Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 15, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 15, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. lor'MFfetCorarr of Miltoa anil Sa&san ?ta TA^ilioRDore BE^nett, raoi'RiRTOB. n.tftr HERALD?Every day, <8nniay \ \ P%> - " m's pi? c'W?t* *5r#? nn*i?-ii *A? rV 'f Euraptmn *tif>scisib*rs, tH prr annum. including \ h Kl.Y HKUALI-Every k-.turdny-Price 6* Hi per copy?ti '*>? per l? [nitea States | '. . litrmi - ' rrribert by steamskiv t' P'r an^wm, ?n<ij?- ! itirriu _ _ / :.U b in nrKUHt-l i fV trteam Packet Day ? r- s ? rent* per ctry-*4 l*' annum. tnr.WttiK ?w?r. ! >"?- Su*icrtMl'??l ?M t fieemeiits v'ti' be rrreire t by Messrs Gniignani, IS rue ! i rv xe.Pur-.e; I' .simnnHs IK Ooru'.t'lJ, and John | slitter, honks'lte* Henrietta street. Lnniion. . KSlnEXTl.ll. HERALD-Every Tuesday?One L-'.iar fw the Cnmparin. .1 Iff KR riSE MtttiTS (new every morning) at rea- \ $ <nableprices; tabs written in u plain, legible winner ? j r ti IXTIX ii of ill kinds executed heanri fully and with 4'tf Uckf .I'l orders a' the Publication Ofice, comer of i Pli'lon and .Vdisitu i tittle. 11 1. LtC 1'J'titiS by ma-.l for tuhtcrxptiont, or with ; " rtirementt to he pott paid, or the pott tgt will he do- j ducted from the money remitted. VOLVNTJlHV CnilHESPOyPKh'CB. containing I tnpertanl new, solicited f< am any quarter of the world? 1 n-f if Herd mill alwayt he liberally paid far. 10 NOTICE can he taken of anonymous communicate it- 'rhatever it intended for insertion ntul he onthenticc 'ed by the name and address of the witer; not necessarily for publication, hitl at a guaranty ?/ hit good faith. H'e cannot undertake to return rejected communication!. J1 '.L PJ1 V MKN TS to he ma te in udrc.nee. *MIT8KMKNT8 THIS KVKNINO. f'RK THK ATKK?Sards LBR^ *1 Oircm? ; Rijr' tTsiciiM Otnnaitici, Jkc. Aftrrnooo prrlormanre tt haif suit two. 'JOWRIIV THi: VntK, Bowiry ?Macbkth?La Chi- 1 ?kllc?Charlotte 'Ilmi-le. ?'M \TH <M THV.ATR.K. ClmthllR I'rect?Lotttrv Ticret - Or A'_ lertirb?Married Hake?Model Artuti-Thk Robber'* VV-rc. BHWDWAT ODMON, Broadwiy Model Artiiti. VE^H a Virs' H \LL Brovlwny, near Bro >we ?Chrii- i TT"? .RaTLKLI. fc-TKIOrlAR SlROIRU, Bl'KLEiqVE DaNC* litn, hi:. PAVnKAMA HALt., Broadway, me Hoti?t"n ? Bar- J ?Aai''l 'aR RAMA or THI MuMII'PPI HlTlR. K?W York. Sainnlay, January 15, 1848. :XV Advertisements received for one insertion only. Intelligence from Europe. Three mail steamers?the Washington, Mispouri, and Cambria?are now due at this port. We may expect to hear of their arrival at any moment. The W. and M. are in their twentysecond, and the Cambria 111 her fifteenth day. Should the C. arrive first, her news will be thirteen days later than (hit previously received. Niwi by Electric Telegraph. The electric news which we received from Washington, Albany, and other parts of the country, last night, will he found under the usual I telegraphic head. The House of Representatives, j ut Washington, was engaged during yesterday, I in discussing the pension bill, and afterwards adjourned to Monday. Henry Clay is the lion . of the day nt the capital, having taken the place I just vacated by Quitman, Shields, and other lie- ! tops from the battle fields of Mexico, and was j formally visited by General Cass, Senator from I Michigan, and the Michigan congressional dele- j gation. la our State Legislature, the bill to punish | adultery and seduction wa9 discussed; but no definite action was taken upon it. The bill rela- , ting to the Harbor Masters of New York was j passed. Oil Monday the United States Senate will j aggia meet, when we may look for unexciting j debate on the ten regiment bill. The time is drawing near when Col. Benton, Mr. Webster, and other brilliant lights, are expected to deliver their sentiments on that most important measure. Wtien they shall have spoken, we may look for its passage, afier a few of the smaller constellations shall have relieved themselves of what they intend to say on the subject. When it reaches the House, excitement will be the order of the day. Our electric correspondence from Washington does not inform us whether Gen. Cass and Mr Clay in their interview, discussed the subject of the next Presidency; but in the absence of any information on that point, we must conclude that they did not. The political cauldron is only simmering at ! present. More fuel will eoon be applied to the fire, and tiien the chances are that it will boil j over and scald a few of the cooks around it. The news lrom Mexico, given yesterday, has j been confirmed by an arrival at Pensacola. There is also a rumor that the Mexican commissioners, after another interview with Mr. Triet, I had gone to Q ieretaro for the purpose of con- j suiting the general government, with regard to j the terms of a treatv of peace. But it will be ! borne in mind that Mr. Trist, having been recalled, has no longer the authority to form a treaty ; and, furthermore, this rumor, like every j thing el e Mexican, is in a state of uncertainty. In the meantime. General Scott appears determined to push Ins forces into every part of the country, make the people contribute to the support of his troops, and thereby compel them to come to some definite basis upon which tu establish n peace. Great Democratic Meetings, to-day.?The Democratic State Committee calls upon the people of the several wards of this city to meet to- j day stnoon, for the purpose of nominating dele gates to a State Convention, to,he held at Albany on the 26 h inst. Tnis movement is intended to organise the i democracy of this State for the meeting of the D inocrntic Vational (. invention and for the Presidential election during the next summer and fall. We understand, also, that the City Democratic Committee, of Tammany Hall, Ins determined to en 1 a mass meeting in support of the war, and ot the administration, in e short time; the day for which, however, is not yet named. At this meeting there will be a great deal ot fun and amusement, as it is thought that the holf-blood aboliiionists, or Van Buren proviso-men, will endeavor to pass a resolution in opposition to j Mr. Polk, General Cass, and the other demo- ! cratic lenders, on the question of slavery in new J territory. Mr. Van Buren is now here, upon the ! spot, superntendingoperationeiBndthere isevery , expectation thatthcrr will bp a great deal of fun, both at the ward meetings to be held to-duy, i end particularly at the great mass meeting, at j Tammany Hall. Tne t-mdency of theae movements will be to five the democrat)! vote of New York to General Caas, id the convention. We shall watch all i these operations as they progress, and report ' them fully and completely when they take place. Tub Pooh Washerwomen and the Plain field Bank ?We have published the statement >f the receivers of thin concern, proposing a mode to the Messrs. Beach, of settling the busii: *s, end of paying the outstanding dues to the I or washerwomen. Wc give in this day's pap<;r ih-rep y of Messrs. Beach, from wnich it t r-i P* t these poor washerwomen are as far n< ever rom obtaining gold and silver for the rags they bold. Tlie highly r spectjble lawyers and receivers in Newark, and the equally respectable financiers in Fulton streri, tfrm to be a pretty equal ma rh Each are end*.avornig to get to the windward of the oilier-, and if it were abetting mutt'r, we would bet on F< Uon street. But, un-! ' rtunately, to this conflict the p,Jor washer- j * uin' n l ave yet to w ait for another campaign, 1 fore they will have a chance of obtaining gold or silver for ihe rags and trash they took as | money. Wr really trust that the Legialtture of New ,1ers< y, it it ha?< anv honesty, and any bowels of I com.' *iun, will take upthr question, and bring the witter to an issue at once, by grunting the > !??.#ra. Beach all the conditions they require j vr t.is redemption ol the bills | Progress op the Press and thi Electric Tkiegrapu ? We give the following table of the amount of work performed by the electric telegraph, for the JVeto York Herald,dating the present week, including to-day : TiLiimrNic Work in the New York Herald, from Jau. 7 to Far 14, isclcsite. Natter. IVh met. IHtlanet Space in mites inlki Herald CongtvM'oQEl. ke. Washington.. . . 2<tS 9S ooluuius. Market Reports, Boston SiO \ ' do New Orleans. ., 3 too >< " do Cincinnati 800 *i do Baltimore 900 Ji " do BuQalo 600 % " do Albany 160 W " Ship N?ws, 600 ^ " Legislative, Albany 160 IX " do Horrid burg 300 " do Miohigan , 800 >? " Southern Nina, Petersburg 386 IX " Taylor Meeting, Philadelphia ... 00 >f " Teylor Meeting, Montgom'y, Ala. 1,800 ,Vf " Weetern Newt, St. Louie 1,100 X " Mlsce'Wueou", Hartford 80 X " Political, Colnuibus, Ohio. 700 X " \liseeUanecus. 600 X " Total distance and matter... 10832 18 oolumns. TiLiaiifHic Won from Jan 1 to Jan 14,1848. Aggregate in worda, 1st week, 1849 40 000 " " 9.1 ' 1948 89,000 Total in two weeke 79.000 Total. TeLEORarHic Exncntg. First week in 1849 .. . . $1,106 Sseond " " 1918 1.176 Aggregate in two weeks $1,381 In order to understand this statement, it is proper for us to remark that about one-third of the work done by the telegraph enumerated in the above table, is executed lor us conjointly with several other of the morning papers; but two tl) irds, very nearly, is performed for us exclusively, comprehending the debates in the Senate on the Mexican question, and other important political movements of all kinds, at distant points of the country. Commencing with tjie great speech of Mr. Calhoun, we have exclusively reported the debates in the S-uate, to any extent, and with every degree of fullness, so as to be comprehended by the general reader. A great deal of complaint is made in certain newspapers, of the incorrectness of telegraphic reporting, and the blunders it commitB. These complaints originate not so much with ths telegraph or ths operators, as with the collectors of news, and the reporters, at the ends of the several lines. The repor'er of the proceedings of the Albany Legislature, and, also, the reporters for the whole press of New York, for Congress, seem to be incapable of performing well the task thejr have assumed; for they send a great deal of trash--of mere detail?and omit the most material points and scintillations of the proceedings of both houses. In order to avoid tne blunders of these general reporters, and their incompetency, we have directed our own special reporters in Washington, to report the debates in the Senate ou the Mexican war?reporters who have had long experience, and who, in condensing speeches, are not to be surpassed, and hardly equalled, by any others in this country. The operator- on the telegraph are not to blame. It is true they require much practice to make them perfect. On the line between New York and Boston, the operators have improved very much within the last year. On the line between New York and Washington, they have improved very much within the last lortnight; but the operators on the Western line, between New York, Albany, and Buffalo, appear to be not so smart or correct, although a great many of the errors attributed to them arise from the blunders and trash of the reporters engaged for the whole New York press in Albany. Thus far and thus much we are proceeding in this new electric age of the world?an age which will produce a greater revolution in s ciety, government, and religion, within the next fifty years, man nas oeen created during me last ntty centuries. Riverdv Johnson and the Whios?The whigs have ridiculed the speech of the Hon. Reverdy Johnson, of Maryland, a? containing sentiments of one who has turned a half somerset?danced the semi-polka, or stood on one leg, for an hour, by Shrewsbury clock. He is ridiculed and condemned as a traitor by the ultra whigs, throughout the country. Now, Mr. Johnson's ideas on the Mexican war and its management, seem to have been conceived with a great deal ot discrimination and accuracy; but they please neither the democrats nor the whigs, of the ultra, or organized, classes. Mr. Johnson condemns the treacherous, faithless and ridiculous conduct of Mexico, before ,i.? u.?i.? <u;. i mc nai IIIUHC uui, uuu ic uc uu> iigiu IU >u? i He condemns the weakness and imbecility of Mr. Polk, in sending such a small military force to the Rio Grande, and thus enticing the Mexicans into a conflict of arms; und is he not right in this 1 Mr. Johnson equally blames the imbecility and incapacity of Mr. Polk and his advisers, in sending General Scott into the interior of Mexico with so small a force, and is he not right in this, also! The conduct of Mr. Polk, in relation to this war, has been, from the beginning, imbecile and incapable ; and nothing but the astonishing bravery, indomitable energy, and miraculous capacity of the American army, its generals, officers and privates, have saved this country from terrible and astounding disgrace The glory achieved by the two great campaigns belongs not to Mr. Polk or the Secretary of War. The only military man that gave them good advice at the commencement of the war, was General Gaines. If his opinion had been followed, it is very likely that Mexico would have succumbed at once to the annexation of Texas, without further effort; but, instead of taking the advice of that distinguished and chivalric veteran, he was opposed, put down, and called to account for merely performing his duty. The opinions of Mr. Johnson are, therefore, according to our views of those events, the only correct and philosophical opinions yet delivered in either house of Congress, during the present session. He is neither a democrat nor a whig. He takes neither extreme side of the question, but awards merit to whom merit is due, and condemns where condemnation is just. He rises aoove laction, una loucnes me siionme region 01 honesty, truth, and philosophy. Is he not right 1 taTEKisritro Local News.?One of the most interesting portions of the local news given fresh every morning, in our journal, is "the advertisements;" all of them?whether contained inside or outside, whether on the first or last page ?are fresh as water from the spring. The advertisements in the Herald are only published for one day, and are fresh every day. We have adopted this system from a strong conviction that a great deal of money is wasted by the business portion of the city, by throwing their advertisements over a long period of time, and into Urge masses, where they are spread over an immense surface or prairie, never to faread, and never even looked at. Now, if oar mer chant?,traders,dealersand others,whose business renders advertising indispensably necessary, were to condent-e their advertisements, and to publish thetn only once or twice a week, so as to be always fresh when inserted, it would be much more effective in their several lines of business, and the advertisements themselves would be much more read by the public at UrgeWe have adopted this system because, it is a system of economy, both to ourselves and to the public; and we believe it will prove to be triumphantly succ< eful in the course of three months. Our advertisements have increased since this new system has gone into operation ; not in spate, but in amount and value, both to us and to advertisers, Keftd the advertisements; for they are the most wiieresuug local news in tbs paper Tit* Post Orrrcc Department and the Post> master General.?Some of the whig party prints are condemning Cave Johnson and ridiculing his conduct, for refusing to give a certain part of the printiug of his department to a Western editor, because that editor believed in the Wilmot proviso, and was a sort of half-blooded aboli- j tionist. We do not join in this condemnation. Cave Johnson has a perfect right to give his printing, and the spoils, to any man applying for them, without reference to the opinions of that individual; and if he prefers to give those spoils to a printer who entertains the same opinions that Cave himself does on ubolilioniEm, we cannot conceive that he deprives any other individual, who has been refused, of anything to which such individual was entitled. If the one whom Cave Johnson selects, will perform the duty well, that is all that the law or common sense requires. Cave is therefore right to select, among the applicants, a good and faithfnl printer, who entertains similar opinions to his own. But while we defend, on the principles of common sense, Cave Johnson*s conduct in this particular, we condemn him and his general conduct as Postmaster. We condemn him as one of the worst und most unfitted officers that ever j held the place he occupies in this country, from its organization as en independent government, to the present day. In fact, wc hardly have a post office department now. The great mail between New Orleans and New York?the great artery of commerce and intelligence in this re public?is broken up, by the folly ,, the obstinacy, the incapacity, end atrocious conduct, of Cave Johnson. Railroads, the elt'Ctric telegraph, and post coaches, and every other imde of locomotion, distinguished by rapidity, are condemned by this incompetent blockhead, who has been placed at the head t>f the Post Office Department by an equally incom- , peteut President. He takes the principal mails, and sends them, two and three days together, by a tedious route from Baltimore across the Chesapeake Bay, instead of paying two or three thousand dollars more a year to an honest and competent railroad company; and yet.this blundering, this gross outrage on the people's rights and interests, costs more money, ten times over, than it would to put them right. But this is not all. The great artery of our commercial and social system between New Orleans and New York, is not only broken into pieces, but every other line, more or less, is in a state of derangement. Since the last account of failures that we published, we have col' lected the annexed, which is only a part, and a small part, of the failures that have taken place during the last two months:? Mail Failures Retorted now Nov. 1 to Ja?. 14. Noma of placet. No. of failurtt. Kemarkt. Noo. Dec. Jan. Total. I 1 to 14. ' Augusta, Ga ? 7 5 13 Baltimore 1*9 ? 10 Boston... ? 4?4 Buffalo 3 ? ? 2 Charleston 1 14 4 19 Chicago, 111 ? ? ? ? Frequent compl'ts of irregularities. Columbus ? 1 ? 1 Continual oompl't. Columbia, 8. C. . .? 1 ? 1 Cincinnati 2 ? 8 8 Detroit ? 2 ? 2 Complaint of bad conduet. Ed gar town. Mass..? 10 ? 10 Lou<sburg, N. C...? 6 ? 6 Louisville, Ky.. . 1 ? 1 Maoon, Oa ? ? - ? Constant oompl'nt Milwaukie, W. T.. 1 ? ? 1 do do Mobile 1 4 1 6 do do Middletown, N. J..? ? ? ? Irregularities com . plained of. Montgomery, Ala..? 1 ? 1 New Bedford ? 1 ? 1 New Orleans 3 19 1 33 Norfolk, Va 1 ? ? 1 Petersburg 8 7 ? 10 Philadelphia 1 5 ? 6 Pittsburg 1 ? ? 1 Raleigh. N. C ? 3 1 4 Kienmona, vi. . .? a i o Rochester 10? 7 Or-1 irregularities. S*v*nneh - 2 4 (I Syracuse 1 1 ? 3 He Lou.e S 6 ? 13 Springfield. 111....? A ? 6 Trenton. Ten*. , .? 1 ? 1 Weod?tnntc, Vt. . .? ? 1 1 Wilmington, Vs .. 1 4 a 7 37 133 36 176 Not reported 1A0 ' Total mail failures for 2 months, 836 This ia a specimen of the utter incapacity of this man?Cave Johnson?who is now the head of the Post Office Department. The foreign mails are in the same condition?utterly deranged, and perfectly useless to all commercial men. There never was such a Postmaster General as we now have, and we never had such a President as we now have ; for they both seem to be alike; and such a government no free people were ever condemned to bear as the people of the United States bear now. The whole government consists of Mr. Polk, Mr. Ritchi", and Cave Johnson. Thera are really I capable and able men in the cabinet; but they have little to do with public aifiirs, and are only used to sign papers and give dignity to the secret movements of those three, who govern this great country. Is there no remedy in Congress 1 The Great Suit of Mrs. General Gaines ? We stated yesterday, that the lady of the distinguished veteran General Gaines, now reeidmg in this city, had at last gained her important suit, by the decision of the Supreme Court of the United States at Washington in her favor, the day before yesterday. This suit has been pending for several years before several courts in the State of Louisiana, and ultimately in the Supreme Court of the United States, to recover a vast amount o! property, | in New Orleans and elsewhere, and may be said ! to have involved an amount varying from seven to ten millions of dollars. After a most protracted litigation, it has been decided in her favor; and probably it will yield to that distinguished lady and her family, a fortune of three or four millions of dollars, if not more. We congratulate Mrs. Gaines and her family on this most important and righteous decision in her favor. In prosecuting her claim, Mrs. Gaines had to contend with a combination of the greatest power and wealth in New Orleans, which not only resisted her rights according to law, but took various other unseen methods of injuring her cause, all of which, fortunately, have been overcoms by the activity, energy, tact, and talent, of this wonderful lady, assisted by her high-minded and generous husband Mrs. Gaines will probably very soon proceed to the south- stern States, and then to New Or. leans, to bring this decision to maturity, through j the usual legal process. She has, we believe, other claims of a less amount, still pending in the courts; and there can be no doubt but justice will be equally done in those matters, as in the case just decided. With a for tune of three, four, or five millions of dollars, which must grow out of the successj ful termination of this suit, it is probable [ that (General Gainas and his family will, in a short time, visit Europe; and if he should, we are persuaded there is no man that ever left this | couutry that wo'uld be received with more atten* tion, or who would merit it more, than this chivalrous, patriotic and remarkable mao, who really was the only military man of the day who understood the Mexican war at its commencement, and who, by his activity nnd energy, guided by a sound judgment, would have pre; vented all the effusion of blood, and the expendi' tore of treasure, that it has cost, but was prevented by the incapacity nnd imbecility of the President. - . AKRIVAT, OP A KICK IMKRO.? i HP fillip Angelo, Ca|it. II ?tingH, arrived yesterday, from Canton, alter a lair i?aneage, with a very valuable cargo, mostly silks and shawls, of great value, The Angelo is the first of a fleet of r'sstls now | neatly due, with similar aargost "If* INTELLIGENCE BY TELEGRAPH. | rUKTBBR PRO M MBXZOO. I The Recent News Confirmed* ANOTHER PEACE RUMOR. j Nr. Trist and the Mexican Commissioners* j GEN. SCOTT DfiTEBNINED TO BRING THE ENEMY TO TERMS, he. he. he t.. u ibis The Overland Express brings New Orleans papers of the 8th, which announce the arrival of the frigate Saratoga at Pennaeola, on the 6th instant, with advices from Vera Cruz to the 27th. She brings fuller, though fto later advices, from Mexico. The rumor that the preBefit Congress had dissolved was confirmed. The new Congress was to assemble in Janunry. The rumor was current that the commissioners of the Mexican government repaired to Queretaro, after having an interview with Mr. Trist; and it is supposed they have had a conference with the supreme government on the subject of peace. This was but rumor. Nothing definite is known of the decisions ccune to in such conference, ifheld. Most of the American troops now in the capital, are about to leave on expeditions to other places, to occupy the capitals of the various

Slates, &c., &c. It is definitively settled that the whole republic of Mexico is to be occupied by the American forces, until those in power in Mexico, who have authority to act, make satisfactory reparation to jo the American government, and agree to the pyppositions of peace. {Telegraphic Cor. of Philadelphia Bulletin.} Pktbrsb pro Jan. 14, 1848. The news received here this morning has been anticipated by express. Though over a half week later dates from the city of Mexico are obtained, there seems nothing of particular interest. The views of the new Congtess to assemble at Queretaro are subjects ol si>eculation, but it is not known whether their voi-ces are for peace or war. The people are undoubtedly for pacific action, for they teel the difference between making money off an invading army, and being compeled to contribute to its support. Gen. Scott has arrested every current of Mexican revenue, and turned it into the army chest. This is the true way to compel submission and lead to eventual pacification.; There is hardly a reference to Santa Ann^t in the news, and nothing as to his whereabouts or doings. The columns ordered to advance upon the twining districts, have not moved; at least I see no such assertion. 1'he police of the capital is better than it had been since its occupation by our army. Crime is pro mptly punished, both in the ranks and among i.ne citizens. The only fear to be entertained is 'hat the withdrawal of our troops for the occupation of distant points, may induce the peons to ree ommence their depredations. The road between Vera Cruz and Mexico is as unobstructed now^ as it was before the commencement of Jhe war. Robberies are committed, but not to a greater extent than when Gushing, Thompson, And others had their Baggage rifled bv brigands. Cl?y, Cua, "'id Charity. Washington, Jan. 14, 1848. Gen. Cass conducted the Michigan delegates to the United States Hotel, to-aay, and introduced them severally to Mr. Clay. The greeting between Gen. Cass and Mr. Clay was very cordial. Mr. Clay dined in the gentlemen's ordinary, to-day, in company wit i about one hundred gentlemen, of all parties, the guests of the house. The Ladies' Union Benevolent Society are holding a fdr at the Odeon, for the relief of the poor. It is given out that Mr. Clay is to be there ll/-ae*gasi, ?MU >" "& receive him. tfeionle Compliment to General* Shield* and Quitman. Richmond, Jan. 9, 1848. Genetals Quitman and Shielda are to attend a grand masonic supper in this city shortly. Tay I lor Presidential etock increasing in Virguiia. I No news. TI11H ft'l B t'H CMQRE89. riK'T SESSION. Wa?hihotoi?, Jan. 14, 1S48. The Senate was not In hiilon, having adjourned yesterday OTsr to Monday. flouee of Represen.tutlvea. vbivatb bill*, ho. The eommittees were called upon for reports. Several private bills and unimportant resolutions were re porta a. retort! en petition!. Adverse report* were made on petition*, By Messrs Rockwell of Connecticut, Thomas Hall of N'sw York, Took, Fulton, White, Jamieson, and Flournoy, The bills were read twiee and referred. RETORT or THE COAST SURVRT. Mr. Conorr, from the Committee on FrlntiO g, reported a resolution to print a thousand copies of the report of the Coast Surrey. Adopted. the cum1erlad road. Robert.Smith, from the Committee on Road* and Canals, reported a bill providing for the oorapletion of the Cumberland Road through Ohio, Ullaotfe, Indiana and Missouri. Read twice, and'referred to t he Committee of the Whole. mineral lanm. Mr. Collamcr from the Committee on PAbllo Lsnds reported a resolution for the preparation and printing cf a synopsis of the i geclcgioal obset vatlons of the mineral lands near Lake Superior, by Dr. Jeokeon, U. S. Geological Surveyor. Adopted. On motion of Mr. Roc swell, of Connecticut, the House went into Committee of the Whole on the Private I slender, Mr. Cebb, of Georgia, in the oibalr. Several bills were considered and laid aside, to be reported to the House. tensions for widow! ok revolutionary heroes. A bUl for the relief of Mary Brown, of Massachusetts, widow of Jacob Brown, (a revolutionary soldier.) and Up-mother of Major Brown, who was killed at MaUmoras, providing for ber a pension of thirty dollars per montb, was taken up. A protrsoted discussion ensued by Messrs. Oiddlngs King of Massachusetts, Haskrll, Johnson of Arkansas Henly, Cummins, Sawyer, Tolloek, Lawrence, Bowlin,' Stewart of Michigan. MoLane, Jamieson, Lahm, Jones Of Tennessee, and Faran, as to the propriety of special legislation in suoh cases. Without taking action thereon, the committee rose and the House adjourned to Monday MEW YORK LEOISL.ATVRE. Alssst, Jgn. 14, 111*. Senate, mr formal school. The annua) report of the Normal School was sub mltted Mr. Hall rata notice of a bill authorising the forma tlon Of Savings' Banks. ji'diciabt affairs. Mr. Fi we offered a reeolutlon. which waa agreed to, Instructing the Judiciary Committee to report whether It U not eaeler for the eodiflers, lnetead of attempting to rerlee the unwritten law, to revise euch etatute law* as were in force at the adoption of the new Constitution, omitting what it useless, and adding note* of explanation and reference and decision* in oouite tmrsorrme* er harbors. Mr. Fiivb. slso offered a resolution, wbteh wm agreed to, that it i? the duty of Congress end the Executive to mate appropriation* for improving harbors, and that the Senate disagree with the President's veto cf the Harbor Bill. A PAMPKK OS riTTirO'.'.CRI. A bill was offered, oalllng on the JuJIolarj Committee to report on the propriety of abolishing appeals from Justices' Courts, where a jury triai has taken plans and a judgment hot exceeding fan been obtsinsd. HABSOR MAITXai. The till rslating to tbs sppsinf sit of Harbor Mao | \ S, ton far the port of Now York- woo tok? ? op la committd#. Mr. Fiivo moved thot the excess of I 'ess over |3 soo should bo paid into the city treasury. Mr. Lawbkkcic said ho had no otjeotlox i to tho amond" wont. Mr. Jommoj opposed It. He was for pa) Irg well; the only way, in hlo opinion, of securing g >od service. He bol loved tho foes received would not rent hthelim.tof oo sipenoation proposed The amendment was rejected. Mr. Hawley proposed that tho Common Council of New York city should hs the salaries of the Harbor | Mutm from time to time, as their duties diminished or increased. Mr. Johnson said the only proper way to .reduoe the fees, was to reduoe the tonnage duties, M/hen that question came up, he was prepared to sustain Lt. Mr. Lawrence thought that there was no nes d to fear that they would bs too high in future. The proposition of Mr Hawley was rejected. Mr. Smith moved a reference of the bill, with instructions to report a substitute, making these offices elec- j tire. Lost. J The bill was then gone through with in the Senate. Mr. Fink renewed his amendment, which was lost, by a vote of 16 yeas, to 10 nays. Mr. IIawley's amendment was renewed, and lost, 12 to 6. The bill was then ordered to a third reading, and by consent read and passed, 30 to 1?Mr. Smith only I in the negative blessed are the virtuous. Considerable progress was made in Committee of the Whole, on the bib to punish adultery; which, closing up the business of the day, the Senate adjourned. brolfklyn taxes. A bill for oolleotlon of taxes in the 8th and 9th wards of Brooklyn, was read a third time and passed. Assembly. the new tork eilots. Mr. Fhenik oalled up the resolutions offered by him a few days sinoe, relative to ths pilot laws. He urged on the House to have immediate action taken on them. Messrs. Bowie and Benedict opposed their action at this time, and moved tbeir reference to a committc e, which, after a long debate, prevailed. commissioners or deeds and notaries. Mr. Bowie gave notioe of a bill to appoint Commissioners of Deeds and Notaries. seamen's fund and retreat. Mr. Fisx gave notioe of a bill In relation to the Seamen's Fnnd and Retreat. a philanthropic mote. Several petitions to improve the dwellings of the labor ing classes were taken up and referred. fre-emftion right* | Mr. Raymond presented a report in favor of the bill ' regulating the (tale* of pre-emption right in the city ot New York. slaykrt. The Senate free territory resolutions were received and referred to the Committee of the "Whole. brooklyn affairs. A bill to appoint a Superintendent of Schools in Brook, lyn, passed. By Mr. Cross, a bill Incorporating the Brooklyn City Hospital. the erie canal. Mr. W. Smith offered a resolution calling on the Commissioners of the Canal fund, to report the amount of estimates for expenditures on the Canal in 1848 and 1849. Laid over. Mr. W. Smith also called qp the resolution calling on the Comptroller to report the estimates of expenditures In 1848 and 1819. sheriffs and county clerks. In oommittee, the bill to fill vaoanoies in the offloe of Sheriffs and County Clerks was taken up. Mr. Fenn moved to strike out all after the enaotlng clause, and give the power of appointment to the Supervisors, instead of the Governor. The substitute prevailed?ayes 64; nays 39. The oommittee then rose, and the House adjourned. Markets. New Orleans, Jan 8, 1848 ?In ootton we note sales of middling at 6*6 a 6\. The sugar market is quiet &nd nriffAN drnnnlnj MaIurm In nrima Inf.a naII tf 1?" . a 18 r"The flour market is heary.' In exchanges is little offering. Baltimore, Jan. 14, 1843?Flour?The re. matned unchanged. We notice sales of ,rj<)0 barrels of Howard street, at $6 to $0 12)f ^"^eat?There was more doing In wheat, and sales o^ sooo bu,j,#iB wfre made, embracingMaryland red an j whit# do, at prerion* rates Corn?Sales ot 700 bus (J|, were m?do. including Maryland white and jalse^ at s7o ttnd ye)iow d0( at about flic1 a 82o. Meal w'^, ju|i; the market bed a downward tendenoy. Whis^, No ohtDge. There was no alteration In proTlslo-^ an(} onjj light sales were making to the trade. Albany, Jan ,( _The weather to-day Is warm and rainy, whlob ga( 0aused considerable stagnation in the "our Is selling at about, or a trifle below. $8 el V w ^jtern.at about $5 od No obange in grain New corn 1 > worth 64 to 85 cents Hogs, for the causes aboee I *" ^Bfd, are also dull of sale, and are offered at lower I rr/,tes than preTiously reported. 1 BesTow, Jan 14.?Flour?The market exhibited no ohange. We note sales of 1,000 barrels,inoludlng Genesee and Michigan, at 88 37X a $8 50. Wheat?No sales Corn?Sales of 3 000 bushels were made, inoludlng western mixed, at 7-2 cents, and yellow do. at 75 cents. Oats Sales of t.000 bushels were made at 62 cents. Rye? Sal*ft of 200 a A00 hnahclt mm.A* QT D? visions continued quiet Freight* remained about the e&me. __ Shipping Intelllgencei New OaLEert*. Jaa 8?CM ehip Geo bkoliitld, Philadelphia; b?rk Nancy ftcTem, New Yo>k Singular Rumor.?It was rumored in Wall street, yesterday, that the government at Washington had effected a loan with the Russian government, through M. Bodisco, the Russian Minister, for $20,000,000, to be drawn for a bill on London or on St. Petersburg. This, if true, will turn the current of specie to this country again. This rumor, for several reasons, is likely to be true. It is said that the Czars of Russia are nnt permitted to reign for more than twenty-five years, and that Nicholas has already entered pon his twenty-third. If the Emperor does not abdicate after the twenty-five years are passed, the nobles will have him strangled. In this view of the matter, it may not appear strange that he should invest large sums in foreign countries. lie has made large loans to England and France, and we now hear that he intends to invest #20,000,000 in American stocks. Shduld the Emperor abdicate, and leave Russia, we advise him to come to Arm rica to reside This is the safest place for an Emperor to live in; he can here associate with twenty millions of his equals; in no other country can he find so many sovereigns. We recommend M Bodisco to suggest this to the Czar. There are some splendid places on the banks of the Hudson, as fit for a Russian as an American sovereign. The Opera?The beautilul opera of "Lucrezia Borgia" was again most brilliantly performI ed and sung last evening, at the Aetor Theatre, I before as crowded and enthusiastic an nudience as ever filled any house in New York. Benedetti was really splendid?some of the other artists really good; but we still miss Madame Pico, in the role which she made her own. Why is it so 1 What is the reason 1 In the midst of the brilliancy and success of the Opera at the Astor Tlacc Theatre, a correspondent suggests the reason, by informing us that the managers have actually not paid the whole of the salaries due to Madame Pico, and some of the orchestra, for lav' season. We do not wish to state this positively against Sanquirico & Co., and the managers ge. 1 nerallv. who are all honorable men. on ih.. ??. I sponsibility of any correspondent; but we hive i beard intimations from other quarters, that this j is actually the fact. We now lieu leave to ask, is it so 1 Naval.?The bark Kirkland arrived yesterday j from Rio de Janeiro, having on board ns pass enters Captains S. ft. Stringlmn, Samuel Barrow, and three or four gentlemen, also of the navy. | Captain Stringham took the sbip-of-the-line Ohio 1 to Hio, where he resigned the command into the 1 bands of Captain Taylor, on the 'Joth of November. A correspondent, who is connected with the ship, in describing the incidents on board, > says that the puling scene between Captain S. nnd the officers and crew ot that vessel, was very affecting. Many promt shed renrs at the >?? u of parting frcm hint, both _officers and men i When he was leaving the ship all hands rushed to the rigging and gave him three hearty cheers. The brig Perry nnd frigate Rrandywine were in the harbor ot Itio. Th* toriner would sail lor the Hiv#r Plato on the- 6th j ?ohr On-ka-hy?e i wm alio m port. i * ThMtrt?al and Hnatcal. Paax Thcatrs ?The state bill which was performed her# last tveuiog aud th# seening before, will be performed again this opening at the Park theatre, by Sand* heat fc Co ' troupe. The ptrformauees, as a whole, are e iatereetlng that it it with difficulty we oan poiut out any part that we ai'st admire What with the dauclog ponii t. Damon at>d Pythias, Hernandi t and Aymar.who are acknowledged to be ihe two greatest tlders in the wr.rld; ' ' Richard Hands and hie extraordinary preooi ounia ehii .ran; Master Ayinur, the young equestrian, Mr. llugf',ea on the card* vol mute, and others too numeroue to rjentlun. the umneementa at thia nlae* are welt worm veeing Kor the benefit of ladies with ohildren, them will be an afternoon performance this day, at hilf past two o'clock, as is usual on Saturdays. Bowery Thiatrk?There was a very full attendance at the Bowery last evening. Bhakspeare's deeply interesting and beautiful tragedy of ''Othello, or the Moor of Venloe," was performed In admirable style.? [ The whole assemblage was quite electrified by the splen' dor of the petformauce; frequent shouts of applause burst on the aotors. more particularly at the triumph of the Ho.'<r; tho soliloquy of Itgo. ou resolving to exolts the jwalousy of hij master; the intense passion expressed on the Moor's face, on the communications of lago, and the touching scenes previous to and after the murder of Desdeotona. Othello, by Mr. Marshall, v.as admire ,ble; the variety of passions throughout the play well impressed Mr. Barry's lago was true to life; his character, jealous, malicious, und'designing, was seen at a rjlanco, aud well sustained Ac the conclusion of the play a, tremendous cheer took plaoe. and Mr. Marshall was loudly nailed for. lie appeared, and srid : ' I-a lies and gentleman, I return you my thanks for this flattering proof of your approbation; encouraged and fostered by t Ills Indulgence, will excite iue to cr-ater exertion, and then I nay be'worthy cf your approbation." Mr. llarry was also called for, but did not appear. The houiw war convulsed wi'h lsurhter at the Yankee comedy ofthe'-Vermont Wool Dealer " All the p-rftfrinanoesr cf the evening did great credit to the aoL rs. ('ha'tiiam Theatre.?There was rather a poor attendance at this theatre last night, for the benefit of the " Mo del Artists." . The petite comedy of " A HoUud for nn. Uliver," was received with groat applause, Mr. Helldas '*J'.'red Highflyer, and Mrs. McLean as Maria Darlington. Miss Deloraine, a pretty little rfanseuse, wns encer?d. all perfectly delighted with her performance. Master Johnson, on the tight rope, acquitted L'uiselfin such a style | as drew down the whole house. The ' Model Artists" | were received with the usnal untnu' dud applause. The | drama of" Ambrose Gwlnette," wss repeated successfully. To-night is Mrs. McLeaa'4 bineflt and a flue bill is offered. That favorite actress cannot fail to draw a good house. Ga and eeo b.er. Mechanics' Hall--It is a fsot no less singular than true, that Christv'a ^Jlnstrels, after performing here for snob a length of tiffjo as they have, are actually as much and better patronised than they were the first week of their visit Wuen any one makes up his mind to spen d the evening t?t any of our places of amusement, he Is sura to go Vj Mechanics' Hall, for he knows that by listening to Uhristv's Minstrels and witnessing their perform a h. ?ill ?* ? *-i- ? < " ?no nil! gcv XUUlO wuau uis UlUUtJJ s wurta. B'/Oadway Ooeon?The "Tableaux Vivants, of L! /ing Statue*," continue triumphant at the Odeon, '-Oder the mnuagamerit cf Mr Ureely. They will gLe twenty different representations to night, many of whioh have never been seen by the public. This specie* of classical entertainment is taking the lead of all other amusements in this city, as the crowds who nightly frequent the Odeon amply prove. The forms and models of the figures, both male and female, are faultless. Nini.o'a Alhamha Saloon.?An Instrumental noncert will be given at the above saloon, on Sunday evening next, under the direotion of Mr. Schneider. The concert of last Sunday was well attended. Bsitish Protbctitic Emigrant Society?The grand concert and literary entertainment, given last ewninir, at the Tabernacle, in aid of the charitable fund of this Sooiety, attracted a very large and h'ghly fashionable audience. It was, indeed, pleasing to every benevolent mind, to see that an object s* laudable was so generously responded to. The illustrations cf Sbakspeare, with remarks and readings by Mr. Lynfce, were the first in order; and we must say, Mr L., in his review of the written. unwritten and dramatie po-try of Shakspeare, fully sustained the high character he has already acquired for his deep research and pleasing elocution. Th? glees and duetts interspersed between each part of the lecture, were given with much harmony, bnt to our mind, the canzonet, by Mrs. Loder, was the sweetest of the entire; it was executed with a clearness and sweetness of voice, and exoellent execution ' Blow, blow, th' winter wind," by Mr . Arthursou, possessed notb' yond mediocrity. The most enlivening sc- of the evening, was Lover's sketches, forming ^ .1 racteristios of the Irish. He seemed ? Koo/iplrJt, end was peculiarly happy in his anec -ot<a * th/read^ wit -u r,P*rt.T ,?L lr/'WJ ' His poetie descrlptlt n of the blooded Hut of Mississippi, was metrical and onpkte; in fact, aH gtories were so ably told, as to dMivery and ^.etloulation, that he kept the audience in continue^ nughter, more particularly in his funny aneoor the woman crylog ''new potatoes." The concluding park, being the concert, consisting of glees, duetts and ballads, was very well sustained by Mrs Loder, Miss Leach, Miss Watson and Mr. Arthurson, the whole being under the superintendence of Mr Oecrge Loder. who on this, as weii as on all other occasions, acquitted himself entirely to the satisfaction of tht audience. paweaama Hall?if every person in the city does not see Banvard's greet Panorama of the Mississippi River, which is painted cn three miles of canvass, we shall say that it will reflect anything bnt oredit to our city. Its truthfulness and correctness to nature have benoer uufi to Dy men wno nave n&vtgaieu mat river for year*, and a visit to It will confer nearly as iau"h benefit a* a bona tide steamboat exoursioe throughout It* length. City Intelligence. The wcatnrh?Yesterday was a very disagreeable day. K or a while, in the forenoon, the rain fell, almost in torrents; after which there was a drilling rain th* principal part of the day. There was some Indication of clear weather about three o'cloek in the afternoon, but tbat did not continue long, the clonds again becoming henry and a dens fog riling. The day was quite warm, much more so than the corresponding date of several years, as will be seen. The thermometer, in Wall street,stood; r m. 13 tt. 6 r. n. 1848, January 14th 38 49 48 1847, do " 3d at 88 1848, do " 24 87 17 Sracr.t Swciriai ?These little creatures were busily engaged in Broadway, yesterday, in keeping eleen the cross-walks. They are dependeut upon the charity of those who pass, for ithelr pay, and though denied by soores, they still pursue their work with cheerfulness, hoping to rgpeive something from th* next. Their labor is hard, and poorly repaid, while hundreds who are paid weekly to keep the streets swept, and clean, will rest upon their working Implements and say to themselres,"fat corporation " The gutters are now so completely stopped with filth and thawing Ice, that it Is impossible for the water to pass off; the oonieqnence of which Is, the side walks are fall of mad. The little sweepers keep their part clean without even a promise *f pay, while the "big ones'' will not do it with a certainty of pay. IIo I for Mtnco ? t'ap'alu Forrey and Lieutenant Craft, of ill* New York volunteers. It la antlolpat-d will leave this rliy for Mexico, with a goodly number of reoruita, on Wednesday next, the 30th instant, and Col. Burnett contemplates leaving about the first of next mon<h. Steamboat Cou.mori ?The ferry boat Transit, belonging to the South Ferry, yesterday ran Into the tentner Rhode Island, which was bound to Stoaington, (opposite the ferry slip. The concussion was so great as to carry away the guard beam, letting down the outer end of the shaft, breaking one cran *. and benning her ehackle bars and strap, besides carrying away the wheal huuiv of the Rhode Island, totally disabling her for her route. Several of the psssengers were very much excited, and declared the collision the fanlt of those oondacting the Transit. The damage to the Nhode (eland is nearly one thousand dollars, while the Traoslet escaped uninjured The steamboat Traveller left tor fflonlngtcn at 9 o'clock, last night. The Rhode Island will bo ready again In a few days The mall for the steamer for Furope was on board the Rhode Island at the time of the accident. phi?a are oroie out aoout nair past eight o'clock on Thursday morning. In theb?o>ment ot brum* No. 17# Mulberry street. occupied by Nicholas McLoughlin. an a bakery. The fire occurred from the boding ovsr of a kettle of lard, while there wm no one in the basement. It wm put ont with very little damago. Imthoikmrati - fn reviewing the lmprovementajn the upper part of I he alty, wa plainly e-a in mauy oaaee, the hand of epeculatian at work; though there are yet many splendid edifices, which we shall In due time notice. In Twenty-first street are now finishing, four eery fine four story buildings, with stone fronts, the interior haying all the requisite oonvenecoes for a family Still farther up.in Thirty flist street, are two blocks, of eight house* each, the one extending from Lexington to Third avenue, and the other from Fourth to Lexington avenue, entirely filling up that part of the street. On Madison avenue, near Twenty-seveoth street, ore several valuable buildings, finished in very fine style, but whioh we sre informed are Intended for sale or tenantry. A large laciory has been erected on Thirtysecond street, by the Harlem Railroad Company, where they contemplate manufacturing their own machinery, Vc. lanosKD.?The Grand Jory havs refused to entertain the oomplaint against Trofesior Charles Whitney. # Thk New Jkrsrv Hanks.?The reports published in Trenton relative to the resolution offered by Mr. Carman, gave the idea that it was for an investigation of the affairs of the New Jersey hanks, whereas such an intention whs no part of the mover's object. The Legislature ara too well satisfied willt the unimpeachable soundness of our banking institutions to authorize a movement of the kind intimated, and the rasmhers regret that any notice, giving color to a suspicion against them, should have found its way into print. The resolution is expressly confined to the NewHopeaml Delaware bridge Company.and the Preference of it to one ol ilf standing committees, is a pledge that the Legislature intends to act with due deTihers'ion and decision in relation to it.? Ntnark Advertiser, Jan 14. Charactrrirtic?The following anecdote of On. Taylor is rela'ed hy on" who wan present, [i isclixracieris'ic of Hough and Ready. When Urn. Taylor arrivrd at the Hrazos tlirrr whs but onr boat ready to rt-rt lor New Orlenna. Uen. T. inquired if lie ootid got n passage lor himself and suite. 11r was answered th it there was room plenty tar the accommodating of all who desired to iro over in her; hut th.it "a it w h an old boat, there whs some danger of her blowing up; ami that he (< len. Taylor) hud better delays day or two for a better and surer boat. To this the old white horse nt Palo Alto replied:?'* het hsr biow up'-put my baggage on board'?and let her blow up, if she wante To " -Mtlby Mwt,