Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 29, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 29, 1848 Page 1
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TH Whole K> ? dlilM The Foreign Poeutl Arrangement*. Toit Or kick DiroTMF.nr. ) Uohtsact OrrifB, Jen 15,1848.) To Hon. C*?k JoHMn-F, 1'ojtmaster Oeueral : ? Sin : -On the let of Juue last I left the United States In the nteamsbi;) Washington, upon a foreign agencv, Iiy which 1 was oharg?d in your iostrnctions of the 'itith of May (In arriving at Southampton, in Kngland. on the Kith of June, I was shown an order of the Liritiah l'ost Oflloe Department, issued on theUth of that month, imposing the llritish packet postage of one shilling sterling for e ach letter of a half ounce, and twopence for each newspaper brought in tie U. S mails by the Wash iupton. This was made chargeable as well upon those destined for France as those delivered to the United Kingdom, and the postmaster in Southampton was rail uire t to forward to London all the mail bags left by t'ie Washington, without being opened. The effect of this order was to subject all the letters and newspapers to double postage, and those addressed to France to additional delay, by being taken out of the direot oourse to their places of destination. This proceeding was wholly unexpected. It was known that letters sent by ship to Logland were liable to he charged with a postage of 8d , the same as letters brought to the United States were liable to be charged * cents But the United Slates ship postage had been relinquished in respeotto the British and Canada mails uru'igru Dy me i unaru stenmirs ro nosion, ana transported thence to St. Johns, and in ail other oases was abated to two cents, where the letter was deliverable elsewhere than at the pott of arrival. The most friendly disposition growing out of the British and Canada mail arrangement, which was made in 1844, had been expressed, aiel an informal correspondence had been carried on through the British minister in respect to the facilities to he given to our mails In Lnglaud, to adj nst which you had decided to send out an agent; and timi intention had been communicated by the British minister to his government. These circumstances eu couniged the expectation that the bd. ship charge, . might be w ired, and that no other postage would be imposed on the mails sent by the Washington, than the Virt or iulaud rates. Instead of acoording to our mails this justly expec'nd reciprocity, or of even beiug content with the ordinary ship charge, onerous as that Is upon mails, the oost of conveying which is wholly defrayed by another government, special proceedings were taken upon this occasion for the purpose of Increasing the postage, and the highest rate under their law was imposed by order of the Lords of the Treasury. The same order required a prepayment of the lull packet rates of pOBtageto the Luglish post ofloe, on sll letters and newspapers sent to the United States by the ship Washington Being required by your instructions to proceed with the Washington to Bremen, I addressed a full communication on this mbjeot to his excellency George Bancroft, our minister at London. His despatohes to the Secretary of State will show the proceedings taken by him to cifsot a revision of the order of the Oth of June They dlaolose the avowal that this postage was imposed fls a liircriminnting one? to pfoteot tbe Cunard steam ship mail line?that if. to induce tbe employment of that line for the transportation of letter*, in preference to . the American moil line, by enhancing the oost of conveyance by the latter. 1 bad been in Germany but ten day* when I received it request from Mr Bancroft to repair to London, writteu in tbe expectation of an offer of term* from the British government for a postal arraogement. 1 accordingly joined him, but this expectation was not then realised. After a delay in London of a month, 1 returned to the continent. Having drawn the business of my mission to a close in Germany, I again joined Mr. Bancroft in London about the first of Ootober. At this time he received tho project for a postal convention between the two oountrles. Several of the terms ware deemed objeotionable, and a counter proposition on our part was submitted by Mr. Bancroft. At the same time the revision of the order imposing tbe British postage on the American mails was again formally applied for, and its withdrawal insisted upon, at least pending the negotiations. But it was refused iu any other.mode than by the adoption of a convention. A formal protest against the order of the 9th June was then addressed by eur minister to the Secretary for Foreign Affairs. Interview* were appointed and held at the offloe of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and also with the Tostrusster General, the Marquis of Ulanricarde?and discussions had on the points of differenco between the British sod American propositions for postal arrangements, These it would not be proper to sat forth in this report, uor the terms themselves, so long as the negotiation is pending. They were made under an avowal of principles of perfect reciprocity, and we felt encouraged cenfldtntly to expect their full assent to all our modifications of their terms, exceptlug one, looking in respect to that for some adjustment by compromise. But their final restatement of the terms upon which they WOttld negotiate a postal convention, made at the urgent request of our Minister for a definitive answer, belore my departure for the United States, contaius not only the objectionable preposition alluded to, but the others likewise. However anxious to take buck to the United States the adjustment of a difficulty which had so unexpectedly arisen; however ambitious to accomplish within the little time alloted me abroad, arrangements with tbe British pcstofBoe as well as with the German authorities, I could not oonsent to obtain this gratification by any saeriflne whatever of our just and equal claims. Neither oould 1 advise a concession to the British postoffice of any advantage in the agreement, for the purpese of getting rid of the greater disadvantages to which we were subjected by the order of the 9th June. That would have been to the extent of the advantage yielded, a submission to a wrong alike forbidden by a sense of right and of honor. That order is a manifest act of aggression on a rightful measure of our government. As such it is to be resisted. For it cannot be presumed that this hostile demonstration is to drive our government from its policy of enooursging the establishment of Ame rioau ocean steamers. ana employing tnnm as means 01 communication with other parts of the world. And yet It if obvious that we must do so under the effect of the British order of the 9th June, at great pecuniary loss. Mails will not be sent by our steamers, if they are to be taxed twice as much as when oouvsyed by the Knglieh mail. Hataliation is, therefore, unavoidable. If we levy the same contribution on the British mails whleh they exact from ours, we shall plaoe the international mail service of the two oountrles on an equal footing, and obtain out of the mail service of the British steamers a redress equal, at least, to the exactions foroed from our own. The Inequality under which our mails are placed by the order of 9th June, is manifesting its effects upon our revenue from this mail line iu a way that oannot be mistaken. The postage on metis sent to (treat Britain, by the second trip of the Washington, were 19 per cent less tnan the amount by tiie first trip, aad by the third trip the postage was 41 per cent less. The following legal provisions would plaoe our international mails upon an equal footing with those of (treat Britain 1. 'IV imposo an uniform rata of twenty-four cents American postage on all siugle letters reoeived at oor porta, or sent from them, by any packet boat, whether belonging to, or employed by, our own government, ar that of aay other country. J. To authorize the Postmaster (tsneral to waiva each packet postage charge on letters brought or seut in the packets of other governments that released the letters sent or brought by the packets of the United States governnient from packet postage or other equlvalsntcbarge, and to levy en such letters only the usual port or inland postage, the case might require. 3 To authorize the Postmaster Genanl to reduce eueh uniform rate of twenty-four centa on all letters Irmsm.tted by American packets, between our oountry and those foreign countries whose governments main tain packet lines with ours, and establish a like rate on letters conveyed by those lines. 4. Po authorise the Postmaster (leneral to increase said packet rate, corresponding with any increase in the foreign packet rate that may be ordered by any other government. a. To cularge the operations of the 17tli section of the HtOflMti requiring letters t<> 1>? delivered into the post oftloe from eaoh packet or ship before making entry, eo *s to embrace all letters brought, whether addressed "to persons iu the United Ntites and lis territories," <w elsewhere. d. To prohibit the receiving on board of a packet to convey asrcaj, any letters except ttooio ootuiog throngh the poet othoe Intimately connected with the adjustment of the pack et service, which is the conveyance of ioreign mails by government vessels -that is, vessels belonging to govern meat for .hit purpose, or employed by government, under ouutreot, to oarry mails in that ol until traneporta tion by private ships. In Kngland the packet rate of postage in tint Mini a* in tha U tilled States, ona shilling sterling, ?<^u-il to twenty-four ;.ents. Tneir ship rata is k.t , ni'ial to Id cents, whilst our ship ratals but ail cots. In a |ackat rata is, however, higher in tDe United States than in England, because bare, inland postage into bo added, whilst in England the d4 cents pay tba autira postage troin tba place of mailing, or to the place of destination, no matter how far inland that uiay be. But our ship rnta is proportionably low ? and li 'rider, we impose that rata only on letters reoeivsd. I propose that in regard to ship as wall as packet conveyance, we establish au uniform rate, one that will pay postage from tha place whence mailed, or to the plaoe where delivered, wherever situate, in tha United States. This roods of amassing postage is so much morejnstto ? tho public, and so much more ooDveoiant to the Department, that the flrst opportunity presented for adopting it, sboulj, in my judgment, be embraced. I therefore propose the following further provisions : ? 7. To ostab irh an uniform ship postage betwsen any place in the United States and any foreign port, ot 10 cents S. To authorise the Postmaster General to require outward-bound ships to take and convey mails, and duly deliver them at their ports of arrival 3. 'To prohibit them Irom taking noy letters other than there looetved through the post offlce. I'he packet postage rate above suggested refers sol?ly to oui mail intercourse with oountnes beyond the AtIsmio. I bog leave to add whilst this matter is under consideration, that uniform rates of postages be tlxed. 10 between any pert or plaoe of the United States and any pert onths Western continent, exoeptlng Mexico, I auada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, at 'JO cents. II. Between any place in tha l ulted States and any port "u the Pacific coast or Mexico, ot the United Stales, of the British, and of the Hnseiau possessions, at JO cants* 19 And between any plana in the Uul ted States and Canada, New Urnnswios, Nova So >tia, or of Mexico, other taan tlio Pacific coast, 10 cent*. 1 have proposed the p icket rate of postage to oouw, tuns beyond the Atlantic at 14 cent", lira ioss that Is { the English par kit rate, an J It becomes necessary la the , present etata el thing* to retain a postage la regard te I 1 A E NE NEW tbat country a* high as that which she imposes. But when the postage policy of any foreign government, ae for instance that of France, will admit of a reduction, then the packet rate ehould be down to 20 cents; 10 cents of this will be for sea-convey a nee, and 6 cents for inland And in case the O riuan States will ameliorate their postages, and make more uniform rates than at present, I would reduoe the packet oharge on letters to and from that portion of Kurope to a 20 oent rate also. By placing cur packet rates on letters brought and sent by foreign government ships as well as our own, the Department is enabled at once to countervail the discriminating policy now adopted by the British post office, whilst the authority to release the oharge upon the 1st tsrs conveyed by the publlo paokets ot tnose governments that do not subjeot our publio packets to any such burthen, enables us to deal with moderation and justice towards those who aot In that spirit towards the United States. An uniform rate of postage for newspapers and other printed matter should bs adopted, which postage should ooTer the whole charge from the place of mailing, and to the place of destination in the United States, without any superadditlon of inland postage. The Kngllsh rate of postage to and from this country is equal to 4 cents; but it would be desirable to provide that the Postmaster General may reduce this rate with those countries that will make corresponding rednotions in the foreign newspaper postage. In the nature of things this postage must be paid in the United States; but it wonld eminently promote the convenience of all oonoerned, and greatly increase both .friendly and business corrsspondenoe between different countries, if postal conventions sould be entered into between them, establishing the following arrangements 1. Optional payment. The privilege of paying at the plaee of mailing in our country, the entire postage through to the plaoe of delivery in the other, or of sending the letter through to its destination, the postage to be colleoted by the receiver, J. Au international rate of postegetbat shall oomblne In one amount the charge for inland conveyance in the country sending, for the sea conveyance. and for the Inland trau^inrtation in the oountry receiving and delivering the letter. 3 The mutual accountability between the governments, that would secure to each all the inland postage It was entitled to, that the other had collected, and all the sea postage o.^ the letters conveyed in its packets whloh bad been paid in the other country. In respect to our mall intercourse relations with Great Britain, it Is highly expsdient to establish a transit rate of postage The mails are despatched to and from the chief portions of her possessions on this oontinent with the greatest expedition, by a conveyance across our ter rnory; ana, on tne cttier nana, a larg.; portion or our mails to and from the European nations, and the East Indies and China, is transmitted across the Island of England, and through channels of communication bejond, belonging to Great Britain. The lowest .transit rate that she imposes is 5 pence, eqnal to 10 oents?that is between England and Kranoe. Our conveyance of her Canada mails is over a distance equally as great, and by means of conveyance as expensive. As a proper adjustment of this matter, and ;?s an arrangement preliminary to any successful negotiation on this point, I propose an uniform transit rate of ! cent*, American postage, on all single letters between any place in the United States, and any plaoe in the British possessions. This might also be extended to Mexico, exoludlng the places on the raolflo ooast whioh are provided for in previous suggestions. A ten oent transit charge is rather low, in comparison with present rates of postage, but will stand in very just proportion with the contemplated uniform postage of 5 oents. Agreeably to yonr instructions I went to Paris, and had Interviews with the Direotcr General of the Krenoh post office, Count de Jean, and the Adiuinlatrateur des Poste, of the bureau of Foreign Correspondence, M. Dubrot. They declared a willingness to enter upon arrangements, but for the Interference of the British order of the nth of Jane, which made it impossible to fix the postage for the Krenoh and American lines at the same amount, or to adjust mutual and reciprocal terms between the two oountries. When any portion of the present American steam line shall run direct to Havre, the legislation of Congress wl'l be needed to enable the American sea postage ta be reduoed to the same amount as the French packet postage, which is 20 oents, in case the packet postage is to be retnieed at a separate amount from the inland; and the French authorities will make their inland charge. 1 douot not, conform to ours. The better course would be, as heretofore recommended, to make one uniform rate for both countries, embraoing both the sea and inland postage. This it would be competent for a convention between the two governments to arrange; and it is by a convention that both England and France contemplate to adjust these international matters, whenever they shall conclude to take them up for that purpose. There is but eoe poiat with Franoe, upon whioh 1 can apprehend any disagreement. Her limit of weight, for a single let'er, is one-quarter of an onnoe. whilst ours is a half of an ounce In accounting by weight, which U the mode ioeisted upon both by her and England, we should have to pay to her four postages in the ounoe, whilst we should reoeive from her but two postages: whereas, praotioally, the letters would be written in reference to the Krenoh standard of onequarter of an onnoe to the single letter, and France would aotnauy collect lour .aniorioan portages 10 ui ounce. This would b? obviated by itoh government tocounting for the postages collected for the other by the actual number of letters. More inoenvenienoe would result from this mode, but manifest injustice would be avoided. When I arrived at Brem-n in June last, I found a ready and willing consideration extended at once to the subject of our international mail intercourse with Germany, and to all suggestions for its Improvement. Besides the post office authorities in Bremen,! met there representatives from the post utllces of Prussia, Hanover, Brunswick and Hamburg, and a communication from the Director General of the Posts of the Prince Thurn and Taxis at Frankfort oa-the-Maine, was brought to me bv Charles Graebe, Esq., our Amerioan consul, and a zealous and devoted friend to Amerioan interests. The postal systems of Germany are of a very complicated organization. Therrinceof Thurn and Taxis, (resident in Hatisbon, in the kingdom of Bavaria.) holds, by auolent feudatory grant, renewed at the Congress of Vienna, the exclusive right ef mail conveyance in seventeen States of the German Confederation, and in most of the remaining States a right concurrent with the separate right of the local government. This circumstance I found, after my first visit to Bremen, and after 1 had had an interview at Frankfort with the Director General of the Thurn sod ruls ports, embarrassed my operations with difficulties somewhat peculiar. The General and the local authorities entertained conflicting views. Deeming it unwise to excite jealousies, and not having the time.to follow out the negotiations with each. I judged it best to rely upon the agency of the government of Bremen to effeot the desired results of uniform and reduced postages in Germany upon the Amerioan mails I then adjusted with the post office authorities of that government all needful arrangements. 1st. For sending mail matter through from any plaoe in the United states to any plaoe in Germany, and also to several of the adjoining nations north and east of it. and likewise from thenoe to anyplace in the United States, nmler a charge of postage that should cover the whole distance. Jd. For allowing the writer to pay the postage to the plaoe of destination in advance, or leave it to be paid by the reoeiver ef the letter on delivery, or to pay part of the postage on either side as far as Bremen, leaving the residue to be paid by the receiver on delivery. 3d For the keeping the accounts bv Bremen with the several European governments on the one aide and with the Ciiited States on the other, and acsountiugand paying over to the United State* ell postage due it, collected In Germany or the countries beyond?and accounting to and paying over to the several German governments and thoe? of the countries beyond, the postage accruing to them respectively from the American mails collected in the United Statee The Tost Office authority in the ilanseatio Republic of Bremen la exercised by a committee of its Senate, the principal member of which is the honorable Arnold Duckwiiz. With him my business was transacted and arrangements made. Through him the applications were prea?nted to the different government* to reduce the postage end establish unltorra rates on the American mails. The Kirglmn of Prussia, whose postage* ranged from 6 cents to I? cents, fixed a single uniform rat-' of 13 oents, including the transit one through Hanover. The Kingdom of Hanover, whose postage was 7 oents, agreed to make a uniform charge of 0 cents on ail American mails delivered in or seat from its territory. The Duchy of Brunswick has adopted the eatne rate in lieu of Its former charge of 9 cents, and the Kingdom ot Saxony, whose rates ranged as high as 19 oents,has quits recently acceded to the Prussian postage of I'i oente, understood, of course, to cover the cost of transit through the intervening territories of Hanover, Drunswick and Prussia. The postage charged by the Duchy of Olvemburg is A cents, and by the free town of Hamburgh 0 oents The foregoing may hs considered as fully adjusted, and single postage allowed to the extent of half an ounce. The arrangement of an uniform rate for the oountry covered by the Thurn and Taxis posts, and for Austria, has been the subject of correspondence, but has not, as yet, been accomplished. The Thnrn and Taxis posts embraoe the Kingdem of Wurtemberg with the principalities ot Hohenxollern, the principalities of Hesse Hamburg and Meissenhelm, Lippe-Detmeld, Reuse, Sohaumburg, Llppe-Schwartsburgh Rudelstadt and Sobwartburgh-Sonderhausen.the Grand Duchies of Hesse-('asset, tlesse-Darmstad, Saxe Weimar, Msoklenburg-Schwerin, and Meoklenburg-Strellt* --the Duchies of Nassau, Saxe Aitemburgh, Saxc-Coburg (Jotha and Saxe Melrringen and the free city of Krankfort. These countries lie, in part, on the Rhine, south of the Prussian possessions, also in detached States tnr<MiKu me centrnl pert of (lermany ana norm or rrussta beyond the Kibe. The postages from Bremen to the different poinU range 10 to 21 cents. M. Docabwrg, the Director Ueneral of these posts, agreed to an uniform rate of I t cents (tho single letter to extend to a ha'f ounce ) on Ainsrloan correspondence sent from his territory to Bremen; but could not raatriot the charge to so low an amount on tho correspondence received; as Bremen, In rirtue of rome arrangement with llanorsr, sends those malls by the Hanover posts Instead of his own, and he Is obliged to account to that government for a transit charge thereon. It is confidently believed that this difficulty will, before long, be obviated. My attention was early given to the subject of a new channel of conveyance to Kast India and China by means of our steam line to Bremen, and the line of railroad thence to the port of Trieste on the Adrlatlo, from which the Austrian government maintains a line of steam packets to Alexandria iu Kgypt This routs presented, what in the course of the season would become an uninterrupted channel of conveyance by steam, exoept a short portion of the distance between Vienna and Trivet. Kioui Alexandria to t alro, the conveyance Is furnished by the 1'aoha cf Kgypt, and beyond by the British govtrnmaat- I was aware that a conveyance by W YO ' YORK, SATURDAY MO the British Peninsula anil Oriental steam packets, likewise across France to Marseilles, and thsnoe by French steamers to Alexandria, also existed, and that by these, letters could be sent from England, prepaid or unpaid But I was desirous of ascertaining whether the like facilities could not be secured by the way of Germany and the Adriatic, and through privileges obtained by trusty or otherwise by the Austrian government. On this point a fujl communication was received by Baron lvubeck, the Anstrlan Minister of Finance. Withont occupying this report with the minute information furnished. It is sufficient to say that, as yet. the arrangement would require a separate payment of the Anstrlan Inland and sea postage. Also of the English postage accruing on the route east of Alexandria, so that the German route to India does not furnish to us the facilities desired. It Is. however, hoped that that government will see the Importance to their own noble enterprises, of securing the right of sending mails through on ths whole route, with privilege of paying postage to destination either in advance or on delivery Our interest in the matter oon nifbo iu illip, luttb cur hi rnu^ruiruvD iuiuuku uiouiqu will enable such privilege to inure to the benefit of the American mail*. Of the inland postage of Austria and other oonntriea not vet enumerated, 1 will speak hereafter whilst on the subject ot reducing postages, and adjusting uniform rates, 1 will state that the attention of the several Osrman governments was earnestly directed last summer to the propriety of general reforms in this and other particulars of their post offloe systems. The result was that a postal Congress was convened at Dresden, in Saxony, in October last. The Hon. A. Duokwitz became a member of that body Anticipating that the American mail interests were liable to be affeoled by the action of the Convention, 1 ventured upon the freedom, whilst at Londoa, of addressing the following suggestions to Senator Duokwiiz, under dote of 16th October, 1847: " Combining, as you do. with the character of Representative of Bremen that of an agent of the Post OHints Department of the-United States, you will doubtlees improve this occasion to labor for the accomplishment of that whloh will redound so greatly to the advantage of both oountrles?the reduction of the German postage on the American corresponJ-noe, aud the establishment of uniform rates 1 will avail myself of this opportunity to reiterate what I have heretofore urged upon your attention. In the United States a single letter is conveyed in the malls, any distance not exoe.eding three hu( 'red ml lee, and delivered for live cents postage, and Is oouveyed any distance beyond three hundred miles,and delivered for ten cents. The United States mail route from New York to Austin, the capital of the State of Texas, near whloh place is a large and increasing tierman settlement, is more than 2300 miles in length In view of this fact, it may well be claimed under the principles of reoiprooity, that in Germany, the American letter shonld be oonveyed and delivered, even at the remotest point, at a ohargo not exceeding ten cents; for the longest route traversing it. is not, probably, half as long as the one 1 have named in the United States. And it Is not probable that any mail route in any one country in Germany exceeds the distance of 300 mites. " Consideration, I admit, is due to the oiroumstance of there being so many separate governments in Germany, eaoh of whieh is to have Its distinot remuneration for the service it performs. Conceding to this oiroumstance its full weight, i hen 1 should say that a postage of five oenta to the government whioh oonveys and delivers the letter, and of two cents to the government that simply gives a transit without delivery, would make an ample remuneration. This oonolusion is justified by the turlher consideration that no additional outlay is made for this correspondence; the mail lines being established and kept In operation without any reference to it "On this soale ef postages, the Hanover rate would be five cents * . ? e * V Brunswick would be the same, also Odemburg. The Prussian postage would consist of two transit rates, rating from Bremerhaven and one delivery rate, amounting to nine cents. The Saxony, the same; the Austrian, of three transit rates, and the fire cents added, making eleven oonts. Tburn and Taxis would be two or three transit rates and its own oharge of live cents. Bavaria the same " If there are German States not embraoed in the above enumeration of Tost Departments, it can be readily seen what, according to the above scale, would be their postage from Bremerhiven.byan allowance of two cents transit for each country through which the letter passes, and the addition of the final rate of five cents. " Uniformity of regulation as to the weight to which a single letter m iy extend, is important between oountries that give to their international correspondence the advantage of optional payment of postage. You will, 1 presume, press upon tne other German States, the example of Prussia, Hanover, Oldenburg. Brunswick,Hamburg, and Bremen, in adopting the Knglish scale of a half ounce to the single letter. This is observed in Amerioa, and prevails throughout the chief portion of the commercial world. It gives to correspondents no greater share of the use of the mails than a full ordinary deepatoh requires." Senator Duckwitz replied to that part of my letter, under date of 26th November, 1847, as follows : " Though as yet, not muoh can be said regarding the alterations to be concluded, yet so muoh I may say, that we may hope to see postage redaotd and put upon an uniformity all over Germany. The observations you had the klndnesa to give in your favor of the 16th October, have been weed, and however desirable it may be to ate the principle expressed in execution, yon must not overlook that the ehlef expenses for post-matter do not exist in the transport of letters, but in the expenses of thd administrations. The oonsequsnee thereof is that the postage in a country of proportionately less population, and many different administrations, must be higher than in a country of proporelonate less population, aud with a single administration. In this point exists a difference between the United States aud Germany You will receive further news regarding that Congress .. ?. ik.ea A/^mee fAwtV. a V-A.stlf . Kltf 6A miish wAll | an ouwu an kucto vvuaqd iviui tm ivoui* , uuw ou u?mvu jvw may be aware, that good will bo done thoro, and that wa haya the beat prospect for a correspondence, not to be oomparedwith tin trillirg number we received hitherto, aa soon ns the steamers go at a certain day, and aa soon as the United States postage, steamer and inland, is plaoed at a reduced and single tax " 1 will close the etatemont of my German mail arrangements by referring to the regulations wbioh 1 had the honor, as your agent, to propose, and which hare received the unqualified assent of tne Hon. Mr. Duckwltx, exoepting in ooe particular. On this exoepted point he agreed to your decision,and as you have so made It as to leave the regulations unchsnged, they stand, of course, wholly agreed to and in full force. A change of circumstances in our postal arrangements with Canada, leaves so rnnoh of the regulations as refer to them inoperative?and where tgreements have been sinoe made, the rate of postage has been varied from the regulations, as in the oase of Saxony. So in respeat to the Thurn and Taxla territories, the postage rate supposed, when the regulations were drawn, to have been agreed to, remains unsettled. I have prepared the following table, to show the postage between the different points in the United States and the different points in the countries reaohed by mall, through the channel of the Amerioan mall steamers and the Bremen post office This table is more aocurate. because made at a later date, than the list in the regulations t V. S pottag* v ? fc ? for tingle let- 5? ? -e-sj fere. ? Safe . 5 2, r ^ u *S eitJ ? l)r it illation. 9 ? e i !S 5 9 g ? s f 5^ ^g Bremen 1 Tiirie may be 24 5 or 10 00 X oil g j ? Hamburgh .. I paid todeatioa- ? ? ? t ? I ?-o o Oldenbu g . . I lion, or eeut to? ? ? 5 ? I Jmn Hanover... . ) Bremen, leav- ? ? ? # ? Rriimwick .. I nig r.aidne to ? ? ? 6 ? j J ? c"2 Prneeia I t>e paid on de- ? ? ? 12 ? I jt JS >. ?; Saxony J liveiy. ? ? ? 12 ? j H C-tt I.ubee 53* 24 5 14 I Wothn 7 j ? ? ? ?? ? Vienna 1 c a. I'racu j * v r'rctfhnrg.... J iaBvS ? ? ? 18 id or Triexe I '* ? ;? Auitria gen1) j Cassel - - _ |. - ) CobBr? ^5-2 a - \ T??. Bavaria gene- > ?".3 2 ,, ? rally i - 21 Frankfort out ,, the Maine . \ KT.2 " 13 Darinttadtge-I 2 a. .. ner illy \ . Baden gene-) yi 2 ? ,, rally..,.... ) i?!.a g - 13 Wnrtemberg. H ? ? ? 21 ? Altoua bo <k ? ? ? 6 X or Kiel... S?.S ? ? ? it ? | Copenhagen 1 3 and fnrther'et > <5 ?-S ? ? ? 22 ? parte Denm'k ) f <Stockholm h i e 3 ferth'al parte) "m S ? ? ? 31 ? of Sweden... J "2 Bergea Chrii-i ?,5^ tiania It fat'et / a-* ? ? ? 33 ? parte Norway ) St refer.burg) eg _ ,. _ Conitxailt.... S .2 8 ? - - - ?*? Greece S'Sf! ? ? ? 37 ? Hull m (own I l0 of ltal. Statei S ? 2 2 . _ Conitenti ople S S ?> ? ? ? ? 37 ? Basle fcSwil) S?Ss 21 WtllM gen'y I H In reapect to newepaper* and other printed matter, the Amerlciin postage on which must in all eaeee lie prepaid, it i* to bo obaei red that they oannot pan* through the

foreign nulla, a* euob. unlea* placed in narrow hand* (not wrapper* an with ua) not more than a third or a quarter a* wide ae the length of the package. And they must be printed In the language of the country from which tbey are Rent, unle** epecial exception* are made by mutual agreement* of the government* ooncerned, a* i* the caae with Onlignini'i Mftrngtr and the Aug$iurgh Uaz'ttr. Newepaper poetage in Oermany ia generally one-fourth of the letter rate The right of optional payment,that la. payment of poataga here or in the foreign country?can be engaged In reapect to all the place* named in the foregoing table, but it i* adviaed by the Poat Department of Bremen, a* a better polloy, to adopt it only with tho*? countries that have agreed to epecific rate* for the American correspondence. and to extend the privilege of optional payment a* the other government* cons* into like agreement*, which, it la believed, will In time embrace all Oar postage la too oompl'X too contingent and uncertain In amount, to be nuderatood in the Herman poat offlcea, and oparata* aa a aerlona obatruotion to corraapen RK I RNING, JANUARY 29, 1 dene*. We should lose no time In adopting an uniform rate that will express, in one sum. the whole American charge, both for sea conveyance and inland. Other omissions anil Irregularslie* must be oorreoted, and more boats should be placed on the line. Ho infrequent a departure as once in two months, will have little or {no {effect in diverting correspondence from other channels?and departures at different days from those previously advertised, as has been the case with the Washington, owing to peouliar oiroumstanoes, have left A?l.. Sk.fr fr. SU.fr - ..I uoi VMIJT mm uuiiw|iuuucuun tu UUUTCY iu?b wao umuhi and collected chiefly within short distances from her porta of sailing. The (Jerman mails conveyed by the Washington, though slightly increasing with each trip, are Iter leas than was anticipated,owing, doubtless, to the foregoing olroumstances. Your instructions made it a part ot my dnty to examine into the operation of other post office systems abroad, to ascertain what improvements might be transferred to our own. When in London, especially upon my first visit and my time eouid not be made available upon the business that called me there, I employed it ohiefly in making those examinations. Fvery facility was granted me lor that purpose. For this I feel greatly indebted to the eonrtesy of Colonel Maberly, the able Seoretary of the British Tost Offios. And iu making acknowledgments for the kindness shown me in giving information, 1 cannot refrain from naming another, little known from his official position, but of distinguished reputation as the sucoessful projector of the penny postage reform, Rowland Hill. Their mode of mailing, begging, forwarding and delivering; their forms of post bills, and of postmaster's accounts, and mode of rendering them, and their manner of contracting for mall conveyance, are entirely different from ours. They have, what never belonged to our eitablishmsnt?a registration of letters, (a foe being paid for that purpose.) the better to prove and traoe them through the mails; and a money order office, to supersede remittances ot small sums through the mails, by providing for the receipts of deposits at one post office, and the payment of the amount at another, upon a commission allowed for that purpose, the operations of which, for the last year, extended to the aggregate amount of ?11,110,103 sterling. I hare not space, at the close of this report, to enter upon a description ol the peculiar fraturee of the British post administration, the great superiority of which renders it unnecessary to refer to others ; nor to discuss the practicability aud expediency of engrafting them upou car system. Those will be reserved as the subjeot of a second report. All which is respectfully submitted by 8 K IIOBB1K, First Assistant Tost Master General [ Courier and Enquirer. A flairs In Canada. [l.'ORRKSrONUKNCK OK THK HKRAt.D ] Montreal, Jan. 22, 1818. Canadian affairs are exciting some degree of interest at present; und, as a consequence, not a few American papers ffve enlightening their readers nn the sullied. Willi, in m;inv cases, most absurd remarks. For instance, I have seen it asserted that the triumph of the " liberal party, " in the recent elections here, is u kind of political revolution which tends to draw the Canadian people nearer to ua?that, in fact, " liberal" opinions are synonymous to republican, &c. Nothing can be more ridiculous. The great test questions in Canada, of political parties, are purely local. The fair division of oflice?the right of the Canadians to make their own local laws?and the making their constitution an exact transcript of the British, are, in fact, the only political questions in Canada, and the leading principles of these arc allowed by both parties. The "University Question," as it is called, is not a political question, properly speaking?it is a mere sectarian dispute. The " cliurcn of Eng-, land" wishes to monopolize half of the clergy reserves, (a quantity of land donated for the support of religion in Canada, by George the III.;) the " established church of Scotland" claims a third, leavintrthe residue to be distributed among all the remaining sects. As a consequence, the other denominations are dissatisfied that they do not get an equal share of the sop; and despairing of a more equitable division, now cry lustily that the whole amount set aside by the British government for religious purposes, be funded and applied to the promotion of education generally. It will be seen at once, therefore, that the education party comprises a large proportion of people,who, on other questions, may be, and are, divided us the poles. Another topic agitating the Canadian mind, is that of free trade, in Montreal, and elsewhere, free traders will be found in both the liberal and conservative ranks, so that this cannot be classed as a political test. In fact, the Canadians have no aspirations for political trecdom beyond what they now possess. The most ultra liberal soars not above colonial rule; and, indeed, the tory in our infant struggles for liberty, was more of a republican than the Canadian radical of the present day is. Canadians in general have been taught to regard Americans much in the same light that Englishmen looked upon Frenchmen some years since. An Englishman's idea of a Frenchman was, a half-starved, shrivelled-up looking specimen ol humanity, continually ejaculating "mon Dleu and employing the intervals by swallowing frogs. A Canadian's idea of aa American is nrettv much the same. We are looked upon as an embodiment of rascality. Tell a Canadian that there are such things as ladies and gentlemen in this country, and he will look incredulous. Tell him that in our Congress there are as talented men (not to say more so) as he will lind in England, and he will laugh outright. And it is almost a natural consequence that Canadians should he thus ignorant. Their trade with us, till within the last year or so, has been almost nothing, and consequently their intercourse has been very inconsiderable. The great majority of Americans who stray into Canada, are not of that class which tends to raise our national character, being generally sharpers, blacklegs, and the like. _ The partial trade which the drawback law has induced with New York, lias dissipated slightly the foggy apprehension the Canadians entertain oi us, and as free trade is carried out, and a closer commercial intercourse prevails, light will continue to dawn upon them as to our real character. They are, at present, fully fifty years behind the age. Possessed of a splendid country?rich in mineral and agricultural wealth?scarcely taxed? they are yet, with all their advantages, far behind the very least lavored ot our States. 1'he reason is plain. They have always accustomed themselves to depend upon Ktiglaud to carry out their public works. They have magnificent canals?splendid plank and macadamised roadsline improved hurbors?all made and paid for by Cngluiid. They have never yet trusted to their own energies to sustain them, and like sickly children, they are afraid il they let go their mother's skirls they will tall. Their public works, as we have said, are splendid; but they had no part in building tnein, and the manner in which their private enterprises are conducted, proves that, had it depended upon them, they would never have been built. There is but one railroad in all the Cunadas?a very poor affair, from Laprurie to St. Johns?and we believe that it is owned by American capitalists. The Great Western Railroad, about which we have heard so much, is still in embryo, and unless taken hold ot by Americans, it is likely to remain in prospective forever. The capital would all be taken up in the United States were it not for the illiberality of the Canadians, who are willing enough we should subscribe, but deny us at tlie same tune the privilege of directing the affairs of the company in proportion to our stock. On the whole, we arc glad to see the free trade movement, as it will be the only means of informing the Canadians of the great country alongside ot them ; and when they once become aware of our greatness and their own littleness, it is not improbable they may awake to the conviction that it is better to form a portion of a great republic, than a dependency of a country thousands of miles distant. At present, what field lias a mail of talent in Canada ! Let him rise to the highest office there, ami, out of the little I'edlington, who knows of it !?whilst, il it were a portion of the republic, his ambition, as his held, might be boundless. We, however, do not require Canada. Not only is our country large nuMixu, Vit1"aICO lllCluuru,; iiui Wf t itii Hidi\c more out of the Cantdas in tlic stale they at present exist, than if iliey were joined to us. But following out the great principles ol philanthropy, we are willing she snouldjoin us whenever she pleases, as we believe it would be conducive as well to her prosperity as her Inppintss. An Am sate an. [Krom the Montreal Herald, Jan Ji.J With in la mail we forward a classifled table <f the returns to parliament on the general election which has just concluded. It will be reeu that the ministers, as we anticipated In a previous summary, have ruatalned a decisive defeat. That It haa been so decisive, however, has disappointed ourselves, and, ws believe, the great majority of those best acquainted with tne state of public opiuion throughout the country. It seems ext-emcly probable that the msjority against the government will be from twenty to flve-aud twenty. In a synopsis such as this, we need not go into tha reasons of tne change in publlo opinion whien this event lndloetee. No doubt u* [ERA 848. many causes combined to bring it about; but the orying fault of the men whoee tenure of office ia now expiring has been their want of a straightforward policy, and the strong will whloh ia necessary to carry euch a policy out. Ilaviug no reliance upon their measures, or upon themeelyea. they were erer ready to yield to the opinion* of their opponen'a, and to maintaiu their position by deprecating their enemiea inatead of relying upon frienda. Their irnbeeltity degenerated into political dishonesty; and was not only oriminal, but ridiculoua Nothlug ia yet known of the courati to be adopted by the Mlulatry, nor the time when I'urliament ia to be assembled. The latter announcement will probably be made In thiaday'a 11 izettr. The Montreal electieu was as usual the oocaai ou of great disorder. Both sides were arm ed with axe handles manufactured for the purpoae, and with flre-arma. Notwithstanding several sharp uoeountera, however, in which many shots wore discharged, It does not appear that any person was wounded by the balls. Several were severely beaten; but we have heard of no deaths. The oonservative candidates retired on the second day. Similar disturb inoes occurred at Three Ilivers, Nioolet, and Beauharnois. At the last mentioned place, two lawyers, one of whom represented a conservative, and the other a radical candidate, not popular with the majority, were very much maltreated. His Honor, the late Chief Justice Held, died at Montreal on weunesuay last. i nw opens inn succession to a retiriag pension, which will, probably, be accepted by his Honor Mr Justioe Gale. The vacancy on the bench caused by this movement, we presume, will not be tilled till after the meeting of Parliament. The wint-r season affords little room (or remark on commercial subjeots. But this winter even the trilling business of supplying the markets of the oity has been suspended by tbe mildness of the weather. There has been ue possibility of crossing the river en the ioe near the city, up to the day before yesterday. Tbe last thaw was extremely unfortunate for the Inhabitants of some parts of the city which lie low, and which were entirely Inundated The river shoved, and the ice was foroed over the wharves upon the street above them, till it drove in several doors and windows. Fortuuately, this gigantic power oeased to be exerted at that point; for had the thrust continued. stone walls could have offered as little reslatanoe as wooden barriers. Such an accident has not occurred for a very long time. The oldest inhabitant declares it is at least IIfly yearn since he saw so mild a winter. The St Lawrence and Atlantic Railway Company held its annual meeting on Weduesday last; a full report appeared in our last number. It is believed that tbe brat sixteen* tulles of this line will be opened next summer, and there is no doubt that the Legislature at its next meeting, will grant a guarantee for a dividend of six per cent in lavor of the shareholders. The knowledge of this faot may probably induce some of the recusant shareholders in Kngland to heliere they were in too much haste to give up their stock. A sad affair happened here a week ago. Mr. John LeetDiag, one of our priuclpal auctioneers and merohants, was shot by a dry goods merchant named Beaudry. We are obliged to retrain from alluding further to the circumstance ; but there is too much reason to believe that the praotloe ef carrying fire arms is encouraged by the countenance afforded to violenoe during the course of our elections. Mr. Leeming is happily in no daugor of his life. The election has taken plaoe in 81 districts. Tbe returns from which are thus classified Ministerial '14 Opposition 54 Doubtful 6 No return 1 The Montreal Pilot gives as seats reeoued from Toryism, lb; seats lost to Reformers, 3. [Frem the tjuebeo Chronicle, Jan. 31.] The Provincial Parliament having been dissolved by bis Kxcellency the Governor General, in Dsoember last, his excellency's constitutional advisers were thrown upon tbe country, which they expected would return a verdict in their favor; and as far as they are individually conoerned, perhaps it has been the case, as the constituencies whioh the ministers severally represent, have again returned them to parliament, with one exception, and he?Mr. Solicitor General Turcotte?is hardly one of the ministers. Mr. Turcotte, but newly appointed to ofllce, appeared at the hustings as a candidate for Champlain, but was defeated by Mr. Gulllet, au ami-ministerialist, who had an overwhelming majority. The list of returns, whioh we publish to-day, will give some idea of what the charaoter of the new parliament will be. Out of 86 members constituting the lower house, 78, it will be seen, have been elected; of these 33 are set down as ministerialists, and 60 opposition. There seems to be little doubt now, that the so-called reform party will a ;ain coma into power; and it is confidently predicted that the oabinet will be constituted almost similar to what it was in Sir Charles Bagot's time. Whether the country will be governed batter under the new i regime, time alone will tell. Judging from past experience, however, the prospeot is any thing but encoura ?iug. i uo pxoouui fviubcr, an wo uusor?iu iu ? iviuict summary, will be characterised by the straitened operations in our principal industrial employ merit?ship building?as will bn learned on reference to the statement given elsewhere. The number of vessels constructing at this period last year, amounted to upwards of thirty; contrasted with sixteen building this winter; and even as regards these, we are informed that on roine of them operations have been suspended. Letters received here lead to the conclusion that the amount of lumber got out for market this winter, in the upper part of the province, will be very limited, owing to the paucity of pecuniary facilities; the very mild weather which has obtained, and the consequent scarcity of snow, has likewise militated against lumbering operations. Notwithstanding the alarming prognostications of some, we are happy to state the publio health 0/ our oity was never more favorable. [From the Roohester Oemoorat, Jan. J4 j The papers of the ministerial party cannot but admit that their party is completely defeated. The Montreal Courier, conservative paper, consoles itself with the idea that all Canadian p litieians of whatever party, are a great " set ef rascals." "Only," says the Courier, " it is more pleasant to have one's own rcampsin than those of the other party" The Montreal Oa zette gives an account of an inundation at that plaoe on the lath : "At daylight on Saturday morning the streets and dwelliugs in the lower parts of the city, bordering on the river, presented a piteous spectacle; the water bad risen during the nlgbt, andGrifllntown showed almost an unbroken sheet from end to end. The water continued to rise, until the greatest part of Wellington street was about two feet under, while In most of the cross streets the depth averages from four to six feet. The condition of the families was, as may be easily conceived, sad in the extreme. Some managed to extricate their furniture; others, less fortunate, were compelled te abandon their dwellings, and leave most of their effects behind. In some of the lowest parts of Urifflntown, many families who, when the lower stories became flooded, took refuge in the attics, were compelled to leave those also, and make their way to a place of safety, as well as they could, in oanoes and soowe. St. Paul and Commissioner streets ware, to a great exteut, under water, and damage, to a large extent, has been sustained by the stora-keepers and merchants in those streets Moiiill street was flooded as far ss College at., which was also inundated In Mountain street, the \ water extended up to Mr. Torranoe's garden, and the Lacbine railroad, fences anil all, were out of sight. The greater part of the houses on the lower side of Uonaventure street were flooded, to the great discomfort of the inhabitants, and the destruction of their furniture ? Through all the streets enumerated, cauots and scows found busy occupation all day in removing furniture, goods, &o ,or occasionally carrying passengers from one point to another Seint Anue's market was also flooded. The sheds at Point St. Charles were nearly all flooded, and a large number of the sick had to bn transported to a plaoe of safety. We were glad to nee tbac every possible attention was paid to these poor people Some apprehension, we understand, was entertained, at one period of the day, that some of the sheds were in danger of being oarried off by the force of the water; but we did not bear, up to Saturday evening, that auy of them had been moved. The flood continued to a late hour on Saturday evening. If so, an almost incalculable amount of distress will, of necsssity, ensue Tee Rochester Jtmerican learns that Wm. Ford, F.sq. has been elected Mayor of Kingston, lie formerly re Sided ID (IDftllS county Th? Petersburg anil Tort Hop? Railway has been commenced. '1 lie Lower Canada Agricultural .Society bar* procured Unde lor the establishment of a school and model farm. Hon Malcnm ( amernn and two other gentlemen hate been appointed by the Hamilton Board of't rade, to proceed to Washington for the purpose of conferring with our government on the subject of free trade with the Canada* The ice in the St. Lawrence, opposite Montreal, gave way on the IDth inst. Commissioner and part of McGlll streets are nearly inundated. The Tillage of I.apralrin is completely deluged, and hundreds of families driven from their houses. Several cart loads of bread have been distributed to the sufferers. A Are occurred at Kingston on the 14ih inst Wn Simpson suffered to the amount of (ldOO, W, Jackson and Mr. Elder $800. The following persons, it is said, will compose the new ministry: ?President of Council, Hon R. B. Sullivan; Attorney General. Hon. B Baldwin; Solicitor General, C W., W. H. Blake; Inspector General, Hon K Hincks; Attorney General,E., L. 11. Lafontaine; Solicitor Ge neral, C. E. Hon. 11 J. Boulton; Speaker of House of Assembly, lion. A. N. Morin. it is generally believed that the first and moat important act of the new ministry will be the establishment of a paper currenoy, by bank issue, to the credit of the provinoe, suitable to present emergencies. The liberals carried the election at Montreal, three to one Mr. Holmes, formerly of Boston, is one of the successful candidates. Great excitement existed during the election The parties were ranged in bodies and fought with bludgeons, azt-bandles and fire-arms. The number of injuries was great,.but no deaths have as yet been reported. PiifLAPKi.ruia Mr.mcirai. A uthorities andrim Firk Riotkrs.?A irireting of (lie hiuiiest muniuipsl authorities of Philadelphia, was held on Thursday alter noon, at the chamber el thi. Inmmnti Inn ml I of I ha city, for the purpose of devising mnnt to prevent a recurrence of tlie riots and disturbances which hare #o frequently disturbed the peace of th" <ity and districts, and tended to endanger the lives and property of eiti7,?n?. The copy of a bill proposed for legislative enact- | meot, designed for the better regulation of the Hre dr partmeut, waa submitted and read, the details of which i are numerous and complioated, yet sufficiently stringent to aoeomplieh all the purposes for whioh it Is Intended. ? Phil i. North Jtmeriian. Mull VWlWIfi The Soot jrrn mall failed at Ucstoo, January 37 1 N'( rthem " (partly) Augusta, Oa., 33J3 and 34 " ' New Orleans, Jan, 10 u Southern " New London, " 37 Northern " rharlwton, " 33 n ' '* Wilmington, N, C." 38,34 mm* * . U . . i m i i - - ri LD. Prl?? Two MBt?i Thentrlcal anil Sullval. r.?im Tiimtiii.. -Th?*re wrw quite a Urge ?u lience lant, niftht at the 1'ark, and all hind* eeemed to be quite amused. The down ii waxing quite patriotic in his songs, and the appUmi consequent on hie Mexican ditty, lnr* night, wan very great. The equestrian* female and male, gymnasts, horses and ponies, and all the paraphernalia of this splendid troupe. are all in li,?e working order, and now I* tho time "to > and nee them, an they have been In sue i li;i? pcaotiee lately, that every thing g >ss as smoothly a* possible The ooroio pantomlne is yery finny t' mtUu l kjepi the ,iouse in a roar, with his jolcss and oddities la it To-day being the children's day, an ?.\tn afternoon performance is giyen ut " *' P. M , and as usual, one at 7 P. M. bast week the afternoon performance was very fully attended, and we expeot it will also be so this afternoon. Bowery Thcatbk.?There was a lull r.nd fashionable attendance at this theatre Inrt evenlug, to witness lbs performance of tho tragedy of Damon and Pythias, or the Test of Friendship " Damon, in the hands of Mr. W. Marshall,was yery ably sustained, as Is, intact, every character he undertakes; andltbe part of Pythias, by Mr. Barry, was exctlent. All the other characters were admirably well tilled, particularly the pare of Calanthe, by Mrs Phillips Next o?m? the third aot of the "Battle of Mexloo " which was received with enthusiastic applause. In fact, this beautiful piece alone, put forward as It is, on the most magnificent scale, should draw crowded houses for a month at least This evsniug the entertainments will uomraenos with the tragedy ot ' Richard IIIafter wnioh, the third and fourth acts ot the ' Battle of Mexico," mid will ooncluiw with the beautiful drama of the ,l U<dd*u Farmer." This is au excellent programme for one uveuing, and we should not be surprised, from r.a attractive features. it the bouse warn cr? turned from pit to dome Kvery exertion ia be ipg used by Mr Jackson, to render tbe amuirm>nt? *1 this theatre no way iuferior to any other bouse in this city; and hence.bis great success Chatham Thkatbe.?There was quite a full house at this theatre, last uight, and the attractions there of fered, were well worth a visit The farce ol the "VouthfulUueen," was admirably performed?Mr IHeld. as Steinberg; and Mrs. AVilhinson, as <:hri?tino, Uueen of Sweeden. Miss Deloraine, who always sets the applause of the audience, danced a beautiful Scotch I'm Scut, which was encored, and loudly and long applauded. This favorite dantftuc Is one of the greatest attractions, aud her performanoes are looked for witli eager impatience. she beiag the very personification of grace The farce of "Sudden Thoughts'' then followed, in which Mr. Ifield took the part of Impulse, and Mr Herbert, that of Jack Cabbage; aud during the whole time the piece was 011, the whole audience were convulsed with laughter. The drama of the "Miller and His Men" was also performed, and well reciwd Trie Model Artists made their last appearance, and, indeed, they seemed more beautiful than they ever before appeared; their exhibitions bting chaste and beautiful, so that the uiom fastidious oould look upon them, and but wonder and admire. Mr. Fletcher will present theru on Mondsy eveniug nest, in Albany, where they will, no doubt, exceed his most sanguine expectations; lor they aro seen only to be applauded aud admired. Christy's Minstrels.?That plantation festival dance is a great affair, and so are ail the sayings and doings of this unique band of minstrels. They certainly do give most splendid bills every evening u<> monotonous repetition night after night, but uvery successive evening, new,fresh, and piquant. This afternoon they give au extra performance at 3 P. M , in addition to the usual one at 8 I'. M. Broadway Odf.on.?Pintoux has good houses every evening, and his visiters ore much amused with the oominnl fn kl lift hlLri Mncrnffffil fttirl t h?? Tirrtt.tv his I In <1 ftirnr. tag which is giveu ty JeRnnie Reynoldson. 1'ete Morris, Valentin!, Odeon Minstrels, and .Master Juba, are all good la their way. Thiers' Model Artists.?The perforraanoes of this roupo are very graceful Indeed, and we have no doubt they will sonu become the rage ill New York. They ought to be lully patroui/.ad, as much car-j, time, and money have been expended by the manager in the bring ing cut n perfeot series ct tableaux. .Some of their groupings ure he .iitlful, but we must still protmt against that eagle in Washington's dream; it certainly spoils an otherwise beautiful picture. Samson and Delilah, Venus and Cupid, the Listeners, uud many other of their pictures, are perfect. The Baulk Brothers, at Columbian IiaU,Grand st , are giving very amusing concerts thrloe a weelc. They give one this evening. Mr. Lynni: gives the seventh of his series of musical illustrations of Hbakspenre next Tuesday evening. at the htuyvesant Institute. iln will be assisted by Mies Leach and Miss DeLuoc, Messrs. Artliurson and Leach ; Hnd the sul ject of the evening being the play of' As Vou Like it," a delightful eveniag may be anticipated. Thk Granu Musical Solemnity, ia honor of the lamented Mendelssohn, will come olT on Saturday, the 5th February, at Castle Garden. It will be the most magnificent thing ever done in the way of concerts, in the United States. The i'biiharmonicand New York Sacred Music Societies, the American Musical Institute, the Eutcrpean Society. Li?derkranz, Concordia, and the entire professional and amateur talent of the city, will all assist. Danvaro's Pa nor a m a is attraoting crowds nightly. The pleasant description given of the country, as the Panorama is unrolled, adds much to the pleasure of looking at it. It is truly a magnificent work of art. Brunswick's Statuary of the Apollo and Venus de Mediols, modelled in Mexican composition, are attracting much attention. They are well worthy ot a visit. DuMnoi.ton's Ethiopian 8erk.nauv.ri are playing with great success iu U-iltimorc. Tho bouses are crowd od every night they peiform. Campbell's Minstrels will perform at Bridgeport on Monday and Tuesday next; at New Haven, on Wednesday; at Hartford on Thursday; and at Springfield, on Friday and Saturday. Law Intelligent-,? Circuit Court, Jan. 18 ?Before Judge Morse Kftt.harl Fitntll.?Thin was an aotion to recover damages foraa ' alleged aeaault and battery and false imprisonment The plaintitT kept a email store in banal street, and purchased at different times from the defendant's son, a lad about 16 years of age, various artioies of jewelry, alleg ed to have been stolen from defendant. The latter caused plaintiff to be arrested?upon his examination be admitted he had the jewelry, and subsequently gave it up. But it appeared he was arrested without a warrant, and upon that ground, brought bis action. The jury , rendered a verdict for the defendant. Kor plaintiff, Mr. Jones, for defendant, Mr. H. Holden. Common Pi.kas?Before Judge IJaly ? Edward Kit , worth ?t J<". H- S/mrrow -Action or assumpsit, to re cover ?4ti0 91, the price of V04 oil casks, at'eged to be sold by the plaintiff to the defendant in January, 1847, on a credit of six months Two defences were set up , (list, that the casks were not merchantable, being deh oient of hoops, worm-eaten and otherwise injured ; and that after receiving 90 of the casks, the defendant in sisted upon selecting out of the balance such of them as were saleable, which the plaintiff refused, unless he also took the bad ones. Second, that after suit brought, defendant made h tender for the amount (dill) of the casks received, and the costs of suit up to that time ; the defendant claiming th it there were only 90 casks received, while the plaintiff insisted there were 110 de liverud. Sealed verdict to-morrow (this morning.) For plaintiff Messrs Ketchuin x Brown ; for defendant, Messrs. Shaffer X Joughton. StrRnMK C'ouni ok tiis Unit id Statu -January 17, 1848 ?No. 14. Martin Luther, plaintiff in error, vs Luther it Borden et. al The argument of this cause was continued by Mr Webster for the defendants in error, Rrckption of Gknkral I'ikiti k at Concord, N. II?Upon the arrival of the morning tr?iu trom Bostoo, Thursday morning, (ien. Fierce was le ceived by the committee of arrangements, and wrl corned by the hearty cheers of thousands who had ss sembled to meet him The day was as bid as it Oi'Uld be snow, which had fallen during the previous night under foot, and a drenching rain < n the heads but all these circumstances combined could not repress '.he enthusiastic feelings of the patriotic cttix-L' of New Hampshire The assembly then retired to the large Railroad Hall, which is oapable of holding over 810 persons, and it was on this occasion densly Qiled V meeting was organized, (Jen Joseph I.ow was chosen President, aided by ten Vice Presidents, tien Pierce was then presented to the multitude in a neat and apprporiate speeoh from Jen Low. and three oh- ere given to Ueneral Pierce, when the tJeneral stepped forward and addressed the citizens assembled in a speech of orer an hour in length, very appropriate and eloquent. He wm Interrupted in it* delivery with frequent and prolonged cheers. His speech was contlnea, of course, entirely to the war and its persecution. and a h'storyr.f the nth regiment an i bia brigade, troni the I una b? left Vara Vrua until the taking of M'xioo. A'tar the conclusion cf (fen risrce's speech, letter* were read from lion. Marcua Morton. Col C. i? (ireene of Boston, ilea, il llibbard, lion. Moses Merits, It Hon Warren Lovell and other*. The i?enersl wae then taken by the hand* by all tho multitude, and between one ana two o'clock the meeting adjourned. A public levee wae b< Id at the -State Houee laat evening ?Button Timt i, Jan -id. Ri'mors of I'kace?1{iimors of a pence?of a treaty of peac??of ,i pro/it ot peace?.'.re do r11 to-day in the city, and In tbe i-apitol, that we think it our duty to state there is no i fli isl account to confirm these iu in ore We have more than oace stated that Mr Trial h?s uo power or tnati ucllona to treat with the Mexican." But no treaty, or ft "jot of one, has been received, The Washington correspondents have sent these rumors to r.ll points of the compass. One wen goes so f ir as to say that ha Is prepared to see a pence, written on paper or parch man t, sent into the Senate, and ratified by Congress. But this statement is o?rta.uiy premature The end is not yet. Certain it is. if p^aro Is to come at ail, the more the energy with which th i war is conducted the more efficient the means which are supplied for its proa'cution the more the en*my see that w? are determim d to make the! - letl the pr< ssure of the war the less the cry of opposition against it. and the more firmly the whig* stand by their country the sooner we shall haves treaty of peace. \ vigorous war will produce an early p 'ecu t he more th* wh';s abuse the war ?the more dilatory they are in furnishing Ilia necessary supplies the longer it tnsy NAN (IMS a comes.?ngton Union, Jan, J7. j A

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