Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 5, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 5, 1848 Page 1
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II T H Whole Wo 5001. Philauki.phia, Feb. 4, 1848. TAi IVatei- Monopoly Question?Philadelphia City versus the Upper District*?Sale of the Saturday Courier?Child Burtud to Death. Oar Supreme Court is now listening to an important argument, involving the constitutionally of the law authorising the district of Spring Garden to erect water works The city of Philadelphia has had a monopoly of the wat^r for upwards of forty years, ami claims the exclusive riniit to take the water from the Schuylkill river up to a point several miles north ot Philadelphia, I believe as high up as Flat Hock, about nevea miles. This right the city claims to have been granted to the Schuylkill Navigation Company exclusively, and wis purchased from that corporation. Under it the city has built extensive ami magnificent water works ut Fairmount, and has b'en receiving a handsome income from its expenditure, the inhabitants of ihe county always beiug charged for water rent, fifty per centum,or one half more than was paid by the residents of the citv. Ab?ut 1*41 or 1842, this was remonstrated against; the citizens of Spring Garden especially, thought it unjust that they should pay more for wat*r, which was obtained in and conducted through their district, than those of the city who lived at a greater distance. At first their remonstrances were unheeded; they then threatened the erection of rival works, and projected the scheme since adopted; this brought the council of the city to an oner of moderate terms, to he Dinning on ooin panics for a very long term, longer tlian the districts were willing to contract for. The Northern Liberties district then united with Spring Garden, and petitioned the Legislature for authority to build new works and futnish a new supply of water. The city sent up to the Legislature remonstrances xnd remonstrators, fortified by the opinions of Horace Binney and William M Meredith, Esqs., (it is said) two of our most eminent lawyers, that the Legislature had granted away all the right to the head of water to the company already named. This opinion was met l>y a counter opinion from Jno. M Read and George M. Dallas, Esquires, (theu plain Mr. Dallas, Counsellor at Law), who came to the conclus on that the Legislature could not constitu'ion illy make such a grant, and had not intended it iu the present case. Of this latter opinion the Legislature was, tor both branches of the Judiciary Commitiee concurred, that a new authority was constitutional, and did not impair the obligation of any contract, and accordingly gave the northern districts the auihorny asked for providing that the law should not ?o into eflectif the cny would, within three months, reduce the water rent to the same price as its own people paid, and keep it fixed al ways at the same rate. This the city would not do within the required time, though afterwards willing; but the two districts, availing themselves of the law, built the new water works, and set them in surc&sful operation, supplying more than 100,000 people. The city then obtained an injunction from Judge Kennedy, since deceased, uu eminent though somewhat antiquated jurist; and from this decision, the districts have appealed, and the appeal is now before the full bench. A dissolution of the injunction is generally looked lor; any oiher resuit is regarded as improbable, and contrary to the geuius and spirit of our institutions; yet law id so uncertain, that it is impossible to predict with anything mora than a general confidence. If the lnjnnction is granted, an amicable arrangement would have to be made, us it would be cruel and unjust to deprive the citizens of the tree use of this indispensable element. Vice President Dallas is here, and will argue the case to-morrow. Having given his opinion in '42, he has yielded to the wishes of his old clients that he should support it before the court, onH mi flnmifnt arjlimcnl la Mnceteil from hull.. I The court-room id tilled wiUi a numerous aud attentive auditory. To the tax (jayera the subject ia of deep interest, the city having lost more than $100,000 per annum 011 ita northern customers, mid, cs many say, by the obstinacy and mismanagement of the City Councils Certain it in, that there has been fault somewhere. Mr. Dallas'* high position makes turn peculiarly noticed at this time. Here, as you know, he is all popular with his party, and, independently of tlx* exciti*mfntevi*r attendaut on a popular question, would, in almost any case, attract a full house. He is a very eloquent speaker, und upon this subject?the constitution?his friends claim taat he ia at home. The counsel for the city are, Mr. Olmsted, (its solicitor,) a modest but reliable man,and Mr. William M Meredith, our A No 1 of the bar, a man of great genius, quickness, and strong grasp. Having been one of the city counsel most earnest in retusiug to yield to the request ot the district, nis pride und feelings are embarked in the case, aud he has entered upon it with the greatest personal and professional enthusiasm. Mr. John M. Read, the colleague of Mr. Dilla ', ia a profound lawyer and excellent scholar, aims at no display, but sound and strong in argument; he was nominated by President Tyler tor the tiupre ne Court Beuch, to the seal now tilled by Judge l-irier, and was among those whose nominations the Senate had not time to act upon before 4th ot March, 1846. You shall hear the result, and I'll let you know, in firemens' lauguage, when the "court passes on the water " The sale of the Saturduy Courier, to-day, attracted u larg audience to the Rotunda of the Kxchange. l'he auctioneer having given a history ot the receipts and expenditure* of the establishment during the last tour or tive years, proceeded to offer it to the highest bidder. He started at $100,000, and progressed downwards on the diminuendo scale, until he reached $13,000. without meeting an oiler. That sum was then hid, by Mr. McJdakin, tht; surviving partner of the concern, and the auctioneer, alter performing his duly, in a vain attempt to procure another bid, was forced to strike it off at that amount As McMakin was under bonds that it snouid not bring less than $30,000, he is at least responsible to the widow ot Mr. lioldeu for her proportion ot that amount; and his recent conduct having had an undoubted tendency to depreciate it# value, it is contended that he is responsible tor damages beyond it. A suit is to be immediately instituted to test the extent of his responsibility. A girl about four years of age, the daughter ol n.ior parents, named Price, was shockingly burned yesterday, in con equence of herclottxs taking tire, aud died last eveniug trorn the eflects. ilio colored persons put on trial yesterday, for th ru irder of John Giles, have been liberated, the evidence of the prosecution being insufficient to substantiate any guilt. IBknnkti's Hrkai.d.?We know of no editor in the Untied Sinus, whghu* made auou astonishlag exertion* to ptooui tho lUiiMt) tin oum( accurate, .1 nd tlm most extensive news from ah puts ot ih>' world, us Janim Gordon H nnett, oi the Ntto York JJirald His industry la wonderful; and, happily lor hiin, his 8uc?eb8 had been equal to hi? enterprise For general lMrliigenc*n<< news,>Uper in tne world can go hlie id ot the Hrraltl It if" neutral in politics.?/Alchfield (Conn.) Republican, Fib. 3. The New York U<raid n.,a finally got the printing of the letti-r list ot the post olhce, a lute exurmrintioii hy the postmaster showing that its circulation in the city, if second only to the Sun. The Tribune formerly shared the udwrtitttug with the Sun.?Pentuylvanian, Feb. 4 The New York Herald receives the post olfice printing; in New Yora?its opinioua ot the Postmaster General to the contrary notwiihstaudiiig. ? Philadelphia Bulletin, Fib. 3, Thk TkLkAiupii?European Nkws,?In consequence of the telegraph oeing L>r >k.? n between Utiiiilord and New \oik, hy tne tailing of trees upon the wiies, the Acadia's news did not reach New York in time lor the morning pipers gem rally. The Herald, however, did obtain it through means ol a special messenger who proceed d to Nantafket Ko.ida in a clipper schooner, and having obLaiued papers, arrived in I?o?ton in r-ason tor the mail train Hy this means, the Herald was enabled to publish the news yestriduy morning, in advance ot all oilier paper* in that city. ? ATiw Haven CourtVr, Feb 1. Senatorial. i\ fiiiay.? V enirrday morning, be fore the Lieut. Governor took his seat as President of tb? danati*, two member* of that body, Mei-?r* P<trl?a(u aud Martin, had ftoina woidn with one another. ?iom whioto they ?or. to blow* a graat d*?t of oontuMon rn?iiud among the Kr*r? (i-uiltu. n **ft?inbled in th? Sunma chamber, null no im?li difll. utiy wan ovarnoina tn kaaplng the oombatania apart. S >m? on* called th* !Vn*tii W ordar, by pr poaiug lion Waltar Dra<h?*r a* Preaidrntpro trm , whereupon quUt Wa* reatored. and tha iMLaui proeaedad to tran*aot mora appropnata bu*iumi. It I* luppoaad that th* renoontr* grew out ol tb* alaoiloa of U. a. senator tb* day bafort ? Jf. O. Pit. Jan. >7lA. ^? EKOManMnHMerwHl E NE NEVi Intortittiig Incident-* of tlie Wnr?The Keceptloii of Ucb Hltrc*. [From the Coloord (N. H.) Patriot, Fab. 3.] Uen. Pierce arrived in thia town on Jan. 27th. by tha ' first train of can from Boston. Aiiu?uk'i snow bad ' fallen the night previous, and tarrenta of rain w-re pour- I Ing down during tho wbota day, yet batwaan bra* and four thooaand parsons were at tha depot, for t'j* purpose of waleoinlug Gen. Pieroe buck to Now Hampshire. His arrival was anaouoo-sd by tho firing of oannt'n. The ! moment that the General stepped from the oars ha was received with the hearty and enthusiaatio cheers of the multitude wkich bad assembled to greet him. Cheer i upon obear and shout upon shout followed. Ha was | i conducted to the gentlemen's room in the depst, until the meeting was organized in the large Ktllroad Hall iu the same building. The meeting waa oalled to order by Gol. Josiab St*- . Tens, and Uen. Joseph Low waa ohodiin President of tha ] | meeting. The cheering having subsided, Geu. Low addressed 1 tbe meeting as follows Gentlemen?I do not propose to detain you but for a moment. You hare not oome to hear m?, hut to bear on? who has often Interested you on oth.-r occasions. Fellow-cltl*?na?We are assembled to perform a pleasant service. We are met together, not to discuss tbe great j political question* of the day, nor to exofes< ,- ur prefer- ' ence for ttlla or that man for public offlcs. No. gentle- { men, we are here in thia great miss for a more grateful service, to ten Jer our respeot and gratiluds to the sol dlar who has fought his country's battles upon th* hlnitflv H?ldi t\f Murirtn ? fchi4??r?l?to thank him &di1 th? heroic survivors whom ha led in the unequal contests, and to express our sinoerest aynytthjr and oondolenoe for those whoee so as and kiudrnd toll in tho conflict, and are numbered wi%tHe mighty.dead. I well remember that, at my flrat interview wltn our friend, after his appointment to the command of the 9th regiment, of saying to him, " Surely you will not accept the offloe and sever the lender ties of husband and father, to enter upon that perilous aerviae," and his emphatic reply, "I must?1 have acoepted, and from that moment oonimenoed the arrangement of my affairs with a vl'iw to my departure. When I left the Senate of the United States, it was my fixed determination to devote myself exclusively to my profession, with one only reservation?it my country should be Involved in war an l my serVloes be required, those services were plighted upon that country's altar, and that pl*<ige must and would be redeemed. It is not however, my purpose to remiln in the army, but bo soon as I can feet-that the war is at an end, I shall return to my family and my profession." * ? And now, sir, (addressing Gen. 1'ieroe.) in my own name 1 congratulate you upon your safe return, aud in behalf of this great assembly, I congratulate you. and bid you a hearty welcome to this the capital of your native State, and thetowuot your adoption. (Tremeadous oheering, which oontinued for some moments.) As Gen Piknce stepped forward to address the meeting, the thou * and cheers were deafening. Tne cheer lng having ot-ased ? Geu. Pi Kaon, responding, said If he had endured the tell, if he had encountered 'he exposure and daugers ol whioh the president of the meeting had beon pleased to remind him. if there had oc n at his home long, sad days, and anxious, sleepless nights, aside from the oonsoious nets ot having performed a duty which never fails to brlut its own reward, a greeting like this would no far to compensate for all. Hit heart was fall, but not bo the language be would desire to command lie f?lt an embarrassment In responding to tbe remarks of Ibe president. for whioh be could hardly aooount He was grateful, he hoped, profoundly urateful, first to that Being who not on'y guides the destiny cf nations, but w?toh?s over tbe fortunes of tbe most huuibie indifl iu.l He was also grateful to the numerous and excited assembly which stood belera and around, to welcome him hack M> the town of his adoption The enthusiasm which bad drawn the vast concourse together was not so mueh on hi< own account a* on acc uat of the great uuuiber of th- ir gallant sons brothers, and friends with whom it had been his fortune to serve. The strong demonstrations of fe-ling which he observed, antiwiiiob re acted upon himself, sprang, be wait sure, from a d-ep and abi'iing reverence for tb-j memory of the brave men who had laid down to their final repose in the bosom of a foreign soil. In responding (raid O'U P.) to your reception, a set spetah would be out of plaoe. if not. a desecration ol the generous impulses that seemed to pervade all hearts ?van between the cars and this hall ma ,y questions had been propounded as to the bearing and fate of individuals in his command; and be might not, perhaps perform a more aoceptable aud grateful servioe than to ' rater to the 9th R-gtmeot, whicu was assembled in suoh ! haste, and In such hot haste met the enemy Toeir | motives oould not fill to be appreciated They left their ; New Kngland homes in tbe bright sunny days of spring, ' not merely to an>i?uuter the ordinary dangers of the ! field, but to meet the pestilential br<--z-i of the tropics in th* wor.it pos.ible season of thn je r. There were in this audleuce those whose wives and children would bav>[ cIuhk arouud them at parting uadersuoh circumstance* There wera many who parted for tH* last ticie witii just such wives and children. And there were ard -nt I youths just emerging from their minority, carefully i and even tenderly reared, who late their fathers' roots with " Parttags such as press The life ftom out young hearts ? Id a tima of great emergency, in an hour when the safety of our army seem *d to depend upon immediate support, they responded to th?ir country's call with an alaority and a selrsacrlflolug spirit worthy of th-? days of tbe revolution. He was aware that tbare must have been much anxiety and no little speculation on anouuut of the detention of his command at Vara Cruz. His orders were to proceed immediately from the cosit to th-' ar.ny in the iuleiior: ' ut it was an order inure easily given than exeouitid Without auy fault on tbe part of the government, and from causes above hamta control. there was a total want of the means of transpor tation. The efficiency of the Quartermaster's Departnidtit had been broken by the effects of the -llmate and ooasequent disease, and on the very night of bis arrival in th? harbor a stampede occurred among the wild mules which had been collected, aod more thun :% thousand were never recovered. The month of July was una voidably passed In tirrra cilitntr, and when he final.v left thn coast, many of the aiimuls had never been in names* before. The character of the inarch for the first day or two wita such team* oould be more easily imagined than described lie regretted to say that the indefatigable Major Smith, who sucotedej Capt Hetsell in the Quartermaster's Department., ssoilli"?d his lifa to his devotion to the service. He (Major Smith) s?w the lasr of the train depart, aud lu a )tw days, from exposure and fatigue, fell a viotim to the vrmlto Uen. Pierce trusted that in the oiroumsUnces lu which he was there planed, he felt the weight of the responsibility that rested upon him. And in the general health, patient enduraaoe and ohe?rful service of bis command vtm to be found the most ampin reward for tbe c instant oare from which no humane officer could evsr escape it was due to the 9th Regiu ent to say, that at Vera Cruz, on the march?under tbe sun where it oasts no shadow?in drenching rains and harrassing flanking service, offi'-erj end m?n were ever ohoerful. always ready. He hjd never heard tbe slightest murmur, lie had never heard a soldier or officer say, that tho delay was unfor.uuate. They were auxious to go forward, not so much because they uesirsd to ttt?/?' /rota tht vomilo rrgion, 111 from n Yankre curiosity to tee wk*t wai htfart thru A mora oheerful set of lids ceuld hardly bo found around a New Kngland fireside. Although be received no newspapers from the time that he left Vera Crus to the arrival of lien Patterson's train, the day before he (Gen Pierce) l?ft ths city of Mexico, he was aware that most of th# incidents of ths march to Puebla ha J found their way to tbe States, and he would tiouble his friends with no details. In the maroh, in tba fighteverywhere, they exhibited qualities that have ever distingui>hed the Anglo Saxnu race. The Question wss never who woul i ba ordered forward, but uullormly who should have the privilege Of the advaucw It war Tain to speak the piaiae cf a regiment, that eut?Tel Pdebla Iti August. HIO strong, and in December could not mutter ISO effective men They had spoken f ir themselves. Individual instances of valor and devotlou might be multiplied to any extent, and among tli-m not a few frofii your own town There was printer K. Henry CarswMl. whose gillantry was marked, and who euterej Mixaoque in prr'i el, health, never having b?en touched or harmed in a single battle, but dl*d suddenly of fever Stowell. Hlllw printer, w*s shot piump through th? ohest He ((i?n. P) thought that Stowell oould uot live ad hour; but when he found him at the oouveut. the next day he was bless id with a clear mind uud unflinching f riitude He said " General, it is i.li over with ui? ?will you write hi,m-."' but added thought, the first and last wi.h the army, " Did the b >y# speav of me? Did th'-y say whether i b haved well? Aod this was thesfilrit the unparalleled 4HHM whinh secured to us victory, aril gave Ul puss. svon of the oiry . H * ((Jen f'ieio*) ooiiid Dot o" it the natuw of S-r,-ea it Pike, who having behaved nilh distinguished gallantry in all the ^receuing e?iga?e:ueote, fell, pressing up on the causeway to.the gale Belen. He was in on* ot the arabea ?.f th*> aqueduct. when a bomb from the oastle exploded, and Rilled every uiaii in it except Pike. | and ilia leg wax literally iom off by the shell, but rendered worse oy ibs pretumied amputation that lollowed The bone of his iln^h was foun l protruding two inches tw or three days alter. There was a seei.n l amputation S one del' ot made a third nacessary, wben he ((inn P ) called upon the sergeant, and laid, " I f-ar you are not able re endure another amputation, now " Pike replied " I Oiu, sir, I lisve made up my mind to it. I want it taken off to-day?and when they cut it off again, I hope they will out it so that it will stay cut " l'hese young men were all pilnters, an I laf'ereuce to th. m reminded him of a fact for which he had never bean able satisfactorily to acoouut It was, that among the new levies, the printers exoeejel any other vocation by 'Ji> per oen . They were uniform.y brave, intelligent, aud efficient soldiers The ninth regiment sustaine 1 ail irreparable loss at Chapnllepeo in the daath of tlielr gallant aud aioomplished commander, the lamented Col Ransom His appointment was halted In New England witti U'ii vesal approbation, aud, in the camp, iu the ti?ld, everywhere. be realized the uighest hopes that bad ever bee* entertained by bla most ardent admirers It ~as gratifying to learn moat giatifyitig to all the army. that tne State of his nativity bad uianlieated such a juat appre elation of his qualities, both aa a man and a soldier, and bad paid suck a uoble tribute to his memory General P. sketched in a leeling manner the dellgtuful cbaraoter and distinguished conduct of L'eut Daniels, i f Keene whose remaUs are now 0" their way to Nis Hampabire, and spoke in terms of the hixheat praise of Capt Cady. I.ieuts liana and Poller of this town, Lieut Foster of Nashua, all wounded) and Lieut Smith of Wakedald, who was hilled, liut, aald he, why do I apeak thus particularly ot the 9th regiment, and of the otttoera froai this State' Not because they were distinguished above others, but bsoauae he was addressing tueir neighbors and frienda. In the command with whlah he advanced frem Vera Crux, th re were uot only all arm* of the set vice, but men from the Carolina#, from rexaa, Missouri, Iowa, Michigan, Ohia, Indeed, from aim oat all parta of the Union, and it wm lmpoMlbi* to my what portion <?f W Y (J rYORK, SATURDAY M of the command was most distinguished for conrage, patient endurance and discipline Surprise bad been ?Xpr?Mad that the new levies and volunteer* had exhibitels?oh firmness and oourage It wss in the raoe And beside*. after the army descended into tha valley, it waa wall understood that every stxugfle wm not for vlotory merely?it waa for existenoa. It would be the most *< rious misfortune, however, if oa aooouot of tha exeallant oonduat of tha raw troops, any inference should be drawn against the Indispensable necessity of thorough military education and discipline. The old amy it was. after all. that fuve the general feeling of reliance and security. He desired to retract an opinion wbloh he had fortnnrly onterUined and expressed with regard to the Military Acadt-mv at West Point, While you have an army. you mutl have that academy, or another like it. The military knowledge and roience furnished by that institution in these campaigns had not been merely oonspiounus, they had been indispensable. A more gallant. accomplished and devoted body of men than the omcers 01 ltu' oiu Hrniy, nimu.iiti|f mr utiu>u?, ru(ineer. and topographical engineer corps, he did not beUeye thv world could furnish Nothing oould bo more true then the remark of that distinguished officer and statesman, Col Jefferson Davis, thitt " If they (the Weft Point oflioers) were the white gloved gentlemen, a? had sometimes l?*en said, tbey had steeped their glove* in the blood of the enemy." Without such men the stars and stripes would not have lloated, o.i Ih? 14th of September. up?u the Palace of Maxico They had commanded thj admiration of the country -the* h id establishe I their oiaim to ltd gratitude, which be hoped might be manifested in a substantial way ; and he would take oooaslon to say that next alter the vindication of his country's honor and the performance of his duty, the gallant soldier think* of rank Astonishment had been expressed at tbe disproportionate lose of officers. It wat easily explained. They every nh*re led and oheered on their oolumus ? and in that fact was another cause of tbe success of our troops, new and old. Hence perhape the lots of Horn* of tlie most gallant spirits in the army, at a moment when we could least afford to spare them Col Ransom, to whom h<> had before alluded, was papsing up the strop at Chupultapec, in advance, when be fell Col. Soott, of the same State, (Vermont.) the best shot in the army, and who perhaps the audience would better reoollent as tbe Capt Soott, having been asked, while leading bis men. to take the advantage if a protection from the enemy's Are. which his position afforded, replied, " Martin Scott nevei yet stooped " Ac the moment the sentence was oolcluded, he received a bail through his h?art. Falling with his feet to the foe be deliberately placed his ca|i upon his breast, as if his latt thought bad been iodic grac< fully a.? well as bravely. Lieut Col Unburn received lire wounds, aud yet continued in bis tuddle at the head of tils men; and aa h? received the sixth through the benrt, aud as h,i slowly came to tbe ground, ssiu " Forward, mea ! forward ! you know my word is torward." He spoke of many other gallaut ofltsers, and stated 'he fact that from tbe time that th" ?rmy advanced from l'ue.bla until it retched the city of M> xlon thnre wnre at no time ubove 7 .VI0 effective men. I'hi-j adv meed upon u city of 260 000 inhabitants, defended by 35 noo of the best troops ever emoodied in Mexico with admirable forlldcatious and abundaLO* of all tbt munitions of wnr 'J ho boldness < f tbe movrment. and the skill and energy with whtoh it was prosecute 1 would perhaps never be fully appreciated until lougaftei those engaged would have slumbered in their graves. He had been informed that censure had been oast upon the commanding general, on ncocuot of the armistice agreed to at Taaubaya, in August In his julgment Gsn Scott's oourru was dictated by both wisdom and Humanity. Aud it be (Uen P ) were in the same position as a commissioner agaiu, there wis nothing It* that armistice which, with his knowledge of tbe Tacts, be would desire to alter. Tbe iiU'Stion wis not what advantages we could g iln; but bow we could strengthen the existing government In what was iteliev*d to be ih?li drsire to make a peace It wan well kuo*n that tbt commissioners who met Mr. Tristwerein favor of accepting bis proposition but the government was overruled hi the military and tbe mob in the oily, as h? believed lie bad kept the auJienoe, deuse as was tbe uiasi around niui, too long upon meir ie> i. iiv wan n?re, i.oi to discuss any matter in controversy, but to inset hii friends Still, the subject of the war waa ueofnsarilj prelected to their consideration by the occasion Be tare engsging iait, it was bis bellet that it was irruliinti bly fjroud upon us. If he hud ever doubted before con versation witLi the moit intelligent men in Mexieo woali have uou tinned bim in the opinion that al'.er the annex atioa of Ttx,t*. it waa unavoidable on our part Con quest was, evidently, neither the cause nor the obj -ct o the war, and yrt he was constrained to any that th- r< h id seemed to be, in the obstluaoy ot the Mexioans, th< uniform suooes* of our arms, and the preseu state of our relations with tiiat country, something lit the irreeistibie foroe of destiny. For oue, ic ha< bi-eu and till was his hope uuit ? p-*n- ju?f. nre Honorable to both nations might be in toinii w?] achieved The obstacle* 10 sucti a onnsiimmation-as hi apprehended, hs-t arisen 1'iom unexpected sources There was, unquestionably, in Mexico a formidable ant intelligent party, who had resisted and would resist n* gotiations so Ions aa tl>ey could hope, through our army to escape irom the military mlaruie under which thai ouotry hau literally groined for the lust twenty years Again, the party desiring peace and sincsrely striving for it, had been embarrassed and weakened. If not discouraged, by tb# oourm of tbiogs here. President iler reraand ib? Mexican Congress, who were understood to be io fivor of peace, mitt'n. be so weakened by the declarations of our own oountryinen, that they would not dare to coaoiud* a peace. When at the tamp mar Juitpa. a paper publiih'd in that city was brought to hiin, the whole of the Jirtt pa ft of which, and a part of the ?e coid. ivjs fill'd with tx rjcls f'om the Jlmrri an pren, a id from speeches made in thit country, which induced the editors la say, that while ths intelligent andvutunui portion of th? propl' of North Jlm-rita held (? h sentimmts, nothing remained for them In add in j isiification of their course tow u th the Untied Stafs On the same day that he read the bitter denunciations of tha war. and all connected with It, from newspaper articles aid speeches Blade at >:ome, be s?w posted by the way side, and upou the ranches, the proclamation of (Jen :*al?s to the guerillas, with the watchword ot "Di'ath t? Yankees, without mercy." Thus, with commuuication cutoff from the coast, with no knowledge ^.f the situa tion of the army in the interior, with daily rumors ol strong forces to obstruct their marc'i, was mere fornifh ej from our own oountry food which f'?d tn? f-rouity that pursued his commiud at every turu. The eif.,ot it was calculated to produce upon the Mexican government and people was suMcien'ly obvious What was the feeling inspired in his own command, it was unnec-sssry toaay. However lightly their position mf.i.t l><! regarded at home, thty knew there was but one coursc and that was to go forward. In the ofli, e of the Setretaiy of State, in the > ity of Mexico, a large collection of extracts from newspapers and speeches of our owti countrymen wre found filed away in the pigeon holes, and had been used in preparing proclamations to itifi ime th- Mexican pupulaiton. He brought no accusation against any party or auy man Men cf all parties in tiiis oountry exercised their o*n judgment and expressed their own opinions, in their own way, and so he trmed it would ?}?t be; but he oould not but regard it as most unfnrtu u>io iu? upuu i|uc?iuu, iu.ui.i..s /? ?/u v? our oountrjmen. and iu deeply arid vitally the interest* of the nation, we ooulii not pri-seut an nulled front. If we could bare dona so, ha tlrmly believed thnt months ago there would have been n peaue, just aul honorable to both nations. If we oould do so now, he thought tliskies warn bright and promislug. Gun. Plerea, a I' er agtin thanking the audience for their klud reo<-ptioD, sat down amid repeated aad euthuiiaaiio canering. INCIJIKNTS OK THK WAR. The lamented Cup.aia William T Willis, who fell at Ouuna Vista, had thru* sous under him; one about. 17 years old. who, it is said, fought over and around hi lather, until the dead ani wounded were gone (IT. When the gallant Captain was found, his little son was found by him, with seven dead Mesioans, and, s trauma to Lull, the boy was unhurt. Captain Dlanding of South Carolina, a yiung lnnn. in one of the Mexican battles, led into aoi.ion forty-two men, aud ihey oauie out of it with fltty eight o! the enemy's balls in them. NAVAL 1MELLIQKNCK The U 9. sloop P.juiou h, destined for the East In1I??, will sail on Mon lit* next fjr Norfolk, for the nurpose nf cuing into dock to h* ve here pyrrol aned The fMlowlug Is her list of 'fillers: -Ua^t Gednej; Lteut?n in'*, rbomas J P-'g'i, t' T. lifter, (4*o W. Doty K D naldsoo ; Purser, Lewis Warnu*too, Jr ; Vo in* Vlaarer, li V Fox; Assistant Surg-on, William L.o?b*r; Passed Mid?hU>mnu. Peter Wager and C. H Wells; Acting MldsMjimen, ' ha-loi Haral'on, Jim-* H. Rowan.Cha*. E fl U nharn, Hauiinon ' Pais^d ill isbipuieu (Jeorge l* Welsh an i John L I) ?vis are usider orders for tfie vessel. and will j.tiu lu a ft w days, tvu^ t of liiqon y. UrrLKMCFITAL OHDKR OtTtatL Ospf.ss, ) Was |)>.r iRTMExt, Adjutant O<o*r*rs Office, No 3, S Wasoing^ou Jan 17,1944 The following order, received from the Secn-tary of War. is published for the information and guidance of the oflloers concerned : ? Watt Dr.riRTMOT, Jan 17 1849. 11 v direction of the Pr'lidnut, me order of the 13th instant, instituting a court of inquiry with instruction* to convene in the oavle uf Perote. MeXlce. Ou the 18th of February, is cb.auged and mndlAe J by da ailing Brevet Col Belknap lieutenant colonel of the 6th region :it of infantry a member, in place of Colonel Bull r. 3d dragoons, relieved; and app ontlog Captain S t; Hi lKrly. of the 4tli regiment of ar'illery, trie julge sdvoca'e and recorder, In plane of Klrst Meuten?nt Hammond,of th? 31 regiment of artillery Ttie eourt will assemble l i the oity of Puvbla on the 18th d iy of February next or as soon th*reaf'vr as prac Unable. instead of the Castle of Perote, with the same iilH<ireii<*iary power to adjourn from placo to place. ?a authorised in the original or<ier tor its insiitution W L. MARC V, Secretary of War. Ily order R. Jo*>:?, Artju'ant (J-neral BAf.aNCF.a Dl K T1IK S1A I K OF MAKVI.AND ? From n statement ol the I're usurer ot Maryland, la obedience to an order of the House ot P-legates, requiring him to state the balances due the State, giving liaraes, |tc , we Hod that $J)7 004 Hi are due as ot 11th January, 1848 v?*: ? By collectors of direct taxes for the years 18)1 |84'1 1813 1844, 1916. l84ti and 1H47 *18100/1 47 By olerks of the county aourts 19 978 06 By the sheriff* ot the count!** 31,107 7 I By certain clerk* ol the county court*, and register* of will*, for the tax on their office* 1 117 60 By certain eountlee, for State colonisation tax 10 784 06 By suixirtee 30 061 00 #477,004 87 >RK t QRNIN6. FEBRUARY 5 The Reception of UeiiernU Quitman ami Melda by ilie Virginia L<agialature_Tit? Volunteer System of America.

(From the Richmond ilmea, Jan. 36 ] After the galUnt officer* who had been made the i gue*t? of the State, had been received by the Home of Delegate* <n Saturday, they were conducted to the Bate chamber, whlob, Lite* the Howie, waa nearly fiiud with fah- ladled Mr Speaker Coi reneived thea with a very happy and eloquent addrcF*. teudering them, ad and each, ' an UIU >11*11.1.1 wnuuuie. Major General Quitman commsnoed his ar.kuowladg | uents by remarking. that to gee himself on suoh an 00i ouion u this. surrounded by the conscript fathers of ' this honored old commonwealth, was a sufficient assurauoe that he bad dona his duty to the best ot his ability, and performed such services to the country as were in his power. It should gratify the ambition of any man to receive thu congratulations of the Senate of reuowned Virginia, and be assured its welcome was the tribute of the bear', aud not a mere formal ceremonial This generous tribute from Yirgiala's great heart, created emotions In bis breast, which It was almost impossible for him to restrain or repress He felt here the boating of the gre?t A merioan r ule*?he had felt It beat in battle It wa.i this wblub bad constantly foroed us on with success. The American feeling her.', and all ever th" ooun'ry. had made our armies. whether volunteers or regulars, invincible. It was pleas int for him to unite witn the Speaker In tke character be had justly given the American army. It deserved tho praise of the couotry Gen Q. said he knew what wsr# the toils of civil life He thought soldiers were apt to receive too muoh honor at the hands of their ountrymen, In comparison with those who had charge of our free Institutions by means of which our army was enabled to achieve its victories He could not. however, hear encomiums upon the American army without giving his aasurauoH that they were d> served Tnere were near him officer* of all grades, to whose distinguished gallantry he willingly testified ? But it waa thu rank and Die of the army whose stout hearts and strong arms had enabled them to do thoir duty, and to bring home the sprig of laurel from the ilelda where they had fought. In one respeot. said Gen. <1 . our army demanded the contemplations of the philosophic and Christian statesman, lie referred to the discipline and subordination wtiioh it bad every where displayed As nn officer, who bad principally commanded tbat description ot troops generally supposed to be prone to insubordination the volunteers ?he here bore testimony that they had conducted themselves as the soli dieia of a free aud a Christian country. Gen Quitman concluded by declaring, that the recollection of this soene would ever be a proud one to him i Brigadier General Hhikldj n-it rose and said, all he oould otfer was bis rcKnowledgmentn He cuid not express his feelings This hub not only a generous, an enl thu?iastic, but a Virginiu welcome. He appreciated it for many reasous, but principally for oue : he was an , adopted son of our country, aud be was gratified to tesr tify his devotion to this great country?the asylum of | his country men? and gratified th*t he had been able to seal that devotion with his blood. He esteemed this > welcome as a <tr>miiliin?nt to an adODted cltizi?H. and an approval of hn devotion to the couutry. Ha thought there was a great and high moral in thla. This nation give* free liberty to all?opens the rights, the privilege* and the honor* of this great republlo to all of every nation, not only on the battls-fleld, but in civil advanoei ment and improvement It was astounding the world by its energy and success at he me The same energy whinh was carrying the republio into the far west, lived around us aid on the battle-field Gen S rpoke of the citizen soldiers of the United Htates, and said that, as i their leider in various battles, frequently to death and always to victory, lie had witnessed their bravery and effli oleuoy. But after all. he must say. tbat it was to the tkili and science derived from the yonng offleers of the reguiar , army, that thevoluuteer army was chiefly indebted for its success He wished to do the regular army justice, bnr on use the opiDion he expressed was a praonoel truth, forced upou him on the fields ?f forelgu war The oiti i sen soldier possessed bravery, gillauiry, enthusiasm ? l perhaps a little impetuosity It was juit that the nai tion should be proud of oil ileus who were seut to the f ield by their parents, their sisters and wives ; and this itself was a spectacle which must astonish the world ? The other day, in Washington, hu had ssen a distinguished foreign officer, juct arrived from Europe, 1 who belonged to the Austrian service, a Prussian by birth, and elucot-d at the best military institution in Europe This offljer told him he had been sent out f by that m.L'tary school, with letters to the President u and he was directed to ascertain what new element that - is that o>n meke men ooustantly victorious?agalust t odds-uoder all clrcurnstanc * - in every fluid, i'hey ? w?re now. he said, trying to work this problem ou', In 1 Europe At the school In Beilin, the bast. military g?I lenl had res^n^'v I'tid down before less the old f pnucip;es ettabluoeil in Kurcpnur. warfare?principles i he told th*m, which had been prored in the wars of the Kreucli revolution and Napoleon ifnt, he observed, it 1 seemed now that soron new element was at work, andthese principles had belter he investigated There wes , a country in the West watch bad been supposed to be I, wholly Uiimilitary, that, without preparation, had a> sailed it nation of seven millloni. in a country possessing [ the b*-at natural defences in the world. He referred to the efforts of Kranoe in Afrioa, and of Russia in the (-'auonsus, end their unsuccessful issue,notwithstanding the vast superiority of the nssafllng powers; but, said tbe military instructor, this republic g?ts at onos into a war. and is suco-sst'ul in all its battles, whether Its army fl^hts in open field, or in dsfll-s, or in assailing defences, or laylug siege to fortifications And the offl#i-r was despatched to America, to find out, if possible, what was the secret of it ull. Gen. Shields tnid he thoueht he would be iu this country n long time before he ascertained the seoret. It was in our institutions?it was the principle of our government, which make* every indivi dual proud of his liberty, acknowledging no superior nmungst his countrymen, it was this Veliug In the cltlzeu-aoldier, aided by the discipline of tbe regular army, which had made us vietnrious Gen 8 , in conclusion, returned his hearty thanks to the Old Dominion. Oapt. ManauDF.a, iu returning his thanks to tha people ot his native State for their generous weiome, said It was < xtremly difficult for him to express his fe~lin?s He was wholly unaccustomed to such scenes; but be st<?od amongst a people of nobie generosity, acknowledged by ail 'he world; and he thought lie qould at least appeal to his fair countrywoman aronnd him to hold him excused He hid been separated from his native S":ats for many years. When he left the University at the age of seventeen, he went direatly to West Point, and since he graduated there, bad been at remote stations. But he had never ceased iiis devotion to Vir glnla. and it give him hwb gratification to say here, in tlio Stat of lit* birth, tiia wherever he baa been, in pence or In war he had never forgotten to endeavor to honor. In p:utat least. the draft cf her form?r lllustrioussous upon thrlr successors. Thn scene* of hid early life had always be?n TlTidly present to him. an J wre not forgotteu on the battle fields to which hi* duty had called hltn. The soldier. said Capt. M , can truly nay, that the hspplness of domestic life n 'V.r appears in suoh hold reliet as wh-n he U sufferia? with wounds or disease amidst the scenes of war lie was msre particularly gratified at this kind receptien. because tun Legislature hau seen fit to MMMi him w'th their distinguished gu*st* The country could justly say to each or them. ' Well done, thou good and faithful servant." Their gallantry had b-enso pro eminent that he was proud to stand here on his native soil, and see it so honorably acknowledged. In conclusion. be declared that wherever his duty might constrain him to go. end nnder all circumstances, hi* would never forget that he was a son of the Old Domini ti. and his high obligations us a soldier and citizen of Virgiota. Lieut Bki.df.*, with almost overpowered modesty said, that, i.fer the eloquent remarks that bad been made he could not be expected to touch upon army matters, but lie must confirm what had been said by Ueu (Quitman "f the g' od uiausgement and humanity of our men; liaviug reoeatedly h>ii th 'm give their last drop of water to wounded Meilcans, when they knew that if the thing had b??u ri'versed, the steel would have been their portion For himself, he oould only say that if his service* had been sufficient to merit this high oompliuirnt from the Legislature of Virginia, he felt that he hat done something; and It wouid amply gratl'y bis ambition, if. iu thn various notions in which he had served, he had b'-n able tondU sin <1^ wreath to the honored cbaplet of the Old Dominion Capt. HLaani.su, ft thn noble Siuth (Jaro'.ini re?l. ni ill, oaiue forward Mita peculiar grace ?n t uiodeacy, an 1 said, It whs impossible that he could receive this generous aelconie ?s mt"nded merely for himself; he kn?* It was mteu led for the unlnri unate regiment in which he had served, and. fir them he received it wuh pruf' mid grat iflcatlou He received!:, too. for his State V South ''aroliiiian could never tail to flud u warm wel- ; co-ne in VitKinia, tor u,e two Stetes w-re peculiarly on- j ' nected tog?M\er in feellug It appeared to him that t. e <r*r with Mexico h i l soleed '>oe of th.i great problems cf wur government It had h en believed by m <ist republican statesmen, that Urge standing armies were hostile to public liberty I h s ?ar had demonstrated that wlih a small army in peace, the republic could easily r.nse a Urge and etneieni volunteer army for war, auU. theref re. that large standing armies aere vnneeeesary. I he services of the volunteer troops bad estabdshed this great prli clple ? a principle. he declared, for whloh he would w>l!lngty have shed his hijoi ("apt B closed by agsin expressing his thnnkn for the truly Virginia w?lonm < wli'ch he h jd rec. i?ed tie said that when the Virgl ii.\ regiment shoul 1 return with ihe distinction which ho knew it would achieve his o*n Sute would he happy to show them what was a South Carolina welcome After the guests had b-? u made acijuaiuted with different Senator* Qiey reviewe 1 t'ie city troops ou parade in the square, and then repaired to tbe Liecmlve inanflon We obaei ved amongst theootnpany th re, th* gallant Col Osrland. who had Just returned from Lynchburg. and was very cordially greeted by bis distinguish ed f> liow-aoldlers The female elephant, mvs the L udon 7Vm??. known by th# nauie of lem y Llnd, who has b?eti starring tor seme lime at Astley's I'heatre. in company with the large male elephant -both boueht by Vlr rta<ty at the sals of vlr Huxhes's mainmnth trr upe. at Vauxnail Gardens is about to take her departure f >r New York, the alephnnt.i and th* niue camels ha?lf>;5 been purnbased by the i roprietor of th* American Circus, Mr Sands of Mr Betty, for the sum of iliiKH) During their recent career at Astley'a I'be%tre m* accomp Ifhment* of these stupendous brutes, no less than tbelr docility, elicited boib onder and a imir?tiou and the juvenile patrons of ( ' th" e?i.abl:shi.ieu. will not be easily oon>forted tor tins loss of a pair of animal* ot th* rarest professional aagkcit) nu t tho highest puhll" r>'inite i' i\- iin ni in d|.- i iii v tn 11 in |>rov tic lor the calling a onnveatiou to iimead the coaititution ot | the stale, pas-edihe Sen*t? if fihlo, on the 'J7ih of Jan- | uary 'ii to II. Virginia Smam. iNotk* ?i'lir Vugin a Senate by * vote ot l ? to li, l.ae pMseU the bill allowing the banks to bsu? a mall soUa. / I ERA 1S48 I'lleatrlcHl Mid M u?l<-al. 1 a Park Thkatmk?This bouse was vary well tilled hi- ! deed last night, and the performance* weut oQ as well ! , as they always do at this place. The various scenes of ' < the ring are indeed most handsomely performed by tb? various equestrians attached to the company ; and we ' do not knew of any pleaaantar way of passing an evening , than in witnessing the variant. performances of Madame Gardner. Stont, Sauds, (iermanl, Aymar, kc General , Quitman and ?nlte were expected to vielt the Park last , evening, aud a box was very haudaomely decorated for his especial aceommodatlon ; up to a late hoar, however, he did not arrive, other eng-igetnents. we presume, having deprived hiui of the pleaxiuaof vlalting old Oru- 1 ry This afternoon the extra performance. at ilX P. M , ' takes plao* It is for the accommodation of juvenile*. 1 who, as well us children of a larger <rowtli, will relish 1 the entertainments highly, we doubt not. The usual 1 evening performance will also take place. ' Bowebv Theatric.?As usual, notwithstanding the stormy weather, there was a line house at this theatre | last night. The tragedy cf " il?ml-t" was played, in t whioh Mr. Marshall sustained tlic character of Hamlet in a manner not to bit excelled in taste, manner, or effunt. 1 Mr. Barry, us the Ghent, also sustained hie part in his usual excellent style; and Mm. Phillips, as Ophelia, wan : received with marked approbation. Every character of i the pleoe wan admirably played The new drama of '* Murrell, thu Laud Pirate of the Went." was also played i --Mr. Tllton, as Murrell, and Mr Barke an Iohahod Cram The piece w<ia played in first rate style, and well recelvod. To night, for the beueflt of th? Assistant Treasurer, a tirstrste bill is offered Mr. Saud.i and his children, Maurlc* and Jesse, of the Park Theatre, Mr. <'hanfrau, Of the Olympic, Miss Wells, and Mr Pluminer, hare volunteered their services for the oocaslon, and such an array of talent cannot fail to 111' the h'Mise to overflowing. Major General Quitman will visit this theatre to night We say to all. go ; it will be one of the greatest entertainments ever offered in this city. Chatham Theatric.?Notwithstanding the extreme evority of the snow storm of last evening, Mrs. Wilkinson's benefit was rather well attended. The prinoipal pleoe seleoted for the ccoasiou was Iho " llnoohbaok," in which Mr. Hield, r.s Master Walter, sustained tha ' part well Sutherland's Sir Thomas Clifford was well performed ; and Mr.*. Wilkinson, In the ch'iraoter of Julia, acquitted he-self in u creditable manner. The J "ntlrn pleoa wfot off well. " The Texlan Runners, or, The F.lephan'. In Mexico." is announced for Mils even I ing, together with " Sudden Thought*," and " Agnes de ! Vera " This bill will be found highly attractive, and no doubt there will be a j^m hous The proprietor, Mr. Fletober, has engaged Mr. Brougham aud Mrs Brougham (late Miss Nelson), who will appear on Monday evening. This engagement will Insure Dumper house* at the Chatham, in connexion with the taieuts of the excellent oampany now engaged. Bkoadwat Theatre.? General Quitman and suito attended this theatre last evening, The box in wbioh they were seated was beautifully deooratad with the national banners, and they were loudly ehaercd from all part* of the house; and at the close of the play, when they were about, retiring, the andlenoe gave three cheers tor I General Quitman, Lieutenant Sweeny, and the o-.her bravo officers who distinguished themselves on the ! lain* of Mexico. i Christy's Minstrels still hold on their way rejoicing. ! and we think they really have found the philosopher's stone in sinolog; every thing th"y sing is good; indeed, such a band oiharnonious voices is seldom met with; 1 ana, moreover, tney are rare in tneir own way ; I'o d%y they give aa extra aft trnoon yerlormance,11 :l ) I'. M., and th* usual eveniu? on? at a o'clock. Paliuo's Ofriti House ?The stormy weather last evening oaused tbi auuience to be rather thin hero. but those who wcro preseut had a very pleasant two or three hour* entertainment The sonars of the Sable Brothers, and the Model ArtiaU elicited much applause? indeed, very tableau we witnessed was encored. Broadway Odkox.?This favorite pfaceof resort opens again thii evening after s short r< cess, during which L'reat itnprovemen s and alterations have been m?de in the house. Greeley, tbe uiauager, is determined that nothingon his part shall be wrnting to muk? the Odcon a plane worthy of public patronage; be bee engaged a spleudid Iruup.i of Model Artists, Pete Morris, the comic singer, and Miss Ulancbard. and wjll present rao?r interesting and varied aaiueeineutN erery evening All ! the pitrr.phernAiia belonging to the Modtl Artists ere new, and ofthe best quality, and the 'it/1, -ua represent- , ed are alflo new, many of tnea having never before been presented to the public From the way in whioh things \ start here, ws predict a handsome patronage for the Gdeon. M*ni>ici.??oh.-? VSoLtM^itr ? To-night wil'be a great | and memorable one for musio In this city, as ou this 1 evening, at Cas'lt Garden, in the spacious and splendid i saloon, wid be heard tbe voices of hundreds aacending j in solemn tones, as they ohaunt tbe requiem of the great I artist. The chorussm. the arias tttm his own splendid j 00 positions of SC. Paul and Elijah, and thn splendid | music of Mcutrtaud Beethoven, will well assort with the | occasion. We have ia previous notices mentioned how 1 unanimously tbe musical societies, and professional and amateur talent have undertaken this great solemnly j The members rf the Philharmonic Hoolety, the New j York Sacred Music Society, tbe American Musical In- ; stUule, the Kuterpean Society, Liederkram aud Conejr- j dla, aud the entire professional and amateur talent of the city, have all volunteered to take part In It. Altogether, it will be the most magnificent musical perform- ' ance, ou tbe grand soale, which has ever oome olf in the Unioti. Bnuzvawica'a Statuary is decid dly one of the most attractive exhibitions now open in New York. It has | been visited by large numbers of people slnoo the exbi- , bition of It commenced, and we have no doubt each succeeding week it will be more and more thronged. Unir^ktri's Mookl or Jk.ruialkm will opeu for exhl- 1 bition on Mondny next This model is vouched for oy the highest and most eminent names in Europe, as being the moat oorrect and interesting representation of the llolv City tM*t the hand of man oould execute. The ( exhibition will derive much additional interest from tbe descriptive and illustrative lecture given at each exhibition by Mr. Maione Kaymond,tbe brothtr in-law of > r. Rrunetti, and part proprietor of the exhibition.. In Europe, it hss been visit?d by nearly hail'a million of people. and it will doubtless be equally popular here. Bi*\aru'.? Panorama ?Tbe magnificent and ever varying soenery ou the banks of the Mississippi, and tbe towns and points of interest wMoh are so truly and talli'fully delineated In lianvard's great work, ar* de lighting, we may truly iwy, thousand* every vnk Hrom uorth, from south, from ?a?t, from wrBt, the rial'ire nous to*?t<j it. and all with one accord declare it to be : unrivalled. Those who have the scenes it depiota. bear witness to the fidelity of the painting ; th?r?f >re, those who have not Been the original. rusy b? sure that in viewing thla panorama,they see the next belt thing to It. | The Viennoise Dancing (Jhliire a are at the Mobile 1 Theatre. A Mobile pap*r, of January i7th, nay*: They I visited the theatre on .Monday night, and were clustered round the private bo*?a likeaswirm of baea -little Genu in bees, whloh bring horn* any quantity of honey on ttieir tiny Oarrnan leg*. They are odd looking little creature*. with an oldish aort of exprasslon lb their round, tat faces whloh is the lit" striking from the an- | tiqu- dressing or their hair. We suspeot they will he "qaite the rage" hers. Mr. 1'iaoide and Mr Coiling are both playing In New , Orleans, where are alao the Lehman family. I City Intelligent v. j ? Thi: Tlt<'lpti?"? or Ok7?K*AL Qcitma-* at City Hai.l. ? I'uiBuauc to arrangement, Mrjor Oeneral Quitman waa y^at-rdny waited ou by the Mayor, aad Aldermen ] a Crolius and Meaaerole.who, at 11 o'clook, escorted him to \ g the Oovernor'a room, lu the City llall, to reoelve his fel- || 1 w o.tiaeBi. At ten minutes paar II tbe doors were j thrown open, and '.be Mayor aod Alderman Crolius per- b formed the part of the introduction, and It was d><ubt , leas to mauy. a ^rear. pleasure to *hak? th? band of the t true and tried toldler So long tias Oeneral (Quitman ' been ?b??nt from the home of h s yout'i that v.-ry f<-? p ol his old arqualntiti.cea were present to gre?t him , but h ?ai- n( ftra. b rs a feeling ot gia.ituje for the suirloe* 1 ? rendettd his country, pervad*d every hearr Ain'>nf; t? ttioae prcae; t. we observed ooe dresaed iu the uniform ol j the Ne# York volun.eera He hid his left, ?riu bus- i r pin Jed in a sllnt, and lilsotily support ?ete t.wo i-rUtch- j ea, having been i> varely iujured hy receiving wo shot [ n " tin ta in I tie uro>. aud having been w. nod i in tloth e I na lu the gl rious battle or < buiubuaco 1'n-* Oeo?- u rai eirdially slto>k hun by 'he lien*. and the manned n aoldler s < m d aim .sr. to i*m pride in hia wounla. h?v- q ing r?ceived them wtilie fighting under the orders of n Oeneral Q Itman I hat man ia now destitute, wit bout j h v?n tt.e means to purohas* a moi sci oi bread Another ; w volunteer who served In the atoiiniug of Vera Cru* and ! si who w w< illaobarged in oonaeijuence < t his wi unds. sought 1 h nil introduction He professed to have b-en badly treated ainoe hi* return Irem the war, but th? sight of the D brave soldier seemed to a ir up all the patrlocio fe> In.ga ai ot hia roul. and he waved his cap above hia bead, and u shouted I u 1 a welcome to the Oeneral. He pa-s^d tf down la tbe moving m.ss. lut are ioug he w, rk-d i.ie u way ihroogli the crowd, and ugaiu eto?. J before the Oen t, eral, noxious to tell of his misfortune* He said,' Be g?r, Oinerol, I fight iu de Vera Crux; I be shot in breast, ti end come home again, aud d<-y put me in rleep to de vaoh house '' Quite a number of returned volunteera iL were present, many of whom were recognized by the *, General. During the two ht urs, there were more than h four thousand persons who anowered upon General Q pi their congratulation*. and among them severs! ladle*, si who, Inspired with the patriotism of 'ifl, determined to u, lend their presence and tfood wishes for the aoeue. and n warmlv pressing the h*u>l of the Oeneral, wished htm a ri long life of proeperty At one o'clock, tn* Oeneral waa c< nducted by his e?cort to a private apartment, where at h? remained until the crowd had partially dispersed ?:,d tlj?a to hia loOg nga at the Aa'.or Houa*. It waa a d> I i,i mon'tration ot the palrlotiam of N?w Vork. and It waa, ?i doub leaa, a satiflaction to (ieneial Quituian, after an n< abia.ico tf ao many yeara, to b? thus w?lco?nd to h.a tti native Mtate. hi Til* Wkathkr ? Yesterday was one of the m"at "i stormy and disagreeable days we h.tvc hsd this a?asc>u At au early hour in themoiuirg the sky Oecame o??r- ' ai c*st with clouds, and at ten o'clock tue rain begau to ai tall, wbloh continued until about two 'clock, when Che o( wiud changing 10 ihe noithaaat, soi w begau to tall In st large Qakee. whlcu lor a time luilloated a ptobabilily < f ?t clear weather Toward* evening, however, a heavy tl en?w atom aet in, but la cona-quenoe of the eonditlou *' of tbe rarth. being peifeo.ly aaturated with water from ? the reoent raina, Uu mow ai*'ipp?ar?d aa la?t m It fail, J LD. I Mm fwt Ommu, , ipos the earth The utorm continued, and at an early . our thin morning there wan v-ry littio prospeot of fair weather, the wind still blowing from tta* northeasterly Kirk.- A flra broke out about six o'clock on Tbar*d?y ) veiling. in the wo >den bull II .g. No 133 Cannon atreel, Icno Tti as w/to alley, wbloh>aa put out, with trifling ilamaga Aiothkr KIrc.?A lire broke out alto, about tea o'clouk,on Thursday night in the hr<aae No 74 Oranga (treat, whloh wee exiirgu'shed without an alarm baying been given. Dnmege trifling HurTVkK or a Blood Vbsski. ? Coroner Waiter* m sailed yesturday to b< Id n inquest.at No 80 9<Uh itreat, in th? body ot Rosanna Vlyklo*. a native of Ireland jg?d 33 years who, whi < In tba act of lift on a tub of ret clothes, fell on Die tlo' r, and almost instantly axpired. Verdict death by rupture of a blood veatel in th? Anothkr nliutiwciit Horn..?new York oan now ay claim to the cognomen par tacrltencr, of "the oity of Intel palactft " And yet we are astonish hJ ana pleased l*a-n that another SDlendid hotal will be opened In hi* city, on tint 1st of Au*unt next, which for an?. loca :lcn, comfort sud cnnvenl -nre, nun scarcely be equalled 11 this city or country-containing, as they do. > uiany iot?I p?lnres. Oar numerous read'ra well remember >?ni?l I) Howard, Ksq , tint original founder of tha well mown ' Howard's Hotel," oq the oorner of Broadway >mi Milt? Laue, ami oh well recolleot tbe superior atvle >f excellence with which ?v?ry department of that One stabllel ment win conducted, whilst under the managemeat of Mr. D D Howard and hi* brother. And greet ? ? the regr*t felt end expressed by all who bad ayar nad the good fortune to be his guest at any time, whan It was anaounoed that, thoy had disposed of thalr Inter st in that hotel,and retired to enjoy the ntium cum Hitnilnte of private lite ou their farm, upon Long Island. Although that est ihllshment hns been sino". and still la, ir>uduo ed in a piosf, desirable manner, by John I'homai, r.?-| . who with Captain Roe, purchased the interest of the Maasrs Howard In their hotel At the time cf their purchase, it was stipulated that for tha space of three pears next ensuing neither Mr D D . Howard nor bis brother, should embark, either directly or Indireotly.ln any , KUterprise connected with hotels in the city of New York An we mdlottd at the lime they leit tha place where they had dispensed so much happiness to others, and achelved so much bnnor to themselves, it would he impossible for a miud and temperamerit so active, ?n< rgetlo, eutarprislug and Industtiius, as Mr. L>. O. Howard possesses, to remain loBf cut of the (MM of his fcrmer fame aud wo ir i greatly gratified to learn that Mr. L> L) Howard I* 1'iont to open a new and most superb hotel lu this oity, luiiug the ensuing pumui?r. Hltica leaving Howard'* 4otel, they have enjoyed life at tbelr beautiful country i<-at, purchased of Capt Munson, one of the most beau.lful locations on the south side of Long Island, but that ?aa no place for men gifted with suob enterprise as tha Maters. Howard; accordingly, for the la?t three months Mr. Howard has bseu aotlvely eng>g?d in makiug arraiigem?nta to open a hotel la this city, and has been so fortunate as to secure that most capital looatlon knows ai the Granite Building*, on Broadway and Chamber* street, Immediately opposite to Stewart's splendid marble palsoe. This hotel will ocnupy the front oa Broadway, fiota Chambers to Read* street inalutlve, ^ forming one superb graalte frtat on Broadway, and will make a noble contrast with the marble front tf Stewart's palace.wbloh, during this year, is also <0 extend ovr the wh"le block immediately pposite. Tbe granite build lugs. no less than IU0 feet front down Chambers street; and to udd to the excellence of tbe Imposing xppearacoa nf thn hotel, two more lots have l.een obtained ou Chamb r street, which are to be built up also, of granite, iimuiug tt iruui in mm nirowuuu ui wmi ^u" "????'? n-id fitty feet. What will be (till bettei, the whole w.ll be built clear through from Chambers to Heade street, embracing a rquaut block within Its ex'erior walla, a square block of about one hundred and Qfty feet front in <>anh direction. Imposing ar. thin w>uld make hit entablisument in appearance, yet Mr. Howard intends to increase the heigh' of the present building*, and embellish them in the b??t style which wdl render his hot 1 truly au ornament tu that deligh ful part of oar oity. Law Intelligent*. Oomjioi* Pleas, Feb. 4 -Beiore Judge UliboelTer.? Brtijawm iVmrrbury vi Itaar M Wn >llty and Jam*l //. Bailty ? Thin wax an action on two promiasory notea amounting to $274, given by Smith and Bailey to plaintiff. Ft a the consideration for a washing and ironing rstablisbment, carried on in 3<Jtb street, near Third avenue The d?f?na? was. that plaintiff got the notea tor hrt purpose < f g ttlug theia discounted; thar. be had never given any consideration fir them ; and. lastly, 'hti' he hud p. i* j;iver. bill of sal-, or delivered the pos J ??>sion of th? wK'hing aud ironing establishment to Smith aud Bailey ho.I thai tUe latter had acted In the traduction as his clerks The Court cnargid the jury, that a? the note* iu questiou were business notes, as between the drawer Wnolley. and Smith and Bailey the payees, the plaintiff wis entitle 1 to reoover against tba dfendnnts. it the jury were not satisfied that he had unfairly obtained them from the p;iyees; and that if be bad given consideration, or parted with the possession of his property for them, he was al?o entitled to recover against Smith and Ball?y; thar it was not neoessary that a bill of sale for personal property should be exeeutcd; that delivery of porsession with the intention ot aolual.y massing the title of plaintiff on the property to the de udsnts, wia safflnient. But if the jury beliered there as no sale and delivery of the property by plaintiff to Im'th and Bailey, and that the latter were the clerks of >lalutlff. then the defendants were entitled to a verdiet. /erdict for defendants. For plaintiff. F Byrne; fer de* ndaate,C. VV VanVoorhis. SrrRCMK CouaT or thc Uhitid Srarca, Feb Sos 31,Si.?The Planters' l)ank ol Mississippi,plaintiff, n error, vs. Thomas 1. Sharp et al ; and Baldwin. Yall, md Hufly, plaintiffs, In error, vs James Payne, etal.? i'be argument of these causes was continued by Mr Webster for the defendants in error, and by Mr. Ser (eant for the plaintiffs In error. Gas* of Biuamy.?A innn named Edward Du Jliurm, a Frenchman, was arrested at Bingnampton, on Friday night last, by S Hubbard. Eiq , of Paris, in this county, on a ci.arge of bigamy, which was ireferr-d ai:aii>Ht him by Henry Btr.iey, of Norway, 'lerkimer oouniy. whose daughter he recently married t appear.'' from the statement of th*j ollloera who had lira in charg". that this Ou Charm has been travelling is a " mesmeric sulject'' and assistant lecturer, with ta )r G??r, who hm been holding forth upon the sutjecta ?f mesmerism, physiology and anatomy, for some time >?st. iu thia aud Herkimer eonnty. Kor six cr eight vreks piisr, they buve made Newport their head inarters. and while there, became acquainted with Mi?a larn-y,?o interesting girl of only sixteen years of age, thorn Du Charm succeeded in periruadli g to marry him, loatrary to the wishes of her father. They came to this lity. and were mi.rrledsom two weeks sinoe. They imnediately left on a "professional tour. " south, but It laving been ascertained by the girl's father, that Du )harm had a wife and chil l In West Troy, they were >ur?uel aud srresteil as above mentioned, and brought o this oity. Yesterday Uu Charm was tak?u before the lecorder. and alter an examination, was committed to il, In default of bail of ffiOO, to be tried at the July erm of the Recorder's t'ourt. This deeply iajured girl, ad learned of Du Charm, the evening previous to hia rrest, that he had a wife, aud avowed her determlnaion to leave him. She felt alarmed for her satety ? . aring that he would put an end to ber life and hia wn, in a tit of phrensy She is heartily glad to esaape rom him. and again be restored to her friends Du harm l? trying tb? ga-.ue of insanity, which seiied him onu atter hi* arrert Dr (Jeer h?* with him a young r^mari who joined the company at Newport, who haa ii.n laar-kin,. r..liilln, ,l,,,.-l., . V,IV.... Dli. ,?. nlln . d returning hom" ? u<i>u f/?iaM. RuiHit or MiHtuu Wumis?I: giree iu nexpresible |>l-Hiur? to MiiDuuuva that the Honorable .Mr Jerry I jeaa ha* at i?ugth perfected his grand scheme for melorating the couditlon f the snu.ibed aud down-trod d married women, and will, on i'uesday, introduce a ml for their pcouction n copy cf which w? lieve reeled in udr?nce, by magnetic teiegrapn, and haitao i) lay before our readers t)i lie it enacted by the General Assembly of Han' k?d Husbands, I hut w? are totally incompetent to nnage tbu affairs of our wises. and that they ?re her*y invested wi'.h lull power of managing their cwn matin in ?uch njHMur a* may ??*?m good unto tbetnaelvea. f J Be It further euact?o. &o., 'l lat all moneys, jewely. c.uary birds moakeys, aud other real or personal tats, presented to *uy uiariled woman by auy gentlelan other than her husband. shsll b?e >nie her own eg, luiise property; and t >at It shall be iLm duty cf every larrieil man to ).a> fur.illooureriand < pera tkkets diner* at Drlnionlco'f, carriage hir>- and other extras, re iiirxd by Ins wife and her trlend or friend*, in the purnit of b^r daily Inclinations or pleasures: and t.kat any u?band who ?hali r tuse, or iu any manner iuterfere ith the pleasures and iuclmat'on* of his wife aforesaid, &ail be condemned to tie pubikdy domed and to wear orus lor the remainder of his natural life ^:i Be it further enacted. Sto . That any married woihu wbo?e bill< ut Stewart'*, Maiqusnd's, or slsewb*re, re uot punctually paid without grumbling or question, pon presen'ation to her husband shall be authorised i scratch out the eyes of her bushaiid aforesaid, and to tterly r*fusehiin *11 those oonv latioi s to which, in hit lindii'SS he may think hiro?elf entitled Si Be It further enacted. &? , That the true and legir-jate object of a wiii;im iu marriege is. to secure aa >rge an injome an possible to herself; and that It Is her ladenable aod Sucre 1 ri^bt, tbat such Income should b? tjoyed free from all restraints and incumbrance* Any usband. therefore, who refu-es to bankrupt himself, smdle his creditors, and run the risk of going to Sing ing. In ord?r to supply his wife with suijh sums of mors as she m?y from day to day re quire, shall be adjnjgi guilty of high tressoa, and shall sutt-r death aocerngiy. V Be it farther enacted, ho , That no married mau ixll e*?r contradict his *if~. upon pain of death ()ti. Be It turther enacted, kit , That young clergymen, lehops, and handsome physicians, ol A A eges, shail be at I boors entitled to enter aud depart from any duelling* use, with ut qur?tlou or nb'trnolion from the master irtof; aud that for a husband lo doubt, at anytime, ? wile's nee?j of either spiritual or medicinal tniulstrac>n, shall be deemed low Miowny V? Be it furthir and flna ly ensoted. ke., That 'cr ly mar(i* d couple to be eeen to euter or dep irt f-out >y ?e?t drawing room, op? ra bouse, or oth*r plac^ public or private entertainiaeiit, t -gft her. after they 1*11 have been married six mouths shall be dseraed bodlitany against the peaoa aud good order of root ty, and kat upon second offence the husband shall ta hung, ad tne wile condemned, as acce?sory, to wesr I'ltch hen Krtnlh* is all th? fashion, and m;? vsrsa ? 7*1 sAn Dtnkty, ^

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