## Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 19, 1848, Page 1

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. . ... ? si T H mm New York, January 19?4 P. BI. BY SAQNBTIC TKLECRAPH. Burglar bbot. Albany, Jan. 19, 1848. A man named Blunt was shot on Friday night, while attempting to break into the Schodac depot of the Boston Railroad Company. His companions ran off, leavirg Blnnt's dead body. NEW YORK LBGISLATIIRK. Senate. The bill to emend the eot relative to the Brooklyn Charter Convention, was ordered to a third reading. The bill relative to filling vacancies In the office of Sheriff referred to the judiciary committee. A bill was reported relative to the charter of the Long Island Canal and Navigation Company. The notioe of the bill to make oltles and villages reaponslble for damages. Adjourned. Assembly. Mr. Beach reported a bill for compensated in oases on riots. Bill to regulate sale of medicines and medical eomnounds?read a third time. Notice to recommit with instruction! to rostore clause exempting prescription of regular physicians?lost. Vote on bill taken and rejected, 67 and 38 A motion to reoonsider was made and rejected; so the bill is lost. Mr. Brooks' resolution relative to telegraph companies, was agreed to. A bill to amend aot relative to sale of pre-emption rights in New York, was ordered te a third reading. Debate to adjournment on River and Harbor resolutions, and State Agricultural Convention. Buffalo or Gsneva will be selected for the State Fair. Cirv Til* DE RsiPORT. Nkw York, January 19, 1848. Ashes?The market is firm for pots at $5 75, at which they are in demand; they are generally hrld at$6; pearls are dull at $7. Brick?The market is better for hard North River, with sales at$4 37?, ut which they are in demand. Beeswax?Within a few days, sales have been made of 10,000 a 12,000 lbs.; Southern yellow at 22c a 25c., and in uome instances, higher prices have been paid. Cotton?Nothing done as yet to show the ef iw ;i ui me wamona a news. Flour, &c.?The market is somewhut unsettled by the Cambria's news; dealers generally hold for an improvement of 124c. on the prices current yesterday, and small sales of good western brands have been made at $6 18 j a$6 25; prime Genesee at $(> 50, and extra at ?7 a S7 25; holders arc firm in views of a very small stcck in market, not exceeding 300 000 bbl9 of all kinds. Southern Hour is dull, and we hear of no sales; it is held at$6 314 a Corn Meal is held at $3 50 for Jersey, but no sales have been made to show the effect of the news Rye flour and Buckwheat are quiet, but firm, at yesterday's quotations. Grain?Holders of whest ask higher prices, but no sales have been made to show the effect of the late foreign advices. Corn is held for better prices, but nothing has beeu done. Rye and barley are firm but quiet Oats are steady aid saleab'.e at 50c a 51c for canal; and 44c a i 46c for Je rsey. Prov.sions?There is no change to notice in the ma rket for Onio pork ; mess continues comparatively scarce and in demand, at ?12 for new, md f;10 25 for old. Sales yesterday for 200 bbls. new, prime, ?7 75, and old do, ?6 37j- B efi9 firm and in lair demand at vesterdav's prices. Lard continues in good demand, and we note sale i this morning of 000 kegs, strain rendered, nt 8 ?c, short time. Butter and cheese are steady and. saleable. Tallow?There is a good demand for tallow far export, and the market is firm. Sales yesterday 60,000 lbs. Prime country rendered at 8|c, Hnd inferior at 7j, cash. Ricx?The market is firm, and within a few d tys sales have bceu made of about 400 tierce, at$3 2a a S3 75, cash, principally for export. Hay?There is a steady demand for North river, with considerable sales for shipment, nt 70c n 75c. SlucK ffiichang*. $2inoo Tieai NottiS'i ?fi% 5 ?hi B-u.lt of America !?3 4300 do I l>, 50 ih* Farm Trust blO 25% do 400 do 25% 2500 do OCHi 200 do b3t 26 3000 do 98'a loo Morris Cnnnl 0% 101)00 do >60 9* 1?0 <10 J.N 510 do W* 50 Canton Co 3000 Slate 7'*>49 lOii 50 do J** icon H'nte 5** '60 96* 50 Nor It Wor 3>\ 3400 U Statu 6'? ^7 98 * 850 Long Island RK J'S 500 do '68 97 K0 do btm 3>?, 15000 do 5'? 'j3 87* 800 do _ blO 25). 6'>0> Indiana Slate i'? 49* 158 Harlem HR 99 8000 do 5? 50 do blO 39 ! 5000 Penn 5'a ?60 (>?.* 310 do b30 39 6100 dn 1.60 70* 850 d i ?*7? 150* Ohio 7'? 10"* 50 do bj? 38'. 5:0' Heading Be nrl? 68* 00 do *10 3*5. 1 ViOO do b90 <4 100 do *30 3 * 3080 do 83* SHI PPING INTELLIGENCE. IpokM. fhu> R-auoke K?I It, from Baltimore for Rio Janeiro, Not 88 Iat88 N. Ion 3f. ? . _ Porrlgn Porta. Marti.", Dec 38?A rr Nione. Th mn. New Orlean*: Suffolk Vterrlian , ilo; 2 itii. I P H.iwa'd, Read, do; 35th, Oneida. Willard. Ne>? ??rk; 81 h,Tli<>mt* J Roger* Pnrrington, New O leaui; 2.11, S.litrou, Merrymau, do; Dumbarton, PeuSailed 251 h. Baea'ia. I' ".we. NYork; 26th. H*mo*et, Tucker, New Orient!*. 84ih. Ju oner. Carter. New York Load.g, iluiguudy, Wott"n. anil N??? York JanltVers.aillea, Hunt, for Hoaui n do; Aatwern MrK ighr, for Ntw Or 1-nt. soon; Colon ho, ('ray dodo; Far waul Haraamrd, do do: Krancoii-, f.tdo Juni; Dumbarton, Pendleton, do do: Ancona. Norn dnlS'li. ADVBKTlHKMEiMS NEW EVERY MORNING, Pvbk~theatr k-orand change of pmrKOK.MANt.E ? V|e?,ri. SaMII, LK^T k Co. S American! irrn, The folleat and moat t'lent'd company in the wo Id, it now pei forming nightly nt the shore eitah'ith tneut he 1 roipe ia continued of gent emeu end lid tea W n a'l itawd But in their respective bnimeaa, and the fame of te? dancing hora-s nnd trained ponies ia a* widespread aa it. ia deaerreri Heeond week of Hernnndez. Firat wen of a new 1'antom tne. Krery i.tfaetiu in one grand bill. Clowns. Pentland, I .atltrop and U.ordn?r Dreaa l ircle and rariiit'tte, Vf cams; Bog-a 25 cent* Gallery, '2X centa; frigate Boiea, IK! each, C hildren nuder IA years of?ge. when accompanied by their parenta or guardians, to the dreaa circle, half priceDim a open at 6)(?performance to coin men e nt 7. N. B.?V grar d ifterno.i performance ayery Wedneadey and Saturday oil .mencing 1tK o'clock d""1 H ATH ' M Tn E ATttE?Wedfieadayerening Ian Will? 'I h* pe f. in inre will conuneiire wfh the fif h n t ?i RD .H 0 III?Mich rd ||i, vira Wilktuao i; Lady Anne Mi as iltld eth. A'fer which IV. H Ke n will give hia en terl linmc t of (IVMN a HTIO KEnTS?After whehthr Ml if)!1 L AH ISTS in the r admired Tah'eanit Virnn'S.? The wnole to conclude with .he HGBB K'S WIKEHoae Redland Mra Wilkiuwn; Mark R-dtand, Mr Hn'her I ltd. I,sty O'Oig Mr O' >ri?n; M' P nfoddV, Mr. Addia Botet. 25 centa; it, I2H centa. Donraop n at half piat 6, per To ma re t.< c, mm ce . t 7 peeiaely \l ITl H ELL'S OLVVtcj ( HE t t'life!-**. neTiTj ?l ryaning 'January Uih B IB ? i'l he m rforn.e ihi new fairv Eitrarigaiiia entitled the NEW PLANET-T e New r a .et Vina Vtary I snort \*er. urr, Mr l ouorer ztfe which De WAVDKl P O VIIN-T HEI ? Jem Bans M?. ?1irrh?ll; l eggy. Mi,a Roberta. To he f,ir0w/dbv ih' INVl-HI K fNIV K?Do,, e nder. Mi,a V,-y Toil Th? Infante Fu'ihoaid. Mr. Onoyer t o conclude wirb rhr f r e entitled WHO'BMV HUH t ND- Dr vaas I Mr I n n nghtm; Daniel Toot ea, Mr H.dluid; Mrs tm.th T .oinp Iao'i, M a laherwoo l Doori ?rn n at halt past t anil the enlam riaea at 7 o'clock. Dreaa lite 50 e??u. ilogas, 19; Pit kNIIIt JL. E NE' EVENING E AFFAIRS OF EUROPE, ARRIVAL OF niK STEAMSHIPS CAMBRIA & MISSOURI. Interesting Aeeount of the Voyage of the Cambria. TWELVE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE, UHrUKTANT lUMMKKUIAL 11\ I fcLLIUb-T/lb. IMPROVEMENT IN CORN. State of the Cotton and Money Markets* Additional Mercantile Failures. INSURRECTION IN GREECE. THE SPANISH MONARCHY IN MEXICO. Opening of the French Chambers. The Reception of the President's Message in England. Special Deipalcliei to the New York. Herald, die. die. die. Two ocean s'eamers arrived at this port yes* terday?the Missouri, Capt. Morin, from Havre, via Halifax, and the Cambria, Capt. Harrison, from Liverpool, via Halifax; the former the French, and the latter the English mail packet. The Missouri left Havre on the 23d ult.; the Cambria left Liverpool on the 1st. inst. Annexed are the passengers by the Missouri: PASSKNOKRS BY THE MISSOURI. Mr and Mrs. I.eeeane and servant; Mr. Stnmb, Mr T as.V/O.s Mn Paavd.* Me ll.levAie \f? Me. Lordat, Mr. Monassot, Mr. Beoker, Mr Brocard, Mr. Duverney, Mr Brlsac, Mr Bourry, Mr. Sleber, Mr. Da Cbazourna*. Mr Faller, Mma VUlamat Mr. Cornet, Mr Bagar. Mr Helnsen, Mr. Mullody, Mr. Pater Morris, Mr. and Mrs Dollan. Mr. Braun, Mr. Axnaldl, of the Italian Opera, and wife. Annexed are those by the Cambria:? PASSENGERS BY THE CAMBRIA. For Hnlif, r ?Mr J M d'Avray, lady, and ohlld; Ensign Martin, Lieut. Dare,Mesars. Lawton, Samnard, and Rudderham For Sew t'ork.?Mr Tooker and lady, Mr. Bush and lady, Mr Williams and lady, Mr Henry and lady. Mr. Janet and lady, Mr. Oilliam and lady, and Mies Gilliam, Miss Cooledge, and Mrs Green, two children, and two nurses; Messrs. Wm (oglta, Bradtsb, Wood bridge, Tailnot, Kieokhaefer, Wm. Armstrong, F. H Duffle, Farnham Lappenberg, M. Samuels. Gillilam L Draper. MoIntosh, Cusbing. A D. Kenton, E Robins, Hardt, Ayers, A. B Strong* des Orcee Fitzgerald. S Dupont. J. T Bates, G Is. Berrl. Fansbaw, Ernest Huffman. F H Piston, A loerton J Clonthall N King, Marewood, Hammond, J. C Jackson, N. 8 Black, Bruodred, 3atl*y, Leyening, E Morris, S E Burroughs, (bearer of desoatcbes.) Tuekermau, Jno Cunningham. Robt. Miller, Wm. Stewart. Warburton L Tbomes. Deserts, Wingfield, Sparron Newhoff, Cochran, Murphy, Gessele, and Lumner hahfai to S'rw York.?Vlr. Hoeftrd and man servant, Mr Wm. Flinn, Mr. Palmer, and Wm Spears. The particulars of the passage of the Missouri are given, in brief, in another column; those of the Cambria, which we hive kindly been permitted to copy from the notes of Si's? E. Burroughs, Esq , who came passenger in the C. and is bearer of despatches to our go.... ... u. ......... ; 1 ??,l Tciiiiiicui) TVIIIVU lie tuincyo imiiicuiaicij, auu in person, to Washington. The following are his notes:? Thi I'liiiOi: or tub Cambria?Hurricanes vi Stkam Power. Jan 1st, 1949, at 4 o'olook, P. M., ? left LIverpoo wl h S3 passengers, and for foar hoars ths Cambria beaded oat of ths Southern p?*<ag?. During all this time, however, there was an appearaaoe in the southern sky whioh, to th i experienced mariner, denoted no rest for ths morning watoh ? "Cl-uds were passing o'er the sky, With a black and threatening eye." tight bolls were struok, and oar noble captain quiokly walked the quarter deok in a still and thoughtful mood with his eyi s occasionally turned to the southern hori m. The oourse we were then steering would, in a few hours, dear us from the eoast of Wales, the ancient Cambria, and we should meet the storm without any protecting barrier. The powerful engines, as they made their revolutions, seemed to say, we are ready to do our duty, and the Cambria to lift her bead rUth animation, aid snuff the gale as it oame sweeping from the headleads of those shores from whioh she received her name, aud to annonnoe to her old friends, with joy, her new route to New York. One bell was struok, half past 8, P.M., and Captain Harrison's voioe was heard : "Port your helm, bard a port." In a few moments, we were running for the Northern passage with all sails set. and the Cambria flew away from the southern storm like a ooy girl pursued by her lover. Hibernia now. In turn, beaatne our protector, and tha F.merald Isle, wbar? ao much misery dwells, seemed to tower above the waters to shield us from the winds. We pa/Red the bay where the steamer Great Britain went on shore, and many remarks were made b} the passengers, contrasting our situation with that of those who left Liverpool as we had done, animated by such pleasing hope sand prosperity. For thirty-sis hours we ran along' be Irish ooast, when we again met with the same enemy, rolling from the west, which we had so snoeessfully and pleasantly, ran away from In the other channel. Our captain oould ne longer permit the Cambria to danoe to the tune of the " Lad I left behind me," nor further avoid the collision ; and the elements of nature i wbloh, from creation till the nineteenth oentury, had ruled undisputed masters of the North Atlantis, particularly in the dreary month of January, had to be grappled with and overoome by that noble invention of combined powers, whloh was first oonceived and put in successful operation by the eons of North America, Fitch and liis disciple Fulton. There appeared no disposition on the rart of our oaptaln, the Cambria, nor any one on board, to avoid the struggle for the supremacy on the " wilderness of waters;" but all seemed Impa. tlent for the encounter. The western point of Ireland was on the larboard hand, i abaft the beam; the engines were walking off ten revolu tiona; " and like hound* standing In the leash, straining on the start,"' seemed struggling to be looeed for greater ' speed, when the flrat startling and powerful pass was made by our opponent, in the moat uneourteous and abrupt manner, direotly at the head, and foil in the 1 face, of the Cambria. Our '? bonny beat" waa not, however, caught napping, but fully on her guard; and the beautiful manner In which she parried the blow, and disdainfully tossed it ' many feet from her Aides, drew forth the warmest applause As the uiilltary chieftain, when his first battalloni are 1 defeated, orders up and concentrates his reserved forces to agaia renew the deadly oonfllot, so the ocean called | fori h her giant ettongth from the hidden deep ; and on it rolling came, with the systematic march of veterau le. gions. Blow followed blow; whloh, with the roarin.j of the winds, Ibe dashing of the aeas. an 1 the gToanlog struggles of our laboring engines, showed plainly what a war ' for the supremacy of the Western ooean was going on i an I altnougn tnn i amoria received the flret blow, yet n Anglo-Saxon etyle, In every encounter, oh* gave the la*t. Stilt with Indignation burning. He ea'led hie mrui ttlne from afar, still rep>lied and etill r.p.Illng, Waging a coat Dm d war " To en fxperlene?d eje, however. It wan ?onn evident that the Cambria wae more th> n a match for her oom ; peiltor ; and although th? rtrugg'e ooet her the loee of nnvial revoUitiona, etill ehn nobly held her way. with untiring wlrge, towaidn the land of the eettlng run where warm Dealt* and happy home*, 1 haew, were ant loud j waiting her arilval. For evaue lime, we flattered ouieeliea that the Cambria JJH lit. .Jtusmmmmam w vo iDITION, NEW hail AvaritAma tko atnanstk t\f tka ffula anil f lit! AllT I passage would not again be arrested by any more heavy battle*. Wednesday morning, Jan. 6th, lat. 36, long. 31, changed onr anticipations, and presented us with all the tary of a second-rate hurricane. This day the Cambria was tasked to the utmost of her oapaoity, to keep her head pointed to the west ; and often it seemed certain .that she must be overcome; still she never faltered, and at no time made less than six and a half revolutions. Often the sea appeared approaohing too powerful for onr gallant boat to meet; but she " walked the waters like a thing of life,'1 and apparently measured its mag| nitude with the nioest accuracy, calculating the oapaoity and strength of hertdeoks; then, with a graceful bow and couriesey, she would divide its power, taking Its foaming crest over her bows, and like a giant bird, secure of its victory, with her iron wings beat down, and rising high on the sea, majestically walk over the subdued, but bellowing waters. Every point of compass, from the 8 S W. to N. N. W. in the western board, had a fair set to on the Cambria* and all equally failed in arresting hur onward maroh. Have you seen th* noble bird, the emblem of our eoun try, u be cleft tbe mountain air, far beyond the reaeb of the huntsman's arrow, "with an eye that never winked, and a wing that never tired," bearing with an eagle's flight and eeourity, to his mate and nestling* In his eyre, the labors of the day? Thus, securely, did the Cambria, without rest for a moment, till her anchor was let go. bear us through all the dangers of our winter voyage, to the arms of those we love. Sunday. 9th, lat 59, long. 96 30. This 'was the first day of rest from the gale our boat or passengers had enjoyed ainoe our departure from the coast of Ireland, All the orew, dressed in neat suits, with " Cambria" on their breasts, attended in the saloon with the passengers, and joined In the Episcopal service, read by the surgeon of the ship In a pleasing voice, whioh would well become th* sacred desk. Daring the survioe, a beautiful breese sprung up from the northeast, and when we had fialshed our devotions' all sail was set, and we were soon flying away at the rate of eleven knots on our passage. January 19th. we were on soundings, and our decks were for the first time covered with ice and snow. 94th. Nova Scotia, tbe anoient Aoadia, was made in the morning, about 400 miles east of Halifax. 16th, we were within twenty miles of that port, when it beoame foggy, and Captain Harrison took his station on tb* wheelhouse, sxpeeting every moment to meke the light. The fog lifted a little, and his watobful eye diioovered breakers very near on the starboard bow hand, when he immedletely geve the order "hard a starboard?half speed," when the Cambria peesed sufficiently near the breakers lor comfortable feelings. la a few momenta, the lookout forward sung out, "breakers ahead," and the order" stop her, and turn back," was heard from the Captain. Almost Immediately the Cambria bad stern way, and the officer aft sung out," breakers astern," when the order, " let go the anchor," was immediately executed, and the steamer swung round to theses and wind in 17 fathoms water. The Captain found himself a short dlstanoe west of Halifax, in a horse-shoe basin, formed by breakers, whioh did not give him room to turn his head without letting go his anohor, which, having performed its errand, was weighed, and we reached the wharf at Halifax about 4 o'clock, A M. Sunday,the 10th. We were detained at Halifax but four hours, during whioh time we took on board 100 tons of ooal, some delicious lobsters, fresh fish, ho., and at 8 o'ciook, were again on our passage, with a New York pilot on board, who came to Halifax in the steamer Hibernla. We are, by these steamers, placed in possession of intelligence from Europe twelve days later than that received by the Washington. The news is of considerable interest. X lie ill oi iu iiii|'uiiaui:r, ill a tuniiiicitiai puiui of view, are the failures. We annex a list :? Additional Fauviii. Blaln Sc. Son. corn merchants Liverpool, Cotes worth, Powell It Pryor, N. Am. trade. London. D eaves. Brothers m*rehants Cork. Durand, MeKeoce It Co .merchants London. 1 Sharpe. Browne It Co , iron merchanta...Birmingham. 1 Froeke St Co.. shipowners Liverpool. Hartley. B , 8c Co , manufacturers Halifax. Mitchell St Co , Canadian merchants . . . .(.tlaeg >w Oakee & loner, Ketley Ironworks Klog<winford Rankine It Co.. warehousemen. . Glasgow. Sanders. May, Fordyae St Co., merohants.Calcutta Sends, T St J , merohants Liverpool. Wright, J.,St Co., Russian merchants. . .London. There were four failures reported in London on the 31st ult. Of these, Durand, McKenzie & Co., and Cotesworth, Powell & Pryor, were two. There was no material change in cotton. The next piece of intelligence of importance, is probably the price of breadstufts. We have compiled a comparative statement of the prices on the 18th and 31st ult., showing the rise in j each article. It is annexed:? PRICES OP BREADSrUEFS I\ LIVERPOOL. Dee Id. Dec. 31. Per Caledonia Per Cambria. ? d a. d. t. d i d. ' American Wheat 7 9a 8 10 6 9 a 90 ! Indian Corn 33 0 a 30 00 34 0 a 39 0 ! Indian Meal 14 6 a 16 6 16 0 a 16 6 American Flour 38 0 a 30 0 30 0 a 31 0 The following arc the details of the news:? ; Special Despatches to tlte New York Herald Paris, Dec. 22, 1817. j Preparations for the Opening of the Chamber of Deputiei?Political News?Proposed ReformsArrival of Prince Jerome Buonaparte?Pro' posed Pension to him, <$*r. We are now at an interesting season of the po: litical year, being on the eve of opening the firft session of the new Chambers. By a royal ordonnance, which appeared a few days ago in the Moniteur, the Chambers are to be opened on the 23th. On that day the king will go in person to the Palais Bourbon, and deliver the royal speech. The members of the Chamber of Deputies will, however, meet on the 27th, for the purpose ot making the arrangements for the ceremonial reception of the sovereign. The senior ot the Deputies, by age, will preside, and the four junior Deputies will act as Secretaries. On the 28th no misiners, save tne lormaiuy 01 ine epeecn, will be transacted. The three succeeding days will be devoted to the important questions of the election of the President, the lour Vice Prrsi dents and the four Secretaries. The cabinet has already announced in the columns of the Journal Hft Dtbat?, that it stakes its existence on the reelection of M. Sauzet, as President, and on the exclusion of M. Leon de Maleville, a well known reformer, Iront the office o( Vice President, which he held in the late Chamber. In either of these events?the failure of M. Sauzet, or the re-election of M de Maleville?it is peremptorily announced that the cabinet will resign. Meanwhile toe opposition have proposed no candidates M. M. Dupin and Dulaure are mentioned as the oniy persons who would have the least chance; but it is said that neither of these de| uties will consent to st ?nd. It is, therefore, not improbable that the Presidency ot the Chamber will be carried by the cabinet candidate without opposition. The pirty ol Thiers might, nrobnbly, have united with the mure extreme I ft in supporting M. de Maleville for the Vice Presidency, but the government have had the tuct to propose Marshal Bugeaud as the candidate airRinst lnm Now. the Marshal was in the cabinet ot M Thiera, and he would be the last man who would meet with opposition from that deputy orhiH party. It is, therefore, very probable that all the government candidaten for Presidency and Vice Presidency will be elected. We are assured by an authority holding n high station, and on whom we can place full reliance, that the friends of the cabinet have had, within the last few d.iye, several conferenc ? on the present position of affairs. Several ?t the most influential among ihem Were dissatisfied wi.h the altitude as-umed by M. Ouizot towards Switzerland, and it soon b cune evident tlikt it the policy ol intervention were p rsevereo in, a split must lake pl iC", which would render the oppos tion so formidable as to menace the cabinet wnh a signal deieat in the very fi'st day* of the coming s- ssion. Under ihr^e cir cumstaiiCen, even the cliaractrrislic rigidity o' ' M. Guizot whb compelled to relax t'sell, and aftt r much dispute, and with the must painlul ejnctunce, the President of the Council and Mlutaicr of Foreign Affairs, was compelled 10 ! > Mlnirem RR h YORK, JANUA] give way, and all idta of interference of Hny Kind in Switzerland was given up. On this concession, the conservatives agreed to support the ministry in such numbers as will secure for it a working majority of sixty votes. Thus we mav consider that the Guizot cabinet lias ae quired anew lease of powt-r, Hhd it is estab- ! lished in it* position until some contingency that cannot now br fnrseen, shall displace it. I But in the present state of public opinion, no cabinet could maintain itself without making some concession to the spirit of progress, which characterises the present times. Accordingly, it has been resolved in the very opening of the session, to throw two or three sops to the growling spirit of reform. The first will be a reform of the postuge, which is now enormous, in proportion to the weight of letters A quarter of au ounce constitutes a single letter, and on this a postage of half a frauc is charged for moderate distances, with an increasing rate tor larger radii. It is not announced, us yet, how Tar the proposed reform will go, nor what features of the English system will he adopted. The two most important conditions are in uniform rate, and u low one; stamped covers and pre-payment would complete the thing. It is, however, quite certain, that no reduction will be made bearing any proportion to the English system, and it is feared that urate will he fixed on increasing with distance, a principle altogether repudiated by the English system. The essence of that system is that a despatch of half an ounce will be transmitted from any one point in the United Kingdom to any other point, for one penny, and that the