Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 5, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 5, 1848 Page 1
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THJ WboU No. 4071. P.IKK THE ATRE?Me.rre. SANDS, LENT k CO *8 AMERICAN CIRCUS?Tin. mammoth Kqneetrian Trot-re i? now perf irmiuK nixhtly at the aboee establishment. Among the |>riuci{i tl performer. are Mr. H. Sonde and hit childrn, Miuricr eud Je.?e, M-.ter. H'rmndei, and A-inv, Mr.. Camilla Gardner, the Queen nque.Irian; Joe Pontlnnd, Sara Lvhmp, and Han Onrdner. Clowu.; Meten. t%i a:. .S-r,;eaut, McFurland. Mons. Cine, Sif. Perex, Ka?i!e? Johu.ou, Lncv. fcc ko Thedancinf hones. Mar Fly, a id Uti'ephalu Twin Pouiee. Kmhtt. ? Poiie., Cindenlla, Tom I'll nub Stc Ste. Ore.. Cirele and Paranette. }0 eeuti; . n >x*e. W; Wallet)'. I?X> D <o ? open at CK: performance 1 to c iino.enca nl7 o'c'oclt. Particular, tee bill.. N. B ? A .1 eruo.ia performmce every Saturday, commencing Vln lr. I MoWi.t) rttEAi'KE.?Tnnsd.v evening. Jan. 6lii. i8>8, i Ii xv111 lie performed the ComeJy of WILD OATS? : Kph'a in ^moo'h, Mr Burke: Hover. O. W. ("lark; Sir | Gcorite i'hunler. Yaclie; John Dory, Mr. Barry; Sim, Mr Stephens; Li ly Amaranth, Mr.. Abbott; Jane, .Vlr?. Vernon. I'r- nou to which uri'l ha acted the Urima of CH \KLO PTE TEM'LE?Mr. Temple, Mr. Pellnmy; Oapt. Montraville, Hall: Charl 'tte Temple, Mre PloMip.; Mdtle La Rue, Mr.. ad ion. To conclude with the)Druna of The A DOPPEO CHILD?Mieliiel, Mr Marshall: Kc;-ord, ,Vr. B-llainy; The . Adopted Child Mi.. Harnett; Nelly, Mr., Uroidley. Door. ' open at Chi?Curtain at 7. Bote. 25 cent.; fitaud Oallery , V.yj crura. si MM AM THE iTKE.?Solo Pro ricto It. J. ! J FLETCHER?Stage Manager, ivfr. Hmld.?On Wednesday Kyenitc, Jan 5, the performance will commence with th- oetiro remedy ol FaINT IlttdRT NEVrni WON ; K 11 t i AD If ? Hu Ooniex Mr Hie'd Dinua Leonora.Mre. i Wray After which the MODEL ARTISTS, in their ad- , in r-.i Tableaux Vini l.. To be followed bv ihe V ANKEE | L A Wy ?* ?i m ib Habeas Corpui. Dr. Valen'ioe; Kara i rlmn to i, Mie. Fnnkli't. Afte wh eh, Mr. O.tUe's moviug J representation of the BATTLES O MEXICO. To coi c ud' with the ETHlOPEAN MELODISTS. Uoxe. 26 Cl??L/OOn >pca &l *);% o ciocK-~f enuduaucc nm buuiutcmio I ar ^ /?VI rlr ? O ejA JiVAK 1'He.AlKE?tin Wednesday Eiening. Jan. | ' I A ib* I'- foriiuutcas "ill eommrnce with the dormant . KRNEBrtVK?Mr Fredericks; Frederic*. Mr. ' Leste-, ' hi-Us M' Dawson: Ernestine, Mss Fanuy We'- l Sv-'t; ">'s te, Min Telbiii. To be followed by ihe EMIG(I VNfM I) K.K AM, or the L*nd of Freedom?Ph-I Pnrcell, V.r, l.m-i; M'rk Moooey, Mr. Eyerutd; Jeminy, Mr. Hhiw; | Molly. Mr*. Winsta 'ley; Peggy, Mix Matthews; Hibemh, > kt Gordon To conclude with the farce of TURNING TH hi TABLES?Jack Humphries, Mr tiadaway: Putty LarIon-, MisiTelblu. DressCircle and Parquelte.$1; FatnilyCir -le CM tier,) SO cent*; Upper Boxes. 25 cents; Gallery, 12>?ct(. lJoors open it i,% o'clock. performance to commence at 7. VI ITCHcLL'S- OLYMPIC THEATRE.?On VVedoer1 iUv Kxuiur Jann-vygMh. wi'l be perfirmcl the comic i open. entitled JoH x UK PARIS?Pedrigo Potts. Mr. Much> I, Vincent, Miss Alary Tsyl r. After wMrhaiieiv firce(just t? ivrd f nm Lord iu) entitled BOX St COX?John Box, Mr II 1; Jmies 1 ox, ''ouovor. To be followed by the 1 VISIBLE PRINCE?Dnu Lewder. !Vfi?i Mnn T.ivlor: Pie-p . Mr Henry. To conclude with (he Farce of SEEING HO I. ' Nil?Join Downey, v'r Holland; Aothouy H< okey, Mr Cii nii.ttham: Sus-n, A'lssRobetls?Ooora open at f>, corran r ?e* at 7 o'ctocu. 1'rcss circ'e, AO ceuls; Boxes, 2S; Pit, 1 shjlliny. A* - U-O i. v Mi'lt; HE VI HE?Air. Hoi and re- ' p- ct ully informs his frirn-U and >he pnklic that his be nelit will tike place ou Friday, Jnu. 7. UtB, when will he per- , to ined lie last uaar popular farce of B'iX AN id I OX; to be ] fo|| ,old iv the hBterica' drama?f CH AKLES 12th; the jurt ' ol Tripto.emns Muddlcwerk hv Mr. Mitchell. After which, I the fairy ex ravigimitof THE INVISIBLE PRINCE, with a enriety ol'i.lher entertainments. The whole to couclnde with' new Inrre, entitled L-TEIN A O AHKET, or the FRENCHMAN PONE BROWN. Box Book now open. \S I'Ott PLACE OPERA-Wednesday, J anuary 5. will j he presented- Bellini's Opera, in three acts, of 1 PURIT 1 M?Elvira Signora Clotilda Uortli; Arturo, S'r Francesco Bailiiii: Kiccvdo, S'r KO Ueneventano: Giorgio, S'r Set tunio Roai; Bruno. S'r Felix Oeuoyesi; Henrietta, Signorn AvooadM; Gualtiero, "'vnor Strmi.?Vlaestro Direttore, Signor B.i-illr t, eider of the Orrh-itra, Signer Rapetti. Boxes. Parquet atid Balcony. $1; Amphitheatre, M cents. Box Office open duly, fr ra half p??t I to 13 o'clock, and at No 2 Wall street bast-me ir from 1 to 3. Doors open at 7 o'clock. To cornm-u'-e At Inlf past7. (A | hits? h jwery Amphitheatre?JOHN TRY ON, Aia - j ' ng'r? Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday Ereniugs? N EW .SCENES IN THE CIRCLE?By the first Etineatrian j trnuiie in the Avorld. The Manager bens leave to re'er to his * Lillv The lio'idava being over. the Amphitheatre will be for ti.e rerruiuder of the season. exclusively devoted to CIRCUS RIDING, nud ihoeeAerobstic and Gymnastic Feati only, at reitliu ti tne legitimate Circne The whole entertainment will conclntir with JACK ROBINSON AND HIS MHNKHV-Tttn Clowns tu the Ring?Bob Williams and John ?Vr II,?Botes, Dress Circle, 25 ceofa?Children half pricePit liX cents. h i i-.CHA<NICS' iiALL. 472 Broadway, mi"hi c*rajta J ? >? ! Broome etreer*. Crowded to overflowing with the BEAUTY *mi FASHION oi New Yotk. OPEN EVERY MtillX UNA BATKD SUCCESS Fourteenth Week of the 'iricinai CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS. The Oldest >'.? eblis-i-d Baa.l in ti.e United Sutea id. I* CHRISTY, K. 'tCIRCE, ?? N. CHRISTY. C. ABBOTT. J. RAYNOR, P. VAUGHN, wnose original and inimitable concerto are nightly Honored with caowded and highly reapec- 1 tab In aadineaa, and universally admitted to excel gverr ( aut-.'aeniene of .1 itLttlw character offered in thia city. Ad- | roan /it 36 centx. Children under 1< yenra. half price ? 1 l?oor* open at 2; concert will commence nt 3 o'clock. O.i ' Batardiy, January 2 au Afternoon Concert. Uoora open at 3 1 o'clock. Co icert will commence at 3 o'clock j BROADWAY ODEON?entrance through Piitrut'a Si- I ' on?Under the management of Mr K G. Grkci.t ? GREAT A I TRACTIONS?Two uew Tableaux?Thia | tmi x, Jan.aary Srh?P-rt I. Singing by Miaa Uober'i, a vanety f dince< by Miaa Lnmee and Mila Allele, Grecian e xer1 'a G I'drn Shower*, kc , by Mies C. Blenchntd. Part II. TABLEAUX VI VA NTS.or living Ma'e and Female Fig-ares bv me MODEI. -YRT'S t'k.S?Amaaouiau'a Oath, Amazoui ,1 T. n 1.uben'a Virgin, Massacre of the St. Banholomr ? Karoiite of the Part III ?The Lute Player, < .alypso'a Dream. the Maypole Dance, the Three Greece, 1-rand National Tableau in houor of the United Slatea, kc. Orchestra Bog 60 r-ats. Pa rjnette 25 e-n'a, Boxea I2S een'x. I IV .. in ur,- 1 t h If pa-t 7. I) III - I .1 AM-.lil AN Ml' afiUM-l' T- Bs?m as. I *J Piopriet It?F. Hitchcock. Man -iter?Splendid exhibition* and performances, e?ery afternoon at 3o'cleck, and eve-v evrniug at half oast 7. '1 ha manager baa rr-eugaged [he e mm iy o? BED lUIN AR aBA. from the Desert of SMiaI 1. <ri u. Also. CAMPBELL'S ETHIOPIAN SEnENAD.-lRd; 'lr?a- Western m ilia'Dead Shot'; Ivory Crucifix;? I Suksper anC b-ne': Mra. Monjll. Misa Bernard Miss-sJulieu nJ Whitwik I) luce-*; Mr. Whitlock, Mr. Proner; livI r.g OniJg Oitang. VVai Figures Likenesses and Po-traite of ; ih- tnia'-d Carl ?e slaves; wax figures of Quran Vieto-ia. 1 l'o'lv K, Daniel O'l ojuell. bather Maihew, kc. Madj am H ckwcl'. ilic famous Ko-iuua Teller Wax Model of I t ic Hum ? Mody. { he seer, privately at ?n extra ch-rse of 35 1 r* i? A<!.n vs >:, to the whole. 36 cents; ch idren under teu yr?r*ol Mge nod Id ruotiph to wa'k alone, 12)? cents Hei r\( nr *" *f*. ?oe *icH pirw.4 l.ioUKni tin INm HUM*.NTaLC I t'14 Pibermcle. oil Tha sdsy evening. Jan.6 1818 by the 8TKYERM AHKIMI'HK MUSICAL COMPANY. consiitin* of nineteen p*rf rrmers, gratefnl f >r the eery II turning reception win h ibry hive met wi h thus far in this ciiy.heve the ''on >r to ennnuuee theiv four h ?:>neManc? in New York on Thursday etriia,. J m 6. PROGRAMME?Past I ? Ov iure in th? Oprrt, l.**'o-o. onber ; Overtare to Eg must. r.erthoreu ; The Night's Review. Tableau of HerI tno'iy, Tol? description? I. The brgniDtog of Evening. 2, Evening Prsye*?Clionl. 3, The brgiuuiug of Night?(he mum; j?<i la out the univcre .1 fail m o slnmt er of the mhabiti.f? of th etrili. 4, ' pprom-H of the hou' or Ghosts, 12 I o'clock lh? tlsview?The Drummer leaves hie grave at ; mnl light i>, Kr'rch D'nin and Trumpet. Signal War March. I 7 Tlii 1) iw i of Day ; ihe Mueic poinie out t e awakeuing of a-'ii s 8, Emale The whi ti.e grratparade on the . Lly timi K ie il, winch ncnd Cauu hrld at undnwht Tickets :.ll ce ii >ach. to t>? ha I at the principal muiic iloree, and at th* d mr on the vvening of the conceit Doors open at (t?; l e ' Ti.o e io r mm ? ? at 1\ p-?ei elv. j A I' ToJE HALL OE NOVELTY corner of t eutre and A IV r str*efs-TABLEAUX VIVANTP.or the Livi,.g M del A tiau Male "ud Eeiuale. every evening, io a style superior to snv erer offered in this cuv. Also, toe Virginia M net t i. (Mies*- Weet?nd Cordelia, with songs, Mr. Sanson, I ' nmic hinuar. end rue Pearl Beil iing?re W. H. Coleman's R. J Sdre. Admission one eh 11 Lg. Doo.'S opm et 4; to J ? mm r -t7. r|' m c. .-i vm.K uKO rHe.Ua, aT COLUMBIAN HALL'. I 1. ? i.'onlinueil success, end nddinonal attrac'iou I The V roihe's hs>e engaged M*. "ORREST the celebrated Snlo 1 anjo II yer snu Singer, who will make his firsr appearance Ilhn ivr: ing wh ch, in t onnectioiijwitn their select concerts, i i lia an tve. ing's r nt?riainra*nt ?o thy the patronage ol a rlisre, i:k pnbl e Tneir p ogrammrs aio intersp*rsed with glrea ol the first merit, and va>led nightly Their conerrts wi I lis con iiiuril every Monday, Wednesday, and Snu'day era in g ilu i g ihe season. The respectability of th-irann.i n rs has nrovs ' to ihem that their esperiment of giving a go .a i-nirit'inmeiii f r one shilling meets the approbation of a dis ti" in <iiiic public. Toci in n-nee at H precisely. |Oo\nD EXHIBITION nt the LAKAYETTE BA* "A V \R, corner of Liberty street and Broadway. Meeliai.icii vluienm and Dinrnna. Perforin tnee, half-pist 2 o'clock tu the al ernoon. and 7 in tha evening. Dioramic Views? . n i Ho k; Tnltmg id Vert ('rtit. iud Sau Juau d'Ulloa by he Amriicio .Army and N vy; City of Lisbon from Ihe Sen; yior . .-ill Mop-? reck off the I '.oast La Petit Kavsl will appra* in Ins plessi-g ptrlormauee on the Tiglil Rope; Mechatoe >1 k cur.s. rumilllng ni the . Siiii.M1i/ Hir.l the llnrg D i. I III P , rr, AteHllMli MM Onllm*; children h?l - fict? %V * U'K MAMviOt !1 PaNuhaM A OF THE I) Mississippi River panned on three miles of canvass,eiliibiting a i lew > I, y I2i.n milri m length, eitvndiug (mm tt.e month nl tlie M'tinn-i river t? the city of New Orlrana mi: r< xch iik o?er ten eerrea oi latitude, being the largest I it at in.- in li* world, a- the new Panorama Building, tu IJ oelwey. adjoining Niblo's Girden. Open eyery erenirig, ( S iit ay excel e I ) Admiaii -n, 50 cents; children half price. The Panorama will c up me nee moving at 7 u'r|?rk precisely. A '''U nil ethi" lions on Wednesdays and Saturdays. at 3 0 f Ik. Seats set nred from 10 A. M t 11 1 P. M . PI VI Kits COMPLIMENTARY ?all in honor OK LI KIT l . T110S 'Y. 8 WKicNKY.-1 lie committee appe nt-<1 ?: a i tihlir m-eting nl the prners of New V' rk, I h ir ma e arran.eineiiia l.>r a public BAlaL at CASTLE GARDE .' t MONO\Y EVENING,Jan 17.18 D.iuhon r of LIEUT THOS. W SWEENEY. Tickets ?l may be ! ' i .iii-it hy application to one of the billowing ( omtntt'ee of arrangements'?Samuel II Glen, Herald Onice: David D, Heiil lit Naa an at eet. Wm Bennett, Herald Office: John V neh. 27 Henry it; Wm., 317 Third street; John L. I Mrow i. True Hn Offier; Wm M. II biiuon: Joba McEnf < ii v .Tnbn e Offi-e- llaiiel J. O'Sullivan,cot E'ank ort and inserts; F rederick K Kmnth, 210 Walker st; K. H. Rogers, Tnlurne Office: Wm Kello.g. Tribune Office; John Wesiels. I I 141 [S.naii st: Edward Cole, 31 Ann st; Hugh Glsrrv. 112 Jlmntne it; tleiirf 8 Pear?-n, Courier and;airrrf ffice; Hmleui-b T Kutwhistle lC'i F.idridge st: A. J. Willtamion. Sunday Diirateh Office; John H. (;lark. cor. Greenwich and 11 union il sis; J .hn W Won'ton: Oeci W. Point,) 2 Monroe ? , 1 '.-irlra Vogt fit Concord st, Brooklyn; Isaac N Rice, 2(1 a rm 1 tie .tea; Samuel Udell. True Snn Office; James H. 1 lard e< v > omen ana Madison ?r?. ' I * II K CM KTII ANNUAL BALL OK PHtKNIX AS) IJ'MBLY, No I of the Beneeolent Order of IJeieaas, for the h- ur''t of the Wulnar* and Orphans of deeeised memI err, will lake place at the Apollo Rooms, on Thnrsdiy event :k Bh Janna-v, inat The Committee of Airangement w oiM e.-p-cifully state to those who may honor the Ba'l with their pre?ra-e, 1 hat no expense has heen soared fo make il one of the he?t Hills of the sermon. Dingle's t elebtalcd Cotillion Hand h * be. 1 eiigsued lor the occasion. Tickets )l Can be obtained t th? following places?lohn Mason's. 2'A Greenwelt street: Heniy Coegrnve. I08(< llowery; Robert Jonei, 288 Spritu. M eet; llobeit Martin 118 Kast 11th street, and at t, e door th? evening of the Hal rpHK. FOURTH ANNUAL BALL OF THE IRISH I iMitillANT SOCIETY will take place at the Coli eum ltnom? No 4.'>B Rrnadway. on Tuesday evenin-, Jan. II tli IK' T ckete ()7 e ich) can he procured at the ffice of ttie S"C civ No ?? N| rnee street, or o( the following committee :-Gregory Dillon, 97 ( hatnbe's street; Jeseph Stuart, .0:1 W1I1 ain itreet; Hugh Kelly, .3* Bowery; James Matlb..,....!, Wall itreet; .lamee lira hum, 23 Smith William re'i Willi mi Kedinoiid, 44 Ksclnuge Place; Felts lug i|.l?hy 19 Maiden lane; John Manning, ltiti Pearl street; irles Sweeny, 19 Centre street; John Nicholson, 40 Pine vr?e William Warinn, 47 Exchange I'hce; James Olwell it? Wfi ureet; Thomas Rwanwiek, 44 Tine street; T. DonI 1 ?'ctv. 7 Kop'h "Vil'i .m stteet; Charles K. "hea. 31 Liberty itreet; C. M. Nanry, 18 Pine street; K. I DaJr, 84 BreM itreet: Fraacis Mean, 144 Pearl Street. I E NE1 NEW 1 TELEGRAPHIC. |? I THE GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. I! 1 ei i n To lh* S'nate and Jlsti mbly. 1 t Fellow CiTitRifi: ? In the discharge of so much of the duty impoar J <1 by tha constitution requiring ma to oommunioita n annually to you tbe condition of the State oa rc- ! w lates to its fiscal affairs, I refer yon to the annual re- ; p port of tha Comptroller, which will bs laid before you at ; t< an early day By that document you will ha informed o. that tha indebtedness of the Slate on the 30th Deo-m- si her last, was as follows:-Oi";oral fund debt $fl 139 - r. 040 00. Canal debt $10 743 749 67. making tbe whole a debt of tha State $2J.HS3.690 4:1 The liability of the o State on account of railroads, which mr.y be set down as a, contingent State debts, amounts to Si 603.000, mak- g ing an aggregate ol indebtedness. direct and oontirgont, ti nf coj A.ln coo -l'? th. f?? .v.. 1- 1 . ? year ending SOth September last, were $3 373 631 CO The, It expenses of the Canals for the same period inrhi'lin'^ i? the sum < t'$3,993,000 70 for toll* refunded, were $613.- w 7GG 03 leaving an aggregate of surplua revenue of $3 - ; d 939 7)8 33. From this ruin there hoe been Uk?n the u< ooutri button* totho several sinking find* under the 7th 1 oi artlele of the Constitution, amounting fn the aggregate it t.o $1,350 001. leaving a balance of $979 718 63. This last a mentioned sum le pledged by the Conetitution to the en- o< largement of the E'le and the completion of the Gene- S eee Valley and Black River Caoale. Appropriations have n been made by your prede.-.essors. embraoiog the whole ? ram and antiolputlng $39 000 of the surplus r-veuues b of the ourrent yeer. Th? r?"-int?rf toll* slnoe 30tb Sep. ol tember last, amount to $1,419 433 73 The expenditures tl for the same period bsve not yet been ascertained a1 Tht amount of the State Stocks originally issued and a made payable otf the first day of July nest, is $1,584,- a 736: of this thsre has been redeemed $316 006, t) leaving a balanoe outstanding of $1,333,730 To this e is to be added nine m >nthi interest on th? entire Cans) | el debt from 80th September, 1847. to July 1st. 1848, la $085 33 > 67, making an aggregate of $1.934 005 67. To I I meet this indebtedness at maturity, there will lie deri- ' tl ved from the sinking fund under the Cooetitu* ion and , <1 one-tenth of the mill tax for each of the ye ir* 1945 and l1 Ih46, means amounting in the whole to $1.1(13.548 31. t and leaving a deficiency unprovided for on July 1st. | P 1818, of $831,517 16 In my last annual message I in- " vited the attention nf your predecessors to the import- '1 anne of completing the Krie enlargement and thn Gene- 1 tl se.e Valley and lllack Itiver Canals at an earlier day than ! t was to be expected uoder the restraints of the seventh ; 0 article of the Conetitution. and I then eipre>sed the opt u nion that if the contributions to the several sinking r funds, except suoh funds as would be ueoessary to meet ! the accruing interest upon the public debt, should be s suspended until the untiuished public works were com- l pleted. we might reasonably indulge the hope that the o increasing revenues premised by the enlargement 1 would pay onr indebtedness at an earlier day than was y fry ha p v nap tori limloP tha Hmtt atlone of /' 4-11 ? n tion,an<l nothing has sinoe occurred to change that opln- ' b ion. The limits prescribed to this communication will , v scarcely permit me to speak of the facts connected wi'h I V the necessity ot enlarging the Erie Canal, and the delays ' * incident to its navigation with Its present limited cap*- 0 city; besides it is believed this information will better j P reach you through the appropriate committees In l83->, i ri ten years alter the completion of the Erie and ('ham- I plain Canals, the debt which had been incurred (or th*lr I construction had bten virtually paid, and the State * freed from debt and direct taxation, was in the full en- ( joyment of the revenue*?of three great channels of e trade, and of the ppeoifio revenues which hsd been dl- <* verted from the general purposee of the government, ns o weil as of all its ordinary revenues ; but it was found >< thus early that the locks, aqueducts, and other mechani- 0 cal structures on the oanal were already worn with time ? and use, and that the Erie Canal, owing to Ite limited dl- e ineneiens and inadequate lockage, bad failed to eecitr* v to our oitieens thegreateat practicable benefits of cheap Itraneportation for their own productions and that full r command of the western trade which ha 1 been antlci- 11 pated. Enlargement having thus become necessary, it was t wisely determined to perfect it in a desirable maaner 1 and with capacity suffloient for the vast inorease of bu- 1 sineas, then foreseen and since realised, in 1818 the I Mate engaged In the construction of the iilaok river ca- 1 uul, to conneet Lake Ontario and the Erie Canal through 1 a broad region deprived of faoilitiea to m.rket. huj also F the (ieneiee Valley Canal, designed to connect the head I waters of the Ohio with tho Eri- Canal, and mitte its ? trade tributary to New York. The estimated cost of all ! < these works, submitted by the proper department, was > $18,675,901 The work wm prosecuted with quite Inad- 1 eqaate approprlstions till 1888, when, by au elaborate ? examination of the financial condition of the State * made by a committee of the House of Assembly, it was ' shown tbst the works might bs prosecuted mora vigor I ously, because while they were estimated to cost only 1 fifteen and a half millions, the revenues of the canals i alone were such that 11 necessary the State migbt expend ? 30 million* ol dollars, and receive full reimbursement of * that sum from the oauals before 1867. or en-a 40 million I if necessary, and yet be reimbursed from the same rave- > nues before IMS, without the resort to any tax or the di- * version of any of the other revenues of the State. This calculation was based on an estimate of euch a constant j increase of revenues from ell the canals, tbat in 1849, ten ; " years after the completion of the enlargement thernvenurs f of the canals would reach three millions of dollars This ! " estimate not only in the comprehensive results, but in 1 ' its minute details, hat been suhjectedlto the test of time | h The enlargement has not been completed, and (he year i <' 1849 haa net arrived, bnt the cslculatien his been fully c verified. and tne tolls have already reached to nearly the h sum of three and a half millions of dollars The State ' adopted, in 1838, the more vigorous policy based on this calculation, and pursued till 1849 ; notwithstanding, the t discovery was made in 1839. that the cost In the canals " instead ul fifteen and a half millions of dollars, as at first '? estimate,, would rise to the sum of $30,446.6^7 It is * now clearly seen, by the demonstration of time and ex- . ' p- rlence. thst if the State bad firmly and prudently per- 't? vered in that policy to the end, we should now. with- b out having paid any taxes, or incurred any necessity for a taxation whatever, bad free navigation from the great '' lakes, through Jefferson, Lewis and Oneida counties to n Rome, and lrom the Alleghany river through Alleghany. 0 Ltvtugvton and Monroe counties to the Erie canal and 4 the lekes, and a oanal 70 feet wiJe und 7 feat deep, with a durable double locks, and firm and capacious aqueducts, u from Lake Erie to the Hudson river r Thus our great system of inland navigation would 11 have baen oompleUd and perfected Thetolls and cnatof : ' transportation on the Erie Canal would have been greatly reduced, a considerable portion of the expenditure rtimburs?d. The remaining cost of th"*o structures ' would have been discharged in 1867. and the State left * In the ar.iovment of revenues even at such Te.iiicoit nin of toll*, or no Was than $4.000 000 p?." aunnra Instead 1 of occupying this high ventage ground, we are now re- I 0 sumlug the Geuf*?e? Valley Canal, which wcs relin * qulsbed after oue-thirdof It had been cnitrueted The 0 black River t'anal waeenependedwhenkalfcompleted,and 14 lha enlargement ol the Krie Canal abandoned whan near- t ly half i f the ooat of the enterprise had been paid W* '< resume these worlu afiur taavirg pa'd half a million of y dollars damages to contractors, after having lost for Ave u years the interest on more than fifteen millions already * expended and incurred, and unascertained losses from th~ P waste of materials and the dilapidation of unfinished d works and structures. But our constituents, with ere. * ditable unanimity and enlightened urgency, expect the ' Legislature will sanction the most energetic efforts thst 1 nan hs made under circumstances so peculiar to com- $ piste enterprises which are no longer of morely epecala- '< tive Importance, but have become, through the lapse of u time, tie advance of the country and the vigorona rivalry of competitore for th- Western trade, indlsoen- 5 sable to cur prosperity and to the riaiutenunee of t that high asoeDdancy hitherto secured to us by the on- s lightened and energetio policy of otir pred-ceesors <1 In tbie connection there la no subject of more Immediate Interest to the people of this state than th? con ) structlon of sate and commodious harbors on tbe We*- 1< tern lakes, and tbe improvement of thu navigation of e our rivers The lormer is mostly to enable the Whs- g tern States, our prlnoipal customers, to bring their pro- r dane to our canals for transportation. Tbe latter Is re- d quired to facilitate it* trans.t to our markets. The ra pid increase of commerce upon those Inland seas has il corresponded with the lnereese In the population and t wealth of the States that lie upon their herder* All es- 1 timatee In regard to ike tonnsge or trade of the Lakes r must be imperfect, from the absence of any regular eye- * tem of statistics. The enrolled aad lic?ns- d tonnage In il 1841. n* exhibited In tie official report of tbe Treasury Lie- a partment. amounted to 46,'144 tons; from the same source g it was ascertained to h ive amounted in 18 if!, to lOti H.iti o tons. Lieut. Col Ahert. tu a very able report, made in n answer ton resolution of the S*nstenf the L'ni'eu States k estimated tbe nett vaiu? of the L?ke oomtneroe f ir the p year 1948, at $41,11 I 010, to whloh he ad Is $1 .l et liO.t o for the nassenger trade, making a total of $IJ3,I84 010 r It Is estimated that for the next ten years this trade It will Inorease at the rate of 17 per cent per anouui o showing thn n?tt value of our l.*k" ooinmfree io s 1847. at $170,848,9.17. The comber of entrirg and d clearances for thn whole American I.eke commerce i< in 1840, amounted to 18888, while all the entries e and clearances of all rowels belonging to the s< United States and engaged in foreign trade, amounted " to 10,809. The vessels employed la this vast inland s! trade, nearly rirallag all cur foreign commerce, and tl which Is considered as hazardous as that of the high rl seas, require safe and commodious harbors, piers and e< light houses for their protection Thn early attention d of Congress was called to thia subject, and approprU- ei tlons wers solicited for the construction of these tl eery improvements inadequate sums were, from time ci to time, appropriated for the oonstruetion or commence- ei ment cf a chain of public works which stretched aloog I the Southern shores of nearly all the lakes that flow into el the St l.awrence These appropriations contemplated 11 the Improvement of the mouth of th? river, by removing f, the liars, or by deepening or widening the channels at h their mouths, the ereotlon of piers and light-houses, snd la such other expenditures as would furnish to the pre- tl scribed localities, safe and sufflsient harbors The it original appropriations forgjpany of these objects, were n barely sufficient to survey and commence the iui- s< provemsnts, but those Interested In th-tr construe- t. tlon, looked confidently to Congress for the means s| for their complstlon. It was believed to be the settled a polloy of the federal government to foster nWl pro- tl teot this important brauoh of our national commerce; d It Is the great, channel through whieh the Western T farmer sends his produce to an Eastern m4ket. lu pi July, 1846, an aet appropriating ^178 480 waa passed ti by Congress, for Improvement of rivers and harbors ? ft The President, on the *d of the following August, re- u turned tba bill to the House of Representativaa with hi his objections, in addition to his constitutional ohj-v u tlons to the bill. The I'reeldaot apprehended that should U It be sanctioned end become a lew, no preotloel oonstltu- ; 1 ii _ ~~:u ~ ?*~ W YO fORK, WEDNESDAY M01 ooal restraint can hereafter be imposed upon the most to (tended system of Internal improvements by the fe- but eral govarum?ot In all parti Of the Uulon. The doe- to t lnrt of one of his predecessor*, that appropriations.of lath lis ohiractur should be oonflred below the pert* of i Imn 11 try and delivery, established by law, is disoarded by side 1" present oxaoutlvo. and therefore,even ru. h expendf- this ure-, hava ceased to be constitutional. rese Since thu (nesting of the present Corgress, the Proel- tlsti silt has returned the bill with hU obj-ctionv passed qua car the close of last session, for constructing certain thai orku lathe t'erntory of Wis cousin. and foro'h-rpur bod oses The President slates that on returning the bill U the House cf Kepresentiitive?iat the preceding cession, app outlining similar provision* and appropriations, he thai iate l his objections to its passage, and those objections prli . maiu unchanged. The unconstitutionality of these ly p pproprlatioua for proteoilon of our com mere* is insisted s?m n, and ingeniously enforced The Pros).lent alto ?irauii? lawi .Tuiutt the eppropria'lons. for the reason that If Con- fact lets Is allowed any discretion in 'he similar e xp?ndl- ests ires, there utiuld he ho restraint upon the amount of pro loney thut would h* squandered Tuis subject is quite sic* ?o important not 10 auruot tho attention of every states- pub i?u, a:id I csnnot doubt that views more iu conformity deb 1th the public Interest will ultlmntely prevail But a pon issuttloti as to the power of Congress to miikrapproprl- fab Lions tor lake*, barb rt. uud the uu provement cf livers, fair f In respect to the exeiclse of such u power, asssum- tlor tat that it ex?t*,is inappropriate to this comaiuaiuali >u, tar nd has only been alluded to here from its intimate soli inm-otiou with the prospective legislation of this sho tate lu regard to the Krie Canal. In my annual com- nor lunication to your predecessors. I expressed the opiu- in. in that the security required for the redemption of age wnk notes nnder the sixin section of the first article oat r the constitution, rested entirely in the discretion of Ast He Legislature, and this opinion s-eius to be geu"rally you cquicoed in. Although tho subject engaged mu.h cha tteution of the Legislature at its last teseion, no gener- ndn I IXWO ?Mn |JBBaC<l lUi lurouniuiuouiu IJ^UKIU* IU?ll- IIU1 itions. Those institutions exult an important lnttu- bs 1 ?oa upon the business interest ot ll'ti State, ami if you pre ball consider thi time auspicious for the enactment of bill lws to provide for tbeir organisation and management, len burn uo doubt you will euter upon the discharge of nor bat duty with a full consciousness that it will ro- tii? uire of you great wisdom in establishing general cot rlnciples xnd the utmost patience and care in set- of hog details. No bank cbarttr will expire, during I he iter resent year, of the seventy-seven bai.kv in this bee tate doing business under speolnl charters-? flrs 'he charter of one will expire iu 1849, four in 1850, and bit] lie residue from 1851 to 18iiC inclusive. Tiwo were of rul be stocks of this state held in trust by the Comptroller ord u the 1st day of December last,to secure the redemption oth f notes issued by banks doing business under the genu- per al blinking law, $7,900,339 80. and of the stocks of the woi Jmted Htales $il9 0u0 Under our present, laws, the tut tocks of the United States are not reoeivable by the oor Comptroller as the basis of bank issues. The propriety wb t so amending the laws as to provide for their rncep- lac Ion, has been agitated, and 1 doubt not will be again at I si our preseut session. That such provision by Uw will tbs Uiinately became necessary can scarcely be doubted; tioi ut I do not think a proper reg ir 1 for the prospective wii alue of our own stocks will justify it at this time are Vhilu this caunot be said to be a season of pecuniary the inbarrassnient here, the markets are feTeris'u and deli- tio' It6? and such a condi. ion i f tbinge is m t, in hosmL cor ropitious to hnanoial l-giriation in our country, for var sua. us that have been so of.en nnd so well stated, that al ] need not rep-a: them the The education of Its children has been and, 1 trust, re?| rill continue to be tnaiter of the deopest solicitude, onl 'ominon schools, from their universality, leachiug tail very neighborhood, und shedding their influence upon tue very family and iuto every wind, expelling the prim >ry for ourses of vice and crime, nnd erecting altars to patriot- div nil and virtue, hare justly been considered the peouliar def bjeets of legislative oare. The praotioal importance stn f the State Normal School for the educuiion of teach- rid rs is beginning lo be felt, and in the tone, strength aud If, ' Igor to be given t* common schools, by distributing tori hrough the S ate, teachers who shall have been the- mu ough y instructed, it is believed will be found iug cost convincing arguments in defence of reason- wit ible, but liberal appropriations, by the Stato to 1 bis object The capital of the common school fund stil s $317,551,447, aud lis anuuci income fir the cou ant fiscal year $13,155,431 i'he cxpital in the 'J .'ulted States deposit funds, $401,4v3 071, aud the an- ere lual income thereof lor the last nsoal year was ilal lib 337,0iti Iiy the 9th article of the Uoustkution it is bai iruvided that ne rum ot $45 0 )0 of tne revenues of the mo Jnited States deposit# tnnd shall each year be itppropri- div ited to, and made a part ot the capital of the said cum- nan non school feud, aud by an act of the lith .May last, it ins s provided that the resiuua ot the United States deposit am und not otheiwise appropriated, shall bo annusUy add tiia d to tue capital of the omnia on school fund. The iuii iiuuunt of piibno Li- cey paid on uccouut of teacuers' 7tt veges f >r the lant year whs $605 390 11, and tbs amount ba< laid ou rate bills $463,940 44, making an aggregate ot uol >1,068,330 55. b'roin the returns ui?d? by the loan au cor leriuti-udeuts fer lb* year ending 30th June, 1647, it 6oi ippeats that the whole number of children in the state cm mcwean the agesnf uve and lb is 700,443, and the hum- I tio er of children taught in the common schools during th? it 1 ear. was 748 337, exceeding the numbers Detweeu the otb iges of 5, 8, l,and(i. by 47,934. cor The stranftn turns Dlatrloc hibriries have acquired evl- t'uenoe.a the public appreciation of tdi-se iinpi rtaut aux- v?y iali -n to our primary schools During the lust year s en 93 899 59 have bean paid ior bocks, and there are now tint u these district libraries 1,300 934 volumes Having t>ri iscbarged our whole duty to common schools, the vid igher institutions of learning must not be fo.'gnten. exc luy abatement of the interest ot the Slate in these in- as tuuttons is to bu felt utmost exclusively by those who, Wt a their enquiries after knowledge, most require the fra; div Brnal care of the State. By tuedortunato sons ut the ma; 111uent, it is ragirded with entire indilfsreDC', but to etui uose who are the artificers of their own lurtuiie, rosing be giiusta strong entreat, struggling with poverty, und woi tboring with tudr bands to procure the lueaus of cuiti- be attng their minds, it is mait-r ot importance i'he mal ictrme that would deny to those lustitutioue aoy par- ren icipatiou in the menus from tiuie to time appropriated any y the State to the Oausp ot education, would strengthen the nstouracy oi weann, oy aaoing io it iue arinocracy 01 a ai -tiers The protection of properly, and ill* encourage- vidi lent of Us acquisition, are atiioug the imporiaut tie- whi loots of ctvUissitioa ; Out iu legislating for a people resj iLose institutions permit any boy. whatever hi* birth be 1 nd condition, to aspire to tho highest places ol honor cou ad m-fulnea8,it is a manifest duly to ruaol such latvs tair elating to mrutal culture, as trul pUea aspirants for cap lonorable promotion upon a looting of equality, while thou should leave nothing uudooe to improve the char- V cter. and enlarge too sphere ot oomuioa schools. I not eel convinced that the ability of the btate, so far as it tier an be exerted, without prejudice to oiher Interests, r,n rill be put forth to furol-b taciiit es for u higher order , ing f the payuieuts in literature and scieuse. I f> The Income cf the literature fund is pledged by the oustilution to the academies The capltMl is >2 <3 '105 78 4,1 hiding an income the last fl?oal year of 17,83i dollars rt-Hi 5 cents. By an art of the lith or May last, there * as "c onroprUted of llie revenue of the literature fund, Su'J 13 000 and of the United States dep sit fund >27 000 J*"* jsklu t in the aggregate >-10 000, and for each ol t oe lJul ?ari 1817 aud IfebS, to Oe aopropriated by tne regents a"*' f th- University among the several academies and eh'>ols of learning, la proporiiou to the number of pu- " ill* iu eacb. who shall have pursued requisite etu- *s ies to entitle tueia 10 share iu such distributions 1 be " 11 me act appropriates >8j(l to be p>. 11 to tbe regents ot ^ r' h" Uulveisity, to defray certain expenses incident to >e care of toese institutions, and the further sum of i ' 9,700, to be assigned to certain acadnini sand semi- '"*! aries of learning, and the purchase of text books, w ' japs, globes, and philosophical apparatus. These la-t npropriations were male as well for the last as this ll1* ear This act also ra measpeoiai appropriations for the l'*r anie period, to seveial medical coileg, a and oth*r iu- '4r* r.ilu'ions of learning to be paid out ol the United States I j*" MBOSit ftld Tne year juat olne-4, it may safely be alhr.neJ. has lenn to the people cl' Una couutry a season of unpural- 10 'led prosperity and happine-s i'he earth lm furnish- II il a.unm t.?rjr description of agricultural product. in the rcat profusion ant pei faction Tbc/m have found a bee rady market at liberal and ia sriine lutauo ? extraor loci inary prices; nnd lu the prosperous cnnd.tioii of other ad I vocations. trades and protest i mi. ii turiiistied another Itav lustration of the truth of ilia theory, whi -b atlirois not hat a wrlse regard to tQo interests ot thiso woo cultivate piyi he earth, is iiib surest protect! >n to th? various lots- oat ests of the paor.l oft ha Stat", f>r tbo liberal priced nor rith which labor baa be. n raward*d. We are not a the ttle indebted to thy condition of parts of the old world, I cati nd particularly of parts of Houtlau l and Ireland Our ' any enerous and active ayuip itnia.i Tor the sutferiug of that ' -mil ouncry so truthfully described by adiktiuguiehed utttvf- gov vtn.a' poor, gallant. genet out and oppressed Ireland, i h? ave bran fait and a. Knowladg",j |ier aliuation ir pell aiofuily interesting, aud may furnish n> w evidence aire ( the nlitiity with which a free | eople rush to the ed. eltef of the down-trodden and oppressed ; but the in < ifluenio of th?se unhappy causes upon the value of this ur anleultiiral products at the expense of ao great fare uiferlng, is never to be desired What we should uiost whi esire In this regard is a stable maraet. Our ptrmaueut nop iterest cannot be promoted by temporarily large and I xtravagunt prices. That condition ?f things is to be regt ought which will furnish the bast security for a market iu t object to comparatively little fluctuations, and thus for .iinuUte exertion by lusplring a reasonable confidence hav oat labor is to receive a lair remuneration The expe- car< ienoe of the past it is believed, tarnishes very little rea- ot p on to hope for or rxpeot a ete ?dy demau 1 for any oonsi- pan arable portion rf our surplus productions iu foreign for ountrh*. While, therefore, an extraordiuary stale ot aud dings abroad dependent npou the sraeons and other con ?use? not within our coutrol, and in respect to which Uht ither in regard to time or extent no safe prediction can in p e ma ie, may create a tempor-iry demand for sucn arti- teni les, the growth ot our country, as ui ty not so rea .by eon nd cousuiners here. It is <(ults appareut thai a demand i. d I. ik.n.l.. ..It. ...... ., . W _ ,. T, n i; unuuijun/u ?v tunuuij ?"?i" a -. * ?.? v v *w?? ? *** r mbanduian. If to tha ?tock of ooururaai* in our nl- inei mm mil oommtio ?l nllic* vk could ad i the manulio- Mil tre* of ?uoh fabric*, the labor of lore go hand?, < wn mat ow Consume, much would bo door to e* alilieh h pertua- pro cut and alable market at home and to attain the end 1 gen )U{bt by that wish hu i far>**elng putriotiain which 1 >< *? hhj )tha proteolinu of the manuftoiu < r.uot an much lu re- f r pool to hi* lutoront. as to noour. to tlio agriculturalist .1 fair reward for hi* labor, aeoiiutng that ? her occupa- i?w one, trade* nod proleeaiou* am dependent upou. aud Sop rrir* their outrun -ut and *u|y on from, the f .tmer? emu be pilnclpl* sometime* maintained, though by com- all i aratlvrly lew at tba North, that the national Itgi*'*- a In on which extend* protection nominally to the uitnu- of I loturar, I* partial In it* application, and tend* to build #3* p on* great internet at tlia ip?u*a of all ntheis, will tloo ( found to ba faliaolona, for wnlla It aet* principally > ami pnn tba ma .ufaotnrrr, It* saoondary and important *17 idueuoo I* the support it give* to tha Uller of the earth 3d. hare alluded to thaaa consideration*. not with a elaw j boai i L "g?i ... - 1 RK H RNING, JANUARY 5, 18' discussion of the great qu?atlon of oational polloy, 8tr to inTlte your atteut'on in thla, its proper connexion. Th< ha ImDortanoa of early, efflolaut, and practical legls- oth Bn la rcei ect to manufaoturiog eorporatlooa Your oe>t i?dtate prrdeoaasora devoted muoh time to the eon Sep ration of qu'Stlons connected with corporation* of froi character: and the Houae of Aa?einbly. after muoh 11)41 aroh and deliberation, and after consulting the ata- run oa of several of the (later Staler, and blooming no- am< luted with their practical operation*, trained a hill 184 t leoelved the assent of a large majority of that of T ! 'he ader the laws of no State haro associations for the Ten Mention of mechanical labor been more proapetona dill n In Massachusetts, and no where, it la believed has yea 'ate manufacturing bean so generally and euoorssrui- wei mseoutHd The hill framed ?nil adopted by the us- Th? b'y. embraced substantially the provision of the lee' s of thut htsto applicable to associations for tnanu- U raring purposes, with a jealous regard for the Inter- Ret of the laborer. Trie House ot Representatives, to has ride for their additional safeguard, inserted provi- has is in the hill requiring the trustees and managers to spri ilhh uai.uolly trie amount of capital and of existing log if and in default to be personally liable. The oor- the i,*oia were rendered personelly liable for making any F *'certificate or notice relative to tUs business or ut- inv s of the company.or whenever the debts of tbeasoeia- 1 aad i ahould exceed the ?mount of its oapitsl stock, and ' live making dividends when the company should be in- 1 sue ' rat The bill also provided that all the corporators 1 ran uld be liable ft r sil the di bts and oontraeta of the bee .'Oration until the whole of the capital stock if paid mei and that they should all bo liable permanently to lan nts, laborers and operatives for servtoes The So- tali e entertaining opinions adverse to those of the stai eojbly. the bill was lost, and I respectfully invite l?ti ir attention to the subject, with a full oonvlotlou thu t. vnnp avninat.liv vit.h f.h? laliniinm itUtiHfl will Ot t icnish you of the importance of early dooisive ao- tloi i Before taking leave of thla subject it may not y?* "appropriate, and perhaps it is due to suoh of your fori dsoessors as occupied seats in the Senate when the aga to which I hare referred was loit. to reour to the ?f ' gilag* of the Con eat ut ton touching the liabilities of str porator.i The aeooud section of the eighth artiole of tioi Constitution in in the following words: Does from '*? porationa ahull be secured by such individual liability j wh the omporationa and other means as maybe pre- j pop ibed by law " The effect of this provision aot having \ Tb settled by the judioiary, its language is now, fir the ! oul t time, to receive a legislative construotion AH ar- | sot raiy rules of construction have given pUoa to simple rig e, which r?qulres us to give effect to the words in their ' gut .leery siguihcattOD, considered in connexion with i thi ler parts of the instrument, and the history of the i del iod when it was written. It will be conceded that the ] ion rd corporations, as used iu this section of the oousti- in ion is broad enough to embrace every description of , s<?r poration known to the laws of this State, among ' *id ioh may be enumerated railroad, municipal, manu- j fJt turlog, charitable, religious and banking corporations, tb? lould be meet reiuotant to come to the conclusion : con it the members of municipal and religions corpora- ' 'ti ds are hereafter to be made personally liable, but such tbii I be the effect of one construction of the language we | res using Tor severul years prior to. ac d at the time of | am1 session of th? eonvt ntion chat framed the Coustitu- j i, the doctrine of individual or personal liability of of < porators, was a topic of much Interest and not a little ! 11 h iety of opinion,?some insisting on unlimited person- ! liaoility?others demanding its application ouly to cat extent of the capital stock owned by the corporators ! rig peotively ; whilst others insisted that it should attach wb y in canes of fraud, or the failure to comply with oer- ! tai a statutory requirements, and others again denied tht propriety of its application altogetner Wheu, there- of: *, the framers f the Constitution used the term in- *h tduai liability, they used language imperfect and in- hai inite. except in connexion with other parts of the in- " >' ument. and words that would be applioable to indl- irr ual liability in either of the forms ! have mentiooad th< therefore, it shall be prescribed by law, that oorpora- art s ahall be Individually liable in oases of fraud, this ! to st be regarded a* individual liability wltbiu the mean- an of the Constitution, and a substantial compliance ' ; h its requirements. { thi ."he whole expression?*'suoh Individual liability," is , wli 1 uior# significant, and streugthens, if possible, this i u? istruction i tht ?h? history of the period is important to be consid- sai d in another respect. The adrooates of individnal 1 a f aility insisted that, to banking corporations Issuing : fra jk notes, or any kind of paper oredi s, to circulate as | ?t ney more thau to all it jers should the dootrinuof in- iut idml liability attach ?and yet the 7ib section of the ! tht lie artiole of the constitution provides that iu the : rc( i meutioued class of casus it shall attach on'y to tne ! 001 oun, of shares of the corp .rater* respectively, it ' r?? i 3 J'nectloo of the artl.ile had provldi d for Unlimited j tj,. lividual liability it may w -11 be asked, why has the i section created a special and limited liability for ' to iks issuing this paper to oirculate us money? [s it ,in tab urd to suppose, that whilst the last roeut.iun-d aQ1 p >ratoi's are required to assume only limited per- I hi tal responsibility, the mambers of religious and other , ye, poraiions are, t > be made liable without limit*- ! or u lu relation to banks, the language is explicit, and if 1 or j-u uccu " ?* UWVUU.UHIHIU >uai.iu.>u 01. ler cases persons who should become members of a ( tl.? poratiou should bo made personally liable for all Its Ve; r. we ar** bound to Insist that ordinary language to con- ' tor its meaning would hare bseu employed, and that in- ; elli id oi' the second section of the 4h article, a prorl- j r1(,i 1 would hare been inserted, declaring in explicit ilri :ns that the members of corporations should be indi- oiisi u&'ly liable for all demands against the corpora ion ' ttm epliu< from its operations, such banking institutions *it should issue their paper to circulate as money. sec tile therefore the Legislature may impose inch in- tin iiiutl liability as in ita ju.lgm-nt the publio interest lKe y require, aud while it must Impose sora-, the kind Uki l extent of liability, except as to banks. Is believed to (,* a matter of legislative discretion The uso of the ubi d secure, iu the seotion referred to, is not brlieved to -pj] in ooutlict with this construction ? to secute is to k" safe or certain - but as to otligatiou to p?y can be i.,. dered oertaiu beyond oontiugt noies the adupllou of and every means to secure its ptrforotit c?. implies be exercise of discretion by tho?e wbos- duty or Interest ba lay be tuattalu that object. By some, unlimited Indi- i.a M liability would be tegarded as ibe butNSIlilj, list others believe that the effect of imposing suoh rcC joosibility upon the members of corporations would jts< to deter prudent xneu of business primarily to the en- poi rageinout, of industry; but this object cau only be at- tig led under Ibe laws that will uuite the investment of ba ital I regard the subject as among the most rapoitant ,in will claim your attention at tile present session. ihi ou will tlnd it no diflloult task to devise suoh laws <>qi incompatible with the requirements of the constitu- B<? i as will secure the uuion of capital and labor, and be< tonably protect the publio against loss in your fester- as care for labor, as well meohanical as agricultural l cia . el assured no lrgislatiou will be uegleoted. that in | t?c r judgment may tend to cultivate a due appreciation ; m, ts elevated ciaran'.er. aud enlarge the estimate of its I .ut .jeetaljility. The faot that honorable distinction does \ ?t depend upon an occupation or profession, is better thi wn and appreciated by those who have seen more ! ?u< rs than have young m?n just entering on the active sm ies of life ; and a false estimate ot the character of | oual labor, induces au undue proportion of young pr< ] to engsg.t in prolVssi nal and mercantile pursuits I I)n i the Uisctiarue of the duties that vnu have aasumed I the reprveeutativea of great people, it the enquiry 1 in ither lFie establishment of school* in which agrioul- ' (1 jr and mechanic* eball be scientifically end practically tra <ht, wi 1 lot tend to derate the standard of labor | 0f . ' reaper .fully aubuiilted, and may properly nooupy a . fur h place In your deliberation. 1 communicate here- 1 qU| h. a statement in compliauce with the requirement* | 8(,if hf laet clause of the ftth auction of tbe 4th article of ^ conetltutlon, concerning reprieves, commutation and wo, lioua. During lite past year, tire pereone bare suf- ! jl8 d the extreme penalty of the law la thle State, for t|t) trine of murder. It will be goon by thle statement, | .up t two other*, who hare been eentenoed to death for I ()a| fame crime, hare bad their puniabment commuted 0mT hat of imprisonment in tbe State priton for life. j iy will also be teen, that during tbe same period, of ubi a inrtoti In the several State prisons, pardons hars bee n granted to 101, and of tbe pereone confined in the be i il prifone. under sentence, pardons hare been g-ant- titl Co 94. 1'he seotlnu of the oonstltuti.n to which I efft e referred, evidently contemplate# that some provl- th? i will be tuade by luw, relative to the manuer of up- the ing for pardon The evidence by wbtoh these nppll- rec Ion* are sustained, 1* almost fa-part', but notion I* ! Ian r glv-n to the District Attorney <>f the couuty where act conviction* were had, of tbe tendency of the eppii- ft>r ions respectively, and time given to him to resist in pri form hat lie may think his duty requires I soughk ter ly to establish some general and well defined rule to aiv -m th" exercise of the pardoning power, but In this tief ivc been entirely unsuccessful, and bare been com- eje< ed to dispose of eaoh, in respect to the particular or < umstancos. a* disclosed by the In formation furnish- fall It Is. therefore, to be expected that tbis duty will, wh 'ome liifttnceg, be I providently discharged, but ; the i consequence seems to be Incident to the power eon- ' as < d, *ud I am unable to reoommsnd aoy legislation, | ant oh. in my judgment, will provide against occasional ! the iosltion and improvidence feel think It may well be doubted whether oar laws In the trd to the length of time that persons are Imprisoned not ue State prison are not too severe, under convictions and first offences. Krom the best information that I pro e been able to ascertain from those who hare had the will ? of persons confined for crimes, a muon shorter term sn unifhment than that now prescribed by law would gea i?h In most Instances, would furnish sufficient tim j tbe reflection, and fur forming resolutions of amendment; gua he wno Is not reformed by a comparatively briai she liuement, is not to be improved by tbat kind of pun- tor neut, and probably by no other If he 1* longer kept insl ri?on, the community mey be preteated to that ex- rvl< t, In ss far as It deprlrrs him of ti e opportunity to rqu im.t crime during that period, but it Is believed that In i or* no taad to secure reforms ion ; when, however, and ions have suffered, lor a reasonable tune. Imprison- iqu it In a S'ale prlsou, and after being permitted to go lam srge eiigAge again in the commission of crime, refor tbo leu is lately to be expected, end society can only be t > ? teeted by perpetual imprisonment Tots eav- is a w?i rial rule, and subject Ilk t all others, to eacepilons dot those excei t otn are believed to be proper subjects its sxecutive clemency ble 'he (hale prison ?t Clinton was established tj a j ol the 1st of May, 1SI4, and prior to the 3At'.i of a_ teni'ier la-t, t ivre had b?'n appropriated fir Its ntl_l struciioii and support at dilf-rent tUnvs >155000, j,,, . h eti had been t xpradtd. ai.d -here was on fiat cay lioi ilauce against the .State ol $?0,liO On the KJtn d*y (rf , J?c lost there waa approprialeu tbe tullhsr sum of aol uoo. making the aggregate < f all of tha apprcpriais on account of that eulQos $180,<'00. The whole (to| mot that has been drawn from the treasury ' I to r # !)Aii t>4, leaving a balance In the treasury i f $3 040 m#i I uder an a> t of tbe Uth of May 1340, there had a drawn from the treasury, by the Mount rise?at M . -1- - ????i ERA 18. te Prison, durinir the la?i year. the sum of $7 (*00 ?re ?ii Ntflrrd by the prison during the year. from er vouroes. J?6 Ml 14 making the whole amount r.? red by the nr^roo during the tlrnal year vndlog JUih te?nb *r, 1847, 973 081 14 There w?i a balance aun the prlenti to tne State, on the 30th September ) of 91.073 13, whtob. added to the Uet-ni?ntlooed i tnakea an aggregate of 974 13(1 irt The whole nut of expenditure* lor the year ending 3 ith Sept 1. was $73 303 69, Iravlug a balance due to the State 9S81 07 There w?* due from the Auburn prison to State ou the 30'h Sept . 1040 being an excans of reue of tho preceding year over and above the expon.? .1... ...... ?? a i - mj on 'PI.. r.n.lnli iliirlnif the r ending 30tU September last, frnm all theinurrn, V! f5:t Oil Wi?, inak'ng KB igeregate of f"0H61 08 > i xpenditure* for tbe same period were 36, ring tt balance due 11m Stat* or $H '.' J7 Hi ud-r thn act of the 8th of Me;, 184H, the House of ugo for juvenilo (i?lioi|U*iote in wei-tern New York been located at the chy of Rechester. A building been erected and will be completed the enduing ing. Karl* Information will be laid b'fore you. show (be expenditure* that have already been made, and aid that will h*r<aft?r he required <>l the btuto. or several successive year*. tue Legislature lias beet, okcd to ?l) let laws touching the relation Of landlord I tenant, under the tease*, in perpetuity, or for l>fi or >, or for a term of year*, not lees then ?lx'y; and i laws have been paaeed on property a* have been deeded by that peculiar condition jf ihiiig* that has not n inappropriately denominated the minor excite at It I* believed that more than 1.800 000 aore* of d are (till held In thi* Stat* under thee* 1- uses cooling annual reservation* cf rant, and In torn* tunc**, of service* and ipiartrr sales, and that a popuon ot mora than '160 1.00 people reside upon the laud* is hell. Many of the tenants, controverting tbo tides heir landlords or deny lag the vslldlty of the rrservais In the leases, have at short iutervals, for several rs, rt fused to pay mut Associations have been iued, having for their object, mutual protcot|on. .lost what tb? y declare to be the uulawiul demand hair landlord' Horn* of tha taoanti, yielding to the nug currant of excitement, have restated the exeoun ot process by force, aud while engaged iu euch an ful measures. high crimes have been committed, of (oh the judicial tribunals of the oouutry have taken ;nizanoe, as In all other cases of a similar character e perpetrators of violence nnd crime were not the y sufferers; the pubtio not discriminating as to peris entertaining the same sentiments, as to the legal hta of the tenants have pronounc-d them all equally iliy. and hundreds of farmers, who had noothsr crime tn that of believing their landlords uould not legally nand the payment of rents, were declared by an llgtiant public to be robbers aud assassins, although the immediate vicinity of these acts of violence Peris have been found, who, while cheerfully lendlogthelr I to enforoe the execution of the laws, would not canind the guilty. Vet la parts of the State remote from >ee scenes of violence, and in other States the true idlti-m of things has been but Imperfectly understood s not my iulen ion in this communication to coueider 9 matter in detail, now that harmony is entirely tored, still it is beltsved that there may lie found ong thorn- farmers as many men who feel a deep Inest in sustaining the 1 iw, us among the same number jitlr.ens elsewhere. I feel impelled by a sense ol duty. ich i will permit no consideration personal to inyceif deter me from discharging, to ask you to oousider efully and without pujudice to their rights, or I he hts of the landlords, the oonditiou of the people to om 1 have referred The history if this tenantry is iliar to you. and it is tne part of wsdom to judge of ) luture by the past The principle whicn has beeuso en asF.verted t:iut these tenures arj uot lu harmony ;h our institutions, exists no louger in speculation; it s received the sanction of the constitution of CD? state, d Is now part of its fuudaiuenta! law It the causes ot itatlon which have at Intervals disturbed tbo peace of >ss parts of the State where thoio lands are situated, > uot removed or mitigated, is there uot much reason fear that the soenes ot lsll aud 1813. and of 1 B.TU, d 1S46, will again be re-enacted ? rhat policy whieh teaches reliance upon a retort to i pbftr ct the criminal lav In suaith uffdDCPS that a le forecast wool J prevent, or t o enforce obedience to re which, hy Judicious modification, would euforoe tir own exeeutinn, 1 f. el assured will not reorive your lotion. It le the first duty of government to enforce trlot observance of the lewe, and to puulsh ib-lr tootion with unshaken tiruineae If it sfioulJ be fouutl, any time, that they are not adapted to the wad* una ,er?sts of the people for the government of whom ry ere made or provided, they should be auieuded or lealed ; bat eo long a* tnry leuialu the laws ul the .miry, they are to be euforo?d, whatever their otia iter, or however they may affect indivluuai oonmiuui5 But tide l.i not the only ?. bigutiou that reel? upo i rerniuent wLile engaged In enlorciug obrdiem e the lawe. A high duty devolves upou it to serlt out d remove ar y causes of ditconleut that ia?j exist long Its people 1 will not suppose It po sible that bringing rubject to your notice 1 sbau be rerdej a* giving countenance to legislaltou affecting, that may assume to affrCt private rights, or impair weaaen t e obligation of contracts The great |eot of the institution of government, is the protec u of the rights of persons arm property, and tnat go -uueut which tails to aooompllsh this object, is utiy worthless, and you do not need to beiuloriued that rotmeute which seek to disturb or divest private bts t.iat Have put oa legal lorms, are wholly iuopera?. it is believed that one of the fruitful sources of quietude ausotg these tenants, is the appreheusiou it their landlorue have uo title to the lands, and that er paying rents aud mrkiog improvements for a ong ies of years, they way. by virtus of a superior title to it under which they hold, be ejected from their possion Ail persons who have held large tracts ot laud a testify to the facility with which reports uulavoraole the title can be put in circulation, and to the oilsIevous influence ol such reports when uutouudrd? us apprehension, that the title to the lauds which are considering is invalid, has brought to the gisuture, from to time, applications tor the paste ot a law requiring the landlords, in aotlons to brought by him against hts tenants, to prova he 1 a good paper title to the land* a: the time the e under which the tenant holds was executed In ;>purt of these applications, they have stated, and coritly, that by the law as it now exists, tbe tenantry eli is evidence of the latidlurd's title so that while in iscssiou they are not committed to more evidence of invalidity, and that if they abandon tbe lands, they ve no title to assert in themselves, except such as is rived from tbe deleollve title ot their landlords, which J cr?.ua j ?? ?j. ? j?l truth, that as the laws now ars, their possession J that of their ancestors, as tenants, in which it haa id oonltnurd for a Buffloleut number of year*, enures a title to their landlords oa t [T?cUvo against ali imanta, other than the government, u the moat pert title, and they aek that the Uaa in thia part oular y be changed My opinion.* a a to the propriety of in legislation were early lorm-dund fully expieesed a former period when occupying a reapouaibie office, it of a reprraentatiTe of a highly intelligent conatitu)y in the popular branch of the Legislature of this lie. n the absence of laws governing the acquisition of iperty, there could be no titles, and he wuo requires e to property in any of the ways known to the laws the time of its acquisition, is entitled to be proteet?d its enjoyment, anu no action of the government oan eat him of his Interest exoept the exercise ?t that exordinary attribute of sovereignty known as the right eminent domain, by which private property is taken publio use. it therefore follows, that he who hea sored title to land by having been in possession by bim', or by Iboie holding under htm as tenants for such a in of years as the laws of their country declare shall 'k a title, is just as much entitled to be protect) (1 in enjoyment ad he nho is enabltd to trace bis paper e to the common source Legislation, which oan be ijected to the susploion of assuming to weaken or imr, however slightly, the title to lands caunot he too 'fully avoided, and inasmuch as that sought the tenants in this respect, is obnoxious to tunt ingc, and would be wholly inoperative, i bar* not a able to bring myself to its support. Theobj ct to obtained by the tenants Is the ascertainment of tbe e ol tbelr landlord, anil this yru have ample poeer to ct without effendiog In the smallest particular agamst laws that govern cue rights of property, or sga'oet iso equitable obligations which this Mat* has so often ngnised in oases where it bss bad the legal titles to ds in which others were equitably Interest, d In tuns to be brouebt by the otate involving the tl i' , lands, the obstacles that are thrown In the *ey of vate persons in Its investigation would tu t be encotitird. and the n' j idioaii >a would be entirely conelu- 1 s, and should, and it is believed would be entirely as- ' actory ta the tenants If an action or aotlous of ctment should be brought by ma state. in sucn gates an you m?y by your wisdom prescribe. and be ly triad, the State will have discharged . duty, leb, In my judgment. It own to ihe Importance o( subjeot, ?nd to tbn InterMt as wall of tba landlord* if thoaa holding molar tb-m In tha character of tens and purchasers It Is difficult to understand why m< st sensitive boldars of larse traots of Und should inarmed at tha prospant of such action on tha part of government Tha continuation of t&etr titles can tail to render essantlal service In allaying Irritation I di'quletude, and hence Increasing the value and duotivrneas of tbelr lands ; and I am quite sure it I not he supposed that the State will engaga In such enter prise for the purpose of anrloblng itself The ieral current of bar action in regard 10 rscbeats since formation of gnvarnmant, furnishes the surest i>anty of her justice and magnanimity, and if It II be found that the legal title to any of the lands the receiving of wbiob any such prosecution shall bmuted, shall be In the .state, she will cheerfully tase the same to such just claimants as may be utably entitled to the lands In sucb cases,the st*tlivestmg itself of the title, would possess the p-wer I. it is wot doubted, would evere's* It, toprot-ot evary itUble Interrst that should be found to attacn 10 the ds 1 will only add, in this coun*sion, that wh lei uld regard every attempt on the i art of government irubarraes or restrain private arqutel''on* aa >n un'ran'abla and d< spot to assumption i f pow r. I r . nn> t ibt that li Is the duly of government In disposing f public d' main to col fine the sales so far is pract.cato small parcels,and to aotnai settlers !nder the new i oust,If utlor, I think It Is now quite larenl that the Judiciary, with wise statutory nodnts. will be elnmeuily lUceeseful. Much ! b u ie by your piedeeessars li pr> elding for Its oi*i.a *?i, 1 ut under a ut system, up- rtenoe will "ug .st a time to time the neoisssry ol j eta for lurthe. ei ineuts. Th? power to r?l? r equiiy causes has no, yet n conferred, and relerenoea are now. lu affect, submitie to arbitration, and there Is no power In the nouit orrect errors. If any, In the reports msda or to ha J? by suoh rsieieesor arbitrators and Immediate le? atlou to provide for the ouilsalon. se. nis to he daiM LD I Pric? Two UoUi H A nropoaMou ?:i" mibm.ttf'l t* the !a?t Legislature to provide by-Uw? f .r s'andiug r- f r*?*. but I am inclined to think such legislation I* in coi ttmt with so much of ibo Constitution n* cbn'U i?c master* and ex im'nars !u chancery In mj mnimn in the openingof 1 ut session, I i eoonunendeil such a precr. o il dlvint u < f U-ior among the I oilmen i.f th? Supreme Couit hs *.>ul i designate one of the Judge* In ouch district. to hold equity Conns, leavirg the nouimou lew duties to be din. tiny-d by the others and I respectfully renew the r<-cmum>Mid?ttoii. Out of tbe Kiri?t District the force after d*t?<itii.,g ono Judge, will I thinT hn amply suUlisleut f r the dlschsrgw of the common law dull"* and if we expect that district, ^B I Run not doubt that a si ogle J udge, by holding two Kqul- ^B ty Court* In eaoh County In hi* diatrlce annually will . ^B hoar and decide every reuse in readings A liberal system of voluntary exchange by Judge* rf several diat>ict* ia doubtless unobjectionable, but 1 have teen un- ^B ! able I'om the beginning to nndrtstaud why each Judge ! ahould be required to divide h'a limn among the several I dietrict*. A* required by the judioiary aot f the Id.h of May la*t, aftar Uearing ar.uiuents. Him Judge* must ne- H cessarily remain together for dtliberat.iou.aud to prepare wiltteu opinioua, and to Judg.* residing remote H trout i ach other, this detention la a matter of great la- H convenience, and the effect cl' Mich inconvenience rau H scarcely. I apprehend. tail to render their d liberation* H fcastv and unsatisfactory. H be Id-*, the i lbs :tive ittro* of the Court i* diminished H by tbe length of tints occupied in travelling. A Judge H ean much ta'lcr, and ranch better, discharge the uutlrc B of tbe plane after be has become f miliar with the habit* B nf the people where hi* services are required, aud with B tbe ciae* ot qiieallniia that there arlre, aud you are re- B spectfully requested. In ycur deliberation* toucuiug the B judioiary. to consider the propriety of raaaitig B Amendment* in conformitv with thee*, sriffifesttnna B Br ft communication Irom the Secn-tary of War, * under date of Mhj 19th, l?4fl. my predecessor m re quested to cause to be enrolled and mustered, Into the service of the United States seven regiments of lrifau try. A requisition was subsequently r?o?dved for otic of said regiments to proceed to California; and in obedience thereto, tba 7th regiment, under the command of < ol I. I) Stevenson. sailed l'ro >i the I arbor of Now York iu the month of September, 1MB Krrui this regiment nothing official has been r?oelved siuce its departure In the month of Norembor. 1' 4rt, the Secretary ?>f War made >t requisition for another raglmeni In m tnis State, and the 1st regiment was mustered Info the service of the United Stales, and sailed lor Mexico In tlie month of January last, under the command ol Col. Ward B. Burnett By the leport of the adjutant g?ne. be forthwith transmitted to you, you will b? furnished with all the official information peso seed by this department iu relalion to the two regtiuenis mentioned, and also to the military condition of the State The war with Mexico has Imposed new and delicat-ly interesting duties upon you it may. aud piahnbly will, in its progress claim further racnbcei fioiu this State ; and I rely with the ntuiost confidence upon your readiness, as the representaltvi 8 of a gmlsnt and patriotio p?op)e, to discharge with alacrity any duly that c.av be oast upon you Iu the Legislature ef ibis State, in 1846, when the first iDt?llig>noe wn received that I American blood bad crimsoned the waters of the Rio Urantle, upon a proportion to appropriate money <rr tn < emoloieut of troops, in expressing what I th? u believed to be my duty us a nuinbrr of that tody, I said "That our couutry is in u state if actu-l war with Mexico, none can doubt, 'iha causes <J that war are to me now unimportant. All here snow that from the oral I was opposed to the ariDexation of T< xaa : that tn now a tua ler foregone i'exua is now bone of our none and dean ol our fiteh, aud they who invade any portion of that country iuvade the Uniti-d S ales ; and 1 will as soou vole tor the mroluient of troops to pioteot the soil of Texas as to pioteot the spot on wnicb I now stand. Whether the conduct of the government, in ordering our army to march iuto thst country, has been such as it should be, or not, Is also a foregone oonclus'on. Our ooiiutry bee be< a invaded, and ihe blood of our citisens has been shed , and I will sustain that oouotry aud thoso citit-os ag?<nat a foreign enemy, at all turns and under all ulroumatauots, rtgbt or wrong " Although Ihi se impulsive suggestions were naturally consequent upon the receipt <f in elligence that the blood ol our people had been shed, suen impu'ses. in matters ot this oesoiiptioo, may generally he trusted, ami I said noibtng. which upon mature consideration, 1 do not feellt my duty to reiterate I do not. however. lUtan 10 be understood as sayir g, uer ran such in inl'irouoe b- latrly drawn from anything I ba?e said, that it is uuiuiportaui In a war with a foreign country, ihat agovernment should be light It hua everywhere hxt-n truly aid ihu war )a amo .g the dir>-?- calamities thai can b.fa i a nation, parlicuntly if Uh pe< pi have fell lbs subduing :eud retluing I' fluencee of Christianity and civilisation, and ciu ouiy Oe resorted to for just caus-. sail b* Jurtiti J by high regard tor tn? integrity end I ouor of In- nation N.tioual Louor is noi inertly the elbeieal, theoch-i of bigb->oundiog woids, i la In ti t.m?t*Iy connected with our well-being tba power f self pie*ei valiou, and indeed oar v. ry existence as a o?noa The p wsr to declare war Is vented in thrCong ess if the L ulled states, and when un-w engaged in war, either uud-r a declaration by Congress, or into I wtiiuh wh havebien involuntarily plungid by the ag; g'essicns of a foreign government. the pow.r to mtk* ; | no" rests with lb? Pienidcul of the Lured Stats* aud the Senate, and that doctrine waicb trab-n obsdixijCh totnunicip I laws, whatever their character, until tliey are luoditied or repealed, requires of us. as oilisens of the United State*, and la our corporate capacity aa ono of the member* of the contederai-y, to e lae up to the help of the government against a foreign enemy, however w may have been invoireo' in the w?r, an-i whatever its esuses or objects Such Is our condition now, we are in a war wan Mexico, aud lu its progress the country has responded to the demand* ot patriotism wtlb aaplrit nnj Seals* pure ?nd ardent as that wbiob hurnsd iu ihw bo*oiu of those who fought the battles of the revolution under officers wnose names will live as long as the know! edge ot letter* by wblcb their heroic deeds have been recorded Our armies have a :hi- ved a scries of ths most brilliant victories known to ik. hi.i.i. -,r...,.i,i The country, always indisposed to war, would reoelve with joy intelligence if tu honorable peace, but 10 raw der a peace houcr-ble, 1 ibiok vhe wool i demand. aud hu a right to require. that It ahall be accom pauied With nuih indemnity as, upon too page of history, will be evidence of an acknowledgement ,y Mexico of the auperiority of our arn.iea; but ot the character and extent of ruch Inderuoity I uiay not speak In this communication With the return of peace will come a season of caiiu deliberation and searchtug inquiry?the causes, the conduct and the result of the war may be theu properly and usefully Investigated , but until oar enemy okall hare heeu subdued, dlscussious involving collisions td opluion at home, cannot tail, by exciting false expectations in Mexico, to embarrass | negotiations for peac*. I confidently trust, tiure j lore, that such dlsoussions will not be allowed to dlslriot | your deliberations so long aa there is an enemy in ths ! field. I feel assured that we shall look only to the honor | of our flag. How far legislation by you may be demand I ed, resulting from ihe war with Mexico, I apprehend 1 cannot at this time be determined Ohio, and I believe I others ef the St*tea, have made appropriations to msst the expenses of soldiers. Incurred after eulistment, and before being musiered into service, looking to the generalgovernment f?r reimbursement. If there ahall be* further requisition upon this State for troops, and provision shall not be made by the federal government to meet the expense* mentioned. I respectfully submit that It will be your duty, as I uoubt not it will be your plea' sure, to make the necessary appropriations. Before taking leave of this subject, I respectfully invite yeur atteniiou to soma fitting aud proper legislation la regard to the remains ot the brave men from this Mate who have fallen in Mexico. The New York troops have been found in the thiokeat of the fight, and where the battle raged most fiercely, vising with each other In deeds of noble during on every field, from Vera Crus to tha city of Mexico It ia one of the ofllcts of Christian oivilisation. to onltivata a kindly and delicate regard for the remains of deceased friends; hence the emotions that are felt as we linger in silenoe among the resting places of the d?*d. It has brnu suggest-d that hgisiauou in this r# p*ot should be coonn-d to the officers, inasmuch aa II would be difficult, if not impossible, to IJenli/y the bodi-t of soldiers beluhg'Dg to the iroopsof this state 1 tbiofc, i fiow-ver. It wul be found ib?t in most rases they bave I >ie?n buried reparat ly from olh? r dea-1 If so a email ' appropria'ioa wou d effect this uiu h in be deeiied aud humane tbj-ct. The bodo s of m toy of our offlo r.? of I -b? higher gradis have b en biougbt home by ibeir relativee or by the kindueasof, and I re-pecifully r-commend that provtaion be mad* by the d'.a'.e tor brln^.iig hack the remains of the residu- of the soldi*** and i Ulu rs. that such of thrm may b delivered to tnrlt kindred and m-nda as may be re/dy io rec-lve them ? and that lor ihe residue of -be gallant dead a common r--*iing place may be provided; and if not too difficult to be obtained, la ground uiada claaein oy revolutionary scaurs. In conclusion, I bave only to express the hope, that 1 in the dleobaige of the dull- a to whi-h I ha*e referred, ! and all otheia Detaining to your representative oapa ' o;tjr, you will be cbeereu by the tmiiee of heaven. >nd enlightened by Divine wltdoin JOHN YOL'Nii. Jki. 4. 184H. Police liiteiJljge' ce. * hargr oj Grand cn y - (jftieer Fr?ileo burgh. of th Ninth ward, arreded yeetrruay a man by the name of Lawrence Maione. on a ebaig* ot ateallng a oart valued at $60. the property of A It J. White, eorner of Hudtot) aud Hpriug sireete. He wee de'ected in en deavorii g to aril the oart to a Mr. Trawford Juetiee Merntt locked him op tor trial. Uatg my.?A young obap by the turn* of Richard Bernard, wae arr- ?t> J leet night on a charge ot breaking l oo a new building, iltuated on the Sixth av?naa. near -Jlrdltreet, abating tbtrefmm 3" pen of butt hinge# the property O' Jam.'* ClB'k Otli er Wit ia<n?,J of the 10th warj, caught the taecal ?'i c n?eyed htm before Justice Vlerritt, who commi'ied htm fit trial Jittmpi i? Sho rt hit H'ift ?A >uta by the name of Mioba-i nwifl, ?as arrested yeatcrday onaohaigeof mapping a pi'lol al elf*. with intent to take her life. Ke e>?-m looked hint up f >r tri al Stealing a A blar.k trliow, railed burly Jaok <u,. ea? il> terixj y-alerday in the act of ateaiiug a fr ck coat w, r li tin tinui the eloop Atk'i. lying el the foot oi Maiden lane, beli Dging to Jaui-e Miller, osptelu of ibe i aloop I be bt ck raaual rau "IT, an I after a cn*#e of two ' r>|. < ?? he waecu l.t by oliiot r Maxwell <f ibeSccoiid ?a 4 O'dloe, atd o u duct-4 b f>r< Juetiee Osborne, who | ii>ek< d him up f.?r t<l?l Mi.i eiiiiiciiai An engiae patted or r tin trie Hulrvun to Tort Jep. ri*. the Dsianar.-, lor the Orel iiiu?nn th?* Ale t Deo At A n->oy, th? toe g*ve way on Friday nghi.glit D?c ; but > he log continued "O deuce that boats could not make their way out nutil the naxt day. Toey are now making freejucet t?lpe The aetioet flk t r * iff r' ' onn v ' r. ni i by Are on t ie u t in*' L"??. >' >". ? eur} ante, 13,000

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