Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 3, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 3, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YOKK HERALD. *oriii-wcst Oror of Pnltno and Hassan its TAWSg 'rORDO * ?PWWTT, PROfBItT ?R. DJilLY HKHJt LTt-p:,* * ti? (<*.,>Un i.H?? Price S i" r mouat?'W tin?>?' Vain K ir?tw ,n >a'<rnt<ri !' >>?* including the ?>*?'?? NPKKLV HK1-1LD Reer-y So'Hraap-Pnco *% en'i per copy?t' rw". nun Ar United S'atei European niherriberr ty etenmehm %i p"?nn'?, ?n?lu>Af piUK . , _ FK.ii.n EON KtTROP P?P'.ce ? Srr/rm P<y*et Day, ? i'rtre r#wr? j?rr r?fv -85 p?r unn P*"?" <m rrr/'iuiw ofpot'ugr Hub i enpti oho una onifflii'ifMili will ir rcrni'f 4 *t >/#<? tfa'ienaui 18 ru* I triennc, Hjr.ii i'. L 'I CVnAiU, and JaA?i Ih/hr bankeeller. Henrietta street London. .1IIVE li Tl S ft A# gJfTStl rfjwuaWi price; to be writ h > m a vJnm, legible *i?itn /*A? proprietor not retpontill* far emmr, , ,| mrnUICtifd HRtNriNIJ rul htnrt -j-rr-ited heaui'Mly and with d-mitcb .ill orders a' the Publication Ofict, corner <>/ Pulton a-id ,Vam? 'tneti. .it.!. LETTER* "? maii f?r tub icnj tions ?r WlA advertisements. lo bt vost pain, or the post ige will be dtdueled from the money remitted l-riLi yT.iKY CORRESPONDENCE. containing t? r-' 'an/ :r?, solicited from any ynurtrr of the wonid? end if ue*d rill always be liberally paid for. y O NOTJCE cm he taken of an.mymous communtca' H'-fere? i? in'*n/f*<4/ur ?n?er??ai? m?tf Aa ouf Aanfirated by 'he name ami address of the writer ; not necessarily o p ublication, hut as a guaranty ./ his good faith, tt'e cen'io' undertake to return rejected CiHRiaiinua(i9M. -li/. i'JIYMENTS to he wad. in ndnnnr. * vU8E.MKNT8 THIS EVENING, r ARK TH E.ATRE.?Sandi Lent k Co' Eque?tr.ta TroU:* in tnnr *iriout p?rfo-nnnrri. BOWERY THE \TH E. Bowery.-macieth-u he Jea'-ov??Norwat Wreckers. CH ATM AM THE at RE, chatham (treat?Thb Wirt'? fiscoxn Flo < ?Vateek Duellist?Model ARTuti? ^ioMtMTOl'l QcAITlu.V PALVO'S OPERA HOUSE. Cbuabe** Atreet-RcwAwat MaTchee? _a Quelle? Hoi vi. loe?Nathalie. CIRCUS, BOWERY AMPHITHEATRE, Bowery.? ! quk'tria* I'lreormawcet?PaWTOMIME, kc. BROAOWAY OnEOV' Broadway.?Sisoino?ORECIAS Kicrliiei?Taeleaix YitaNTE. MECHANICS' HALL. Brontlwir. near Broome.?ChRiett < MllTITREL*. EtHIOEIA* 9iN<JI*0, BlRLIiqll DahoIMS, kc PANORAMA HALL, Bro?dw?v, nenr Honaton ? Basll'u'i ''amur am a or the mitnuim river. New York, Monday, J?Mi<ry 3, 1848. VtWI from Kurope. Th<" Washington, from Southampton, and Caledonia, from Liverpool, are now nearly sixteen days at sea. They will bring two week? later intelligence from all parts of Europe. Presidential Movement*? Letter of Oen. Cast oa the Wllmot Proviso. We pubhbh in another column a very importnit letter, written by Geu. Cass, explaining his views anil position on the Wilrnot proviso, and addressed to c-rt in members of Congress, who dema .(5?'' of h >n his sentiments on the subject. This letter is a very important document. It is written with more coolness, condensation, grasp of mind and power of intellect, than any similar production that ever came from the pen cf the distinguished statesman whose name is attached to it. It is truly an important documen' in the present position of the Presidentia canvass, and an important movement, having lot its object, to give additional streng'h to the doc trin-B and sentiments which have heretofore been promulgated by certain members of ths ad* ministration, and cf the democratic party. This movement of General Cass bears very materially on the presidential canvass, both at "Washington and throughout the country. He takes ground in direct opposition to that which hse be n asstmed by the Van Burens of this dtate, on the Wilmot proviso, last summer and fall. It will be recollected, that in the last demo cratic national convention, which nominated Mr. Polk for the presidency, a great contest took place between the friends of General Cass and those of Mr. Van Buren. For several days they were in hostile array towards each other, neb ther gair.iug nor losing, a position which was powerful to destroy, but weak to accomplish. Ai length one of the factions broke up, adopted Mr Poik, aud the rest tumbled into the movemem peii-mell, and thus Mr. Polk was nominated.? Hut the original hostility hpfween the Van Rn fn and the Casi men in that convention, hat continued to the present day. The Van Burens of this State, during the firs yotrs of Mr. Polk's Presidency, manifested nc particular dislike?meaning, perhaps, to get nr much of the spoils as they could?but as soon as tne stock which Mr. Polk had to give was exhausted, they then begin to show their feelings of hostility to the men by whom Mr. Van Buren was defeated in the convention of 1844 The first intimation of breaking gToutid, was at the S ate convention at Syracuse, in which the Wilms t pjoviso, or half-blood abolition principle. w.:s offered by those men. This was the groundwoik of the call to coltect a convention at Herkimer, and is now in a state of great activity in this State, where sev-ral conventions are aboul being called, for the purpose of agitating the abo liiion m ivement still further, and eventually o disuniting and distracting the democratic party. General Cass's movement and letter, make hirr at once one ot the prominent candidates for the Presidency, in the democratic convention Many people suppose that Mr. Polk retires fron the field; but in the event of a disigreemenl urnone til the other candidates, it is possible tha his name will be again offered. At all events, il seems probable there will be a great effort made to select some of the new candidates end among these new candidates, Mr. Buchanan, General Cass, and Judge Woodbury, ?- nn/^ nrnminprf \Tr Rnrhanan nnrl hii friends have been inovirg with great force ir j?er ?ylvqnia and some other central States to> w r a the West. General Cas" comes forward and occupies the same ground as Mr. Buchanan, and even bid# a little higher for the assistance cl the South, as far as regards the Wilmot proviso question. * All those movements, whoever may be the candidate of the convention, will be very inucf endangered, in consequence of the half-blood abolition policy adopted by the Van Burens ir this Stair, and now in mid career at Albany ant I'ticn. There is every probability that a verj grea? and decided disruption of the democratn j ar'y wnl take plice in the State of New Yorl on the W.lmot proviso. Similar indications ex ist in Penn# vania und Ohio and no doubt the] will extend to other central States. Under anj circumstances, whoever may be the candidste o the democratic nationu! convention, be he Ge reral Cis#, Mr. Buchanan, or Judge Woodbury tn- ir e ection is deeply and radically endangeret by the satanic policy of tue Van Burens. as de inouordi"a . meir rrcrni uf-ciuraiinur sua pui fos'd. Some suppose that the Van Buren will fall back upon Gen. Worth. In the mean tim<, it is potsible to believe that th< administration party have some other cards ir their hands, to be played in the national conven t en Who knows but when they see their dan g r. tt.ev may not come out boldly and declar fir the full, complete and perfect annexation o all Mexico, and endeavor to raise up in the coun trjafliine on that subject, as was done fou years g > on Texas? As yet Mr. Polk simpl; announce* a d -*ire to make peace with Mexico to re<p! r. indem i ty for the past, and securit] for th t itur- Trn same ground is assumed hj G in ral Cuss, and by his friends ill Congressyct they leave a little hole open for futuri cm ntiugencier, under the naine of fu'lillinj the "destiny" ot tlu? country, that dentin] being known to be the absorption of all Mex ic?, if th it issu- lie n*< ensary toel*ct u i'resulen upon In a popular contest on audi grounds, tlx immense debt t t.i n.iu?tl>* incurrsd toaccomplisl su.h purpose, would, of course, he entirely over lookf d in the suihutiasin ot such a cntu.se. Th" tunas w?n.Id break, but who would care 1 Ti w# ewftie vi?w? on the t'ite.piiosted Pre * >*??- w it ?. ? ? y? tbfvufhtft Aw ! the country. We still believe that, should Mr. ' Clav not decline being the candidate of the whig party, and be nominated by the whig national j convention, he will stand a better chance than he has h-r-to'ore done of b-ine elect-d, in 0'>n; oequ n' e f he deb-ciionofthe Van Bursa4, a d ( t eir hilf blood abolition movement in ih s I S'ate N'.ithing would aeeni ro probable General C '88 i? an able, tal nied, and librral man, I very sup-rior in every resp-ct to the V.m Burene, who may be very anxious to defeat hi* proa, pecis; and although under the war cry, or the d stiny cry of all Mexico, and even Canada and I Cuba, he might succeed in reaching the Preeij deitcy in the present condition of public feeling, we are still inclined to believe that General Taylor, from his being the freshest and purest J candidate in tne Held, would be the m^st popular man that any party or set of men could take up. These are the latest movements, and the latest | views on presidential matters. Every day is opening up new veins of thought, ot reflection, of interest, of folly, of roguery, und of humbug. Our duty is to watch all parties and all great men, to represent them accurately and graphi! cally to the people, and let them decide. We : don't care a button without a neck, who is, or who may be President of the United States, or who is not. The newspaper press, the electric telegraph, the independent thought, the elastic spirit of the people, the popular impulse, must continue to govern; and presidents, and representatives and senators, and cabinet counsellors, have only to obey the aggregate wishes of the people, ascertained in one day by means of the independent press and the electric telegraph. The Panic?Tue Banks. The pressure and panic in the money market, and the breaking of several banks, have been attributed to various causes, and accounted for in various ways ; but the most amusing solution, is that which we find in our amiable contemporaries, the Journal of Commercr and the Exprtu. I " Bennelt" with the one, and the Herald with the other, have produced the whole of it. That ' 11. I u?. J i .u? i?-J -u j ? IlinillUUB jUUIUQl HUB UCJM 1 VtU IUC IlrtlU " V/1 IV i ing portion of the community of their hard earn| ings, and cheated them out of ten. twenty and , thirty per cent of their daily wages. , This ceTtainly is a discovery equal to that of | squaring the circle, and farbeyond any other discovery in philosophy ever made in the worldIn past times, it has been supposed that when banks or their agencies could not redeem their currency, it arose either from a want of gold and silver in their vaults, or a disposition to cheat the public openly and publicly. If banks are well managed, and conducted on proper .principles, ttiey ought always to be ready to rei deein their currency when asked to do so. If ihey are not prepared to do so, they are badly managed or miserably conducted, and ought to be crushed like the serpent that ' Brought sin Into the world sod all our woe." Seriously, however, it is needless for us to make any reply to such impudent, ridiculous, ignorant and atrocious charges, as those and other journals make against the New York Herald. For nearly twenty-five years past the conductor of this journal has been connected with the New York press, either as editor, reporter, or proprietor, and his principles on banking and on currency have been invariably the same. Never have his views been falsified; and it may be remembered whether they were falsified in the crisis of 1837. During the present crisis he is equally independent, and will not deceive the I people, in warning them, as far as regards com, mercial affairs and the currency. The present pressure has been produced by ! natural causes, growing out of the reaction in t commercial affairs in England, and the drain made by the Mexican war, on the treasury and l | the banks of this country. The first effect of J those combin"d causes is felt by the weak and , ill-managed country banks. Already hall a ( dozen of those rotten institutions have broken to pieces, in this and neighboring States For t years, we have warned the public against some , <>f those banks, particularly the Plainfield, the Lehigh, the Susquehanna, and various others. ( The free banks of this State, are a little better, and only a little. They are only an organization of a system of email and petty shaving, and nothing else, on the community, and especially on the hard working classes. The State stocks, on wh\ck their pep-ris \e?ued, may be valuable, but how can a working man, with a few dollars in his pocket, wait tor months for a realization of those stocks, when he wan's his dinner, when his children are crying for food, when his wife is hungry and thirsty sfter a hard day's workl t How can such a man wait for the slow movements of those financier* who humbug the comj munity, and cheat all who come within the range of their roguery 1 The whole system of ( fr-e hanks in this State, is nothing but an organ, ised, legalised, chartered system of cheating and swindling ona small scale, under the shape ofdiscount. The Plainfield, the Lehigh, the Suequet hsnna, and other banks, are nothing but engines I of roguery, and the people who have been de! frauded and cheated by them, deserve nothing else, for they were well warned against them. The evils of rotten banking, however, are only beginning. We much fear that worse is coming, and we still warn the public, ihe hard working \ man, the daily laborer, and all others, who live ! from hand to mouth by their daily work, to be careful of what money they take, to place no confidence in the Wall street organs or Wall street brokers, for they are all engaged in the same system of roguery and plunder on the great i mass of the community, and have always been I so. We trust we shall yet see the banking sys, ! tem purified of this corruption and villainy.? ! There is much yet to lop off. In our large cities I banks well conducted are useful; but the multitude of little institutions, tfiat are scattered all I over the mountains and valleys of the country, and i planted in places where even potatoes would not i grow, so barren are they?such institutions are 1 merely nests of pickpockets, rogues, scoundrels, , and 6camp?, of the deepest dye. What then is to I be donel We think the working portion of the ! people of -Veto York ought to have a grneial meeting.nnd have a committee to diecunt those questions, to uncertain what banks are good, and procure from some legitimate quarter, correct intelligence j on the subject. It is very certain that no correct ( or reliable intelligence can come from Wall ! street, or their journals. ow is the time for the people who have been cheated by banks to act calmly, quietly, but decidedly, and take care of themselves. Who moves first 1 e Stkangk Bki>-Feli-ows.?Who ever expect" ed to hav; found Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Hale, ultra nbolitionism and ultra slavery, rowi ig in j. the same boat, pulling together at the same oar, running down the same stream, and fighting manfully against the war and its noble warriors r and achievements ? It is siid adversity makes ^ us acquainted with strange bed fellows. But ' I what can have thrown these two leaders of two r antagonistic parties into the same bed togethert Not adversity certainly, unless Mr Hale's det?^ pondrncy at the poor chance Mr. Clav has, and i Mr. Calhoun's vexation at the good chance Gen. * Taylor has, are the griefs and the sorrows which 1 have amalgamated these uu-amalgamatable per* { sons, as they were ti.l now thought to be. Important Catholic Movkmsnt.?We learn 1 I from good authority at Washington, that at a recent conference of the Catholic Dishops, it wiib agreed that the annexation of a!I Mexico ' to the United States would he beneficial to their j thurol, tx,:'i in Mtlivomd'? Ibe United Miller | Tn Board ot EdccaTiom.?We felt it our duty ! a short time since, as conductors of a public I press, to call the attention of the public to the proceedings of this Board; since when, our table has been covered with communications, cont nn| mg grave and wvigh'y charges against its memj bere. We are sorry for it?we regret they should by any acts ot theirs, leave themselves ! open to public animadversion^ For many ofthem we entertain, both in public and private, the highest respect; and even in theircollective capacity, we were disposed to look on them with j favor; for, as we said in our former article, we considered the Board of Education the most iin- i portant and useful body in this State, and so we j consider it still, provided its labors are properly and honestly directed ; but if the charges now made are well founded, (and the sources from which we derive our information scarcely leave a doubt on our minds oftheirgeneral correctness,) we have been esrregiously mistaken in our estimate of the public services of this body. In our former article we briefly alluded 10 the duties of the Board of Education, and to the power and authority with which the public has invested them ; if they have unfaithfully performed the one, and abused the other, it is high time the public should know it. On the other hand, if the charges are without foundation, and inconsiderately made, it is tit those gentlemen should have an opportunity of exculpating and setting themselves right with the public, and we presume they will (at least they should) be thankful to us for giving them that opportunity. We now proceed to state shortly the nature of those charges. The first is, that they have grossly and wilfully wasted the school fund, by purchasing lots and erecting school houses where they were not wanted, solely for the purpose of giving jobs to favorites; that some of those school houses have been erected in unhealthy locali'lies; and although erected at an enormous expense to the public, are altogether unfitted for the accommodation and reception of the children ; tliat school houses much more commodious might be put up at one half the cost; but, as our informants say, the commissioners, in giving contracts, are influenced more by a desire to subserve the private interests ol individuals than to benefit those for whom the public bounty was intended ; that the expense incurred in fitting up and furnishing school houses after their erection is totally unnecessary, and incurred for the same object for which building contracts are given, namely, to create influence and serve party purposes. The Board is also charged with the sin of favoritism, in the selection and appointment of school masters, or, at all events, that it is chargeable with not keeping a proper supervision over the ward officers, who have the immediate selection and appointment of those functionaries; that they, the members of the Board, are more desirous to multiply the number of school masters than to increase the number of scholars, and that the former are altogether out of proportion to the latter ; in short, that the sole object of the Board seems to be to increase its patronage, and then to abuse it. The next charge relates to the free academy. Our informants insist that the site for the erection of the building is, for many reasons, unsuited to the purposes for which it is intended. " The Board," say they,"were unhappy in their selection of a locality; they have made choice of a site in the midst of a densely populated neighborhood, blocked up on all sides with dwellings, which renders it altogether unfitted for reflection and study, and only calculated to distract and disturb the minds of youth, and to call them offfrom those pursuits which alone should engross their undivided attention." Again, they say, " the location is unhealthy, that section of the island lying very ow, full of swamps and marshes, the conse quence of . hich will be that a solid tounaation, upon which to erect a permanent and durable structure, cannot be made, no matter what expense the Board may incur in their endeavors to construct one" To ourselves this is the most painful charge of all; we were the first to take an interest in the welfare of the free academy, j and to hail it as a blessing. We anticipated that great benefits, not alone to the city of New York, bur to the country at large, would flow from the i establishment of such an institution amongst us. We thought we saw in it the germ from which would spring American patriots, statesmen, and philosophers, and hence it was we were particularly anxious that the incipient steps to be taken by the Board fur its erection, should be marked by sound judgment, patriotism, and purity of motive ; but instead of having been marked by eiiher one or the other, the public find that before the first stone is laid, jobbing is introduced. It will necessarily loee the confidence of the people, and fall still-born to the ground. We shall take the subject up again in a few days, when we intend to make some remarks on the mode in which appropriations have been hitherto made; and we shall also point out for the special benefit of the public, the information the Board should require from ward officers asking for appropriations for school purposes, before such appropriations are granted. Banx Statements.?We have received a statement from the receivers of the Plainfield Bank, in reply to that published by the Messrs. Beach, the managers of that institution. We have also received a statement irom tne directors ot ttie Klizabethtown Bank, in reply to the statement made against it. If we must publish any of these statements, we shall publish them all, viz.: The report and evidence concerning the Plainfieid Bank, the statement of the Messrs. Beach in reply?that of the receivers of the Plaintield, and that ot the directors of the Elizabethtown Bank, together with a searching analysis and examination of bank management, of hank morality, and of bank doings in New Jersey and elsewhere. It is probably time to probe all these things to the bottom. We are entering upon a great and important crisis in financial and banking afTairs in this country, and nothing shall deter us from doing our duty to the honest, hard working portion of the community, in opposition to the banking i interests; for we believe that the American com| munity, since the introduction of bank currency into this republic, has been cheated enough by the banks and their agents?enough, we believe, to pay theexpenses of two Mexican wars and one English war. Canada Ei.st tions.?According to all appearances, the radical party in Canada will succeed by a large majority in the elections now going on in Canada. The questions which divide the parties in that country are generally local and technical only, affecting matters of trade, commerce, shipping, internal improvements, canals, the church, and similar matters. But besides all these questions ! there are the hidden seeds of a decided revoluI tion buried up in Canada, which will break out one of these days suddenly, and astonish the I viceroy there and all his court. The great return of radical members of the Parliament of ! Canada, is the beginning of a new age in that ' northern province. Wait and see. i Grand Musical Solkmnity.?The musical aniaI teurs of this city intend to perform a grand nmI eical solemnity for the peace of the soul of Men! delsohn, the great musical composer, at Castle Gnrden, on the 8d uf next month. Will nobody do something of the same kind for the soul of Mr.')'( onnell, in thin city 1 1?r musician'* rnnil to. hf tskert cn( fl yntgafvit l-cini" tl>s< o| rt i ? INTELLIGENCE BY TELEGRAPH * TO THE LATEVr HOHEKT LAST SIGHT. From the South. 1'ltiiiii ioh, January 1,1848 The ororland riprwa com* lu this morning, with adfloaa from Nnw Orlcana to the afternoon of the 98th rcTcMacaoH, January 9. 1846. The mall failed South of Weldon, If. C. No expreee newa oame through thla morning. Induction of the New State Officers. Albany. Jan 3, 1848. ' All the State officers chosen at the last general election (except Canal Comml**ion<r Cook, and Prison Inspeotor Osdnsy) were Introduced to their respective departments yesterday, and took the usual oath of cfflce. The Commissioner* and Inspeotor* will oast lota to-morrow for their respective terms of offlse, as required by tba new Constitution. ( Tba River.?The Weather Ac. I Albany, Jan. 9, 1848. The river Is clear of loo Steamer Noswioh arrived to-day from New York. Weather growing oold. Mr. Page, the popular and esteemed prlnolpal of the Normal school died yesterday, universally lamented. Ills funeral was attended to-day by a large ooncourse of oltisens. Markets. I ( Nsw Orleans, Dsc. 94 ? Cotton?The market is dull I , Salsa were effeoted at ex a 6Ji for good middling. Flour t 1* quiet and drooping; sales of oholoe Illinois at $6 a , $A. Molasses sells at 18 a 13>,?o Rice is In limited demand at 4 a 4,Vic. In Freights ws have no new engage- 1 ments to repoit Exobange?Almost no demand. Bills 1 on London sell at 106X a 108. j Interesting from South America.?The fine bark Isbaliti Heyne, Captain Dewing, arrived yesterday from Rio de Janeiro, having left ! that port on the 21st November. The U. S. frigate Brandywine, after a long passage froti Norfolk, was going into Rio when Captain Dewing left. The accounts of the recent iailures in England j paralyzed all transactions. The Argentine Government has finally closed ' all the ports of the Province of Buenos Ayres to the commerce of Montevideo, to date Irom the 1st December. Two separate orders have urcu idsucu ujr iuc guvciuiiiviii, uuc {'luiuuiuu^ I

all exportation, the other all importation, to or from Montevideo. The internal war, which has been so long devastating these rich and fertile provinces, seems still to be carried on with all its rancour. Gen. Urquizi, Captain General of the Province of Entre ilios, has issued two rather sanguinary proclamations, proclaiming death to the political party of " Unitarians." The Gazette of Buenos Ayres, of the 26th of October, gives an acconnt of the death ol the celebrated pirate John Romero, and the entire dispersion of his crew. This man was 1 the terror of navigation on the Parana, where, j as also in the neighbouring waters, he had for some time committed the greatest atrocities, as- ' sassinations, and robberies. General Urquiza , had sent out a detachment to pursue and destroy I the rest ot those pirates. j At the date of the 4th of November, accounts 1 received from Buenos Ayres state that perfect j tranquillity reigned there, and the people had i great confidence in the government. Nothing was known of the late movements of Gen. Urquiza, but a Captain ol a ship, nailing from Parana to Montevideo, reports that on the 4th inst. i he saw troops passing from Paraguay to Corrientes, and that the artillery was being transport- i ed to the Corrientine territory. General Rosas had given permission for the importation of twenty thousand barrels of flour into Buenos Ayres, to certain individuals, the | importation to terminate on the loth of D* cember. No motive of public good is said to have led to this permission, but it was done ' from a desire to embroil the Americans with the ( French, and lead to a dispute between them; in the expectation that the French would endeavor , to prevent the importation into a port blockaded ! by them,as they pretend. j Licences were granted by Rosas for the im- i portation of 15,000 bbls. flour at $15 duty, and 1 8,000 bushels of wheat. i Pork and Molasses.?Our contemporary of J the Courier Enquirer makes the prediction, that General Taylor and Mr. Webster will be < the President and Vice President of the United , States, this time next year. This is a very odd assortment of presidential ; candidates; it is a streak of fat and a streak of lean, a little pork and a little molasses, all mixed up together. Our venerable contemporary cannot support Mr. Clay, because of his famous antiwar speech at Lexington the other day, yet he gulps down Mr. Webster, who was the first to make a leading anti-war speech at Worcester, Massachusetts, some time back. If he cannot support Mr. Clay, how can he Mr. Webster"! Mr. Clay Coming to Washington.?We are informed that Mr. Clay, of Kentucky, will be in Washington in afew days, or perhaps, in a week or two; and during his sojourn there, will take the opportunity of declining publicly being a candidate for the next presidency. He will then very probably declare himself in favor of General Taylor. Such is the rumor; what truth there may be in it we do not know. Mr. Clay's sojourn at Washington, however, will certainly be marked by some great event, in reference to the questions with which he is mixed up. Theatrical and Musical. ' , 1 . L . mere ll a revolution going >n tueasres. 101 legmI mate drama ii down for ever, buried and entombed twenty feet under ground. Daring the last few years no| thing of the legitimate drama ha* paid or meoeeded. The cheap theatrei are doing a reapectable buelneia,tbey make a little money and get along well. The elroui alio appear* to take, and the Italian Opera, ao far, ha* ruooeeded apparently, but the management ha* too many artlata on hand, and too many expense* ever to make anything out of it. Sinoe the Park has been shut np and given over to horses, it ha* been crowded every night. The Bowery, it ia said, ha* changed hands, and become the property of Mr. Marshall, of Philadelphia. rintenx'* Model Artist* have done much injury to the Broadway, and so dees Palmo's theatre, when the fair Augusta gives the ballet. A new and splendid spectacle.dramatizing the great military events of the war in Mexico, is preparing at the Bowery, and a new piece is to be brought out at the Broadway, to be written by Mr Robert T. Tayne, a gentleman trell known as a dramatist The old managers of the Park also expect from Europe some remarkable novelty, which, it is thought, will produce a great deal of >etut, and crowded houses asain in old Drury. after the horses hare had their day We are all in an interesting condition, and expect to be more so soon. Madame Auoi-ita takes her benefit at Talmo's thea tre this evening, which terminates her performance for this season. She has been rather unsuccessful, although having eagaged an excellent vaudeville company, in addition te the great attraction of herself ss a dew mm of the mrst distinguished character, we trust her many admirers will rally on this occasion, and testify, by tbeir presence, the high esteem they entertain tor her matchless abilities!? this beautiful aoeompllshment Italia* OrrSA.?Great quarrels and much fun between the managers and the artlats To-night '' II Puriianl" will be performed, without Benedettl?he has revolted, and will not play with such a bad r>e?j>e.? BaUllnl will take bis place ?nd do his beet. What say the subscr'bera to this nonsense T Mr. n. .vinriDU usajoii oonciuaea a very eucceaaiui 1 tour through th* weatern r <rt of thla State, and re1 tnrna to hie old quartern, at the Bowery, tfala evening Dempeter, the balled alnger, ieat Albany, where hie I eonoerta are very muoh admired. Baei. lately a great favorite at the Tark, la playing at the Albany Mnaeum Madame Abtamowic* waa to give a concert at St I.tula on the evening of the 'J7th December. Wlnohell, the Yankee, waa at Cleveland, on the aid of Drcember. A part of the Aator Place Opera company are to give a perf irmanee of "Da sonarabula" at the Howard Atheuu um. Boaton, thia evening l)r. t'ollyer'a Model Artlata are to commence a leriee i oteibibitlooi at W'Mbtoftm < Sty mi thr nth of the present wontli. I Ml. kaeep w?i Natta a eeneeu at f ? op { t e/Mwhfrfrf I MMHWctUMllBiMHVMMIHMMHHHMNnBHMBMM ^T"*n5iL- ^5^F?i?t?n,g?|K:r. THK LASr CALL. ~Z3 New Year's day has again come and goner- It" wa' celebrated In tbia city in mucb the uaual way. Our clticena called on each other'* families, and exchanged he compliments of the season. The weather waa very unprop itioua, and the street a were in an extremely filthy rod muddy condition ; but notwithstanding thee* drawjacks, the day waa a festive one. From ten o'clock in the morning to ten at night, waiters were busy opening and shutting hall doors, and viandaof every description underwent the process of consumption. In the evening there might have been seen here and there a gentleman who had Indulged rather freely in wine, and at a low calculation five thousand persons complained of headache yesterday morning. The above spirited engraviog represents one of the victims whoae potations were taken in a more liberal than prudent manner He had mad* his last call for the day, and was comfortably reposing on the soft TTTTV iko ?H.k afon. ?kUn ka was a./iMaa/l /-Am kt. reveries by soma of the " Stars '' The compliments of tbe season are passiDg in an under tone between him and the officers far disturbing hiui, but in an hour after bis discovery, he was sleeping in the Tombs, or in some Station house. There we e many additional incidents of a similar kind, and doubtless our readers witnessed some of them. The Weather.?Tbe weather on Saturday was damp at'd disagreeable, with a dense fog all day. Yesterday. tbe early part of the day, was also disagreeable and rainy, but cleared off beautifully in the afternoon. with a oool notth west wind. Common Council.?The Board of Aldermen, as also the Board ot Assistants meet this evening. CouitT or General Sessions.?This Court opens today for the January term. Hancock Guards.?This fantastic corps, commanded by Capt. J. P. Buckley, passed our office on Saturday morning, on a target excursion. They were quite odd in their appearance, being dressed in coats of gay furniture calico, and pants of blue, trimmrd around the ankle with friBge and tassels. The ''Artificial Hangers." who attraoted so much attention on Christmas day. ware not out. in consequeDoe of the mud being somewhere about three inches deep in the streets, besides having calls to make, that day being the last chance for a year to come The "Kearny Guards," also passed our office, on Saturday, on a target excursion. They are a noble, and soldier-like-looking set of fellows, and are certainly an honor to our citizsn soldiers. A Planet " Star "?There are very frequently items on tbe police returns made to the office of Chief of Police. which reflect some hind of credit upon the department. The following ia a verbatim copy of an item found on the 16th Ward returns yesterday morning :? " Henry Luther, 118, 8th At Drunk and disorderly nocked out one f f his mothers eyes nocked down hi* sister and hit hie Brother against tbe Head so as to Start the Blood, out of his Ear. Sent to the 2nd Dist Police Court." On the return made on Saturday morning, there was also a literary display?" A young man went into a porter house and allmoaet Immediatly expired " Such effusions ere very common, and we must confess speak well for the intelligence ot the efficient, indispensable 'and fanltless system of police, with which we are now blessed it would be a praiseworthy act, and no doubt an advantageous one, to place some of the intellectual worthies in tbe presidential chair of some of our best colleges They would then shine without the aid of a brass star, and tbe title of oaptain. Free Asadcmt.?The foundations of this institution are now being laid, at the corner of LexiDgton avenue and Twenty-third street; but we learn it will be some time befoie the ceremony of laying the corner stone takes place. False Alarm.?There was a false alarm of Are in the 6th district, uh.iut 0 o'clock on Saturdav evet><nar Riot.?There was quite a riot In Washington street on Saturday night among eomn thirty men, who had partaken rather freely of the hospitalities of the day. Th captain of the fifth ward police was kaooked down, In an attempt to qaell the tow. ami it was not until a large force of police, accompanied by the alderman of the ward, arrived at the spot, that order could be reitorsd. This was the only outbreak that occurred on Saturday, ot a serious nature. There were u great many who had indulged to such an excess, that when night same on they could not find their bomes.and were accommodated with lodgings at the different sia-ion houses rhe d?T was generally very quiet, aud. notwithstanding the unpleasantness of the weather, passed off rery happily. Death by ArorLEiT ?Coroner Walters held sn !nlueet yesterday at the coiner ot the l?th Avenue and 18th street, on the body of Janes Anders,m. a native Df England, aged Si years, wno fell down in a fit on Saturday last, and in stantly expired Verdict, rfesik iyap tfltxy. Steamship IIiuerma.?The impenetrable fog which prevailed on Saturday, detained the Hiberni* until yesterday morning, at eight o'clock, at which hour she took her departure with thirty-six passengers. It was impossible for any vessel, much less a large steamer, to atir from moorings on Saturday. The ferry boats plying to Jersey City were forced to keep their berths for hours, and at periods through the day, the wheelmen were unable to distinguish the flag-staff on the forward part of their own boat. The Hiberni.i took out a pretty large mail. The Canadian despatches arrived at 1 o'clock on Saturday?one hour too late ; and the despatches from the British embassy at Washington, arrived at 2 o'clock, two hours too late, if the steamer had sailed on her advertised hour o1 departure. Murine Affairs. The Mammoth Ship Columbus ?There hag lately been a good deal Mid relative to the capacities and model of the large new ship Columbus, ainoe her appearanoe at thl* port. It has been asserted that the New World is of greater burthen, and a superior Teasel. In support of this assertion, the boobs of the Custom House have been referred to, whioh give the tonnage of the three largest ships as follows, Tie : The Columbus 1.107, Constitution 1317, the New World 1404 tons. The New World, although 1404 tons Custom House measurement, is a ship of much leea capacity than either the Constitution or Columbus. They are all three deckers, but the depth of the Constitution and Columbus ismuoh greater than the New World ; the difference in depth does not oount in register tonnage, although it adds very materially to carpenters' tonnage and actual capacity. The greater oapaeity of the Celumbus is by reason of her increased depth of hold, and a continuation of breadth of beam carried well forward and Rft. It has not b?en stated that the Columbus was the largest register tonnager but the ; largest ship,as register tonnage has very little to do with the aotual burthen of a vessel The dimensions of this great ship are as follows:? ! Length on deck. 183 feet; breadth of beam, 41 feet; depth of hold, SO feet 0 inches; and measures, by carpenters'calculation, near 1IU0 tous. The spar, or main 1 deck is flush fare and aft. baring only the caboose and long boat as ati incumbrance. The cabins are splendidly fitted out; furnished with rich mahogany and crimson velvet sofas Tbl state rooms are remarkably large ; in each of which are two berths, fitted on the sides nearest the cabin, IsHkg the sides of thestilj) clear, and thereby admitting light from the side and d?frk lights The rooms are supplied with sofas, drawers, wasostand. mirror. and other appointments for the oomf>rt of ths occu Dant. The accommodations (or second class pas^ngers, are exceedingly well arranged, equal to tho first cabin In II things, except furniture. Hteersge passengers are ulso well provided for?the care to make thin rlaee comfortable, 1* evident In the many new and useful feature* adopted In the well arranged Interior of this noble veMel, the officer* and crew were by uo meant forgotten; theiraparimenta are not Inferior to the main taloon All the dlffereut apartment* have their own entrance* from i the main deck,and aie entirely distinct fro each other i The ehlp wa* bnllt at Portsmouth, N H , for Me**r* D. k A. Kingaland. *f thleolty. at a coat of (100.000 Hbe I* commanded by Capt Robert McCerran, a gentleman dlatlnguiahed for hi* nautical abilities. A* wen a* for hit great enterprising spirit in ship building She leaves for Liverpool some time this week, on her first >oysge Thi'Frkshitw at the Wibt. ? Wo lind hoped to have hern able, in our paper of to-day, to report the river as receding, but we weudisappotntsd ? The river ha* risen two Inches and within the last forty-eight houre. whleh cnnsidorli^the surface o?er which it la now spr-ad ( considers hie It has. we hope, reached the highest point, and will soon begin to enbsids There tiHMk'-n nn r three hundred families driven from their Ho and. as a core<i|ii"nce. there na* bsen munh suffcrlr g and distress. K*?rytbtng bs* been den* tbut could li*| .elier# the wants of the spffererj; and lb* prompt arW'nt*! siJB. wblah )uU b-en K?MfblUd by lbs M onTot I utthtvflwMtm ef not eltlsvOA t? wwd ihc?? U 4H>trsn, it w*rtt>t *f ??t? V?gM*fc (Ve MSA O ??I Polio* Intalllf?nc?. Jirreit ?f a Jfugitive CauntrTfrit'r.?In February, 184H. a mm by the uameof Wm N. Andres, *u ar? B rested in Ctnal street. by one of the fifth ward polloe, B anil oonveyed to rae sAs* ot' the ' h'ef. t >r hiring b-en drteoted io pissing aouutertelt >10 tills. In the ?turse ot a few weeks four lndiutmeuts were fcuud <^a,n?' nun by tha Grand Jury, on too charges. A1 it o-'Ug in # tfl prison soia? weeks bo was liberat-d on a raw bail front custody, ?aj order to prevent di 100very procured am- I ploym.nt iu a brink yard, near Caldwell's L tuning. up I the North Hirer. This went on yeiy well for soma j ni'tnius, until he was routed by the eppioacbof the w police; betb-u took refuse iu the mouutaius s<>me two wetki his food beiuit oonveyed to h.tn secretly by a frieud. On leaving this retreat, ha crossed tbe river in a small bov, and walked ?b >ut 6U m les having to beg his lool as he went, uuiit he obtained wort ou m farm at one collar a day, for twenty.six days This money gave him a little ft irt.wbcn he located himst If a: MlLlrills,il* 1 miles east of Troy,where he commenced the maoufaoture of varnish. On Friday last George Morris, one ot the chiefs kids, assisted by oonstabl-s Pbillius and Wells ef 3 Troy, prooeeded to MUlviUs?whera tiiey saw Audros J standing at his door, who, before the officers war* within J reach, started and ran, *hich he kept at a pretty good ] speed lor nearly two miles before captured He was p brought to this city yesterday morniDg, and locked up | lti the ('hiet's olflue, previous to beirg sent to the Tombs < for trial. Jlrrttt of a Boston " Stool Pigeon" and Fugitive. ? Officers A M C. Smith and Paterson. of the lower police, arretted, 01 Saturday night, at No. 108 Canal street, a man by the namo of Ueorge H. llurlbert elite U 11. Jones, on a requisition from Massachusetts, wherelu he stands charged with being a fugitive from Justioe from that State, it appears tnat abou'. three months ago the jewelry store of Abraham Hewes jr , St Co., was catered by a false key. and robbed of $1160 in cash, taken from the saf . Shortly afterwards Marshal Tukey arrested llurlbert, who was, or had been, iu tbe employ of that firm, as watoh maker. After remaining 1 j prison some time, the stoleu money was recovered by marahal Tukey, supposed through the inf Tiuation of the accused, from under a tree where it had been deposited by the robbers About three weeks since this llurlbert was liberated from prison, us we are Informed, under tome promises, (whiob are best known to the parties concerned) and sent on to this city, in order to pigeon'' out the property and " spot" the barg'ars who committed tbe large robbery on Currier St Trott'a , jewelry store, In Boston, some months ago. The movements of this " crossman" and "stool pigeon" have been closely watitled j the above officers for the last ten days, he having . iaited almost daily Jack King's " crib" corner of Forsyth and Cirand street, a id from bis various aotious and ir.ov ments, it was evident he intended to rob, if poaMi !?. the cashier oi Stewart St Co 'a store, on his way to the oa.tk, having beau, seen to follow him on several occa. very closely. He is a man standing about 6 feet 10 or 11 inches, over 30 years of . age, wearing a wig of sandy hair, Bandy billy goatwbis- < kers, and of rather a genteel appearance altogether Officer Wilson,, of Boston, will convey hiui to Boston for trial. Femule Pickpocket. ?Officer Cogtn arrestei. yesterday. a woman oalled Maria Wheelan, on a charge of stealing 13 shillings from the pocket of Wm Still, rssidingat No. 314 3d street. Lockeaupfor trial (.'aught ?' i the ji< t ?Officers Campbell aDd Jeffrey, of the 10th ward polioe, arrested, on New Year's eve. a black fellow called Bill Johnson, whom the offlo.TS detected in the act of stealing a purse containing $3 49, and 3 pawn tickets, from a lady's pocket, while standing on the corner of Bayard street and the Bowery. Locked up for trial by Justice Timpson. Jl Deader ate Sun ?Officer Holmes of the 10 th ward, arrested, on New Year's night, a young man by tbe name of Henry Luther, on a cUarge of violently assaulting his mother, knocking out one of her eyes, knocking down his sister, and striking hie brother a blow ou tbe bead with such violence that the blood was forced out of his ears Justice Merritt locked him up for trial jirrtst of Disorderlies.?Captain Perry, of the Fifth Ward, arrested, on New Year's Eve. seven black fellows, acting in a very disorderly manner, arassed in a fantastic style, parading about the streets. After a short detention in the station house, they were all discharged by Alderman Adams, under promise of future good oooduot. Disord-rites on yew Pear's.? George P. Hoffman and John Henry were arrested about 6 o'clock on New Year's morning, tbey having been caught iu tbe act of breaking the windows ot Puillp Shuer. No. 184 Second street, wnile in a drunken froiio. Alexander Trnocbard was brought in on n charge of assaulting and heating Morris Aria. Held to ball in $300, to aurwer, by Justice Drinker. A red-headed Irishman, calling himself Ccdlish J ?vs, was brought iu tor disturbing the peaceful iubabitaatsi of the Five Points, creating a large mob, nni lighting all who came near hiin Locked up until sober, oisseult with a Knife. ? Officer Yantassell. of tbe 11th Ward, arrested on Sunday n'ght a man by tbe nnme ot' Patrick .VlctJenley. on a charge of attempting to take tbe life of bis wife with a knile. It appears this man has but just been discharged fr><u Blackweil's Island, after serving out a term ot imprisonment lur beaiiog and ' threatening the life of bis wife. This knife, it seems, ho made while on the island for tbe rxpreas purpose of killing his wife, and no sooner was be out of prison than ho commenced his murderous assault. Justice Ketcham locked him up tor trial. Jdtlempt to Stub ?A man by the name of James Dunn wes arrested on a charge of drawing a knife upon Heory Tueben, with intent to stab blm while in the premises No. 130 Mott street. Held to bail to answer. ^ Dieord'i lies S< ic Year's Night?Alderman Adams of tbe 6th ward, and Captain Perry, arrested on Naw Years'night, six men by tbe names of Mite, Robert Warren, Tbo*_ (irrggins, Patrick Shay, Thos. ltoacb, ana .atoms U'Uonnell. for bet g disorderly and endeavoring to force an entrance into a grocery store, co the enrnerof Desbrcase* and Washington ets In thewnxi* Captain Perry whs knocked down, when the Alderman brought up a reinforcement of polioe, and tba above chaps were couducted to the station house, where they were reprimanded by the Alderman, and dtsoharged on promise of future g o id oomluot Jirrett on Sui/mion.? Officer Harblnsen, of the 4th ward, arrested yesterday a man by tbe name of Qeorge Vernon, on susplciou of having stolen $ J5 from William hanks. Detained for examination. Charge of H gt\w >y Hotb ry?A man by the name of Frederick Trotter, a as arrested yesterday cu a charge of kancklog down a young man by tbe name of L-? ?rus, aud steuling from his possession an overooat worth $ 0. It appears, that in November last, thearcused weut into a tailoring store, In Chatham street, and purchased tbo above coat. and. in order to pay for 'he same, he requested young Lasarus to take it home, giving him the number of where he seid he resided. As ibis young man was going aleng with the coat, he was mat by the accused. who requested h m to eiop Into a ft re to try bow it fitted U pnu this bring done, he walked out of the store and refused to pull it off again. The young m \u finally induced him to pull it off, and on goiug along towards, '* fa nominal resideoue. and on passing up au ail-y. ifyif ac-used up with his fist and knocked down LeiaiAi, seised the coat and ran off. since which time be had wvnded the polioe antil yesterday, when he was eauhgtmia conveyed before Justice Merrllt, who oommitted him for trial. Pelhleal Intelligence. Thk Press and Gei*. Taylor ?We find tba following items in refereuoe to Gen Taylor, in the various papers to wbioh they are credited: It is Certain that political opinion with the Whigs is setliog Taylorward, ? e the friends of General Taylor are enthnslastio and active, particularly from the South, though Northern Whigs will fall into tbe full belief that General Taylor is a true Whig, aud will seek to execute the laws of Congress, rather than make Congress tributary to his own will " General," said one ot Taylor's officers, now in public life, " tell me if yon are a Whig or a Democrat. Some say you are the one, and some the other, which is true?'' The response was characteristic enough. "As an office: i f the artny in tbe pnblio service. I am neither. B r when the question is piumply put to me, ns now, I a: full blooded Whig, and one quarter over."? fVatMn; en Cor. PitliiurgK Gazette. (Its. Tivi.ii* asn thk Gcoroia Leoisi.ators?The Whig members of the Georgia Legislature met in tha Senate chamber, at Milledgrville. on the did Dee. Although tbe meeting was called " Whig." yet a reselntion was passed '" That this meeting, held without distinction of parties, only give* expression to the public sentiment of Georgia, in nominating as It now does, General /aohary Taylor as the candidate for the next rresldeooy of the United States." U was also resolved, that In order to carry out the nomination, the people of the respective oountLs be requested to appoint delegates to meet in Convention at Mtlledgeville on tbe first Monday in June next. Another Tavlor Meetino it* Viroiwia.?A large Taylor meeting was held at the Court House of Harrison oounty, Va. on tbe dOtk Deo., when it was resolved, "that this meeting entertain for Gen. Zaohary Taylor great respeat, and believing him worthy of, and < in nent jr '{Wituueu lur me omei uihgisi racy ni in<? uailOM, nomiua ? him to the American people for that high trust." ArcOTHra Tatloo Mav.Tinn ?A monster meeting, aa the politicians say, was hell in Montgomery. Ala, in favor of the hero of Uuena Vista, on the evening of the 17th Deaembsr. Ann still Another ?A nun meeting of the friends cf (.sen Taylor will be he'd at Hover, Ark , cn the 8th of January. Gen Taylor dissents from some of the opinions aa tc M. xico, e(pressed in Mr. 1 lay a recent great Speech. It 1s paid that his views are very similar to Mr Calhoun's, in regard to Inking and holding a line In Mexioo.? Chr.rlreten Cluiiei. Koa McLean ?The Ihhana (Ohm) Citizen has placed the name of John McLean, oi Ohio, at the head of lt? columns, aa a candidate for the next presidency. The Gorrsnoa or Miavt.Ann's Nomination or Oen. Tamos ? Of Gen Taylor, Gov Pratt, of Maryland, says In hts message?"His Intimate acquaintance with the existing relations of this country with Mexioo, and the r? "J " fui|M-pr a mi pit rung Kr ?cur?j u.?.. nrfwu Ujr nil that he baa natil or done, will. I am persuaded, fwlly Justify the wisdom of the determination plainly evinced by his fellow.oitiiens. to confer on him the high, at office in the gift of the republic " % Pc.NisiYi.viai* Lcoiai.iTtiar.?Thla body ia to sissmble at llerriaburgh, on the 4ih mat. Wmn Cit.'rva at Ai saint - The Whig members of Assembly meet in caucus In the Assembly chamber on Monday evening at 7 o'clock, to nominate officers for the House There are u number of candidates for each offl-'e It is generally co.ioeded that Mr Hadley, of I'roy, will be elected Speaker.?Jllhaity Jlltat, t *r inil. C lkrs or Asskmslv ? Beth C. Hawley, of Buffalo, Is spoken of as a candidate for Clerk of the Assembly Letters from Washington state that It Is pretty well ascertained that Gen Taylor's views on oertnln subjects, are as follows He Is In favor of a revenue tariff cf low duties, and that In case of hla election to the I'residenoy, he would not touch the tariff of 181H. Thtt he ia against, the eet ?bll?hm?nt of a Uattc<| States Bank, and In f ivnr of an Independent treasury That he is in favor cf territorial Indemnify ?Alhury Etp From Havana We are indebted to Cspt floderlch, of the brig Till for-papers from Havana to the ] ith ulto. We find no local news in the pipers which would be of Interest, here Wa give th? drawing of the lottery which took plica on the 11 th ot I) -c ne we find it In l.v I'alria: Mo 'J J S3 >, $80.0 '<1, 10/>9? !('. 000: 99197.$!./.. 000; S1D7I.M000; I MIA. *9 000; 17 117. f9MP; .1196.1, 190(1, SIT 144 flOlHl, II079, i.isti, ,|SV7, ||(HH1, ;wfiw I) tMHI, * 90.199, Iiat.il; Vi ,' |l?i?l9, 'IMP#, umi |i H? up*- fiMRo f n k % A

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