Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 31, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 31, 1848 Page 1
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th: <V>Utl? Mo. ??ttb Brussels, Dec. 26, 1847, The Superior Advantages Offtrsd by Antwerp for a Line of Ocean Steamers to the United States ?How Antwerp has a Direct Railroad Communication with every part of Europe, and chief part of Asia?Cotton Goods Cheaper in Ghent than in Manchester?Belgian Views of the IVar in Mexico?Operatic and Artistical Gossip. J take,with pleasure, the first opportunity which offers, of writing to you, since I have learnt by the Nsto York Herald, that you have returned to the United States I have given this letter, together with the official statement of the "Congress of Economists," held a' Brussels la?t September, to the cure of Mr. Uy. C. Meade, of Albany, New York, who is at this moment returning to the United States. Ever since I left you at the latter end of last May, one of my principal engagements has been the constant endeavor to prepare the means of establishing a regular steamboat mail line between the ports of Antwerp and New York. At the time when I last had the pleasure of seeing you at Paris, we had already made some progress towards a solution of this business but nt that period the government stood in rather a precarious situation, on account of the approaching elections, una while waiting for the result of this national ma. nifestation was fearful of entering upon any great undertakiog. It was indeed perfectly right, for it so happened that the 8th of June last brought out results so much opposed to the government of that day, that the ministry, overwhelmed by the force of public opinion, was obliged immediately to resign. I was in conse?|uence of this, under the necessity of waiting or the formation of a new administration, to be able to pursue any further measures towards making the necessary arrangements with the government. Now, however, the affair is in a train towards accomplishment, notwithstanding that the commercial crisis which has raged in our country, as it has in all the manufacturing Slates ef Europe, has hitherto been an obstacle te ite pregrees. When you were at Paris, I had the honor of placing in your hands a mimoire upen the establishment of a packet line between Antwerp and New York, from which you may have been able to perceive the great superiority of Antwerp over ail the other harbors of Europe, as a port of communication with the United States. Antwerp is in fact a terminus upon the seebord opposite England, to the whole vast syetsm of the railroads of Europe?one might sav, of the world You may travel by railroad frem Antwerp,without stopping,or without interruption? 1st. Eastward: To Poland, Hanover, Berlin, Hawbarf, and Stettin upon tbe Baltio Sea. Thus Antwerp, in fast, leads by tbe shortest roots for communication Atddblnn fn Belvinm trt Prtiaaia *n Denmark 1a Saxony, to Poland, and to Russia. From Stettin there is a steamboat 11ns to St. Petersburg One can, at the pr-ssnt day, go in six days from Antwerp to St. Petersburg. 'id. Towards the south-east: You may go by railroad from Antwerp to Vienna (in Austria), to Prsshnrg, to Prague, and eery soon to Trieste upon the Adrlatlo Gulf From Vienna there are steamboats upon the river Banuhe, whloh oarry you through or aeross Hungary and Turkey, as far as the Blaok Sea, to Constantinople, to Odessa, to Sebastepol, Ice. &o. From Trieste there is a communication by steamers with Oresoe, and the blast Indies (overland). It only takes three days aad a half to go from Antwerp to Vienna, and four and a half to go to Trieste 3d By Cologne and the Rhine, on whioh river, as yon know, there are a great many steamers, yon may arrivs at S'raukfurt on the Maine in loss thin twenty-four hours, and the Grand Dutohy of Baden, Alsace and Kwlisvrland in less than forty-eight hours. 4th. Southward : Going south. Antwerp has a (l'.reot oommnnioation with Paris and Lyons It is the port most tavorahly situated to export at the cheapest rate to the United States, the woollen clo'h ef Rheims, the ribbons of 8wltserland, the linens af Flanders, and the silks of Lyons Othly Antwerp has n direct communication by rail road with Ghent, a city which' has the greatest aneeher of cotton factories, and whloh might rival Manchester for the low price of its goods, if the manufacturers would avail themselves of the extreme low prloe of labor am d the poor population of Flanders. More frequent communication with the United States would open a new career to the manufacturers of this city, who at present restrain themselves to the production only of a supply tor the wants of the domestic market, in which they are protected by high duties from competition iroia abroad. There are two lines ol railroad which give a communication between Antwerp and Ghent, and the river Soheidt alio connects the two ottieo,a river whloh is navigable for steambeats as far as Ghent. 6thly Antwerp is the door of Flanders, a country where the best aad finest woollen cloth in the world is manufactured, and where it i* cheapest At Antwerp Itself, and Sierra, silk stuffs are manufactured which, by their quality, may be and often are supposed to come Pen Lyons At Liege, there Is the largest menufaotory In Europe of fire arms 7thly Antwerp connects daily by eteainers with Rotterdam. from whence there is a railroad to the Hague and Amsterdam Sthly Lastly, Antwerp communicates everyday with T nnrlnn aeitkar ( hv itoBTii*ri. or indirnotlv hv Ostasd TUa piiMage aorois the Channel takes only from 13 to IS hour*. Therefore, Antwerp is the true spot fur the establishment of a line of steamboats. Besides, it gives 48 hours less of sea navigation than is required to get to Bremen. The steamers would come into dock in the heart of the city itselt, while the line to Bremen is oKliged to stop at Bremen Haven, some distance from the city itself. The Belgian government verv advantageous postal-treaty relations with E gl ind, France and Germany; it has already adopted a reduction of postage, and will, there m no doubt, soon adopt the cheap nostsg- syst-m of England. Henco, letters lrom nil pari.-, of Europe will find an advantage by being sent t? tin-port, rather than to any other. As to merchandize, our government only a few days ago signed a convention by which cargo-s of merchandize of all kinds may be carried freely through Francs .ind the Zolivarein, without being visited by tlie Custom House, and without any other cost or charge than simply the cost of carrying them. All these advantages, of which 1 have only presented you a summary, are not sufficiently known in the United States. No doubt they have been repeatedly pointed out to his government by the able and active Charge cl'Atldirs ot the United States at Brussels, Mr. T. C. Clemson, hut in your country the public, as well as the government, must be informed, in order to obtain any results. For my own part, I am p-rsuaded that a line established at Antwerp would be superior to one running to any other port of the continent ot Europe, in the superior advantages it would have, as the country uitd the government will alwavs be disposed to give every commercial tacility which csuld tend to augment the business connection bsiwe-n the tw o countries. All et us have are looking out for news concerning the war in Mexico, as you are doing in New York, though we have only an indirect interest in u We continue to give accounts of the affairs of your country in the journals, in such a way as to Isave it to the r>adet? themselves to form their own judgments upon passing ulidirs. Mnnv people here, who have no conception of the strength existing in a nation wnicli manages its own business itself, imagined that your army would be overwhelmed and stiff, d iu the midst of th# Mexican population, ho soon as it should remove who imp interior ana leave the s<*a coast, (fener.ils, who wi re engaged with the French in their invasion ot Spain, predicted lor your army tlie name late ai that which befel the armies of Napolesn. But we, on the contrary, saicfthus : " The Yankees carry liberty and prosperity to Mexico. They will be well received there, if not by everybody, yet at least by the active part of the population." Besides this, an army,which numbers in its ranks printers and editors, who are permitted to curry out with the pen what lias been begun with the sword, must necessarily obtain lar different results Irom an army even much stronger, which invades a country only to plunder and to absorb it. as was the cuse with the invasion of Spain. The only tear which the friends of the United States entertain here, is the apprehension lest a long war may lead to the creation of military inlluences and interests among you, us is the case in Europe ; interests which swallow up the substance of the people, nud ure tno chief cause of the pauperism winch is preying upon us. On this account, not withstanding our Europenn prejudices in favor of war, glory and conquest, (the three follies with which for five thsusand years kings have beeu working ui>on ths people.) we earnestly desire that a peace, honorable to beih countries, may Its brought to pasa whereby to put as end to the dispute, and tnve to Mexico a permanent, stable Hnd civilizing government, we hope that when this war is ended, the United Stares will aheathe her mighty sword, disband her armies, and begin again with fresh and renewed energy the work of civilization, by means of ths liberty which she hae pursued so gloriously since her declaration of independence. As lor me, who am acquainted with the United States, and have lived, or travelled, in all ' E NE NE1 the States, I take as much interest in all that can be useful or favorable to them, as if it were my own country. What always gives me the strongest confidence in your success is the fact that notwithstanding the deep divisions which exist among you, between the two parties of whigs and democrats, still everybody iH a patriot, every one of you is American, and you are ail attached to the wise and progressive form of government which the illustrious Washington has left you as a legacy. Permit me, before I quit the subject of business and politics, to beg of you, who are as welj acquainted with Europe as myself, to examine what I have stated relative to Antwerp, and see if what has been stated is so or not, and become a bluader for us before the American public, as I am one for the United States before the Belgian buplic. I wish J had some interesting news to communicate; but what can you expect from a man who is more occupied with business affairs than with things which are going on about him ? All that I can say which will interest you is, that the Royal Academy of Music (grand opera) at Paris has been completely re-moudled afresh, and that Madame Alboni has obtained there such a success as one might almost have despaired of seeing in this age of iron roads and suspension of payments. The " Theatre Italien" is in a good train of success, and Arnol had an attack of apoplexy as he was playing in a little farce. Since we have left Paris we have opened in concurrence with Mabille, the Randagh, the Chateau Rouge, (Red Palace) and the Jardin des Fleurs (Garden of Flowers) which latter is said to surpass all terrestrial wonders. At Brussels we have had a magnificent exhibition of the productions of national industry. I I regret you did not see it. For three months past we have had a poor wretched Doctor here who has been endeavoring to guide balloons in the air, but as yet he has only succeeded in guiding the money out of the pockets of his creditors. Hut really, 1 am trespassing upon your valuable time. I hope, if some day or other you can spare only a few minutes, you will favor me with an answer. 1 beg of you, to command me and my servic-s in any matter whatsoever which may be useful or agreeable to you, here or at Paris. Now that I learn you are at New York, I hope to have the privilege of writing to you now and hen, so as to keep you informed of what is doing ?or rather of what is not doing, by our gooa old woman here?Madame Europe. # * * *. * * Sketch of the bite of the Ex.Kinpreas Maria Louisa, the laat Wife of Napoleon. [From the London Tinas, Dso. 27 ] Of the Empress, Maria Louisa, it may be said, that nothing in her life became tier like the leaving it; and with a view to the completion of the arrangements recently made in certain portions of territory distributed among the Italian princes, the demise of the archduchess oi Parma is at least opportune. She had lived to be very nearly the longest reigning sovereign in Europe, for nearly thirty-four years have elapsed since she exchanged, for the portion of an archduchess, her share in the throne of the French empire.? In that period, she has dons little mors than indulge the obscure passions and narrow feelings which formed a singular contrast to the glare of transitory splendor thrown over her marriage, and her French reign. There is nothing in the life or character of Maria Louisa to detain for an instant the curiosity or sympathy of posterity. But the most worthless objects may sometimes be displayed in such vivid and changing lights that the accidents and circumstances about them dwell upon the eye, and almost interest the mind by the splendor of a delusion, or the variety of a contrast. Of all such dreams of human greatness, suddenly thrust by the caprice of for tune upon a youthtur princess, none certainly was aver more gorgeous or surprising than thut wtiicii made Maria Louisa, then in her nineteenth year, the bride of the great soldier of fortune. who seemed to be not only the sovereign paramount of France, but the master of continental Europe, it wee ui LJll), when the military glories ot the Empire had ripened into sit that conquest and luxury could bestow, Paris was the capital ofan European empire. The spoils ot all muions, save one,were collected in her halls; the princes of all nations, save one, formed the circle of the imperial court. And within 16 years of that lata! and atrocious day when the innocent blood of Marie Antoinette had flowed on the Place de la Revolution, amidst the infuriated cries of the French populace, another Austrian Archduchess past that soot, hailed by the acclamations of that same people as the bride of Napoleon, and the future mother of a race of Emperors. A year elapsed, and the heir of these great hopes, the child of ambition, "soaring in its pride of place," was born. Every gilt of fortune seemed to have been bestowed. They were bestowed even to exhaustion. Those feverish years were spent iu unbounded excesses. The limits of lite and nature, the laws of the world, and of the seasons, seemed to be forgotten. Yet, amidst these preternatural and extravagant demonstrations of mighty power and of insatiable desires, it was scarcely possible to conceive that three short years would dissipate this meteoric vapor, and place the darkest lesson of human mutability so close to the most daring efforts of human pride. The recklessness with which tiiesc gifts were thrown away was equal to the boldness by which they had been won. The personal share of Marie Louisa in these extraordinary scenes was, indeed, th it of a passive instrument, rather than a voluntary ageut, and little of the glory or shame ot that period attaches to herself. It cannot, however, be forgotten, that her marriage was the immediate consequence, if not the cause, of the scandalous and ungrateful repudiation of Josephine; and the Austrian Princess knew that the rights and dignities she assumed as a wife and an empress, were unlawlully plundered from another. Nor will it ba less remembered thai the marriage which decked ihe daughter ol Francis in these trappings, covered the house from which she sprang with humiliation; that her inauspicious nuptials were preceded by the defeat of the land of her birth, and followed by the defeat of that of her adoption; and that the : :. ? ii- 1?: 1 i._i. niirnage lisru wasucsi^iicu iu uc uic mm wmuu i should rivet the policy of Austria to the ascendancy of France. These considerations might, indeed, have beeu disguised from an inexperienced Princess, and it would be unjust to judge her in prosperity by a very strict standard of duty. But in adversity there are no disguises; and if she had been possessed of any feeling of dignity or generosity, the abrupt changes which pressed upon her gave her ample occasions fur the display of higher virtues than thoss which surrounded her throne. She seems, on the contrary, never to have excited the respect or the compassion of any one in ?urope The allied sovereigns themselves, on reaching Paris, nrnrked their consideration for Josephine by their visit to Malmaison; but Maria Louisa sought not even to share the fortunes of her husbaud in the mild bauislimeut of Elba. Her son became a hostage in the hands of her father, and every tie was broken which connected Maria Louisa with the greatness or the misfortunes of him who had snared with her his sell-won throne. A strange insensibility t the past, a selfish nature, and an ignoble second marriage, completed the batons of her unequal life, which ended as if the sole purpose for which she had everexisted wusto dwell at ease in the little Court of Parma, and to obey the Italian policy of Prince Metternich. Her administration of these principalities was of course Austrian. But she had introduced many ot the institution# which have proved most beneficial in Lombardy, and her subjects were at least free from onerous contributions to the finances of the empire. The change in dynasty which now takes place in Parina is, however, a matter of great interest to Italy, because the consolidation of the Italian Customs' league would be much advanced by the addition of that rich and important territory which lies liHfwecn the frontiers nt Piedmont and the Romagna. In describing the nature of the arrangements between the lulmn Duchies, upon the abdication ot the Duke of Lucca, we recently had occasion toquotPthe precise nature of the provision made for the Empress Maria Louisa during her life. Upon her demise, farms, Piacenza and Ouastalla devolve upon the cidevant Duke of Lucca, who has thus not been long depri ved of the exercise of sovereign power. We sincerely hope that in assuming the government of these fine countries, he will display the same moderation and firmness which has marked the policy of many other Italian Princes, and more than he himself displayed in his former dominions. In exchaugiug Lucca for Parma, this offset of the Spanish Bourbons no doubt congratulates itsell on the greater proximity of the Austrian forces, and the nrobability that Austrian ascendancy, north of the Apennines, will loan survive the authority (which, indeed, it has alleady lost)south of that chain. But the courts of Modens and Parma will not be able with salety u> offer a wilful and suicidal resistance to the W YO W YORK, MONDAY MOR national interest and moderate demands oi the Italian prpple; and they will hesitate before they iriuo tli? fliarnnl r\f n n/Mitaut urli'i oli mirrli? aan wn I ?> the peninsula. Their rights must be respected. I The only influence to which their governments I can be subjected is that of the opinion and ex ample of the neighboring States. But, on the other hand, if they should unhappily invoke the aid of foreign armies to prop up the abuses of their old system, the peril will recoil on their own heads. In the somewhat delicate affair of the transfer of certain enelavt*, or outlaying portions of the duchies of Tuscany and Lucca, consequent upou the late change, and annexed to that change by an article of theTreaty of Vienna, a satisfactory adjustment has beeu made by the diplomatists of these Italian courts alone, who very properly settled a matter which exclusively concerned thsmselves. The stipulated fragments of territory are ceded to Modena; bur Pontreinoli remains in the hands of the (Irand Duke of Tuscany, and Pontremoli is by far the most important part of the question in a strategical point of view, because it commands the only pass in the Apennines through which an army can conveniently descend into Lower Italy at all seasons of the year A further agreement is likewise understood to have been made in order to give a neutral character to Massa and Carrara, so that the great line of communication between Piedmont and the Papal States will be free from all custom hou?e restrictions along the coast. In all these changes and improvements, so full of promise' for the future welfare of Italy, it can never be forgotten that the whole Lite of that interesting country depends on the moderation of parties ana the maintenance of peace. Austria wants but a slight pretext for an armed irruption over the whole peninsula ; but we hope she will find no such pretext in the disunion of the Italian princes or the impatience of the Italian people. Interesting Scene In the Spanish Cortes?Mw Hsrchy In Meiloo, iVc. dec. The debate which took place on the Kith of December, in Congress, was by far the most important which has occurred siuce the opening of the session. A motion had beeu signed by 5>agHBii, San Miguel, Lujau, and other leading iiiciiiuera ui nir uj'I'umimiu, iui mi uiuuiai iibi wi the payments made by the treasury of the Havana since 1844, to government orders, and of the persons in favor of whom such orders had been given. This was the signal for a tremendous party-battle. Sagasti's motion being aimed at the Queen mother, the majority rushed to the defence of their idol, assailing the Duke of Victoria by way of retaliation. So, under these two names, as standards, the conflicting hosts fell to work, tooth and null, keeping up thecotubat till hall-past eight?three hours beyond (lie usual time?when a strong craving for dinner making itself generally felt, and hostilities flagging as stomachs grew imperious, the house divided: for the motion, the votes were 29; against it, 141. Senor Sagasti, after prefacing his matter with remarks upon the sacredness of the obligation, under all representative monarchies, contracted by the government to present a public statement of the exp-nditure of the nation, keeping no item back, but faithfully entering into all details, without mystery, proceeded to observe that he had lately read inucn in the newspapers about sums which had been paid by way of arrears to the widow of Ferdinand Vil , now Duchess of Itianzares and Monmorot.; also of a considerable sum that had been entrusted to the Spanish representative at Mexico, for the purpose of establishing; a monarchy in that republic; also, of 12 millions that had been spent upon the unfortunate expedition to Equador. If the documents for which he called accredited the delivery of the sums mentioned to the Duchess of itianzares, he would like to know what right any minister had to dispose of sums which were notset down in the estimates 1 Was the money to be given to her as being the widow of Ferdinand VII. 7 Everybody knew that that illustrious lady had contracted a second marriage. Was it us queen-regent and gobernadora of Spain 1 But she had voluntarily renou?o*?i the reaency? in In bringing forward this motion, he wanted to see whether the majority were actuated by the morality to which they pretended, or by a spirit of* vengeance, in calling for documents upon which I to found uu accusation against the two preceding I ministries. Bertrand de Lia, Minister of Marine, I said the government had no ohjectiou to Senor Sugaati's motion being taken into consideration by the house. It being agreed by Congress that the motion should not pass to the sectious, the debate opening, Mon left the President's chair to take his seat among the deputies on the right, and lliosKosas, Vice-president, took his place. Bertran de Lis admitted that, by a decree of *44, the Queen mother's pension had been re-established; and the arrears of the pension, from the time I when it was suspended by th* regent duke of Victoria, had been paid up. What right had th regent to suspend the peusiou 1 It was not only illegal to do so ; it was an infraction of an article of the constitution. Tne arrears had been paid out of the Havana treasury. Nothing was more just or proper. The Duke of Victoria's arrears had been lately paid also. The government would oppose the motion, as disrespectful to the throne, and inexpedient for the nation. Tnen Mon rose. He read the decree ot the regent, by which the pension of Christina had been suspended, and taxed the Duke of Victoria with ingratitude, for robbing ins benefactor, who had covered him with honors. (The noise w>.s tremendous at this part of Seuor Mon'* speech.) He made an eloquent eulogy of his financial administration ; and dented that a single penny had been given by the gowrnment towards the Equador expedition of tien. Flores. Sagasti returned to the charge, saying that the Queen-mother had been abundantly recompensed tor the services which she had rendered to the State by the blood which had been shed in defence of her daughter's throue. (The uproar here was tremendous. All the deputies stood up and demanded the right of speaking at the ante time. The Hon deputy's words were taken down by the secrela les ) fSagasti, ulier a hearing had been obtained, proceeded. There war a document in acertsiu ministerial office, which he wanted to see, in which the motives lor suspending the pension of Donna Maria C hristina had been consigned. Senor Ssgasti then explained nis woras, wnicu naa Deeu laacu down, which, so far from being disrespectful, were in the highest degree decorous; and lie was as ready as auybody to shed his blood lor the Queen ?nd the Queen's mother. Concerning the conduct of General Espartero, while he was at the head of the army, he had been minister during that time ; and during all that period, he had observed that ministries had been set up and pulled down at his nod, and the most important arrangements of the government had been entirely subjected to him, and altered according to his fancy. Bravo Murillo, in a most servile speech, which reminded Ins hearers that he lud been a lriar, landed to the skies the Queen-mother, and promised the government's strenuous opposition to tne enquiry proposed. Sigasti, alter explaining the words of his speech which had caused so much disorder, ottered to withdraw his motion. But congress agreed to go on with the debate, each party being in a high state of excitement. Pidal spoke next. He used Espartero worse than any of his jiredecessors; but his speech was manly and straightforward. No doubt, lie said, the regent and his ministers had acted illegally and unconstitutionally in suspending a pension which was consecrated in the marriage capitula- 1 tiona of Christina with Ferdinand VII Tha re- | gent was said to be irresponsible as the Queen. That wns not true. But was not the tnotcer ot the Qut en an irresponsible person ! And what ' served her responsibility before the man whom the minority proposed to them as a model! How did he behave towards the mother of the Queen ! 1 Why, being at the headofalllhe armies ot Spain, the commander of even the royal guard, heallowed a miserable mob of .'tO'l rulFuus to tear trout I her side the ministers who possessed the confidence of the crown and parliament And when the Queen called upon this general for succor lie refused it. Tins general refused to obey Iiih Quern. He did more. He printed his retusal: lie distributed lus printed reiusal over all Spain , 1 to intiame the people. He was at a lose to account | tor the hostility which Senor S igaati had shown now, and in preceding parliament*, against the l^ueen-niother. The resentmentjot' the opposition had gone to the length that they deprived her of the the title td lleuia-Crohern idora, calling her by names of inferior rank?a poor and unworthy mode of showing spite. They could not, by suppressing her title, wipe out the remembrance ot her benefits. Senor Infante spoke next, and was replied to ' by the l)uke of Valencia, who, in answer to an expression which had fallen from the last speak- | er, that, in the Duke of Victoria's place, any i | general would hare noted m the way he had I RK I .NING, JANUARY 31, 18 done, said that that general had no right whatever to intermeddle in public affairs, failing 111 discipline and subverting the order which ought to prevail After a rejoinder from Infante, Mon (speaking in rectification)said that Signor Sugasti had mentioned a secret document drawn up with the purpose of justifying the suspension of the C|ueenmother's pension. Such a document, if it had been drawn up, which he believed it had not, ought to have been presented to the Cortes, since any secresy or mystery concerning personages of such high dignity was highly improper. The Duke of Sotomayor said that in the Fo reign-oftice there was no such document as had bean mentioned by Senores S'gasti and Infante. After a speech from Senor Rubio, Senor Lilian said he was sorry to perceive the disposition that reigned among the deputies opposite to stifle the voice of the minority. He had signed the motion with the best faiih in the world. The house

knew that the budget of Cuba was not presented before congress It was of the high'-st importance to the public to know what became of the considerable revenues of that island, and of the Philippines Therefore, under a preceding government, (that of Senor Mon), he had asserted the right of the nation to look into those accounts. He regretted that the question had been transferred to a purely personal ground. S*uor Arrazola said that if he were the Duke of Victoria he should look twice before coming to Spain, and entered into some explanations in answer to Infante and Lujan, speaking with much uussion. When he sat down tlie house proceeded to divide. Vbe MosqnlUan Territory, [From tbo Jamaica Times ] Any information upon this subject cannot fail at the present moment to have a peculiar interest to our readers. We have, therefore, much pleasure in annexing the following sketch, which may be lie relied on, we believe, in all its particulars :? The country of Mosquitia forms that northeastern projection of Central America, which lies between the 1 ItU and lfih degrees of north latitude, and the 83d and 80th degrees of west longitude (from Greenwich) ; and extends itself from the mouth of Roman River (exactly in 15 deg. 5 min. 5 sec. north latitude, and 85 deg. 40 mui. west longitude; 19 Ivnglish, or lj geographical tntles eastward froin Cape Honduras) ulong the Carribean Lakes, or the Antilles Sea, to Punta Gorda or the Roman River (exactly in 11 deg. 30 mill. 7 sec. north latitude, and 83 deg. 47 sec. west longitude ) The King of Mosquitia lays claims besides these to the territory between Punta Gorda and Chiriqui Lagoon, aud also the Corn islands. The Alosquitiau territory is divided from the republics of Costa Rica aud of Nicaragua, by a chain of mountains which extends from the con tines of Veragua, almost in tiie centre of the Isthmus, norlu-wesi vsriily to the vicinity of the Nicaragua Sett; then northerly from the great falls ot Saint Q, tan to the springs of the ftluefields River, eud front these north-westerly to the neighborhood of Comalapa and Malagalpa towns, in-longing to the state of Nicaragua, passing these to the Legovia River, and trout this point north-westerly to the Guayapa River, from which latter point the bmi ,id try runs townrds Honduras, in a direction from north-cast by north, to the embouchures ot toe Rontitt River. Those territories which lie between thePuota Gorda and the Chertqut Lagoon, and also the Corn Islands, have heen hitherto contested by the States ot Cosia Rica aad Nicaragua, and the King of Mosouitia; notwithstanding the Indian races of the Validities and Ramas, who inhabit these short s, have, since very aucieni times, paid him yearly tribute. The settling these differences and arrangement of the claims of tiie Mosquitian King, had, by (he mediation of England,been attempted in 1841; for which purpose the late deceased King of Mosquitia, Robert Chatles Frederick, accompanied by ilie then Governor of Belize, Colonel McDonald, weal into the contested country on board of the English frigate the Tweed, where negotiations were carried on with the theu coium indant 01 Q.uaa Del Nortt-, l},>n Qutjano. The ditlerences do not appear to hkvs been yet settled, but the arrangement of them at present is conlined to Mr. Patrick Walker, appointed in May, 1842, British consul general and political Went, and accredited as such in the kingdom of Mosquttia. Setting aside these contested parts, if we take the southern boundary at Punta Gordu, the Mosquitta territory contains a surface oi 2b',000 Englislt square miles, or 16624 geographical square miles; but if the contested parts are included, the superficial contents would amount to about 34,000 English square miles. Affairs In the West Indies. [Krom the BermmlUo, Jan. 13.J The legislature of Grenada was in session; an adjournment had taken place until the 16th of February, when an act to repeal the imperial duties would be introduced into the Assembly. Trade was much depressed, and according to the Chronicle, the prospect of every interest was never more gloomy. The Denieraru Royal Gazette, of December It), says:?At present, we are in the midst, at ali events tne beginning of a severe money crisis. Our two local banks, the British Guuna and Colonist, perceiving the signs ot the times, have restricted tin ir discounts within the last fortnight, to an extent which, while absolutely necessary for their own security, cannot fail to be exceedingly embarrassing, nut only to the planters, but 10 almost every individual engaged in trade. Boon aior the arrival of the news of the failure of the West India Bank in Barbadoes, a run took place oil both banks tor silver, fortunately, their coffers were well garnished with that valuable commodity. All demands were promptly met, and the run his, consequently, subsided. The want of money, at St. Vincent, to pay the laboring classes employed on the sugar estates, was pressing with great severity upon the planters. Cultivation throughout the Island of Antigua, exhibited a line condition, but it was fearedthe yam crop would prove a very indifferent one.? fne Autigua branch of the West India Bank had suspended specie payments under instructions from Barbadoes; this event had not only led to some commercial embarrassment, but had caused a large number of estates to discontinue agricultural operations. A meeting ol the inhabitants of Turk's Island, was to be convened on the 18th ult., at which communications from the Secretary of State were to be submitted respecting the question of a local government. The Gazette of those Islands states the proposed arrangement to be?a separate government to be administered by a President and Council, under the superintendence of the Captain-General ot Jamaica. The papers from Jamaica, down to the last weekot December, continue to represent, in undisguised language, the failing prosperity of the colony. Tile close of the year finds, in many instances, the proprietors ot estates, without the "means to take the crop off the ground, to manufacture the canes into sugar and rum." Mr. Borthwick, M. P., (who is on a visit to Janmica lor the purpose of acquiring on the spot a thorough knowledge of uer affairs,) Icrvently recoiTimemtcd at a public assembly of merchants and planters, 011 the litHh December, that all should unite in calling upon the home government "for an almost total abolition of the duties , upon sugar and coffee," the growth of Jamaica; uiih to bf bucked up by a transference 01 me blockade from llie Cvitst of Africa to the ports ol the slave count hps of Cuba, Porto Kico, and Braail; ami tu immediate and extensive system ot Atricua emigration. Mr. Uorihwick purposes on lua return to Kngland, to urge in bis place in the House ot Commona, tiiese propositions upon the attention ?>t her niHjesty's ministers Trade at Kingston was dull. Mortality irt Sr. Lows di;rin? 1847 ?The following list shows the inortolity in M. Louu tor the yetar 1847. with the Dumtwr ot death* from < m,U ii*eas?. viz : -Pa mis pulmonalts, JOA; pneumonia bronshitia and pleurite*. Ids; typ in*. typhoid, and atrvous fevers, 179; bilious and congestive fevers, 13d; invrmULent aod remittent do, 43;,yellow fever. 3; scarlatina and malignant sore throat. 1A7, rubeola, 70; variola and varioloid, 13; pertussis, 54, oh ders infantum. 3A5; diarchies ;aouto and olirouia), 139; dysentery, do, 19s; cyiienohe tracheal!*, dd; diseases of liver, spleen, and kldueys, 33; lonvalstons aud spsews, 147; marasmus and tabes me isnteriea, 9d; int and oon of brain and meninges, 143; till born and premature births, 101; peii suites and ohiid >irth, 30; mania a potu. 3.5; diseases of the heart, IS; tsettes and general dropsy, 58; old age and decline, 87; lemorrhage, 4; cramps and cholera morbus. d0; epilepsy, lysteria, and tetanus. 13; rheumatism and choltca pioonmn, 7; oauosr and spinal affections, 9; erysipelas, 4; lydrooephalu*. IS; suicide A; casualties, 63; unknown, 133; total, 3836 Amothkr Victim to Law.?Poor Col. Fremont is certainly to be pitied. Not only is he subjected to trial under martial law, but is in still graatar peril from lather-la-law.? TA* J?kn Dink*y, I ERA 48. "An Important Incident In the l.aat War wltli Urtat Britain." We have received the following interesting communication from Daniel J. Carroll, descriptive of an incident which occurred during the last war with Great Britain : ? To the Editor or the Hkrai.d . Haring.frora obvious considerations. deferred any remarks upon tha subject, whila tha Louisiana elections for Congressmen. just terminated, w?r? pending. I now lake tba opportunity of notiolng a letter signed Jacob Barker, dated at Near Orleans, March 117, ltU7, In reply to R U L Depeyster, Esq.; and a communication from tha latter gentleman, dated West Port, Conneotiout. April Jfllh, 1*17, accompanying that letter, oalled a ''Narrative," published in your paper of June i:uh, occupying two oolumns, and In rhs New Voilt Kxprm, with an editorial paragraph purporting to give "some of the unwritten history of an Important inoldent in the laet war with Great Britain " The professed objeet of the publication was to do just oa to the \enersble Mrs. Msdlsoa; but the most supsrflolsl observer could not fall to perceive, that while credit Is awarded to that venerable lady, much more Is claimed for Mr Jacob Barker himself, for whose benefit the correspondence and the so oalled "narrative" was published; I should not feel warranted in noticing the efforts of that distinguished financier and politician, in the field of historioal labors, were it not that, in bis efforts to oommemorats hit own brilliant services as a patriot, he has dona injustice to others While csncurringln his deserved eulogy of the patriotism of Mrs. Madison, aud of those who truly assisted to (not, however, what he oalls) " the preservation of the original portrait of Washington, by Btuart," from the dlsgraoeful conflagration of the President's intension. by the Britieh, I hope you will excuse my brlefi*y correcting an arror into which the writer of that letter wool <t-appear to have unwittingly fallen, in omitting entirely "any mention or allusion even to the name of the gentleman " whose presenoe of mind" alone, in reality. " saved that portrait"?the very man whom Mr D. has evidently mistaken, or more unneoounteibly forgotten, if not designedly withheld and suppressed, in ssylng, ' he osnnot account tor tne mistake or oeneral Jaonson *? 10 wio saved the portrait of Washington whan the British burned the Capital, on tha night of August ddtta, 1(14 'l'he tory which had been told him. Tit., that Ueneral Mason took itdowu and restored it after the Praaldent'e return, may be partially true; yet he had not any baud la preserving the portrait ; and any attempt to flloh the merit of that act from Mr*. Madison, is a fraud on that inimitable and venerable lady. The receipt of your (R <J L U.'s) letter, gave me (Mr. B.) the Brit information th a such a story had been in circulation, or suck an imposition practised on Henersl Jackson, who (he sagely tells ua) * was not at the time at Washington " Now, with all defereuoe, it I may attempt aay elucidation of this mystery, assuredly the so called narrative itself ' may he partially true," and may be only apocryphal, but Is, in no possible point of view, oorreet, or in any respeot impartial or faithful hlatory, nor the less Jesuitical (being part only of tha correspondence referred to), whatever the ohjeot of its publication may have been in relation to tha position of the author as a candidate to represent tha Crescent City; it would appear, vosaibly, to ride into Congress on tha picture of Washington. For, supposing Mr. B to have bean thara at all undar tha aireumatanoes as narratad, and assisted or bore any part, the inference is irreeistible that in mtkiugeuch a statement, according to bio own account, he certainly must or abonld hare kuown who it was that took down that portrait, the very removal of which, in fact, was obviously tba achievement of other hands, and tha first object manifestly of the gentleman who did taks it down, and who was on the spot, attending, at the time, to the oommandsof the President, whose gunst he then most opportunely happened to be?an act doubtless the impulse of the moment -was a suggestion 'hat might naturally strike any right miuded American, eonld not escape a patriot aud a citiseu?one born and rsamd thapo in sight of oust Verm.n, on the vary soil of his anc-stors, and stamps at ones any othar solution of the problem itself a ' fraud ' fie being there, fortunately, toe. !u the room st the time, tbia picture caugnl hi* I eye, intuitively, as it were, almost as the alarm wan gtvsn, that so msrvelousiy caused its preservation It may be f..irly que turned if a thought of lbs picture at that tlur* ever oocurred to any o< her person tdoupt the gentlvmrn bu' tor whom, in all human probebiii ty, it ad lucre remained in the frame where it hung, and woiiiu nave fallen iuto the hands of the enemy or been ousomed with the boliiiag Vet in the sacred name of Mrs. Madison, ths writer of the narrative now appears wl.h a story, the absurdity of which ia too apparent to imp';*' up on the oredollly of tne iut?lli jeut miud. that be had just heard, after tus lapse of more than a quarter of a century, of an Imposition, n <* discovered to have bean pia?f<>. >1 on Ut>u. Juo1';,. n forsooth ! of all m?u the leaet likely to oe imposed upou?though by whom it wae prsetised does not appear; unhappily, in thdt field of speculation whereby a comoruuitse of iu*pCo <iple ol liulli. tie Is enabled as easily to suppose one tiling as auotber. he makes a "flourish" under the specious pretext sf rendering to a lady tna credit Of originating What inure conveniently served as a so eld, e~Uad which with affected horror of any attempt to flloh from her, tuough coming In at the eleventh h Ml, he now modestly claims lor himself, 11 fact, the huu'a ehare of that merit so dearly belonging to nuothsr. Such palpable ir justice and deliberate a perpetration 01 eopnistry for history, cannot silently be suffered to paes uncorrected by the undersigned, inasmuch as rumenoe is pot history; albeit muoh history politely so called may be romance. The narrator, with a dislngenuoutnee* so characteristic of himself, and which is peculiarly perspicuous throughout bis letter, liiforms us, though avowedly not present, or knowing (apparently) who took down the ploture," that several persons assisted; the most active wae lhe venerable Mr Catroli,of Liuddiugtou " 1'heuarrator may have innocently mistaken Mr Carroll,ot Dud diogton.for Mr Carroll.of Belierno. although trorn subsequent evenlsand ciroumstaoous aoiineot.ed with the thou Secretary of War and Mr. Uleads me to auppoae that 1 suck a mistake oould not innocently hare been made; nevertheless, 'ha letter is not less remarkable as stiowiag the utter inefficiency or apathy at the head ot the war department, (whom Mr B still labors to vindicate) in the neglect of all preparation, and the consequent panic which prevailed, as well as the dlsastrrs that followed With your permission, therefore, I will now simply state the true 'story" of the picture, as I have oft?u heard it related by my father, Charles Carroll, of Bellevue, to whom the credit of that exploit, If merit there be, Is justly and preparer due. The circumstances, notorious In the district at the time, were as follows: "On the morning of the :14th, at the request or the President, with Mr. father auooinpenied lnra, and they set out to see General Winder, and to reconnoitre the enemy, (to ; that on their way towards Bladensburg, tbe President's horse (or Mr Monroe's) becoming suddenly lame, he exchanged with my tamer, who returned to the city, and by invitation of Mr Madison, stopped to dine, en Jamillt, witb.Mrs. Madison, which he did, and they were sitting at table alone, after dinner, when the President's ser /ant enteriug, announced the battle and the defeat?that Mrs Madison must immediately make her escape over to Maj Carroll s. (my father's bouss in Georgetown.) and tbeuce with the family out to his farm?that ou the instant, ordering Mrs Madisoa'a oarriage, and rising from the table, taking down the ploture, he, with his penxuife, cutout or detaohed (in some way separating) from the trame iu which it hung, the original portrait of Washingtou, and himself saved that portrait.'' It It possible it may have been afterwards placsd in ths hands of .Vlr. B ana others, who, in tbe general melee and confusion, joined the party; and as be somewhat romantically tells us, after parading it through tbe streets, left it; and the praservation thereof for six weeks, at a widow's house some miles off in the woods, and war subsequently reclaimed, reinstated. Stc. The narrative continues "Mr. Carroll left with the President, and ibe others all left before the retreating army reached the olty. exoeptlngyou (Mr. H. O I. D ) andmyselt 1" This assurance, on tne part of the historian, whatever mo rive, or aowever aigmuosnt 01 nut presence ui uiiuu, who. if not the mom active Id aasisting. was. it Dooms, not Inaotive, in "saving the eaglss and other valuable!.'' ail of wbloh may or may not be true, but unfortunately tar hi! narrative, does not in any way change the fact aa regard! the aaviag ot the picture, atnce .Mr. Carroll did uot leave the portrait hanging there exposed, aa be originally found It, nor leave the ground until after he hail thoroughly effected his object of wresting it from ita perilous poeitiou, and had, bayondall doubt. so saved and secured the portrait, when trusting it in other hands, that it was not captured. mutilated or destroyed, eaemiagly, was no fault of Mr. Barker It is well knowo that Mr Charles < arroll, ol Bellevue, remained ihat night, and was at bis place in (Jeorgttown when the British burned the cspi.ul, and at tue same time, a hoaee known as Temiinson's hotel, fronting on the east square adjoining uelong|ng to bimself and his brother, from whicn Ueneral Host's horse was killed by the enly shot tired, and that Mr. C. C., of Bellevue, was deputed, next morning, to bear a dug to Admiral C'ookourn and tbo uonmsudiDg lieneral, to know if it wss the intention 'f the -neray to destroy the olty and private pioperty. etc , which ll*g they vitiated, by detaining him through the day a prisoner, duringwhioh he was made to witness their barbarities in the burning of the public buildings their desecration and Warfare upon the libraries, archives and oihar publlo property, comprising many works of the arts an 1 sciences, the roettuments of a nation'* genius, afrer which, although Indignantly remonstrating against the barbarity of his conduct, he was at length sugared to depart by the British Admiral l'o avoid misapprehension. It may not be irrelevant or uninteresting nere to explain-for lbs benefit of Mr. Barker, if h? is really iguorant of the fact-that the truly venerable Mr. iUanirl) Carroll, of Duddington," the uiat of hi* patrimonial manor, on whiah the ospitol stands, now in hi* B4th year, emphatically the pa' ri arch of VVasnington, and the only surviving or .her.was uol present at the scene retried by Mr i).. and can be easdy referred to If necessary, aa may also (ieo Mason, and likewise Mrs. Madison t<> w?ioh I might ad l. an Inrpectiou ot the portrait Itself Ills brctnsr, Mr. CharieS Carroll of Bellsvu*, (the uatneefhia patrimoclai estate In oomradistinoli .itohis namesake */ Cm lalf'sn, a ct ilatrrs! branch) the warm personal fri> nd both of Mr Madison ?ud Mr. Monroe, of the same politic*, and an ardent supporter of tn-> war, < tees present, as is well known to the wi iter of that letter, who may p, sr.Vy reuiembar turn as a friend, too. at toe ' Ssm# time of (feu. tviiaiuson, whioh may be the secret | J at the bottom of all the duplicity, reservation, and dis- i I ^.I t.1,.,1 il.. iiii,.'nrM t | 11n eoBriiuioD. it may not ao mou ba forgotton that 1 VIr B ia *!*<> tti? author of a pmuj.hlat wbloh app"?rt-d a f*w yaars ago, xntltlad " Vindication ot tb?Lat? Gani>- < ral Armairong, Hacratary of War," whoia lingular and publ'Cly allagad ' tr?aa?uabl?" conduct wa* optnly d i nouoeaU by .vir Cbarlm < arro:i, of at tii*lr < fiiat u)aatia<, whiob took plnoa aoou attar th i ennmy had I vmm** im oit/, is praaaaoa ft tha Ptwudaat bioMlf, i LD. frtM Two OotW, at tba moment General Armetrong, oa hi* return to Washington rod* up. ealutlng him snJ shaking hand* with some of th? member* or th* Cabiant, nod bafora th* troop* th?r? assembled In tb* (laid, who r*fo**d longer to acknowledge or obey him (General Armstrong) on that memorable o?oa*lonH wh*n Mr Char!** Carroll, of H-ll*vti*. with an exclamation af patriotic indignation, It seam* not y?t forgot tan. refusing fi*n*ral Arms'rong's proffered band. said to hiia No. air.' I don't kno? you. air, nor do I mean to. until yon bar* explained yaur oonduet. and ah all clear np your character, ^lajor Carroll eannot take th* hand of General Armstrong Look around yon, air' on your bleeding conn try Whan you hare satisfied your oountry of year Innocence, Major Carroll will not b? th* la*t to do yon juatloa"-au laoident. whleh It wa* vary generally understood and baliered, precipitated General Armstrong'* / resignation or prompt dismissal by th* Pretldeat, wh# imtaedlatalr I ft the ground Miowed br <i*aeral Arm- \ Strang. an<l that the Utter nry shortly after left tne District, I believe, U well knneu At home, and when with hie friend* talking overtbasa matter# or father, who had nothing vindictive in hta, would say ha would be llrst, whenever Oeneral Arm strong ahould purge hia character from Ita foulness, to do him justice. DANIKL J. CARROLL New Vork, Dec lat, IH47. Tlie Fourttl Ball of the Continentals. Tim fourth innual ball oi this corps took place on Tuesday night, at the Apollo and Minerva rooms, winch were connected by a ball, constructed expressly for the occasion; aud it wm, truly, a most magnificent alfair. At au curly hour, theeompany began to assemble, and when, at nine o'clock, the clarion sounded all things ready, a simultaneous tntrit was made into both rooms; and it was a most beautiful sight to behold six liurdred of the fairest and most beautiful of creation, moving gracefully round the room. Wallace's cotillion bands were present, and during the rutrt*, discoursed n soul-stirring air. The floor was then cleared, and about four hundred qMdrilifl sets were ready to glide off in the happy dance. The ladies all looked handsomely, and it was difficult to determine who were most conspicuous, each seeming to have taken great pains to appear more lovely than the rest. Vliis 1,., of Onerck street, dressed in pare white, with graceful carriage and bright sparkling eyes, overhung by heavy dirk brows, and an iniellsctual forehead, was very conspicuous, and, from her grace in danolng, secured a partner for every danos. Miss K , of Stanton-street, was, indeed, a very pretty girl. She was attired in a barege with satin mlpe. and head dress of delicate flowers, aud attraoted considerable attention. Miss B., of Spring street, was dressed in a beautiful book-muslin skirt, with pink satin waist, the sleeves of which were looped up t? ilk delUate rosettes. Ilsr headdrees was a wreath of beautiful flowers ; her fhoe was most expressive ; her large bin eyes end auburn hair were beautiful : indeed, her whole contour was sueb, that it required very little to artlvo at perfection Miss H , of Wasbinctou s.r- et. wu a mazulti ent look ing woman Her features were even, regular, and pr?tty Her dress was of wblte satin, over whioh was a blue tarltou skirt, of beautiful texture, which was tastefully caught up with rosettes, from which hang streamers of blue satin ribbon ; the sleeves, whinh were of the riohest lace, were dressed hand">m*ly. Hhe moved gracefully n the dHuce,atid,lii wallosing, attracted general attention. Miss K , of Washington street, was dressed in a neat mull muslin dress, with white satiu sarh Her head was ornamented with a string of pearls, surmountad by a massive silver cor<b Her carriage was easy and graceful. and h?r dancing was marked wlLh beauty. Mfss S , er Thirteenth street. Is a vary pretJy las* She was dressed in a embroi lered Swiss muslin drees, from the bosom of which shone a broach of sparkling brilliants She danced gracefully, and seemsd pnrtloularty to attract tke attention of Mr. T., who. in ,.ts admiration, seught her hand far almost every dauce. Mine S., of Stanton street, a lane of extraordinary baauty, was also drees d in a rUa embroidered Bwiss dress Her tiandsomely arehed brow was snclrcled In a wraath of grsan and silver leaves. In the Spanish dunces, she was a ,. eat rhvorite. The Mists B. of Orand ntre*!, sisters, are very handeOLie lateee. ?o mm n alike that it was almost impossible for one te distinguish the one from the other They had sparkling blank eyes, which almost spoke the inward feelirj of the soul, and teeth like p<ari* Their dress ras rf white ss'.in, over which hnng, In rioh folds, a hauWme pi-ik lui.u>n skirt Mis (i of t...a ibeth street, wss one of the han iesrieet In tbe room, with dark brown ryes, and heir ol silken texture, whioh hur.g la graceful profusion over net alabaster neak and shoulder, which were of perfect ferm, indeed a model, wan quite a centre of attraction. Sue eras dressed in a beautiful pick crape, which ess decorated with a nneb of white satin Hheworeouhei necks wbiv set'ii ribbon, which was fastened by a broach of e Of fly p.eoious atones The .dieses It., ot William street, are quite handsome, ft of bveuk r, "ee-e Thee were neatly dressed In nin'l muslin dreesr-s, the sleeves ofwnfeh we.e ' p?4 - ^ a with while ra'm ribbon,and white satin each. Tktmli 'l of their dreeees were hung with rioh lee* rapes. They H inder! rirn arhifeifiillv ami ts? ahtiirhf th. If falfw hands Id the dances Thdr Ilead divMes war* alike, saob bearing wreath of white rosse, from one *n<i of whiob bung neat feather. Mies .VIofJ., of ilainiitoa (treat, was quit* a favorite, (be is a young lady of no ordinary beauty, and very entertaining She was dressed in a handsome lilao silk, the skirt of which was trimmed with pretty rosettes; her head dress w is a wreath of silver leaf roses, surmounted by a silver comb ol richest workmanship. Miss It . of l-'.ldridge street, was dressed in a bine tarlton sulrt, with white satin spencer, the neck was hung with heavy folds of rich lace; the head was natly dressed with white rosettes 11 r tiny feet, enclosed in whit* ?a in slippers,were beautiful, and she moved ilka a fairy over the loor. .She is e very pretty young lady, with black, sparkling eyes, and no*n of the oreolan order, while her month is studded with teeth like the purest pearls, and lips of nectar sweetness Bes des those mentioned, there were several hundred otbars who shone with all the brilliancy of planets Of the largest magnitude; and a more perfect display of taste and good order, in the arrangement of their costumes, oould not be possible At eleven o'clock there was an Intermission of the dancing tor fifteen minutes during whioh the ladire were eervad with refreshments. At one o clock, the doors of the spacious supper rooms were thrown open, and the ladies entered A more beautiful sight oould not be witnessed than was here presented Si* hundred of the beautiful daughters of New York, partaking from a table which seeine* to groan under tiie weight of its luxuries. Their eyes sparkled like / stars in the ooustellatious It was feast enough to be I blessed"with tuch a raene, waking ap all tha dormant feelings of the soul, whioh oould not he reetraiued.bat I buret forth lu all the admiring nature of the pure gushings ef the eoul Alter the ladies retired, there were a number of gentlemen, who partook of the luxuries of . I the festive board, aud wben they bad finished there was a great profuM<u < f hone fowl. At two o'clock, the company having re-entered the rooms, the beautiful air of the Continental quickstep'! win played by the bandi, to the entire gratification of all The dancing then went on, and continued until five o'clock, when the company retired, no one having one single oause to regret having thus spent the evening so pleasantly. The Continentals ara a noble corps, and such a demonstration cannot tail of awarding to themaU the praise whioh is due tbem The Seiond Annual Ball of the Rew York I Journeymen Nhlpwrlghu' and Caulkers' / Benevolent Moelety. / The second annual ball of this society oame off at / Tammany Hall on Tuesday night, and was certainly a ' very pleasant one The room was appropriately and 1 handsomely decorated with the models and representations of a number of the principal vsssels built In this city, the emblems of the craft The hall was crowded to overflowing at an early hour, in J the ladles, numbering abont thres hundred and fifty, were handsome and well dressed. Miss K , of Madison street, was the belle of the room She was dressed in an embroidered Swiss muelln, ih? eklrt of whioh was handsomely trimmed with r eettes, while irom tb? waist bun; is blus satin sa?h Il*r features wars very reguiar and handsome; bar bair. j( rav?u hua, hung in graceful rtnglete ever h-r flo*ly Lurn*d shoulder*, whila be. bead born a wreath of prntiy roses Shedae-admnstgrao-fuUy MIseM , of Pike atraa*, j wan a v?ry handsome y?aui; 'adv. ra'h?r abovo tha ordl- M nary he^ht, wilii a.*yif>h likn fl^um enoaseu in a handsomely eubroid it i iwi?* robe. t.'tlly trimmed with I roses; wmi* from her h?ad S >w?d a beautiful feather, surmounted by a wreath of flowara ilnr oarriage in tba salt sing was remarkably graceful Alias I) , of Kaat Broadway, was a vary pretty little girl, below tha ordinary sis* but graceful and winning in bar manners a docnversstton kh* lanced prettily, and w.usijultea favorite. j Miss VV , of Dslsucy atreet. was attired n a handsome blaok satiu dresn. turn 1 up witii etmln*, her head lresa was a wreath of delicate tlcwers, wbiis a rieb lata j crape covered her handsome neck ansj shouidars, which ware ornamented with a massive gold chain Alias H., of Hutgrra street, wus u.e'Si'lIn a handsome plaid silk, with laoe sie??es, looped wnh handsome white / Sstin ribbon knots 8> e moved likes fairy through tba I H 'jadnll' s a very p?-e<>nifloation of grace au l beauty^ .Miss L , of Oil <er strert. ?ee Irsssrd in a plain butTv- I ry neat book muslin dress . ber f*>.e was remarkably I hnnd*onie. ard ber person wss without fault. She was I J by tar tba most graceful dans*use iu tha room, and was ' * I taxed for every set Iter unassuming mien won for har I tha a lmirstion of all who saw b*r. I Miss C , of Market street, was drassed in a pink satin, oyer which was a skirt of white tarlton. beautifully rgught up by prstty rosettes In front Hsr dark auburn hair buog in graoeiul curls over bsr snow white shoulders and her person seemed as if moutJed after the ?i-'? Valine llsr dark pennf rut Ims sv.s looked from h?ueath it forahaad which b-?poha ?u irtelleut of the h ,<h ?t order, whil? her playful emile foretold ton I iweetnaaa of her dl*po*ltlo Sh> deuced bat little, ?a? Terv ?raorftil, and *"riu?d b? fc-r ?w*ot .uain? *ud ihrerfulnet* to m h ' all hippy around her At oneo'oiook, there w*? a gener*! rush mad* for iho upper room, eaoh gaduut brazing on hia arm una of tho j )?*utiful lair on*a who baJ nu ?t effectually pieroad hla U laart with Cupid'* arrow The table we* richly l*d<*u p ?ith a profusion of rtrlicaoir*. which were pari - kea of , r i 1th z at that acknowledged portent *ati*f*otii>n / | The eompauy 'operated at flea o'olonk, not a tingle )lrmimi,ancehar ing traneplred to mar ?lhe harmoay Th.i moiety twiwn great credit for the peraerereao J' I n li'f-.r 1 iII . 1 'lie ,.1-aeautrei J >( t), ' ?.<a*ou ; aud tbry who with tu broad-ale, fom j J the great uja r.' of our oommeroa, are oohl* heat ted wt of bob, nwiUog the ptalre of aU.

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