Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 10, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 10, 1848 Page 1
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TH Wholt Her. 5000. Albany, Feb. 8, 1848. Honors to Gtntral Quitman?Affair* ?n Albany? The Ajtolloneont, tfc. Tli# la-lies and gentlemen of the ancient town of Albany, have got into a curious dispute about the famous volunteer general who has just returned from Mexico. In their efforts to show him a great many civilities, and to mak e him a sort of lion, they have been treading upon each other's toes, and pulling each other's hair; they have, therefore, got very angry at each other, and the coneequence is, that several funny 6neute* have occurred among the young bloods and the milk-and-water aid-de-camps. This svstem of lionizing persons who have distinguished themselves in the military, or in the literary world, is all well enough, but it should be done decently; and, in doing it, those who are driving to ingratiate themselves with the lion, should be careful not to jostle each other in the struggle; if they do, it often happens that th'-y make a verv ridiculouaappsarance. Since the entr?e of Mijor General Quitman it:to this place, lust evening, every attention has been shown him by the legislature, and the authorities of the city. The reception, which was arianged and managed by Major General Cooper, was eminently creditable to that gentleman, and, without doubt, very gratifying to the distinguished guest *The entire arrangements, from the disembarcation oi General Quitman ? including the escort, the torch lights, and the uluminued buildings?were, on the whole, very brilliant and pleasing. The success with which the affair was managed is to be attributed to the energy of General Cooper, who consented, in the kindest manner, to perform this service. The reception last evening, of which I gave a hurried account, was followed by another reception, of m different kind, this morning. At half-past 12 o'clock :Major General Quitman, accompanied by Messrs. Pruynand Tamblin, of the legislative committee, entered, the Senate chamber; the senators received him standing. Immediately nffer his introduction to the Senate by Mr. Tamblin, the president addressed him as follows : Gknkril? The Legislature of New York, appreciating tha dlstia^ul.ih) d services rendered to our oountry by yourself, and your gallant associates of the Aoaerioan army io Mexico, extend* to you a most cordial welcome to their seat of government. Whatever differences of opinion may exist in regard to the origin or the objects of the war in which our country unhappily ia engaged, tha people of our State reserve their judgment for these * ho may have involved their oountry in the mlimities of war; but to the gallant army whloh has so noitly carried our viotorloua eagles through inoredibla difficulties, and against immensely overwhelming nuiaburs, and has planted our standards in triumph on every haltle-tirlii, they bare given their whole heart, their entire al/ection They have watohed with admiration, which grows into am*cement at the brilliancy of its achievements, the progress of that glorious army, whose well-planned movements mark at every step the mastermind ef its commander, and the valor, the effleienoy, and the patriotism of his associates and his men. And they are happy to reoogatse among those who have the rnoat aidsd to produce the results which rttleot so mtfoh honor upon their oountry, a native of our own State? though a more southern oiime may'call you her'a by a'Joptieo, New York will not forget that you are her's by birth. She is proud of your euooess on the battlefield, and she glories in your more quiet, though not less distiBgulshed efforts in oivio pursuits Therefore, general, she welcomes you back to your native Stale, and in the came of this body 1 welcome you here, and introduce you to ths senators of the State of New York. Tne general, after making several military bows, replied britHy as follows:? Mr Trksidknt?Standing in the presenoe of the " conscript fathers " of; my native State, I can only ray that 1 feel the honor of this distinction to be a sufficient rtward for having disoharged that duty which, as on American oitlsen and a son or New York, must be expected of every one 1 I hank you, sir, and the members ofthe Senate, for this kind reception. I shall feel proud to cherish its recoileotion in my memory, so long as 1 live The general, after having occupied a seat near the president lor a few moments, left the Senate with a view to visit the lower House. Upon his I entrance into the nssembly chamber, which was completely Ailed in every part, the Speaker rose and welcomed him as follows:? Gr.y. QuiTMAn:-Itis with equal pride and pleasure vri>luora<! you to the capitol of your native State New Vork delights to honor those who do hanor to their country. 'I'o stand among those, sir, is the proud distinction you hare won. At your country's oall, you left the peace fal avocations of a ohoeen profession ?and la which you had earned an enviable rswtMlis, la fkt state of your adoption, and hastened to the field of strife. In a suooesslon of brilliant achievements, you have shown your country's strength and her security to rest In the character of nerpeople. That In them, when dagger tt realms, or oooasion calls, she has a tower of itrerigth rquil to any and every emergenoy. That this nge, no lets than that which witnessed our en franchise m *nt from British thraldom, abounds in heroei and in sratesnn-n. That, in time of peaoe we are prepared for war?that we ean with equal facility, beat our "swords' Into ploughshares," or our ploughshares Into Implements of war. Amid the trials and hardships of a campaign, you have b <>n cheered by the aisuranoe that your services wtr? liberally appreciated by yeur oountrymen at homo. Whatever differences of opinion have existed as to th? causes or consequenoes of this unhappy war, all have united and vied with each other In honoring the devotion of our oitlsen soldiers. One universal burst of admiration has followed the announcement of each successive victory, from Palo Alto to the capital of the Montvzuniaa. How great soever her love of peace, or aversion to hostile aggression, New York has shown unalterable attachment to her gallant sons Besides yourself, sir. (whom e><e olaiaasns her ow.i by birthright,) she has a Woel, a Worth, a Duncan, and a host of volunteers, who won imm< rtal honors In these recent confliots, and whose return she fain would welcome as now she weloomesyou, with tbe plaudit of " well done, good and faithful servant." Your deeds will live with the annals of the .State, and will be the emulation of her future sons It h*F been your fortune, sir, to mingle in the thickest fight, in <ach successive ooafllot, from Vera Cms to Mexico--to first plant the stars and stripes on the citadel of Chspultepeo ; and, finally, to lead the van in the assault aud conquest of the imperial city. Yen have ' witnessed, within the short spaoe of two years, the prostration of what remained of a government in that unhappy country, and the subjugation of her fairest provinces May you yet live to see the restoration of honorable pence, and the re-establishment there of an independent, free, republic ?n government. And your bruve companions in arms, may they, too, soon find a weloom" to their native homes; and may the hearth and h"B'.e made desclateby.theravagesofwar.be cheered again v 1th a return of peace. No eulogy of mine, sir, can enh vic? the publlo appreciation of your worth, as a solriltr, a citizen, or a man la the name of the representatives of the people, 1 bid yon, sir, a cordial, heart felt irelcome to your native State. This beautiful address, which was delivered by the accomplished speaker with unusual energy and eloquence, was, at its conclusion warmly applauded by the immense audience, among whom were observed two mourning sisters of the gallant and lamented Captain Van Olinda, of this citv, who recently fell in Mexico. The re Il'iy 01 tne general to tlie speaiier'a address, was very prolonged ; it was easy to eee that his emit trrrtfsinent whs great in the presence of the fair daughters of Albany, who had gathered thereto look their gratitude to him; but in the presence of nn eii-my, I doubt if the general would feel much embarrassed. Annexed is the Argus report ol liis remarks:? He said tbat be fait overpowered with amotion, under such a recaption by the repreeentatives of the people of bis untiTtt State? * reception so far beyond tbe humble claims bo might bare to publio attention I coma among you (said he) unprepared for mob a greeting, and attll morn unprepared to make a suitable reeponee to 7onr remark*, Mr. Speaker. Sir, It would not be an appropiiite time lor me to enter fully upon matters to wklch you buve alluded, touoblng tbe gallant oonduot ot tbe American army in tbe fields and fasti: esses of Mexico Cut It is an appropriate time?It ever Is an appropriate time - among Amerioans, having one common country, and feelings enlisted in one common cause?no inittrr what their differences ot political opinion?it la an expropriate time for a soldier, who baa bean engaged in common with tbe rank and (lie of the army. In sustaining the national honor on the Held, to mingle bit congratulations with thoae of his fellow countrymen, on common toplca of mutual Interest and aympathy. I regard It, sir, as an appropriate time, in answer to the kind eipressloos in your address, to apeak of thos? iaipreasions which have been made on my mind, on returning to my native country, and eapeulallv to my native State, after a long abaenoe. We know not, air?our countrymen soarcely appreciate hs they would were they to feel tha deprivation ? the value of our free institntlons. and tha Inestimable blessings, political and social, whleh tbey enjoy under tfcelr b nign operation and Influences. When I first entered the mruthofthe Mississippi, on my return from a land whioh fur unre than twenty years hat been devastated by military tyranny and miagovernment, and contemplated tbe repose whtoh every wheri< presented Itself on my jiurney ? that peaceful repose under which sll I ha active pursuits of life were going forward In security ?when I saw tbe masses of my oonotrymea?self-ruled, and yet moving together in h'Moony, in all the enterprises tbat enriob and ennoble a na'ioa?when 1 saw a oapaoity for self government evlnalcg Itself every where and In all shapes?it was to me a subjeot of overpowering con:expiation. We scarcely know until we visit foreign countries, and especially that which it haa been my lotto visit, and through which our gillftat army has carried thn victorious standard ot our common country -It Is lmp"sMI>le for us to realise the politloal and soelsl b'esslrg* * blch we enjoy Ilere, in onr land we have no n'?< d of bcl's. and bar*, and bayoneta toproteotproperty. When I look too upon the fkeltltlee of lnteroourae through our extended country?when I see oar iron voids, unprotected, and needing no protection from a star ding guard? when 1 see the wires wet oommunicate In.eUlgene wl,h electric rapidity from oas portion of ow E NE NEW country to the other, and when I *ee *11 tbm proteoted by the moral feeling which pervade* tbla great oountry; when I witness ell this, and oontraat It with Um oondltlon of the oountry from which 1 come, where nothing ia sate, or baa the aemblaco* of security, unlea* pro tatted by the physlaal power of tha bayonet, where right* aa wall a* property are at tbe maroy of tha trongaat?I am filled with gratitude toward* oar forefather* Mid oar oountrym?i, who attll pror?rve and adhere to ov glorious institution*. The contemplation of our country, of ita civil Inatltutiona, and of It* unexampled career of prosperity and happinesa, are well calculated to fill oar heart* with gratitude, and nerve our arm* to deserve w ll the blessings we enjoy. 8) acou*tomed are we, In thia enlightened and republican community, to regard the** thing* a* matter* of course, that It 1? only upon a visit to other countries, that we are able to diooover the real differeno* between a government of physical and of moral power The oountry from whioh 1 bare recently come, and of which, aa you observe, the largest and fairest portion has been overrun by our victorious army?for year* and years has presented a striking eontraat to our own In this respeot And 1 have been forcibly (truck with the difference produced by the working* upon aa intelligent people, of fllvil inilttntl/mfl whi?h htva fftv itinir Hnwawa* muoh they may occasionally b? perverted, the happiness ud pro?parity of the greet msjority of the people. A oountry. sir, whioh for twenty jears put baa had no government-aad marching through It for mora than a thouaand miles, through tba vary heart of it? I have aaan everywhere tba effeots of ft want of good government. Decay, dilapidation, aye air, ft Kpulalian whioh for tba lftat tweenty yeara bfta en daoraaaing In number*?everything exhibiting the blighting effects of bad government I allude to it became it afford* me an opportunity of congratulating my oountrymen on the glorious institutions of our own free oountry. 11 muat be gratifying to every Amerloao, and to every philanthropist ftnd aUtaemftn, to contemplate oar oountry, thai marching forward in prosperity and greatness. under fee* institutions, in the peaoefnl pursuits of lift. But, m, it lathe destiny of all nations, as histery shows, no matte* how much human nature m%y progress toward improvement?sometimes to be embroiled in war. And whatever differences of opinion may exist among uses to the origin of the present w?r, surely ftll ef us m?y unite m oontemplatlng with pride the power and sfflclency of our civil institutions in such an exigency. I doubt not, sir, that men of all parties, whose bosoms are animated by patriotic Impulses, contemplate with pleasure and pride the achievements of their oountrymen, as part ef the oountry Itself?whether engaged la a foreign war, or in the peace! ul pursuits of industiy at home, I am told, I know this to be so. 1 have seen it, from all souros*. from all parties, since my return irom -Mexico. To this 1 traoe the reception you have given me here to-day?a reoeption from the representatives of the peop'e. and emanating directly from the enthusiasm pervading the people themselves?not founded (for I do not so regard it) on any personal reeling towards myself, but springing from that deeply seated love ot country and generous patriotism, which inspires all bosoms and members of all parties. 1 have seen with pleasure, fiom the language of its distinguished chief magistrate, In his last annual message, that such Is the feeling In regard to the achievements of our countrymen abroad, whioh animates the people of the great Slate of New York. It is gratifying to me?proud as I am of being a native of this great State? to see that feeling pervading the whole oommunlty; because it evinoes the same deep-seated, patriotic, national feeling here at home, among men cf all parties, which exists among our army abroad; for there our countrymen lorget that they belong to different political parties in the United States.and strive to represent, honorably, America, and our oountry alone. You, sir, have alluded to anotner topic which calls for a response from me?to another moat iotereeting view of this war? In which all parties may unite. You have alluded to the remarkable spectacle presented by this oountry, in that it has been enabled to tight its battles by its citizen soldiers. Whilst it hss been my lot, through a period of aotlve service of nearly two years, to be almost exclusively In command of volunteers, or oitlzsn-soldiers, I desire here to bear my testimony, first to the gallant oonduct of our regular army, and to the high qualifications of the commanding general in both divisions of the army, under whom 1 have served Sir, the unexampled success of our army is justly Attributable to the skill of our victorious generals- to the general intelli genoe which has been dlffu* d over tbe whole country through the medium of our military institutions, and whioh has been felt through the ranks oi the army?to tbe gallantry and general intelligence of its offloers?to the school of military instruction, whioh I am hftppy to see is still preserved In New York ?to the volunteer system?and more than all,'ato that in domltable resolution, to that (If I may to call it) intelligent courage which exists amongst the glorious rank ftnd file of our ftrmy. Whilst in ft great measure the success of our army Is to be attributed to this cause, I desire to be understood as believing that this great national guard, the regular army, baa bean the necessary nucleus, arouad wbioh the citizen-soldiers, the great power of t je country, haa rallied. Still, having commanded volunteer troops, from the commencement of tba war, and having had the good fortune to be present with them in their victorious oareer? having aaen them repreaentad la almost every description of action from the time when they, a brigade nfwly railed in the field, oarriod the formidable batteriaa that encircled Monterey, until WIuMMMMm ha? tba honor of planting the gloriou* stars and stripas of their country on the palace of tba tucce*sors of Cortez?having oommanded volunteers throughout the oampaign?it ia my privilege and duty here, in this presence, to bear my teatimony to thalr gallantry, and to mingle my congratulation* with my fellow-citizens on the exhibition which tbey presented to the world. It has b?tn raid, that such was the astonishment produoed ebroad, by the extraordinary gallantry ot the volunteers of tha United Statei, in every description ot action In which they could be engaged, that commissioners even have be?u stnt from Europe to enquire into tha details of our military system. However tola may be, we may well oongratu:atc ourr elves that tbia experiment of free government has proved Itself equal to every crisis?adapted as well to a state of pesoe as to a!l gr? t emergencies of war? and thin without reporting to large standing armies In this connection, Mr. Speaker, it is a proper occasion for me to say, and it ia a grateful privilege to be enabled to say with truth, that the Amtrioan army has been not more distinguished ia the field, than by tueir humanity, forbearanoe and good conduct under suooeia Sir, 1 bear testimony bare, that In an active servloe of more thau twenty months, In tha course of which cities, towns, hamlets, and the surrounding oouatry had been overrun by our victorious troops, that soarcely one solitary instance occurred tth-re the slightest outrage was oomiuiltsd on tha persons cr property of the vanquished, without being immediately redressed, and to tne fullest extent, by the commanding officer. This, sir, Is not perhaps so gener-tllv known at home, and has not attraoted public attention But I believe tba historian of this war will bear witness th*t one of its most remarkable features was the extraordinary humanity, good conduot, and entire subordination of our citizen soldiers, in the hour of vlotory. And whila; matching over a conquered country the fi?me of no village or hamlet was seeu in their rear ; the scattered residences ofthe inhabitants were left quiet and smiling as before And, sir, I am justified by tne facts, when 1 report to you, that >n the rs?r of that invading army, 1 hear,I but one expreintnjrom the inhabitant/: and that w t, that they would sooner rely on the humanity, forbeui ance and generosity of American eoldiert, than upon the tender merclet of their own countrymen ? [Applause ] One word more in connection with this subjeot. It has been my good fortune, also, to command the First Regiment of New York^Volnnteerr. It would be doing them and their gallant officers irjustioe, were I to omit to allude to the good oonduot of that regiment on all oooasions, whilst under my oommand. [Renewed applaus* J There ars slways'some.ln every body of men. particularly those collected from large oities, who require all the restraint of severe discipline: but to the ae neral good oonduot of the ofHoera and men ot that 001 pa, I can here bear witness. Tbeir gallantry in th? Held i* known to the country, from theofflolat report* of their coinmanderr. It la well known that the oolora of the regiment from thin State, were the flrat that were an furled from the desperately contested battlementa of Chapult?peo. [Applauae, long; continued. 1 There a worthy cit i n oi tbiaoapltal, the gaUaol|V?n Oi ti U. fell at the heed of hla company. There aleo occurred, the d??th tf the brave and limentf djLieu*. Colonel Baxter There waa aoarctly left a lleld offloxr in that g*ll?nt regiment, to nhare in the gratification ef the victory. I could not, air, bnt bear thin teatimony to the good conduct or the regiment from my native State.? and be aaeured, I reed aoftroely fay It to the eitlaena of New York, that 1 felt a deep internet in their good condnot; that whllat under my command I watched it with a critioal and intereated rye, feeling that in Rome mna aure, the reputation of thia great ritate depended on their gallantry and bearing in the field. But, I fear, air, 1 have extended my anawer to too great length. There are etUl aome aubjocta of oontempiation, which I know I might dwell tmon, and meet a ?ympathetic feeling in the breaat of evA^ person who feela within him the impuleea of an Amerioan citiaen. But I forbear, and will only add that thia day ia one of the proudeat in my life; and that if you and our countrymen thua reward the eoldier who haa but done hla duty in the field, you may rely upon baring an army whioh will ever be invincible. I tbank you, air, again, and the aaaembled reprreentativee of the people, for thia moat gratifying reception [Long and vehement applauae] When he had concluded, he was conducted to it seat by the side of the Speaker, where he Iietened with some degree of interest to a debate, which was resumed upon u certain resolution, instructing our representatives in Congress to vote tor a Taw providing for the payment out oi ilie treasury, of certain losses sustained by American citizens, on account of French spoliations, prior to the year 1700, 1 believe. But ihe general did not wait for the discussion to close, he retired from the chamber at an early hour, and his departure was the signal for the clearing of the lobbies and galleries ot the house. Tomorrow, I understand, a public dinner will be given to this meritorious officer, at one of the hotels in this city?probably at Stanwix Hall, which is one of our finest hotels. In the Senate, to-day, the general manufacturing bill waa referred to a select commute, who were instructed to report it to the Senate complete. The whig policy respecting the creation of corporations must, I suppose, be now practically tested. .. Those charming children, the Apolloneons, gave their first concert here last evening. Tomorrow they will givetheir second and last concert, when they will go to New York. The voice of the little Madame Cole ia atronger than W YO T YORK, THURSDAY MO when I last saw her, and the young Ma?terB Cole, under the guidance of their teacher, Mr. BeBt, have improved in an astonit-hing degree during their retirement. These children will, I believe.be well received in New York. We shall have, in a few davs, a report from Mr. Upham. a member of the House, and a staunch and able leader of the whig party. This gentleman is the chairman of the committee on railroads, and the report which he will submit will be upon the subject of corporate powers and privilege*?or with what | eculiar powers it is proper to inveBt railroad companies, in taking private property for their use. No general or permanent law of this character has as yet been passed since the adoption of the new constituton, and this important question remains undetermined. In a recent special case (the caBe of the Hudson 15 iver Railro,id Company) a law has been passed, granting to this company the power to have commissioners appointed, to judge and determine the value of any private propery which it may be necessary for them to use in the construction of their rail way. It remains to be seen what general plan Mr Upham will recommend in hia report. The present management of the post ofHc* department in this city, is most excellent and satiefactory. Mr. Wasson, the popular postmaster, is eatitled to the praise of tne press, and every body else, who is interested in the transmission of mail matter. During his incumbency I have never heard him charged with inefficiency or neglect of duty. This is, of course, an unusual thing, but it is true. He is a faithful and energetic officer, and it therefore entitled to praise. Cincinnati, Ohio, Feb. 3, 184S. Hon. Robert Dale (horn's Lecture on Labor? Great Taylor Meeting?Serious Alarm from a threatened Accident?Movements of IVhig Politicians?Trouble in both Parties. Leaving the capital of Ohio, on Monday morning, I urrived in the queen city of the West on Tuesday evening, in time to hear the Hon. Robert Dale Owen lecture before the Mercantile Association, on the subject of " labor, and its results." The spacious College Hall, on Walnut street, was filled with an apparently fashionable audience?of those who study the theory and philosophy of "labor," that is, of real "bone and sinew labor," but care little about the practical part thereof. Mr. Owen is a conClse and graphic writer, but rather an indifferent public speaker. The philanthropy (to which he lays great claim) of the views he aims to inculcate may well be.questioned, as in truth it is questioned, by most of the learned statesmen of our country. This morning's Enquirer gives the following as among the points of the lecture : " Labor, and its rvaults in England at present, on the laborers, were contrasted with its results five hundred years ago and the oondltion of the laborer was shown to be much worse at present. The Influence of machinery in displacing labor and reduolng the laborers to the oonditlon of paupers, so that now the government is compelled to offer a premium on emigration. Like causes must ult'mately produce like effects in this oountry. England bad imported huge inanimate pvalve slaves, which performed the labor of five hundred million men. In America we have another element?slave labor?which will exert its own influence, and help to hasten on the fearful orisis. " After presenting the evils arising from over-produe tion,?or what IsoaJled ' the redundancy of population,* ?and the fearful inequality in the distribution of wealth produced by tbe present system, 11 Mr Owen oonoluded by saying that he who will devise how tbe produoer of wealth.?the laborer,?can obtain his reward, will have solved the most difficult problem of the age " Contrary to my usual custom, 1 will venture here to add an opinion of my own for the consideration of the readers of the Herald. It is, that no greater error has found a place iu the principles of national economy among American' statesmen, than that of aiming to legislate for this country, at thiB day. as they assume Ens; land should have legislated to insure a hotter state of things among lier people at large. When will our politicians learn that our different territorial country?our difference in all the various implications of labor and its results?and, above all, our difference in diffusion of knowledge, and a consequent diffusion of enterprise, places the United Stat?s, yea, all North America, beyond all comparison with the " Isle of Britain," so far as looking for a pattern or an example lor any system of policy in guarding " labor and its results" is concerned Y On looking into the " dailies" of Wednesday morning, 1 found that the great topic of the day in this city, was a call signed by some two thousand citizens for a "Taylor meeting," on that evening. I at once announced to "mine host" and others, that this attempt to make a " whig peace" candidate out of Oeneral Taylor, or a candidate "of the same republican conservative ground as that occupied by Henry Clay," must prove a failure, and result in discomfiture; and that as regards the support of men who thus'proposed to move in his favor, General Taylor nmy well exclaim, " save me from my friends." When the appointed hour arrived, the masses wended their way to the College Hall, and the proceedings soon indicated that the result would be as I had predicted, and would, no doubt, have so turned out, had not the meeting been turned cut of doors from motives of personal safety. i The meeting was organized by appointing the Hon N. G. Pendleton, chaitinan, and seveial gentlumen as vice-presidents. Enquiry was then made by some one, whether the meeting was a general 'whig meeting," or only of such as prefer Gen. Taylor for President. The chairman answered, that it was "called" as a meeting of such "whigs and others" as were of opinion that Gen. Taylor is the preferred candidate of the people of Ohio. A committee on resolutions reported a series of the usual whig tone and anti-war spirit?condemning all wars, and denouncing the Mexican war as unwise and unjust; and proclaiming Gen. Taylor as the candidate for President, nominated by the people, and instructing the whig national convention to confirm and ratify this 110m- 1 nation by the people; also, approving of Mr. ' Ford's nomination as the whig candidate for go vernor ot Ulno; and affirming the whig positions , on general and State questions generally. J. W. Taylor, Esq., editor ot the Signal, and i of the " General Taylor Signal letter" memory, proposed a set of resolutions in place of those re- 1 ported by the committee. The tenor of his substitute was, to protest against the attempt to " pronounce" Gen. Taylor as the candidate ol the whig party, ana to proclaim him as the " peo- i pie's candidate;" leaving his supporters to vote i for other officers as they chose. Much confusion and irregular discussion en- 1 .sued, and a pressing of the crowd forward. At the moment when the chairman was about t to put the vote on u motion to consider the re- | ported resolutions separately, the floor ot the hall i was felt to sink, which caused a precipitated flight for the doors and stairway. A scene followed which was truly alarming ; aud how the crowd escaped without the death of scores, is inoat singular to ine. Very many were hurt, and Home quite seriously. The confusion and excitemeni was increased among that portion ol the hall where the sinking of the floor was not visible, by the cries of " lalse alarm"?" a locofoco lie"?" hurrah for old Rough and Ready" ?" stand your ground, b'hoys, there are some Mexican guerillas among us ; let's not vie Id'to their trick of frightening us out of the hall," &c. Then again at the door and on the steps could he heard a commingling of voices?" hat" ?"cloak"?"John, where are you V'?'Vny cane"?" hallo, Bill Johnson, are you out T"? "push ahead there"?"don't crowd too much" ?" take time ('yes,' said a wag, 'take your time, Miss Lucy') gentlemen ; for God's sake, hold back ; take time," Jtc. kc. Alter the crowd had dispersed, it was noticed that the floor had really sunk some six inches.? On examination this morning, I find that the cause of it was owing to the crumbling of the brick cross foundation walls, beneath the floor of the council chamber, (under the hall,) on which rested the cast iron pillars which support the hall floor Wonderful display of mechanical skill and dtsign, this! A similar "botch" appears to have, been made in the plan and construction ol the Masonic Hall edifice in this city ?the tnird story floor was aboutto give vay, and the beautiful lodge room had to be disfigured by a series of iron bars, by which the floor is screwed up so as to be supported by the arch, or roof. Thus, then, closed the great Taylor meeting? a meeting, of which the liaxtttr of this morning says: "The turn out was tremendous?the Inrgest, perhnns, that has taken place in the city since 1840." Nothing, of course, was definitively acted on. An attempt was irade to rally the crowd at the market house, and a few did proceed there, and, it iaeaid, adjourned to this evening. \ A aid* trom this Taylor movement, there ia * RK E iRNING, FEBRUARY 10, much confusion in the whig rank?, from the fact that the " Corwin whigs" appear to be of that indomitable china, whose motto is, " never give it up so," while there is a chance for success.?

The Corwin papers affect to represent the proceedings ol the late whig convention as a Corwin triumph ! The Ohio State Journal and the Cincinnati Atlas, and many other Corwin papers have placed tlie Corwin resolution, adopted by j the con vention, at the editorial head of their 1 respective papers in this manner:? Voiciot-Whio Ohio ? Unanimoiti acclaim ok the s State Convkntio*.?"Ohio has rennon tc be proud of her Senator iu Congress, Thomas Corwin. Her people have watched his progress with jealous affection. They reecgnlxn In him the giitcd orator and the reliable statesman. To him they have entrusted their interests and thfir honor, and tiny emphatically acoord to him in all his relations, but more especially In the ftarless stand he has taken in the Senate of the United States 011 the Mexican war, their heartfelt approval." This is protested against ns giving an undue prominence to the voice of the convention, and as tending to give a wrong interpretation to its expression. There will be mountains of trouble, and " lots ot fun," in Ohio, before the campaign of'48 is over. The democratic party is far from beini in harmony. The pronouncement iu favor of General Ca?s is far from being satisfactory, which is not much to be wondered at, when it is known that it was conceded to by many of the delegates under circumstances which irrnv chnnn#> xnri then they will feel released from the concession ? More of this anon. Wkstern Scribe. Cincinnati, Feb. 4,1848. ! Finale of the Taylor Meeting?Movement in favor of Mr. Clay?Murder?Firemen'? Jubilee? Theatrical*, fyc. The committee appointed to draft resolutions for the consideration of the Taylor meeting were in consultation nearly the whole of yesterday.? That portion of them who wished to connect the name of " Rough and iteady" with a whig nat'onal convention, seemed at first determined to cling to their position, whilst those who prefered to run him as an independent candidate, free from party ties and obligations, were equally pertinacious. It wus evident, however, that the " no party" doctrine was the most popular. Tne meeting was the leading topic ol'discussion in the streets and public houses, and it was not difficult to perceive that a majority of Gen. Taylor's friend?, or those at least who profess to be so, were opposed to the resolutions reported by the committee at the former meeting, and in favor ot going into the canvass untrammelled by either whiggery or locofocoism. A compromise resolution, therefore, simply expressing their preference for Gen. Taylor for the presidency, with no party allusion whatever, was agreed upon.? Accordingly, when the meeting assembled in "market space" last night, the resolutions of the" committee as well as Mr. J. W. Taylor's substitute, were recommitted with instructions to report at a great Taylor mass meeting, to be held in this city on the 22d inst. The compromise resolution was then adopted, and the meeting adjourned. Thus terminated the first creat Taylor movement in Cincinnati, from which it is evident that, if his lriends were united, they would be stronger in this city than all other parties combined. But by their owndissensiona, encouraged as they wete by General Taylor's opponent*, they have neutralized the moral effects which it waH their object to attain. The friends of Mr. Clay and Senator Corwin, who designate this meeting an amalgamation of whiggery and locot ocoism, have already taken steps to get up acouuter movement, in the shape of a "great meeting of the whigs"of Cincincinnati. J was informed by a gentleman from Millersburg, Ky , this morning, that a fatal rencontre occurred in that village a few days since, heLween Mr. liankin and his nephew, Mr. Miller. The latter was instantly killed by a cut across the throat with a knile. ti.n nfii*.*. i. ..1 ? ?in,;n.,u ,,.i,;i?? last night. A delegation nt their brethren trom Louisville, presented the Independent company of Cincinnati with a splendid silver trumpet, worth #200. The ceremonies took place at the Melodeon Hall, in the presence tof a large and faphionnble audience ot ladies and gentlemen, , after which a sumptuous supper?rich viands , and soul-inspiring wines?was served up at j Washington Hall, the whole concluding with a ] ijrand ball, where all "went merrily as a mar- 1 ruse bell.-' 1 Theatricals, like business, are exceedingly J dull. The Atheneum is closed, and the Nation- I , al presents lew attractions. Blangy and troupe , arrived here yesterday, but whether she will i or not accept un engagement, 1 have not been informed. Western. MuRHER 01'' aIChILD BY ITS MOTHER, AND Sl> 1 iciue or the Mother.?One of the most pain- ' ful tragedies which it has been our province to record, occurred in Irondequoit, about four miles fr< m this oity, on Sunday evenUg, being no less than the murder of an ] infant child by its mother, and the suicide of the mother by hang ng! The circumstances, as far.as we hava been ' able to gather them, at this early hour, are a* follow*.? On the evening in question, between (i and 7 o'clock, Mrs. Barnard, wife of Alanson Barnard, one of the oon- 1 stablesof I rjndequoit, requested her husband to go to a ' neighbor's and procure a.pall of milk Mr B. was absent something like an hour, having stopped to talk, as is usual amongst neighboring families, and returned home between 7 and 8 o'clook On reaching the door of his house, he was met by his little girl, some 11 years of age, who said to him, that she " could not find her ma." Kunnlng hastily into the house, he examined the beds in the several rooms, the out-house, So., making a loud noise at the same time to attract the attention of the neighbors?one or two of whom came in a few minutes By this time a light had been procured by the little girl, and the honse thoroughly examined, and on proceeding to the oellar, Mrs. Barnard was found suspended by the neck with a handkerchief to a beam! On looking farther, they discovered her Infant child about 11 daysold, lying dead in bed, who appeared to have been strangled k rom the story of the little vlrl it seems that soon after Mr. Barnard left, the mother remarked that she was sleepy, and would He down for a while, and proceeded to the bed-room for tbat purpose, when It is supposed aha strangled the child. In a thort time she came into the room occupied by tba little girl, and told her to go and get Into he>r place in the bed, and to lie still? not to stir ?whan the mother undoubtedly proceeded to the cellar and pat an end to bar own liie, as stated abova. No possible cause can be assigned for the oommlsaion of the raah act The mother was an amiable, pleasant woman, agreeably situated, and highly regarded by her family and friends For some time, however, she had occasionally exhibited a distaste for company, and went less frequently amongst hsr friends and neighbors, Inclining rather to a me ancholy stata cf mind After the birth of her child, on the 3Uth ult., she wss extremely ohserfui and reeoveted in health very rapidly, so much so that the had partaken of her meals with the family for two or three days. On th? day on which the sad act was committed, aba came to the table both at morning and at nooa, and nothing was discovered different from her usual manner. The only solution that oan be given, Is in the supposition that in a fit of tudden derangement produced by child-birth lever,ahe put an end to ber own and tba liie of her offspring. She was about tbirty-two years of afe, and leaves a husband and four children. Coroner Krost held an Inquest on the bodies yesterday, una tn? jaiy returned a v<rdict in the case of tno mtLher, ef death from suicide, probably the result of insanity; and la the oase of the child, death from wm< oause to the jury unknown. There were no nark* of violenoe m the ohlld; but at tbat age, It oould hare b*en easily mothered without leaving any appearance of foul play.?Rochrttcr */idv. f'tb. Utk. Horrible Occwrrkncb.?On Saturday night, jetween ten and eleven o'clock, a person was isard to fall heavily down in the area In front of tba iouu of jumm Turnbull, In Broad street in tbU city ? l'he girl who heard the noise, Immediately gave lnfornation to tba family. On examining the area, a man wu discovered lying prostrate, apparently In a lifeless : udtion. A considerable quantity of blood was seen >n the si Jawalk. near a tree la front of the house, and a Dloody track frcm that to where the man was found ? Medical assistance was immediately procured, when It iraa ascertained that the parson was actually dead, his aeok being broken. It wss further ascertained, tbat the jerson was Stephen Brundage, a shoemaker, Id the em>lov of Mr John C. Howell, 164 Market street, and waa >n his way home when he was overtaken with bleeding rnd weakness?had oaught hold or tba tree to sustain almeelf, and, In an effort to resume his walk home, had e 'alnted, and fell down the area, breaking his neck by the 1 'all The deceased had been for some time In feeble lealth, and has left a wife aud six children to mourn ' Us untimely end.?Nnoark (AT. J) EogU Murders.?The Cincinnati Chronicle naye \ gentleman from Millersburgh, inform* us .hat on Sunday evening last, a young man named Ran(In, killed a Mr. Miller, his own nephew, by cutting his ,hroat Both the murderer and his vlotim, were under he lufluence of ardent spirits when the b.oody deed waa loinmltted Rankin made his eioape We leern from (ha same paper, that a Mr. liihler was tilled in Lexington, Ky , a few days sines, b/a man vhoie nam* oar Informant oould not iearn. Tiir Coal Tralk languishes, and businrsa in Pottsville, as well as itie other villages in the I jhujlklll district, la unnsually doll, while labor finds 10 demand at any price. From the languor la the Iron rarte and the giaeral retrenchment, It Is not expected hat the market will, this year, require any Increased ^oaatlty of aoal ovec last yeas'i tenaace. -Put Ltlgrr, [ERA 1848. A merlcano-AIexlcan AITalrx. FROM MONTRRKY. [t iom the N. o Pieayune, Feb 1 ] 1 By the steamship Oan. Butl?r, (.'apt. Wright. we reieived tha Monterey Gazelle of tha Hth and l'Jtli ult, j ater numbara than wa had befora seen. From thn Onirite we learn that there waa a report In Monterey on ha IJtb. that Dr. Hardy, of tbla State, had l>?en inurler?d. Ha had bean practising medioine for nearly a rear In Monterey. Wa trust the rumor nity prora to ) unfounded. We And the following ordara by Oan. Woo! In the Oa- . rrt/i: ? Hfadhi/abtkbii, Amir or OrcrriTio:*, ) Monterey. Mutco. Jan. 10. |84rt. ) Special Oanicns, No S3?'Tha One military appvarincn and high state of illroipllue and instruction exhl>ited at review on the 8th Inst, by Brevet Major Br&ug's lattery?the companies of the 1st and 3d Dragoons, and he 10th Infantry?(of the latter, particularly i'Hptnln 1 Urannon'a company) have greatly gratified the roranandlng general, who tak?s thla occasion to commend .ha respective commanders for tha highly creditable ooniltlon in which he haa found their commando; of which ' ill, officer* and mm, will reap the benefit when again 1 ;hey ahail hare the good fortune to measure themselves with the enemy. By command of Brig (Jeniral Wooi. irvin Mcdowell,a a o. NRVVS I'ltOM YUCATAN. [From the New Orleans Delta, February l.j By tbe arrival at Havana of the brlg'Amiatad Campeohana. the editors of the F ro have received intelligence from Merlda to the 1st January?six days later than previous advices. The Congress of Yucatan had voted an extra appropriation to sustain tha war sgainat tba Indians; and had authorised tha offloari of tha government to r? side together at any place where they deemed it moit convenient. The town of lobmui was taken possession of by the Indians on tbe 34th Dea., after having been evaonatad bv Don Misnel Bolio. who. at the head of his troops. escorted three hundred families towards l'eto. Bollo. with corps of 400 men, sustained himself for several d*ys against repeated attacks of fiOOO savages, and only retreated after his little band was exhausted with fatigue and further resistance would only have exposed them and the families ander their protection to the ferocity of their enemies On the 'Jtfth Dec , Henor Rosado effected a junction with Bollo, at Peto, after overcoming many difficulties The savages had evacuated the town of Nabalam, being apprehensive of an attack from the Vnoatan forces The Hi vista Yucalrca describes the deplorable condition of the peninsula as owing to the whites baring considered the Indians as their equals?having bestowed upon them the right of citizens ; furnished schools lor their instruction, and attempted to bring them to a state of civilisation. Any other E'.uropean or American people, says tba Reviita. would long since have exterminated these savages for their atrocities and cruelties. EXPORT DUTY ON SPKCUt AT TAMP1CO. The following is a copy of a letter addressed to the Secretary of the Treasury by the leading merohants of Tampioo Tamnco, Jan. 0th, 1848.?Sir,?We, the undersigned merchant!, resident In Tampioo, on tha 7th December last, addressed a respectful representation to tha honorable the Keoretary ot the Treasury at Washington, praying against the exaotien of a duty on the exportation of the precious metals, which we had learned wss intended, and which has since been published by your order of the 27th ultimo. We trust that the government will favorably receive the reasons we have there assigned sgainst the establishment of an impost which, while comparatively unfelt by the Mexioans, falls too grievously and retrospectively on the foreign importer or shipper of goods to this country. But whatever may be the result of that solicitation, the object webave now in view Is to obtain, If possible, a suspension of tho duty in favor of the port of Tampico, until free communication be opened with the interior, and it be placed, in this reapeot, on an equal footing with that of Vera Cruz If the houses in that plaoe are subjected to the exaotion of an export duty, they enjoy on the other hand the advantage of reoeiving their funds under aafa conduct from the capital, relieved from the accustomed heavy rate's hitherto levied by the Mexicans, whereat, not a dollar can come to Tampico without either incurring their previous exactions, or the coin men snrate rl?k and expense of conveyance down by circuitous and unfrequented paths Hitherto the transmission of specie to f.laoes cccupled by the Americans has been striotly prohibited, and though a disposiion has recently been exhibited to relax somewhat in this rigidity, on the earnest representation of parties In the interior, owing to houses here, the previous exaction ni the whole ten per cent for circulation and export duty his been made a condition; for although the genera! government consented to some abatement, other intermediate authorities refused; consequently the application has proved unavailable. The individuals thus deprived rfth'ir funds would be bnt too happy to pay the six per cent export duty to the American government, could they, at tha same tli&e, enjoy the privilege of safe conduct and Immunity from Mexican exactions, as is the case with Vera Crux, bat, till that be obtained, surely soma distlnotion ought to be made. In the belief that you will feel the juitioe of tha reasons we have addneed, w* most earnestly and respectfully solicit roar powerful Interposition and influence with the proper authorities at Washington, to the end that the e?jort duty on the preoions metals be not exaoted in tbe >ort of Tampico until tbe road be opened so as to pernit their free transmission from the mining distriots, ind that, in the meanwhile, any ameunt recovered here i rrom shippers be restored. We have the honor to be, ilr, your most obedient and very humble servants, Wation, l-abruere k (.'o ; Wm Mayer ft Co ; K Mallarvo; r. I.along, Camacho fc. Co ; Dlonesius Catrachn; Inm'p Mitintn: Wm A.Marshall: W Haves: (1 W. Vanstavoren, Pedro Valfjo; Droege St Co.; Don Diego je la Lustra, 8 Dargul; Hohlt, Mollrr Jk. Co ; P. Manuel tilandin; J. M. Laquldaln ; 8. L. Jolly Si Co.; CTiatusen &. Freips; J. Vlotory & Co.; P. B. Taylor. NAVAI^INTKI.LIGKNCE. The U. 8. schooner Velasco, Capt. Dtckrr, arrived ier? on Sunday, from Tampieo, having left there on the 20th alt. The V. brought up the officer*, and ten of the srew, of the Ann Chase.?N. O. Dilta, Feb.l. A draft of men for general service, arrived here on Sunday from Philadelphia, under oommand of Lleuts. Barton and Frailey.?ATvrfolk Beacon, Feb. b. THE HEROES OK THE WAR. Gknfral Tatj.ob ?We learn from the Misiisiippi Free Trailer, that General Taylor has deolined the Irritation to visit the Mat of government an the guest of that State. A committee of the legislature waited upon him at his residence In Louisiana, and communicated the wlahea of the legislature. General Taylor thanked the.legislature for Its kindness, but declined the invitation. principally on the ground that he obtained his leave of absenoe for the express purpose of visiting his family, from whom be had been long separated, and of attending to his private business, which had been much neglected He also stated that ne had reported himself to the Department at Washington, and that it would be Improper for him to absent himself long at a time, a* Important communications might be addrcrsed to him In his absenoe?AT O. Picayune, Feb. 1. Scott ani> Worth.?If the following, from a popular irork. entitled " Taylor and his Generals." be true, (<?n IVorth owes all to the friendship and influenoe of Gen. Icott:?When quite young. Worth was engaged as a ilerk in some mercantile house at Albany; bat the miliary ardor which forms a large element of his character, nduced him to enlist, just before tho war of ltil'J, as a jrivate In the regular army. Another clerk was his jompanlon, in what must have been esteemed by their 'riends a rather ijalxotio enterprise. It was not long oefore Worth's friend committed some indiscretion, ind was placsd under arrest. He was in despair. Worth, instead of deserting him in his disgrace, told him to pluok up oonrage, and address a memorial to General (then Colonel) Scott, praying to be excused. The poor rellow oonfessed his utter inability to write one. ->l will write one for you," says Worth; and accordlogly It was done. When 'it was presented, General 9oitt read t attentively, and said to the delinquent, " Did yon write this pap?r?" " Mo, sir " " Who dl l write it?" . 1 Private Worth wrote It, sir '' ' Von are excused. I Jend Private Worth to me." On receiving thin notice, Worth m apprehensive that lie hk<l got hlmaelf Into a icrape, bj Attempting to get hi* friend out of oae HI* wtonlahm'iit may therefore be Imagined, when on pre- I anting hi in self at the Colonel'* quarter*, the following ihort dialogue ensued:?1" Are you private WovthV ' I in. ?lr." " Did you write thin paper?" (presenting him he memorial). " I did, Mr." " From henceforward, air, rou are my private 8?cretary " Promotion from the tovernment. obtained through the Influenoe of (General icett, aoon followed, and on the iilth of Maroh, I81i. hr >ii commissioned a* first Lieutenant of the Md t eminent of Infantry, ilie flrat opportunity for signalizing llmself was at the battle of Chippewa. Mlacellnneous. The sleighing on the ,Neok waa well improved yeatarlay afternoon. We law one aleigh. with ita driver pilled out, and the horse dragging it along at a furious ate What became of him we never heard The lelihing la now excellent in the suburb*. The telegraphlo wires in every direction, within a lozen or twenty miles of the-oity, were essentially bro:en and prostrated by the lata storm. A large gang of lands has been set at work to repair the mifohief, and be proprietors are confident that by to morrow night he New York wires will be ready for operation again. -Boilon Ti anicript, Ftk. 8. The Surgeon General of tha United States army ha* irdered supplies of ohloroform to be sent to the aruiy at arioas posts, to be used for various hospital pnrpoer* It is a singular faot that the bodies of many who were Irowned at the destruction of the propeller n>">ulx, outinued to fl,-?at for several ho?'S. Men who wore leavy woolen clothes, wete seen floating In an erect io*ture From tba different nature of th?ir 'ireMf*. the iomen ware seen In various attitude* Thi\ni>*k. Storm in Fkbr'arv -A thunder | torin, like the one which occurred on Friday I light, ia something remarkable for the b ginninn of Ke- ' ruary The stars shone out brightly, bemg col* here ,nd there a few filmy olouds, till Datf-paat eirfbt. when a mall blaek cloud roaa and spread over the northern laavans. trom whioh proceeded the elements of such a torm as is usual on a rummer's afternoon, (hat o nilnled till near midnight. The lla*h*? of lightning w. re markably vivid, accompanied by heavy penis of rolling bunder, flaws of wind and shower* of rain. In the mornag there waa a clear sky, and a stiff north-weater, and he sun rasa in all its splendor. We learn that, during the storm, the deotrio flu'd rat twiaa altraatei to the oonduotot tha Unite* ita tee ahla Pennsylvania, but passed down to tha watei I rtthovt Mag ?j iuuf?Atfolk HtflA, F*l, 7, 1 LD. I JFrlM Two Casta. ryranU In the Catlinllc Church In America. Nkw York, Feb. H, ISM. Being satisfied that your piper in rapidly nainmg influence anion^ the Catholics ot tinworld, an! especially in Home, I l?ejj room in it tor the loliowini; remarks on ilie h ate of an important section ot CaMiolica iu America?the priesthood. Sour t!m? since I k*'" you * letter on a similar subject, ?hiuU I am glad to kno* was useful; and I hop* this will bo of mnro use. i'nero are 7Hi pii*Rts engaged in thi mlnUtry in the United dtatc. and 187 prl?*i* ab*rwl?n e?npl'>}?,l. Krery oa? < f th?se in deprir'd ut fcl.i rinii:? by the bishop who rule* him; and it is especially ?:r?c|(i that, in a onuntry relocated for political and relrjiuu* fibarty as thin country Is, U bishops aud threw Htch-blnhops should be allowed to aat as t;iauts over so large a nam ber cf prirats. Aud if keeping bank the rights cf men, and i,pinj them the creatures of another's power, m?k<e .-laves and tyrants of them, then all these priests are siavos, and (.'anon law, which the church h?a piven to mark out tha duties aud tin rights of bishops aud prle'M, Is mt in use in the Catholiu cburcb In America So much of it ii? suits tbe bisuop'a farcy, he uses to opprasn his clergy, that portion of it which uinda tiiiu to givo tnera justice is refused. Pbiksts.?The canon law provide*, that where the church Is unmolested, thu rights and privileges of the clerny, and their duties, sbad be as the canons direct. But although in Amertoa the church is unmolested, the rights of the priests are withheld, and tbe powers of the bishops otueliy enforced. The law provides for dividing esuh diocese into parishes, and in eaoh pariah Using a priest, as past or, who cannot be removed from it, unless he be guilty of a sufficient orime. When a pariah la vacant, two pariah prieeta are sworn to examine and decide on the merita of the saaistant priests of the diooese, wbo are eligible to flil the vaoanoy. They examine into the learning, ability, and character of etob. and dtclde on oath who la best qualified This exalts the priesthood, by exalting tbe most learned and able; but tbe present mode depresses it, by keeping bao* all men of ability and ot high principle Nn church should be governed by psttlccat intiuence, or intereated flatter ers. Merit should outweigh a lady'a smile-learning abould preponderate over petty Intrigue. Were there a dean and chapter to appeal to, it would not rule aa it Uoea in raany cases at present. if a prieat dere to remonatrate now, he would be auapended. In Catholio countries, there are canon'"ta, or * eoclesiiiatical jurists, who defend prieata in the ecoiealiatical courts, againat unjust censuns; and they would laugh at the charges whioh get prieata suspended here? so trlvolou* are they. The bishop,here, la accuser, judge, jury,and complainant; and there is no appeal. Aud to make it worse yet. he will not totally out oil the aooused prieat, leat he be enabled thereby to get a living by any other meana; but he withdraws his functions, and Bends him before tbe world a prieat, who dare not beg. or teaon, or work, or exercise his functions, or tell of the tyranny praotlaed on hitn H The canon law provides., that when a prieat ?rra, and has ' his faculties" withdrawn, (and the dean and cbapter would require almost a "State prison" aort of offenoe for that,) he must be supported by a fund raiaed in the diooesu, lor thu purpoae ot supporting all priests who canni^t obtain the means of subsisting independent of it.? In Kranoe, every candidate for orders must have a cer tain amount of property to maintain him, if suchdiCicutty should come on him. But the law never aont?mplated a priest persecuted, and hunted down, and abused, aa we nee them in this dioceru every day; he is regarded still aa a child of Christ, a uinisU r of tbe ohurcb, one whom she seeks to amend, and not to destroy. I spoke ot the dean and chapter, they are a council for the bishop, elected from the parochial clergy by vote; in the purest spirit of democracy; but thia ia withheld - and why??because. although the acta of the bishop aro valid without the dean and chapter, they are open to censure and suaploion, if notapprovad by them, in thia firm?this court H ? the dean aud eleven prieata?we see the origin of trial by jury, and yet, in this democratic country, wbcie all are guaranteed ireedom, this trial by jury is withheld H from the clergy of the democracy, 'i'nere is justice for H the people, but nojustlce for the clergy. The dean and H chapter is a steady balanoe to tbe bishop's power, at th? H name I imp tbat it prevents rashness on his part, and gives H easy redreaa to every prieat Any prieat, tried by twelve H of bis peera, and condemned, and tnla verdict confirmed H by the biahop, ic fairly dealt with, and has little cbance H ot injustice; ml if the jury are against tbe deoision of the judge,they can appeal to the aroU-bishrp, sod If be doe* not do justice to th" parlies. there la an appeal to Roma. Thia Is j uslict* - aud this la the course in omen law. UmHora ?Promotion from t'ie degree of prieat to thai uf bishop, la understood by the church to rest on the following claims The highest grade of learning. The highest trade of ability. Tim highest character. Formerly all tba Catholics voted at such elentiona. and the publlo authorities took an aotlro part In them. It waa like tba election of a mayor. Thia was tba pure apl it of democracy But bid use waa made of the lay votea In many a caae, and tbr people ceaaed to vote, and left tha election to thecler^r. Whereverthechuroh waapravented from her Urn and usual course by outward oppression, the dean and ohapter made the election; and where the rudest derpotlam prevented eren thia action, the bishop* selected th j candidate The bishops only have the electIn* po*er here, as if the country were under the moat tyrannous rule But hero thtre Is no excuse for auch tyrtnoy Religion is fiue, and why should its mlulatera be rtUvcs? No snch abuee Is tolerated, even in tha servile States of Kurope. A lew dinners, and some flattery, gains the mitre for "a pat," whose ignuratse ia a disgrace ta it, and a civ ..|i reli Ion. Why not take the rote of the priestf? They beat know each other?they would more kindly obey one of their own oh' oMng, aud be would jovcrn them more kindly. Th? bishops care little atout hlin, tb?y have no more to do with him : but the clergy, over whom he plays " k.ng log," or * the stork," of /fcsnp, suOr. Th? priosi* bav* a canonical right to wake the choice, then why do the biahops withhold it, or pack their peta on them Mr Browni>on seeks all aoeial reiorms from the church. Why u?<* he not begin at hum* ? Before the northern constellation gllmmera In Nsw York again, let the clergy have jastioe , first make them free, and then let them (if society aeekstheir interference) help on the popular ameliorations But how can aunh a bi?hop ntk for popular rights, while he is a wall known tyrant, (the mitrs going as a price for dinner* and lickspHt'ng-pnfh and flattery.) and while be bestowa preferment, not on the meritorious, but on the pet of P":ta In pett'.ciats -the mere tea tabH gosaiper. who ia a blot on society. Let the bishops accord to the priesta of the Catholio church their rlgbta.and alter that wa shall hear the Boston philosopher Let them aubacrlbe. flrst, to the truly Catholio sentiment of Ventura of Rome, " let ua no more aeparate that which ia united by l?od? and ia God? liberty and religion " CA THOL1CU8. 1 lie Tngtilsanlc Indiana. [Kiom the Hudson K-puHlioan, Keb ath.l It Is well known to every boity, In thia vicinity at all event*, tbat the town of Taghkanie, in thia ooumy, baa within the laat year been the aoene of numerous fires. ir?d of other depredationa upon various Inhabitants of that motion, such as killing and maiming of cattle, deitroylng farming ulenalls. and even firing bullets Into lweilings at midnight. The method adopted for setting lire to the buildings, is certainly one of the moat Ingenious we ever heard cf TVrhapsour readera may rem?inb r the description we gave uf the apparatua round under the bar of Mr W. H. Barringer laat fall. It waesim uiy a jmyrr nuiuuru, vuuiuseu uu wtbij vmo, bu vu?b kuo wind might not extingu?h It. In this ?u pieced a candle wound with tow at the bottom, so that when It had In the court* of two, three or four hour*, burned down to the combustible material, that would of courss communicate to the paper lanthorn, shavings. ko. In which it wai placed. The incendiary would then apply the match to the candle, and befurn It had bnrnt sufficiently long to communicate to the tow. the perpetrator of the deed would be miles awe/, making himself m public as possible In the esse of the attempt upon Mr Rtrrln<?r's bsrn, the cnnd!* went out, from beh.g too closely junflned A similar att-mpt failed on the 16th of last month from the mio? causa, the operators In thes? cases probably not being an expert as In the otbf-rs The at.empton the 10th of January was upon the barn of a Mr Sush. On Thursday last, on* of the persons who had )eim engaged In committing tb?se depredations, named ['ieioa Allen, came into this city and disclosed befcre .ho proper authorities the names of his onnfederat**, aud Lhe manner In whioh their proceeding* were conducted lie says (as we are informed) In bii affidavit, that they ire t ?r?uty-seven in number, ''picked men," as be style* them, who are sworn to carTy out and do the bldil?g of their chiefs or leaders. These men were accustoiueato assemble at a certain place in the woods, at cnldn?gb', armud and disguised with tnuks, calico Jratses, Ji.c. lu the conclaves or " ooun?ils," the *' InIIuna were harangued by their chiefs. The leaders or shisfs detailed from their number one, two, or three, or ?s many as might be necessary, of their " piok'd men," to bum a certain barn, or destroy a crrtaln man's property. At the next meeting, the party so detailed would report, and then another bo appointed to apply the toron lsewhere. How loti? this secret organisation has been i ? _ _ .a. k.. nsriKith v nMr v rir >11 opcro*?on nrn noi. nuurmou, ??j ^ ? julta a yrar The aaaocnuion >u al?? bound to auccor aach other in *11 oaaea of danger,and to gi?e each other arrirnjt of ita approach. On r.hea*?ure day that thia dials lonrre was mtdv, George I. 1* mfcle and his brother Jo?eph oame into the city, ml went to the jatl to <lilt L)ecker. one of their oonf^deratea now lr> confinement, than the j iiior coolly turned tha key upon them, very niloh to their dismay. On tha auooeading day, the ihariff, accompanied by a aruitll poaae, weut out to ['aiiluanlc, but. did not auojetsd In arreatlng mere than ;wo of the baud, Ita othera MNMdit|| In keeping nut or ii.i reach To ar-rat th*m will, we appraheud, be * ?>rk if .{rent difltjuliy, a* they are ao (.'jorcu^aly or; tniaed, au'l ao promptly adfiHtd by their frleuJa of >r*<ry moTement toward tbuir arrest, u to enab.o them > lau^h at the olfievrs of tha Uw,?ni posalbly, for a ime, to cheat tha state prison of ita due. Ti r.n oi r.?Tie WHges ot tlie uprtativeR in uos . of ihe mills in tin* place were reduced rar1 in the prelent week. Uu hearing tbia tact, moat of he waavera left. During the afternoon of 'I uaad?y, tta Lreatawi-re filled with wearers audothara who hail tiuit fork. A uiealiLR ot the operatives waa held on Wedi?aday, when, aa we learn, a vote waa paaael not to reurn uniM the pr>'?ent reduction ot wagea- and a oouraittee wa? app. luted to w.vt upon tha ownera. with a lewtotff'Cta compromise. Home have returned to fork, and some refuse to laturu - and ao mattera atari,1 Kilt It if: r Monitor We ba* a heard of a geutiemau. ahu tafces chloroform eblle undergoing tha aerera and liandfnlo^mtloi of* mid ahewai bath - f .? 7?u-? J