Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 6, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 6, 1848 Page 1
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? -JLJULD li J TH WboU Ho. 500*. New York, Feb. 3, 1848. American Politic*? Prttrnt State of PartietL'andidatts for the Prrtidtncy?Cirfumstanci irhich will probably control tlte Selection and tl Election. American politics would furnish a might subject for the study and development of a grai historian and philosopher. He who thinks thi the division of parties is produced by the orgai ization whereby each struggles for triumph, or b measures and acts which are successively a tacked or defended, labors under an egregioi error. That organization, and those mea&urei are the consequence, not the cause, of partie unaer democratic inauiuuuut. In every form of government wherever th people have secured to themselves a substantia portion of the law*makin? power, they divid into two great parties, based under all upon lik principles, and with like tendencies, controllec no doubt, to some extent, by collateral circun stances. 'One may be designated the party ? progress, of change?the other of stability < conservation?each has its good and its evi liither continued long in power, unless undi the guidance of wise and honest men, necessar ly produces great mischief; they are antaxonisti powers?the one, without restraint, would drn the machinery of government with such spee and violence as tohreak thegearing?the othe without extraneous impulse, would allow it t rust and decay upon its axis. In the party of progress will generally be co lected that large portion ot every cemmunit who hope by change rather than bv labor, t better their relative condition in life. In thi of conservative, those who have acquired th substantial means which constitute ihe gres object of all. This division would be almoi universal, were it not that to a considerable en tent education, habit, and association contr< the URtural tendencies but, al owing for a exceptions, it is extensive and permanent.Hence, those who are poor and are compelled t labor, especially those of them who dislike li bor?and how tew do notl?will generally b found in the party of progress, the p%rty whic is holding out new schemes ot advancemen new enterprizes, new motives. The passion are captivated, hopes are encouraged, any an all changes are looked upon as promising some thing better than hard and daily toil. Those hopes and promises are no doubt ilk Eory, and doomed to disappointment, for few I very few of the great mass, sucoeed; still the no before us, beckoning us forward, and we foi I low. The ranks of progress are swollen by th younp; those just entering upon tne iield c worldly struggle, seeking forfortur?e?reluctant 1 v Rnnrtinar 11 T>v the slow advance of Ubor, be I wishing to effect it by some revolution, Bom new adventure ia the affairs of men, which wi cast it upon them by a single threw ot' the diet Again, those, and their name ia legion, wh are dissatisfied, who are envious of the cond tiou of their more aucceaatul neighbors, wh look with a longing eye upon the apparent confort and enjoyment which aurround them, awe the throng?they call for change, for moremen lor progress, whereby their relative condition may be reversed. Against these combinations, the conservativ influences would present a feeble resistance were it not that the consequences of over actio act back with fearful force upon the parties wh rxcited it. They are often the first to feel an to sutler from their own follies. Many becom alarmed, and to stop the progreas of the miachii loraperipd, throw themselves into the othc scale until the balance ia reatored?sometime until the beam is fairly carried down on th other fide, and every thing is brought to a dea mand. Without pursuing this subject furthe euough haa been said to show that th democratic party?the party of adventui and prngr.rBs?must generally be in th ascendancy. The question, however, arise whether they have gone ao far?wheth* th' Be whom they have placed on the lead hav so improvidently extended their field of open t ons?as to alarm the most cautious and timic We think they have: but we Icel bv no mean aure of the result. The idea of absorbing th whole (f Mexico; of annexing it to the Unite Stxtes, is a moat taking aentiment. It appeal to the young with moat dazzling elect. The lov of victory, theglorv of war, the pride ofconquea stirs up the young blood; besides, they see th ingots of pure gold and ailver piled up, neapsupo heaps, in her mountains, enough to make thei all rich as nabobs, and in imagination they ar riding four in hand in splendid coaches. The never stop to enquire how much hard wo k mui be performed before the yellow boys can be ei traded from the ore. In fancy, the whole is no' minted ready for circulation. The political contest, in all probability, wi be carried on upon the single question?the who! ( ot Mexico, or none! No party can be organize | upon the <|ueBtion of the annexation of a part; a partial annexation is made, it will be brougl about by co-operation of the existing pai i?i No new party can be formed upon this basn | and hence the notion of creating a Uufd part to support General Taylor, by taking the middl , course, is idle. Yet such seems to be (he expec tation of those who have enlisted under his bar I ner in different parts of the United States. Wit I this object inscribed upon his standard, wit I this groundwork for a political movement, h I cannot rally a corporal's guard. I We supposed until within a short time bac I that he might be selected as a candidate by on I of the great political parties of the country I That now seems impossible, and without it hi I friends cannot begin to move. I The history ot General Jackson'a advent t I the Presidency, must satiaty any reasonabl I mind. It will be remembered that durin I the administration of President Monroe, th I strange spectacle was presented of au ac I ministration without a party. The wi I and subsequent peace with Great Britain hfcc I apparently, almost, in fact, amalgamated al I parties into one?the party of the country ; ye I before he retired the division was again mam I tested, not with the strength and compactnet I which had been exhibited before and have bee I ovliilntpit uncr At thia time., and under thei I favorable circumstances, General Jackson, th hero of New Orleans, was presented as a cand Hate lor the Presidency, not by either politico 1 arty, hut upon his own personal merit. 11 tailed, and never reached the Presidential cha until nominated hy one of the great political pai ties of the country. The same must be the fal ot General Taylor. The united and devoted adherence of the whi party to Henry Clay, does not arise from persam copsulerations towards that distinguished statei inau, hut bccause he is trtily the personitiC'itio ot the whig and conservative principle. Hi election will be considered as giving evident that the majority of the peop.e have becom alarmed at the progressive conduct and course < the democracy, and lor a time, at least, desn to halt, and try the effect ol conservative an whig policy. There can scarcely be a doubt < his becoming the candidate, it lie conaenti Whether he will receive a majority of the vot< is another question. It is to be borne in mind, thi independent of the uddition of th naiuralizatio ot immigrants, there is to be the immense add Hon attiini? lrom the young, who have, and sha come to full age, in the lapse ot four yearn. Upo a reasonable calculation, the change in the vot< in the course of four years, will be equal to on< fifth of the entire number cast at the last pres dcntial election. The addition consists ol th young, the ardent, the ambitious, the enterprii lug The subtraction consists oi the old, th camioUK, the conservative. Another matter n mains to be discussed. Who is to be the cand date of the democracy ? the exciting question i th<j contest the annexation ot the who of Mexico. W e answer, James K. Polk.lle ib the author of the splendid schemcHe planned it in whole and in detail, lie set tl wheels in motion ; the. democratic party hat adopted it, and they will allow and require hi to bring it to a conclusion. They will nev< cousent, alter due retlcction and if they can pr vent it, to allow the administration to be chang< 111 time of war. iHi rides, what hold has Mr. Cass, Mr. Wooi bury, Mr. Huchanan, Mr. Dallas, or Mr. Di. upon the democratic party 1 At most, the r puution ot either of them is scarcely nationa Neitner of them haa any strong hold upon tl country. When their merits come to be cai v..used, insurmountable objection* will be four to each. Clay and Polk will again become the char pi' ns under which the great political parties wi i .illy. A fair lie Id to each. God and Libertythus apeakt the ooat of arms of Mexioo ? E NE NE" Albany, Keb. 3,1848. ? A Glimpse at the Division* in the Democratic is Party?The Retullt of those Divisions. The position of the State of New York being regarded at the present moment with intense inter;y eat, we have taken some pains to ascertain the it causes of the division in the democratic ranks it in this State, and the probable results to which i- these divisions will lead. y The main differences heretofore between the t- two branches oi the party have arisen on the is question of State banks, internal improvement, s> and the tariff. Messrj. Mircy, Croswell and s Corning, have generally advocated the charter of numerous State banks, and the prosecution of works of internal improvcmtnt, and the estab' lishment of a high tariff. So recently as winter before last, for instance, Messrs Crosle well and Corning made a journey to Washe Ington to defeat the passage of the tariff , law of 1846. Mr. Marcy, through hiB con ? nection with hia father-in-law, Mr. Noah, i- was always largely interested m a protective kf tariff'; and all these gentlemen, as the subscription list, published at the time showed, shared >r largely in the stock of the new banks recently 1. created The contractors who were iiitersr ested in internal improvement, and whose i- favorite leader was Governor Bouck, joined ic their forces with Messrs. Croswell, of the e Argui ; Corning, of Albany, and Marcy d (the Secretary of War,) and an intimate r, union existed between the interests of the cono tractors, the tariffites and the bank speculators. These leaders, and those who follow them, 1- constitute what is known as the conservay tive or old hunker party of the S ate of 0 New York ; they have great skill, activity, it and talent; and nave, till within a few years, ie always controlled the action of the democratic U pasty, either by dictating its movements, when it in a majority, or by throwing it into a minority, i- At the head of the radical or barn-burning por>1 tion of the party, stands Azariah C. Flagg; asao11 ciated with him have always been Messrs. Dix, - Michael Hoffman, Stephen Allen, and latterly, ,o the yoHnger leaders ol the party?Messrs. John i- Van Buren, Preston King, George Rathbun, G. ie P. Barker, (recently deceased) Grover, Tilden, h Field, ana others. The radical portion of the t, party have uniformly advocated a liberal trade? is a sound system of internal improvement and d finances, and have resisted the charter of bunks, ! and have refused to participate in the profits of the distribution of their stock. i- A reference to these principles of action will readily enable an sxaminer to comprehend the y course taken by these two divisions in regard to I- every important public question which has arisen within the last ten years. The hunkers opposed e the independent treasury law because it curtuiled >f the profits of the banks, of which they were t- directors, and stockholders, and borrowers it The barn-burners supported it, being free from e such entanglements. From 1841 to 1844 the 11 barn-burners supported a proposed amendment 1 to the.constitution, introduced by Mr. Loomis, o known as " the people's resolution," and intendi ed to restrict the legislature in the creation of o State debt. The hunkers opposed this amendi ment, because it interfered with the internal imU provement schemes of Mr. Bcuck and his friends: t, but the popularity of the amendment itself, and is the extent to which the State debt was swollen, under the influence of ttie Messrs. Iluggles, e Seward, and others, enabled the barn-burners, >, in 184o, who had failed in incorporating n this amendment into the constitution in the mode 0 pointed out by the old constitution, to force d through the Legislature, with the aid of the l t whigs, the celebrated act catling a convention >f to remodel the constitution itself. This act r was fiercely resistfd by the hunkers with the s Argua at their head; but it became a law, and ie th? new constitution is the result of that strugd K'e-. The tariff act of 1846 was another victory r of the barn-burners over W. L. Marcy and his e friends, Messrs. Croswell and Corning; all three e of these gentlemen being largely interested in ie manufacturing associations, the profits of which a were reduced Dy this act. ,T Such are the general principles and measures 'e which have divided the barn-Durners and hunkl, ?rs in the State.ot" New York. ] In 1844, and for some time previous, it became 8 obvious, that eitherbfrom dissatisfaction with e Mr. John Van Buren, who had become a promid nent barnburner, or from a fear on the part of the Is conservatives! that Governor Bouck might not e be renominated, and that the elder Van Buren 1 would not reinstate them in offices which they c had enjoyed, in fact, during the greater pait of n their natural lives, the hunkers were not desin rous that Mr. Van Buren should be nominated e for President. Although lending to his nomiy nation a formal support, it is suspected that, by ,t active correspondence with other portions of the c. Union, and secret disaffection and intrigue, they w defeated his nomination.. When Mr. Polk came to Washington, Mr. Wright was the prominent 11 candidate of the democratic party for the suc|r cession; and the hostility to him as the cond ceded head of the radical democrats in New ij York, called forth all the address and activity it of the conservatives in forestalling his influence with President Polk. Mr. Polk, himself, had 9" been much connected with banks in the v State of Tennessee; and drawn to <!ov. Marcy e by this bond of sympathy, no difficulty was j. found by the hunkers, aided by ambitious uspi[. rants in other States, in giving the New York h representation in the cabinet to the present emij, nent head of the War Department. From the e 4tli of March, 1815, to the present day, the influence of the administration at Washington, k directed by the knowledge and skill ol Mr. Mare cy and of his friend Mr. E. Croswell, has been i freely used for the prostration of the barnburners (i in New York. With this view nearly every officer of the general government appointed in this o Slate n&s been a conservative, or an individual e under conservative control. Thus fortified, the tr hunkers defeated the election of Mr. Wright in ie 1846. and the nomination of Mr. Flagg in 1847. [. The exasperation growing out of these cirir cumstances, together wilh the position asj, sunted by the whig and democratic pirties 11 on the Wilmot proviso, threw the State, last fall, t, iuto the hands of the whigs by nearly 40,000 majority. The barn-burners, h[though they have is never made the Wilmot proviso a test at an elecn tion, have uniformly insisted in conventions, nu nniiao^a an #4 Irtdialafiv* nnf inn that lli? .^fa(? 10 V?I0I?>*<V ? ?? ,,,V e of New York should declare its uncompromising i- hostility to the extension of slavery to territory 11 now tree. The conservatives, wi hout venturing e to deny the correctness of this position, have r.l[r ways objected to the declaration as unseasonar ble? calculated to divide the pt.rty?to separate e 'he democracy of New York from that ot the Union? and as d.senabling them to sup. ort tor 2 the next Presidency either Messrs Buchanau, il Cass or Dallas (who have assumed nu adverst j. position), or Messrs. Polk or Woodbiiy, who n are supposed to agree with these last nam-ni gents tleinen. :e The Syracuse [convention, under the influence ,e of the conservatives or hunkers, laid the Wilinot >f proviso upon the table; and assumed to alter the e established mode of choosing delegates to a nad tional convention, from the general ticket to the >f district system. To prevent a State convention n for choosing delegates, they appointed a State >8 central committee, and clothed it with power it to call State conventions. All State conventions n previously held, had been called by a' legislative j. caucus; and the hunker committee, it was well 11 understood, would not call a State convention to n send delegates to the national convention The >, conservatives had thus arranged m itters to their .. entire satisfaction. The barnburners, however, i- under the lead of Mr. John Van Buren, assemie bled at Herkimer, and re-affiuned, in tne name g. of the democratic p*rty of New York, their une compromising hostility to the extension of sla?. very, by turce, to free territory; they repudiated the State centr.l committee wiiti the district n system of delegates, and called a State convenle tion, to assemble on Washington's birth day, at _ Herkimer, to choose thirty-six delegates to a na_ tional convention. ,e At this stage of the proceeding.", the demore cratic members of the Legislature met in caucus m at Albany, and, with four dissenting voices, gf called the State convention, which is to assemble e. atUticaonthe MJth of February, to determine >d whether the delegates to the national convention shall be chosen by districts or by a State j. convention, and if the latter, to choose such x delegates. _ e. The barnburners, meanwhile, still persisted in I the Herkimer convention ; an adjourned caucus ,e of the members of the Legislature, rsatTirmed, in behalf of the p?rty, the principles avowed at Herkimer, and the radicals then very adroitly and sensibly gave up their convention, and went i). in for the Utica movement. The conservatives, i|| on the other hand, being outnumbered in the _ caucus, tlampedtd?adopted a minority address? and their Stat* committee called the convention W YO W YORK, SUNDAY MOB which has just met in Albany, and nominated thirty-six rresid*niial electors, and attempted an entire reorganization of their party on the basis of hostility to the Wilinot provieo. They intend, also, to choose thirtyfour delegates to the national convention from Congressional districts, and these thirtyfour will cnoose two for the State at larjee. The barn-buruers, or radicals, will assemble with the mass of more moderate democrats ia the compromise convention at Utica, called by the legislative caucus, in conformity to a usage of twenty years' stinding. They will, doubtless, if in a majority, repeat, in the name of the democratic party of the State, their unyielding hostility to the extension of slavery, und select thirty-six delegates to the national convention at Baltimore. Whose nomination those delegates will advocate is entirely unknown : but it is ob vious that they can neither support the nomination or election of either of the democratic candidates to whom we have alluded. If they are admitted to the convention, and are expected to take part in the election, some new candidate must be fixed upon who has not excited their suspicion or hostility, and whom they can, without dishonor, sustain. Otherwise,the electoral ticket, already nominated at Albany, will be the only one in the field pledged to the nominee of the democratic national convention, and that will be beaten out of sight. In view of all these circumstances, we again repeat, Mr. Clay is looking up. We have given this faithful historical review of the causes which led 10 the disseverment of the democratic p.irty of this State into two divisions, and of the subsequent proceedings of thexe divisions, because we are deeply im| pressed with the importance of the narrative, more particularly ut the present time. t We have always kept alitof from both divisions, and maintained a perfectly neutral attitude in every respect. We have never purposely made a false or malicious allusion to either wing, and we intend to preserve our neutrality. Hereafter wc intend to watch these sections very elos-ly, and to give correct accounts of their operations, at least until the termination of the next Presidential campaign. ___ Albany, February 4, 1848. The Anti-War Report?The General Manufacturing Bill, 4*c. 4 c. The consideration of the anti-war report, which Mr. Wilkin lately made to the Senate has been set down for next week. This was the report of the s-lect committee to whom was referred so much of the Governor's Message as relates to the war in Mexico. In his message, the Governor took strong ground in favor of the war aud of ample military appropriations in this pungent report or protocol a disagreeable rebuke is administered to the Exccu ive for his heresy. The report is, in f ict, an iteration of the views of Henry Clay,"as ivowed at Lexington. It sticks to his text without a tittle of deviation. Re sol .tions, very similar o those ottered by Mr. Clay, were handed in with the report. Mr. Fine, from the fame committee, submitted a minority report immediately after the reception of the majority report ttirou?h Mr. Wilkin.? 1 must say, that I could not discover any striking differences in the general positions assumed in these reports; the Wilmot proviso report was radically whig in every aspect, except upon the question of boundary between T?xas and Mexico. It attempted to prove that the Rio Grande was the true boundary. When the question upon the adoption of Mr. Wilkins' report comes up, we Biiau arc wuciuci me v-<iay yviiijjb outnumber the Taylor whigs i n the Senate. Tue general manufacturing bill in which there is felt bo much interest by the capitalists and the manufacturers was reported to the Senate to day, with amendments by Mr. Clark, from the s'.and ing committee on manufactures. This bill has already parsed the House in a form which virtuallyexempts stockholders in nnuuhcturing companies from any personal liability for the debts of the company. Some persons predicted thit the bill would pass through the Senate with these obnoxious and unjust provisions still attached to it; but those persons were ignorant of the character aud the" views of the Senate when they adopted such a belief j the standing committee ot ttie Senate to which the bill was referred reported it to-day, with some material amendments and modification9, one of which is that stockholders shall be held and deemed to be personally liable for all the debts of the company exceeding the amount of the capital stock of the company ; 'hey also recommend the introduction into the bill of other salutary checks against the rapacity and dishonesty of these moneyed stockiiolders. The bill, with the amendments reported by the committee, was referred to the committee of the whole Senate. It is earnestly hoped, that this enlightened bodv will not suiter it to become a law,"without adding to it such wise and impartial provisions as shall rather have a tendency to diminish than to increase ttie incentives to the association of wealth, under the style of " corporation." The superior advantages of which associated capital is already enabled to avail itself are already too great; in the eye of the law, the artisan should be equal to the monarch. The bill pending in the lower House, which proposes to make any city or town in this State liable for all the property which may be destroyed by inobs, in such city or town, will not probably pass. This bill was introduced in consequence of the late destruction by a mob ol some emigrant hospitals in Newtown, near New York. The Canal Hoard are very busily engaged in making the usual appointments ol canal ottirers. | The number of applicants for these petty offices i is unusually Urge. The Apolloneans will give a concert here next week. Thk Nsuroks of Virginia.?A correspondent of the Cincinnati Gazette, writing Iroin Richmond, Jan. 1st, says:?This is New Year's day in Virginia, and I suppose it is so iu Ohio; yet 1 assure you the day iu the two places would not be recognised readily as the same. Instead of that social interchange of visits and greetings which marks our own and free State cities generally at this time, every face here looks anxious, wistlul, scrutinizing, and the whites are mingling among the herds of blacks, turning this man around and asking questions of that, and here and there a nervoun lady questioning the buxom, thick-lipped wench in regard to their several capacities, then reiding their "characters" which the damsels carry in their hands instead of their sable faces?and all this because this day servants are hired lor the year. It is emphatically a day ol business, und Itiohniond does not see many such days in a year, with its ordinary dullness. Even the slaves look anxious, for in their change of places io remiin unchanged again for at least a year, they must feel a natural anxiety in relation to the employment and masters during that season. Hut these slaves are a happy set of people. As a Iriend and a sympathiser with the whites, 1 would wish the blacks fiec; but as a friend to the slaves, and to them a well-wisher, I should keep them as thsy are. They are better oft' in the country, on the plantations, than they are herein the city; and what is their condition here! As contented as a race of mortals can be on this earth. I am satisfied. The slave knows that under every circumstance the master is bound to clothe and teed him, and to take care of Ins wife and children it lie have them IIis necessities are ever under the care of others. If he get sick, it is to his m ister's interest to procure the nest medical attendance. If Sambo then have a dollar?and there are but few slaves her# who are not continually, one way or other, getting them ?then this money is spent in some luxury. They are the b?st patronisers of conteetionaries, gtoggeries and pedlars. They are tond of dress, and tnese dollars arc laid up to purchase nil the fineries of clothing. If a slave die in the middle of the week, the body is preserved till the following Snndav, at which firne they have a grand funeral procession. Now I challenge any one. to find a proeessian of white men in the country with r^iial sire with these, m which there are more well-dressed, or better, more fashionably clethed men. Those slaves employed in the factories, or at any mechanical labor, are tasked, and all they make over this is t h * i r own Consequently there are slaves who can make as lngli as ruus dollars per week, and every cent of this is spent in actus! luxuries. Five out of six of the slaves of Richmond could in a few years purchase thur freedom. They would not have it on the condition of leaving the city. Swallow that, Mr. litrttld. Indeed, there are free blacks here who pass themselves on as slaves, andlive as such toavoid being sent out of the State by an old law providing tor their dismissal after a certain time of freedom. These slaves do but little work. They loiter around the streets, and take things easy, while the white mechanics are forced to toil and lire economically. . 11 'I RK t NING, FEBRUARY 6, 18 The Free Danltlns IjpMcbi. [h'rom the PhtWdelpbl* Ledger, Feb. 1 ] One ol the newspapers aays that New York has set an example to all the other States upon banking, and it advises them, especially Pennsylvania, to follow it without delay. According to the free banking law of New York, any person owning any of the bonds ot the State, for its debt, may make them the capital of a bank, by depositing them with the comptroller of the SUte, us security for the issues of such bank, and that the comptroller, upon such deposit, issues, in behalf of the banker, an equal amount of bank notes. Thus, State bonds for a hundred thousand dollars, perhaps worth in the market fiftf or seventy-five thousand dollars, are security for a hundred thousand dollars of bank notes. The newspaper referred to says that unde. this law, the whole State debt ia taken from the hands of foreigners, and converted, by citizens, into security for the paper circulation, by which process, the interest of the State debt is kept at home, instead of being Rent abroad. According to this system of Banking, one promise to pay is the only security for another promise to pay, and this last promise is a substitute for coin. And this is called credit! And ;> r.., 11 w. ?.l- ?fk..nL. ing! We canuot comprehend the soundness of that political economy which enableB one man to make his debts a substitute for coin, because he is another man's creditor. " I will give you a hundred of my notes," says the banker to the farmer, " for a hundred bushels of your wheat. They are good, because my neighbor owes me the bume amouut." "But both you and your neighbor may fail," replies the farmer, "and therefore I prefer a hundred silver dollars,which ure good with all men, in all times and places." "But the State is my neighbor, and will not fail." "States have failed," replies me farmer, "and may again; but coin never fails." We regard as entirely unsound, the whole system of coining money, circulating medium, out of debts, especially when secured merely by other debts. But this is not the only objection. The debt of Pennsylvania amounts to forty millions. If this be made the foundation of free banks, forty millions will be added to the present circulation. The present banking capital of the State is twenty millions, nominally, and the current circulation founded upon it auout ten millions; and whoever will examine the bankB of each State, will find the circulation about one-half of the nominal capital. The continual return of notes in payment, and for coin, gtnerally restrains the circulation to this point at most. Butwhena State stock bank is established, the whole amount of notes is delivered at once to the banker, who keeps them out while he finds borrowers, while none come in for specie. Thus the circulation of a stock bank will be twice that ot a specie bank upon the same nominal capital; and thus stock banks are worse thau specie banks in expanding the currency. It the whole circulation ot Pennsylvania, in coin and paper, be fifteen millions, and forty millions were suddenly added, what would become of our exports ! An addition of one hundred and sixty-six and two thirds per centum to the circulation, would enhance prices beyond its power to export,and fill it with imports which would drain off all the coin in circulation and in bank. All the States owe about one hundred and filty millions. If they invest a hundred millions of most! uruia 111 u?iiiwiii^? leaving uicir ^ui/i^uraic banks as at present, the crises of 1816, 1827 and 1838, will be repeated; agriculture, commerce and manufactures will be prostrate, and the country bo deluged with foreign manufactures and foreign wheat, and drainecl of coin. Fine policy for Pennsylvania, Indiana, Illinois, and other great producing States ! The same journal says that Indiana, Illinois, and Michigan want banks, and have no banking system, aud that their debts would furnish them with sufficient banking capital. If these States, with Wisconsin and Iowa, are wise unto salvation, they will never allow a bank to be established, nor a bank note of another State to circulate,within their borders They are exclusively agricultural States, and depend upon a market abroad. To secure this market, they should keep the prices of their pro uce moderate by a dear currency; and the dearest currency ih coin. The State debts of the three first amount to nearly thirty millions. If they issue thirty millions of paper upon their debu, wheat from the Baltic aud Mediterranean will be carried, up rue lakes to Detroit and Chicago for a market, as it was brought to Pailadelphia in 1837, when llour sold for fourteen dollars to the barrel in the midst of abundance, through an artificial scarcity Induced by bank paper. Then every dollar of coin would leave these States; they would soon become impoverished, and their bonds, the security ot their banks, could not be paid. If the farmers of the great West would sccure a steady market, and a steady stream of coin for their produce, they will tolerate no bank paper or paper circulation. Our War with Mexico In n British Colonial Point or View. [From the Bermuda Herald, Dee. 30 ] The celebrated Albert Gallatin, who has long since retired from active life as a statesman, has recently published his opinion of the Mexican war, in which the United States are engaged, md takes stronger grounds than even Mr. Clay. !! * clearly proves, what no person acquainted with national law would dispute, upon principle, that in annexing Texas, when she was at war with another power, his government made itself a party to that war; and that if hostilities did not immediately commence on the part of Mexico, it was because of her weakness, and not because she had not just grounds. He farther shows up the misrepresentation of facti, on tne part of the President, when he stated that Texas exercised inrisdiction over thi* terriory lying between the Nueces and Rio Crande; which was not the case, except in the vicinity of the former river ; and so far from the Rio Grande being considered as the western boundary of Texas, he asserts that it was claimed by the United States as the western boundary of Florida. It is difficult to perceive what will be the effect of the opinion, thus prominently put forth at the present time ; but as the whigs are decidedly in the ascendant in Congress, and as the future prosecution of the war will involve further outlay, and to an enormous extent, more peaceable counsels may prevail, and Santa Anna's offer may yet be accepted, to make the rl??u?*rt l.^futcpii rh*? lu/n rivpra. whirh ix ahnlit 120 miles, a sort of neutral ground ; and this, as Mr. Gallatin observes, would be the best boundary, lor reasons which must be evident. That of a narrow river would lend to incessant altercations among those of different nations navigating it; and interminable broils would be caused by the crossing of negroes from a land of slavery to one ol freedom, and fugitives from Mistice. These would be rendered more frequent and ferocious from the feelings that have been engendered by the present war, which has been one of a most sanguinary character, the knile and the stiletto perhaps slaying more than tell in open combat. Even with sucn a boundary linn as the desert, peace between the two countries would not bfl too lasting or secure, on whatever terms or conditions one might at present be concluded. [From the ?am? paper of January 7 ] One ot the greatest misfortunes that can befall individuals, is a want ol contentment; end the same remark will apply to communities, which arc so constituted tfi it it can have lull play; and this is the case in the United States. After a period ot extraordinary peace and prosperity, during which there has been a vast introduction of wt alth and population from Europe, and with millions of uncultivated and wilderness land, which would afford a comfortable asylum, uot only to their own inhabitants, but to the superabundant population of Europe, we thein urging an aggressive war for the acquirement of additional territory, and meddling with the allairs of every country, where dissatisfaction, real or groundless, prevails. Accordingly we observe an account iu the Netr York papers, of a meeting which has been held in that city, for encouragiug the present enlightened and liberal pontiff ol Rome, in his noble career. It would seem that subjects ol a domestic nature have been exhausted; and that the citizens of the republic are willing to undertake a crusade, wherever its institutions can be introduced; as if tne future destiny of the world hung upon their shoulders, or depended upon their efforts in the cause <ff human freedomj to which they seem to consider the long established usages of every other nation as opposed. We recollect reading somewhere, that ut the time if the capture of the President, American frigate, by the Kndymion, Commodore Decatur staied, that as he found the latter was the superior sailing vessel of the two, he contemplated during the action, throwing his crew on board his opponent; and in this way making hia escape. So this disposition to go abn>ad in search of adveutures, may result in the curtailment of their own liberty. Probably by tne time tht nation has come out { I ERA 48. of the Mexican war, and counted up its coat of blood and treasure, those who compose it may make up their minda to " leave wejl alone," and to try the excellent working of their own constitution?of which many among themselves entertain adoubt, considering it an experiment that has not yet been fairly tried and tested, and be content to benefit the world by a good example, rather than by an uncalled for interference in the atfairs of others. St. Louis, January 20, 1848. The Murder Case?Piracy?Affair of Honoi? I4ibtl Suit?Attempted Suicide?.Vieioi from Chthuahua. Various statements have appeared in the papert of this city, relative to the atrocious murder committed here on Sunday night last, some of which are quite erroneous, and none altogether correct. The facts, as far as ascertained, are these :?On Sunday evening, two persons arrived in this city, on board the Laclede, from Helena, Arkansas, and put up at the Missouri Hotel. The elder, a man of about hfty-five years of age, registered his name. "W. Mathews, Monroe county, Missourithe other, a person somewhat younger, " E. W. Baldwin, Indiana." They appeared to be intimately acquainted, and took a lodging room in common Their bagrtu no oAnai uto/i t\f aitiull trmilr tli? nr/uiitrt ir Mathews, and a valise, iliat of Baldwin. Both declined the assistance of the porter in conveying the baggage to their room, and it was observed by Mr. Vancourt, the keeper of the hotel, that the trunk appeared very heavy, as if filled with specie. About 7 o'clock the same evening, Mathews appeared at the bar of the hotel, and asked permission to take the key of his room with him, as he was going to walk out, and he did not wish to leave it at the bar, as, on such occasions, is customary. This was granted, and in a few minutes after, Baldwin made his appearance, when the two walked out together. At 7? o'clock Baldwin returned to the hotel alone. He appeared agitated, and was m a full perspiration, although the weather was ([Uite cold. He immediately applied for a seat in the Western stage, which would depart next morning at 1 o'clock, and also desi/ed to pay ihe bill for himself and Mathews. Mr. Vancourt inquired whether Mr. Mathews would leave by the same conveyance ; to which Baldwin replied, "yes, ana you can put him down for a seat also." Baldwin then asked for the key of their lodging room, and on beirig informed that Mathews had taken it with hiin, he seemed much surprised, and hastily left the room. Between 8 and 9 o'clock he returned, in company with a stranger, and retired to rest. At 1 o'clock next morning, these two persons, taking with theia the trunk of Mathews, departed m the Western stage. Early on Monday morning Mathews was found, lying dead among some saw-logs, in the upper part of the city. His head had been perforated by two pistol balls, und there were ether marks of violence on his person. His features were not distorted, and he appeared to have been killed instantly. On enquiry being made in the vicinity, it was ascertained that the discharge of a pistol had been heard near the spot where the dead body was found, the evening previous. The deceased and another person had also been seen walking near the spot a short time before. The fact of the murder gaining publicity, elicited the information from a passenger on the Laclede, that Mathews was a farmer, lately from the neighborhood of Helena, Arkansas, and that Baldwin was his son-in-law. This gentleman supposes that the two had a large oum of money in their possession. Police onicers have gone in pursuit of Baldwin, and it is sincerely hoped they may prove successful. Win. Broadhey, a Scotchman, about -15 yetrs of see, was arrested in this city on Tnursday, on his own confession to his participation, some dozen years since, in acts of piracv on the high sens. nc since maies uiai ius tales were lauulous; but he is still under arrest, and will probably be fully committed to answer. He acknowledged his participation in acts of t^e most fiendlike atrocity, particularly while a pirate on board the Black Rambler, a schooner which was liiially wrecked on the coast of Florida. An interesting libel suit is now pending in the circuit court of this city. A Mr. John Vv! Barnfield, late conductor ot the Age,a. spirited weekly paper, has been prosecuted by Samuel Stailey for a libel on his wife. Rumor renders it quite notorious that the lady alleged to have been slandered is afflicted with an ignorance of meumnod tuum, or probably a monomania for impropriating trifles not her own. Mr. Barnfield rattier uncharitably alluded in his paper to this little failing, and hence the prosecution. V esterday morning a Mr. Goadby, a nice young man, who follows the business ot a journeyman hatter, was arrested and brought before the Recorder, charged with sending a challenge to a Mr. Parrott. It seeins that the latter hud insulted the former, in refusing, in the presence of ladies, to sell him a ball ticket. For this grievous otfeace the hatter felt determined to ruffle Mr. Parroti'a feathers, but the affair becoming public, Mr. Goadby was arrested, and required to give security for the observance of the peace. Mr. John Thornton, the capitalist, who attempted to commit suicide a few days since, by stabbing himself, ia yet alive, but no hope is entertained for his recovery. According to recent accounts from Chihuahua, not heretofore promulgated, Mr. Wm. Skinner, late of this city, had been arrested by the authorities, confined in the calaboose, and his merchandize confiscated. Aruus. Abd-cl-Kadkk.?Ths Moniteur Jllgtrirn, of the 99th nit., thus describes the meeting of Abd-el Kadrr and the Duke d'Auraale ?' At six o'olock P.M , the Emir, accompanied by (Generals Lamorleere aad Cavalgnsr jand Lieut.-Colonel de Beaufort, arrired at Nemours, and was pretented to his Iloyal HigbneM. Conforming himself to his present position, Abil-el- Kader humbly left his sandals at the tbresbheld, waited a signal from the Prince to sit down, and, after a moment's silence, prononnced the following words, which were translated by M. Kousseau, the principal interpreter: ? ' I should have wished to do sooner what I h?re done to-day; I awaited the hour marked by the Almighty. The General gave me his word, and I have trusted to it I am not 'afraid of its being violated by the son of a great king like the Sovereign of Kranoe. 1 claim his Anin for my family and inyaeir' The Duke briefly confirmed the promt** of bis lieutenant, and dismissed with dignity that parsonage towards whom the freiings which long pervaded the breaats of Frenchmen must now subside. Tent* had been prepared within the preoinota of the hospital of Nemours for Abd-el> Kader and hia family Ha waa conducted thither, and devoted the whole of the 34th to the arrangement of hia private affairs. A eeremonjr, whloh must have deeply wounded his prida, took plaee in the mornlug: ?At the moment when the Duke d'Aumale waa returning from reviewing the oavalry. the ex-Sultan presented hinis?lf to him on horseback, and surrounded by his priaolpal chiefs Having alighted at a short distance from the Prince ? ' 1 offer you this hors*,' said ha, -the last I mounted; accept it as a token of my gratitude I hope it may prova a laoky gift' ' I aooept it,' replied the Frioca, ' as an homage rendered to Kranoe, whose protection shall hereafter cover yon, and a sign of oblivion of the paat.' The Emir then bowed with dignity, and returnid on foot to hia tent.'1 Anti-Hint Octraob.?Sherifl Tyler, and hi# deputy, Mr. Ferguson,and a clerk from theoftice of Teunis Van Veohten, went out to Bern yesterday morning, to sell some property belonging to a man named Mrlntoah. The sale attracted the attention of about two hundred of the Inhabitant*, who, when anything waa offered, set up a booting and hallooing Toe party waa snow-balled and maltreated in various ways. Mr. Younglove, the clerk from Mr. Van Vechten's office, waa tripped up with a rope, and rolled down a bauk He escaped without injury. The sheriff was obliged to abandon the gronnd without selling anything ?Jilhany Knicktrbocktr. Ship Launch and Accident at llononiN ? Yeaterday, at a quarter before 9 A.M., the ehip Mary IIows, of New York, wai launobed from the building yaid of Barolay and Townsend, Hobo ken. On getting into the water, she cereened over to the larboard aide, and got quit* on her beam eoda, bar masts and bulwarks touohing tbe water. There were on board about twelve persons, incIadiDg the owner, master, and mate. These parsons clung to the rigging, by whJoh they were saved from a cold water bath. No injury of any moment occurred. Hbe waa soon released from her awkward poaltlon by a steamer, which brought her safe and sound alongside thewbarf. -Stuatk Duily Jldvertitir Fih 4. ArroiNTM*nt8nvth* Governor andSrnatb.? January 28?New York? Andrew Carrigun, commissioner of emigration William W. Htory, maat>r wsrden; and Benjamin llarwood, ote of the warden?, of tha port of New York David K Jaquea, William M. i McArdle, William BloomBeld, John U Ireland H nry Camerden Jr , Oeorge I) Cooper, Charles MeKlnatry, i Harmaa C.Tallmau, Himron Bsldwln. Jauies A Stryker, < Thomas S Homers, Gordon M. Nswtou, Visiah Wenman, Alexander M. Ross, George W. Mcl.*an, < barlea Hpear, Pierre M. Irving, William D. Waddington, William A. Darling, jiotarle* public Aeveralwhalta ware seen off Long Island, latt w.ek. is said, waa killed near Southimjton nu Thursday, but hia oaptors war* obliged to cat from hia, Bight oomlng oa. I L D.J fill two Ctittt Uw Intelligence. SuraxMit Cohbt, K?b a ?In Chambars?Before Judge Kdwards?Umtrrwtni ui Ptttr ft tier, Jr.?Til* waa a motion mada to dis.iharit? th? delend.iat from arrest in Ave olril suits on giving oommoo bill It appeared the defendant, who I* a rcl lmt of New Orleans, oame t? thin city In tha latter and of 1H W or luglnnlng of 1*17, and purchased goods from the plaintiiT la th? different suits. to tha amount rf $10000 or 911000. Tho plaintiff, Underwood, and tha firm of Patterson St Co., eubsequently alkir?d the goods were obtaiaad by fraul and roisrepreeentation. and procured the defendant to be iodic tfi by tha grand jury of the city and county of SawYork. Mr Underwood next obtained a requisition from ' tha Governor of this S:ate on theliivernor of Louisiana ' for tha surrender of tha defendant asa fu<itivfrom justloa A warrant was granted by the (Jorernofot Louisiana, under which defendant w is arrested and brought to this olty. Ha was balled on the orltalnal charges; after which u* waa arrested on civil process on Are dilferent suits. Mr Hoffman moved to-day to have him discharged on his reoogolsance. on the ground that the criminal charges were got up for the purpose of bringing tha defendant within tha jurisdiction of tha civil eourts of this State. Ha contended that this prooeeding ought not to be countenanced by tha legal tribunals here. At all stents, tha rata aDplicable to wit- 4 nesses and suitors, namely, that they wera entitled to protection while coming from their plana of aboda to a oourt of justloa, and retiring, also applied to thl? oase, and upon that ground tha defendant ought to ba discharged. Mr. Upton, on behalf of tha plaintiffs in all tha salts, oontended that thare was no direct evidence to show that the orimlnal proseoutir>u was Instituted to hriog the defendant withtn tha oivil juris Motion of this State, and tha judge waa uot at liberty to Infer in tha absentia of such testimony that suoh was tha faot. Tha plaintiffs in three of the causes had no connexion with getting up tha criminal oharga against tha dofendant, and it oould not be contended that they were precluded from arresting him on civil procesa when no came within the jurisdiction of tha State Courts Decision reserved. CiacUIT Coi'ST AND COUBT OF OvKB *NO TlBMIWBB. ?Mr. Justice Strong will open both those courts on Monday. S1.rr.bt0b Coubt?The February Term of this Court commence* on Monday next for the trial of record*. Two court* will *lt. Common Pi.fas?In Banco?DccmONi?Feb. 6.? Jene C. Kinner adi Govtrneur S Bebby.?Motion* granted upon term* of paying ooataof default. Cost* of these motion* to abide tbe event. M'horcm adi Fitxgtrald, el al.?Motion denied with ooat*. Sumwtant tit Taojf.?Plain tiff* bill of exoeption* overruled with ooftH An'hony and Crane, v? Jliken.?Verdict conQrmed witb coat*. Jlidrich, ado The People *f the Stmte e/ N. V.?Motion granted on payment of ooat* of entering Judgment, ko Gibe? ?,?? Fitimaurice.--Motion granted, nnleu defendant stipulate* te pay the oo?U up to the time of putting in bis plea, and the plaintiff be allowed to dieoontlnue without cost* Hogan, attignet ire., vt Eaton ?Order appealed from modified Coat ofappeal to abide the event. Birnkley, adt Th* t'e-fle ? Motion for delay ef farther proceedings to let of June next; grauted, but not to affect lien or security of the Judgment and execution in & thin cause. Erhen adim Unit rt al. ? Referee*' report *et aside and theoaae referred back to the Mine referee*, to bear auch further a* may be offered, an'l to report anew the evidence, so iar en taken to stand, a d all eoeta to abide tbe event; but if plaintiff will remit part, a* suggested, the report for the balance, to *tand confirmed. Mc Caller and othert adtmAltn et al.?Casa referred back to referee* The following i* a copy of a ruin entered on the minutes of tbe Court this morniDg : ?'The Court hava adopted the rule, that in all motion* argu< d at Chambers, on Kriday of eaoh week, the decision* will ba glrea on Saturday in open Court. Court Cai emur-Mond*t.? Circuit Court?No*. 1 to No 10 inclusive. Superior C?urt ? No* 1,1, toll Inclusive Common Pleat ? Part 1 ?No* 89,77,81, 61, 99, 116. (31. 133, 135, 137, 79, 87. Part 3-12, 43, 44, ?3, 60,70,73 84, 90.93. sirhkmk Court or the Uhitkd Static?. Jeb 4 ? No* 31,34 Tbe Planter*'Bank of MlasiMfppi, plaintiff In error, va. Thorns* L. Sharp et al , and Baldwin, Vail, and llutty, niaintiff* In error, vs Jaines Psyoe et al Tha argti went or these cause* was oonoluded by Mr Bargenut, for tbeplaiutitfs In error. No. 107 John Terklna, appellant, v* ICdward P. Kourniquetet al The motion to dismiss tbi* cnus* wu argued by Mr Kandall In support ol lhe?*ms, and by Messrs Mayer and Coxa la oppositinn thereto No. 10(1 Sam. L Firgay et al , appellant*, v*. Francis D. Conrad, aaaiguee, In. The motion to diamine this oause wa* submitted to the eourt on the reiorl end notes of counael, by Mr. Sergeant in aupprrt of the motion, and by Mr. May In opposition to the lama. Adjourned till Monday. 11 o'clock, Hellglniu Intelligence. CiLMou ?i Ir'iHvtiT -H 6ih Mnotej iftw Eplphauy. 13 Oth Sunday afcer Epiphany. UOSaptuageslma Sunday 37. SdX'gnsima Sunday. A collection will b? taken up in eae^ of the Catholla Churohes of thia city, (with the exception of St. James') to-day. tor the purpose of aiding In re-building the Church of the Holy Name of Jhoi la Elisabeth afreet. recently destroyed by lire. A collection will be made this mrrning in St. Joha's Chapel for the benefit of the Missionary Fund of the Diooese of New York. Cardinal Lambruaohina, of Rome, has been atrnok with an attack of apoplexy. . The Rev. John Larkin, 8. J , will deliver a lecture thia evening at half paat 7 o'clock. In the Church of the A?aumption. corner of York and Jay streeta, Brooklyn, for the benefit of St. James' Beneficial Temperanoe Soolety. The Hon. Themaa James Bernard, member of her Maj'Bty's connoil, in Jamaica, and ohalrman of quarter ae<aiona. has been admitted into the Roman Church. The government 0j r.uoerne decided, on the 34th alt. that the following religious bodiea ahould pay, in the apaoe of a fortnight, 1 000 000 of franca let, the ConTent of St. Urbaia. 6#0 ooof.; 3d, the pious eatablisbment of Munater, 400,eo?f. ; and 3d, the other oonvents, 100,. 000 franca. iVliaa Sophia Shaker, of Philadelphia, took the whit* oil. on the 7th nit., at the Convent of the Visitation, Georgetown, D. C. The Rev. Dlahop of the Diooeie of St. Loula, con templates establishing a Society ef St. Vinoent de Paul In the elty of Buffalo. Rev D. C. Lanaing, D. O , Professor of Saored Rhetoric in the Auburn Theological Seminary, and late ot the Chryatie street Congregational cliuroh, New Tork, having reoeivtd and accepted a oall to th? Clinton avenue Congregational ohnroh of Brooklyn, will enter upon his pastoral labors to-day. There are frequent conversions in Western Peaasylvania among the Germans from Romaniam to the Protestant faith. The confirmation of the election of Dr. Haaapdaai aa Biahop of Hereford, took plaoe on Tuesday the 11th uit. in Bow Churoh, Cheapside, whloh was orowded with interested spectators After the Litany, which was read by Archdnftc n Hamilton, the Commissioners of the Archbishop took their seata, the Vioar General, Or. Burnaby, prealding. The letter of the Archbishop, appointing the Commissioner* was read, and then the letters patent of the Crown for the confirmation of the Bishop elect I)r. Hampden was then presented to the Commissioners by the Proctor for the Chapter, Mr. Underwood, together with the mandate for his election ? The oppoaers wsre then oalled, whereupon Mr Richard E. Townsend, Proctor, appeared in behalf of three of the clergy, Messrs Huntley, Jebb, and Powell, to oppose the confirmation Objection being made to Mr. Townaend'a aooearance. Dr. Adams. Advocate, came forward and addressed the court In a long and very able argument, on hi* right to be heard upon tba sut^eot. and that they were bound to entertain objection* which might be urged?Dr. Bajford, on the part of the Dean aad Chapter, objecting to hii being heard at nil Dr. R Phillirai re and Dr. Harding followed Dr. Adam*, on the earn* ld?. When Dr. Bayford roee on behalf ef tbe Chapter, he wta stopped by the court; and the Vicar tjenerai stared that they were bound under the pro liione of the statute or Henry VIII. to proceed to the confirmation of tbe Bishop, and tnat they would incur the penrltle* of praemunire if they did not Accordingly the confirmation proceeded, just as if ?o objection wag made; and when, ink subsequent stage of the proceeding!, opposers were again publicly called, the word* were received with *hont* of " Moek-ry, mockery," from the aiaembled congregation. The Bishop elect then took the oath* repaired, and the tentence of oonflrmation wu signed, read, and gWen On the day following these proceeding!, a rule waa Instantly obtained in the Conrt of Queen'! Bench, before Lvrd Chief Justice Dentnan and Justices Coleride, I'atters'n and Wigbtman, by Sir Kltaroy Kelly, to dhow causa why a mandamus should net lijue to the Vicar General of tbe Archbishop, commanding him to allow th? ohj??tors to appear before him, and to itate their oljsetloni to the cnrttrraalion of the Biahop elect, and to deter mine on opposition Hir K Kelly mentioned that the objection! reier to the doctrine of Dr. Hampden. So that the matter is not yet ended. Ci.EaiiAL CiiAmri ?The Rey Dr Vsughan hsl tsken charge of the Cburoh of me Ma tiator, Sobujlkill, Third street, Philadelphia The Kev A K Olmatad to the Church of the Atonement.* hsp?I Hill. N.C. Thr Nantcckkt Maic Packet Ashork ?On Tuesday l?st, ?t Di A. M, tl.e sloop Portugal, Capt Luce, left here for New Bedford, having on board two passenger! and the mall; but when she waa little more than an hour out, the wind suddenly changed from sjntheae' about north. oompeiiing Capt L. to pnt hit vessel about, and make the beat of ni.s way back again. The wind soon lunreaeed to a perfect gale, and tha weather beijg tbi >k, and tha snow beginning to fly. Capt L ecu'.d uot Gad the marks on the outer bar. and in orossing It, hi* tassel struck heavily several times, and wai put ashure near th? North heaid of Long Pond, a frtW it mutes before 12 o'clock. The paMecger! wtre landed about 2 o'clock, on horseback?the w?i?rbeiig shoal within the v??*el?and the orew came ashsre in their boat For about four hours the wind blew violently In squalls, aoooupanit-d with r*ln and snow Thia we* th? drst tiuie that tie Portugal bad attempted to l -t to New B-dfurd, since she oaps i?d, jusi iwo weeks be.'ore, to a uay She 1* nut ruuoh injured. ?e learn and arraigemeote are b-mg m ide to get berolf. Th?slocp Clio, Capt. Mitchell, h?! taken ner place on the line ? Nunlucktl Enquirtr F ft 1 Mlsrellsneoiu, They have been enjoying exovlleat sleighing la Boston during the paat week The Legislature of Oh o Is diicuseln? a general railroad law Major bliss I* now la Lebtnta, N II., at the reeideaea of kla mother. -i ?^

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