Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 1, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 1, 1848 Page 1
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i . ^1v_1. T?BMfi-T^ - ittil ?|i??M ??>?? rjp jj j iMtuI* ?. , ?VU7 The C*let>ra<lon of the Blrtl?-?l?y uf TU ?*??* P?lnc. | At a meeting held at the Minei'va H'>o if, on i Suiday evtnin?-, January 3t>, 1348, for the pur- J pis-; cl celebrating the birthday of Thomas | Paiar, Mr. Allen, of this city, addressed the ] company present :is follows :? I It haa been the practice, ?r?r ?!n -,o the the comnaencevnrut of ciyili**ticn. to keep in ^voatful remembcranee J th? p-roons of th-; great and good, either by inscribing j their uHwa upon lasting moaumtgij, or breach re i turning aonlyrairy. in wiut public mwr, to testify | re?p?ct for th> Jup-ti t?4 This is right This Is a* it j i ahould be; for there ij ? louring Jerr,^ in the mind of | e^rj mi to live In hletory, tong. or iu tbe hearta of , th> ir couotryroeo, m wr the breath shall htva l.-ft their i n > t " and their bo.iies covered with the cold clod* ( of In* v-illey and they ?l?spin? with the silent dead , And wbit is b.-<ttt>re?lv;'ilated to inspire laudible s~ibi. , in youth, what i? better couceived to encourage | an J o.h?r the hope* of enterprises, than to pee respect i paid to the memory of nptm worth? Who would , sv. !: a repute.'ion in tile ranuon's mouth, or who consent | to etern th.? torrent of public opinion, or who oinnent to | f?o? the p tilefta pelting* of an ungrateful world. If their i name, their memory, a;id their body, are to tint: into the K-raye toother True It la. that iio splendid monument ha* been u.-i-cted to th? memory of the man for whom we I h ive in -t liere to show our regard ; but equally true it !f, tbat iu the hep.rt of every geatrona \merican liven the name of Thomas I'aiue. Hayln* nothing about bi? leli^ioui) opinione.for hi" theological writing*, hla poiiMeal opinion* and tho bold and m'tnly atand he took agalnet monarchy, and the diylne right of Riij,{f,ln th) " da,s that tried men's aoula," entitle hl<q nnt only to a people's gratitu lv, bui. to a nation's glory It iuay well bo said of him. that he achieved that with tbe pen Ihit could not Iiim btoa achieved with the St.or.l la the gloomy times of the revolution, wh-n the str >: gest hearts began to sink, when mar hud seized upon uli, when a foreboding of despair appeared to ebrntid the hopes, md the heavens of lib rty were hung ' with black tcien it was that the servicss of Thomas I'fiins wore needed, a d tben it was that Thomns Paine undertook the mighty tnk of restraining the fears, restoring til* h'pes, an 1 sweeping away tha olouds of gtoora i ha', liu ig -tt t L? Dad Then it was that his '' Cri?is" in whioh he talked like a imu, but he reason ?'d like a philosopher. With a child-iik>' simplicity, but Willi a ji-vcc strength, he made such pathetic appeals us oould :<a4 b-t resisted: aud from Maine to Qrorgia. the shout w nt u(). ' lo armi," tu I eoho orled," to arms, to Mtics " Aud tlve people, inspired with ardor not their cvn, ru'bed to batile, ami most hrilliaut viotories fol lowed, and a uatlou treed from foreign thraldom, was the gUrioas result Mr Krskiue, in speaking upon the subject of the Amuricun revolution, says? ' In ihst great .iind calamitous contliot, Kdojuoi Uurke aud Thomas Paine fought in the same Held of l i-ason together; bMt with very different nuooess. Mr. Burke spoke to a I'arlism -nt in England, ?uoh as Sir linorft Siville duscnbds it, haviug no ears but forsounds tiit dattnrod its corruptions. Mr i'aiae, on ths other liaud, spoke to a people?reasoned with them?tcld them that they were hound by no subjection to any sovereignty farther thaj their o?n b.juetlt oonnect<*d them: and by tbesa powerful arguments prepared the minds of the Arasrisnn people f-u that glorious, just and happr revolution. Thorns Paine was most emphatically a self-tuade mac; aud. as a general rule, ersry great man of the woild is self- mads, for he that oannot make hirast II .cannot eland after ho is made by others. Perhaps there uever was a more wiokeJ, unscrupulous, untiring organized opposition, c.>utiiQlm; envy, hatr.-d and malice ? tures of the mof.t-d?#pio:vbie qualities thutevr entered into a comt >uti 1 to destroy tb? reputation of any man -than that wbioh was formed tJ detract from tbe oharaoter of Thotaas Taiuo. Theae vile traduoers, not being able to meet and answer his arguments, make an attack upon hi* style of writing; they say "he was an ignorant, vulgar kli'o, and his style ooarse and rude." This is presuuiuf a groat deal or the ignorauoe of the people. But to show their own consciousness of the falsehood, and tbe dtspicahl* resort for the parprse of overlng Iti'-ir iniquity, 1 will state a oircumstauo; that is not generally known. In all our oollages the professors of rhe'.orlc have selected from ths beat writers in tke world, sentences and paragraphs that are the btRt specimens of composition, in ohastenoas of diotion. purity of style, oi sublimity of thought, for examples for their pupils, and us a geuersJ rule the name of ths author is appended to each sentence. Amocg these are many were taken frnm the writings of Tbemai Paine, and #A "II Intttjtiil mf t.hji kntKrrU tiAllin. the word I1-anonymous'1 ii> plaoud. Mr. Taine begins hi* pclitioal writitg? hy declaring hi* political creed, and it U Id tvorde: ' b< clety ?u produced by our want*, goveruu-n'.. ??ai prodnotd bj our wickejnea*, and tbiy bath bare a t<nden*y to promote our happiness; society, dlrao'ly, by ui iti.ig :our affatoions; government, iodlreOily, 0] t*k rn'.riL^ ^ur vices. It fallow*, then, that s-iol-ity in *T<)ty?UU i* ft blessing; but government, even in Us b?*t state, i?t but a nec***ary evil; in it* worit tats, an intolerable o aa; for when we mi Iter or ara exposed to the 1UM lnUeiie*. by a governsMtt, which we might xuect in a country without govertfceiit, our oalaatity i? heightened by receding that we furnish tbo means by wbioh we suffer. Uovernnaunt, Ilka dress, la the bulge of Ictt innoceuce; the palace* ol king* are built upon the ruin* ct the bowers of Paradise. Security bring tb? true design and end of government, It unanswerably follows tl>at whatever form tharecf appears most likely to au*ur* it to us. with the least expense and greatest b*??fH, I* preferable to all others. This is my oraed of I politic* If I kave any wbera axprrsaed myself over- 1 warmly, 'tit ftom a tlx-d, immovable hatrad'l have, and fv-r Lad, to cruel men and oruel measures. I have likewise aa aversion to monarohy, as belDg too debasing 1 to the dignity of man; bat I never troubled others with ivy notion* till very lately, nor ever published a syllable In England in my life What I write Is puro nature, an J my pea and my soul have ever gone together. My writings 1 have always given away, reserving only the expense of printing and paper, and sometimes not even that I never oourted either fame or interest, aud my maimer of life, to those who know It, will justify what I say ? My ttndy la. to be u*?ful If there is a sin superior to every other, it is that of wilful and offensive w*r Most othur sin* are oiroum?"iribed within uarrow limit.'; that Is, lha power of one man cannot give them a very gene- I ral txtensloe, and many kind* of sin* have only a I mental exlitense. from whieh no infection arises ; i but he who is the author of a war, lets loose th.whole contagion of hell, and opens a vein that bleeds a < nation to death " It ha* been truly said ofhim. " that he labored for the greatness of the nation of which he wa* a member,and sought Its happiness . mod in the pursuit of whloh, be built up his own greatn'ss aud promoted his own happiness." To go a little more minutely Into his history, lie was born at Thatford, in th? osunty of Norfolk, Kagland, on the J!Uh day of Jan 1787. At the ag? of thirteen be was taken from school, and employed by Ul* father as an ?ssl*tant In tbs busi- ' ties* of stay maitiog, where he oontlnued till he was < seventeen; he then went to London and Dover; but not meeting with went on board the Ter- 1 rible, privateer, Capt Death, on board of wbioh he oontinued bntasho t time Shortly after, he entered on board the King of Prussia, privateer, Capt. Mendez; but h* did not oontinue long there In 17A9, he settled fit I Sandwich. a* a master stay maker, where he became ao qnatn'ed with .Mary Lambert, to whom he wis married; 1 t'ow 'her* he moved to Margate, where bis wife died in 176<>; from Margate lie went to Loudon, and from l.on- 1 don he returned to Thetford where he obtaiued a place i in the excise He left that situation and went to Lon I don. where he bocame a teacher in an academy k?pt by Mr Noble, of Ooodnnn's Field, where he applied him elf to th? study of astronomy and natural philosophy, I where be oontluued abiHt two yea's, when hit was reap l pointed to tbe excite; L* then left Londoo. and returm d 1 to Thetferd; and in tbe spring of 170*, be was removed ' to Ltaet, In Sussex, whore be resided in the bous of Mr. Olllve.'a tohaeoi>ni*f, to whose daughter he was I married in 1771 He then nowm*nccd the busnc<s of tobacconist and groo*r, and continued the same till 177-1 1 at wbloh tin. * he w** disMls'eJ from the oxolse; and bis 1 other bueln*** provisg unsuccessful, he closed that, aud, ' for some unknown cause, he and his wif* separated ' Mr. Pr.lne ws*. by this, and prior events, iell?ved from 1 very tie which might he supposed to bind him to his I oountry Deprived of his home, aud del itute of t'ri nds < aud employment he had to "jannenco life a.i >w. and ' Itnuc wiv uu' rii isi ureJiL or uftpum niR iinrvau warn become maab iiv*nred in ja*r$; th?ir in lustry wn no more th?n to procure nutlniannner for themselves, ?nd therefor* he oru,j, uot. he.v? d?rlveil, ev- n if ho bed any msistim-e from their kindness The oh??le*? proepeot whleb l?y expanded before him; tli* mWMtBU" ? th ?t h?d already brftllrn him and tbdesoU J i'.Uation in rhl'h he w#s then | lacd, must have lmpreraed opon hl< raiad the ideu that to whatever country he-wut, It w*s^ impossible for hi* oooditlon 10 become worse. In England, tbora wan no hopi ICfcry change only brrngtit *u aeoumulattou of fresh mlsl'ortui'ex Borne i)ota 'ay poverty, and sur ound?d by u'Hcultins of every desorip lion. his c?nditt0.i appears t<> h?*e been that of a ruined. btpMaiu i".in la this situation, many would hare sat down dl?or,jr*ue(i, without a struggle. Hut despair and ' dismay appean d to form no psrt of rhoraas Palne's oharnot.-r His min i nppeaM never to hive b.on crashed by defe it, or ?1. tsd by rucomi. JThe unshaken fortl1 tuje which or?n Htnlln on disappointment ?nd dangnr, and look serenely amidst the tumults of triumph, seems to haveb'vn the most prominent feature in h.s character. After I he sale of his i ff icts, he went to London, wh.ire. soon after his arrival, h" obtained an introduc I tlon to I)r Krauklln, who advised him to go to \merlc*; ('this advic* w.n aooepled.hnd he sailed from Kn^land towards the end of the year 1774, and arrived in 1'niladelphta sb.itH twj monllu afterwards. Very shortly alter his arrlv.'l in Philadelphia, he b*oame acquainted with Mr Aitkin, a respeotablo bookseller of town [fin Janmry, 177*. Mr lltkln the l ublic*lit ion of the fmn'i/lrnnij of which Mr, Peine Ruoenute the editor Many of the pieoes in this publtonll'ion are truly el gxnt. The well known song on thn llleath of Clenerat Wolfs, appealed In an early number of ||<hia mugsslm ; aud it Is unquestionably one of the most I >ea?tiful prod notions tf the sort In the English I angiMire in one of Ms lurubratlons, advT.iu;; to th? I lohes of I'm arlli, the diligence whloh Is necessary to 1 llscover, and *hti labor to possers them, he Is luo^t B ingulariy happy in his ele^nnt Imitation to us to InI uairv ?ad res<aroh. In I77B, ha published his " ?.'omH ion Sense," In which ha bo diy proposed li*l*pen Janee, H a the b?st mean* to g-it out. tf the dlllloul Irs Into H hicb t h* oolomas were now plunged, and M an ot'lMot I lona worth ti^htin^ tor VV'ha " Common 8?il..e ' I rrlvedin Albany, tt.e convention of New York was in II tstt'in; Oeurral Soot', a Hading liioiuher, alarmed at H i* boldB'-as and novelty of its Arguments, mentioned H in frars to several 01 his distinguished oolleaguaa, and I igfeated a private meeting Iq im evening lor tba pur xm of writing an answer They aocordlngly mat, and t. M'Kawoa read tha pamphlet through. At first It E NE NE wm deemed both necessary ml xt<?i)l?ct to answer it immediately; hot oaating about for the neomurj argn neat*, they oonolud?d to adjourn and meet agsln In i few sveuin^ they assembled, bat so rapid was the shange of opinion in the colonies at large, in flavor of Independence that th-y ultimately a^taed not to Oppose It?aud on the fourth day of July that year, iadepenienos was deol&red The J toe was now arrived when Thomas P?ln? was to take a? *ctiv* as well as a deal live part iu publle affalif. Minv individual* of respectability volunteered their services in rapport of their seuntry's freedom, si.d among tha forcaost Jo* them was Mr Paine?he nnw accompanied the army of Independence aa a sort of itinerant writer, of which hie pen was au appendage almost u neoeaaary and formidable a* its cannon. When the colonist* drooped, he revived with a"Orlsl* " The flrtt of theaa uumbevVhe pubished early in December, 177H Tha object of It was (ood, the method excellent, and the language, sult?d to the depressed apirite of thu army, of public bodies, and >f private citiaenr cheering. Washington, defeated ju Long Island, bad retreated to N'ew York, and been irivan with great lusi trom forts Washington and Let*, the gallant Uttle army, overwhelmed with a rapid sucsession of misfortunes, was dwindling away, and allaeemid to bs over with the oause when soaroely a blow hud been struck "The**," said the Ot itis, "are the times Chat try ,men's souls. The summer soldier i.ud the lunahin* patriot will, in this crisis, snrink from the service of his oouutry; but he that s'.ands it uow. deserves thu love and thauks of man and woman. Tyr-nuy. like bell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this cousoUtion with us. that the Harder the ooillict, the more glorious the triMspb; what we obtaiu too cheap we esteem too lightly " This number was read in tue camp, to very corporal's guard, and I i the army and out of it, h<d more than the intended elTeot. The convention of New York. reduoed by dispersion,occasioned by elarm. to nine members, was rallied and reanimated Militiamen, who, already lired of the war. were strangling from the army, returned. Hope succeeded to despair, cheerfulness to gl> om, and firmness to Irresolution To the confidence which it inspired, uiay be. atttibuted muoh of the brilliant little affair which, in tlm same inautli, fol lowed at rrnnton ua tnu wtn 01 April, ini. Air Paine ?w elected by Congress, secretary to the committee tor foreign affairs Tin fifth number of hii 'Crisis" was published at Lanoaster, in Pennsylvania, Maroh, 197H It oontained ainonj other things, a letter address id to General Sir William Howe, in the latt?r part ol Which is this parugTaphThere is something la meanness which excites a species of resentment that never subsides; and something in eruelty wbioh stlrt up the heart to the highest agony of hum?n hatred Britain has filled up both there charact-rs till no additien can he made, and h?th uot reputation left tiith us to obtain oredit for the slightest promise. The will ol Ood hath parted us; aud the deed is registered for eternity When she shall be a s;jot. scarcely visible among nations. America shall tlourlsh, tbe favorite ol Heaven,?nd the friend of man." In,February, 1781, he sailed with Colourl Lauren* for Fr.tnoe, where they nr. gotlated a loan of two millions of livres, and obtained large supplies, forming the loadicg of a brig and ? ship, with which they returned just before the capture of Cornwallls at Yorktown He continued to publish numbers of the "Crisis" as occasion appeared to call for them, uattl the oloie of the revolution ?thirteen in all In 1782, he published a letter to the Abbe llaynal The object of this letter was to olesr up the mistake, and to expose the orrors into which the Abbe had falleu in his history of the American revolution. This letter was a uiasteily production, as the following paragraph, which is an extract trom it, will show. Hs say*:? ' There is something excredingly curious in the oon?ti tution and operation of prejudice it has the singula! ability of accommodating itseil to all the possible varieties o thu human min'i. Sjuiu passions and vices art but thinly scattered anion*, maukinti, arid find only hern aud there a fitness of reception But pr-judice, like th? spider, maki s every place its hom? it has r either ta?t> nor ohoioe of place, and ali that it requires is room ? There is scarcely a situation, except lira and water, it which the spider will not live. So, let the mind be ai naked as the walla of an empty and foi&a?eu tenoReut gloomy as a dungeon, or omam?ntPd with th i riches abilities of thinking ; let it be hot, oold, dark or light lonely or inhabited, still prejudice, if uudiaturbed. wil fill it with cobwebs, and live, lik? th* spider. wher< ther:> seems nothing to live on. If the one prepares he; food by poisoning it to her palate and her use, the othei does tne same; and as several of our pulsions wn strongiy characterized by the animal world, pre judlce may be denominated the spider of the iniud ' in 1<80 Congress granted to Thomas Pains th< si*,* of Peunsyl: aiiia grouted t > him x'->h>, and thl State of New York granted to him the coniisoated es>at< of a Mr Frederick Dsvoe, royalist. This rotate, situ aU-d at New Isabella, consisting of more thus 300 acrei of land, in a high state of cultivation, with a spacloui nndelegaut stone honsa. besides extuuslve ouibudulogs iru a valuable aoquUiti^n: sudthe readiness with wciici it was granted ii a proof of toe taiga estimation in wiiioi his servlc-s wers held by ous of tne most ipulmt an< pow. rful Slates in the Union il? retired to this farm where he iived, enjeyiog the society of a large circle < acquaintances, and thu friendship or the best men id tb< nation, till April, 17H7, wnen he set sail from the UDitei States to Franoe, and arrived in Paris after a short pas sig-v in September after, he went to London, aaJ from thence to Thettord, to see his mother, wh> was still living; bis father was tben dead Here he spent some time in relieving the wants of his surviving parent. anU writing a (a uptiiet 00 the state of thi nation During the yeer lite* liespent his time lu building iii? bri Jge The yar 17M4 ho spent in Frauce 1700 Mr. ilurke publi?h?il tiis " H fl?ctious upon the Principles of the French K1V0 lution " In November of that year Vir. Patau returned to England, and lost no time in preparing hts answer to Mr. Barke. In lass timn tluee months ho pro auced the first part of the ''Rights of Man,' in wuton lie naa coinoattea ana oouuueu tile gr.'atet portion ol Mr. Burke'* dootriues. About the middle ol >l?y he again weut to France On the lJ<.h Jul;, II91 he returned 10 London. and prepared the second part ol the " Rights i>f Man.'1 He continued in K.nglaud quarrelling with the ministry upon tue principles contained iu his" Rirfhteof Man.'' till about the middle ot Sep teinber, 1791 whin a French deputation anuounoed tc him In Loudon, that the department of Caliis had elecin . him >s .ueir representative in the National Convention. lie imui'diately pr?o?e>led to Dover, where he embarked for France, and in about threo hours af er arrived at Calais From there he weut to Paris, aul took Uis seat as a iu mb?r of the National Assembly; and shortly alter, he was appointed a mamtier i1' ih? commitLee for framing che new constitution. Ibt qu s lOB oi thu trill ot the ki g was tli*n agitateJ.for which Mr Paluc voted; but after the conviction, h? strau t usly opposed sentence of death upon the king; but b-.lagoutvoted. ha again made a powerful effort to have the ex?. cutl' n postponed Here a ain he was defeated; and the king wan beheaded the 'J I it day of January, 179). The National Assembly became divided into two parti, h Mr. i'aiue, from his love of liberty and humiuit). was induced to join the weiker party, and thereby incurred the displeasure of Danlon, Marat, and Itobespierre, and in December, 179.1, he was arrestid and imprisoned, where he o< ntiuued eleven months. On the i,h of November, 1JU4, he was released Mr Monroe, who was afterwards President of the United states, was then uilnister to France, kindly invited Mr. Paine to his houie, where he remained lor about eighteen months. Shortly after his release from prison ne was invited by the National As*.-m ly to resume hi* leat in that body, which lie did; and continued in Kranue until the 1st of September. 180-2, when he > uibarked lrom Havre for America, and arrived at Baltimore on the .10th of Ootober He rem tlned at Washington awhile, and visited the different drpartm<-ut* >nd then came to New York and put up at the City Hotel, where he ooitinued for a time, receiving visits From friends, and on one occasion a public Cinuer was jlven him, as a token of respect He returned to his larm at New Hoohelle, and afterwards divided his tim? between ihat place nod New York, until his death, which touk place on the 8th day of June 1809, at ?,jlch time hu was eeventy-two years and five months old ; hr was buried on his farm at New Kochslle, where siuce i b.'autltul monument has b?en erected by ills friends with no other inscription upon it than ' I'nomas Paine tU'.bor ef Common ? -use " 1 t.'js ended the days of one )f he most remarkable men that ever lived ?of inost perfect moral prlnci j>l<\ and trm to the caujeot hu inanity ?s ih# needle to the pole Neither powers uoc prinoipail i s joul.l mske him swerve IYu;il the liue of r. oi.iud- His r*tl otii.ns upon the virtue ai.d integrity oi Au> -ifa were nlow ng, and his description of whet \in?ri< a ma* u lira* b-.?i.n?, in rao-t eloquent, and yet melancholy He sayi ?" A thousand years heuc* (for I mini ludii'iga frw tliougrts perhaps In lew)-- Am-tint nay be ahat England r >w is l'h<? inuoceooo of her iilia-.toter, th tt won the heart* of all n ittonit In her favot. m-iy sound ike >t romauoe. and her inimitable Virtue a* ll it had never b en. Tho ruins of Mint liberty willoh thousands t>l>d to obtain. may Just furnish material* tor it v;lli?ge 6*1*. or extort it etgh trim ruiMc n'naib lity; while the 'aililonaUe of that day, envil.ipad In dissiu'ili'in. shall ierUe tho principle iind deoy tfte fact. Whon we contemplate itic fall of empire*. a:.d tho extinotion of the aatioueof the anoient world we ren but little more to )lcito our regret than tb? nioul^i rirj; ruins of pompous palace*, magnitlernt luunumen'*. loPy pyramid*, itnd walla and towers of the most ceally workmanship; but when the empire of America sbalt fa J, the *u jeot for lo.itempla'ive sorrow will be Infinitely gnuter than leoaylug bras* or crumbling marble ran inspire t will not then be said, ' Here stood ft t'<m>le of va*t antiquity-here rose a B tb'1 of lavl.,ible Might, or there h palace rf surip:uou? extravn(aneo ; but hera, %h ! painful to relatr, tho uoblegt work >( human wisdom, the iireate^t aoennof hu .in glory, the 'air cause of freadoin rose and fell.' " And tbui it wul be leen. from a review of I Is life <tnl writings, thUhe was a lorreot thinker, a ready writer, with a U-art free from juile, but overflowing with benevolence , firm in purpose tn J untiring in pursuits, he warmly ??p)tn I the rau -e jf liberty and human right*, and ho defended his oatne with snoh force of argument and eloquence that be bire lown all opposition With a mind a?raii*cl-u? as th* universe, a ad a percptlou aa quirk as Thought be cowl I jr.tsp the moat extensive suVjents, and dia> over their most obstruae tarings; he could di*oovi-r truth, and always espoused her cau? *,whioh was oue reitaon why, la debate, he always put hi* adversary to flight ile erected a monument that will be rant# durable than hras*. aid more pr-otou* than rubles. Wh-a conquering fto-oe* shall be forgotten when the rich and nob;? sf the earth shall he l<ii low in the duit- whan tin proud i'b?lit.k and triumphal arch ahall moulder and decay then shall live, with grateful remembrance In the heart* of hi* countrymen, the name rf Thomas I'.ilne. TitK (tALl. AMI 8I PPB*. The ball and supper on the oooation of thl? anniversary came off Ust uigut at the Mmt-va rooms Tua ballrooni presented a plesalng and interesting sight Oppoaite |Ue emrauce wa* a portrait of Thomas Paine, by ono of ttia Ant masters, evidently ; and at one of thentremittee of the hall waa portrait of Robert 0#en, Ksq LaouWhaon* bMriag the mum of VolUire, Volney TV V o W YORk, TUESDAY MOl Hampden, Hume, (Jibbon, Shaftsbury, Bolingbroke, Sco 1 &o , were bung round the room. After mom time spent in the oheerful and enlivening dance, In which it (u delightful to nee the elegant form* of young women, and even little children, taste fully rirewed, wiih their long and pendant hair plaited a l,i Kenwigt m iring on the fantastic toe, in the merry danoe, the eompanv' adjourned to the supper room. 1 Here several long rows of tables, tastefully decorated, 1 I and gi-oaoiag under a load of savory vlandi ?nd season- i able luxuries, h waited the oompany It wou d be j doing great injustice to the company and to ^ our own feelings. if w? failed to notior Oi? kind- ( n?M, amiability and ohe?rful eaae and friendliness of every one present, and h-)W, though quite sirao- . g"r<> we were received After the oloth was remo- ' red. llie company baviag partaken, with soolal hi- 1 larlty and mutual good will towards each oth>r of the t abundant luxuries laid out before them, the Chairman, t Dr. Hull, called the attention of th? oompany to j tbe regular toast* of the evening He be^an with i expriesiog the pleasure he felt in again meeting | lhi company, on the present aunirersary. He said? j Thou(th persona of llbtral opinion* are generally , philosophers. yet I see no rea?on why they should j not ei)jsy these occasions. lud?ed. 1 tbink they c should enjoy them highly, for, beyond doubt, hap- , glncrs is ttie otij*ot of philosophy It follows, then. . y the simplest logio in the world, th^c luu and j j philosophy imitU'itly promote eaoh other Often have i ( liberalise been accused of being '-sore given to laughter j aud ungodly glee,'* while their bigot accusers were | quite unaware that philosophy, by removing tho fear i j oi cnai nurnmg pit, wpioo me priest" ten un oi. irom before thntt tyrg, had restored them to that mlrthfulness whioh nature intended for thetn Pleasantry, good nai ture and kindness wilt alway* be tonni among those, who are redeemed from the terrors and delusion* cf bigotry The liberal principles taught us by th? great philosopher*, who have enlightened the world, an! especially by him, whose birth-day have met to celebrate, are or the most eulirged philanthropy Their pricc pies are most favor?bl" to liberty and happiness lu every eye of the world, they have been the great defenders of liberty, agaiuu the tyranny or the chuich aud toe tftite. If their principles had prevailed in thd world, would the tires of HmithQeld h*ve been lighted. or the daggers of St Bartholom?w's day b >en unsheathed f Would f the generous heart, and open hand of Thomas I'alne, i ever have lighted thelu<ot around the learned (lervttas? Was there any thing in his nature or his principles i which wouh^have induced him to imprison or per'rcute another. lor a difference of religi"ii? opinions T Would liboralists have hanged the Quakers ot Boston, or crushed thn witches to death at Salem' The f great crimes whii-.h have astonished the woild, avd crushed humanity to tte dii't, hive arisen from prlnoi> pies directly opposed to those of suah m>-n as I'homas ' 1'aine; ti.iil I Jeel persuaded that the world wiil be tree 1 and happy in exaot proportion to the prevalence of their doctrines Look at unhappy Ireland, at the i manufacturing and laboring population of Kaglmid; i at t.,o #?rfs of Kuuia ; loak anywhere, where , > bigotry and tyranny prevail*, and the sam'- spec' taela is presented ot suffering humanity. Would not ! j the principles of Thomas Tains furnish a per?'-ot antidote lo oppression.' Never have such men contributed to oppress mankind It is, on tl.u contrary, th < terrible incubus of kings and priests, whioh has destroyed to .<m; which has rendered them b'goted and belples*; which takrs away the preduot of their industry, and leaves / them destirute, Unoiant, and wretched It makes one's blood boll with indignation, when we think of this oppression, this robbery of thn people to Equauder on the rich and to waa.e by a profligate government Who are the great roVbers of the world! I answer, kings, > priests, and the aristocratic and privileged classes. j l ney io-.ov by taxation, tne products ot industry , into their own collitj, to squauder ou themselves, | , and a host of idle retainers, wbmn they corrupt by their i . favors anil their vices. In their hands. government be- | , comes a grrat and well organised system of plunder, and ' tbe producing classes are thMir victim*. " If, from the . more wretched parts of the old world," says Mr Paine, ' wo look at those, which are in an advanced s'.ate of improvement, wa. still And tbe greedy hand of government thrusting itself into every corner and crevice if industry, and grasplug the spoil of tli* uiultKude Invention h continually e*?r oised, io ii^uish new pretence* for revenue and taxation It prosperity as its prey, and permits none to >*solij) without a tribute" In another p'ace he sijs: y presume that no mm, iu his soojr senses. will compare the character of any of th* kiegs of Europe, with liiat of Uauerai Washington. Vet, in France, and also in kigland. thu expense of the oivil list ouly for tlia support of one man is ei^ht times greater thau tha whole expense of the federal government of America." It is by thus withdrawing immense turns from industry, that the producing classes are rendered wretcVedty paor, and th? p<v r p.r? crushed down to the point ot starvation. It is this ] which torcee them from their homed and sands them 1 forth toftad sotne iu>io favorable spot, whare in* gra.-<piag j hand of tyranny snail not be ab'e to m?o)> tbmi lierc, iu thia happy country, thanks to Thomas Pa ne und 1 other pitriocs of tbe revolution, is an asylum prepared fjr the oppresseJ, from whatever quarter of Ihd world tbey may oome Hera tbey may sit d -wa iu safety, under tneir own vine and fig tree, and enjoy tbe fruits rf their labor,without,tearing tha harpy Angers ofoppre'e^rs But, ladles and gentlem-n, I will endeavor to avoid ho serious a subject We have mat here to night oa a festive occasion, to celebrate the birtb-<Uy oi one, whose i nappy fortune it was to revolutionise the world I apean in sober earnest wh?u I i?y that the energetic pen of i'hos Paine, more than that of any other m^n. has revolution!7. 'd the w.'iU Consult hi? common sense, tha',bald p:im pbM,wli ca successfully ?dv?o<l> d independence in this country, Cora par - its tone and sentiments witn the Declaration of iudepen Jence, by Tnornas Jeffirstn. and you w.ll readily tract the analogy : showing that Paine was the bold sup^es'.er of those ideas so noblf ex- | pressed by Jeildrxon. an 1 so bravely c*Tl?d out ' IU" . Congress and army of 1776 And has not th ex- ; ample of Ameriea-her success, her lib-rry, vr | prosperity, her haopiaess. her plenty, her sir -ngth, her republican simplicity, her re>1 nlory, the equality and \ friendship of all her psopl?, whether born ht re. or emi , grated from other countries, the stability ot her excel- ' lent government of tbe people ? h?s .not all this fur- i nished an example to oppressed natious. which shall m ike . all thrones and miters tulter to their fait ? The good woik 1 is galngon The battleSgOf liberty have been and will be fougbt, and fought successfully, too Tae world is making, at the preseat time, the most wondriful etf.>rts in that herculcau, but delightful labor, expressed by the i ivcrd progression Our own couutry is ?till progressing la the application of the great principles of liberty and eq an II- | ty ; and shall not tbe people ot other countries gather 1 strength from our own example ! Wehear with delight that other nalious: looking to us as the patterns ot liberty I ( and plenty, are copying our institutions, an 1 imitating , our liberality. Kven tbe Pope himself appears to bsve caught the enthuna'm of humanity, nod wa shall jot i he n frcin the etertai city te deums and ho*aunahs to liberty. May tbe d >y spt edily arrive, when tae voice of freedom ahull be heard irom every quarter of the world ! i Wheu mankind shall escape from the opprrssion, which has crushed t.liem for ages! and shall walk lorth. redeemed, disenthralled, rejoicing in that liberty whub is thsir right?a right derived from nature and from Hod Dr. Holi. then concluded with giving the follow,ug toast : " Thomas Paine ?Whose bold genius and strong common sense, has set on foot the revolution of the world " The following regular toasts were then successively given by the Chair, aided by K J. vVokb and Thorna* Thompson, Kjqt , as Vice Presidents: "The day we celebrate?Tbe ni-moiy of Thomas I'.ilne; I gifted by talent, honored bp integrity. The world was hiix klu llain. II 'The U-Jles preseut?Wo are houored by tUelr countenanco ?free from the thraldom of ?up?rslltlor, they are tbe crowning glorv to thia es*.-iub!y 11 " The Trinity c?f Tbrmsses?Tnouiea Peine. Thomas Jefferson, and Thomas Il-rUell; tclrg-oraft reviewers, prieet.craft expositors ; ackuowltdfd by tueir eneujita as hoot?t men." " A Scientific F.duo*tlon~The sovereign anilJotr to ; every Ii g-nding superstition ; good for the bee. but iu imlcal to thit dioue '' 'The I r.rn of the I oiuvl states ?May it, an<l lb# public good, lllt'j unit?d t>vios he ever inseparable " 1 Tbe Ui paiud Liberal* Who, with the i longl.aLsrf s of enqalry, opened the lurrewa ot Kuowletlge. and planted tbe vines of information, may succeeding g nei a , tior>s profit by their labor | 'Tbe<'ler?y >la7 public opinion compel pre chors to cat the broad of industry; inay the time oom? when. ] instead of twenty thousand prleata lu our country, ! ever> State may ?xcUlm. tha locuata have fl-d " j Pillo<o[.hie Inform* ion?The master k-y. to op*-n tbe port-ils of Science, to u fold thr> Volume 01 N'atuie, to sqti'iliz -'opinion, to expose the orafta of law, phytic and dtviclty." ! "VVnmau ?Man's most sincere friend; h'.s moat oh?er- | ing companion; his :(iijrdi?n In affliction; hla coned*- \ tion in the hour of trouble. us pity the rinortu- i nat? bachelor, who known not tha felicity ot him b>at with iin unliable wife." I On the la at tosat being given, Mrs Itcae a Col!ah Udy, aa we wire informed, arose and addressed the company iu a atrain of pleasing elci|Uence, and with *rest ability, of onurm in ardent aupport ot those principles which characterise the votarlea of the philoaopby of ralo* iVe regret th'?t tune wi.l not allow ua to give thereiuarlia of Mra. Itoae In auhetance. nhe aald what wa took to lie undeulably true, tint truth, justice, kiadneas lov ?, humanity and all that la really tfood, la divine Thit the-e principles were th?lr prinoiplee, and therefore their principl e were d'vino. Mrs Uoao having oonciuded, offered aa a volunteer toast:? ' Robert Owen.'' ?Which was drtck with Ihree tlm^a three. Numerous other volunteer toaata were then given, and aorue songs weee auug by several ain atturs, to lh? bi-at atyle Vlr Webb g.iv? as a recitation ? translation ot one r f H'rargM a moat effective poema We were struck with ita ferae and beauty of expression n?n in a trantluilon After an evening spent iu u manner whlnh may be called rational and intellectual, far morn intellectual And more fr.endiy, kindly, r.mial.le and unhlTected, than Is in gen ral to b-s in-'t with i.t public dinnrra or MippeTa. the compui y at * late hour, or rather ai early hour of the j morn, gradually scattered towards their arverel h"inea. an 1 we wended < ur way in a h?avy rain to prepare our notes for the printer Tim Wkathkr.?The country surrounding us shares the mild wenthrr wo nr?. <ujoying. in Albany it is represented a* April like; and ? hear of ttaparagua and ttrawln-rrieH grown in the open Kir. Tha amall pox ptevalla to aueh an extant throughout tha weaiern part of thla Htate, that tbe muuioipal authorities of tbe cltiea are paaaing laws on the subject for tha safety of their oltiaana. w m m nriMi h hi>i?? ?? ?twoti RK B INING, FEBRUARY 1, IS Liccture baftertt tUe Hotlely of Mechanic* and TradcMuen.Ur. Bedford on (he Circulation of lite illtMii). The third and last of Dr. Bedford's series ot ectures before tlie Society of Medialies and Tradesmen, was delivered last evening n Mechanics' Hall, Broadway, to an dverflnwri<; nudience, who listened to the discourse hroughout with the utmost uttention. The sul>ect of the lecture was the circulation of the >lood, which engaged the attention of the speuk'r uud the audience for upwards of att hour. A tier a few preliminary remarks, Professor [Bedford stated that the blood waa divided into wo substances?the gas/ous and fluid, and he solid?the elunenury substuucee ot which ire carbon, sulphur, phosphorus, sodium, iron, !.T.1 . ,u.. I?j:?_ .. . ... t,.. I ?.v.. UK inuira pn.ciii u<n I ilarmed at tbe statement of a tact which j ia should mskt, that the human system. a* it presents ' tself in their persous. is reduced to the subatuuces to { vhioh he adv rtrd, viz: fluids and solids It is a very nteriaiiug fast, that theso substances unite and f^rm j iombinritioua, in different proportions, in precisely the nauuer in which they unit" Wh-n a unin take* ilaoe in different proportions, thvy form combinations ' vhich are denominated permanent principles Now ( .he.111 combinations talte place, and thrse circumstances vault in the foruati< n of compounds, an J these oom>onnds are termed proximate principles Thorn iii a iroximate priucipl>t ia the production of membrane, al>uin*u, and soon, and there are various other unions akitg place in the production of tissues and organs 4ere you have the bones; and if yon subjcot the >ortes to analyaition, you will find that they will >ree?nt to you some of the elementary subntmices to vhioh i have referred. So it ia with the muscius and very tissu- in the system S'ow, another point to which wieh to direct your attention is, that the human Lody s a compound of fluids nad solids,with a certain proporion between them. The relative proportion be ween hem. is according to the minimum calculation of six to >ne; but there are others who make it as one to ten?that a.the fluids are six to one. in proportion to the solids This proportion. I must inform you, however, varies in proportion to the a^e and the health oi the individual; for ia a young su'j-cl the proportion of fluids is much greater than ot solids. In youth and manhood there is a certain proportion of fluids over the eolida. and i;omes on. Look, tor ex>uiplt>, at a yojng sutj ct, (ret'?rrin< t" th-? skeleton of a youug person on tu<> platform;) you nee none of the augulai projections that you 'till H"o ia this, which is the skeleton ot ?u old person Here you observe tbo augular prijeotio&s on the laoe. ipolutinsr to tbe skeleton of the oldsu^ ot.)? the lac* is sunken; there Ib a prominence at tbe angles of the jaw. Not bo with the young subjoot, as you may p? rceive. Mo that you BM that in oM a/ \ precisely clie converse of what presents Itself in youth, is apparent in regard to the preponderance of fluids over the solid*. There In 1 another point, and it is a very natural inquiry for you to m ike, ia regard to the circulation of the blood. aud Is how the blood is uiade. This I shall endeavor to explain to you Tho blood is a fluid, which is not intended to circulate through the system lor any idle purpose, but lot the purpose of giving growth :o the system Without u due supply of proper >xygin*ted blood, the system would linger ar.d lie, and this Hood is distributed for the purpose of riving vigor and developement to every organ and tissue in the eoonoiny of nature. This blood, then, is formed by the food which we eat We are continually wasting, and it is to repair the waste of the system which is thus jnlng on. There is a constant loss and waste of the old material; so that, from our birth to our death, nature ontinuaily and incessantly exeits herself to renovate the system. Tber? is a constant state of transition, in which nature mikes the waste and again supplies it; and it is on this balance on which depends perfect health Bdt when the balance is lust, nature is overpowered by disease; disease too frequently brought on by our own the violation of those laws which nature has established as the basis ol' healta The first process in the formation of the blood, is, therefore, that of taking lood into th-mouth. The next is that of masticaiing it. Then there are certain jlinds,which, stimulated by tha presence cf the food, given out a fluid which ia called saliva' which incorporates that woich you have ikIuj into your mouth, into one homogeneous mass When this is effrct-td, the muscles are .ailed into action, aud unite ia tbe proceta of digestion, and the result is that the food thus incorporated, is swallowed and Ukun down, and deposited in a small bag. denominated the stomach You will perceive, therefore, that the lood UL'Jer/oes a remarkable Anil ourious action, which action is explained by obemlsU in oue way, aud >iy puysli'Uvims ia another Tnere is a great diffureno. of opinion between them in re:;aid to the theory cf this (ii'uv.ns.1; but 1 thiuk it 1* hardly n?ce??ry tor me to oc ou, y y<.ur lime with a discuaMon of the difference* existing between them on this subject. I shall not hero array ic conflict itje chemist* against the physiologists, nor lh'< physiologists against the chemists The one endeavor to sustaiu their own views, and the other class will not abandon their grounds, unless arguments which they cannot rebut are produced, 'l'here Is. therefore, a :urloos ohunge taking place, and the fool thus acted lpon is converted into chyle, uud then comes in contact xith bile, and nutuie hai most beautifully ar'iauged the lucta wuich thi- p.vsses into, end changes it into two >ortions; o:.o rf Uese ia a mils-like fluid.and this Is the doc J. Vou lai n perceive it chau^ed into two conditions, me of which, as I said before, is blood and the other s taken up and deposited iu the thoracic duct, ind It will be my duty to show you how it ts changed iu he eztrao:dinary laboratory, the human lungs I will ihow you ho* this blood is conveyed into the arteries in J made healthy blood If you look at the blood after rou s. e a physician tie up the arm of a person from whom le has extracted it. and before any change in it is proluced, you will per seive that it looks red. and, therefore, t is generally considered that the vital fluid Is of that lolor, and tbe redness in it which you soa is supposed to >e one of the essential elements of blood Now, you will i?e in insecte blood which is not red?the same in the jlood of flihes and reptiles As a general rule, th* ;rea:er proportion of blood which circulatss in bsbes Is lot red. Vet this blood which circulates in our own yttem i*?nct,rnl altogether; and when I couie to speak >t the manner in which our blood is circulated, 1 ill show you that there is both red blood and dark >luod, the latter being 'hat which has lost its nutritious itt.-ibutes. Agaiu, v u know there is a good deal said ibout the vitality of" the blood; anion this subject let na inform you that there are many inistakeu oplnijns .broad. .Many consider It imprudent to draw blood; <ut it is like everything else There is no principle ' hlch, if carried too far, will not end in abrurdity. I'aere ii no man who thinks more of temperance than I lo, but let ma assure you. that I have known men to die i-om drinking too much cold water The principle is >ne tlilcg, aud the application of the ptincipie is mother. How to we prove ths vitality of the b.uod? n this way, that th- blood, as it circulates in he et stem becomes a portion of tbe system aud dues so ii virtue of its vitality. This blood is the sustaining trlociple of life, and as it circulates in the system, it lives life tu tbe o gans by whloh they are dsvrluped and ;row. Again; you take this blood and look at it It is a iomogeueous muss. Will you believe that it contains ill the elements of life?all of the developments whi^h he different organs req lire' And this is oue cf the most leaiuifni facts ia physt ilogy. It contains earthy mater, fibred albuiueit and fatty matter, 4io Now what ire the object and purpose* of those diff-rent subtancee' i Le blood circulates through the rystem, and here is but one element in it which tbe bones require or their sustenance and growtn. Ttiis is the earthy natter, that is tak'in up by tbt> nones in the eoouomy if nature. Now, boa is it wl??n the blood olrcuates iu the bones, that they take from it only hat element which they require. and leave the remain ug elements ot it untouched ' Th? fact is so. a id It Is he blood II >?vs aiciug the niusoles. they take up that , l Ui?ot?ry portion of U which th-y r?<jtlire for their , uppott and developeineot, nutl that is noret, and tlkH , !,? i* iijus ifrttt* thn rest uut ushed Theso muscles ako from the hirod the very elements winch th.yre- , |Uire ior ih?ir o? u existence; and you will he ainined ( v .en I l? II you, ttiai tin) t asls of ail your brains ia ocm- , iDfed Of tilhtty matt r, which is another elementary .riuciple in your blood Tliirn in fatty matter, there ore. in the bio.J; and when the blood circulates u the brain, it takes only that fatty mettwr. and ulows tlie ivmalr i'lg principles to pass on Great i* ibe huumu mind unquestionably is great as ; ,re the works winch It accomplishes?and great in 1 'tery point of view as it deservedly is?it sinks into 1 loihing wlidn compared with this mutt beautiful and 1 torn plicated arrangement in the eoonoray of nature ' 10U will now p?rceiva liy those general romaks (aod ' eoernl tiiey must b? ou an oo^'jon iik? this) Hie gene. i...; : llmtM oftiiehiooit an J I vHMttityo?r IHM- 1 ion to the provision which nature has made for the ' rai.sajisaion of this blood, to,every portion of the sys- 1 em This (refrrlng to a in .lei) you perceive Is the 4 inQi m heirt.which Is divided iuto tour oavlties two on 1 lie li^ht an 1 two on the left Those ,>n the left aro * nlenJed for the reoeptlon of arterial blooil, and those ' in the right for tho reception tif venyu* blood. The ' lilli-rejico be', ween them is, that arterial blood Is fitted or the nourishment of the rysteiu Venous blooil has oft its nutritious qualities, and must be renovated r iud refitted, before It can again give noui ishoieut to the ' yst' m Here (referring mr*ln to the models) are two * Imc.-iptloua of blood vessels, one of which aro ar!erl?s. 1 md the other reina. The arteries pan* from the heart, ' nd they inay be oall*d a diverging class of vessels, be. 1 atis* they oommeno* at the heart in rue trunk, and. as ' hey prooeod. they dlveig*; acd, as they approach the I xtrnnities, they are almost countless. The extreml- ' |es of the arteries Rive rise to veins, and travel on until \ hey terminate In onu Now. there is a fact which it Is mportant I should mention You perceive here the 1 Cither trunk of the arterial system : It Is called 1 he ureal, aorta \ ou perceive this large bianon, * mt you will 'unserve that the area of the areiy increases preolrely lu proportion to the nura- 1 >er of hranohfS given off Kor instance. you ( "ii an artery divided h.ra into two k/ancbis. an i " hose two branches comprise an area greater than tlie ' runk which they sprurg; so, you reij tkat ihn ' irlerl>s increase in aria exa tly in j roiortlou to the J intimites Into which they divide. Now, I said thit the llood is lo: lued from food This food, alter undergoing 11 i lortaiu action, as I have already staUd. is Jul led by " i >iklog in contact with the bile, iuto iwo portions one | ', ituiln ike ii it t, whicii is Uep"slted in tlie ri. hi cavity ' if the heait, hi order that it may undergo oertuiu chang s I c hat will tii (ile it tii support ibe syst-m by being oou rerted iuto arterial blot u These veins then bring this \ ' >lood iuto tun right auricle of the hi art. and Irom theico 1 t goes into the right veoiriole Now, as soon as the kluod i [eta mm tin- light ventricle, there l?a beautiful arrangeneut,wuicti you see here, (referring to the node!) a tube uid this tube Is divided into right and lett bianeh>e. ' I hesj axe U>? lung* The biood bela^ brought into the r, Urn y><-? W tERA 148 light oavity of the heart, and being impure. inu<t un lnr(o (nine change Thla laboratory 11 tb lunThin irtory then paaaea olT ari mrrlea thn blood into tiw right and Wit lung Vou p*roel?o then how important It is to underataed the p. rf> ct appiratua foi produnirq these elaborate change* The blood ia tHk?u into tin* lungt, ard here you aee the wind-pipe. Thin tub" id ai oonrtructed that If it weru ?hut up or of>itrueted, tb* result. would be certain death, <inl it nay be aaid that, daring *Tery men! whi.-h you ft lown to, rou run the ruk of death. Now. nature la uot alarmed in thene cases and I w?ul I not r?oumniend you to be alarmed, but to trur to uuture, lor rba la perfect in her arrangements Here, f >r example. la i small cartilige denominated the ?<pigl?ttM, and tha mow Dt we make an effort to swallow our food, nature :<tuse* this epiglottis to pagd oynr thx upper portion of thn wiudplpe, and th-n the fro I paaae* down ?afely. You have no i<iea of the risk you rou nlien you sit down .? , our i:: uls, bM I would no', have you iel'r4iu from taking the m on thia account. (Laughter) I hay.i no loubt that many of you will reflect on tb'i. aul be >o.uewh;,t aUrmed; but I will raooitiffinnd you to rely on nature, and shn will carry you through th* ?i;flioulty. S'ow, after theae remarks, I ah ill nail your -*tiei:.ion to th-i atuoeph-re you breathe, which la otnpo'ed cl" oxygen and uitro^eu, in c >ru:in proportions This aimo?pliere pa?ies 4own tho win Ipipe, and then iuto tliese tubes, (relers to model.) sailed th"" broachinl tubes Tht*n? tubes, wnen inflamed, produce >lie Ji.seae? nailed bronchitis 1 h? ?ir pt.'ai-a down these tub<-a and mixes witb peculiar element* of the yonou* blood, which elemeri'a cauhe this blood to be impure, and nonvert it Into arterUl blood Now the ditferenon between art rial and venous blood / this,that venous blood is laden with u-irbi.n, Hnil this fs accomplished by the passage of air through the windpipe; mid this blojd,having bean pui'iflea m itiis uiauuer, passes to the tirUn. uud every portion of ll?? hunisri system When It has run IN circuit, it agai'i becomes venous blood, and come* back to undergo the suni- op?. ration Thtre is this constant change flolng on. from the moment of birth to the period of our death This in the round lou perceive there is a threat deal of arrangement ill thee* thing*; and I c*u inform you in relation to this movement. <if the blood, that th< re h?s been a great deal of discussion about its motive power 11 th-* motive power could be Uis-overed, of course there would be no difli.julty; but th? question is. what is the motive power which regule.tes the blood ? Some persi.ns cout>r. 1 that the bear', Is the ptoptlll machine that produced the action of the bio >d Tina I was tile received dou'.riiie; tut tiler.'ii UMOTJ j recently propounded, which I uu proud to say hus re- I oeived the sanction ot the k>?-ft physicians of trie day. J auditii this?.hat the heart is not thvnictivo power but . that the blood goes lroui ihe i-u voniricl* ol th heart ' through thu aorta, and that it is attracted by the car- I bon in the tissues, which invitrs the oxy^"n iu the , arterial blocd to uuite witu it, uud iu ttiid way the venom blood pushes the arterial bloo I before It. "i'his theory, I am happy to siy. lias b en propounded by my talented colleague. 1'rofessor J .tin W. Drapsr I Applause j It 16 & beautiful theory, uud 1 am curry that time will not allow me to explain to you the details ot it. I nil rely mention Ihe broad fact Now look lit thia heart, and nee what. a curious nrguil it is There la no trick of the artist hern. Tills I holding it upjlsareiil human Le".rt, which , nee bent like Ri.y of yours See what a beautiful arrangement there is ot the vossels. it is apparently a simple mass of II sh, composed of muscular fibres. with four cavities, two on the light and two qn the left, the two on the right conu^ctirg with the others. Will you believe that every pulsation of the heart throws into the rigut v?u trioie, which you peiceive here, (refining to itj two ounoes of blood. It contrft"(n sixty limes in ? minute, sometimts more, and four thousand times au hour. Now from tbe beait th?lr pama every hour you live, into this vessel, a hogshead of blood; not that there is hogshead lull of blood in the system, but the rayi li f ot the circulation is such, that one h njsnrai of blow11 passes through the heart every hour you live Is it do1 wonderful and astounding that such lesults as thes- are produced ' There i: uno:h?r fact II yuu look -?t the system, you will iind, that until d nth. tn? be t irien I a uiun has is bis heart Kvtryihiug else yieldt; but tue I beurt Is with us to the last, and is MS .ast to loisake us. Have any of the audience watch>-d over the oouoh of a i dying friend ' As death approaches. you will find thu lougue is paralj^^d, the ??yo wntwli was wont to glirtru, sees you no more; the bi?iu bts lust ! its power to rcoognice you ; the hand is cold; tLi>< j pulse Is gi>ue, and cau uo longer bs distinguished; b it : place your hand on the biees., .i id the heart grill in ves. The citadel, however, is ut last attacked, the pickets .*?e | driven in, but the true aud trusty friend viu ui>t yield j without a strugg:e It goes on, ettll beating. laiuler, yet I falntei?the pulse has ceased to bi>at - finilly ihe heart ceaaus to boat?and this is death. iSensatio i uuioug the j audience ) Mow. if yon will all w me a f-w nom?nts, 1 f taa'.! -Mike j selves. I have enueavortd to givn yuu a geneial ids". of I th? human sistrin III the three lectures wuich I Hat? delivered to you, I *ave called your attention to the out- | lines nt the physiology of th !ia*U4ii fyal-ni It is what the 1 physician must underrt m l; then c >n be m> gue*a w< r* about it. i'he buman system it. alter all. a machine. and a perfect on* Id all its parlff. Now if you were to ask toe to repair or make a watob, I rould not do it Nor could I ihi>? a harse?nor could I build a bourn Vet tiiere are ui*n ?bo ciu repair ;.nd make watches; there are many jf yiu present .who,; fiorn your knowledge of arobitec ture. can build beautiful homes; and I Know thiru are tome oi you wb'> can shoe horses (I.aughter ) Hut tuku the architect and ask hiiu to ahoc your tioiea, und II you are aa foud of hoiaea as I ain. you will not perBUt him to do to. if ha oou*?Ltla Now tax* it physician > who knows how to repair a watch and build a house, tut know* nothing ot tbo monhnniem of the huiivui | Irvine. and will you trust your lives with hiin ' i am | ootniug to something presently. ^Laughter) You ! will beiiern that tbia ia n progressive age It is a progressive aje, beyond any doubt; but it ia something else ?it i< au a<;e of (be most astuuuding credulity. No one will doubt the fact that this la an age of progtess. from the developments which the humau mind has made In recent times I only ask you to look at wliut bus been achieved In physical science That fthioh above every tiling olsa charaoerlses the present nif-. is the locomotive engine You can, in a short lime, go to the most listaut piaoss-y.'U can commune witb frieada at remote poiuts in a few minutes I h t eleolnu telegraph 'oables ua to communicate wi ll the rapidity of thought Vow. tli >0 >' I bave already said, ia nn ai'e of pro- | tress, and th*s? are the cvnleric-s of it; but I insist | :hat it is also nn age of oreduMy Will you beieve, that with *11 the enlightenment ?w'li you relieve that aaili nil these wonders. the human mind ihould be guilty Of the gross absurdity <f b-ii-ving hings, which common sens* teaches than are absurd md ridiculous F<>r instance, a man robs the Alin gbi.y if his omniscience? you art* told It you go to a certain nan, or a certain female, and you will b? toM that he or ihe will look through y"ii, and toll you what la going on n your system, ami what is going on in a distant house .hat he or she never visited This, par i xcrllfncr, is an ige of progress. Ood himself ia alone endowed witb be attributes of cmnistienae ? he alone la ubiquitous ? md yet there are people who bslieve in these tniiga I im not fighting against any system; bat all I wish ?ou to understand la, that this tiding aa age ot iredulUy. it requires great virtue to resist tb^ fasdnatioif of quacaery. OU, it is a wonderful temp i ation for a man who will be so far forgetiul l if what is duo to bnmau nature as to speculate with it, is brok-rs do with dollars' I say a man can uiake his f..r- | ,uce. You have a doctor lor every illness You have onsumptiun dorters. (Jo through tin streets, aud what i fill you see? ''Consumption'' and ''lunn.a" will stare ' r-ou in the lace Oo into one of those stores, and see now the attendant will talk. H* will f?el your pulse II - will look at you and feel your pulse.and you will see written no bia forehead that ne can't speak to you. lie wants a fee, and when he ge;s it, if y u don't reneive poison from him, you will receive something as bid. I iould t?ll you things th^t would astound you. Hut we re nharrted with b: iDg selfish Thar k Ood, I nm not | "elfish, it 1 know n.yself, aud I will hIw.ijs raise my , mice e-iainst tiiif. q^ncufr/, comc lu s.'ispe it iray l)r Hedtord theu detailed ? fnnny anecdoto ol * li n>* r- | niiin and a Hibernian quack. the former of whom, how Ver, wan not to bn taken in lie also deecribed the mxiety. labor and toil of tbo pby.'iaian'* lit a?labor which no money can pay for. I Tlie Sns|Miii1*i| UnnkM. I'd i HI LKOI* i rnit nt Tin S i atk r .\ *w Vo* k I re*p*ottully represent that t>y rt I- r of" to tin* 4th md 5th section* of the act entitled " Ao t-'t to Mltiir. :Izs the buiiness of banking,'' pnased April 18,18U8, u ) iilil be neen that In c?*? aDy p?rson or e**oo vtloo pie seeing banking pelvileges under ??id a<t. shall ta.l cr eluie to pay th lr b.l;* or note*, the ooruplroilfr I* au- I horlxrd. after public notice. " to *?ll nt public nU'-ion publ.c stocks pledged, or the bonds nud >u<rt(?.ges infixed," for th* security antl payment ot uuch bills or j lote* There I* no power in t.he comptroller to fi>rr slo(!< the mortgages. ,,,u ooly to **11 ttiein ; and tb> t? nny be a sacrifice on such mle, to the lo** of bill holdr*, wh-nthe land Itself would b* iibuudant * curtly, hlch might bo available tf ther.> was a power <u the omptroller to sell tile lauds wbt-n doomed essential to be sat. ty of the hill holders or public The note* of the ' Atlae Dank of New York, at < lyuer Chautauque county, ' *re dost uudt-r protest. and a e?irt to the security will probably be nece*??ry in his case there Is one large mortga^" fir J>o > on I covirng several lot* of land "hicn might be sold ri-pHaiely on a foreclosure. It Is obvious that there can le but few competitor* for *o laiye a mortgage. It In lot susceptible of division, and the consequence will irobabiy be that th ' ruortgsge Kill be sacrificed, and .he bill holder* injured. If the < jiuptrolb r had the lower of foreclosure, be cou'd sell the land in parcel* klanv would become computit. r* for a lot, that oould But for the whi le mortgage, and In tht* war the amount , ,o be reaiu-d from the property would be greatly tuuei'ed for the benefit of the bill olden ,'he only objection to fhl* would deem to he the d?-4.iy ?o< egion'd by a foreclosure, and the consequent. derreNation of t e bill* In the market. Thi* would be a region ?hv the Comptroller should n?ver rem rt to a for#- I insure instead of a sale, when he wan not nkely to rel1>x-* much more by a enle than by a lorerlcsurc But h?re mav be oa*e*, and I b-ileve tv,i* I* one. in Tlilch he power to foreclose would b? htghly Oeneflclnl I lie, therefore, of the opinion soiled policy requires t <li?cret:on?ry power tn th* Comptro l r, either to *eil | >r foreclos- tlie mortgage*, hs the safety of the bill i tolder* may, iu hi* opiiijn require, uot only lu the | l?*ee above stated by me. but in all other* wliich may i irise ; and I would respectfully *u^tfc*t that a law to urh effect be paae' d ns soon ?* the pl?a*ure end 0i uvetience of the Legislature will a im.t M FILLMORK, ( omptroUer Mali Ksliuns. rhe Eastern mail faued at Mobile, JSthaxy 30 " ? " New Orleans, " 41, 2i LD. I frlti f*i V tm. Ufnt Toiujiar a.u? Mwtlu(( ?t ih? UlMriiMlt. 1' irsiir^n' in ii.>ti - , i very I trifrt H id respect t b|?- .iud?*?r?' i > >'- 1 ti I'l'urairi' la*i night, ttie firr m- tuir of'tie S-w York city Tempt-r.inre Son >'ty, > tVjIiahed on Chruprinciple*. At 7 o'alook th * Ho? I)r I' m w>< ih<* flha'.r. hqJ ? Oltran, yet h tiuii'ul mr .rm pWy?d on t.h-t organ, by J L' I'll# H i. \1r lUrriKi n th ?n aldrnMM th* throne of Divine Oraoe, in * 7nry xplri 'iat nn I imprn?ivw praynr, approprltt'e to th? oieaiion Th# R?r. Or. Puck th*n rom ial nil (i iatl.tra.ta mid L?di< <? I'll" kity 1 iiuDn- l iipou ran will ha fulfilled iu * fci y f.ii7 w >idt All will h-*t??i < I ,? thtt lat.MOt' ni*r?ni'? in on th I icr<" t ?n l whil* <u<ih 4 * Uet w? je<m It neooMary to eetahlliih a n?w org^nl! itlon. and bring Chrlvian* of all rtmomlnttioti* o r unburn to top It* pvograM TIm only v*y to (bt* |?by ?*v4 cr^aois>itii>uii. noi it will nut regain trtuoitiit from tn? to prove iIm u o?*?lty nnd ;wi<l -tit kooj rvult from auoh u 5t*v- I'm subj-ot will if pr,t?erit?d hy the ?po t'tton till* ttVHulnj 1'nu t?iap*raaoi o?m? in. in ni'ioy MtpMU, Uogatelli&g It mat*, b itn pr?M*d upon CiTictlaa heart* an I < ariatian uilnd?. to endeavor to put a tttop to th? nellln< of intoxin itlng driukH 11* r>p iiv<> ftf soinn length, and atronf j pp-HfluU tlln OauR* of tntnperituo aft u ># ?*tftbl!*b*d The ehoir <t thit rab-raaola thi?u cunu; a b'au'iful liff'prlnj of a fres orn i?09, II >ppy In your dwelling plsoe, A* your blessi ij? ye titrtw, Think from whence they M w. Th? ( li?irm ?n stated th*: from t.n? ill health of Dr Adams, on" of the speakers, li? regretted to >;, h? would uot be present, Hi v Mr Ukkuiikk w.i? th?n Introduoe 1 to the audifOo?. who 9Hill - I'n? contest wtii ;ti h?? no?, not lor in low years, been waged In well know a It has ofwa been th- oa?? that those who hnr^ count atter, have b?e i ohligd to pick the truth trom both sul?e Ou thi* ooh side, I tin love of driun is an UTidisgused appHtlte?wh:le avarlcu is au undisguised mum for salliog it It I* not mt-rfly to pay wnethurit man may Or in It or be sober, but it Ik to ray, Ik thero not an nutish streugtli la thi world to kill the euemy, as there In on the side of wtckeduaea? These are qu-s:louH upon which anim ilium hat tha aj0<iuilarpy, an I cunscieaOH no place at nil. What, thru, Is tha community to ilo? I i thn time place, K would not ba possible, nor do we wifii t- inaKe v. law to prevent ui-n from drinking, but a h* may ha m?d? to prevent the makliv: of It. To drink is u civil right, and if u Kau bai a wi?h to 11* down at one ,t cuii of tt.e ?. t * 11 and drink, li baa a pert'-ot n^'it to do no, end r.o one can prevent him. it at we cau I unit to b?ir 11 sooiat, economic, mid religious lnlluences upon its giva iie-s and ni?l>gnlty ; all tile power* by which men ara changed, thougli it woiil 1 h i linpoastble to effect l? by one association. We like different denoiuma'ions in temperance, it we do uot in religion. These are three deok-t!), wil h lar-?? guns, lyitlK low. atld i<iu .nef artillery above, which sweep the enemy. The o.d plat I >rm would not <Io, though there uie some who stick lo the old pledge, und wu hid th.-m Owd sped. The Wanningrouians sprung up drunha.'ii were th?u emit to preach to drunkards, nun red eyen. to staunoll witu tears the r?dey-s. It was astonhmiDg; out. tuey were unable tu n'au'l b-toie th'ty sinrted The ground upo < which tlnj Waehiui;t.ouittiin started wun that ot *;ui|>athy. Tffe ground to l>* taken ie, that ilia lot llng ebould t>? syuipathetA, and to fet-1 iu uni on, I lart wit a tn ar . 11 is HHid that a great mmy of tun Was:iin^t inUna have gon* back; but I cart' nor.for th t. I look with grstitude upon thene who do staud. and I b llevn the.e is uot a utiuruh in Litis city inula ot wnofe lu'inliers are not Washin|;tftni>ins .Many did go back; but in ni iny o?si a It was owing to thflr being unable agsla to raiite them- ' selves into aociety, unuble to obtain rui|>loymeut, and hence some sneering perrons would look at ib-mindi rislo*. The Soni of Teiuptr.ince aro a great and HI ctual Uvtr to woik lor tne cause (Jo, look at the r< lis. ? mi -ami not in-re iiui trie uamcs or iawy>r?. but you will 11 id the greut tulddia t'laas, tj; ? bone and ?iu"? of tu? luu l. II g?od otin ha (iODH by one. let btm do It In hi' owu Wity; on. tor Ood's s.ikn let him go cn The teuipoianO" enterprise cannot ?uco?eJ la ocldi-y. Thare was uever atj nuterpt'se that succeeded at, tlurejs always action aui! reaction ? it 4(>?a back one step * nil loiward two. I iv*1 *p./a!<i'ig with it good Washingtoaiuo, lo-day, who ii k coaiuu:c cub^r, tint for Uishops, but tor I Ileum*, aud i usk d him if h? would liko for bin eon to be in n th'itr>,bfciuiii intemperan.-o la thera. iit- hail tauiperaii'ia v>?s in thcatrea. The t<-uiperaiico reform is like a tr?.e: wh> u it tlrs; spring* up it appear* to ?row Tf y rapidly, ui d whan it hsa growu Jo uunb it wilt branub, *11 l tnen it reeuis not to grow so uiuoii; but thru they do not consider tnare aru lour branches, whlcn liiivn grown m*. in.ih. seash. which makes twentyfour luclit-a. " \ little leevtn leavans the whole lump," and tli** work will oiisummat-d (Miller permittingj in the course of tluia. It cannot be uotf in m Jay. I hop* there is not a maker or nailer of liquor in this plat.'', and therefore tvuatevtr be should say would not be prMorinl Avarice leuds man to aril it, nu 1 We have sacred writ wmcu siys, "Moury .* tha root ofalltvil," and it la uua that in-re in no path ?o dirty H that men will not j)M? through it to get money I *?i H one* a resident of Lawn nc?nur.;,wij?re theru ware three H distlllcrii aand tliraa ahuic ue*; but the churches war* no H thing; iha churchta only went on Sunday, and the diatil H lenes all tha ww* and .Sunday too One mau. an ownar Id piacr. suh?crib?d to tha temperance contribution* I H kn<-w i* ?istllleiy whiou tent out arventy-fiv* barrels par H day. Tha importers come n*xt; tUy say thay do not H . oiupel ro?u to buy; they say thay only pasa It. The ra- H laltar comr* next, Hud having dealt lightly with tha (Ma- H tiil^r and wholesale dtaler, you wilt say ha will now fl pounce down upon tho rctuil-r; but I shall not do it. I I unc<< knew a rat . tar, who g*Te ina an apltoniH of hfa in a I grojshop. Haloid meuhoeuiue into the back door, I auu who c.imo luto the frout, and among t he reat, to my I sorrow, ware ."orne of my churoh niciubcrR. Ha told m? I of a caae w ara ha prtjTalltd upon a man who had joined I the ttiiapaianua oaoae, to atick to it. ana who is now a I thoiougu tatnpt'ranue mau 1 here ia rnara hope of ra- fl taller, than wa hare baen acouatomed to think. An- fl i'i -,a Dan no t -rlmg, und you cannot touch It by argumtnt, I aud wa munt daal with it as with all other Htti? I Uave I spokau loo long; but "from ihe abundaiiea of the heart, I Ilia mouth speaketh,' ?nu if I fail to do lay duty in thia I oause. may my totjgua cleav- to tha roof ot niy uioulU fl i'he toHoaing nolo aud chorus was then suug oy tua I choir:? Oh! t*tmp?rupce, fair, celestial ray, I Uriherald of a new born dny, I Long did w? need tliy ctiaiming light Tocuaae av..?y our daiksoma ulgbt. The lUr Or. Tt vo uest nddresac 1 the meatlng Ha spo^e as follt.w': ? In looking arou d up nour a*a?inbly to-night, I cannot but think it m the must magnificent iintamoly I ot. rsaw lu this Takeruacle, and that for the cause of temperanoe. I h? speaker who lias addressad you, lias eall?a himaalf a son ot temperance, and we bava every oonQdeuce, tor his very name gtv<.s efldanca ot that, for the vary touu'tatiou f 'tie cause in thia city will ever be conm oted with the uame of Lyman Baeohar, The wora baa almost stopped, but thm it is uot too l?ta; the c.iuse has now baeu uouncct'd with* lirisuaul y. Il was when priests and Lerltis had paaaed by, and tu? in an was left to die on the road, the good Mamaritao came along aud too* him up \V? brgau at a lime wbal> tiia ohurcn was ulinost a auuched with liquor In tha re'gn ot Ucorge. a uouie ship, with bOU souls on board, sunk, with a car);o of rum It was in tue early days of the reformation, wben tne father of my youog trtand lalsed tne beacon light, and like the electric hre, i sped troin p( la to j ol?, until the great wot k whs done VV? now iuw-nii ugairi to r?.ise tue otandard, i i counaotion with Iitiatianity lleligiou perishes without it, and wl .b .ul it e?eiy moral c .uae. Mu-t I f?e my son our d-red by Inches, aud not tuih to nia rescue ' I will use erary effort, and ?a Moses sainned the badgers to cover the 'fa- made, so will I skin (he mtlU' I. and e*U bita to my aid if his doctrine will help ma. I hare the rlgbt, andwi.l w^rk in the cauf.'. ana hope to gee the day wtien the veimin will be driven Jrorn thy soil, from .viaine to 1'exae Who could loo* upon tha involution of Pari*, . und uot feel a sympathy thall I be driven baok by } nen clad in lordiy robta, aud with au horlty ? If 1 ms a fellow h-ing drowning.shall I bo prevented from rescuing him, b-oause the humane society should do It? Kroni tii- arcjunti la our jMpeia ol the anguish in tha i>*tt|ea of M? x co, we must t? el ? sympathy; but alt the i iituisb ot tu> t war Is not so niuca ea wrougnt by In. ... 1 in ; 1m(1 fit Lue icwDuiwr nreaa tha great Ut r f >r uiftit-intoRtlng r-.-llgi u< mj moral intelligence I honor that press, whlcb, * iiie it honor* iba cans-'of God and hla Cfttie; rfd-cia honor upon itae.f I -'d ih?c th- t?uip thick <;*u.-o: i.< the cause if efery minister, nu'l I do not think any ciniiiMCer does bin duty who don net hold to the o?o->j o( teraperauca. Go to the fur w.-at, ro to ?tiy p rtlou ot the world, and you will ?.-e t h? rbt.-r h of t cont*n<<W /, against the uieu toe.-, which ia %nTt/>n tbiu til th- iilola which it ban to aotiu.nd afloat. Lt>ok at our own abori^inea-l grieve *i.i n I look upon tiicm; wherever the white msn hi.* the standard ot rum.rum baa ben spread around; would you send me to piracli iu the bar-room. where the alill l g turn -a of tobacco and liquor are ever rising? Look at tlt*9 < litiMitn mtuiile. ? ?romo t the in uae the ptdaou. Let uk liold tbi-m up, and aliow that Hi." wins drinking p.irsoa ia the father ol the drunkard If I am lying ut>?n u dying couch, do I a ':i?n who#e hreaih Is p<llu".ed wuh the air.rll of liquor. to i<p?a* with M a trail who h M (k? (trl 'i tb? I trilllM * >* trr. but only t il angel of d?:k uca* ' Lot us ham iu ' such men. aa with a wail of Iron The rod curtain ia hnng at the window, and ibe i-spectablo man finda ?? **au?? to enter; fhey "** old trom thn Tf>er? ia one thing In the little society of Ku nila which I admire. Tuey have. trom the day* ot Oeortfw Kox, ohut i*:*|,or ,n Kp**t work. The triumph of our cuise will l irry out the t brlftiin principle. I ru iv let the ru:n selleis go down to the niu l.iy holes, and even lie our foot The mod-rale urii.kt r is but learning the diunkar<t'a tiatle, he In j rf cting the uratt. and I have seen hiui wben he had tluiah.d the trade, like the *?ry leaat. I h?va seen It ,11. I h iv< ?<"n the mail of intelleoi. tall io low that be rr.ved a place InthaHiru, to ?h.dt r him Ir in tlie cold. D eri" .in now .viiiki'i drunkard i In tn;a untry. wk<> spend more tban one hundred miUlt tie of doii^mtfi biut I xi our Inhabitants. I L ,t sum would lend a culaUtar oft lirist toevery six thcutarid itihaliitan; < f thia i?lobe In this city the amount sp? nt tor aeo-ats H HI OoO OOti, which ia a joke t? How r,f ruio. d'wi uty y~ ar? ?no I w*? tola by one of nay ca. ?r yatini. who in the babit of ^ett.rm imoxlont"<4. th v 1 drank liquor, and from that day I win determine I thai no uian abould eoroaii me a drunkard, or * father of dtuokard* I bat uian became poor, and to poor that he at last dittl in the alma hcuaj, end bis body w.ia,#t*?ti to the phraiotani We bava banded together to take up tbia cause Wt hare brought tl to the saouiuary. an 1 with sacrtrU tUi uare bound the saorilioe to the horua Ol the alcar. A nonaction wan then taken up. after which the domology wai aung, " Pralae God, from wbon all bleeaioga flow," lie

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