W >reply was pertinent and eloquent. Three hearty cheers were then given hy thecittsen* and returned by the company The battalion then moved on. and many a hurried good by?, anit worm shake ol the hand*, allowed that many frieuda parted there Col Stockton was in command with Adjt Pitman I,tent K Rice. Regimental Quartermaster. aleo accompanied command?Dr'Toit Jldvnliier, Di c. 35. The Senate of South Carolina hare adopted a reeolutlon appropriating the aum of $504'0 for the immediate wanta of the orphans and widows of tboae of the Palmetto Regiment who here diet since the commencement of tka Mexican war. and thoso who hare beoomc disabled In the service. naval intkllkjknck. Meat Tatrr Moatr ?Judge MoCaleb yesterday ma le a final distribution of the proceeds of the sa'esofihe prise sobooner R-lampago. which was captured in the attack upon Alvarado by the I' 9. steamer Scourge, during the late naval operations in the gulf -N O Pre," Pec 94

Mall Failure*, j At New Orleans. December 301b. the mail failed from . beyon I Atlanta, (la , and ou the 31st from beyond Mo I bile: four malls duo. Tba Wilmington boat arrived about ti o'clock last evening, but brought no tuall beyond Welden. N C. | There will be three malls due this morning beyond IV j tersburg. Va. ? CAorf ttm Couritr, l)rr. 90. The Eastern mail failed at Mobile Dec diet. At Augusta, Os. on, the 14th December, them bad i bseo ree?t?e4 hwl "we mail In elg ''aye through from ?h.Mofih In 4ua season. .Ve aalis were ra?g<?H fre* hlf <dte v |ne?c? or ?h? , Slid PntMRbnv "jabr .Mi * > ?- r * ' RK I NTN(t. JANUARY 3. 184? Tiie View* or Ginerai Cnh o i the Wllmot 1 Proviso ami the War. WssHitvOTON, Deo '1 V 1147 Dk.au Si* ? I have received your letter, and shall answer it. se frankly as it is written. You ark urn whether I >im In favor sf the acquisition of Meito.in territory, and what are toy ssntlm-inte with regard to the Wiluiot proviso? I hsve so often and s >ei pllolt'y seated uiy views of the first question, in the Senate, that it eeuu>> almcst unnecessary to rep?it theui here. As you request it, how- ] ever, I shall brietly give them. i think then, that no peace should be granted to Mexico, till a reasonahle indemnity is obtained for the Injuries which she tiss done us. The territorial extent of this indemnity is, in the first instance, a subject of executive consideration. There the constitution has placed it. and there 1 am willing to leave it; not only because i hare full confl ience in its judlolous exercise, 1 but bso*Un>, la the ever varying circumstances of a war, it would lis Indiscreet, by a public declaration, to commit the country to any line of Indemnity, which might otherwise be enlarged, as the obstinate irjos'.ice j of the enemy prolongs the contest, witu its loss of blood and treasure. It appeals to me that the kind of metaphysical magnsnfmlfy, which would reject, all Indemni'y at the clrs-* of a bloody an l expensive war. brought on by a d reot attack up?u i ur troops by the enemy and preceded by a succ fi on of unjust acts for asTitsof years is as unworthy of the age in which we live, as i' is revolting to the common ?-nee and prxotleo of mankind It would conduce but little to our future security, or, lude^d, to our preaeut reputation, to declare that we repudiate ail expectation of compensation from tha Mexican government, and are fighting, not for any practical result, but : from some vague, perhaps philanthropic object, whlojl usc ipsa jy penetration. and must be defined by those who j a'suine i his new' principle of national intercominunlca- I lioa. All warn are to be deprecated, as well by the j statesman, its by the philanthropist They are great i evils ; but there are greater evils than these, and sub1 oibeden to Injustice Is among them. The nation, which should retuse to defend its rights and its honor, when aensiled would toon have neither to defend ; and when driver, to w?*, it Is not by professions of disinterestedness and declarations ot magnanimity, that its rational objeots can lis best obtained, or other nations taught a lesson ot forbearanoe? the strongest security fir permanent peace We are at war with Mexico, and it* vigorous prosecution is the surest means of its speedy termination, and ample indemnity the surest guaranty against the recurrence ot such injustice as provoked it. The Wiluiot Proviso has beou before the oountry some time. It has been repeatedly discussed in Oongreae.aud by the publio press I am strongly impressed with the npiniou, that a great change hoe been going on io the publio mind upon thie subject?in my own as well as o hers ; and that doubts arc resolving themselves Into uonTictions, that the principle it involves should be kept out of the national legislature, and left to the poo| pie of the confederacy in their respective looal governt Ulents. | The whole subject is a comprehensive one. and fruit- | tal of important consequences. it would oe ui-timea to i discuss It here. I shall not Assume that responsible tick, but "drill oonfluo myself to such geueral views, as I are nee-ssary to the fair inhibition of iny opinions We may wall regret the existence ot slavery in the Southern States uud wish they had been saved from its introduction llut there it is, and not by the aot of the . present generation ; and we must deal with it aa a great practical question, Involving the must momentous cons-qnences. We have neither the right nor the power to touch it where it exists ; and if we had both, their exercise, by any means heretofore suggested, might lesd to results, whioh no wise man would willingly encounter, and which no good man could contemplate without anxiotjr. The theory of our government presupposes, that its various members have reserved to themselves the regulation, of ell subjects relating to what may be termed their it'feraal polioe. They are sovereign within their boundaries, except in those cases where they have surrendered to the general government a portion ot their rights, in order to give effeot to theobjects of the Union. I wQether these concern foreign nations or the several blates th-m?elvos Local institutions, if 1 may so speak, whether they haye reference to slavery, or to any other relations, domestio or publio, are left to local authority, either original, or derivative Congress has no right to suy, that there shall be slavery in New York, or that there shall be no slavery in Georgia ; nor il there aoy other bVmau power, but the people of those 8tales, respectively, which can change the relations existing therein ; and they can say, if they will, we will have s'.very iu the iormer, and we will abolish it ia the : latter. In various respects the territories differ from the States. Some of their rigti's are inchoate, aud they do net posse** the peculiar attributes of sovereignty Their relation to the general government is very imperlectly defined by the constitution; and it will be round, noon examination, that in that instrument the ouly grant of power conoerning tbcin is conveyed in the |ttiuur?. congress shall have the power to dispose of and make all nueutul rules and regulations, respecting Cue territory ami other property belonging to the United States Certainly, this phraseology is very loose, if it wain designed to iuolude iu the gruut the whole power ot -uinli-tiu^ over person*. as well as tilings. The expression, tbe ' torrftory aid other properly." fairly uou-tru-d. Mates Co th* publio lands, a* such, to arsenals, dockyards, foris, ships, and all tbe various kiuds of' properly, which the United States may and must possess. llut surely, th.) simple authority to dispose ot und regulate these, does not extend to th* uulimited power of legislation; to th* passage of all laws, in tbe most general acceptation of tQe word; which, by the by. la carefully excluded from the sentence. And. indeed, if this were so, it would render unnecessary another provision of the constitution, which grants to Cornrress the nowt-r to legislate, with the consent of the State*, respectively, over all places purchased lor the "erection efforts, megasues, arsenals, dockyards. Sic " These being ine property" of the Unit-d rttates, If the power to make ' needful rules and regulations concerning" them includes the general power of legislation, then the graut o, authority to regulate "the territory and other property of the United Maim" is unlimited, whereversulijeotn are found tor its operation, and its ezeroiee needed no auxiliary provision. If, on the other hand, it does not Include such power of legislation over the "other property" of the United States, then it does not include it over their "territory;" for the same terms which grant the one, graut th? other. "Territory " is here classed with property, arid treated as such; and the object was rvi i-ntly to enable the general government as a property holder?which, from necessity, it must be?to laiu?g'. preserve, and "dispose oi" such property ss It might possess, and which authority is essential almost to its belo;. Hut tile lives aud prr-ons tf our oitisens, with the vast variety of objects connected with them, cannot be controlled by an authority, which is in rely called into ex'senoe for the purpose of making rules and regulations for the disposition and management of property. Mich it appears to me, would be the construction put upon this provision of the constitution, were this quesnon row sir ft presented for consideration, and not controlled by imperious circumstances The original ordinance of the Cocgress of the confederation, passed in 1767, and which was the only set upon this subject in force at the adoption of the constitution, provided a complete frame t f g irernment for the country north of the Ohio, while in a territorial condition, and for its eveotutl admission in separate States into the Union And the persuasion, that this ordinance contained within itself all the necessary means of execution, , probably prevented any dirsot reference to the subject | I trt the constitution, further than vesting iu Cocgress i the right to admit the States termed under it into ; the Uuton. However, oircumstancrs arose, which re quired legislation, as well over the territory north <>f the Ohio, as over other territory, both witnia and without the or<g n*l Union, ceded to th e general government ; aud, at various times, a more enlarged power has been ex arc sod over the territories ?meaning thereby the different territorial governments ?than is conveyed by the limited grant referred to. How far an exisiiog necessity may have operated in producing this legislation, and thus extending, by rather a violent implication, powers not Uireotly given, I know not Out ceriein it is, that the principleof interference should uot be carried beyond the necessary implication, which produces it it should bs limited to the creation of proper governments for new countries, acquired or settled and to the neoessary provision for their eventual admission into tl?? Union ; leaving. lu the meantime, to the people inhabiting tneni. to regulate their internal conoerns In their r wn way Thoy are just as oapable of doing no, a* the people of the sut-n . and they oan do en, at any rate, tie soon an their political independence is recognised by admission into the Union. During this tempo; rary erudition, it is hardly expedient to call Into ex ti oise a doubtful and invidious authority, which question* the intelligence of a respectable portion of our citu-ns and whose limitation, whatever it may be, will be rapidly .ipp.oxohiug its termination ?an authority which would glee to Conyrese despotic power, uncontrolled by the constitution, over most important sections of our oororaon country. For, it the relation of master and servant may be regulated or annihilated by its legislation, j so may the relation of husband and wife, of parent and I chill and of any other condition which our institutions | and the habits of our society recognise. What would I be thought if Congress shnul 1 undertake to prescribe I the terms of marri.tge in New Vork. or to regulate the authorityof parents ovrr their children in Pennsylvania ' And vet it would be as vain to seek one justifying the j in'i if renoe of the national legislature in the oases I referred to in the origlual St ites o' the Union I speak 1 her- (f the inherent power of Congress, and do not 1 touch the qu-suon of such oontracta, at may be formed with new S et's, when admitted into the confederacy I Of all the question* that can agitate us. those which I ere merely sectional in their character are the most dangerous. and the most to be deprecated. The warning ' voice oi him who. from his character, and servioes. and virtue h*d the best right to warn us. proclaimed to his countrymen,in his farewell address?that monuroentof wisdom for hiui, as I hope it will be of safety for them ? how much we bad to apprehend from measures peculiarly afT cting geographical portions of our country The grave clrctuuaf.nors In whloh we are now placed make these words, words of safety , for I am satisfied, from all I hare seen aud heard here, that a successful attempt to engraft the principles of the Wilinot proviso upon the legislation Of this government and to apply them to new territory, should new territory be acquired, would seriously niTe t cur tranquility. I do not suffer mjsrlt to for' see or to foretell the consequence* that would en i Silt' ; r?r I iruni HIM vn??r ir? mnm dvubv auii |v\>u fueling enough in th? country to avoid thaw, by avoiding all ocoaaion* which might land to tham , Briefly. than, I am oppoead to the excreta* nfaoy jaI rladlct 'in by t'cngraaa over thia matte'; and I am In ft ' |l l*i*g 1 tkn rroplo ?f any tertltvey, nhl-|. may b* hereafter e<v|Ulr*<J, the etghe to ragnuitlt for tb?*?aif#?, under tbf pvtai?p?n? * ?fl? ?on*M?? I | MP? IMHH . I %, - - " r [ERA % * 1 I do not see In the constitution any grant of th* ro I qulslte power to Congress. and I am not disposed to ex tend a doubtful precedent beyond itl necessity - the establishment of territorial g ivernin-nts when needed leaving to the inhabitant* all the right* compatible with the :elations they ear to the confederation -J. Because I bellere thl* meaanre, If adopted, would weaken. If not Impair the union of the State*, and would bow the aeeda of future dtaoord. whtoh would grow up and r<p*n into an abundant harreatol calamity. 8 Became I believe a general conviction, that auob a proposition would auoceej, would lead to an Immediate withholding of the auppllea, and thuato a dishonorable termination of the war 1 think no dtspasai- nate observer at the seat of government can doubt this result. 4 If, however iu this I am under a misapprehensionI aai under none in the practloal operation of this restriction, if adopted by Congress, upou a tr-uty ot peace, making any iia<itiiaition of Mexican territory Such a treaty would be r>jected just r.? certainly as presented to the Senate. More than one-third of that boJy would vote against it. vlewlu: such a principle us an exulusion of tho oitlz nsof the alaveholdtog States from a participation iu tho benefit* acquired by the treasure and exer ttons of all, and which etioulJ bo common to all I am repeating?neither advancing nor defending these viewi That branch of the subject .loos not lie in my way, and I shall not turn aside to setk it. In thia aspect of the matter, the people ot the United States tnus' choose between thia restriction and the extension ot their lerrltort.il limits They raunot have both; and whioh they will surrender must depend upon their representatives first, and then, if these fall them, upon 'hemselves. 5. But after all. It seems to be generally conceded, that this restriction, if carried into efleet, could not operate upou auy State t~< be formed from newly acquit ed territory The w"ll knowu attributes of soverelgty, recoguised by ua as belonging to the State governments. would swe-'p before them any suoh barrier, and would leave the people to express and exert their will at pleasure Is the object then, of temporary exclusion for so short a period as the duration of the territorial governments, worth the price at which it would be purchased ? ?worth the discord it wool I engender, the trial to whioh it would expose our Unlo i, and the evils that would be the certain consequence, let tiiat | trial result as It might! As to the course which has I been intimated, rather than proposed, of engrafting | such a restriction upon any trea'y of acquialtlon, I perj suade myself it would had but little favor in any por, tlon of tblscountry. Much an arrangement would render Mexico a party, having aright to interfere in our : internal institutions in questions left by the oonstitu. tlon to the .State governments, and would inflict a s-riou* | blow upon our fundamental principles Few Indeed, I | trust, there are among us. who would thus grant to a I foreign power the right to imjuire into the constitution and conduot of the soiereigu 8 ates of this Union; and if there are any, I am not among tbem. and never shall I be. To the people of this country, under Hod, now and | hereafter, are its destinies committed ; and we want no I foreign power to Interrogate us, treaty In hand, and to say, why have you done this, or why nave you left that undone? Our own dignity and the prinoiples of national independence unite to repel such a propoaHon. Bui lh?p? la unnthftr Imi.irlnnt onr.stdHrRl imi whi.di ought not to be lost night of, in the Investigation of this i subject. The question that present* itself IB not a ques1 tinn of the inareass, but of the diffusion of slavery ' Whether its sphere be stationary or progressive, its | amount will be the same. The rejection of this restriction will not add one to the olasa of servitude, nor will its adoption give freedom to a single being who is now placed therein The same numbers will 1>? spread over greater territory; and so tar as compression, with less abundance of the necessaries of life, is an evil, so far will that evil be mitigated by transporting slaves to a new country, and giving theia a larger space to occupy. I soy this in ths event of the extension of slavery over any new acquisition. But can it g * there? Tuis may well be doubted. All the descriptions which reaob us of the condition of the California)) and of New Mexico, to the acquisition of whloh our efforts seem at present { directed, unite in representing those countries as agricultural regions, similar in their products to our middle States, and generally unlit for the production of the great staples, which oau alone render slave labor valuable If we arc not grossly deoeived?and it la difficult to conceive how we can be?the Inhabitants of those regions, whether they depend upon their ploughs or their herds, cannot be slave holders. Involuntary labor, requiring the investment of large capital, can only be profitable when employed In the production of a few favored articles confined by nature to speolal districts, and paying larger returns than the usual agricultural produots spread over mors considerable portions cf the earth !q the able letter of Mr Buchanan upon this subjeot, not long since given to the public, he presents similar considerations with great force. " Neither " says the distinguished writer, " the soil, the cl mate, nor th < proi ductions of California south of art deg. 30 miu., nor in; deed of any portion of it, north or south, is adapted to stave labor ; and besides every ftclllty would be there afford?d for the slave to escape from his master. Much property would be eulirely insecure in aov part cf California It is morally imposstb.e, therefore, that a majority of the emigrants to that portion cf the territory south of 3d deg. 3U iniu , which will he obitfl/ composed ! of our oitixeos, will ever re establisu elavery within lis I limits. I "la regard to New Mexico, east of the Rio (irande, the I question had already been settled by the admission of Texas into the Union I " Should we acquire territory beyond the Kio liraade nv.il east of the R >cky mountains, it is still more impossible that a msjorlty ot tn? pacple would consent to eestablish slavery. They are themes)ves a colored population and among them the negro does not bslong socially to a degraded race.'' With this last remark Mr. Walker fully coincides, in his letter, written in lsdd. upon the annexation of Texas, and which everywhere produced so favorable an irni pression upon the public mind, aa to have conduced very mat : tally to the accomplishment of that great I measure. " Beyond the Del Norte,'' says Mr Walker, slavery will not pass: not only bi-c?u<? it ia for bid den by law. out because the colored race tliair preponderate* in tba ratio of tan to >>n? over tbs whiten, and holding, *a thay do. the government and moat of the offliee iu their possession, they will not permit tha enslavement of any portion of the colored race, which makes and ex scutes tha lawa of the oountry " Tha question, it will be therefore aaan on examlnat on,does not regard the exclualou of slavery from a region where it now exists, but a prohibition agaiust lis introduction where it does not enst, uod where, from the feelings of tba inhabitants and the laws of nature, I ' It is morally Impossible " as Mr. Buchanan says, that it can ere,- re-establish itself. 11 argues well for the permanence of our confederation, that during more than half a century, which has elapsed since the establishment cl' this government, many serious questions. aud some of the highest importano*. have sgl. taled the public mind, and more than once threatened the gravest consequences; hut that they have all in sue cession passed away, leaving cur Institutions unscathed, and onr country advancing In numb rs, power, and { wealth, and in alt the other elements of national prosperity, with a rapidity unknown in ancient or in ir.odi-rn . days. In times of political rxcltemeut. when difficult and delicate questions present themselves fir solution. ! there is one ark of safety for us ; and that is, an honest ! appeal to the fundamental principles of our union, and a stern determination to abide their dictat-s This ; course cf proceeding has carried us in safety through ' tnauy a trouble, and, I trust, will carry us safely tbiougti | inany more, sbouhl many more be destined to assail us, I The M'ilmot proviso seeks to take from its legitimate tribunal a question of domestic policy, having no relation to the union, as such, and to transfer It to another, created by the people for a special purpose, aud foreign to the sut'jeot-niatier involved in this Issus. By going biek to our true principles, we go back to the road ot | peace and safety Leave to the people, who will be utleeted by this question, to adjust it upon their own responsibility, and in their own manner, and we shall nn lor onfi'hsr trihtif* tfi t.h? nricrinul nrinrinba nf nnr govei nuif ni, and furnish anothrr guaranty for its permanence and prosperity I am. dear sir, rMpeotfully, your obedient servant. LEW 18 CASS. A. O- Nk.houov, Ksqr., Nashville, Tenn. Where 1a Olles Scrognlns I Atltsv, Deo jt, 1847. M?. Enron :? In looking over your pap?r of the JSd lost , I saw the [ aooount of the anniversary supper of the Son* of New England, and was psrticulaily attracted to Ulahop Hughes's part in the proceedings. I was very sorry to see that, so far as nursery classics are concerned, his early education was very much neglected; or else the life of celibacy to which his faith condemns him. has long ?lnce driven alt nursery songs cut of his head, or juvab'.ed thrin up in inextricable confusion. How ridiculous for iuetanoe. to put into the inouth of Olive .dcroggius the following " Am I Olles Herogglnr, or am I not ' if I am. I have lost a horse; if not. i have gained a cart'' This blunder is enough to put down Pope Plus IV. throughout all New England It was Olles Jolt who made the speech referred to, In this wise : ? " Oiies Jolt as sleeping in his cart he lay, 8ome pilfering villains stole his tram away. Who. when aroused, awaking with a shout, dried, ' How now.' Am I Olles. or to I not ' If he. I'vs lost six geldings, to my smart; It not, ods bodkins ! I have found a oart " Tray, publish this trua version of his speech, for the nf th* trend hiehon- and sa he seems to have noma faiot reminiscence of one Giles Serrgglos, permit me to give him come little portion of bis biography * Oile* Kcrogglns courted Molly Brown. The fairest wench In all the town; Ha bought a ring of poeey true: " If you lore me a* I lore you. No knife can out our loreiin tu ' but scissors out u well * knlrea. And quite onsartain'a all our llree: The weryday they waa to been wed Kate'* soisaor* out poor Gilea'* thread. And ao ther couldn't be married, you know Toor Molly laid her down to weep. And wept hereelf unite f?*t aaleep, When all to onoe, by the bed post. There atood the Bgger of Gilea'* ghost, t rying, " Molly, you muat go with 1. All to the grate our lore to oool " Kays aha, I am not dead you fool;'! Says th? ghost, eaya he, " Vy that's no rule.'' The ghoet he seized her, all ao grlin, AU for to go along with him ' I won t,' aatd she, end she soreanipt a scream Which eehed her ny,???i aha fonnJ She d Jreempi a ' dream. fray ??* Blifcop Hughes, la the language of Urn Nd id>t? " tbtet Vitaa sranscM* j LD , I'rUa 'J wo fci Kiliicntlo !. I Mn KntToa, I In your paper of the i31 inst. an article appears t heated the Board of Education,'> whsrdn the writer ij h'ghly complimentary to lli< two fo-mrr hoards, and winds up wiili rather a l?f .-h ta b-1 one to the present board Tile whole composition ii b.fi itifirUy express* I, and certainly very rl?ver|y arranged But. alter all. Mr E lltor, without ituou'log any Imptop-r nlPtive to j the writer, m uter of fact will only stand the t-st d< time The Itw pas?e I by the Legislature vesting the tl^l# of ! nil schorl houses In ths Corpmtlcn. h?s been lu existence since the ore itlnn of the Boar I of E lucat on, ?mi it Is imperative on t em. whenever lots are purchased for the erection of school bouses. that the title ahull b* examined and approved by the officer who is ?pp noteit by the Corpora'lon, at a stated salary, desi -mated their attorney, and ? o-rtlfloite mu*t bi obtained from him that all is oorreot he| >ro the pnrol a?e tuon.ycan be received from the ( omptrolbr. Tbe wrivtr > n to state that after tba poitft of the law, (he shontd have said severs! years after Its |.assume ) the oommiseloners of the I Jth and 14th wards nnrcha??d some eight or ten lots of ground, and employed the th-n Corporation Attorney to examine the tit"-, and now refuse to pay his hill Tbls is vijently a inlstalt-" At the meet Ingof th' hoard referred to. the co aini??ioners ot th>. Uth and ISth wards, togeiher with th" prsdaDtand every member present, on Pein e ask d the q>l?silon whether or not they had employed the then Corp iratior Attorney, Mr Brady, they distinctly answered In tbe I relative He was no mom t-mploved in th'rs transac ; lions than he and bis predecessors have be. n b-for*, tbe law maklug lr obligatory on Muj tbat ail titles musr. pass his ordeu> before the inou-y should be psid by ihe Comptroller. With regard to the reference of tlie pay | uent of tbe bill, the whole subject was referred to 'time gentlemen learoeu iu tne law, wnn rn due time man*three different reports. The board. after heeriog their r?a I and being left ia something like a steiid st U p sit inn by the g-ntleman of the law, the oomm estonrr ol the 6th then proposed taking a common sense ?lew of the subject. and propounded the question a* before stated, whether or tut he (Mr. Urady) liad been employed The hoard than, alt-r rotne remarks by severs! members, took the question to pay or not to pay. when it was decided not to pay, I think by a vote of 17 to 7. I perfectly agree with the writer in his remarks, that it is necessary always to take a common sense yi?w < things. I think in this Instance the board have carried out his wishes The school fund which the writer believes amounts to from half a million to a million of dollars, Is entirely erroneous. The school funds are created yearly after tins manner:?The legislature grants say, as near as may be, fM) 000, which sum is incrra-ted by a similar one troin the corporation, out ol its general luads; to which is added l-'.'Olh of one per oent tax. levied on the reel and personal estate of this oily, amounting. In the whole. t<about $700,000 Alter deducting from this suin > woo for clerk hire, and $600 for contingent expenses. th? balance is then divided in the following manner fit I ht whole number of scholars in ward, public and Incorporated schools, entitled ton portion ot the school moneys, amountiug to some'JfOOO or JO 000, are added together I uud form a divisor on $100,300 -the quotient snowing the amount in dollars and oen s for ?acti scholar, amain.tbe expense about $7 per head; it ia then placed to . h. credit of each aud every school, who disburse it agree* bly to law. Therefore, all the funds the board have at their immediate disposal, is the small sum of $600. In addition to this, whenever lots ure to be purchased, aud a school house built, n requisition is made by this board to the Common Council, who make a special appropria lion for the same Now. sir, I ask, how can the hoard of education pay bills line .Mr. llrady's ' The members, certainly, ought not to pay them out of their own poceots; the legislature has made no provision; the board caunot call on the Corporation to make auy appropriatic n, except for buildiug, tilting up. aud repairing school bouses. The Common Council ought to pay. if it is to be paid; but I doubt the propriety of their paying it -if they do, they ourht certainly to deduct it out of the salary of thplcnfflocr. O.vk asd use maxk two. fuaektic Traokdy in Mississippi.?Hancock i county, Mississippi, w us quite recently the scene i of one of those terrible tragedies ot wtcoh we are accustomed rarely to hear,save among the desperadoes of | frontier life. As the circumstances have kindly heen re iated te us, it would appear that a good deal of counter ! mn coin nag lately been <iru meted in Hanoock uouoty, i and upon the occasion of a recent election in (Jaihesville. j a town in t .at couny. several persons were imposed up I on by counterfeit Mexican dollars the eaiue day. Title i excited muoh indignation, and upon comparing notes 1 ! was lound tnat the false ooin uad all been passed by an | old man named Brown. Ho was arrested and seuicbed 1 but no other oouiiterteits were f und upon him; but the ! proot being cl?ar, he was borno oil to jail Hearing j threats against bimneif, and Delug probably tearful that ! the people might take the law la o ibeir own bands and I lyuch hnn, he made disclosures Implicatiog two men I biuin*rs. uaniej Washington aud Jaim e Uilboa. Brown's | son-in law. .arii-i Wkg-?, gnee bail lor the appearance ' of the former, ami a pai ty of tuo oitiieus of Uainesyiile i biadedby llmwu and Wages as guides, started lor the I resideno- of the Bilooas. situated sorue foriy miles In the | uppar part of Hancock county Nrar Had (.'retIt the ; patty came upon the worRsdop whare tha ranting of the base coin had been carried ou, situated in a secluded pot .sure enough thoy found there the dies, the base metal, and all the imp eueuts of ilia nefarious turners, (fearing these, they proceeded to the residence of the Bilboas. not very far distant, and, surrounding the house, th?y succeeded in arresting both Wasnington and iathsn, ?h in they b ira bach prisoners to jail. TbaBtlboas nad hitherto borne a fair charaeter, being farmers well to do In the world, nud noted as tesclut*. energetic men They found no difficulty in procuring bail, and through their instrumeutality a charge was preferfhd | against Wag. sof stealing or branding other people's oat j tie, the railing of cattle oeicg a common pursuit in Han cock county Wages had been bnt a short while in the county, anu bore <tu 111 name It was whispered that he hul killed a man in Alabama and was otherwise an outlaw, and he had had. In Hauojok county, a diiBoulty sbiut branding another man's cattle, from which, how ever, heextneat d hiui.iell by bis audacity. Bui hv bora the llime of a d-spurate fellow, to be avoid-d if possible Wagis gave security for his appearance Shoilly therealter Brown and Wages sold out their little proper y and prepared to more off, there being little objection on the ' part of the inhabitants that the couuty should be rid of j two such men i'he design of W ages in leaving was sup 1 p H-il to i e to escape arrest for some of his old offences, ' the Hilhoas having threatened hlin with prosecutions 1 When It was known that Brown and Wages had gone. , the Bilboas started out after them Their object is but . conj-ctured. but the general belief Is that they desired to provokes personal couft.ot with Wages, they being athletic and powerful men. and each armed with a ' title and kmfe Wages, however, was prepared for them j He appears to have heard r f Ibrir approach, for the next we know ot him be was on the look-out for tbeui and ore Dared for his murderous purpose The Bilboas were upon horseback, aoooinpauied by a friend They , rode straggling along one after the uther, Jainsf Bi boa 1 being in advaoce In iu abrupt turn of the road he can* suddenly upon Wage* in ih? road, on loot, and armed i with a double barreled gun Neither J*ra*a nor Washington *u prepared too shoot at ouoe, the oue baring a feather In the rent of hia rifle and the other a b t of rag I In the pan of hia Not ao Wage* The moment Jura** llilboa rain* lu view he deliberately drew up and dta' charged at biui one barrel of hie gun. The charge. oonI elating of buckshot, took effect in the brnaat of llilboa. and be fell from his here* and expired almost Uislantly. Hia brother Washington immedia'eiy bore la eight, when Wage* discharged at him the seoond barrel, out with leaaacurate aim The charge took effect in the \ hip and groin Tar thigh b >o? was shattered eioae to i the socket and the body ao terribly wouuded that, at laat accounts, it waa thought Impossible for him to surrlre twelre hours Wages Immediately made hia escape | A cart coming along tbe road r mile behind the Btlboaa . i reached the scene of th? tragedy, and upou It the ! wounded man was carried back to hi." family. His r?I corery Is regarded aa ifUiie hopeless Wages waa aupRosod to be linking iu the woous of the vicinity, but aa * is so desperate a ruffian and had rid tbe aouulry of two men whom none regretted, (all believing fully in ; their guilt in counterfeiting) the inhabitants haee takau i no measures to arrest him It Is twlteved that the gang must have exteosire connections and in all probability , with this city, ss it would be impassible for them to introduced enough baa* coin in Hancock oounty to compensate them lor the risks to which vl'lany exposed ! them ? AT, O Picayune, Dec. tit. [iri'i.orabi.k Cahialtv.?Yesterday afternoon, I between three anil four o'clock, James Kiltie, about forty Are or tilt" y are of age. came to his death | in ? sudden and horrible manner, at the rolling mill of 1 Messrs. Uobblns it Verree. on Penn s'reet, Kensington The deotased was one of the laborers lu the establishment, and at the time of his death he was in the act of getting a cup of water from tbe conduit pipe at the side ; of the rauge of rollers la rescuing orer what ia termed , the coupling," he was dragged into and through the "pace beiweeu the holes, not more than three inches > wide for about ten or twelve inches of lesgth. and th-n : through ths middle portion of the coupling about ten ' inches space, and about fourteen inches of length [ Through these apertures he was drawn several Mtn e at ! the rate of seventy revolutions per mlnutu, before the . machinery count oe stopped \? mign: n? suppueau, uv [ >u crushed from head to toot to no instant. hi* body , presenting on* of the moat frightful and sickening pictures of mutilated humanity when takeu out I hc | accident and terrible result t* accounted for only In the > supposition that a piece of wire, or thin iron,which bound iiat ia called tba "but," In the coupling, and truro which a aharp and orook'd point projected, caught sou* part of hi* clothing, and tbus drew btm ia The da ceased b arded iu Maiden street, and has left three or four cbiidraa to grieve for b's bard and untimely death ? BAWa. y. .dmsncan, Dte. SI. St as Mao* r Sr.**?The steamboat Belle of lllluoia atruek a anag and sunk In Red River, at t'ampte, about ten milrs above Natobitochee on the 11-.h Ueeembar The boat is a total wreck She bad on boa id about S00 baiea of rotten, wniob will b? saved, though In a dam ag?d condition. Tba boat, it la e*ld. was uot insured, but the cotton was protected by au open policy. ?V. O Pu apatne, Dec 34i*. .Wlscclitaiicoiu* Th?ra I* a report current here to-day, Jau. 1st. that Omu Scott baa been recalled from Mcxluo by iheM'ar Department Iplaoeno dependence upon it?out it ia so rite here that I deem It a duty to transmit It.? PfntV inflvn Cvrr /"u/ilWptiu Bulletin. <treat preparations w-re In prcgraee et nr wl * <?#. for the reo?pttr>? of < tea-tal fa/ivr a? Msrtek?a ? ?ua Olrard (jobtgr for Orrhsn* was to ' (Vvy* y Trened SetBriatr or?ic#u?? ?ks lit

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