Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 30, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 30, 1848 Page 2
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n. . 1*1'?J? W*** w'KW YORK HERALD1 ItrtlM&er,; Cor i*. ?! jnltai and Kama iti. JAM O JaDOM BSWWBTT, rUOfBIKlVH. O Jii. i 11K. i.: L It? Er cry day, . (St-nrfav include*.) t ? ;'? per t w-|; ?5 ; i annum? ? CIS United -Tale#. K urapean /< ibsc ilcs, <M per ? ???-?. to include the -of ace. . -:KKL\ lit . ' :j?Every SaUi lay-Price .\< rn'sj '"V?tK'\ nn-i"?in the l/niten S'ntet I Euros itu ;' ?? i">ei . ' ? 'teams hist, t& unnim to in- i i /*j It the rot -in edition trill be published on the day at I In tl- t'ti t < t of tenh steamer, with intelligence from c t orts of the -Iment a s c ontinent to the late tt moment . . .r'> *e".-*e -rente received by Messrs. tt . u ? iii' i Jf . ,e, J'ane: J*. 1. Mtnondj, IS CiTili ei ' . ' An .Jui.-r, book teller, Henrietta otreet, Lot,do t / lit: stDEXTIAL HER-ll.D?Every 1\iesday-One D -l'ot for the Campaign * 11 E :t tlSl: HEN T'S (n?ic every morning) at rea' >; Mtfuncni :n n p/.iin. legible manner ? T-e v. v u. / etp.Httible for errori in manuscript. ! WIN rl:V } of i'i kin It rrecuted beautifully and wilA deep-itch, -lit outers at the I 'ubU cat Ion Office, corner of rvlton and Nassau streets -1H l-EV'I'EKS hy mail, for subscriptions, or ?eiih ?. c , ...r r?rli.,. . ,r JVI[ fUiH, flf fK pftffJff ?71M OC Of atifCctf fhe muiuy remitted VOLVS i\1RY COKRRSFONDRNCR. containing n?pw?fu)i( Htw solicited from auy quarter of the world? and if uted will aiwny* he liheraliy paid for til* so Tie r -an ? 'alien of nioi.ymuui commufwca!*"**> Iriutevrr i? .mender! for insertion mint be authentic snied n. the nut e a .1 address of the writer ; not necessarily to* publico ti',1 at a ftuaranty </ Ms good faith. H'e . ur. In * "t io re.??> ,1 refected communications. ?i i.I. P-i V M Kii'l'S to be rude in advance. ?V|iSr Mr VI'S TO-MORROW kvknino. ? P ,KK THEATRE.?iriM, Lent li Co.'* Auwncna Cir n.ia tbrr \ ."r>u? perfimnneia. BO WERVTHEATtiE, Bowarr ?Grandfather White HEAP? MtUI OF MONTEREY? \ WiFE'a Fl?*T LEMON. ( H Vt'rl iM THE A TRE Chatham inot ? Love'i Sacrifice? Aladdin, or the Wonderful Lamp. OPERA HOUSE, Chamber* *tTe? ?Sable Brother* ?Model Artists I'AVOit V\1 \ '1 ALL, Brnuiiray, naar HotuiOA ? ?BanV4FD'* TaNORAMA (IF THK MlAAIASlPPI. BROOKLYN. BROOKLYN INSTITUTE, Wnhiogtou street.?Chriitt'* Minstrels?Ethiopian Singing ?Burlei^ve Dancing. (Uc g:?-r : - -? Ac** lur , Mm luy, Jaiuiarf 30, IH1S, Advertisements received for one insertion # only. 'J If* Kiigllah Si earner. The Acadia is now in her fifteenth day. Her ...II l, ? .... .1. _ wv T% 9 nut ur IWU wrcua inter. Political Hecilngi on the next Presidential Uuemlun_tlr. C'ay Louklng up_Mr. Van Buren Lookln|Dowa. We give, in our columns this day, the full report of u very important public meeting held by the democracy of this city in tavor of the waT with Mexico, at Tammany Hall, last evening. The character and effects of this meeting may be judged of from the report which we give. We also give the report of another Taylor demonstration, held in one of the wards of this city, which also speaks for itself?arid that slim enough. These, and other recent meetings, conventions, or caucusep, held ^in this State, and throughout the country, are beginning to clear up the fog w liich covers the question of the next Presidency, and will enable accurate and close thiukers to grope with some degree of certainty upon the subject of the approaching national election. The nearer we draw nigh to that great time, the more d?velopenients of public opinion do we see,we are gradually brought more and more to the singular belief, not absolutely ripened into conviction as yet, that Mr. Clay will have a better chance of being elected at the next election than he ever had on any former occasion. From the proceedingr in this State, there appears no reasonable doubt but that the Van Buren influence among hip uemocracy win oe directed to tne object of dividing and distracting the party here, and of giving the whigs of this State the vote at the next election. Eight or ten months ago, when ex-President Van Buren was visiting the Western States, it may be remembered he housed himself gratis some tini" with Mr. Clay, at his country residence, near Lexington, and not at an hotel, where it would cost money. The movements of the Van Burens in New York, for the last year or two, warrant the belief, or the inference, that there is a good understanding between the friends of Mr Clay and the friends of Mr. Van Buren, in relation to the next Presidency. The introduction of th ? half and half anti-slavery resolutions, called the Wilmot proviso, have produced a division in the democratic party here, which appears irreconcilable, inevitable, and permanent. This division will be carried into the nan ;nal convention at Baltimore; and, as the southern and south-western States represented there, will reject the Wilmot proviso delegates from New York, a great noise will, consequently, be made upon that rejection, and j the result will be, that tne democratic Presidential ticket will be d-feated by the great majority of the Empire State The motives of Mr Van Buren, in this policy, may be either personal, in respect of the future, or revengeful, in respect to the putt Having been dt touted heretofore, by the influence ot G. ni r..l Cus.-. and the uominition of Mr. Polk, he Co's not with to see Mr. Cuss elected hereafter Mr Clay's election would be more tavorable for them than of any other man, because it would enable the Van Buren party to organi-e for a future time. Tin < are the views which occur to u.--, on the present complexion of public meetings. Tltey m y be more or less accurate; but without doubt th y have some foundation. The whigs at "W shiogton are watching these movements with intensity ; they have already held a meetin i, and an: going to call a national convention, i t which, in u short time, the day and place will be named. This whig convention will meet ufier the democratic, when the result of the whole movement and divisions in this State will be known The great Baltimore convention meets 111 May. The movement in this city, the distraction* among the followers of Gen. Taylor, the divisions of the deinocrntic party, the determination of the friends of Mr. Clay to run him at ail hazards?ail tend to give that statesman the best chance he ever has had. A few months will t.-st the accuracy of these views. Let us wait unJ see. Tun Harmonioi s Dkmocracy.?Our advertising columns have presented, within the last lew dhys, a curious feature. Owing to the troubles in the d -inocrutic ranks, there is no regular or gan ol that ;' riy, the ward meetings, &c , have const urntly b en advertised in the Herald, una neutral paper. It appears by au adverttstinent in this mortiing'a Herald, that the difliculties and trouble ol the ward meetings have crept into th-' ranks of the general committee, and thrown that respectable and amiable body into confusion. TJiey do, verily, want Doctor Hrandreth to give them a lew pills. Mkhchandizk Warkiioiskp.?More than one hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars worth <>t merchandise was entered for warehousing at th port ol \rw York, on Priday, the 28tli inst. I This v 1 d i p not dill r greatly front the utnoui i y areitoused for some time past, and is a very Itrge increase heyond the same busine.-- 1%- y. >r at this time. The imports Irom En/land in, year will he very large. What effect on exchanges 1 Oil?Thurlow Weed's prieliag bill is defeated by the Mate Senntr. How unkind! Don't be cis "C-o.ute, lione.-t I liurlow We'll give you priatingjoh, worth fifty cents a Jay, without i. \ nen .-bity of compromising your soul and salvation. _ _ Ocr Waskinoton Aoknt.?Our agent in w.i ain ;ton city is W" Adam, lie always has the J it raid for aale. . (Hf AJI..H Hf *?, f HaIU ?? "i t A' ' rtikiij t iUo;?TiiL? wt ' Wr tavoffttulf a brief notice ot the first representation of the opera of "Romeo and Juliet," or I Capuleti. e Monttcchi; noting briefly that it was a comparative failure, in regard to the principal characters, although, in some minor points, it might have been well put on the EtHge. It seems there is every appearance ot a very great difference of opinion on the subject; some of the critics pronouncing Madame Patti a" great actress, and a great singer, and as having made a prodigious hit, und accomplishing the inost wonderful success; whilst others speak hesitatingly and doubtfully. In fact, th?re is every appearance ot there being as great a difference of opinion on the success of the new opera, as there is about what really is the condition of our relations with Mexico?whether the war has terminated?who will be the next President? ; what offi. nee General Scott has committed, or ' whether there is any treaty with Mexico or not. Politics and the Opera seem to be an equally 1 doubtful commodity ia the market, ut present. The new opera is a good one, though not a great one. It possesses some very fine passages; but it has not been put on the sta a by the matttro in the highest degree of its developement. Toe scenery, princifally the moonlight scene, is most splendid; und, indeed, we may speuk of the scene painter of the Astor Piace Opera as an ar tut of the highest rank, in that departmeut of the hue arts. The choruses and the orchestra appear to be well got up; but when we have said this much of the new opera, we have said nearly all that can be said, with a Safe conscience, either to art, to our own position towards the public, or to the company, the managers included. Madame Patti, of whom so much has been said, was received with much good feeling. Her appearance is very good, and favorable to first impressions. She dresses well, walks the stage well, looks well, is graceful, classic, and elegant, in all her movements; but with all these advan- i ta_es her voice ispa?t(?it is insufficient for the j task she has undertaken. The first time we ever | saw " Romeo and Juliet" performed, was when j Romeo was taken by the late Madame Malibran. | She, indeed, was a wonder of a woman, whom j none have, since her time, equalled or surpassed, i Yet Madame Malibran,in the character of Romeo, ! did not make a better impression on her audience, j on her first.coming on the stage,than did Madame Patti. But when we have said this, we have said everything. Madame Patti's voice is a most beautiful und classic ruin, and nothing else?a most elegant and accomplished wreck. She wants the power, from j some cause or other, to sing the music set down j for her, although she fights and walks with grace j and beauty. OfBarilli we may say just the contrary. She has a little too much voice. She lets j it out too boisterously and too forcibly. She looks j very graceful, and pretty, and elegant, and seems 1 to move with freedom on the stage. She some- ; times sings with some good taste; but she frequently sings falsely, and often with more force than taste?in fact she screams by fits and starts. Of ihe other vocalists little need be said. They are very ordinary and common ]>lace. The ppera itself, as regards the music, is not ' well put on the stage. There is a great deal of ' unmeaning recitative retained,which might easily be omitted. We must, therefore, pronounce the new opera a comparative failure, after admitting that, in some portions, and in some passages, something litfe respectability has been attained. But wc shall give it another trial, another hearing, and see what another attempt, and good advice, may effect on the vocalists. The house on the occasion was most splendidly attended, by all the fashionable and ilitt in the city. Indeed, the Astor Place Opera is now attended very well., every night?good opera or bad. Between the acts there is probably as much electioneering, stock-jebbing, and gossipping done, as there is in any place in Wall street. Mr. Walker's loan has been taken and refused several times, in the lobbies of the Opera. Gen. Scott's afliiirs have been discussed at full length; fancy stocks have risen, sometimes, two-and-ahalf per cent, and fallen as much; and all this ! has been transacted between the first, second, ; and third acts of the opera. In lact, the lobbies of the Opera House arc now a lounge for finishing up all business, politics, finance, gossip, and humbug of the day. It is the Bourse of high ' ife. Peace with Mexico.?What an absurd fuss is made about " peace" with Mexico! We are ai peace with Mexico ; there is peace now in ihat country, to the joy and gladness of the people? such as they have not enjoyed forthe last twentyfive years. True it is, our army is there. But wl at ot that I Is it war, because our army is there? Qcite the contrary. Nay, it is peace now in Mexico?precisely from tfie very reason?because 1 trint onr army is there. Take away our army, and there is no more peace in Mexico?no security for private property?no liberty for private opinion?no enjoyment, except for tyrants, brigands, and public plunderers. Some people are so silly as to suppose that an army and war are the same thing It is quite the reverse, as in the present case of Mex ico ; an army and peace go together, and depend mutually upon each other. Our army causes peace?peace depends upon our army. At the present moment, will any one say there is war in the city of New York 1 And yet New York is held by an army; and if it were withdrawn, there would be no peace in New York. There are a number of vile, marauding, thieving vagabonds and scoundrels in New York, (as there are in Mexico) who would sack the city and plunder the inhabitants, if they were not kept under by fear of?an army, an army of intelligent, free people?a force of police and of citizens. Take away that force or that army?give power and license to those bad nu n?and there would be no peace in New YorkSo in Mexico. Take away the American army? give power and license to the Mexican brigands? and they will renew the anarchy of twenty years past, from which we have now delivered them. Naval.?The U. S. sloop of war Decatur, commander Edmund Byrne, is expected to sail from Boston on Monday, for the Coast of Africa. News i ro.m Cuba.?The arrival of the brig Caroline, < apttin CoIbod, from Neuvitas, has placed us in possession of files of the Fanal de Puerto Principe to the 8th inst. The following letter Irom our correspondent ^ at Neuvitas gives all the news stirring:? Neuvitai, Cuba, Jan 8. 1848. The brig Carr line sails to- lay. leaving our harbor, for the first tune this year, without an American vessel. Our planters art just commencing to Rrind The oropa this year are not near so fine aa last; there will,however, be about the sauie quantity to go forward, as a great deal nt additional cane has been planted during the last year. I,ess mahogany will go forward this year than usual, aa the quantity got out la much smaller than heretofore. I on account of the very low prices at which it has been i selling with you. '1 he railroad from this place to Puerto Principe has just been opened six miles further, and measures are being taken to complete It lo Puerto Principe during the ooming year, which will give a great impetus to the trade of this place. Improvement in the Telkjkaph.?A most wonderful improvement in the mugnetic tele1 graph Is announoed In the Cincinnati Chronicle, aa the j Invention of l)r lloe, of lllfnola. who la about, proceeding to Washington with a model of bis machine, which ' be calls the Telegraph Manipulator. The Chronicle I says Dispatcher, messages, or large documents, are rei up tu 'leotrioal types, locked In a chase In the manl ner sitnllsr to piloting types, and the form plaoed upon the machine. Dr lloe la sanguine in the belief that he can by this macblue transmit to all poinle connected with the wire, as much matter as would make one entire page of the Chronicle in twenty minute* The ' manipulator I* represented as being remarkably simple, and I not likely to get out of order And, to scour* oorreotI u't at well a* speed, a proof la taken from the type*, In I the ordinary manner." n..tni?Tfc, aw . -, li i * i ?i|. mfietirair hTELMMnct. l MiRntirH UMuMCflii FIRST SKliSION. House of Representatives. WAIHINOTON, JSB. H, IMS. INDIAN ArFAIII. Mr. Vinton, from the Committee of VVayi sail Mesne, reported the saausl bill me king appropriation* for the current and eontingent expenses of the Indian Department, in order to fulfil the treaty stipulation* with the various Indian tribes, for the year ending on the 30th of June, 1849. Read twice, and referred to the Committee on the State ol the Union. arraoeaiATiONt?the i.oak bill, btc. Mr. Vinton also reported a bill for a further supply, to defray the deficiency in the appropriations for services rendered during the present flsoal year, amounting, in addition to prerioui appropriations of fire millions,to between twelve and thirteen millions?chiefly for tbs expenses of ths army and marine oorps; light houses; oat fits for Charges to Naples, the Papal States, Bolivia. Guatemala, and Equador-^alariee; oentlngent expenses n safi-keeping, transfer, and disbursement of the pnblio moneys; and expenses on loans and treasury notes. Mr Vinton said he supposed that the discovery of an error in the estimates of the Treasury Department, by wbieh it appeared that there were several millions more money in the Treasury than was at first supposed, would obviate the necessity of Immediate action on the loan bill; but. two days ago, he had received a letter from the aotlng Secretary of the Treasury, stating the increased expenditures in the War Department, amounting to four millions of dollars, rendered it Indispensable, that there should be Immediate action on the loan bill. The report of the Secretary of the Treasury had not yet been laid on the desks of the members, and for the want of it he had negleoted to acoompany the bill with a report, lest it might mislead the members of the well as the whole oountry. Us was,uot now able to enter into a discussion of the merits of the war bill, (which would call for sixteen millions) but from the urgency of the acting Seoretary ef the Treasury would move that ths bill be taken up next Wednesday. Mr. Aihmun called the attention of the House to the faot that the Secretary of the Treasury was urging the notion of Congress upon his measure, while at the same time he had not furnished the members with his report, although two months had elapsed elnoe the committee on printing had been oalled upon for an explanation. Cause ? Delay ! The printer had Informed the oemmittee that the Seoretary had several times taken the manusoript away, for the purpose of making alterations. Mr. McKay observed that there had been rumors that the Seoretary had altered tables in his report, but it was not so. Mr. Aihmun replied that the printer was now in the House, and that he averred that the said tables were now In the hands of the Seoretary, and that the delay in furnishing the report was wholly owing to him. Mr. McKay answered that the gentlemen had information enough, and urged an early aetion on the bill. Mr. Hudion stated that the bill had been read twioe and referred to the Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union. Mr. McKay produced a minority report on the loan bill, whloh was read and ordered printed. A communication from the Treasury department was received, la reference to the loan, and ordered printed. relief or mart brown. The Committee of the Whole on the private calendar, Mr. Chapman, of Maryland, in the chair, lookup the bill for the relief of Mary Brown, whioh, after dne consideration, was reported to the House, with an amendment which proposed giving her eight, instead of twenty, dollars per month. The amendment was read, and passed by a vote of 119 to 47. Adjourned. NEW YORK LEUISLATUfiE. Albany, Jan. 39,1948. Senate* brooelyn orphan asylum. Mr. Bond reported a bill in relation to the Brooklyn Orphan Asylum, being a substitute for a previous bill. Mr. Trkadwell moved the reconsideration of both the bills. the printing bill. On the rejection of this bill, Mr. Fuller was opposed to the motion. If he voted for the bill, he oould not face his constituents; and it eould not he amended so as to secure his vote to aooommodate the friends of the bill. He would, however, vote to reconsider. Mr. Bono said, if the object of the motion to reconsider was to get up an exciting debate, be was ready to meet it. He did not know but if a chance was given to blow off a little thunder, it might tend to clear the political atmosphere. The motion to reoonsider was lost?ayes 4, Messrs? Cole, Cook, Fuller, Treedwell; nays 34. So the bill is finally disposed of. harbor improvement!. The resolutions offered by Mr. Fine, in relation to the improvement of harbors, and disapproving of the veto message by the President of the United States on the Biver and Harbor bill, were adopted. improvement of rivf.ri. Mr. Lawrence offered a series of resolutions relative to appropriations for the improvement of rivers, which w?re also adopted. tonnage duties. The resolutions of Mr. Coffin, relative to tonnage da tin, ware adopted. Mr Floyd submitted resolutions opposed to the ground Uken by Mr Coffin, which were rejeoted. The House reeolutions were leid on the table. catsxill amd schenrctadt railroad, fc.0. The bills to amend the charter ot the Cataklll and Schenectady railway, and to Incorporate the Clinton Monument Association, were ordered to a third reading. Adjourned. A assembly. Hudson airak railroad. The hill to ammd the charter of the Hudson River Railroad was passed. trot amd grefnbi'sh railroad. The bill to amend the oharter of the Troy and Greenbush Railroad Association, was also passed. kiimktt society or Brooklyn. Mr. Cross brcu#ht in a bill to amend the charter of the Rmmeit Society of Brooklyn. county courts, Mr. Frutm gave notiee of a bill to extend the criminal jurisdiction of the county courts. FF.KS or THE HEALTH OFFICER. Mr Meech laid on the table a resolution that the Health Officer of New York report hli fees for the past year. sale or LANDS. A bill for the sain of lands for taxes in the county where they were located, was relerred to the Compi troller. establishment or a water line for Brooklyn. Mr. Cross gave notioe of a permanent water line in Brooklyn. troy oas light company The Troy Uu Light Compmy bill wu referred, with j instruction! to make it generol. Markets. Baltimore, January mo, 1649.?Flour? The market wm dull, and we have only to note Rales of 300 bbls, . Howard street, at 7j; City MUIr was lnaotlve at $0 Wheat?Bales of 3,000 bushels were made, ineludlng Maryland reds at (1 30, and white do at $1 39. j Corn-Halts of 1,000 bush. Is. Including Maryland white j and mined, were made at 49o, and yellow do, at 6io. , Whiskey?Hales of -J00 bbls were made at 36o. There ! was no ohange of moment In provisions, while sales were ; moderate. I Boston, Jan. 19, 1846.?Flour?The market oontlnucd I steady, with sales of about 1000 bbls Including Western brands, with some lots of Genesee, at V> 3?X a (6 oo Corn?Sales of 6000 bushels were made, Including Western mixed, at 67c. and yellow do, at flic. OatsHales of 400 bushels were made at 60s lly* ?gales continued to be made at 91c. Sales of 100 bbls mess beef I were made on private terms Good lard continued In steady demand, while there was no change In the prices of pork. We have no alteration to notice In the rates of ! freights. _ Heavy Bt sinesb Failurk.?Some considerable ! excitement lias been caused by the announcement yesterday of ihe failure of Messrs. Itobeson k Co . extensive calico printers and oot'on manufacturers, of Fall lllver. Col Hatch, of Hatch k Gray'a express, *?ys that the affairs of tha concern have been conducted In prudent manner, and that their whole property hay inn been placed in the hand* of asctgnees, a favorable winding up 1* anticipated The operative* will euetain no Iom aav* that of being thrown out rl employment. It i? itated that while the individual liabilities of the Arm are email, their individual property 1* large We learn from another source that the payment* of tbie firm to their help amounted to >1? ooo per month. The withdrawal or auch a large monthly ion from the town at tlile Reason of the year must be fraught with injury to many laboring men an J thier families In thle failure the un?<inal working of State and United State* ineolvent laws Is llluatratsd. New York creditors, to tbs amount of $10,(KM), have secured themselves by an attachment upon tbs property, all of which sum will have *o be paid before the Maasaohuseette creditors oan retire oent.?Bttlon Traveller, Friday. i nn ? in In, ti i, ttafttruml ?m Iuiimii F'St 'ftflsm ttfUrJif sneftiiwn tfij fVltk it*' t?r? gala times *1 tli* fet*. Id lh? afternoon the little folks and family partial eujoyed themselves to the ut MMt, everybody wai delighted, aad cheers and applause were as plenty as roses Jin spring time. Sujds, L? t k Co. have caused a revival of 'olrous going and equestrianism, in New York They giro the best of everything, the jokes are new nightly, the olowns are really men of wit and intelligence, slid everything is so well arranged in the house, as regards seats, warming, ventilation, and theugh last, not least. politeness on the part of the attendants, that it is a real pleasure to go to the Park. Monsieur Cane's performance on the Atn^iora is indeed wonderful; he seems to set all the laws of gra vile at lUflanaw Its vnn.t hu Atta.l .. Hl.a a?_ ran their feet, otherwise he oould never go through whet he does. Arniar, Sends and his children, Madame Gardner, end all the rest, are as brillant as ever. Bowkby Theatre ?There was a very full house last evening to witness the performance oi Richard, Duke of Gloster, by Mr. W. Marshall, in whose hands It was very ably sustained throughout His reading and oonoeptlon of oharaeter were excellent, and he made some very j beautiful points, whioh called forth repeated cheers ? His scene with Lady Anno was given with great art and duplioity of oharaeter King Henry, by Stevens, was muoh applauded Richmond, by Hall, and Buckingham, by Tilton, were well performed; and Queen Elilabetb, by Mrs. Phillips, was in keeping with the high character she has aoquired We must not forget the Prtooe of Wales, by Miss Lockyer. who aequitted herself so handsomely, that she reoelved the marked favors of the audience We advise the gentleman whe played Norfolk to be somewhat near at hand when be is wanted.? The ' Battle ot .Mexico" followed, and was, as usual, reoelved with the loudest acclamations. Tomorrow evenii g, the grand natiouul speotaole of the ' Siege of Monterey" will bo revived, with all its splendid appointments and grand scenic effect. Those who have previously seen this beautiful drama will doubtless crowd the Bowery theatre to-morrow evening Tho thrilling drama of "Grandfather Whitehead" will commenoe the entertainments, and the amusements will close with " A Wife's Kirst Lessen " This is a very attractive programme for one evening Chatham Theatre?There was an exoellent house at the Chatham last evening?crowded in every part, and the various performances were loudly and deservedly applauded. The play of " Pizarro" came off very well. The character of Pizsrro was well sustained by Mr. Brandon, as also that of " Almagro" by Mr. Taylor. Mrs. Wilkinson, as *' Elvira," was excellsnt. Her part was sxoeedlngly well performed, and was much applauded by the audlenoe. The oharaeter of Holla was taken' by a youug gentleman of the city, his first appearanoe on any stage, who did well for an amateur were ne to etuuy tue mouuiaticn 01 nit roloe, it would, we think, considerably Improve hie appearance. Mr West was loudly cheered and encored with his plantation danoe. Tbe comedy of " A Uoland for an Oliver" way reoelved with roars of laughter. The charaoters were very well sustained. The other performances, also, oame off very well. Christy's Minstrels.?The minstrels are on the high ro?d to fortune; there is no doubt on the subject, for what with tbe continuous crowded houses and standing patronage tbey now reoeive from many of our most respeotable citizens, there is no suoh word as fail in their dictionary. They are the kings of negro minstrelsy, it seems; and hereafter, Christy's singing and Christy's songs, will be the standard by which all Ethiopian musio will bo judged. Broadway Odeon.?The singing, negro, comlo, sentimental, Jto , negro dancing, Grecian exercises, ventriloquism, &o , at this house, have been quite attractive during the past week. The Odeon will be olosed until

the latter end of the week, when some fine new tabltaux vivanti will be brought out. Triers Model Artists ?These artists have been patronised pretty well during the last week, though not so well as they deserve, for they are a fine set of performers. We think the tableau of Samson and Delilah one ot the finest we have ever seen. The suddenness with which the seoond position in it Is assumed by the artists, forms ono of the prettiest pieces of startling stage effect that we have seen for some time; and moreover, It shows how perfect the per.ormers are in their parts: no shuffling around; in one instant every position is changed; and again they stand like marble All the tableaux here, are given with much graoe and modesty. Brunswick's Statuary has been visited by many amateurs of sculpture sinoe they have been exhibited. Mr. Brunswick is a fine modeller; tbe beautiful little staluctlts exhibiting the various Mexican and Indian ooetumee which have been so admired at our fancy stores for several years past, are the work of his hands. The statues now on exhibition are made of the same material as the iiaiutttrt, but are of the full size of life, and faithful oopies of the famous Italian statues. Sanuuirico's Benefit in Boston?There is likely to be another " big house" at the Howard to-night. Signor Benedetti, the great tenor, and Signor Beneventano,will take the parts hitherto sustained by Vietti and Avignone in " Luola di Lammermoor," while Biscacoianti will appear as Luoia. We have heard some pretty loud aooounts of Benedetti from our New York friends. Between the aots of the opsra Sanquirioo will sing the well known comlo oavatina from tbe opera of " Cinderella." We learn that the premiums paid for tbe ohoioe of seats at the auction sale to-day amounted to about f400.? Hasten Tramenpt, Jan. 23. Mr. tfackett appeared as Falataffat the Richmond (Va.) Theatre on the evening of the 37th January. Signor Blits is performing at Philadelphia. Herr Alexander is now in Mexico. - He was in Vera Crus at last aocounts, performing in Santa Anna's palace, as muoh to the delight of Mexicans as Americans of the North. Mr. Vandenhoff made his farewell appearance at Savannah en the % lit Jan. Madame Bishop and troupe are to sing at Savannah1 Oa., to-morrow evening, Jan. 31st. News from the British West Indies.?We have Bermuda and Barbadoes papers, by the Lady of the Lake, of very recent dates, for which we are indebted to the courtesy of Capt. Beeman. From the Bermuda papers we have nothing to give beyond that published yesterday. The adjacent British Islands appear, from what we can learn, to be in a very critical state, both as regard the present wants, and the future commercial propects. The West Indian, published at Demerara, of the 30th ult., gives an account of the opening of the Legislature,and the address of the Governor. The distressed state of affairs absorbs every other consideration, and the first question which will occupy the attention of the Legislature will be, how are the laborers to be paid and fed, and the estates kept in cultivation! The IVeit Indian, in the course of some remarks upon this subject, says : " What Bhall we ao jor money and for food, as soon as our own provisions are exhausted, which will not be many weeks hence! This is the subject which agitaies the public mind, and in comparison of which, all others, for tho present, lose their importunes. "We earnestly hope that they (theLegislatnre) will lose no time in protesting against those laws which are attended with such iniuriouiconsequences upon our prosperity?the tiavigation laws?which oblige us to pay in specie lor the supplies necessary for our support, that we receive irom the United States, at the same time that the trade with them is put upon sccti n precarious and uncertain footing that we cannot depend upon it, and are every now and then reduced to the most serious apprehensions of a famine amongst our crowded population. Wc look for a remedy to this evil system at the hands of the Legislature; and no one will think we nsk too much from them in making this demand. The only thing unreasonable is, that it should have been suffered to continue to operate to our injury for ho long a period; but the mind of the public is fully awakened now, and they will not auliVr it to remain as a mill-stone upan their necks any longer." In reference to the supervision of the West India Bank, to which we have already alluded, the Wttt Indian, in a long account, gives the following facts:?"If it is decided that the bank can be revived, we trust that the question of remuneration will lie strictly investigated, and such reductions made as the circumstances of the times reoder necessary. We feel assured, from comparing the expenses of the West India Bank with those of similar institutions now existing, that the expenses can be considerably decreased. We know that the manager of the Colonial Bank was receiving $3,600 a year, when the manager of the West India Bank was receiving $6,000. We shall content ourselves with mentioning this individual instance; but if we chose we could go much further, and show that this excess of expenditure was carried through in more departments than one." The Caors.?The showers through the month of December have been light in some parts of ths parish, anil the canes have not grown as much In proportion as they did In Ootober and November The planting of canes lias been general, and the late showers will occasion, no doubt, a beautiful spring The wages of the agricultural laborers have been reduoed?they are working willingly. Potatoes continue ohoap ?they are selling, we understand, at 76 cents per hundred pounds. The amount of produce shipped for the year Is as follows 31,649 hbda. 1,837 tlerrrs, 3 006 barrels sugar; 7 089 puncheons, ,100 hhds., 40 barrels molasses; 70t> plottage* arrowroot; 3.*1 packages ginger; 3U6 bale* cotion; 7 JO gourds aloes. Nllllarfr Movements Vkka Cruz, Mexico, Jan. 6, 1844. The detachment of recruits lor the first and third artillery, which sailed from New York on the 12th Oct. last, and was wrecked in the ship Kmpue, on the Bahamas, subsequently lelt Charleston, S. O., on the 19th December, and rrived here Jan. (itli, 184H, in good health, in charge of the following officers:?Lieut. 13. II. Hill, Or. W. M. Rv?r; Lieutenants Morris, Chalfia, De Russey, llarl, Llder, Wood, liest, Dorr, Wilber and Neill. The first artillery w(|l he stationed at Vera Cruz; the third will, probably, be sent on the expedition to Orizaba, the chief rendezvous of the guerillas. nWlria .SVSWI . i |?.Vff? el*?O.. -aer^r<*rQr I city lnUilli?Mf?, TMf v?sl??Uy *m ili?u?ajr ?i?> for BJjfo then h weak test, thu ?iu?s fcilng high fenm I north-w.?; all day Theohangs km *?ry great, particularly from lJoVlook,M., UntllCo'clock, P. M.,afnir which time 1* continued to grow (till oolder The following la a com""' :-ativ? view of the thermometer, In Wall street, for V 29 h , f laou ry, 1848, 1847, and 1848: 6 A M. 12 M. 6 P. M. 18.8 84 40 34 1847 38 34 40 1840 81 38 38 DarAHTvac ok the Cambria?The fact having baen announced that the steamship Cambria would leave for Kurope at 13 o'clock yesterday, a large oonoourse of persons assembled on the piers and shipping in the neighborhood of the Battery, to witness her departure?ut Castle Garden, also, a very large number had eolleoted. among whom were many ladies, who thronged the gallery of that place, all enger to long upon the uoble ves sel as she made her way towards the ocean At half past twelve o'olook she left her moorings,and drifted towards tbe channel of the river; while from her foretoponst waved the stars and stripes, and lrom her mcln ratf the I English fla^. Being fairly in the channel, her machinery was eet in motion, and she moved upon the water like a thing of life, tiring a salute of four guns. Her jib was then hoisted to catch the wind, and she moved towards the ocean. She is of beautiful model, and every portion of her rigging waa in perfect order. The largo aasemblago of persons at Castle Garden braved the storm and stood upon the piazza until she passed the Hook This is the seoond of the Cunard line or vessels which has left this port tor Kurope, and from the favor manifested towards them, they are likely to be well patronized. Fiau.?A tire broke out at 11 o'clock on Friday night in the dry goods store of Mr. O. VV. Woodford, No. ttrt Catharine street, which originated from some window shades taking fire from the Htove, which were lyin.f on the counter near by. The flames then communicated with aoms shelves, which contained a quantity o' superfine cloths, all of which were entirely destroyed, trgeth< r with a larxe quantity of other goods end window shades. The damage to the goods is estimated at from 93 000 tn $5 000. which w?s fully covered with insurance in the City Insurance Fire Co. The building was hut slightly damaged, which was insured also. Much praise is dus Mr Jehu Barry, of Engine Company No 2, for his promptness of aotion in securing a hose, with which ths fire wa-i extinguished, before it had advanced too far to endanger the surrounding property. ExraasiES?The want and inconvenience experienced by the irregularity of ths mails sre in a measure remedied by the attentions of Messrs Adams St Co ,Gay St Co., Harnden It Co, Monroe St Co., Macgregor, and Messrs. Cloyes St Dennis, of the New Haven Railroad, who.furnish us daily with papers from almostevery olty within 400 miles of New York. Law Intelligence. Superior Court, Jan. 29?In Banco ? Decisions ? Rftymon/t vs ffuft.?In this ossi- an action was brought in the Common Pless and a judgment entered for 950; and immediately after an aoUon was brought iu this court upon that judgment. An application is now made to stop the seoond action, on the ground that it is vexatious, and brought for the purpose of multiplying expanse Ths Court doubted they had an authority to deprive a party of his remedy, and denied the motion. B'untrs. Shindler.? In this csee judgment was obtained in this court, upon which au execution was issued to the shnrlff of Columbia county, under which ths sheriff levied; and it is alleged he 1-vied on end sold more property than was necessary. An application is now made to compel the sheriff to amend his return, by making certain disclosures, to enable the defendant to sustain an action at law against him The Court said they had no power over the sheriff of another county, except to compel him to make the ordinary return on a judgment iesulng out of this court They had no jurisdiction over him, nor wan there any ground to oompel him to discloee faota which may be used against himself; nor did they ever know of any return except the official return. If the sheriff ie guilty of any mal-praotlce in his office, there ie another remedy, and the party may resort to it. We, therefore, deny the motion. Sarah Halleck, plaintfff in error, vs. Loisre and another defendants in error.?This cue ctmes before us on a certiorari from the Marine Court. The defendant sued the plaintiff in error in ths Marine Court as the partner ui uvr ninbvr, ?uu 100 ufcmon in we OOUTl DfliOW Wftfl, that she was partner, and we do not see that there is any ground to interfere with that branob of the oase ? but another defenoe is set up. which we think is fatal to toe defendant. The account to reoover the amount of whioh the aotion is brought, was ooinmenoed in 1839. and ended in 1842, and it was contended by the defendant below, that the whole of the asoount was oovered by the statute except six or seven dollars. The question in the Court below was,whether the whole of the items were covered by that part of the aooount which aoorued in 1842: the oourt below considered they were, which we think was wrong. Judgment reversed. Htran vi. Vat ink and al ?In this oase application is made to set aside a verdict, being contrary, as is alleged, to evidence. A quantity of pork was delivered at the store of lUker, one of the defendant!, and it appeared some of the pork was abstracted from the yard. The jury found a verdict for plain'.iff against Hiker, as the owner of the yard, and acquitted the other two defendants. The court could see no ground for attacking the verdict where the testimony is equally balanced on both sides?in such case the jury are the mcst competent to judge Motion denied. Valkntr vi. Hudson.?The p'.aintiff'shusband committed suicide, but before his death made his will, and appointed defendant his executor. After the death of Valkner, the defendant, claiming as ex?outor, took possession of the house and lurniture. The widow now sues Hudson and another, in an action of trespass, for breaking and entering the house, and taking the personal property. There was a question raised at the trial, whether she was the widow ot the deceased or not. It was there said that he was before marriod. and that his wife was living. That may be so, but it was clearly proved that the plaintiff was married to him; and the oourt directed the jury to fled a verdict for her, subjeot to the opinion of the court, and the jury found accordingly There are two statutes which apply to this case; the first providing that, where a man dies leaving a widow and children, appraisers must be called, and the property appraised, and a portion ol it set aside for the widow and children; the other statute directs that certain other articles beset aside in addition; and the question arises whether, under this last statute, the executor oould take property legally. It appears the property was taken and apprais, d, tho will proved, and the widow's portion of it set aside But it was said that it was done after this suit was brought. We do not see anything in that. We think the plaiotiff cannot sustain this action; it is quite evident the executor must have a right to interfere and take poesession of the property. If he abuaed his trust, then he would be amenable to the court, but this action is not put upon any such ground; we therefore think the verdiot cannot be sustained Judgment of non-suit Langl'y vi Warner ?This was an action of assumpsit, brought by the plaintiff against the defend vnt for oertain moneys obtaiued by the latter, belonging to the former. A verdict was taken, subject to the opinion of the Court A suit was brought in the Marine Court against the plaintiff and a judgment obtained against him. and the oath cf danger taken, whereupon an execution was issued, and the amount levied, aud paid over to the defendant. A certiorari was afterwards issued, and the judgment in the Marine Court reversed The only question here is. is [he defendant liable to the plaintiff for mon*y had and received ? We think he is. Judgment for plaintiff. Delmon -co rs the Mayor, tf-c?In this rase, the pleintiff brought an action of trepass against the Mayor Sen., for damage done to bis premises in Hanover street, by building a sewer In that street l.'pon tho trial, the plaintiff was nonsuited, and an application is now made to set it aside Motion granted, and new trial ordered Leariit r?. Pufnam? Judgment of nonsuit granted. Broroer, receiver, vi. Suyitam ? Judgment for plaintiff. Common Plus ?In banco ? D-cirion.r.?The people, he vs Drbaun et al?Th? action In this case was brought upon a n-cogniaanoe given for the support of a wife by her husband, ir. was subsequently referred, end the referee reported in favor of tho plaintiff* The principal point in the ease was, whether the plaintiffs could recover upon a reeognisince which was several in its terms The court said the grounds of defenoe in this case were similar to those taken in the c.,me of Klogsley et al ads vs the People, decided iu the court on the lG.h June, 1847. After having fully ooDsid-rrd the points In that case, we conclude to sustain the verdiot in this esse; we are therefore determined to sustain the report of the referee in this esse. Shuitse. ko vs. Mass, ko.?This wss an appul fr< iu an order made at Chambers; the rootle.,, upon which the order was made was for a commission nfter issue joined, and the part of it complained of was. that it denied a stay of proceedings and gave $7 costs of opposing It. t.rder affirmed, nn l appeal dismissed with reals Dradhyve Ke telle*.?This was ai'o an appeal from an order made at Chambers; appeal dismissed, plain tiff's costs of resisting to abide the event; but defend nt may waive security for oosts within t*n days, and urge on the trial. Foster vs Shelley et al.?Judgment for plaintiff on demurrer; defendant may amend or plead anew, and give notice on payment of costs. $7 Brewster vs. Striker ? Same vs. Morrison?Verdicts in both cases set aside, and ncn-suita ordered. Thk $.10,000 Drift Cask.?In the suit of General Levi Harris, of South New Berlin, vs Clark and others, executors of Sidney Smith, for the recovery cf $.10,000, on a draft issued by avid Smith previous to bis death, aud sent in a letter to his sister, Mrs Harris, and not noticed until several months alterwards The suit was first, tried at the Otsego Cirouit, before Judge Gridley, about two years since, where two la-osj were presented; first, a question of fjot, whether tbe draft was genuine; and second, a question of law, whether, If genuine, it was collectable. Tbe court decided the law question in furor or Mr. Harris, and ths jury found tent the draft was genuine. The suit then went up to tbo Supreme Court, upon a etipulatlon of the partlee, that if the law decision of Judge Orldley in the case should not ba affirmed, anoo-ruit might be entered, 10 that the cause oonld go Immediately to the oonrt of laet reaort, without the formality cf anew trial The oauee was therefore argued before the Supreme Court in Utlcalnst fa'l, and the decision postponed until the Court met at Syracuse, a lew days since. The decision has just been announced, aad the plaintiff non-suited So the reuse will now go up to tho Court of Appeals, and unless the opinion or the Supreme Court Is est naide. and that of Judge Orldley afflrnud.the general's goldhsap will haro turned to dust and ashes.?Oxford Timet. Supreme Court or thi Usitkd Stats*-January 3d, 1S48.? No. 14. Martin Buther, plaintiff lu error, vs. Luther M. Borden et al The argument of this cause wee concluded by Mr. Clifford for the plaintiff in error. Adjourned till Monday, 11 o'clock. Bkvolhtion in Bolivia.?A letter from Valparaiso, daled Nov. 30, savs?" A revolution lias broken out in Bolivia, wluch promisee to he successful in displacing the present government." A Sri.rvmn J.riiri.i.?The Illustrious Dr. I ollyer, author of the" Model Artists," and oth-r works, alter having delivered Uotures on phrenology, meem?rl*m and the solar microscope. Is now engaged In giving n lecture to the Evening Bulletin He th?re Informs all whom it may concern that he Is " Intimately acquainted with Horace Vernet, Ktty, Cooper, Landeeer, Annelll, Powell, Klllot, and fifty others"-of which we have no doubt. A convict In tbs eastern p nUentiary. on being asked if he kuew Judge King, said yes-the Ju ige had spok' n to him fbr mors than thirty minutes at a time ?The John Donkey. .Mi-iiWiiHii.ii ii n , - --i?- 1 Ur.i?r? fen Tli" IKfonJ 0? lllf Ct)Uf?C ol leiiitirM by I'frt fester Nichol took place on Kfiday, m Clinton Hall, before a numerous and fn^lily delighted audience. The lecture was listened to with marked attention. All eyes were intently fixed on the speaker, and not a sound was heard, save the frequent siiouti of applause which greeted the lecturer. In t ier, im walls echoed and reechoed the rapturous ,.! .udits of the meeting.? We were high I v flighted with the lecture. In fact, Professor N i.- e .ery thing we could wish ?un exceedinuiy li ieul and graceful speaker, poetical and choice m ills language, complete master of his sncicv, mid possesses the happy tact of making even statistical details interest nil! i>> ill" auuicm r. "Lectpbe II.?Friday, J? 48?The mechanism of these grand stellar cluster*-Oar heaven* replet- with activity end motion?Th* of double et?re?More complex groups ?Idee of n universal mechanism?The motion of our Sun through spsc*?Idea of e central ann ?The instability even of oar grandest forma and onllonatioDa of matter?Nature of power or ferae?Relation of material changes to the will of God Prof Nichoi. appeared amid much cheering. and eaid?Ladiea aad gentlemen, I wish to explain what art haa now taught us of the atellar clusters and their influences. They ?re not regularly arranged throughout space The form of some ?f these groups, as made koown to us. is certainly mor.t strange ; and whether the Inference be correct or not, we are looking on a new phenomenon, whose grand revolutions were unknown to former ages Besides our own system, there are numerous others.? When we look to these clusters of orbs we look to them as incomplete, unfinished, but kspt in motion and regulated by one great law There is a great cluster in Hercules, of a globular shape They are like a stream of stars, perfectly inexplicable by any law known to us It seems to bars the mark of these stars in one stage of their progress. If my Idea is correct, wo can learn something of them by examining the progress ot our own stars. The idea that they ara like what our own stars ouce were, was brought to striking results by Proteesor Mitchell The idea first struok him when viewing the Pleiades la looking to them la one polot of the heavens, he found them grouping V,. getbsr He said, the extstenoe of so many of these or'os, in so small a space, must be a system He even Mid' that these groups would be disooversd to move ?routid each other; and this, when we know that in V,, time, sstronomloel Instrument* were by no ineana e a prrfHct as they are now. His conjectures did not to any great results; but later, they were brought \o praotioa by the veUren Sir W. Herscheil It sterna he was now aware of the speculation of Mitohell, when h', oommenced his observation* His attention was direoted to a double star, but through an ordinary telescope, It resolved them Into two. The phenomenon w*a formerly explained thus : that they only stenrsd so. being in the same direction In the heavens. Hersohell discovered iiiov kiirio n?o l?i un/te v? BiarS 10 Ul* Heavens than could be explained by this t'ruory. He calculated how many there might be, and found that there were altogether about 48 rvrtems, and that In these, uo fewer tbau 483 were found to exist. This could not be explained by the old method, and he saw a new principle must be discovered to reguiate their movements The lecturer illustrated Flerechell's idea by saying: "Suppose 1 take a handful of peae, and scatter them on a chess bo:rd, ycu would say at once they were there at random, but if 1 placed two by two on each check, you would determine that there was arrangement" It was this principle Herschell brought to bear on the subject. The audienoe must see from this illusion that they are physically constituted?and be said so. Mitobfll had aid there must bs a physical connection between the tare, or they could not be held together br the law of gravitation, and they must be iu a state of mutation. He said if their appearance and position are carefully markrd now, and again observed after the lapse of a few oenturies. all would be found changed, and their positions in the heavens altered. When he first stated thi'. idea, it was a mere 'peculation; and it was proved to *ds the case by one of the most brilliant lights of astronomy in bis time, and now we have found new star-i with other movements, taking various periods of time in passing over their orbitsjome short and some long; some making a revolution in fourteen years, others in forty three years. Caster t?kes twobundred, and others seven hundred years ! With thoss which are so distant, and take such an immense number of years to perform their revolutions, we form our ideas only from proportion; but it can be inferred from what we see, that it is not like the movements of the planets around our sun. It Is two primary suns, moving round one another. Neither Herschell's reasoning, nor his oontluslons, were oonflneu to primsry groups, but extended to more complex ones. When Hersoiiell found that there were eome of these stars triple, and some a combination of four stars, he said these groups also are physically constituted, and will be found to revolve around other common oentres We find Ibem moving according to every possible traek. At ons time wa find three suns moving round one oommon centre, and at others fear. In this ease, also, we must recollect it is a combination of suns, moving round one another. There is a very beautMbl one in tbe constellation of the Lion. It seems more perfect than some are, and oonsists of f ur stars, in the neighborhood of each other. Their movements are very extraordinary. We find one of the two eonstellationa a double star, and the two systems moving around one oommon oentro. We consider mathematics complicated; bnt how much more complex is the movements of these syatesM ! 1 should mention, in regard to the system Lyra, that the period required tor ita revolution Is about l.SSO years, and that of another cannot be less than a million of oar yiars. The grand tact Is established beyond a doubt, in so far as we tiod th?e groups, and here we discover mechanism and chants- We might appeal to some of our grander systems, b i' we must mention some facte And first we find the 1. w I grew.avion has its sway over these grandest schemes They are moving la their various paths by the same iawns oureartn. Secondly, there is ane ther grand fact?where we discover these double'stars,we find them of opposite l.gim The andienne all know that the light whiou euu a iV-'m our sun is composite;l light composed of v ?rt <ia o tors so as to produce a white 1'gbt. In these dcu .? r, e t ~ s we find one sun render forth a red, and au..a . - b'ae, light. How beautiful the enmhinat ien it, Saw tiit llni "hut, *>!?? ?? us. It appear*. tbeu. that .bit character of all tb? miner groups of u..i o?fu ? dsxy is mechanician and fih?? ;e And now. lev*...* <1 our universe, we may ask what aw those guiguoua j u jis scattered throughout space? May we no. eapp'fn, that what characterises 1 the am?Uar orbs will char cUriee the larger ? The question admits of an easy *' ' - lo-lsive auswer. My reasoning is this: that if wi * analogy of our smallei groups, we must conclude tha* t!>? larger are governed aud regulated by the saute U>'. Kront a knowledge oi our own system, we are enabled to obtain mora kuowUdge of the othi-rs If the whole are In motion, the fixed stars must also be movin.r. Is our sun in motion ? Is it stationary, or is it passii'goTi r some mighty c-.urs* ' Its motion *?i leng oooj?cturrd; but to Herschrti we owt its ooaflrmatlon Ifoursuu is ia ration. our e?r.h will psrtake of that motion How are we, tbi-retore, to arrlvt at a satisfactory conclusion ? flerecheirs io.-a was this that if iba sun were in motion.* the orbs around up would seem to change their position?some would appeal t? become closer tog-ther, others open Thus, suppose I were between two forests; and suppose I could not tell I my own motion, yet the trees in front wruld appear tc I open up while those behind would seem closing t>>g*th r j Herschell found that, two great changes were iskiDg ' plaoe in the constellation Herculss. On one side they I seemed olosiDg, and on another opening, and he wa. i daring enough to inter that this was the cause? I the sun was moving in some mighty system it I this is true, he says then the stars in all the systems will be found movi- g His conjeotnre has been com ! piately confirmed ; there is no doubt our pun Is moving through the skies in some v at orbit, and tho other ! euns are, no doubt, doing the same. 1 h se fuots ban | reference CDly te the motions of the sun; but enriositj will demand, do we know ary thing cf ih? veloo ty of hii course ? L ntil reoeuliy, 1: was f >uud imp <**lhle to solve that great problem It Iks now been resolved. Tht star 6 i cygni. is 670 000 000 miles from our sun ; our sut is about ten times greater than it; light takes about li years to come to us from it; it must pars over u very considerable ep'co In our lie&veu* every year Wi know its distance and its movements; we can conv.-r; ; its motion into miles. 1 be question, then, is, is thi; 1 motion owing to the star. Ok is it apparent only, cause>. I by the movent' nf- <>t fh? sun ' \V? tind it moving dl rectly in its coo-a i If its motion were owing entirely t(; the motiou of 11" sun, we are inclined to infer tlia this would not b - , sr* can oaloulato the motion of the sun ?it is six ti'u-i greater than tbat of our earth arouni, the pun. If this is i ho case, our heaveue may oontluUt to fiift so long as our race exists ; yst a time will oom> when their whole aspect will be altered, aud they will, n'.er into combinations. If the late discoveries in nature are true, If geotogy is not a mere table. If we do uo j seise tlie Idea th ai rocks were formed In layers by chance If Sir W Herschell is o vrrect, tueu there must be ? o n , tlnu.l change going on, and tin so chaugos from Lhe tiuu. inquired in the f.rotation of a world, must be great.-, These same suns, likewise, shone cn the Chaldeans o, old We sperkof them as eternal; but. alas ! they art, not so ! That title belongs to God alone 11 seems, there, I r? r. i - * . > luio, i?n ih ? wr cm juuge, msr : ur system II oue 0, ceaseless activity and motion. If this is ibo case, wt flud the solution at ones of the comparative form whirl they now twume, nud w? can view them only as belni in some immense progression It occurs to us in form ing this idea, what is the object of these movements Are they all moving to sustain each other ? lleraohel thoughttbis. He found that If they moved in an oval serpentina form, that they could continue Indepsnden. of each other In their orbits, but only if they moved it exactiy that path ; but on applying the teletcope, hfound that they had not the semblance ot that ahspe ; h-, found, also, that if they moved in a spherioal form, they would retain their position ; hut he discovered there wer no regular spheres, and there Is no nieohanlcil prinolpl which would lead ui to believe that they oould exist No where,j all around us, can ire recognise permaucn | cy. It is true, sun moves around sun ; yet there is on tlnnal ohango. Going to (he stars, we see mutability or | (lerlng their revolutions They arc ti t fixed It seeiue. wherevsr we o*st our eye, we behold chunges Itap pears to me it can hardly b? doubted that these cluster will change th- lr osprtoloiH shapes. I slr.ll venture n< further on this immensity for the present, nor sp-a* far thor of the imm*n?e of stirs In spaces, whose shapes an movements are th? moat circuitous imaginable ; hut wii, conclude with one remark that us all Lookln, at tbosi revolutions, you cannot resist the Inquiry, to what purpose were they foimpd, and what is ttirir rsla tlcn to the Divine mi. d T < an tve discover ?.ny thing o the Divine mind concrruing th.-ml In the world's ie volvlng through epaeo, theie is abundant proof of God' des'gn oonoeruing them : his wisdom and power seem* to be Joined with his will, that the pljo of the materia unirerae anouid tie in?.>irea. What notion hare wo o force In Itaelf. when wo apeak of grarliiii I'm ? Whet (1' * mnin ' Hta It an Meet I* it Ung'hle? le It eor r'1 tt ? We oft-n mialahe It. Whet do we mean whn we utter th word roree ? U It a morel force ? 1 thlnl that a little trll ctloi. will ocnrlnoe ne there le n lexter nal material force., eu.'.h aa we are Inclined to lelWo When we apeak. Of force, we mean the order which I maintained throughout the unlretee We eay it I law. But whe i wo loia a' 'he thing more narrowly, w diacorer there le uo au^'a thing It menu* noth ng inor than a certain aya'ein of order we find lu ere t'lnu W< dieoorer nothing hn' e??nt? f llowlng each other In un Urlpgorder It. or no conoeptn n of ruch a thloi ae forae, nor lla li. ; ami yet U aerma t.e roe t here la principle In cm ?? ? ?a, m'.'a.'g ua aathflad with ml Idea. 1 think that we reoei?? Utv.idrn not from our ooa