Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 5, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 5, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YOUK HE&ALI* Tori*?r ct >n]tos ami **?iuS tU H JjUSKtfaORDON BEMNETT, H PUOFHIHTUH. VAILV HF..IALV-K<rm iay, .(#< ">?? 2 centi prt < <*r??$7 fSptt gnmm iw tht IM*U ^imie?. ?.*?#, r?*rri, $14 |>ef *nnum. t* include the f>of "V/^LKH HFRJlLD-Eies-t Saturdmfr** c:nts JHT t .?>*-?i !?, ....I .*? ' ' ?u- ! )??? ] . scr,*--! ** " ? ?? ?? , to 'MfMlW Jin edition will h, rubU*K.d on tke day af the departure I each itraturr, triifi intelligence from all parts of thr .Imerica . continent In the momrnf SuAfcrtpttan* a-.ti cr.-ij< ;/.. >.'* rtcrneit ly tot sirs. Malignant, 18 jur Piv.enr.e, Pans, }' i Miwmili, II Comhill, and bonkstller. liennetta street. London. PRK.^lOENTI.iL HEHJILD? Every Tuesday?One Oollut tor tKt lomjairn. jSVl Eh TlSt. '1fc..? IPS (new every morning) ai reatonaklt prices; to tie writ en in a plain, legible manner ? 7>-j? nrr-'irf,'- not t rspmsibCe tor errort in manutcrxpt. PRINTING of all kinds executed beautifully and wtlk uetpatch indert rece vrd at the Publication Office, cornet of ton and Aauiu streets Jil l. LETTERS by man. tar subscriptions, or with aiteertisemcrtt, to be pott paid, or the pottage trill be de4xi lei from the money remitted yOLUHTJlRV CORRESPONDENCE, containing important newt, solicited from auy quarter of tht world? fid if used, will be liberally paid for PONOTJCK can be taken of anonymous eommunirui?Bn. Wiiatever is intended for insertion must be authentiented bxj the ncme an I address of the writer; not necesio >'tly to fniblicat-.on. b*it n? a guaranty Ms g.tod faith. H e . (???( vv.iiei take to rttiu n f ejected communications. H Jtl L F.1\ Af R v TS to he tn. ie n advance A t SKvlKNTS THIS HV'tMINU H r hK THk-ATUK.?Saudi Lrnt * o. Amkhica* Ci?cc?, in ihrir variont fein Two perforraaecu, at 2^ end 7 PM. BOWKRV THKAVBK. K'.w?rr ?Wild Oat?-CHIL- ! D*t? n THt Wocu-Thi Bt?con or Diai h. CHATHAM THKATli K, Oh?trii>ui ~ SvDDr.n H Thoi oh n?Th ta> ttANOt.Bi. Or, The Klephaut m Mexico ?AC1H!BK Vint P AI MO'S f >PKR A HOUSE, Chamber* ?tre?t.?Sa?lk S>OTHk>!-Model Arthts BROADWAY ODEON. Broadway ? Comic S i n g i n o. Itc ? YIodkl Aatu C ? SOKa.MA '-M LL, way, O??- .ir>? ?t ? < ?? < f thk Mimnirpi. Two exhibi ions, at 3 and 7 P. M ME^HAX'C'R H ALI-, Br.iadway, ntsr Broome street.? ChRiirr'a Miwsrat L- ?Bi mi> ? '?> < o -kTHioriAN ! Sir Two perform'nce? at 3 and 8 P M. CASTLE GAV.PEN ? M?^dklmohVi HKQUIEM. BROOK'YV-BroOK~V NINSTITUTE. Wa?vin?toii I ?treet?M acomb> k T*o> p?- ( osckht New >oik, Saturday, Ftbriiary 5, 1948. , I 0t>- Adverti?em jito received (or one mserikoc j only. 7 he Electric Trl'traph. Our telegraphic report? w.-d?y will be found of unusual interest. We have later advices from ; the city of Mexico, bringing tumor* of peac*, j and of anattemptfd insurrection in the capital. I The peace rumors are b-tsfd on the report that Che Mexican Commissioners had submitted a plan of a treaty of peace, embracing the proposals of Mr. Trist at Tucubnya. It is stated that Mr. Trial, in consequence of his powers having * been revoked, had despatched the propositions to Washinuton. From Washington, our Congrersional reports | will be found highly interesting, to which we would refer our readers. In the House, the most exciting event of the day was the reading of a letter from Gt n Taylor, in reply to that of the | Secretary of War, in relation to the publication ; of his celebrated letter to Gen Gaines. This letter was elicited by resolutions of the House. It ' was presented to that body yesterday, Accompanying a message from the President and a report \ from the Secretary of War. The Secretary states that the letter of Gen. Taylor did not reach the Department until after the adjournment of the last session of Conirress. The Legislative reports, &c., will be found worthy of perusal. Our Relations Willi Mexico. Our relations with Mexico are ill a most anomalous condition. That country is conquered? that country ia in the possession of the American army. Peace has been obtained for the last few months, by hard blows ; but the future seems tobe dark and obscure. Humors circulate every where, that the projet of a treaty has been agreed upon by General Scott and Mr. Triet, and that it only requires the concurrence of the Mexican Congress at Quereturo, to enable the negotia- j tore to send it to Washington. This rumor is ' followed by the fact, a curious fact, of an order j issuing from ttie War Department, assembling a court of inquiry on General Scott himself, end others, and suspending him, of course, from the command of the array, until the result of that j court shall be ascertained. All these important rumors and facts are mixed up with the positionof the two parties at Washington, the preparations for the Presidential election next November, and the result of an ultimate and final appeal to the people on the whole of those questions, embracing also the annexation to the United States of Mexico, in whole or in part. It is difficult to ascertain th? facts in some of these ma'ters, but we shall try. Our own belief is, from information received by U9, that Major General Scott, as Commander in-chief of the American Army, ha^ availed himself of his position to take some preliminary steps of negotiation in receiving a projet for a treaty, formed on the bus s of the instructions givt-n to Mr. Trist last summer, when he was sent to Mexico. Mr. Trist may have concurred with G-neral Scott in this movement, and at the last dates it was aenerally understood that th?* projet of a treaty only required the concurrence of the Mex lean u<>naress, which were to assemble on the first of January la t, at Queretaro, to decide on the matter. Of this general fact there seems to he no doubt It is also probable, accordinc to all appearances, that General Scott has undertaken this mode ot negotiating on his own responsibility, lis cominauderin chief of the American army, without any special authority from the government at Washington. We know it to be a fact, that some time last uutuinn, out- or more letters were written to General Scott, find concurred in by several distinguished politicians of the whig party, and sum** in the democratic party, being the friends ot Mr. Van Buren, advising General Scott to ta*e the responsibility of such negotiations, and thus to head off the President and the Cabinet, in making peace *-ith Mexico, and then rfturn tw the United States with that treaty in hi* po< ket. Whether Mr. Webster orhis friends are ininpled up in this private movement, we do not know, but it seems probable. It may be recollected that he took a similar course in the Uregon question. In that crisis, he wrote a vety important priva'e letter to Mr. McGregor, the Secretary of the Board of Tr.tde in London, requesting him to rail on Lord Aberdeen,or Sir Robert Peel,and to represent to them the necessity of open.njj som" kind of a negotiation for the settlement of th?- Oregon question, otherwise the tw > countries would be precipitated into the calamities of war, before they were aware of the condition of things. This fact we learned last summer in London, and it was publicly stated by Mr McGregor himself, when he went as a candidate for the present Parliament, before his constituency in (rlasgow. From the 0f this movement, in embracing the tettlenient of the Oregon question, we would not be surprised if Mr Webster w-ere concerned more or It < m sol1ie movement cf a like nature, having tor its purpose Rn indirect negotiation with any au* orities in Mexico, so i.? to bring *bout r settlement of our controversy with that country, before the next Presidential election. Of course, sue'i an indirect mode of negotia'ion would be managed with a great deal ??f cate, und the probability is, that tiie rr^de we have pointed out, in reference to General Scott us the head of the \meucan army, may have been that which wis self cted. We are perfectly sure t'm tiers to that grave effect were written I.?, i M] iirj libiiiiw I Mil j . !, . IU J V.' Hw.ft, I iii .Vi/i 'utcTot Ock>L?f Iua-1, AS<i fotvi ardcd !o I him through the highly respectable commercial house of Hargous it Co., of this city. Now, with these views of the position ?f matters between the two governments, we may be enabled to understand the meaning of the gen- I eral order issue d by Mr. Marcy, Secretary of War, published in our paper yesterday, conven- : inq a Court of Inquiry, at Perote, in Mexico, on j tlie thirteenth ol this month, for the purpose of j investigating, among other numerons thing*, a j complaint presented by General Worth, against J General Soott, and, of course, suspending General Scott from the command of the army, during the sitting of the court. This suspension, ol course, grows out oi military rules; but the real reason may be the belief on the part of the President and his Cabinet, that General Scott was negotiating at the instigation of the opposition i in this country, and oil his own hook, contrary 1 to the wishes and purposes of the administra- j tion, who mean, most likely, to keep the ques- i tion of peace with Mexico open, till after the [ au nn?nt;n*;AnA lie a i x i CBiuru i iai rirtiiuii. nil iirguuauuii? will, of course, be arrested in raid career by the | order of the Secretary of War, and, instead ? of th# whig party in this country heading off the President, by this indirect mode of negotiation, 1 the President and his Cabinet, will completely | head off the whie pirty, and compel them to meet an issue before the popular tribunil of this country at the next election, of the annexation of the whole of Mexico or none. We do not believe, therefore, in the probability of there being any real peace soon, all rumors to the contrary notwithstanding. We are rather disposed to think, that the President has made up his mind to keep the questionopen, and in the position in which it is at present, between the two countries, till after the election. The administration, with its candidate for the next Preside: cy, mean to go before the country on the important issue of the whole of Mexico or none?they taking the whole, and 'euvingtlieoppnsition, or the whig party, to take the contrary ground. Now in thi? issue, a new issue?an issue which sets aside all other isaues, and which, addressed to the enthusiasm, enterprise, and imagination of the whole country, the probability is that the administration will again be sustained by the country by a large majority, in spite of all that can be brought" against them by the opposition. Since the last Presidential election, nearly half a million of young Americans have arrived at twenty-one years of age, and will come into the field as voters. About two hundred and fifty thousand emigrants, from foreign countries, will also come into the field as naturalized citizens and voters Probably also half a million of old voters, part belonging to the whig party, have died off; so that the constituency of the whole ; Union, during the present year, will be made up I of one fifth of new materials from what it was in j 1844, and these materials will be much more ! likely to support the grand, magnificent and splendid idea of annexing the whole of Mexico, than I to go for a defensive line, or merely for the ac- 1 .r>k. ! ijuisiiii'ii in luc uaiicit icmiuiy vi v^aniui u m, tuc position assumed by the whigs. From these views, facts, influences, and rea- | sonings, it will be seen that every thing concern. , iug the action of Congress, and the election for the next Presidency, are all mixed up together, and that things are shaping themselves to make the absorption of the whole of that beauti- j ful country the only issue on which parties will be compelled to go into the next canvass. The I singular movements of the War Department, and I the remarkable order of Air. Marcy, the eflect of j which will be the immediate suspension of Gc- ! neral Scott, and the repudiation of all negotia- j tions either bv him or Mr. 'Prist, show, in the strongest paint of view, that Mr. Poll;, the ud- ! ministration, and his party, are determined to j keep the question of peace with Mexico open, j and try the issue on the great question of the ! annexation of the whole or none of Mexico. | Who may be the candidate is another mat- | ter. Mr. Polk wants it on one side, and j probably may get it. Mr. Clay seems to have the best chance on the other 6ide, but the General j issue of the present position of things and prospects is, that we shall have no peace with Mexico ; no other peace than we now have there, by the presence of the American army, that Con- l gress will be compelled to raise money to keep j the army there, and that the whole matter will be : determined in the election in November next; | and the chances certainly are in favor of the | party that will go for the annexation of the whole of that magnificent republic to the United States. Travellers in Ei'RorF..?American travellers visiting Europe are sometimes at a loss to select hotels to stop at, or stores where they wish to I purchase such things as they want. The Hotel Maurice, and the Hotel drs Princes are very well known, but there a number of ' very admirable private hotels are less known. There is me, particularly, culled the Hotel dt Jolly, k?*pt by Madtme Bell, opposite the ha king house of Rothschild*1, in Rut Lajjiltty much frequented by literary men and some Americans, presenting very fine society for those who go to Paris for a first bruch. Again, ladies who want to purchase the r^al j Rtiss'au sablrp, or furs of any other description in c. j tt..? r _ r> _ _ r r? ?_ n_ win ri"(J ;virFsrF. numpi & uo., 01 itue ae (a raix, one of the b^s: houses in Paris for that descripi tion of goods. It is the only place whera the English, French, and German nobility get such articles of fashion. A traveller to Italy, when he gets to Genoa or Turin, must, by all means, stop at the Hotel Feder. It is kept by the same person in both these lurge cities, and most admirably kept, too. We have a great deal of information to give persons visiting Europe, which we shall follow up at our leisure. Organization of the Taylor Party.?The Courier and Enquirer throws out an idea favorable to the separate organization of the Taylor party, distinct from the whigs or nny other, and the propriety of electing a general committee for the city, and we suppose n general organization for the State, too. This undoubtedly would be the best policy.? The friends of General Taylor should hold a meeting in every ward of the city, eiecta general committee to mett in some central place, organize the whole city, prepare for the charter ' lection with a separate ticket and separate organization: call a State Convention to nominate an electoral ticket, and do everything else which a regularly organised party should do. This is the b?'st method of proceeding?unless it is done the old politicians of the whig party will fasily whistle General Taylor out of the field, and carry the whole for Mr. Clay. Cnaitroachaiu.b Meanness.?Tiiat most imbecile and contemptible paper, without circulation, and conducted by a person of the name of Hiram Fuller, who writes nonsense from Washington, alter accusing the reports of the Herald ot inaccuracy, has the meanness to steal those I reports, without giving credit for them. The respectable friends of <General Taylor, in Washj ington, and elsewhere, can make no headway , | in tlie old hero's estimation, by countenancing ?uch a man ns the editor of that pap^r. We un1 derstand that Mr. Folsom, formerly electpd to the Senate of this State by flie native*, i* now . the editor of it. Marine Affairs. Il cons*<jue?io? of tha storm, tha < aleL Gf Imabaw will not ba launohad until Monday next. i>. 'LI.I'.". 11. i 11 Uimn M?mh> Htmitp HjUWl *H?uJt00 | uMi* AiiMirilhWtaU lu ton*fquence of the transfer, according to law, and under the solemnity of an oath, of the advertising ot the Post Office letters in this city from the JVfw York 7Vn7>une to the New York ] Herald, arising from the greater circulation of the latter journal over the former, the proprietors of the Tribune, Messrs. Greri.kv and McElrath, . have assailed us in a most unusual style, attributing to us acta, motives, and purposes of the most revolting and unworthy character. These charges are, at the same time, so ridiculous that <] none of them require particular notice or answer, except that one which relates to our circulation. As the statement of our circulation happens to be based upon the sanctity of an oath, the accusation against us in this respect involves not only our own character, but also the characters of several respectable men who are in our employ- ] ment. The affidavits sworn to and presented to the i Postmaster ot this city, were prepared and sign- | ed by us, including also the following persons, viz :?Samt;kt. M. Raymond, foreman of the press room, and Thomas C. Ktngsmii.i., salesman, both in the Herald Office. Messrs. Greeley and McElrath, in the exuberance of their despair, have, in fact, charged what amounts t* perjury, deliberate and wilful perjury, upon those two respectable persons who made the affidavits. Such an atrocious charge from such a source, can only receive one reply, and that is the ad jption of a method to test the truth of the whole facts involved, by actions at law, both civil and criminal. We consequently give notice that Mr. Raymond, the foreman of this office, and Mr. Kings, mill, the salesman, both of whom made the affidavits, and swore to them, will each commence a civil action against Messrs. Greeley and McElrath, and will also go before the Grand Jury and have them indicted for the purpose of protecting their own characters, as well as of testing, by indisputable evidence, the truth in relation to the circulation of the Ntu> York Herald. These actions will be begun immediately; but in the meantime, so far as relates to ourselves, and the numerous charges made against us in the Tribune, we propose to them the following bet, the money of the loser to be applied to the public charities of New York. We offer to bet:? tat. $100. That tbe circulation of the Herald in the flrot ward of thia citv. among the merchants, la greater than that, of the Ttib'mr. \ 3d $100. That tb? circulation of the Herald in the fifteenth ward, which li Inhabited br a majority of thoan 1 who are whir* farming some of the moat respectable inhabitants of the oity,U greater than that of the 7Yt- . bune i 3rd $100, That our oiraulation ia this oity is greater < than that, of the Tribune. 4th. $100, That the circulation of the Herald, in Brooklyn, ie greater than that of the Tribune. f 6th. $100, That the aggregate daily circulation of the Herald i? greater than that of the Tribune. 0th $100. That the aggregate circulation of the Nevi t York Herald ia one third greater than that of the c Tribune K 7th $100, that the aggregate circulation of the New York Herald is twice as great as that of the Tri- f bune. 8th. That the aggregate daily circulation of the Her- *] aid it three timet as great at that of the Tribune. We here offer to make these bets, to depoaite j the money in advance in the hands of his honor t the Mayor of this city, the money of the loser t to be appropriated to charitable purposes, and to j settle the matter, both parties to bring evidence \ before three respectable individuals, selected by both parties, who shall determine the truth of the ] facts involved. We also offer the same bets to the proprietors ( of the True Sun and Morning Express, both of , which journals are also put forward as having an , equal, it not a greater circulation than the New York Herald. The atrocious charge made against our foreman and salesman, amounting almost to perjury, shall be met, us wc have already indicated, by immediate actions at law, botli in the civil and criminal courts. Before this investigation terminates, we shall show that the reputation, charac- j ter, morality, and real religion of the New York Herald, i3 as far before that of the Tribune as we are above them in circulation throughout the ^ city, throughout the country, and throughout the whole civilized world. Opera and Fashion.?The fun and excitement ! in the fashionable world increase every day and night. Some of the most amusing tmeutes being among the vocalists and managers and critics of the opera. We have noticed the mutual arrest of Sanquirico and two of the artists iu Boston, and we now find the distinguished critic of the Courier , and Enquirer pronounces Benedetti, who has heretofore been considered the first artist in the troupe, "atrocious." "Atrocious!" what has Benedetti done ? or not done J The fun is in- i creasing, hut we shall wait a little before taking a part iu the game, and then settle the merits of some of the critics, artists, managers, and the claquers by wholesale. Another movement in the fashionable world is the remarkable increase of fashionable private fancy dress balls and masquerades. These take place, someiimes two and three a night, in the fashionable quarters of tne city up town. Why i don't the managers of the opera, or the subscri- 1 bers, get up a masquerade within the limits of tVio law nr at Ipoat a fanntf Kail fn* ?Un? mn?? kn ?? ?' ? ?" ? ??? ? ??*./ "C legal t We are persuaded that one could be got up every week during the season, in the present rage for fancy balls and masquerades, among the highest and most fashionable society. The artists, too, could be engaged room in some curious and interesting matqut* and pome beautiful aria, or scena, from the operas ; not gratis, but to be paid for it in a regular way. Some of the most beautiful combinations of | fancy balls and private masquerades could be | made up at the Astor Opera. Why can't it be done 1 Come, let's us all enjoy ourselves?fight, quarrel, dispute, dance, flirt, any thing to pass away life vividly. Last night, " Lucrczia Borgia" was played a 1 fifth or sixth time, and to as fine a general house, i considering the wither, as has been seen. Ben?-detti and Trufli still maintain their great popularity, and Madame Kossi hers, every time she appears. On Monday next, "Lucia di Lammermoor" with B^nedetti and Biscaccianti for the principal characters, will draw a tremendous i house. There will be some fun then among the critics, the rlaqurrth" tlite and every body. Thk I'siry Laws.?The usury law of this j State, ns it at present stands, is odious, unI just and oppressive. The only object it accomplishes is to screen the man devoid of honor and principle, and furnish him with a plea by which he can avoid his contracts according to law There is a pe'ition hinging in our office, praying thp Legislature to so amend this law, that loans contracted at a rate of interest exceeding seven per cent shall not be deemed void, but that the lender may recover them with that amount of interest. We invite the public to read and ' sign this petition, and hope that it will have the effect which it is designed to have, for it is full time that the present usury law should be either umended or abolished entirely. Later from Ci'ba?By the arrival of the Louisiana, papers to the Itttli ult. have been re- 1 ceived at this office. There is nothing of interest in these papers. West's picture of Christ Healing the Sick, I was still exhibiting at Matanzas. Cor. Fremont's Sknirnck?Our Washington correspondent hays Col. Fremont's sentence is a very light one ; ?n?p?nsion for ahort period, and probable ramlMlon ot even th ? This la ib? and of all the grMtUbor? of the court martial that sat mora than two Ltdgrr, Frb. 4. ?( " HtMlV IMMIUNT FROM MEXICO 1 Vrogreu of the Yeace Project. MEXICAN PROPOSITIONS SENT TO WASHINGTON. Guerillas Pursued, and several Wexi-; can Generals Captured* rHE ENEMY BEGINNING TO PAY FOR THE WAB. ! Movements of American Troops. Sickness in General Butler's Camp. Reported Defeat of American Troops and Burning of their Forts* kti &c* b(> Petersburg, Feb. 4, 1848. The overland express has arrived from New Orleans, with papers to the 29th ult., through ivhieh we are placed in possession of highly important news from Mexico. ?' The steamship Edith from Vera Cruz, had arived at New Orleans, bringing advices to the 20th ult. Rumors of peace and of an attempted insurrection in the city of Mexico, were circulating it Vera Cruz.

These peace rumors are founded upon the fact hat the Mexican Commissioners had submitted i plan or treaty of peace, embracing the proposiions offered by Mr. Trist at Tacubaya. Mr. Trist's powers having been revoked, he :orwarded the Mexican propositions to Washngtou, for the consideration of the President ind Senate. Col. Withers and his detachment had arrived ?afely at the Real del Monte. Col. Wynkoop and his detachment pursued the guerrilla band, under Padre Jarauta, for a coneiierable distance. Col. W. overtook the rear of the band and :aptured Balenict, one of the Padre's aids, tojether with General Arista, on the 1st ult. lienerais Valencia ana Arista were released in parole. Generals Torrejon and Minon, with a guard, ivere captured at Amasuca by the Mexican auxiliary force uuder Col. Dominguez. General Cadwallader had left the city for Touca. His troops were in fine spirits and reachid Lerma without interruption. Major Talliferro had arrived in the Capital rom Real del Monte, in charge of one hundred md fifty thousand dollars in silver, being part of he assessment levied by Gen. Scott upon the State of Mexico and the Federal district. General Butler's regiment was suffering much rom sickness. The General himself has been luite indisposed. The World, published at Guadulaxara, says in ts number of 17th January, that news had reachid Mazatlan of 500 California rangers having atacked the American posts of Lapane and San rose; and that they had defeated them and burnt ?oth places on the 2d ult. Three American vessels were despatched from Vlazatlan to render all possible assistance to the Americans. The Edith brought forty sick and iischarged soldiers, and a number of bodies of deceased officers. Two soldiers died on the passage. Intelligence from Albany. Albany, Feb. 4, 1848. Dr. A. B. Whiting was confirmed to-day, as 1 Health Officer of New York city. The steamer Columbia has been at Van Ness Point since an early hour this morning, with damage to some part of her bows. When the injuries are repaired, she will try to work up to he city. The ferry boat Boston has broken up the ice rom the railroad depot to the South Ferry. The first cord of the suspension bridge across he Falls of Niagara, was passrd over on the Jl?t ult. ___ THIRTIETH COflORBfg. first session. senate* "Washington, Feb. 4, 1848. THE ret patch caie. The President laid before the Senate the proceedings ind award in the Pea Patoh case. map or mexico. Mr. Rusk submitted a resolution to purohaie Disturnell's map of Mezloo and the seat of war. He laid the map before the Senate, and alluded to its importance. the pre-emption iy9tem. The bill to establish a general pre-emption system waa considered and postponed to Monday fortnight. obstruction! in the savannah. A bill making an appropriation to remove obstructions < from the Savannah river mj passed the widowl' and orphans' bill. The bill amending the act passed July 4th, 1836, granting half pay to the widows and orphans of the husbands sad father* who died of wounds received in the service of the United States, was tsken up. It was debated by Messrs. Niles, Johnson, of Louisffc- I na, Diz, of New York, and Anally laid over. the ten regiment bill. The Ten Regiment Bill ooming up, Mr. Sevier took the floor, and defended the policy of the administration and the action of the President. He took up the history of the annezation of Tezas in detail, and called atten* tlen to orders given by the Mezican authorities, before the war begun, as a complete justification of the oourse pursued by our government. personal ezp lanat10 N Z Mersrs Foote and Bell made personal ezplanatlons. On Motion of Mr. Hunter, the Senate adjourned to Monday. House of Representatives. REFUSAL TO Hit* PERIORAL KirLANATIONI. Messrs Sims and Wilmot deaired to maVte personal explanations, but leave was refund. committer of the whoi.k. Mr. Vinton moved to go into committee of the whole on Ibe state of tbe I'nlen, on the loan bill. Mr. Rockwi^l moved to go into oommttt?e of the whole on the private calendar. Mr Rockwell's motion prevailed, and the Ho? se went into committee, Mr. Boyd in the chair, and cos ildered sundry private bills. The Committee rose and rsported several bills to the House, which were paused me?ta(le from the freiident ? osn. taylor, mc. A message from the President was received and read It was a reply to the resolution of the House calling for a copy of Gen. Taylor'* letter in reply to the letter of the Secretary of War of 27th January, 1847. The President communicated the copy required, which was read as follows ? LETTER OF ?Krt. TAYLOR TO TUB WAR DEPART. MKNT. Hiad Quarters or the Armit or Occupation, / AqtTA Nueva, March 3d, 3847. J I have had tbe honor to receive your communication of January'rf, enclosing a newspaper nllp, and express" log the regret of the Department, that the let<>er copied In that slip, and which was addressed by mysel f to Major General Gaines, should have been published. Although your letter does not oonvey the direct o- insure of the Departmentand the President; yet,when It *'as taken In connection with the revival of the paragraph in the regulations of 1 Sift, touching the publication of private letters concerning operations in the field, I am not permitted to doubt that I have baoome a nubject of Executive disapprobation. To any expression of it, coming with the authority of tbe President, I am bound by my (\,utj and by respect for his high office, patiently to mi bmlt i but lest my silence should be construed inU< a tacit admission of the grounds and conclusions set forth lu your communication, I deem It a duty which I owe to myself, to submit a few remarks in reply. I shall be pardoned for speaking plainly. In tbe flrsit place, the published letter bears upon Its faoe the most conclusive evidence that It was intended only for private perusal, and not at all for publication. H t?i ?uwmt?4 wi?*?ot wy ?u?U*j? < U> tuj HiifW I ae?<l Mi ?J, {R*1 ! * & le | ! th? habit Of writing forth* nawipapsrt The letur ?u * ft familiar one. writ tan to an old military friend, with c whom I have been for many years Interchanging opln- J Ions on professions! subjects That h? should think , proper, uuder any ciroumatanots, to publish it, could not t huto been forcsean by me. In the absence of proof,that j j the publication was made without my authority or know- } ledge, 1 may be permitted to say, the quotation in your c letter of the tfoOth paragraph of the superseded rsgula- ( tions of 18J5, in whloh the terms '' mischievous and dis- j graceful" are employed to oharaoterlse certain letters or 1 reports, conveys, though not openly, a measure of re- J buke, whloh, to say the least, is rather harsh,and whloh many think not warranted by the premises. j < Again. I have carefully examined the letter ia ques- J tlon, and I do not admit that It ia obnoxious to the ob- j jections urged in your communication. I see nothing ] in it, which, under the same oirenmstanoes 1 would not j write again. To suppose that It will give the enemy j valuable information touching our posts or respro- i tive line of operations, is to know very little of the ; Mexican sources of Information, or of their extra- j 1 ordinary aagacity and facilities in keeping constantly j ' apprised of our movement. As to my particular views j ' In reg*rd to the general policy to be pursued towards j 1 Mexico, I perceive from the publlo journals that they | 1 are shared by many distinguished statesmen; alio, in j ' part, by conspicuous offloers of the navy, the publloa- j tlon of whose opinions Is not, perhaps, obstructed by ; any regulations of the department. It is difficult, then, j J to imagine how the diffusion of mine can render any ! j peouliar aid to the enemy, or spaoiiuly dirinoline him to enter into negotiations for peaoe. In conclusion, 1 would s^y it has given me great pain to be brought into the position in which I now find my- i self In regard to the department of war, and the govern- 1 ment. It has not been of my own seeking. To the stent of my abilities and the means placed at my disposal, I have sought faithfully to serve the country, by oarrying out the rules.-and instructions of the Executive; but it cannot be concealed, that since the capitulation of Monterey, the confidence of the department, and I too muoh fear, ot the President, has been gradually withdrawing, and my consideration and usefulness correspondingly diminished. The apparent determination of the department to place me in an attitude antagonistical to the government, has an apt Illustration in tlie well known table of-??op. I ask no favor, and 1 shrink from no responsibility, while entrusted with the command in this quarter. I shall continue to devote all my energies to the public good, looking for my reward to the oonsclentiousnes of pure motives, and to the final verdict of impartial history. I am sir, Your very ob't servant. Z TAYLOR, Msjtor General U. S. A. Commanding. For Hon W. L Marcy, Secretary of War, Washington, D C. There was muoh joy expressed on the reading of the lotter. The Taylor men oould scarcely remain In their seats. Mr. Barrow immediately moved that 10,000 extra copies be printed. Mr. Holmes, of South Oarolina, moved that 16,000 extra copies be printed. The motion laying over, the usual number was ordered, The whiRH want out of the hall in raptures. The Taylor stocks immediately raised fifty per oent. HIL1-S FROM THE SENATE. Several bills from the Senate were read twioe. The House adjourned to Monday. NV.W YORK liBUlSUTDRE. Albany, Feb. 4, 1848. Senate. INCORPORATION OK INSURANCE COMPANIES. Mr. Ayrault reported the general bill to incorporate insurance companies. GENERAL MANUKACTl RIHli BILL. Mr. Clarke reported the general manufacturing bill, with amendments. GENERAL RAILROAD BILL. Mr. Geddki gave notioe of a general railroad bill. RELIGIOUS AND CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS Debate arose in Committee of the Whole on the bill In relation to r?ligious and charitable incorporations. An amendment was adopted, that a bequest demand should be made six months before the death of the testator; the baquest, when made by a person having a wife and ohild, not to exceed in valne one quarter of the estate, after payment of his debts. An amendment was also agreed to, empowering the Supreme Court to visit and examine these institutions. The bill was reported to the Senate, and laid on the tab'e. Adjourned. Assembly. chaster of new york oitv. A memorial was read from Saul Alley and others, to amend the charter of the city of New York . STATE ENGINEER. ] [Mr. Spauldino reported the Senate bill relative to tbe State Engineer, Sto., with amendments. TROT AND BOSTON RAILROAD COMPANY. Mr Upham reported a bill to incorporte the Troy and Boston Railroad company. EQUITABLE INSURANCE COMPANY, he. Mr. Raymond gave notice of a b!il to amrnend the charter of New York City, and another, to red "e the capital ef the Equitable Insurance Company. Mr. Butrick reported a bill to change tbe location of I the Madison University to Syracuse or Rochester. Fl'NHHMr.HT or ADULTKftV. The Committee of the Whole then took up the Senate bill to pacith Adultery No question taken. No other business oommini? up, the Houie adjourned. Martntk N?w Ori.fa*?. Jan 20,1B48.?We note tales of ootton ranging at 6;?' a C>\ for pond middling Sugar is activeFair is quoted at 37,' a U? Sate* of molisses at 1S)? a 18% Flour is dull at $5 In freights there is nothing new. There is more enquiry for exchanges. Buffalo, Feb 4 ?Flour?The market was dull at $4 76 a $5. for straight brands Ohio and Black Rock For good brands, deliverable in May. $4 50 was asked Wheat was dull at 105o, and norn quite inactive at AO cents Other articles were unchanged. Boston, Feb 4.?Flour ?Sales of 700 bbls were made, includ<pg Genesee. Michigan, Sto , at $0 37X a (6 50? 400 barrels Southern on terms not stated. Corn was dulj at 66 a 69 cents, for raised, and no sale* of moment made. Oats We uotioe s?l*s of 'J 000 bushels at 50 oti. Rye- Sales of 300 bushsM were mad* at 9) cents There was nothing new in provisions Freights remained about the same. Shipping Intelligence. Nr.w Orleans, J?n 28?Ar> bark? CI n- Hinckley, Lonug; Flo'it, Gou' h, Boitcin ( Id ahii> KNiuore, Hilev, I'nltimorr; birks Oen Green, l?n.>w, Boston; "American," (prrliain Amend, Berry) do; brie Simh B-own Welch New York. Police Inlelllgince, Doings before Juitice. Otbome ?At the discharge of the watoh prisoners, yesterday morning, before the mseistrste. a middle HR?d woman of rather genteel api.ear?noe. by th* nam* of Mary OoHen, was brought befora the bar of justice. on a charge of bring drunk and disorderly, and abusing a mau by the mine of Win. I'oland Maohtrat* ?Well, Mr Poland, what charge liaye you to prefer against Mary ? Poi,*no?Your honor, she cones to my workshop drunk, and abuses me and all hands. The neighbor* complain about li?r too Maoistrate ? Mary, In what relationship do you stand with this man here ? (Pointing to Poland ) Mary ? Well, your honor, ha's the father of myohild, and all I wanted of him was to go homo with me. u - Y?s. Judge, I take oare of thechlld, and rays it's board, but she get's drunk, and can't take oare of herself. All I want is, for her to keep away and not trouble me Ma<iistrati!:?Mary, you must not trouble this man ? It appears, you get drunk, and annoy him at his place of business; therefore, I vhsll hold you to bail for your future good conduct In default of which, Mary was taken down to prison; but, on leaving the court room, she exclaimed to Poland, "Well, Pat, you hare done j your beit, you mean rascal, and rosy the Lord have mercy on your soul " #he was working herself up in a | perfect fury, ns the offleer took h?r gently by the arm. and handed her out of court. The next prisoner was quite a good looking girl, of sevsntaen years of age, by the new of Mary Ann Mehan, who was brought, in by au officer from a disreputable house on the Fire Points, on the complaint of her mother. Maoiitbatk?Ah ! Mary, are you here again 7 Why. I thought you had reformed ! Mary - Yes, judge, and I wantyou to give mn a chance to speak, for I onlv cametfT Blaokwell'a Island last Saturday. after being there six months, and my mother wants to send me up again. Its a ri?ht down shame M*oi?tratk ?I guf-ss your mother knows best about these matters Vou ought to hare kept clear of such places wbeu you came off the island; Instead of whinh yon returned back again iinmeoiiitely to your f id disreputable <|u*rters on the Klve Points I think the b-st thing I cau do is to send you hick again for 0 months Officer, take her down Chirgr of Stubbing.?Officer l.orlng, of th?*l<th ward. arr?sted yesterday Patrick Downey, on a chsrgc of stabbing James Willetts, of No J7fl 3d avenue, while . In a kind of rough and tumble tight, inflicting aw Jind in the wrist, side, and in th? under part of the thigh, of a serious nature, with a pock? t knife Justloe KetchI am tanked him up for trial Jlitrmpl to ihoot with " A kind of half Insane man, by the name of Jamas McKeon, was arrested yesterday in the I'aik, on a charge of presenting u loaded 1 double-barrel pistol at OeorgeW Isaacs, with intent to tftir. bit Ufa, while passing through the Park near the 1 1 I1 WW?w mm in i nwiinirffi# Ml ktftU, yutttttsr uottlitf I Wtt M?*9 IMS # ) ;?k?u W"re JlUtlan Qtfcattt fspa?nm.?;l |0 prU-rfi 'D the Miffl, Charge oj fSjtgtty. ? Tii? Sh*titf of Koekltud :ounty, Mr De Noyelles, arrested, yesterday, la thti uty, Charles H. Carpenter, on a bench warrant, issued >y the judge of that oouuty, wherein he elands charged rith being an accessory, after the tact, in passing couueifeit money, in oonneotion with Wm N. Andros, who s now confined in the Tombs, charged with passing lOunUrfeit uiooey In this city Carpenter wis detained n the chiefs office, prior to being sent back to Kookland sou uty for trial. Burglary ?Officer Hogan. of the 11th ward, arrested >n Thursday night, a fellow oalled I'atrick O'Donnell, ilias John (irant on a oharge of breaking into a carpen;er's shop aitd forcing open a chest, stealing therefrom a ot of tools valued at $30. Looked up by Justice Ketoham for trial threat on Suspicion.?Offloer Leonard, one of the shief's aids, arrested yesterday Kdward Mackey, on suspicion of baTi&g forced open the mouey drawer of VanJerbilt & Kurd, feed merchants. In Albany street, stealing therefrom f84 in money. A knife was found In his possession that fitted the indentations on the till lie tvas occasionally employed at the store by the complain tnts,and knew the Tray of the promises. Justioe Osborne .ocfced him up for a further hearing. From the Britiih Wsit Ipipih.?We have flies of >Xn flLl. 1. IV. lllh .11 Tk. irnrt An Ik., rtilroad in the course of oonatruotlon has been su?p?rutbJ The dissolution of the company ia not talked of, but in rely a temporary suspensi n which has been rendered necessary bj the disturbed state of the money market k Kngland, and by the severe local distresses in which the island is involved. There is no local news of Interest. The Antigua tin aid of the 21st or December, ment ons the appointment of Sir Robert Horsford to the office of Chief Justice of the Island. The reduced rates for agricultural labor, sixpence sterling per day,says the Hfold came into operation this w?*k on all the estates in the IslaDd with but one or two exemptions. St. Lucia ?A severe shock of earthquake was felt at St. Lucia on tbn night of tba 1st of January. No damsge, beyond the oraoking and splitting of wall here hnd there, has been suffered; but the shook was very severe and alarming HAILS FOR EUROPE. THE WEEKLY HERALD. The Weekly Herald will be ready at nine o'clook this morning. It will be ready in wrappers to go in the French mall steamer Missouri, whioh sails at 3 o'clock tj day, and contain a compilation of the latest AmerlJ can news In the French language. Save l our Money. ?To those of our Friend* who wish to reduce their hour bills we cheerfully reco-i mend them to cill on our friend JON KS, 4 Ann street, as ie sells the first quality of French calf Hrrxs boots, at S< '0; second do. 14 OS. He also sells a veay nice p-\ir at S3 30 His best French p tent leather boon onlv $7 00, and as for his French water proof m.d cork sole boots, they are nut to be beat in quality or price. Diamond Pointed Gold Fens, of every quality, s<-id at all prices, both a holesile and retail, by B. K, Watson, fct Co., 45 William street, one door below Wall street, and J. Y Savage, 92 Fulton itrert, makers, and only dealcs iu the celebrated " Kichelieu:' tJold reus. Our prices are known to be the cheapest in the city, while our Tens are warranted supeiior to a iy in the v*?rld UoH Peus, nt $1, SI 25, and t< 50, the Pens sold elsewhere nt $1 60 and $2. Gold Pens repaired or cx_ch?ng?d Since tUe Introduction of the Perpetual Gl?s Overshoe, various imitations have presented themselves, all purporting to posses an everlasting pol.sii; but this is the only Overshoe th'.c does not require the gloss from var.nsh. and therefore, the only one which really possesses a perpetual pol>sh. Add t'? ibis, the fact, that it is light-r, more durable, and more elrgtntlv shaped, than any of the various kinds in use,and its preference overall others is explained ? To be had only, at toe Ooudyear Knbber Emporium, 199 Broadway, Kathbuu's Hotel. A Warning to the French,?ir they don't reduce the price of their Boots, the day of their foitune is at a end; for our friend Youog, opposite our office, is selling the best quality of French > rtlf boots for Si 50, such a. are sold in other stores for S6 and S7; he has got a nice Calf Slewed Boot for S3 51, usually $5 in other stores; with a splendid asrortment of Patent Leather Hoots mi J Ci.ngreis Gaiters. Won't forger, small profits is the raotto of our riend Young, ou the corner of Fulton aun Nassau. Call in and see him?the Doc tor. The Unchangeable Gloss Overshoe, at 100 flroadway, opposite Tiiuity church?The Oondyear Rubber Warenoute, wiuiu call the at'eutmu ol tlie public to tt?e Unchangeable Oloss Overshoe, a superior article retaining us bige polish beyond i>ny other shoe uow la the marlm. besides poisrsjing all the other desirable qualities ol an Overshoe, at a price much lower than it can he purchased for elrewhere in tins city, together wi'h every description of Patent Metallic Knbbtr Fabrics, fresh from the factory, an" in quantities to suit purchasers. Those iu want of Rubber Fabrics, hive only to call at the warehouse, iu order to convince themrelves that it is the plrce where the g-eatest bargains may be had. Also nu entirety new article of overshoe, of surprising lightness and durability. To be had only at 100 Broadway. Dow, Jr.'s Sermon*.? I'll* second volume, containing seventy-three sermons and one huu lred and siityeight pages. has nearly Tin through the Grst edition. Any perron ;e:mtting one dehar, w II be entitle'l to the first and second ri.luinc of tn- terir.ons--JCG p g^s. uc.-.tly printed from stereotJ'P* plates?aad the piper ,ors i ry nths: or e.ther of the volumes nnd the parer Inrniue m irh?. Tli- Sunday Mercury of to-morrow will give a portrait of Oen. Bntler. a new orinigiual local story, the Artist's tt every, by Siout, Sic. Jcc. Office 109 Nassau sfect. MONKV MARKKT, Friday, Feb. 4?6 P. M. The stock market opened heavy this morning, anil prices fell eff a fraction all round. There were larja rales of the fancies. At the first board Long Island de oliued It per cent; Canton 2?; Farmers' Loan Morris Canal F.rie Railroad Scrip ?*; Norwich and Worcester 1; Illinois 6's, Ml Harlem Mi Pennsylvania 6's closed firm at prices current yesterday.i At the second board Harlem advanced >4 per oent; Farmers' Loan )?; and Long Island }iA counterfeit note on the Bank of the State of Missouri has been dsteoted. It is of the denomination of $20, on bad paper?thought to be a genuine plate of the old United States Bank altered?signatures well exeou_ ted?vignette a representation of ths United State, Banking Honse in Philadelphia, which is not on any of the notes of the Missouri Bank. Sterling exchange is in moderate request, with a good supply. Prime bills are offered at !?>{ par cent premium Bill* on Paris we quote at ftf 27X a 5f -J5 Amsterdam 39*4 a 40; Hamburg 35>f a 3oJ?; Bremen 11 Y% a 78. It appears by the latest report from the Treasury L)e- j partment. tbat there were in the several depositories, to the credit of the Secretary of the Treasury, subjeot t) draft, but a little more than ten million of dollars. Th e reduces the balance, which the Secretary considered it necessary to keep on hand, about one half, and leaves the funds in the Treasury at a very low ebb. Various plans have been proposed f<>r rai iug money to replenish the Treasur y, by members of Congress and by the Committee ot Ways and Means; non? cf which have, as jet > been adopted, or are even, under 1be circumstances' considered feasible. The Secretary of the Treasury has not yet given, officially, his views relative to the best jnetbod of rai-ing money; but we have no knowledge that bis opinions have undergone any material alteration within the p<ut year. With the present sources of revenue at the command of the government, the issue o^ Treasury notes similsr to those issued for the last loan, would be the least objeotionable and the moat feasible; but a stock loan at six p-r cent, can b? made at par, without the slightest difficulty, If (he revenue of the Treasury was increased by the levy cf a moderate dnty on tea and ooffeo. Without this, or some source of additional revenue equal to it, the loan in that shape could not be so easily made at par. There Is no very important objection to the large Treasury note system; but the operation of the Independent Treasury act will be very much restricted, so Itng as the?e notes are in circulation. These notes being receivable for all goveinment dues, annuls In a great degree the specie clause of that act, and enables the banki to meet many of the dvnands tor "pecie to pay into the custom bouse with these notes. During the couticuance of the war, it may be better policy to carry oat the lode pendent TreMury act but partially, particularly when a panic exists in commercial circled; anil it may be that the government oan make a more favorable loan, by waiving, for a time, tbe strict construction of that act; but the administration would in the end find it for the interest of the country, if it confined itself closely to the provisions of th?t act, and abandoned all attempt* to make its operation more favorable to financial oircUs, by issuing Treasury notes of any denomination. Had it so commenced* It aould have continued - It is a matter of much importance to a'l engaged In trade as well as capitalists, when the government Intend issuing proposals fo* a lean, what amount of money it wants, and upon what basis it Intends raising it. The disposal of these questions wnnld have a very favorable effect upon our money mar- ! kets, we have no doubt, to such an extent as would place the finances of the government in a more flattering poll 1 Hon, and enable It to mike the loan upon muoh better terms than now r.ppears probable. The government must have more money very soon; the two millions new lr the Treasury, with the limited amount cf revenue coming in, will not Isst long; It Is but a di< p in the bucket, and unless the coffers are root replenished, they wi.l be empty. The Committee of Ways and M^ans h?ve notb^en backed up by Congress. In the proposition iatiolured to authority the rt?crHtitry to make a sis per o:nl loan at par, and It Is very doubtful ifthat body will assume tbe respo?slbill y in anything of the kind. It is very probab'e that tb" Secretary of the Treasury will be permitted to raise money in any way he may deem prop r, and Congress will be very plad to get rid of the matte; In any ?ay. The longer the Io n can be put ofT the better the prospeci for making it upon f vorablo terirs; inr money tniu'''t? aie dally getting easier, and the rale of Internet lower. Commercial confidence li becoming re-established, and there li every j^H

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