Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 8, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 8, 1848 Page 1
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( ~ * * > ? ' i nfia.i , . I.I, THJ Whole No* 300f. LATER FROH THE RIO GRANDE, j Rumored Attack on Saltiiio. Gen. Bustaraente with Tcii Thousand Men.! MOVEMENTS OF MEXICAN STATES IN FAVOR j OF THE AMERICANS. lateresting^Intelligence from Mexico, Deaths In the General llo?|?\tul and New York Rtglment of VoluuUcrtu &c. Ac. d>c< W<> give tb? following >s the details of the new* Aram th ? Rio Grande, published in ttlfgraphio form in yfjteriay'* Hnali: ir?m i?.? M n i.n in \ Among tho passengers on the Maria Burt.frcm the H o <>nind?, cami Lieutenant Kranfclin. of the topographical engineer* ? a gallant young officer, who rendered himself conspicuous at Buena Vista aa a member of Gen. Wool's stsIT. by hi* gnllantry. Lieutenant F. fti dS.-ect from Gsneral Wool's head<ju\rters at Montei iv, which pi toe he left on the 18th Instant JuJt before be left, an express was received from ?al tillo fiom Col Hamtramck, in oommand of the foroe* there, stating that a report had reached him from a (source entitled to credit, that a foree of Mexicans, 10 000 stroag. under the oommand of Gen Bustamente, were insrohiug down upon Saltillo The report even particularit'TS the points from whence the troops had bean raised, but so frequent are the1' stampedes" upon that lire, very little oredit was attached to the report. Oar forces there were in good condition, and perfeotly willing to be attacked whenever the enemy thought best to make tli*5 experiment. Upon the receipt of this news, Gen Wool had apprised tho merchants at Monterey, Catnargo, .Matamoras, and other ports, that he could aiford them no protection In the way of escorts Krora another source we learn that Col Carasco, a Mexioan oOlcer who has rendered himself rather conspicuous, is at Monterey, proposing to enter into negotiations with Gen. Wool for a pronum i iru>nto (.giinrt the existing government of Mexico Md lu f*Tor of the Uuited States, on the part of ths States of Tamaulipas, Nu#va Leon, and Coahuila. He also prolooses to bring in Gen. Canalea, that cowardly oblef of guerillas, who has given us so muoh trouble upon the ilio Gtande Col Carasco has been for a long time residing in Matamoras with bis family, and appears frtanoly to ths Americans. Wo know not what degree of credit to attach to this report. Capt. Deaa, of the artillery, who was a short time sit o? wounded by a Mexican lancsr between Saltillo and Moaterey, has recovered from the effeote of his wonnd, whlrh was not so severe aa was reported. Th-> Matamoras Flag of the Sid, contradicts the report as to the probable death of Capt. G K Lewis, from w< uuds received in a reoent fight with the Indians, neer r? rras. He was able to move about the streets of Saltillo with slight aid from a orutoh. The wound is in the foot, u toe or two having been out off by an Indian arrow. Mr. Lewis is a printer. The steam propeller Massachusetts, Capt. Wood, fourteen days from New York, arrived at the Braaoe on tb? 17th ult She suffered some damage to her machinery, but being a superior sail vessel, there was not muoh demotion inconsequence Several ladles, wives of offlrers cl the army on the Rio Grande line, and others, w>>re passengers. [Correspondence of the N. O. Delta.] Mouth Rio Uuande, Jan 35, 1S48.?'The tjulet times we have of late enjoyed en this line seem n)ar an end, and another ntampr Je is at haad. By the arrival of tb? United slates steamer Trcj, Capt. Wright, from t 'uuargo. we learn that there were rumors or the approach of a Urge Mexican force. A gentleman of this puce received a letter from a friend in Monterey, dated Jaa 10th. in which he says, an express has just arrived from Saltillo. with the intelligence that an overwhelm- ! ( annsnaahinn ThaM ( mmnr thftt ! (itu Wool bad given notloetothe merchants at Baltillo, t hatha could protect them bat four days looker, and , th?t the works at Monterey were being put In tbe beet possible etate of defence. We have occasionally beard I rumors of tbe gathering of tbe enemy at 9tn Laid and ! Z* k.*?a but never considered them worthy of notioe ; Ti-s?t are supposed to be tbe force* approaching. It at- ms singular that no au'vhentio infetmation hat been ruSr.ived in relation to such movements, and many are inclined to dUbelleve the reports now in circu Utfcn. although the wise ones have prophesied that ernsh a movement would take plaoe as soon as it was lirnwn that Gen. Taylor had left the country, and it wi aid Dot be at all surprising when we take into oonrii. ration the inadequate foree left for tbe defence of this line. The Government certainly have committed a Rre*t irru. in withdrawing so many troops from the Telle? of the ltio Grande, and it may yet be found necessary" to reconquer this portion of tbe country The pres-ot ti jiont defenceless state of this line invites an attack. aud none but Mexicans wouldsolong have negleoted to tako advantage of it I will not pretend to vouch for the truth ot these reports, but tnere are many that believe ih<m to be true. Whether they are to or not, remains to be seen, i give them as they are heard here The supposition is that Gtn Woel will fall back on Minterey, not having sufficient foroe to hazard a battle where b? is In such a cose there ia nothing to prevent the Mexican forces marching upon Camar^o, Sto , and hwnep tbo valley of the Hio Grande to the Golf. It is a great mlstak* to suppose the Mexicans conquered ? Their disposition to light is just as good as ever it waa. where there in a prospect of success. Aa I said before, I wid not voujh for the truth of the rumora, and it will gi-e me great pleasure to be able to contradict them in my next, but at present 1 must pronounce it another strong case of yuien sabc ! AFFAtP.S IN MEXICO. [Correspondence of the N O Pioayune, Jan 29 ] ,/iTr or Mexico, Jan id, 1S47 ?You will find in one cf the lettirs of the gentleman who continued his correspondence with you during ray indisposition, an account cf the capture of Gen Valencia, the renowned hero of Cuntreras, aod Col. Arista, at the hacienda of the former. in thii vitlley, by a party of Texan Rangers, under command of Col Wyokiop, of the Pennsylvania VolUDteeis. Krom ill 1 can learn, the expedition was manr.'^.vi in tho must successful manner, nnd the party came : veryneiT layirg hknds on Padre I areata himself, who lie* b*M bus* iu this vicinity some weeks Vesterday, Dviningutz, the oaptain ot tQe Mexican spy company, >?inv?d with a *10411 mail, and brought intelligence ot blshaviDg iind ? brush with a party of the enemy's cavalry 1> mem Ojo de Agua and Xapoluoa. Tho cavtlry he dispersed, and tock prisoners Gens. Torrsjon, Minon and Gaund, who were with the party, and delivered them over to Col. Childs, at Tuebla, together wiclt two American deserters whom he found with the party I regret, that In addition to these captures I cannot udd that of Gan Silazar, who rendered himaelt infamous bv his cruelty to the Santa Ft- prisoners. The scoundrel was in tbe city a few days air.ce, upwards of twenty-four hours, with bis family; and the authorities, 00 learning of his whereabouts, sent a body of soldiers to arrest bim, but unfortunately be had left the city ebout two hours before it was known he was here. All these prUooers uavo b#en liberated en parole. The policy of liberating these men 1 think extremely doubtful On parole they cr.n go where they please, and among their own people can say what they pleare. which enat Ins them to do us much more Injury in exciting tbe pe' pie to acta of hostility than If they were never taken prisoners, and their Influence not eon lined to such parts 01 the c untry only an they could muster courage to vi'it. As an iMtlMI in proof of what I sty, I nm told by a gentleman who came up with Col Johnson's train trom V? ra < 'rux. tbat or. entering one of the small towns ut this side of Pui bla. which was an advantageous position to rrstst tho advance of Col Johnson, Gen La Vega iwbo. to-ether with Lis brother, Col La Vega, ink n at Hoamantla, and Gen lleren. taken at Cerro esme up with the train on temporary parole) addre'Si - tbe first knot of bis countrymen he met in tbe tjtl, m4 sskeu them why they wer- not up It would be mui'h safer to keep these men contlned here, or send th'tn to the United States It is impossible to say when there will be a movement tov.irds any ot the eliies still in the po-session of the | nrmy The commander-in-c ief, confident, perbapa, i of a p-ace resulting from the proposition which it is vlexican government lias made, ia not disposed t.) dt'turb the uelloerationa of ton government at Quer?;tur) by sending au expedition iu that direction, or to create new enures of animosity by raaktug additional oorqureta. u.?MI ttie remit of tne proposition f? known A bearer i.i u.'epatcbes from Washington arrived yestard*y mill Col Pomlnguea, and it ia possible that an onwn.rJ movement may ba ordered If it ia ordered soon. t hire iH little ir any probability of resietanoe being of. ff re.1 to our progress. Tin re la not at any one point that I can leuru, auflleieut men end military supplies to resist one thoufanl of our voldiers I regret to eay there ia a Kreat deal of Mckness among the four volunteer reglraenta from Kentucky, Tennessee aud Indiana, which General llutl?r oominandad to tbls city. The meaalea, 'ha mumpx. i.n<i the diarrheal, are the prevailing dlaea'**, and un an cvernni! one-half the men in the four regim?nta aT<* uoQt for duty. We have titws to day from Qnerrtaro Anaya.who waa elected President alter 8anin Anna's resignation. haa gone out of tftlas, the term haviug tapir J, and FVna y Pena, by right of hi? offloe fta Chef inailoe at preae.it 311a the va-ant chair, or haa b?-?n elected President ? 1 cannot poaitively learn which, hut I a in inclined to believe the former, lie naa declared 'hat he will pursue the policy of Anaya. who la tuppoeed to b? favorable to paaoe The letter whioh bringa thia news ia dated the flih inat,and aaya the oabinet haa been reor^*u rti hy the appointment ( f Sr. Koaaa aa Minister it Foreign Relation* and temporary Maoretary of the Tie?aury, Hiva 9?laclo aa Mialater oi Justice, and Pedro M.iria Ana.ra rs Secr-tary of War. Mt tiro, Jko. U, lets ? At last accounts, 8anta Anna waa at Tehuaaan. In tha HWta of Puebla lie has with bltnalarg* number ol ohlefa and offloors, and appears II b? a??ai Ing to* a?t!"n of the Mexican Congress. A aoldier belonging*to the lat drngoona waa bung on Wtdnr" iay. at the Penon gate,for murdering a Mexican. J . e i" iird'-i *i' a ipnat unprovoked one, and there la uo d nht he d? a?rved bia fate Praoe within a abort time la now confidently predicted h'r? by peraona of Intelligence, and by thoae who have i to rdlnble Information. By aome It la aald the I Meii?*n government, after Its eoiamlaeioners wer? ioI formed by Ulcere! Saott and Mr. Triat that Uity bad I t0 Pr????<1 commission era should be appointed by tha two governments to meat at ' Othar*?aad I think they tea* a earn tfet .'.L . 1 1 LL'-lLLL'Jf J. E NE NE truth?My that the Mexican government had made a ] proportion, and that It bad been transmitted to Washington They now go no far a* to say tbat the termi are Mr Trist's ultimatum In the negotiatinna at Taeubay*. with the difference that losteadot >U? 000 000, aa was proposed to be given by Mr Trist. $30 000 000 la asked 1 ferver tly hope this proposition, if it has been made will not be accepted, and tbat tbe apparent disposition of tbe Mexloans to make peace will not prevent that energetic prosecution of the war recommended In the President's message. There appears to be s"me doubter* as to whether there will be a sufficient number of members of Congress present at (Jueretaro to form a quorum, and some partisans are speculating upon tha probability of Pena y Pana resuming the reins of government In this cssj. A paper Is about bring started there to advoeate his claims I think, however, if Congress should not meet and eleot a President. Anaya will hold over. Mora j Villamil has resigned the Ministry of War. Jaki'ihy 13?On Monday last, tha commander-in-chief was informed of a movement designed here to attack the quarters of the officers of the army, and, If possible, to take them prisoners or kill them. The plan wav that tbe population, or so much of it as could be loduoed to take part in the oonsplraoy, should rise, and, assisted by a body of guerillas whloh were to ent?r the olty at a certain honr, make the attaok During the day the commander in chief Informed all the ohlef officers of tbe intended attaok, designated rallying points for the different regiments, and made every disposition neoessary to defeat the insurreotlon. At night soaroely a Mexican waa to be found in the street*-showing that the whole population bad a knowledge of what was to be attempted. The precaution adopted, it if supposed, prevented an attempt to execute the plan. The projectors of the insurrection were either blind to the effeete of their plan, or foreseeing them, must have been utterly reckless as te the const qaenoes which would result to their own countrymen; for if tbe attempt hod been made, there is not an officer in the army, not exoepting the oommander-in-chlef himself, who oould hare restrained the troops from sacking the oity. Daring the night Lieut Baker, ef the 6th Indiana regiment, commanding a patrols, eame in sight of two carts near the Piazza de Torre in the south-eastern part of the oity, one of whioh, containing one hundred stand of arms, he captured? the other he was unable to come up with before it was placed in concealment. Whether Gen. Scott has the names of tbe parties who originated the plot, or not, 1 do not know; but it is pretty well understood that the ohlef conspirators are among the soldiers of the Mexlcan army, who assumed citizen's dress when our army entered the oity, and hare remained here since A few davs may reveal more in relation to this matter. You wUi? perhaps, learn before tbis readies you, of a similar attempt at Puebla, whioh the promptitude and determination of Col. Chields nipped In the bud. Kiiclosed. you will find Col. Chllds' proclamation in tbe Spanish. Yesterday Col. Hays and some of his men had a brush with Pedre Jarauta, at a place oalled San Juan, some twenty or thirty miles from here. Although the guerillas far exceeded tbe Texans, they did not wait for more than the first ohargs, bat fled in great confusion. Jarauta was seen to All from his horse, whioh, together with bis lanoe and clpak, fell into tbe bands of Col Hays His saddle was bloody, from which It is inferred that the reverend scoundrel was killed. [Correspondence of New Orleans Delta ] City or Mexico, January 13,1848 ?The train which was to have left here for Vera Cruz to-morrow, will not start uotll the next day or the day after. It was intended to have been esoorted by the 3d Drsgroons, but 1 understand that an addition of four companies and a light battery will be added to It. fiy the following order you will see a list of the officers accompanying It returning to tba United States. Nearly all of them have don* their country good service, and have highly distinguished themselves in tbe battles of the valley of Mexioo. May they meet a warm reception from their friends In the United States: ? headquarters 01" the A>my, > Mexico, January 11, 1648. $ General Orders?No. 14 ?The following named offloers, siok, wounded, or reported supernumerary in compliance with general orders No. 382, of the last year, will proceed to their respective homes, and on arriving at New Orleans, report, by letter, to the Adjutant General's Offloe, Washington, for (if able) tne recruiting srrloe: ? 1?Msjor E. V. Sumner,'2d Dragoons. 3-MsJor C. A. Walte, 8tb Infantry. 3?Captain W. J. Hardee. 3d Dragoons. 4 - 1st Lieutenant L. O Arnold, 3d Artillery. 6?1st Lieutenant Arnold Klz?y, 3d Artillery. U l.f I l.nl..>.l r I L'm.m 7?1st Lieutenant J. Ward Henry, N Y Volunteers. 8?ad Lieutenant H K. Clarke. -i Artillery. 0 - a 1 Lieutenant W. C Wagl?y, 3d Dragoons. 10?21 Lieutenant P. A. Karrtlly, dth Infantry. 11? 2d Lieutenant II B Clit* Hth lofantry. 12?ad Lieutenant Geo W'alnwrig'it. Bth Infantry. 13 a J Lieutenant J.ti. Fiiz&.rald, 14th Infantry. 14?2d Lieutenant L. \V. Teoipleton. 14 h Infantry. 14-21 Lieutenant J. E. Slaugh ter. Voitigeur*. 15?Captain J R Smith ad Infantry By oommand of M?jorOeneral Scott: H L, SoOTT, A. A. A. G. To day the funeral of Capt Irwin took plaoe He waa follow?d to the grave by a long line of mourning friend* The Rifle R?giment paid the military honor* to hla remain*. but it waa no one corps that grieved at his d?ath; when he died, the army wept By the following order Major J. L Gardner has been appointed " Superintendent of the direct and indlreot taxes to be levied for the support of the army, on that portion of Mexlou called the Federal District. ' Headquarter* ok the Army,) Mexico, January 11,1843 { General Order?No. 10 ?Major J. L Gardner, of the United States 4th Artillery, is appointed Superlnten dent of dir*ot and indirect assessments to be levied for the support of this army, for the part of the Republic of Mexico called the Federal district. He will accordingly open an office lu the Naihnai Palace, and enter upon the duties assigned him. He will ascertain the amount of es*eRsments as they may, from time to time, fall due: make demands for their regular payment, and when ready report the same to general headquarters, in order that the disbursing offloer* may be named to receive and give acquittances lor tie same. Acquittances will he attested and regittered by the superintendent, who will also transmit to the proper aocountant, at Warlilngton, documents charging the disbursing officers with the amounts received by them respectively. By oommand of Major General firOTT : H L. SCOTT, A. A. A. O. A Mexican officer has been detected in endeavoring to induce the soldiers to desert Amili:ary commission, of which General Smith is President, and R P. Hammond Judge Advocate, is now in seision, trying Mm for the offence, if be is found guilty, as I expect he will be, he will either bs shot or huDg By the otder of General Ssott, Captain A C. Myers has been assigned to the chief of the quartermaster'* department. From what we know of bis oapaoily, we bave no doubt but that he will discharge the duties to the interest of the government and with oredit to himself. The Improper conduct of lone of the officers of the late Mexloan army, bas rendered the following order from General Smith necessary. If these gentlemen do not walk up to the " chalk mark" very suddenly, we will soon hav? something to interest the attention of newspaper correspondents. Qui** ta.lt, " Office Civil inn Military Governor, ) National Palace. Mexico, Jan 11. 1848 ) " It is ordered that all officers of the Mexloan array, all retired c fleers, as also those of I he corps of National Guards, including certain regiments known as those of Independence, Bravo, Victoria, Hidalgo, Galcana, Mine, and the orps of Zapadores, who may now be in the city of Mexico, not on parole, shall present themrelve* at the office of the inspeotor gener.l of the American army, between the hours of 10 A. M. and 3 P. M on the lath, 13th, cr 14th inst. "It is a'so ordered that all officers of the Mexican army and of the above-mentioned oorps, who may hereafter arrive in the city, shall reprrt themselves at the foresaid office within twenty-four hours after reaching the olty. " I"hi* order is rendered necessary by the highly improper oonductof certain officers of lln Mexican army, knnsn In h? in th? Mtv anH an* folium tn nr.rnrtl ?H?li It will suijtot the cffender to the most rigorous punishment known to the Itwi of war. ' By the Governor. " R. P. HAMMOND, Secretary." Since the organization of the new military police, an import*nt and creditable change li risible in the order and peice of the city. Gen. Cadwalader has arrived at Toluca. The following letter from a friend will give you an a?oount of the march, and their arrival at their place of destination : ? Ton e a. January, 1848 -1 promised to tell you what kind of oountry we traversed in reaching this- place ? Hearing that the diligence is robbed every day, I have waited some other opportunity of writing, and now bear that the dragoons leave for Mexloo in a few moments, which givea me little time After quitting Tacubaya, our road began to ascend, the country oontinutng ste rile and voioanio, like that around Contreraa Towards unset we reached a baoienda, or inn, and encamped the night closing upon us bitterly oold The infantry encamped mostly around the brow of a hill adjaoent.and few pleasant dreams. I ween, did the cold wind permit to them Early on the 7th, we started again, the earth white with frost, and icicles hanging from the rooks; the road, if possible, bard>r and more finished than yesterday, and aaoendlog always. Arriving at the highest point cf the mountain ridge, we saw a number of crosses together, end wera told that they commemorated a desperate confllot that came eff here some thirty years ago between the Spaniards and Mexicans The first were attacked in positioa by the latter, and gained the day One cross fastened intothearlld rock marks the grave of tbe Mexican General At this point opened upon usone of the finest views 1 ever saw?the valley o? Toluca Stretched out In front and on either side It lay, studded with villages and haciendas, and Just enough watered to aire rarlety, while far away rose the snow* mmmit of Nevado de Tolusa, with iu wide crater 1 thougilt to myself, had Tom Moore seen this, he had certainly written the " Sweet Vale of' Toluca. iustead cf that other Tbe road now descended regularly, and we came upon l.erma. a small dirty Tillage, every h"<use filled with children, gating women, and surmounted by a white tla* the only el?an 'bing about the premises, and that prepared, no dnubt just tor this oooaslou only Detore gniimg to I.*rmn, however, we paeerd a ema I bridged stream, the passage of which >? * defended by a aandia( fort, and the hills adjacent were also crowned by works ?all made whila we laj at Tuebla and abandoned on tba fall cf the capital It Is said that tha fort at tha bridge was aarrled by "Duteh Marvj" oertaialy ska *N lot Ikera Cut. T?oan? Wl Talaaa tMa aftaraaoa, la ooapaa* Uw ajyalia, who kai aaaa eat ta bm! ttataml, At taariN eatfe* r W YO W YORK, TUESDAY MO] n?*t day, (8th,) we stated for Toluca, noma tin mil** A distant, marching for some abort distance on the edge p of a marsh, where we perceived abundance of waterfowl, 'I and promised ouselve* some good ?port an<n. The t country en either side became more and more fertile; a t superior cultivation to any we bad seen In Mexico. ob- g tainedj fine haciendas, with American-looking farm- to yards and granaries; abundance of cattle, ki &to ? all to proclaiming a decidedly Improved state of society. We t reached Toluoa after af?w hours' mi rah, and, as usual, were surrounded by a dense mass of wondering beings > and took our quarters- the soldiers in convents, &o , o and many of the officers by billet I have never reen a ? more psoiflc looking people in all onr progress, notwltb standing the preauhine of Father Jsrauta. who was lately here Some thousand troops, it ia slid, left here on our approach, with the government, for Morelia This town is capable of holding from 10,000 to 1'2,000 people, but at present has not so many. It is prettily built, is very clean, and is supplied with good-water by an aqueduct. Nor hare we felt the degree of cold for whioh it hw a reputation. Yesterday, the 11th infantry were ordered to retrace their steps as far as Letma. and occupy that pUce Rumor says, that the convwctin whioh they were quartered, suffered a few in th" way of gnld vessels, and the General thought it prudent to quurter the regiment wbeie gold and silver are apparently unknown. There are no preity women here.? Whether the good friars are looking after their morals, I oannot tell. Col Domtnguei, of the Native Spy Company, or Contra Guerillas, arrived yesterday, with a letter mail trom Vera Cruz jQn his way op, be made a haul among the guerillas inlVing the road The fallowing account of ft, from the Star of this morning, is the correct report Dr. Kenney also comes up with the escort, as bearer of despatches Irom Washington to Gen Scott A little towards the left of Santa Ke, Col Dominguei ascertained that there were some fifty or sixty guerillas, under Col ?nobia, hovering in the vicinity, lie charged upon them, and they dispersed without firing a gnn. On the tith, on the plains of Salao, between Ojo d* Agua and Nopaluoan, the proprietors of the haciendas of St. Gertrude, Santa Clara, &3 , requestedaidof Col. Dominguei in their efforts to liberate themselves trom the robberies of Torrejon and his party, composed ot one tundred and fifty oavalry and two American deserters. The Colonel, with his escort of eeventy men, charged upon them, and, after a slight brush, put them completely to rout, taking G?n. Torrejon, (Jen. Minon, Gen. Gauna, and five other officers prisoners, fifty Mexican oavalry, and the two American deserters These were all placed at the disposal of Col. Childs at Puebla. It appears that Torrejon, when captured, was about proceeding to San Andres, to join the forces in that place, and maroh thence to Oriziba. Pursuing hia course towards tho city, the Colonel, upon entering the I'inal, perceived a party of guerillas on both sides the road, but was not attacked On the 10th?that is the day before yesterday?near the Ventade Chalco, Padre Jarauta was seen,with some 200 guerillas " A few days sinoe, General Line went out some six or eight miles from the city, when a guerilla party endeavored to pay their respects to him, but they -'oould'nt oome it, quite.'' Several other parties bave been seen in this vicinity lately, and P^dre Jarauta is known to be about. Colonel Jack Hays and his command have been out two days, and have not yet returned His attention is especially directed to the venerable priest. "Wo be to him if Jaok strolls aoross him. A conspiracy has been set on foot, in Puebla, to assassinate the Mexican governor of the State of Pnebla, Don llapht?l Izunsa, by General Ilea and some of his worthy asso ciates. Their letters were intercepted by Col Childs, from which it eppears tbat their first object was to get Gav. Izunsa out of the way, by assassination, and then murder some of the peanwtbiy disposed inhabitants of Puebla. seize the reins of government, and proclaim Ilea Dictator. Governor IzunRa is known to be a ttrong ad vocate of peace The prrjeet, nipped in the bud, has caused the following proclamation to be issued by Col Childs, the American Civil Governor and Military Com mandant of that Department: HicADtiuaaritRs.DKrARTMiiMT or Fvkbla, ) Puebla, January 5.1848. $ Proclamation .?Whereas, a diaboiioal and bloody cor (qd^uuuduuo una urcu uoicutcu uutwrru uuu mauuti l'?rn. and other (as yet unkuowo) citiz-ns of Pu?bla, with a person on lied tier. Ilea, a guerilla oblef, In which the slid Pert z and his confederates recommend the assassination of the person who styles himself the Governor of the State of Puebia, as well as many of the peaceably disposed citizens, in order to " strike terror into the whole community," and then for the said Ilea to pronounce against the State and General Government, and deolara himself Dictator, this is to give notice to the In aablttnts of the city of Pnebla.thatso long as the trooos t the United States of North America shall bold military possession of the city, any Mexioan, or other person. not owing allegiance to tbe Uaited States corresponding with known gueriiicros, or with any organised military body, in arms against the frees o. the United States, will be o.msid'-red in the li&ht of spies; and any attempt to furnish sush armed bodies with supplies of any kind, will be d emed as a violation of good faith; and persons thus detected, will be regarded as in open hostility agsinst the loroea of the Urited States, and treated accordingly Citisens remaining in the nify of Puebta during its military occupation by tbe United States troops, enjoying protection of person and property, tacitly acknowledge suob military authority, aod any aid of theirs com promising their neutrality, Is, by the laws of war, severely punished THOMAS GUILDS, Colonel U. S A, Civil *nd Military Governor Mkxu o, Jan. 13,1848 ?The city of Mexico is rife with rumors in reference to peace : some have it that peaoe is made ; others have It that commissioners have gone on to Washington, &o. ko ; and thus we have it up and I down every day?peace and war alternately. Believe nothing you hear from this city at the present time on this subject, for I c&n assure you no one, unless It is General Soott or Mr Trist, knows anything more about it than "the man in the moon " And these gentlemen are exceedingly cautious in every thing relating to the movements in the army, and every thing conneoted with it The nearest that I can oome to the present state of afhirs, is from my correspondent at bluerctaro, who informs me that there has been no treaty concluded, but he adds : The whole subject rests with the United States?the government of Mexico is willing to make a treaty, and are prepared, and are strong enough to snstain it " Many of the most influential men in the Republio, who have heretofore been violently opposed to making a treaty, are now advocuting it strongly ? Those persons, who form?rly belonged to tbe army and have been discarded by the government, are perfectly prostrate; their Influence is nothing on either (tide of the soale. The congress had not yet met at Queiutaro at the latest dates, but it was expected there would be a full meeting by the 15'h or 20th inst. The brigade of Col Riley is still at TMiWjrt, and the brigade of Gen. Cushing at San Angel, No movement of troops for San Luis can take place before the 1st ot February, even If Gen Scott most ardently desired it.? The commsnd. before it starts from here, inuat be fully appointed for Ave or six months, as it will take that time at least before they would be able to make a road from ' San Luis to Tampioo, by which they would be enabled to bring supplies from thrt latter place. At present they are without one of the most necessary articles, clothing, for such an expedition. Gen. Soott has seut twice to Vera Cruz for it, and both tines has received a very I meagre supply; therefore he has had to resort to one of I the poorert means of procuring it?having it made here Capt. McKinstry, of the Uuarterxnastor's department, has now about 1 000 men and women engaged in making | olothing for the soldiers, and I understand they will be at least until the 1st of February before a sufficient J quantity will b? ready. It is a very easy matter to nuve armies on paper, bat more difficult lo tbe field P. 8?11 o'clock?ColJ*ok Hats has returned?hi routed Padre Jarauta from one of his dens?kitiingsome 10 or 12 of hid men and wounding about l'> othtrs Oar of the m?n shot at the Padre, whether they killed him I am not inlormed; they brought in his horse, saddle and bridle, and oloak and other trinkets belonging to the Rev Father We have reoeived the intelligence of the attack on Col. Miles'train, and are sorry to learn that tbe line company of Monnted Rifles has been cut up We suppose it to be Capt RufT. as we do not know of any ooinpany of mounted rifles down there except his The gallantry of Capt. RufT and his oompany in several of the most Important battles In this country has been severely test ed, and always highly distinguished themselves If the Mexicans did,aa we are informed,"out him up,'' you may rest assured tfley had a dear bargain of it No men in the service use all their arms better than this company Yesterday the Polioe (Juird diaoovered about a wagou load of muskets concealed in a Convent in this city. Mr Trist does not go home with the train going down , to-morrow. The gallant Capt Walker, of fl:h infantry, so , severely wounded at El Molina del Rey,will be sent down lie goes in a litter?still being too weak to travel otherwise. i Visa Citi, Jan. 19 ? ' Mounted troops are needed here at present. If there was a sufficient force, they would, ere this, be on th?ir w*y to take possesion of Orizaba When It will leave it will be accompanied | by a naval battery, commanded by a lieutenant of the , I navy Lieutenants Watters and Kelley left here on the Itith Inst, with portion of the Loni'itna mounted volunteers, as an esoort for the mail and Major Stewart, , payuiast?r. to the ?ity of Mexico. Information as r. o?fved here on Monday morniog last, thit some guerrillas were hovering about tbe neighborhood of s?nta Ke , In the afternoon. Captain Taylor,of Taiigs' Hides, was ( ordered to proceed with bis command to that place. After reconnoitering tbe premises, he returned, yesterday morning, briogiogwith him eight ''greasers." but as ( they have not been identified ss guerrillas, the* were , discharged Captain Hathaway, 2d Artillery, who was , court-martialed a few days ago, was acquitted of the , ohargae preferred agalDst him?those ot drunkenness , and absence from duty when not on furlough Liwten- , ant Uordon, of vtiom I made mention In a former note, i is fast recovering from tbe effects of wounds received , ( coming fiom the city of Mexico wi'.h a train It is also | , Implicitly Inferred that he will relieve a Count of csr- , t?iu responsibilities attaching to adaugbter The Count anivel here with the last regular tr>iu from the city. He is waiting the arrival of the Knglisb steamer to proceed in hsr wi h his family to Spam. Lieutenant Iver on, of the lieorgia Infantry, came down from Tetote, by yestaiday's train lie repo'rts tbe troops stationed tbere suffering very much from fevers. There Is n'iihrr amusement nor exoitemeut hero, aul the spare oomeit poor d?l has. he melancholy walks tbe streets, looking occasionally at the Seuorita* aa they pass gractfuily smoking their c^aritos. Visa Csr?, Jan 'jo ?The north wind, which threatened ufffHh its violence for three days past, has fali?n, withent doing any damage to the shipping In this port An express arrived here, trom the oity of M?*ioo. i n the IGtb An expedition was soon to leave that city, ss l (

understand, for i'oluov I conld not ascertain who is to eoavaat this expedition, aa | was assured that Uenersls ! i aa? Pillow aad Col Ctieu war* stUl under ar. t r?i*Ualilut AMa?fiukBilMinlvi<kw? j amIWitaM Thinw urnTil lyi n?pi?ye> i J Ml I 1.1 I , _ I UK H EtNING, FEBRUARY 8. 15 Lmerioanr, who volonteered for the purpose of aocom- ol toying private trains to and from the city of Maxioo J 'his company is about tiu strong, commanded by Capt A ;bas? and Lieut Wnltoorab. Lieut. W. informs me E hat his company left Mexico on the 3J, and that the p: nvernment train was to leave the same place on the tith, C >ut that, a few minutos before marching out of the city, ?< ia was told that the d<rarture was to be postponed an- li il the 9th ll Col Domingass wn met b7 this party at a place named li Imsiuos, a few miles this side of Puebla. His spy com- Hi ompany had had M engagement wlih the enemy, who II ras in superior fwrM^nd had succeeded in routing them, 'i fter luMng som* fourteen men The loss on the enemy's a: id* was very great, in comparison to that of Col. Oooingurs: it is said to exceed one hundred killed, and se- * 'eral prisoners, among whom are <ien Torrrjon and two t< lolonels I learn, also, from Lt. \V , that (Jen. Valencia y ml his staff have been osptured, while dining at his hailenda, near Guadalupe, by Col. Wynkoop,of the -21 Re- V ;iiueat of Pennsylvania Volunteers. Urn Marshall was * o leave Perot* on the 11th Inst Col. Miles and the train n inder his oommand were met on the 13th, a tew miles h toca P.'tote. When Capt. Chase's party was three day* c in Its march from the city of Mexico, one of their men, vno naa Deen i?id Deninu cams up wun innm. ?na report id that a (fruit quantity of wagons had been placed in the >laza, and seemed to bp intended for some Important ex- 8 (edition; that, on inquiring, be had been Informed that * iome of the wagons were to bs scot here, and other* to ? iuerttaro. with an expeditlou, which would shortly leave " 'or that plaoe. The schooner Martin arrived, frrm Havana, on the irith, and report? that the English steamer had not yet irrlvsd at that port on the 7tb, and that It waa the general opinion there that she waa wreaked. On the 18th, Captain Taylor's company of mounted men arrived from an expedition to Medella, with a taw prisoners, who were released by General Twiggs Some mmplainta ware made ajainst the volunteers, and I am Cold that the old General waa not very well satisfied with their conduct. An American, or Irishman, was flogged, sn the 17th, and a Spaniard on the 18th, by order of a mllitary'oommisaion Herr Alexander will give his last performanoa to-night, i'le haa been very successful aere. The theatre, though not so well enoouragad, still makes enough to support itself. P. 8.?Since writing the above, 1 had a conversation with Captain Chase, of whom I speak above; he gave me tome important details about the capture of Valencia. Col. if. M. Wynkoop, of the ii Pennsylvania Volunteers, having learned by a Mexican friend, that Padra Jarauta and Gen. Res ware at Tlalnepanatla, about Ave leagues from the city of Mexico, applied to Gen. Soott for permission to take twenty men and capture th?m. Permission being granted, the Colonel set off on the 1st with US l'exan Rangers, under ooramand of Lieuts. D?guert, Burkes and Joues. Upon arriving at and charging Tlalnepanatla. and finding no one there, they learned that Ilea and Jarsuta had left for Toluca a f^w hours previous to their arrival Col. Wynkoop here learned that General Valenoia and his stair were at a hacienda some six leagues distant lie immediately set off with bis party, and arrived at the hacienda, which they surrounded. Admittance into the house was dem?nded by the gallant little party, but it was for a time refused, when Colonel Hilea, a wounded Mexioan officer on parole, opened the door, and assured Colonel Wynkoop that General Valenoia bad departed that day for Toluoa ; but this was not oredited, and lights ? were demanded to search the building. Col. ttllea then proposed to deliver Gen Valencia the next day if the party would leave. To this the Colonel would not as sent, and piopoeed to send an officer and eight men with blm to await their return This piopoeitlon completely non-plunsed Col Sllea, and convinced Col W. that Valencia was really in the house. Search was accordingly made, but nothing could be found of him. Col. W. declared that be would not leave the hacienda without him, and that if Valencia would give himself up he would be perfectly safe, but If ho attempted to esoape he would not answer for his life At this moment a per- i son stepped up and said, " 1 am Valenoia " He then said tbat It was against the usages of civilised warfare to attaok a man iu the peace and quiet of his family, in the dead hour of the night The Colonel answered that it was the only way in which he oould be oaptu'ed ? Col Arreta was also oaptured In the same hacienda on that night The following officers volunteered their services In tha expedition : Cnpt Bennett and Lieut Clinton, of the 1st fa. regiment; Capts Diller and Hurley, Lieut. Davla. of Gen. Cushing's staff ; Lieut. Terry, of Gen Patterson's staff: Cant. N?herir. 11th fnfantrv. and Lieut Tllton. Voltlgear* City or Mkxico, Jan. 10, 18-18.?To-day, a universal gloom was spread over th? army, by tbe death of Captain James K Irwin, Acting-Quartermaattr-Generel, after a few days' illness, from pneumonia. Captain Irwin was a gradual* ot tbe military academy. and a native of Frank tin county, Fa His position as QuartermasterOenxrsl, has been one of ih - most laborious, and attended with endless trouble, but his military talent and business caaacitv enabled blm to dlsoburxe tbe duties devolving upon him with surpassing faoiilty. His loss at this time will be most sriioutly felt throughout tbe army. (Jut there is one place bis loss mill be more strongly manifest? it Is in the bosom of bis relatives and acquaintances Ilia high toned, gentlemanly and digaiQed charaster was equalled by few. and surpassed by none?honest io all bis transactions with mankind, and liberal in his charity?warm-hearted to hit friends,. and enemies lis had none, bat w*s warmly I eloved by all who knew him-brave, chivslroua and enthuslasiio on the field < f battle, be narrowly escaped in many of the desperate and hard-contested actions in this valley. He waa the very personlflcati )n of the noble soldier and magnanimous gentleman. " f'eaoe to his ashes?eternal honor to his memory." List of Deaths in the General Hospital, City of Mexico, for the month of December, 1847. Serg;t Cowdon, -id Inf. Private Powers, Voltigeurs. Private Nette, -Jd Art. u JSailey, " Folk. " " Hudson, ' " Wilson, " " Cormbices, " " Taylor, " " MoSwain, " " Bush, 5th I of. " Thomson, " " Root, " " Murkin, S. C Vol. " tteekman, " ' Merton, Tex Ran " lienarvay, Mass Vol " St.raton. 3d Penn V. List of J^raths in the K. V. Volunteers sines Oct. 1,1847. Private Klroher, Private Balots, Dltrich, ; Saxten. THE MEXICAN JOURNALS. The Koticioso,ot Jan 12, contains the proclamation of President Anaya, dated at Queretaro, Dec. 16, relative to the organization of tin Mexican army The several levies amount to 18,000 men, exclusive of the troops already raised, whose ranks are to b? tilled up. The new levies are to serve for three years, unless sooner discharged They are not to consist of malefaotors or invalids, they must be at least five feet in height, and their age not to exceed forty years. The disaffected ,?>pu!>-.ticn of liuasteca had made a pronunclamanto against the .Mexican army, laws and government, and vatorously threatened to march against the city of Mexico in order to wrest it from th?> Americans. -ol Gates, commanding at Tampioo. has given notion that all gold and silver metals, or specie, must be left at the oostom house, when designed for exportation, where an exaet account will be taken of It The dnty will be deducted therefrom, and the balance returned to the owners far exportation The small sum allowed the Mtxican officers and soldiers had disgusted many of them, aceording te the Sotirioso, and n great many of the officers had petitioned for permission to resign. The Antrojn, of Purango, hopes that peace will soon be concluded, or tbe war renewed with vigor. Tbe Legislature of Durango had joined its vote to that of I ilisco, in favor of authorizing the Mexican Congress in take measures to fown a coalition batween all the iiispano-American governments on the ocntinent. Tbe Palt iota, of Aguasoalientes. says It has received various communications on tha existing statn of the ci untry. Home of the writers propose to call Hanta Anna to the dictatorship, while others suggest a national convention, to deliberate whether peace shall be made, or tbe war continued. INCIDENTS OP THE WAR. A number of good stories are told about Bob Walker, one of Doniphan's battalion, who formed one of the advance guard that opened communination with General Wool's column, at llurna Vista General Wool, among othor things, remarked to Bob, that tbat was quite a brisk litte "skirmish" thev hsd at Sacramento? "Ves." says Bob, "bat we didn't low any of our osnnon. If it ??" a skirmish 'Tba'.'a right, my man," Mid General Wool, seeing the Miasourlan was * little huffed, 'that's right?never allow a man to underrate your victory; yon fought against greater odds, and greater disadvantage than the enemy have be*n met during the war, and more successfully too " Bob, emboldened hy this fluttering speech, remarked with much souk frniif, " 1 don't think jou flght 'em right, down here, no how, General " ''Why not?" says Wool, smiling, "How do you flght them?" "Why, <1? n it all, you don't crowd 'em enough," aaid Bob "By O?d?w*<'ie tried tbem two or three times, now. and we've alwaya found It the best plan to crowd i em from the jump " While oroe?iog the plains of Santa Fa, General Kearny wss some (lirtanc* ahead with the advance guard ? One of the offloers belong ng to the rear division singled Dob out, and aent him ahead with a letter to the Gene- 1 ral. When he oame up with them they ha<* camped, and > Dob sauntered into the General's marquee. '-We're git ti (in'along right aharp, General," ssya he, "Ves, sir." c tnswered the commander "I wish yon'4 jest look at Chat hofs of mine, General,''said Bob, ' and give me your pinion how he'll stand the racket olar through to whar ve rs going " "Have you a CapUIn st the h>-ad of vonr jomoany," Inquired the General "Well we hev hoaa, ind he's aome punkina, too," answered Bob. ,-Whensver you wlah to learn any thing in regard to yourmov*. Bents, then,"aaid the General, "iaquireot him " "That's military, ia it?" inquired Bob "That is military, air," loswered the General 1 Well, General, tbey gin ma a etter for you, but ours me if I know whether I oughter (in it to you in pusaon, or send it through your orderly, tnd so I il go back and aak the Captain," and back he rent, snre enough, with the latter in hia possession ron ruE brazos. [From the N. O Picayune, .Ian :>0 ] The U rt steamship Fanny, will sail for the Bra^oa his morning. she takes over tba following named pasirugers ?.lames Campbell, bearer of despatohes; Major r;irly. Virginia lUgiroent; Dr. H Btanneke; Capt. Wm r 3 Archer, Virginia Regiment in command of a drtsi-h nent of recruita for the 3rd dragoons; Kergt Major Brown; Mrs Dr. Traavit and two children, Mrs Powers; Messrs Held Jam?s Uelby, C Taylor, A U MnConlin, Jeo Haedolpb, Charles (..Churchill, lames Knowlea, Julian Magiil, and I'atne. a ARMY TNTRT.UOBMCK. ? The following ir a li?t of passengeis In the 17. 8. steam. a ihlp Kdith. friiDi Vera (;?ur: ? Lieut. A, S. Way, Georgia Bat ; Lieut Iverson, Joteph Johns, dliobarged soldier, Robert Maltb aad Caplata J. Lcyall. i I Tka tilth bro??ht ovar fwty slak ui diaolurmA Mi- ? Ihn-tntfvkM <M Ml tfikfii I ? [ERA 148. r the following deocased ofliiers ? Brev?t I.lrut. ?'ol S Mol ntoeh, ftth II S In.; Ceptain H. MnKen/.le, id rt ; Cap's. M K. Morrill nod Whipple, ftth In ; C?pUla K. Hmtth, 1st In ; Cnpt. M.J Burke and K A Caron, lit Art ; Captain S B Thornton, 'id Dragoon*; aptato J. W. Anderson, Jd In ; Captain Charles Han- , >n,7th In.; Brevet Captain (ieorge VV. Ayres, 3d Art , > it Lleuta. C. B. Danitla and William Armstrong, Jd Art ; it Lieuta J P. Johnston* and Joaeph K Irons, lat Art.; it Lieut. J I) 15aeon, tith In.; lat Lieut J. (J Bnrbank, th In ; Ut Lieut Sidney Smith,4th In ; 'id Mailt. Wllam T. Burwell, Ath In ; -d Lieut J. K. Karry. Jd Art ; i Lieut H. Hoffman, lat Art.; -id Lleuta Joseph P Smith, Dd Kraatua B. Strong, ftth In ; T ClMM, 1.3 A The brig Silas Moran sailed y*at#rday, for Vera Cruz, 1th government atoraa, twelve men for tha Qitartermaasr'a department, and ninety five mulra ?.V. O. Picaline. Jan J#. Tha Rutland Herald save?"Out of 80 mtmborn of the ermont company? raised laat summer for the Mexioan ar?forty-four have already died; and out of tbia umber only two have been killed in battle?the othera aving fallen vlotima to the diaeaaea incident to the limate.'* _ Movement* of Army Utile* r a at Hume. Th? .IH.... ?r UK... mmrm nn \T.i?,lau muUino reat preparations to rsoefve Uen. (i'litman, who was to | rrlve there in the afternoon. Military companies and i ivic societies, and a procession of oitf/.iins WMI to meet ira, and escort him to his lodging! Fourlerlam anil Koiivlei ltrn. [From ma Net* \ ork Observer.] Graham, of the Tribune Building*. has published n j 'ouilerlte pamphlet, which we find ou our table this | lorning, and it revivee some pleasant memories. riiuo>; re developed the peculiar myitfiiee the N?w Vt.rk tssoclatlonlsts, and expose I th-lr^ a- anbjaot f marriage, Vo , the Courier papers and lecturers have lad las* to say of the relation of their soheme to the omestlo constitution, and more of ita bearings upon solely. upon labor, upon the poor, the poor, and all that; loptag to cover by this course their ultimate designs ipon those arrangements which give a oharm to life, ,nd were designed of God for the happiness and high t welfare of man. It would be amusing, if the hypoorisy were not too onl to be amusing, to see the zeal which some of these ''onrierltes a (Toot in favor of laws to puulsh seduotion tnd adultery. The very end and aim of Kourierism Is io bring about a state of society In whieh the interlourae of the taxes shall be regulated by the desire of ile natural heart* which is declared to be the voice of Hod iu this matter. This dootrlne has been repeatedly ivowedbytbe New York Assad at ionlsts, and we are ready to reproduce the proof of it whenever th?y deny It. But these men are more active this moment in their efforts to Instil their infernal doctrines into the minds of the youag by lectures, tracts, paragraphs, &<y, than aver before. A few weeks ago, one of this sect, who has a literary and political reputation, was invited to iellver a lecture before a lyoeum in the midst of a religious community, in a small village not many miles hence. The subject was not prescribed to him, as it was supposed :bat ordinary respeot for the sentiments of society would trevent him from doing violence to propriety. But his iense of propriety was over-estimated; he actually utllcted upon the audience a lecture on Kourierism, tommendlng that infamous system to the embrace of ,he youth who came to hear him. We mention this to ihow the Impudence as we 1 as wlokedness with wbl.ih these disorganizes are at werfc. And the most fearful iign of the times in oonnectlon with this matter, is the willingness of hundreds of good, easy, religious people, to believe that these men are crazy on this point, and very good sort of msn on others. Because Fourlerites profess great zsal in favor of virtue, and are loud in support of various doubtful plans of philanthropy, many are deoeived into the belie! that Kourierltes are aiming at some good things, and must be good men at heart. We should have no fear of these social reformers, if they stood on their own ground, and fought under their own (lag. But they " steal the livery of heaven to serve the devil in," They profess a friendship for virtue while tbey are sapping its base. They oome with a pretence of loye for public morals, and a horror of orime, and while they are clamorous for laws to prevent seductions and adulteries, they are teaching that these very deeds are the fruit of the present social organization, and if men and women would all turn in and live together in one great " phalanstery," there would be no need of laws to prevent licentiousness! Abolish marriage, and there will be no adultery! gocializ-i society, and there will be no seduction! Prostitute the human family, and there will bo uo distinctions of character' In presenting these as the legitimate tendencies of Kourierism, and the fruits of tie teachings of the New V'ork Assuciationists, we are willing to be held r-spunsible for the proof, and we are led to repeat them h?r? that our frlende may not be deceived by the modified tune of the Kouiierite journals, and their freshened zeal in favor of temperance and moral relorm. If there is any truth in the deoliines of oar holy religion, it is impossible tor a man to bs a Knnrierite and a triend of true virtue. He may have a standard of virtue of his own, but it is not the virtue of a pure heart: the virtue that consists in love to (iodand lore to man ; that delights la obedlenoe to the divine will, anil ioors to the divine glory as the ultimate object of human cooduot Kourierism Is that form of infljHlity winch makes the natural passions of the human heart the law of life. It Is more directly and iutrionlcally opposed to the gospel thaa any other form of infidelity Its teachers are the most deadly enemies ot Christianity, and those Christians who uphold them will please to remember the fable of the peaaant and the viper. But we have so extended our introduction to a noire of Mr Graham's pamphlet, that we muit defer he notice itself to anct!ier week. The work is full of entertainment respecting the training of children in tbe Kourler way, and our readers may anticipate a pleasant JhapUr Ai.i.anv, Feb ??. ML The Present Legislature?Anti-Rentism?Rer. Dr. Sprague?The Late Camptrnllrr?The fltira Convention. This session of an "hundred days" will not till a conspicuous place in history, not so conspicuous as the Emperor's session of a "hundred Jays" after his return from Elba. We have had some war reports lrom the committee on miliary affairs, and some proviso speeches from the earned Chairman of th<* committee oil the Judiiary of the Senate, and this is about all wc have lad. >? Anti-rentism still exists in its most revolting orm. The anti-renters have {.empornnly suspenled active operations against the public auihoriies, out I suspect that, under the advice of their eaders in this city, their determination to resist encroachments upon what they have styled their 'reserved rights," is as firm as it has ever been, The following extraordinary resolution was offered in ill* Senate yesterday, by Mr. Tretdwcll, (anti-renter ) Resolved. (If the Assembly concur,) That the Attorley General be and he is bereby authorized to commence proceedings in behalf of the Teucle of this 8*,ate tor the raeavery of any lands in this Htate, claimed to >e held under any grant from the crown of Great Britain >r the Colonial Government of New York, if, in his >pinion, *ucb proceedings oan be prosecuted with suctws I The resolution being a concurrent one, lies > >ver under the rule. ft\o such proceedings as those referred to in the esolution could be prosecuted with success, he:ause all those grants which wen* made by the British government prior to the year 1787, have >een approved by the constitution, and recoglized by it as valid in every respect; an attempt o invalidate those grants would therefore be an nfringement of ihe constitution. I am surprised at the Senator who o He red tbe resolution, and I cannot understand his motives n offering it; I he clause in the constitution which relers to these grunts, ih perfectly plain, ind its meaning could not he mistaken. It the \ttorney General should commence any Mich iroceeduigs as those indicated, and if"his efforts (gainst the grantees of Great Britain should be ittended with any ktnd of' success, (which is ol" :oursc impossible) the litigition which would ollow would last longer perhaps than the Gaines luit. The Rev. William B. Sprague, of this city, is i most dislinguisned ??nd eminent divine; he is lie inost impressive pulpit orator I have ever leard ; lie is a Protestant, and a native of Con- i iccticut, I ura told. I do not know where he i jraduated, nor uny other circumstances condoled wuli his youth; but he in an eloquent md powerful divine ; his claims to distinction iiiti excellence as a preacher, arc, 1 confess, in* :ontcttiblr. 1 suppose that the church of winch le is the pastor, is one of the wealthiest in Albaly. During his administration Silas Wright vas a constant and regular worshipper at tne liurch over which this eminent divine piesides ' Jr. Spraguc is the possessor of a number of auogra|>lis of prominent men ol the last and present :enturv. Mr. 1' lagg (late comptroller) 1ms removed from Ubany to New York, where lie is acting an reasurer of tne Hud-ion Riv.r Railroad. The convention of the Wilniot proviso diviion of the democracy' will assemble at Utica >ne week from uext Wednesday. 1 liave hi?rd everal intimations that the delegates to be up- I ointed at this convention to go to Baltimore, ' kill be instructed to vole for Thomas II. Benton of a slave S ate) an a cwndulate of the radicul 1 !einocri*< y for tue presid i.ey But tnc Van Aureus (uie father mid son) who ur- iu New fork are not idle. Political Intelligence. Tin Tavior Mbktiyu *r CiKcin^tti.?Tfclsg t leetiog cams oil on the -id lu*t .*u J itandtv h??n | -u the largest whicn lias t?k?a pl?oe h?r? glnon lilO. ( ire%t -ntliuiliam prevailed, Hd inolutioii decided preteieuce for Oen. Taylor for the neit pioeimo]!, wore p????i Abjovhzmuft Of tms Iowa Lsoiiiatj** ?A telerophfs despatch iron SI. Lou**, Toll. 9th ?UUe th?* M l?wm Loflatann bed ^Joarati i?n </1*. -UUcui , iMttsc Unite* sutef Boattorn 1 L.D. frlM Two Ulii, Common Council. Hoard nr Ahiitait Ai.dkhmk*?Keh. 7 ?Stated meeting?Liii-i W. HritvK.fi. Kjh , I'reaident, in tha Chair Jtmho1/ Raiirt i.l Company ? A petition of tb? CamJen and Amboy Kailr"ii < mnpany for the le?s? or par chM# of the basiu at the foot ol Albany streot. Referred. Ilimmonil Pitr.?Petition *of D R. Martin, for the lease of pier at the foot of II ammond at. R*f?r, red. Optmnit of fViilium Hlrt'.t.? A remonstrance ra presented from numerous property owners lo William street. Rzaindt the proposed tirade of William and K rankfort streets, alter tne opening of the former t.? f'hatham street shall b* ooropleted, And asking that the grade be raised fire feet at the junatioa of the two struts R-tferred. Chainbrri Slrrrt Pirr.?Remonstrance of II. 8. 8t A. Stuart, ?niJ others, against t'n ' leasing the pi?r at the foot of Chambers street to Jaunes Raymond Referred TtUfrapk Pot'i.?The committee to whom was referred the remonstrance of sundry merohanta, ag*innt the erection of awuing poets in VVU Um street, reported ad erst* to the remonstrants, and asked to be discharged from further consideration of the subject r| nf'tw niHKr.rua ?ll?(>urb mi<< irniiunuw >u iitTvt of building a bulkhead at the foot of iJi in Adopted P.It? i>/ ntnnurr?<\ vii received frc.ia the Mayor, enclosing a o unmunlceto i, relative tithe accumulation rf a large quantity of manave at the foot of Gaenevoort street. aud the importance of immediately removing the name Referred. Mind Jlsyluni - A resolution previously adopted in concurrence with the Hoar ] of Aid*rraen, in favor of remitting the amount of taxes paid by thla institution, aiid returned with tha mayoi's objection* for not approving of the name, was taken up for reconsideration andadoptsd, notwithstanding the Mayor's veto City 7 roaiury.?A communication was received from the Comptroller, enclosing the account cnrreat of the city Treasurer, ,for the quarter ending January Slat Ordered on file. Retention of I'ier.t, <J',: ?Resolution in favor of rebuilding aud extending pier on the easterly side of Catherine Slip; and building an addition to the pier at the foot of Jefferson street, also in favor of granting permission to Wm. H. Brown, to build pleri at the foot of IJth and 14th streets,at hi* own expense Adopted. Cleaning Strerti by Contract.?Mr Curumlnge offered a resolution in favor of applying to the Legislature for passage of an act author zing the corporation to oontraot lor cleaning the public streets for the term of three y?ar* Adopted. Krleniinn of h'irr Limih.?Resolution offered by Mr. Ooger. in favor of inquiring into the propriety of altering and amending the law In relation to the construction of bulldiogs In the city; also the propriety of extending the tire limits, and applying to the legislature for auI tborlty to carry the saw Into effect. Adopted. Tenth Ward Demoeratir Ball.?An invitation waa reoeived to attend the Tenth Ward Uemooratlo Hall. Aoaepted. Jimmilment 0/ City Cl>aritr.?The report of the committee ou retrenchment, ?appendix U, recommending an amendment to the city onarter?Was then taken up, as the special order of business, but owing to the lateness of ths hour, &to., the matter waa laid on the table until Monday evening, the Jlst instant; till when the Hoard then adjourned. Opining of tlif! SI. Cliurle* Hotel. This magnificent an i exfennire establishment, formerly known as the Athenroum, was opened, and opened splendidly, yesterday, under the proprietorship of Mr O. K. Watrlss, the first to give a popular Impulse to the hotel under a similar designation at New Orleans, and Intermediately Identified with the prominent and responsible interests of the Interior economy of the Astor House in this city. In the arrangements of the St. Charles Hotel, a watchful attention has been observed in the adoptlou of every modern Improvement In the art of individual and family comforts, and a happy combi nation of the various requirements of every country, in taste and national pre miction, faithfully preserved. The accommodation for families is of tbat character, that a household can live, and move, and have their being, on one floor, with every facility of acoess, furnished in a style of unexampled comfort and eleganoe? private meals and ample attendance. The saloon presents equally attractive, advantages to toe casual visitor, the traveller, or tbe simple boarder, aud all presents a scene of splendor that has yet to be ucllpstd. At one o'clock yesterday the bouse was opened, and in a style of sumptuous extravagance. The highest aad coolest of tho laud were attracted to the scene - and if the subjoined bill of fare, for the oocssion. oan furnish an index of wh?t Mr. Watrlss professes generally to nro. ,iuoe, our beat predictions o' bis suooess will be verified. tOOOOUOOOQ 0OOO&OgO^ op ooo<?OOOOOOO .OOOOOOOOQOOOOOUOOm X OA. un/l"UDH ?*>/ 1 tiU| A No 347 ttroidway. ? ? O.E.WATRIS3. i | isew York, February 7, lMt. | a ?')Lr?. * I Mock Turtle. C*X?U. . g KHH. ? i Cm*. lirded.Mtdeiraaauee, I >dfish, Oyster aance. g 0 hoc uismic*. , ? Slewed Terwp'm, Kiltu of Dais, Madeiras ? Cliait;eu?e of U ime, Wine?ance, $ t Lamo Chora, with Green O/iter Pat>ea. 3 !>*?. i C01.D DIIKII 2 ? Pig'a Head on a Socle, U med Turkcy on a Socle, ? 1 Aipic of Fileta of C hickrn, ,A?pic ol Juit Try Me, ? 0 filet? of Chictcn, iVlavo- liame Tit, g iiaiaeatyle, Tnrkey Inrded,Regent atyla| ? Ham, ornamented with Jel- Hound of Beef, a la Mode, ? ly, Prairie Hena, larded, with j> ? Tenderloina of Baef, lard- Trulflra. = ' l I'd with Mnahrooma, ('old Pieaaed Corn Beef. 2 | noi.IT. 9 5 Beef Saddle of Matton, ('arrant ? 5 Canrats Back Duck?, Jelly ajtice, | <*nue, Capon. r 1 llam, ChampaiRue aauce i tr.ur.Tim.ti. Raked Potatoen, Boiled Putatoei. Maihed Potatoci, j | A>p*ragna, Spinach, Tnruipa, 3 1 s I r.rrota, Piruipi, Onio:i?, O g Bt-en Ce'ery 2 o*n?mk"itai mane* or raaTRT. g u Temple of Liberty, OrnnmeurU Vane of Ki- ? 2 Houian (Caique oa a Socle, gu ea. 5 paitrt g Z Charlotte Rnoe, Swi?a Mermguei, 5 g Unit Jelly, tl wired wirli Blmc Manire, ? a Chimpsguc, Plum Pudding, 6 ? Apple Pie, Pumpkin Pie, o '"urraot Jelly Pnfft, Potted Apple*. X ? O.aiik'e Sjlide, 2 K ime*. 8 f FRUIT. | o lee Creaiu. ? *000000il09000'j0000()00000il0000000(>0000000ueil00000000* The evening wna celebrated by an equsliy splendid and magnificent tsntertainment to the ladies. Piiir.AOEr.piiiA, Feb. 7, 1848. Jtidpe Shoud ? ff'm. M. ]\Ieredith?Depravity? Death from Hunting?Incendiarism, 4S/r. The commission of the Hon. Geo. M. Stroud, a? associate Judge of the District Court ot' this city, was re.tcl t lis morning in open court, and s'fter being sworn in, lie assumed the duties, hv commencing immediately the trial of causes pending before that tribunal. This is a very 'gratifying event to the Philadelphia bar, who were much mortified about two years since, iu the appointment of another Judge to tilt the vacancy caused by the expiration of his former commission. Josiah Randall, litq., on the part of the members of the bar, gave expression to the feelings they entertained, and welcomed his reassumption of the jiost he tilled so worthily, in a neat address, to winch ludge Stroud returned an appropriate reply. Win. M. Meredith, Ke<j , is sustaining the high reputation that ranks him among the most eminent of our Philadelphia lawyer-, in his argument to-cfiy before th Supreme Court, in the Schuylkill water case, before referred to. A dilapidated frame house, i.i Shippen street, that Iih* stood for many years at an unfits of l."i degrees, was so shaken by the high wind his morning, that the chimney stark gave way and rauie down with an iwlul crash, iiestroying neitrly the whob' ot the interior. The bouse was occupied by au old woman and her eon, who were yesterday beastly intoxicated, and spent ot the ilny in quarrelling and fighting; notwithstanding that the dead body ot the old woman's daughter was lying uucoHitied in the house, having died on that morning, frwin a combinatiou of diseases. The corpse w as crushed in the must horrid manner beneath the matt ot bricks, hut the woman and her son esc?i>ed unhurt, though considerably trighteued. A little boy, two y? ars of age, the child of poor parents, named McConuell. was this morning burned to death by a muter, five years ot age, setting tire to the bed while playing at the stove. *They had been left locked up in the room by ihpir nmt!if>r vv ! 11! * ?h?? u>?nf in r.i a fk P f. Four attempt* at incendiarism occured yesterday, but without causing tiny great damage, and our tireboys were not guilty ot as miiuy outrages as might have been expected, considering the opportunities aflorded lor tli" display ol thetr propensities ? Finn and Loss of L fe ?a fire broke out tbout .-tix o'clock on Saturday morning, m a row of tour email bou?e.? ?ituat?d on K?nk eireet. below Eden, rcfupird hy U^rrain an ? colored taxiHe* The Are, comiD-nceJ In a hfu*e occupied by a colored faaHy who followed plcriiun .itkaiu.aml ? ? diuh<I by aoaadls scoi Jfntaiiy <' nnp^ in ucnUet wit'a this inflammable material I'M* fo^etlw witb toe bona* adjoining, occupied by a t?erui?n family, wm entirely coniiatd, the lomatH* eiiTiDK aone of their furniture Two (mail tr tine dwellings aojoic'Di? on the west end, also caught, aud were greatly aamaged; lb* iccupants - colored person*? eucreed'd however in raving taeir furniture A Snck hou?e atfj inlogtheoun in which the tire original d, was so mm hat ii jurrd soon after tha Ore wm eatm^ul'hrd, the remain* of a Oernian w>tnan. about SO year* of ag?, natnM Margaret Drool, who Heed In a rO"iu uf one of tb? houses, wcie discovered among the ru'.n* of th< duelling. txircWl tnth? t&oet 'booking met ner Wben tha fire flint brol.e out, she was rescued from the building in safety, bat having ielt behlad her ion* (60 lo monry. ibe retu; ned la a eain attempt to fsts It, an J being luffe a*ad by tbs moke, was una Sic to get out agala. and thus perished la the flaass ftfc* .... j