THJ A hoi* H., THE ANTI-WILM0T-PR0V1S0 CONVENTION IN ALBANY. ? ri nintnnnimo n n V D HI V A D If I T11 Ei UltlllVtltllliS u r nun u ? u IN FAVOR OF The Whole of Mexico. THE PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN OPENED IN THIS STATE. Acc. &c &c. Albany, January 26, 1848. * The delegates appointed to act in the Democratic State Convention, at Albany, assembled in the Assembly chamber this afternoon, at 3^ o'clock, for the purpose of carryiig out the recommendations and suggestions of the late Syracuse Convention, in regard to the organization of the democratic party, and the appointment ol delegates to the National Convention, upon the district system. In the morning, at ten o'clock, the delegates held a preliminary caucus in the ** * ? ? * - ? :a? -A. ?l:.L AA. Mayor's court room in mis cuy, m wmcu iui. Charles Borland, of Orange county, was nomi. nated as temporary President of the convention, and George W. Clinton, ol Erie, and Eliaha B. Smith, of Chenango, as Secretaries. Previous to the assembling of the delegates, we observed Mr. Jno. Van Buren in the Assembly chamber, looking as if he was suffering under the effects of some powerful medicine. [Pills !] We also observed in the Assembly chamber. Mr CassidVi one of the editors of the Albany Atlus, Geo. Clark, ef Sandy Ilill, |ate of the Senate, and Mr. Wright, of Schohirie. also late of the Senate. The appearance of the delegates was highly respectable, though we could not but remark thnt they were plainly men of a past generation. The opposite section of the democratic party is, on the contrary, comuosed of young men of intelligence, activity, and energy. The uudience assembled to witness the proceedings of the delegates was very large ana respectable; the chamber was very well filled in every part, by attentive listeners, who seemed to feel the utmost interest in the deliberations of the convention. It is not surprising that nil parties should watch the movements of this wing of ths great democratic party with earnest solicitude. Ttie approaching struggle is one of the most important in American history, and upon no previous occasion have there been such momentous questions at stake. At half past three o'clock, the temporary President assumed the chair,and called the convention to order. Mr. Georgb W. Clinton one of the Secretaries, called the roll of delegates, which 13 as follows:? Albany?Abraham Verplanok, Augustus Pinokney Erartua Corning, Henry L. Palmer. AUrgany?J<?M? Annell. flraumi?Joseph E. Ely. Ca'taraugui?M. H. Johnson, David Day. Cayictu?Alex. Thompson,Wn. H. Noble, Charles W. Pomeroy. T A n.knraa Chtncngn?E. B. Smith. Clinton?Isaac W. H. Bromlsy. OiitinJin-Joseph D. Monell, L. Hoes. Cortland?M. Van liussn. Dutckeii?J. VI. Ketchnm. Erie?William L. O. Smith. George W. Clinton, Joaathan Hoyt, Nathaniel M. Jonee. Fulton and Hamilton?William Rob. Bencher, Frederick Follett Gi ??? *?Sylvester Niebols, Matthew Yeomans. Herkimtr? Nathaniel S Benton, George B. J a'id n?Jesse C. Dann, Isaao Muason, Adam A. Gray. Kiugi -Jonathan O. Hasbronok, D. H. Feekj. * Lewis?1) 8 Howard. Maduon?Henry T. Snusner, Ralph Tanner. Monroe ? Jos Sibley, Hubbard L. A Ills. Thos Cornea. Monteemery?J. (J. Snail, George Caldwell New York? Josepu C Albertson, Andrew Clark. Thomas Hayes, Jesse Brush, William W. Dean, William MoMarray, Charles VicWan, William S Connelly, Dennis Garrison, William D. Craft, William Furry. John Griffon, Charier Hrghes. Alexander M. Ailing, Lerenso B Hhepard.J T. Wimbs. Niagara?Milton Randall Oaaida?Hiram Deulo,Calyert Comstoek, David Moultoii. Amass S. Newberry. Onondaga ? Doraetns Lawrence, Sanford C. Parker, Miles W Bennett. Out Ueorg-J R. Parburt. Oi angt?Charles Borland, J.C. Dlmmlok, John W Martin. Otwrgo -George H VI'Whorter, Isaao Hatch. Oti'go ? Delos'W. Dean, Benjamin D North. R-ni??Io?r?David L Seymour, Isaao T. Grant, Win. Carmiohrol Sarairgn?Samuel Cheever, Joseph Baucns. Scfi' net ca I John C Wright ,s kokatie - Thorn ?s Lawyer. Joseph Bouck. St-uhi'i -liirotn Potter K C Duniuuy, Alexander H Steveda Tioga? Hiram A Beibee Tan/tkiiii?W R. Humphrey. U-.ter?John L B oksiaTer, Samuel Reynolds. IFiirrm?Daulel G Harris Waihington? J. ho Malrs. Isaao W. Thompson. IF'..ynr. - Frederick M Smith. rFV?(cAe?r?r?Abraham Hyatt, Warren Tompkins. Kulre-JohnL Lewis All the above delegates, with only two exceptions, having responded to their names, vim 6'n, i vti rnast sanrl mild, that the committee an I pointed to (elect perm%naut officers for the ooaTentioti CM Uncharged that duty, and were ready to make their m ort. Tne following were the officers reported :? Far Prttidmt? Hiram D?nio. Far Vice Pmiit'nts ? Wm. MoMurrar, Jonathan O. Henbrouck, Joseph L>. Moneil, S* uunl Cheerer, Doraetua Ltwrmoe. MatbWs Van Hoeaen, Wm. H. Noble. Marcus H. Johnaon Stctitantt Hiram A. Beebee, Samuel Reynold*, Andrew Clark, laaae >1 onion Tne report of the committee having been read, Mr. Dean moved that it be udopted; it was thereupon unanimously udopted. The temporary President desired Mr. Corning, of Albany, and Mr. Moneil, of Columbia, to wait upon tli<' Hon. Mr. l>enio, and to conduct him to the ch.ur as the presiding officer of the convention. That gentleman, on assuming the chair, winch he oid with commendable dignity, delivered a pertinent and eloquent speech of half an hour in length. He acknowledged the honor conferred upon him in his selection as presiding officer of the con vention, and then reverted to the political condition ot the State, as being under the control ot the whig party, notwithstanding such result had been produced by a minority of the people ol the State. He then proceeded to examine the causes that had led to mis result, and called upon the convention to exhibit in plain, strong, and positive language, through whose delinquency it had been produced, and to recommend such remedies as would restore the party to its former position and strength. He then ulluded to the condition of the cottutry at hug", as in u state of war, which, although a public calamity, was far less burthensnme to bear than the national degradation thnt would follow by an ab tndoument of our present position with Mexico, so earnestly urged by a portion of the opponents ot the general government, and in the end, cont< nded tnat the id and comfort" given to tin' enemy by certain politicians had retarded and prevented the accomplishment ol an lu noruhle peace. He cl sed, by calling upon lito convention u> sustain their country in the pr sent emergency,and to rscoinmeud such measures as would produce the united action of all triends of republican government. The speech ol the President was received with appl otse. On motion ol Lork.'?zj B. Shepahp, Esq., ol New York city, a committee ol one from each judicial district was selected to prepare an address to be submitted to the convention. Also, a similar committee to prepnre resolutions; and u coiimuti'e ot tw o trout each judicial district, to perfect the organization ol the democratic pariv of the State. The first committee is com I used of the following gentlemen :? CnarPa MoVaan. of Naur York; J. C. Dimmlck, of Irange county; D. L Sayraour, of U-maii'laer; Iimo V. R. Broml-y. of Clinton; Sanford C. Parker, of Onudaga; Joaaph E. Ely, of Broome; Oeorg K. Pal hurt, f Ontario; and Gaorga W. Clinton, of Erie. On Hftolutioni- Lorenzo B. bheparil, of Naw York; lliaelea Borland, of Oranga; J. (i. Snail, of Montgomsy; Gaorga Mo VVhortar, of Oawago; Henry T Sumner, f Madlaon; John L. Lawia, of Yates; and Tboina* A. fsboro.oi Chautauqua On Or^ani:aii?n? Kraatua Corning, of Albany; AlXandcr >1. Alnng,of N->w York; CharlaaH. Hughes, of o ; D II. Kenka, of Kiuga; Mr Martin, of Orange; >y Ivuatur Niched*, of Graane; Gaorga Caldwell, of Monlomnry; liaao W. Tiiompecn, of do ; Gaorga B Jndd, f llaikimar; Calvert Comatoek.of Oneiua, R B Smith, >f Ctnnango; O W Dean, of Otaago; K. M Smith, of Yayna; Jo*epb Sibley, of Monroa; Wm L G. Smith, f Kria; Milton Randall, of Niagara. And ihrn, on motion of Mr. McVean, the louvrntiou adjourned till 7 P. M. The c nvention re-assembled atacven o'clock, nd at ten minutes past seven the President asumed the chair, and called the convention to E NE NE' order. He requested uiiy d l -gates who might have arrived in town since the orgauixatiou of the convention, to come forward and present their credentials. No delegates came forward Mr. MoVkai*, of New York, chairman of the committee on the address and resolutions, rose, and said that the < mrai'teo h*1 In-tructed h m to present toe ?ddress which be held fn his hand, as the result of their labors The reading of the address being called for, Mr. Mc Vean walked up to the clerk's desk and read it as follows : addrkss. Fellow Citizkvs ?The representatives of the whole people embraoed within the demooratie party, la aregolar convention of delegates assembled at Syracuse, in September lsst, appointed a State Committee, in whom they reposed, without any other limitation than their dlseretion, the power to, call future State conventione of the democratic party. No other body, stnoe ohosen, representing, or pretending to represent, the democratic party, has interfered with the power reposed in the State Central Committee That committee, in poreu anoe of the power thus folly rested in them, eailed this conrenticn, now here assembled. Its authority, ss a convention or the delegates of the democratic party, is, therefore, unquestionable. A distinct, separate and hostile party organisation of persons who wsre lately members of the democratic party, was afterwards made at Herkimer ? The persons who formed this new organization, made no pretensions to regularity, or that the movement whioh led to it was otherwise than hostile to the pre-eaisting organisation known as the democratic party. On the oontrary, they Justified their secession from tne party on the ground that it held to principles so obnoxious to thsm that a separation was necessary to the proper advancement of their adverse principles. Nothing has occurred sinoe to change their relation of hostility to the principles which, in thsir Judgment, jus tided their voluntary separation. They have, indeed, sines changed their plaoe of holding their State convention from Herkimer to ITtlca; but they do not pretend that It is a dif farent organization, or that they have changed in any manner their principles whieh induced them to ?epa rate from the party. On the oontrary, the whole machinery ot the Herkimer organisation has been carefully put in motion to declare to the world that it is their organisation, and that the principles which induced them to aeoede are the priuoiplus of their existing organisation at its changed place of meeting.? The3 do not pretend that the endorsement of their views by several of the members of the legislature, has in the least abated their hostility to the party trom which they went forth, or the organization which that party has kept up, and under whioh we are assembled in this convention. We concede that their organization is hostile to us to the fullest extent they claim ; that it is not only hostile iu form and aotlon, but hostile in principle. They have declared that their polliioal principles are irreooncilably opposed to ours; and as we are determined to maintain ours at all hazards, and exolude their narrow tests from the democratic party, their secession was the inevitable result of thoir petition. However much we niav iwret that the oause for senara tion existed, it is batter, the separation beiug effected bp their delii erate act, it sbouid be so marked as to lead to no mistakes as to our several positions. The high position that.enme of them had in the party, by our inttuenoe, aa manifested n their long continuance in office, reudarsit proper, on this ocoasiou, that we should briefly review tbe causes that led to the eeparation, acd the eons?quenoes that will follow it The occasion which led to their separation was, undoubtedly, that which they avowed in theiracL ot separation; namely, that the democratic State convention, at Syracuse, tvfused to adopt, as a political test, or as a subject ot political or party notion, the test, issue, sentiment or principle involved in the WUrnot proviso, and determined that the demoorntio party should maintain the position of neutrality in regard to it. It is well known, however, that their hostility was as settled and active within the party, before that event, aa after They generally assert that they are or vrere actuated by a desire to avenge the wrong that was inflioted on them by tne parly. That wrong they sometimes declared to be the defeat of the late Governor Wright in the gene ral eleotiaa preceding the last. Their hostility was as determined, and as openly, and as injuriously mauiteeted, during the campaign that terminated in that result, as after. ,n that very election, the democratic candidates tor Congress in one of the New York districts, in toe Westchester district, in the Orange district, in the D ltcoees district, and in the Jefferson district, were de sat 'd by them for the sole reaj.m that the national democratic psrty acd Lhe national admlnstration had the first affections of tbe candidates. In these congrneslcnal districts, tbe St a e democratic ticket, which they supported, bad a largo laejorily. J he defeat Of those d-mocrutlo candidates for < ougie's p aced us as a patty in the minority, in the present House of Representatives The wrong they in that campaign alleged as the cause 11 tbnr tie roe uoaliUiy during it, va- that President Polk had not appointed Mr. Flagg Secretary of the Treasury, and their friends generally to office. It is, indeed, true that Mr. Flagg was not appointed; out it is equally true tuat in the ooimnercial niutropolip, wnere the more important olBoet exist, the larger portion of those officers were appointed at their od/incaf- unit if. 4a tmt.uriniin t.hra.fr. fhn Punnnf anhamua fnr the Oisorgmiixatioa of the democratic party were planned and matured by noma of ths high federal officers in tbat city Their hostility had It* origin piior to the Inauguration of tbe President It Is well known that iu Congress, Intermediate the eleotion and the Inauguration of the President elect, ou the bill to annex the then republic of Texas to the United Mta.es, the manifestations of treason in the Seuato to the TOice of the people, as declared by the Baltimore convention and ear ctioned by the elec tion were so stoog as to cause the general belief that its passage was in peril. To rebuke tins iucipient treason, slid to vindicate the supirninuy or the popular will, he ever reliable nod patriotic democracy of the city of New Vork, agreed io hold a pu die meting I'he same persons who personally labored tor days uuSUoOessluily o break up the recent democratto Mate convention at Syracuse, tried to break Up that asieinbly of t e people i'litdr treasonable letters from Washington, designed to effect such a i.urpose. appeared in a newspaper u New York on the day of the meeting, previous to the meet* log itself, although purporting to be in answer to I ivita cious to attend the meeting Their hostility to I lie democratic party and the incoming adeni i?:r<ti m. was as oleariy suadowed torch tb xi as it was . .*>oted tillerwards at Syracuse At othrr times they ass-rt, and mora fn <p?ttly, as the term of the admiuisiration appro?co?s . s close, tuat their hostiifty bad hf origin in the rcsui.sol the Baltimore conveuilou itself. This is, undoubtedly, the primary cause to which all others are accessories Tnese imaginary wrongs which excited their passion, have alt grown f.om that fuuds menial wrong; the prospective lose of central power, wh'ch was madd inevitable by the result of the deliberations of the Syracuse convention, was, however the proximate cause which led tbem to break the sleuder ligament which yet bound them to the democratic party. The central power which had grown up at Albany, under the late constitution, at its commence ment. auj was wielded by those who held there the Slate oxeoutive oflices, was one of those practical political despoiisms which are felt without being seen The patrouage which that constitution give them, officially, afforded them ample means to exoite the hopes and fears Oi the needy, to extend their patronage, and to secure further means to reward the obedient and punish the refraotory. The whole Slate banking power, and the banks, with their over-shadowing money influence,were brought within the official oontrol of tue central pow r. The model of party organisation was the feuial system. The lords paramount at the centre controlled the intermediate lords in the centre of each county and hey again controlled th ir minor divisions Like its model, its characteristic was strength ; and like it,It produced a vassalage debasing and degrading To trunk up and disperse this power, was one of the controlling motives tlut induced the call of a convention to form a new constitution Most effectually was that great work consummated by lh..t It I. I. I f. . I l_ ?<* k.t their office* were the uere ihadow of their farmer power. It was eaiily foreseen, however, that they would struggle to retain their placet. and aa they approached the crisis of their fate, they wou d become mere deeperate; and it was foretold that the event which would reduce th-111 to the level of a common equality with other respectable citizens, would ei/u.illie th-ir departure from a party which lor a quarter of a century had pampered choir pride ; tUat th<*y would luxe all ?enee of graHlU le for the l>'-..g oootinued aud multiplied f .vora of ihe past.. in gratifying the d-sire to revenge toe oiulsdou, at last, to tou ti no them in place eurl power. Tb'< a iopaon of the o?w constitution clearly pointed to their displacement.as n*ci ssary to complete the of >rm it was d signed to accomplish. It was proper that tha dispersion of the monopoly should be followed by the dlepanlon 01 tic * monopolist.e Those whose counsels prevailed at the Ayr souse convention, were governed by tha best of motives. Their design was to uutiamnrd the enures of pciith al power. Ti.ey did not oppoce the crntinuaneo in office of the repievntatlvi a ol the central power, b causa tboy held their pluoeslor a qnatter of a i entury, or beo?us? tl??y belonged toanoth r generation ; but because tlioy constituted a combination of pel son- habitually unfriendly to the enjoyment of freedom of opinion, and wars practised against ire-dom of action ; h-o*oes they hud wielded the central power, constituting the central despotism, designed to be overthrown by the new constitution The fulm(nation of tha wrath cf Ihe central power, the bittereet denunciation and the coarsest Invective, with which democrats were aa*ailed, who expressed the design to remove their odious monopoly, by the exercise of the long neglected duty of rotation In office, were allowed to pass without recrimination. hOug possession of otM,; and power hid led them ta oopslde- themselves the demnuratlo party ?tho whole of it in this H ate. and the moat essential part of it In the Union 'I hey consequently regarded the proposition to supersede tu-in in office as rebtllion against the party uud an insult to those to whom was commuted the sacred trust of governing. Those who were subjected mentally to their power, and whose passive submission entitled them t the rank ot true men. viewed them and the matter in the same light It was natural, entertaining suoh views of their position, that they should consider that the effort to remove them had Its origin in a desire to injure them personally, as well ae good govern ment, and be passionate; and It was^uatuial, also, that those who telt conscious that tney were aoiuated by tb? single desire to promote the public good, should treat them with forbearance. Indeed, nothing can better il<usl.rate tbs spirit of generous toleration which governs the true demoorsoy, than the mode in whtoh the assaults of the oentral power was rseeived and treated during the oontert which preceded end terminated la w y O W YORK, FRIO a V MOW the Syracuse convention; and w# may add. *1*0. that nothing oould mors strongly Illustrate the evil tendency of ths State constitution under which these rulers came into end were continued In power, then their course of ccuduet during end after that contest ; and If there were any lingering doubts among the people about the propriety !' tue reform provided in the new constitution, the subsequent conduct of the central power has forever dispelled them They ruled the party for twenty-five years, and whsn th' y could rale no longer, left it. because it refused to adopt the Wilmot. proviso ! What is the Wilmot proviso ? It will best be defined by showing how its adhe rents hsve sought to apply tho principle involved in it When the bill known as the Three Million Bill, was being discussed lu the House of Representatives, and which proposed to put at the disposal of the President money to enable him to negotiate a treaty of peace with Mexico, with territorial Indemnity, Mr Wilmot offered, as an amendment to it, s proviso that slavery hboul > be forever excluded fiom the territory to be acquired under such treaty The prinoiple, then, in, they propose aa an end, to exclude eUvery from the territory that may be acquired fhorn Mexico; and, as the means, a previous law of Congress, prohibiting its Introduction It is conceded by them, that it Is well-settled law, that without any action on the part of car gn*< rnment, slavery would be excluded from suob territory by the laws of Mexloo. which would he the law of the territory, when annexed, until changed This concession involves the admissiou that their proposed end would bt accomplished without using their means. It is au admission, that entire abstinence from political agitation would secure the endwhlch they deem bo vastly important. ' The demooratio party and its administration have also sn end which they consider of momentous importance, to the accomplishment of which they have devoted all their energies. Tbat end is the acquisition of territory from Mexioo, by treaty, not for the sake of acquisition, but as the only possible indemnity aud satisfaction attainable. The end we propoee, is the acquisition of territory?the end they propose, is the exclusion of slavery from such territory. We make uo issue with them on their proposed end Oar issue is as to their means Their means, although entirety unnecessary, by their own admission, for the accomplishment of their end. are the most effectual that could be devised to prevent us from aocomplishing ours. It is well known, and to none better than to them, that the agltatiou of the question of slavery, within the democratic party, is fatal to its ascendency They are sobooled in that truth. When they, with us, twice supported Mr. Vac liuren for the Presidency, and desired again to support him, for the thirdtime, we (they with us) declared in the most solemn manner, by resolutions, in Congress and out of it, that all politioal agitation whiah tended to disturb the relation between the master and his slave, in the Himi ovaieti?oibunuj(ii not me oojeci 01 lue ugituu'ii ?wan in contravention of the spirit of the constitution which it was our first duty to uphold; and was the worst incendiarism, because it" produced seotioual divisions and discord between the people of th < several states Is that which was unconstitutional wheir Mr. Van Bureu was our candidate, constitutional sow? Is that whioh wsg incendiarism then, less so new? These politicians may change, but principles never change; and the democratic party, standing fast to its integrity now as then, denounces such ajitition as treasonable and incendiary. W hatever others may do, that great party will maintain the compromises of the constitution in their spirit, and with tn? candor of truth. This was the ston? that was made the chief of the corner by the great apostles of liberty, whom we humbly but sinoereiy fol1 >w Nothing can better illustrate the entire abandonment by the Breeders, of their former principles, than to contrast tbeir p.client conduot. with their conduct immediately preceding the last Baltimore convention. They then denounced such agitation as incendiarism, because its necessary result was sectional division. They have since, without provocation, commenced the seme agitation, and point to that very result, aocom lished by their agitation, as their justification for its commencement. They abandoned the democratio party, because, in the spirit oi toleration and oatholio liberality, it determined to maintain a platform broad enough for them to stand on with us. The difference bet wren us Is this: we do not exclude them.but they have erected a new platform, so narrow in its dimensions, that it will hold none beside themselves it is possible for them to come to us l"he design of their platform was to make it impossible for us to go to them, and in that they were successful Why did the central power, after their open and undisguised abandonment of the democratic party, as proclaimed at Herkimer, since seek the endorsement of members of the legislature who happened to be at Albany? The members who were then there were elected und.T the eld constitution. Two several State conventions of the democratic party had been held, since their election, under i lie new constitution. Why were these vestiges of a lorraer political creation galvenis-d into a show of lif*? Were they so oowed by the exhibition of puhlio score for their faiihlessness, that they resorted to an expedient to extreme and desperate to give them a little of the coloring of that regularity wuioh a month before they had so bjldly soouted? They again adopted at Albany the same narrow, prescriptive, and bigoted oreed. They relaid the same corner-stone The priests that miaiscerat the altir are the same, and the worshippers ere the saute. l)iJ they intend to use this coloring as the foundation of a claim for admission In the Baltimore convention ? Why should they, wi'h a declarat ion of principles wholly at war with tb? principles of the seek admlsslou among them? They are intelligent enough to know, that if their principles should get ad mission into that convention, the democratio party would he broken up They know, also, that the oouven. t on will exclude thut priuoiple. What will they Ih-u do? They abandoned th-? Syracuse convention lor it* refusal to adopt that principle. They will be bound in honor to abandon, also, the national convention for the same oauve The State convention was tor State purposes. aud they then abandoned it because it refuse,! to adopt a principieof a national ch iracter. buviug nstbin, to do with State politics The cause 'hat was good at Syracuse, will be better at Baltimore, and they are since pledged to ,t su lie n > l ie le wb i believe that they -ill ..Old" t.y tue Baltimore conv-ution, under any ciicumstaoces. believe 'h-m to he more infirm ot purpose ana more dishonorable than we do. What other ot j'cl. th. n,cau they have in view than a ciniu to the houor of poti.icai martyrdom, with a view of making them more formidable for mischief in the pproaching great struggle between the d-inocratie partv and us enemies? l liey labored diligently lur days, at Syracuse, for a show of martyrdom; but they wore uusuocesslul t'.xper.euce has since proved to them hat ibey w- uid soon he powerless for injury to the democratic party it they did not endeavor to maintain a position within it The principle which led thsm to abandon the party is one they noid in common with the whig party. Tney and the whig party are alike hostile to those who oppose their principles Where there is agreement in principle (h>re is a tendency in toe 1 <w of politics to an union, w.noil time will certainly accomplish There can be but two par les in this couutry, and tbey are a fragment ot the one with which they Mgree. At oue electioa they gave the wbigs their presmt majority in the House of R-preseutatives ; at the suceeediog rleotion they gave the wbigs all tan Kvecutive departments, uiid both 11 uses of the legislature jn this Juste; and at this very ucur, when our country is engaged in a foreign war, they gloiy iu both achievements Fellow Citixkisi?The star forced upon us by the aggression of Mexico, is the war of our country. He that will oppese it, or he that hesitates in the support < > it, is not of the country. Ho is au a.ien in sentiment wtthin it, and is unworthy of the association ef Amorl osns. We are in favor ot the acquisitloa of territory, as compensation and indemnity. Those who profess to b<- in favor of the acquisition of territory, and insist upon the agitation of a subject which will prevent it, crunot very s.rongly oomnmnd themselves to the oauuld judgment of lh? intelligent. Thosu who openly advocate the no territory doctrine arc 1-ss to he fearsd, for they cau be met in the open fields of urguinsnt; the others ero the more inslduous and subtle toes, being in ambuscade. Strongly a* we are impressed witb the propriety and justice of the acquisition of territory, we would despise ourselves if we availed ourselves of u conquest to secure that find. htiRAUKii thu ama.knmm /vf on* nnamuJ<*Ul'l*<i f/. our strength tfuah a motive la entirely repugnant to those principles of moral justice which an- tb? lit* ol the democratic faith anil democrat! i practice The title of the ih xloau government ia a title by cooquest, from thoae wbu hi Id it by conquest If we took It nod held it by the etiue title, th?y Could not complain Their title la legal, aiul our title would el-o be legal ? Aft a uioial qu?rtiou, if tbey have wronged lie; if they owe tia a debt w birth the,, ate morally bound to pay, and brought udou tliejieeivi a Ilia war. violating a moral duty, then our moral right to retain the territory, in (be payment of the debt, ie aft strong aa ia toe moral duty te pay, where payment ia due Kroaa the very nature of our inntltulieaa, and from the de.ugn ot our govertiMt ii', such territory, wh->n acquir ed. woulJ not h* held by couqueet, an audi tenure if known in toe international code. We would hold It, not tor our uae, but to; tho u?e id man, bo he there,or uotue he whence he may It would he In Id only to be surrendered to tn? government of the occupants of the laud I an territory be heid by couqueat which ia alike free to all, and ia governed, or is to be gnverei d. by it? occup intj?by|a government of their own T We deny that Mioti a tenuio ia a tenure by c mUU-at, fti suoh tenure haa been kuowu in the world It ia no more then the restoration or moral rights by legul raeuna We (the American pen pi-) have devolved upon ua tho great work ol restoring to man hi* long lost rights The means by which we art) to accomplish tbla end, ought to be legally aa well aft morally ju.it. The ftul.1 l? lr. ?*?? nn??, - I to 111 1,- Iha .,f OiOion ami such moral and leg*! m^nus are offered for our um. Shall we occupy it? Sti til we now run with manly v.g r the race that is set b?f. re us. or sha.l wo yield to tho sugg stions of a sickly (annuel* m ami sink Into mi enerrating slumber? Labor was tilconsecrated no ens ol man * subsistence when he was oreated To replenish the earth and subdue it was his ordained mission end destiny. We feel no emotion but pity lor thoj whom philanthropy, patriotism or religion lias led thorn to believe that they cau prescribe a better comae ot duty than that of the Hod who ma le us a,l They wb >ee representatives we are. sre ready to perform that for whioh they were ordaiued They feel all the strength that the consciousness of being right can impart, aud are anxious toprtss onward ia the fulfilment id duriDy. Kcllow citlx ns. speaking In the name of the great party to whlnh we belong, wa declare ourselves In tavor of Krae Trade We have no wish, in this exigency ot our publio affairs, to alter the tariff of lH.lt>, except so far as may be necessary to make it more conformable to the revenue standard We are, nevertheless to favor of free trade, ae the ultimate, settled poltoy of the country We regard free trade ae the means of giving bread to Kurope and wealth to Amerloa, aud the oertain means of establishing that brotherhood between the oltisent ol Si M ?oppuwi mmmm 1 RE I VIN(t. JANUARY 28, 184 the world, wbteh will assimilate all governments, makt them all fraa, and npuoge from tba InterDatloaal ooda the ralloa of barbarism that llcger tbara Those who prot-ss to be in favor of fraa trade, and whose political rffnrta are dlreoted to the single object of alienating tba affections of the people of the section of the country who are Ita aupportera, eannot. by an Intelligent community, ho regarded in any other light than
as being ita aeoret but moot determined foea. No one can bo regarded an a true democrat who, at any time, would Insist upon the polltioal agitation of a moral abstraction aa of paramount importance, when the direct tendency of ouch agitation ia to create aectional dlsaoneiona and dtyiaioce between ua and our natural allioa, in upholding and advancing the great doctrines of the democracy, and the agitation of auoh an iihrtraotion during war can be regarded as little less than treasonubl >. Those who agitated it during the war with England, and those wbo agitate it now. history will oonalgu to a common couaemnauon. l ooit woo wield "nre brands now, nre no better than those who burned "blue light*" then When the wer shall be crowned with lasting and honorable peaoe, and territory shall hare been acquired, those who may then occupy It may pass nil suob laws of a local nature and application as to them may seem just, without interference from us. and without being subjected to the tender meroies ef the deluded timet lcs. or the revengeful partlzans who hawe volunteered their undeslred aervioes in their behalf They will be no more useful to the inhabitants of such territory. In that day, than they are to their country in this Their philanthropy Js as spurious as their patriotism, aud leads to nothing but mischief. Thsy. and those who act with them, support no wsr but a war upon their country, and when It is engaged in a foreign war, they wage their war upon it the fiercer. When the potltloai power of the State was wielded for the benefit of Individuals, it was a necessary part of the system that the delegates to the national aouyention should express the oentral will, whloh was single. Under the new constitution, power has been so diffused that (he smallest oivil division may havs and express its own will, by the agent of Its own selection. The remnants ef the auotent adhere to their old system of cen trails ra, audi mailt that it is demooraoy as they practised it. that^delegates should be chosen by a State convention 'I'lley se*m unoonscious that this last remnant of fondaiity is inconsistent with the new order of things, and pertinaciously oling to the shadow after the substance has departed. They may eonduot their in- j ternal party affairs as they please, free from our interference. We have no veneration for their system or their practios. We prefer the progressive spirit of this age to the proeoiptive spirit of the laet. We think it decidedly butter to be demooruts in our aotions, than in our professions We go where demooraoy leads us, and we aro content that they remain where an exploded system left them Whatever foroe there may be in thejargument, that as between ths democratic party and the whig party, the State should give a united vote by a general ticket.inVleoting a President, it is without force in a frimndlv strnir gl between the members of the game party, in selecting n candidate for President. Nothing oan be more proper or more demooratic then that eeoh locality should be distinctly heard and felt in such a struggle. The district system of eleoting delegates will accomplish this end, and the State system will prevent it. This system is in oonformity with ths practice of the demooraey of other States, and we do most oordlally endorse the recommendation of the State oonvention in respect to it. Fellow oiUasns, ths demoeratlo party, renovated by the action of a new State constitution, and tha desertion of toine assumed leaders, is taking a new start in its career of progress. Those who would have imparted to its oounoiis the feebleness of a morbid fanaticism, and to its action ths Imbeollity of age, in tha vigor of its youth, havs voluntarily departed from it. They will take with them only those whose habitual servility has made them passive Tha democratic party wants no lenders ^Principle is the only leader that never deceives Nina out of every ten who in this emergency will quit thtsarty, will lollow leaders whom they have long regardM aa tha damooratio party, entiraly regardless of all psteciples The system of leaders, of lords, and little lords, is exploded Henceforth the people will be their own leaders and their own rulers Hitherto the road to favor was central influence. Henoeforth the aspirant to popular favor will appeal to the people?the true source of power. Public opinion, whioh hitherto was elaborated at the centre and compelled to the extremes, henceforth will be the aggregation of individual oplnious, flowing in freennd healthy channels from the extreme to the centre. The new generation to whioh the management of the party is committed, Is imbned with a better spirit, more tolerant, more catholio, and more progressive, than was that of its predecessors When the shackles ef the mind, whioh they imposed, shall have been fairly broken, and when ail our oitisens shall stand upright in the full onnsoiousasM of the possession of mental freedom, the value of the great reformation by the new constitution will he fully appreciated. Men will then no longer form their opinions by a calculation of profits, nor conceal tbem for *??r of lose Th? mental power of the many will theu reign supreme. Tl s power of the few will have gone forever. The triumpbof the principle of the diffusion of power over Its monopoly, will have been established. and a government of opinion will be substituted for a government of lueu Wo have ui.de this eiposition of the affairs of tbe democratic party In this State, In justice to itself, and that the propriety of its conduct may be vindicated in theju Igtueut of the democracy of the Union, whose confidence we are as proud to know that we have, aa we are to feci that we deserve We do not apply, or design to apply, any portion of these remarks to sueh as havs burn misled by the acts ?r misrepresentations of leaders, or by a too confiding reliance upon mem i nili ciasa 01 our tallow uitizeus we deelrn to reclaim from error or misapprehension, end to Invite their oo operation ia an earnest effort to sustain our cause, and the principles and candidates of the democratic party We desire peace We d'etre no u' her controversy with those that differ from us than the controversy which ought to exist between those -shore principles, aims and purposes are essentially Jiff-rent Their sepsraiion may leave us in a minority, hut wo consider disunion iu party uotlon a far worse o.ilamtty We are satisfied that with union, we will soon regain our strength They have defeated us while they remained with us. and would have done so again had they not departed from us it is impossible to lose anything by their going out from among us We have dow the pr> spect of success, by a cordial union of effort, directed to the same end. It there are any out of this State who believe that the separasion is a separation fir looal causes, let them be undeoeived We have shown that the hostility of the seceders had its orgiu in the action of the national democratic party itself, and that the avowed object of their separation is on a prineiple of national polities. Their hostility to us as a local party ia less bitter than their hostility to the na lionsl party to which we belong We are more subject to the exhibition of their hostility, for the reason mat we, as a part of the whole, are locally within tin sphere or iheir political aotion. Had the seceders, in a fit of passion arising from their defeat in some personal scheme, formed a new, irregular party organization, la our strong desire to upbota the democratic party; w" would williugly sacrifice all personal feelings to unite with them; but th-'lr hostility is worse than mere irregularity. It is fundamental; they are not only Irregular in their action, bat their hostility to t he democratic party itself, and itsjpriaaiptes, is determined. They have not only adopted the creed of the opposition-in its different phases of federal, whig, aud abolition -but its worst practices in sll those phsses, as exhibited in impeding the action of the government in conducting a foreign war, and in the agitation of a dlslurbing sectional question. Their opposition to the national democratic party is as determined as is that of the whir party proper, and more bitter. We regard them as the enemies of the democratic parly; not temporarily. but permanently. Their hostility to the principles of the patty is fixed, and la the cause, and not the result, of their reparation from It. We appeal to the great ranss of the dimocratlo party to remain within It We ask you not to follow us, who ere but humble numbers of it. we desire to lematu with you as co-equals in that party w.xose ancient rsnown it our common property. Follow not liajerr. but fo-iow principles. We desire to be emphatic witb you in our ?..n ul nut In fnllna l..,l.~ ?_ll. I - - e _ ? . ? ^IIIUUl^.O 111.. undent principles, which sre th? sureafounil*ii"i< cf the .lemocrstic faith. We desire henceforth,** h?r?to or*, to act with you in the harmonious effort to uphold that greet national party upon which is devoli?d the exclusive duty of advancing the interests of this great cou.itry i > p"ace, and vindicating it* honor in war Remember thati liB recurrence of a war, iaa nation*! event ih?t trie* men'* sonla, and divides thein into two parties ?one f >r the country, and the other against it; and although men, under such circumstances. may teuiporari'y "vi t? a lie" to shield tfcem from the punis .inent which tliey (eel they desrye.yetiu the end. ins iuet, sentiaieat or habit prevails, and they are found openly in tne ri nks cf the enemy, where their heart* were *t tne beginmug In such a struggle, he that is with us with a condition or * proviso, is no better than an open enemy, lie that Is not for the country, unconditionally, Is against it lie that is not for the democratic party aud its administration. without a cavil, is ug>dn*t them, lie assured, happen whit will, the nation*! di uiooratio p?rty will stand It will stand upon the rook i f its own Integrity?the nv riumeut of ml that is good in the past a ucaoen to all that Is glorious In the future It* triumphs in reserve are us bright as those it his itchlevcd ; Its viotories are the v etor.es of patriotism ; its triumphs arc the triumphs ot principle. The reading of the address was interrupted once or twice oy contemptuous laughter, in the gallery. It will be observed that it is written with great caution, an i wuli distinguished ability. It was read by Mr. Mc Vean lit a clear and distinct tone, and when us reading whs concluded, there were decided demonstrations of applause and gratification in every part of the chum!) r. It is a most pungent Hnd spirit-stirring paper ; never, in the aniinls ot American politics, has any political party produced a document so vigorous and brilliant in ill style. The author ot tins able paper must ultimately become known to you. On motion of Mr. Jitdii, the address wasadopted nsmine rontradicrntr. The l'r< sident ot the convention then an nounced tlint it whh in order to receive the report o! tlie committee who were appointed to prepare and report re-olutions for the consideration of the convention Mr. -MiMKii, of New Vork, Maid that the committee on reMOlntioia were not pr- pared to make their report; they would m.ilte it to-morrow inoitolng l'he PaeiioiotT than announced that It ww in order to receive the report of the oommlttea on organisation WWjfi?WWNft<i><iii?ii it >rf uliiiii>w n>m IjW?I I E RA / 18. Mr. Connine, of this oommlttee. mentioned that they would not b? able to make their report till to-morrow morning Mr Pahivbt, of Ontario, hoped that the committee on reeolutione would aubmtt at leait a part of their report this evening. While it waa lo course of preparation. the convention he eel d, oould determine at what place it would meet to-morrow morning. Mr Shfpard Intimated in reply, that it would be quite impotci'le for the oommlttae to comply with the request of the gentleman from Ontario, they were not prepared to submit even a report in part to-night. He would mention, however, that the reaolutione whloh the committee i designed to offer to the convention oon ourr?J entirely with the leading features of tb* address which had just been read Mr 8 elaborated somewhat upon the c iurae proper to be pursued by the demoeratlo party, in the great emergency in which they now found themselves Mr. PaWbust professed himself satisfied with the explanation just made by Mr. Shspard. and after having heard them he felt bound to withdraw hla request, that the reeolutlona might be preaented to-night. Mr CnaiviNu moved that when the convention adjourn, it will adjonrn to meet again to-morrow morning at 11 o'clock, in the Mayor'a courtroom. A gentleman moved to amend the motion of Mr. Corning, by naming 10 o'clock Inatead of II, aa the hour of meeting. There being no pressing business before the convention, Mr. MoVkan, of New York, favored ua with a humurous and eloquent apeeoh. He aaid there waa no doubt but the central power would fulminate their wreth aa they had done heretofore; there waa no doubt but thay would devlae every meana to lnault and aggravate the feelinga of those who were trying to uphold the standard ef the democracy in this emergency; he truated that in all their triala hla demoeratlo friends would act in auch a manner aa would eommend them to the judgment of mankind We were associated together for high purpoaea, affecting the welfare of our fellow citizens; our country waa now engaged in a foreign war; cur arralea were in Mexioo; the heart of every true patriot rejoiced when upon the breaking out of the war It became apparent that the government would be euetained. Who waa it that aupported the honor of thla country? It waa the demoeratlo party; and whan be said the democratic party, he meant the real demoeratlo party; not your spurious, proviso conditional democrats. (Cheers) Mr. McVkan was proceeding with spirit and eloquence, when suddenly the Assembly chamber was plunged in Egyptian darkness; some of the radical gentleman had found the way to the | gas pipes, through wlncli Uie chandeliers in the Assembly chamber are supplied with gas; by turning a screw in one of these pipes, tiiey had suddenly cut off the supply of gas, an f involved the chamber in complete darkness. While the convention was in this said condition, sardonic | yells and ironical laughter issued from the throats of the radical democrats,who choked up the lobbies and galleries. The voice ofthePresiaent.who attempted to restore silence,was drowned by the loud cries of the spectators. One of the Vice Presidents, who, by chance, had a locoloco match in his waistcoat pocket, ignited it, by scraping it against the wall. This bla/.ing'loco- j foco match, which the Vice President held up over his head, was saluted with cries of, "the lone star," "bring in your firebrands," "give him one of Brandreth's pills," "ha! ha! ha! hu! ha!" After the.lapse of several,mi nutes,one of the supernumeraries found his way into the chamber with a farthing candle in his hand. This luminary exerted a very limited influence; hut by its rays some ol the officers of the convention were enabled to find out the cause of the stoppage of the gas. They detected two or three of the Wilmot gentlemen in the act of turning the screw, and this, of course, caused the provisoists to beat a retreat. The gas being turned on agaiu, the chandelier was relighted, and Mr McVum resumed bis romarks Ha raid ha had understood that this blowing out of tha lights was a weak invention of tba enemy ; man who loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil; [oheere] men who were afraid of the broad glare of iruth ; [cheers.J he understood also that they were guerillae ; the officers of thin convention had found them retreating Iron the gae pipe immediately after the neferions deed was committed ; they were bid in yonder chaparral! [Pointing to the lobbies, which were crowded with spectators ] [Cheers, and cries ot " hustle 'em out.'M Mr. McVean then resumed the continuation of his remarks; he was very felicitous, and at tunes | ?n j lav urn anu c luqur n i Mr Thompson, of Washington county, mads the concluding congratulatory sp-eoh As a young bride is congratu'ate'l by har bridesmaids upon her nup ials. so Mr T. congratulated bis fellow demoorats upon the auspicious position of the Cass seotion of the democratic P*rtT- . , The motion ol Mr. Goming, tlist the convention will adjourn till to-morrow at eleven o'clock, was adopted; and at half past nine o'clock the convention adjourned. Albany, Jan. 27?P. M. On the reassembling of the convention this morning, Mr. Sliepard, of Ne w York, reported resolutions covering the same grounds hs tlie address, except in relation to the tariff. The resolutions favor the tariffot Ih-ttt. Mr G \V. Clinton, of Hull do, addressed the convention in :i very eloquent manner, calling oil the Wilmot proviso democrats to repent of th ir errors. Ttie resolutions were adopted unanimously. Mr. Cobnino, from the committee on organization, reported in favor of appointing deb gates to the Baltimore convention by districts; also, in favor oi uomin iting au electoral ticket. The couv> ntiou then proceeded to nominate electors. Thirty-six were chosen, being one for each congressional district, and two for the State at large. Ht.viAN J. IIkdfikld, of Genesee, nnd Camphkll P. VVhitk, of New York, are the electors for the State at large. C. Hooarih s's nainc was reported as one, but opposition was made to him on the ground tiiat he had (as was alleged) discharged some workmen, und employed a steain engine. His name was withdrawn. After the transaction of some other business, the convention, at half-past six o'clock, closed its proceedings. City Intelligence. Thk Democratic Ward .vIkatinoi.?At the deniooratto ward meetings helu on Wednesday evening, for the purpose ot choosing delegates to alteud a State coo, vention, to be held at Utioa, on th i lHih day ot February, the following gentlemen were chosen: 1st Asiembly District?Stephen K. Harris. Id " " V b Kohler. :ld " " D W. Clarke 4th " " William Bradford, ftth " " Robert H Maclay. 7th ' " John E Develin. Uth " " Wilson Small. 10th u " Wilson O Hunt. 11th " " James H Cook Wth u " Thomas U Tappen. 13th " " l.ucius Robinson. lilh It It 10th " " Thomas Claughcy. Thero was quite a difficulty In the nintu ward, in consequence of a party, favoring tba view* of the Albany CouvrDtion, aud opposed to tba Wilm-A proviso, li.tviu previously gained possession of the room In which the new democracy Intended to hold their election, and which waa out of the dlatrlot whleh they were to repr?**nt Being bathed in obtaining their room, a loud call waa mad* to adjourn to tile open air The meeting did adjourn to the open air, hut the rain lading ratner too thick and faar, for comfort outside, they then adjourned 10 a house In Washiugton atraat, near Barrow, where, being again thwarted, they then aseembted at koshay'a tavern, in dhristoplier etreet, where, alter discarding the old de inocraoy a* whiga. they made their appoint Merit In several of the warda, tne delegate* to the convention were pUced under Instructions how to act; but what ' thoae itiatruoilon* are we are uuabl* to aay, all having I been kept quiet; but considerable difficulty waa ei Mated by a disposition on the part of both taction* to break down the bulwarka of the deineoracy. The whole pro- | ceedlnga were oppoetd, one party by the other, and an augry sorrow ia the only result, each diaavowlng any intention to dlatract the rank*, ami diaclaimlng each other an whiga. In the aisth ward,some time after the appointed hour, several persona had collected in tho bar-rotm of the Sixth Ward Hotel gaud the assemblage was ush red into a room up stairs. capable of holding about one hundred people. Hera the cry of ' Shalei' ShaUr"'' w.ia instantly raised, and he took the ohair After considerable cheering, the first business, ou the selection of a secretary a* proclaimed, was th? choice of a representative to the I ilea convention, when alderinau Konler waa promptly named by hia !ilends, and decided as ouosen, amidst deafeuitig applause and all kind* of tuiiny exnlianiation* notait.bafjiniiinj am anma iliaaimAinfu.l mw. aona Mid in the room, that he la an openly a/owed autlWilmet proyi?o man. and one o! the txiltera from 1'iUov lu the late nenatorial election So far an good, whleperad three or toar preeumable Albany convention mm, who were enjoying the Joke?"the halt-breeds' have played th" game tor ua better than we oi-uld have donn ouraelves '' On the tumult somewhat subsiding, some o.ie propoaed a committee ou reaolutioua. which, lu a very trw momenta, reported aeve'al of great length They were lead, and, at the areund one, vlr Shaier deoluied positively^ continuing any leugtr as the presiding ( Ulcer, exclaiming that he ceuld nor, rndo.ae auch Uooirlcea. and r?i|ueatlug that souin peraeu should be put in uia place; whereupon, aa ia aanl In political parlauoe, Mr. Kdward Sherlock waa prevailed on to take the place, and auba. .pieutly eudorae the prooecliUKS At till* ataga of the l irce we came away, retleouug on the wa> I'relldeuta are made j AnoTHra MtltacHOlT Suicina?A young gentleman of I he ui"Ulcal profaeeum, (rem lutuil* < > 'orgia, by the I Dame of K W Murray, aged about twnny two yeara, | Who graduated about a year ago, and haa hu eome time \ paat been reaidlng lu the city lor tne purpoae of att? ud- i lug the medloal lectur a at the Unirerauy, ooiumttted auloide oa Wednesday night, by severing the ' i ta> i iiaaw? LD. MM TWO Uiu. - ., - ? 7- - ; ; - - ?r-TT- * frraoral artary of th* right thigh, n?ar whara It paasaa th# antarior portion with a raior From art dene# adduced before th# Corotiar, It appaaral that (ha deceased, for Mraral day* paat, baa baa a extremely depressed In spirit*, and remarked on Wedn'silay morning to his room raat?, a Mr Vfllnor, alao ? aii^Liiv*,,??.. urn iin nmmui im snoun won die or become deranged; and In reply to eqiestion for hi* rttaoM for form Inn such an Idea. n<al?t beoauee h felt aR ha had the request of the deceased, whe was attending hlslecnever fait bafora. In the onurse of th? conversation on that occasion, Mr. Mllnor alluded to the r?oant eulolde of Or Walla, and related the circa meteooes under which It waa committed. whereupon the deoeaaed inaolfeated a great doflira to raad the newspap-rs containing the particular* of that melancholy ayent. In tha afLaruoon Dr. Badford (at turaa) paid him a professional visit, and found him In a melancholy state of mind On the return of Mr Mllnor to hie room about 10 o'clock laer night, the deceased requested of him that In case any thing shonld happen to him, to write to a brother, (whose address he handed to Mr M ,) and Inform hint of the olroumatances ? Mr Mlluor, on awaking, shortly after 3 o'elook yesterday morning, missed the deceased from his bed. On getting up, he found the deoeaaed dead on the floor, with an open rasor and an extinguished lamp by his side, and surrounded by a large quantity of blood, with which the wall at a oensiderabie distanoe was also bespattered, and a deep wound inflloted in the anterior part of the thigh. The deceased waa of highly reapeotable connections and steady habits, and no aause can be assigned for the taeh act, exoept. from remarka made to some of h<s acquaintances, to the effect that a lady ta Oeorgla, for whom he had farmed an attaobment, had rejeoted his addressee The jury, from the foregoing facts, after a brief consultation, rendered a verdict, that the deoeaaed came to hie death by suicide, by lalltoting a wound with a razor, on the right thigh, eeveriug the femoral artery, while laboring under a malancholy state of mind. Stili. anotiikb Hviciok ?While the Coroner waa engaged holding fan inquest in tha loregolng aaae, information was lett at his office that hla aer vices we te required at No. 9 Kseex street, to bald an inquest upon tha body of a Herman, by the name of Kranota Larts, aged -10 years, who had also committed suicide According to the eyidsnoe addnoed before the Coroner,It appeared that the deceased, a soap maker by trade, came to thla country about three (ninths ago , that in the course of four or five weeks after his arrival, he waa taken sick and sent to the hospital on Ward's Island, where he remained about three weeks ; tben returned to the city, was again j takeu e'.ck, aDd again sent to the hospital, from whioh he was again discharged about three weeks ago. since which tiuiH he spoke but little, and appeared to he lowspirited. being without money nnti unable to obtain emnloytnent. Thai driven to d'Specation, he atripped himself, and with his rraor Inflicted a deep gash on his right arm. above the elbow; but not having the daatred e'Vot. he iuflicted a wound on the right forearm, severing the radiHl and ulna artery. Verdiot in aaoordanoe With the foregoing tacts. The wtttnti?Yesterday was another very dietgrotable day ; from morning to night the rain fell, until the streets were nompletely overflowed with mud and water. After dark, laat evenlug, the clouds disponed, and a beautiful star-light night followed. 'Fashionable Amusement.? Tho amusing way of dying by one's own hand, seems now to be all the rage, especially oil the new principle of cutting the arteries ? There have been several esses of late/hut the greatest occurred yesterday on the east side of the city. An old colored woman, who was in the daily habit of getting rather happy 0:1 the common stuff, being without the "ona thing ueedful," and with no prospect of raising any. date-ruined to end her sorrow by one of the fashionable ways of going out of the world, an-1 ucoordingly obtained a knife, which was fortunately rather dull, and commenced sawing awey rn her arm, until she bad severed several of the smaller veins. She was discovered by some person, who took from her the knife, and bound up the wound She was then served with a glass of gin, and very soon expressed her sorrow that she did nut get the " blessing" before she thought of killing herseir The poor old creature, deprived of her only living, took th? " blue devils," and determine 1 also to take her life The knowing ones at Albany are about passing a law to punish aduhery ; and we should not at ail wonder if they next passoneto punish su<cides The former will be lets likely to pass as there is a probability the projector of the rack would hs first upon It. Rri* Over ?A man by the name of John Carson, of Scaminel street, was very serlou?iy Injured on Wednesday niaht, by being run over by a torse and oart in Third avenue. Farmers' Market.?Tbe newly-established market house situated In tbe 4th avenue, between Jtiih and J7th street" known as the railroad, or farmers' market, Is an excellent affair. It is tnronged with farmers, provision dealers, hucksters, milkmen, and heads of families, trading !u almost every p-.s-ible variety of oountry pro duoe As a very small portion of our nlftiens are not probably aware uf the x(stance of this market, it may not be amiss to say a word or two relative to Its oharae ter, ktc Some time ago, a petition was presented to the Common Council to have 3Jd or 3 lth street so increased in width ns to admit ft a market house, to be erected in tbe oentre 01 the same, from Fast to North river; but the owners of the property on both sides of the street remonstrated, and defeated the passage of a resolution designed to carry It Into effect, on the ground that it would gr'.tlly reduce and ruin thslr lots; therefore, with n view of meeting the wants of ths up-town residents, tbe Harlem Kailroad Company, at the suggestion of its President, Charles Parsball, Esq , has erected a very extensive and aJmirably arranged frame building at the before Darned location, where the farmers of Westchester and I'utnam Counties send, store and offer tor sale th-dr beet; mutton, pork. p'u try, eggs, butter, cneese, vegetable. Vc. Thus while the far mors arid patrons oi the road art* provided with a ready market for their produce, purchasers art' accommodated with the best faculties for procuring their supplies dlreot from Ibe pveduoer. at lower rate* than the usual market prior* inasmuch aa the latter kucura no expense for storage or atand privilege* In alluding to the feci litiea afford-d to the country farmer* r-sidiug along thin line of railroad, we must not neglect to atate the faot that there we e In the m .rket, the other day alxteen fine tat slaughtered hog*, which. 14 hcnra previously, were all ailve and kioaing -20 mtbs in the interior of Putnam county ; *o that those persons who have heretofore obj-cted to a residence in the upper wsrds on aooount of a want of a good market, will have no occasion to hesitate any longer on that score ; and aa soon ae gee shall have been generally introduced In that section of the oi*y, the up-town folks will certainly be highly favored with a good market, good water, pure air, and the cleanest streets A Coiivcidicwcc ? On Wednesday a roguish oyster pedlar, up town, was detected in the act of selling hit merchandise from m-asures manufactured for the purpose. having false bottoms On the same day the following precautionary notice was published in the S'wark (N J ) Jhlvertiiir : ' Those who buy anything of hawkers, should look to It that their measure is correot A pint measure was brought to tais office this morning, winch wus left yesterday by an oyster p-dlar, having a false bottom, which aubtrac'a half a gill from the true quantity " From this It would appear that ft is a " trick Of tha trade," and it would he well for ail to keep a lool^ out, and, If possible, bring to punishment these young rascals, or their employers The police of the upper wards might aid the cause of justice by prompt aotlon in the premises. Titic Supreme Court on thk Tatter List ?A ludicrous scene oocurred yesterday. In Judge Kdmonds' court It seems that under the old system the Cbanoellor's Court, when it was held In this city, and the Vioe Chancellor's Court, were supplied with stationery and costs by the sheriff After the Court of Cbanoery had bsccmo concolldated with the Supremo Court, by the new constitution the sheriff continued to supply the Mupnme Court with ooals sod stationery, up to yesterday evening When thn judge arrived in (he morning, and took ills s-kt, hi f..und tliero was neither pen, ink, or paper, on the bench; neither was Ihe fire iit , and as may well be supposed, the court room was damp and uncomfortable; and to mend the matter, the Judge seemed to be in a very delicate state of health. Mr. Kardolph.tbe first officer was called, an l asked why the stove was not going, and the usual supply of stationery lelt on the Jiiege's desk ' The officer replied, that the sheriff refused to grant the supplies The sheriff was n?xt s*ut for, and upou hi* arrival stated that he had, eiuoe .September las' supplied the court with stationeiy, iir j that there was now seven or eight hundred dollars .us to him, and that the authorities at Albany positively Ttfused to pay Cm. It. there*Ore, cuild not. be expected that he would supply the?e artiele* any longer: but as a mattei ot favor to the Judge, himsell, he would let hiui have out. of his own store, a scuttle oc corI, and two or three billets of wood for this day; b'tt for torn rrow's supply, lie should look sotuewtier* else. Tne Alius Mouse Commissioner happened to be in court at tli* time, waiting for a cause wh'eh ??' exp?c *d to be called on, and hearing the sonretnttlon betw-eu the judge and sheriff. hi# hum nr.y who put to the test; hn very kiiid'y took out hi* pocket-honk. and filled up ? ticket for hail ft ton of coal nud two lo t la of woo.1 and banded it up to the benr.h 1'hn Judge read It, smiled. and that ked the commissioner for h.s kindneae, but ra d tnftt ?.?the putdlo w.i* kb much oonesr:>Mt as he *ji in the matter, he would no: scsept the donation; hn would, however apprise the State authorifirs at iib.my of the gentleman'* kiodn.it*; and he had no doubt, if fortune eyer smthd on those ,un?ti n*m? again, they cannot, without being guilty of the stti of Ingratitude, forget the Alms llou.-o Coin uisshner's generosity The uistter was then dropped, and wo are not aware ihftt any provision WKsmsde for next day's supply. /KBUhON Tllt'RSfON BBOfdlll' BACK ? About four months tunc*, Zci'Jli u ' liurstou ttnd another man, copsrtuer* wltu Mr Jo>eph Daulsls, contractor*. absconded with about flO'O of the funds of the company. A week alter they had left, ft oooatftble sturte-iin pursuit, and traced them to Keck county, Wisoons n Territory, and alter a diligent rearob, louud the two men located upon a farm which they had purch ised.Thu officer's authority bain-; insufficient to arrest them, he returned home, and afttr a fi w day*'delay la procuring the necessary papers, started ugain on the iid day id December last, und succeeded in tluiiinit the men about 70 miles west of Mitwaukie A* might well Ue liiiagimd, hi* second visit souiev u*t surpru.--d them, but a* they wer.1 satisfied th?y w*r? hgaily his prisoners, tbev came with hlui ycry peaceably as tar *? Syracuse, N. Y . when one of them managed to giye him the slip, but will, in all probability, soon be brought to th? city. Mr Cuolldge arrived home last evening having Thurston in his oustody. and this morning he was taken belore the clerk of the Vumoip .l court, and gave bail la the sum of pd,000 to appear for trial on an indictment charging huu with OoutplrftCy to cheat Mr DaoieU ? The trial will probftbly take place at the uext terns of the Muuicipal Court ? Hasm* Jjurn.l, Jan id.