## Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 19, 1848, Page 1

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. . ... ? si T H mm New York, January 19?4 P. BI. BY SAQNBTIC TKLECRAPH. Burglar bbot. Albany, Jan. 19, 1848. A man named Blunt was shot on Friday night, while attempting to break into the Schodac depot of the Boston Railroad Company. His companions ran off, leavirg Blnnt's dead body. NEW YORK LBGISLATIIRK. Senate. The bill to emend the eot relative to the Brooklyn Charter Convention, was ordered to a third reading. The bill relative to filling vacancies In the office of Sheriff referred to the judiciary committee. A bill was reported relative to the charter of the Long Island Canal and Navigation Company. The notioe of the bill to make oltles and villages reaponslble for damages. Adjourned. Assembly. Mr. Beach reported a bill for compensated in oases on riots. Bill to regulate sale of medicines and medical eomnounds?read a third time. Notice to recommit with instruction! to rostore clause exempting prescription of regular physicians?lost. Vote on bill taken and rejected, 67 and 38 A motion to reoonsider was made and rejected; so the bill is lost. Mr. Brooks' resolution relative to telegraph companies, was agreed to. A bill to amend aot relative to sale of pre-emption rights in New York, was ordered te a third reading. Debate to adjournment on River and Harbor resolutions, and State Agricultural Convention. Buffalo or Gsneva will be selected for the State Fair. Cirv Til* DE RsiPORT. Nkw York, January 19, 1848. Ashes?The market is firm for pots at $5 75, at which they are in demand; they are generally hrld at$6; pearls are dull at $7. Brick?The market is better for hard North River, with sales at$4 37?, ut which they are in demand. Beeswax?Within a few days, sales have been made of 10,000 a 12,000 lbs.; Southern yellow at 22c a 25c., and in uome instances, higher prices have been paid. Cotton?Nothing done as yet to show the ef iw ;i ui me wamona a news. Flour, &c.?The market is somewhut unsettled by the Cambria's news; dealers generally hold for an improvement of 124c. on the prices current yesterday, and small sales of good western brands have been made at $6 18 j a$6 25; prime Genesee at $(> 50, and extra at ?7 a S7 25; holders arc firm in views of a very small stcck in market, not exceeding 300 000 bbl9 of all kinds. Southern Hour is dull, and we hear of no sales; it is held at$6 314 a Corn Meal is held at $3 50 for Jersey, but no sales have been made to show the effect of the news Rye flour and Buckwheat are quiet, but firm, at yesterday's quotations. Grain?Holders of whest ask higher prices, but no sales have been made to show the effect of the late foreign advices. Corn is held for better prices, but nothing has beeu done. Rye and barley are firm but quiet Oats are steady aid saleab'.e at 50c a 51c for canal; and 44c a i 46c for Je rsey. Prov.sions?There is no change to notice in the ma rket for Onio pork ; mess continues comparatively scarce and in demand, at ?12 for new, md f;10 25 for old. Sales yesterday for 200 bbls. new, prime, ?7 75, and old do, ?6 37j- B efi9 firm and in lair demand at vesterdav's prices. Lard continues in good demand, and we note sale i this morning of 000 kegs, strain rendered, nt 8 ?c, short time. Butter and cheese are steady and. saleable. Tallow?There is a good demand for tallow far export, and the market is firm. Sales yesterday 60,000 lbs. Prime country rendered at 8|c, Hnd inferior at 7j, cash. Ricx?The market is firm, and within a few d tys sales have bceu made of about 400 tierce, at$3 2a a S3 75, cash, principally for export. Hay?There is a steady demand for North river, with considerable sales for shipment, nt 70c n 75c. SlucK ffiichang*. $2inoo Tieai NottiS'i ?fi% 5 ?hi B-u.lt of America !?3 4300 do I l>, 50 ih* Farm Trust blO 25% do 400 do 25% 2500 do OCHi 200 do b3t 26 3000 do 98'a loo Morris Cnnnl 0% 101)00 do >60 9* 1?0 <10 J.N 510 do W* 50 Canton Co 3000 Slate 7'*>49 lOii 50 do J** icon H'nte 5** '60 96* 50 Nor It Wor 3>\ 3400 U Statu 6'? ^7 98 * 850 Long Island RK J'S 500 do '68 97 K0 do btm 3>?, 15000 do 5'? 'j3 87* 800 do _ blO 25). 6'>0> Indiana Slate i'? 49* 158 Harlem HR 99 8000 do 5? 50 do blO 39 ! 5000 Penn 5'a ?60 (>?.* 310 do b30 39 6100 dn 1.60 70* 850 d i ?*7? 150* Ohio 7'? 10"* 50 do bj? 38'. 5:0' Heading Be nrl? 68* 00 do *10 3*5. 1 ViOO do b90 <4 100 do *30 3 * 3080 do 83* SHI PPING INTELLIGENCE. IpokM. fhu> R-auoke K?I It, from Baltimore for Rio Janeiro, Not 88 Iat88 N. Ion 3f. ? . _ Porrlgn Porta. Marti.", Dec 38?A rr Nione. Th mn. New Orlean*: Suffolk Vterrlian , ilo; 2 itii. I P H.iwa'd, Read, do; 35th, Oneida. Willard. Ne>? ??rk; 81 h,Tli<>mt* J Roger* Pnrrington, New O leaui; 2.11, S.litrou, Merrymau, do; Dumbarton, PeuSailed 251 h. Baea'ia. I' ".we. NYork; 26th. H*mo*et, Tucker, New Orient!*. 84ih. Ju oner. Carter. New York Load.g, iluiguudy, Wott"n. anil N??? York JanltVers.aillea, Hunt, for Hoaui n do; Aatwern MrK ighr, for Ntw Or 1-nt. soon; Colon ho, ('ray dodo; Far waul Haraamrd, do do: Krancoii-, f.tdo Juni; Dumbarton, Pendleton, do do: Ancona. Norn dnlS'li. ADVBKTlHKMEiMS NEW EVERY MORNING, Pvbk~theatr k-orand change of pmrKOK.MANt.E ? V|e?,ri. SaMII, LK^T k Co. S American! irrn, The folleat and moat t'lent'd company in the wo Id, it now pei forming nightly nt the shore eitah'ith tneut he 1 roipe ia continued of gent emeu end lid tea W n a'l itawd But in their respective bnimeaa, and the fame of te? dancing hora-s nnd trained ponies ia a* widespread aa it. ia deaerreri Heeond week of Hernnndez. Firat wen of a new 1'antom tne. Krery i.tfaetiu in one grand bill. Clowns. Pentland, I .atltrop and U.ordn?r Dreaa l ircle and rariiit'tte, Vf cams; Bog-a 25 cent* Gallery, '2X centa; frigate Boiea, IK! each, C hildren nuder IA years of?ge. when accompanied by their parenta or guardians, to the dreaa circle, half priceDim a open at 6)(?performance to coin men e nt 7. N. B.?V grar d ifterno.i performance ayery Wedneadey and Saturday oil .mencing 1tK o'clock d""1 H ATH ' M Tn E ATttE?Wedfieadayerening Ian Will? 'I h* pe f. in inre will conuneiire wfh the fif h n t ?i RD .H 0 III?Mich rd ||i, vira Wilktuao i; Lady Anne Mi as iltld eth. A'fer which IV. H Ke n will give hia en terl linmc t of (IVMN a HTIO KEnTS?After whehthr Ml if)!1 L AH ISTS in the r admired Tah'eanit Virnn'S.? The wnole to conclude with .he HGBB K'S WIKEHoae Redland Mra Wilkiuwn; Mark R-dtand, Mr Hn'her I ltd. I,sty O'Oig Mr O' >ri?n; M' P nfoddV, Mr. Addia Botet. 25 centa; it, I2H centa. Donraop n at half piat 6, per To ma re t.< c, mm ce . t 7 peeiaely \l ITl H ELL'S OLVVtcj ( HE t t'life!-**. neTiTj ?l ryaning 'January Uih B IB ? i'l he m rforn.e ihi new fairv Eitrarigaiiia entitled the NEW PLANET-T e New r a .et Vina Vtary I snort \*er. urr, Mr l ouorer ztfe which De WAVDKl P O VIIN-T HEI ? Jem Bans M?. ?1irrh?ll; l eggy. Mi,a Roberta. To he f,ir0w/dbv ih' INVl-HI K fNIV K?Do,, e nder. Mi,a V,-y Toil Th? Infante Fu'ihoaid. Mr. Onoyer t o conclude wirb rhr f r e entitled WHO'BMV HUH t ND- Dr vaas I Mr I n n nghtm; Daniel Toot ea, Mr H.dluid; Mrs tm.th T .oinp Iao'i, M a laherwoo l Doori ?rn n at halt past t anil the enlam riaea at 7 o'clock. Dreaa lite 50 e??u. ilogas, 19; Pit kNIIIt JL. E NE' EVENING E AFFAIRS OF EUROPE, ARRIVAL OF niK STEAMSHIPS CAMBRIA & MISSOURI. Interesting Aeeount of the Voyage of the Cambria. TWELVE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE, UHrUKTANT lUMMKKUIAL 11\ I fcLLIUb-T/lb. IMPROVEMENT IN CORN. State of the Cotton and Money Markets* Additional Mercantile Failures. INSURRECTION IN GREECE. THE SPANISH MONARCHY IN MEXICO. Opening of the French Chambers. The Reception of the President's Message in England. Special Deipalcliei to the New York. Herald, die. die. die. Two ocean s'eamers arrived at this port yes* terday?the Missouri, Capt. Morin, from Havre, via Halifax, and the Cambria, Capt. Harrison, from Liverpool, via Halifax; the former the French, and the latter the English mail packet. The Missouri left Havre on the 23d ult.; the Cambria left Liverpool on the 1st. inst. Annexed are the passengers by the Missouri: PASSKNOKRS BY THE MISSOURI. Mr and Mrs. I.eeeane and servant; Mr. Stnmb, Mr T as.V/O.s Mn Paavd.* Me ll.levAie \f? Me. Lordat, Mr. Monassot, Mr. Beoker, Mr Brocard, Mr. Duverney, Mr Brlsac, Mr Bourry, Mr. Sleber, Mr. Da Cbazourna*. Mr Faller, Mma VUlamat Mr. Cornet, Mr Bagar. Mr Helnsen, Mr. Mullody, Mr. Pater Morris, Mr. and Mrs Dollan. Mr. Braun, Mr. Axnaldl, of the Italian Opera, and wife. Annexed are those by the Cambria:? PASSENGERS BY THE CAMBRIA. For Hnlif, r ?Mr J M d'Avray, lady, and ohlld; Ensign Martin, Lieut. Dare,Mesars. Lawton, Samnard, and Rudderham For Sew t'ork.?Mr Tooker and lady, Mr. Bush and lady, Mr Williams and lady, Mr Henry and lady. Mr. Janet and lady, Mr. Oilliam and lady, and Mies Gilliam, Miss Cooledge, and Mrs Green, two children, and two nurses; Messrs. Wm (oglta, Bradtsb, Wood bridge, Tailnot, Kieokhaefer, Wm. Armstrong, F. H Duffle, Farnham Lappenberg, M. Samuels. Gillilam L Draper. MoIntosh, Cusbing. A D. Kenton, E Robins, Hardt, Ayers, A. B Strong* des Orcee Fitzgerald. S Dupont. J. T Bates, G Is. Berrl. Fansbaw, Ernest Huffman. F H Piston, A loerton J Clonthall N King, Marewood, Hammond, J. C Jackson, N. 8 Black, Bruodred, 3atl*y, Leyening, E Morris, S E Burroughs, (bearer of desoatcbes.) Tuekermau, Jno Cunningham. Robt. Miller, Wm. Stewart. Warburton L Tbomes. Deserts, Wingfield, Sparron Newhoff, Cochran, Murphy, Gessele, and Lumner hahfai to S'rw York.?Vlr. Hoeftrd and man servant, Mr Wm. Flinn, Mr. Palmer, and Wm Spears. The particulars of the passage of the Missouri are given, in brief, in another column; those of the Cambria, which we hive kindly been permitted to copy from the notes of Si's? E. Burroughs, Esq , who came passenger in the C. and is bearer of despatches to our go.... ... u. ......... ; 1 ??,l Tciiiiiicui) TVIIIVU lie tuincyo imiiicuiaicij, auu in person, to Washington. The following are his notes:? Thi I'liiiOi: or tub Cambria?Hurricanes vi Stkam Power. Jan 1st, 1949, at 4 o'olook, P. M., ? left LIverpoo wl h S3 passengers, and for foar hoars ths Cambria beaded oat of ths Southern p?*<ag?. During all this time, however, there was an appearaaoe in the southern sky whioh, to th i experienced mariner, denoted no rest for ths morning watoh ? "Cl-uds were passing o'er the sky, With a black and threatening eye." tight bolls were struok, and oar noble captain quiokly walked the quarter deok in a still and thoughtful mood with his eyi s occasionally turned to the southern hori m. The oourse we were then steering would, in a few hours, dear us from the eoast of Wales, the ancient Cambria, and we should meet the storm without any protecting barrier. The powerful engines, as they made their revolutions, seemed to say, we are ready to do our duty, and the Cambria to lift her bead rUth animation, aid snuff the gale as it oame sweeping from the headleads of those shores from whioh she received her name, aud to annonnoe to her old friends, with joy, her new route to New York. One bell was struok, half past 8, P.M., and Captain Harrison's voioe was heard : "Port your helm, bard a port." In a few moments, we were running for the Northern passage with all sails set. and the Cambria flew away from the southern storm like a ooy girl pursued by her lover. Hibernia now. In turn, beaatne our protector, and tha F.merald Isle, wbar? ao much misery dwells, seemed to tower above the waters to shield us from the winds. We pa/Red the bay where the steamer Great Britain went on shore, and many remarks were made b} the passengers, contrasting our situation with that of those who left Liverpool as we had done, animated by such pleasing hope sand prosperity. For thirty-sis hours we ran along' be Irish ooast, when we again met with the same enemy, rolling from the west, which we had so snoeessfully and pleasantly, ran away from In the other channel. Our captain oould ne longer permit the Cambria to danoe to the tune of the " Lad I left behind me," nor further avoid the collision ; and the elements of nature i wbloh, from creation till the nineteenth oentury, had ruled undisputed masters of the North Atlantis, particularly in the dreary month of January, had to be grappled with and overoome by that noble invention of combined powers, whloh was first oonceived and put in successful operation by the eons of North America, Fitch and liis disciple Fulton. There appeared no disposition on the rart of our oaptaln, the Cambria, nor any one on board, to avoid the struggle for the supremacy on the " wilderness of waters;" but all seemed Impa. tlent for the encounter. The western point of Ireland was on the larboard hand, i abaft the beam; the engines were walking off ten revolu tiona; " and like hound* standing In the leash, straining on the start,"' seemed struggling to be looeed for greater ' speed, when the flrat startling and powerful pass was made by our opponent, in the moat uneourteous and abrupt manner, direotly at the head, and foil in the 1 face, of the Cambria. Our '? bonny beat" waa not, however, caught napping, but fully on her guard; and the beautiful manner In which she parried the blow, and disdainfully tossed it ' many feet from her Aides, drew forth the warmest applause As the uiilltary chieftain, when his first battalloni are 1 defeated, orders up and concentrates his reserved forces to agaia renew the deadly oonfllot, so the ocean called | fori h her giant ettongth from the hidden deep ; and on it rolling came, with the systematic march of veterau le. gions. Blow followed blow; whloh, with the roarin.j of the winds, Ibe dashing of the aeas. an 1 the gToanlog struggles of our laboring engines, showed plainly what a war ' for the supremacy of the Western ooean was going on i an I altnougn tnn i amoria received the flret blow, yet n Anglo-Saxon etyle, In every encounter, oh* gave the la*t. Stilt with Indignation burning. He ea'led hie mrui ttlne from afar, still rep>lied and etill r.p.Illng, Waging a coat Dm d war " To en fxperlene?d eje, however. It wan ?onn evident that the Cambria wae more th> n a match for her oom ; peiltor ; and although th? rtrugg'e ooet her the loee of nnvial revoUitiona, etill ehn nobly held her way. with untiring wlrge, towaidn the land of the eettlng run where warm Dealt* and happy home*, 1 haew, were ant loud j waiting her arilval. For evaue lime, we flattered ouieeliea that the Cambria JJH lit. .Jtusmmmmam w vo iDITION, NEW hail AvaritAma tko atnanstk t\f tka ffula anil f lit! AllT I passage would not again be arrested by any more heavy battle*. Wednesday morning, Jan. 6th, lat. 36, long. 31, changed onr anticipations, and presented us with all the tary of a second-rate hurricane. This day the Cambria was tasked to the utmost of her oapaoity, to keep her head pointed to the west ; and often it seemed certain .that she must be overcome; still she never faltered, and at no time made less than six and a half revolutions. Often the sea appeared approaohing too powerful for onr gallant boat to meet; but she " walked the waters like a thing of life,'1 and apparently measured its mag| nitude with the nioest accuracy, calculating the oapaoity and strength of hertdeoks; then, with a graceful bow and couriesey, she would divide its power, taking Its foaming crest over her bows, and like a giant bird, secure of its victory, with her iron wings beat down, and rising high on the sea, majestically walk over the subdued, but bellowing waters. Every point of compass, from the 8 S W. to N. N. W. in the western board, had a fair set to on the Cambria* and all equally failed in arresting hur onward maroh. Have you seen th* noble bird, the emblem of our eoun try, u be cleft tbe mountain air, far beyond the reaeb of the huntsman's arrow, "with an eye that never winked, and a wing that never tired," bearing with an eagle's flight and eeourity, to his mate and nestling* In his eyre, the labors of the day? Thus, securely, did the Cambria, without rest for a moment, till her anchor was let go. bear us through all the dangers of our winter voyage, to the arms of those we love. Sunday. 9th, lat 59, long. 96 30. This 'was the first day of rest from the gale our boat or passengers had enjoyed ainoe our departure from the coast of Ireland, All the orew, dressed in neat suits, with " Cambria" on their breasts, attended in the saloon with the passengers, and joined In the Episcopal service, read by the surgeon of the ship In a pleasing voice, whioh would well become th* sacred desk. Daring the survioe, a beautiful breese sprung up from the northeast, and when we had fialshed our devotions' all sail was set, and we were soon flying away at the rate of eleven knots on our passage. January 19th. we were on soundings, and our decks were for the first time covered with ice and snow. 94th. Nova Scotia, tbe anoient Aoadia, was made in the morning, about 400 miles east of Halifax. 16th, we were within twenty miles of that port, when it beoame foggy, and Captain Harrison took his station on tb* wheelhouse, sxpeeting every moment to meke the light. The fog lifted a little, and his watobful eye diioovered breakers very near on the starboard bow hand, when he immedletely geve the order "hard a starboard?half speed," when the Cambria peesed sufficiently near the breakers lor comfortable feelings. la a few momenta, the lookout forward sung out, "breakers ahead," and the order" stop her, and turn back," was heard from the Captain. Almost Immediately the Cambria bad stern way, and the officer aft sung out," breakers astern," when the order, " let go the anchor," was immediately executed, and the steamer swung round to theses and wind in 17 fathoms water. The Captain found himself a short dlstanoe west of Halifax, in a horse-shoe basin, formed by breakers, whioh did not give him room to turn his head without letting go his anohor, which, having performed its errand, was weighed, and we reached the wharf at Halifax about 4 o'clock, A M. Sunday,the 10th. We were detained at Halifax but four hours, during whioh time we took on board 100 tons of ooal, some delicious lobsters, fresh fish, ho., and at 8 o'ciook, were again on our passage, with a New York pilot on board, who came to Halifax in the steamer Hibernla. We are, by these steamers, placed in possession of intelligence from Europe twelve days later than that received by the Washington. The news is of considerable interest. X lie ill oi iu iiii|'uiiaui:r, ill a tuniiiicitiai puiui of view, are the failures. We annex a list :? Additional Fauviii. Blaln Sc. Son. corn merchants Liverpool, Cotes worth, Powell It Pryor, N. Am. trade. London. D eaves. Brothers m*rehants Cork. Durand, MeKeoce It Co .merchants London. 1 Sharpe. Browne It Co , iron merchanta...Birmingham. 1 Froeke St Co.. shipowners Liverpool. Hartley. B , 8c Co , manufacturers Halifax. Mitchell St Co , Canadian merchants . . . .(.tlaeg >w Oakee & loner, Ketley Ironworks Klog<winford Rankine It Co.. warehousemen. . Glasgow. Sanders. May, Fordyae St Co., merohants.Calcutta Sends, T St J , merohants Liverpool. Wright, J.,St Co., Russian merchants. . .London. There were four failures reported in London on the 31st ult. Of these, Durand, McKenzie & Co., and Cotesworth, Powell & Pryor, were two. There was no material change in cotton. The next piece of intelligence of importance, is probably the price of breadstufts. We have compiled a comparative statement of the prices on the 18th and 31st ult., showing the rise in j each article. It is annexed:? PRICES OP BREADSrUEFS I\ LIVERPOOL. Dee Id. Dec. 31. Per Caledonia Per Cambria. ? d a. d. t. d i d. ' American Wheat 7 9a 8 10 6 9 a 90 ! Indian Corn 33 0 a 30 00 34 0 a 39 0 ! Indian Meal 14 6 a 16 6 16 0 a 16 6 American Flour 38 0 a 30 0 30 0 a 31 0 The following arc the details of the news:? ; Special Despatches to tlte New York Herald Paris, Dec. 22, 1817. j Preparations for the Opening of the Chamber of Deputiei?Political News?Proposed ReformsArrival of Prince Jerome Buonaparte?Pro' posed Pension to him, <$*r. We are now at an interesting season of the po: litical year, being on the eve of opening the firft session of the new Chambers. By a royal ordonnance, which appeared a few days ago in the Moniteur, the Chambers are to be opened on the 23th. On that day the king will go in person to the Palais Bourbon, and deliver the royal speech. The members of the Chamber of Deputies will, however, meet on the 27th, for the purpose ot making the arrangements for the ceremonial reception of the sovereign. The senior ot the Deputies, by age, will preside, and the four junior Deputies will act as Secretaries. On the 28th no misiners, save tne lormaiuy 01 ine epeecn, will be transacted. The three succeeding days will be devoted to the important questions of the election of the President, the lour Vice Prrsi dents and the four Secretaries. The cabinet has already announced in the columns of the Journal Hft Dtbat?, that it stakes its existence on the reelection of M. Sauzet, as President, and on the exclusion of M. Leon de Maleville, a well known reformer, Iront the office o( Vice President, which he held in the late Chamber. In either of these events?the failure of M. Sauzet, or the re-election of M de Maleville?it is peremptorily announced that the cabinet will resign. Meanwhile toe opposition have proposed no candidates M. M. Dupin and Dulaure are mentioned as the oniy persons who would have the least chance; but it is said that neither of these de| uties will consent to st ?nd. It is, therefore, not improbable that the Presidency ot the Chamber will be carried by the cabinet candidate without opposition. The pirty ol Thiers might, nrobnbly, have united with the mure extreme I ft in supporting M. de Maleville for the Vice Presidency, but the government have had the tuct to propose Marshal Bugeaud as the candidate airRinst lnm Now. the Marshal was in the cabinet ot M Thiera, and he would be the last man who would meet with opposition from that deputy orhiH party. It is, therefore, very probable that all the government candidaten for Presidency and Vice Presidency will be elected. We are assured by an authority holding n high station, and on whom we can place full reliance, that the friends of the cabinet have had, within the last few d.iye, several conferenc ? on the present position of affairs. Several ?t the most influential among ihem Were dissatisfied wi.h the altitude as-umed by M. Ouizot towards Switzerland, and it soon b cune evident tlikt it the policy ol intervention were p rsevereo in, a split must lake pl iC", which would render the oppos tion so formidable as to menace the cabinet wnh a signal deieat in the very fi'st day* of the coming s- ssion. Under ihr^e cir cumstaiiCen, even the cliaractrrislic rigidity o' ' M. Guizot whb compelled to relax t'sell, and aftt r much dispute, and with the must painlul ejnctunce, the President of the Council and Mlutaicr of Foreign Affairs, was compelled 10 ! > Mlnirem RR h YORK, JANUA] give way, and all idta of interference of Hny Kind in Switzerland was given up. On this concession, the conservatives agreed to support the ministry in such numbers as will secure for it a working majority of sixty votes. Thus we mav consider that the Guizot cabinet lias ae quired anew lease of powt-r, Hhd it is estab- ! lished in it* position until some contingency that cannot now br fnrseen, shall displace it. I But in the present state of public opinion, no cabinet could maintain itself without making some concession to the spirit of progress, which characterises the present times. Accordingly, it has been resolved in the very opening of the session, to throw two or three sops to the growling spirit of reform. The first will be a reform of the postuge, which is now enormous, in proportion to the weight of letters A quarter of au ounce constitutes a single letter, and on this a postage of half a frauc is charged for moderate distances, with an increasing rate tor larger radii. It is not announced, us yet, how Tar the proposed reform will go, nor what features of the English system will he adopted. The two most important conditions are in uniform rate, and u low one; stamped covers and pre-payment would complete the thing. It is, however, quite certain, that no reduction will be made bearing any proportion to the English system, and it is feared that urate will he fixed on increasing with distance, a principle altogether repudiated by the English system. The essence of that system is that a despatch of half an ounce will be transmitted from any one point in the United Kingdom to any other point, for one penny, and that the writer can stick the penny on the envelope in thn hIimup nf u Kit nf nui?<?r TKa kootifi<iil aim. plicity of this will hardly be realized here. Tne second measure of reform proposed, is one calculated to mitigate the unpopularity of the cabinet. It is a reduction of the salt tax, which is felt in France in a peculiarly oppressive manner, since, while it produces 110 sensible elVect on the more easy classes, it operates with u grinding severity on the poor. But there is another measure which the cabinet intends to bring forward, which,while it will bring no real benefit to the people, will be productive of a ten-fold popularity to the ministry, j Within u few weeks a permission has been given to the ouly surviving brother of Napoleon, tlie Prince Jerome, ex-King of Westphalia, with his family> to reside in France. The Prince, availing himself of this permission, has lately arrived in Paris, and now resides in a house iu the Champs Elysees, at the comer of the Hue de Berry. Immediately on his arrival, he was received in private audience, nccoim>?aird by his son, by Louis Philippe. It wu uou.'rstood that this interview was mutually HlllfMtorj, and since then the Prince has lived here in the most unobtrusive manner. His hotel is such as might be occupied by a private gentlernau ol moderate lortune. He has never appeared in any manner to be recognized by the public, except on two occasions?one of these, as I mentioned in a former letter, was on the celebration of the funeral obuon 1I1PU nl hll lufP Itrnther I .nuiu t l-w? nv.lt innr of Holland ; the second was on the occasion of the annual celebration of the arrival of the remaius of the Etnperor Napoleon at the chapel of the Invalids, which was held on Monday, the 13th instant. This prudent system of conduct ha* not only acquired tor Prince Jerome the respect and esteem of the triends and partisans of his family, but has also conciliated ihe favorable sentiments ol the Orleans family and the most influential sections of the Chamber. M Thiers, whose idolatry of the memory of Napoieon is well known, set his heart upon obtaining from the Chambers ti munificent pension for thin, his only surviving brother; aud the leader of the opposition, if his purposes were selfish, might have obtained an easy and cheap popularity by taking the initiative of a proposition which would have been received With acclamation, but which would also have placed the government in the false position of eittier yielding to the demand of an adversary, or of opposing a decidedly popular measure. M. Ttiiers, however, adopted a course marked by the most delicate consideration towards the object ol his solicitude Waivingall selfish views, he went personally toAl Duchatel, Minister of the Interior, and suggested to him the ideaol government itself proposing the grant of u suitable pension to the only surviving brother of him who had surrounded the French name with imperishable glory He doubtless pointed out that such a measure would be productive of great poI nUiHMtV tn the n?Li,w?f nnH that if lAfrktl I rl rnnn.Ui. | the almost unanimous approbation ot the Chaini ber. The result ot all this has been, the decision on the p irt of the government to propose, l immediately on the opening of the Chamber, a pension of 160,000 francs, equivalent to nearly , 30,000 dollars, being a gr- ater income than that | of the President of the United States, to Prince ! Jerome Bonaparte. This combination of popular measures will, beyond all doubt, diairtn tor a time the opposition. The policy of intervention, in Switzerland, whirh was attempted to be carried into effect, would have offered the most vulnerable point to the opposition. But the course of events has laid that policy in its grave. Xo doubt the appointment of the Due d'Aumale to the Governor Generalship of Algeria, will be taken up by some panic? us a subject ot offence. But there is nothing at the prest-nf moment in that measure to render it generally obnoxious to the public.? Its real object is too remote to he vitible to the general eye, and it is only the far-sighted few ihatcan sec in the Governor General the chrysalis ot a future monarch; and in the African colony a future kingdom for a junior line of the House of Orleans; yet, in the common course of political events, this thing must surely come to pass, and many would more willingly stake a i net on tne dynasty oi Aitmale, than on (he sucI cession of the Count ile Paris. The one is suhj- ct i to innumerable popular contingencies, and much I public suspicion and distrust, while the other is looked up to as a Sultan by a people who are traditionally attached to despotism. To turn for a moment to lighter and more transitory matters, we tnsy observe that Paris lias rarely at this season been less frequented by foreigners, and especially by English. This is a subject of general complaint among the proprietors of hotels and lodging houses in the F*uh >urg .St. Honor* and Chmss*e D'Aftin. The King, with his family and suit, removed on Mondnv last, the 20th, Iront St. Cloud to the Tutlleries, where they will remain for the w inter season The theatres are in their meridian. The grand opera has brought out, with all its characteristic splendor of scenery and machinery, and all the luxury of its corps-du-ballet, a new opera, called " Jerusalem," to which Verdst has been employed to adapt the music ol his opera, " I. Lombard!," to which he has added lor the occasion some new airs, choruses and dances. The cho rai ana instrumental parts 01 tne opera, wmco, by the by, constitute nine tenth* of it, art- magnificent. But as in all Verdet's operas, tlie ear yearns tor melodies which arc few and tar between. Nevertheless, it must be acknowledged, in justice to the composer and managers, the present entertainment is a most splendid and attractive spectacle. The Italian opera has acquired a most important attraction in the person of Md'lle Alboni, the finest contra-alto who has appeared in Eu rope since the days of Pisaront. Md'lle Alboni made her debut in the part of Ardace, in Rossini's opera of Seniiraniide, with Grisi in the part of the l^ueeii, and in a more glorious musical festival we have never participated. The attraction was so great that the entire house was forestalled the moment the box otlice was opened, and places which cost at the regular rates 12 francs, were resold at Irom 40 to ] .?(). The secood part in which Alboni has appeared, is the " Cenerentola," which is proceeding with like results. Although said 10 be not more than 22, Md'lle Alboni is iu perton ot enormous dimensions; she is, allowing tor the ditl-rence ot age, a female La Blaehe. Her attractions, of course, cannot be at all ascribed to personal charms ; but luckily her principal parts belong to the sex lint she so much resembles. We expect her next to appear in the parts of Tippo, in me wum loiiirn, Huu v lie ruoiiio, in me 'iiiii*o da Figaro." It is not impossible, also, that "Tancredi" may be rrviaed tor tier A new opera by Auber is announced Ht the Opera Connque, to be produced before ttvend of tne month. The masked balls have commenced on the u ual scale of splendor, so far as relates to the music and decorations ; but ihese en'ertainmenis are evidently on the decline; the ace has outlived iliein, and the manners in wtnch they originated have undergone a compleie revolution 1 he temil" portion ot tliose wtio now frequent thrm, are limited to those classes whose virtue is as trail a? their costume, intrrmiiigled wuh some or> igntr* and visit rs from tin proviuc* a, who include ih.se hails in the catalogue ot sights which ihey think it iheir duty to see. As to the male portion ot the assembly, they are, of course, <>niy attrscte there by the fairer and frailer pOlllOU. [ERA RY 19, 1848. Paris, Dec. 22, 1847. State of the French Money Mutters?The Public Funds. The public funds and railway altares have, tor tlie Ian' tea days, manifested a constant tendency to rise. Tina may be ascribed either to the natural oscillation following the extreme tall which, Itaving reached its limit, a reaction must have ensued, or to theappfoachiug close of the month, sellers being then compelled to realise their operations, and obliged to provide real stock or shares for that purpose. However it be, a rise has not only taken place, but prices are now maintained with considerable steadiness. Nevertheless, mere speculators show much timidity, and are unusually reserved in their purchases. They still think that a very powerful house is interested in preventing certain securities from rising beyond a certain limit. The state of the market, however, is on the whole daily improving, and the settlement which took place on the 15:h, which, according to all appearance", would have produced u fall, had a contrary effect. The sellers who have carried on their railway shares, are still in the same situation Therefore, if the prices of s'ock be continued to be sustained, as well as of shares, there is reason to expect that the settlement at the end of the month, will be made upon arise, inconsequence of the forced repurchase of primes sold at low rates, and wluch must be bought hack at .tnv price. Tins would he the less surprising, inasmuch as a report has generally prevailed and been credited, for the last ten -lavs, that the Bank of France is about to lower its rate of d iscount to 4J, or even to 4 per cent. Such a measure would seem natural and probable, after the late reduction of one per cent, made by the Bank of Fuglaud, and alter the rise which has taken place in the hlnglish funds, in anticipation of the receipt of the approaching dividends on the cnndols. We are just beginning to recover from the sort of panic which was produced by the recent announcement of the call of 75 francs per share, to be paid up in February by the share-holders in the Northern Railway. An article which lately appeared in the Journal des Debuts, in answer to one contained in the National, in reference to . that line, lias raised a hope that the directors of that line may be induced to give more time lor the payment of this call, to such share-holders as mny not be able to pay up at the day assigned, I subject to a reasonable interest on the ainouut thus postponed. Another cause of greater ease in the market at present, is the payment of the half-year's interest on the three's, which will throw about thirty millions ot truncs on the market. Thus, although on the one hand we are under | the pressure of the demand for money which I ulways exists at the termination of the year, and are menaced by railway calls, us well as by the monthly instalment of ten millions on account ot the new loan, still, we must not loM sight of the fact, that at the corresponding epoch last year, the three's were at 81, the five's at 119, and all the railway shares .at prices greatly above the present rates ; that there were more culls approaching, and that the scarcity of snbsiltenoe, cuused, early, large cxportations of specie. Within the last two days the Bourse has been marked by great firmess, although in the same interval the English consols Have fallen an eighth. It appeals, therelorc, that ntpresent tinLondon market produces no sensible effect on ours. This steadiness at the present moment, may be, at least in part, ascribed to the causes already explained, especially to the coming dividends on the three's winch will, in fact, be payable to-morrow. Turin, Dec. 14, 1847 Government Reform*. Kiug Charles Albert lias become decidedly the moat popular of the secular princes ol Italy. Ttie reforms he lifts commenced have emanated Irom him more spontaneously, even, than those of Tuscany or Rome. He has established municipalities, he has reformed the administration of justice, he has laid the foundation oj" a represents tive system, he has relaxed trie rigors of die press, and above all, he has uuired with Tuscany and Home in the customs union, which is only the precursor of an offensive and defensive league, into winch all the lesser States of the Peninsula will lie infallibly drawn. To carry out these projects, King Charles Albert has called to his councils the most enlightened statesmen of his kingdom, and lie has been I admirably seconded My the spirit of moderation ' and iorbearance which has prevailed among his people. There have been no'other tumults save those of joy, and no other popular demonstrations than those of attachment and respect to u monarch who has set a brilliant example to all the other sovereigns of Europe. Not a week passes that the Puihnontue Gazette does not utin.i.imc In in. iifw wii r? a r. farm ......I. .. v - ceedmg the others in importance. Florknck, Dec. 14, 1847. Satisfactory Adjustment of difficulties with Modena. The difference which prevailed between this duchy and the principality of Modena, has been happily adjusttd without the effusion of blood This haB been effected by the mediation of the king of Sardinia. Pioitzuno is to be resigned to Modena, and it is said that Massa und L'arr ra are to be annexed to this duchy. Pontreucoli is to continue a part ol Tuscany, at least until the 1 Duke of Lucca shall succeed to the duchies ot Parma, Placenza and Guastalla. If it be true, (as is reported,) that the Duke of Kianznres, th husband ol the queen dowager ot Spain, is about to purchase the reversion ot ilie latter duchies Irotn the Duke of Lucca, it is probable that no future question will arise respecting Pontreucoli; meanwhile, however, we must wait events. N'art.ks, Dec. 10, 1817. Ferdinand's Opposition to Reform?False Rumors of Insurrection. i We learn here, daily, the truth ot the ad.r;e, 1 that " hope deferred maketh the heart sick." We are constantly tlattered with the assurance, that by perseverance in a peaceable solicitation, we shall obtain those political reforms, which other States of Italy are receiving from their sovereigns. We do not, however, as yet, sec any certain prospect of this. We have lately, it is true, had a change in the ministry, which brough1 into power M. Pietra Catella,and excluded M Sautangelo,and was accompani* d by some minor I changes of rather a favorable character Buttle I infamous del Caretto still holds the ministry ot j police, and M. Cocle is still the King's confessor I These are the prompters of nil the evil trnden cies ot the King. M. Pietra Catelln ban, it snid, again and again urged on the King that th j PttHTiy <1 IUB IIUWU ut pcuuut ??? I'liinj tu.il,' I sion lo tlie spirit ?l the age. The answer ut ! Ferdinand was, that by concessions Louis XVI f was brought to the seatlold ; that he would never j consent to surrender one of Ins royal prerogu; lives; that he would rather go into exile, mo! i serve as a private soldier in the ranks of ill- j Kussmn army, Sic. Ac. The reports of insurrt ctiom in Sicily, which will have renched you, are without found ,Uon There have been many popular demonstrations, hut all ol u peaceful kind. The excit< nient is I very great, and the authorities are alarmed; hut no movement ol an ineurrction.ry nature has as yet taken place. BkrNe, Dec. 17,1847. The late Insurrection?The Sundrrbond?Th< | Great Powers. Tlie drama of the inter-cantunal w.ir has cloned, and the curtain has dropped upon the J [ ^underbuild. The separate league is among the things that wer^; and, notwithstanding the boundless boasting of the seven cantons, the j 300,000 florins, and 3,000 muskets, supplied to thein by Prince Metternich, and the cannon 1 which came to them from the French arsenals, , bearing the cypher ot Louis Philippe, ihey have | b?en scattered to the winds in little more man j week. In short, their resistance to tne b der .l government was utterly contemptible, as may lie easily imagined, wlten we state that the l? si oi uie rrufmi army in ineir suojecuoii, ir uiau 100 men killed, und not ahove iwur lit .1 | number wounded. But the most remarkable circumst inee ati? nd- ! ini{ this affair, is the false position tnlo wmc.. | it has thrown the governments ol Austria, trance. Prussia, and ftiiMta, all ol whom 'avor- | ed the Sotid<-rb?tnd. When the war commenced, j a piopvaitioo w?s m?<ie b/ those powtis to 1 lD. join in a diplomat!* conference, with a view to settle i>y arbitration the difference between the federal government and the recusant State*. Lord Palmerston managed, with much adroitness. so to protract the preliminary negotiation* for this piece ot diploma.'v. ihnt the forces of the Diet were enabled to subdue the insurrection of the cantons, to compel them to renounce tha I..I ... .1.1 J .L. - ? .................. tu u i p u.i ii u iiirir nrniy, to expel the Jesuit*, aud to tube upon tlieinselvr < the expenses of the war, before the proposed eonlerence could bo lortned; and the result wax, that when n was lormed, nothing was left for it to do. The army of Gen Dufonr had accomplished, in a very sumrnury manner, all that wan desired Still, it was fell lhat the great powers would cut a very ridiculous figure, if, after ull the menaces of France and Austria, even tire semblance of a conference were given up; and it was a< cord in sly announced by lire official journals of M Guizot and Prince Metternich, tfiat the proposed mediation would still go on. But, behold ! the very day of this announcement. Lord Palmerston, with malice aforethought, declared in the House of Commons, and was echoed by Lord Lmisdowue in the Ilotf-e of Lords, that nil ground for interference was n moved; still, however, France and Austria persisted, and d< clared that, with or without England, ihey would interfere. Meanwhile, the opening ot the French Chambers approached, and the Cabinet saw the Swiss mediation an 11 rock ahead upon which tho vessel of ti.e *t.i'e win going to tie wrecked, and it was signified to M Guizot that unless ho would surrender the Swish question, he would he b It in a minority. There was no resisting this. Necessity has no law, wnd M. Guizot was compelled to give up Irs d iriitig project. Sir Stratlord Canning, the ambassador of England, who is now here, lrives the federal government the assurance thai England will not suffer airv foreign interference; and, in a word, thed nj gers of Switzerland, at home and abroad, are, for | the present, at an end. The federal pact i? -tablished in 1810, which form*, in fact, tin- Swiss constitution, being in ??m'' articles obscure, it is determined that u shall lie re-niodellcd ; but inorderto accomplish this with etl'ect, the present excitement must be allowed to subside, and it is accordingly determined to postpone the question until February. Miscellaneous. The President's Message is published in full in the London papers. The French mail-steam-ship Missouri, Cnpt. Morin, arrived yesterday morning from Havre, by ibe way of Halifax. She sailed Irorn Havre on the 2!ld ult , nt II o'clock in the morninir .She experienced a series of tremendous galea on her passage; and being apprehensive that the coal might give out, she put into Halifax on the 13th inst , at 8 A.M.. She left there on the 15th, at 11 A.M , and arrived here in threw days, without anything extraordinary occurring,on her passage. This line seems doomed to ill luck and mismanagement. A'ter she reached her port ol destination, it was with the greatest difficulty that any news could be obtained from her. The Florentine pipers again announce the ending of the Ferraru ell'air, where things are all to be placed on their former footing. This is oveu officially announced. La Palria, of Florence, of 13th, has the following: Steamers arrived yesterday, 12th December, [the port troiu whence tliey come is not given,) confirm the newa that Sicily is in a state of insurrection. The following letter, received hy way of Marseilles, dated Malta, 13th of December, says ; I fiave only time to write n few words. The Flamer has just arrived from Corfu, and brings the important news of an insurrection in Greece. At Patras, the garrison were fighting witli the people. The Governor was a prisoner in the hands of insurgents. There are alr< ady many killed and wounded. It was said that Grivas was at the head of the insurrection " The Marseilles Courritr adds that this news was brought hy the war steamer Ard-nt, with ihe India mail onboard, and that the English government messenger had orders to make the greatest haste. The Courritr ilc Marseille publishes't letter from the engineer who is at the head of tlie canal works between Pelouze and Suez. There is now 110 longer any doubt asto the intentions of i Meheniet Ah as to piercing the Dthmti-of Suez. I "At this present lime," says the Marseilles sheet, " the preparatory works r;re pusuiug on ' actively ; commerce and science look on with equal luferest." Some of the French papers seem to think the British government is about to abandon the possession of the Falkland D.l mds. M le Baton Gros, formerly minister to New Grenada, has been nominated !>y >1. Guizot .111bassndor to the government ot Rosas, in the Argentine Republic. M Salvan ly, one of the French ministry, 1* on me rv?; oi rtnriiig iroin ornce. ills rumored that M. Liaderies will take his place. A meeting of consirv itors was held at M. Guizot's house, on th subject of the Presidency of the Chamber of Deputies, ad it was decided I ihut M. Guizot would probably !>.' elected to that office. According to private letters from Tripoli to the 23J November, it is unaounced that the whole ! country is in open rebellion against the Pacha, and that, as lie had not troops sufficient to supI port him, lie had sent to the Sultan for more. | I'h- rebels consist chiefly of e.lmost savage | tribe?, assisted by some Albanians ; it is added, I but on doubtful authority, that a eon of the Bey I ot Bengasi is at the head of this insurrection. 1 All llie Europeans are in the greatest alarm, [ as at this moment there is no man of war j in the vicinity to protect them. The disorders I uHit nam 10 piich n riri^ni inai me son or me j Lnglmh Cont-ul w>;3 assaulted in the sireeis. Ireland still continues in a most alarming et . e. Every I military precaution ban been taken to preserve the I peace of the country. The navigation of the Elba in dotted hy lea The exportation of rye and other gram from Poland baa been interdicted from the l.'lth of January next. Hit fluid that the Duke <1? Mont.ehllc will flucceed the Duke tie llroglle In the English embassy. The expenses of the late civil war in Switzerland oro & 000 otr0 francs. Louie Philippe end the royal family took up their residence at the TuiUeries, tor the winter, on the list uit The cultivation of sugar has lately increased no much at tYuaug. that seven or eight cargoes have been shipped to Europe during the present year. Some French ecglnerrs have ju"t finished taking the surveys aud levels neoessary for the formation of a canal through the Isthmus of Sue*. \7 4 anient rr.^Pc.l A Pol* tn illlit K?*arir??? wit Kin tw nty-four hours, because of a speech against tLe F.urperor of KomIa, at a Tolish dinner. We learn fri.m Trieste that the Kmperor of Russia has ordered the duties on imports from Austria t he reduced to the *ata' amount as Is charged on Prussian products. The crown mines in the Austrian dominion* are said to have lately been eo priduc ite that the eehais of the treasury now'-ontain ut* t'fMl.OOO florins tu gold and ail rer Ware The Pi t tie announcer, that the Fuiperorof Russia hao sent a considerable sutu in gold to Hamburgh to be vested in the n-w Belgian loan to be contracted with the bouse o! Rothschild. A correspondent of tho Xalianai wiiting trom Athem i/u the fttli uit . .-ays that the cabinet had just uiv-u in their resignation, in cotiseiiuenoe of the Oreeco- Turkish differenoM. The Austrian Cabin, t appears determined io interfere by force in the Internal elTaire of Switzerland The ( fllcist article publ she I in the ^?tfii,m <J> ?> ri'r of the 17th ult, amouuts nearly to a declaration of war. Acot rdlog to the last official census, th? poeu atioa o f the states of tbe Zollvereiu amount* to if 640,1 io souls. In 1843 the population *?< '!? 408,138, stowing an Increase, in three years, cf 963 080. The Loudon Morning Pair states that the Marquis of Cbando* has offered marriage to Vliss Hudson (laughter of this h norablo member for Sunderland.) with the proviso that slie bring* with her a fortune of ?<00,000 Alexander < hitie, the cock of the Hottinviier. and El len Bat'y, were convicted laet week, in ?i' 0e?ch, for having smuggle! eight and a half pound* of foreign manufactured tohaco > Maria Louisa is dead. Our letters f.oui bologna of the 31st ult.. announce that the 8wi*s tioops in the service of the Tope had airived at Kerrera on the 19th ult . and after t . ng been deta'ned several hours outside the sates, were at length admitted It was believed that the Austtiau troops would evacuate the city on th? loth. Toe Aufihutg ffoief/e, under the dale of Rome the 16th Idecenob-r. any* |r. < #* reported hat the diplomatic corps were j-aou* of Lord Vluto because the l',.p? fad - I-..? ... f 1 k. W<... than with the accredit J unh esailort of ?ther court*, that journal, howeerr. n ?s nothing In theee -*ivp? an *0 ft i??fT*at. koih iu> rure tend tuff to the iropro- mm5 > f be catholic population in Irrlauil. Tlie Ki Bilall llivl.w of the Pirililriit't Mtuift. [Frnin the Ludon i loiee, Inn. 1.] T!io fliu? it of the mini.'eilal r*pre??ntetlvM o the HTrttl arpaitlBehie 4 pUttWBt IB \bf k