Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 4, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 4, 1848 Page 2
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I NEW YORK HERALD. I I JG!Ui?tit Ccmtr el (ultra hcu Rsuan itt I JAJ1&8 GORDON BENNETT, I X rilOPIUKTUIt. I OAluV HERJILU-Ktery day, (Sundn ineluded.) ? ,ents rer copy?tl tiper ant turn-in the United states. I ?'?(jpfui subscribers. 9-1 P** to iwclude the vol' I "*f'"!RKXF HEH.9I.n-Kieiy Sntur.iay?t\ cents per c fy?ti 1*W ?'< ? annum?in the United States. KuI f -Ajr. M?" imnMi|l4 incl* le the postage. Jtn e ii'ion will he riblished on the day of the departure of each ? teomcr, with intelligence from ait parts of the I .iaiTirai continent to the latest moment. Subscriptions end c tsertuementl received by Messrs. Oalignoni, II i Fivtenne, Parts: P. L. kimonds, II Uomhill, and j /ii "tu.er, bookseller. Henrietta street, l.ondon. I I'llESIDENTl.iL HEIIJILD?Every Tuesday? One B Vottn for the C ivtpaigr.. I -it>i ERTISELJENTS (nexo every morning) at rea tonabU prices; to he written in a plain, legible manner ? The proprietor not responsible for errors in manuscript. P *f IXTINtt of all kinds esse.'uted beautifully and with 4 sralcti. Orders rece.ved at the Publication Office, cor I ?-r of Pulton and Aatsau streets. I .U.L LETTERS by mail, for subscriptions, or with e .cet tisements, to be post Paid, or the postage will bt de ducted from the money remitted I VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, containing I tmj *rlant news, solicited from any Quarter of the world? I and if used, will be liberally paid for. I NO NOTICE can be i^ken of anonymous iy\i.tever is intended for insertion must be authentiI sated by the name and address of the writer ; not nece.ssaI r-?.y for publication, but as a guaranty of his good faith. I We caw.ot undertake to return rejected e?mmiinic?ti<mj. I iLL rJitHENTS to be made in advance. I AMl'SKMKNTS THIS KNINO. P'.HK 'i HEATUH;.?Sarnia Lrutk Co."? America* Cmeui, in tfieir various performance*. HOWKRV THEATRE. Bowwy.?Hamlet?Morrell, TUK La*I< PlRATK. I \THfMTHEATR8, Chatham ?tj#e(.?llrm hrack ~L<>Tiiiir TuutT?BnoKK" Sword. rli'liAN'C'S HALL, Broadway, near Broome itreel.? I'i'.iiu'i Mii??thkli?Ethiopian Sirioina?Bible??i'e r? -.(mu,ke. >'VI.MO*S OPERA HOUSE, Chambtri itrett.?Sable Kmothkhi?Model Artiit?. PANORAMA HALL, Broiulwer. b*?-i Ho??to? it.?Bantitd i Panorama or thk miwmipm. STUVV" S<NT INRTITUTK?Lynnc'i Muiical 1Lli'ITRaTion or Sharspkar*'. BnonKT VV-BT?OOK* V"n I VSTITUTE, Wiuhin*ton Atreet?Macomhkr Tro> pk's Concfrt New lark, Friday, February 4, 1848. {&- Advertiser! ante rec ived tor one insertion only. Hie TrUt Correspondence.| We give in another p>rt of this paper the correspondence in relation to the mission of Mr. Trist to Mexico, which was received in the Senate, on Wednesday, accompanied by a message l'rotn the President oT tlie United States, in answer to a .resolution of the Semite calling for in formation in rel -tion tothe negotiations between the American tnd Mexican Commissioners, during the suspension of hostilities after the battles of Contreras and Churubusco. In the present crisis, when the whole country is on tiptoe to hear whether Mr Trist has accomplished anything in Mexico or not, a perusal of what he has attempted, and the manner in which his eOorts have b-en met by the Mexican government, cannot tail to be interesting. We omit the first proposition submitted by Mr. Tristtothe Mexicans, having published it some time since, with which our readers are doubtless familiar. The magnetic Telegraph. The Southern line of telegraph became disarranged last night, between Washington and Philadelphia, in consequence of which we are deprived of our usual telegraphic summary, (re" ceiving but a small portion by the night mail) and other intelligence from" the South. We were more fortunate, however, with the Northern line, having received our reports of the legislative proceedings. The bill relative to the general bunking law was taken up in the Senate ; but from the diversity of opinion, on the subject of finance, among the members?each proposing some alteration or amendment to the original bill?nothing definite was done. In the Assembly, the lien law for mechanics was taken up and debated, and an amendment, making the bill applicable to cities only, was passed.' The bill making cities and towns responsible for damage by riots, having been amended so as to apply prospectively, was passed in committee?which closed the deliberations of that body for the day Commercial Opinion* In JlCurope and America I lit Great Moneyed Power*. We give a number of extracts in this day's paper, taken from London journals of extensive influence and circulation, in which there arc certain monetary and commercial views given on the moneyed power of the world, the money articles and opinions of the New York Herald, and also on the doctrines and talents of Mr. Walker, the present Secretary of the Treasury. Among these articles, we have republished from the Herald of Dec. 10th, a long editorial production, headed "Another great movement in speculation," which prolessed to give the impressions formed by us, during our Journey through England, France, Italy, and Germany, of the management of moneyed affairs on the continent, aud some of their effects on the United States; and particu-'arly a revelation concerning the power, position, and intAience of certain London capitalists, including the Rothschilds, 13 ir'ncs, and other great houses. Articles of this description have frequently appeared in the New York Herald, within the last few months, and they seem to have been picked up with greater avidity by the London journals, and published in them, than any other that ever originated 011 this side of the Atlantic. To the articles taken from this paper and published in the Standard of January the litth, we have annexed the remarks ot that paper, which are very peculiar and remarkable, -coming as they do from that quarter. The London Standard is the organ of the hereditary aristocracy of England, combining with it great talen', influence, and all the agricultural interest of that land. That paper is in a position to know precisely all the facts and views given in the Herald concerning the moneyed power of the w orld, and its editors concur implicitly in every thing published in the New York Herald. With these republished articles from this journal of December lust, we publish the remarks of the London press, for th>- purpose of showing the American 'community that if those articles were not appreciated in this country, they were in another Und; for we believe, that many of the financiers, and brokers, and blinkers of Wall turret, engaged 111 their own little schemes and petty speculations, are very apt to pass over com prehensive virwj ot monetary attairs. and give the go-by to the advice given in the Herald, out of pure spite and littleness of mind. On the subject of the Barings, ihe Rothschild**, and other great banking houses in England and Europe, we have a great deal more to say, and a Kre.U many more developments to make, fully as .tiling, and as correct us any we have yet given?,md of such a nature, as will astonish th<- people of Europe as much as unything we have yet ?;>.id?no matter whether they are understood in this country or not. Hut the time is coming wheu they will be understood. The United States, in their population, habits, increasing power, growing influence, military tastes, public spirit, increasing taxes, relish for Iulian opera, increasing public debt, delight in nuked dancers, great ambition, and the glory of a costly government, is lsst, very fust assimilating to the greatest, proudest, e.nd most luxurious nation of the Old World. And above and beyond all, this self-Bame city of New York, dirty as it is, and badly governed too, will, in due process of time, become the greatest commercial city that ever existed, in fact, the cspitol of the commercial world ; to say nothing ot art, <1 philosophy, of paintings, of pictures, of opera, { and *f ail other glorious humbugs, belonging to the 0reat aud glorieu- humbug ol this wor!d ( ; tin earth- of lliis solar system, beyond j l!, i w | rt.ie! tilled iNi piuue, and all rout-d to . i utei ed^esvl tttruiiy. Amen! j Who will bktkb nut President'!?According to all appearances in this region, the best chances would seem to be in favor of Mr. Clay, calculating on the divisions in the democraticparty in the State ot New York. Yet there is many a slip between the cup and the lip. We have given some reflection to this matter, and the present position of affairs; and we have deliberately formed the opinion, from certain private intimations given to us from the highest authority in Washington, that Mr. Polk will be a candidate in the democratic National Convention ; that in consequence of certain events taking place privately in Washington, Mr. Polk will get the nomination of the convention, and that the issue will be made up of the whole or none of Mexico, which issue Mr. Clay and his friends must meet. Now, there is no person in the world who has u more sober opinion of Mr. Polk, as a man of talent and a statesman, than we have, and we never expect to have any'motive to change this opinion. Mr. Polk's brother, Col. Polk, formerly American minister to Naples, is, in our estimation of human character, a man of muqh higher principle, greater intellect, and nobility of mind, in comparison to his brother, the President; but he never had a chance to show it. Yet in spite of the even estimation in which we hold Mr. Polk, we do firmly believe, looking over the present aspect of politics vn this country, and with the issued the whole of Mexico or none, acting on the vast fresh accessions of new voters during the last four years, that Mr. Polk -..'.11 J--U.J1.. I ] a nf- nl v* in uruiucuiy uuvc uic auvtuuuge uvcrivir. v^my, in spite of the divisions in the democratic party. We have much to say on this point, and a great deal to explain, very brief and entertaining, all of which we shall do at our leisure. in the meantime we learn that Mr. Folk, fearing the position of General Cass in the democratic party, and alarmed at his being nominated at the west as a candidate, has commenced to treat lnm, in relation to the Mexican question, as he treated Senator Allen on the Oregon question, three years ago. A few days ago, General C'aes went to the President, and asked him his opinion about the annexation of Mexico, whether he, the President, meant the whole or not?to which Mr. Polk gave an evasive answer, while on the same duy be communicated privately to another Senator what he really meant about the matter. From every species of information, we really believe that Mr. Polk is instigating the various democraticcandidate^ into hostility towards each other, in order to prepare the way for the necessity of his own nomination, by the convention which will meet in May, and that as soon as that is settled, he will come forth for the whole of Mexico. On that issue we fully believe?taking into consideration the popular impulse, the new voters, the dying off of old voters?that Mr. Polk may have a good chance to be elected President a second time, and that Mr Clay may be defeated a sixth time in spite of all the divisions in this State, or elsewhere. Let people think of this view. Health of the City?Public Improvements? The Croton.?A spirit of improvement in the building line is manifested in all quarters of our rapidly growing city, which is soon destined to rival any of the leading cities of Europe. This is the result of private enterprise on the part of many of our go-ahead citizens; and any one who takes a look u'p-town, will scarcely recog. u _ i * I u v:_u i i _ ui/iC uic lutauiy iuiuu?u wuitu iic uau lancu a hurried drive last summer. It is to be regretted that the same laudable spirit of improvement does not stimulate our city fathers to induce them to keep pace with this enterprising movement. Any one passing along the localities to which we refer, will be forcibly struck with the contrast exhibited between the appearance of the streets and the buildings, affording at once conclusive evidence of corporate neglect in every particular, whether of cleansing, lighting, or paving. There are many eye-sores, too, in the shape of dirty squares, lanes and avenues, which show such a degree of filthi. ness and negdect, that the very appearance of them is almost sufficient to generate disease. The season approaches when New York city will be flooded with emigrants; and this year, in particular, we should be more guarded than usual in attending to the health ol the city. The Croton water could be used as a powerful agent in administering to the public healthy and should be used neither stingily nor niggardly, in the emergency which threatens us during the approaching spring and summer months. Small fountains, in many of these filthy little squares, would tend to greatly improve and beautify, as well as add much to the healthiness of their localities. There are some old and infamous quarters, the nurseries of crime and vice, that have long since disgraced our city, and defied the authorities themselves; and if a large fountain were constructed in some of them, and the grounds properly laid out, we verily believe that it would have the effect to eventually rout the denizens that wallow there in every kind of vice?and why Because, with an enterprizing and speculating building class of men, such a spot would not long remain unnoticed. A competition would soon unquestionably arise for the purchase of the wretched dwellings, that are now occupied as haunts of vice; and a spirit of building and improvement would soon set in, which would have the effect to rout the wretched and self-abandoned, who frequent these places. We have heard of many projects for the improvement of one infamous spat in our very midst; such, for instance, as running a street through it, &c.; but this, while it has no prospect of ever?at least for some years?of being accomplished, would not only be tedious, but ineffective. At all events, cleanliness must be looked after with cure and attention by the Board of Health for should disease and pestilence creep in amongst us, they will first take root in the filthy hxunts, aud nothing can prevent their spreading. What better or safer remedy can be applied in the'locality most to be dreaded, than a supply of water in this way to cool and purify the atmosphere. The Board of Health are adopting the necessary steps to guard the city from disease; but the free use of the Croton, we apprehend) will be found highly advantageous to aid them in any sanitary provisions they may choose to make, to keep disease out of the city. Tiik Taylor Movement.?It will be seen, from our report of a Taylor meeting in the ninth ward last evening, in this day's paper, that the friends of General Taylor are increasing in spirit and in numbers. This was the greatest demonstration yet made in this city in favor of the hero of Buena Vista, as a candidate for the Presidency. Jf the movement increases in this way, there is every chance of the great meeting 011 the twenty-second being a brilliant affair. There is nothing like perseverance in this world, in politics as well as in every thing else. If the friends of General Taylor do meet with success, they can do more?they can deserve it. Marine Affairs. Thk Suit Cai Ubimihaw, of 1,000 tons burthen' built by Wo. II. Webb, for Mamnel Thompson And Nephew, to be commanded by Captain Wm. K. Host*, Lit Intended for s regular packet between thli port and Liverpool, will be launched from the foot of Sixth (treat on Saturday morning, the ;>th inst , at half-past tan o'clook. Thk >' .? gMir M. Uown was lauaohed jetterday moruia* from the yard of Meseis. Barclay k Towneaad floboken. \ hue |.lunar ?li*>l wm caught in tbe Delaware bay neai U' lubuy Mix k a da/ crtwo since. It was takaa to IJuladeip hia and sold for $?, TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. 0 . n THIHT1K m CONGRESS, S FIRST SESSION. f. r In Senate. ' washington, Feb. s, 1848. n Numerous p?titiona were presented, and private bllla e paaaed. p the tex reoiment bill. J: The Ten Regiment Bill coming np In order, Mr. Bkll 0 resumed his apeeeb, Charging the admin titration with c having no Intention to make a treaty with the present g Mexican government, bat intending to ereate a new on* with whioh to negotiate. 1 Mr. Je?emon Davis interrupted him, and atated that, for hia part, h? waa willing and ready to give hia '' consent to any fair treaty of peace that might be oon- 11 oluded with the present Mexioan Government. Mr. Bell replied that he (Mr. Davia) entertained r views at varianee with thoae of the Exeontlve and the tl friends and supportera of the Adminiatration. } Mr. Sevieb having obtained the floor, the Senate ad' v journed. a House of RepreMuUtUvM. The House of Representatives, alter transaotingjsome , unimportant business, resumed the consideration of the ' resolution direoting the reference of the President's An " nual Mesaage to appropriate oommltteea. Mr. Smith delirered a spirited speech in oppositien to the adminiatration. v Mr. Vinton having obtained the floor, olosed the de- a bate by oalling for the previous question. a The call waa sustained, and the main queation order* d v Mr. Wilmot's amendment, relative to a direct tax of ve millions of dollars per annum, was rejected. Mr. Vinton's original resolution of reference was dopted. t The rest of the session waa occupied in unimportant i USinSSS. NEW YORK LEGISLATURE. Ai.hany, Feb. 3, 1818. Senate. lieneral insurance iill. Mr. Bokee brought in the general Insurance bill. election or recorder AND SURROGATE. Mr. Brorsor gave notice of a bill relative to the election of Reoorder and Surrogate of New York oitj. redemption of bane note*. Mr. Cook brought In a bill to amend the act of Maj 1840, relative to the redemption of bank note*. appropriations for educational purpose!. Mr. Fire offered a resolution that the Literary Committee enquire into the expediency ot making annual appropriations to all the oonntiea within the Stete, of #100 for each member sent to the Assembly; such moneys to be expended in the eduoation of oommon school teachers, on oonditien that a like sum be raised by the oountlee; and the supervisors to designate the academies whioh shall receive the moneys thus appropriated. charitablb and religious associations. Progress was made in committee of the whole, on a general bill relative to oharitable and religious associations. a) bant and cohoci railroad. The oommittee of the whole, also had under consideration, a bill for the incorporation of the Albany and Cohoes Railroad. the gereral banking law. The general banking law was then taken up in oommittee of the whole, and various amendments were offered tothe original Mil, whioh were ordered to be printed; the most important of whioh was that of Mr. Cook, whioh proposes to regulate the issue of circulating notes by the rate of interest the stock deposited draws. Adjourned. Assembly. water lire for brooklyn. Mr. Cross reported the bill to establish a permanent water line for Brooklyn. appointment of wreck masters. The bill for the appointment of Wreokmasters in King*, Queens, Richmond, nod Westohester counties wu pu?d. more free schools. Mr. J. V. Pecx introduced a bill to establish ftee schools. , brooklyn city hospital. Mr. Caos* introduced ft bill to amend the cbftrtcr of Brooklyn City Hospital. # buffalo citt hospital. The bill appropriating $30,000 for the purohftae of the , site tor Buffalo City Hospital, Sto., ia now in Committee 1 of the Whole. J lien law for mechanics. f The bill to give mechanics a lien on buildings erected, | was further debated in committee. Amendments were < adopted, making the bill applicable to cities only, and ] giving the right of lies to actual laborers only. Pending the motion of Mr. Walsh, to make the law applicable to the whole State, the committee rose. damaoe bt riots. The oommlttee of the whole then took up the bill making cities and villages responsible for all damage occasioned by riots. Mr. W. S. Smith aaid there was no necessity for such i a bill. Mr. Beach said that the bill was aaked on a petition ' from Queens county, where the oounty buildings bad been destroyed by a mob. Mr. W. S. Smith replied, that the destruction of the buildings referred to was in self-defenoe; to prevent the spread of a pestilential disease; the buildings having I been at the time filled with tick emigrants, who had arrived at the port of New York, the viotims of ship fever. Mr. Raymond considered the principles of the bill oorreot. ! The bill having been amended sa aa to apply prospectively, was passed In oommlttee. In the House, the re- ' port was laid on the table. Adjourned. Markets. i Boston, Feb. 3.?Flour?The market continued heavy I and we have only to notloe sales of 600 barrels, including Western and Southern brands, at $6 37V Corn? , Sales of 3000 bushels were made, consisting chiefly of 1 Western mixed, ite., at 66o a 07o. Rye?The market i continued steady, and sales of 400 or 60(1 bushels were I made at 90c. Oats?Sales of 8000 bushels were made at 60c Provisions remained quiet. There was no ohange in freights. ] Opkra and Criticism.?The attempt to establish a permanent everlasting Italian opera in ! this city, with the requisite number of commit- 1 tees, managements, critics, eloquent, lesders ot j the haut ton and upper-crust society, has given < rise to a great many curious and amusing little 1 imeutes in fashionable society, and among the , critics. It is well known that New York fashionable j society is made up of the waifs, the flotson and < jetsam of all nations. In other parts of the ' world, the 6lite is generally composed of a streak of fat and a streak of lean, from the < same animal of rich and poor, but the same , noble race. But in New York there is a French streak, an Italian streak, a Dutch * streak, a German streak, and an American , streak. Even these streaks are divided into two or three streaks, consisting of a southern streak, ' a northern streak, and an eastern streak. The fact is that fashionable Bociety is composed of a j van quantity of peculiar raw materials of all | kinds?one clique trying to oust the other froin the dignified position of critics, leaders, claqueri, and censors of opera, music and oysters I During the present season the peculiar streak of fashionable society called the French streak, < and which is generally known by moustaches of 1 a reverend black color, either natural or artifi- j cial, either dyed in the wool or tinged by the 1 Almighty, has been endeavoring to get the upper ' hand, denying to all others the right or ability to pronounce upon any vocalist, and assuming to 1 lead the public taste of the city in all opera and , muaic. It is very easy to get critics of the high- < est quality from Paris. Marquises, counts> dukes, barons, are as cheap there in the garrets of Paris, some ol them blacking their own boots, as small potatoes and loafers are in this country. Now, during the present season, when Signora Bitcaccianti made her appearance in the " Sonnambula," it was decided at once by the French streak of society that the was a failure, having no training, no voice, no talent?nothing at all. Well, the iSignora went to Boston, and was there one of the most popular artists?but whut is that to the purpose ! The Bostoiiians are good udges of elamaand cod fish, and nothing else. In cons^quencc nf this, another artist was brought out, Siguora Paiti; blie being supported by tiie i luqutit and crititxol the French pellicular etrtak I society, was at once pronounced to be of m- i lense pretensions, a good singer and the only reat artist who had as yet appeared in this ountry. Such she was pronounced by the rench paper, the delectable Courrier dta Etat* 'nit. Well, she appeared and sang. All her lerits were admitted and her defects noticed, ven by those who were considered not as proer judges according to the moustache gentry, iut in consequence of this just and accurate pinion of her merits, the whole American ommunity, and all the other different streaks of ociety, are pronounced to be utterly ignorant nd incompetent, because they were not ready to ill down and worship at once the sayings of liose who were backed by the natural and dyed :ioustache8. , The important controversy is still in mid caeer,?the amusing conflict still exists among he various streaks which compose society in Jew York; and it is not yet ascertained who rill come out superior. If the French get the upreme rule, ull the others, it is thought, will ombine to tight another Waterloo, and roll >ack the imperial dictators into their own origital nothingness, or at least send them to Elba or >t. Helena. As it is a most important contest, we shall vatch its progress, and report from time to time .ccoruiugiy. we suppose mscaccianu wuiHguiu ippear, und, of course, Patti too, at proper laterals. Come, let's have some iun. Theatrical and Musical* Park Thkatrk.?The splendid manner in which ?1( he various scenes of the ting are produced by Sands, -ent 8c Co s troupe.draws excellent houses nightly. Last light, the various parts of the house were all well filled it an early hour, and everybody seemed to enjoy them telves fully. Casimlr, tbe Freneh drummer, is a great Hand at drumming ; he g<es through the various pieces let down on the bill with the utmost skill snd precision, l'he gymnasts aitaohed to this oompany, led on by Mch'arland, the obampion vaulter, are as lithe and limber a let ot yonng fellows as one eould meet with in many a lay's March; and their vaultings, Sto., are truly admlra>le. Madame Gardner, Mr 8tout and his beautiful little companion, Jeese Sand's, Germain, the Italian rider, Walter Ay mar, Sergeant, and all tbe rest of the oompany, prove themselves to be first rate equestrians ; indeed, ire doubt if better ones have ever performed ia New Vork The pony races nightly receive large Instalments of applause. Bowery Theatre.?The entertainments last evening, sommenoed with the national drama of the "Revolution," in which Hall, as Farmer Beasley, and Burke, as Mesapotamia Jenkins, sustained their parts remarkably sell. It is a very interesting pieoe, and was well played throughout. Mr. Hunter's song was well reoelved. Next lollowed the beautiful comedy of " Katharine and Petruohio. in Mr. Marshall, as Patru ohio, appeared to great advantage This gentleman Is one of tbe best general adorn we bar* seen for soma time; ba reads well, baa a floe voice, graceful action, and there la strainng to over-act any part he is appointed to sustain; he fill by care attain the highest rank in his profession, rbe drama of " Sixteen String Jack" closed the perormanoe, in whlqh Mr J H Hall sostained the oharao>r of the Highwayman of Honslow,entirely to the satisaction of the audience; and Burke, as Kit Clayton, kept he house in roars of laughter. This evening the beau;ltul tragedy of ''Hamlet,1' Prinoe of Denmark will be ]resented, and when It is considered that the part of Hamlet will be represented by Mr. Marshall, whose fame hs a tragedian is well known, there is little doubt but :hat the spaoious Bowery Theatre will be crowded by :he admirers of the legitimate drama. The part of the Qhoat will be sustained by Mr. Barry, Ltertes, by Hall, and Horatio, by Stevens, and though lost, not least, the grave-digger, by that sterling comedian Mr. Bnrke. The dosing play will be the new drama of ' Murrell, the Land Pirate." Saturday evening is set ipart. for the benefit of the assistant treasurer, a very worthy and polite gentleman. Some of the leading aetors

ef the oity have volunteered to assist on that oooa ion. Chatham Theatre.?The attractive comedy of 11 Speed the Plough" waa admirably performed ftt the Chatham, last evening. Sir Philip Blandford,by Mr Brandon, was really excellent. He excels in such characters, and never fails to ellolt the applause of the bouse. Mr. Hield, as Bob Handy, was true to nature; bis very appearance and manner showed he well deserved the eulogies passed on him by his father, (Sir Abel,) that he was11 a wonderful young man, and oould do every thing." Mr. C. Taylor, as Sir Abel Handy, was also good. Mrs. Wilkinson, as usual, performed ber part to the entire satisfaction of all present. Certainly, uot only the play and afterpiece themselves. but tbe manner in which both were performed, deserved a far better house than was present to wi nees them. Toilght is for the benefit of Mrs. Wilkinson, and apart 'rom the excellent bill of fare presented, her aoknowedged talent as an aotress of tbe first order, and her untiring exertions to please tbe publio of New York, will draw a crowded house. Oo and see her as Julia, in the u Hunchback." Christy's Minstrels ?The songs,polka*, leoturea on mesmerism and all tbe delightful meana with which this band make an evening slip by so pleaaantly, are as tteeb and racy as ever The perfect refinement, and Indeed elevated taste, which the Minstrels evinoe in their performances, is one of the most pleasing feature* in tneir evening's entertainments, and if such a thing as arlstcoracy is sdmissable in negro minstrelsy, Christy's band are oertainly tbe ones who have sbown themselves possessed ef it In the highest degree. Long may they oontinne to amuse our cltisens by their interesting performances. Palmo's Opera Horn:.?The doings and Singiag Of the Sable Brothers, and the exquisite grace and beauty of the Model Artists at this house, ought certainly to please amusement seekers. The various groups represented by the artists are evidently arranged by no unpractised hand, as they show how truly the manager is acquainted with the principles of design. Jupiter and Juno, Mars and Venus, Time discovering Truth, The Listeners, and, in faot, all of their tableaux, are splendidly and effectively arranged. The Mehdel^sohh Solemnity ?This great and magnificent solemnity will be realised to-morrow evening st Castle Garden Tbe tuneful voices of our moet gifted lingers will, with sol' mn accent*, sing the requiem of the gTeat Mendelssohn No less than six societies take part In this interesting performance, vis : the Philharmonic, New York Sacred Music Society, American Musical Institute. Kuterpean Society, Llederkrans, and Concordia. Besides these, the entire professional and amateur talent of (he city will add their efforts to make all go off well. It has been said that Americans are striotly utilitarian in their views; tnat nothing but dollars and cents enter Into their calculations ; this present solemnity, however, Is a strong proof that this argument is incorrect Kven In Germany it Mlf, that land of dreamy romance, no mora refined and appropriate recognition of the claims of the sublime art of muslo could be Riven. We have no doubt that there will be such an audience gathered together aa New York be* seldom seen. Thk Macomber Troupe give a concert this evening in Brooklyn at ihe Brooklyn Institute. We bare already noticed the favorable impression which the perrrmanoes of this troupe have made in New York ; and is their programme for this evening contains many of their best pieces.such as the Main Truck, Our Exiled Katbers, and various other solos, duetts, quartet Us. &o we Ban with truth recommend them to the favorable conlideration of the inhabitants of Brooklyn. Lvnne's Musical Illustration or Shakspeare ?The leventh of the series takes place this evening at the Stuyveaant Institute. The great favor whioh Mr L's former illustrations have met with, will, doubtless, be extended to this one. His subject i?-the one whioh, of all Sbakapeare'a works, perhaps, affords the greatest aoape for the aid of music and passing comment; It is that exquisite play, the "Tempest " Modrl or Jerusalem.?This most extraordinary work of art will be opened for exhibition on Monday next The proprietor baa procured part ol the bnilding known as Panorama Hall, in Broadway, near Houston street, where every arrangement has been made to make the ixhlbl'.ion rffective. Biuhikii i's Statuary is attraotlng much attention, and is visited by numbers during th^ day and evening, rhey certainly are splendid specimens ol modelling, snil fialtbful transcripts of the original statuts, the exquisite Apollo and Venus de Medlois. The htkyktimarkiiche Musk al Sorir.rr.?The con jerts of these excellent musicians, at the Musical Kucd Hall, in Philadelphia, are crowded every night. The Philadelphia papers speak highly of their performanoers. Railroad Intelligent*. A meeting has lately been convened at Lockport, and a plan was submitted for a road from Niagara Kalla to Rochester, intersecting the Tonawanda road at Byron. The directors of tha Cleveland and Pittsburg Railroal Company are pushing forward this important work with soinmendable vigor They have made arrangement! to put the grading and masonry upon thirty-two miles of the road,from Freedom in Mtark county,passing through Ravenna to Hudson, under contract early In March, Mid tha work on the southern division of the road is progressing finely.? Cltvtland Hi raid. A great railroad meeting waa called at Chicago on the 18th January, for the purpose of taking into consideration the construction of a railroad to conneot the Upper ind Lower Mississippi with the lakaa, and petitioning Congress for a donation of land to aid in that object. Mlacellaneona. At Taunton Hoapital, aa a person waa undergoing amputation of a lieu It. while influenced by obloroform, tie lurae lat 1*11 the bottle containing the chloroform,which juiokly spread its aomniferous effects over tha operalore, and aome time allpsed before they reooverad from ihelr partial insensibility.? Button Courier. Tha Mayor of the alty of Trenton liaa lamed a prorla nation against " a grand aparrlog exhibition of tha nanly art of seif-defenna," advertised to b? made in that >ity, "aaaiatad by the fancy of Trenton," anon exhibition being prohibited by the act for the punishment of cilmea, (Ravlaad Statutes, paga sl8i.) whioh declares it a ligh misdemeanor, punishable by Imprlaonment for two rears or by fine of ^l,0t)0. Mr. Davis, a gentleman raaldirg near Princeton, was 'ouud dead iu the woda na?r his house on Saturday af.ernoon. He had departed oa a gnnntng expedition . he previous Wednesday, from whioh time to the d in to very of hla corpae, no tiding.* bad been heard of him 4la gun waa found about one hundr d yarda from the x?dy. (Jauee of death unknown.? Aiu>aik jidvtTitttr. Arrival of Oen. tiultman?UlS Reception-Tile Haaonlc Ball, rite. Ac. Intelligence having been received and an- th? icunced, that General Quitman would arrive Pi from Philadelphia by the one o'clock train of ni :ars, yesterday, a large number of persona as- CI jembled at the depot in Jersey City, to welcome m the gallant soldier. At a i|uarter p ist 1 o'clock, in the loeomotive to which the train had been at- c/ tached, came in, beariug the intelligence that u solllsion had taken plaoe, by the Klisabethtown train m running into the Philadelphia train, about t?a mile* 8i, from Jersey City. One of the stoond class ears wu upset, and several persons slightly injured, one of the w firemen losing the little finger of his right hand A w special oar was immediately despatobed for Oeneral . Quitman, and at half-past three o'olook the depot bell 01 announoed the train in sight. te About one thousand person* rushed to the stopping in place of the train, and in a short time the General appeared, aoeompanled by Captains Forrey and Innis, Bc Lieutenants Sweeney, Potter and Cooper, Major I'yckman, and others, who had served under the gallant nero ' in Mexico, and who had prooeeded to Newark by the morning train to weloome tbelr brave commander. The Oeneral was Introduced to two members of Gen. San- ai ford's staff, who oonduoted him to the boat, amid the m continued oheers of the people. m While on the boat, Qen. Q was addressed by Gen ar Walbridge, welcoming him again to hi* native 8tate; to (0 whioh Gen. Q. replied; but in coneequenoe of the war apirit having raged too high on board, some of the row- Atj dies getting into a fight, we were unable to heAr the wi reply, bnt it was reoeived with enthusiasts applause m When nearing the dock on this side, one general voioe y,, rent the air?the ni*m. nhinninir anil houietona bain? k. crowded with persons anxious to gss? upon the soldier m Reaching the dock, he vu reoeived by Generals San- p( ford, Storms, Morris, and Eweu, and their staffs, when, fa led by a troop of oav*lry. they sta-.ted for the City Hall, oc and passing up Courtlandt street, to Greenwich, to Ful- 0t ton, to 13rb*dwny. the ladies peered their sparkling eyes ge and happy smiles from every door and window, waving to with their handkerchiefs a welcome to the warrior. ht Having reached the Park, where were assembled about ie fifteen thousand persons, another roar burst upon the al air, while tbe heavy cannon sounded the salute from the [ , Battery, to bear the news to every part of the city. Gen. p, Quitman was here reoeived by a committee of the Com- tl mon Council, (amid the aoolamations of the people) who e( conducted him to the Governor's room, where bis honor, 0) the Mayor, reoeived him. lie spoke of the great pleasure )? it gave him. as the representative of this ^reat c'ly to 01 welcome to his native State, the oitietn and the soldier. 0f The people of New York, with open hearts, received tl him to his native home, and tendered to him tbe fcospi- a, tali ties of the city, during bis sojourn among us. 0, Gen. Q. almort overcome with emotion, replied:? Mr. Major and countrymen: ?It is with great pleasure t? and satisfaction that 1 now again, after more than a a quarter of a century, visit my native State. This de- a] monstration on your part almost overwhelms me. I am al proud, and It has always been my pride to claim New di York as my native State.?(Cheers.) e, He spoke of tbe New York volunteers in Mexico, as a ti noble and gallant band, ever foremost in the fight. |f Cheers ruag from the ceiling to the floor, and the re- 0] oeption of his remarks was in the true spirit of patriot tl ism ol After the reception by the Mayor, Gen. Q walked out c| on the piazza, in front of the governor's room, where tl were waiting thousands, with anxious eyes watching tl every movement, lest he should depart without their p; having seen him. When he appeared en tbe plazsa ten 0i thousand voices rung in the air. m He was then accompanied by his eaoort to his lodg- ol logs at tbe Astor House. t< It is now nearly thirty years since General Quitman w left this State, to seek a hooie in tbe Mississippi valley, it where he has ever since resided He was bornin Dutohers n county, and reared for tbe ministry, which, when first a cl man, he first espoused He afterwards beoame a pbysi- c< cian, then a lawyer, in whioh profession, he acquired ? suoh eminence as to place him foremost in the rank o (< legal preference in his adopted State ; and, then, forf a saklog all, he fled from the pleasures of a happy horn - 0i and unsheathed the sword In defence of his oountr * M honor and glory. He now returns loaded with hony's ti and laurels, whioh will be ever green in the hearts ot ors p countrymen. tl General Q will receive his friends at the Governor's b Room, City Hall, to-day,at half past one o'olock. e? SECOND ANNUAL MASONIC BALL FOR THE BENEFIT OF ? T11E WIDOWS' AND ORPHANS' ASYLUM FUND. f. The secobd annual ball of the Free and Aooepted Masons, for this praiseworthy object, came off last night ? at the Apollo rooms, and Was one of the most brilliant of the ssason. The members of the order appeared in < the full regalia of their badges, while tr m every counte- . nanoe seemed to look forth in characters too plain to be i, misunderstood, the great motto of the order, " Let brotherly love continue." Then might be seen representatives of almost every oivilised nation?then Jew and Gentile, high and low, rloh and poor, met on one common level, and all seemed cheerful and happy. +, At nine o'olock, about two hundred and fifty of hand- >. gamely dressed and beautifhl ladies entered from their ^ xaa* ooiljp, ivviu, biiu aibci piviuruniiiug lUO d^buiuub uaii || for a few minute*, at the Bound of the clarion, gave their y hands for a dance. Among them we notleed some who 0, were very beautiful indeed; and a greater dlsplav of tl taate. In the arrangement and beauty of their drruiog, <j ctuld not be found tyj At half-past ten o'olock It wu announced tint Gene- s eal Quitman had arrived, and immediately lines were n formed on each side of the room, and the General ap- rl pt-arcd. escorted by a deputation from the Grand Lodge of the State of New York. Ttiey proceeded to the lowsr ? end of the hall, where he was received by the Deputy t| Grand Master Phillips, who welcomed him as a brother, R( and extended to him the hand of brotherly love. The t( General made a few remarks, expressing bis gratitude n for so onexpeoted a demonstration from his brother D .Masons. J, The ladies then flocked aronnd, all anxious to shako 0| the hand of the war-worn veteran. The sight was a |t grand one, and the reception most enthusiastic ,, At twelve o'clock, the company, the General in front, tj repaired to the supper room, where Alker had every i, luxury served in elegant order, all of which, like snow t] before a warming sua, disappeared as if by magic, it 0 was Indeed a splendid affair. The evening passed off n with the greatest harmony and pleasure, and it was not n until nearly morning dawn that the company retired. ? City Intelligence. The WiATHaa ?Yesterday was indeed a beautiful day, and on* of the most pleasant we have bad. No cloud during the whole day obscured the brightness of the sun. It was like spring time. ExrarsiKt.?We are daily Indebted to the enterprising express concerns of Messrs Adams & Co., Wells k Co , Monro & Co. s, and Mr. McGregor, for Western papers. We acknowledge the favor of some English and Boston papers from Messrs Adams & Co., long in advanoe of the mail. Folic* Intelligence* Brfare Jmtice Oibornt.?Early yesterday morning ( quite a crowd of spectators rushed into the pollee office, all laughing considerably at a comical looking dreesed female, or at what appeared from the outward garments to be one of that gem'?r, wbo waa in the oustody i t officer King, of the 1st ward police It turned out upon examination that this droll lcoktaj female was nothing more nor less than a short, stout built Dutch sailor, with a very red, fat face, with a large quid of tobaoco on one side, and his dark whiskers all around his chin, resembling the monkey that was exhibited on board of the Chinese junk On his large head was plaoed a small straw bonnet, trimmed with a neat artificial flower, which had a very laughable appearance, cooked up " behind over a very broad fat face The dress was a 1 light calico, over which was thrown a shawl, and his * Buvuiuri ut ihukwu iinw uiilgiui( UUUi UUUrr kllB sieeves, grilled with dirt and tar, together wilh his large ?1 Wet, matli bis general appearanoe th* most oozal- : cal and ludiorous that could possibly be imagined Maoisthatk?Officer, where did you pick this chap * up? OrricK*?Judge, I found him last night going down R< Washington street, a little in liquor, dretscd as you a now see him, and brought him in. 11 M*rji*tratWhat Is your name, young man? ? The Dutobman looked up atthe Judge, and not speak- .. Ing Kngllsb. imagined what the magistrate wanted, and t| answered, Henry Tempest. r Magistsatk? Yes, a Tery appropriate name indeed : for a sailor, but Henry, your Tempest last night wu In ' a teapot, and finally settled down in the Station ? House officer, has he any clothing underneath?? '' to which the officer answered in the affirmative Well, * said Judge, square his yards, and takeoff his rig; which operation of disrobing the sailor created much , merriment from ell the loafera, vagabonds, thieves, and . idle apt ctators present However, the magistrate sup- ' posing Mr. Tempest to have been a little under the Jj weather the night previous, allowed him to go. and the . sailor cleared up his female rig. and left the offloe with . the officer in order to restore the clothing to the rightful " owner. Chart* of 8tralin/t Cofftt ? Officer Watson and Pol- ' line of the 1st ward, arrested on Wednesday night, two . a*ilora by the names of liobert Coombs and John Nichols. on a charge of stealing five bags of coffee, valued at $7A, from on board the schooner Urbane, lying at !' pier No. 7 Kast river, belonging to i apt iin Kiisha Small j It appears that Coombs was one of tbe hands en board the schooner, and was left in charge of the vessel on that ?. evening * bile the oaptaln was on shore, who, on returning h sooner than expected, detected tha two prisoners with ? boat along ride tbo echooner, the batches PIT, and tlv? '' bags of coffee taken from tbe vessel, placed in tbe bof\t. nn'i Nlobola whs found secreted in the hold,amoogat tbe ooffee bags. They were both piaoed in the hands of the police, and Justice Osborne locked them up for a further 7, heating. Chargt of Fahr Prrtenrtg.? A complaint was ua'le . yesterday against one of tbe Tombs practitioners, l.y ' the name of Henry A Kay, by a Mrs. Margarat F Uoff, who called at the police < (See, for the j* purpose of entering a complaint, when she alleges nhe was met In the office by Kay, who represented that " he was a magistrate, and obtained .'>0 centa under pretence of issuing a warrant, and one shilling more he oh [' talned for administering the oath, which was dons In ' the office of a lawyer in the neighborhood. It appears that Mr. Kay is doing considerable of a business In this line, as he obtained three shillings the day previous from ,i a black woman, and two shillings from a boy, under si- cl milar representations. A warrant waa laauad for the ar- tJ rest of Mr Kay on the charge. M Caught in thtjict.?A man who has but lately gradu- f| ated at the King Hing State Prison, who gave the name ^ tf Joseph Murray,alias Kill P,rry. waa found on Wed- ^ neaday night, In one of the uppef lofts, In the store of ^ Richards it Cronkhite. A4 Kxohange place, snugly alow- ^ ed away bebiDd a box, having In bla poaseaaion a box of jj matches, and a piece of Iron, oalled a " jimmy," used by .j. thieves In foroir g open desks, boxea, fco. Upon examiuIng the room it waa diaeovered that several boxes had oj been broken open, and dry goods valued At over >40, laid ^ out on one side to carry off Justloe Osborne locked him ^ up for trial ... , .. ... p Jin ft on Sunpiiion ? Officer Martinson, or tne 4 th ward, arrested ^esterJey < n sueploim, n man by the (| name of Wm Beed. having in his possession 3? fathoms ti of rope, evidently atolen, for which an owner la wanted. Justice Osborne detained Heed for a further hearing ? f|i On the 10th January, J A. Little, of Ht. Louie, waa w ii bb?d of ab ut ftHWi in oash. which was taken from a tl trunk while Mr. L. wu at supper. I* Ninth Ward Taylor Demonstration. The citizens of the ninth ward, favorable to b elevation of General Zachary Taylor to the esidency, assembled in ward meeting Let eveng, in Jeflereon Hall, corner of Iludeon and larles streets, for the purpoae of adopting such easures as might be best to promote the. object view. There were some two hundred and ty persons present, and the proceedings were arked with spirit and enthusiasm. Oa the outde of the building were two transparencies, hich attracted considerable attention, one of hich represented General Taylor in the midst a battle scene, close to Captain Bragtr's batry, and the other represented him alone, dressed i full regimentals, on the back ot old "Whitey." The meeting was c tiled to order at halt-past ven o'clock. Mr Francis G. Lucky was ap)inted chairman, and Mr. John C. Brant, Seetiry. After the call of the meeting wa* read and lopted, J. Prescott Hail. Esq.. who has so uch distinguished himself in the Taylor moveent, was called upon to address the meeting, id in obedience thereto, lie ascended the i>latirm and spoke rs follows :? Fellow oltisens?1 have come her? for the purpose of I dragging to you a few words in relation to the subject tileta now agitate* the pabllo mind. You are all a* uch interested in the present movment as I am. I ire no interest in the election of President that you ire not?no purpose in view th?t ycu have not I *10 erely one of the people, engaged in a movement of the lople, and one who takes some interest in publio afirs. A friend of mine, who was at Albany on a recent icasion, was asked by one of the hack politicians what iject Prescott Hall had in view in advocating the prent position in which the p?nple of the U Stat ' ohose > place one of their iHstingulohvd ^atee-nm la. If j had asked me, I would havn replied that I bad an obct in view?that of plaolng, If I could by my Influ-noe, 1 honest man at the head of publio affairs. (Applsus'i) desire to see the publio will exercised, and govern in ubllo adatrs. I de.'ire that the public will should have lat influence on our public affaire which it was design1 to have by the framers of our oonUitotion, and by ir laws. It never was designed that all influence in region to there matters should devolve for private ends 1 thoso who make that their buniners. >ut that pnblio >fnlon, and the general will of the people, should have lelr force ; for we are in a different position to that of ly or every other people on the faoe of the earth. The ily full experiment that ever was made in thn ruatir of self government has been made in the Unid States In all othor countries, and among 1 other people, although they may hove, n jparent influence, yet this Is the only country, so far 1 I know, where the public will is brought to bear Ireotly on public affairs, and the people of which can ?joy the privileges of self-government. In other oounie* men are lead, instead of being the guiderg and the ders In Kngland, government is kept in the power f a few; but we are in no such condition We have le power of selecting our own legislators, and all power r this kind is the voluntary contributions of our fellow Itlsens This is emphatically a s?lf government?not le wild will of the people, which run* reckless, but it is lat which makes man worthy of the position he occuies, as a self-regulating individual, responsible to publio rder and the public weal Wo assemble in our primary leetlngs for the purpose of beginning this great work, . f continuing it, and improving it, and bandlrg it down > those who are to succeed u?. We received It from those ho have gone before us In its integrity, and we must pass down to those who are to be born after us, unsullied, tow, what have we come together this evening for? Beiuse we believe the time has arrived when we should immence a movement of the highest national oonoern -to perform a trust which the people must delegate > some one, and we are called upon to consider mong ourselves on whom this power shall bs inferred. We have heretofore assembled under the inie elroumstantes to promote the eleotion of that dlsngulshed man who has so often been presented to the ublio for the purpose of receiving the highest reward latoan be given to patriotism. We have, however, een unsuooessful with that distinguished m.tn ; wbenrer the name of that distinguished man of Kentucky as been presented to us, we have been unsuccegeful I elieve now, indeed,I have no question, that Mr. Clay ii ie clear and diitlcot choice of avast majority of the higs of the United States. I concede that fullv ; but t the same time 1 oannot oonceal from myself, nor it innot be oonoealed from yourselves, that high as that iiilwMnal la In a (Tint Inn a if h. am inln nraaant. 1 te yon u your candidate for chief magistrate, defeat : certain and disaster inevitable. A Voicit?No, no. Mr. Hall?There is a voice says no. Voice?No. Mr Hall?If I could believe that no was a true word in iia instance, I too would say nb ; but conviction is forclg itself on the minds of the people, that it is imposslte for us to succeed, if we select Mr Claras acandidate. ' you select a iead?r and fear defeat, defeat is orrtaln. ou must select a leader under whom you are confident r success. Where is the man more fit for the highest ust that o*n be conferred on any man, than tha lstioguish-d orator and statesman, who represents ie State of Massachusetts, in the Senate of the United t?tes? But there Is not un Intelligent nun who would ow pr?sum? to bring hi *i forward as a leader in the Mivass on ?hl*h wo ?rn nbout to enter. Why do you ilect a camti Is if not that yo>i will succeed, or nuld you intrrduo < th-t nrai Tvhloh woult command ie confidence of t'ie ptr lit: a-,d le >d to success. Now >me of the most eminent in*n i.i (h- ^onntry have coma ) the conclusion, that General Zaehnry I'avlor is that lan. (Prolonged applause.) Why is it t'.ie publicmind oints to General Taylor ? I trust it is not sol-dy bemse he Is a successful general. I trust tha' in not the aly or the primary oause ; not beoause he h d n ?abre i his hand and accompli-ned such wonderful riJ*ori*s ) he has, but because In all his communications with ie government, we find marks of clear Intelot and great min i?we find n man uuknown and uilought of?we And a mm of the most oareful habits f observation; a man of cool h?ad and clear thought; a tan of few words, but those few ef great meaning, a lan who, in any sttnstion you might place him in, 'ould be certain of cocfe ring houor on himself and to nose who placed hlai la it. (Cheers ) There are other ten who can wiild a sword as well, perhaps, as General 'a J lor oan. I do not consider mere personal gallantry i the field, the highest attribute of man's nature. 1 do ot oonsider that military renown is won by the ighest attributes of human Intellect. On the contray, I have often hoard, aud I know, that a subordinate tan may achieve a high *anh on the roll of fame as a ghting man. This is what distinguishes man, intelleoual man. from the animal raoe. The mere business of soldier in killing bis fellow men, is not evidence of the Ighest order of intellect. It is a branch of intel:ot belonging rather to the animal race than to tha ighest order of mind. I admit that stme of the most elebrated men in history have been ftrnous in arms.? ilexander was a distinguished soldier, but he was likerise a distinguished man iu every relation of lifo?one of he moat thinking men of hi< tims N'apol>>on, likewise tmous in arms, was also a man of the highest order of ntelleet. Wellington is not leas renowned in the Senate ban in the field ; hut there are pluity of soldiers in the Irltish army, as there were an.on*; the Ilomans, who are no other intellect but that which distinguishes hem in tbi; killing of their fellow men. But a man may et be a go >d soldier arid be able in oouncll My attention iae first drawn to General Taylor by the cogency of his e?goning, and the beauty and l<gic of the compositions bat emanated from his pen. But ther<j is an attempt inde to destroy the Geatral's induence arising from bis. " Oh," it is said, " but he had an adjutant general ith him, and a number of subordinate generals,''? leaning by this, indireoily, to lead the mind fo the oncluslon that General Taylor was not th? author of bese compositions. Now, 1 have taken surae paius to e Informed and satisfied on this point, and if there is ny man here who usserts that General Taylor was not lie author of all those compositions, and will put his asrrtioninsuoh a shape as to forui what we lawyers call n "Issue," I will conduct the trial. I will oail a jury, nd I wlli prove to his satisfaction that he is entirely listaken. (Long continued applau.-n.) By the way, ha h(irh*at /sumnlit It ut onnl.1 hi tiuirl t a 'aylor, Is, that considering his position, an I bis ououpoIon os a soldier almost from his boyhood, to say that iffn oo 31 position*. whicu Irpla,' t'l* characteristic* of tis highest order of Intellect. to say that a mere soldier ou'd not write sua a beautiful cojimuticiMons. 1 bare ?ken the pains to ascertain the iaots in the case, nd if any man desires to know the fact of leneral Taylor's having waltteu those compositions, it him go to th* war ollios in Wa<hin?ton, and there a will find them In the pesuliar handwriting of the old leneral hiunelt, and to on-? else. (I'r.'ineiidous aplau .) Ueneral Jones, or Mr. Maroy, *111 point yiu ut Ueneral Taylor s handwriting in these coumuntca* ions, and It is as marked and character istio as any of la acta on the field of battle i'fcero 1?, my friends, but ne /ack Taylor In thrie buttles and but one in those omrounioatiooa (Applause ) During tiie revolutionry war, it was said of General Wai-hiiuton, nnduubtedf the most pure, runuwned, and Stltunvoted patriot, bat th? sun of Heaven ever stioue upon, was surroundd by officers who wrote his communications Now, I are beaid Mr 8parks, the autuor of the life of Wash> ig on, and who knows more of this tut jeot than *ny tlier man,sa),tl.Ht he would ohalleng" any man to t?ke bofHoomUfUDiuatioiis of Washington that were written ( y any of hi* secretaries, be would defy theiu to s?y which 'is written by Ills secretary or bis aujutant. Trie masar mind of Washington w?s stamped ou them all thera as but one Washington who oi.uld write them. A',d ) it is with (Ji-i>?rnl Taylor s despatches and oommunittlons I oould show, by dlieot, evidence, that in r 11. on to the most important oi tti'iu, whioli li -neral Tayir addressed to the government. that th<i Oliver who, it said, wrote them, never n<*w Iheui till tie read th.'bi in riot.' (Applaiife ) I will tot go intoany moreevi Imoe >-clght, but il any gentlemun will f?ke up my rhallsnge, will show him he is mistaken. Well, (ontlemaii, w? go n in ou- progress froin soi?ll?r < vents to greater ones, nless we should fall aod be ui,successful. Ai soon .is I <ad the doournenta about the capitulation of ;Y|oi.t?rey, I defence of that capitulation, I said there is ot a roan that could put together such ocgent r;ument? in the mine uniiib-r of words us eneral Taylor bu doue in defence of that cspitulion it is not esoneded by cogenoy of arguineut, harness ot* style, or beauty of composition, by auy ling I ever saw. from the pen i f euyman Lewyer* re not In the habit of being carried away by military mown ; our minds ere accustomed to investigate, and are generally thinking rjen, who look to other cmu<? nd other Influences, and other eviJt noe, before we b-s)W our approbation on men for any tiling; and I hardly now of a dissenting voice among iny protefiioaal rathren, in this oity or elaswhere, that General aylor does not possess all nud every fltn.?s and reuisite for tbe situation of which wo propose to oonfer a him; and they say ws go for Toylor, for rUr Jn lglent gives sanction to trie wovei i?nt. (AppKuse.) II the world says he is an boins; man, in lrd. tndent man, a llon besrted man ; end if thire re any of you 1 ere who purpose Riving him >< ur lpport with the hope ot gratifying soai? private ainbioti, or g-tting any petty office, I will tell j?u that you f ill bo disappointed if you havekny III tla personal amItioil to gratify, rely upon it, that nj>r? |m ty weal w II i>t Influence tiiat great man. who lAust w.li h reaft r leltt the dertlni' S of tbis > reat net ion 'l his is one ot e objects < I our luoveim ut We drsiie that the put

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