Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 8, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 8, 1848 Page 1
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TH M holt No. latelligMcc from the War (Quarter. AFFAIRS IN MKXICO. [Correspondence of New Orleans Ploayune.] Mkxico. Deo. 4, 1847.?The news from Queretaro sinoe my la*t is -(tremnly meagre and uninteresting The oouccil of governors had at last broken up. and they havH done nothing except pledging themselves to sustain the government in providing the means to meet its expenditures in all Its branches The question of peace or war was reserved for the aetlon of ihe general government. Well informed Mexicans do not hesitate to charge this result upon the partisans of Santa Anna, who have been unaccountably increased in Queretaro | by th" aooession of nearly all the furot?Farias and one or two others being the only exceptions This party ' (calling themse'ver Santanlsts) are now said to be hatching another revolution to place Santa Anna at the head j of the government and crush the hopes of the peace pa.ty ; ?n i int.. plot, 1 was Relieved. would be successful. mainly in oonsfquence of tba supinenes and indecision of the government President Anaya issued a decree on the 2tith uit. that no elentions should be held in nny pert of the republic occupied hy the Americans, but that the authorities now in power should continue to xerrise these functions Krom present appearances this would b.? equivalent, to giving the nyuntamienlns of this and other plac s a life-lease of office, a thing opposed to the democratic principle of rotation," an I, therefore, not liltely to be carried Into effect. The following notice appeared In the Star on Wednesday last ' A''*ll ?The officers of the American army, the c!t:j.'ne attached thereto Mexican citizens, foreigners, and such other inuivldu .is as feel disposed, are invited to meet in the Seou'e Chamber at the National Palace on Saturday at'r-rnonn n.-xt, December 4, at 4 o'clock, P M , for the purpose of settling the preliminaries, and taking stock tn a contemplated railroad between the city of Mexico und Vera Cruz, and the intermediate points Many of the citizens of the United States having indicated a determination toooeupy the territory of Mexico, it is expected that the spirit of Internal improvement, hitherto unknown in this country, will be oalled forth " I By loony this was looked upon es aboax. and although ; it excited considerable interest through the week, this | id -a was so prevalent that the attendance at the meet- j Int was rather small Not withstand! eg. the meeting , wk3 oegan<zud. and oi:? gentleman exhibited a map of a | survey which had h-?en made in 1H3-2. by a private com ' puny and stated that fifteen years ago he had himself advocated the measure before the Mexican Senate, In the very chamber in whi< h the meeting was then held After appointing a committee to procure the necessary information mid report at a subsequent meeting-and adopting a resolution to appoint a committee to report upon the propriety of memorializing the Congress of the United states upon the subject, the meeting adjourn ed until next Saturday There wore but few Mexioans if."'i n! tin r. nun nf thorn cta'arl t h-.it ha ?ua thsru t n r-present Borne four or fire others, and pledged himself, should the security of the undertaking be manifested, to raise nine millions of subscriptions for the stock at otioe Alter this who will say we Yankees are not a great people! On the -jpth ult , died in this eity one of those remarkable men whose lives, spent in the oonstant serv e? of war, appeired more like a romance than roal life ? Oauiel IVlutphy. a Te-an Ranger. From a lon't ob'tuary uol.ioe of the deceased in the Star, I gethnr tint following particulars of his eventful life. After participating in the capture of San Antonio de Bexar, when Cos surrendered that fortress, and a well appointed ariny to a handfull of Texan*, he joined the Ueorgia Battalion under FunDin, near Victoria, and was with them when they surrendered to Urrea, and wore marched to tboliad. On the morning of the fitmnus massacre of that noble band, and after the first discharge from the enemy. Dan. with two or three others, succeeded in making hi* escape, and reaching tbo Texan camp, lie was again found in the Texan c?mp when Bowles, the Cherokee chief, had combined the twelve tribes to exterminate the whites and drive them from the country. The result of this cam pmgu w?f inn coinpieto expulsion 01 me lanans irnin the setllrmeuts He next joined the ill-fated Santa Ke expedition, and woa again made prisoner, and again escaped to Texts; and coming upon the Rio Grande frontier, like the lamented Cameron, was the terror of those robbers and butohers under Canales. ite , who were the Annoyance of the soattered settleis When the wsr broke out between the Uuited States , and Mexico. Dan came to the Rio Grande, and has I been present at every fight we have had with the > Mexicans from that pines to this. His fights are I now over! Twelve vears ago he swore to be revenged ! for the massacre of his companions at Goliad, and well has he kept his oa*h He died in the oapital of his enemies. with the flag of his eountry waving over their conquered battlements On the evening of the saute day. Dr. James D. Slade. or your city, and lato surgeon of the loth infantry, died of typhoid fever, lis was buried on Wednesday morning, from the quarters of Vsjer Gen. Pillow, and was attended to the church of ban Krannlsco, by a very large and respectable number of officers and citizens, who had broom * attached to the deceased from their acquaintance with his worth as a physician aud a man. Auiong the officers, were Gens. Pillow. Pierce and Cadwalader. The Rev Dr MoCarihy < (filiated at the oeremony The body of the deoeased was placed in San Franoitco, to remain there until the train leaves, wuen it will be conveyed home, in company with a number of others, for final interment. The weather, for the last week, ha been intolerably cold? so much so. that stoves (things heretofore unknown in Mexico) nave been ordered to be made by a great many persons; and, as a further prrof of the prog-ess of civilisation In this benighted land, I noticed ! some of the public houres a vigorous demand tor hot whiskey punches- but the whiskey was unfortunately rather soaroe. The Mexicans say that for the astten years there has not been such cold w-ether here, and of eooswe lay it all upon the advent of the Yankees Another "nrut? is said to be coatemplat <1 by one lien. Vauel, of Guadalajara, who was expeoted to come out ? >ou to favor of a dictatorship, but who in to be the dictator ia not mentioned He had made-large collections of men and munitions of war, under pretence of attacking Telle a, in rilnaloa, and ia said to have a projeot for reducing away t he garrison <f Guadalajara. The go tern-r of the State ia believed to have no connection with this movement. A report has been in circulation in the oity, for some days past that commissioners, empowered to treat for peace, had been appointed by President Anaya, and aotually arrived here. This report, unlike t he thousand and one, that are continually flying about, is true. The names of the commissioners are Sennrs Cuevas. Atristaln and Couto, and they appear to be afraid to go on to Washington, as long as Santa Anna is in the country. Mr. 'Prist appears to have no power in tl" piemises, and thus the matter stands. Mexico, Deo 7, 1847 ?I was agreeably surprised yesterday morning, in common with a majority of the Americans here, at the arrival of Major (Jen Patterson, with a portion (about 600) of Ctol Hay's Tex in Regiment. one company of -Jnd dragoons, and a small train The gallant Col Jack iiays appeared to be an object of peculter interest t? all. and the better informed class of | Mexicans were particularly anxious to have pointed out to them the man whose name has been the terror of their nation for the last twelve years Th? lorg-exp-oted and wished-for mail rame up with the train, aud every body crowded to the postofflce to see It their friends at home had not sent aoifie cheering news to them. The paper mall is still in process of distribution, there being several bags untouched The Immense complimentary benefit given to Canete seems to have completely drained the theatre-going portion of our motley population, as the Spanish company were not able to command a paying audience for more than a week afterwards, notwithstanding they brought out one of their best soonic pieces?" Don Juan Tenorlo " The consequence has been that they were compelled to close their house for a week, opening agaiu un Suuday last to a tolerably well tilled bouse Thev I say that if they can procure two hundred subscribers, at $l'< each they will guaranty to keap the bouse open for a month, an 1 several gentlemen are endeavoring to procure the requisite number of subecrlbsrs I sincerely hops they may succeed, as it is the principal amusement we poor " furriters" have The circus In the principal theatre is doing a very good business here, with Kelly. lUmlia, Kinnade, Vo Madime Armand, the grsoeful l'ems'e equestrian, is as popular as ever here, and the manager, Mr. Bensley, is getting up a serlea of apleudid pantomimes. Nothing was received from Queretaro yesterday. A letter In El Porveni*, of Tolnca, front (iueretaro, states that the I'resident and Minister of War visit the Governor da'ly. The latter says ' tbat the division of the ministry in favor of peace shall depend upon the modifications that are made in the ottered treaties " The saute paper has a rumor that there will soon be a change in the Ministry. I yesterday visited the studio of Mr. Wailfer, for the purpose of viewing the beautiful painting of the g'nraiiug of Chapultspec just completed. The view Is taken from Capt Huger's lottery, and appears to me to be exceedingly correct ; but "f this you will have an opportunity of judging as it goes down in the train whioh leaves here to-morrowor cent day. The body of L'eu'.-Col. Graham, of the 11th Infantry, who wss killed at MoHdo del Rey, has been disinterred and brought to this city, it will he tak<n homo for final interment To-day Major I,ally arrived in the city with a large body of reorulta for the regular and volunteer regimen's Accompanying him was Lient -Colonel < l?raents, of the Oth regim?nt. Gen Gushing is said to be s short distance behind and Is expscted to be here to-inorrow morning The following sick and wound'd officers will accompany the train down : Idol, William Trousdale, 11th In'entry, Major G. 11 T? cott, Voltigeu's; Captain J. li. Kingsbury, id Infantry; Captain J. B M'gruder, 1st Artillery; Captain James Hcantland, 14its Infantry; Captain J. A. Jones, lith Inlanry; Captain Kraneia Snmter .Onuth Carolina Regiment; lit Lieut. Joseph 8?lden, Ktii Infantry; 1st Lieut J. T vleCnvvii ith Artillery; 2d Lient Thorn it Smith, tlth infantry; 24 Lie-it James G Oiie.liug 8h Itifmtrjr; 2d Lieut. A. n. Lincoln, Hit infantry; Id Lieut. K. I B. Ilollowav, Bill lufnitry; 2d Lieut. Levi \Vnodhouse, (ith I Iiuioitrv; 'II lorn . II C. .Murray, I4lh Infilil'if; 2d l.i?nl JC. I). William*, 31 Dragoon*; ami 2d Licnt.Thomva V.l'.clJ, | Marinea. Mgnco, Deo a. 1847.?"Theory ia attll they oorac.' ? (Jan. 1 uahing arrived thin morning with the Maaaachu- i aetta hiid Ihl I'ennavlvanta rigiinenta, ami another detachment of reorulta. and bnnga newa that M?J (Jen Duller la on hla way with 9090 more men The Mrxicaca here will aoon begin to believe that we are about to ooeupy the country in real arneat. Accompanying the train were aotna twenty or thirty wagona, filled with inernhandiae of every kind. belonging to foreign merchant* of tbi* city, and whioti haa been laying at Vera C.roa awaiting a aafa opportunity tor tranaportatlon Col Wvnkoop came up in command of the rennkylvania regiment and vlaj. Wohalor oI the Maaaaohuaetta m-n. Col Wright, of the laat, remaina at Prrote, aa Governor of that place, and l.lent Col Abbott laalck tber' Gn Saturday evening laat I waa rnrpriaed to aee an illumination In aeveral houaea around the grand pinna. Gn Inquiry, f aacertained that Hunday next, the I'Uh, la the ennlrereary of the mlraeuloua appeavawoe of "Our tj?iiy of Guadeloupe,'1 and that they generally reanenaa thatr fvtlvttlet a week before To-da? F. N E' NEV nearly all the atoree are cloned, and the atreeta are tilled with the motley populatloa, dreeaed ta their beat?it la mlled the hVa?t of the Conception of the Holy Virgin There ia not u line of newa from Queretaro to-day. The Congreea appear to be doing nothing, and it ia aaid that aereral membera hare gone home. Nothing more haa been heard as to the ooalition between the Santa Anna men and the Paroa. [From the Free American ] orntii or cm. hcohei. Huuaviircii. D?n*TtirnT or Jalata. > City oi Jalapa, Deo. 10. 1047: j Order No. 26.? It 1* made the duty of the offlner of the day, and the offloer of the guard, alternately, to resort frequently during their tour of duty to the principal ohurobes of this town.for the aurpose of teeing that soldiers (and others oonneoted with the army, oonduot themselves with proper reverence in houses of worship. All persons visiting the churches will, on entering, uncover their heads, and remain so until their departure. It is recommended to the troops by the colonel commanding to show, on all oouasions those marks of respect to the solemn ceremonies of the Catholic Churoh which a proper regard to religious rites imposes on us all. however much we may differ on points of dootrine and sectarian observances, for no man compromises his opinions by respecting those of others; and it is the pride and boast of our free and happy oountry thai with us all religious denominations are not only tolerated and proteoted, bat fctbat tbey are entitled to respectful considerations It is further.recommended to all officers and soldiers to cultivate good relations with the inhabitants of this city?to treat all with becoming courtesy and kindness, and to extend, expressly to the clergy and the women, that deference whioh in our own oonntry is so universally oonoeded to them Do not let us neglect to practice, in a foreign land, those qualities of which we are so justly proud at home. The commanding officer feels that no true soldier will, and it has bsen to him a souroe of special gratification and of personal pride, tbat so far.no complaints have been made to him of any serious encroachments upon the rights, property or persons of the inhabitants of the city we now occupy, and be entertains the hope that this propriety of oonduct may continue so long as we msy retnela in Mexico. Out rest assured, that should a different state of things arise, he will be as prompt to punish as he is now ready to commend. We should, one and all, regard ourselves rs being, to a certain extent, representatives of free institutions and of an enlightened republicaulsm, and endeavor to teach, by the force of example. to our enemies, those sound principles of religion, humanity and justice, which have gained for our country the high position whioh it occupies amonst the most prosperous and civilised nations. Any soldier who may attempt to ooerce a Mexican to sell liquor will be promptly punished. Ail Americans and foreigners not connected with the military seryioe of the United States, who may now be, or may hereafter arrive In the oity of .lalupa, will immediately report to this office All persons who may in any way attempt to prevent supplies from reaching this post will be sent to a military commission for trial, and if convicted of that offence, w 11 be shot. The inhabitants of this department formerly residing on the National Road, bstwern the rian del Rio and this city, who have abandoned their houses, are invited by the Governor to return to their homes, under the < assurance that so far as his power extends, they shall in i no way be molested, and that he will punish any one. j Mexican or Amerieau, who may attempt to Interfere j with them so long as they remain perfectly neutral The forestalling of the m*rket by buying up articles j of consumption for the purpose of storing them, and | iuun wrxnc. uuceuuDnuw prices, is expressly ioroiaaen By order ol Col. Q. W Hughes. Civil anil Military Governor of Jalapa. IRA MABBKIT, A. A. A. G. [From the American Star ] rerhapsuo time during the last twelve years, has the city of Mexico been so quiet as for the last month, (during November.) Business of every description, we are sorry to say, is dul'; and Plateros, the Chart res street of 'exioo, looks leas lively than does its namesake ot New Orleans during the dog-days. Dry goods, grocery and fanny stores?to say nothing of printingoffl es?wear a dull, monotonous appearance; and tho inmates, Instead of busying their hands about the counters, stand about the doors, and as the the next neighbour asks about business, receives the significant to Aiy tuida The Mexica >s already look upon our presence here as a matter of course, and seem to tbank God It is no worse. Lot i'anyuicr are by no means suoh an rye-sore to the naiives as they "used to was," and we verily believe that many of them would contemplate the idea of our departure with leeliugs akin to sorrow. Taking every thiug into consideration, barring the dulness of trade, we believe the city of Mexioo never experienced palmier days than the present. The officers of the !Ch llegim -nt of Infantry have presented Lieuts. VVoodhouse and Pie'ce with a silver cup each, a* a testimonial of their friendship and esteem < l'he cost of the two was about forty dollars They are very beautiful articles, being inlsid with gold. The members of tbeir respective companies have also made them valuable presents? of a oostly breast pin to Lieut. Pierce, and a gold ring to Lieut, Woodhouse. These popular offlcers both return to the United States by tne next train. There are none more deserving of such compliments, an l none, we are sure, who will longer cherish with grateful recolleetion these evidences of regard and esteem The Star, of the ?tb, contains the following view of the situation of affairs in Mexico when the last train left: ? The second train since the occupation cf(his capital by Gen Scott, leaves the city tc-day for Vera Cruz,with a strong and eifioient esoort Mr.'Prist, the American Commissioner, returns home, the object of his missionthat of negotiating an honorable peace between the two governments?not having b -en accomplished. That the Mexican authorities are more to blame for this stat? of things than any other party, we hold to be undeniably true. The responsibility of the rejection of any overtures and propositions must rest with them Suoh will be the judgement of the civilized world.? We wish we could give any assurance to our friends in the United States that the Mexican government is disposed to do justice, and enter into negotiations with us. But we cannot. The Congress at Queretaro is in a state of great disorder - indeed, it is wh< ily unable to get a quorum Something was hoped for from the Council of Governors, to whom the question of war or peace, so far as Mexico is concerned, was specially referred They avowed themselves in favor of psaoe. at the commencement of their session: but either from fear of Santa Anna, or some worse motive, they adjourned, a day or two since, referring the matter back to the supreme government This is about tantamount to a determination to do nothing whatever. The new President, Aoaya, lacks energy and decision, and we fear nothing good is to be expeoted of him. Perhaps with a new Congress, short ty to be chosen, and a new President, something may be done?but of the present authorities we can expect nothing, it is true, there have been commissioners in the city to ascertain upon what terms a pesos may be concluded, but there is at present no authority here to act in the premises Mr. Trist has exhausted his powers, if we may so say, and has nothing further to propose The only alternative left would seem to ba, for the commissioners, if olothed with sufficient powers?and if not, others should be appointed who are?to repair te the United States, and address themselves to the cabinet at Washington We certainly cannot see what other course is to he pursued, if Mexico wishes to retain her nationality. Within the present month there will be thirty thousand American troops ou the soil of Mexico, and shortly the number will be increased to fifty thousand in* general reeling id tnis city I* id ravor o! occupation. Gen. Mlnon went on tb? Uh ult, from l'otosl to (jueretaro. to take the common J of oneof the l vior h of the army. Gen. I'raga, who wee eo long in prison dating Santa Anna * administration, has been acquitted by the new President, and commands now a brigade The selection of these two Generals has been very well rcceiredbythe greatest part of the Mexican people ? El Indrpendien e Gen. Bustam-nte has been appointed Commander-inChief of the new army, which is about to organized at Uueretaro. G n Gutierrez is bis second in command ? RL R'puhlicanf. AFFAIRS IN qlTKRKTARo. [From the New Orleans Delta, Dec. 29 ] We are told, by several intelligent gentlemen who have just arrived from Mexico, that there it no doubt that the Puros are decidedly favorable to the continued occupation of Mexico by the United States, believing that such occupation will secure to that party its darling objects?a federal anil republican system of government. and the overthrow of the churoh monopoly. It I was this feeling and opinion that induced the retire- | ment of the forty Puros from the Congress at Queretaro The Council of Governors of States which met at I tfueretaro was at last unanimous in favor of renewing j negotiations with the Doited States, the Governor of 1 San Luis Potosl, who was at first strongly in favor of continuing hostilities, having at last surrendered his opinio.! to the majority. It is believed that a peace on the basis proposed by Mr Trist. would be aooeptable to all the sober and sedate portion of the population, but that It would be resisted and oppposed by Santa Anna, or some other chiefs, and by the great mass of the people. it is said that Mr Boyle, the Rrltish Consul, who left Vera Crus, some days ago. with an American escort, bore dispatch-s from the Kogiish Government to that of Mexico, urglng.in a very authoritative manner, the necessity of Mexico concluding a peace with the United Statee We give the statement for what it is worth. ARRIVAL OF DISTINOITISHKn OFFICERS. [From the New Orleans Delta, Dec 29 J The New Orleans brought over yesterday another detaohment of the heroes ot our late glorious victories in Oie valley of Mexico Most of those who came over h%ve been disabled by wounds, or exhausted by the hard service they have passed through They oome home to recruit their shattered frames, to revive their eplrits and mvlgorate their bodies. amid the endearments and j - ? " > ivfiDn rotations una admiring friends nil countrymen, Among these wo port-otto the unuic of Hon. Piorco. 'I'ho Commander in-Chief, and the I whole army, and oapoolally bio own brigade, deeply re- | grel hto resignation, and parted from htm with great ! sorrow. Hon Pieree made great sscriflocs in ao<-rpting ol a command in the array, and he thinks that uow.that i the hard lighting Is orer, he can no longer resist the claims of his f?tnily and tho demands of nls private affairs Tho following handsome notioo of hie services and character, wo take trora the Jlmtrican Star : ? "Among tho distinguished officers of the American army who return to the United States with the train whioh learos the city to-day. la Brig. Hen. Franklin 1'ierca, of Sew Hampshire. The Americans In tho city will deeply regret the departure of this accomplished gentleman and officer, and certain wo are that their bast wlshat for his future happiness will go with him It Is <? ? Platae 'a tleotanl? boar'*|. h" Urban# Hi repubiUan maaasri, whloh Bass made ht? ao great a fbwovtta with both littrt aatf mm. It U hit Wttt, W YO V YORK, SATURDAY M( we believe, to reeUn the place which he now oooupiee in the army, immediately upon hie return to hit resldenoe. Like other* of different irredee attached to the army, ha left tha endearments of home at tha oall of the Government, to psrtinlpate In tha battles of hia country. Ha left, also, a lucrative profession, whioh nona other than a patriotic motive oould have Induced him to relinquish. Tha aaoriflce, however, was moat oheer'uily met. (tan. P. h is won a high reputation lu the United States for hia courage and bravery, as every paper that reaches us beara evidence Ha left Vera Urns in the middle of July with one of the largest reinforcements for (tan. Scott, and tha most extensive trains that have left that city since its bombardment In the several I battles before this city, (Jen. Pierce's brigade behaved moat colly, as all our readers are well aware, and the General conducted himself most gallantly at Contreras, Chnrubusco, and Melino del Key, though in the first named action he sustained a severe injury by a plunge ! and fall of his horse among the rooks of Padiernn. During the storming of Chapultepeo he was confined to his room by Indisposition, er he would have been charging with his men over the precipitous heights where his gallant friend, the lamented Hansom, fell But, though Gen. Pierce has thus houorably distinguished himself, he is not ambitious of retaining his high position in the servlcs, and thus acquiring distinction in the army." Capt. J. B. Mngruder. of the Light Artillery ? who hue also returnsd to the United States, after a long service and abfo ace from those comforts and eleganoes ot life, for whtob, we happen to know, no gentleman has a keener relish?has earned a half dozen brevets by bis innumerable aots of gallantry in the late battles He was first to open the fight at Contreras, where, however, the superior metal of Valenoia out up his little fnroe terribly, but could not dismay or move the intrepid Captain from the position he had been ordered to maintain. ; For hours was hie little fores with their light guns exposed, without cover or protection, to the whole force of ; Valencia's splendid park of dl heavy guns Col Trousdale is a veteran of the late war, and was with General Jackson in his various splendid ao tions lie was appointed by the President Colonel of the 14th Infantry, a regiment in which Louisiana has a deep interest, on acoount of the number of her sons who are i attached to it. That gallant and able young officer, P. ] () Hebert, formerly Surveyor General of the State, is , Lieutenant Colonel of the 14th, and Capts. Glen, Breedlove, Beale, an 1 Lieut, Shields (who, by the by; we are | happy to hear has received a promotion?he is the gal- ' lantson of a gallant and noble father) and Lieut. H B 1 Kelley.all young Orleanois, are attached to the 14th; , and we are happy to hoar have nobly sustained the reputation of Louisiana in the battles of Mexioo Col. Trousdale was in the awful oharge which General Worth so recklessly made against the bare walls of m huge Mexican fort. He was also in the storm of C-hapultepec, and was struok by two balls in the same place whioh shattered his arm and knocked him off his horse The Intrepid Colonel would not, however, leave the ground, but pushed on to the very mouth cf a cannon At tbo awful storm of Chapultepeo, be was wounded three times, but refused to leave his guns until hb saw tbo Mexican tlsg pulled down and the stars and stripes run up in its stead. Capt. M.is, we believe, a Virginian by birth. Capt. J. M. Scantland. another brave Tennesssean, who was present in the battles of Monterey and of Cerro (fordo as a volunteer officer, was horribly wounded in the charge at Cbapultepec. having reocived a heavy esoopeta ball in his eye, whioh passed through his faoe and came nut behind, entirely destroying his eye and causing so terrible a wound, that his recoverv and reap pearance were scarcely credited by his acquaintances, who had mourned over him aa among the gallant dead. Major Taicott, and Capts. Pemberton, I'rinoe, Guthrie, McCcmas. Jonea, W A Nichols, Jordan, Scott ; and Limits McLain, Lincoln, MoCowan, Love, Williams, Murray, Smith, Pitcher, Stein. McClung, Bradford, Pierce, Woodhouse, Cantwell, Briceland, Mellett, Templetcn. Boyle, Miller, Higgin*, Van Buren Stevens, foster and Longstreet. are all gallant young officers, who return home covered with glory, and, alas! too many of theui, covered with scars and mutilated by wounds. We also observe in the list of the returned officers, the names of Captains Biaudmg and Sumter, and Lteuts Gulp. Mellett and Moye, of that Spartan baud, the Palmetto regiment, of which we heard it said by a gallant officer of another regiment, that it had never learned how to countermarch or to Retreat, and in going into battle, knew no other step but the quick step There are also many non-commissioned officers and privates, who return home with honorable testimonials of their valor and good conduct, and who. wo trust, will not be forgotten by the Kxeoutive, in its distribution of the honors and rewards of distinguished service. ARMV INTELLIGENCE. Lieut. Cel. Biscoe. the gallant commander of the Louisiana battalion of Mounted Men, m iy be expected here, in a day or two, on busin- ss connected with his command He left Vera Cruz on the '20th inst, ia the steamer Kanny, for this port, but that vessel had to put j buck to VeraCruz. having experienced a severe norther ou'side She may be hourly expeoted Yesterday, the bark Touro,Capt. Welch.left for Tamplco, with government stores. The U S. schooner Velasco, Captain Decker, will leave to day for Tainplco, wun government stores. The steamer Louisville, arrived yesterday from Liu I isville, brought down Col Mct'lallan. Lieut <;oi Jiowuds, Major Walker. Surgeon IVuhsIl, Chaplain lingers; Cap- | taiua Powell, MoClellan. Thoiuss'on. MoKing, Vaughan, i Shaffer, J. Powell, Kay. Dllle; Lieutenants Ssriter. Ltllard, Uransbet, MoCartry, Marshall brown, Young, King. Anderson, Addell, Kulkerson. Waterson, iJantt, MoCansy, Atkinson, Miller, Weir, Gaines, Shelton, Singln. and eight companies, composing the 6th regiment East Tennessee Volunteers, "umbering 6St men. They were placed on board ships l'ahuitroo and Mississippi, lying at ths Point.-riV. O. Tl)rc. U9. NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. United States frigate Cumberland, sloop of war John j Adams, and steam ehip Mississippi, were at Vera Cruz on the dOth ult. The Mexican War and Spanish Sympathy. I We find in the N O. La 1'atria, a series of articles from the Ecu ilrl Comercio, Madrid paper, in whioh much is ! said regarding the position of the United States as to the i other republics on the Western continent They review the causes which have combined to make the Mexican | nation an easy prey to the Anglo-Sax^u race, and they i state these causes to arise from tbe unfitness of the Max- ' ictus, and.indeed,all the other Spanish American repub- ! lies, to govern themselves at the time of their separation from the mother country; the etcesses of the military i i ulers. and thousand and one revolutions that have taken \ place in them since that period, being proof of this position. They severely oensure Santa Anna for his con- j duct in the late campaigns, and seem to think that,with j a better general, something might have been done. On ' the whole, they regard the occupation of Mexico by a U 8. array as a natural occurrence,to be looked for.frotn ! the nature of affairs in Mexico,as a thing that unnvoidab'y would take pluco rni day or other but now that j dexico may ba looked on as lost and Anglo-American- 1 ised, the writer of these articles urges the Spanish government to endeavor to prevent any further aggres- i sion by the North Americans, and the panacea for such ! a rase is laid dowu in the following nrtioie : ? There is but one single resource left for the salvation of ths Spanish-American name in the uew world?it Is that of the confederation of thoso South American S ates which In tormer times were Spanish colonies. We have already shown the immense power of the rival who threatens us, and who goes on advancing each vear, with but one step, It is true; but then that step includes hundreds of Ungues. The meridional republics cannot count on any assistance from abroad. The nations of : Kurope having no interest in the loss af their indepen- | deuce to these countries, look on their danger with a , cold glance, because neither their existence nor non- | existence will be productive of any results which can j aggrandise K.uropean power. Were Greece, that object j of Koglish avarice, the country in question?were ' kfypti that key to the commerce of the Kast, concerned j -if Turkey, which Is th" victim upon which the frigid glances of Ilussia are fixed, was threatened? or, if it were Italy, that oeuntry towards whioh the eye of all ambitious parties are uow-a days directed?if it were bar, or any of the others in the scale, then, indeed, the case would be quite a Jiff-rent one; all the great nations of Kurope would interpose?they would sustain the independence of the threatened territory, inasmuch as iu that system which Is termed the Knrupeau equilibrium, uo single nation has sufficient power to acquire and enrich Itself with the possession of couutries 10 which the rest also aspire, and each of these rest are satisfied with merely preventing the other oue from fulfilling Its wishes in that respect. The countries we have named ! arson the shores of a sea which, though of small extent, I beiug, as its name expresses, Mediterranean, is of the greatest importance; and there is more than one nation desirous of concerting it iuto a lake, as it were, of its own. But the republics of Mouth \uierica are very distant, \ and on remote seas, and at the present day there are no great speculative advantages attached to them, and as , in the cabinet councils of governments, more attention is paid to private national interests than to those of the I human race generally, it is not probable that any of | these K.uropean nations of the (irst class will oare about . going to the trouble of protecting these threatened inte- : rests, having, perhaps, indoingso.to embroil themselves with such a powerful government hs that of the United Stated Moreover, the threatened governments arc re publican onap; and it la notnatunl that monarchies are going to draw their aworda, and make aacrillcea in favor of a ajBtem ol government which they would psrsecute to the death, were it to appear in their own dominions Seeing that these former oolon'es, at the time of declaring the'r inpependence, wished distinctly to cut themselves off from all the monarchical systems which In Kurope are looked oi as the only preset vative elements of order In modern society, there is no doubt that now those kuropeau governments would leave them to meet theii late. Not one of those royal or Imperial governments would stir to defend the republican States Spain, the mother country of America, as she has been for many years?Spain, who cannot help looking on those countries as her children, or as unfortunate relatives, hss not at the present time any political pi nts or systems lor the future, nor government, soarcely; for if any of these did exist, she would betorc this have given proofs of her affectUn towaids the Amerlcaus We are poor, it Is trus; the ignoranoo of our previous rulers has brought us Into our present disordered condition, contributing to our debility. Our Spain isuot the Spain of other days?It is not the Spain of kerdiuand VI and I'harlea 111 ; but for all that we can and ought to plead for the welfare of our former posseastons. And i If we cannot offer them navies and armies, we can and | ought to offer oik mediation In their favor, and tender them such advice as may be for their good. We are sura that the Spanish government would not thua be altogether useless to the American causa the government, however, which Is ec torpid ee to eoueeut that our ambassador to Mexico should remain a peeaivt pettaicr of the war which U already concluding, or pwkhpt ao* eluded. whoa it ?w so my to fbrms which "UIM P^'.I'SJL p*iI!HiJt!J'" 'jLU'C I "ILL' ' 1 RK H 3RNING, JANUARY 8, 18 way it would end ; the government whioh, under tbo <j critical olrcumstanoes In whloh our old relative waa o pUcrd, permitted Its ambavsabor to abandon hie poet, n and return to .Spain, with what motive we know not; tho government whioh has disregarded the repeated propo ti aals which have uuaought for, oome from Santo Domingo, h offering to admit a Spanish protectorate?this govern- a ment o. rtuiuly does not inspire great hopes of its now C taking the initiative step in the question of the Spanish b Americans and the North Amerloans Nevertheless, our a duty is to bring it btfore tham. and this we do, remark- w ing at the same time, not on the moral obligation they o are under to take this step, but pointing out to them the w unavoidable necessity or it, if they wish to avoid ex- h posing the nation to the serious evils which a failure to ; u take this step, will undoubtedly'entail. b When the United States shall have attended them- p selves over South America, there will be ecaroely a sia- r gle port left which will preserve Spanish recollections ? v/e shall be looked on with a stranger's eye, in all of ti them ; they will have lost all those popular sympathies ri which keep together the bonds of natioaality far belter b than any diplomatic protocols. We shall be as great u strangers in Caracas as in Philadelphia. Not only will a America have emaocipa'ed herself from our rule, but she will almost havs banished our name from her histo- n ry. The hop s which our iufluenoe and our commerce d may have given rise to, os not far distant from their ful- w fllmsnt, will die; we shall he forever reduoed to the poll- tl ttoal insignificance in which we live. But it is not mere- ii ly the misfortune of not gaining, whloh threatens us ; ' there is still more fear of losing more than we havo lost ii The United Stat.-a, whan masters of Mexico, will have <> the Uulf of Mexico un ler their own control, in a great ? measure; but yet. 1u <J< plte of bad governments, whloh b have destroyed us, and of those whioh seem toteke pains li to follow the same destructive system, we still possess a t key to this Uulf. (We still possess the beautiful Island of * Cuba, that magnificent brilliant which remains to us, s from that powerful and light distributing crown wjth r which we rated the world iu the days of our navigators, y Stilt, notwithstanding our Increasing misfortunes, although they have torn us from the continent of Ameri ca; still we have left a possession near to it, from whence f ,1.1 nun , *..11 m nl.itu ?hi Imm.imlt, nf mil I,..in . .1111 T wo bare la those seas a colony as rich or even richer tht n its mother country, richer than any colony which has cvjr existed since the,world began And that ootony. that island so rich, so fertile, is the key to the Mextnau Gulf, whloh Gulf wilt become the property of the United States. Already our tropioal colony is theobjeot of the wishes of various nations Some wish it to emancipate itself, and declare it'eif independent, without adhering to any other State, because those who desire this to happen, calculate on lurniag it to their own purposes, and taking advantage of the great maritime resources it possesses. But tho people who desire most that the Spanish rule should disappear from Cuba, are these same United States, who propose to make from her one star more in their Hag At present, Cuba is to North America nothing more than a neigaboring State?an island in the vi- " city?which, far from being any hindranoe or object of o jealousy, affords it a favorable market and a population who consume 'he articles it produces ; what would it * be, then, when this island oan serve as atoll-gate for all P the articles which pass it to a great part of the Anglo- r American nation ? What would it be when the North > American Union reflect that in case of war, this Island. ' situated at the opening of that which will be their Gulf, 3 cau be the tower from whenoe the Anglo-American in- > tereste are to be invaded? if, at the protest day, that ( Union has but a single wish that Cuba should cease to c be ours, then sho will have a hundred wishes to the same 1 effect. ? In this state of affairs, then, what ought the Spanish government to do ' Declare war against the United i States, to deleud Mexico? No. if there is yet time to ' mediate, let us go there with our mediation, and see if i we can possibly save the existence and shadow of Mexi- * oan nationality. Send immediately to that country t some aucnorisea agent woo ih thoroughly acquainted < with our interests in America; no matter if lie cannot make versed, so long ax tie is a man of some political tact, it is enough if he can by auv means restore Mexloo t > anything like her former rank We are certain the Mexloans would listen to and understand the language of the Spanish agent, so long as this language did not (nor is there any reason why It should) resuscitate things long past and gone, forgotten and buried, both by time and by rights liut even if Mexico is completely dead, there in even then something to be doue by the Spanish government. These meridional republics are widely separated? scarcely do they communicate among one another; hence arises their weakness. Let the agent who should have gone to Mexico, still go to South America ; let him there work with the representatives, which some of them have, so ax to induce them to interest themselves in the common good of all ; let the Spaniard* that are there, work with the same views?let them beg, let them solicit, let them urge on the work in the name of the Spanish govuruin-mt and the Spanish American interest. There is no humiliation in three disinterested efforts, which have oolarged ideas as their object; they serve as a point of union to harmonize and form one family out of all these States, whloh are. by nature, relatives ; do not let them rest until there snail bs established a Spanish American confederation, which shall prevent the Anglo- American Invading any part of the tropioal or Southern latitudes >r the new world If such a confederation could be brought about, who knows what great results, even as far u a political union, might not result.' But what is certain is.thtt even though Mexico wore lost, tbe Northern States would not be able to pass the Isthmus, because that they would eaoounter the onmpact forces of the Southern govern moots to resist and p'event their pro- i ' grees, and what, also, is equally certalu, is that the future benefit of c ominero.i aud the -Spanish influence, would ' give assurance to those governments; aud. moreover, our fear of liming Cuba would be leas founded, because we should then liavn governments in our vioiuily who would proteot it for us Kor If on one side the AngloAmerican uulon of the North should endeavor to take It away, from us by force, tbe Spanish American union of the South would be interested in our preserving it. in order to prevent its passing into the hands of their rival. Kxtraordlnarjr Investigation In Kraiic?-_TI>? itllcgatl attempt or Count Mortlcr on llie c live* of lua Children. The circumstance* conueo'ed with the rescue cf the ' children of (>?unt Mortler, at the Hotel Chatham, in 1 Paris, on the 7th of November last, at the moment when he waa supposed to be about to Immolate them, must be ' fresh In the reader's recollection. Sinco that time his ' family have Instituted proceedings for th-< purpose of ' havii g bis property placed in the hands of trustees, and [ the count himself put into the hands of guardians us a lunatic, which be has, however, resisted, upon the 1 grounds that he was not mad ; and that although he ' might have determined te commit suicide te relieve J himself of the misery caused by his wife's misconduct, ' yet that ho had no intention of harming his children, ana r that a determination to commit suicide by no means im- " piled alienation nf mind. v This extraordinary c?se came on before the Tribunal B of the Seine, on the 10th of Dee , when Mr. Ilaroohe, on 0 the part of Count Mortier. resisted theMnterdiction ap- " plied for. The case of his client would fully appear in ' the following letter, written the morning of the alleged attempt, and addressed to bis wife. "Nov 7, 1847.?When these lines shall have reached J1 you, your son, your daughter, and myself shall have ceased to exist Our premature end will have baen the inevitable result of your maohinatlons, anlof your infimous conduct towards me siooe the birth of my ^ daughter. You have driven me from your bed, inflicted q on me the severest humiliations, and the most poignant j, for a man of honor to bear. I have borne ail for the love j! and honor ofmv children. I have not loved you ?I havs , adored you! Your request to remain at Paris, your ^ every wish and desire, have been gratified with as much Q| eagerness as happiness. Nothing. however, could satisfy your intractable character VVhen, three years since, you were at Paris, and I at Turin, convinced by four years' experience that I was hateful to you. I offered you an honest liberty (lihherlc honnrt) ; but that was not what suited you. I then told you In my letters h every dav. ' If. as I think, vou have a moral or Dhvelral c< aversion to dii. bo cvndid and confess it I do not tisk w you on this aubjeot to anter into minuta explanations; merely answer me, yes or no If your reply is in the T( atnrmatlva. I off-r you a friendly separation ; for the life we now laad does not auit either the one or the other ; nor ia it honorable to either ot ua. You refuse w to share my bed?you refuse to bear, children tome. Why. then, did you marry ?' I entreated you to w .eturn to your father, and 1 promised to leave you our children. That was. surely, the greatest 1. sacrifice that I could make. 1 proposed also to return H you your fortune, and to make you an allowance of w jO,O0Of per annum, aa long as I shoul i remain employed, tor the support and education of my ohildren, as s, I would not they should be an expense to your father. You hare persisted in preserving silence on the aubjuct; tt and since my return to Paris, and have demanded an te explanation, you replied: " When you shall have driven me from your house it will be time enough lor me to seek an asylum with my father." It Is not an honest II' liberty that you wish?you wish a scandal ; you seek to to nttraot public attention 1 would not allow it. When m you returned with me to Turin you were mistress of my st hou'f, which did not prevent you continuing to humiliate me as a husband, and as a man before ihe public ,)< sedations and to the custom of the country In which I held an oillolal situation It was a humiliation Tor your husband?you wished to exasperate him, and to compel 1 liim to drive you from his house When, three months since, contrary to my desires. In and perhaps, to my du'lss, I was compelled to demand leave of absence t > accompany you here, I had a presen- H 1 tim>nt of what would happen At Ostend you w-re very severe and cruel towards nie ; you refused mo the th dressing casa I would not die so 'juick for you The . sti impatianee and snncyance of being obliged tbroujh ' th kindness to take care of myself, were imprinted on your I la countenance. \ ou brought m? those dispositions to my | th poor mother, whom yon have covered with humiliations , $/ of all kiuds To avoid Seeing her die cf an altaok of ; apoplexy, I was obliged to force you to !e tve her house In this I fulfilled your desires , tor a latter, evidontly vu written tour hours before your departure, and found tw in your bed, announced to ine your flight, and your abandonment of your children '1 his paper alono would tu hat e been sufflcii nt to oondemn you before a tribunal to anything I had wished; but I hate the retail and scan J?1 m to which your destiny and the ad vloe to whloU you have jn listened appear to compel you You are to-day triumph- 7,\ ant-you nave reduced me to despair You have your lull liberty; nothing shackles you Husband and children are annihilated t hat is what you wish?that is what you have sought for for a long time under lh? 'J* mask of humility and religion You ere now mistress ot your fortune and of your time; you oan amuse yourself, ! end you will have time to satiety your lovers, because tl< you oboes* them frost that class or soeiety who make UwhIvsi paid for tha servloss thsy rsadsr. You have g. lyokn la my hall; sf the seeue M Sena Yeu, seue- | trl [ER A 48. iiontly obll(t? m? to illru'gtt ? *??or*t which I nhoti'd thtirwiM h?v? kept ?aor?<l. In our worst d?y(l I li?v? \ Ter winhcil to mako allusion to It " nr. which ha said wan not fit for the public ear. He, | oweyer, in a few worths stated th" purport of what he 'as compelled by a sense ot decency to withhold, ount Mortler was ill at Uerne; hi< wife coming to his odside, told him that she wan indent* dating it from bout three months Her husband exclaimed that it 'as impossible; he ha 1 than to support the reproaches f his father-in-law. Having afterwards learnt that bis dfe bad been ill, ha felt oonviuoed that the fact of her aving been mcirnte wus correct, and that she had itsoarried; he thus drew the conclusion that he had een dishonored. This (said M. Baroohe) was the purort of that part of the letter whioh he refrained from eadtng He then resumed the reading of the letter: ? "la this painful position I had but two things to adopt j dishonor you and my children, or to keep silent. I sslgned myself to it; I kept ray shame within my own reast. aud I forgave you What has bnen the return ladofor my generosity ' You have made me submit to life which is worse than that ot a galley slave "If I have joined my dear and unfortunate ohildren in \y sad fate, it Is because I wished to withdrew my aughter from the shame and ignominy which you 'ould reserve to her; she would become the prey and he viotlm of one of your lovers. You would place her a his bsd, for your heart is oorrupt enough for that.? is to your son, the poor child has suoh a precocity of ataileot that he has fully understood the sorrowful onditlon of his parent*. He comprehends all the shame rhioh you will throw on him?he is atllioted at it, and >e?tows on m* the most tender attentions I prefer seeng tho?e two angels of my orcation in heaven, rather han they should be in your Infamous hands. Your son rouid soon have oovered you with his oontempt and corn, and would have called you to aooount for the preaature death of bis father, and for the shamo whioh ou had cast on him. "1 give you notice that I send copies of this letter to everal persons. I wish to tear the mask of hypocrisy rom your face. In a word, I wish te ptevent you the inwer ot showing your face in the opon day, without my ilood and that or your ohildren appearing on it. I wish ;o atltx the seal of ignominy on you That is what you mve wished to do to me and my children \ly laet .bought will be one of execration and curses on you, as veil tie on your miserable tether. Comtk Morrir.a " "Sunday Morning, Nov. 7, 1847?P. H.?A few words nore before I die If your oharaeter had not been pit 1ess no t proud, I should have demanded a last interriuw with you 1 should, perhaps, have given you my land and pardoned my shame and that ot my unfortulate children Bnt no. the wife who does not fear to lishonor huuhand and children, to drag them before the Lribunals, and to cover them and herself with mire, that soman is not accessible to any feeling of hoaor or delltacy. I have therefore renounoed my Intention, and tills that Instinotof my heart, which would have sought do lest interview with you. I have not strength to add lore. Adieu' "Half-past Twelve? Uejoioel?my agony has endured inon five o'clock this morning. 1 trembla before my ioor children, whose exiatenoe I must shorten in order to eiaove my daughter from your infamous hands No ? rou shall never have them, in spite of your advisers ? I'he ignominious advice of your execrable father, whom rou will one day curse, notwithstanding the memories vhich you have drawn up to cover me with infamy, with >ur children Our bl< od shall be imprinted on your lountenance, and then, wherever your effrontery and rour aaeuranoe shall lead you, you will excito horror, ind be repelled.'' After concluding the reading of the letter, the learned [entleman went on to observe that ultbough the oharges nought against his wife were of the mo t serious oha'acter, yet there was nothing to indicate mental alienation. The learned gentleman then went ?u to cemnent on the different events whioh took place on the th November, the day on which the above letter was rritten In the morning of that day the Count sent a nessage to his wife; but the answer returned was that >he could not see the ohtldreu, as she was engaged with ler man ot business This refusal iuduced the Count to icnd the above letter What was her conduct on resolving it? If she had oelieved iu hie threat of suicide tud two-fold murder, her first idea would have been to ~un to the Hotel Chatham, aud endeavor to oelm the tgitatiou of hex husband; hut she did not do this Hhe ett the bouse to proceed, perhaps, to the prefect of poice. or to the Chancellor of Kranoe What is certain, S, that no intimation was given to Count Mortier who remained shut up with his children until hulfsiiet two. a pencil of more tbuu two hours, a prey .o the greatest anxiety. Had he seriously con .umplaled suicide, be had abundant time to have rffected It At half-paet two, the commissary ol police arrived, when Count de Morttcr. thiuklng that Home attempt would be made on hL* liberty, litem pted to barricade himself. He declared that be would allow no pelice officer to enter. The BomwitHsry of police, who remained at the door heard uo threat* of ehedding blood. Ou the contrary, the count wae calm ; he aeeerted hia right* and entrenched Ulmeell behind the eacred principle of pereoaai liberty rhe learned geuUeinm than went through the Retails of the plana which had been retorted' to to anWrae"' ipartment, and finally to diearm aud take the count oto can tody, aud trieu proceeded to read the luterrogaory whioh had taken place, iu order to eetaolien tne act ef the uoaouudneea of the rniod of Count .Vlortler >nd concluded hia address to the Jury ae follow* " A* uagixtrates and men, 1 o*11 your attention to the faote of he case. It Is for Count .Vlortler a matter of life or leath See him condemned, although calm and in full ( loeerssloa of hi* faoulttes, to reside with madmen! Let ' nm be, tberetore, immediately set at liberty " The proceeding* were postponed for a week, In order .0 giro time for the reply of the oouusel of Countess Murder. Monday, the lllth Deo , being appointed for the hoarug of the oouueel on the Countess .Vlertier'e aide, the ourt of Premiere Inatanoe wae crowded at an early lour. A great nuinb?r of the family connections of the wo parties were present, having entered by the private loor; and when at last the public were udmMed. almost irery seat was already occupied. At half past 10 the ireetdent took hia seat, and the proceeulnge then Ipenrd. L The counsel for the countess went into a long acoount, { o prove that the oount was of an uneven temper, freluenlly very violent and eccentric J M. Thevenin, the Avoeat du Kol. then brought forrard hi* retjuisitory. He declared that he had no objections to offer iu point of form; he accepted tne discus ion mat. waa to tune place, wnetiier on lue basis 01 comii< a law, or on the law #t l-Ji The only question to >? ex.tmlueii was, whether or not Count Mortier wm 1 nad An affirmative decision was probable. The later* of tbe 7th of November, winch were uot only adtressed to Madame Mortier,but to persons at too great a listanoe to be able to prevent the execution of the horid intentions of M. Mortier. were evidently not Intendid merely to cause his wits to return to him. There rere, moreover, previous to the atfuir of Bruges, other cenes of violence, which had been proved by a number >f witnesses, and yet nothing positive had resulted from t. M. Mortier would b * again interrogated, as well as he medical men, and an inquiry instituted; until that iad been done, no decision could be come to. After the Avocat du Roi bad ooncluded. the court adturned, deferring its judgment until tbe lSth. Tmt Prasi.iv Affaib.? Md'Ue Oeluzy-Desportes has ist presented a demand against Marshal Sebastian! for Je delivery of the legacy of 3000f. in Keates, which the uke de I'raslin made her,as governess of his daughters, f his will of 1843 Md'Ue Deluzy further demands that liferent articles which were given to her by her pupils, nd which are at present under seal, shall be restored to er ; and finally, she demands the restitution of a sum I' money which, she says, she oonllded to .M. de I'rasllu ) invest. Miscellaneous. Mrs N. R. Hickman, who died at Richmond, on Christias d'iy. was a daughter of the late Wen IVm Hull, a lusin of Com Hull, and a sister of Capt Abraham Hull, ho fell in the memorable battle of Luady's Lane. The total number of slaves in Tennessee, Is 94 slued at over *3U,000,000. Majnr Cooke, 3d Dragoons, says that a practicable agon road can bs made from the valley of the Kin rande to San Diego, on the Paciflo. lis passed the hole distance with a train of wagons. A German was lately convicted of bigamy, at St. ouis, and sentenced to the oounty jail lor six months e had endured some two mouths of bis cuftnemeot hen Gov Kdwards pardoned him. A boat load of whiskey, lately, on it* way from fort uitth to fort Gib-nn, intended for the Indian trade, 1 as overtaken and tbe Deads of ths barrels knooked in. ius summarily giving to the Arkansas the whole con o ints of the casks. 1 .Mr. Brownell. a member of the Wisconsin convention. n iwi at the Kails of Croix, 4J.i miles from the Statu capi- c 1 lis ?an a week making the journey, travelling 120 '' ilea on foot, 40 iu a canoe, and '.be rent of the way by J' ??? i The Genesee baa been swelling ever nine* New Year's " ly. and its waters are nearly up to tbe highest mark.? 1 ovheatrr Dtm. 4th init. ' Dr Burns, a colored schoolmaster, at Wilmington, v ?law?re has been sentenced to ten months' imprison- ^ >-nt. and to be sold as a slave out of the State, for aid- ? g the esoape of slaves. A girl about eight years old was reoontly devoured by I ravenous bear, near Ariang, Nova Sootia The Irish laborers for Moody Si Co, contractors for I' e canal at the new clt? at lladley Kails, have en mstee * ruck and refused to work till b'gher wages are given em. Previous to the 1st January the pay oi the , borers was 7or 77 cents a day, but after that date |, ey were not!led that but .0 cents would be paid.? irinpfitld R'puhliean, si Since the year 1943, the whaling fleet has been luinished fltteen sail, bv sliipwreck, sales. Sto. Tbe I yuges are said to be one third longer than they were ' eoty years ago, and the number of arrivals and de- ,r rtures are constantly growing less and less -San- tt cket Ini/uirtr. ?\ The telegraph Is open to North Bennington A comunic.atiou passed through the Albany rfllee last even- '? g from that place for Washington-VlMiiny .frgus, J0 *i in$t. 4 The ship At. Petersburg, ( apt Howard, arrived has P* Boston, (torn Liverpool, after a passage of sixty-two 111 ys. Abe brought 143 steerage passengers, of whom J.i \ d on the passage ^ counterfeit dimes are said to be in plentiful cirenle- ir in at ( lootpnati The New to aland iomwil'eo fcr the relief of the <U> , ? tmU poo* of Ireland aad tootla**. have received gas. M MittoM totko Mim t m. I V MMU'. I 'JU ' lean ' , '< 4 LD. f'rtcw Two Cents. Tra<ln of the IVettierlanil*. The Journal ?f- li Hai/? of thin day con'Rine a shirt, interesting retrospect of the progress of the navU ition anil commerce of the Neth?rUud< during the year Ih4d. The result ot these two principal hrauohen may be considered satisfactory Korean tre I naturally oconpies a prlnolnal place, and couies under the head of nan* tMftfi Tha niltntt if nf aiittm K .>a nitfarail f ha Meuse anil the (ioera amounts to not Including the Ashing or herring boat*, being an iaereaei of nti > vessels '1'ha ofllolal raporta do not state trom what countries or porta thia increase to Uia navigation haa arris?n. nor the part wbloh the Netli-rUnd* tlagh ih taken in it ; bat states in general term* that tbo increase la chiefly with tba Rhenish provivm ?, and consist* erincipally in oorn and iron The navigation with tba Bast Indian haa linen I "an active than in tbn preceding year. < ommarnn in noire* and spice* haa been alack, oaring to thn apirlt of monopoly. Sugar and indigo have maintained their position Inor-as-d attention must be paid to lava tnbanno. In tbn commerce with < hina and Africa nothing of importance haa been done ; and it ia deemed deairable to establish commercial relatione with tbn boors of Tort Natal The commerce with Surinam and South America ia deallnlug The number of emigrant? fen i Rotterdam to South America baa been ft 11 o, including lsU> Nether landera Tim Chamber of (,'orameroe attacbea great Importance to the organization of a ateam aerrice between Rotterdam and North America. The c> mmeroe with the Mediterrau'Jn haa been very brisk, and haa oonaiated obietly in the exportation of rntlned sugars and hay for Alglere; hut it dooa not appear that the Natherland* ting haa taken a more active part in it lhati in the preceding year The importations of French wine have been inconsiderable; much corn baa been lut ported from Portugal and Bilboa, ohielly under the Ne tberlends tUg A very active trade haa b-on opened with Norway for fish undid'., chiefly in transit for U*r many. The importatlona of corn from Archangel and the porta #f the Ualtlo. have been very conaiderable The importatlona for Kngland, especially of oattle, have increased very considerably, viz ? Exporti 1311. 181V IStii. Head of honied cattle 2 378 7.912 17.311 Sheep 2 ',18 U.IW 37.716 With regard to the considerable exportation of butter, cheese, hemp, clover, hnllands. fruit, aud vegetables, no details have been furnished. The report of the provinces of North Holland is dip tinguished by a much more complete statistical return in regard to navigation. The number of vessels which had arrived in Amsterdam In I84d was JHiii of 416.688 tons burden. Vessels which have left the port, 2811 of 413 332 tons The importation of grain caused an in crease of 411 vessels, of 48 137 tons. The greter part of the vessels were freighted with wood, oil. grain, pease, potatoes, chalk, and salt. The Chamber of Couiuieroe, of Rotterduin, expresses an earnest desire that the national flag should be i.seooiated with those of other nations in the ports of the north, which gave rise to the recent treaty with Russia In faceof the 600 ships which arrived from Denmark, Sweden, aud Norway. 76 ooly bore the national tlsg. Notwithstanding the reduction in coffee 27 600,000 lbs have been imported less this year than in the preceding, and that of sugar has iuoreaaed to 6ft,000,000 lbs The Importation of tea was 26,400 <|uaiter cases, and that of cotton has diminished by lO.OOo bales Fewer skins have been received from South America, but the importation of this article from Java has been more considerable; Java tobacco has increased nn? half, but the commerce in this article has decreased with North Amerioa. The importation of provisions has been very great, especially of corn aud rioe There has been au increase in spirltous ll|Our?, oils, pepper, paper, and raw sugar, aud a diminution in molasses, coffee, potash, dyewoods, and traiu oil Tne consignments from Zealand have been but small to foreign countries The (fXUortution nf ?'n.r.t.lM antt irrniri to It'runrH unci Krit/lunrf front Flushing. bare Increased. The reports from other countries are very Imperfect (Shipbuilding is in pro grass in Oruningeu, and favorable results are expected to attend the treaty reoently concluded with ltussla 'l'he Increased activity of trade and navigation in lodfl is mainly to be attributed to the inoreaeed trade which took place in oorn and groin here, as well as in the rest ot Kurope. Mall Kail in ee. The Northern uiail tailed at Charleston January 1st. ' Kastern " ' at .Mobile December Kith " Northern " " at Wilmington,N C Jan 1st " " in port ut New Orleans. Dec ber 2#tb I'apera from New Orleans, two mouths old, were received at Nashville, feuu. on the 29th Deo ADVURTIsbMLM's Ew hVE^Y MURIUM. SUl'KttFINK BLACK UHhSS Otl FbOCK CuATS mule lo oidcr with silk trimmings, from $1) to $12 lu the lirsl style uf Inshion Loin th? I te Pins sly * Ai?o, aaprrhue hacks in ?de t lire me y low, 11 close liie winter stock A ( i.eral assortment of dolling always ou nam, wholesale ami retail. r, met 01 N?s?au mid dcemiMii streets. W TlI^aI' vI; L Vulk.lTTci.lt DMK bBr.lc NaTtt V-k s Fraakl'ort street, begs to inb.rin the ladies that he will dress tire hau in the most iaahiou.>bie style lor halls, 1'anies, Open, lie. hy leaving their address ne will call at then awiiisas Oruam?ut.>l hair work of every description muds to Bit OK N SANK biLls BMOKcN b INK BlhbS! uikeu m richange tor ail kiudsif Fiu y and Domestic D , (Joods, Blurting .<ius lu, whue and auolescried do fheelutf. book and Mull Muslin, rich De L,ius, Black Alpaecas, Ginghams. Piloted Calicoes together wit.i a large stock of Hosiery, Gloves fcc . Bed Tick, Med h iauuela ai d White do , Cauioo Co., a tew Ureses of P/aid bilks at is par yard, worth IOj at UhOK ?K S a: WART It CU.'S. HJ Walker street, eoreer of Melberry. kja I >1C n \ Lr,? lite sole,,,1,0 is.i ? ulntg. , ,, 111'rre.l and coppei-lasteueil I'aokei ship LOU 11VI .LK. Apply at chr "iriee ol K. K. COLLI Mb, M South street Bullil til AND .NUM. I'll aMKItl' AN kofaL MAIL STKAM 'HIPS, between Boston and Liverpool, and beiweeu oew York and Liverpool; calling at Hbitas to l-ud aud receive mails and passengers.?CALKDONlA, Cept L itt. Iiom boston, Sn urdav, I Jib January; C A vlbitl A. Cap! ,1'roui New York, Saturday, 29th January A Steamship Irom tiostou. Satu<dsv, l2lh February. From New Vork. 8 itu'day, 26th February. Hups sail from Liverpool on the sa oe davs lor the s.ine ports. Passage mouey $i2U I'ssaeugers will lie eh.rge.l Ireight oa personal tiggage when it eiceeds lull a ton ineasurrineat, and on spec.e. eicept for personal eipen ies. .In experienced Surgeon ou bo*rd. 1 hear Sieimsliips carry die billowing distinguishing Lights ?A clear White Light at the Mast i.e.. J; Vereeu do on (he Star, board Bow; Kendo oil Port Bow. horFreig tor P.sasge apply to r. I UM AllD, Jr.. 38 limuiwiv. 1.3 orl iNtVT UKL^AAB?Loumanii uid .hew kork Link T of Packets?Very reduced rates ofKie ?ht.? Positively the lir^C .luil only rtkul.tr Packet, to sail Monday. lOtn? The new aail ?|ileu<Jiil fast sailing p icket ship V A.N DALI.A, (.apt. .Nortoo, is now loadniif. mid wi'l positively tail ai abort,her regular day. For Ire.glit or passage, having splendid I'urnnlied accouiinodatmus. apply on boaid, at Urlrana Whart, loot of Wall street,or to p.. K. COLLINS, lb .South street. Positively no height will bt received onboard alter trns, Saturday, evening, Jan 8th. Agent in New Orleaus, Mr. Win. t reevy, who will promptly forward all goods to his address Packet Ship CLIP TO A will succeed me VANDaLIA, and sail on her regular day. LHaK 1,1 VKKI'OOl.? N r.W 1.1 .N h ?'tegular Packet of the 86.Ii January?The new and splendid fast sailing packet ship SHKKIUAN, < reorge B. Coriaish, master, is now loading, and will positively sail as above?her regular day. Kor freight or passage, having splendid accomrnodatiuuk, apply on board,at Orlrins wh irl, loot oI Wall street, or to K. K. Collins, M Mouth street The Packet Ship IrAKIIH K, Moses iiu.it, mister, will succeed the Sheridan, and sail her egklar day. iy [STAR'S it ALSAM OF WILD ( USURY ? W? km vT uot uufreqacntly called attention to this article in the tolumns ol our peper. and we have done so with the I all conideuce th it it w a.s a good one. and deserving the patronage of he public. We have had a chance to witness iU effects upon nunc ol our (ru nds, which. in a Id.tiou to the high encomiums i laved upon it by our brethren ol the press,uot in paid pulfs.but n honest, caudnl statements, from hiving derived a benefit themselves, makes us desirous of advising ill those who have icrasion to res< rt to a remedy for pu in.mary alfectioas. to i.ail themselves of it. Vv e have too much oiulideuce in Mr. Kowle, the general agent, to believe he would torn it this, or my other medicine upon the community, unless he bad fall filth in its efficacy?in confirmation of which ihe propr.etnr ifTers a mass of testimony from the most nu<fuestiuuahle loorces Nei her would we be understood as saying that Ihia will always cure consumption, after it is seited. although it eldiin f nla to relieve the worst i ases?hut at this season of he yeai almost every body is lible to a cold, whicn. if ne(lected, will lent to fatal resulrs?by taking this medicine, we loubt not many lives may be saved ?New Kugiand Washing0111*11, Boston, Jan 2, J8I7. Ki.r sale, whoUtvIe and retail, by Messrs. A. U 4c D SAN US, 100 Kulton st. Ci ruer of Willi tin, ind by the Druggists generally. I) &.V1AKKABLK CI UK. OK I'l Lf.S '.-Thirty years IV standingMount Washington, Uersshire Co., .Vlass., Sovemoer 29, 1817 Messrs Wyatt 4c Ketcham CJents? for thirty years I have been afflicted with Piles, general uenlity, and lull munition causing tumors slid prolapsus uf the iowr ?, and which hud resisted all tlir me ;ieal treatment Dr. hapimin nnd others eould give. 1 he l ist three years ol that HOC III V sufferings defy description. I wo* con (In ad to bgO, limbic t > help mytell, and at last given up by my physicians ml friend* in deipair of ever -tuning m. health ,u tact, for time be lire I commenced unit lirl L'pk-im's hlreiniir, I vis entirely speechlen, and rny burial clo he? were tn*'le lut under the beneficent mercies ol Providence, and the are I L)r. Upturn's Klectuarv, though an old man, I hare the ileaaare of suiting the fact to trie public. ih*t rnv health it ow gi od, and hope to live many years, if it is Clod's will.t" iiake known the virtues of Dr. Upham t Klectuary, and ro re ominend it to my afflicted lelluw-ereatures, It helped rut eyoud the eipectntrous of all wno knew my cat*, and I can niv say to others that it if in rny opimoa the best medicare Q (he world lor Piles, or sny other disease of the bowels; sad f they will use it according to the directions, I will myself rirrant a cure lu every case Vours with th- utmost eiprealon of thankfulness I (jRN?Lll,'8 8PUR kfiuinout, lerk. l.'o , .Mass . .November ill 1847 The sb .ve ctr ilicate rlie a simple and trarhfal Ito'y of strife ing and reliel, of finch, as physician .inil witness in the care, I etieeifully en one. DR. I,HAPVI AN sold whole,ale and retsrl by V V at r (k KKTl H V VI, 121 h uit iu Street, md at retell by )r A UP.rA VI, Id# Bowery, New V. rk Price $J a boa IT" IRKBRlUs ?TArTKH8 U 1-8 Hr..\V K PUW LiK.KS tm. This remedy, which from its great in-ril lias gnued such reputation for tne cure of heaves, coughs, colds and similar ulmon.try rotnpisiuis, wnh which horses ore subjett is still rarru-t'd to be the best remel ever used for the e diseases, nd will cure any ease '! tie kind that can be fared up ' he-, aie also an etcelleut couii'tiou meoirjue, and will itn rii?e in evrry wiv mc r v.! ..?..?v?n.r loseuiug the hide, strength'mug the digestirs organs, *ml urify iutf hi? system hold by A. H Onugh St Co , 149 Kill'on treet; by Buckley V Mintomon, Bulls He.nl, end nl Mew 'ork ritteritUI*. LJI'li.H, tin VNU flhK CKICV''MKll by the itlo| L> ml I'OML NSUN y HOPKINS > ALAi M. wh.on i nmple nod yery Inyejiotu Contrivance?it is attached bv team of wires to the Ooots, windows or hntert, which "it te lent motion. ?et the Alum bell ringing. which wil! * tke the soundest sleeper The " illirm" nan b> placed n ly part of the building?the pr ee ol th?m is s ?ery itli* ore than the common hell hinging It tins bsea pat np in e Mm Baitdiag. Stele's Franklin sou ire tloase. and it Panrth St Co'l, Broadway au l Wall Street, by uuncia It Wrst. Little Grrea sneer, near Liberty, wh > are th igeuu for t e iteoteea. The/ will take pie uure iu showing the nperaliou I the I In' : LI M in M inn i I (1ILUM1 n v a Lc.Til.tt COK fj. Sill NS?Mieie Irite s vr renia'ka'de or iura.n.i y, id a brilliancy ol ihe gilding unrnuallerl or any oiber article I the city?Which brilliancy is warrau eg to end es osnra i the weather I'1 e? ?r* sis" i p oin"-r to en r s. lor i t-.et " s> t dcilrsd. Ordats left s r,u Mae .ee It L" >. - ' i#et, wjl be attended to. I'm yurtreiship hci? i ... i* a ting keiww* Mmn>*rdl k ieett. was ieicl?ed the Is4

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