Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 3, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 3, 1848 Page 1
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r?- - L , .. .UULl .J L -Jg* TH] Whole Ho. ftWU ADDITIONAL INTELLIGENCE, | FROM ALL PARTS OF EUROPE. SPECIAL DESPATCHES TO THE rilew York Herald. Pari;!, January 11, 18t8. i Influence iti Europe of the Capture of Mexico? Retention of the President's Message,fyc-?Ctontrait with the King's Spiech?Debate in the Chamber of Deputies, fyc. The capture of Mexico, and the dispatches of General Scott and other officers of the army, . have produced a profound impression upon the courts of England and France, and the intelligent portion of the European population ; and the triumphs of our arms have created a great change in the opinions of both governments and people, of the capacity and power of our country in war, and a corresponding respect for our rights is a necessary consequence ; for. with t'ie five great European powers, their patt history shows that the stronger a government may be, the more they rns,>ect it's rights and listen to its demands. In England, it Ins done more ; for it has created a serious apprehension for the ultimate safety of Iter possessions on the North American conti- 1 nent, aid satisfi-d her statesmen that in future, ' in any \r,ir with America, the will meet the ?nme spirit which has enabled American arms to accomplish such daring deeds in the war with Mexico. Ail Europe now better understands ! that ihe United States are able to meet England 1 in the arts of war, as well as of peace; and that 1 on ihe western continent, speaking the English language. a people exist who are destined Soon to excca in numbers and power, in wealth and national resources, any one ol the great European powers. Tho report of the Secretary of the Treasury contrasts the influx of wealth and immediate resource* of our country, with the twelve millions ol' dollars diminution in the last year's income of the English government, and the critical con; dition of the financial affairs ol that country g?nerally; and in the prospective, the contrast is still greater, in favor of the United States. The United States, it is beginning here to be understood, can compete with any European country in any of the important branches of national industry, and that her ships engiged in the carrying trade, are the finest in the world. The French admit this frankly ; and upon this point the English have ccasedto claim the superiority, except in numbers. In any of the French ports which I have visited, I have been proud to find the largest and most beautiful ships in thn harbor, American; and all the French with wh?m I have conversed, say that our ships are very much superior to those of England?at least, those that visit France. France is comparatively an inland nation, and has neither the means nor the expectation of competing with either the United States or England, in the carrying trade; and, generally, the French people see, with great satisfaction, a nation rising up in the west, to overshadow England in all those respects in which England claims universal su porionty; ana, msreiore, me extension 01 uui I! dominion* over Mexico: the additioa of a couaI ( try halt as large aa all Europe; the acquisition It ot mines now the richest in tho world, perhaps; ! tue inarsasc of our population eight or ten milIt liov and ths ultimate conversion of a semiII barb*/ us people and country into elements of II powsr and civilization, create no disquietude in II their minds; and they are rather pleased than Ig annoyed in contemplating the rapid advaoceIr m?nt of a country which has ever been the B friend of France. B The President's message, General Scott's dis patches, the reports of the several Secretaries, B Ac..arrived at Paris nearly at the name time; and B some of the loading journals of Paris, not under ths control of the ministry, said, alter reading H these documents, and contrasting the scene* and H country which they unfolded with the King's H speech, it seemed, in passing from the latter to the former, " like making a journny from Lilliput to the land of Giants." 1 quote the seatiH meat precisely, and the language in substance. Look at the admission; and any one in France, who understands both countries, can appreciate I the force of tho remark. The journalist took into HI view the present and future capacities of HI the two countries. Out the Mexican war H and the libels of the English pres.", have fixed H| <hr attention of Europe upon the United States, and created an interest t j watch the progress of events in the Western world?and when they find a power which England has represented throughout Europe, as no mean competitor for tho United States in any trial of strength; as intired to the arts of war and roused to the highest pitch of national enthusiasm, annihilated ; and nor armies routed and flying from one fourth of ^B their numbers, in a series ot pitched battles, of which the world furnishes few similar examples, without one reverse ; and her ports closed, ana her targe towns and the capital in the possession of ths United States, this state of things arrests H public attsntion among the intelligent portion of tho people of Europe, and they look for, and H read with interest, ttie views and explanations which osch nation may present to the civilized world, of events so extraordinary. H The pitf>lic documents, therefore, emanating ^B from tho United Stntes, have been read with universal interest?and they have created a pro^B found impression upon the public mind in Eu^B r?pe, favorabls to our country ; notwithstanding the unremitted efforts of the English press to ^B misrepresent us, aided, I regret to add, by the peas tof some Americans heated with political ^B warfare, and, perhaps, without thinking of the use which wilflhe made, by our enemies abroad, of what was Said only for effect at home. Let all who take part against our country in war, reH tnenibsr that they have England and Englishmen ^H lor ^B P. S.?January IS, 1818.?'The debate in the Chamber of Deputies has commenced with a ^B good ileal of violence, and the ministry are as sailed in f.n unusual manner, and their nnpeachmsnt threatened. Turin, Jan. 7, 1813. Tht Italian Revolution, and the Pope?Highly InH tereeting Intelligence? Progrtnt of the Peaceful I Italy is passing through the deepest and most all P'. rvhding revolution she has seen since the middle *g?s?a revolution which has penetrated tbe entire body of society, throughout the peninsula, aud sseins likely, unless it be arrested by auars beyond the foresight of man, to change the institutions of ths continent of Europe. I Mid you, la advanoa of all your contemporaries flIrs of '.de new journals established In Italy sinos the virtual proclamation of the freedom of the pre's In sevsral of the States of that long oppressed and Insulted country. Theaeoession of Pin* IX. to tha throne of St. Peter, was ths signal of tha triumph of liberal principal In Italy; an event which no philosopher or statesman ean pretend to have foreeeen. and whleh was wholly unexpected by the Italian! themselves. I have sire* Oj seat to you, from time to time, Infoimatton of the progreec or the spirit of liberty, under the peaceful md auspicious reign of the new Pontiff. The political state of Italy will hereafter occupy a large space in my letters to the HtralH. and I am resolved to leave no phase of humanity untouched Without being able at present to review the onuses whioh have led to this wonderful revolution .In the political, the srcial. and the religious condition of Italy, I liail briefly lay before your readers the information wfckh 1 have obtained by means of the new Italian journals just established. Tnere are but two parties in Ita ly?tha Austrian and the Italian; tha one the friends and advocates of the system that has hitherto prevailed i lu the Italian eabinets, that has robbed Italy of its nationality aad Independence, that has rifled from her the last vestige or liberty that had descended to that fair I land from the heroio republicans of the middle ages a party that has opposed, with demoniac vlrulenco, the introduction of railways, and manufactories, and fte* I trade,of freedom of the press, of liberal ideas, and of I popular education?a party that has aided and abetted I Aietrernioh in perfecting his perfidious scheme of rednI ning m11 Italy under the Austrian yaks. This is theparI ty that, opposed Pins IX in every reform he uudejtook I fir the beas&t of his pf-ople and tor the emancipation of I h*s o >utitry, that conspired against the Ufa of ihe PcnI tiff fast July and which weuld, if the plot bad not I beeu illscuvertd, have dragged that venerable and great I roan from his throne, and wet the streets of Rome with his Mood ThS other party Is made up rf the great boI dy of Italians, Every fi-leod of popular liberty of Jus the, of reform, of progress, and of .latlooal ladepen d?nce?avery advocate or constitutional government and liberty- every genuine friend of religion or of the Catholic church?every lover of peace and of virtue and th?y constitute two thirds, it not three fourths of the' ectite population of Italy, lintil t[) e elevation of riusIX ?v?ry rrmce la Italy was ruled by the Austrian Cabinet. B El NE NEW The King of Naples, who reigned over the l(.r:est and Mrest part of the penin?nla, w?s an Austrian Bourbon; and probably the long records of that bigoted and bloody race do not show bis equal la besotted despotism. His court swariaed with Jrsults, nnd his kingdom with priests. m< nk? beggar*, aoldl?re and splfs Tue penalty for sptatlng or printing a sentiment of liberty, was death without beneflt vf cleriry. This Prince, who Las resisted with a spirit worthy of Charles X , (of three day* memory.) ev*ry reform recommendrd to him by the Pope, and pruy?d f?r by his subjects rule* nominally o?er 9 000 #1)0 cf people But his kingdom is In a statu of insurrection, *r* It i.i quite probable that my next letter will tell you that he has either been obliged to abandon bis ihroue, or grant reforms, or been assassinated in his palace. Charlta Mbert, the present King of Sardinia (whloh embraces by tbe arbitrary and despotic will of the Congress of Vienna, Piedmont, SS'ivov, the island of ba'JI nla. and tbr old republic of Oonon, with a population of nearly 4,000 900) v.-a a at the head of a revolution in Italy in 1821, before he had any expectation of arriving at the throne. On the miscirriuge of the revolution, bH turned a traitor to the oause of liberty, and delivered up several thousands of his accomplices to die an ignominious death, or beg their bread in exile. This was the title which Austria considered guflloierit to give him the throne of Savoy. His reign ba? been hardly less bloody and bigoted than that of his royal cousin or Naples. Up to the moment of the elevation of l'ius IX , he fon^'a t against reforms with the same obstinaoy ? His State wan filled with men of genius and statesmen ol Uwe, and yet the press was in ohains. He bad married hia eldest son to ail Archduchess of Austria, and was in the straitest alliance with that power. The (Jrand Duke of Tuso&ny, the next most considerable 1'rince in Italy, was a better man and a more eullghteacd statesman, btu ha was powerless to do good, except in a small way. His sway was m'ld and paternal, but Italy was nun? th'j belter for U. The Duko of Maduna was a tiger ; be died a year ago, and bis son, who succeeded him, has shown that he is a tiger's whelp?bloody, ferocious, bi.-oted. <-rant. and cruel The Duke ot Lucca *11 aaotBwr edition in 3i iuj. of hia Uo4eu cousin ? The Grand Duchess oi i'arrua, (ttie widon of Napoleon.) ruled a small, but beautiful territory, by (rant of tho Congress of Vienna, as a kindot small potato dominion? an offset for the imperial orown of Krance. She was a gay, Imperious, witty little body, nod never out off heads, except for a jcke. She had other accomplishments, mere generally appreciated, and is said to have had more lovers than any woman in Italy, if Napoleon had bein living, this would not have been so gro^s an outrage upon the morals of that class of people. But being a widow, we believe that even European etiquette was considered to be somewhat offended by ifcu well known latitude of Maria Louisa. There were two oth-r States in Italy?the littlo republic of San Marino, which has about 7,000 people, perobed upon a rock like an eagle's nest; and the principality of .VIonaoo, about as large as a good slied cotton Held, and with about as many subjects as a respeotable southern planter. Dut from all accounts, its p:ince knew considerably less about government than uny American planter I happen ever to have heard of He had twenty soldiers, fifty spies and somewhere about a hundred subjects. Such were the States, and such the princes, of Italy, a year ago last June, when Pius IX. cacne to the throne. S > badly governed a country there never his boen. and there never will be, any where this side of Dante's internal rtglons?and probably there never was, and there never will be, a oountry that gave the devil so little trou ble ; for sinoe the death of Machiavelll, his Satanic Majesty's interests bav-t b?en so well taken care of in that part of the world, by the Metternicbs and the Popes that he has attempted to introduce none of his modern improvements among the descendants of Tarquin and Nero. The moment Pius IX. took the sceptre, he began to harl this whole system of norrap'ion, bigotry, despotism and satanism to the cround. and for oiabteen months he baa been making th? dry bon?s o' the ciiarnel house of Italy quake. Austria, tuo Jeauita tn m ime, nod tue Auatrlau party, early leagued agninat him Tney attempted to frighten him out of his reforms; but be waa not a man to bu frightened. They attempted to take hia life, and tailed Tbey tried to introduce dissensions among hia oounaellora, and aueoeeded; but the Pope appointed new onea, and went boldly on. Ho haaoonquc?fcd all obstacles, and baa won orer to hia aide Bcveral ot the princea of the Peninsula Charles Albert for a long time hesitated, and at laat joined the Pope, with his nary and an army of a.i hundred thousand mea He has reformed hia government in every department?he haa dismissed the Jesuits from hia oounclla. and stems likely to be compelled to dismiss them from hia Sta e. He attempted to please the peoplo, Austria, and the Pope, at the same time, and fonnd it impossible. It ia hi* custom (indeed the Congreaa or Vienna imposed it upon him) to pass one month in the year in Genoa. He always enters the city the 4th of November a ad leavee it iu just thirty daya. dome ten days before hu left Turin the last time for this visit, he Bent oae of his apies on before him to asoertaln the kind of reception he waa likely to meet with. Afar sojourning a week among the G?noese, h? returned and told hia master, "if your majtaty is going to Gen**, yon most publish your reform* before you tart, or aend on your oannon ahead " Hi chose tbe former, or he would moat likely have found bis palace surrounded by 60,000 revolutionists the tirat nfgbt. Aa it was, his entry of that splendid old city was one of the most brilliant and enthusiastio triumphs a modern prinoe can boast of. This display from the Genoese would never barn be oh made to Charles Albert, uolt>s< he bad espoused, with ail the appearance of honesty and earnMtnesa, th-> cause of tho ptople During the month of hia visit, the city wise an uninterrupted aoane of festivity. Processions, with flags of liberty, that ha?t not been aeru in Genoa since the time of Napoleon?publio meetings, where snmimenti of liberty and independence were Imely proclaimed ? dinners between the nobility and the lower cla??-s - balls, saireea, And optional celebrations, with liberty of press, and liberty of speech, were some of the tokeus of the universal enthusiasm. Up to tho day i writs, the entire population of Genoa has been in a r.ut.? or the deepest excitement. Not lest than 2#,000 lUfliu aisembUd in the great platzi before the theatre, determined to deatroy the convent cl the Jeauita lirnoa baa been tho head quarters form in j years ef this odious sooiety, and the popu%r feeling in that city had been exasperated to the last point against them. The friends of liberty and of order, psrceiviui; that violence waa likely to taxo place, calmed the popular feeling by proposing to delay the destruction of the convent until recourse nad been had to tbe king Accordingly, a large number of tables were brought into the plana, and in ieaa than three hours 10.000 names were signed to a petition for tho establishment of a national gutcd, (which will put 100,000 or 2<'0,U00 mushe s into tbe hands of the people,) and the expulsion ot the Jeauita. This petition, like othera already presented to the king, ho will be compelled to respeot. in tola matter, the great body of the people are united?nohles of the highest rank, thousands of priests and monks who abhor the Jesuits aamuoh as others, with multitudes of the oiiicers of the king's government, and tne great mass ol the population generally, have signed this memorial: Probably not muoh less than 100,000 nam** will have been appended to this appeal, from the single city ol Genos. These will be tbe greatest reforms the king has yet granted, and will settle the qursiioa of the triumph of liberal principles in Sardinia. Milan, which is the capital of Lombardy, wheyo the Viceroy cf Austria resides, ia in a state of revolution. Society has there been in a state of foment for sever*! mouths, but hitherto every popular attempt has been suppressed for tbe mom?mt. VeU.rnich, however, had reserved two of bla most potent remedies for Miianeae democracy, tiil tbe laat moment. A good segar, hitherto, oould not be got in Milan, except frora a smuggler, who asked enough for it to cover the risk of hia head. The Ssala, as everybody knowa, ia theflrst theatre in the world; but aa theatrical amusements were on thedeollne in that city, in ootiaequeuce of the immense political excitement, tho manager of that great theatre did not feel justified in going to the ex pensa of engaging any of the famous artiitci for the oarnlval of 1H48. But Mctt?rnich came to hia aid, and aent hiui Gaizsnega, the famous toprant and Fanny tha divine (an 1 not the theologian) with a very largs aapply of superb Havana aegars Th?se were his dernier resort, when bullets and bayonets sesmeJ tc have lost their virtna The wily old fox counted upon a prodigious effect from these new diplomatic forces ? Accordingly, the G?tt<nega appeared on the boards ol the Soala, and the divine t?l*elcr, with all her undiminished charms, appeared in the balUt. The Rcgalits and the Normas abounded lu every shop window; but po?t old Metternteh'S ctupdt mi tn was an uiter failure T e thousands of youo* men in Milan, (and there is no olty ?.j ..... v?u uumi ui ) urmiaac, numerous, ana highly educated a corps of yeuth) r*??.lvi?1, " In imitation of the heroic aad self sacrificirg Americans ot 1776, who were willing to deny themsi'lvns every luxury to gain their liberties, and who oast the Briil?h tea Into the ftoston taarbor, we solemnly pledge ourselves to each other, that wa will not smoke another sugar until w? are fraa." Ilsnce smoking went suddenly out of fashion ? Whert-ver a company of Aus'rlani were s<sn smoking together, the cltiaens fell npon them, and drove the smoke out of them lu a hnrry; and up to the last advices, the anil-tobaoro party werti still resolute; but tuaiy of them had been butoherel by the tro-ps. The tammis soprano and charming Kannr sang and danced not only to empty boxes and a very thin parquett*,but thehoure wae dressed in mourning Nearly etrery proprietor of a box shot It up with dark ou:talna, to tha extreme regret of the ariiitti, and to tha eternal disgrace of Mvttorniob; for to foil a diplomatist of his rank, In so unexpected a way, has. In the estimation cf the mutio loving countrymen of Maohlavellt, inflicted upon the hoary old reynard, au Irremediable chagrin I am happy to add. that the enchantress oftha dance received a large nuui br r of rloh presents, ami flattering tokens, the next day, from tb? Kite of the town, who denied themselves the pleasure of applauding her at the Scam It seems qulta prabable that Austria will lose her hold upon the rioh provinces of Lombardy and Venice, and that the intelligent and brave people of those rich plains will taka the government Into iheir own hands In anticipation of the result likely to be produced in Italy by the magnlfloent demonstration In favor of Pius IX , made by the people o. this great em peri rim In November last, I gnvs you the fallest and most accurate report of that uiesting that appeared in any journal, and si nt reveral oopies of jour paper, containing the report, to Mr Les ter, who still continues to reside at Ueuoa, although he is no lrnger consul, lor we are Informed that hi* successor. a certain Mr McPherson, arrived at hi? post on the 4ih of January lait, but wai unfortunately detained in quarantine with the vessel In which he Sailed trr.ra New York, tlirorgh some blunder of the Sardinian Vic# Gon?ul In tbls port. These papers were Immediately dlstribut <d through Italy; and the address to the Tope, and the spe<ches delivered, were translated and published In all the leading journal of Italy. Tha sensation produced everywhere was Immense. Everywhere the Americans were declare.: to be brother* and friends. Tbanki were reudarrd, gratltula was manifest*], and every American *? greeted with H L^I1 . ?J!? .!. U' -.LULU.. . , 1.P ? .'-L" W YO r YORK, THURSDAY MO] kindnfM and enlhuMssm. A large orowd of yonni( men, i noble* rd I, went ia proot??' >n. with torches, to the l American eonsnl.ito and also to Mr Ls*t?r's hou*e, with 1 Hags of liberty, and ' Tlra*" for the Americans, for the l consulate. for ih? oonsul, for the Ameroian eajlo, and for 1 Wanbl-igton ! Poems have been written la bonor of our i pnbli) men oar institutions. and tha herot a of oar rero- i lotion The copies of the H-reld were read and translated Wn wm by pwfmow ?4 tmhui of EmMifc) to crowds, and every sentiment of liberty *uJ sympathy for th? Italians w? received with shouts and vivas In consequence of this generous and popular move- i ment la New York, it is reported and believed that tlie Pope is about to send Montlgnor4 Kerrerl Aposlolleal Nuncio Kxtraordtuary to Washington, to institute relations with onr cvbinet We hope th:vt Mr. PolS will, in return, stnd to the II?Iy See som i distinguished, prudent, liberal, aud hl*h-miodnd learned una to represent at that court the New World. Making the Moat or the American Victories In Mexico. I From tbe Loudou Times, Jan. 4 1 The Amerioana urn beginning to pay for their whittle. In ttieir owu ^raeelul VWmtOlM; " We nu>- is they find .Mexico a tarnation bad apeo " Fifty thousand men in the fluid are a very ooitiy Investment. The glory inlined is immense. Buena Vista, Vera Graa, ban Juan de Ulua, Cerro (Jorlo, Contreraa, Churubusco, and aoveral places with utmost unspellable names, are doubtless by this time lisped by infant I'olkicta, in conjunction with the triumphs of new born independeace. But the capital sunlc in thn pnrchasa of that ethcrlal commodity is still more immense. In fact, it ia all lost, with nothing but mure loss in thu prospeot. Military toys are Tory heart rending affairs. Go to the ' Noah's Ark," or the 41 Rocking Horse," and you will find that a miniature army in good training and condition, with fvery arm of thu service complete, oosts not less than ten shillings. After a month's marching and lighting on the table or the floor, the once imposing foroe will be wofnliy shattered. I ufantry will have fallen, cavalry will be prostrate, cannons dismounted, wagons out of gear, and a rlthrit of arms, legs, caps, wheels, guns, and trumpets at th* bottom of tho box will bear melancholy witness to the casualties of even a bloodless campaign. Of your ten a'nlilings there is not muoh to show. Tne beautiful new toy called the ' Mexican invasion," sold at Polk's store, and constituting a sequel to the ' Noble (Jaine of Texas," brought out at Tvlor's emporium, shows by this time about as much for the dollars it has cost. Scott, Thylor, Worth, and a few other flue lellows, are written on the page ot American fame, and iom? ten or a dcz- n millions of British pounds sterling are aided to the eum of American debt It is only rbe other day that the politicians and moralists of the United States hulled the i><vir approach ot a millennium which we unfortunates on this side of the Atlantic are oompeiled to aajigu to the subliinest futurity. In one er two in re years the Union, it was contl lently a-aerteu, would not owe a doll?r in fact, the pubilo deot. due Maroh 4, 1845, was only 17,788791) dollars?not four millions of our money. There are people, however, to whom it ia poaititivcly dangeroua to have money in hand They require the discipline r f debt. Our American couslos bear too strong a family reaom.laaoe to our own humble eelvea to do without aome such control. Anyhow, in Maroh, 1845, they ahowed themselves purse-proud and pugnaoloua. The result la, that sinoe that day toey have added to their debt $37,870,859, and, even, with an immediate increase of taxation, will require a further loan of $17,000 000 fur the next half year. By the en I of next June, therefore, the additional debt entailed by the war will be about $45 000.000; more than ? lo,000 ObO of ourmouoy. The cost of the war, however, lias been a mush greater figure. But for Mexico there would have been an aontml surplus of some million dollars. The mere produoe of the sale of publio lands for the cur rent year, amounts to $3 500 OijO. Perhaps, therefore, we ought to put down to tbe expenses of tlie war up to next June, every dollar of the thenexlstlog debt, which will b* near $63,000 000. This money, belt observed, th Union is borrowing at 6 por cent; nor is there munh likelihood of their soon borrowirg at more ooinfortabLe terms This is a good price for glory, especially of that sort which la won off the miserable Mexicans. Meanwhile, two interesting queatioua occupy the American publio. First, how ia the war to be carried on? Secondly, how Is it to be paid for? With regard to the first, wo forbear to inflect on our readers various ingentoua plan* tor carrying on "a little war," or half a war; for Ivjivinrr n lino /I , t, . tho ln...Un lib. or, a 1f our railways, at a certain point. Whatever mey have occurred to the imagination of Mr. Clay, or Mr Calhuun, there ar>>, in foot, only tiro alternative! in the matter Tile one is to oonquer Mexioo, he l^jt, w?il ultiaivly ann x it?it tse Americans can Ti??b-r ia to paok up, bag and baggage, and boat a retrea# New, we tatertain no doubt tha', the whole male population of | ihe States would rataer take hippho'a leap down the falla of Niagara, then consent to the latter. 60 the former, viz: ?the annexation of Mexioo.ata great sacrifice of life, and a most enormous expenditure of dollars, is the only probable, the only possible result. Mr. Polk, him| self, hedges off every other conceivable alternative, ills weosage exhibits all the rigor of a mathematical *rgu[ uiont On tbri axioms, deniiitlon*. .ma pustulatM 01 AtteriOM morality aud ainbr.iou, and on the a hull ted circumstances of the case, annexation !s a necessary conclusion, or rather is Involved ia the premises Mexico must aompensatc. uot only 1 or the original damages laid to her cbarge, but also fjr the whole oost of the wur. She cannot pay In money, but she can pay in land. Meanwhile, she is incapable of making any treaty at nil, lor the .>au( of a government 1 he conqu-st, therefore, must proceed till it is total and compute, aud by that time iti'cost will far exoeed the value of the whole Mexican territory. The other question it on* of more inttrest, because it admits of mora thauone answer How : Is the war to be paid for? i'hi President is taxing an honest and manly eour'*> In at once advising Congress to raise $3,000 0C0 by a very trilling duty on tea and o"ff-e. There li a certain historical prejudice against suoh a duty, which may possibly excite same opposition. The experience of the last year, however, la proof positive agalast the other alternative, vii:-a repeal of the , new tariff, and a renewal of the p oteotive scale of duties upon imports. Tue inoreaje ot revenue under the [ new system ot revenue duties, has beeu beyond all expectation, and the Union now llads that it cannot rel cede la the career of free trade without serious loss to the exohequer. Brother Jonathan, therefore, will probably submit to pay for tht sweets of glory with a trilling per oentage on bis coffee and tea. A gra, duated scale of ptioea to be tlxed upon certain public lauds, which for thirty years, more or less. , have bsen a drug In the market, is to raise another odd million of dollar!. These two expedients, however, are by no means enough in a nation whose prinolple it Is to oontraot no permanent debt, but whose practloe it Is to annex all Its neighbors, one after another, And assert a paramount claim to a continent. So something else must be done. Tills great difficulty as to the sinews of wur is solved by recurrence to the ordinary praotlco of invaders. Mexico Is, for the fature, to pay for its own conquest. Not only Is an account to be run up. but ready money, or ready something, is to be exacted forthwith. The American Executive has frequently urged upon its Generals the duty of exacting trom the Mexican popula, tlon some deoent equivalent for the favors conferred by their respectable visiters. Of course, it has somewhat provoked the Amertoans to sen that the Invasion hss been in some respects a positive gain to tha Mexicans, who have had an array of wealthy customers at their own doors, and at tneir own termi Tue generals, however, have replied, with evideut regret, that they found themselves under the painlul necessity of paying or starving. ?A hist of oontlaoatiou cr plunder vrould have laid waste tha country even before the lovadera could do that for themselves. This was the d Bloultj so long as the army was on the march. It is now in poisesslon of some very wealthy cities. In fMt, it pN> scs'er the k"ys cf the populous districts. So the screw is to bo applied The President looks askance at the decorations of the churches. He would b? sorry to l?y hl? band* upon tbem; but this sentiment roth** cut so frequently, that It evidently la maintained at the flscrlflce of some rather prtulng considerations; so we cannot help fearing that the superstitious Indians will some lay he taught a simpler religion, and one more convenient to the American exchequer For the rest, we fotb'ar :e speculate; b it wbeu churches are ransacked, will houaea be aacred ' Wbnu saints are despoiled, viU oltlitsa be spared ? Lonla fhlllfipo anil ilmiui Ia> Polk. [Prom the London Spectator J However opposed to each o>her In the obvious characteristics of length acd style, the two cfllalal addresses whtoh come to us this week from the S.iuth andth? West? Louis Philippe's speech to hia Chambers, and Jamea K Polk's message to Congress-havs one trait In o.irum'<n, that they are both conceivod id a fpiiit ol courting popularity. A besetting weakness of the Anglo-American rase is an arrogant pride, which prompts the citi j?ns to look down upon every other nation, even In matters where they themselves are inferior, and deem It a favor If they con desoend to oonquer. Of late years this spirit has asrum-d the military form.whioti Is Its most appropriate and imposing avatar; and under that inspiration the republicans are breaking through the injunction! of their ?reat fathers, the Washington! and J?fI?rso,ia, not t? meddle In foreign affairs, uor bibettvye i In'.o the delwslve dangers of conquest. Mr Jamre K Polk, haviag had greatness thrust upon him. is naturally ambitious both of deserving and ot retaining it; hut be can devise no more exalted plan than that of truckling to the popular passions to tbe lowest passion which a nation can own oolieotively, that of national robbery ?the one most perilous to his beloved countrv, that of territorial ex'enMon by military conquest. His message is an apology for sueh oourses, couened tn language so barefaced thai it c.<n psas current only anions the rude and vu!,ftir. He Is either a pander to those classes,or a type of them; perhaps both Can much better be said of Louis Philippe ? Hiaspeech lias the brevity, the polish, the neutral tone of ind'fferenoe, which constitute the triok of royal dignity; but It is aa manifest a homage to the people ns the Prcident'a .long message. It Is, indeed, a more genuine auhmiasion I'OU'a Philippe has been remiuded of what He owea to the people, and mak<-s his acknowledgment*. For some years, while his whole efforts seemed to be concentrated on prrairving tbe peace if F.urope, he won, from the poaceat le, respect and piaise; his neglect to fulfil the requiteui'-ntt of the obarter were overlooked in hia presumed x-ial to develops the material welfare of France ? In the heedlessness of success, or the diminished seuae of j responsibility which charaoteria a. old age, l>? a: lad al- ' lowed it to b? peroelved that ail this love of quiet was not for tfie s;\ke of France, but for the sake of his own ; family prrjecta Hia nak?d selfishness estranged tha pe.iple who placed him on tbe throne; thalr alienation Incomes dangerously apparent; he is arraigned at the i tribunal of public dinners-and before that trlbnnal he I d'igna to plead. The faet that tbe king on hia throne engages in controversy with the rvfor ilsta, b-;r.?ys a aftloua eit<ut of weak???!. f?ot a weakness of Kr?noa, lor France was n*v? itroo|?i tltutiht la bow is jaatuiai rwooxoM, RK E RNING, FEBRUARY 3, IS ?nJ hor lr nquUllty In a new symptom of lnoreaiing mo- 11 rs.1 strength It U a wenitn.M of the government,whloh a the king bitruys. Hi feels it necessary to s&v lome- n thing n-;nin?t those who refuse the homage of drinking r h<ii health after dinner; or who, without going to that li revolution try extent of speolul tuetotalUm, prenuine to ? srittclee th?- position of the goverrui?nt Tho kl g it uses word* which imply th?t his monarchy is " constitutional;'' that " union of all powers lathe state" will a 'satisfy all Interests;" and that to maintain his govern- n meut is to " guaranty, a 'oorjin* to the oharter, the pub- d 11U UUOrilfB au<l ttil lUtfirUKV^IU^CUIVUl*, IU? uvtu^, V that hi Urn very mush forgotten the charter, the publio b liberties, a-id the pledges under wbtch he took the orowu Absorbed in the business of his life, the settlement of hts family In th,i trade of r?y*lty, he has so lar fornotton thnee thln^e. as to resort to that stilling ?f the press which deprived his predecessor of the very orown he wears Hinkiug towards the tomb, before the sense has left his firs, he henrs the reproaches which pursue his memory far a forfeited w.->rd; and, unable to endure the reproach which he does not soruple to incur, he rnUes his expiring voiee in vain denial. He has used up his resources; In his craft he has used up his own repute for nn Ulyrses-llk? <iis irse ue?s; be has used up all the humbugs of the day In France?tho glory of the 1 three days," of which Lafayette so naively mad* him a present; the military ardcr of his people; the reputation, nay, the personal honor of his minister, who has permitted the aged chief to send him down to posterity with a tarnished name. The kiag his tried to reconcile Austrian support with Knulis'a support, SpenUh en croacbsamt with betrayal of Frenoh traditions in Italy. To one thing h<i has stuck throughout? the establishment of his dynasty, mi a settlement for his children. ills absorption in that scheme has betrayed him, and endangered Its success to such a degree that he, on his throng la obliged to defend himself against after-dinner speeohes?to counteract their effect on the nation with hollow professions. Both the American President and the Ruropean moniroh are truckling to the people for seiQsh purposes ? l'olk to retain his B*?t fir four years more; Louis Pol- ' llppe .o fix bis family ou tha throne. Both present an ui'ly ep-otiiole; yet one not devoid of consolatory suggestion. Time was when rulers could play their pranks without consulting the nation, which was helplessly dragged after them to costly victory or degraded captivity?the compulsion to take oouasel with the people now, is some guarunty against abuse. In France, we s*e tbat It brings back the king to a wiser tone; and in that respect the n onarohy seems to be better off than the republic. Polk follows his people for evil, Louis Philippe for good Tli- rea?on Is to be sought in the Intellectual c'lff.-renoe between the two people France is a metropolian country, liiitb lii mentaloultnr? aud civilization The United Htates retain aiuoh of the rudeness of a coloaial country, fall oulture extending only to a minority so email as to possess comparatively slight influence. The result is, tbat the monarchy, with its limited suffrage, and its undeveloped liberties, more thoroughly possesses Itself, and ooutrols Its rulers to more us* ful purpose, than the Model Republic, whose ruder passloos i place it at the mercy of lower Influences. Henoe we i 1 >arn that tbe dignity and safety of nations reside less in tha formal structure of institutions than in the in- < telligence and moral elevation of the men themselves , It h not the Louis Phitippes or the James K Polks that 1 mete out human advancement. 1 Faalilons fur January. [From tho London and Paris Lailes' Magazine of Fashion .1 Tha warm and ooaifortab e douillette has re-appeared this winter, In Paris, in an improved form, ornamented by quilting. In patterns tor evening social parties they are made In p<nk vnd nlais satin, trimmed with ermine, und small mantelet to match. The stvle of trimming redingotes is no longer confined to the tabller form ; many have trimmings enolroling the skirt, partioulai ly in quilting Cloth drefses aro worn, dark blue and claret being the favorite oolors ; they are embroidered In soutaohu, intermixed with embroidery en relief, tbe tight haok of the oorsa^e being equally oruamented with ibe front; they are also aeooinpanied by mantelets embroi aereu ana miooiw , iuiu< nave merely Hingis wiu? g?lon vtlonte, or four very narrow ones divided by buttons The ^imp-trimmings continue an indispensable accessolri! of moat tolUttee, and not ODly for robes and manieaux. but also bjonets and oaps are frequently ornamented by thein. Fringes, oudes and orepc are inuoh ujc-d on ball drtsses. Walking and carrlsge-dresses are mad* tight and high, with long Bli-bves, closing at the wrists For evening wrur the ojraa^rti are low. tight and pointed, many having droperle on the top. Pretty little mantelets are mad* for eveulog use, ot laoe, or plain tulle, trimmed with several rows of laon ; the riob lacesoarf is, however, more elegsnt Flowers are very much used on ball dresses, either in bunches or wreaths forming rr-outants, or cordons so mull us to form the hetdlngs of flounces Those of foliaga are particularly pretty. The velvet bonnets are mostly of dark colors, blaok, royal blue, vanttl^; but tjiey are lined with a ooatrmtIng oolor. and ornamentvt. with mnoh taste inside; plumes if smell UaiheM are fashionable, thelaat lulling low. but the most elegant oues have a single os'.rich feather nous, with marabouts, or a bird of Paradise. Gimp Is also used on velvet bonnet*, in a kind of resllle, covering the orown. Velonrs epingN is very fashionable this reason, in all (hadea of grey, fauvette and deep blue The pardessus were never prettier than th?y are this winter ; the forms are various, whether in velvet, satin >le chine, naslmir cr drap oaohemere ; those for young ladies, of satin a la reine, are with slaevea, and mule close to the waist Manteaux de visit* reaoh very low, and have several rows of trimming. Very pretty little , cspi ace made of narrow blonds, aud narrow velvet, i wLh lappets of blond ; velours epingle, and stamped vel , vat, form numerous coiffures, mixed with black lacs, and tho half squares of lace sre much In favor, oonflutd by a bouquet of flowers or velvet c wads. Miscellaneous Among the recent failures of English houses in Calnulla, is mentioned that of .smith. Lowell, h Co. To the above, sayi the Huston Jlivtr'ittr ot yesterday, a correspondent enablesns to sppend the following: ? * Dehaber. Frankfort. Hartley, Berohard & Co Halifax. iiramer 6t Son, Amsterdam. Ilardman it Co.,. . Liverpool. Boyle kCo, do Oxlay, Dunlap St Co Bradford. A sumptuous dinner was given by Mr. Balwer, on the firet dty of the new year, at which the representative of the United States, Genera! Saunders, was present. Captain Kobert Haley Judd, R. N , the last survivor of the battle of Buuker's-hill, ami one ot the f?w survivors of the glorious 1st of June, expired on the J9th ult . at his residence at Cheltenham. He hau been in eleven general aotlons with tho enemy's tleets, besides outtlng out vessels, ac d fighting with the army on shore. We regret to announo* the death of Lieut. P Ambrose, at Portsmouth, in his ftSth year. He served in the expedition to Holland ; In the Phaibe, at Tradigar ; and in <he Endymion at the paatage or the Dardanelles , was Acting-Lieutenant of the Port d'Eepigne at the lelge of Martinique ; in the gun-boat service at Gibraltar ; and latterly was one ef the Admiralty Agents, in charge ot the malls on the ship* of the Dtitisli and North American Mail Steam-ship Company. Admiral Cocututc.?The Earl of Dundonald, onoe Lord Cochrane, has in the ino?t flatteriaz terms been nfT-ro 4 the naval command of the North Amerioan and West Indian naval station* The veteran admiral has acoepted tha command ; and will thus, in the evening of hid day*, enjoy an honor too long deforced, to which hit unrivalled exploit* hava so justly entitled him. Dkavh or Tromii W. On.rrw?The Knglish papers uroruncs the rudd.-r and unexpected death of Tnomas ^V. (iilpin. E?q , the United Status Consul at Belfast.? Ills death wai caus.'d by diseaf* oftlie heart. The Corn Trade of Eoropr. [h'rou the Alark Lane Express, Jan. 10.] Noohange has takes plaoe In the oh&raoter of the weath'r; we have occasionally experienced a flight frost daring the night time, hut the days have been mild, wet, <tnd altogether nttMMonable The bttfb rang" ?f temperature and the Urge quantity of ram that has fallen ban stimulate 1 vi-gelation, and the wheat p'ant has a somewhat tco g.y an appearsnos tor the period of the vear No d?iig*r Is, however at present apprehended from this elrcumstaroa ; ind*d, the reports from lb* ng.-ioultural distilots generally sp'ak favorably of our future prospects Tae most serious evil whioh has hitherto resulted from the unusually warm and damp wejther has been the injurious elfioc It has had oa the condition of the eo?a ct last year's growth. Tha accounts from all part* of tha kingdom complain of the bad order in which the grain has hitherto oouie to market ; and there e?n be no doubt that this ha* had a mateiial Influence on the tone of the trade. Merohants and miliars ara naturally unwilling to buy largely of an article soarcely available fur Immediate use, for in iany otsiilhew eat ha* been rendered so rough m not to be In a flt state to grind without a large mixture of old Buyer* have, cousrquenily, contracted their operations, aa 1 the anticipation* c.f higher prioes gocarary Indulged in by holders at tba close of last month do not alone rem iiu unfulfilled, bat the tendency has lately bee? decidedly downwards Matnwhiln farmers donotbilng forward supplies freely, and as thu quantity held by other parties is (excepting In the port of I,ondoD) small. It is not likely that the value of bread-stuffs will, for some time at least, give way to any grrat extent Tc enter Into any predictions as to the prob\ble range of prices In spring would be wholly absurd, as that will depend on matt rs cf whioh nothing can now be known. Ii . the then appearance of the crops the probable ?i tent of t e shipments fmn abroad, ho. Hitherto the actual fall in prWs has not b??n Important; Indeed, we doubt whether, if due alliw\nce be made tor the deterlora-Ion which the quality has undergone, the article can b? quoted at all cheaper. At Liverpool, on Tuesday, really tine parcels of wheat, whether old or new, were he'd at the advanoe of the preceding market day, or 3d per 701bi. above the currency of thst day sennight; and though tha ordinary kinds weie offered at lower terms, the Intrinsic value ?ai quite as much lrss ss the difTrxnce In price. On FrUay business was excessively dull; wheat was quoted from id to ltd per 701 bs, and fljur la per bbl. lower The rrports from other large ocnaumtng markets la the north are, on the whole, dull; an effort appears to have bsrn made to ob'aln former terms, which had the effect of eh. eklog business, aad the transactlocs at Hull aud L?eds were, on Tuesday, on q ilte a retail sjale ' Kroiu Wakt field we Itarn that good supplies had been received; and, ou Friday, wheat w*s off*.log at a reduction of Is per qr without rxcitiag muo.i attention Tin advic-s trom the western and northwestern par's of ths km^ij im are gensriilyof a very dull tone, At Birmingham, on Thursday, tusra was but lltti* wheat on sal'*; notwithstanding which, an abatement of Is to 'Js per qr had to be sulmittrd to oa all but picked samples This was also the ruie at Bristol ancLneighboriog | markets Tha arjonnts from nearly all theYlac?* above referred to nsorlbe ?he fail milnty to th? w iu'. t?I>odi i tlou in wiileh tha wliuat hai come to baud. Oar lfttws from BooUm* 4waU pwtiouiMly oa U>? | [era; 148, lanaer in whloh th? potato's are going off in th^ pit?. ud anticipate a greatly increased consumption of oth-r , rtiolea in oonsequenoe The dull reports from the South nJ good supplies of grain had. however, hud a depre?s- tf) ag effnot on quotation*, and not only wheat, but all . orts of com, had tended downwards in value at the -a ling markets The advioes from Ireland in regard to potatoes are "I lao unfavorable, but priors of other artiol?s of food do ni ot appe*r to have beeu muob inttueooed thereby; In- " eed, Indian oorn, the gruat nubstitute for potatoes with jf be poorer classes, ha I receded In value. owing to the ,, mlief that Urgor supplies would be received from Amiloa than had been previously reckoned on. (j, r The arrivals of whent coastwise Into London have u ?en on tho sain* moderate scale this week us for anme 0| im? past, only a 0 >6 quarters having been reported up ^ o this (Saturday) evening The<|uantity brought forward nl iy land carilagq samplea from the neighboring eouatles fo las, mean whil",been very scanty; indeed,there was hardly or ny thing exhibited either on Wednesday or Friday from ^ >? * or riuffulk, and the fsw runs displayed on tho Kent "w ranils consisted mostly of parcels left over from previous , | eoslpts With so scauly a supply. the operations have of leoeenarlly been on a reitilcted scale ; but though the ^ lillera hi re acted with the utmost caution, factors have ju emained Qr;a, end th-? little business done has been at Vil revious prio ?. Kurther supplies of wheat have arrived w mm ahrniul?this was bardlv expected ; till very little _ sfTeot ha* been produced by'the late reoeipts, as iropor- t"( ern hnve refrained (torn preasln * rales lrom onboard u hip. The oountry demand lor foreign wheat ha* not Q| leen by any mean* active sinoe our last, and the looal )t nqtilry hai slso been Mow. Kine qualities, particularly |, Jauzig, have, nevertheless, been held for fully as much. ^ tnd needy buyers have been obliged to p>y Monday's t) mrrenoy for what they required for Immediate use. in w econdary and Inferior sorts scarcely anything has been w lone; and quotations have, therefore, remained nominal- (l y unaltered. ? The value of home manufactured flour has undergone ; j >o ohnogo requiting notice, though the turn m*y, per- r aup", In some cases have biten rather iu f*vox of the pur- ., ihajer. Of Ameriotn very little has oome to han 1 ; but is the latest advlo?s fr-m ihe United States Intimated 0 .ha*1, the stocks at the ports on the seaboard hadioorvas- H, rd, It is deemed probable that some small lots may drop 0 iu from time to time Choice brands being very *cn.roe. t) have bueu held firmly at former ternn; and though the u inquiry for secondary sorts has been languid, prices have n uot suffered any abatement. The arrivals of home-grown barlv have bssa small n since Monday, nor has much been brought forward by ( land carriage samples from the neighbnrii g counties k This grata has. nevertheless, been very difficult of t'is- n pusal, the maltster* and distillers having manifested a deoided ol'jsotion to buy more than ubsalu'ely necerxary '| for their immediate wants. In this position of affairs price* have continued to tend downward*, and *econ- t( dary sorts might in soms Instances havo been bnnsht a ir trifl* lower on Friday than Id the beginalog of the week ,,, Foreign barley has uot excited any particular attention; t] itiil prio?* of good heavy grinding sorts have been about a maintained Malt has hung on hand very heavily, but no quotablo t )hani<e has occurred l? its valun ,, .The supplies of oats frnm our own ooa't have amounted ,] to 3,380 quarters, and from Scotland, 820 quarters have L jome to band. In the Irish arrivals thltre Is a slight in- B trease, 5,8i0 quarters having been reported. Oti the ^ other hind, the foreign supply his fallen off. and, taking . the total, the arrival is smill The leadiog dealers hare. ^ throughout the week, acted on the reserve; nor have w consumers been inclined to take more than required ? t-jr oresent use The trade has. therefore, beeu dull; bat factor! have Insisted on previous rates, and the bust- ( ntu done on Wednesday and Friday, tbougb trifling j in extent, whs at full terms. t Beans have been rather more inquired for, and neither n English nor foreign have been sold at all cheaper thsn j on Monday. t The transactions in peas have not been very exten- t sire, aid quotations have remained much the itue as c previously , Indian com baa been negleoUd, in oonsequenoe of , dull advice* from some of the principal IrWh markets. , Owing to the non-Arrival of Tuesdav's Hamburg mall, ; our news from the Baltio is not so oomplete ai usual; we have, however. D <nttg advices of the 1st lust . and accounts ?f corresponding dates from some of the other prinoipal ports The navigation having beoome closed, t and the inquiry for spring shipment having bt en com- t para'ively trifling, but little business serins to have been 1 done either in wheat or spring corn. Oar Daoiig l?tt-rs state that prious of wheat were nominally 4 is to c 4Ps per quarter, stocks were ve y short, and holders v had remained exceedingly firm. During the year 1917, ? there had been exported from Danzig 39 7ifl lasts of ? wheat, and the quantity remaining lu wuretioim on the |< 1st Inst , amouuted to only 3 339 lasts, about two-thirds of which consisted of olJ, and t?? other third of new n The weight of the new wheat whicU had oomo forward, had varied from 681b? to ttOibs per bushel. d At Stettin, on the 3 i of January, prioes of wh*at were f almost nominal, and icuoely anything appears to have ? been ilone there dariug the preueuing woek. For spring j delivery, 4.5s. per quarter, free on board, had been aslted i f ir good Pomeranian uokerinark, weighing 01 lbs. to tii | lbs per bushel. i From Antwerp we have letters of Tuesday's date; the , weather had been changeable there, alternately frost t and thaw Business in wheat hal been qaiet, but i holders had generally exhibited much firmness, and had deoliued accepting lower terms. Th? news from the south of Europe ii not of much Interest. From Marseilles we have advices of very re- Ii sent dates, vil , 4th Inst ; prices of wheat had tended tl upwards tbere, in oonsequenoe of a demand for Langne- p doc; for really fine Polish as much as 44s (Id per qr. ha<l tl b?eu paid, and other sorts had realised corresponding tl rstes. Freight to Kngland was 7s 6J per qr., and 10 t< per oent. In Indian oorn and beans ihera had not b?en 'I much pasting; both articles were relatively higher there n than In our markets, say, Oalata Indian corn -J9s and t hsfvptUn beaus Mi per ijr. tree on board. a From Leghorn ws learu. under date of 30th of Dec , a fhat a caigo of fine Polish wh?at had been bougbt i there, for Ireland, at a price equal to 47s ttd per qr ,1a- o eluding freight. I iUUcrllniieous. j. Oil ths 3-Uh ult., MaduinomellH Hmtn* A , one of the . firit aeronauts of Kranoe. ma>l? her tlfch ascension from J liingimia raoe-cours?, opposite New Orleans. Sim t arose to a threat height and descended iu one of the | streets of New Orleans, where she w?s received by her j brother, who had followed her on horseback. The recent heavy rain which fell on Wednesday lait a in this oity, rau#t have extended (oot distance in the In- p terlor, aa tt ha* caused our river to rise, and it wa? last a eveniog running over the lower wharves.?..?u.?u?f<i( Ua ) Smiintl, Jan. id. I The snow storm of this morning, detained the trains * upon all the railroads more or less,?in some Instano^s the detention was nearly two hours.? Bost. Journal, Ik . intt. " We Wrn from a gentleman who oame from the inte- e rior of New Hampshire on Saturday .that It snowed hard t through Kriday night; and that eight or ten inches of ^ snow must have fallen before noon on Saturday.?/Vavtlltr. r Mrs. Hfcb Holiowny, of Madison, N. J. committed sul- ^ cide by hanglDg, on Kriday afternoon. Mr H, return- li ing from his business, had occasion to go into the carrot, *' wh-n he perceived, as he th?n thought,his wife standing tl upon a chair, but when abeut dtsoendlng, he spoke to t< her, and not reoeiring any answer, he looked more close- ti ly, and discovered that she bad hung herseli' with a -i skein of yarn. n Thecommuoioatlcn between Ksyettsvtlle and Charleston, was opened on Friday last In n few d*ys it is ex- 1 peeled tltat tho lis* to Petersburg will be completed. ^ The New Brunswick Union contains in full the pre- i seeding* at a dluner given in that city by a number <>| Kentlemeu.ln honor of Commodore Stockton. Judge Nevins preilded, and welcomed the gallant Commodore to the oity. J General Kearn?y arrlvid in New Haven on Tuesday, and tot k lodglugs at the Pavilion. He l?aves the oity ? ?n U/.tr,-.,!.- H Tlie *?or? of Tiffany Jt Lnokwool, Bufftlo. ?at burtif 1 ^ no tie momloii of the 'ilth January. Low botwetn \ JijuoO in, l $3000. Willard W?;k?r, long known and re*pected a* an en>rprlmog Q'rcUant 01 Albany, died a few day* stnse In that ntty The s'.eamr? lolti. lylnjc in ihe Basin at Albany,sprung Moak ou funday, and would have mink h d It not been ' tor til* assisianoa of an englno whicU pumped her out. The flrst ftturgeon oangtit at Albany this year was , "lamed up in a seine at the F?rry, ou Friday last. The wheeling in the vicinity of Albany la in sorry ;otidillon; the w??th?r is wa-m aud the mud deep. , The mail from 8lu?b?n to I!ome, was robbed on the . ilgr.t of Saturday week, and bu not been reoovered. Tba State Medical Society wm to nx-et ia the oapttol n ht Albany, yesterday. novcmrnti In Honor of Army OJttcera nt llomo. At a regular meeting of the Louisiana A?anal?tlrn of (1| /eterac* of M14 and '15, held on Sutur lay, 4lh Decern- 3 *r, 1847, resolutions were unanimously adopted, that 0j dajor General Zs.chaty Ta^lor be constituted an bolorary member of this asacciation. The Heoretary lnorm'd the General of his election as a member of the {*' iMOolatlon, and re?*l?nd a reply from him. la which fj be ell bsro acknowledged the compliment In a hand- f. line It tier. d', Toe friends of Midshipman Charleston. S , 3 , h?vn ordered a beautiful sword, which haa b?en tin- t. she! and Is ready for presentation The aword la from ^ be innnufsotory of Acaee, at CabotvllK Maas . and la f laid to be beautifully ciade, and thesoabbard elaborate- tl r wrought. tI Dkstroyino 1'iiovision*.?A. eorrrwponHant of ^ he Netcai k Advertiner, writing from Augusta, \j i* , stales that negro man of middling age aud aid, trelnbing about IAD lbs , iu the short tpaca of two lour*, at the usual tiour f.-r breakftat, ate and drank n, f\? enormous quantity of provisions ooiapri* 1 In the -1 olliwiu# Hat. via: 13 c*t-fl*3,'2 shad. IS doisn b'seult, 10 fl it oakes, 1}? ib uu *er, tt liufce sausage, ;3 eirg.'. 30 >ars of corn, 4 011 token*. j alm^aof be* ft'uk* aud i o! II?- "' ir. 1 gtllon bto'4 boue atew. I I?r*e piale of rtoe. 19 oops >f ooflee. and I plat of orandy. Tb* iuoonvenieuoe a ?nln(g thia experiment w ta k.-> t;i?t ho I<acuoUi- * it< ly walked to another quarter of the city and ?t? 17 u" rater in lona.eipreaelug adejire lo partalu* ofuore could Iley lure b. en found. It may he proper to a 4 J, in con- At lection with the above, and it would eerm strange too, hat a* regard* hi* ordinary habit* o: eating and drlmk- c< ng, he 1* remarkably abstemious oil The editor of tb?-tJr-r '? remarks thrt h? oboTo 0? written by a rv^nlar su??jjriter ( Q 4" v lfth>per- f >le of IrUaud aii aU at tiieabofe rale, iioa mauy ct.un- pi tin would l? tafet to nnty Una wlU? yroTUIoMiJ I tb LD. Mm Two Osata. V.irmon' Club. Ttbsdat, F^brntry i, 134^.?'Tha cmto ninr nu-moathly in -ftinsj of the'nar*' Club ok place to-day, in itic room? of the Institute. Ithoajjli tli utttu'litnce wns not nunasrom, a itlici nt number ot practte il and iatslligeat rriculturists wcru dttrtc-d l?y the annouioei**nt ol the con'iri'i ition ol the popular object Ploughing ami Stib-soilin ?Jud^e Livingston i the chair. An article vvm r^ad on the pro.....o ?r .1... i j . \ A i 0Q-? of whioh, r*o?ntly h*H at \1 <400 v, s^iotaaeiM Of j is, hemp an 1 wool w-ria yarded the highest at?*lc, u4 general prefireno?gtvsa to jih arttuUs a* wars oalilatrd. intlnir ?r>?t>i and uian'ifa :tute, to tnhitM iu national iinporUnos of th? empire. Mr Wakoan announced the nrep^ratlon of * bill, to be laid torn the Sanate. for tha esUbllshmnt of an agricultural illega. and r?ad tht resolutions of tat New York Stat* grioultural Institute, i? the programme of the bill, la hloh the advantages of a ao-ml*te anl liberal eduoaon of the farmer -naKir^ him to appreciate the Ttla* hi 1 Tarn imi ?..f >rd n' .n ths g^ner ?l koowlege rkmryr to improve hit Ian is, and the loienoe Indispensable its application to agriculture, In promoting and olo iling. Itv Bound instruitlon, the tnlmtrUl olasses, ire forcibly eiprassrj, and raommending the blU.M nrtliy of private and legislative approval. The 8?ore,ry r?ad ua nrtlote on ?he necexsity of testing seeds ul iod?rn Improvements In agrotultural iaipleuimti; also, an upon agricultural odd ition, by Columella. written JOO years pest, on thrgrowth of turnip, ?ud resommeadig ax manures clovar aud /-tchu A pauer on the ueoesty of ettabllxhiug a school of dexlgu wax also read, when na b*n?Uti of nuoii uu Institution in Paris and DabUn ere displayed Or 1/niarhtU read an adrortlMmoat htch aopeated In tho p-iblio pao-rc, from a person ofiring his s-rviics for the p.uni og of vlnas, at this sea >n < f tUn year, and promising hia system and season of oing so. ai that adopted by Dr Underbill at Croton olnt. Dr. Underbill refutes the id<*a a* to the time of "I-.:. a* his practice la universally the reverse of lint announced. The dontor never prunes in Janannr r February; his time is Maroh and April, as vlnoa will art when pruned late, thin early?mare esnelally, the Isabella and Catawba. Foreign grapes, in not ouses, may be pruned early. Dr. U. commences proting the first of Maroh, uud generally finishes in bis ruliards by the second wart in April. Professor Smith exerted as a botanical tact, tbat if yon cnt off ths limb f a tree in the fall, It never will heal over. Mr. Pell bought tbat people should ba oautlons in plsolog rollnca on advertising of tvila nutura, as It was frequently dopt?d from motive* of prejudice and personal monody. The subject vf tha ojnaxlon ?" su b-solllng,"?waa lien Introduced. Dr rndnrhill, in recapitulating his marks on a former occasion, stated as his theory, that > prepare a livid not in sod, he would spread over the lanuro, and only plough as d?up as the soil went; then rosr-plonph and mix tbe manure with the olay, and aereby obtain ullrogsn, oxygen, and oarbonio sold, s atmosphcrlo manures, illustrating his thoory by the ?i??? nl hakem in tborouirhW and universally mlxinff he yeast. bo tnat It will bear an equal pressure on the aa?3 of (lough; and so with <olls~go through to nay lepth. mis ull together, and when placed below, the ferBHutiiiou will puss through the vngetabl - mould, >nd circulate uriv. ra.iily by ploughing deep at flrat. The loorsoii in mlted by ploughing, cross ploughing, and IdUititnj; a?ain Than the deep plough can be usod, ecording to the nuture of th- noil Mr. Pike differed rl'loiy from Dr Underhtll in the theory of ploughing ia sady sills; and on the doatrlne of capillary attraction, ifl-r'il from thoae who aot.aldered it the rlae of fluids to he auriace, whiln he believed It to be nothing but the iepression of (Tilda In the ground, the earth absorbing he at'raotlon, illustrating the fact by the oonitrua ion f the barom-ter and th* th?i ia>meter, aod the asoandng or descending qualities of ma mercury or wiaa In tbo una l'hia produced aome very valuable and acientlflo -inarka from Mr gtnith, which, from htg profound (tady if authors of nh^mtoal celebrity, as well as from bis own leraonal purauita aud experience in that scienss, ba had aaohed auoceaalully, ga?e a frsah impulse to a disotuilon that terminated with the ouatomary hour of odournment. i'nllie liiteiiigeuun. I)oingt brfitre Junici Othumt ?At the watob reurns yusterday morning, offl :?rs Fesny and Clifford, of he Oth ward polioe, prevented ht-fjra the magistrate a ittla, ehunky, black fallow, called Jake West, alias ' Hlipp?ry Jaae." together with a young black woman, lalltid Harriet 'dims, both charg-i with robbing rbite man by the name of Robert otoddard. of bla coat, allied at $lo. while In the premises No 6 I.ittle Watsr treit. or, as It is commonly oalled, Cow Bay,on Um 'Ire Tolnta. MauisTHArs ?Well, Stoddard, what ehirgs do yon aa'ae against Jake ' dTouD*aD.?Yi>ur honor, I was sitting In one at tbooo lanoe houses. anl oiufess I was a little in liquor, and euliog tired aud sleepy this colored woman said she aoul't take iut< to a ludg'ng room, aud on going up an i.ley-way two or three tu*u caught bold of me and tosk II uiy overcoat and went up stairs 1 followed than np nto a room, tryiug to get back cy coat; In tbla room I vas shown avveral ropes, aud m:id? to belleva that If I nado any noise lh?y would hang me ; the oandle was ihen put out by the woman, and my ooat was cnixlod iway by them MauisTsaTB?What coaotryman are you, Stoddard? Srouoaai)?I was birn in Scotland, your honor. Minis rk 4 rt- Yes, I thought yon were either English, rlah, Sootoh or Frenon, for no sooner do they land ksrs, ban they vbdtand associate with these black orantnrw. oaaibly the reaaon Is, as this sabls fruit Is notonivated in their own ooumry, and wishing to taste ail m beauties of this land of liberty, the flrat they do, la > mix In with th?e dirty blacks on the Fire Points.? 'ha inulhn.l adnnfad ho Mr Vlfttflnll. wh?n hfl vafl A laglatrate bare, waa to plan* thru* amalgamatieniata by he aide of th?dr black fanriea la lha pol a? offlna all 4>7, ,ud show them up to *11 Tkitera, which I think la about a just a puuiabiaent aa oouldbe indicted, and I believe aliail adopt th- aarne ayaiem. Aj to Jaka, ha ia ona of ur regjlar euatom*!*. What do you do fbr a Urine aow, akef Jabs? No, Judge Osborne, I never atoala anythlfta. I lara't don.! anytalug for a long Mm a ; no, Judge, I Ml 'ou the truth, ou my honor. I tan'e on that " lay" now. 10 how; and If you look me up for what I ham't dona, I hlnka it'a hard. Juat give q-i a night. If I WW " foal," abouldu't say a word; I should be willing to go ap tot t; but, Jtidge, I am aa innoocnt aa the cau l unborn. Maoiithatb?Yea, Jake, we know you wouldn't atanl nythlng out of reach; and aa thla uaee appear* to b? r?tcy atroag a^alnat you, 1 ahall losk you up lor trial; nd Harriet, also, aa au acoomplloe. Hakrikt?Me, Judge' Way I know nothing about It. waa only in there when the aeoi dent happened. 1 Mi married woman Miunrmrt? Where la yoar husband. Harriet f Habbiet? He ia at aea, Judge, and I drnwa enongh I* :aep me while he ia gone. .YUoistratc?Vea, I've no donbt bat what yon draw nongh to keep you; but it cornea from the pocketa at he men you rob. Take them down, offluera, and toll tho f?wr to provide them with e comfortable oell. liorie athng ami S'diiction ?Co Datable Rao arcatHd, on Tu-aday nlgnt, a man by the nan* of EdWla i of tin, on a charge o( aiealiug a borae and wagon, jng'.ug to Joidph l.iina, realdlag at Cheater, Maaaaohaxtia. It appxara from the tact* In thla oaae, that Amin hired the home and wagon of Mr. Laaea, under pro?aoe of going a diatanee of JO mil?6, but Instead cf reirnlng according to promise, he prooosded oat of tho tate, a distance of nnar 100 milee, to Bridgeport, Coa cticut. taking wiihuim tbe wife and two ohl'draa of dwin Wlloox, of Cheater On arriving at Bridgeport a put the hotan and wa*on up at a livery atable, and iiiuMdiately left for thia city; putting up at Howard'* iotel, wu?*r? the crtl.-ar auaceeaed in making the arreeV 'he accused waa detained lu order to be Mat back. Law Intolllgonca* UtftTcn Srarca Di?t*ict Coubt, l"eb. 3.?Before ud?o Betta?After the Juifge bad takan hla lent oa tho ench, thia morning. the O.-aml Jury pannel waaaalled ver, and a qeotum hiving answered, hla honor dovcred tbe usual charge lie aaid the aerrlcea of tho ntl?men of t ie Ornnd Jury were required, on thla oosiiion. to enable the eourt to e*erel?e ita criminal Jarialotion They w?t? aware l?>at the United Mtate* Court* ave Jurladlotlon if *11 orim?a committed on the high a. end iu all pUora wimin the Juriadiotion of tho ui:ed states There ate a great unmber of oaaaa on i? calendar; but none of tti*a of any great megaiide 1'he court not being advised ot tne particular ? ure of the uit?ne?*, doee not think it neoetaaryto train the jury with any leuglhenud observation* Tho Jifrict At.oru?y will t>e in attendance, and give any tplanatiou or luformation which may be required. Tho iry then retired Maiornn anH k'widtdbill vt Tht Stkjontr WiUitm B. ' Jit'r, .Jo?This oauae, which waa 9onocooM yeeter ij, ?l.J reported la the H-ratd, wm raaoinrd Common Pi.caa.Kab 1- Before Judga Dal ink. rt at rt Jan-tS Uiitr.?Thia waa an action oa promiasory note for >100 Ob the trial, it Appeared ut on* c riim on the buMneas of boot aod n?uj*k'r In BleeokT street, and sold oat toap?r*oe iiu'.l Hamlin, who purchased goods to the amount ' $300, ami added it to the stosk, aad then reaoid to aldwm, and reeeifed la payin-ut two note*, on* ' which la the note in ault, which ww endorsed f defendant L'tter, f>r which h<? received a mortice ou the wnole of the goods, a* security Himn nfterwardi purobased su<ar from toe plaintiff* rwhlahbegtve this note I'be defence eet ap wm and betw??n Hatha and Baldwin aod want of conatiration Tho in obarglng the jury, said that tQough a nete be lii'gfil in ita orf<"i yet that if paaaad i a third party who gifes faluaMe consideration for It, Itbout notioe of ita ordinal def"ota, he would (till be ltltl d to reeofer; but it be waj> a??re of the flraad be rern the origiutl partlea at the tiq? he took it, efaa tough h < ga?- ,'u.i rain* for It. ha ia pr tainted bj the wnof this ticate from maintaining an action on it ? <al-d Ter Jmt to morrow (this morning ) For plaintiff, r R. M Harrington ; for defendant, Meaars Hora ;eranJ StrTeueon. Co. ?t CaiaaDAa?This Day ?Cummin Pita*?lat irt ??, 71,73 79. 91, 87, 88, 95, tot, 107. 111. 119, 119. Id put?94. 13, 4J, 41 4J 40, 70, * J, 74, 79. soriimi Cot kt or 1mb Ui?it?o Statu ? Tueaday. bruaiy 1,1648 <oa 31 31 The Flap'T*' Bank of plaint! if In error, fa Th 'Ciae L Sharp et al , d Baldwiu, Vail k Iluftj, plal* t)lT? la error, fa. Jaaea inn et al. The Hr.juM.ent of the** causes waa e^utiad by Mr. Wharton for fie pi ?i-.tiffs In error, aad by .' sa Colfm "j an I (iilyln lor tba drfeudauta In trror. Jj -uu'-d till to-uiorr.iif, II o'clock. Cm or C II lltu vi .The Cirr or Botfo* ? la tka mit of ? ommi'u flak*, the oaae of k. H. Hall fa tba ty of Boston, for dam*?o? auataiued by falling Into a liar bole In Paarl ?tr.-,t, bta been glfen to the Jury tie a - r.11' w*.* ft>uud i" w VI41S d?.m*g-s for tka aii.liH. 1 tie lily i> has taken exoeplioaf to ? ruling it 1*9 tvmti oa fallow Ttm?, Ft$.

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